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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 23, 1888)
14 THE OMAHA DAILY BEE : SUNDAY DECEMBER 23 , 1888.-SIXTEEN PAGES.
SiiORT TALKS ABOUT KOREA ,
The British Hog's Methods of RootIng -
Ing After Korean Trade.
HOW THE PEOPLE DO BUSINESS.
Shops nwl Money Missionary Unity
KutliiR Nolilllly on the Ilnlf-
Slicll A Visit to tlio
ion. : , Korea , Nov. 30.
[ Social Corrcspondenco
of Tun Ucp.-T ] h o
tllcr'cnns ' hnvo now
v < vv' ir ItS W
2 WPm \ M th o w I n i ? In Korea ,
\ wAJjftyp tliouRh the British hog
.V Kr-JwxF is suptwscil to bo trying
to root Its way In by the
nld of the Chinese gov
ernment. lincU of tlio
opposition by China to
Korea's sending n legation to Wnshlngton ,
nnd mixed with the present troubles between
the two countries , is n stroni , ' HHtisli inllu-
cnco. Great Britain has tlio most selllsh
foreign policy of nny country on the fnco of
the globe. It would bo glad to throw Korea
to China In order to Itecp it out of the handi
of Hussla , where , by the way , It is now in
no danger of going , H would In this way
the more easily control Korea's small for
eign trade. The national honor of the Brit
ish is a nmttnr of shillings and pence. The
British half-penny is bigger In their e.vcs
than the comfort of this wholn round earth.
They forced the Chinese to become opium-
caters to add n trlllc to their national In-
coinc.and ills an open secret in. Inpant'iat the
mloptionof English railways and iho letting of
contracts to English subjects was the price
paid for their pretended support in treaty
revision. A liritish foreign minister upon
being sent to Japan expressed himself In
favor of tlio right * of thu Japanese nnd ho
was told by the homo government that lie
might do what ho could for Japan , but Unit
ho must remember that nny thing that was
nsUcd for by the Japanese might bo de
manded by the Chinese as well.
AMiillC\NS : I'llUPUKIIKII.
Americans opened Japan , and had Ameri
cans pushed their trade as the British have
done , they might bo the foremost power
there. They stand to-day in the same rela
tion to Korea that they did to Japan nlong
baclc in tlio sixties , and in the words of
Admiral Shufeldt , who made the Ilrst treaty
with Korea , it is hoped that they will hold
their position and take advantage of their
opportunities. Korea has one of the best
clinuitns In the world nnd its mineral re-
sourccs wo almost altogether undeveloped.
Minister Dinsmoro tells mp that the king
especially favors America nnd that ho is
anxious that capitalists should coino
In and develop the gold mines. The
total output of these mines last year was , as
I said in a former letter , about three million
dollars In nuggets and dust. But this was
chiefly the result of placer mining , though
Bomo of it was extracted from quartz. Ko
rean quartz mining is of the most primitive
character. Largo round stones are rolled
back nnd forth over the quartz , which rests
on a hard surface. It is admitted that fully
CO per cent of the gold is lo.st , and the use of
practical machinery might malm parts of
this country a second California. Gold is
found In all ot the eight provinces of Korea ,
but the mines have &o far existed
only in sovcraj. I asked Minister Dins-
more whether he thought good terms could
bo made ns to these mines. Hu replied :
"Yes , nnd Americans would have the prefer
ence over others in making such contracts.
I understand that a German Jinn has lately
him a mineralogist looking at the mines , bul
no sale has been made yet. I think the in
vestment would be a profitable ono and rea
sonably safe. "
"How nbout the country. Do you think
the dcslro for improvement lias coino to
stay } "
"Yes , if the king can have his way. Tlio
country has. you know , been opened only six
years. Lust year the import of foreign cot
tons was nearly two million dollars and tlio
Increase over the year preceding was more
than half a million dollars. Our American
cottons are high , but the demand for them is
Krowtlig on account of their superiority. The
most of th-j people hero wear cotton the year
round nnd a sale of ten thousand pieces of
American sheetings was made to one of the
guilds hero n few months ago. The demand
for American kerosene has not increased
over that of the past , nnd this ia on account
of tlio poor grndo of oil shipped hero. It
froze in the winter , notwithstanding our cli-
inato is about that of Ohio , and the people
'went back to the poor native and high-priced
There Is now ono big American firm in
ICorca , nnd here at Seoul the foreign colony ,
which Is nlado up of thrco or four score of
bright men and women , is almost altogether
' Americans. The business linn is nt Chem
ulpo , the port of the capital. Its incmbcVs
are Morse & Townteud , two bright young
liostonians , who hnvu spent years in Japan
and Korea , nnd who possess the confidence
of the native merchants. Korea docs n largo
part of its buying through its merchant
guilds nnd in this way largo sales arc made
lit one time. Mr. Townsend tells mo ho has
been shipping cotton hero direct from Ma s
sachusetts , and that the people who have
been accustomed to the chunjicr and poorer
English goods like our product much better.
The average Korean spends all ho maker on
his back and his belly , nnd the people ,
according to their incomes , spend ns much
upon clothes ns any people in the
world. Business with them has to
bo done largely upon the credit
system , nnd they think nothing of forgetting
to meet their payments nt tno time they are
due. Interest is hero nt the rate of from 3
to 5 per cent a month , and the country Is too
poor to hnvo banks. The unit of money is
the copper or brass coin known ns tlio cash ,
of which it takes more than lfl ! ! ( ) to miiko a
Mexican dollar \vorth hero 75 cents , it cost
ino in the neighborhood of fiO.OOO cash to
travel from tlio sen coast to the capital nnd
back , nnd it Is the custom In traveling In the
Interior of Korea to take nn extra pack horse
along to carry your money. The people out-
sldo of the three sea ports know nothing of
silver ntut gold , nnd onoof the common sights
near Fusan , which is the southern port of
countr.v.ls n cooley laden down with a bushel
or BO of these copper coins , which ho carries
upon his back. Kach coin has a square * hole
in it , nnd the common way of putting them
tip is strands of hundreds strung on btraw
cords of about the thickness of n clothesline.
Ton dollars is n load for a man nnd f 30 would
break down n mule if the Journey was long.
uir. OP roiiEiiiXL'iis.
Considering the poverty of Korea ono
might suppose that tno foreigners hero had
n hard life. This is far from thu caso. They
have comfortable homos at Seoul , nnd their
provisions , which coino In largo part from
China , are plenty nnd good , They have n
pleasant society among themselves , piny
tennis , have concerts , and us far ns I can
hear , nro most free from social bickerings
jind strife of any of the foreign colonies of thu
wcsto" : ! Pncilli ) . Their lives are reasonably
Bafo except iu BliC-tl CUtl'l'Calts as that of last
June , whpi some of the uuti-fu"c ! M fanatics
among the natives started the story that the
foreign doviU wcro feasting on Korean
babies. Then for n time it looks squally and
the troops hnvo to bo culled from ono of our
men of war , which usually lies in the harbor
at Chemulpo. The foreigners keep in doors.
The king neiuls out n proclamation , the
Koreans quiet down nnd it Is again all quiet
on the river which Hews by Seoul.
1 visited to-day the king's royal school for
the teaching of young Korean nobles on the
American plan. I saw about forty bright
young mtmjiltting In a room before dusks
that might have boon used In on American
college , nnd using English books , I heard
tholr superintendent , Professor Bunker , rul-
drees them in a Iccturo In English and could
see that they understood what ho said ,
though ho talked very fast. I was naked to
make a speech to thorn , and the faw words I
uttered brought forth some Kngllsh words
In reply. Kach student had his ulg round
liat ou hU head , and those school boys all
wear their hats In the school room.
or Hunkcc tcllft mo thuro nro ninny bright
minds nmong them , nnd I Icnrn that many ol
the pupils arc of the royal family , nnd that
nil nro the sons of nobles. The best of them
when educated will probably bo Rent by the
iting to servo In his diplomatic service
This reminds me that t met the bright
young English-speaking Korean Interpreter
who accompanied the location to Washing
ton last winter. IIo was recalled by the
king after a few month's stay. Ho has , ho
tells me , received a new appointment nnd ho
will bo sent back a * cither Ilrst or second
secretary of the legation , nnd will bo nt the
cnpltol before the close of winter's festivi
nii.i.is'o orciuumr.s" .
Speaking of Korean baby-eating by the
missionaries , the king In this case scat out u
proclamation usking nny ono who had known
of babies being stolen by foreigners to conic
forth nnd make his chnrgo good. Ho called
attention to tno fact that foreigners wcro
civilized , nnd asked the question as to lion
civilized people could cat children. "But , "
the proclamation went on , "if children nro
being stolen , let the Information bo lllcd before
fore the proper authorities nnd the offenders
will bo arrested , nnd if found guilty by evi
dence , will be punished. A inward ofO.OiX (
cash will be paid for each person so founil
guilty , to the Informant , but in raso the In-
formntlon Is not supported by the evidence
the informant shall he lined In n like amount
for bringing the charge. " This proclama
tion was signed with the rnyal seal , and was
pasted on the gate * nnd on the great bell in
the center of the city. The selling of chil
dren ii , however not uncommon in Korea ,
and I am told that many arc exported tc
China. Good , fat , well-disposed babies
bring from & . * > to $ - . " > tipiccc , nnd n father has
a perfect right to sell his children. Babies
are sometimes bought for adoption , nnd as to
the girls they are sold for purposes of which
the les-i said tlio better. Slavery uxists to
some extent in Korea , but it is more u serf
dom than such slavery as wo had years ace
in the south.
Korean hoeicty is divided into thrco classes ,
the king , the nobles nnd the common people.
The latter live In thatched huts nnd they nro
the poorest of the poor. The nobles or the
yang ban nro the curse of the country. They
own all the lands nnd live by squeezing the
peopli ) who till them for them. The uetter
of them dress in gorgeous silks. They novel
go on the sticets without they have n lot of
retainers about them. When they climb up
n hill they have ono coolie behind them and
two to hold up their arnn. The more money
they have the moro servants they keep , and
the Kcnerals of the army nre among the
most pompous of them. Ono of these silk-
gowned , black horse hair hatted Korean
generals was goingup one of the hills about
the capital the other day. He had two men
behind him to push him and two others held
his arms , when General Dye , who by the
way is twice the man's nge , walked by him
with a springing step and asked him ns ho
passed if lie expected to have the retinue
with him in battle. It took some time for
the Korean to appreciate the sarcasm of this
remark , but it finally crept through his to ) )
knot that among tlio western people
laziness and inability were not marks of
honor , and the next time the two came to
gcther the yaug ban general walked alone.
The American generals who came hero to
organize the Korean nrmy received a setback -
back from the trouble about the baby-eating
of last June. The people were stirred up
against the foreigners , anil foreign innova *
lions wcro for the time unpopular. The
country is now again quiet , ano General Uyo
tells mo that he hopes that their real work of
reorganization will soon begin. They have : i
royal military school , where they drill some
of the ofllccrs daily in the palace grounds.
They Hud it hard , however , to get the higher
ofllcials who belong to this ilo-nolliing , noble
class to engage in work of any kind , and as
yet the Korean army on the American plan is
"in i-mbryo. Colonel Cummins is disgusted
with the whole situation , He says lie came
to Korea not to teach school , but to or-
gnnbo nn army , nnd I believe in
his" heart ho longs for the llesh-
pots of Washington. There nro about
ono thousand troops heir , at the capital. At
the invitation of the goncrul-in-uliicf I at
tended nn exhibition drill in the court of tlio
barracks near the palace. About four hun
dred troops went through many surprising
evolutions. They are tall muscular men ,
wearing the Korean hat on the top of their
knot-crowned heads , and armed with rillcs.
Their dress is a sort of Zouavo pantaloon *
ending in great sljoes nnd stockings of
padded cotton. Tiioy have a long loose
blouse waist of purple faced with red , nnd
there is a red band about their black hats.
Their sleeves are very wide and they look
anythihg but martial. Our minister 1ms
twelve of them about the legation mid I was
always accompanied by one during my walks
through the city. A very llcrco looking sol
dier met me twelve miles from the capital
and acted as my escort into the city , and I
found that those of the high privates I dealt
with were by uo means averse to a\i \ occa
What a wonderful city is Seoul I It's 300-
000 people are made up of strange charac
ters , and ray eyes have been bobbing about
like the rays in n kaleidoscope in my efforts
to appreciate it all. Everything is now , and
every now thing is strange. The big wall
which surrounds the city is a wonder , nnd
its thrco great gates are moro wonderful
still. They are closed every night nt sunset
with iron-plated wooden doors , and after
this time none outside the city can get in ,
nor can nny inside the city get out. As the
sun falls behind the mountains which sur
round the capital a band of soldiers playing
music , which sounds for all the world like
a Scotchman's bagpipes , goes from gate to
gate and bars them shut. At the same time
watehfires spring up upon the hills in every
direction , and from these the king knows
that all is well. These watchlires nro sig
nals , and they form a part or u continuous
line of llres which nre built upon the hills iu
all parts of Korea. They tell by their
diflprcnt ( lames and the intensity whether
all is well along the coasts of the cast and
west und in the mountains to the north nnd
south. They are , it seemed to mo , royalty's
farewell word for the day , nml they really
meant that the country was quiet und the
capital might sleep in peace.
The city does sleep , too. Itsbcoplc go to
bed with the shadows of evening nml by the
law the man or boy who Is out after dark is
bound to bo whipped. Women Imvo the
right to go about nt night and foreigners are
never halted as are the Koreans. Such
lanterns as are used nro of the rudnst Hlmpo
and they consist of a frame work holding a
candle with a thin gauze cloth thrown over
it. Thcro is n great bell in the center
of Seoul und this is rung early in the morn
ing for the opening of the gates. This bell
is in the mlddlo of the long wide street
which divides Seoul In halves nnd it forms
the heart of tlio capital. About It are tlio
principal shops nnd it Is the center of trade ,
Korean' stores nro the size of n largo dry
goods box. They are arranged around
narrow courts with a llttlo platform nbout
two feet wide running around their outside
and forming n soft of a shelf two feet high ,
going ciitiroly around the court. On to this
shelf or porch each store opens and the mer
chants sits outside his store nnd not in it.
Hu has u curtain in front of his goods and ho
brings out piece by piece as you asit for it.
Hu keeps nis hat on whllo ho trades und
smokes during the whole transaction. Sit
ting on his Lvels ho ( lees not apparently care
whether you buy or not , mid I am told that
ho considers that a large order should bring
a much higher comparative- price than n
smaller one. Mr. Townscnil wanted , not
long ago , to export some small Korean mats
to the United States. Ho asked a merchant
the prlco nnd ho was told they would bo 10
cents apiece , nnd was asked- how immy lie
jyn'itpd. ' Ho replied that ho would take
AOOO , whereupon the Korean , taking his
long pnio from his mouth In nstonishmnnt.
said : "Oh , if you want so many I shall hnvo
to chnrco you 20 cents npleco. It will bo im
possible to llll your order nt less than ! iO
cents. " And so it is with all business. The
moro you want the moro It costs , and a largo
OVuCr scares the merchant by the thought
that you at a taUUi ? ; U1 hi ? stock nnd ho mny
Imvo trouble iu buying more. The coin used
in shopping Is , of course , the cash , and in
buying you always take a servant with you
to carry your money bug for you.
None of the shops of Seoul are , however ,
largo and the trade of this capital of aoo.WHJ
people is nmdo ui > of what the Yankees
would call a whittling business. Iho loud-
cBt-iuoutlicd nnd most enterprising persons
in thn whole dty socm to bo the vendors of
onsted chestnuts They are little boys with
their hair parted In the middle like glrln and
braided In ono tightly woven cord down tlio
back. Their stock usually consists of about
a quart of chestnuts and they .have a litilo
pan of coals over whlr.h they roast them
while you wait. Another thriving trade
seems to bo the cook shops where nil sorts of
Korean dainties from raw ti&h to toasted
liver arc fcervcfd up.on llttlo rou.ml tables a
foot high and nbout fifteen indict In 'diame
ter. These have four or live llttlo legs nml
If you order n dinner the bo.v servant of the
rotk shop will lift up the table containing
the disnc ! ) , balunco it on his head
nnd walk off with It. with the
legs of the table hanging down
about his neck , Such dishes n.s I sa.ty were
not nt nil nppctlzlng and everything wa $ sea-
Boned highly with red peppers. Tlio roofs of
the country huts uro now covered with red
iwppors nnd I see them sold by the bushel In
the markets near the wide street of the bell.
The Koreans may uco them ns appetizers.
They have , it seems , nn over present craving
for food and they mnko their bellies their
gods. To cat , to smoke , to sleep und to squat ,
Is , to all outward appearances , the chief em
ployments of the people , nud to bo fat In
Korea Is a sign of wealth , A big stomach Is
nn honor , and the very small chifdrmi in the
country districts , who , 1 blush to sny , rarely
wear moro than n llttlo jacket coming down
two Inches below the armpits , nre , in nlno
cases out of ten , pot-bellied The skin of
their abdomens Is stretched like n drum head ,
and n lending authority on Korean llfo snys
that mothers , in order to lncrcn o the size of
the stomachs of their babies , stuff them day
by day with rice , paddling them on the stomach
ach to press down the contents nnd make
room for moro.
The soldier in General Sherman's army
who , during a light began to cry , nnd said ho
wished ho wtis "n b.iby , and n gal baby nt
that , " would never Imvo done so had ho
lived in Korea , Tlio "gal" baby here , if they
belong to the better classes , end their lifo of
fun nt seven years. After this they are not
to ho seen on the streets , nud no woman has
anything to do with imy ono but her brothers ,
her father and her husband. Korean ladles
have n place In the back n.f the house to
themselves. Fashion- dress does not
change with them , and their lives tire these
of almost perfect desolation , Tliosoyouseo
on the street nre the common women or ser
vants , nnd thcrtc hnvo green gowns over their
heads and their dresses , which , I am told ,
nro cut after the same style ns these of the
ladies , consist of n short skirt with a , waist
band nbout n foot wldo which comes up nnd
clasps their breasts , squeezing them
almost like n corset. Over this comes
11 short jacket with slcevc < ? which , when
wrinkled , plainly shows the dccollette
dividing of yellow skin between belt and
waist. The only jewelry 1 see Is in the hair
pins , which arc , in some cases twelve inches
long nnd us big around as your llttlo linger.
They are made of silver and jade and some
times hnvu knobs on them an big ns the hand
of n two-year-old baby.- The servants of the
palace wear a peek of false hair on their
heads coiled in thick rolls. The Korean
ladies are very glad to SOB foreign ladies , but
few of them nro nblo to return the calls.
Ono of them told nn American friend of
mine that she found it very hard to lend such
a secluded life and she longed for the cus
toms of our country. All Korean ladies
smoke. They Imvo their polite way of bow
ing and their codoof ettiquette.nnd notn few
of them rule their husbands. The laws of di
vorce are almost altogether on the husband's
side , nnd widows among the better classes
do not marry again.
The only women who have the right to bo
seen by men outside their own families arc
the dancing girls , and these are much like
the Geishas fif Japan. They are called in
ut feasts , nnd there are mr.ny famous dan
cers who are employed especially to appear
before the king. These girls wear line
dresses of silk , nnd they whiten their skins
with powder and paint. They sing in a sort
of a chant , und their dance is a series of pos
turing like that of the same class of girls in
Japan. Many of them become concubines ,
and concubinage is common in Korea.
Oicof the chief amusements among the
men is archery , and the Koreans shoot re-
marltably well. Many of the yang ban have
targets in their garden , and trials of skill
are of ten held. In company with Colonel
Cummins I visited tlio archery grounds of
the Mulberry palace. Tlio distance between
the place where the archers stood and the
taruct was fully three hundred yards , and
the judges had such confidence in the ac
curacy of tlio shots that they had their seats
within llvo feet of the bull's eye.
As to other-amusements the people seem
chnvo low. There are no public halls and
theaters , and really the people have little
outside ot their food nnd their rest. A civil
ization they have , but it is ono that has long
gone to sleep. Good natured and sturdy they
need the incentive of security of property"
ever make them rouse to the present. Just
now they are in the past ages of even
Will they wake !
This problem is ono just now proposed to
the people. After centuries of despotism ,
and feudalism , and stagnation , the streams
of foreign thought and life were six years
ago admitted. The thick crust of the hard
clay of ages is only beginning to moisten nud
it will take generations to bring the soil of
this people to the now far advanced life of
To-morrow we leave the capital , and travel
by inelmirs , each born by oight. coolies , to
the sea coast of Chemulpo , where wo take
the Japanese steamer for China. I fcol that
I have but n taste of Korea , but that taste
has shown mo that there is hero n rich meal
for the man whoso soul longs for tilings un
known and unwritten.
FlIANK G. CAHl'E.VTEH.
A weigh off the ton of coal.
They call it "a duck of a bonnet" because
there is so much bill to it.
If ono is looking for big E vents ho may
Hud them on u lifo or llute ,
As far as may concern the applicant for
divorce , his Bridge of Sighs is a cantilever.
A young girl's Ilrst loyo story always begins -
gins sweetly and harmoniously with Chap. 1.
When the ballet girl begins to vote , will
there bo more tights around the polls than
Jay Gould says ho favors peace on earth ,
nnd that's all right , but he seems to want the
Senate "cold tea" is not a drink that can
t > o trifled with. It had a bad effect on Sena
Who says poetry Is not encouraged in this
country ) The Bard made overi0,000 ! this
year with his feet.
They have "potato socials" In Kansas.
The nnmo may bo from the fact that young
folks go there to pare.
A debatinc club of young Indies tip-town
has been dissolved because the subject of
marriage was assigned for discussion. Xo-
body would take the negative.
Oatmeal must'go in spite of its medical do-
fender. * . Taken dry it is explosive , and taken
in the form of mush or porridge it is. erup
Tlio bond of sympathy existing between
Lho words "winking" and "drinking" gives
Llio Kansas poet an advantage over his neigh
On the question of annexation to the United
States the people of Canada uro divided into
three great parties aiinexatlonists , doubters
and bank cashiers.
Everybody is Buying that Clarkson is to
liuvo a place in the next cabinet. Baby
Anson nnd Miku Kelly are democrats , so
.hoy have no chanco.
Hanpv fathers should not bo in n htjrry to
mmo" their children after lucky politicans.
For a nnmo that will wear well through good
mid evil fortune tnera is nothing to beat
"Yes , sir , " wild the young man proudly.
'I understand two languages. J know Eng-
Ish ns I am speaking it now nnd I can nlso
understand it ns it is spoken to mo by tclo-
The young woman who cannot sing the old
songs should look for n young man who cun-
iot tell * the old Jokes nnd marry him. It
night bo rough on them , but it would do the
general public good.
Somebody has Invented a "waist attach-
nont" It mny bo less "armful than the old
waist attachment , generally applied after the
old folks have gene to bed , but it will never
become half BO popular ,
"Ceorgo , dear , what n beautiful diamond
butterfly ! Jt looks ready to fly , " "I uon't
see why It wunls to fly , " growled George.
'Heaven knows it'fi high enough now. The
roll-plate counter is at the other end of the
storo. Cotno on , "
Editor's Child What's the matter with
mpa to-dayi He's In nn awful bad humor ,
Editor's wife Yes , my dear. The regular
[ unny man of the paper Is ick and your
father is trying to keep the department
With a rashness which bo never realized
until too loto , ho had kissed the Boston girl
right on the mouth. "Never do tttat again ,
sir ! " she said. "M-M-MIsa Waldo , " said he.
"If the Lord lets mo thaw out this time 1 will
never attempt the like again at least with-
ut au overcoat. "
Its Oclobrntlon In "thai Country o :
Holly and Mlstlotoo.
ORIGIN OF CHRISTMAS BOXES
Tlio Carol Slnjjrrs A Good OKI Cus
torn Woefully DcKcnernteil
Cards nnd PI-OHCUIS Christ *
of tlio Poor.
Christum * In Knglnml.
IJ-Vr TtifOimtlm lltf.l
Many of the holtdnys that nro peculiar
to ono country uro unknown in other
parts of the woi'ld , nml nothing serves
moro offectuully to mnko iv mun fool as
n stranger thnn to bo in n foreign him
on ono of his own iiiitlonul holidays
Especially is this true if you nro in Etig' '
land on the Fourth of July ! But tlio
" Hh of December is very dilToronl. Tlio
kingdom of the Na/.nrotiois iiotbomiilui
by mountains , rivers and sons , ami
knows no races , colors , or onrlhly forms
of government. Monarchies , kingdoms
and republics are all alike to the Kin } ,
ot Kings and Lord of Lords , His roiiri
is over nml within human hearts , am :
where these are found loyal to him , the
form of earthly government under
which they live is a matte ; ; of subordin
Tlio Knglish seem fonder ot holiday :
than Americans are , and Imvo moro o
thorn. The two grunt national holiday :
are Christmas and Easter ; tlio anniver
saries of tlio birth and resurrection o :
our Lord. No matter if it is not ccr
tninly known that Christ was born
on the 2oth of December , on some glad
day ho came into the world , and , in the
absence of any positive knowlccliroof a
date so remote , the wonderful event
may as well be celebrated on that d
as any other. Tlio church of Englani :
is famous -for the observance of times
and seasons , and this spirit pervades
the entire English people. Among nl !
classes Christmas is a time of special re
joicing , and the man is not to bocnvioi
who can not bo happy in "merry Eng
land" at sucli a time.
is very nnliko our own at this season.
Instead of our cold , bright days , it is
dark and damp in England. Night begins -
gins about 4 in the afternoon and justb
till 8 in the morning , and often it is so
dark that the gas must bo lighted in
midday. At lirst thought ono would
think this weather very disagreeable ,
but to a person who is accustomed to it ,
it possesses a weird interest that is not
found elsewhere. The streets and
homos are generally wfcll lighted , and
to wander through the streets and in
the elegant shops by" gaslight is a
charming pastime. Many English cities
arc much handsomer .by night than by
As in our own country , special prepar
ations are made by everybody for the
Christmas holidays. Shop-windows are
elegantly arranged , and every induce
ment held out to allure pup'chnsers for
holiday goods and presents. Evergreens
are popular and plentiful. If there
linger not yet a superstition , there is at
least a great demand "forf the "sacred
misteitoe" which the
in the olden times , for no household is
considered ready for Christmas without
a bunch of this parasite. Holly is also
very popular and cheap.
N"o m\ftor : how plainly and economic
ally they must live at other times , no
family who can possibly alTord it thinks
of passing Christmas without a turkey ,
or n goose , and a plum-pudding. Christ
mas cards and presents are as common
as with us , and for several days the mail
and express companies groan under
tlioir burden. It is usual on Christmas
day for the postmen to bo half a day
late , and they often come with their
mail in a wheelbarrow or hand wa an.
The parcel post does an immense busi-
nc&s at this time , and is always a con
venient and cheap means of carrying
articles. Wo need i't in this country.
Among the poor Christmas presents
"CHKTSTJIAS 1IOXKS. "
Aii authority on the subject says that
in the early days of Christianity boxes
were placed in the churches for promis
cuous charitiesand opened on Christmas
day. On the following morning boxing -
ing day the contents were distributed
among the poor , and culled the "dole of
the Christinas box , " or the "box
money. " These lines by Gav occur in
"Somo boys are rich by birth beyond all
Hclovcd by uncles end kind , good old aunts ,
When time comes round a Christmas box
they bear ,
And ono day makes them rich for all the
The original design of the Christmas
box was doubtless a benevolent ono
and a worthy subject for even good poe
try ; but in England tlio practice lias so
degenerated as to become , not only non-
peotical , but often very disgusting. AH
kinds of workman , and public and pri
vate servants of every description , and
oven idlers and beggars , not only ex
pect a Christmas box , but they will
boldly ask for it , and think you mean if
you don't give it. The van guard of
this Christinas box nrmy are
TIIK I'Altor , SKiNKUS.
About a week previous to the holi
days groups of children begin gather
ing at tlio doors of respectable houses
nnd trying to sing carols , and they gen
erally remain at the doors until they
are ordered away or receive tlio object
of their visit a few ponce. Lot us
listen n moment and hear what these
poor children are trying to sing. Over
there is a group singing :
'Ark , the 'crald ' hangols sing ,
Glory to the now-born King.
Down there others : : r.e. swelling their
voices in full chorus deplaifing that
Christ was born in U thlohem
And In n manger lay ,
And now wo come nenr stopping from
the sublime to tlio ridiculous as wo hear
11 third company mqin'ity singing at
somebody 'a door :
Wo wish you n merry Christmas ,
And n happy Now Voar ,
A pocket full of money
And it collar full of beer I
Everybody w-ho has done anything for
you during tlio year .Urn boy who de
livered your groceries , the milkman ,
lamp-lighter , etc. , will come to you at
this time for a Christmas box. There is
one class of men to whom wo always gave
our Christmas boxes most cheerfully ,
these are tlio faithful postman. They
will not nsk it , but will thankfully receive -
coivo anything you may bo willing to
give them. They work hnrd. and are
poorly paid. You got aboard n tramcar -
car or an omnibus nnd pay your fnro ,
and then there stares you in the face a
box in which you are politely requested
to deposit something for tlio conductors
and drivers. These servants are paid
small wages , and are expected to sup
plement their monger salaries by get-
tine tips and Christmas boxes from tlio
public , AU this is annoying to the
public , unjust on the part of employers ,
and unmanly in those who thus practi
cally ask for alms ,
But not only children but grown pee
ple often go out nnd spend tha night in
carol singing , sometimes for monov .for
n benevolent institution , and sometimes
for themselves. * " '
Many of the rich arc
I'UINCKtA ( UVKltS
to the poor. Indeed , in a country
where there ia so much want and suf
fering , there is more call for benovo-
loncothan with u ? ; and perhaps it is
from this cause that Englishmen ot
means scorn generally more liberal
than such men nro with us.
It is not infrequent that a
man will roast large quantities
of beef , and open bis doors and lot tlio
poor como in and oat during the Christ
mas holidays. And sometimes the liq
uor dealer who robs them of their regu
lar meals during the year will feast
them bountifully on Christmas dayl I
A TiiorsAxn rooit HOYS ,
called "street Arabs , * ' sit down to a
dinner in a largo hall , and while they
ate , vocalists , bands , and the great
organ would discourse sweet music
to them. It wns the grandest event of
their lives , and with some will remain
so until their entrance into that city
where there is no moro hunger , cold
nml nakedness , druary streets and desolate -
late homes. After these poor boys were
warmed and Illlod , they nros-o and sang
"God save the Queen , " in ono glad nnd
mighty chorus. Such scones are com
mon in England , and they show that
hero is much true charity in the
Christinas in England is moro
UKMOIOUSLY OltSKUVKI )
than with us. Not only is it a time for
charity , but sermons are preached in
the churches , and the people have no
chance to forget that the day is being
eolubrutod in memory of tlio
birth of the world's redeemer. Tlio
church buildings are often profusely
decorated , and tlio services are inter
esting and attractive. People in
England arc moro religious than in
America , nnd the way they listen to the
sermon and have their solils stirred
with the sweet music of that day is in
teresting to see.
To describe a Christmas among the
bettor clashes the rich presents , and
the cheerful , happy homes is beyond
the power of my pen. No.matter where
Englishmen may be in this wide world
on what wide oceans or in far away
lands they are homesick to u man , and
sigh for their
"ISM : IIKAUTY"
at Christmas timo. The young man on
the boundless seas , in the jungles of
India , or who has joined tlio vast
throng in the march of progress in the
new world , stops to rolled and feels a
pain in his heart as ho thinks of loved
ones at "homo' ' whom ho cannot bee
this Christmas. Ho thinks of fond
parents whose Christinas is sad be
cause of ins absence , or perhaps
it is the rosy-chocked girl to whom
ho has pledged Ins troth in the long
ago ; and his heart is too full for utter
ance as lie wonders if , by another
Christmas lie should meet them all ,
and their hopes bo realized in each
England is so small in territory , and
so overcrowded that many of hcv young
men must go to distant lands to seek a
livelihood ; and at Christinas these arc
most tenderly remembered at home.
From many a home , witli the merry
world all around , will be heard tlio
sweet but sad song
"Where is my wandering boy to-night ! "
There is * no country in the world
where the home is so cultivated , or
where there are such plca > ant homos as
among the better classes in England ,
and these homes are never bo bright
and homelike as at Christmas. If you
can afford it , and are seeking for more
light concerning how to make your
homo happy , you cannot do better than
to spend one Christmas in England.
Signor Ignarni , a Koinan advocate who died
recently , left 1,000,000 francs to the pope.
A chair of temperance will be emiowcd by
the Catholic Total Abstinence society in the
Catholic university at Washington , U. C.
There are now nine Congregational
churches in the city of Denver , with room
for the tenth , and twelve Congregational
church edilices are needed at once in tlio
English foreign mission societies report
1,301 stations , -l,2oS outstations,1ISmalo
-IDS female > ! i native helpers
missionaries , lS,2 :
ers , 'J5SSi3S communicants , Tai3 added last
year , and $4G19.i21 income.
A plain , hardfistedVirginia fanner of
moderate means , within twelve months , has
given § 2,000 , to 1)0 ) used in educating young
ministers at Richmond college and at the
Souther Uaptist Theological seminary.
Mrs. J. Lawrence Smith has given ? : > ( ) , OJU
to the theological seminary at Louisville ,
Ky. This funil is.for the erection of n library
building , nml is intended by Mrs. Smith as a
memorial to four of her nephews and nieces
who have died in recent years.
It is reported that the amount guaranteed
to send Rev. Mr. Noycs to Japan will bo
fully § 10,000 several thousand moro than
was expected. This matter will bo in the
hands of n committee , in which the Berkeley
church , Uoston , will bo represented.
In Illinois there nre C'Jj societies with over
13,000 members , nearly half oi them having
hcen formed during the year. Tno Inrgcii
society is connected with the Warren Ave
nue church of Chicago. There are twelve
local Christian Endeavor unions in the state.
The Cherokees have in operation 100 com
mon schools , with nn aggregate attendance
of-1,0-r.l pupils and an average of t-S ! ( ! ; a high
school for boys , with an aggregate of kill anil
nn average of l.VJ students ; a female sem
inary , Hearing completion , with a capacity
for KM ( Undents ; an orphan asylum contain
ing H5 children.
The Presbyterian missionaries In the City
of Mexico hnvo recently located seven
preaching stations In the outlying wards and
districts. Jn this way they touch the people
who could not bo brought into anything
known ns n church edifice. Lay talent is
utiliml , one-half of these services being .sus
tained by native elders.
A Christian gentleman will not assault the
choirmaster until after the benediction.
A great nuisance at the fashionable
churches arc the people who attend "to hear
the music. "
A Methodist minister in Tennessee once
lividoa his iJlscourso Into thrco parts : First ,
will-ability : second , do-ability ; third , stick-
Should the church bo insullicicntly heated
put your handkerchief in your mouth. Tlio
chattering teeth of a congregation is apt to
ruzzlo-dazzlo the rector.
Little girl ( utchurch ) "All wo.llito sheep ,
uivo gene astray" mamma , isn't MM. Up-
ohn's sacquo sealskin i Mamma Hush ,
Jessie. Attend to your responses "And
hero Is no good in us" can't you s.eo it's
lotlnng but plush *
"And now , little girls , " said a Sunday
school teacher , "you may tell ino about tlio
Jplstlcs. " A llttlo girl held up her hand.
'Well , " said tlio teacher. "Thu Epistles , "
said tlio little girl "tho Epistles are the
vivos of the Apostles , "
"Hold on sirs I" exclaimed ono of the little
ho ut the door' "don't
iiunbo boys , : is paused ,
jo into the house , Tlio minister h making n
lull. " "How do you knowt" Inquirou the
ittlo sister. " "Can't you hear ma talking !
She' * got her Sunday voice on. "
AH Absolute Cure'
The ORIGINAL AWKTlNrJ OINTMENT
s only put up in largo two ounce tin boxes ,
mil is nn absolute euro for old sores , burns ,
vounds , chapped bunds , and nil skin crup-
lens , Will positively euro all kinds of piles.
Ask for the ORIGINAL AWKTINK O1NT-
MKNT. Hold by Goodman Drug Co. , at 25
scnts per box by mall UO cents ,
A man always thinks bis love letters
nodcls of composition till they coiuu up in u
brcucli-of-prouiibO case ,
JANUARY NUMBER NOW READY.
RdRPRT TWIN s lnl novel. "Tlin MMtcrof nnllnnlrnp. " Iscontlmicrt
HUDDlU LUUIO liviunost lntero lliiR liistnllmeiit , witliniHfrnnti iilPcrl
Illustration by Wllllnm Hole. Tim riilliulclphln .ImrHrrtiisnys ! As nn oxnmpla of ft novel of
nrtlon , Mr , Stcvcusou's now Union Is certainly tow market ! . Tlioro I1 * movement ju It In-
ili'otl , . . . thp s'ory Is very absorbing ami Is to rim through Rienter pnrtof liV. '
PAPPD 1' this month contributed by THOMAS HAH.KV AI.DIIUMI. ami l i-n-
mPMn nilDll titled 'Xldtl Ptlrkf , nml Certain Hcllcctlous ConconilnB them. " n most
clmrniing slintnh In un niitobk rnpltlral vein.
PAW P T IPP ln tno MMillo Apet U the subject of n MipcrMy llhistrntod article by K.ll. nml
UilulllLi Lulj B.W. ItlnshflciaT Tno83en rovlnBniofromiiowrtcslKH by ilr. IIIiv < lillrld.
R Alt WAY MAUAPPMPNT .v tU'ii. i : . I1. Alesnmlcr , rrosUlcnt of tlm Oporpln CVntrnl
ItAlLWM MnAllMblU , llMlrond. is the seventh nrtlclo In tin nuocoswnir "Hallway
Scries ' den , Alexander describes the gox-crnlnttof thp nvmles of rMUvny employees nml the
method1) ) employed In managing n Brent rnllwny system. 1'nlly Illustrated.
THP IMVATITIIQ WflRin > AWnn' ' . MUliorofHospital Life. " The nrtlclo is
lllD IMilljlLI U IlUnLlJi divided into tnreosoctloii'i TIIK Docrou , TIIK NUitsi : .
Illustrated by Dcnlimn. Sterner , nml llrimghtoii.
AP.T QYMRflI < 3 " > ' Wllllnm MllU.lt ( irliils. inuMrnti'il by ninny
fllti UIIUDUIA drawing * Uy Niitikoku Ozuwn , csperliilly mndu for
ticr # Mi\im \ ( ic nt'l'oklo , .Inpnu.
POOAVG bvV. . C. Iliownell. who ndds n paper on "iTenehVonion. . " In continuation of liN
huuA I U seriosi , n-mcli Traits : nnd by Dr. UUOI-RU 1' . risliiT , \ \ ho contrlbntus n souuil paper
on " I'ho Kthlcs of Controversy. '
SARAH ORNE JEWETT ' ' 93.0O n Yonrs
"llH1 i.uek of thollognus , " with two full-iiugo Illustrations i i i35o. u nvimbor.
by r. 1) . ( iibson. SI'IXIAI , OI'KI'.K to rover
by IMIth M. Tlmmao , II. S. Snnford. Jr. , nml immlk'vs for 1 M. litcluilln nil
Iftcimul llovoy. the H.ui.w vv AitTtri.M :
A SUUSCUll'TlON MAKKS THE MUST IMtKSKXT. A yonr's HttlHrrlptlon MS1 * )
ami the numliofs for IK,1 * , Jt.53
' A yonr's stilxcrlptlnn ilss1 ' )
CHARLES SCRIBIIEIi'S SONS N I anil tlio t\o i loth bound
, , vols , tor K-S.S - . . (1.00 (
Douglas Si ,
Wo nro showing a line of rIIOL10AA
SLIPPERS equal to anything west o
Chicago , comprising all the latch
stylos'in Plain Leather , Aligator am'
Fancy Embroidered Colors , and at
prii'csas low as lowest Don'ljfail to ex
amine our goods and prices before buy
FOR THE LADIES WE HAVE
Embr'd ' Slippers.
Warm Lined Slippers
FOR GENTLEMEN WE HAVE
Imitation Aligator ,
Riisset Seal Slippers
Wine Goat Slippers ,
Bl'k ' do Slippers
Ooze Calf Slippers
Wo wish to call particular attention to
our line of Men's Embroidered Phish
Velvet and Corduroy Slippers in all
colors , Sillc or Chamois lined.
DON'T LOSE SIGHT
of the fact , that wo make a specialty of
line HAND SEWED SHOES , at price
not equalled in the city for goods of th
MEDICAL a d SURGICAL INSTITUTE ,
N. W. Cor. lakh & DoclKO Sto.
VOnTDK TREATMENT OV AM.
Appliances for Xtoforra't'.ca ' end
llcM facilities , apiiarntuo uc ! rvmvJIce tor BUcovi : . .
l triotmcnt ot every form ut dl > 6 > ia reqblmin
oJIcril orHntli < al'rro tmSot. (
FIFTY ROOM8 FOR PATIENTS.
Iloird and atienilant l bftt Uoipltnl acconmuda- . '
film : flirt ( fitovAiu on IXifoirnlUcs spl mucfji.
, .usscs , Club I vet , Curvotiira of the Hplne. I'llci , .
Tumors , Cancer. Ct rrb. Dronchlila , inhalation.
Electricity , I'amlyiu , Uullipir , Kldr.oy. liluildor ,
liyc , L' r , tf Ida nud Ulool.onl aUBurxlodlUjiarattaui s
Dlsoasos of V/omon n Spoalalty.
HOOK o.v DisKAbKs or WOUXN 'JRKB , *
DULY SSLIADLB MBDMAL INSTITUTE : '
HAKIHII A . I'KC1 U.TV or
PRIVATE DISEASES ,
AlllllooJ lHii . i I'ipcfdfullr tr nt < ] il , fc'jplillltla
I'oliun r.nnori'il Jrpo : tl > < nlo'ii ' wliliout morourr.
New rcttojMlrii tr < almnt for Ion of Vllal 1'onor.
t'linout unaclt to < Ult ui tutno ljuit > l nt borne br
rvimjfpun'K'no * . All cODiaiuntnflfi : * oiipfld utui ,
MoiUcm cr li < Mrtit < iitt4 l nt lif inul or riprSV ,
, eifel ; ; raoXll. no mr.rkt ( o loJlcati tcnUulf ? f
tou'lrr. ' ODB prrsonal IcHrTUf ptffyrro.l. ( Jan anil
cOnjiilt Hprjni / } aliu/j/oi / jour cmenJ tr will
nua in rl ln Vitf pir , cftr
BOOK TO WEN. FnCEi
Un > * * with
, V Jt sl et
Our , latbaad Dode * Pt . OMAHA.
TO LOAN ,
On Oily and Fimn 1'roncrt.v !
GASH ON HAND ,
First Mor'-trajjo ' PajwiBou jrht ,
Hlockui p. I1. O.
ESTABLISHED issi i iao So.
chcnBO | , Ills. 1 ClnrkSt.
The Regular Old-Established
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON
IsstlJI Treating with the Greatest
SKILL and SDCCESS
Chronic , Nervous and Private Diseases ,
- NERVOUS DEBILITY , Lost Manhood.
Fnlllnc Memory , Exhausting Drains , Terrible
Dreams , Head nnd Uack Ache and till llic cITccu
leadiiij : to early decay nml pnlups Consumption oi
Insanity , treated scientifically by new methods vulh
SYPHILIS .mil all bad Blood and Skin DIs.
eases permanently cured.
aa-KlDNEYnnd URlNARYcomplaints.Oleet ,
Gonorrhoea , Strictu re , Varicocele antl all disrates
of the Genito-l'rinnry Urpans rural promptly w'lhoul
injmy to Stomach , Kidneys or other OiRans.
air * No experiments. Ace anil experience im *
portant. Consultation free and sacred.
flS- Send 4 cents postage for Celebrated Works on
Chronic , Nervous and Delicate Diseases ,
aB'Those contemplating Marriage send for Dr.
Clarke's celebrated guide Male and Female , cadi
i1 ; cents , both 2 $ cents ( stamps ) . Consult the old
Doctor. A friendly letter orcallmaysayefuturesufler.
ing and shame , nnd add golden ) cars to life. 4d ltook
"Life's ( Secret ) Errors , " socents ( stamps ) . MedicinS
and writings sent everywhere , secure from exposure.
Hours , Sto 8. Sundays 9 to 13. Address
F. D. CLARKE , M. D. ,
106 So. Clarlc St. . CHICAGO , ILL.
SENSIBLE and USEFUL !
Seem to be ( ho order of the day.
OUlt STOCK ia complete in every
lep.'irtinent. Von nnd your friends
ire invited to call.
Garland Stoves ;
Oak Stoves ,
MONITOR STEEL RANGES
Largest Stock !
Best Goods ! .
Lowest Prices !
lifla Rogers & Sons
COR , 14-TH AND FARNAM ,
OPPOSITE THE PAXTON.
( lit AIM A'I'K OF
rjollovtie Hospital Medical Col
lege , N. Y" . City , Class iajfa
Vlll. lsowiunotUod./'iiftvnnieoto . / perfectly
.nil jierinunoiiily euro nil cn.in.sor
'ILES ' FISTULA FISSURE ETC
, , , , ,
Wliont mo of KNIFE , LIGATURE.
'uibollc AfliloriinyCauHtlc. Dr. .Mimvoll ) im <
icon Ideated In Onmlm morn tliiiu a ycnr. ami U
.erniwrniauontly. Tlioio uroiiimir In thu city
nil vicinity who have luj'irjotirofl liy him , who
iT..Ify lo tilt ) truth of tliu abnvo. IUH troutii ) < < iic
mild ; no dulBiitlon ifuni ) IIISIIC."H | , mi'l ' no
niiKcr f rom trnutmcnt. OiilciI'uxion lllook ,
uonia I'lil-luT ' , oiilfo hours , 'J ' M.III. to 1 ini ; p in.
> a p. in. Itobldi'iice , Phermnn Avo. UoUvcim
'orbyund Locust Hto.
Mho Treatment of all Chronic or the
So-called Incurable Diseases ,
Eye , Kir , Tlit'oat , fjtutf/s , Lli'tn ;
lUiitdcr , Jiiiliu'.ii and JYwrrwua Jln-
uxes treated with mneetii un-
A curefniF.vaLtoi'dln all cai i of SHIVATK
nl HKI.V JJllUUBCa. AU il | . < GiMirt of tha
K.XII.M , DUilANT UIJHVU uia MAKHOOll
CO.HSUI.TA'VION 1'IIKK ,
Trt : xnfnt lip uvvrtviioidtn : * , ttr.a tuuiy
CricnRui hrrmn Bl-Joi , 1'Jth nml
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