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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (June 22, 1888)
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THE OMAHA DAILY BEE : FRIDAY JUNE 22 , 1SSS.
DAILY BEE ,
runiiisunn KVIJUV MOUMNG.
ir.nMS or suiiscniPTioN.
Dully ( JlomlUK Mltion ) Including Sumlfty
IIKK , One Yenr NO CO
Tor flu Months O.ffi
rot-Three MontM J W
fffic Omaha Sunday IIRr , mnilcd to nny address -
dress , Ono Year 200
OMAHA On icr , Nos.ni IAxn'Jlfl FAHXAV STHRKT.
NV.W YOIIK OFFICE. HOOMS II AND 15 Till BUN B
Jlint.iiiifo. WASIIINOTON Orncr , No 613
All commimlrntloni rflntlnR to ncjM and edi
torial nmttpr should lie nddrcbscd to the KIJITOH
o -JlOBHB88 rErrais.
All business letters find remittances dhould l > o
endrcMKlto TUB HKK I'UIIURIIINO COMPANV ,
OMAHA. Drafts , checks and poitofllce orders to
Ve inatlo payable to the order of the company ,
Tlic BCD PQblishinsTciiiaiiy , Proprietors
E. IIOSEWATER , Editor.
T11I3 UAltiY IlKE.
Bworn Slntcmcnt of Circulation.
Elnteof Nrliraska , I , s
County of DotiRlas , fs < >
( Ico. 11. TziiChuck , secretary of The Hro rub.
HMiInc company , iloc.s solemnly ; swear that the
Bctuarclrculatlon of the Dally 1 oo for the week
endtnc Juno 18 , 1888. was as follows.1
PatunUy. .luno 9
Monday. Juno 11
Tui-Hday. June 1J
Wednesday. June 13
nimrsday , Juno 14
f" i'rlday , Juno .5
Fworn to before me and subscribed in my
presence this 10th day of .nine , A. I ) . , 1888.
N. P.FKIU Notary I'ubllc.
Btnto of Nebraska , I , _
County of DuiiRla * , ( " " '
Ocorfio H. Tzsoluick , bclnfj first duly sworn ,
1eiio e nnd fcnyw tlint ho Is secretary of The lleo
I'ublislilim rnintiuny , Hint thn nctunl avernco
dally clrculutlon of the Dully Ilcu for the
month of .June. is 7 was H.U7 coitlea ;
for .luly , lt 7. U.VJ3 coplei ; for AURiist ,
imr. H.y.l copies ; . .BSeitc-mbcr ) , _ ICT.
14,319 copies ; f or October , 1887 , ll.KB copiers for
Tt'ovuiibor , 1887 , IV ' ) copies ! for December ,
3N > 7 , ir.,041 copies ; for January. 1 88. l.aw con
ies ; for February , 1M , 1B.VU2 copies ; for March ,
ItfS , IP.fitO copies ; for April , 1888 , 18,741 copies ,
tor May. UK , 18.181 cop. .
Sworn to before rno nnd subscribed la my
presence this 10th day of June , A. 1) . 18fW.
N.I' . J'KIL r otary Public.
JK i : DAILY CIKCULATION 18,175
Tolal for the W127,225
A DAUK horse bails from Ohio anil
carries on his back somebody who looks
like Congressman William McKlnloy.
IT must bo the friction of colliding
booms that makes Chicago weather bo
uncomfortable. For all that , enthusi
asm docs not abate , nor the ettiruh wilt
out of a single delegate.
Tills "G's" have stood by the republi
can party so' well that a loader whose
name begins with that letter is not to
be sneezed at. It was Grant and Gar-
liold once. It may be Grcslmm now.
THIS high price of live stock in the
western markets lius boon traced to a
scarcity of grass cattle. In the last
twonty-livo days prices have ranged
higher , it is stated , than was ever known
before in the cattle industry. If such a
condition exists , it must bo gratifying
to the cattlemen who have suffered
severely from heavy losses on the
ranges. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
CANADA is advertising herself an the
refuge for American boodlcrs. A judge
at Ottawa in passing hontonce upon two
embezzlers , members of the city coun
cil , said that it was necessary to stump
with reprobation the pernicious prac
tice of taking the people's money with
out legal authority. He then put them
in prison for six hours , although caeh
had appropriated 81,000 of the public
funds. No wonder Ottawa sees plenty
of American money.
IN 1872 Mr. Thurman declared that ,
"ah long as the incumbent of the presi
dential ollloo can hope for another term
ho ( the president ) will use the immense
patronage of the government to procure
liib nomination and his
tion. " That was the time when Grant
was ronominatod for the second term.
But in 1SS8 the democratic nominee for
vice president makes a complete somer
sault ami lands without winking hisoyo
right in the arms of second-term Clo\c-
THK local option law has received an
other butbiiok in Michigan from the rul
ings of the supreme court. The recent
decision is of considerable importance ,
t j moreover , to other states in its bearing
1' upon the liquor question. The court
has pronounced unconstitutional the
net in the Michigan license law which
prohibits brewers and wholesale liquor
dealers from going on the bonds of ro-
| j' lailcrs. II would seem from Iho decib-
'ion of the judges that no state can
enact laws which specially dibcrlminnlo
against n class of citizens by declaring
them ineligible as nurotics. As many
hlates besides Michigan have included
Ibis act in their license laws interesting
developments may bo expected.
THK Minnesota supreme court has de
cided a case which will bo as balm to
the wounded spirits of many n traveler.
A pasbongor got on a railroad train but
could find no vacant seat. The conduc
tor demanded his faro but he refused to
pay unless ho was provfdod with a scat.
On being ejected from the cars the pas-
' ' Bonger brought suit against the railroad
company. The court hold that the
plaintiff had a right to refuse to pay his
faro , and did not thereby become a tres
passer on the train , for the pasbongor
' lias the right to bo provided with a scat.
This decision settles a long disputed
subject as to rights of a passenger , inn"
railroads will not bo long in finding out
that it is to their interests to provide
the traveling public with the ncccssar.v
IT was a graceful tribute of the na
tional republican committee to the poodle
dle of Dakota in deciding to allow that
territory the ton delegates to which she
would bo entitled if she had been ad
mitted to statehood. It is moreover a
fitting rebuke to the democratic party
in its-sectional partisanship in keeping
Dakota out of the sisterhood of states.
The liberal policy pursued by the com
mittee toward that territory is in line
Mlth the traditions and principles o
W- the republican party. No wonder that
- the people of Dakota have alllliatcd with
their friends , The stupid action of the
democrats in eongiofra ignoring the
rights uf the free people of Dakota to
govern themselves not fail to rcac
upon the par.ty of obstruction when the
hour of retaliation cornea.
The Hcpubllcnn Vint form.
The platform adopted by the national
republican convention can be under
stood by everybody. It is compre-
icnslve , explicit nnd straightforward.
There is no straddle in it , nnd in equiv
ocation. It is thoroughly patriotic and
entirely courageous in its statement of
lollcics nnd principles. In all thcso re
spects it will favorably compare with
he best productions of previous rcpub-
ican conventions , while boldly contraat-
ng with the last somewhat lame effort
of the democracy in the same line.
As to every declaration of the plat
form , except that relating to the tariff ,
t will receive the hearty approval of all
opublicans. Especially will tboro
jo npurovnt of the demand for
eglslatlon to secure n free ballot
nnd an honestjcount ; of the declaration
of opposition to nil combinations of cnp-
tnl organized in trusts or otherwise , to
control arbitrarily the condition of
, rndo ; of the position regarding the ter
ritories ; and of the duty of the uovorn-
ncntto the defenders of the union.
Others than republicans will albo ap-
u'ovo the clear statement of the atli-
.udo of the party regarding civil service
reform , n matter concerning which the
lemocracy studiously avoided giving nny
issuranco for the future. The sincerity
of the declaration on this subject is at
tested by the course of the party in the
past , which not only inaugurated the
reform , but carried it to the highest
point of olllcloncy it has reached.
Since the democratic convention Mr.
Cleveland has endeavored to make
amends for the failure of the represent
atives of the parly to pledge it to any
future support of this reform by prom
ising an extension of the policy , but no
ono will bo misled by this who is not
willing to bo deceived. The success of
the democratic party again would mean'
the end of civil service reform before
another administration had expired.
Citizens of foreign birth will find in the
pledge of national protection , in what
ever land they may bo on a lawful er
rand , the assertion of a policy which the
republican party has always firmly stood
for and which moro than any other
parly since the foundation of the gov
ernment it compelled foreign na
tions to respect. Upoa all thcso
declarations of principle republi
cans will hnvo no disagreement , and
they should have the approval and sup
port of all patriotic citizens.
Regarding the protective system the
platform has the merit of directness
aad courage. But a great many repub
licans , particularly in the west , will re
gret the extreme position taken on this
subject , and many bueh may be forced
by their confirmed views respecting the
neccbbity of a fair and wibo revision of
the tariff to withhold their support from
the party. The present declared policy
of the parly is more radical than has
before been proclaimed in twenty years.
It docs not oven contain the pledge of
four years ago to correct the in
equalities of the tariff. It ig
nores the changed conditions , which
render the high liu-ilt less justifiable
now than at any other tinio since the
tariff was enacted , and demands that
the system shall bo maintained without
alteration or modification , unless it bo
to increase duties on such articles as are
produced in this country in order to re
duce revenue by checking imports.
That it was a mistake to put the party
in this position we have no doubt will
biiecdily appear. No intelligent man
questions the necessity of maintaining
protection. The county must obtain a
large part of the revenue necessary to
pay the expenses of government from
tariff duties , and it is equally essential
that n reasonable protection bo given
American industries and the labor em
ployed in them. But to effect
all this it is not neces
sary to maintain the existing
high tariff , which gives to manufactur
ers a most generous bounty beyond the
protective point , and is to that extent
an unjust exaction and an oppressive
burden upon the people. It was hoped
by tariff reform republicans that the
convention would show some advance in
this matter , that it would give some
heed to the largo and growing senti
ment in the party in favor of reducing
the war tariff and giving the people the
relief they require-from thib form of
taxation. The failure to do this will bo
a great and serious disappointment to
these republicans , who are more num
erous than the extreme advocates of the
protective system doubtless suppose.
I low many of them will bo alienated
from the party by reason of its extreme
position on the tariff is a most import
ant question which may only bo deter
mined hy the result in November.
An Advni'fio Dceialon.
The decision of the intor-stato com
merce commission , advurso to the com
plaint and petition from Omaha , alleg
ing discrimination by the railroads
inimical to the business interests of
this city , and asking relief at the
hands of the commission , is undoubt
edly very disappointing to our busi
ness community and to all interested in
the mercantile growth nnd prosperity
of Omaha. But an intelligent and
candid reading of the views of the
commission must , wo think , carry the
conviction that the decision is just , and
that any different position would bo
essentially unjust to the other towns of
Nebraska in interest. The commission
found the statement of facts on which
the complaint was based to bo truo.
The railroads do make through rates
from Chicago to interior towns in
Nebraska which are loss than the rales
from Chicago to Omaha plus the local
rates to such interior towns , but the
benefit thus obtnlned by the interior
towns tlioy are hold to bo entitled to
"unless Omaha hns in law bomo right to
consideration in the making of rates
superior to that of other Nebraska
towns , " which obvlounly she has not.
Wo take it that no ono will seriously
contend that Onialm should receive
special consideration or favor at the expense -
ponso of the sixty-Quo interior Ne
braska towns cited to the commission as
obtaining advantageous through rates
from Chicago , or of any other Nebraska
town. Those most anxious for the up
building of Omaha would not demand
that this bo done by any favoritism or
discrimination that would op
press iu any degree the
other towns of the Btdto. What
ever advantage they can get under n
fair and proper observance by the rail
roads of the requirements of the law
they nro clearly entitled to and must bo
allowed to enjoy.
But Iho failure of Omaha to secure
the desired relief in this instance docs
not remove the lust means of putting
her merchants moro nearly on nn
equality with those of Chicago in com
peting for the trade of Nebraska. A re
duction of local rates , which will destroy
the margin of difference which was the
source of Omaha's complaint to the
inter-state commerce commission , is
practicable , nnd this the board of trans
portation should speedily effect. The
interior towns would bo bcneflttcd by
such a reduction and the grealoi4 part
of their trade that is under present con
ditions attracted to Chicago would come
to Omaha. All tilings being equal Ne
braska merchants will prater to do busi
ness in the metropolis of their own state.
Justice to our people demands a reduc
tion of local rates , which as repeatedly
shown are higher by from twenty-five
to forty per cent , than in Iowa , Minnesota
seta nnd other stales , without nny bound
reason for being so. This way appears
the plainest and surest for relieving
Omaha from the damaging discrimina
tion practiced agalnsHt by the railroads
in favor of Chicago , it would work no
injustice or disadvantage , but rnthcr bo
a benefit , to all the interior towns of
Nebraska , and there should bo no fur
ther delay in adopting it.
The lin > roncc.
Compare the democralic and Iho re
publican conventions and what a con
trast is presented. The former was
dull , colorless and moved along under a
out and dried programme. The dele
gates were moro automatons who ina-
ohino-liko nt the proper moments
cheered and cast their ballots for the
common candidate as the leaders had
mapped out in advance. From begin
ning to end the St. Louis convention
followed the carefully arranged plan of
Mr. Cleveland. Like dumb iriven
cattle , the men who wore supposed to
voice the wishes of the democratic
party allowed themselves meekly to bo
put under the yoke of the administra
tion. But at Chicagotho josllingeager ,
enthusiastic clans and supporters of this
and that candidate are unmistakable
evidences that the rank and iilo of the
republican party is represented. No
man is in the ascendency. No candi
date is so strong ns to grip the conven-
lion by Iho throat and toll it what it
must swallow. In the over-shifting
scones , in the uncertainty of the final
outcome , there is a spur to the boomers
of each candidate to strain every
ncrvo to reach the winning post.
Such a situation as this augurs success
to the republican convention. The
constant friction of different interests
causes spontaneous and heartfelt on-
thus'msm. It fans the llnmo of patriot
ism and loyalty to the republican party.
It creates that undefined feeling that
principles are above men. And when
the supreme moment comes to unite
upon a common choice that candidate
will not bo a man forced upon a re
luctant assembly , but the free and un-
trammelcd nominee of a great deliber
THK policy of retrenchment and of
constructing no moro railroad lines on
the Union Pacific system ib still bravely
adhered to in Nebraska. But iu Kan
sas the Union Pacific company has filed
a charter to build 1,300 miles of new
road. With this sort of retrenchment
it will bo necessary to extend the term
of payment of the Union Pacific debt to
the government two or three hundred
years longer. . At present , however , the
Oulhwaito bill satisfies the cravings of
that road. Seventy-two million dollars
is a more bagatelle , nnd the Nebraska
producers and merchants are only too
eager to accommodate the Union Pacific
in its embarrassment , so that it may
build railroads in every state but our
Mu. GOUM > has become a reformer on
a bran new plan. Ho frowns on paying
dividends which are not justified by the
earnings of the railroad. In consequence
quence ho approves the cutting down of
the usual six per cent dividend to five
on Missouri Pacific securities hold by
btockholders. By and by , when moro
watered stock will bo injected into that
railroad , hoill bo justified in making
a four per cent dividend. Apparently
there is no limit to this species of re
form , and Jay Gould knows how to
Ono of Grover's TrustH.
The Widow McGlnnlV pit' will go squeal
ing through all the fcdonil ofllct-3 from this
time till November.
Get Tlico Ilcnco , Clmuncey.
St. 1'nnl I'iimeer l'it * .
It Is rather presumptuous In Uio city of
Now York to present a presidential c.indi
cluto when the honored representatives of
seven other metropolitan clubs are pounding
the life out of Its baseball club ,
'Uio Itnn Approved.
Wo never thought that there was much
probability of the nomination of Mr , Dopew ,
but such chances ns ho had were not , in our
opinion , greatly improved by the announce
ment in the Omaha J3iu : that if ho wore nom
inated it would not support him , but would
"placo a separate republican electoral ticket
In the Held for independent and antimonopoly
ely republican support. "
St. Joe Gatctlc ,
An effort is being made to abolish the
cooking school , so long a feature of the
Omnha public schools , to whloti the World
stoutly objects. The World's head Is per
fectly level. Teach all the Omaha girls to
cook. If there is nny ono thing St. Joe ncoJs
it is competent "hired girls , " Every Omaha
ghl who learns to cook can rely on steady
employment and good wages.
War on Issues , Not Women.
Wanton .idvci ther ,
Judge Thurinan denies that ho carried del
icacies to the rebel prisoners at Columbus
during the war , and says that uls wife did it.
Wo trust that Mrs. Thurman will not be at
tacked on this score. It was a noble and
kindly luipulso that impelled this action , and
not the less so because our men were starved
at the south. It is too Into In the day to en
deavor to make political capital out of such
uu act , when the rebel holdlers themselves
have boon forgiven nnd restored to power.
Wo could wish Unit this campaign cottlu bo
conducted without reference to the wives of
Uio candidates for tnfbllc ofllco.
The Sinn Who Owns Chicago.
"If General Blank Is not engaged , " re
marked a visitor at the Gnuid Paclllc n day
or two ago to a young man who seemed to
Imvo charge of ono of the delegation head-
( itiartcrs , "I have a friend hero that I would
like to introduce to him. "
"Well , sir , ho h too busy to see anybody
now , " suld the young nuiii , pompousl " .you
nnd your friend will have to come soir.c other
'Then , If you will permit us , " rejoined
Lhe visitor , removing hU hat , anil looking at
the speaker with the most protound rever
ence , "woAvIH stand hero a few moments
nnd pare In silent nwo nt gentleman who
doubtless owns Chicago. "
State Ownership ol'Knllroads.
Sim Vianetico Call.
There wns n debate n few days ago In
the British parliament which will
prove interesting to Americans. It
was on n bill for the purchase of the
British railroads by Iho government.
Forty odd years ago , on motion of Mr.
Gladstone , parliament passed n resolu
tion providing for the purchase of all
the railroads in England by govern
ment in twenty years from that time.
The twenty years passed over , but
when the time came to carry out the
bargain the government was not anx
ious to buy nor the railroad companies
anxious to sell , and the scheme was
postponed. Ever since that then it has
cropped out at intervals whenever an
octcry arose against the extortions by
the companies , and quite lately a bill
as boon framed to e.irry tha project
into effect. It was on this bill that the
On the one hand it was argued that
the government , seeking to make no
profit on the roads , could operate them
more cheaply than companies which are
chiefly concerned for dividends , and
that shippers would get the benefit of
the reduction. Attention was drawn to
the fact that freight charges are higher
in England than they are in Belgium ,
where nearly all the'roads are govern
ment property , or in Germany , whore
three-fourths of the lines are in the
same qwnorahip. It was argued that a
reduction to Belgium and Gorman
freight schedule ! , would bo a boon
which would go far toward lifting
British trade and industry out of their
present depression. On the other hand ,
it was contended that a transfer of the
railroads from their present ownership to
that of the government would bo merely
shifting a load from one shoulder to the
other. It wascojitcnded on the part of
the railroad companies that the saving
in operating expoijisca reported by the
continental eonvrtanies , as compared
with the British companies , arose
mainly from tho"dilToreneo in the value
of labor in Great Britain and on the
continent , and , that the government
would find , if it owned the railroads ,
that it could not > ' ( an them any cheaper
than the companies do.
In France aiid-'Germany the govern
ment ownership of milloadshas worked
well , and we do not sec why such a
proposition would not prove as bene
ficial in the United States. For in
stancewho doubta that a few great lines
of i-ailroadb , extending from one ex
tremity of the ' 601111 try to another ,
would bo of great advantage ? In
Belgium and Germany the trains are
run precisely as they are in this
country , only the governments own the
road-beds and the rolling stock instead
of their being owned by incorporated
companies , \\bose only object .is to
obtain as much money from the public
as po ibli' . There is , however , no
moro necofcsity for the government run
ning trains on rnilroadb if it owned
them than there is for a government
running boats on a canal owned by
itself or a state. The government
might own the road-beds , and in
dividuals or companies run the trains ,
paying n toll ab boats do on n canal.
Thus far the ownership of railroads by
governments has proved beneficial.
How K Happened that So > rniiy Me
mentoes Arc lUnde From It.
The golden spike that united the
Union nnd Central Pacific railroads and
connected New York and San Francisco
by rail has , says the Oakland ( Cnl. )
Tribune , been immortalized in song ,
story , and picture until it has become a
part of the history of this country , and
\\lnjro\er the Pacific coast is heard
of there will also the famous
"golden spike" of the Central Pacific
be known. There is ono peculiar fact
connected with this golden spike , how-
over. The spike is still in the custody
of the Central Pacific railroad companv ,
and yet there are many charms made
from gold that are said'to bo made from
this spiko. The stories do not agree ,
and much speculation has been caused
thereby. The charnin are made in the
shape of little railroad spikes ,
each about an inch long. They
nro engraved with the" fact that
the metal was part of the "golden
spike' ' that joined the two roads , and
giving the date of the completion of the
road , May 10 , IbGS ) . and the name of the
owner. These are looked upon as spu
rious charms , but they art ) genuine , and
to explain this one must go back into
history which is comparatively un
The Central Pacific railroad now
owns the truck that runs to the city of
Ogden , but as an actual fact it never
built this road. For months the Cen
tral and Union Pacific railroads had been
facing , one eastward and the other
westward , the Union Pacific aiming to
got over the Sierras and the Central
aiming to get the best pass over those
mountains into Nevada and beyond. At
that time it was the intention of the
Union Pacific to have an entrance into
San Francisco , ami the Central Pacific
was trying to get as far west as possi
ble before making a connection. During
the Ural part of the year 1KOO nnd the
hitter part of 1808 each road had its
gradcro working jiight and day. They
met in the noighbtJrliood of Promontory
and passed each other , ono sot grading
to the eastward , nnd the other to the
westward within a Jew hundred foot of
one another. Each road had graded
many miles beyond their first
mooting place when the tracks
were laid to Promontory , fifty-three
miles west of Ogdon. Then they paused
and thought over the matter , and nego
tiations were made by which the Cent
ral Pacific railroad purchased the track
into Ogden and grading censed. Like
immense mounds the abandoned grades
lay along the shore of the great Salt
lake to boar witness to the struggo be
tween two great roads ,
But to return to the golden spike. At
Promontory the spike was driven , nnd
with much ceremony and pomp was the
aftuir celebrated. The spike was made
of gold pure gold and on the tip of it
was a largo lump of rough gold. This
was broken Off. Leland Stanford drove
the spike , which was afterward care
fully drown nnd preserved , nnd an iron
oao substituted. It was from this rough
lump of gold , cast with the spike , that
the little watch-charms are made.
THE THRIVING CITY OF ORD ,
Boautlful For Situation in the Rich
North Loup Vnlloy.
HER REMARKABLE FACILITIES.
Two Oront Iilnes of Itnllronil. Kxecl-
lent Schools , ClitiroheM nnd Hotels ,
Manufactories nnd I'usli-
IIIR lliislncss Men.
Owl , Nebraska.
The beautiful nnd thriving young cily
of Ord , Neb. , is destined to bo nt no dis-
tnnt day one of the lending cities of the
stato. Ord is located In Valley county ,
214 miles by rail west of Omaha and
sixty miles north of Grand Islandin the
heart of the North Loup A alley , which
is one of Iho richest agricultural sec
tions of the stnto , nnd from her slightly
elevated position on one of a series of
low foothills on the west bank of the
Loup river , hns ono of the grandest nnd
most picturesque views of the broad nnd
fertile valley ever presented for obser
vation. The poll of this valley is of a
rich , black loam to n depth of from four
to eight or ten feet. It absorbs moisture
readily and retains it to such
ti remnrknblo degree that theme
mo > t prolonged drought never
bakes or renders it unlit for the plow nt
nny time. These lands need no artificial
fortili/ers ; ngcs of cultivation cannot
exhaust them. Crops of corn have been
grown in Valley county on the same
land for fourtonn years in succession
without any diminution in quantity or
qualily , and without the use of any arti
ficial ferlili/.or. The largo amount of
silica in the soil gives the advantage of
natural drainage , aborbingaler like
a bponge , holding it until a time of
drouth , and then .sending it to the sur
face. On hind well cultivated tl.ei o is
rarely loss of crops , if seasons nro either
wet or dry. A peculiarity of the land
is that the top soil of the highest blulTs
is as deep as that of tlie valleys ; so thai
it can bo truly said that there is not an
aero of unprou"\ictivo land in the county.
The versatility of the soil is wonderful.
Wheat , rye , barleycorn , broom corn ,
buckwheat , sorghum , millet , Hunga
rian , all vegetables of the field and gar
den and all fruits and grosses known to
the temperate /one , llourish to perfec
tion in this soil.
The altitude of Ord is about 1.150 feet
above sea level. The atmosphere is *
light , pure , dry and bracing , the- win
ters of short miration with ordinarily
not to exceed three to six inches of
snow during the entire winter. This
makes the climate especially desirable
to those wishing to avoid the cold , vig
orous and unendurable winters of the
OKD'S smrriXG rAcirn'iis. :
There nro two great lines of railway
traversing the North Loup valley from
the south and southeast to the north
and northwest , making Ord easy of ac
cess. These two lines the Union Pa
cific and B. & M. railways have con
structed fine depots in Ord , and this is
considered the principal shipping and
distributing point for the Loup ,
Mira , Dane creek and nu
merous other smaller valleys
tributary to this point. The Chicago &
Northwestern , also Illinois Central rail
ways have made their surveys through
these valleys and arc now contemplating
the construction of their lines into Ord
before the beginning of another year.
Ord and Valley county , of which Ord
is the county seat , are well supplied
with line schools. From the earliest
history of Valley county the educational
interest has been fostered , and nothing
has been left undone within the means
of the people to build up the school dis
tricts , most of which have good , com
fortably equipped , frame or brick school
houses. Each district being independ
ent the length of school terms vary from
three to ton months for each year. But
very few districts have less than six
mouths of school yearly. Thcso fifty-
three school districts require the ser
vice of sixty-ono teacberi whoso wages
rnniio from &JO to * HU per month in the
rural schools , and from $10 to SW in the
During the school year beginning
April , lab- , and ending April , Ibbtf , the
total expenditure on the schools \\ns
47,14 l.DS , while for Ihe year bcginnintr
July , lhS5 , and ending July , ISbli , the
total expenditure was 8 1 ! , 5.11 : ! , show
ing moro than a three-fold increase in
a trille ov.er three years. The annual
increase in the school population of the
county through a period of five jear.i
has \nried from lo to . ' ! " per cent , last
year's enumeration showing a total
school population of 2,07 ! ) , while the
census reports now show at least : > , ( H ) ( )
children between the ngcs of Jive and
OUD'b aiAXLTAlTOUIKS JIUTTKU AXD
An elegant , substantial nnd commo
dious factory , with nil the modern ma
chinery for the production of superior
grades'of creamery butter and cheese ,
was established in Ord early this spring.
It has a daily capacity of 12,000 pounds
of milk in butter and cheese. The fac
tory now has all the milk it can han
dle and will al once conbtructodditional
curing rooms , Shipments of cheese
have just commenced , and exports claim
they are A No. 1. Nothing but a full
cream cheese is made in this factory.
The local trade is entirely supplied from
it , while Chicago , Omaha , Lincoln and
Demur markets consume the balance of
its product al Iho highest market prices.
The factory's pay roll for the month of
June shows about $2,100 1o the patrons
for milk. About bOO pounds of cheese
nre made daily , and some 0,000 pounds
nro now in the curing room. II , J ,
Kothrock , nn expert butter nnd cheese
maker from Illlinols , is conducting
the factory. U. N. McCord is presi
dent , F. L , Harris treasurer , and U. II.
The Ord cigar and tobacco factory
established in IbSH by A. B. Stnra , is
ono of the many institutions of which
Ord may feel proud. This factory has
n capacity of making ever 500,000 cigars
during a season besides carrying on
hand a largo stock uf all kinds of chew
ing and smoking tobacco to moot both
the wholesale and retail trade , and
should receive liberal patronage from
dealers in adjoining towns.
The bottling works of Ord is another
indication of enterprise on the part of
her citizens. Seeing the demand for an
establishment of this kind , Mr. Dutlof
Hcuck constructed early in the bpnng
of Ibb8 at considerable expense the largo
soda and ginger-ulo faclory and bottling
works , which at present has a bottling
capacity of 2,500 daily or 75,000 monthly.
The worko are receiving a good patron
age from neighboring towns , and Mr.
llouok is arranging to increase its
Ord has two largo elevators now and
one more soon to be constructed by Mr ,
C. M. Jnques who is perhaps Iho heaviest
elevator man west of Chicago , Mr.
Jnquos has clovntorsntBurwcll.Gnrfield
county ; Greoly Center , Greoly county ;
Fnrwell , Howard county ; Ashton , Sher
man county ; LotipClly , Sherman county ;
Sargent , Cuslor county , nnd Arcndln ,
Valley county. All of thcso olovntorg
were constructed nnd nre owned bv Mr.
.Tuqucg at points along the line o'f the
B. & M. railway with a capacity of over
forty thousand bushels of grain ench and
ropropresenting an Investment of up
wards of $150,000. The general offices
nnd headquarters for this svslcm of clo-
vntors Is nt Ord.
In addition to the above Ord hns a
planing mill , broom factory , ground
feed mill , two Ice companies , three
brick yards , three lumber yards , four
liverv stables , three boarding stables ,
two llourlng mills nnd cily walerworks
on the reservoir sjstom which cost up
wards of 420,000.
The First National bank , Ord , Nob. :
S. Morlonsen , president ; George A.
Perelval , cashier. Capital , 30,000 ; sur
plus , $0,000. This bank was organized
in 1885 , its stockholders representing
upwards of $1,000,000. It is conducted
upon a conservative and safe yet liberal
policy. With its llroproof vaults nnd
modern appliances , It is considered ono
of the strongest institutions of north
The Ord National bank , Ord , Nob. :
Fred L. Harris , president ; Ed Harris ,
cashier. Capital , $ oO.MHI ( ; surplus and
undivided profits. $ if)00. ) The Ord Na
tional bank is the oldest established
bank hy succession in Valley county ,
Us stockholders being among the
wealthiest men in the slate , represent
ing fully $1,000.000. Its management is
conservative and confined to strictly
banking business. It is considered ono
of the most solid banking instisutlons in
The Hotel d'Americn is the finest
hotel in Ord or Vnlloy county. It hns
fitly largo , line , airy sleeping rooms ,
several sample rooms , mouern conveni
ences and every attention given the
traveling public by the owner and pro
prietor , 1) . N. MeCord , to make it ono
of the leading hotels of the west.
Ogdcn it Sharpe , wholesale and re
tail hardware dealers , established in
1881. carry a full line of line sporting
goods. Tliis is the pioneer firm of the
counlv and roprc&enlan investment of
Duby Bros , it Co. , of Ord , established '
in 1888 , conduct a general morJiundi/-
ing bubiness , carrying a $0,000 stock of
dry goods , groceries , boots and shoes , etc.
This is considered one of Ord's leading
KKAL JiSTATE AOKXTS.
M. Coombs , real estate agent , Ord ,
E. M. Coffin it Co. , real estate agents ,
Ord , Nob.
Rowan & ScliaelTcr , real estate agents ,
The above are of the leading veal
estate firms and land owners 1
in Ord and Valley county. They
conduct a general real estate
business have boon established in Ord
for years buy and sell farm lands , make
loans , etc. , any person H desiring relia
ble information in regard to Ord and
the surrounding country will certainly
receive prompt atlentioii by addressing
any of Iho above firms.
The Ord Qui/ , republican , W. W.
Hnskcll editor. The oldest weekly
paper in Valley county circulation
The Ord Democrat , democrat , .T. W.
Jackson editor. 'Weekly. Circulation
The Ord Blizzard , prohibition , A. E.
Ilaskcll editor. Weekly. Circulation
Ni\VS : AND STATIONAIIY.
Peter Herring , news de'ilcr , carries a
full line of books , magazines , newspa
pers and stationery of all kinds. Uo is
located in the poatollice.
Ord has two fine church edifices Iho
Methodist and Presbyterian. The Bap
tists nnd Episcopalians are nowcrocting
new buildings , which will be ns line as
seen in any of our western towns or
There is a largo amount of building
poing on in Ord tuig season , which [ 3
ono of the best evidences of her pros *
pefily and general thilftlnos of the
surrounding country. Crops nro look
ing line , and unless something uufor-
scon occurs the farmers will hnvo ono
of the largest yields of corn nn.d small
grain over Droducod in that section.
From a business standpoint Ord can
not help but push to Iho front and take
station among cities of a larger class in
the almost Immediate future. She has
Iho commercial mlvnnlngo.s : her citi
zens nro thoroughly American ( scarcely
any foreigners among them ) ; they are
keenly alive to the interests of their
town and its brilliant future , They are
a progressive , wido-awaico , ihtollfgont
people and extend a most cordial invi
tation to the less fortunate of eastern
towns and cities who contemplate now
locations in the wcsl to pay them a
visit before locating elsewhere.
A Verified Drcnin.
A popular pastor of this cltv , who was
detained nt his homo by illness ono
afternoon recently , fell asleep , says the
Troy ( N. Y. ) Times. While ho was
dreaming the form of ono of the ladies
of the parish catno before him. Al
though this may seem not a surprising
fact , especially ns Iho lady is ono of the
most cheery workers in the congrega
tion , the pastor thought the vision might
bo a messenger to convoy the news of
In tpito * of his illness ho sought the
lady's house , and found UiatHhu had
been attacked with sudden and serious
sickness. So alarming had boon her
illness that she hnd directed nn nttond-
ant to wrlto out full instructions for her
funeral arrangements , including the
texlof Iho ' ormon , Iho hymns , Che sing
ers , and the name of Iho ofiiclaling
clergyman. It was the clergyman who
called upon her , and , as she wns then
recovering from the shock of her Illness ,
to him she rend the document. The '
minister said ho had frequently re
ceived such information in his dreams ,
and had always found them reliable ap
peals for attention and help.
"THK MAllCIIIONKSS. "
Where IHckcns Oot Ills Original for i
Thin Unique Creation.
Ono of the mosl amusing characters
in the "Old Curiosity Shop" is that of
the small slipshod girl who were a
"dirty coarse apron and bib , which loft
nothing visible but her face and feet , "
and who was called "The Marchioness"
by that choice spirit , Mr. Richard
Swivoller , in order "to make il seem
moro real and pleasant. " The novelist
took his first impression of this domestic
young person from a maid-of-all-work
possessed by the Dickens family when
living in Bayhhm street , Camden Town.
She wns nn orphan from the Chatham
workhouse , and continued to wait upon
her employers , during their incarcera
tion in the Marshalscn. Like young
Charles Dickens she had a lodging in
the neighborhood of the prison that she
mightbeearly on thoscenoof horduties ;
and when Charles mot hcras he would do
occasionally , in his lounging place by
London bridge , ho would occupy the
time before the gates opened by telling
her most astonishing fictions about the
wharves and the tower. "But I hope I
bcliovo them myself , " ho would say.
The room which young Dickens th'on
occupied was a back attic in the house
of an insolvent court agent in Lant
street , Borough , whore Bob Snwj'or
lodged many years afterward. His land
lord was "a fat , good-natured kind old
gentleman. He was lame , and had a
quiet old wife ; and he had a very inno
cent grown-up son , who was lame , too. "
The elderly couple and their only son
were dead when these particulars were
related by Dickens to his biographer ,
who informs us that they lived still very
pleasantly , in another form , as the Gar
land family in the "Old I'urlosily Shop. "
Turning to 11 minor character in the
story , it ib said that Iho llrsl study for
the poet of Mrs. Jarley's wax works was
made from one of the rhymesters regu
larly employed by Koherl Warren , the
blackintr manufacturer , whom Dickens
remembered so well.
Applying kerosene with a rag when
you are about to put your stoves away
for the summer will prevent them from
/ ' i % jg : % * ? ?
- ? ? 5&rrrz5 % & &
; 'J5fe '
UF < > 2sO4i '
X I7f' - > \ \
A polio's bird , the bird of the Muses , the emblem of purity , ride
no moro lightly upon the waters than
KIRK'S WHITE GLOUD FLOATM SOAP.
The Swan Is said to live a hundred years : White Cloud is 1OO
per cent pure.
The spotless plumage of ono findbits counterpart in Ihe glisten
ing brightness of the other.
WHITE GLOUD IS A SUGGESS !
Each day's sales exceed those of the day before. The fact Is , it is a
For bath , loilet , laundry , and all household purposes it lias no
equal In the world.
WHITE GLOUD IS THE CHIEF !
JAS. S. KIRK & CO. ,
SOAP MAKERS. PERFUMERS. CHEMISTS.
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