Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, April 15, 1888, Part II, Page 12, Image 12

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I 4
A Crank Who Poaoa nnd Drossoa to
Impersonate Christ.
Condition of n Densely
tiornnt Class Oontlniintl Divine
He vclnt Ion Faith Cure
Didn't AVork.
SALT LAKK CITY , April 11. [ Cor
respondence of the HUB. ] "I caw Christ
at Offden to-day , " was the startling its-
BOrtlon of a prominent member of the
Utah bar , In a recent conversation with
your correspondent. Interrogation con
cerning this seeming sncrlleeo devel
oped the information that In Ogden
there dwells a crank religionist who
imagines himself to bo Christ , and as
sumes a bearing consistent with hta de
ified condition. Solitary and tactlturn ,
ho hold himself aloof from the common
herd , seldom deigning to converse with
ordinary mortals. . The most pertina
cious qulz/.ing fails to elicit more than
monosyllabic answers from this self-
constttuted doity. As bo fits his celes
tial degree , he is robed at all seasons of
the year In a distinctive uniform of
whlto , nnd with his surplice-like rai
ment and llowlng beard , worn precisely
njlor the fashion of the alleged pic
tures of Christ , ho looks not unlike
some inedtovlnl prophet , condemned
against his will to live out a term ol
existence amid the uncongenial ele
ments of the nineteenth century. Part
of his croud consists in daily im
mersions. Summer or winter his habit
is to plunge into the river. Ho may bu
seen any morning on the streets ol
Ogden , with a towel under his arm and
his clothes dripping small rivulets on
the pavement. Sometimes ho will
wander into a hotel , glanue ovorn news
paper , and proceed on his silent way.
It is related of him that at one time
bodily discomfort so far subdued hifl
zeal that the river was abandoned , and
an ordinary tub substituted , which ho
consecrated to his daily UMJ. Ilis land
lady one day utilized it for household
purposes , when the owner appeared and
was seized with a mighty frenzy at be
holding His sacred tub given ever tc
the vulgar uses of the fulmily wash.
He never afterwards deigned to approach
preach the contaminated vessel , which
goes to show the oddness and .sincerity
of his delusion. Such instances of im
becility arc common in this
though elsewhere so rare that the mosl
conscientiously correct pen picture ol
the erratic combinations of ignorance
and egotism everywhere encountered
in Mormonaom , would seem to thi
dwellers in free and civilized localitiet
like the fanciful and daring invention
. -of a writer willing to sacrillco fact U
sensationalism. Such , however , is tin
class of i > ooplo imported into Utah
through the olTortsof Mormon cinisar
ics , who know that in the ignorance o
its adherents lies the safeguard of the
Mormon church. Wholesale seducon
and procurers are deputed to visit oh
countries , which are scoured by thesi
scavengers for converts who are lurci
by golden promises and fair stories of t
land flowing with milk and honey. Th <
result is that Utah is settled with th
refuse of Norway , Sweden and Greal
Britain olTal fashioned after the like
iies.s of men and women , but pobsessiiij
only brute instinct and endowed scarce
ly with brute intelligence. Those beings
ings are well content to find themsolvo
in a fortilo.and beautiful valley , wher
the earth readily yieldssubsigfonceam
whore the hardships of their own rig
orous countries are unknown. Tin
work of conversion meets with no oil
Btuclo , and shiploads of human soul
are periodically launched into the
Such is the benighted condition o
this densely ignorant class , that the ,
are readily taught to believe that thi
is the greatest country in tnc universe
and that Salt Lake is unapnroachcd bj
any'othor city in the worm. Oae Mor
mon settler recently inquired of a resi
dent olllclal if Salt Lake was not tin
Greatest city in the world. Ills astonishment
ishmont was boundless on being toll
that Now York has many times th
population of the entire territory. Th <
Is'iji Islanders were never more in iieo
of missionary workers than this alic :
fipot of the United Stales , and groate
results might bo realized in arousing
( ho dormant faculties of these omigran
Bottlers , than are ever achieved by sul ;
Ecriptiotis to obscure charities. If measures
ures were adopted for the more genera
establishment of missions for the pur
poio of undermining the harrier <
Ignorance that shuts out daylight froi
this people , Utah might bo emancipate
from the Mormon yoke more spocdil
and effectually than by any other pn
cess. Thus far her vitalities has bee
smothered and her facility suppresso
by I the craft ofMormon monopolistswh
dread the exposure of their chicanorii
with the advent Into the territory t
culture nnd enterprise. They fool th :
with intellectual advancement mui
como moral enlightenment , and tin
cither would eventually result in tli
overthrow of their sovereignty , and
cessation of the revenue that suporst
tion has enabled them to filch from th
laboring hordes , who are kept In a stal
of serfdom by the heavy taxations of tl ;
The law of tithing requires the s-.n
plus property of members coming t
Zion , to be paid into the church , an
after that one-to nth of their nnnui
earnings. No itemized account is nmf
of these funds , which are supposed i
o to the Lord. The only visible shov
? ng is in
In the way of costly tabernacles an
temples , and imposing residences ft
their bishops.
The dignitaries of the Marine
churches ilnd that the most olTocth
method of gaining ascendancy ov <
their subjects , is by working on the
superstitions. A popular doctrine
that of "continued divine revelation
by which the inspired are armed fi
Ray dilemma in which they may fir
themselves. The most ingenious at
far-sighted was the pioneer prophc
Joseph Smith , Ho turned the creduli
of his people to profitable account , ai
whenever God revealed his will for tl
building of houses or gathering
herds , "my servant Joseph" was nlwa ,
liborallv remembered in the con t rat
Local history has it that Smith inhot
ted his vivid imagination and ino
liauslible fund of invention from h
mother , who in addition to going a
, , washing and pilfering clothes line
turned an occasional penny by fortut
tolling , She determined that one
iier sons was predestined to bo a pr
phot , and selected Joseph as the 01
best lilted to sustain the honor. Fro
childhood up he was imbued with r
the qualifications for a successful ii
pOBtorand in nllJhUschemes ot duplici
nnd croft in. later years , ho dopendi
en his mother 'us. an infallible prln
jniulstor ,
The doctrine , of revelation did n
atrhy with the firstnrophet'b
has thriven and gained strength with
successive generations of impostors , and
to-day enthrals as many shadowed souls
ns in the earlier annals of the creed.
The pretense of healing by the laying
on of hands is Icxtonslvoly pratlccd. A
Mormon family living in one of the ad
jacent villages lately lost two children
through dispensing with a physician ,
and trusting to the efficacy of the elders
palms. The death of "the children was
attributed to the divine will.
The mass of Mormons nro ns personally un
clean as they are morally defiled , and the
oilor of sanctity pervading the tabernacle , ia
at Mines vulRarly aupgcstivo of a rooloRicnl
garden. The Ciders know how to make use
of their comprehension of grosser human na
ture , nnd create visions of celestial rewards
best calculated to engender zctil In their
followers , and compensate thorn for the tith-
Inff sacrifices ot their present condition. In
stead of the theory of "no marrying nor eiv-
liiK In marriage in heaven" part of the bliss
of the Mormon hereafter is to consist in a
conUnuar-co of the polygamous state , which
Is ono of the promises held out to them by
the leaders. In fact , with the boldness of
blasphemy which characterizes thorn , they
oven strive to overthrow divinity , utul main
tain that Christ was n polygumlst , that ho Is
espoused to Mary and Martha and many
others , with whom ho is even now begetting
nn eternal race of goddesses.
The evidences of bestiality among Mor
mons are innumerable , and mcludo crimes ,
the very existence" of which , is too great a
horror to admit. Instance * are frequent
where not even the laws of consanguinity
nro regarded. Nothing is Incredible among
people with whom it Is nn every day occur
rence for a man to marry a whole family.
Most of the women are sodden creatures ,
the dupes of their religion nnd the slaves of
the men. Taught to believe that the more
children they boar the creator their glory In
the future lifo. they degenerate into mere
cattle , absolutely without decency , com
monly attending to maternal duties in the
street cars mui on the sldo walks , The baby
crop Indicates in what direction Mormon in
dustry tends , imd in Its wild exuberance ,
often gives rise to the Impression among
tourists , that n colony of Methodist ministers
must have been imported to people the Jerri-
lory.atul proves that the natives lag not in re
plenishing the earth oven though they full to
cultivate it.
rt.ATixtt POSSUM
fitly describes the present political attitude
of the Mormons. In u short time they pro
fess a great chungo of heart. Uut a few
months have alnpscd since they preached
polygamy and disloyalty with all the old-
time zeal ; nnd taught , the followers of the
faith to be firm In their violations of the anti-
polygamy law. Having lately again turned
their eyes toward the goal of statehood , they
assume a more obedient front , nnd strive to
deceive the people of the United States into
the belief that they are a loyal sect. To a
resident their hypocrisy is most apparent. In
n recent Mormon statehood convention they
pledged themselves , if admitted to the union ,
to pass and obey laws against polygamy , and
declared allegiance to the government. He-
fore the oeho of their pledges had died away
they wore refusing by dozens , when called as
Jurors in the United States courts , to malco
oath that they would obey the anti-iwlygamy
law of congress. Kelinble information shows ,
that polygamy is as generally practiced now
as at any time In the history of the church ,
but trickery and perjury having become part
of their creed , a grout majority of the guilty
successfully elude Justlco. The Mormons
halo the United States , nnd only their impo
tence precludes them from claiming this un
absolute monarchy , It is not likely that con
gress will place in the handsjof this foreign
foe the dangerous powers of statehood to bo
administered by this so-called church , which
has been defiant from its infancy. Once em
powered to legislate and govern , polygamy
nnd church rule would flourish with the rank
luxuriance of a noxious weed.
Indications , however , point to n better
future. Her natural superiority is such that
with a few gigantic strides Utah can recover
all that has so long been denied Her. What
nature can give she lias been abundantly endowed
dewed with. With largo deposits of most of
the metals , and gold and silver mines , which ,
though scarcely developed , have been nn im
portant factor in tno precious metal product
of the Pacific coast. Already the yield has
amounted to one hundred millions oJ dollars ,
with possibilities yet to bo estimated. The
deposits of iron in many localities are almost
boundless. Close by nro acres of coal , many
thousands of tons being extracted annually
for railroad and domestic purposes. Recent
experiments show that hero abound the
materials necessary for the manufacture of
many chemicals , and works are now in con
struction for this purpose. A man may have
the choice of white or brown sandstone ,
gray granite or best earrara marble witli
which to build hiir * n palace. Ono thousand
carloads wore shipped to eastern points this
year. Natural gas nnd oil springs are among
rccont discoveries , nnd many other adjuncts
to prosperity , too numerous to mention. In
dryer regions the water question has been
solved by the artesian well system , nn abun
dant flow being obtained by boring two hun
dred feet. Many of the wells will project a
stream fifty feet in the air.
In short , once freed from the oppression
which has thus far retarded development ,
Utah will take her proper nink among the
rising empires of the west.
MIX.NII : llmi Wixx.
ffcw Yurli Commercial Advertiser ,
A tiny gold revolver , with a psarl handle
appears among new soarf pins.
The very newest shirt front of white
pique , with tiny dots of a color sprinkled
over it.
Tweed is the thing for lounging Jackets ,
though alpaca will bo admissible as suintaoj
comes on.
The four-in-hand grows in favor , in lengtl
also , nnd threatens a revival of the "choker *
of the regency.
For evening wear whlto gloves nro par
donable , but p.ilo primrose or paler lavender
is par and uway butter stylo.
No good dresser now wears tight gloves ;
by consequence , 7H i-s the smallest size kepi
by some very tonv houses.
In Paris wo nro told there Is a strenuous
effort to revive kncobrooches , silk stockings
low shoes and paste bucUl os.
High authority asseverates that man ;
American mon , so called , now wear corsets
nnd that the practice is increasing.
For athletes como caps of printed cotton
with gray or navy or indigo blno grounds
with polka dots of contrasting color.
Round collar and cuff ends are hopclcssl ;
pnsso and square ones to uchiovo the height ) :
of style must bo artistically turned down.
Very choice nnd now silk handkcrchie
have centers of nolld n out nil English twil
with bright or figured borders two Inche
Many percale shirts nro rainbow hucd ye
quiet , nnd modestly elegant ones can b
found for these who will not bow down t
the glaring Haul.
For rough weather ami hard usage nothiii )
equals the real doucgal homespun a coat o
which will turn aside the most dronchioi
storm of spring ,
English thmnuls for tennis wear como Ii
inch square plaids of black , with whlto , red
brown , old gold or orange and are inado u
with capo to match ,
Spring neckwear , too , approaches the flori
cothlo embracing , as it does , all light
bright and ataring tones of color , with prc
nonce , not to say loud patterns ,
Now cotton ho&o have rainbow onkl
stripes on n tan ground with ribs and foot o
darker shade , wltilo Lisle thread show uia
tcso crosses on mode or black grounds.
Flannel shirts will bo more worn than ovoi
nnd the favorita stuff for thorn U the Jin
English twill whlto ground with polka do
of red , black , brown or bluo.
Now linen handkerchiefs have eight Inc
hems either of solid colors or striued n
cross bar red , or else the border is two mchc
wldo , with ombroidcred dots at the corners
Whlto collars nnd cuffs will again bo wor
with fancy shirts , anil tins linen embroider ,
still prevails in full dress , though the con
mon grades are sent hopelessly to Coventry
A sliding suspender buckle warrantcn nc
to "wear , tear , rip , ravel , run down at th
heel nor cut in the eye , " even on the floes
silk webbing , is among the latest supplies o
loiifj-feit wants
Silver is as much In favor for canes , nn ;
brellas nnd paraools this season as last , bu
Instead of being a lmpo ! overlay , or in ox
dim ] effects , ornament fairly runs riot ujw
it in Hit latcdt JosJK'iis.
If "straws iboxv which way the wind
blow , " we will have them this .summer of u
shapes , pattcros and colors , us never bofor
w.u there so violent conjunction of tint
and styles o * la the atr.iw hats now hurloi
iifoa uu uc.cflumlluk' public.
Corner nth aiid Farnam Streets , .
wn untutuuti\tt _ uamm xmw _ . * t M % ttttM u u u vv\m vM % M fa * MU\ - '
j 3
Among the ninny cuests at the Mllltird yesterday wns Jtultl Webb of Fremont.
VI In api'tiking of the city where bo resides ho stilted tluit It uovor before was so pros
0) perous ns it Is to-dtiy , nnd tlmt the future before It is a brilliant ono. Industncsol
MRS. WM. DOHES and her Huge Fet , that has many kinds nro growing tip , nnd business of every kind Is increasing. Webb is n
very genial nnd bright conversationalist , such ns nro naturally found among hotel
men and owing to his Inrgo amount of traveling in past , years , ho has n stock of
been. her constant companion for 29 years. good stories on hand , Yesterday ho told a reporter a peculiar nnd wonder
ful snake story , ono thnt would hnrdly bo believed by inniiy , if it were not for the
c3 fnct that Mr. Webb is greatly esteemed and respected bv all who know him , forhla
w c3d c3W stern Htogrlty and honor. Ho said : lll supiuwo you will hnrdly believe this story ,
o m but nevertheless it is ns true ns gospel. I have seen nnd talked with nil the part
d ies interested in it and , in met , nm personally acquainted with them. It Isa story
L of peculiar devotion the only case of the kind over known. The devotion is that
§ of a bon constrictor thirty feet long , who seemingly has reasoning powers , under
stands language , sleeps on the hearth rug of n homo , keeps the house free from
rats end mice , nnd follows Its master nbout the house liken dog. The huge ser
pent Is to-day the property of Hov. Gornm Nnil , now n resident of David county ,
North Carolina , nnd some twenty years ntro n missionary in Africa. It seems thnt
shortly befori'Ilonvlng Africa ho wont into his house ono morning nnd stepping in
it to the kitchen ho wns horrified at llndiughis little child fondling on the floor with
a young serpent. The two were caressing each other like lovers. There seemed
3 to bo no harm in It , nnd he kept the serpent in family nnd it soon became domestic
§ ated. It grow rapidly and to-day it is thirty feet in length , nnd has the power to
O crush , elephant. Since it taken into the it hns
nn ox or , perhaps nn wns family ,
SNAKE Frum um never shown n savage disposition In any way. In 1870 the Kov. Dr. Nail returned
to this country with his family nnd brought the Inrgo serpent with him. The bon
of H has been'fed on iiiilk , gruel nnd rabbits , but does not have the ravenous appetite
that appearances would suggest. As it grew older it became more domesticated ,
and to-tiny it is the slave and pot of the child who has grown to bo n woman.
A peculiar instance of its devotion is told. A few years ago its mistress had boon
away from homo on n three weeks visit. When she returned to the house , the ser
pent recognized her nt once and crawling to her shoulders ho rested his ugly head
on her back. She had hard work to dislodge it , nnd it seemed that ho feared that
she would leave the house again. This is the longest time thnt the two had been
separated. A few yonrtt ago the parents of the young lady died , and last year she
was married , ono of the stipulations of the union being that she should not be sep
arate from her huge pot. Frank Uuckland. of the London Xoological Garden as
sociation , in writing of this case stntes tlmt it is the only ono known nn affection
between a human being and a serpent. "
The above described novelty demands and receives $500 per week.
WEITZMAN The hero of Niagara Falls and London Bridge , will give a grand tree exhibition , crossing on a wire
stretched from the top of the Musee building to the opposite side of the street , every day , commencing Mon
day , at 1:30 : o'clock , ascension daily thereatter at 1:30 : and 7 p. m.
O lOc
, BLndlOc
Musee Open Eaily trom i to 10 p. m. No improper characters admitted.
Now Plans For Lighting Theaters
in Europo.
The First Government AIrt of the
Tclejjrnph Ivi htitit ; Havre Snl'e- ,
guard A > ; al nut Klcctrlc
Shocks Conductors.
Theatre Ijl litinn Abroad.
A special caolo dispatch states that
the Spanish government has issued a
decree ordering that nil theatres in
Spain shall adopt the electric light
within six months. It is probable that
the recent faad disaster at Oporto may
have led to this , though the Portugese
themselves should have been first to
learn the lesson. Wo are glad to see
such preference given the electric light ,
not only in Spain but equally in France
.and throughout Europe generally ; but
it does seem to us that danger lurks in
such a wholesale edict. "Wo doubt the
possibility of finding men and material
enough to carry out the work satis
factorily , in the time mentioned , even
though contractors and their men
should swarm into Spain from every
part of the world ; and unless a theatre
can be properly wired it had hotter
stick to gas for n while.
Ship Inditing.
An important addition to the fleet of
transatlantic liners will shortly bo made
by the launch of two now steamers for
the Inmun steamship company. These
vessels are to surpass anything atloat in
point of size , safety and luxury. The
incandescent lighting will also bo upon
the largest scale hitherto attempted.
No less than 1,000 lamps will bo carried
in each vobsel and the whole of the
engine and dynamo plant has been du
plicated. The work has been carried
out by Messrs. KingBrown & Company ,
of Edinburgh. The largest installations
at present afloat nro , I believe , those of
the Umbrln and the Ktruria , which are
each wired for 800 lumps nnd carry en
gines and dynamos with a total capacity
for $1,200. Another ship installation oi
some interest which has recently been
completed is that of the S. S. Ocean , n
ship built at Groonock , for carrying
petroleum in bulk. This is a small ves
sel requlriag only 60 lumps , but recent
disastrous accidents in this country
have proved the necessity for electric
lighting wherever inflammable oils arc
extensively handled.
New York City
At the last meeting of the gas com
mission , the following bids were pre
sented and opened for public electric
lighting : Brush Electric Light com
pany , 381 lamps at 41 cents per nighl
mid 5U lamps at 3U cents per night ;
United States , 10 lamps at12 cents , 3t
lamps at 44 cents , 13 lamps at 47 cents
and 3:19 : lamps at 49 cents ; Harlem , 20 ;
lamps at 39 cents , 29 lamps at 40 cents
38 lamps at 41 cents , 124 lamps at-U
cents , 12 lamps at 45 cents , 19 lumps nl
CO cents , and 60 lamps atOO cents ; Mount
Morris , 87 lamps at 32 cents , 143 lamp :
at 80 cents , and 60 lamps at 40 cents :
Kast Uivor , 162 lamps at 32 cents , 2-51
lamps at 59 cents , and 212 lamps at 42 !
contsBall.72 : lumpsat 60cents on Broad
way ana Sixth avenue frou
Twenty-third to Fifty-ninth streets :
North New York , 370 lamps at 39 contsi
Each light is to bo of 2,000 candlo-pow-
or. The North Now York eleotrio Hghl
company further submitted the provis
ional bid to furnish any required num
ber ol incandescent lamps at 7 cents pet
night. Mayor Hewitt asked why the
EaitBlv r electric light company Lad
failed to furnish the lights contracted
for during the past voar , and was in
formed that the board of electric con
trol had refused tho'cortfyany the priv
ilege of putting up the necessary poles
for stringing itn wires. The company
would during the week demonstrate to
the superintendent of lamps and gas its
ability to execute any contract it might
hereafter enter into. No awards were
made , but the bids were referred to Su-
perintnndont MeCormiclc , of the bureau
of gas and lamps , to tabulate and report
which were the lowest among them.
First Government Aid of Telegraphs.
From a sketch of "Tho America n In
ventors ot the Telegraph , " with special
references to the services of Alfred
Vail in the April Century , profusely
illustrated with portraits and diagrams
wo nuotc as follows : "This was a period
of discouragement and depression for
the proprietors of the tolegraphscarcely
relieved by a ray of light from any
source. At the time , there seemed lit
tle hope that congress would over grant
the desired appropriation. The session
of 1849-40 was on the eve of the most
exciting and disgraceful presidential
campaign that the country had ever
known , and as in later days the mom-
burs were far too much interested in
i legislation which would give them some
imaginary advantage over their politi
cal opponents to pay attention to meas
ures affecting the real welfare of their
constituents nnd of the country. In
December , 1812Morso was persuaded to
make one more application to congress.
The committee on commerce again
recommended an appropriation of $30,000
in aid of the enterprise. The bill
passed the house by n close vote , and
only after a discussion , which , as re
ported in the 'Congressional Globe , ' re-
llects scant credit upon the patriotism ,
to say nothing of the intelligence , of
some of the participants. In the last
hour of the session , March 3 , 1643 , the
bill passed the senate , and wns signed
by the president. Morio , writing to a
friend in after yeors , says :
"This was the turning point in the history
of the telegraph. My personal funds were
reduced to the fraction of u dollnr ; and had
the passapo of the bill failed from any cause ,
there would have boon little prospects or 1111-
ether attempt on iny part to introduce to the
world my now invention. "
"On March 4 , Morse wrote to Vail the
most hopeful letter penned In many
years :
"You will ho glad to learn , doubtlrsi , tlmt
my bill has passed the aouuto without a di
vision und without opposition , so Unit now
the telegraphic enterprise begins to look
bright , I slmll wniit to sco y6u in Now York
after my return , whluh will probably bo the
latter part ot next week. I have other letters -
tors to write , so excuse th'o shortness of this ,
which , if short , Is swoot'ot least. My kind
regards to your father , mother , brothers ,
sisters and wife. The whole delegation ot
your state , without exception , deserve the
highest gratitude of us nil.
"On March 81 Morse tendered Vail
nn appointment as assistant and super
intendent of the machinery department
of the telegraph to bo constructed be
tween Washington 'and ' Baltimore
under the government Appropriation ,
which was at once accepted , Vail im
mediately entering upon the duties
with characteristic energy and industry ,
From this time forward the condition
of the work is minutely detailed in his
diary , and from this wo gather much
information of interest in respect to the
subsequent progress of the work. On
April 13 ho suggested to Morse the trial
of two or more circuits from ono bat'
levy. The experiment was successful ,
the result proved to ho of the utmost
importance when the tologruphio sys
tem became more widely extended. "
Contract Onon Tor Ijlghtinc Havre
The municipal council of Ilavro has
issued a circular of which the following
is a translation : "The municipality ol
Havre is prepared to authorize for n
period ol six years an electric lighting
company to establish In the said town a
contra ! station , and to lay down in the
public streets .sucli conductors , cables
and wires as are necessary to serve the
following streets and places : Rue do
Paris , Place Gnmbotta , Place do 1'Hotol-
de-Villo , Hue Thiors ( as far as the Hue
du Camp do Foiso ) , Rue dos Drapiers ,
Rue Royalo. The conduits and cables
are to bo placed underground , and must
bo perfectly insulated. They will bo
subject to the regulations of
the streets committee. The
lighting will comprise in the
district nnmcd nbovo , both private
lighting , incandescent lamps , and pub
lic lighting , either arcs or incandes-
cents. The authorization will confer
no monopoly , and a fixed scale of charges
1 must bo agreed pn. Under these condi
tions the municipality is prepared to
consider communications and proposi
tions from such companies , and would
particularly direct their attention to
the following points : 1. At what rate
will they bo prepared to undertake pri
vate lightingV 2. Will they albo under
take public lighting , ami at what rate1
( The tariff should bo given both in
terms of lamp-hours and by motor ) .
3. What annual royalty will they offer
to pay to the municipality ?
Communications should bo addressed
to M , , A. Rcspal u la Mairio du Havre.
Agninfit ISlectric Shocks.
Since it is quite futile toshu t ouroyos
to the danger of contact with wires car
rying high tension current , says the
electrical world , the question of the
best way of preventing or guarding
against such accidents is important.
No doubt intelligence on the part of
these whoso duties bring thorn into
proximity to such wires , is a prime con
dition of immunity from clangor ; but
ns this intelligence does not always ex
ist nnd tiinco familiarity often breeds
carelessness , some independent safe
guard scorns to bo wanted. Various of
these hnvo already been suggested ,
though wo believe noyor adopted in
practice. The latest , which wo describe
in another column , is a device which ,
while it can bo easily applied , may
leave doubt in the minds of conductivity's
its practical utility. According
to the arrangement of this
device , immunity from danger is
sought by providing a shunt/or a cur-
rout which has already penetrated into
the body. In other words , a person
having grasped the \vlron allows the
current to iiass into his body , and the
device described is such thnt , in order
to become operative , the current must
pass out through the slcJn again nt
another point. It booms a question ,
however , whether the current having
once entered the body , would prefer to
pass out again at a point ol compara
tively higher resistance or continue on
through the hotter conducting portions ;
that Is , the muscles nnd norvcn of the
human body , liut If , as is asserted , 50
par cent , of the current is shunted by
arrangement , the chnnces nro Unit
whnt might have boon a fatal shock
would bo converted into one having no
permanent oll'octs , and if it only act ns
a mitigation of the evil , Mr. Delnny's
invention is worthy of investigation and
application ,
I'lKl'tnliiK Conductors.
It might have boon supposed that at
this late day scientific ideas upon the
best methods of applying lightning con-
nuctors , nro well grounded on the experience -
porionco of many yours , but wo uro
oneo more brought fnee to fuca with ex
periments nnd conclusions which uro
diametrically opposite to long cher
ished notions , \vo refer hero to the
latest results arrived at by Dr. Oliver
J. Lodge , and presented to the world
for the llrst time in a series of lectures
before the society of arts. The full text
of these lectures lias not yet rc-iched
this country , but wo nro informed of
enough in our English correspondence
to make it evident that another light
ning rod conference Is a pressing' no-
ceasing , to thoroughly discuss and
verify the conclusions drawn by
Dr. Lodge Among these wq need
only to montioo that ho has shown
that within certain limits conductivity
's not important , and may in some casse
bo detriment ; that the presence of bad
joints in a line is not a source of great
danger , nnd whnt will appear as most
striking of all , that n bud earth con
nection , though to bo avoided if possi
ble , is usually ns good a "ground" as
the electricity in its erratic coui > e
chooses for itself. The experiments
mace to demonstrate these facts were of
a not less remarkable character , being
carried out with Leyden jars and frie-
tional electric mnchiuo. When the
disctnrpo ( wns sent through the best
conductors , it was vivid and accompan
ied by a largo volume of sound. Whun ,
however , worse conductors wore used ,
to a certain point , the discharge wns
drawn out , ns it were , and it manifes
tations were not nearly so vivid. The
experiments showed the time element of
discharge was an important one ,
and if by any means the time cnn bo in-
crensed , the disduplivo olTcct of the dis
charge in decreased. The experiments
showed also the necessity ot providing
sutliciont surfnco ns well as sectionnl
area for the lightning conduccors , as
was pointed out by Hughes and Guil-
lemin in their experiments. Another
striking conclusion drawn from these
tc&ts ib that galvanized iron is a better
material than copper for this purpose ,
because for extremely rapid current re-
vcrwils. such as probably take place in n
static discharge. Iron possesses n smaller
coellloient of self-induction. In. n note
appearing in a recent issue , it was
shown that according to Prof. S. P.
Thompson , iron was the most a uitabln
material for lightning rods , lun'iny * ' / /
induction out of eoiibidorntion , nnd it is
thus interesting to observe the conclu
sion nubs tun tinted in another important
An Klcctriu Dog-Cart.
Mr. Magnus Volk , the electrician of
the Brighton , England electric rail way ,
has applied electricity to propel n dog
cart. The currant is provided by six
teen "E. P. B. " ( Electrical Power
Storage Company's ) accumulators cnii-
nblo of keeping up a supply for mx
hours. The ni'cumulnlors nro stowed
under the nent-i in the body of the cart.
The current works an Immirieh electric
motor ol one-half horno-powur , which IB
supported by hangers under the body
of tiiucarl , n'uil drives n counter-shaft
in front by n steel Unit chain. The
right-hand wheel of the cart him n num
ber of blocks on the inner side of its
rim , nnd a second steel chain , passing
round these blocks from the counter
shaft , turilb the wheel and propels the
cart. The cart travels nine miles an
hour on asphulto ; nnd with n load of two
ponjoiiH n grade of ono in thirty can bo
There uro u hundred students in the mudl-
cnl dL'imrtmnnt of the university of Ver
The university of the city of New York
IKIS established a post-graUuate department ,
and forty candidates for advanced degrees
uro ulrciidy enrolled.
Anna Whoulor wns chosen a member of
the Hnvorhill , Mass. , school board ut n ro-
c'cnt special election. She is the llrst woman
to ecrvo in thnt city.
The young women who loft Adelbort not-
lego upon the decision tlmt no more girls
should bo udinittod , liavo entered the senior
class at lioston university.
Hon. A. E. JuJovlne , of Ilardwick , Vt , has
given by will one-fourth of his estate to the
university at liurlmgton. Tho. bequest Is
thought to bo worth fSOO.OOO.
Williams college is to send a scientific ex
pedition to the Uiihuimis this suiumui to do
bimilar work to that performed by the school
of biology of the university of Pennsylvania
latt year.
The library of Professor von Kanko , the
famous historian , urrivod ut Now York by
the Galileo. U coiini.sts of 50,1)00 ) volumes ,
which are to bo transferred to the library
shelves of Syracuse university.
The alumni of Minnesota Mate university
Imvo undertaken the cornmcndublu work nt
endowing university fcllowuhips for the jiur-
pose of encouraging advance ; ! study and
] > ott-gruduato work along sHicliil | lincs-of in.
Profesbor Torrey , of Harvard university
who has always maintained that woman are
incapable of higher education , unwittingly
selected Miss B. B. Pearson's essay ns the
best from a number submitted to him by
mnlo collcgiatcs for the Uowdoin prize.
"Smiling Mickey" Welch , of the Now Yorlc
league luiim , has accepted a position in tne
faculty of Trinity college , Hartford. Cotm.
Ho occupies the chair of curvcit pitching ,
and is teaching the collegians the principles
of higher mathematics ns applied to buau
Miss Hattie Allen , M. D. , the daughter o
H. I ) . Allen , a hanker at Waterloo , In. , lias
noeeptcd the assistant professorship of moii-
icinu in the Michigan state university Dr.
Allen is the first lady who has over held n
position of this nature in a western univor <
At Cornell college , N. Y. , the board nt
their last meeting in view of the unexpected
growth of the law school , appointed a num
ber of non-resident lecturers for next year.
Amoiifr the moro prominent nro George
Francis Pinch , of the court of appeals ; Mar
shal D. Ewell , M. D , LL. M , the well known
law text book writer of Chicago ; Albert H.
Walker , of tee Hartford bar , and the author
ot the work on patent law , and ox-Govenior
Daniel II. Chamberlain , of Now York city.
An effort is bciiiK made to endowa chair of
English and ono of history at the University
of the City of Now York. The alumni asso
ciation has already secured 10,000 , und a
friend , who withholds his mime , has pludguil
$ . ' ) , f > 00 n year for llvu years ) to bo used in tills
direction. This in a wolrotno ntc-p , Two
more important branches of collegiate study
could hardly ho mentioned than the-,0 , nor
two that in proportion to their merits receive
loss attention.
i Is oxcitcd over the report that
Mr * . K. 13. ItrlKBH , a newspaper correspond
ent who writes unucr the nnino of "Olivia , "
has donated about seventy thousand mmarn
foot of land known as "Maple Square , " situ
ated between .South Carolina nvimuo mid
Sixth , Seventh nnd D Htroots , as n slto for n
women's university , to bo patterned uftor
( llnird college , Philadelphia. The property
is worth about $300,01)0 ) , Tim proposed insti
tution is to bo wholly umlui- the control ol
womch. The instruction Klv n will bo in thu
form of lectures , so as to ( 'ivo the women n
chtinco to talk.
The Johns Hopkins university will soon
ndd another department to Its academic DUO ,
that of medicine. The hospital , which was
imlullmtoly endowed by Johns Hopkins with
tli reel nnd onu-halt millions ol dollars , U
now noaninr completion , under the HUporvis-
ion of Or. HilliiiKi ) , librarian of the hiirjreon
Ki'iiCTiil's olltco In Washington. It is doubt
less the flnust and bust equipped hospital In
the world. Several appointments have al
ready been made to the medical staff , and
that dcpuitmcnl will probably open next
fall. The rnurso will l > o the most < vl
and scientific in the United Status , nnd will
cover thruo years , nnd ho upon only to Knui-
imtfs of some college or to tbosci with equal
Seidonborg's Fijjnro , the talk of Urn
town , a lo ( ) cigar for /5u. / Mux Meyer &
Co. , wholesale depot.
Very now waistcoats nro of natural whlto
wool broken faintly by line lines of ml or
bluo. They nro bound on the cilgo , without
collars , have six buttons , nnd arc mount , to
takii the plactiof the plqilo and llnnn horrors ,
whereby the average laundress transform *
the inilJi'st-inaunored man into a man la
Special Attention Paid to Fine
Thw must ui'piovod xanltury nppllui.Ci > alu'ayj
on Iminl lralnlayln a spi-cliilty All wml
duui' uccoicllng to thubtilcf luluaot i.tnltuttuu.
Estimates Furnished ,
Fop Plumbing , Steam nnd CMS
FiUiri'j nnd Cos Fixture * .
Hose und l.uv/n Goods Always
on Hand ,
40-4 Worth IGtlt Street
Telephone 1OOI.