Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, October 14, 1888, Part I, Image 1

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Will Probably Bo the Outcome of
tbo European Complications.
Map of the Situation Drawn By a
Belgian Political Economist.
A Powerful Combination Forming
Against the Russian Boar.
Her Northern Department * * to He
Handed Over to Ilf I lum niul
Her I'owcr to Ho Tor-
ever CruHlicil.
The Uuropenn Muddle.
\C \ < iiiililit ) ] ( tffiS liu Jntnrg ( Ionian llcnnttt. ]
Uiits'-Bis , Oct. 13 [ Now York Her-
nltl Culilo to Tin : BI.E 1 At a
stone's throw fiom the banks of the over
winding Menke , within the giim old \\nlls of
the university of Mono , u Herald correspon
dent sought M. Ernllo Do Lavclljcand found
him there in the auditorium , where the emi
Hunt piofcsBOt had been examining a class of
Htmtents in political economy. The question
was put , \Vlmt has the most learned cosnio
politan of thu Belgium to saj about the Her-
aid's now map of Europe ) A kindlj tmt
incredulous Hinilo iininodiutely foreshadowed
the reply. While the examlimtion of other
Htudents by otliei professors was going on M.
Do l avcllcye , seated on one of his alma ma
ter's black benches , \vith Wednesday's Her
ald unfolded before him , proceeded to point
out the objections to Prince llismatck's
si homo as mapped out therein.
"Ju the first place , " said ho , ' 'tho iron
chancellor would not ( It cam of making over
to Trance the verj strongholds which are
being i.ilsed to block the ricmh loadwaj to
Germany through Belgium , as well as the
German loadway lo Trance. Why , n Trench
army encamped on the holders of Meuso
would bo able to slip between Antwerp and
Cologne and reach llerlin thiough the unfor-
tilled part of peimanyas easily as u knife
cuts into butter. It would bo just as though
Piinco Dismal ilc deliberately gave up all
militaiy advantages secuied bj the bolt of
formications which bar the way from Trance
Into the fatherland from one end to the
othoi of Alsacc-Loirame. As to the Dutch
Indjes being made Gorman dc'pendon-
cits , together with Holland what a
wild di earn 1 Surely Pnnco Bismarck can't
entertain it. So soon as Goimany showed
her intentions of reducing England to a third
ruto power the English would pounce upon
the Dutch Indies and keep them as a pledge ,
just as she did at the bediming of the pros
cut century , w hen Napoleon annexed the
Kothoi lands to Tiance , and how could Ger
many's licet pi event tlusj Nowwocomoto
the equal division of the Ualkan peninsula
between Austria and Hussia. This is just as
fanciful as the other parts of the scheme.
No , certainly Austi la would not go hah cs
with the c/av. She wouldn't care a straw
for Salonlea , with Sofia and Constantinople
in Muscovite hands. Her aim , whether
avowed or not , is to dominate the whole of
the Ualkan peninsula tight down lotto HUick
sea not by tcrritoiial conquest , but by a tri
umph of her political and industrial inllu
cnce , already incrcasea by the nowcastein
railwajs which inn through 1'csth , and
which she will finally tiy to secure by cn-
coui aging homo rule Ideas in the Balkan
states , as opposite to Russia's giecdv policy
nndcoutso. England will contrive to assist
Austria tow aids this end. There is , moic-
over , no earthly reason why Germany should
bafllo her allj's hopes , when she has e\crj
reason to abstain from plnjing Russia's
game. "
So , according to M. Do Lavollje , the
Heiald plan falls to pieces , but all this
comes , he sa\s , Irom assuming a sctict un-
dei standing between Geunany and the czar ,
wheicastlio latest , tripartite trcatj is ex-
piessly dhecled against Kussia.
Well and good , M. Do Lavellje , but if vou
tear up our map wont jou give us abettor
onoi Surely jou don't believe in the inno
cent mlmlodness of Pilnco Mismaick tow aids
his neighbors I
No , M. Do Lav-eUv o doesn't expect ever
lasting peace , nor docs ho consider the pres
cut distribution of power as detlnite. His
ereed is an anti-Russian and Trench alliance ,
leading to u war , the outcome of which , no-
coiding to his idea , and in acionlanco vvltli
what ho states is Ills positive ) infoimatlon ,
will bo scon in u combination of ilio Gotm in
Austrian , and perhaps the English and Hal
tan foices against the Russian bear and the
Trench , and M. Do Laullj is conlident thai
the coalition is to win and trj to ciush Hus
sia just as Tianco was ciushcd in lsH > 1
won't be a mete u petition of the Crimeai
stuigglo , but a war to the knife , vvltli bif
spoils for the viitor. GUI many will restou
Tinhind to the Sweden , take over Russia's
Baltic provinces to herself , and cut aw a )
fi om the Muscovite empire the Immense sllci
of Polish territory , whiili will become nonil
nally an independent state under the sw aj o :
Rome Austrian archduke. In other words
the old polish kingdom v ; 111 bo i eeonstilutoc
under Australn inlluonie , and soivi
as n kind of bulloi state betwcoi
stiengthcned Austria anu Russia. Dcssar
bla would bo teetered to Roumania
which would become another bulwail
ngrinst the bear , and uash its last hopes o
cvor icaui Constantinople , but Get man ;
will not stop there. She will engulf Hoi
land , Just us in the Herald scheme , am
( strike a llnal blow at Tianco bj handingovc
its not them depaitments , its strouges
points , to Uelgiutn , the latter remaining in
dependent , while being made a inembir o
the Gcnium/.ellveiein , and thciebv an in
tcicsted allj and fiiend. "Wo have tootnuc' '
Bjmpathj for the Ticnch , " said M. Do La
\ , "and are besides too c j in on
lucsent state to call for anj change at all
but jou see wo shan't bo asked whether v\
like it or not. We shall bo part and parcc
of a scheme about which we slim1
bo to much as consulted. Lll
, tie ones have to do what the
aio bid , not what they prefer. A him
feature of the schema will bo the rcuardt
' Italy for M. Crispi's friendliness to Germany
Of course , jou guess what that will boNic
and Savoiy loturued to the son of Vkto
Knimanuel , with a beaus besides in tli
< shape of Tunis or may bo Tilpoll. Thut I
what I expect. "
Ku Passant , M. do Lavclljo gave n hint t
the Herald correspondent us , to the value c
the Hulgmu uicuse fortifications , about whti
the Nouvollc Rcvuc has been making such a
nolso Speaking on the strength of a private
conscivation with General Driulmont , the
gicatest lick-Ian military authority , ho states
that the fortifications could not withstand
the onslaughtof any great Trencher German
annj , but that has never been their
putiosc. 'I hey ai o meant merely us a re
straint , as nn obstacle to overcome which
would cause such a loss of time for the
Trench or Germans that neither will ever
think it worth thnir while , but would Ilnd it
shorter work to strike directly at one or the
other s frontiers. "And , oh , " exclaimed M.
DoLavellejc , on parting , "jou lucky Yan
kees never have to muddle jour heads about
new maps of Auieiica. "
The DnHliliif ; French Swindler Goes
to l'i IHOII Tor Twelve IVnrs.
\Copiii1uht \ IIRS l > n Jnme * Imrdnn llennttt. ]
PAHI , Oct lit [ New York Herald Cable
Special to Tin : BiC.l The Irlal of Eugene
Allrnajer , the prince of Parisian swindlers ,
that began Thursday at the Seine assizes ,
collected a very charming audience of Pa
risian women and demi mondaincs. All-
majcr Is a handsome , dashing , milllarj--look-
ing man of twentj nine. He is of medium
height , gracefully built , with deep blue ojcs ,
blonde curling moustache , and a little wafer-
like balk spot on the top of his head that ic-
vcals the ravages of a rapid life and thu long
vigils of Parisian viveur. Allmajer is
dressed in tLc best taste and by the best
tailors of Paris. All eyes are bent upon him
as he sits on the prisoners' bench , escorted
by four guardcs municipanx instead of the
two who usuallj guard ordinary criminals.
Allmajer blflshes becominglj * and signifies
his Impatience at the Judge's questions by
stamping petulantly his well fitting patent
leather shoo against the lloor. Allma\er's
exploits arc well known to the Herald. Ho
It was who utilized the telephone to cash
drafts at other people's bankers imitating
other ' voices etc. The
people's , judge re
counted all those to the prisoner , who lis
tened in almost contemptuous silence. lie
replies In a quiet , refined voice to the ques
tions of thu judge :
ludgc You belong to a good family. At
the ago of seventeen vou made jour debut
by foigmg jour fathers name for 3,000
Allmajer Oh no , M. le Judge , that was
merelj- practical joke. I signed below my
name , "Lo Diablo ISoilcux. "
Judge When jou served in the armj' jou
continued jour swindling operations and
wcic sentenced to five j eats' imprisonment.
Allmajer Ah j-cs , but my captain was
sentenced to twenty jears for being impli
cated in the same affair and by a long
scries of answers Allmavcr tried to throw
the guilt on nis accomplices.
M. Edmund Castor begun bj- relating the
details of the stiango scene which took place
bofoto the judge d' instruction just after the
ftaud was committed. Ho explained how
Allmajer on this occation had the effrontery
to chaigo him with participation in the crime
and liow the cunning rascal had so wrought
upon the magistrate's feelings bj' his marvel
ous acting that lie ( Castor ) had been obliged
to pass the night in piison a convict witness.
The llrst witness called was Plinard. who
had been Allmajer's accomplice Ho did not
take the oath inasmuch as he had
been condemned to five j car's
penal servitude. Ho appeared in
his piison clothes , with shaven lie id. The
scene at this point was most striking. The
conv let and the prisoner stood face to face
no longer friends. The testimony of the one
must be damning for the other. Allmajer
realized this plainly , and with his habitual
boldness decided to meet all Plmard's state
mcntswith unqualified denial. Plinard de
clared thatAllmivcr had stolen the draft.
Allmajer returned the accusation vv ith em
phasis and contempt. It was believed that
the thief had worn a full bcaid. Both All
majer and Plinard claimed to have worn at
that time only a moustache. In short , these
two interesting gents spent a good half hour
in heaping calumny upon each other and in
toslifving to theii mutual capacity for hi cak
ing anj' or all of the ten commandments.
Then thote came upon the stand a rather
gaudily dicsscd joung lady , supposed to
have been Plinard's mistress. Her name is
Mlnck , and theto is no evidence to show that
she is not well named. She said : "I was
sillj- enough to let Pllnaid c'ome tosee mo a
few dajs before the crime. I noticed that
his clothes wet o voty shabby. Ho came to
my apartment again on September 0 with a
new suit and hat and apparently with plenty
of money. At this time , to my astonishment ,
ho made mo a picscnt of sonio handsome
Jewels. His friend Allmajer was with
htm "
After this theio followed a succession of
oxpeit witnesses ; an electrician to tell about
the telephone wire which was cut , bankers ,
engravers , accountants , etc. , cte. Their testi
mony all went to show that when it comes tea
a contest between watchmen and bank locks
and other money keeping devices , as against
brains and daring minus conscience , the
money Is vcrj apt to change ownership.
The trial was concluded tonight. All-
major was found gudtjon all the chaiges
without extenuating eiicumstanccs. The
sentence is twelve j cars at hard labor , with
a clause appended fotbiddlng nun to set foot
within ccttain prosciibed territory for ten
jears after the expiiation of his sentence ,
Allmajer preset veil a pcifect sang froid
while the sentence was being road , and after
ward rose and in u few words declared his
innocence. _ _
'Ihc Conference ) With Sectotnry Vlliu
Postponed Until Monday
WASHINGTON- . 1.1. Scerctaij Vilas ad
di esscd the delegation of Sioux chiefs to
duj. Ho said that congiess saw that tht
time had cotno for the Sioux Indians 10 tak (
sure steps tow aid i ivilization , and that tin
waste and unused lands of their icscrvatioi
ought to bo settled upon and made homes of ,
The secretaij- then explained in detail tin
methods which he had adopted to scout o ;
faithful , honest and free expression of thcli
I wishes with icspect to the law , nether thoj
It would accept or reject it. "Today , " h <
milled , "jou shall have the oppoitunttj t <
t btate what jou wtsn , and all jou wish. I vvil
now hear jou. " As the secrctar , ' took hii
f heat , White Ghost , from the Uiovv Creek
agencj , bdltl that ho and his friends wen
vorj tired and wished to lest until Monday
v\him they would come prepared to speak
All the speakeis complained of bcin-rfatiguei
r fiom thu long rtdo and requested a postpone
mcnlof thu council until Monday , which tin
sccieturj- anted.
. -
* Tatal Quarrel Oier n Squ.ivv.
1 DUIIAMIO , Colo. , Oct. 13. [ Special Telo
grain to Tut : DLT.J Yesterdaj two Indian :
bccaii'Q involved in a quariol at Igiiatlo , tin
dispute being over a squaw , which wa
claimed by both. Woids to blows , am
llnally ono of the joune bucks drew a six
B ' shooter and killed his advcisarj , the bal
passing clear through his body , The dcai
Indian is a son-in-law of O. J , Hlancs , wli
accompanies the commissioners on their tri
west. When he was told of the affray ho n
Hist cxpiessed a desire to icturn to th
agem\v and avenge the murder , but was pre
v ailed upon to forego this pleimne until ahc
thu western trip.
A French Reformer Expounds
Rather Startling Doctrines.
Mutual Love Should Form the Only
Bond of Union.
It Can Alone Exist Whore Marital
Conventionalities Are Removed.
How Its 1'rnctlrul Operation Ijcnils to
Absurdities and Injustice The
Legislators Quarrel and
the I'ublh : Suffers.
From a French Standpoint.
[ Copvr/o'il / JSMfji/Jdiiifd Goiiton Hcnntlt. ' ]
Putii , Oct. 19 [ New York Herald Cable
Special to THE Bti.J : Is marriage a failure
In Trance ! This was the text of an inter
esting conversation I had a few days since
with Senator Alfred Naquet in his apart
ments in the Rue do Moscow. Ho knows as
much about mart iages as anj- man in Trance.
A great pat t of his life has been spent in the
contemplation of this institution. He has
studied it deeply both as a philosopher and a
husband. He has written about It and suf
fered for his writings. Ho has thundered
forth his ideas on the subject before legisla-
toi s and triumphed by his eloquence. In 1MAI
ho condemned four months'
was to impiison-
mcnt and lined 600 francs for a book which
ho wrote upon marriage In 1S 4 his name
was sounded abroad as the authoi of the
present divorce laws which came to Tiance
as a gracious icllef. M. Naquet , therefoic
knowing all about marriage , said :
As a joung mai. I hold most e\trcmo views
as to the relations of the sex. I was far
from being n sensualist but on high philo
sophical giounds I became convinced that
imurmguasan institution was harmful mid
contiaiy to the interests of mankind. I
maintained that love was the only tic which
should hold any man to anj woman. If love
existed marriage was superfluous. If it was
absent mat riago became a blasphemy. There
fore in all cases I aigucd that martlago was
without merit I published these ideas and
then was fotccd to tlee from the storm thcj-
stirred up. I have giown older
since then , and moro conservative. I see
now that mart iage , like law and religion ,
must exist because the world is evil. la an
ideal state of societj- there would bo neither
chinches 01 couits nor wedding bonds be
cause there would be no Ijing nor strife nor
deceit , but wo must take things as thcj' are
and piotcct our rights against these who
would wrong us. 1 believe in marriage ,
then , as I do in armies , at the same time
hating the necessitj which make them both
As to marriage being a failure in France ,
that is whether it ically protects the weak
against fraud and so promotes happiness in
the family and society , I reply , mar-
iiagc , as its mdissolubility is under
stood bjthe Catholic chuich , is cer
tainly not a success in this countrj- .
my long and bitter sttugglo to obtain proper
div orco laws for Ti anco testifies to my pro
found contempt for the sjstcm which would
compel a man and a woman to live under the
samu i oof , although their hearts vvcro filled
with mutual hate and revulsion and which
would foico two sucu unhappy victims either
to pass their dajs in the happiness of celibacj-
or create for themselves exterior and clan
destine tolations to the serious prejudice of
notorietj- . Happily this atrocious and un
natural uianiago exists no longer in our
midst. Ifthcto are still maitjis to an ab
surd and mischievous superstition , their
martyrdom is voluntary. Coming then to
inarnagoas it is , marrlago accompanied by
divoico , let us look at its wotkings todajin
Trance. The hosflo eiiticism which
was called forth four jeais ago by
the divorce laws with which
my name is associated , has entirelj- died out.
No one complains of the practical wet king
of these laws and no ono di earns of burden
ing Trance again with the horrible marnago
joke which thu Catholic chuich invented.
Divorce has become an integral pat t of our
social life. A few dajs ago I met M. Jules
Simon , ono of the most lolentlcss opponents
to mj-piojcct , and a man who moro than
anjonu else is responsible for the faults
which ciept into the law as it was finally
passed. Ho said to mo in his eaincst way :
"Well , M. Naquot , 1 must admit that the
divorce laws have not jet done the harm
'vhich I believed inevitable. I do not doubt
that the evil will declares itself later on , but
so far I am agreeably disappoineed. " That
is high testimony. Uut the mat i lago reform
which was commenced in 1SS-I , is still incom
plete. AttlcloItlO of the civil code contains
the follow Ing passage. ' 'When the separation
of bodies shall liavo lasted three jears the
decicoof separation may bo changed into a
decree of divotcc upon the demand of 0110 of
the two persons Interested in the suit. "
That piovision constitutes ono of the most
serious dangcis to thu success of thu mar-
imgu institution in Tiance. The whole
trouble results fiom the two words "may
bo , " which , according to all ideas of wisdom
aud justice , should icad "shall bo. " Allow
mo to explain. When the divorce laws were
passed it was needed , in consideration of the
huge Catliolio element in the countrj' , th it
the party bringing the action should bo free
to t.uo for absolute divoico or for simple sop
nratiou from the defendant. This con
dition of separation , which is sanc
tioned by the church , does not , of
course , nullify the marriugo ties. It was
aigucd at that time that not only poison1
whoso lellgious convictions were against di'
vorce , but othets would apply for sepaiatior
In the hope that a reconciliation may bo ulti
matclj effected. How-over , inasmuch as this
hope might , In many cases , prove groundless
It was decided that If , after a sepniatioti o :
thiee jears , either party desired an absoluU
rupture , a decree of separation might be
transformed Into a decree of divorce. Mhlf
was a most equitable provision , since , In tin
original suit , proofs which were sufllcient U
establish n separation would have equally cs
tablished a divorce had the offended pauj s <
formulated his demand.
Hut now comes the absurdity. Article 810
Instead of rendering the transformiitioi
from separation to divorce , an unqucstlon
able right of the Intciestcd parties and depending
pending solely uuon their petsonal wishes
3 I
the conservative element in the senate
headed by M. Jules Simon succeeded ii
making this transformation dependant uKi
the decision of the Judge to whom the de
mand should bo addressed , he being free
either to authorize or refuse the change.
This lidlculous provision Is causing In
Trance to day an immense amount of harm.
Some tribunals are conservative while others
are radical and their dissensions in demands
for transformation from separation to divorce
are arbitral ily governed by their personal
opinions and prejudices. So true is
this that it is Impossible to predict
with tolerable certainty and without any to-
gaid to the merits of the case the results of
such demands by slmplv ascertaining the
court which hns jurisdiction over the case.
Such an application , If made In Paris or i
Caen , Is sure to bo granted ; whereas If made
in Rennes , it will bo refused nine times out
of ten. The chamber of deputies recognizes
the Iniquitous character of this law and do-
sites to remcdj- , but the conservative sen
ate refuses to consent. The senate , on the
other hand , proposes to amend the law In an
other icspect. At present a woman who is
separated from her husband , but not
divorced , does not enjoy full indcpcnd
enco in the disposal of her prop
erty. Her husband s consent is
necessary to the v alidlty of any conti act she
may wish to make. This is the cause of con
stant annoj anco to the woman , I regret to
iaj' that in nianj- cases the husband is con
emptablo enough to demand uioncj for his slff
nature. Tills dcpendentant position often be
oincs so Intolerable to a separated wife as to
orcc ncr to apply for absolute divotcc in ac
cordance with article 310.
In order to check the movement on the
part of separated women toward divorce the
senate has proposed an amendment assuring
iv omen , in cases of separation , full indepen
dence in the disposal of their propcrtj- . Hut
his the chamber opposes resolutelj- seeing in
this proposed measure a purpose to
sticngthcn the position of the church. So
theio thu matter stands at a dead lock and in
: ho meantime socictj- has to suffer fiom the
ealousj- its supposed protectors.
Hut all this Is merely ono side of the quos
lion. Wet o marriages a perfect success divot
vet ce would bo unheaid of. It is inteicstr
ng to consider whether the causes which
irompt husband and wife to break the word
which they have plighted are moro piolitlc
.n Tianco that in other countiies. Since the
aw of ISM was passed there has been in
Trance anuallj- about three thousand cases ot
Jivorco and about for thousand cases of scp
aiation. The number of these latter has to
naincd substantiallj- what it was before the
: iassago of the law , but comparing marriages
in Tianco with marriages abroad figures are
of little service. Tlrst , because intci national
statistics on the subject do not exist ,
and chielly because cvtn were thej to be had
statistics lepiesent onljverj - Imperfectly
the ical condition of things. In England
and manj- other countries the expenses con
: iected with divorce proceeding are so meat
that the large majoiity of unhappy couples
iirofer to settle ttieir difficulties a 1' amiable
; athor than make an appeal to the law. Ono
fact , however , stands out , be\ord dispute ,
that the absurd and wicked custom of ibolat
ng joung women from young men so that in
nanjcnscs the bride and groom stand betoro
the altar on their wedding daj' all
mt sttangcis to one another is the
; nest frightful canse of mischief anS
unhappmess in nfter married life.
A few formal calls to leaver the prescribed
banquet , a few hurried turns in a ball room
and a few constrained interviews in the
[ irebcneo of a punctilious bellcmcro are no
means by which a j-oung man is to find out
whether a girl will make him a good
wile and whether their dispositions will blend
appily together in the long Journey ahead ,
and , in short , whether the feelings they en
tertain for each other are reallj- these of love
and esteem or only fleeting fancies. No , in
all this Fiance stands far behind. Even
Norwaj- and Sw edcn are a long way behind
England and especial ! jvcrjfar behind Amer
ica. It is for reasons such as this
that , in too many cases , Trench women only
come to know what love reallj- means after a
loveless marriage has given them their lib
erty. It is for reasons such as this that
French husbands are unfaithful , tlmtjoung
men in Ti anco look at chasttt jas a dream ,
that one third of tho'blrths in Tianco are ille
gitimate , that vv omen in Trance cease to care
for the glorjof motlicihood and
that the population of Franco is re
maining stationary while that of America
is forging ahead with the vigor of purer ideas
and simpler customs. Oh , wo have much to
learn from j our glorious republic. Were I n
j-oung man I should leave my countrj1 much
as 1 love it. 1 should leave old vvoin out Eu
rope , cast my lot in the land of the fieo , the
country of the future the United States of
Preparations For the AhsenililiiiK of
the Chambers General IJoiilnnKor.
ICnpi/r/i/ht / / ISSS by James GDI dun /cmictf.1
PAUIOct. . ! . [ New Yoik Herald
Cable Special to Tun IH r.1 All political
Paris Is tuning up its instruments for the
overture of the chan beis on Mondaj' . Pies-
ident Carnet Is back again to the Palais do
1'lZlsjeo ' after iccolvlng a veritable ovation
of popular sympathy during his trip to Dijon.
All the deputies are back hero again and m
shinj- black coats and trousers , and slnnj-
black hats and with huge black leather por-
tifoliob under their arms Hot about gaily in
the lobbies of the Palais Hourbon. All thu
ministcisaiu studjing up their facts and
llgures and cramming them into their check
pockets ready for the expected intoipella-
Last but not least General ISoulanger is
once again on his native heath. He i ides
evcijmoining in the Hois do Honlogno on
his historic black charger and in the uvening
is seen driving about In the Champs Hljzees
part of Paris with a few deputies and now-
and then with a witty and charming j-oung
lady whoso hair is as blonde as ripe wheat
Political elements of nil stiipcs mo thus re
assembled and on Monday the play begins ,
but whether it is the comedy , tragedy , panto
mime , opera bouffe or mclodj nobody has j-et
fully decided , lioulnngcr ! : > still popular as
ever in the provinces. His friends urge him
to venture a grand coup d'Utat , suppress the
senate chamber and In fact ovorj thing ex
cept Houlangcr , but whether the bravo
general will jiold to their advice is still a
uij stery.
The Wealth of Kansnu.
Ton KV , Kan , Oct. 13 [ Special Telegram
to Tar UFF. ] Secretary Mohlcr , of the state
board of ngrirulture , has completed his com
pilation of statistics bhow ing the population
and property valuation of the state. It
shows the population of Kansas to bo 1,513- ,
552 an increase of onlj 1,120 over last jcar.
The vuluo'of farms Is il5J,220.155 a decrease
of ? V > ,7N,41 ) ? over last j ear. The crop j ield
for this year is as follows- Wheat , 10TJI-
TIT bushels ; corn , lt5\7MOb7 , bushels.
A $ OOtOOO Mnsonlo Temple.
UAI-ID OITV , Dak. , Oct. 13. [ Special Teto
gram to Tim HEUJ Arrangements were
made to day for the completion of the Ma
sonic tumpld building in this city. The
building will cost upvv arils of f X,0f ) > 0 and wil
be the finest of thefkind ill the territory.
, I
: ' *
. . .
Mackenzie Tolls of the Treatment of
Emperor Frederick.
The Gorman Exports Characterized
as Entirely Incompetent.
A Sorloa of Blunders Which Pro
duced Fatal Results.
Prof. Hcrgmnn'H Ilnnill"K Work on
the Itoynl Victim' * Throat Almost
Xoo Horrible Tor llellef The
Cnsc in Detail.
Dr. Mnckcnrlc's Hook.
[ Copyrf < j/it / IVS ( ii/ / James (7onl < m Ilennttt. ]
PAiti-Oct. U. [ New Yoik Iletald Cable-
Special to THU Her. ] I am to daj- enabled
to send jou the substance of Sir Morell
Mackenzie s work , which will bo issued
under the following title : "Tho Tatal 111-
ness of Trcdeiick , thu Noble , " the most 1m
tortant polemic ticatisoof thepicsent ecu-
turj- . Aside f torn Its intense histoilcul and
medical inletest it is delightfully icadable.
The preface is miilnly a defense of his action
n writing the book , and an exposition of the
difficulties which had boon thrown in hiswaj-
oj- the Prussian government. Ho was tcfused
fioe access to the state at chives , whilst per
mission was given to his udvcisarios ,
who lummi ud miscellaneously for docu
ments that would seivo the put poses of
accusation , and discreetly ignored thobo that
vindicated the English spec ! ilist. Among
the lattoi Sit Muicll M ickoimu unumeiates
the wutten icfiml of thu crow-n piuico to
submit to anj-other e\teinal opeiatton than
ttachcotom\ , also the ptotoeols sent bj
Professois von HeigmanandGeihaidt to the
'Haus Mimsteiium" before lie was sum-
noncdgiving their viuws of the case as 01-
iglnalij expiesscd ; and the protocols of him
self and Drs. von Scluouttei and Krausu
diawnuulast November. Thu Hist icpoit
of Prof. Virchow also ho endoavoied to ob
tain , bat unsuccessfully. His piufaco con
cludes with a hope that sotuo day thu docu
ment may bj madu public , and the doolara-
tion that he eoitainlj- has no icason to dread
theii appearance. It is signed Mot ell Mac
kenzie , No. 11 Hailey stieot , London ,
October 10 , lbS.
"On the evening of Wednesday , May 18 ,
1SS7 , as t was about to retito to icst alter a
day of hard professional vvoik , I received a
uioasago requesting mo to proceed to Berlin
to see his imperial highness the crown
prince. I loft London the next morning , ar
riving in Berlin on the following Tridaj- ,
whcio I was met bj-Dr. von Bergman , who
iliovo mo at. . once to the p ilaco of my patient
I had scarcely changed uij- dress bofoio the
loffinai shnl , Count Radollnski , came
to conduct mo to the ciow-n pi nice ,
who received me most gractouslj * ,
apologizing with gieat bonhomie
for the trouble which his unfortunate thtoat
was causing to other people. I was taken
next to another room vvheio I found assembled - -
sembled the following physicians and sur-
; eons : Profs. Gcil.atdt , von Boigman ,
Tobold , Dr. von Liuer , phjsioian in oidl
nmy to the aged cmpuror and also medical
director gencial in tno German armj ; Dr.
Wagner and Dr. Schrador , who occasionallj-
acted as his deputies. I confess that I felt
some surprise that among those with
whom I was invited to take counsel on a case
of such imuortinco , theio was not at least
ono of the leading Garunn specialists in
throat diseases. Every tin oat specialist
could without any hesitation name several
men in Gotmanj- whose reputation is not con
fined to their own country. Their absence
lieto seemed so significant that I was in
clined to balievo the crow-n prince to bo suf
fering from some obscure disuasu of which
the larjngoil affliction ivas onlj-
an accidental complication. Wagner and
Gerhaidt gave mo a history of fie case
fiom their point , of view , and I then pro
ceeded to examine the patient and aftorwai d
wo doctors withdrew to discuss the matter.
Professors Gerhardt and Tooold g wo a posi
tive opinion that the disease was cancerous ,
and von Bergman , though ho expressed
himself moreguauledljagieed substantially
with thorn. All three wet o unanimous in the
belief that a cutting operation from the out-
sulu would bo necessarj- for the removal of the
growth. The precise natuio of the surgical
procedure that would bo requited was never ,
however , discussed in my picscnce. When
it came to mjtui n to speak I said that tlieto
was nothing chai actoi istie In the appearance
of the growth and that it was quite impos
sible to give a definite opinion as toils natuio
without a moio searching examination. I
pointed out th it the opinion of my colleagues
had been toached on insufficient giounds ,
and that the first thing to bodono was to pick
out a piece of the growth and have it ex
amined microscopically. Prof. Geihaidt
said it would bo difficult if not Impossible to
do this on account of the awkw-aul situation
of the growth Pi of. Tobold cxuressod a
similar opinion. 1 thought it should bo at-
tcmptedandturningto Gerhardt , said to him ,
'Will you try i'
Ho said : 'I cannot operate with the
forceps.1 I next asked Prof. Tobold if ho
would make the attempt , but ho also declined ,
sajing , 'I no longer operate. ' Thcso replies
plies Increased the suipriso which I felt that
a casoof such a nature should have been in-
tiusted to such hands. Fora throat specialist
w ho cannot use the larj ngoscopo and forceps
is hko a carpenter who cannot handle a saw. "
The upshot was that Sir Morell was com
pelled to perform the operation himself. The
book continues :
"Kaily the following morning ( Saturday )
all the doctois assembled in the palace , and
as the room In which the operation was to
take place was rather small , Dr Wagner
suggested that beside himself only Gcihardt
and Tobold should bo present with mo. Co
caine was then applied to the crown prince
and cvcrj thing was ready for the operation.
Whilst wo were waiting till the local
thetic had produced its effect , there was a
knock at the door. Dr. Wagner opened it
and admitted Professor von Bergman , ob
serving that provlouslj' ho was not aware
that the professor was a larj ngoscopist.
When the cocaine had taken effect I Intro
duced the foiccps into the larjnx , but failed
to seize the giowth. I essajcd again and was
moro successful. On withdrawing the for
ceps and opening the blades , which arc hol
low on the inside like spoons , there was a
fragment of gtowth which 1 showed to those
looking on 1 saw a look of ainarement
quickly followed by ono of annoy
ance find disappointment cotno over
the faces of Gerhardt and Tobold Dr
Wagner , on the contrary , was delighted , and
warmly congratulated me. The fiagmcnt
was placeil In spirits by the latter and sub
scnuentlj lunded over to Professor Virchow-
for uilcioscopic examlnatlou. "
HIEDLIllCIv Till ! NOI1I 1 ! SlTUx' .
"Tho crown prince desired the princess to
drive to Potsdam and said he would walk
back with me. On the wajhe
took the opportunity to speak tome
mo vety seriously as to his condition.
At a fiiend had whispctcd to him that
Piof. Gorhardt had let diop n remark Unit
his tnaladj- was cancer , and ho asked mo
w bother Gerhardt had not done wrong if hose
so believed in sending him to Urns. I replied
that the Urns water certainly had not the
leputation of being beneficial to cancer pa
tients , but that possiblj his phjslcian had
been misrepiesented. The crown prince
seemed cxlicmclj' dissallstled , however ,
with Geihaidt , not onlj for his indiscretion ,
but for his want of earnestness in sendini'
him to Kms. "
There was a second operation on the
larynx , after which the following dramatic
scene took place , described vutj foiciblobj-
the English specialist
" \ \ hen I laid aside the forceps , saj Ing
that I would not again use thorn at that sit
ting , Pi of Gerhaidt asked to bo allowed to
use the larjngoscopo and examine the
larjnx. Ho had scatcelj- put the miiioi in
position when he withdrew with a highlj
aitistic expression of hoiror and iilaim. lie
asked me to look , which I did , without sec
ing anj thing moio than n slight congestion ,
of which I have spoken , and which was more
mat kcd on Ilio rint vocal choid. Gc-ihardt
then asked Wagner to look , but that gentle
man did not see anj thing in pai ticular. We
then retiied lo mj room , and Geihaidt said
that 1 had injuied the light vocal choid. I
assuicd him that ho was mistaken , and
showed him that with my foiccps it would bo
dilllcult , If not impossible , to wound a hcalthj
chord , even if ono tried to do so. as the
blades would only cut awaj
pi ejections fiom ttie choid , but not n
smooth sin face like that of a
healthy laijnx. Had Pi of. Got hat dt in
sisted that I had wounded the epiglottis 01
ono of the patts which picsent piojcetlons
.mil edges so placed that they could bosui/ud ,
the accusation would have been loss improb
able. "
MUM v/in rrrt-s uiMsri.r m TIIIVI .
Sir Moiell Mackon/io now began to sec
that the Caiman colleagues weiodetcimined
to make him the scapegoat in case of a bad
icsult , and to shaie with him the honors in
casoof success. 1 hejqitaiioled with htm
Incessantly , paiaded their want of confidence
in him , but would not scpatato themselves
fiom him , nor insist upon his dismissal or
their own. And ho found out that pievious
to Ills summons to Berlin Prof. Gerhaidt had
used the galvano eautcij- the most ompii-
ic il vvaj' , having applied the red hot point to
tno intei lor of the larynx cveij-day for a
fortnight. Concerning this he vviites :
"I could hardly bring myself to bcllovo it.
In nil my experience I have never heaid of
anj ono employing the cautoiy to a patient's
liuyux oftener than once , or at most twice n
week. And Ihaidlj- know which is most
astonishing in the present instance , the en-
01 py of the physician or the endurance of the
patient. Lest any of mjreadcts should sup-
'pose ' mo to have been misinformed , or that
the statement was exaggerated , 1 maj- > ajf
that it is now eonfiimed bjPiof. . Gerhardt
in his toccnt delivciance. No special knowl
edge is icquired to undci stand that a delicate
organ like the Ian " cannot bo biutalbed in
this manner with impunity. This explained
the pionencss to congestion without anj- ap
parent cause which had ptoviously puz
zled me. "
MUKDWIP'S DUE \KFLr. imoTiipsis.
Hbcomstoohuiiiblu for beliefbut Macken-
nu's reputation is too gieat to put nut htm to
li.uiml wouls lightly. What ho has penned
with icgard to the crown pi luce's malady
was vviitten in England , after the event ,
after full icfleetion and with the full knowl
edge that it will aiouso the whole woild and
tnrill everj humane hcait with honor. Mao-
ken/io's hypothesis is that thu giowth in the
larjnx of the impeiml victim was not cancer
ous in its ongin , but became sothtough the
fcaiful remedy used so iccklessly by his plij--
bicians. This is the way he picsents the case :
"Cveij- ono knows that local inflammation
lollows an accidental 31111 , and theieis no
special sanctity about u similar bum Inflicted
bja plusician which should pt event its being
followed by n.ituial consequences. It is for
this vcijleason that u buflldcnt inteival
should alvvajs bo allowed to elapse between
the application of thu galvano cauterjNo
point in p Uhology is better established than
the connection butwoan local u illation or
chionio stiiicHnal changes induced thereby
and the development of cancer. "
"Whether this ten iblo disease bo conslilu
fional 01 not in its ongin , thuiu can bo no
question that the detet mining cause of its
appeaianco in verj inanj-cases is an injuij' ,
such us u scar , or the pciststent application
of something that keeps thu tissues intlamed
and angrj' , such as a jagged toolh
which chafes the tongue. Woikers
in paiatlno and pctioleum aie peculiarly lla
bio to cancer of the paits which ate habit
ually exposed to the action of these sub
stances It is well known that a pat ticular
form of cancer which was formcilj- common
enough in England is now- almost extinct ,
owing to the fact that the cause which pie
ducect it has ceased to exist. When f.oot
commanded a good pi ice it had to bo sifted ,
and this operation naturally Involved a gieat
deal of friction against the skin , bj which
nritating particles w-ero tubbed into it , and
chimney sweep cancer was a fiequunt icsult.
By far the most common seat of malignant
cancer In men is the mouth , uccauso of the
hot substances that tend to n i itatc It. Now ,
as Prof. Gerhaidt himself tells us that at
a very early period of Ins connection with
the ciso ho suspected that the affectation
was malignant , this makes tlio mariner In
which ho piocceded to deal with it simply m
comptchensinlc. "
"It is certain that if the giowth was not
malignant , from the llrst Geihaidt , by his
unmeiciful use of the galvano cautery ,
went the surest way to make It so. * * *
If ho believed the giowth to bo benign , the
repeated burning to which it was subjected
was baibarous. If , as no sajs now , he was
doubtful as to Its nature , that very doubt
should have stayed his hand and led him to
Invoke surgical aid. On twelve consecutive
dajs , aecording to his own admission , did
this physician burn the larjnx of the crown
prince with a red-hot wire.and again , on four
subsequent occasions , at hhoit inter
vals. Finally , as if all this was not
enough , ho thought It necessary to
sear the edge of the vocal choid with a Hat
burner. There is no record in medical liter
nture , so far as I am aware , in which caulerj
wus so lenlbly misused. To bum up , if tb <
growth was benign Inthc first Instance , thcra
Is fn my opinion only too much roiison to bo-
Hove that Gerimrdt's burning must bo held
nnswerablo for Its subsequent transforma
tion Into cancer "
MACKfcsnii WIUVSTIII : i-iiivcrs" .
Macuenzlo himself used the galvnnocau *
terj when the crown prince and Ills amlablo
princess visited England , and with the best
oppaient icsults , for the growth dlsappcaiod.
Ho details fully the precautions ho took and
praises handsomely Ills assistant , Robei t O.
Myles of Now York. The patient and hit
consul were jubilant , but Muckcnk\ whilst
encouraging to the utmost thu hopes of the
patient , for sangulncss was an element lu
thu hoped for cuio , deemed It his duty to
wain the princess not to bo too sure. Ho )
w rites.
"I told her imperial highness my views ag
to thu prospects of her august spouse 1 was
frank. I said thai although at that time the
alTcctlon didnol seem lo me to be of u malig
nant character , j et it mlghttui ; n out to bo so.
I impiessed upon her that the possibility ot
an eventual unfnvoiable development must )
not bo ignored. That I laid mj views before !
the princess in the most complete wajI I have
documental j-evidence to prove And lam
quite icacly to place this evidence before the
picsident of the college of phjsiclans and the
German ambassador acting together in the
picseiice of the ptinco of Wales himself. "
The uc\t Impoitant development In the
ttagedj- , was at San Remo , on the west
coast of Italy , n great resort for vale
tudinarians , and clo o to thu famous gam
bling icsoit of Monte Carlo. Here Mnckcn *
zie , for the first time , began to dtead that the
milady would not jlcld lo him. The miira-
live i elates as follows .
llAlt SI WP.
"Thowotst is confirmed I A new growth
las appealed ! On the morning of Novem
ber 0 I examined the patient's Uncut The
mucous mcmbtano was moderately ivdema-
tons , and of a blight pink culur. The now
growth is blight red in color , lalhur moro
n eminent in the center than elsowhcie , anu
uleeiated on thu suiface. Its nppeaianca
was altogether unlike the growth 1 had de-
tiojedor the othei dwellings which had
fiom limo to time shown themselves in the )
laijnx It had in fact u distlnctlj' malignant
look Without rising fiom my ehaii I in-
foi mcd his Impei ial highness that a vei j un-
favoiablu change had taken place in hig
tin oat. Ho said , 'Is it cancoi I1 I leplicd ,
I am sortj to say , sir , that It looks very
much like it , but it is impossible to bo cer
tain. ' 1 felt thai undei the citcumstaiues an
evasive atibwor would bo out of place. Tim
eiown pimco icceived thu communication
wilh pel feet calmncbs ; aflor a moment ot
hileneo he giaspod my hand , and said wtlU smile of peculiar sweetness which so
well expressed the mingled gentleness and
strength of his diameter , ' 1 have lately
been fcaiing something of this sort. 1 thank
jou , blr Moiull , for being so fiank witil
me.1 "
'At ' mj icqucbttho Getman doctors woie
summoned and c uno. On November 9 thoia
was a pielimmary mcclingin my tootu in tha
Hotel do la Meditorranje. Professor vou !
Schroetter , Dr. Schrador , Dr. Krause , Dr.
Hovell and mj-solf were present , and I ro-
lutcd to them my whole con
nection with the case I then do-
sciibed the appealance of the now growth
as I had seen it on November (1 ( , and 1
concluded by sajing , "Ihis giowth looks
like cancer. ' Piof. von Schroctlor theia-
upon said that after mjvetjclear state
ment ho had no hesitation in pionoun
ing the disease to bo cancer. Ho was so suio
of it that ho felt there was no nucd for him
lo see the patient , but ho agieed to make the
diagnosis out of icspcct to the palieut. Wo
then went to the Villa Suio where the ]
crown pi inco's throat was duly examined.
On returning to my room it was decided that
he , Dr. Krause , and inj-bolf should each make
out sepatato reporls m writing. Piof. vou
Schroetter in his staloment atllimcd that the
disease was cancer , and iccommcndcd ex
cision of the entire laijnx.
"Di. Krause consideicd the disease malig
nant neoplasm.
" 1 recommended that a small piece of the
now growth should bo icmoved tin ough tha
mouth and submitted to Prof. Viichow , on
whoso report the fututeeouiso of action
should oo based. "
It was decided to opeialu through the
windpipe , and the impeiial maitj-r waa
placed under the inlluenco of chlorofoiui *
The opeiation of tiachcolomj- performed
bjDr. . Hianunn , and Mackeu/io describes ill
wilh his usual fiankncss.
"In opening the windpino I noticed that ho
made his incision a little lo the right instdacl
of on the middle line , but the dnylatlon ap
peared to mo so slight at the time that 1 at
tached no tmpoitanco to It. After opening
the tiachca instead of at once plunging In tha
canula as is usually done bj English sur
geons , Bramann held aside the iwo sides of
the wound foi u minute or two until the hired-
ing had ceased , and then insoited a veiy
hit ge , long and somcw hat funnel shaped tube.
On leaving the loom 1 said to Mr , Hovell ,
'Did jou notice that the trachea was opened
a little to the light of the middle linof Ho
icplied , 'I did , but I should say constdeiably
ruthci than a litlle.1"
nnsr.s am w VVOH < < E FOH TUP SUUEIIEII.
"Teluuaij 15 The cio\vn prince had a bad
night , coughing almost ituessantlj- . The dis
charge was moio copious , and contained
bloody matter and mucus , with here and
there small black shieds of tissue undergoing
ing decomposition. I was now convinced
that Iho lower end of the cauula waa
piessing on Iho bad : wall of the windpipe , f
and I asked to bo allowed lo Introduce a
short rectangular tube Prof , von Bergman
would not , however , ngieo to my proposition
until live davs nftei waid , at which time tha
other camiln had made a wound of such a
sii.ipo that mine would not rest in horizontal
position , but was considciab'j lower at Ilia
inner end , whcio il passed Iho tiachca , than
at the outer 01 illce. Although thotcvvasnoj
longer anj prcssuto upon the poslcnor wall ,
I was suicthul mj tube would lullato thq
front part of the windpipe. This In what
actualv ! occuircd , but nt flint the change
was very giateful to the patient , who hud
long talks with the prince of Wales and
the grand dtiko and duchess of Baden. But
ho was now a eonfiimed invalid , for tliei
Kitynx , which hud picviouslj been piojfirss-
ing very well , was stiiied Into activity by
the coughing caused bj 111 lilting tiachco-
tomlo tubuH. Gioater destruction wan prob
ably caused in this waj- than would have oc
curred in u year had the illustiious > atientj
been icscucd from sucli Injudicious ti tat-
in wit. "
"It was now necessarj , in consequence of
the death of thonged William , that the whole
paity at San Remo should proceed to Bcilin.
Pilnco lllsniatck andscvciulof the great
btato oni--Uls met us on the road and paid
their iCbpc-cts to the enipcror. Altur bin
nndlcnce with the sufferer the chancellor ex-
prc30d a duslio to have some conversation
with me , uud I accordingly traveled vvitb