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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 4, 1888)
14 THE OMAHA DAILY BEJS. ' SUNDAY , NOVEMBER 4. 18Sa-SIXTEEN PAGES.
ESTABLISHED 1861 ( ISO So.
Chicago , Ilia , i ClarkSt.
The Regular Old-EstabllsbM
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEOH
It iltll Treating with the Greatat
SKILL and SUCCESS
Chronic , Nenons and Priyate Diseases ,
- NERVOUS DEBILITY , Lott Manhood ,
Falllnc Memory , Exhausting Drains , Terrible
Dreamt , Head and Uack Ache anil all the effect !
leading 10 early decay anijpeihjin Consumption or
Insanity , treated scientifically by nevr methods with
rever-failmtf uce < r .
no- SYPHILIS and all bad Dlood and Skin Pl
eases permanently cured.
KIDNEY and URINARY complainU.alcet ,
Gonorrhoea , Strlctu re , Varlcocele and all ilueates
efthe Oenlto-Urinary Organs cured promptly without
Injury toStomach , Kidneys or other Organ * .
aNo experiments. ARC ami experience Im
portant. Consultation free and sacred ,
iy Stml 4 cents postage for Celebrated Worka on
Chronic , Nervous and Delicate Uuea s.
* * -'Iho contemplating Marriage end for Dr.
Clarke's celebrated guide Male and Female , each
15 cents , Loth a } cents ( stamps ) . Consult the old
Doctor. A friendly letter or call may save future sutler.
Inland shame , and dd golden ) ears to life. Wllook
"Clfe's ( Secret ) Errors , " 50 cents ( stamps ) . Medicine
and wilting * sent everywhere , secure from exposurt *
Hours , 8 to 8. Sundays 9 to 11. Address
F. D. CLARKE , M. D. ,
16 80. Clark St. , CHICAGO , ILL.
THE LAND OF
Santa Abie : and : Oat-R-Cure
For Sale by
Q-oodman Drug Oo.
MEDICALS SURGICAL INSTITUTE ,
N. W. Cor. 13th & Dodge Sts.
_ _ lances for Deformities and Trnsias.
Best facilities , apparatus and remedies for success.
/ I treatment ot every form or disease requiring
Medical or Surgical Treatment.
FIFTY ROOMS FOR PATIENTS.
Hoard and attendance ! belt hospital accommoda
tions in the wett.
WHITE rpft ClHeni.AM on Deformities ani Braces ,
Trusses , Club Keel , Curvature of tbe Spine , rtle ,
Juniors. Caucjr. Catarrh. Broncbjui. Inhalation ,
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Dlseasoa of Women o Specialty.
DOOK ON DlSIUbES OP WOMEK VnSU.
ONLY BSUABLE HEDIOAL INSTITUT3
MAHINQ A 8PKCULTV Or
All niool Diseases tnccessfullr treated. 9 > plitlltle
Poison rumovert from tlio lystom without mercury.
New revtoratlro tr ; tm nt for loss ot Vltnl i > ow r.
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corrasnondehCK. All cnmmunloatlonn rontldtntlal.
> lodlclnesur luitrumtnu nt \ > r mall or uiprcss ,
fflcurelj packed , no nvirk * to Indlcsto contents or
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Upon Private , Hpeclal or NHTTOUS Diseases. Impo-
tenor. Bipbllis , Uleet and Varkocele , with question
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if OR SALE *
Welmve a j > o llliec ro for iTCin.vt
lll.IND or ni.ttDINd ril.Kfl. Uy It
use tbou.iumta uf cases of lone almnJ
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fmth In Us curative power * timt wi
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Mentionttie Omabu lif .
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Grain , Provisions , Stocks and Bonds ,
Mnrulrt Transactions n Specialty.
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15 IlO.Utl ) OF TUADK , O.MAJIA
Mf mbers of trie CUIcneo Hoard of Trade. '
vtito WirestoClncagonuONewVork. Prl
HAIR GOODS !
MRS. KATE X. CLAMPITT ,
Mi H. lOtb ttr t. Omaha.IUr ! and Fac
I'HT OI PTIIIITP n t I'M rvnAv'
VAST SEETHING CAULDRON ,
The Or oat Maelstrom Off the Coast
THE INCARNATION OF DYNAMITE.
Two Ilonutlfiit Haj-H The Wonderful
BpoutliiK Hock HnliKoUllriH ol'thc
Doticenl Mountain KcKl' n
Ireland' North Coast. ,
Oct. 123. [
C'orre-itxjndoncb of Tut ; BKIJ. ] From
the region of tlio Giant's Cause-
wiiy anil the Skerries , j > : ist the shining
mouth of Lough Foylo. our route lay
westward nloinr the misty coast of In-
ishowen whosO eternal mountain sonti-
nul , Sliovo Simght , rises prim and
lonely above the jjrrty ( op of the north ;
and wo were BOOH gliding between Aln-
lin Head , the most northern main-land
round of Ireland , and Etiin'strahul , the
Itimn thule of Irish islets towards let- )
mil. H is through this wild ol'ean-
iath the Htciimcr travolsin her norther-
nest way between America and Europe ;
iid us the main-land and island are let's
him five miles apart , u noble view of
joth may bo enjoyed. The Head has
ess wiidness and magnificence than nny
> ortion of the Irish coast I have so far
icon. Yet , capped by its gigantic
ight-houso. its purples anil gra\s ,
jrokon by darlc iisaurcs of lonely glens
mil the deep "blacks o cavern-mouth's ,
ounding boldly intosca-walls of rod , or
iero and there itito stretches of suntl-
ltnicst , intensified in their solitariness
L > y dreary hut or cabin ; coupled with
glimpses of the wild and rocky crags of
Knnistrahul , where as fearful a rocprd
) f wreck is kept as at Nova Scotia's
iablo Island , that san < l-gravo of the
oa ; give ono a shudder of dread upon
ho calmest waters beneath the fairest
Fair as that sky may bo , danger is
ever near. This whole coast is but part
jf the rim of u vast devil's cauldron
contents seethe and whirl ceaso-
ossly. The great gulf stream , de
bouching from our own shores , sweeps
: o the northeast across the Atlantic.
The mighty arctic current rushing
om polar seas between the eternal
co-shores of upper Scandinavia and
'coland to the southwest , and meeting
ho former , the great maelstrom
oil the Norway coast is formed ;
and the inconceivably tremendous
deus elemental struggles are
ontinued , in oUher direction towards
the southwest and northeast from the
vortex with lessening fury , as the bro
ken sea-forces loose somewhat their
uvful power. Thus the entire north-
jvest Irish coast is a skirmish-ground ,
in advance and retreat , for these terri
ble ocean con Iliets ; audits shores viv-
dly suggest in their stony , steely ,
agged crag-teeth and heights , the
nctnro of some chained Titanic crea-
uro , growling , moaning and Hashing
ts worn fangs at the ceaseless savagery
of conflicts which through ages have
roken upon it in surpassing oceanic
convulsions. Well it is at these wild
times for the Ushers and coasters that
they scud behind the foamings and
thundorings into the restless boioms of
cove and lough ; and well it was for us
that our canny skipper , "tasting the
hell in the air , " as ho graphically put
it made all possible speed for the safe
waters of Lough Swilly , behind the
sandy shores and hideous huts of the
half-savage fishermen of Fun tint Head.
And hero occurred a little incident
illustrating the fact that all the genuine
banditti of civilisation are not among
the guarda civil of forlorn Cuba. No
sooner wore we in safe anchorage than
a boat-load of blue-b'oused pirates in her
gentle majesty's service , put out from
the great coast-guard station at Bun-
crana , and with frowning looks and ac
cusative mien , gave us all , with the
craft from stem to stern , a lively over
hauling. Surely there was something
rakish , something positively treason-
aclo , in our unsavory little vessel. It
was correctly licensed. Everything
was according to requirements of the
stately board of admiralty regulations.
But alack and nha ! its skipper was a
hated Irishman from the west coast. By
token of nature , heredity and history ,
hero was crime. Far more dire than
nil that , was the culpable fact that his
only passenger was an American , and
that ono browner , grimer and moro
travel-stained and ferocious than the
wild Irish skipper himself. Hero could
bo no less than the very incarnation of
dynamite. They accordingly approached
preached mo with caution and severity
commensurate with the certain import
ance of this luckily-found Bttlfourian
"An1 whew nr' ye " "An' its line
company yo're in the dayl" ( This men
acingly to the skipper , who really be
gan to feel cause for alarm ) . "An * wud
yc slop for'd like a man , an' guv rock-
water account q' y'rsol' ? with many
other scornful queries and portontious
commands were showered upon me
glibly. I never before so thoroughly
appreciated good Mr. Bayard's majestic
passport parchments as at that lumin
ous moment. And I took my own time
about releasing it from its great blue
envelope. That doneI unfolded its twc
cross-folds with positive dignity ; the
conscious , operative dignity of easy anil
negligent delay. Then , as the sun win
shining across Ailench down over the
Swilly basin through delicate misti
until the whole space was Hooded wit !
light like a goblet of timber wine
I suddenly lifted the yard-square
document between our tormentors and
the southern sun. For a moment I was
myself enthralled in its prideful con'
temptation. There sat tbj mericar
ting hen , rising in fury upon her disheveled
hoveled nest , her haughty head ant
hissing open beak disturbing the uppei
air , her right claw as if clutching
blades of mouldy hay , her lolt griping
thunderbolts and arrows , and below her
a startling nebula ) of slurs , like f
spilled nestful of flashing eggs turn
bling into space beneath.
"Aha ! ' , faith an' its aigle birdgooi
for sore eyes. Ye can fairly see hoi
seramo ! " shouted my skipper gleefully
and with mighly reassurance.
It should have quailed them ; and i
did to the degree that they withdrov
for sullen counsel.
"Faith un1 it's the 'bobs' the spal
peens are wantin' ; " whispered my skip
per , now itching for dilemmas.
But I gave them the "bobs , " a shill
ing apiece , with my cheery compli
"Bulikesye'ro aquaro traveler ! " the ;
muttered when regaining their boat , ru
if reluctant to leave to profitable a lick
"Bolikes yo're no coast-guards at all
mo sun-downs ; but the fine bluek-guardi
aUogothorl" roared baolc my skipper It
wild and bcligcrent triumph , nowthor
oughly roused for war. ns they .grunt
blingly rowed away up .tho narrowinj
Almost as largo and ad interesting a
the Loughs of Foyle and 8willy are tin
extended , sinuous i nft ramified Bay o
Mulroy , and the broader expanse o
Sht'op Haven , .which we reached ii
lew liour1 euil , alter rounding.Fuu
net Head , to The west ot. Lough
Swilly. Owing to the .grand elevations -
vations ol cinmtle 8 promontories
apd th'o constant vagaries of shore-lino
wilhin the estuiirjes. themselves which
tire backed in every direction by higher
peaksand still moro rorrwntio Settings ,
the scenery of these two bays is'flimply
matchle'-s | il Ireland or any other land
in which I have wandered. The great
Horn Head at the southern extremity
of Sheep Haven is alone Worth the risk
of any diKcomfort or danger to see. Ono
of its impressive natural phenomena ,
reminding of a miniature of the same
known as the ' 'Snouting Hock , " lit Newport -
port , has ft wonderful charm pf dread
about it. It is called MacSwlno's Gun.
The ft'equant tremendous assaults of
the ocean through the ages has actually
"jored into the seaward , or northwest ,
ace of the promontory a gigantic tunas -
( ; as perfect and spheroid as within
, he power of most skillful engineer's io
'orm. ' By some singular coincidence ,
) r indeed from the drill-power gf the
driven water itsClf , another bore ,
or hollow well ha * been forced upward
hrough the headland , or from some
ither cause downward through its rock ,
lit an exact right-angle to the horizon
tal tunnel. when the elements are at
battle oil this const , the sea drives its
nighty swells with such fury into this
runnel , or "gun , " that the water is shot
n a columnar shaft of immense volume
rom two hundred to three hundred feet
above the headland bore-mouth , like
, ho Iceland geiser , and with a report
'ar ' exceeding the detonation of the
owlcit cannon. It is asserted that
these reports have been heard at Lon
donderry , in an air-lino thirty miles
away. They are surely audible under
col-lain atmospheric conditions over
the entire Donegal Highlands ; and the
simple peasantry pf these mountain dis
tricts crouch beside their ingle-nooks
'n supor.stititious awe when the awful
itornis are on , and MacSwine's dread
jim is booming. Immeasurably moro
curio are the legends and super
stitions its terror has invoked
than trioso which Irving caught
from the lowly Dutch of the Kaats-
Ifills ; and the marvel is that no Irish-
born Irving has arisen to preserve these
witchingly entrancing gentle and
grewsome hobgoblins of this wondrous
Donegal mountain region.
So grand an impression had I made
upon my good skipper by my triumphn
over the coast-guards the possession of
the majestic passport being in his sim
ple eyes as good as a patent to a Done
gal barony over the queen's own sign-
inanuol that I had no dilliculty in per
suading him to sail to , and around.Tory
island , the Thor-Eyo of the ancient
Scandinavians , consecrated to Thor
their deity who presided over desolate
mil stonii-swojjt places. It is situated
ibout seven miles olT the main-landand
is the first land to bo sighted from
America on the northwest Irish coast.
A.bout three miles in length , and ono in
width , its southeast point is kown as
1'ortDoonwhile its northwest headland
extremity is surmounted by a lofty
light-house-122 feet above the sea , The
northern coast faces the sea with a line
of dills almost as smooth in their face
as , and of the color of , cast-iron ; while
ipposite , to the south , the shores are
low and Hat. In the valleys above , are
the tiny hamlets of East Town and
West Town ; and the en the population
of perhaps 1,000 souls live in a semi-
barbarous , though soddonly simple ,
state , and utterly ignorant that their
own tiny ocean peak is not the whole
boundless earth. Among tno women
wo aaw , were some tremendous figures ;
but they possessed little of the facial
fury so striking among some of the Hall
s' wives of the northern loughs and
coasts. Not a hundred of these strantro
beings , men or women , over wore so far
from homo as the Irish main-landseven
miles away. Their dialect preserves
many of the bold and bardic similes of
the ancient Danes. It would be cur
ious , but diflicult , to trace the origin of
such a people. They are bilingual , as
indeed are most of the folk of wild
Donegal contiguous to them ; but
their English has little Irish flavor ;
and their Irish has less of pure Gaelic
than of Scandinavian. Tradition re
lates much of absorbing interest re
garding this bit of rock and soil. It
was certainly the homo of the Fomorian
sea pirates of remotest antiquity. He-
mains are still found of fortresses used
as strongholds of the Norwegian sea
kings , fully two thousand years ago ,
and there are well-preserved , though
neglected , relics of a later ecclesiastic
era of great impressivoncss. which in
clude crosses , a. round-tower , and
ancient structures for the earliest and
rudest monasticuses. . Of a still later
date are a round-tower and church ,
built by St. Columbkill in the sixth
century , to which is attached an ancient
churchyard , whore are interred many
of the saint's followers. The supersti
tion hero is that should friends of the
newly dead have the presumption to
inter a body in this churchyard ,
on the following night the
desecrating object would bo vi
olently whisked away in impalpable
shreds into utter oblivion. It was at
Tory Island that , in HOGi ( A. M. , the de
scendants of Nemedius who arrived
with 2,000 followers from southeastern
Europe 200 years earlier , and who wore
nearly all destroyed by a pestilence on
the island of Ard-Noimhiuh , now Bar-
rymoro Island , near _ Cork came , at
tacked and demolished the principal
Fomorian stronghold - -
nainn , or Conang's Tower. But that
subject is too lengthy a ono to dwell
upon from the deck of so small an Irish
coaster , and so wo set sail for the
InnibhbotHn Islands toward the gentler
These comprise a group of islets ol
great beauty and picturesqueness at the
entrance to wild GuilldcYo Bay , whore
none but fishermen live ; and from here
until wo passed the grand promontory
of Bloody Foreland , and came abrcasl
of the'island of Arran , or Arran-
more , we wore constantly ir
sight of an indescribably beautifu ;
island or main-land shore , and ir
company with the quaint and grotesque
yawls and currughs of the west coas !
fishermen. Arran island which should
not be confounded with the important
island of Galway bay as seen from the
son , appears like a monstrous cone of
purple and green rising from the
waves. Within an area of about 5,000
acres , scarcely 500 are tillable. Its
central peak is nearly 800 feet in
height. Fully 1,000 souls subsist upon
the island , entirely from fishing ; and
there is quite as little communication
with the main-land as at Tory Island ,
Leaving Arran , our craft again
threaded its way through a maze of is
lands , and then hugging the enchant
ing shores of Gwobarra bay , glided pasl
bold Dunmoro Head , and , rounding the
great mountain-ribbed , peninsular
Donegal barony of Bunnagh , wo came ,
with the slanting rays of the afternoon
san , into the broad expanse of
Donegal bay. In the two hours in
which wo were making port ,
what a feast of scene and
thought was hora furnished ! Tc
the south and southwest , far beyond
the range of vision , strolchcd the mural
shores of Loitrlm , SHgo and Mayo , with
SHgo and Killala bays pushing their
blue waters mistily into green uplands
beyond. To the nor.th , lowering above
us , were castellated peaks of jagged
hcadlnnda ; between 'which the Glen. .
Glenr.dah. Stragoa' . Oily , Banlacky and
Eanybug elvers vame roaring downfroa
the mountains. To the east and gradu
ally nearlng , wore 'art'.hundred ' hills ,
through which eatutS'to ' the sea 'tho
laughing Crslc and Jstately Erne from
their legcmd hauntcjd 'Joughs behind.
As wo crept up the bdy.'boyondtho pur
pling \\ntors before iiV , l\ly \ the dark rim
of inner shore * , whore , lo Ihi ? south , be
yond tha ruined towo where wrote the
"Four Masters , " glimpses were caught
of the low roofs of ancient Bally&lmn-
nonattho Erne-mouth'nml ; whore our
course lay lo the hnrlh through the
narrow gap , was so'c'ii the quaint old
town of Donegal , set' ' like a russet'
nest by the waterside with its
twin grim mountainsi.towering darkly
against horizon skiasof , Kifforn behind.
This was the hcart-ftpot of Ireland's
wild northncst. Bewitched by the scene
1 had boconlo oblivious in my immedi
ate surroundings , when suddenly our
little craft bumped against the sides of
a rotting pioiat the rotting old ham
let of Salt Hill , the homo of many const-
srs and fishers of the region. Turning
o the unsavory spot , I saw sitting upon
the pieredgeyith bare legs dangllnir
) ver our coaster's bow a surpassing typo
of Donegal maiden lovelinessan uncon
scious waterside queenly beauty ; a girl
of perhaps sixteen indescribably win-
o.mo and fair , with the sunset lights
) laying glorious pranks on her face and
vondrous hair. She held ono knee with
icr shapely hands , and \vas rocking
jack and forth slowly. Glancing first
it the stranger keenly ; then qui/.x.ingly
it our skipper ; and at last , steadily at
voung Larry , the mate ; she said cheer *
'Arrah , but ye war long gone
father ? "
"Path , but I brought a great lord ; "
responded our skipnoi'tensingly.
"An * might I mnkobowld toux where
et's stowed' ? " the girl continued quietly ,
jcrjmps rocking a bit faster.
The. skippar gave a mighty wink in
ny direction ; chuckled softly at his
own crreat wit ; and proceeded itnpor-
turbably with his work ; finally supple
menting the mighty wink with the
startling statement : "I've bro't ye a
man , Meg all the way from Belfast ! "
A deeper flush than was first there ,
came over the fair Irish girl's face.
Larry stood silent with a sullen loolc in
Ins eyes. The girl arose quickly and
began moving away. Suddenly she
turned , came close to the wharf edge ,
mil , as regardless of me as though my
presence wore but that much space ,
with a look at lucky Larry that meant
more than all the poets over have told ,
jr over can toll , said with much fire to
tier rough old father , but over his head
to the lad :
"Ye took a better ono wid ye ! Larry
there , behind ye ! " And then she sped
The result of his playful humor stupe
fied my skippor. Larry was in the sev
enth heaven. And I was that glad for
Lho sweet , old drama there enacted , for
the pride in it I could not but sing in
my heart this little song to humble
Irish fidelity :
What eyes are like the Irish eyes ?
Wlioso tender blue '
The violet's hue- i
In dcw-kmcd morn surpassed sure.
Because the soul behind is pure ,
Hut ho who wins knows all their glftcl sur-
What lips arc like the Irish .lips . ?
Whoso radiant red
On tuiarly bed
Out-rivals dyeings of the sun.
Uccausc they ripen just for 6no ,
But lie who loves for aye their honey sips.
AVhat hearts are like thb Irish hearts !
Hearts old and 'yourtg ' ,
Through ages wrung
By dolor ever o'd ' and now.- '
Their ruth hath made them warm and true ,
And woe-wrought tenderness and might im
EDOAII L. WAKKMAX.
Balloon Telephone Gamtniinlcntlon.
Electrical Review : Jacob Reese , of
Pittsburg , through some correspond
ence with French military men , has
conceived the idea of a captive balloon ,
which , he claims , would be a valuable
adjunct in time of war. The balloon is
made of silk , and is water and gas proof.
It is attached to a telephone wire , the
lower end of which is connected to an
electric motor or steam engine. In ad
dition to the balloon and winding ma
chinery , there will also bo a portable
as manufacturing apparatus , in which
liydrogcn gns may bo produced by the
decomposition of water by the use of
iron and sulphuric acid. These balloons
will have a telephone and photographic
apparatus. When the apparatus is
ready for use the balloon is filled with
hydrogen gas , the operators got in the
car , the gas is allowed to elevate the
balloon and unwind the wire , ono end
of which is attached to the bottom of
the car and the other end being wound
around the drum When the balloon
has ascended to the desired height , the
drum is stopped and the balloon is thus
hold in any position desired. While
the balloon is at a standstill , observa
tions can be mudo at any height , while
telephone communications may bo had
from the car to the ground or from the
ground to the car at all times when the
balloon is going up or coming down.
When it is desired to return , the engi
neer in the balloon can telephone down ,
and the engine is started and winds up
the wire on the drumnndthus pulls the
balloon down to the place it started
from. It will thus be seen that the captive
tivo balloon is destined to become an
important factor in all army tactics , for
by its use important observations may
Cnicacro Tribune : "You seem quite
hearse , " remarked a young man in a
North Side cur yesterday to the young
lady with whom ho was conversing.
' " 'You impudent chestnut peddler ! "
exclaimed in loud and angry voice a
maiden with hair of fiery auburn hue on
the opposite side of the car ; "no man
can work off that old gag in my pres
ence without hearing from me ! " And
she made a lunge at him.
"For heaven's sake , young woman ! "
ho urotssted , actively dodging the um
brella , "what are you doing that for ? I
wasn't working oft any old gag. I
wasn't ' "
"You wore speaking ! about me , you
slim-logged dude ! You looked at my
hair and then I heard you say some
thing about a white Jiorso ! " '
"So Yorkes " ho exclaimed
help me , , ,
dodging the umbrolia again , "I didn't
say anything Of the Hind. I merely re
marked , to this youngi lady that she
seemed quite hoarso. "
But the passengers unanimously coin
cided with the auburiijhaired maiden
and encouraged hen to prod him , and
ho got oil hastily at Goethe street with
out trying to pronounce the name and
with the injured look of'q martyr.
In the latter stage of consumption ,
the afllictod will find relief and comfort
in Dr. J. II. McLean's Tar Wine Llmg
Balm , its soothing olTects on the lungs
is remarkable. 2-j cents a bottle.
The average watch is composed of 175
different pieces , comprising upward of
2,400 separate and. distinct operations in
its ma.nufacturo. The balance has
18,000 boats or vibrations per hour ,
12,000,080 in ! iO days , 167.0SO.OOO in 1
year ; it travels 1 415-100 inches with
each vibrationwhich is equal to IJ ) miles
in 24 houre , 2U21 miles in 30 days , or
3,658 } miles in 1 your.
Wo recommend the use pf Angostura
Bitters to our friends who sulTer with
dyspepsia' , but only the genuine , manu-
luctured by Dr. SiegertS ns.
THE TREASURE CHESTS OF OLD ,
Tbo Earliest Banktj of Which Wo
GREEDY USURERS OF GREECE.
The Seventy Hunks or I'orcnCc | ,
the Itarllcst GlrcUiintltiK
Medium , and Clil-
Anclciit Monry HifVs.
For the lire ,
H K M O D E II N
word bank is mtp-
) H ) ed to have been
derived from the
C t o r m a n w o r d
"banek , " i n ti-o
jdueod into Italy by
the dominant Ger
mans in the twelfth
century and Hal-
iani/.od ' into the
word "ban c o , "
which was nsod interchangeably with
word "monto " collection
the , to moan a
of creditor money.
During researches among the ruins of
Babylon , tablets wore found which had
been used as the checks or notes of a
Babylonian banking firm trading under
the name of the founder Egibi. This
firm did an extensive business , and
Egibi was succeeded by his irrnndson ,
Suln , who appeared at the head of the
firm in the third year of Nebuohiulne/-
zur , and continued until tin * twenty-
third year of that potentate's reign ,
when ho was succeeded by his son
Nabuakhi-idin , and the business of the
bank grew and prospered for over a
century , fhon , a revolt against the
government of the country closed its
In Greece , money changers were a
distinct class of business men as early
as the Fourth century , B. t1. It was
their custom to receive money on de
posit and reloan it at from 10 per cent
to 'i(5 ( per rent , ( nqarly as good rates as
some modern bankers obtain ) . From
Plutarch it is learned that discount was
known to the Athenians , and the rate
of the same was often made so excessive
as to bring some money changes into
disrepute. This happens nowadays
as well. Of forms of busi
ness , moro nearly approaching the
state banks of later times , wo arc not
without examples in Greece. The Bank
of New Ilion transacted business for the
state in the third or second century B.
U. , paying 10 per cent on money for
public use. Under the Homuns , the
business of banking was much extended
and improved , being fully developed
in the time of Cato , 14 ! ) B. O. , an-1 with
the activity of commerce which Homo
enjoyed , bankers spread rapidly
throughouttho provinces and dependent
In Italy the money changers were es
tablished at a very early period of the
middle ages , and the city of Florcnco
became a recognized money center. In
120 , the money changers of that city
formed themselves into a guild. In
1300 , the Mo//.i and Spirio families are
mentioned ns the bankers of the popes ,
and the last named as having a branch
at Homo under the management of
Nero Cambi. By 1378 , banking opera
tions in Italy had attained great im
portance , duo to the necessary
trnnmission on money from distant
parts of Europe to the pope's court at
Homo and Avignon , and most of the
banking business was in the hands of
Florentine citizens. The Stiw/.i were
in later years , 1513 to loltl , bankers to
Leo X. and Clement VIJ. , accumulating
wealth by their sagacity , which is still
enjoyed by their decondants. In 1340 ,
the failure of Edward III. , of England ,
to pay 1,305,000 golden llorins , bor
rowed from the Florentine bankers ,
caused a bankruptcy whii'h seriously
disturbed the entire commercial sys
tem of Europe. Later , the Stro//.i
sufTcred serious losses by the
king of Franco and the papers ,
but , in spite of these the profits
of the business wore so great that the
wealth of the bankers was not impaired.
From 1414 to 1423 times wore good in
Florence , and seventy-two banks
could be counted in the streets
surrounding the Mercato Nuovo
Mr. Henry Mann attributes the in
vention of bank notes t j the republic of
Carthage , but his testimony is not con
clusive enough , being based on this
statement of y32schines. the Socratio _
philosopher : "In a small piece of
leather is rapped a subslanco of the
size of a piece of four drachms , but
what this substance is no one knows ex
cept the maker. After this it is sealed
and issued for circulation ; and ho who
possesses the most of this is regarded as
having the most money and as being
the wealthiest man. " Jovons shows
Unit leather was ono of the earliest cir
As early as hO" A. D. , the Chinese are
credited with the invention of the bank
note. In that year the emperor ex
changed all the 'money deposited in the
public treasury by merchants and rich
persons for noles , tcmed "flying
money. " It remained in circulation
but three years in the capital , and be
came current only in the provinces.
In 000 , A. D. , an emperor revived the
practice of giving notes for money de
posited by merchants , and so great was
the convenience of the notes that their
circulation increased rapidly. In ! ) ! )7 ) ,
A. D. . there had been 1,700,000 ounces
of silver exchanged for paper , while In
1021 the paper in circulation had in
creased to the value of 2,830,000 ounces.
A company of sixteen rich morchnnts
was then formed , which was allowed to
issue notes payable in three years. The
company was bankrupt upon the expira
tion of that time , and much suffering
was caused thereby. The emperor
then abolished the notes of this
company and prevented the formation
of other joint stock companies. After
that the government only possessed the
power to issue notes , which wore made
of the value of ono ouncoof silver. In
1032 those notes were circulating to the
value of 5,25(1 ( , . , 10 ounces. Banks of
this nature were subsequently estab
lished in every province , but the notes
did not have mtorprovincial circula
tion. To these notes , exchangeable for ,
and convertible into inpnoy , is given
the credit of being the first on record.
Dr. GrfluXc'ii Described.
Pall Mall Gaxotto : Ono of the Lon
don correspondents gives the following
description of Dr. Goffckon : "A small
man with quick , , excitable gestures. He
wears a dark beard and rough mus
tache , the bristly appearance of which ,
combined with the eager look in his
eyes , gives the impression of greilt en
ergy , which it is easy to sea might
easily degenerate into great restless
ness. " The sumo authority states tht
the whole of the diary , from which Dr.
GojTcken tool ? the portions published la
the Deutsche Rundschau , and of which
several copies arc sad ( to bo in exist
ence , is to bo published before long in
Futico'and in Ea gland.
) NE or * SERIES OF PICTURES REPRESENTING COFFEE CULTURE. WATCH TOR THE NEXT.
CHASE & SANBGTRTN.
OUR COFFEES HAVE A NATIONAL REPUTATION REPRESENTING
THE FINEST CROWN.
( SJuAJU .DXvjtlw.l.li.LP " JAVA BurpatJBlnir n < nil MOCHA others ,
fiT Us richness an f Uollcixey of flavor. Juotly called The Aristocratic
CofTee of America. Always packed wliolo roasted ( ungroundnn a lb.
nlr-tlffnt tin cans.
ITR.TTS A T > T ! "RT.TVltf TA BWlftil blondlnsrof atrongr , fla-
JCI VJK > LJjr.El
< JaJuJUMJUf vorv nnd nronmtlc high prmlo
coffees. Warranted not to contain a single Illo bonn , and miarantoed to
eult your taste as no other cotToo will , at A moderate price. Alwnva
packed whole roasted ( unground ) , In 1 lb. air-tight parchment packages !
flT'Cl'll W W Wo ttro exclusively tin Importing house , Bolllnir
JL.bO.JL JEXlJbJb only to dealers. lUit to glvo contmniora an
opportunity of testing our famous cofToo before buying , wo will , upon
receipt of 0 cents In otarapn to cover the cost of can and postage. Bond
free oj/ mall a 1-4 ponnil of Seal liraml Coffee. Address
_ CIIASK & SAM20IW , 123 BROAD ST. , UOSltW , SI ASS.
Closing Out Sale
The Entire Stock of the OMAHA HAZAAR to be Sold Re
gardlcss of Cost
EVERYTHING MUST GO !
Jta Fro. rietofg lutrinti concluded tn retire from Inivlncaa , and before re
tlrln'j hare decided to yire tit1'nbUc
A GENUINE BENEFIT ,
the store will be sold for what it wlllbrlnu , Cotnmcncin
Monday , October 2'Jth , and continuing until the entire stock 1.1 sold out.
We assure the public that thin is So lluinbna , but a ( lenuinc Clotlng
Out Sale. Come earltj , while 1/011 can make a selection from a full stoclc.
THE STOCK CONSISTS
Of Jewelry , Croekerii , Tons , Intuit * , rallses , Basket Tinware , Chinaware -
ware , Stationery , J'er'iimeriAlbums , 1'ocketlwoks , Toilet and
Jewel Cttscs , Silverware , L'lctnre frames , JJustern ,
Umbrellas , Combs , Ifn/s/tr.s , etc. , etc.
OMAHA BAZAAR ,
i5ii Dodge Street , one door west of Post Office.
E3TFIXTUKIW ' < > SALF. STOKE FOR IlliXT.
SAVE COAL !
The Jewel Heaters and
Great Western Oaks
Which in price and economical use of fuel , are ahead of
anything in the market. Sold by
JACOB E , TROIEL ,
2709 Leavenworth Street.
GERMANIA LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY
OF NEW YORK.
Policies Incontestable and Non-forfeltable After Three Years.
HUGO WESENDONCK. President. CORNELIUS DOREMUSSecretary
Agencies tn ull the Inrcer cities of the UnitesStntcs and ( ] ermnnKinilre. ;
ASSETS A.\U SUKI'LUS OF Till : COMPANY.
DECEMBER 31ST , 1862.
Assets $260.885 4-3 | Surplus $207,158 97
DECEMBER. 3IST. 1887.
Assets $13,073.247 37 | Surplus $1.836.636 62
Amount of Insurance In force $4-SOOOOOO
Annual Income $2,4OOOOO
TheGcnnHnla possesses $110.16 ot ndmlttjil assets for every IIOO.IKof llalilllttos.aboltur ratio
than thut of any or the other three lut-gost i.lfo Insurance Companies of the lnlt ) ilStutos.u ;
Onircs-Kooms ! t ( > ( i ni.il . ! i07
Ernst Benninghovan , Manager , First National Itaiik.
PAID UP CAPITAL , $30OOOO. SURPLUS $40.000.
AMERICAN LOAN AND TRUST COMPANY ,
UNITED STATES NATIONAL BANK BUILDINQ.
O ° | o Interest on deposits , oompoundod eoml-annuallyi
B " Savings Certificates with Interest coupons attached.
DEBENTURE BONDS In Denominations of 82OO , S30O , SHOO ,
° and SIOOO , based upon First Mortgage Real Estate Securities
6 deposited with , and bonds certified by the Union Trust Company
of New York. Drafts drawn on the principal cities of Europe.
A. C. POWELL , , CASHIER.
0. M. CARTER , Pres. D. D. COOLEY , V.-Pres. PHILIP POTTER , Sec.
J , J. BROWN. ALVIN SAUNDERS. C. S. MONTGOMERY. J. FRED ROGERS.
AOPU1TCPT ( - IA 8TAUB , Hie Howard St. , Omaha , liai drawn plaaa and \
JlnUni I LU I ipeclSuatlons fur a B-ronra frame boils ; , which combluoa - .
utlHty.comrort.economy and bRUtyln a w ay Impossible in any oed -
house that co U from H. : X3 to Jl.tMJ. AH moro than 1 ( , Ml ,
will be built so , I can altord to offer copy for Original and aplcndlfl
. the usual fees otherwlso , being from _ - S 5 ( Uiilgns frniah d. an can be judged
H * nTiK * umf Malta n f ft r\T\\\fi\ \ \ tnf'f" *
> - form the nets ot plans of completed buildings of
_ nil dctcrlptlonH 1 have In my oUlce , rangln In cost
_ frora VlOCOtoWOO , . My unusual experience will Kunronteo nati factloq
and leltablt ) contractors only are nga ; ed on uiyworka. 1'urtles wUliIBc to buUd
a.ra cordially Invited. _
W. G. ALBRIGHT ,
Real Estate ,
- BEST AND CHEAPEST
ALBRIGHT'S CHOICE !
Voters , Attention !
Whatever are your politics , remember that the KIND OF GIG AK .you
smoke , will add to the force of your argument.
Uox Trade Solicited. Private Look Boxes.
BLOVK , FAKNAXl and 10th.
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