Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, August 24, 1888, Image 1

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FHE OMAHA DAILY
EIGHTEENTH YEAR OMAHA. FRIDAY MORNING. AUGUST 24. 1SSS. NUMBER 71.
FAITHFUL SERVICE REWARDED
William A. Loose is Ronomlnatod
for Attoruoy General.
GOVERNOR THAYER'S ' WALKAWAY
No Opposllliin to Ills Kcnominatlon
Captain Hill Dcli-nts Yost , on the
Ninth Hnllot The Other
? iomlnalons.
flic Stain Ueiullloan | ) Convention.
LINCOLN , NOD. , August 23. [ Special Tele
gram to Tin : HII : : . ] Long before the hour
llxed for the meeting of the convention a
great concourse of people gathered in front
of Funko's opera house barring the stair
ways nml exits. By 2 o'clock tlio galleries
were literally packed.nnd every ono of the
OiO scats allotted were filled. Onthostago
the reporters for the press and prominent
public men were seated. By 2:30 : standing
room could not bo had in any part of the
house. Thu lobby of railroaders , bankers
nnd insurance nabobs were conveniently
seated. While the ooiivonticii was wait
ing and Secretary Secley was engaged In
arranging the delegates that were compelled
to occupy seats on the stage , the Lincoln
republican glee club favored the vast assemblage
blago with Homo line campaign songs , bring
ing down the house and creating wild on
thusiasni.
Chairman Meiklejohn , of the state central
committee , called the convention to order
promptly at 2:30 : o'clock. As his gavel fell
the upturned faces of the 070 delegates and
proxies
I'IIKHINTII : : > A viiuv SIJOOCSTIVB SPECTACLE.
The uervous anxiety of the candidates and
politicians was apparent. Hov. Harinan of
Jefferson , pronounced the Invocation , after
which Chairman Moiklejohn briefly
addressed the convention , expressing the
hope that Nebraska would stand in
the vanguard of the republican states of the
union , and that calmness and wisdom would
characterize the deliberations of the conven
tion. Ho expressed the opinion that the yeai
would bo a lucky ono for the republican na
tional ticket , and that Nebraska ought to
como to the front with n majority of 30,000.
General McHrido then placed in nomina
tion A. E. Cady , of Howard , for temporary
chairman , nnd H. Hostwick named Judge
Wall of Sherman. The call of the roll was
ordered. It was called a test of something ,
but no ono Boomed to know of what. At the
close of the call Holt and Cheyenne made a
change of their vote. The vote stood , Wall
! 105 and Cady 273 votes.
JfllOl ! WALL WAS IIECLAIIEU ELECTED.
Cady of Choyeniio , Cook of Lancaster , and
Hopklnmoyor of Hall , were elected temporary
ary secretaries. Mercer of Douglas , Ab
bott Jof Hall , and Majors of Nomaha , were
appointed a committee to escort Wall to the
cliair. Mr. Meiklcjohn introduced the judge
to the convention. The judge made n ringIng -
Ing speech. Ho said ho beheld before him
the yeoman , the scholar , the rich , the poor ,
all of whom were living under principles in
augurated by the republican party , and that
ho knew the action of the convention would
be to sustain aud perpetuate these principles.
At the conclusion of Judge Hall's speech ,
Hascall of Douglas moved the appointment
of n committee of fifteen delegates on resolu
tions , but it was sido-traciced on a motion by
Lanibertbon of Lancaster to the effect that
the temporary organization could not act
upon business the property of the permanent
organization. The polut was held to bo well
taken.
As there were no contests , Gllchrist of
Box Hutto moved that the credentials p.io-
pared by the secretary of the state central
committee bo adopted. Then , on motion of
Mercer of Douglas , the temporary organiz i
lion was made permanent and
111 SINESS COMMENCE ! ! IN EAItSEST.
Ilascall's motion was then reconsidered
nnd the chair appointed the following com
mittee on resolutions : I. S. Hnscnll of
Douglas , S. J. Alexander of Lancaster , G.
C. Bowman of Platte , Church Howa of No-
malm , C. A. McCloud of York , V. Franklin
of Hcd Willow , F. P. Olmstcad of Adams ,
H. M. Wells of Saline , J. C. McUrido of
Lancaster , James D. Gage of Franklin , S.
P Brierly of Perkins , C. A. Luce of Furnas ,
M. Crane of Loup , F. T. Itanbom of Otoe , B.
W Johnson of Holt.
F. M. Dorrlngton moved that the veterans
of ISiii1SIO bo declared the vice presidents
ot the convention. It carried with
ringing cheers. Judge Purdy of Jeff
erson , ana Major Cunningham of
Dawes went forward and made interesting
speeches comparing the political situation
then and now. Six others also acknowledged
thu honor by stepping upon the stage. On
motion of Olmstcad the convention proceeded
to nominate ntuto officers without speeches
although It was vigorously opposed. It pre
vented useless oratory aud spread cuglo
ipccchcs. It was decided that the uomiua-
tlou of electors should como last.
Speaker Hurluu tuoa took thu floor aud
named
GOVUIIXOII THAT roit
and moved that it bo made by acclamation.
It was done with a hearty will. In response
to n call Governor Thaycr then said :
Mr. President , Gentlemen of the Conven
tion : With feelings of the profoundest gra
titude , I appear hero to acknowledge
your cordial greetings and to express
my fullest appreciation of the
distinguished mnrk of contldonco In mo Just
made manifest by your uuuuimous vote.
You have made an Impression upon uiy mind
whlcti can never bo elT.iml. You have laid
mo under it debt of grntltudo which I fear
can never bo cancelled. Hut let mo assure
you my best efforts shall bo directed towards
Its discharge. With all the strength of lan
guage I command , the homngo of n grateful
heart is extended to you for the great honor
which another republican convention has
conferred upon me. This united action of
yours will bo a new inspiration to mo to
labor with Increased effort , more earnest zeal
nnd renewed devotion for the best Interests
of Nebraska , It shall be my purpose no to
conduct our public affairs that none of you
will have cause to regret having given mo
your support so to perform my duties that
the commendation of the people may bo my
reward.
Gentlemen , n great national political battle
Is upon us , and 1 congratulate you upon the
bright prospects of a republican triumph in
November next. The country has tried
Grover Cleveland nnd the democratic party
for nearly four years. T.lmt experience
has been suQlcient. The signs of
the times , the increasing confidence of the
republicans , their harmonious action and
their inunlmlty of purpose unite to form an
almost certain augury of victory. Constant
vigilance , untiring werk and an 'unswerving
purpose will secure that great achievement
BO zealously sought , pooarnebtly hoped for by
every true lover of his country. Thu repub
lican party is ono of grand ideas. It has
grasped the true function and aim of govern
ment and has brought to pass results which
will make the history of the nation from 1S01
forever memorable and honored. It was
TUB SAVIOIl OF TUB UH'N'TttV
in the hour of its cxtrcmcst porll , for it
guided its destinies through the strife and
convulsions of civil war to u triumphant is-
sue. It struck down aod forever destroyed
that human curce , outbern flnvory , nd
made this land the land of the free as well us
the homo of the bravo forever and ever. It
has proved Its devotion to hmnnn rights.
It has aided the cause of human progress and
has developed in this land the highest typo of
American elvlli/ation. Hearing up tlio un
measured responsibilities of a gigantic civil
war , It established two systems under the
influences of which this nation 1ms reached
the foremost rank of nations in wealth and
In power.
The financial system nnd protective sys
tem established by the republicans in tlio
midst of that conflict have brought to the
country n measure of prosperity never paral-
ellcd In the history of nations. That , finan
cial system ; lias established our monetary
u flairs on such a firm basis that it commands
the approbation and confidence of tlio most
eminent financiers of all civilized nations and
our credit is without impairment or reproach
In all monlud centers.
Our protective system has dignified labor ,
has elevated wage earners , has fostered and
protected American industries , and has
opened the way for all the people to Improve
their condition in life. It has proclaimed
justice to all the people. Its motto is that
the humblest cltlzon that walks on God's
footstool Is ns noble in tiio sight nf the law
ns kings , princes and presidents. Its mission
is not ended. It must ngaln control
tlio affairs of this nation that the
esults it has already accomplished shall bo
MAPI : at HI : AND I > IIIMANE.ST :
'or all time to come. It demands that all
ho people shall enjoy the blessings of good
government , fairly and honestly adminis
tered. It demands that every citix.cn in Una
broad land , from the mountains to either
ocean , and from tlio southern boundary of
British power to the Mexican gulf , shall bo
n thu 'Complete possession and undisturbed
enjoyment of every rignt guaranteed
by the statutes of the country to
every person who obeys the laws.
It demands that every citizen , richer
or poor , white or black , native or foreign ,
shall bo permitted to deposit his ballot with
out molestation , and that ballot shall be re
corded according to tlio will of the voter. It
demands that the American people shall bo
iroteetcd ugainst the aggressions of corporate
. ) ewer , and the blighting influences and effects
if gigantic trusts , it demands the adoption
of u bold ,
jir.miMiNcn AMI-.IHCVX roiirinx roi.icv ,
a policy which shall bring us into Inter-coin
munication and close commercial relations
witli Mexico and the nations of Central and
Soutli America. It demands that when
American llshei men sail Into waters where
rights ? have been guaranteed to them under
treaty stipulations , they shall bn shielded
against seizures by British cruisers , nnd
if such wrongs are again perpe
trated , that American cruisers shall
bo there to protect our fishermen. It do-
: nands that the American navy bo restored
o a condition which shall be alike honorn
bio to this nation , and shall command the re
spect of the world. It demands that when a
territory contains far morothan the requisite
population it shall bo admitted to the sister
hood of states. It demands that the pros- !
[ lent shall rise above the contemptible
qninbles and party technicalities of u
ninth-rate lawyer , nnd permit the deserving
defenders of the union to enjoy the pensions
which the congress of the United States has
awarded to them. It trusts that the presi
dent will not go off on u lishing jaunt on
Memorial day , n , day sacred to the memory
of dead heroes , though ha may bo sadly in
need of brain food. It demands a liberal ad
ministration of the pension laws , so that all
who are entitled thereto shall receive its
benefits.
TUB HEPUHL10AN" PAUTV CONDEMNS
that policy whien will bring down the wages
of American toilers to the level of the miser
ably poor laborers of Europe. It condemns
the fraud and violence by which u large pop
ulation which was enfranchised , and which
has given thirty-eight votes in the electoral
college , and thus made the south solid , have
been deprived of their votes. Itcondemnstho
fraud and violence and suppression of the
eleuivo franchise byvhich the solid south
has succeeded in electing u democratic presi
dent.
Gentlemen , wo have abundant reason to
rejoice that wo are citizens of this great and
growing commonwealth , every part of which
bears uvidonco of universal prosperity , and
where bountiful crops give joy to all the pee
ple. AVe have reason to rcjoico that wo nro
citizens of the American republic. That wo
have ono common union , indivisible and In-
dlstructiblo , made so by the republican
parly ; ono country , ono people , ono govern
ment , ono flag , ono'natlonal sovereignty , in
dependent and supreme over all , where all
wear the honored badge of American citizen
ship.
ship.On
On the conclusion of the governor's
speech , which was heartily applauded ,
NOMINATION'S rOU'UUt'TP.NANT fiOVEKNOIl
were called for and George D. Moiklojohn of
Nnuco and E. M. Cot-roll of Thayer wore
named for the trust by their respective dele
gations. On thu call of counties the vote
stood : Meiklejohn 507 , Correll 103. Thayer
county moved the unanimous nomination of
Moiklejohn. The motion was carried and
Mr. Moiklejohn thanked the convention for
the honor.
Gilbert L. Laws was the unanimous choice
of the convention for secretary of state. IIo
modestly responded to the call and thanked
tlio state for the honor of
the rcnomlnatlon.
The nomination of state treasurer was then
in order. This is acknowledged to be the
priceless position and excitement ran high as
the following candidates wore named : E. D.
EuiBol of Phclpj , J. E. Hill of Gage , A. H.
Graham of Cuming , D , H. Cropsoy of Jeffer
son , C. E. Yofet of Douglas , John Harper of
Butler , Hartley of Holt , ' Haird of Cass , Mc-
Clay of Madison , Clary of Saline.
Weeks of Grceley and Southerlaml
of Lincoln. The quietest hour of the
day was whou the clerk commenced the call
of counties. An anxious buzz followed the
call of unorganized territories.
i'll.ST 1ULLOT.
Ktnscl 113
Hill 81
Cropsoy } JO
Yost ( is
Sutherland -ID
Hartley J3
G rah am 102
Haird ys
Weeks 23
Hnrpcr -a
McClary 23
Clary 15
t > icoNi : > DAi.i.or.
Kinscl 110
Hill 101
Cropsoy 20
Yost 73
Sutherland 150
Hartley 85
Graham 131
Haird 3T >
Weeks tl
Harper ill
McClury < - . is
Clury 15
Till ill ) IIALLOT.
Elnsel m
Hill 123
Cropsoy 9
Yost 74
Sutherland 'M
Hartley m
Graham 15 ! )
Ualrd 23
Weeks 0
Harper , 23
McClary , ai
Clary 21
FOUIITH U ALLOT.
Einsel IBC
Hill 144
Cropsoy
Yost ill
Sutncrhmd 25
Hartley 70
G raham , . , 143
Ualrd 10
Weeks
Harper , 10
Clary 14
At the end of the fourth ballot uu adjourn
ment was taken until 8:30 : p. ui.
firm u ALLOT.
Klnsel % . . . .147
nm us
Yost ' , , k .100
Ornhim , ,143
Hartley. , 04
Sutherland , 23
Hnlrd 18
Harper 0
Clnroy 14
McClay 2
Cropscy 1
SIXTH IIALLOT ,
Elnsel lf 7
Hill 100
Yost 08
G rail am I'M ' !
Sutherland 2i
Hartley M
Haird 12
Harper 9
McClay 2
SEVENTH IIALLOT.
Klnsel 10.1
Hill 1U2
Yost 01
( i raham 10 < l
Sutherland 22
Hartley 24
Harper ! )
Pending the announcement of the seventh
ballot the Harrison Glee club of David City
sung "Tho Mugwump'1 to the great nmuso
incut of the assemblage. It gave democratic
auditors the blues. The club was cheered to
the echo.
EIGHTH IIALLOT.
Einsel 171
Hill 233
Graham lf > 0
Yost 85
Sutherland 20
Jnrtloy 3
lurpor 9
NINTH 11AI.LOT.
Einsel 57
Hill 535
rnham 71
Yost 7
As soon ns the call of the counties closed
! asper E. Yost took the floor and moved that
Captain J. E. Hill bo declared the unatil-
nouB choice of the convention for state treas
urer , by acclamation. The enthusiastic
cheers with which the motion was greeted
attested that the convention was in the right
humor to endorse it. Pandemonium reigned
for a time.
mi , ! , WAS nnciAiint ) NOMINATED ,
nnd heartily thanked the convention for the
trust reposed. Yost , Einsel and Graham
were called for in turn and cheerfully en
dorsed the choice and promised the nominee
hearty support and allegiance. There wns
no acrimony over the result. It gives perfect
satisfaction.
Peters of Hoono , Bcntonof Lancaster , nnd
Grosshans of Clay were named as candidates
for auditor of state. Husiucss was again the
cry , and the call was promptly made by
counties. At the close of the call it was
manifest that Henton was very near the goal.
Lancaster asked to make a change and cast
her vote solid for Henton. Witli no other
Changes the vote would have made him the
nominee , but Douglas changed to Peters ,
other counties followed nnd for a time it was
"which and which. " Grosshans was lost
sight of. IIo was no longer in the race. It
was Benton or Peters , The changes ,
however , created such a confusion
that at the close of the call a
motion was made for a new ballot anil car
ried. It was immediately taken. The can
didates were on the anxious scut. The ballot
stood :
Henton 3.T
Peters 321
Grosslmns 1-
Benton was nominated and tendered his
heartfelt thanks to the convention. He faith
fully promised the republicans of Nebraska
they should never have reason to regret this
choice.
Hurriedly Leoso of Seward , Irvine of Hut
lor , Scott of York and Cheney of Wcbstci
were
NAMED ron ATTOHNEV GENEIIAL.
The convention was in no htimnr for play
It was warm on the corners. The vote ol
the convention was taken amidst suppressed
excitement , for Lceso was the people's favorite
ito , and tlio railroaders and corporation
strikers had pitted their entire strength
against him.
niisT IIALLOT.
Lceso 32.
Scott M <
Irvine 15
Cheney 4 (
Halloa 4
SECOND IlALl.Or.
Lecso T4 (
Scott l.V
Irvine lf.7
Cheney 111
The announcement of tlto Custer vote
settled the battle and gave Leeso two mon
than the required number to nominate aiu
the fact was at once manifested by erics ot
"lie's all right" from all parts of the room
The excitement was only equalled during the
convention by the result of tlio vote for state
treasurer. In his speech of thanks
Mr. Lecso said : " 1 appreciate tin
high lionor you have conferred upoi
me. 1 assure you that , in the future as ii
the past , I will servo the people of Nebraska
to the full extent of my ability. I will try
to got better acquainted with yon iu the fall
I tliank you. "
At the close of the attorney general's re
marks the convention gave him
Tintni : in : MI iv ciuius : :
and both Irvine nnd Scutt. cheerfully pledgei
their support to the ticket.
The nominations for commissioner of pub
He lands and buildings were now made.
Thuy were : Dew of Johnson , Carter and
Parker of Lancaster , Heobo of Custor , Steen
of ii.iuudcrs , and Lundeen of York. During
tlio call a chairman of ono of thu delegations ,
in announcing his vote , &ald thrco of thoi :
votes were east for any candidate Lancaster
might suggest. It w.-.s a crucl thrust. * i
BALLOT.
ISO
Carter fli
Parker S3
Heebe iu (
Steen HT
Lu iiiiccn 01
During the progress of the second hallo
Magoou of Lancaster withdrew the uumcs
of Carter and Parker. Thcro was nothint
hOL'gfsh about this.
SECOXI ) BALLOT.
Dow 14 (
Slee u ! ld
Lu ndeen ( i (
Hecbo D ;
Carter 4
Stcen's nomination was made unanimous
George H. Lane was renomlnutcd for BU
pcrintcndcnt of public instruction by uccla
matlon.
For senators-ot-largo George II. Hast
ings of Saline and H. C. Uus-
sell of Colfux were nominated ; from
the First congressional district M. M. Butler
of Cussctho : Second , James MoNorny of
Webster ; the Third , Clmrlci F. Iddllngs.
This closed the nominations mid the repub
lican ticket of Nebraska for 1SS3 was made ,
nnd at 2:15 : o'clock this morning the couvou-
tlou adjourned sine die.
Colo's Victim Will Itccovcr.
GI-IIIE HOOK , Neb. , August 23. [ Special
Telegram to Tun Hen. ! Charles E. Graut ,
the man shot by Cole , is out of idanger. Dr.
Cornell , of Knoxvllle , la. , found the bullet
to-duy and cut it out. It was imbedded deep
between the ribs Just over the apex of the
heart.
Old Settlers at Cordova.
CoimovA , Neb. , August 23. [ Special Tele
gram to THE UEE. ] The old settlers' re
union held here to-day was a t'rand success ,
fully 5(0. ( ) pcoplq attended , coming from
York , Howard , Exeter ; Friend , Geneve and
A FISHERIES TREATY MESSAGE
Full Text of the Document Trans
mitted to Congress.
CLEVELAND'S VIEW OF THE CASE.
IIo ItouoiiuncndH nn
Canada' * Valuable Transit Priv
ileges Uy Way of llctall-
tion.
CIcvelnnd'H jMesHngo to Congress.
WASHINOTON , August B3. The president
sent the following uiessago to congress this
afternoon :
To the Congress : The rejection by the
senate of the treaty lately negotiated for the
settlement and adjustment of the differences
existing between the United States andO real
Britain , concerning the rights nnd privileges
of American fishermen in the iwrts and
waters of British North America , seem to
Justify n survey of the condition to which the
pending question is thus remitted. The
treaty upon this subject concluded in ISIS ,
through disagreements ns to the meaning of
its terms , has been a fruitful source of irri
tation and trouble. Our citizens engaged in
fishing enterprises iu the waters adjacent to
Canada have been subjected to numerous
vexatious interferences and annoyances.
Their vessels have been seized upon pretexts
which appeared to be entirely inadmissible ,
and they have been otherwise treated
by Canadian authorities nnd offi
cials iu a manner inexcusably harsh
and oppressive. Tins conduct has been jus-
tilled by Great Britain and Canada by the
claim that the treaty of 1818 permitted it , and
upon the ground that it was necessary to a
proper protection of Canadian interests. Wo
deny that the treaty agreements justify these
acts , and wo further maintain that , aside
from any treaty restraints of disputed inter
pretation , the relative positions of the United
Stages and Canada as near neighbors , the
growth of our joint commerce development ,
and the prosperity of both countries , which
amicable relations surely guarantee , and ,
above all , tlio liberality always extended by
the United States to tno people of Canada ,
furnished more lines for kindness and con
sideration , higher nnd better than treaty
covenants. While keenly sensitive to all
that was exasperating in the condition , and
by no means indisposed to support the just
complaints of our injured citizens , I
still deemed it uiy duty to attempt , by
negotiation , to remedy the existing wrongs ,
and finally terminate by a fair and Just treaty
thor-o over-recurring causes of difficulty. I
fully boltovo that the treaty just rejected by
the senate was well suited to the emergency ,
and that its provisions were adequate for
our security in llio future from vexatious in
cidents , and for the promotion of a friendly
neighborhood ami intimacy without sacri
ficing in the least our national pride or
dignity.
It is of importance to note that this treaty
has been rejected without any apparent dis
position on the part ol the senate to alter or
amend its provisions , and witii the evident
intention that no negotiation should at pres
ent bo concluded touching the matter at
Issue. 1 am by no means disposed to
abandon the interests and rights of our
people in the premises or to neglect their
grievances , nnd 1 therefore turn to the con
templation of u plan of retaliation as a
means of treating the situation. I am not
unmindful of the gravity and responsibility
assumed in adopting this line of conduct ,
nor do I fail in the least to appreciate its
serious consequences. It will be impossible
to injure our Canadian neighbors by retalia
tory measures without liiilictluir some damage -
ago upon our own citizens. A policy of na
tional retaliation manifestly embraces the
infliction of the greatest harm upon those
who have injured us with tlio least possible
damage to ourselves. And , above all things ,
the plan of retaliation , if entered upon ,
should bo thorough and vigorous. Tlicso
considerations lead mo to invoke the aid and
counsel of congress , and Its support in such
further grant of power as seems necessary
nnd desirable to render effective the policy I
have Indicated.
Conirrcss bus already passed a law provid
ing that in case of American fishing vessels
being or visiting in waters at any parts of
the British dominions of North America they
slumid bo deprived of the rights to which
they were entitled by treaty or law. If they
were denied certain other privileges therein
specified the president might deny to vessels
and their masters and crows of the British
dominions of North America any entrance
into the waters , ports or harbors of the
United States , and iilso deny mitry into any
port of the United States of any product of
said dominion , or other goods coming from
said dominion , to the United States. While
I shall not hesitate upon proper occasions
to enforce this act , it would seem
unnecessary to suggest that if such onforcu-
m"iit is limited in such a manner as shall
lesult in tlio least possible injury to our own
people , the effect would probably bo entirely
inadequate to the accomplishment of tlio
purpose desired. J.deoni it my duty , there
fore , to call the attention of congress to cer
tain particulars in the action of the authori
ties of the dominion of Canada , in addition
to the general allegations already made ,
which appear to bo in such a marked con
trast to the liberal , and Iriendly position of
our country , us in uiy opinion call for such
legislation as wltf , upon the principles
already stated , properly supplement
the power to inaugurate the retaliation
already vested in the executive. Actuated
by the generous spirit which has character
ized our legislation , our tariff laws have ,
binco IsCO , been so far waived in favor of
Canada as to allow free of duty the traut.it
across the territory of the United States of
property arriving at our ports and destined
to Canada , or exported from Canada to other
countries.
The president hero quotes the twenty-
ninth article of the treaty of Washington be
tween the United States and Great Britain ,
negotiated in 1S7I , which , bo says , was
largely a modification of the treaty of 1818 , in
which the privileges above referred to were
made reciprocal and given in return by
Canada to the United States. Continuing ,
thu president says :
During the last sis years the imports and
exports of the British Canadian provinces
carried across our territory under
tlio privileges granted by our laws
amounted in value to about 5270,000,000 ,
nearly all of which were goods dutiable
under our tariff laws. By far the larger
part of this trafllo consisted of exchanges of
gooda between Great Britain nnd her Amer
ican provinces , brought to and carried from
our ports in our vessels. The treaty stipula
tion entered into by our government was in
harmony with laws which were then on our
statute books , and nto still in force. I rec
ommend immediate legislative action con
ferring upon the executive the power to sus
pend , by proclamation , the operation of all
laws and regulations permuting the transit
of goods , wares aud merchandise in bond
across or over the territory of the United
States to or from Canada , There need bo no
hesitation In suspending these laws arising
from a supposition ' that their continua
tion is secured by treaty obligations ,
for it seems VVnuito plain that
article 29 of She treaty of Ib71 ,
which was the orfly article incorporating
bueh laws , terminated July 1 , ISNl. The
article itself declares that Its provisions shall
remain | n force "for the term of years men
tioned in ni-tlclo 23 of this treaty. " Turning
to article 23 , wo find no mention of the
twenty-ninth article , but find a provision re
ferring to articles ,18 , to 2ft. inclusive , and
article 30. I am of bplnion that the "term of
years" referred to in artlclo 28 means the
period during which articles 18 to 23 , in
clusive , and article BO , commonly called the
"fishery articles , " shall continue In force. In
addition to other satisfactory evidence sup
porting this construction of the language of
article 23 , it will bp found that the law
passed by congress March 1,1873 , to carry
the treaty Into effect , furnishes conclusive
proof of the correctness of such .construc
tion.
tion.After
After quoting the act of March , 1373 , " the
president snysi Heye , then , is u distinct en-
actment of congress limiting the duration of
this article of the treaty to the time that
articles 18 to 25. inclusive , nnd article ! )
fdiould continuu in force. There appearing
: o be no conflict or inconsistency between
the treaty mid the act of congress last cited ,
It is not necessary to invoke the well-settled
[ irinclple that In case of such conflict the
statute governs the question. Whether the
law of 187:1 : construes the treaty or governs
It , section 21) ) of such treaty , 1 have no doubt ,
terminated with the proceedings taken by
our government to terminate articles 18 to
211. Inclusive , and article ! H ) of the treaty.
These proceedings had their inception In
the joint resolution of congress passed May
. ' ! . IbSl , declaring that these articles ought to
bo terminated , and directing the president , to
give the notice to Great Britain provided for
in artlclo ffil of the treaty. Such notice hav
ing been given prior to tlio first day of .luly ,
18S5 , the articles mentioned wore absolutely
terminated on that day , but the statutes
granting to thu people of Canada valuable
privileges of transit for their goods ,
which had been passed prior to the
making of the treaty of 1S7I.
and independently of it , remained
iu force , and evnr since the abrogation of the
treaty the people of that dominion have en
joyed , without diminution , the advantages
of our liberal and generous laws. Without
basing our complaint upon a violation of
treaty obligations , it is nevertheless true
that Hiich refusal of transit and other injur
ious acts which have been recited constitute
the provoking insistanco upon riglits neither
mitigated by the amenities of national inter
course nor modified by recognition of our
liberality andjgcnerous considerations. The
history of events connected with
this subject makes It manifest that
the Canadian government can administer
Its laws and protect the interests of its people
ple without a manifestation of unfriendliness
aud without unneighborly treatment of our
ilshlng vessels , of which wo have justly com
plained , and whatever is done on our part
shall bo In the hope that the disposition of
the Canadian government may remove the
occasion of n resort to additional executive
power now sought through legislative ac
tion.
I desire to call the attention of congress to
another subject Involving such wrongs and
unfair treatment to our citizens as in my
opinion requires prompt action the naviga
tion of the great lakes. The immense busi
ness and carrying trade growing out of tlio
same have been treated broadly and liberally
bv the United States government ,
and made free to nil man
kind , while the Canadian railroads
and navigation companies' share in our coun
try's transportation upon terms as favorable
as are accorded to our own citizens. The
canals nnd other public works built and
maintained along the line of the lakes arc
free to nil. In contrast to this condition , and
evincing a narrow and ungenerous commer
cial spirit , every lock and canal which is a
public work of Canada is subject to tolls.
By the treaty of 1871 a provision was made
to secure to the citizens of the United States
the use of the \Vclland , St. Lawrence and
other canals In the dominion of Canada , on
terms of equality witli the inhabitants of the
dominion. And yet evidence has for some
time been before congress showing that the
tolls charged on cargoes destined to Canadian
ports are nearly all refunded , while cargoes
bound for American ports are not allowed
such advantage. I recommend that legisla
tion lie had us will give Canadian vessels
navigating our canals and their cargoes the
same advantages granted to our vessels and
cargoes upon Canadian canals , and that the
same bo measured by exactly the sarno rule
of discrimination.
These are subjects which partisanship
should not disturb or confuse. Let us sur
vey the ground ci.lmly , and , having put aside
all other means of settlement , if wo enter
upon a iMjlicy of retaliation , let us pursue it
ilrmly , with n determination only to subserve
the interests of our people nnd maintain a
high standard becoming the pride of Ameri
can citizenship. GUOVEU CLEVELAND.
BIO H.YHjHOAl ) OEAIj.
The Northern Pacific Sells Five Mill
ions' AVortli of Securities.
NKW Youic , August 2'J. The Northern Pa
cific railroad company has completed the sale
of about 55,000,003 of its securities. The
available balance of third mortgage bonds
and nearly thrco million of branch line bonds
make the total sura. The price and the par
ticular branch line bonds are not made known
by the ofliccrs ot the company. The sale
is to a syndicate , headed by Henry
Villard , aud the bonds will go to Europe ,
where the bulk of the third mortgage
is already held. The transaction is said to
extinguish tlio floating debt of the company ,
and to leave something less than $2,000,000 iu
tlio treasury to expend in improvements. In
addition to the sale of the bonds , it is learned
that an independent company , with a capital
of $3,000,000 , has been formed for the explicit
purpose of supplying the railroads
with equipments. Over two-thirds
of the capital has been subscribed ,
nnd the success of the scheme has been as-
nured so far that largo orders for engines and
cars have boon placed. The equipment com
pany is composed of the largo stockholders
and directors of the Northern Pacific , but
it is an entirely separate organization , nnd
the railroad is not bound for anything be
yond the rental of the equipment furnished
to it.
_ _
I > ed by n Mule. Child.
CHICAGO , August 2.1. ( Special Telegram
to THU Bm : . ] "There's papal" shouted a
little child at the union depot last night.
The little one's mother , however , a richly
dressed woman of about thirty-flvo years ,
tried to restrain the child , but the little arms
twined about the neck of u bronzed , fluo-
looking man. The man trembled : the woman
lowered her veil. It was their first meeting
in six years. Ho was .lames Whitney , n San
Francisco merchant , and was returning from
Now York. Since their estrangement Mrs.
Whitney had boon living with her parents ,
wealthy I'hlladelphlans. She was on her
way to visit frieuds in Omaha. They cluspeil
hands , and the thrco entered thu west-bound
traiu.
Allison MnkoH a Denial.
WABIIINOTO.V , August 23. Senator Allison
Rays it is not true that ho made a proposition
on thu part of the republican senators that
congress take a two weeks' recess pending
the preparation of the tariff bilL The re
port doubtless prows out of a casual sug
gestion by Senator Hoar to the members of
the sub-committee that a recess bo taken to
give the sub-committco a belter chance to
complete Its work. This , however , Mr. Alli
son said was impracticable , for the reason
that appropriation bills tire still pending. Mr.
Heck thought well of the suggestion when ho
heard of It , but on consultation with his fol
low democrats , It was concluded that noth
ing could be dono.
Hold for u Sent ; .
NEW Yonu , August 23. [ SpeoJal Telegram
to Tun HIE.J The furniture , carnets , and
personal effects of the notorious Mmo. Dlss
Do Bar , were sold nt auction to-day. There
were about 300 lots , which were disposed ol
at low prices. The whole sale did not realize
more than 200. There was no desire mani
fested by those present to secure any of the
spook pictures or other articles as memen
toes. The picture of Ann Odella , said to
have been taken while she was Iu Ludwig ol
Bavaria's palace , sold for forty cents , and
Milton's poems , with her autograph , brought
but a quarter.
A Dollar Ibr Wheat.
*
ST. PAUL , August 23. [ Special Telecrain
to TUB BBE. ] Oliver Dalrymplo , the bo
nanza farmer , In an Interview yesterday ,
said : "Winter wheat has been greatly dam
aged by early frosts , and the crop will bo
short. Farmers will do well to hold their
wheat just as long as possible , for it will bo
worth ll u buahel before long. There wil
be a short crop in Kuropo , and that , with the
deficiency here , will make wheat go up to a
high figure. "
Den Buttorworth Nomlnato.'d.
CINCINNATI , August 23. Benjamin Bu.ttcr-
worth was nominated by acclamation. by the
republican convention pX the First Ohio
' '
alstrict to-day. ' " ' . .
F1KTIKT1I CONGIIKSS.
Senate.
WASHINGTON- , August 23. Six vetoes of
private pension bills were hud before the
senate and referred to appropriate com-
nittees.
The bill to amend the eleventh section of
the net of February , 1SS7 , authorizing the
construction of a bridiro across the Missis
sippi river at St. Louis , by striking out the
words "stockholder or , " was reported from
ho committee on commerce and passed.
The resolution offered yesterday by Mr.
Mmunds , fixing the dully hour of meeting at
12 o'clock , was adopted.
Mr , Stewart offered a resolution calling on
the secretary of tlio Interior for copies of the
reports , atlldavlts mid communications on
which the commissioner of the general land
office bases his letter to Mr. Burns , nt the
louse of representatives , on the subject of
timber depredations. It went over until to-
norrow , Mr. Stewart stating that ho would.
subihit a few remarks then.
The senate then proceeded to the consid
eration of a preamble and resolution reported
from the Joint committee on library , accept-
ng and returning thanks for the bust of
[ Jarlbaldi presented to the United States by
the Italian citizens of this country.
Mr. Chandler took the floor and concluded
us speech relative to the alleged election
frauds in the last Louisiana election. The
resolution was laid asldo without action.
The senate then took up the resolutions re
ported from the judiciary committee on .luly
J3 on the subject of the suppression of colored
votes at the municipal election In .lackson ,
Miss. , and Mr. Wilson of Iowa proceeded to
address the senate In support of them.
Mr. Pruden , ono of the p.-csldenfs secre
taries , then appeared nnd delivered to thu
senate "A Message in Writing. "
Soon afterwards Mr , Wilson of Iowa
yielded to Mr. Edmunds , who moved an ad
journment.
Mr. Morgan suggested that the president
Intended to send in an important mossauo
this morning on the subject of the rejection
of the fisheries treaty.
The presiding ollicer "Tlio message has
been received. "
Mr. Morgan "I hope it will bo submitted
to the senate before adjournment. "
Mr. Edmunds "Tho message can wait till
to-morrow. "
Mr. Morgan "I ask the yeas and nays on
the motion to adjourn. "
Tlio question was taken nnd the motion
was agreed to yeas 23 , nays 20 , a strict
party vote ; so the senate adjourned.
House.
WASHINGTON , August 2.1. In the house
the senate bill was passed declaring that cer
tain water reserve lands in Wisconsin are
subject to the provisions of the act of con
gress granting to railroad companies a right
of way through the public Ian Is of the
United States.
Mr. Cnun of Texas introduced a joint reso
lution authorizing the president to veto
specific items in appropriation bills. He-
ferred.
The house , after some unimportant busi
ness , resumed consideration of the conference
report on the army appropriation bill.
Mr. Butterworth of Ohio contended that
the rights of the house had been invaded by
the senate , and that the committee on mili
tary affairs had been guilty of trespassing on
tlio rights of another committee.
Mr. Holinan of Indiana thought that the
house owed it to its own sense of diijnity not
to consent that the rules should bo violated
by the senate with full knowledge of the
facts.
Mr. Laird of Nebraska did not consider
that bis dignity as a member of the house
had been Insulted by the action of the sen
ate , aud declared that tin efforts of the mem
bers of the committee on appropriations to
stir up resentment was but a trick to array
the prejudices of the house against the
merits of the legislation , and thereby destroy
any chances which the country had of secur
ing a coast defense.
Mr. Towiishend of Illinois regarded the
complaints that the senate had insulted the
dignity of the house as mere child's play ,
and ho argued that the committee on military
had full jurisdiction over the subject of ord
nance.
The confcronco report was rejected by a
vote of 33 to Ot. The house further insisting
upon its disagreement to the sennto amend
ments , n further conference was ordered.
The report of the special committee ap
pointed to investigate the government print
ing office was submitted and ordered pnntctl.
The house then went into committee of
the whole on the deficiency appropriation
bill.
Pending the point of order against the
French spoliation clnimstho section was sus
tained by the chair on the ground that the
order directing the committee on appropria
tions to make provisions for the payment of
the claims was 'repealed by Implication by
the subsequent adoption of a code of rules in
antagonism therewith.
Mr. Dibble stated that Inasmuch as repeals
by implication were not favored , and in
asmuch as the speaker had referred , under
instructions of the order , the claims to the
committee on appropriations , and that the
committee had provided for their payment ,
ho must appeal from the decision.
The question being on sustaining the de
cision of the chair , tellers were ordered and
the vote announced as ti5 to ( X ) .
Mr. Dibble made a point of no quorum ,
and tlio icllent resumed their places , but the
vote was suspended to allow the committee
to rise and the speaker to lay before the house
president's message rnlatiyo to the fisheries
question. Tlio reading of the paper was
listened to with profound attention. At its
conclusion the democrats burst into ap
plause. TUc speaker referred the document
to the commlttoo on foreign affairs , Mr. Mo-
Crcary of Now York securing unanimous
consent to report from that committee on the
subject at any timo.
Mr. Hilt of Illinois moved that 15,000 ,
copies bo printed. Kofcrred.
Mr. Wilson of Minnesota immediately
offered a bill , which was referred to the com-
mittco on foreign affairs , to empower the
president more effectually to carry out the
purposes of an act entitled , "An act to authorize -
thorizo the president to protect and defend
the richts of American lialiinn vuhools , Amer
ican fisherman , American trading and other
vessels in certain cases and for other pur
poses , " approved March 8 , 1887 , and to au-
thosUo the president to protect American In
terests against unjust dibcrimlnations In the
use of canals In the British dominions of
North America.
The tellers then resumed their place * , bufc
no quorum appearing the committee iu'0 c ,
and the house ailjourne.il ,
A COLOUAuO IIA.VOIXO.
An Italian Murderer K.vpiateK His
Crime on the GallowH.
DnsvEH , Colo. , August 23. [ Special Telo-
grain to Tin ; Bnu.1 Nlcolo Fcinmenelln , nn
Italian , was hanged at Huena Vista , Colo. ,
at 12:25 : p. m. IIo died without u struggle
and was pronouncco lifeless In three minutes
and a half. The uiurdorcr was executed for
the assassination of Mike Casey at Granlto
ou March 11 , Ib83. The execution was con
ducted privactly , but the Jail yard was sur
rounded by a largo crowd of people.
Femmenella , in whoso behalf many of his
countrymen had made strenuous efforts for
executive clemency , hold hope that something
would interfere which would save his nock ,
if only for a short time. When told that hope
was gone ho broke down. Subsequently ho
confessed his crlmo and owned that ho lied
when on trial. Ho asked for a now suit ol
clothes and was given them. When the
hour of execution arrived ho walked firmly to
the scaffold and refused to say anything.
Lcmmonclla leaves n wife ID Italy. Ho was
very ignorant. His failure to intelligently
understand English led to the exorcise of ex
ecutive clemency toward him , which might
not otherwise have been neconied.
A Baptist aioctini ; Dlrtturbed.
MACON , Ga. , August 23. Near Montiecllo
'to-day , at the Baptist association meeting
* desperate fight occurred between the Tyler
and Malone , families and friends. Thirty
shots were fired in less Uian ono minute
James MaUono and Sam Tyler were instantly
killed. Ed Tyler was .mortally' wounded
and Walter Malone aud several others
severely.
DEATH IN DREADFUL FORM ,
lorrlblo Results of mi Explosion la
a Wisconsin Town.
EIGHTEEN KILLED OUTRIGHT
Spectators at n Klro Crushed to Death
liyn Shower of Uriel ; * and Tliu-
liern Many Others
liijiircil ,
Hattoryol' Holler * Explodes.
MiLWAfici1 : ! , August 21. A special to the
Evening Wisconsin from Xeeniih , Win. , says
that at 1 :3tl : hut evening the largo paper mill
owned by GeorgeWhitinir , situated on the
island between this city and MenaMia , was
burned. While it was burning and thu struc
ture was surrounded by n crowd of specta
tors , the battery ot boilers exploded. Thereof
roof and walls were thrown outward , send
ing n shower of bricks and timbers among
the spectators. Eighteen persons woru
killed , several fatally injured and a number
less seriously hurt , several of whom will
die.
die.When
When the flames broke nut about fifty men
weroin the building. Thefiivularin brought
several hundred people to the spor , who
crowded as close to tin burning building as
the heat would permit. About 1 : . ' ) o'clock ,
while the budding was a mass of flames , thu
explosion occurred without warning , and hi
an instant scores of men were buried by the
heavy debris.
Hundreds begun the work of recoverlnpf
the bodies of the dead mid rescuing and carIng -
Ing for the wounded. Body after body was
found crushed and mangled b.V the great tim
bers. The injured were carried to neighbor
ing residences or to their homes as soon t\tt
their Identity could bo established and the
dead were talicn to the city hall.
The dead are as followsJohji Moore ,
Joseph Bridges , William Guiltz , Tho.A. Dour-
gas , Frank Shelter , Gilbert Mender , FraiUc
Mundover , Frank Muneiiner , Chris Lulg-
houzer , John Kiehoivger , John Hoffman ,
Lewis Koesch , Joel Heel. John Eiko , Thomart
letter ! * , John Shoowleesji , Sylvester Jij-
lousc , and a man unknown.
Tlio latally injured are : Albert Hooch-
nor , Benjamin Crouse , Joseph Sniitch. Joe
Smith , John SulloeU , - Tiiiule , Sooltz.
The loss on thu building is tuV,0)0 ( ) ; insur-
nsurance , fVJ.OOO.
Tlio lire caught in the boiler room and A
argo quantity of fuel , shavings , etc. About
2 o'clock the fireman loft his post to get n
drink of water , and on looking back in the
joilor room found flames among the piles of
shavings. Before ho could get the hose oc
give an alarm the flames rushed Irom the
room and drove him back.
An immense revolving bleach was in the
icating room , adjoining the lire room , and
was filled with rags and straw. When thu
roof over the heating room full In the fireman
turned the hose over the bleach , and in
stantly an explosion occurred , and ten ton *
of boiler debris shot out of the building into
i lot 200 feet away. In its passage it struck
the heads of the slanders . , mowing them
lown like grass.
Tlio cause of the awful calamity Is traocd
lirectly to the iron bleach. It is said thab
this was full ot'stcam and rags , nnd hud become -
como overheated. When the cold watCtf
truck it an explosion instantly followed.
The mill was built by William Gilbert , ot
Chicago , and Georzo A. Whiting , of Neonah ,
Wla. , in 1882. The momburs of the firm baa
justness differences and dissolved about two
years ago , Gilbert retiring. It is impossible ;
.o learn what the mill was valued at , but it >
is surmised thatGO,000 is about right.
IOWA NRXVS.
A Woman Who Exhibited a ( jack of
Common .Sense.
WATEUI.OO , la. , August 23. [ Special Tele-
ram to TUB BEE. ] A woman living noa *
Vlnton started to drive her cow across tha
railroad track yesterday to a pasture near
by. She carried her baby , about thrco years
old. in her arms , and on reaching the traolt ;
she sat the little ono down , intending to como
jack as soon as she had turned the cow into
the pasture. It wan only a short distance ,
and she never dreamed of an accident , but ;
she had hardly left the child before Miu traiu
backed down and ran over the little one.
rushing and mangling it beyond recogull
tion.
Fear Kej > t Them Silont.
DUIIUQUE , la. , August 23. [ Special Tele
gram to THE BEE. ] Last evening a number-
of young boys went swimming in the river.
All returned except Willie llyuu , the nlno-
vcar-old son of Patrick Kyan. This morning
the boys were questioned , but denied alt
knowledge of their companion. They offered
to go and search for him , ami when near the
river ono of tliem pulled out the missing lad's '
clothing from under a log , where they Iwd
liid them. They then confessed that tha
boy , while bathing with them , was drowned ,
and they were afraid to toll of it for feutf
they would bo put in jail. The body has not !
yet been recovered.
A Zinc Mine at Davenport.
DAVENroiiT , la. , August 23. [ Special Tel
egram to Tin : Bui : . ] The reports of tha
finding of valnnWa ulno ere two miles \vcati
of this city have boou vorillod hero to-day.
William E. Moore , for seventeen years con
nected with the works ut. I'oru , made n care
ful examination of the locality. Ho found
two long crevices rich In zinc and lead , and
thinks it is of good quality. It is the only
field between Pubuquo and Kt Louis show
ing good zino oro. Geographically , thu ex
istence ' ot the ere cannot bo accounted foe
except on thu supposition of an upheaval.
Drowning at Slon.v City.
Sioux. CITY , la. , Ausust 23 - [ Special Tele *
gram to TUB Itaj. John Bond , a workman ,
foil from the railroad bridge this afternoon
into the Missouri river and was drowned.
Loslnp his balance on tiio trosllo , Bouil
jumped. Ho came to the surface of the
water uninjured and bravely bwnm 100
yards , but sanlc when ten leot from thu
bhore. A rescuing boat had aluiust reached
him. Hu was thirty years old and his homci
was in Cairo , 111.
O. B. Ilomli'rMiii Ill-nominated. O
WATKKLOO , la. , August 23.--Special [
Telegram to Tin : Bue. . | The Tiui'U Iowa
district republicans to-day ronomiimtod Col
onel David B. Henderson for congress. Ha
has already served three terms. Hon. Bon
Buttorworth telegraphed from Washington :
"Accept congratulations on rciiomlnation ot
Henderson. Thcro alnt a llaw in him. Ho
has splendid ability , manly courage t.nd spot >
less integrity. "
Fire nt Grnndy Con tor.
WATEIILOO , la. , August 83. [ Special Tele
gram to Tnn BEE. ] A flro Htartcd in Conrad
Do Soolhorst's furniture store nt Grundy
Center this mornlnjj. The furnlUiro store" ,
the Grundy Center Argus , fay & Bridcer's *
store and the Odd Fellows hall were entirely
consumed. Estimated loss , ( UJU , ( ; insur *
ance , J5.700. .
Two Bad I'ullH.
ANAMOSA , la. , Autcust 23. [ Special to Tun )
BIE.J : Last evening u derrick in Johu
Grccn'rt quarry ut Stone City full nnd
crushed in the hip of ono man , also breaking
his arm. The doctor nays he can survive but
a few hours.
J. Willis , who was ivcontly pardo'ncd by
Governor Larraboo , IMI licon returned to 1h <
prison to oompleto In.ncnlonc.0 , owing to Ilia
having been caught stealing inonoy again.
Coiilli rntioiiM In
ST. PKTKUMU-IUI , August 2.1. One thousand
houses have been burned at Orenburg. Ti'ri
thousand factory operatives tire made hov.c *
less by thu lln > . . . '