Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, November 18, 1888, Part I, Page 4, Image 4

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    OMAHA DAILY BEE : SUNDAY , NOVEMBER 18. -SIXTEEN * PAGES.
THE DAILY BEE.
l Um < lSllii : > KVKIIY MOKMNO.
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lii'iuitMi. WASIIINOTON omen. M > , Ml
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Allcommtuilratlnni relntlnn tn new * ami tell-
torial mnttor Hlioulcl be addressed to tlio KIIITOII
letters and remittances Mioulil 1)0
I'Uiii.iRinsn COMI-ANV.
nd(1rc ( ieil to TUB IIKK
O.MMIA. Drafts , check * nnd lioitofflce orders tel
l e niailo payable to the order of the company.
TlioBecPiibliSuing Company , Proprietors.
K. KOSKWATHK , Kdltor.
Tit KIM my IIKK.
Oworn Stntctiiciti < > l Circulation.
flo brnskn. , _
County of Douglas. ( ' "
. .k , swrctnryotThe lien Pub-
llHhlnir Companr , iloe.s wiloinniy mvcnr tlmt Iho
octiml circulation of TIIK IHll.r HKK fur tlie
week riiillnu November 17. im was us follows !
Puiiday. Nov. I ) . K'-VI
Monday , Nov. 12 . 1H.MI
Jupmlny. NOT. n . WtJI
Wcdnuii'iay. Nov. 14 . IN. M
Thursday. Nov. IB . IB.IM
Friday. Nov. Ill . IB.IK3
Batnrduy , Nov. 1" . . "I. " " '
Average . IM- *
ur.oittii : ii. rmmiicic.
Sworn to Ijcforn me and subscribed In my
t > rr eme tliln 17th dny of November A. I ) . liwtf.
.Sval N. 1 > . rUM * Notary I'ubllc.
btuto of Nebraska. | .
M.
County of llougiin. f
( icorpu II. Tziiciinck , being duly sworn , de
pose. * and xny.H Unit lie Is ct'cri'tnry of the lloo
I'lililmlilng company , that tlio actual avornuti
dally circulation of Tut : IMII.V IIKK for th
month of November , IKS" , was Ifi.'JU'licoplcH ; for
December. 1W. l.VHI copies ; for January , W3
l&-'M copies ; for February , 1SM8 , I5.tr.ci ropinft :
fr.r March , lust , IV.IW ! ) coplo-t ; for April , IWM
1H.TH copies ; for May , ItWH. 17.11 coplii ) : for
June. I * " , 111.21:1 : copies : for JnliMS-w. iH.a'ii :
coplosfor ; August , 1SHX , IN.IM copies ; for Sup-
tembi-r , IKH , HU6I copies ; for October , IBiW. was
18.0 > q copies , ( JKO. II. TX.HCIIUOK.
Bworn to befnrn mn and subscrtbod In my
pre.sonco this "III day of November , 18.SH.
N. I' . FKIJ. Notary Public.
No\V that the contractors are through
with their work of paving they are put
ting in their tlmo in pipe-laying.
Tins deplorable domestic tragedy
which just now is the all-absorbing-
In the social circles of Omaha affords
run pic food for .serious rellection , nml
presents phases oflifo which have made
thoughtful people solicitous for the fu
ture of Young America.
Tun car stove is trying his hanr
quite early this season. lie burned n
Jpulltniin sleoporoti a 1'ciinsylvniiia road ,
and finished a train of passenger cars be
fore breakfast in Virginia. It is evident
tiio deadly car Hlove is limiting his
record.
IT is said that the empress of Austria
Is contemplating a visit to the United
States , and that tlio time of her depar
ture has been arranged. The enter
tainment of an empress in this country
Will bo u new thing , and an accepted
method remains to bo established , but
if the empress Elizabeth shall make us
a visit BIO will doubtless have no
cause to complain of the treatment
Bho will receive , albeit it may bo
wanting In certain conventionalities
with'which our people are not familiar ,
nnd Hvhich perhaps would not , at
nr.y rule , bo appropriate here.
Gho would undoubtedly receive
a most cordial welcome , and being u
pretty sensible woman she would very
likely derive quite us much satisfaction
from the attentions of republican Amer
icans as she lias ever done from the
ovations of her own people. Whether
She come before or after next March ,
Bho will find in our''first lady" a woman
Who is her peer in all the graces and
qualities that beautify and ennoble
womanhood.
WITHIN a few days the now Young
Men's Christian association building will
bo formally opened and surrendered to
thoofliccrs of the association. With the
completion of this structure , the people
of Omaha may bo congratulated for their
real and liberality toward a worthy ob
ject. The cost of its erection was borne
almost wholly by the voluntary sub
scription of our citizens. They have
contributed to the building regardless
of sect or religious atUliatiim , and the
odillco stands a monument to Their
public spirit. In the now quarters the
Young Men's Christian association will
lor the first time be tiblo to carry
out the full purpose of the organization.
Jt will throw its doors wide open to
those who knock. It will give tlio
young inon of our city beautiful club
rooms whore they may spend their
leisure. It will afford them healthful
recreation , instruction nnd amuse
ment. Everything that contributes to
purity , comfort and rolinmont has been
bdded to make the surroundings cheer
ful and inviting. Under these circum-
tancos the Young Men's Christian as
sociation cannot fail to attract a largo
membership and to exert a beneficial
influence upon tlio community.
SKCUKTAUY BAVAUIJ has earned the
bitter contempt of the entire country
l > y his subservience to strong power and
Ilia bullying tone to weaker ones. IIo IB
threatening JIayti on the one hand for
nets clearly within the rights of that
nation , and on the other he is foment
ing trouble with Peru. The United
Btatoa consul at Mollondo , the port of
the southern capital Arcqtiipa , had his
Cilices in a building whoso ownership
was in contest between a Peruvian and
the state of Arcquipa. The United
States consul rented his rooms from the
wrong part } ' , nnd when the house was
aoi/cd , his effects were bundled out , the
doors locked , and the United Stales
Eihiold of arms with the eagle on top
was taken down nnd handed to him
with the best brand of Peruvian bo ws
He reported the outrage , and Mr. Bay
ard instructed the minister at Lima to
demand an apology , which the Peru
vian government refused to give , be
cause the matter was purely local and
one of court procedure , and not in any
Way connected with the national gov
ernment. Secretary Dnyard would have
nit on his considering cap and worn it
[
or n\nny \ hours baforo ho would have
asked for an apology from Chili , The
United States is friendly to all Ameri
can countries , fearless and independent ,
fcolther seeking offence nor giving
DfTonco. It IB disgraceful to us to have
It secretary of stnto who is a bully and a
sneak , bui fortunately ho will sooti be
pcno ,
ir/.S"n/f A * AKT c
The development of art culture tu the
west may be said lo liavo had Its Inspi
ration in the centennial exhibition of
1870. Prior to that time , only twelve
years ago , thurc had boon little local
ized Interest in art matters west of the
eastern sea board. The great galleries
in Philadelphia filled with magnificent
products of the brush , the crayon , the
chisel and the foundry , the exhibits of
the European lotteries and looms , the
evidence In short of how much was
larking in our country which cul
ture and education could supply
gave at once birth and a powerful 1m
potus to the study and the cultivation of
art. A recent series of articles in the
Cfittury magazine showed how powerful
was the impetus in Cincinnati , in Chicago
cage , in St. Louis and Milwaukee , whore
wealthy and philanthropic citizens
aroused to the public need and the local
opportunity gave liberally towards the
establishment of art schools and galler
ies in Ihoic cities. They laid the foun
dations of a future art culture by pro
viding the means for study and the in
centive for work. The effects are nlrendy
powerfully seen In a heightened cul
ture , in the creation of artistic taste
and in the stimulus of artistic endeavor
which may bo looked to to produce sub
stantial results in the near future.
Omaha has made its beginning in the
present exhibition just concluded in
the now galleries of George \V. Llnln-
gor. Tlio movement was inaugurated
not for purposes of display , but in the
hopes of exciting an educational
interest in art matters in our
midst. As u beginning it is highly
commendable. It evidences that
more of our people have bestowed some
attention on drawing and coloring than
might have boon expected. Much of
the work is crude. Much is worse than
crude. IJut this was to have been ex
pected in an exhibition where there
was no censorship , and whore the
efforts of the tyro were given entrance
equally with those of the semi-profes
sional. Tlio suggestive and interesting
point is that a strong and earnest desire -
sire for art culture haw shown itself ,
and that a demand for some local
facilities for at least an elementary
education in art is making itself felt.
Anything which tends to crystallize and
centralize such a feeling is valuable and
should be fostered in the community.
With her many wealthy citizens ,
Omaha should not bo compelled to wait
long for n school of design and a local
art gallery. We have a number of men
who could easily give from twenty-five
thousand to fifty thousand dollars apiece
for the establishment of such tin insti
tution. There is no reason why the
history of Cincinnati , St. Louis , Chicago
cage and Milwaukee should not be re
peated here.
THE I'OS'l'OFFlCE
With the libel suit between the man
ager of the Itepublicdn and the proprie
tor of the Jleruld we have nothing to do
and about it wo have nothing to say.
But there is such a thing as common
decency in the treatment of political
opponents. The assaults which have
boon made upon Congressman McShnno
on account of the failure of congress to
pass the Omaha postolllco appropria
tion bill are in our opinion en
tirely unwarranted. Mr. McSlmno did
what no republican in a congress
composed largely of southern brigadiers
could have done. He succeeded in get
ting a bill reported for a republican
western state carrying an appropriation
of a very largo amount at a session
whore economy was the democratic cry.
It was a comparatively easy matter for
Senator Mandorson to pass his senate
bill. The courtesy of the senate is al
ways ready to assist the political for
tunes of u popular senator whoso term
is about expiring. If Senator
Mandorson's bill had carried iwo
million dollars instead of a mil
lion and a quarter it would
probably have gone through as easily.
Mr. McShano , on the other hand , had
an adverse house and an udvorse com
mittee. Nothing but his strong per
sonal efforts and unflagging energy BO-
curcd consideration for the senuto bill
nnd a favorable conference report. Had
he himself been in his scat , instead of
sick by the seaside , when the conference
report was presented to the house
there is no doubt that it would
have passed. As matters stood ,
the democratic house was willing
later to adopt a conference report
fixing the limit of the appropriation at
31,250,000 and appropriating $100,000 for
the purchase of u site. It would have
been wisdom if the senate conferees had
agreed upon such a modified report
which would have secured the same re
sult in the end with the advantage of
assuring an immediate beginning of the
work.
Congressman McShano , whatever maybe
bo said of him , seems to have done
his best in Washington to ad
vance Nebraska's interests , and these
of his constituents of the first
district. As a democrat hailing from a
republican state ho has boon in a posi
tion of some advantage , which he has
availed himself of to the best of his
ahllity. Certainly In the matter of the
Omaha postolllcc building no one has
any right to complain of Ills interest or
his elTorts , Now that ho is about to return -
turn to the field of his labor , it is much
wiser for his constituents to buck him
as far as lays in their power than to belittle -
little him and try to cripple him in the
effort to accomplish the task thht is
before him.
. -t i , nnisnix ON
General Urisbin's admirable article
on wutuilug the west , which Is pub
lished in another column , \villduubtless
attract the attention which it deserves.
It Is an able and earnest pica for gener
ous national appropriations for water
storage and irrigation In the west ,
based on carefully compiled figures and
reinforced by arguments founded on a
largo poroonnl experience along the
headwaters of our western waterways ,
Governor Thayor's memorial to con
gress , praying for proltmlnary surveys
looking to the establishment of
storage reservoirs ut the heads
of the I'latto and Arkansas
rivers has already borne good fruit in
an appropriation calling for one hun-
died thousand dollars to b < . * expended
in deciding upon the feasibility of the
proposed nystcm. The attention of con
gress was strongly directed lo the prob
lem , and the unanimous support of wes
tern senators nnd representatives was
freely accorded to the plan.
General Hrlsbln shows that by a
proper extension of the reservoir plan
throughout the west , not only would
millions of acres of arid lands
bo reclaimed for agricultural purposes ,
but the great llooilsand overflows which
annually destroy Immense quantities of
property would bo prevented. Instead
of rushing to the sea destroying levees
and submerging towns and farms , tlio
surplus water would bo carefully re
tained for use in the summer months to
the benefit of navigation and the en
richment of the soil.
It Is this feature of the case which
makes the problem one of national
concern and a proper one for
national aid. While millions of dollars
are being expended in dredging streams
which have never lloated a boat and
leveeing rivers whoso overflows can
only bo permanently prevented by the
building of dams at their headwaters ,
the west has a right to demand that its
Interests which hero coincide with those
ot the commerce of the country and the
extension of the available public do
main shall bo recognized by congress.
Nebraska , as was clearly shown by
Governor Thaycr , has a vital interest
in preserving the llow of water in the
Platte , which is now being rapidly decreased -
creased year by year through the diver
sion of its current into irrigating ditches
in Colorado. National legislation is
alone competent to deal with the prob
lem , which is ns pressing in Wyoming ,
in Kansas and in Montana as it is with us.
AMKHIUA A' UNQHAVJXO.
It is not as widely known us it should
be that America , has made more ad
vances in the art of engraving than nil
the rent of the civilized world. Excep
tion must however bo made to one
special kind , the great live engravings
which sire still made b.v ono or two
German artists , and which of course
are unique in character and unap
proachable in excellence. The engrav
ing to which Americans liitve devoted
their fertility of invention , and their
artistic sense of the beautiful is of the
kind used for book illustrations , and is
chiefly wood engraving. In this partic
ular branch , Americans are first nnd
the rest nowhere. The French photo
gravure which at first was so loudly
hailed and so widely esteemed has alto
gether lost favor , because in it success
is determined entirely by the nature
of the photograph. Some can by the
use of sand be made tolerably spirited ,
but the great majority have the stiff
ness , the formality , und the want of
tone of a simple photograph. There
cannot bo the subtle discrimination in
the gradations of black and white ,
which is to tin engraving what color is
to : i picture. Every shadow is the same ,
every high light is the same , and the
consequence is that in the photogravure
there is an utter absence of values.
The French went the wrong road.
The Americans started out like the
French with photography , but fortu
nately for art in this country , they made
it the handmaid of engraving , not the
mistress , and to this day owe their pres
ent proud suwomacy. Our engravers
made it their aim to reproduce as ex
actly as possible the drawing furnished
by the illustrating artist. Formerly the
practice was for the artist to draw his
subject on the block , and the engraver
then cut awtiy according to the well un
derstood system of seylography. But
after the work had progressed for some
time the block was a perfect labyrinth
of cuttings and of fragmentary bits of
drawing , and the artist too often felt
tluit ho was translated like Bully Bottom
tom in Midsummer Night's Dream. The
thought suggested itself that the draw
ing could bo photographed on the block ,
and that thou tlio engraver could cut
intelligently , having before his eyes all
the time the original drawing. Never
was there a happier ideal It worked a
revolution in wood cngi. living , nnd
Americans who had already dislin-
cruishod themselves by extreme nicety
of touch , and discrimination of eye , now
sot an example to the world in the abso
lute fidelity with which illustrations in
black and white were reproduced on the
block. There was now no possibility of
a careless artist throwing tlio burden of
Ids own short , coinings on the engraver ,
nor could a conscienceless engraver mar
n line drawing. Kaoh man from this
time forth was placed beyond the possi
bility of excuses. The corollary or nec
essary minor consequence was a vast
improvement in the gonacho drawings ,
Tor the artists were put upon their mot
tle.
This great Improvement led to an
other one , as all improvements must
that spring from a tap root. The prac
tise in Illustration is to make ti drawing
with Make white und sepia , and this
liogots a , certain mannerism which detracts -
tracts from average excellence. Objects
in the world are not all black and white ,
imt they appeared so through tlio me-
ilium of Illustration , because the artists
who made the drawings wore not itulll-
clently musters of gouache to prevent
their pigments from becoming unduly
prominent. There is an association of
American engravers , and the members
after one of their exhibitions on mo to
the conclusion that the sad und sombro
effect of the engravings wan due to the
illustrations , so they resolved to correct
this evil. Again they had recourse to
photography. They requested the illus
trating artists to glvo them drawings In
ivator colors , not in black and white ,
ind these were photographed upon the
jloek. As photography presents ecr-
; alu colors as light , nnd others as dark ,
irrespective of the facts , the photo
graphed painting on the block had to
incessantly corrected by the original ,
and this has led to a development of
color perception among the rising engravers -
gravers which Is undrocodontod , To
obtain suggestions of color effootH by
ivoud engraving would seem tit the llrnt
thought Impossible , but lo these who
uiivo studied atohiiigH notl.lnar is morn
natural. Summing up the gonontl ro-
eults it may 1 > ? elnimud for American
wood engraving- ! that they roproiluco
anrtscapes with a power of color sug
gestion and u faUlifxtluoa ? to the orig-
Innl without n'pariidlcl in the history of
illustrative artJra $1
Tltictn : was unvBllcd at Auburn , Now
York , last Thur S-fastalucof William
II. Howard , a largo number of distin
guished cltl7.on participating in the
ceremonies. Tlldmemorial of the great
statesman was erected by the citizens of
the city which was his homo during the
greater part of hisAlfo , and with which
his illustrious fame'Is Identified. It will
assist to perpetuate the memorv of one
of the foremost of American statesmen ,
and therefore Ithrj- event possessed a
national Interest. William H. Scwnrd
was eminent among the greatest men
of a period in American history
which put to the severest test
the wisdom of statesmen. In the senate -
ate and in the cabinet there was never
any doubt regarding his rank , and dur
ing the civil conflict his unfailing faith
in the final triumph of the nation was a
source of strength and inspiration to
the administration of which ho was a
purl , and to llio country , tlmt was of
inestimable value. As secretary of
state In the administration of Abraham
Lincoln , ho managed the international
relations of the government with u
masterly wisdom and discretion which
gave him a place among the greatest of
diplomatists , while as ono of the antislavery -
slavery loaders ho contributed hardly
less than any other man la the nation
to the education of public sentiment
against .slavery. Few tnoti in our his
tory better deserved to bo remembered
in marble and bronze than William II.
So ward.
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Tun American girl Is once more
being freely discussed in England , the
marriage of Miss Endicolt and Mr.
Chamberlain furnishing the text. The
generally solemn and somewhat platitu
dinous newspapers of London have
departed from their ordinarily traveled
path and tried to talk humorously and
satirically of the preference given
American girls over their English sisters -
tors , expressing the fear , which may be
partly sincere , that unless something bo
done to cheek the tendency among
prominent Englishmen to secure Amer
ican wives English society will
in time bo dominated by American
ideas , and oven the politics of that
country become affected. There is
a genuine compliment in this for Amor-
can women , though from the English
point of view it may not bo so regarded.
It is a confession of the superior force
of American women which is warranted.
The fact is unquestionable that the
girls of this country"arc bettor educated ,
possess larger practical experience ,
and are bettor trained in affairs , if not
in the formal niceties of social observance
ance- , than the average English damsel.
But there is no danger that she will
over seriously menace the supremacy of
English women iinthoirown social cir
cles , nor will her occasional matrimon
ial triumphs in England be won at the
cost of broken British hearts. English
men have no causa of regret when their
society is enriched by. such an acquisi
tion as Miss Endicott.
MONTANA is proud of her school sys
tem. There is not u city or town in the
territory that has not a school of its
own. The census prepared by the su
perintendent of public instruction
shows that every child of school ago in
the territory is on the school roll. This
speaks well for Montana.
VOICK OF 'JI1K STATK PUESS.
Ulysses Dispatch : Postmasters are of few
days and full of trouble.
St. Paul Press ; To President Cleveland :
Howard county gives you 4T majority. How
is New York 3
Nebraska City Prpss : If the Knights of
Labor want to become a power in the land
they will tie to Powderlv.
IJeatrico Democrat : In speaking of tlio
Omaha postofllco the Democrat would say :
"Let 'er go , Gallagher. "
North Bend Flail : It is said that this ad
ministration will know no north , uo south
mill no cast but Sackvlllo West.
Clay County Democrat : Now that Harri
son is elected It Is presumed that all will re
ceive that loan promised forty acres and a
mule.
Ulysses Hcrnld : The proliihs fcol worse
over their loss in the contest than tlio demo
crats do over losing control of the govern
ment.
Grand Island Independent : With six dully
papers in Omaha and three In South Omaha ,
the Omahogs should not suffer for intellec
tual provender ,
Button Register : It is rather early to
begin to seramble for the imatofllce. De
cency demands that we wait until after the
funeral Is over.
Nebraska City Press ; Nebraska and the
entire northwest would bo rejoiced to sco the
patriot nnd statesman Alvln Saundcra or
dered to occupy the wur department.
Columbus Journal : Tlio southern problem
and the problem of the great cities are two
of the most dintcalt things the republican
party have before them for adjustment.
Auburn Post : Mcfbano's pasters were
put to such good use tlmt ho WUH elected
road supervisor in thirty-three different dis
tricts mid for constable in a western county.
Wood Hiver Ga/.ctto : All republicans who
want postofllecM hold up your hands.
hbhhhhbbfabb
Plattsmouth Herald ; A democrat who will
stand around tbcso cold days uuiid the gloom
of defeat and croak about the republican
party being the advocate of whisky must cer
tainly be devoid of sliamo.
Schuylor Quill : The best udvico wo can
offer to democratic postmasters Is to resign
on the 4th of next March and ave them
selves from being remove's on the general
grounds of ineompotency'J nnd the special flI
charge of "offensive partLmos , " I
Norfolk News ; Tno N6ws wants to sco
genuine civil service reform gets its work in tA
tt
on the United Statefc marshal's ofllco in t
Nebraska about tlio llrjt thing after Prosl-
dent Harrison takes hi ? tieut , Mr. Hierbou'or
will have to .
go.
Aurora Republican ; Uoforo election wo 1t 1i. 1
prophesied that If thn
republican party i.
should win , prices of farm products would i.t
advance. Wo are of tlio same opinion yet c
and the farmer who can hold Ills corn till t
next Juno will be the winner.
York Times : There is considerable talk
about Ah'in Snundi'ra for senator , but it
will probable all oml in talk. Wo believe Jili
there are enough members elect , who will lif
listen to nothing elite , to elect Mamlersoa on lid
tbtt first joint ballot. d
Fremont Tribune : Tjio- policy of firing the to
corrupt from places of emolument is nearly v
two thousand yours old. The "lowly Naza- c
reno" made a whip of small cords uud went
Into the temple , nnd M tic made the office
holders flee bo uttered the cry which is so
pertinent to the present time , namely , "Turn
tbo rascals out. "
Springfield Monitor : Tlio political hue of
the press of western Nebraska will undergo
n sudden and unexpected change in consequence
quence of tbo result of the election. Tbo
patronage of tbo land oftlces has afforded
subsistence to many n poor democratic scribe
who will now be compelled to disavow bis
political principles or seek more protltablo
occupation.
Wymoro Union : The coming legislature
should cut off tbo extravagant appropriations
for military companies. There is no sense la
paying out tbo amount of money that they
cost for somi'thlng tlmt the state nor tbo
people derive no benefit from. If tbo boys
want to parade and have n good time it Is nil
right , but let them ilo It at their own ex
pense ,
Lyons Mirror : Hugh J. Grant was la t
week elected mayor of New York City. He
hud been sheriff , Ho now has nil the qiinH-
llcations required for a democratic candidate
for president. In addition to liU qualitlca-
lions , his name Is ( Irani. The Mirror merely
refers this matter to its democratic friends ,
provided they shall think it necessary to try
for the presidency in ISM.
Kearney Hub : The fact that n borso shoo
brings good luck Is well understood by tbo
inabitanta of Kearney , and over Hie doors of
many private dwelling * nnd some places of
business , will bo found variously ornatnentcil
llmt unfailing defense uguinsl witches. To
bo effective , however , u horse shoo iniisl be
put up right , with points upward. Any
other way is wholly useles1 * . Those who bad
bad luck In the lute election bail better look
to It and sec if their shoe is all right.
Sutton Advertiser : It Is claimed b.v those
who are Intimate with the clouds that each
separate cloud 1ms a silver lining attachment.
If there is any silver lining to tbo cloud that
now envelopes tlio democracy , it Is not visi
ble to the naked eye.
The night is dark , the sun Is hid ,
The owl doth chase the rut ,
And not a single star doth cheer
The lonely democrat.
Across the heath the bitter blast
With icy breath blows cold ,
The shivering , hungry mugwump stand *
Outside the sheltering fold.
And where arc now the mild prohlbs ,
Who lately sang with glee ,
And shouted till they strained their ribs ,
To help democracy I
Alas ! they'll ' never sing acaln ,
These prohibition cranks ,
They've hung their harps in willow trees
On Salt crock's ' stormy banks.
They'll never sing their songsi again ,
To win old Orovor's light ;
Old CJrover now must sing alone :
"Ob , whero's my boy to-night ! "
And the Seliool-Hou.se Won.
Detrntt TrOtwir.
It is thoold story told in new form of the
school-house against the democratic party.
To Take t lie Stiffen ins Out.
Jliiffaln Brjuras.
Lot. the western territories bo admitted at
once , and all temptation taken from the
southern states to secure power by intimida
tion and outrage.
A Cruel Surest Ion.
( Vif < vilIlcralil. .
Tlio heartless suggestion is made that some
of tbo London police dress themselves iu
women's clothes to look as much like the fe
male denizens of the Whitcchupcl district us
possible , and thus invite au attack from the
assassin. Policemen , ns u rule , don't like to
bo assassinated any more than anybody else.
Interesting Rending for Grorcr.
AVio I'urSun. / .
On March ! , H2.1 ; , Monroe retired from
oflice , and returned to bis residence of Oak
Hill , in London county , Virginia. Ho was
chosen a justice of the peace , and sat in the
county court. American Cyclopedia , vol. 11 ,
page 7C3.
Mr. Pilluiore afterward resided in Buffalo ,
taking no prominent part in public affairs.
American Cyclopedia , vol. 7 , page 188.
Immediately after the Inauguration of Mr.
Lincoln , March -1,1801 , Mr. Buchanan retired
to bis home at Lancaster , Pa. , whore ho
passed the remainder of his life , taking no
part iu public affairs. American Cyclopedia ,
vol. 3 , page : (32. (
They Will Need the Northwest.
( 'harJetton fi'eim atvl Oourfw.
Wo cannot get along without tlio north
west. Wo shall have need of Illinois , Mien-
jail and Wisconsin in 189'i , ami we shall need
them as badly as the man in Texas needed
iiis pistol. The indications are tlmt the
northwestern states will play a most import
ant part iu the politics of the future. Cer
tainly more dependence can be placed on the
vote of that section than on the "lloaters" of
Indianaand the knife brigade who hold the
casting vote of New York. Wo may dis
count the prophesies of the leaders If we
> lease , but we cannot underestimate the in-
luenco that the voters of tbo northwest will
nave on the presidential election four years
notice.
Disfigured , lin Still in the Hint ; .
Atlanta Constitution.
It is time to put the campaign of 18S8 bo-
dnd UB , and address ourselves to the cam
paign of 18W3.
It is going to bo desperate work , nnd it
will ronulro every man at his post and every
trob of his heart at the service of his party
to make victory possible.
Let every democrat put aside prejudice ,
pride , or whatever liindraneo may possess
him , nnd full Into Imol There is no time to
bo lost , for
"It is just fourteen hundred and fifty-four
(1451) ( ) days , including Sundays , from C
o'clock this morning , until the polls are
opened for the election of a democratic pros-
dent ! "
Quiulc Counting Needed.
Clerrldiul Leader ,
[ t Is greatly to bo hoped that the extension
c
of telegraph lines and tlio improvement of
postal facilities will KOIUU tlmo make it possi
ble to determine the result of n national election
'
tion In every state within a reasonably short
tlmo after the voting ceases , Everybody ro- tltl
tl
iiiombors tbo suspense through which tbo
'
country passed ! n 18-S1 , when the outcome
hinged upon the great and densely populated
state of Now York. This year the decision of tl
tltl
the pcoplo was , fortunately known almost im tl
mediately , but the long delay In Bottling
the result in West Virginia tthows bow easily
worse stuto of affairs might have been
brought about than existed four years ago ,
If Now York bad gone democratic , the elec
tion would have been docMoil by the vote of
West Virginia , and that vote 1m * not yet
been determined with sufficient accuracy to
nettle the state election. With such a tre
mendous strain us would liave been caused ,
bud the result in the entire country been
trembling in the balance , fcorious trouble 800
might have resulted , West Virginia is none
too orderly and law-abiding iu its mountain
counties , ami when things fame to n pinch
there would have been lively times ,
A Do8nraii ] ! Ohuraot rOaplur { ) il. tl
LiTTi.i ! HOCK , Ark. , Nov. 17. News bus lire
just been received of the capture ut Cumber atpi
land ( Jap , Tcnn. , of J. A. Clifford , a fugitive has
from justice since last March , and under in Ml
dictment for murdering or being accessory ten
the murder of three convicts ut Coal Hill ecU
mining camp , Jefferson county , Ark , of U
which ho was warden , The brutalities to In
convicts ut ( Joal Hill furnished a great sen- tlio
tbo time. ID
CU11KENT TOP/C9.
The teniloncy of men to humbug them
selves llrst and then others Is phenomenal.
In splto of the fuel that wine , properly spcnk-
ing , cannot bo made In tlio eastern states , It
has become an Important industry In Chau-
tauqna county , A place named lJrocktonon
the Lake Shore railroad midway botweeo
Buffalo and Erie , Is the center of the grape-
growing and wliic-innklng of Portland township -
ship wbero there are now 3,000 acres devoted
to the culture ot the Concord vine , Tbo
yield Is reported to bo from three to eight
tons per acre , and there is no second growth.
From the Coneont grapes n wino Is pressed
which sells for from ono dollar to three dollars
lars per gallon , Wns there ever nucli an Im
posture ? Concord grapes do not contain stif-
tlcleat glucose to innko real wine , for with
out some adventitious assistance the must
could not complete Its first fermentation.
The experiment of making wino was most
faithfully tried by Lonpworth , of Cincinnati ,
who used a mixture of Concord and Isabella
grapes for the famous Longworth champagne ,
nnd who made other light wines by n inlu-
Rllng of Concord nnd Cntawba and Clinton
grapes. Longworth and his friends deceived
themselves into tbo belief that this was real
wine , ami they Induced the public to agree
with them. Hut It was remarked oven then
that Longworth's Isabella champagne would
not keep , and this was demonstrated most
unpleasantly ata grand banqnetof the Wheat-
growers association of the Mississippi valley ,
held in St. Louts. Lougworth's champagne ,
two years In bottles , was one of the features
of the entertainment , but it could not bo
drunk , for it had become muddy water , with
a taste of gum. Tlmt gave a death blow to
the wine business In Cincinnati.
* *
Jtilivs Verne's fanciful picture of the bottom
tom of the deep sea must be taken with many
grains of allowance. At every paint deeper
than a mlle 5'JSO feet It is a vast desert of
the most'monstrous character composed of a
slimy ooze into which falls silently every
skeleton of the forms that die in the upper
strata of the ocean waters. H was this slime
which Huxley culled protoplasm , nnd In his
ecstacy at the thought that mutter could cre
ate Itself independently of the vivifying
breath of Infinite Love he made the impas
sioned declaration that it contained all the
promise and potency of life. Never was
there a guess further from the truth , for this
OOM Is in fact the chnrnol house of all bony
substances belonging to sea-living creatures.
It has been examined microscopically and has
been found to bo precisely similar to tbo an
cient chalk deposits of the cretaceous period.
Uctwecn this Iwttoui of chalk oo/.e , and tbn
upper waters there is n middle stratum in-
Imbitcd by deep sea creatures that feed upon
t'lc carcasscs us they slowly sink. Some of
tlieso have no eyes , but many long feelers ,
others have enormous eyes , others again are
strongly phosphorescent , and light up those
eternal twilights by Hashes which they emit
with every movement of their bodies. The
texture of all these deep-sea monsters is
remarkably loose so that the water can
pass freely through them , and consequently
they arc unable to live in less dense waters ,
and die when captured long before they
reach the surface. Hero is another beauti
ful instance of Darwin's law of evolution ,
which is generally recognized as true oven
by men who are orthodox hi their views.
IJut the orthodox generally tire delighted at
Huxley's blunder , and all their organs of
opinion contain sly bits ut protoplasmic
error.
* .
M „
Line engraving is still fondly cherished in
Dussoldorf , and au engraver of that famous
art center has just couiuleteu after ten years
of painful toil a copper plate of'The Last
Supper , " Leonardo du Vinci's great Iresco.
The hero of this achievement is called
Rudolf Stung , and bis name will now be
come immuiortal , and will rank with
Raphael Morghcn and others who have
sought success by doingdifllcult things , and
by appealing to the judgment of a select few ,
nnd not tbo undiscrimmating horde.
Bernard Pallssy , the famous French cera
mist , painted over his workshop door an in
scription to tlio effect that nothing greater
or tbeautiful could bo done in art without
much labor and great pains , and this is em
phatically true of line engraving , which is
the slowest and most laborious process
known to man. For this reason the cost is
great , nnd good examples often fetch $300 or
$400. Slang's engraving of "The Last Sup
per" Is the only thoroughly correct one ever
mado. Raphael Morgheu's ' was made from a
drawing of a copy , not from the original ,
which could not bo seen at that time. It was
in tbo refectory of the monks of Santa Maria
dclle Grazic , at Milan , and was copied by
Alurca d'Oggienos , a pupil of Da Vinci , for
the monks of Castellazo in the sixteenth cen
tury. A drawing was made from this copy
for the use of the old engraver. Hut Stung
betook himself to the original and worked
upon bis engraving face to face with the Im
mortal fresco. Ho lias therefore produced
what is believed to bo a thoroughly faithful
rendition , and bis work is greatly praised by
the critics of .Munich.
#
*
How fondly the American mind dwells
upon everything Incidental to the public
schools ! In turn ono subject after another
bus been mooted and improvements have
been suggested. The color of the whitewash ,
the height of the walls and windows and the ;
number mid position of the latter , the proper j
&
construction und height of desks and benches ,
,
tbo best fiize of type for class books these {
are only a few of the topics that have engaged -
gaged tlio soundest minds of tbo country.
Hut now comes a plain old Massachusetts a
doctor and decluros that all these improve b
ment ; * are of no avail , are mere vanity and n
vexation of spirit unless attention is paid to tlHi tln
tbo quality of tbo lunches. His vlow Is that Hi
the corporeal strength of a girl of fourteen flIV Hifl
cannot be maintained by n pleeo of pie and a IVW
largo pickle , which it appears is the regular tl W
luncheon of the Massachusetts school girl in
outside of Boston. In lloston itself the lunch inC
fluctuates from dny to day , but contains us lit
chief Hems Hod a eraekeni , chocolate creams , litli
sandwiches anil caramels. This old Ksculap-
ius insists upon It that u warm meal Is oven
more necessary for the advanced pupils \ \
than for younger girls , and bo proposes that
tbo school Janitor should fiirnlsn n good
lunch to all the pupils and the teachers for a SIA
moderate sum. The idea Is most certainly a A
good one , and ought to bu carried out in all
the large cities where there are janitors to
thu school buildings.
A
There is at tbo present moment a very
pretty quarrel botwcoon thn mayor of Dura- Or
tur , Ala. , and tbn mayor of New Uccatur , an
adjoining village. The mayor of Now Ucc.i- Tl
tur has telegraphed frcply to northern cities
for iiKsistaiice , stating that they bad 000 In
digent whites and l.OOJ . blacks to support. '
The mayor of Decutur telegraphs that New
Decatiir has bud no yellow foyer , > alicnt %
and that the population all told is only
, Tbo htatu health olllccrs , com V <
menting ( iliciully ) oa tbo clrcum- md
stanc-o , declares that tbo immunity of us :
Now Decatur from tlio plniruo mii'lo ft a J { (
wl
ccntur of refuge for many indigent persons , de
Tlivfco people could have plekoil cotton hid dewe
they chosen to bo IndiiBtrioUH , for tbo lulls
open , but there N a stagnation caused by
panic , and tbo rnK'.ihir combine of Industry
boon paralyzed and brought to a stand
still. There h no doubt that tbo health oill.
Bll
of Alabama states tbo c.ue correctly , I
IsohvloiiH that solongnstho mayor of Now 811
Uucatur umkcsan effort to suppart iho pvcplc i
bis community , they will not work , nnd j I
b''ht Hiirvicu hn can do them U to stop I no
Ltiefr niiioua and m' them to uotisn pi-jliii-f , I vu
KINGS AMI QU13KNS.
The Itaby Ucrnmn prince Is In feeble health
nnd Is rumored to have Inherited bis folhur'l
malformation of Iho left arm.
King Otto of Hnvnrl.rs lutest development
of tmuiiii , U U ) huacinu himself a black cat ,
His demented majesty now moves round on
all fours nnd cnlN loudly for live mlco.
King Milan , of Servin , Is n frrcat gambler ,
nnd , It is said , Is unable to get nwn > from the
baths of Ulelcbenberg beeauso he bus no
money ami his creditors are holding htm foi
deut.
deut.King
King Milan has settled 1,000,000 francs on
cx-juern ( Nntalio. A million good francs In
placeof one bad husband , oven though it
sixth rate King , would not seem to bo u bad
oxebiingc.
Mrs , Mackay recently presented Queen
Isabella , of Spain , with some rare pieces o (
china. It is asserted that hcrox-mnjcflty hat
offered to use her influence to secure a Span *
Ish title of nobility for Mr. Mai-kay.
The empress of Austria Is really coming
to the United States , Her trip is based mi
her deslro to bo rJd for u prolodgod time of
her husband , whom , ns everybody knows ,
she thoroughly dislikes ; and nlo iu the hope
tlmlu change of nlr may lessen the rheuma
tism to which she is an absolute martyr.
The shah of Persia has an original way of
dealing with railway troubles. A llttlo while
ngo there was n riot at the Tolierau railroad
station. His majesty's plan to do away with
such nuisances In the future Is to stop nil
trnfllo on the road and oblige the minister of
war nnd other personages to ride up and
down tbo unliro line warning everybody
around not to begin rioting any more ,
Knglaml is bemoaning the fact that ( ho
prince of Wales has lost Ills skill as n marks *
limn. At the Imperial bunt in Austria ho
missed four stags , much to the surprise nnd
disgust of Francis Joseph. Tlio reason for
this decadence iu his ability ns u hunter is
not bard to discover. Ho smokes too much
to retain a steady hand , ami his norvn.s are
not iu a healthy condition. U Is said that ho
smokes ten cigars u day ami a largo number
of cigarettes.
The baby king of Spain recently eamo near
to involving bis country In it serious trouble.
A newly appointed minister to Spain from
an inlluoutlal ICuropean country reached
Madrid , and nfter a tlmo was presented to
the young potentate , The minister Is bald-
headed , but wears n long , flowing board.
"O , mother 1" exclaimed Alfonso , when ho
can flit sight of the diplomat , "bo's combed
his hair the wrong way. " The relations be
tween Spain nnd the minister's ' country nro
somewhat strained at present , but n settle-
went of the misunderstanding is hoped for.
LABOK WOULD.
The lockout of the St. Louis shoo lastors
has been amicably settled.
There Is a growing tendency In nil labor
unions to formulate some regulation winch
will provide for apprentices.
Organization among the coopers of St.
Louis bus bad the effect of raising wages
in every shop iu that city within the lust
week.
Reports from California show that there
nro thousands of idle carpenters on tbo Pa-
eille coast , and uo hope of immediate employ.
incut.
The WIcr Plow company has Just com-
plcted an audition to the foundry ut Mini-
mouth , 111 , , and several additional bauds will
be employed.
The Minnesota Car company , composed of
Virginia capitalists , with u capital of $100,009 ,
will shortly begin the erection of rolling
mills at Duluth , Minn.
The carpenters of FresuoCal. , have formed
an alliance xvith tlio bricklayers , thu plaster
ers and the bod-cnrriers to uphold their do-
inund for ft nine-hour day.
The worklngmcn of England are forming
into trades unions. Some of these organiza
tions ( are already ol considerable strength ,
and they nro nil growing rapidly
August Dolabar , secretary of Iho Jour
neymen Bakers' union , hns issued a ronolii'
tipn to be voted on by the members. It pro
vides for the appointment of an agitator who
will travel from oue city to another organiz
ing now unions.
England used to enjoy n monopoly Jn fur
nishing beer to Central America , but ut pres
ent nearly all the beer used there is imported
srom the United States , American beer being
lighter tlinu Kiiglish beer , nnd , therefore ,
more acceptable to Central Americans.
Au electro-magnet with a carrying capa
city of SOO pounds is attached to a crane in
the Cleveland Steel works , mid readily picks
up and handles billets anil other masses ot
iron without the use of chains , tonga , or
other devices. A more lad in thus enabled
to do the work of fourteen or fifteen men.
Last week the two great organ Izationj
known as the Brotherhood of Carpenters and
.loiners and the United Order of American
Carpenters and Joiners were consolidated
under the name of the United Brotherhood
or Carpenters nnd Joiners. As It now exists
the organization is the most compact labor
union in the world. There remains but ono
other organization of carpenters , which la
known as the English Order of Amalgamated
Carpenters , and it is thought that this union
will speedily bo brought into the fold.
The Old Speckled Roostor.
Ltnculn Journal.
"How dear to my heart Is the old speckled
rooster.
Which fond recollection brings back to my
view ,
With spurs long and pointed and curving , ha
used ter
Go crowing around till ho made tbo nil
blue ;
And when some strange rooster woold como
to dp battle ,
How quick would the old chap get up on
his guard I
He'd make the eyeballs of the strange
rooster rattle ,
And scatter his feathers all over the
yard ;
The old Hpochlod rooster , the mongrel bred
rooster ,
The " ,0 cent rooster that scrapped in tlio
yard ! "
Terrorized Community ,
Spii\mai : ( > , Mass. , Nov. IT. A gang of
twenty-two ' tramps boarded a local freight
train a little after nooti to-day on thu Boston
Albany railroad , between this nlty and
Indian ' Orchard. When the train stopped nt
Indian ' Orchard station they were obliged to
get off while switching was going on. AfUjr.
ward they attempted lo bard the train nguin
anil a brisk light ensued. Thu train hand *
beat thu men off with coupling pins. Tim
niflluns retaliated b.v throwing fit-ones until
till ! train got out of reach. They then tor-
rori/ed the community ffunerally , and threw
nt.onos at the depot. Help \va summoned
from this city. A speelal train was made up
with n force of men on hoiinl. Tlio Irampa
were met Juht went of Indian Orchard ami
tbo olllcurs gave cliuso. Knell singled out u
man. Six wore captured In this way and
City Marshal ( Jliino shot and killed u
seventh. 'Che shooting watt accidental. The
dead man is supposed U > bo u bank burglar.
Kail ( I'M Vl.si.-i.
When from the vaulted wonder of the sky
The curtain of the light is drawn asldo ,
And I uehold the star.s m till their wide
KIgnltlr.uico ami mystery ,
Assured that those more distant orbs nra
suns
Hound which Innumerable worlds revolve-
My faith grows strong , my day-born doubts
dissolve ,
And death , tlmt droail annulment which life
Minns ,
fain would slum , becomes to life the way ,
The thorough fare to greater worlds ou
high ,
Die bridge from star to star. Seek how wo
mav ,
There IH IIP other road ncrosn the sliy ;
And , looking < ip. I hear star-voices say ;
'You could not reach us if you did not dm. "
Killed IllH
Lotus vi i.ui , Ivy. , Nov. 17. Near Mount
/onion , Ky. , last night , William Nowoomb
John Koberts culled Hiram Roberts from
bed in iho utoro where ho was nk'eplng
obcrts name to the door in bin night cloibos ,
vhcn the men amullcd him with luilve.s , Il
lefcndcd binit-olf with bis revolver , fatally
vounding both men. Tbo ntluck wan thu
an old quarrel.
TIlO U'KlllllIT llllliOlttlOIIH ,
For Nebraska : Threatening wmitlior and
ight snnw or rains , southeasterly winds ,
tis'ht rlitn In temperature.
I''or ( own : Threatening weather and light
now or ruin , southeasterly winds , slight
e In temperature.
For Dakota : Local snows , preceded In
orthorn by fair fcUtt'ooar ' ' temperature ,
arixblu.vlnds. .