Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, October 09, 1888, Image 1

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    ' ' ' '
' ' ' j
. . . . . i
Tbo Recent Speech of General Van
Wyck at Ord. .
Followed Ity n Thorough
or tinMothodH of TruMH and Cor *
poratlotiH In Moulding Legisla
tion to Their FurposcH.
KOIIIP ( jtipHtloitH Answrred.
OIID , Neb , Oct. . ( Special to THE
Following is the full text of General Van
\ \ ck's speech delivered hero last week :
Labt night I received the following written
request. "In jour speech tell us some
thing about the tariff , what both
parties have done or mean to do , nnd
whether corporations are really out of poli
tics. " Imlinitthc laat question Is not polit
ical , although offensive to the tender footed
brethren , while thu tariff is all over political.
Thousands of orators of both parties ITO
making themsi'lvcs heard , vexing air and car
with no other question. But if you desire , 1
will make brief answers to both questions.
" " "do . "
JLouderirsof "goon , so. ]
As ju have so generally united in the re
quest I will cheei fully obey. Tariff is n
wonderful theme This nation has been dis
cussing it for more than thiec-fourths of a
Century , jet today from ocean to ocean ,
on every stump , in every hamlet , it is seized
with the greatest avidity , and oratois debate
with all the real , eloquence nnd enthusiasm
of n newly discovered theory ; the lays of a
new planet in the political heavens ; the Hist
dawning upon intellects struggling for light
and in the ecstasy of delight ; the old straw
is again threshed , the air beaten and tbo
earth everywhere pawed to raise dust In the
eyes of the people , to divert attention fiom
other Ishtics , to bewilder until the multitude
conclude thu subject Is so intricate that they
know nothing about it , and countless orators
let loose upon thu nation know less.
It is truu that both political parties have
been demanding a revision of the
tariff. The democrats aggressively so ;
the republicans more gently , in graceful ,
delicate resolutions of national conventions
of IbtrO and IbS-l in response to the demand of
the people without rcgaid to party that there
should be , not free trade , but relief fiom tar
iff taxation which , in some cases , they be
lieved worked oppi cssively for they saw that
the thousands of millions which had carried
on the war , paid interest and principal on the
national debt , produced a surplus m the na
tional treasury , collecting a million of dollars
lars each day , \\as drawn Irom the pockets
of the people by tariff and internal rcvcnuu
methods and the great bulk taken fiom the
coosumeis of tlio necessities of life without
regard to the wealth or poverty of the con
sumer. They also knew that at ono tlmo
omo revenue was derived from a tax on
wealth , on bank deposits , on railroad re
ceipts , on Incomes , but the owners of that
wealth united and demanded of congress to
repeal such laws because thov were obnoxious
und odious , and soon alter thu war conuresa
obeyed anil repealed , but no removal of any
of the burthen from the great multitude. A
certain class of orators pioclalm that wo arc
rich , as evinced by the surplus of the people ,
nro contented because by ingenious contriv
ance of gathering duties from the necessities
of life , the tax Is collected without their
But yielding to the half concealed murmur
of discontent of the masses , congress , repub'
llcan and democratic , created a tariff com
mission to Investigate fully the commission
appointed by n republican president , princi
pally of high tariff men and manufacturers ,
investigated for months from the Atlantic to
the Pacific and recommended a reduction ol
about 20 per cent. President Arthur adopted
their views and urged congress
to make the reduction. And con
gress proceeded at once to do noth'
ing. And the recommendation of any prcsl
flcnt , no matter of what party , will receive
no other consideration so long as monstet
corporations and syndicates and trusts anil
the great Interests protected by tariffs car
unite their immense power nnd mass It upoi
congress restraining and controlling it :
You have asked , "Did Blalno at one tlmu
favor putting certain articles on the free
llstl" Certainly ho did. So dldGarflcld , whc
urged a revision of the tariff , so docs the re
publican scnato to dny. For months thei
Imvo been working as "tariff tinkers" on s
bill making modifications and reductions and
helping free trade by putting many articles
on the free list , but it will rot pass any more
than the democratic bill. The money interest
has legislation by the throat. Don't worry
my friend ; dou't lay awake o' nights on ac
count of the howl of the trado. No dangci
of the simplest reduction unless It bo or
whisky. That cry Is only to frichtcn ami
prejudice. Neither is there danger of loss o :
our fisheries from Canada or even England
but our prosperity and happiness is tlueat
ened by the unscrupulous nnd extortlonati
exercise of power by torporations , svndl
catcs , trusts and combinations of grca
wealth to absorb the business by driving ou' '
small dealers nnd steal from producer am
laborer and unjust portion of thu toilers' re
Thn . much for the first question. Thi
second , In my Judgment , Is far inoro impor
tant , where rodiess can bo i cached by thi
people if they dcslic , bccaum the state cm
Control the roads operated within its limits
Bud the cunning , scheming politicians , workci
llko Pnnch und Juuy by wires , hoh
In the hands of corporations , are to diver
attention by discussing tariff and other ques
tions , thus to hold control of the machinery
of the party , thus control conventions am
legislatures , and thus pi event what the pee
pie demand. I ventured at a county fair a
O'Nell a few days ago to discuss thcso quua
tlons ns they are outside of political matters
and political orators pass them by "on tin
other side , " and supposed I would bo safi
from unjust criticism , but not so. A corpora
tlon controlled , straight party organ a
Omaha said they were Idlosyncracics. Tim
term was good. H is patriotic to discussal
Intricate subject which will produce noic
cults and is entirely harmless , a sort o
safety valve , a buffer for corporations , bu
the gentlest allusion to the extortion of cor
porations isidosyncracy. You hero notlcci
that straight goods ara often cnnuino enl
when stamped with the corporation trad
mark. Even a republican orator can Insls
upon free lumber , free sugar and free salt o
any other modification of the tariff and Is no
denounced as u heretic , provided ho111 no
ask that corporations bo regulated nnd con
trolled in the Interest of tbu producer o
people generally ,
Thcso matters nro outsldo of nnd abov
politics. Your loyalty to the party of you
choice Is abundantly discharged by vou
vote on the national ticket , but in this stat
the living vital question is whether corpoi
ations or pcoplo shall govern Is plain !
drawn und is no more political than the tcni
pcrcnco problem. The masses clair
that they suffered because o
corporation extortion nnd domination
Then let them act as If they really believe
what they claim , or meekly submit and sui
render. Moro than three-fourths of th
pcoplo of this state believe that corporation
should not thus extort und dominate , an
that transportation rates should bu reduce
to the basis of rates cast nf the Mistoui
river , and you know this great majority I
unheeded and seem powerless because the
nro willing the ring , the machine in th
hands of corporations , should run convcr
tlons and themselves against their own li
torcbts , nnd when they do all this , they dl <
palringty \Vhatlsthoreincdyl" Yo
have It In your own hands , a legal , constlti
tloual method the ballot. For yeais yo
bavu been demanding relief and relief doc
not come. Then stop. You have been trj
Ing the hair of the dog to cure the bite. The
Change. Your strength , your ballots In tl
CDtro ) of rings and -machine , Uavo Uen a
ways used to your own Injury. You believe
that corporations , syndicates and trusts are
not saints and angels In disguise , but that
thuy nro human , very much so , and are seek
ing to control every avenue of trade , every
means of political power , every source of
legislation for their own Interest , the last
dollar of the producer beyond his actual sub-
slstcnce. You believe that your interests
are in Jcopaidy and should be protected. Thu
power Is with you. The sleeping giant Is In
the arms of labor , yet the Delilah of corpora
tions is always shearing away thu locks of
your strength. Most remarkable of all , you ,
the victims , always place your power in the
'lu-ids of thosu who are willing to crush you
'nfortutiatcly the people learn little from
xpem'iice however galling that experience
lay be. Even after corporations , by the
: iethod and money thei unscrupulously use ,
'tin ' Induce men to violate pledges and betray
ho trust of a confiding pcoplc,5they can bo
Ir.uvn Into another trap , to again delegate
heir power , when the.s Know tliero will bo
thur betrayals In the Interest of corporate
iowcr and combined capital.
Corporations have no politics in mntteis of
elf Interest They secure prominent attor-
icjs and leaders with the view of controll-
ng the machines of both parties. Look at
: ho lepublican stuto convention at Omaha ,
ivhcn sending delegates to the national con
tention ; seven of the ten are railroad attor
neys. Look at some anti-monopoly counties
nominating railroad attorneys forthc logisla-
urc. Then when you go to the polls and
, ote against your own interest , 3011 gently ,
inplormgly ask , "What is thu remedy I"
t ook nt the evidence given before the com-
nission created by congress to investigate
.ho affairs of' the Pacilio roads. To find
.vhat . disposition was made of the money
nkcn from the people by extortionate rates ,
Alien men rejoicing to bo called straight ic-
mbllenns nnd solid democrats , wcru hired
Iku Hessians , and paid by a prominent and
eading politician from thu treasury of the
Union Pacific , and they accepted thu brand
nnd tmt on the collar of that road.
Whoso methods they swore were to besiege
the legislature , to winu and dine and sing
songs and tell stories to the men whom thu
people had elected , to prevail upon them to the legislation the people demanded ,
but ion do not believe men could bn Induced
to commit this great crime , by eloquence or
song or wine or whiskey. Oh no , possi-
'ily the aforesaid attorney who also boasts of
the purity of his political motives nnd the
soundness of his political creed , or some
other honorable officer of that corporation
como stealthily with the saddlebags bearing
the thirty pieces of silver. Corporations
in this state , with the aid of republican and
democratic le.idcis whom they own , are
.struggling to procure a legislature which
will piotcct them from the demands of the
people , and the pcoplu who nru struggling to
secure additional legislation which will allow
the laborer to have some return for his labor
and the farmer a small per cent on the value
of his land. Now here is no question of pol
itics , yet the political engine is sut In motion ,
the party heart is fired to mnku the pcoplo
their own executioners and put the power of
tlio statu in the hands of their enemies. You
ilo as they do , provo your issues and exercise
, -our power m your own Interests.
Yesterday between here and Central City
I saw a woman driving the horses and man
aging a riding plow , und at another place a
little girl not over ten years of ago herding
tbu cattle. Beyond subsistence all our earn
ing L'o to eastern cities to add to the millions
.if Gould , Vanderbilt nnd other syndicates ,
nnd the chances are that the husband of the
ivoman at the plow und the father of the little
tlo girl who should bo playing
with her mates on the green sward ,
under God's free sunlight , will
use their votes at the ballot box under the
manipulation of ringstcrs controlled and in
the pay of corporations. Your wife must
toll in the homo and field and your little
girls whom you love und cherish , must be
denied tlio pleasures of life's e.uly years , to
add to the ill-gotten wealth of railroad mag
nates. This is the issue , and will you mock
yourselves by asking what is the remedy or
allow party tics to prevail to your own
jury !
Of what concern to either party Is the
election of state officers ! Corporations
moko common cause to secure their inter
ests In the equalizing board to cheat the
people by escaping their shuro of taxation.
The roads are mildly taxed in Iowa , where
the average valuation Is $12,000 per .olio , but
In Nebraska the valuation is only about (11,000
per mile. Again , how docs it concern the
principles or prosperity of cither party who
is elected secretary of state I Mr. Laws , the
present secretary , before his rcnominutiou ,
voted for an order reducing the rates to a
basis of charges east of the Missouri river.
Afterwards , nt the demand of railroad attor
neys and leading saintly slmon pure political
leaders , ho doubles on his track and post
pones and defeats the hopes ol
the pcoplo by whom ho was elected
nnd whom ho promised to serve ,
You know Laws' election means no reduction
of rates ; yet the people are asked to botraj
themselves , and , under the pretense of part.v
shibboleths , re-elect Laws against their own
All the roads defy the power of the state ,
while the Union Pacific denies its authority
to regulate ; a road which persistently seeks
to and docs control conventions and legisla
lures. Yet Mr. Adams insisted they shoulil
not Interfere In politics. A road , according
to their statement , bankrupt , with a lar i
increase of traffic , has lately bought a millioi
dollars in cu ineft and equipments and giver
chattel mortgages to pay for them. It is tc
be hoped they arc not compelled to pay U pel
cent a month , which the citizens of Nebraska
are often compelled to pay. It neither pay :
its debts , nor cash for what It buys. The re
ceipts are generously divided among Its
officers nnd donated for campaign put poses
It actually employs a chief legal attorney , ai
a princely salary , noted for his eloquence ani
devotion to party tactics and party principles
und generously dedicates him to thu laudablt
purposes of organizing campaign clubs am
distributing his eloquence. For what pur
poses I To look after the interest of the
people in their struggle for relic :
from coiporato power and extortion
All this Is so plain that ho who runs may
read. Oh , no , all this great expenditure r
not to secure the election of the Unitci
States senate of either the president or at
torney of the Union Pacific. The object is
the election of ono who will ns carcfull :
look after the interests of corporations as i
paid officer. Then to retain the attorney under
dor the mark of party to watch the legisla
lure , to organize , direct and pay anotbei
bund of hit clings of both political parties U
corrupt the legislature and buy them to betray
tray the people. 1 trust my friend will nov
see clearly that his question has been answered
swored nnd that the roads have not gone ou
of politics.
1 have frankly answered your questions ate
to the tariff add railroads in politics. Nov
let rae propound two or three political puz
lies. Will anybody In this audience tell mi
whp the Union Pacific 1ms detailed Join
M. Thurston who draws ono thousand dollars
lars a month out of the railroad treasury t' '
organize political clubs In this state and dc
vote his who'o ' time this .season to campaign
ing. Why does the Union Pacific take si
much interest in the election of the ncx
legislature and why did Thurston withdrav
srom the senatorial canvass in favor of Man
ilersonl Why does the oftlcia
organ of the Burlington road u
Lincoln Insist upon pledging ever ,
republican candidate for the legislature t
Mundersonl Will anybody tell mo what th
pcoplo of Nebraska have to expect from
senator who depends on railroad intluenc
for his election , nnd on whom the Union P
clfio will hold a political mortgage I
Another giant monopoly , the B. & M. , pei
slstently defrauds the state of its bones
portion of taxes , and , moro despotic- thai
any potentate , demands a surrender of acre
or town sites , or ruthlessly ruins the propert
of prosperous .villages , scatters county seat
to the wind , and by importation of men over
rides the pcoplo ut the ballot box ; and the
stagnates business , imposes hardships upoi
citizens of all states only because they ur
unwilling to deal honestly with their cng
peers und firemen and pay them the sum
wages allowed by all other roads 1
the state , and when all the pec
plo cry out shamr , still mor
defiant , they trample under foe
the sovereignty of this great state and In
port another band of lured hcsslans Know
as Pinkcrton's men , alien to the rommor
wealth , and demand of the officials \vhot
they own to clothe them with the insignu c
oQlco and id them tooK to club 'doiru no
&t& &
murder Innocent men In Nebraska ns they
did children In Now Jersey.
Every year they mnko new demands. You
stand amnrcd. By vote you said there should
bo no commission , but that the legislature
should enact laws reguinting nnd fixing
rates The roads ordered the legislature
to create a commission and with
usual obedience they did. And for
years the only real thing done by
the commission Is to draw thousands
of dollars from the treasury. Do .sou know
nny benefit in reducing rates conferred by
them. When an eider of reduction was
passed through Laws It was practically an
nulled and farmers are asked to re-elect n
man who has notified them that for the fu
ture he Is against them. Take a case in
> olnt. Adams says his road , which buys
qulpment by chattel mortgage , Is wronged
by tlio commission. Yet now a Nebraska
production , apples inUcd in Johnson county ,
tro charged for transportation miles to
Broken Bow nnd sold to Nebraskans ,
ivho pay S und ! ! per cent for
ono dollar per year , and receive 15
'unts per bushel for corn , fl-0 per car ,
nearly lour times the rate from the Missouri
river to Chicago. Thus any reduction by the
commission is not pciceptible to the naked
eye. And the men who aru thus robbed by
aid of thu stuto board , thu man whoso wife
manages the plow , whose little girl herds the
cattle , ure asked to save the party vote thu
ticket , select men who are owned and con
trolled by corporations , and bo represented
nt Lincoln and Washington by men named
by corporations who will never dare refuse
; helr demands. My friend , can you Judge
whether the railroads are out of politics (
Preparing For a Knlly.
FUF.MO.NT , Neb. , Oct. g. [ Special to Tun
BKI : . ] A number of the prominent republi
cans of Fremont held u meeting Saturday
evening ut Congressman Dorsey's office nnd
| ) crfectcd plans for u grand republican rally
n this city on the 31st of thu present month.
Tlio purpose is to have u number of noted
speakers present to address the pcoplo in
the afternoon from 'J to 5 o'clock and uftnr
the spe.ming to have u grand barbecue.
Then ut night thu time will bo given up tea
a monster torch-light parade. Invitations
are to bo issued to the republican clubs of
the state to bo present. A big elTort will
ulso bo made to get all the farmers of this
section to attend. A number of efficient and
active committee * have been appointed and
the work of preparation for the grand dem
onstration will bo carried forward with nil
diligence. Among tlio speakers for tbo oc
casion , Senator Manderson and the state offi
cers will probably bo present ; at loaat an
effort will he made to secure them.
Politics In I'helps County.
HoLimr.m : , Neb. , Oct. 8. [ Special t Tim
BIE. ] The republicans of Phelps county
opened the campaign last night with a rous
ing republican rally nt Loomis. The speak-
i were T. M. Hopwood , candidate for
representative , Prof. Warden , Dr. Guild und
C. r. King , of Holdregc. The Holdrcgo
martial band was in attendance and rendered
good music. The house was crowded and
many ladles were present. Meetings nro ap
pointed for every township in the county and
a thorough cnnvass of the county will be
made. The old settlers' meeting will beheld
held in Holdrcge , Oct. 12 , and a big political
meeting will bo held in the evening. The
speakers will bo Ex-Governor Dawes , Bon.
G. L. Laws and Hon. John Stein. A Harri
son and Morton club of 100 is organized and
the uniforms ordered. The glee club is or
ganised and will be prepared with splendid
music for the campaign.
Republicans at liuniholdt.
HUMIIOLDT , Neb. , Oct. 8. [ Special to TUB
BEK. ] The largest demonstration politically
ever held here was the rally and reception
given by the Harrison nnd Morton club of
this city last nignt. The Falls City republi
cans came in on a special train COO strong ,
there being 200 in uniform in the proces
sion. The Pawnee City club nlso came on a
speciul train , besides largo delegations from
Salem , Dawson , Stella , Table Hock and
other towns. It Is estimated that fully ono
thousand uniformed men and ladles wcro in
line of march. The opera house was
crowded to Its utmost capacity. Addresses
were delivered by Messrs Evcrnts , Laws
secretary of state , and Hill , candidate for
state treasurer. The immense throng on the
street was addressed by Isham Heads , of
Fulls city and J. C. Goudy , of Pawnee City.
Watson For Float Senator.
WKr.i'i.NoVTIII : , Neb. , Oct. 8. [ Special
Telegram to TUB Bun.J The republican del
egates of Cass nnd Otoo counties met in lloat
convention here to-night. A. N. Sullivan , of
Plattsmouth , nominated General John C.
Watson , of Nebraska City , for fioat repre
sentative. Matson was elected by acclama
tion without n dissenting voice. Mr. Watson
said ho would gladly meet his democratic op
ponent , Hlggins , or any proxy that he ( llig-
glns ) might name , on the stump to discuss
the issues of the campaign , this meeting to
bo In any town in either of the counties. H
Is generally felt here that Mr. Watson's nom
ination will add strength to the republican
tickets of both counties.
Hamilton County District Conrt ,
AonoiuNeb.Oct 8. [ Special to Tun BBE.J
The district court adjourned Saturday
night at midnight. The jury was out In the
Mclntosh rape case when it was charged
charged that thrco boys , Mclntosh , Gorin
and Hickman conspired to commit nn in
decent assault on Anna Doilart. This was
the second trial. The Jury was discharged.
Homer Stncklcr , for cutting with intent to
do great lodlly harm , was given two years In
the pun. George Moellcr , of Hampton , was
convicted of iniiiiencing a witness and given
thirty dajs in jail nnd $100 lino.
Death was Accidental.
LINCOLN , Neb. , Oct. 8. [ Special Telegram
to Tin : BKX.I The finding of the coroner's
jury in tbo case of Mr. Van Pelt Is in accord
ance with the facts stated in the Lincoln let
ter. Deceased came to his death while In a
state of mental derangement. The evidence
tended to show that ho must have wandered
Into the quicksand some time during Sunday
night and after exhaustion fell forward into
the water face down , death following in a
few moments. Had he been eighteen inches
nearer the shore ho would have fallen upon
the sloping bank of the stream.
Shocnhcrr Released.
NEUHASKA CITV , Neb. , Oct. 8. [ Special
Telegram to THE BEE. ] Hichnrd Shoonherr ,
the bartender who threw John Byer out ol
the saloon , breaking his arm In several
places , had his trial to-day and was dis
charged , the evidence showing thatByerhad
threatened to kill Shocnhcrr and went In the
saloon for that purpose.
Probably Fatal Gun Explonlon.
PLEASANT HILL , Neb. , Oct. 8. [ Special to
Tun BEC. ] Mr. Irvin H. Ustcourt , clerk in
the drug department of J. W. Ingles' store ,
was seriously , if not mortally wounded yes
terday by the bursting of a gun while hunt
Ing. His left arm was blown oft and bis
skull fractured. Ho is still In un unconscious
SEWAHD , Neb. , Oct. 8. [ Special to Tin
BEE. ] Sheriff James M. Smiley was quletj
married In this county yesterday to Miss
Hattie Phillip * , at her homo near Utlca , nni
returned with his brldo this morning tc
The Missouri JIUer Survey.
PIEIIUE , Dak , , Oct. 8. [ Special Telef-ran
to Tim BfcE.J Captain G. W. Marr , of St
Louis , having charge of the Missouri rivci
survey with a party , started work on n trl
angular and levelling of the river fron
Pierre to Sioux City to-day. This Is the
completion of the work by an expedition ii
1W31 and lbS3 under Captain D. W. Wullman
The work will last until the close of 1S33.
Grand Demonstrations in Hla Honor
In Michigan.
rho Attention of tlio AVoIvcrlncN
Called to Sonic ol' the Hciic'llts
of n Protective System
1'olltlonl Notes ,
nialnc Ones to Grand rtntld8. |
DITIIOIT : , Mich. , Oet S. The Bliiluo party ,
composed of James G. Blainp , Walker Ml.iino ,
.icneral King , General Alger and other prom-
ncut republican1 * , left by train for
3rund Haplds nt 0 o'clock this morning.
Ulalno said lie is entirely cured of his cold.
At each of the stations crowds had gath
ered , but until Howell was reached the
train whirled by without stopping. At Howell -
ell some live hundred citlruus were asscm-
) led , and it shout was sent up for Blaine.
[ Maine nt fiist objected to showing himself ,
jut was prevailed upon to meet the crowd
at the rear platform of the car. On his ap
pearance no was saluted with thtco cheers ,
and in response said : "I am very plad to
see you , gentlemen. Are you going to
wako up things hero for Ilarrihon and
Morton ! " "You bet wo are , " responded
several voices. General Algcr came out on
Ihe platform and was received with cheers.
The train ran Into Lansing ut 11 o'clock , hav
ing run eighty-five miles from Detroit in two
At Grand Ilaplils Blnlno was met by an 1m-
munso and enthusiastic crowd. A number of
leading manufacturers had given their em-
( ilo.xes u holiday , and a number of excursion
trains fioin various points had unloaded their
thousands into the altcndy overcrowded
streets of the city. Escorted by a long pro
cession of 'uniformed companies , Blainc and
Ills party were conveyed In carnages to the
Moitou house , where they dined. At II o'clock
the doors of Haitnmn's hall were thrown
open and the crowd poured in in a great
Hood , which occupied every inch of space.
Tito larger part of it was made up of
workmen in factories , who listened to Blaine
with close attention and frequently cheered
his good points. The gist of the speech was
an answer to Postmaster General Dickinson's
statement to the effect Unit the New England
states and the east iret , all the advantage of
the protective tariff , while the west sus
tains the burden , That , ho said , had been
the cry of the fice trndfcn ever since there
was a west , and yet , somehow , in this great
national progress , the west seems to keep
her plate in the van. Quoting from figures ,
Hlnine said that New England took 000,000
tons of grain annuallj ; that out of . ' 100,000,000
pounds of wool raised in the west , New England -
land took one-half , paying the west 45.000-
000 for it. She pays thoycst SiO.OOO.OOO for
bicail ; for provisions tW fanners of the
western states receive $ 5,000,000 ; for butter
she pays the west over ! ! ,000COO , while
the states of Michigan , Wisconsin and
Minnesota receive $18,000,000 a year for
western lumber. Of copper , lead , salt and
hides the aggregate of .550,000,000 is paid.
This makes an aggregatd which is well up to
SJOO.000,000. Hut Dickinson } being a member
of an administration Unit can afford to lend
bankers ? 00OJO,000 nvypalr Of eovcrtimenl
money without interest , " nu.ytnlnk $200-
000,000 not much of tv turn ; though , added
Bluino , this amount cotnos very handy hi
settling our balances at the end of the 'year.
Ho pointed nut the fact that the total value
of the products sent to Old England was
Stt'.OOO.lOO , to show theadvantago and value
of a homo market , and showing what
J4,000,000of people at homo can consume
compared -10,000,000 of onecountry beyond
the sea. He thought that Dickinson could
improve himself greatly by studying the
history of his own country.
Attracting Much Attention in Connec
tion With the Presidential Content.
WASHINGTON , Oct. 8. [ Special Telegram
to TUB BEC. ] The municipal election m
New York has attracted much interest here ,
for it is considered as inevitable that the
contest of local factions in New York city
cannot fail to have some effect upon the na
tional ticket. How much' interest the admin
istration took in the mattJbr [ 3 shown by the
fact that Secretary Whitney and Dan La
ment spent three days In Now York endeav
oring to effect a compromise. The compromise
they desired was that both Tammany and
the county democracy should accept Flower ,
and it is very little comfort to them
that Hewitt has told them that ho
might have withdrawn had ho
known of the desires of the administration
a week ago , but that it Is too late now. Ad
ministration men know that Abram S.
Hewitt is an enemy of Cleveland , and they
cannot regard his candidacy as a friendly
act. The old congressional friends of Hewitt
hero say hu despises Cleveland , and they
very much doubt whether his notions oven
of party loyalty will permit him to give
him his heaity support. Hewitt's friends
are confident ho will bo backed , not only by
the county democracy , but by the great
mass of the business community , who know
how to contribute to the campaign fund
when their hearts arc enlisted in any move
ment. The democrats aye apprehensive that
the county democracy will let the manage
ment of their campaign slip into the hands
of republican friends of Mr. Hewitt , which
will bo bad luck for Grover Cleveland.
Harrison' ) * Visitors.
IXDiANAroMi , Oct. 8. General Harrison
had an unusually largo number of callers to
night. Three delegations of local workingmen -
men called , the llrst one comprising fifty men
employed at the Kncjiustlo tile works.
Among them were twelve English workmen ;
also a number of Irishmen , Germans and
several colored employes. The general re
ceived them in the parlors. There was no
formal speech-making on either side , but
many of the workmen'held conversations
with the general. Congressman W. P. Hep
burn , of Iowa , was also among the general's
callers this afternoon.
The republican commercial travelers'
club of Indianapolis is' making preparations
to receive several thousand commercial trav
elers , who are expected to arrive from all
parts of the union to participate in a special
reception for the traveling men on drum
mers' day , the 20th lust.
Hewitt AccontH the Nomination.
Nr.\v YOUK , Oct. 6. Mayor Hewitt was
notified of his nomination for mayor by a
committee of the county democracy to-night
and accepted. In a speech ho states that
the Tammany candidate represented the
spoils system. In regard to the report that
ho would not support the democratic
national nomination , Hewitt s.tid that he
would put that at rest. "Thero have been
ditferences , " ho said , "between the president
and myself. But they have not changed my
views a particle. The president Is the regu
lar nominee of the democratic party and 1
am a democrat. " - '
Liquor Men for Hill.
NEW YOUK , Oct. 8. [ Special Telegram tc
THE BEE. ] It is stated on the very DCS !
authority that the liquor dealers , as a rewari !
for the veto of the high license bill , wil
como down with $100,000 , to aid in the clcc
tlon of Hill. The liquor dealers and brcwci s
have been holding secret meetings for soim
time past and the result Is that the brewen
and liquor dealers have agreed to Impose or
sellers a tax of a centa per barrel of bcci
brewed and sola in this city until clectioi
day. Other assessments will bo made 1 :
necessary until the icqulsite amount is forth
coming. < v
Melville W. Fuller Installed an Chief
W SHINOTON , Oct. S. Chief Justice fuller
ook his oath of office and assumed the active
lutle.s of the position to-day. An hour before -
fore the tlmo for opening the court the nar
row space allotted to the general public In
the court chamber was crowded by people
who wished to witness the ceremony
of Installation , Among the people of
loto who found places in the
room wcro Judge Thuruian , who was
conducted to a scat within the small space
reserved for the marshal , and who became
.lie conspicuous center of attraction during
.ho half hour preceding the entry of the
usticcs ; Mrs. fuller , wife of the chief
ustlcc , with six daughters and one son , for
, vhom scats were reserved ; Mrs. Justice
ilarlan , Mrs. Senator Coeltrell , At
torney General Garland , Japanese Min
ster Matsu , wife and secretary ; Senators
Davis , Butler , Hampton , Farwell , George ,
Mitchell , Dolph and Spooner ; Congressmen
IJieekenndge. Wheeler and Herbeitof Ala
bama , and Solicitor General .lenks. The
chief Justice nvrived at the capitol at lliiiO ,
ind proiceded to the private onlee of the Jus-
: lc'e , where hu took the oath of allegiance in
the presence of the associate Justices , the
oath being administered by the
senior member of the court , Associate
lustieo Miller. At 1' ) o'clock the associate
Justices , In their robes of silk , headed by the
marshal , entered in procession. The chief
ustice , also wearing his robe of office , was
escorted to a place at the clerk's ' desk.
After a moment of silence Justice Miller
said : "Gentlemen of the bar : I have the
Measure to inform you that since the
ast meeting of this couit und adjournment ,
Chief Justice Hon. Melville W. Fuller has
been appointed , confirmed by the senate and
received his commission. Ho is here and
ready to take the oath of office. The clerk
will read the commission. "
After the reading of the commission Chief
lusttco Fuller arose and , holding a bible
in ono hand , read from manuscript
ho oath of office : "I , Melville
\V. Fuller , do solemnly swear ( or afllrin )
: hat I will administer Justice without respect
: o persons and do equal npht to poor and to
rich , and that I will faithfully ana Impar
tially discharge and perform all the duties
incumbent on mo as chief Justice of the
United States , according to the best of my
ability and understanding , agreeably to the
constitution and laws of the United States ,
so help mo God. "
The chief justice was now escorted behind
Lhe bar nnd to his official scat in the -center.
The couit and assemblage arose. Justice
Miller took the hand of the chief justice , and
with a smile of welcome addressed him in u
low voice : "I welcome you on behalf of this
court as one of Us metnbcis nnd as chief Jus
tice. "
The chief justice bowed , took bis seat , and
when the assemblage was seated he said : "I
will say to the members of the bar that , as a
well-known usage , the court will transact no
business to-day , but applications for admis
sion to the bar will bo entertained "
After some twenty applicants had been ad
mitted adjournment was taken until noon to
In accordance with a time-honored custom
of the court , the members of the supreme
court called at the white house at 1 o'clock
this afternoon and paid their respects to the
president. All the Justices were present ex
cept Field and Matthews.
Ho Scathlngly Arrnljins the Admlnls-
v tratlon ol'the Order.
Pmnnunci , Pa. , Oct. 8. [ Special Telegram
to Tun BEE. ] The publication yesterday of
the letter of T. B. Barry , resigning his posi
tion as a member of the general executive
board of the Knights of Labor , scathingly
arraigning its administrationand declaring It
impossible for the order to survive another
year under the methods now practiced , cre
ated a great deal of talk in Knights of Labor
circles here. Ex-Master Workman Joseph
L. Evans , of District Assembly No. a , and
ono of the most inilucntlal knights in
this state , said : "Tom Barry's sickness has
impaired his mind , and he does not know
what he Is talking about. The order will
not go to pieces. He Is right in ono instance ,
however. Clerks in the general office , who
were favorable to Barry , were spotted and
discharged. Men who did not. belong to the
order woio taken in and afterward made
Knights of Labor. This caused Barry
to say that the national head
quarters was a 'palace of rats.1
Notwithstanding Powdcrly's declaration
that he will not bo a candidate for the gen
eral master workmanship again , I am posi
tive he docs not mean what ho says and will
bo a candidate , nnd will bo elected , too. iTho
order has decreased In membership since the
last general assemblv , when there were 4S2-
000 , and is now below 400,000. "
Another member of District assembly D ,
who has Just returned from Philadelphia ,
says he was furnished with some intci eating
data on the membership of the order. He
did not desire the tacts published , but here
they arc just the same , dating from the gen
eral assembly at Hamilton in 1SS5 : At Ham
ilton (1SS5) ( ) , 543.2W ; at Richmond (1880) ( ) ,
about 720,000 ; at Minneapolis (1S87) ( ) , 4b2,7BJ ;
at present , 202,571. The gentleman also
stated that the order is $10,000 in debt. He
obtained this information from General Sec
retary Hayes , whohaschaige of the books.
The assets of the organization consist of a
building that cost $42,000 , but is now consid
ered to be worth about $50,000. The volun
tary assessment of 25 cents levied for educa
tional purposes , ho says , resulted in the re
ceipt of $15,000 , which is being used for that
pin pose.
Nebraska and Iowa Pensions.
WASHINGTON , Oct. 8. [ Special Telegram
to Tin ! Hen. | Pensions granted Ncbraskans :
Original invalid Frederick D. Persons ,
Central City ; Benjamin Hulse ( deceased ) ,
Fort Calhoun. Hcissuc Albeit J. Guthcr-
edge , Lincoln. Original widows , etc Minor
of Jeremiah F. Sharp , Ord.
Pensions for lownns ; Original Invalid-
Frances M. Sharp , Moravia. Hcissue
Wallace W. Hyde , Clear Lake ; Andrew J.
Hume , Allerton. Hcissuo and increase
Noble Lobdcll , Llmo Springs ; William F.
Wells , Indianola ; Gcorec II. Huston , Aller
ton ; Samuel C. Vancleavo , Peoru. Original
widows , etc Lucretia , widow of N. G.
Husscltino , Brighton.
Terrible Dihiistcr In China.
Sis' FUANU CO , Oct. 8 , News from China
brought by the steamer Bclgic reports the
whole of the new embankment of the Yellow
river at Chang Chou , begun last autumn and
carried on at a cost equal to $9,010,000 , has
been completely swept away by a Hood. Of
the 8,000 lineal feet of river wall recently
completed not ono Inch remains , and the
waters are pouring through the immense gap
into Hoimn unchecked. From 600 to 1,000
laborers who were on the ban were also
swept away and wcro drowned.
The Traders' Hank Failure.
CHICAGO , Oct. 8. Harvey Wolff , who had
a deposit of { 34,000 in the Traders' bank
when it failed a few days ago , has applied In
court for an order for an immediate exam
ination Into the affairs of the bank. H (
claims the funds deposited by himself ani
others were fraudulently converted and misappropriated -
appropriated by the officers of the bank tc
their own private uses. The couit direct *
Wolff's attorney to prepare un order unc
submit It later In the day.
Ucnicmticrcd Washington's Death.
ST. PAUL , Oct. -Mrs Chloe Langford ,
mothcr-ln-law of ex-Governor Mai shall , cliuc
heio last night , aod ninety five. She was
born in New York and well remembered
when thu nation was in mourning for General
oral Washington.
The New York Star Attached.
NEW YOUK , Oct. 8. Thu sheriff seized thi
property of thn New York Star to-day ujtoi
attachments secured by George F. Perkins
a paper dealer , la a suit tor 110,000.
William Ignores the Prime Minister
of Francis Joseph ,
[ Ciijiyr/tfM / 1SSS by Jiimciintnn llcntiftt. ]
VIRXM , OctS.-fNow York Herald Cabin
Special to Tun linn. ] The great scnsa-
Ion here to-day is the question , "What did
ho German emperor mean In decorating the
luiigarlau prenilerl" Count Taafo not only
got no decoration , but lie had no private an-
Hence , and It is said the German emperor
ivoidcd speaking with him. Count Taafo
ias been prime minister for Austria for
oars and Is the most confidential adviser of
he sovereign , whose playfellow he was when
loth were boy , and ho Is undeniably the
nest powerful subject of the monarchy. It
s suggested the German emperor may feel
> o.Ishly piqued at Count Taafo having done
ils utmost to prevent him from getting a
lopular welcome In Vienna. Seeing how
jcrman most of the Viennese are , and
low they pride themselves on their Kaiser *
tailt being a German city , it would no
oubt have been easy to set them doing great
hlngs in the emperor's honor. The whole
ity might have been bcllapgcd and festooned
uring the day and illuminated after dark ,
ml had these compliments been paid , they
vould have illustrated the sentiments of only
part of the Austrian nation , and that part
he ono which Is in a parliamentary minority.
Count Taafe's supporters in parliament , the
Veens , the Poles and German ultramontane
ristocraoy , although more or less friendly
0 thu German alliance on political grounds ,
would have strongly objected to Emperor
Villiam's getting such a reception in Vienna
as might have Induced him to believe that
Austria considered herself as living under
1 sort of German protectorate , and was do-
ighted with this position.
The emperor attended the parish church of
s'uoberg in the morning yesterday and went
deer stalking in the snow In the afternoon
vlth poor luck. The snow killed their chain-
Is hunt to-day , but the Imperial party
hot stags , Emperor William not getting a
hot. Ho will leave earlier now for Home.
LONDON , Oct. 8. [ New York Herald Cable
Special Telegram to Tin : Bii : : I This morn-
tig's Times , commenting on the Vienna sen-
atlon , observes that unless the reasons for
ho German emperor's coldness towards
Count Taafe bo explained it will bo inferred
lint the now emperor has other opinions than
ils chancellor's about Austrian homo affairs ,
ind the consequences of this may be many
ind curious.
Alhcrt'H Antipathy to William.
liu A'cw Ynrlt Afnoitatal J'itw.1
Oct. S. [ New York Herald Cable-
Special to THE Bet. ] Among all the re
joicing in Vienna the absence of the prince
of Wales Is very much remarked , and his
antipathy for Emperor William is much
commented upon. The uncle is dissatisfied
with the nephew. The Matin , one of the
ablest and most enter prising papers of Paris ,
ias the following from Vienna :
'William und Mons. Tisza are satisfied ,
but there are other Important people who do
lot share their sentiments. There Is con
stant talk of the antipathy which the
irince of Wales feels for the emperor , and
t has been observed that the print * avoided
VI nna. For this reason there Is-much irri-
atlon among the nobles immediately around
the emperor , against him. And this is by
no means a new state of things , only deepen-
ng the ditch between them by a now inci
dent , and separating still more the two
courts of Berlin and London. Some of the
suite of Emperor William have expressed
; hcmselves very strongly on the subject of
, he heir of England , nnd have suggested that
.hero were other reasons of dissatisfaction.
From what I could glean they accuse the
; > rince of Wales of having endeavored dur
ing his stay in Austria and Hungary to sow
seeds of discord between the empires of
central Europe by speaking with con
stant but covert hostility of the
new ruler , and of his tendencies.
So much Jealousy was felt by the court
of Berlin at the marked friendly reception of
: ho prince by the Austrian government that
the German ambassador , Prince do Hcuss ,
was instructed to send detailed reports of all
his movements during his stay at Vienna ,
and did so , and a very piquant report it was.
More than that , Prince Bismarck succeeded
in obtaining copies of two confidential letters
which the prince of Wales had sent to a very
illustrious personage of the Austrian court ,
in which the prince gave his views upon the
Emperor William and upon the German em-
[ lire with a frankness which the Germans
consider beyond all bounds. This will
thoroughly explain the cause of the Irrita
tion which we have stated exists against the
prince of Wales. Perhaps even it may have
been the predisposing element that led the
Germans to show dislike to some leading
men of the Austrian court , because they
have been too intimate with the prince , who
scmi-openly as the detractor of Ger
many. But the emperor has received from
the court of Vienna marks of friendship too
strongly expressed to permit any Idea of con
nivance to bo entertained.
Frederick a * a Philanthropist.
BCHI.IN , Oct. b [ Special Cablegram to
TUB BEH.J Dr. Brohmertc , under thu title
of "Emperor Frederick as a Friend of the
People , " has published a sixty uagc pamphlet
containing contributions from the chief promoters
meters of philanthropy in the kingdom who
met ICmpcror Frederick in that connection.
The contributors include Von Hanson , Cur
tis , Eberty , Grelst and Schrader. The
pamphlet gives trustworthy information re
garding the sentiments , aims and acts of
Frederick. Professor Curtis says that the
trait of magnanimity was characteristic of
the late emperor from child hood. Bunscn
writes : "With nothing was the soul of
Frederick moro deeply penetrated fro m his
earliest years than with a desire for the wel-
faio of all classes of.tho pco pic. "
The Yellow Fever.
WASHINGTON , Oct. 8. Surgeon Button , at
Camp Perry , Fla , , telegraphs that ho re
ceived $5CO from the Louisville Courier-Jour
nal for distribution among the destitute
Kcports from Jackson , Miss. , show that
the iltuatlon Is unchanged. A toad baa
been built around Jacksonville , Fla. , thus
allowing through transportation to the south
without entering Jacksonville.
DKIUTUII , Ala. . Oct. 8. The death to-day
of Dr. H. V. Williams makes the fourth
physician who has yielded to yellow fever ,
There have been no new cases.
JACKSOV , Miss , Oct. 8. The executive
committee of the bl * } ard of health ban
issued a circular expi i ; the opinion tbat
it Is not safe for rcfu nHo return. There
are still four yellow fever patients confined
to their rooms. Consequently the work ol
disinfection Is not yet completed. Quaran
tine restrictions will bo continued for a feu
JACKSONVILLE. Fla. , Oct. 8. The weather
was clear and cool to-day except at mid-day ,
when thu mercury rose to ubo.-c eighty. The
funeral of Edwin Martin , late editor of the
Times-Union , took place ttii.s mornlnc
Official nullctin : New cases , 50 ; deaths , &
total cases to date ( corrected ) , 303 ; tola
deaths , 293.
The Weal her'Indications ,
Iowa , Nebraska and Dakota , fair weather
followed by llfht local rutut Tuesday uight
.warmer , southerly wind * . > -
Beginning : of the Discussion on th
Republican Tariff Dill.
lit ) IncoiiNlntcnclcN Pointed Out and
Contracted With the Advantages
of the Soiiatn Document Lin
coln a Port of Kntry.
The Speech Milking Hot-tin.
Dill ForuriiKsrii STHUKT.
WAblll.MlTO.S , D. C. , OCt. 8. J
Senator Allison , of Iu\\n , opened the debate <
bate on the republican taiiiT bill this ufter-
nopn , which promises to occupy thcltlme ol
the Hcnuto for ut least thrco or four week * ,
The republican substitute for the Mills tanfi
bill was prepared under the supervision ol
Senator AllNon , who Is acting chuirmnn of
the committee on finance and hu Is thu best
qualified to analyze the mcas-uru. At the
outset of thu dNcusision Mr. Harris , of Tou-
ncssco , ono of the democratic members of the
committee , threw out a suggestion which was
Intended merely for effect upon the country
nt large , relating to the length of time the )
debate shall continue. Ho intimated that ho
would like to limit the debate on thu bill to
ten days. In closing his speech Senator Alli
son assured his democratic colleagues ou the
committee that the dcbulu would bo pushed
forward as rapidly as possible , and
that there should bu no delay -
lay whatever ou the part of the
republicans so that a vote could bo taken
upon the bill before tlio election If the debate
could bo finished within the time interven
ing. Senator Allison delivered a business
speech. There weiu no labored statistics ,
nor vague statements. The most ordinary
mind could readily grasp his explanation of
the bill as ho took it up schedule by schedule
mid puragiuph by puragiaph , pointing out
exactly what the bill proposes and making
comprehensive comparisons between the
measure passed by tbo house under the lead
ership of Mr. Mills of Tcxus and contrasting
It also with the present law.
Senator Allison's arraignment of the fram-
crs of the Mills bill for favoring the sugar
refiners at the cost of tbo consumers was un
answerable. Ho also answered the criticisms
which have been made of thu internal reve
nue features of thu bill. Ho .slumo I tb it all
of the precautions in the present laws against !
the manufacture and sale of alcohol and
whisky and vinous products wcru retained In
thu republican substitute. Hu shows also
that the Mills bill proposes to maliu the satu
of whisky free and to turn the inoonnhlnerH
and rum venders loose on the country td
ply their vocations withput interruption ,
Ho explained how thu substitution by
thu republican bill of specific for ad valorem
duties wherever possible would iniiro to the
benefit of the American producers und manu
facturers , nnd would make undcrvnluutio'n
nnd the other common frauds ut thu custom
houses impossible. Thu speech was the most
powerful ono delivered In the senate ( hiring
the session , nnd It was entirely different from
any other tariff speech that has been deliv
ered in the Fiftieth congress , In that It was
a simple and convincing analysis of botb the
republican and democratic propositions on
tariff reform and a torso exposition of the Id-
teutlons of tlio democrats to play Into tlia
hands of Grcut Britain In favor of the moon
shiners and retail whisky dealers.
Mr. Uico , of Minnesota , ns anticipated by
Tnr. BKI : specials last week , called up In the
house to day tbu bill making Lincoln a port
ot delivery and It wus promptly passed. The
passage of the bill was announced Into this
afternoon In the senate und it will undoubted
ly bo early passed by thnt body.
' Post "It is foolish
To-day's says : and
twenty years too lute , " said E. P. Hastings ,
of Omaha , at the Ebbltt last night , "but thia
Picket monument incident , at Richmond - ,
mend , on Friday , may have n b\K \
political effect. Lots of veterans will
regard the carrying of n confederate
Hag in the procession as a nlgn that the old
spirit still lives and will bo drawn back tp ,
their rcpubllcnn affiliations. The republican
papers will help out tbo feeling all they can.
This will bo particularly tbo case in the west
ern states , where the soldier vote is very
heavy. I should not bo surprised If it cust
McShnne 5,000 votes for the governorship of
Nebraska. McShane Is going to make a
strong run , however. He will null the repub
lican plurality down to 10,000. "
W. J. Canton of O'Neill , Holt county , was
to-day admitted to practice before the interior
The house has passed Senator Paddock's
bill to pension Sarah E. McNamara and
Nancy Pollock of Nebraska.
Washington rireYltlci.
At an Informal conference to-day of several
democratic members of the committee on
ways nnd means , it was decided that it would
not bo polite under the present conditions
for the democrats in the house to send any
resolutions of adjournment to the senate.
The nomination of John II. Oberly as com-
inissioncr of Indian a Hairs has been con. ,
Allotments of appropriations by the Mis
sissippi und Missouri river commissionui
have been received ut the war dopartmcut
and approved by the acting secretary. '
ST. Loui. < , Oct. 8. Quito a sensation wa
created on 'change this morning by the an.
nouncement that Joe Ewald , ono of the best
known operators on the lloor , had been
caught in the wheat squeeze and was finau.
daily embarrassed. H is claimed that ICwfild.
will como out all r'ljht , having been temper ,
anly unable to rcnn/o. Humors nro rlfo ol
other embarrassments of a serious nature on
the lloor.
W , Oct. 8. Prcssey , Wheeler < fc
Co. , a stock and commission firm , suspended
this morning. Thcv claim to have { 50,000 duu
them In margins which they cannot collect ,
causing them to suspend ,
TinVlHihlo Supply.
CIIICAOO , Oct. 8. The visible supply I
for the week ending October 6 , as compiled
by the secretary of the Chicago board of r
trade , Is us follows :
Bushels' . : il-i7,00a )
Corn I0.01il.000
Oats 7,40y,00
Hyo W4.000
Bailey 4 < , UOO
Killed For a Few NtitH.
CHICAGO , Oct. 8. Peter Mersch , son ol
one of the wealthiest men In South Evanston -
ton , killed Peter Koouse , son of a wall-to-do
farmer of Grosse Point , yesterday. MerscU
nnd some relatives were gathering nuts in
Koouso's woods and were driven away by
two of Koousc's sons. A fight resulted and
Mersch shot and killed Pctur Koouse.
Mersch gave himself up. '
Nominated for Hcnator. ft
CKNI-IUL Crrr.Neb.Oct.S.Special [ to T
-Tho republican senatorial convention fti
of the Eighteenth district was held at Clurka
Saturday. J , J. Gallogly of Chapman was ftHi
nominated for senator on the fourth ballot. i
His democratic opponent Is J. W. Sparks ol
this city.
NohrnsUn Postal Chance * .
WASHINGTON , Oct. S. [ Special Telegram Hi
to Tnc Buc. } A postoffico has been estab
lished at Saratoga , Holt county , and Michael
McCarty appointed postmaster. Osca *
Lampo was appointed postmaster at Hun-
over , Uagc county , vice < Htir.v Juuscb. rt > .
Bigncd. . . i