Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, November 16, 1888, Page 4, Image 4

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    THE OMAHAi.DAILY BEE : FRIDAY , NOVEMBER 10. 1883.
THE DAILY BEE ,
KVKUY AIOUXINO.
THUMB OF s
n | iy ( Morning I : Jltioni including .
Ilix , One Year . 110 00
ror lxilonUif ! . 1 IK
yorThreuMonilu . 3 0
THE OAIAIIA Hi'NDAV II KB , mailed to any
address. Urn-Year .
WRKKI.Y Hue , One Year
. .
cuic.um oppirn wr ? unoKniir lirii.iusii.
Nr.wYoiiKUiTiru , ItooMsli AMI UTiiiiu-Nr
lit II.IHNO. WASHINGTON Uiriei : , No. 613
1'ouiiTKKMil HTIIKET.
rol'O- .
„
Allrommunliatloni rolfttlim touownnd e < ll
torlnl matter nhoulil be ( uldie-wed to the HIIITUII
rsisiflsrirrTRH9. :
All bnslmvH letters inul remittances MiotiM no
Bdilreiwed to Tun IIF.K I'um.imilNH fOMl'AXV.
mmi\ . Drafts , checks and iioitolllco order * to
tainada jinynlili ; to tha order ot the company.
The BccPiiWisliiinlipaiiy , Proprietors ,
K. HOSKWATEU. Editor.
IJH13.
Sworn Statement ol Circulation.
fctnto .
IB > S <
Ccmnlyot DniiKlai ,
( It'orL'o It , Tzschuck , secretary ot Tim Hen IMifo-
llslilnu' romtiilny , docs solemnly swonr that the
actual circulation of TUB KAII.V HUE for the
week cmllUK November 10 , lb1 wa as follows :
Sunday , Nov. 1 . IV-MO
Moncluy , Nov. 0 . 1WI
nicsilay.Kov.il . ISM
Wednesday. Nov. 7 . ' . ' . > )
tThnrsday , Nov. 8 . Sl.iiu
JPrldny , Nov. 9 . SUIIS
.Saturday. Nov It )
Amaeo
( iliOUHK II.T/.H < : iHJC'K.
Sworn to Itrforc me and subscribed In niy
I > renence tills lUtli day of November A. I ) , 188,1.
Still N. i . I'Elli. Notary Public.
Btiileof Nenrnska. I. . .
County of llouula * , fs
( icorRu II. TzBclinrk , lielng duly sworn , do-
r.o.MJi and niy that hn H secretary of the Ilee
I'litiltshiiiK company , that the uctual nvernuo
dally circulation of Tim DAILY HKK for tli
month of November. 18S7. was l" > , -'tl copies ; for
Decoinbur , 1H.ST , 1\UI1 coploa ; for Jununry , ItkSS
jr > . ! : ( W copies ; for February. 1SS8. 1A.UVJ copies ;
for March , 18S.S li. ! < K > conle4 ; for April , 1SSS
J,74I copies ; for May , 1HMH , 17.1HI copied ! for
June , IHIW , iiaii ! : coplos ; for July. likU * . 1H.IKI3
copies ; for August , 18 3 , IS.IKJ coplos ; forSop-
'toinber ' , 1WH , 18 , 1M coplos ; for October. 1 W , was
-1S.HS4 ooplfls. OKO. II. TX-SOIIUOK.
Bwnrn to before me and subscribed lu my
.presence. this Tlh day of November , IKHX.
_ N. 1' . FKIfi Notary 1'nbllc.
Tun fraudulent plumber inuat go.
KANSAS takes the cnko. She loads
tlio republican column with 11 plurality
of over eighty thousand.
WAS it for a .Now York farmer boy
Hint Mary Anderson snubbed all the
dukes and dukolots of Europe ?
LIKE drowning men catching at
Straws , the domocratio managers are
making dospornto iittompts to grab
"West Virginia and Maryland.
STHAUNO ballot boxes in Arkansas is
Onnllncd to prominent citizens of the
'htuto. ' It is an occupation in which
they have proven themselves eminently
proficient.
Mis. CMSVHMSNU'S underground rail
road lias boon formally opened for busi
ness. It will carry the mnils to those
federal ollleeholdors whose resignation
would be acceptable at their earliest
convenience.
Tim mnp of Western Nebraska will
undergo considerable changes. The
people of Ohoyonno county have voted
to sub-divide it. Whore Cheyenne
'Bproads itself like the state of Massa
chusetts across the face of the map
elx now counties will he created. They
have boon temporarily called Douel ,
Bcott's Bluffs , Banner , Kimball , Brown ,
Rock and Ohoyonno until named by the
legislature. This will afford an excel
lent opportunity to immortalize our
Btato patriots and statesmen.
THIS people of San Francisco arc con
gratulating themselves over the defeat
of the democratic boas of that city. He
fulled to carry the ticket as he had
fixed it , and in consequence his long
-pilsrulo , which has boon the curse of
that city , is likely to bo ended. The re
publicans elected their candidates for
'Blstrict attorney , sheriff , county clerk ,
tax collector and other officials. For a
Jong time not only the juries but the
courts themselves have been prostituted
to the control of this San Francisco
Boss Tweed. Happily the city is rid of
li liia political supremacy and the gross
miscarriage of justice has been remedied
for the time being at least.
;
NKIUIASKA has never sot up a claim
of being u great wool producing atato ,
hnd yet compares favorably with many
of the states and territories that are
known as wool growers. From tables
prepared by the Philadelphia Textile
association , Nebraska is credited for the
year 1887 with n clip of scoured wool of
one million sovonty-sovon thousand
pounds. AB compared with the clip of
fourteen million pounds of California ,
Or with the clip of cloven million
ipounds of Ohio or Toxns , Nebraska cuts
but a small figure in the wool market.
But the wool crop of the state exceeds
that of Vermont , Iowa , Minnesota , Da
kota and Idaho , and approximates the
clip of Arizona and Wyoming , loading
Bhoop growing territories.
ONK of the duties of congress , in view
bl the speedy admission of most of the
territories into the union , will bo to
baptize the now states with appropriate
names. Idaho , Arizona , Montana and
Utah are on the whole acceptable. The
OamcB have become familiar , and to
tlmngo thorn nrould bo sure to create
Confusion in the postofflco department
fty the misdirection of mail matter.
"With Dakota , Washington territory
tuid Now Mexico changes ot name are
, highly probable. As Dakota , In all
probability , will bo divided into
two states , it would , in the
jmlmls of many bo a serious mis
take to call one North Dakota
and the other South Dakota. The
southern part of the territory , which is
the most populous and likely to bo ad
mitted llrst to statehood , should bear
the original name , TKo northern sec
tion , on the other hand , might bo given
n name local as wall as appropriate. It
ia pretty generally accepted that Wash
ington territory will bo renamed so as
not to create confusion with the capital
city. As for Now Mexico , while it
might boar its original name , it would
l > o appropriate to change It either to a
name historical in its application like
Montozumn or Aztec ; or a name might
bo given to the state that should per
petuate one of the fathers of the coun
try , such as Hamilton , jQlTorsoii , Madl-
eon or Fronklln ,
f lALAHMISTS.
There is said to bo nn attempt making
in custom financial circles to cronto t
soarf on the presumption that the iiou
administration will withdraw the pub
lie money from the depository banks
The idc.'i Hint this will bo done is basei
on the views expressed by General liar
ribon regarding the course of the pros
gntadministration in depositing sticl
tnrgo amounts of public money with the
Tumks. There Is not the slightest dun
fltr , however , that the now udmiulstiu
tton will put into immediate effect iihj
financial policy that would radlcallj
affect the monetary slUation , and if it
shall happen , ns docs not now appear
probable , that a largo part of the de
posits now in the banks are still there
when the now administration comes in
they will unquestionably bo pormittoi
to remain until they can bo withdrawn
without dislurbnncu to the money mar
ket , Hut those deposits are now being
returned to the treasury , and the chances
are that the bunks will hold a compara
tively small amount when the change
in the national administration takes
place , so that the question will prob
ably have solved itself by the
time the now administration shall
have got down to business. In
any event there is not the slight
est reason to apprehend any
now departure of an extreme
character. Whatever the republican
administration shall Hnd that needs to
be remedied will be attended to in such
way and nt such time as will best sub
serve the interests and welfare of the
people. Those who would create alarm
by urofesbing to approhund anything
different are simply seeking their own
aggrandizement , knowing perfectly well
that there is no substantial reason for
their pretended fears. The financial
affairs of the country luivo always been
carefully and wisely guarded under
republican direction , and there is not
the least ground of doubt that this re
cord will bo maintained by the now ad
ministration.
THE PRESlDEX'nAL TERM.
The close of u presidential contest is
always followed by a discussion of re
forms suggested by the trying and costly
oxHorienco of these quadrennial polit
ical conflicts , and this year the discus
sion is quite as general and earnest ns
heretofore. A change in the presiden
tial term , prolonging it to six or eight
years , and reforms in the methods of
electing the president , are being urged
upon the public attention , and they are
worthy of being carefully considered.
There is undoubtedly a growing sen
timent in the country that the presiden
tial term , ' should be extended. The
confederate constitution provided for a
term of six years , and made the presi
dent ineligible to ro-olection , being in
this respect , if in none other , an im
provement upon the federal constitu
tion. Jt is not necessary to refer to the
reasons which led the framers of the
constitution to fix the presidential term
at four years , because however proper
and forceful they were at that time they
do not apply with equal cogency now.
It may bo granted that it was wise and
expedient , when the country hnd but
about four millions of people , pursuing
industries that could bo little disturbed
by a political contest , to allow the
[ jooplo once in four years to
vote upon the question of a change in
Lho executive ofllco ol the government ,
but the conditions are very different
with a population of sixty millions , car
rying on vast and diversified industries
which must be more or less unfavorably
inlluencod by a prolonged political con-
Hict. A national election in this country
is an extremely costly affair. Accord
ing to competent estimates the late cam
paign caused a shrinkage in the inter-
ial commerce and industries of ttic
United States amounting to not loss
, han live hundred million dol-
ars , or more than eight dollars
icr capita of the population ,
ind yet the business of the country was
apparently not so seriously affected as
usual by the apprehension , excitement
and other conditions incident to a na
tional political coatost. To this great
sum must bo added the vast outlay for
the expenses of the election , which , if
lot properly to bo considered as a loss ,
s Btill to n very considerable extent a
vasto. But if the matter of cost to the
energy and prosperity of the country is
tot deemed a sutlicient reason in favor
of prolonging the presidential term ,
.here . is the further and perhaps no
ess forcible argument that it is
desirable for political and patriotic rea
sons that the antagonisms of these con-
licts shall not recur so frequently , and ,
, ho importance of this consideration is
ikoly to become more apparent as the
nation grows in population. The gen
eral tendency of national campaigns , to
which the lost was perhaps an oxcop-
, ion , has been to nrouso the popular pas
sions and to cronto sectional hostilities
which have sometimes gone so fur ns to
.hrcaton the ponce of the country. It
s not to bo supposed that these experi
ences would bo avoided if the presiden
tial election occurred but once in six or
eight years , but there would muni-
ostly bo an advantage in having such
experiences at longer intervals , and
, here would bo more time to recover
from their ollects. Already the organs
of the defeated party in the late eleo-
, ion are urging their partisan friends
-o prepare for the next campaign ,
which , as one of them puts it , is distant
only fourteen hundred and fifty-four
days , and therefore no time is to bo
oat. Were it remote twice that num-
jor ot days the organ referred to would
inrdly bo so anxious to prepare at once
for another political battle. There
would bo ample time , and it could address -
dross itself to something else of more
mmodiato concern to the welfare of its
readers.
The question is > one for careful and
serious consideration , An extension of
the presidential term would possibly
locossitato some modifications in our
governmontul system , the expediency
of making which would call for prudent
loliberutlon. It has been suggested us
in objection .to the change that it would
30 a stop in the direction of pnrllamon-
.11 ry government , but. there does not
Boom to be very great force in this , The
( residential otlloo would not bo deprived
of any of Its constitutional prerogatives ,
and its influence and authority ( is a co
ordinate branch of the government \vottd
bo in nowise restricted. And if ineligibility -
bility to ro-olcotion wove a condition of
the txlonded term , it might reasonably
bo expected that the independence nnd
dignity of the executive oflleo would bo
bettor maintained , that its incumbent
would bo more fully the guardian of the
popular interests regardless of political
or partisan considerations , nnd that con
sequently the relations between the ex
ecutive and legislative branches would
bo generally and under all circumstances
more harmonious and satisfactory , while
assuredly the tendency would bo to in
crease popular trust in the executive.
Wo have little doubt that nn extension
of the presidential term will come in the
not far future ,
Tim Kxiairrs AXD
i-nts.
At the convention of the Knights of
Labor in Indianapolis , one morning
session was devoted to the general sub
ject of women's wages and to hearing
tliu report of Mrs. Barry , who had been
given n commission to investigate the
condition of woman workers nil over the
country. The letters of Nell Nellson
iu the Chicago Ti'mesand the New York
Il'orW have already mndo the facts no
torious , and therefore to recapitulate
them would bo simply a tax upon the
indulgence of the readers of Tun Bun.
Mrs. Barry's recommendations are ot
more interest. She desires the adoption
of laws for n more speedy amelioration
ot oppressed humanity and more
effective restriction of child labor , and
from the Knights of Labor particularly
a stronger interest in the matters , of
women workers. It is not pleasant to
be forced to criticize the labors of so
zealous a person as Mrs. Barry , but
nevertheless it is obvious that Mrs.
Barry has boon sedulously endeavoring
to get water from a deep well , and her
rope was too short. Her conclusions
conclude nothing. Her recommenda
tions point to no definite line ot action ,
and it is abundantly clear that she does
not comprehend the situation.
In the first place no law can prevent
the overcrowding of cities ; that is no
direct law. The oppression of women
workers is due solely to this over
crowding. When business men recog
nized that there was a vast element
of population eager for work , they
determined to profit by the circum
stance , and to go into the market for
labor at the lowest rates as they would
go into the market for raw materials at
the lowest rates. There is at present a
glut of apples , and those who have them
for sale in London , Liverpool and Glas
gow will sell them for whatever n pur
chaser will give. In Now York , Chicago
cage and Philadelphia there is a per
manent glut of woman and child labor ,
nnd it fetches , therefore , just what the
employer chooses to give. Upon this
fearful foundation of human agony has
been built up a great trade in furnish
ing goods both for men and women. In
these three cities such articles are made
not alone for the districts legitimately
belonging to thorn , but for the United
States. The custom of retail houses in
every state of the union is sought for by
an army of commercial travelers , and
Lho goods made at the expense of hu
man lives are eagerly bought because
Lnoy are of the newest styles and of the
best materials. The competition is so
rcat that the margin of profit is very
small , and it lias boon demonstrated that
iho persons who really are benefited , by
-his abnormal nnd detestable state of
things are the wearers of the goodt > , be
they men or be they women. Nothing
can bo more false or more misleading
than the cluirgcs of inhuman avarice
made by Nell Nollson against the om-
iloycrs. The real sinners are the pubic -
, ic , and the worst sinners arc the
women who are enabled to dress far
above their means by the crucifixion of
sister women and young girls.
If this state of things is intolerable ,
, he way to amend it would be to pre
vent the crowding into cities. But
low is this to be done ? Wo
are working in a vicious cir
cle. Women crowd into the cities
.hat . they may get work , nnd the more
.hoy . crowd the more work there will beef
of this sweat-box order. Plainly the
chief reason why they crowd into cer
tain cities is because their work has
gone from thorn , and they follow their
vork. If the women of Omaha wear dol-
nans made in Chicago , the dolman mak
ers of Omaha must go to Chicago for
their work. If the men ot Omaha wear
shirts made in Chicago , the shirt
makers of Omaha must go to Chicago
, hat they may continue to make shirts.
Chore is no getting over this syllogism.
s there any real earnest desire among
ho general public , who are the true
> eneticiaries of the sweat-box system ,
o abolish it , which means to pay more
or inferior articles for the love of
iiimunity , aiid out of a sense of justicei *
lave wo not become corrupted by the
labit of purchasing certain goods for
ess than half their lugitimato price ?
\re wo capable of rising to the high
ilnno of according their duos to wage
vorkors'If wo are in earnest the plain
omedy is a return to the guild system.
According to this plan there would bo a
; uild of haberdashers for Omaha and the
listrict attached to it , nnd no one could
vitlnn that district sell any article of
mberdashory without being a member
of the guild , any offender against this
system would bo liable to arrest , and
rial in a guild hall with a probability
ty of being sentenced to a fine of one
Uousaml dollars , with imprisonment
or six months. This system practically
mites permanently the interests of those
vho make and those who sell , and it
shuts out the power of capital oyor labor
very completely. But it would raise
irices materially.
IK half the journals of the country
are to bo boliovcd General Harrison's
irst appointment as president will be
a private secretary in the person of
3orry d. Heath , the able and brilliant
Ynshington correspondent of-TiiKBiK.
Without having boon consulted in the
natter Tun BKU can endorse all the
Peasant and good things which have
> eon si > id uoaporning the suggestion of
Mr , Heath's name , A genial gentle
man and hard working journalist , ho is
it the same time a well equipped stu-
ent of politics who has ( raveled over
hrce continents , and is us fumllii r.
with men ? nnd measures , ns l\o is with
ovcnts and omirreneo < < . Among nil the
brilliant and imliutrnjus corpsof Wash
ington corrcsjwligonts none stands in
higher . ' Colonel Heath. Ho
is tactful and couilooti.4. and popular be
cause ho is both. Ho is discrete , hand
some , in comfo tahlo circumstances
financially and Raa'au acquaintance
with public men 'till over the country
which is excelled 1 > y few in Washing
ton. General ifnrrason has known
Colonel Heath for many years , and if
ho makes the selection which ho is
credited with inteluling , ho will hit the
bull's eye and ring the boll nt the first
shot.
TlieyConcede It.
Call.
The indications arc that the railronita are
about to concede the election of William
Lecso ,
Hnri-ouitin ,
ai .
Instead of sweeping the stroats of Lincoln ,
the Call innkca the harrowing proposition
that they should bo harrowed.
It liven Overcame the Collar.
.A'cic York dMiiitlc.
His grandfather's lull it covered up hi *
cars , nnd it ran way down to his nose ; but
when our own Grover ho put it on his head ,
it hid him way down to his toos.
She Got It.
St..ml / Glate.
IJolva Lockwood was one of the fortunate
ones. She expected nothing , ntul got it.
That slio is n womnn with u level head is
shown by her statement that n woman who
pets a pug dopr Isn't civilized ,
Tired of Knstoru Control.
A'ew Oi leans I'ieaynt.
It is tlmo the woat had its due weight in
the control of the national government. Now
York is the center of the money power , and
for thut reason seems to monopolize influence
over national affairs to a dcsreo that is by
no menus healthy. If Illinois shnll establish
its right to bu the pivotal state iu presiden
tial elections none will rejoice more than wo.
HIM Itcnllr Helped Cleveland.
J\Vu' I'otk Sun.
On account or Governor Hill's ' nomination ,
Mr. Cleveland hns received , at n low estim
ate , 20,000 votes iu this state that would
otherwise have been deuioil to him ; while
the contest raised between Mayor Hewitt
nuel the successful Tammany candidate has
tended to heighten the interest of the elec
tion , to increase thu number ot democratic
votes , and consequently to inerensc the num
ber given to Cleveland and Thurtnan.
UHO of Money in the Campaign.
I'rnvl'ltttct Journal.
The worst feature of this year's campaign
hus uuquestionably been the abundant use
of money. How much has been raised for
one purpose and another during the last four
months can only bo.cpnjectnreil , but that the
total amount far exc4o"d the sum spent in any
preceding cauvass in. at bjj apparent to every
body. The only rep&ujjpg fact about it is
that n larger proporfioiitftUan usual of the
campaign fundshasffcoarijapent this year on
the printing and circulation of tariff discus-
sious and inforunith'atK.Vruis , of course , is
entirely uuexceptio 'ible.laud , indeed , help
ful to a fair oleciion. ; Bl no one doubts that
an alarming proportion cr the funds collected
has been used fur dlsfcrettitablo , if not crim
inal , purposes. IndbeJ , fuo increased use of
money in elections in , rcqent years , both for
expenses that are really legitimate and those
that are only euphemistically called so , is
something that calls-loudly for reform , '
Lost ! !
Tribune.
LOST March , 1S33 , in the city of Wash
ington , 1) . C. , a copy of "Civil Service Laws"
for the use of the chief executive. The loss
of this book has seriously interfered with
the proper administration of said laws. The
person finding said book nnd returning it to
President Harrison after March 4 , 1831 , will
receive the thanks of the nation.
Also , at same time ami place , certain mem
ormulu of promises made during the cam
palgn of 1894 , which promises have remained
unfulfilled on account of said loss. The
finder will please destroy these memoranda.
Also my luclc. The loss of this was not
discovnrod until the recent election , the re
suit of which leads mo to think it must have
been lost for some time , The person llnaing
this and returning it to me before the next
election for sheriff at Albany takes place
will do uio the greatest favor that lies in the
power of man. G. C.
Break , Drunk , Hronk.
Chtcaao Tribune.
Break , break , break ,
From the White House , Grover C ,
For Uncle Sain has leased the place
To a man with a pedigree. ,
The Year olMublloe.
lluneer t'ress.
The solid south is breaking ;
Let "or break-
Tin democrats are quaking ;
Let 'em quake ;
This ia the year we jubilate ;
MDCCCLXXXVIII.
STATE
r.'ol > ra ! iu Jottings.
Bollwood is to have a M,000 , Catholic
church ,
A petition is already in circulation at Te-
cuuiseh for a change of postmaster.
The Wolf county proposition in Greeley
county was lost , at the late election ,
St. Paul voted bonds to fund the city debt
nt a special election held on Wednesday ,
The champion corn husker of Sarpy county
is Kd Woidnmn , who disposed of 1U6 bushels
and twenty pounds in eleven hours.
Tim postolllco at. Plattsmouth has been re
moved ncross the street Irom its former loca
tion. It is now in the Anheuser-Busch build
ing.
ing.H
H , II. Stoddard , n Plum Crook poulterer ,
who publishes several , poultry periodicals nt
Hartford , Conn , , is talking of removing his
printing plant to ICcar/ioy. /
A man named Bainbridge , living at I3mrnet ,
lias been arrested and jailed , charged with in
ce t with his thirteen-year-old Mop-daughter ,
who is about to become n mother ,
A Thanksgiving turkey escaped from its
moorings at Vork tho.otlior . duy and dashed
through the pinto glass window of a store ,
smashing the henry'jllnsJ Into smithereens.
The trustees of DOMIC 'fcollngo gave n pub
lic reception to the cHizcns of Crete to cele
brate the completion of the $15,000 fund to
endow a chair of natUM'- science in the col
lege.
lege.The
The boss democrat of tha little town of Bee
is congratulating himself tyi thu fact that the
republicans of his town'lif l no sand , llo of
fered to bet f 1,200 on election day , but could
Hud no takers ,
I own.
Five ladies have become members of the
Dubuquc labor congress ,
One farmer near Muscatino made 3,000
gallons of sorghum this year.
Work has been begun on the lust block of
paving to be done in Burlington this season.
The Lira Ho University Oratorical associa
tion holds iu homo contest ut DCS Molucs.
'
December 13 ,
The potofllco nt Norway was broken fnto
by burglars the other night and between WOO
and WOO stolen.
The religious harvest , as the result of the
seed sown by revival meetings at Parkersburg -
burg , added eighteen members to the M , K ,
church on probation ,
Frank James created nnoiiBa ion in Musoa-
tine the otlior niuht by appearing at the
oixirn. Ho was on his way hprau from a
visit to the Younger brothers.
A Davenport lady who wag m the habit , pf
paying the- grocery bills noticed that pota
toes constituted n great share of the family
expenses , so she tundo tin investigation which
resulted in the discovery that her beloved ,
husband had boon having his clears charged
ns potatoes. Of course n fuss followed.
The little town of Hnwleyvllle , PORO
county , WHS thrown Into a high stnto of ex
citement by Stephen Franks attempting to
kill Miss Carrie Love. Franks Is a young
man about twenty-three years old nnd had
been courting Miss Love for some time. Ho
desired n speedy marriage , but the young
lady wished to wait for n few months , Ho
drew n revolver and ilred two shots nt her.
One of them took effect. Ho then made nn
unsuccessful attempt to shoot himself. Both
parties aw lu u fair way to recover ,
Dakota.
The silk hat hai become the style at Yank-
ton since the election.
The Ward county seat hns been changed
from Burlington to Minot mid local option
was defeated.
Pomblnn county had enough of local op
tion In two yours , and defeated it this time
by SCO majority.
A Dcndwood lady broke n clmlr over the
henil of a prominent attorney the other day
us a gentle rebuke for his vulgar talk.
W. H. Potter has been discharged from the
lKMilto.uti.iry nt Sioux Falls , having served
ono year for monkeying with the mulls In
Lincoln county.
The prospeets arc very bright for the
building of the rend from Mnndnn to Knpid
City. It is expeeted thut grading will begin
early In the spring.
The First National bank of Columbia has
given notleo that it will surrender its charter
the 1st of January. The Hisnmrek National
bank dropped the "national" from Its name
some days ngu.
.lohnny Johns , a Tcrravlllo bnrbor , has de
veloped into n most wonderful pistol shot ,
llo has knocked off the sight ! from his pistol
and when u bird ( lies over ho raises his gun ,
llres , and It is u dead bird. He shoots pipes
from the months of miners walking by , nnd
in most cases makes the boys dunce to his
music. It costs him nothing for budge.
The Press and Uakotian says : Locnl op
tion was defeated in Cass , Grant , Mlnne-
halm , Splnk , Beiidle , Davlson , Brown nnd
Hughes counties and perhaps in other coun
ties. It was carried in Uiokoy county nnd
perhaps others. In Cass , Grant , Minncliaha.
Splnk , Beadle. Brown and Davison counties
the law has boon tried n year and its defeat
this full in tlioso counties is a result of ex
perience , In Minnehuha county the major
ity against local option is 1,200. , There is ev
idence in these verdicts that the local option
law of Dakota is not satisfactory.
AMUSHMKNT3.
Murray and Murphy , the Irish comedians ,
appeared at Boyd'a ' opera house last night in
"Our Irish Visitors. " They have the can
dor to style this production an absurdity ,
and for tins , at least , they are to bo com
mended. It is all that that term suggests or
implies , and it belongs in a class of absurd
"reductions of which the stage of to-day is
already overstocked , but of which the sup
ply seems to bo Hteadlly increasing. So-
called plays of this kind can have no proper
classification In the drama , ana whatever
value they may have as a moans of fur
nishing passing amusement to that very
large class ol people who go to the
theater merely for pastime , without
any thought of intellectual profit , the obvious
duty of criticism is to represent tlioso pro
ductions for what they are , and not what
they generally pretend to be. In the present
ease , Messrs. Murray and Murphy have sup
plied thu proper description in calling "Out-
Irish Visitors" an absurdity. As to these
comedians it can bo said that In their way
they arc clever , but that is quite as strong a
term as their merit deserves. The fact is
that most of the so-called Irish comedians of
the present are not in any true sense come
dians at all , but simply people who can pro
duce a fair imitation of the "brogue , "
Rrimaco ludicrously , and somewhat skill
fully exaggerate the mannerisms and
peculiarities of a certain class of Irishmen.
Tlioso who remember when Irish comedy
vyas popular as presented by Barney Wil
liams , Billy Florence , and some others ,
whoso fame is identified with it , can find
little to please them in the efforts of present-
day Irish comedians. The other members of
the cast in "Our Irish Visitors" are of
moderate merit , perhaps the neatest special
feature being the dancing of Miss Blanche
Seymour. The entertainment was seen by a
numerous audience , and portions of it were
received with cordial favor. It will remain
through the week.
A Card Kroin General liadcau.
The following was addressed to the New
York World in a recent issue : "As your re
port of the discontinuance of uiy suit against
the representatives of General Grant con
tains several erroneous statements , doubtless
based on misrepresentation , I bog you will dome
mo the justice to publish the following : I
have not receded ono step from the stand I
took at the outset. I never claimed the au
thorship or Joint authorship of General
Grant's book. No words to that effect have
been written or spoken by me. Consequently
I have never withdrawn them. On the other
hand L have constantly repeated the state
ment I made to General Grant himself , May
4 , 1SS3 , namely : 'I have no desire , intention
or right to claim the authorship of your book.
The composition is entirely yourown. What
assistance I have been able to render has
been in suggestion , revision or verification. '
This I repeated before the suit began ; this is
every word I gave at the close.
"I was offered first of all $1,500 by Colonel
Grant in writing , then 85,000 by Mr. Conk-
ling both bclore the suit was brought ; next
J7nOO by Mr. Conklins , then 8S.OOO , then
$10,000 , then J9.750 , and on October ! ! 1 I was
paid 411,254 , being the entire amount stipu
lated by General Grant , with interest , and
which has never before been offered or ad
mitted by Colonel Grant. Had this not been
paid the case wouldjhavo been tried this week ,
Yours respectfully , ADAM BAIIKAU , "
Jamaica , L. I. , Nov. 5.
Phonograph v Short-Hand.
Mail and Kxpross : Is the short-hand
writer's business ruined ? Are the 150-
OOU men and women at present engaged
as amanuenses , court and newspaper
reporters to bo obliged to look for
"other fields of labor" on account of the
antagonism of this new and wonderful
result of Edison's brain ?
These and other equally consequen
tial questions are to-day being asked by
the thousandsi interested. At first siglit
it appears as if this now machine would
accomplish these ends so direful to
many , so beneficial , perhaps , to more. <
It has boon held all along nnd daily 11- 1
lustrated in the matter of salarioH'that i
the stenographer is a mere machine ;
that ills operations , after the different
kinds of pot-hooks are learned , nro
purely mechanical. Business mon scum
lo forgot that it requiresnotnuly brains
to write and brains to read , but brains
lo lihton , too. And this is the first and
most disastrous weak point about , the
phonograph. It must bo remembered
thut most business mmi uro not in many
faonsos of the word literary.
It is difficult to talk good , grammati
cal English in prompt answer to a bulky
mail , and the ultlluully is remedied by
backing and filling , " by changing
words and sentences , and oftentimes by
entirely altering the original meaning.
All this is obviously impracticable in
the use of the phonograph. It will bo
impossible to niter or improve the phras
eology nftor the words nro uttered.
Though it must be confessed that the
trouble after all is of so much with the
machine as with the man , and when the
minds of mon become equal to tiio use
fulness of the phonograph will vastly in
crease.
Business men who can dictate n reply
accurately and concisely enough upon
reading a letter , may utilize the phonograph
graph with some degree of success , But
even than there are sufficient obstacles
in the way of its use to debar its immo-
tlintu acceptance. Quo of Ilium is the
fact that no economical , reliable and
rapid method of copying the letter after
it has been dictated into the wax
cylinder has as yet been prc&ontod.
C/Wius of all business letters
in this day of complication
ind rush are , as u matter of principle ,
retained , nmluntil , this obstacle Is over
come , it is ti serious ono. Those wnx
cylinders nro some throe or four inches
long and perhaps half ns much In diam
eter , and these attributes of the now-
couior nro greatly td its injury when the
proper filing of correspondence is con
sidered. Along with copying of letters
written rocs the systematic filing of letters -
tors received. And there are scores of
patented fllos upon the market now , the
first niin of every ono of which is to
economize space , According to the
proposed ni''thoil a man who daily re
ceived fifty letters will have half his of-
flco filled by them.
Another point agniust the phonograph
is in the matter of time consumed in
listening to the contents as they may bo
ground out. Everyone knows how much
fnstoi * ono can rend to himself than
aloud , and this principle applied to the
question in hand will show the differ
ence in the amount ot time required by
the ear reading of the now process ns
compared with the eye readin'g of the
old.
old.In
In court reporting the phonograph
will , when suitable mechanism is joined
for catching the voice in different parts
of the room , prove n , valuable auxiliary
to the reporter's notes by being u menus
of verification us to their correctness.
But even hero the stenographer cannot
bo dispensed with , for the phonograph
is still confronted by the objection that
any particular part of the testimony
cannot readily bo found , but It would bo
necessary to go over an indefinite
amount of the evidence before the do-
aired portion was ronohed. And , too ,
every other irrelevant noise in the court
room would make its impression upon
the cylinder and thus complicate the
record and make it loss clear and con
cise than the short-hand.
the Antarctic Son.
London Daily News : It appears to bo
probable that 1'rof. Noumayr , of the
Hamburg inurino observatory , will suc
ceed in getting a South Polar expedi
tion organi/ed. It might have boon
supposed that until some great measure
of success had attended similar adven
tures in the arctic regions the most ar
dent advocates of such schemes would
have doubted the wisdom of exposing
human lives and treasure lo the risk of
antarctic seas. All the bust authorities
are agreed that the difficulties to be en
countered in the south are much greater
than in the north , nnd the hideous
stories which gained curreiu-.y after the
return of the arctic expedition might
well have sickened the boldest of this
generation ! sufiiciently to deter them
from any assault upon the stronghold of
King Winter in the south. In compar
ing the difficulties of arctic and antarc
tic adventure , Sir Wyvlllo Thompson
says :
'
saysVo can only anticipate disasters ,
multiplied a hundredfold , should the
south pole over become a goal of rivalry
among nations. " For various reasons
the erent lone land under the southern
cross is more difficult of access than the
north. It is much colder there than in
the Arctic circle. There seams to be
no such warm currents as are to bo
found iu the north such , for instance ,
as the Labrador current , or that round
the south coast of Spitsbergen. Such
emanations from the torrid regions of
the earth do much to mitigate the rig
ors of the northern sens at certain
points , and bring about the most strik
ing variations of temperature , breaking
up the ice at certain seasons and open
ing the way to navigation far beyond
points otherwise attainable. Any en
terprise of tliis kind will , of course , bo
pushed on during the summer months
during January , February a.nd the early
part of March , that is. But oven in the
height of summer the temperature of
the air in antarctic regions is always
below the freezing point of ben water ,
and bitter , tempestuous winds and fogs
and blinding snowstorms are all but in
cessant. No arctic explorer has ever
gone beyond the bounds of vegetation.
At least lichens and seaweed have been
found wherever northern navigators
have penetrated , but in the awful soli
tudes of the south Sir James Ross found
not the slightest trace of vegetable life ,
either on the land or in the sea , yet ho
never came within less than 700 miles
of the south pole. The magnetic polo
has been approached within 160 miles ,
and it seems possible that important
scientific results might bo obtained by
covering that further distance ; but
even this is doubtful.
A National Aritliom.
Springfield ( Mass. ) Union : The cam
paign just closed has boonto a larger
extent than any other for years , a sing
ing campaign. Hut out 01 it all not a
single new melody has been evolved , BO
fur as wo know. The singing of the
campaign has , in fact , emphasized our
musical poverty , for , while wo have a
number of patriotic airs which survive
Lhe war , and will bo romomtiorcd prob-
ibly for another generation , wo liavo
not a single national song or hymn in
which all the people , north , south , east
: ind wast , regardless of politics , faith ,
zolor , or previous nationality can join.
We have the hymn , "My Country , 'tis
if Thee , " which comes nearer to the
national standard than anything
> lso. Hut that is written to Uio
tune of "God Save the Queen , "
ind the issues of the past campaign
liavo been such that it could not bo
mug , because the melody is "English ,
, 'ou know. " "Tho Star Spangled Bun-
icr'1 may fairly claim to be a national
.unc , but not a national hymn or an-
.hom . , for not. ono in a thousand can re-
> oat a single btniua of it. Moreover ,
.ho . song was written to commemorate a
atlier unimportant event in the war of
81" , and it is not comprehensive
( nough for a national song that will
> orvo all patriotic occasions. .Still , it is
in American song , and Americans
night to know it. Why should it note
> o sung in the public schools until the
1iIdron ! know it by heart ? "Yankee
Joodlo" is only a tune , lit for the life
.nd drum , National hymns liavo boon
written by the score , but have never
liken root to any oxtont. Keller's
'American ' Hymn" is ono of the bust ,
ml the music is a litttlo too elaborate
or common use. What wo want is a
horoughly jjood hymn , sot to stirring
lusiu that sings itself such a tune as
"Wncht Khein"for
ho Gorman am ,
nstanco.
How wo are to como by such un an-
horn nobody knows. It ought to bo a
pontaneous growthbut wo have waited
o long for that , that it ih useless to ox-
oct it , unless wo have a foreign war to
waken our patriotic inu&os , An im-
orial government could create a nn-I
lonal anthem , but the American sover-
ign Is too numerous and diversified in
is tastes to undertake such a creation , v
Perhaps borne national musical IIMO-
iution might accomplish the work eat- .
jfaotorily by competitive trial. A big ,
rino ollorod for the best national
ymn , sot to music , would draw out the i !
octs and composers , and if the Judges M
eld the confidence of the people it is
osslblu that the outcome would bo gen-
rally accepted , Tlion let the common
ihools all over the land set to learning
ml singing the hymn , and if it were
orthy of ltd nliicu and purpose it would
, ick. The united States is certainly
Id enough to huvu u national hymn of
.s own.
Soaurn a sou nil mind , which seldom
DOS without sound digestion , by using
10 gohulno Angostura. Uittord of Dr ,
, 0 , il. Biogoct & Bong ,
The I'nruiuatlc tijrnnmltr Rim ,
Lieutenant tfallnslcl hefoiv the JC
York Klcetrii'OubVooomn : now to
the experiment of the ' 'SilUmnn. ' '
The secretary of war wrote the letter
to the gun company asking what wo
could do whether wo could destroy
anything or hit anvthing. Th" lotteV
being couched in rather doubtful
terms , the answer wn that , w < > eo'iid
destroy any vessel then existing in UKI
United SUites navy at the range of onu
inllo ; that if any moro powerful TOSSO !
were built wo would contract to destroy
them , provided wo wore given a chnm < tt
to experiment beforehand ; that wo
would prefer as an experiment , if ex
periments were determined upon , ona
of the monitors , ns boiii- ' the best test
wo could have for showing most fully
the power of Uio gun. There wore some
doubts expressed by someof the ofilcora
who were concerned In the experiment
as to the nccitrnev of the llro
and ns to the torpedo effect producible.
The accuracy of llro was shown
by a series of experiments , five out of
six shots being landed in the same spot.
Previous to these experiments with the
"Stlllmnn" there was EO much doubt iw
to the accuracy of the apparatus that
ono officer offered to sit on the target
when the gun was fired. [ Laughter. ]
The target was a very smnll ono , u ves
sel only eighty foot long and twentv feet
wide , and at the distance of a mile it
looked pretty small , so that It was not
an easy thing to lilt or to sink cither ,
although it was a wooden vessel.bocausu
there was no ballast in it. The first
shot was exploded short of the vessel ,
ns it occurred to mo that If I struck it
the first time It might bo considered nn
accidental shot ; but that explosion
shook the vessel up , brought down her
mainmast , and changed her bearing
with reference to the line of lire. There
was only one mast remaining. I then
pointed the gun directly at the ship.
An officer representing the navy yard
there present looked through the tele
scope so that ho could see whore the
gun was directed. The gun was di
rected accordingly , and my intention
was to go shortly underneath in the
middle and break her back. I may say
hero that so confident was I as to the
accuracy of the gun , that when I was
telling two persons the experiments
which I intended to do , I stated that I
intended to shake her up by the first
shot and break her back at the next ,
and then destroy what was loft. That
was considered boasting ; but it was
exactly what I was fortunate enough to
accomplish. The next shell struck
slightly short , and wont under her and
broke her back ; , the pieces of the vessel
rising. This view was when the water
was coming down , apparently ; it was
caught by the photographer at the
instant when it was coining down.
The next shell that followed was on
the chamber above and exploded above
water , and another ono went in the
same vicinity. 1 followed it up after
the ship had sunk , because I wanted to
indicate beyond question that I could
put my shot whore J wanted it , time
after time , and that it was not an
dental matter.
Ilarnoy Peak Tin.
The Rapid City papers chronicle tha
arrival there of William L. Flannigan
and Samuel Untumoyor. Mr. Flanni
gan is the son of a gentleman largely in
terested in Ilarnoy Peak tin. Mr. Un-
tumoycr is a gentleman who , in a rq
cent interview with the Now York Her
ald , stated ho had floated the Ilnrney
stock in London. Both the gentlemen
after stopping 'briefly in Rapid , nro-
ceeded in company with Mr. Wilsio , to
the Etta mine. What their visit may
signify. Gate City papers do not under
take to state , and as the gentlemen de
clined to bo interviewed its object can
only bo surmised. With their usual in
dustry in Rapid's behalf its journals
jump at conclusions and advance an
opinion that extensive developments
are to be inaugurated at once : largo
plants erected , railroads built , a
host of men employed and a vast
sum of money distributed. Whilst
public credulity hns frequently boon
imposed upon , and has often boon led
to believe that a sale hud been consum
mated and that extensive operations
were to begin , disappointment has as
frequently followed. The Ilarnoy Poalc
company , so far as endeavor to sell the
property is concerned , has apparently
acted in good faith. An agent has
been kept In London for several years ,
quantities of ore from the mine liavo
boon forwarded thereto , the company
has paid expenses ot more than ono expert -
port , selected by English syndicated
formed to take the property from Lon
don to the mines and return , and
though these expenditures must have
been enormous , has never lost heart or
faltared in its purposo. That the sala
was not consummated two years ngo ,
was duo to various causes. The
conservative English investor is loth
to put money into a mine that is
barely developed. The Ilarnoy group ,
including its bonded properties , were
nt that time little moro than prospoat
holes. The Etta mill has been erected
nt great expense , started up and after a
few days' run forced to shut down it is
said for want ol ere to keep it running.
The truth probably was that the plant
WI\R \ not suited lo the character of ore
[ ind that its suspension was duo en
tirely to this fnot. Sinuo then , liow-
3vor , the company has pushed develop
ments. Mr. Vincent's report shows
that vast quantities of ere are avail-
iblo. If confirmation to this ia needed
it can bo found in the public opinion of
Profs. Car pen tor , Eininons ana others ,
ivho liavo made personal examinations.
L'lio effort to sell the property continued
ind according to htoown statement Mr.
I'ntorinoyor'H aid was Invoked , ho
jlnims , successfully. Untormoyor's ca-
cor in Kn < rlund , as hus been iiimlu gun-
srally known through the press was
luccossful. so far as forming the bri-w-
irn' syndicate was concerned. That
Icmoiibtrated hu commanded immense
urns of money , and it la not impossible
hat ho may have succeeded in placing
lurney peak tin.
Halt JUver.
Buffalo Express : Having just ro-
nriicil from a somewhat extended HO-
ourn up Salt river in company witli its
lurlv , tliu Exprohs is able lo assure pru-
oslined democratic voyageurs thither
hat their worst funrs will not bo rual-
r.ud. Salt rivur is a much underrated
osort ,
The Econory IB really magnificent
hut there is of it. The air IB ho pure
s to bu capable of sustaining human
fn alone , and democrats must live ( in
ind for many a year to come , Tim
x-jety , to bo buro , will bo only BO-BO
liilu the buurbons arc up there , but
iio religious ail vantages of wandering
i the wilderness can not be lee highly
rizcd , Thu moral discipline of bointf
vur within sight of the promised land
i HO desirable that ono returned exile
rota ;
"i'i ' not the crapes of Cnnan that repay ,
ut the high faith thut failed not by the way.
So step outside and begin the pro-
38H of cooling your toes , boys , while
aiti.ng for ( ho bout to start.
It Is by copying after nature that
mil guts bust rohults. Dr. Jones' ' rod
ovop tonio is nature's own remedy , ia
uroly vegetable , can bo taken by thu
lost delicate , Cures all fltoinuoh , kid-
uy and livur troubles. Goodman
nnpuny. 60 cents.