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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (April 6, 1888)
THE OMAHA DAILY BEE : FRIDAY , APHIL G , 18Sa
THE DAILY BEE.
n EVMHV MOIIMNG.
THUMB OK BunscntrnoN.
DMlr ( Morning Edition ) Including SumUy
I1R > . Ono Ycnr . 110 JO
Tor Six Month . f > W >
rorThrro Months . . . . . . . . . . 2 >
The Omfihn Sunday UKE , moiled to any address -
dress , Ono Yenr . 200
OWAIIA OFFICE. Noi.oi4Ai imi PAHNAM STIIBKT.
NKW Vcmic Ornce. HOONB 14 AND inTninuwn
HuiMJiNO. MMsiiiNOToM OrncB , No. 613
All communications relating to ni > w ijnil edi
torial matter should bo addressed to the LUITOII
All Inislncss letters and remUtnnces should no
nadrcRscdto TUB IIKB ruiiusiiiMi .COMPANY ,
OMAHA. Draft * , cherlcs and postofllco orderc to
bo made paynblo to the order of the company.
Tlio Bcc PnWisMng Company , Proprietors
E. ROSEWATEll , Editor.
Btvorn Statement ofClrculatlon.
Btntn of Nebraska , I. .
County of Douglass , | D < D >
Oco. Il.TzBchnck , Bccretary of Tlie neo Pub-
Jliihlnte company. docs solemnly swcnrtlmt tlin
nctimrclrculatlon of the Dally llco for the week
i : , 1888. was as follows :
Bunilay. March 25 . , - ,
Monday. March 20 20
Tuewlay.MnreliOT. W.MK )
Wpdneminy , Mnrch88 10.400
ThurMlar. March 9 V > ,7 !
Vrlday. MarchIW .I" . ' ' "
Avcrtvs ° ' '
Bworn to and subscribed Inmy presence this
fllst day of SInrch , A. I ) . , 1888. N. P. KKIU
Btalo of Nebraska , I , ,
County of HouRlaRS , I
Gco. it. Tzschuck , liolns Hrst duly sworn , de-
powB nnd nays that ho Is secretary or The llea
JhibllBlilng company , thnt the actual avernca
dally circulation of tno Dolly Ilec for tlio month ,
ot March. 18b7 , 14,100 copies : for April ,
IfW. 14,310 copies ; for May. 1887.
14an copies ; for June , 1F87 , 14,147 copies ;
for July , IWi" . 14.C03 copies ; tor Aneust.
1887 , 14.1111 copies ; for September , 1887 , 14,343
copies ; for Ootolier. 1E87.14,3113 ; for November ,
If * " , 15,220 copies ; for December , If87 , 15,041
copies ; for January , IFtf , 15.2UO copies ; for
1'cbruary , 1E88. IB.OMJ ( '
Bworn nnd subscribed to In my presence this
td day otMarch. A. D. 18S ) . N. P. KEII. .
OUR flro ladrtica do nothing by halves.
They can light fires , nmko a fine
parade und dunce at grand bulls to per
THE dilapidated official organ of the
council is blowing hot and blowing cold
nhout the city hall , as it is about every
FltANCE is conscripting our natural
ized citizens. Wo would prefer that
nho would conscript our American-born
PIIOPKHTY owners on the streets that
arc to bo paved this year should care
fully consider whether cheap pavement
is preferable to durable and more costly
Mu. MATH. AKXOLD , of England ,
Bays ho doesn't like H'aranricn , or the
H'a'mcricans. All right , Math , just re
turn that $25,000 you took from us last
year on your lecturing tour.
CONGRESSJtUN'aro about driven crazy
\ > y the lobbyists of the International
"Women's convention. Most of the&o
petticoat politicians are survivors of
the American revolution.
MAYOR BKOA.TCII is to bo congratu
lated on the success of his effort to en
r-- force the thousand-dollar prepayment
clause of the high-license law in spite
of the great pressure and threats of
organized resistance by the liquor
THE medicine man of the board of
education points with pride to his record
as Indian agent. How about MqCann's
eighty-pound sacks of flour which were
dealed out to the Indians and charged
up to the government at full weight of
Is it not high time for the council to
take decisive action with regard to rail
road crossings within the city limits ?
Why should people bo exposed to the
risk of being crippled or killed every
time they are compelled to cross a rail
road truck ?
THE St. Louis annual directory for
1888 gives Unit city a total population of
about -150,000. Chicago is mean enough ,
however , to insinuate that St. Louis
counted in the advance guard of demo
cratic ward bums who are arranging for
the national democratic convention.
KE insurance companies
have been sued at St. Paul by the state
insurance commissioner for violation of
the Minnesota insurance laws. Several
of the companies sued arc doing business
in Nebraska , and it behooves our state
auditor at Lincoln to look up their rec
ord and see if they obey our insurance
laws to the lottor.
OALU'OUNIA is going into an exten
sive culture of olives in order to mon
opolize the olivo-oil business. If Cali
fornia will put on the market the genu
ine article it will bo more effective than
the present 25 per cent duty in keeping
out the foreign adulterations which
roino into the United Status under the
name of olive oil.
Tiii'.iti : are three causes now at work
which are threatening a decline in the
rural Hfo of Now England to-day. They
are the western fever , impoverished
Boll and Medford rum. The eastern
farmers are willing to fatrugglo against
all kinds of adversities , but they can put
up no longer with a poor quality of
Medford rum. Hence , the western fever.
THE project to establish a largo glu
cose manufactory in Omaha deserves
liberal encouragement at the hands of
our business men and capitalists. This
Eoctiou of the country ia especially
adapted to the making of glucose , .and
the location of such u plant in Omaha
will afford a homo market for producers
and steady employment for a largo num
ber of working people.
As between Sioux Falls granite and
Colorado sandstone pavement for busi
ness thoroughfares wo believe the granite -
ito to bo by all odds the best and cheap
est material. Granite is very hard to
liqHuro , but it.will last years nnd years
nftor the sundstono has woril wny. For
streets with.stoop grades' that are not
crowde'd with 'travel 'and' traflio the
Colorado sandstone it , oed enough and
in any ovout-proTc'rublo to cedar" block.
The Ilnltrond Tjol > ! ijActive. .
It ia reported from Washington that
the Pacific railroad lobby ia Just now
particularly active in urging the legis
lation that has been proposed in the
interest of the subsidized roads , and is
combatting all propositions in connec
tion with this legislation required by
the interests of the people , nmong which
is that of Congressman Dorsoy protect
ing the statoa in their rights with re
spect to these roads. The measure that
meets the approval of the lobby is the
Outhwaito bill , which proposes to give
the Pacific roada nn extension of fifty
years on their indebtedness to the gov
ernment. A longer time than this
would of course bo satisfactory to the
managers of thcso corporations , nnd
particularly the Central Pacific plun
derers , but they will accept the fifty
years' extension if they cannot do
bettor. Ilaving evidently concluded
that this is the best they can hope for
they are working hard to close the bar
gain , lest the effect of public sentiment
upon congress may defeat nil devices of
the corporations and their champions to
secure more time in which to plunder
the people. The anxiety of the rail
roads for the success of this bill , as
shown in the active labors for it by
their well-paid attorneys in Washing
ton , ought to bo sufficient to condemn
the measure as one that cannot bo in
the interest of the government or the
But if the bill is to pass it must not
bo permitted to do so without the pro
vision proposed by Mr. Dorscy recog
nizing the right of the states through
which the lines of the Union Pa
cific pass to exorcise the same authority
of regulation nnd control with respect
to the subsidized road as they exorcise
over roads deriving their franchises
from the states. The fact needs to bo
plainly stated by congress that a rail
road which is a debtor of the govern
ment ia not thereby relieved of its obli
gations and responsibilities to the
states. The specious plea sot up by the
Union Pacific in this state , and sus
tained by a federal judge , which , if per
mitted to stand , would render that cor
poration superior to the state in all mat
ters with , which it is concerned , would
bo effectually silenced by the legislative
provision proposed by Mr. Dorsoy. It
would put a stop to such bold and defiant
proceedings aa the Union Pacific has
practiced in Nebraska , and would servo
to bring these subsidized corpora
tions generally to a sense of
their duties and nn understanding
of their true status. It is a direct and
authoritative way of checking their
arrogant assumption of special preroga
tives which events have shown to bo
necessary. To rojcct it would bo to en
courage the corporations to bolder ef
forts to override state authority and
evade their responsibilities. A war
against this provision on the part of the
Pacific railroad lobby was to have been
expected , but there is reason to believe
that it will not avail anything , since
there are few members of congress
who would , dare go on record in opposi
tion to a declaration by congress so ob
viously proper and-nccessary.
Another Oases Under Prohibition.
The operation of Iowa's prohibition
law promises in time to produce nn
array of decisions from the highest tri
bunal which will so fully and clearly de
termine how far a state .may go with
this sort of legislation that there will
bo no excuse for mistakes in framing
prohibitory enactments. The decision
rendered a few weeks ago annulled one
very important provision of the Iowa
law in declaring that n state cannot
prohibit the importation of liquors , on
the ground that to do so is an interfer
ence with inter-state commerce , which
is subject to the exclusive control and
regulation of congress. Although three
of the justices of the sunreino court dis
sented from this decision , so far as wo
have observed it has received general -
oral public approval. The position
scorns entirely sound unless it beheld
held that a state may exclude , from its
jurisdiction any recognized article of
commerce , a contention which wo think
few of the most radical sticklers for
state rights would make. In all pre
vious decisions of the supreme court the
fullest scope had been allowed to the
states , in the excrcit.0 of their police
powers , for dealing with the manufac
ture and sale of liquors within their
jurisdiction. U was conceded that there
was no power of restraint as to these
powers when employed to control the
liquor tralllo within a state , and the
state could not bo held responsible for
the consequences of the exorcise of this
power. Distilleries may bo closed up
and the business of dealers stopped , and
those who suffer from the law have no
redress. But -the limitations of
this power wore overreached when
it was attempted to erect
a barrier against commerce by pro
hibiting the importation of liquors.
The decision that proclaimed this
struck down .a part of the lown law that
was doomed vital to its effective
Another case coming from Iowa is
now before the United States supreme
court involving the right to manufacture
liquors in the state for export. Action
was brought against a distiller at Dos
Molncs to compel him to btop manufac
turing and to close his distillery as a
nuisance. Ho fought it unsuccessfully
through the state courts and carried the
case to the supreme court. The evi
dence shown that none of his product
was sold in Iowa , except as allowed by
law , nearly all of itbolng sent out of the
state. The principal question involved
is whether prohibiting the manufac
ture of liquors for export does
not impose a restriction -upon
commence between the states. The de
cision of the court will bo awaited with
great interest , as being hardly less im
portant than that relating to tha impor
tation of liquors. If it bo decided that
a state cannot prohibit the manufacture
of liquors for export it will render some
what more serious the problem of nn
effective enforcement of prohibition not
alone in Iowa , but in all the states
whore that .policy prevails.If a state
cannot stop liqupr coining within its
borders , nor prevent iU being manufac
tured on itssoU .to bo exported , the
work of'prohibition everywhere will bo
narrowed to the dram shop's , and with
this limited scope of operation , yielding
as it always will most unsatisfactory re
sults in nil largo communities , the
cause will hardly grow. Intelli
gent public opinion will see the
folly of maintaining nn al
most profitless warfare against the dram
shops , and will turn to the sensible and
practical method of legislating with re
gard to these places so that they can bo
restricted nnd regulated whllo made n
source of public revenue. Prohibitory
liquor laws nro valuable just to the extent -
tent that they nro contributing to this
In the past four years more than three
millions have been expended by this
city for grading , paving and sewerage.
When public improvements are con
ducted on such a large scale in a grow
ing city it is but natural for contractors
to take advantage of the great rush ,
nnd Impose on the city inferior material
nnd dofcctlvo'conslruction. It would bo
surprising if it wore otherwise. The
city engineer could not possibly super
vise all these public improvements in
person. Ho has to necessarily rely on
hia subordinates and the inspectors.
Most of the defects in our pavements and
sewers are duo to indifferent inspection.
Some of the inspectors nro either grossly
negligent or notoriously dishonest.
They should bo weeded out nnd men
substituted whoso competency is unques
tioned and whoso integrity la above
suspicion. If the inspectors wore ap
pointed by the board of public workson
the recommendation of the city engi
neer , that ofiicor would become jointly
responsible. As it is , the engineer has
no voice in the selection , nnd
hence cannot bo hold responsi
ble for defective supervision.
If the council sincerely desires to make
the board of public works more efficient ,
it should extend the authority of the
city engineer in connection with the
selection of paving and sewer inspect
THE course of the democrats in the
house of representatives regarding the
direct tax bill is neither wise nor
honest. This measure provides for re
funding to the states the money col
lected from thorn during the war na a
direct tax nnd releasing the claims
against those states which did not pay
the tax. Only the states of the north ,
of course , would receive anything under
the bill , and the fact that the southern
representatives nro unanimous in oppo
sition to'tho measure , really leading the
fight against it , suggests very strongly
that their reason therefor ia the fact
that the states of the south would not bo
bonofittcd. The pretended ground of
opposition is that the bill is a repub
lican scheme to got rid of a portion of
the surplus and thus have another
excuse for opposing an adequate
reduction of the revenues , but this pro
fession will hardly bo accepted as honest
by those who desire to take a candid
view of the matter. The comparatively
small amount to be returned to the
states would make very little impression
upon the surplus and could not with any
show of reason bo made an excuse for
not reducing the revenues. It vould ,
however , servo a good purpose in the
use the states would undoubtedly make
of it in public improvements , and it
scorns only just that the government ,
with a vast accumulation of money lying
idle in the vaults of the treasury , should
pay back to the people the amount of
the tax they willingly paid in the day
of national peril , so that it may now bo
employed to their benefit. There have
been expressions from the opponents of
this bill which very clearly indicated
that they were prompted by sectional
feeling , and whatever excuses or pre
tences they may advance to justify their
course candid and unprejudiced men
will ascribe their opposition chiefly or
wholly to that fooling.
IT is reported that in several of the
southern states a considerable opposition
to Senator Sherman as a presidential
candidate ia developing , and that the
benefit of the movement adverse to the
Ohio statesman is going to Senator Al
lison. This is said to bo especially con
spicuous in Virginia and North Carolina
lina , where the supporters of Mr. Elaine
are in strong force. The idea appears
to have taken possession of the minds
of republicans in those states that Mr.
Allison is Mr. Elaine's rightful political
heir , and the latter being out ol the
field their duty is to transfer their sup
port to the former. There are other
reasons , howovoi' , for giving credence
to the reported defection from
Sherman. In Virginia particu
larly the fact that his caubo is
championed by Mahono is to' his
disadvantage. That self - constituted
leader does Tjiot represent the
bettor class ot Virginia republicans ,
and the greatest misfortune of the party
in that state is his persistent effort to
bo recognized at its head , lie has as
sumed to roprcfaont Senator Sherman
and has been permitted to do this un
questioned. The result has been to
weaken Mr. Sherman among the re
publicans of Virginia , whore ho has
never boon so strong as in some of the
other southern htatcs. In North Carolina
and elsewhere in the south the de
fection is in part explained by the fact
that the most zealous workers for Sen
ator Sherman are ox-officials , whoso
motive is quito naturally believed to bo
the hope of reward in the event that lie
should be nominated and elected ,
Western republicans will not regard a
loss to Sherman which advances the
cause of Allison as a matter to cause
them any serious solicitude.
SINCE the governor and legislature of
Iowa passed laws regulating freight and
passenger rates over lowartllroads , the
money lenders of the cast are raising n
great howl over the ingratitude of the
people. "What would Iowa bo but for
the railroads ? " * And whore did the
mopey nnd enterprise come from which
built and equipped those roads for the
benefit and the interest of the inhabi
tants of that stater1" "Not from Iowa
but principally from the eastern states. "
Thcso are the questions and answers
with which the' money lenders satisfy ,
themselves. . .I3ut the answer is only-
half an answer. Jf the. money londord
would a > jk the . mortgaged farmers of
Iowa whp bondlfd their .acres to pay for
the construction < Jf the roads ; 11 they
would nsk the clticsT and towns which
donated land nnd . .money for dojwt
grounds , they would learn that the
people of Town , pnlif tor two-thirds of the
railroads of that statij. I ( these money
lenders would oak the merchants
nncl manufacturer who for years
hnvo paid excessive freight
charges nnd who l\1ivo \ boon made the
victims of discrimination , thoy'would
learn that the bus ! itoss classes paid for
the construction equipment of Iowa
railroads. It ws Hho people of the
state who gave th lo eastern specula
tors valuable charters , franchises , privi
leges nnd business. The people of Iowa
are therefore deeply concerned In the
management of railroads in that stato.
They are silent partners in the owner
ship of these roads. They have a right
to demand in return for grants nnd fa
vors that railroad companies llvo up to
their part of the contracts nnd agree
ments entered info with the state nnd
A NEW Youic dispatch nnnouncoa
that John R. McLean , of the Cincin
nati inquirer , has purchased the stock
in the Now York Star owned by the
Into editor of that paper , Mr. Dorshoim-
cr , which , it is understood , is sufficient
to give him the control. It ia said that
while Mr. McLean will not take posses
sion for several-months , the Star will at
once bo given a metropolitan character ,
and for n time at least will continue to
bo the organ ot straight out democratic
principles. The statement will find be
lief from the fact that Mr. McLean has
been known for n year or two past to
have an ambition to control a Now York
journal. If ho has got possession of the
Shir a. very great improvement in that
paper , which has been laboring under
financial embarrassment , may confi
dently bo looked for. Mr. McLean has
wealth , experience , enterprise nnd
nerve , nnd ho will find in Now York a
field for their most generous use.
EVEN attending such innocent amuse
ment as bull fighting in Mexico on Eas
ter Sunday has its incidental dangers.
How thankful the people of the United
States ought to feel that prize fighting
is usually conducted in nn open twenty-
four foot ring where there are no grand
stands to burn down.
Where the Line Is Drawn.
ATcrc/iaiit / Traveller.
The man who steals from an individual
alone is a rogue ; if ho steals from a great
many people he's n sharp follow.
Draped tfdfnr Times.
The curious have noticed that tuovhlto
house has been drnpcTi'four times in mourn
ing since President , ' Cleveland became its
occupant for Grant ) * for HcndrlcUs , for
Arthur and for Walto.
The political streaufjwas never more tur
bid. The situation was appropriately
summed up by the colored man who replied
to the question : "Ho\y is politics ? " by an
swering : "Brother , th Potomac is inudJy. "
The MuslcHo hikes.
C/ifcaoo / * yournat.
It Is stated that Andrew Carnegie Is exceeding
ceeding- fond of music. The music , proba
bly , which Is produce * ! by ono silver dollar
chinking against another.
A Body of Old AVomen.
The Shaker elder who wants the United
States senate composed of elderly women
need not despair. There are quite u number
of them in that body now.
The town of Oakaloosa has elected a female
mayor , and all the now members of the coun
cil are women. It is understood that an or
dinance lias already been drafted prohibiting
the appearance on the street , after 0 o'clock
at night , of any male citizen of the place.
S' . 4s < c
? v *
By the terms of the now charter of Los
Angeles , members of the council will bo paid
$2.10 per month eachbutthey will bo required
to glvo all their time to the Interests of the
city , and cannot , consequently , engage in
other business. The result of this experi
ment for the improvement of municipal gov.
eminent will attract general attention
throughout the country.
Kansas City Star.
The Burlington strikers have again ex
pressed their willingness to submit their
difference with the company to n board of
arbitration for settlement. They have been
ready to do this ever since they left their
engines , and thus they have llxcd the blame-
for tuo existing troubles on the Burlington
lines , The obstinate ofllciala who stead
fastly refused to make any concession or
entertain any propositions looking toward a
compromise must assume u largo share of
resposibility for present grave condition of
alto Irs in the railroad world.
The 20O Feet Limit.
A'iiisi C/ly / Star.
James Young , a loud-mouthed colored bar
ber , was arrested at 10 o'clock this morning
for violating the law prohibiting tlio peddling
of tickets within 00 feet of the polls. Young
was peddling tickets within Jlfty feet of the
Second ward polling place when arrested.
Tlio arrest was made by Policeman .1 , 1C.
Baldwin. Young was taken before Justice
King , who released him on bail furnished by
Alderman , .T. Loonevf
Tlio penalty prescribed for the offense
charged against YOIIU& is a line of J500 , or
six months in the county ) uil , or both fine
and Imprisonment. ' ,
A Jlcnmrknhlo Charge.
The New York World , Is boveroly denounc
ing the Pacific railroads. ' It should turn its
attention to President Cleveland , Nearly
two years ago the chlof clerk of the railroad
bureau made an Investigation and reported
that the government had been defrauded of
over ? SOOOCO , by the Central Pacific road.
The accounts were sent to the treasurer for
collection , but wo have not heard that any
thing has been done In the matter. Was it
discovered that the n'pc unts could not bo
collected , that the roads were not responsible
or that the federal government had some
other business , 1 Worse than this , the chief
clerk who made the Investigation and ro-
portcd the indebtedness has been threatened
with removal slnco ho made hia report , and
it Is said that the president has been inclined
to remove him. What has the democratic.
press to say to this 1
It Wns ICiiipty.
To the Editor of the BEE : How much
money , if any , was there in the United
States treasury when President Lincoln Was
nauiuratcdi ; ' J. H
The national treasury lit tuo close of Presi
dent Buchanan's administration was prac
tically einpty. Howcll Cobb , wlio was .sec
rotary of tho' treasury , boasted that he h d
left nothing tor .thu ' 'Liiicolnltes. ' " .It/Wiis /
tuc policy of. the laet. democratic administra
tlon before the rebellion to lonvo nothing of
vnluo to Its successors , nnd In no respect wns
It moro successful than in depleting the
STATE AM ) TlSKIUTOllY.
Real cstnto transactions in Norfolk
the past three months amounted to
A largo force of graders nro nt work
on the extension of the Elkhorn Valley
road between Superior nnd Geneva.
The capitalists of Nebraska City have
taken the full amount of stock In the
IKintoon'brldgo sohomo. Arrangements
are being made to push work on the
brldgo. The estimated cost is 920,000.
A hog thief with the brief cognomen
of Bud , is slaughtering time nnd
straightening his accounts in the Ne
braska City jail. Hois charged with
borrowfng BO von hogs from yielding
pens nnd selling them to the packing
The barn of William Schlichtomolor ,
of Hock Bluffs , Cass county , was de
stroyed by flro Monday night , together
with nine horses , two mules , ono cow
nnd iv largo amount of hay , corn and
oats. The loss amounts to $3,000 , with
A swindler bailing from Chicago ,
with his credentials stamped on nig
cheek , circulated among tha farmers in
Pintle couifly lust week , trying to pur
chase fat cattle with chocks on the
bank of Crookvillo. The farmers de
manded cash r.nd the trade fell through.
A girl in Burwoll , Garfield county ,
wlio describes norsolf as flvo feet nine
inches in height , with baby blue eyes ,
golden curls and an amiable disposition ,
is nn excellent housekeeper , and makes
dishwashing n specialty , advertises for
a husband. It is a terrible reflection
on that section of the country that such
a gem is not gobbled up too quick.
The result of the municipal elections
in Nebraska proves that high license
and regulation is growing in strength
nnd prohibition correspondingly on the
wano. Ono of the greatest advantages
of the Slocumb law is that it gives com
munities the right to grant or withhold
license and to express that preference
at the ballot-box. The issue was dis
tinctly made in a score of towns , and
the result is a substantial victory for
license. No attempt was made to spring
the no-license issue in the largo cities ,
as the result would have been it waste of
energy. Returns from forty towns show
that twenty-seven have declared for
license and thirteen for a dry season.
Ton towns in which prohibition had
had n year's trial , repudiated it and de
clared for license , while of former
license towns six repudiated the saloon.
This makes a clear gain of four towns
for the license pcoplo.
"It is ' ' the
amusing , says Hastings
Democrat , " to notice a lot of the
country papers just at present. They
are doing the Hop act in a characteristic
though shameful manner. When the
brotherhood on the Chicago , Burling
ton & Quincy first wont out these papers
were lavish in their praises for this in
dependent and gentlemanly organiza
tion , said they ought to win and cer
tainly would win. The next week the
papers worp generalizing about the
labor organizations as against corpora
tions and grinding monopolies and their
chief argument regarding the strikers
was 'it's. ' Last week when it appeared
that the brotherhood was rather getting
the worst of it , these papers saw the
pasteboard pass glimmering in the dim
distance and they committed a positive
and absolute flop and are now riding the
B. & M. free of charge behind the new
engineers , whom they had termed
'scabs * two weeks before. And still the
brotherhood is the same organization it
was a month ago. The difference is
that these papers expected that the B.
& M. could not run trains without the
brotherhood engineers and when the
road demonstrated that it could , the
papers were prepared to fall on their
Knees and ask pardon. "
The potato crop has been planted in
the vicinity of Lusk.
The territorial ofliccrs are now quar
tered in the now capitol building.
There are now about one hundred Fin-
landers in the Rock Springs camp.
The new buildings at Port Russell are
being builtof stone from the quarries at
Iron mountain , on the Cheyenne &
Between the now and old tunnels of
the Dillon coal mines lies a mass of mag
nificent coal 125 feet wide , und who
knows how thick.
Kilpatrick Brothers & Collins , rail
road contractors , of Beatrice , Nob. ,
have had a party of miners at work all
winter at the coal mines near the YT
ranch , Crook county.
The Omaha Oil and Mining company
has been incorporated under the laws of
the territory. The headquarters have
been established at Omaha. The ineor-
porators are J. P. Mnilcnder , C. J.
Schmidt , A. Burmestcr , Charles
Wohor , P. Haarnmn , Paul Platz , lid-
ward Ainscow , S. J. Brodorick and
J. C. Crawford , of Cheyenne , has per
fected arrangements for the establish
ment of wool-ftcouring works alltawlins.
The works will bo in operation by the
middle of May. They will have a ca
pacity of 10,000 pounds of "wool per day.
A force of twenty-five or thirty men will
bo cmploved. An annual wool clip of
nearly 2,000,000 pounds is tributary to
Montrose has declared for waterworks.
Nine valuable horses were cremated
in a stable flro in Denver last week.
Real estate transactions in Denver
during March reached the magnificent
sum of $5,07-1,000. ,
During the quarter ending March 31 ,
the mines of Colorado poured into the
Denver mint $282-101 , in gold arid
$2,831 in silver.
Work has commenced on the new
Episcopal school for boys in Denver. It
will ba known us .Inrvis Hall , and will
cost in the neighborhood of $50,000.
Utnli and Montana.
There wore thirty-nino deaths In Salt
Lake City during March.
Building operations nnd real estate
nro unusually uciivo in the Mormon
The establishment of largo smelting
and reduction works in Helena is now
assured , The capital of the company is
BTho hanks of Salt Lake City report
the receipt for the week ending March
28 , inclusive , of $ SO,78U.W ! in bullion
and $20,0(15.35 ( in ore , a total of 8100-
Mining operations in all camps in
Montana show uncommon activity with
the advance of spring. It is expected
that the output this year will beat the
record in quantity and quality.
The wool clip of southern Utah this
year will exceed that of last year by
600,000 pounds and will probably foot up
4,000,000 , Sheep on the Great Western
desert are in fiuo , condition and the loss
sustained during the winter will not ox-
ceetl 6 per cent.
MILWAITKBB , April 5. ThaLayton art pal
Icry , presented to the city by Fred Layton ,
uu old and wealthy rcajdcnt , was throwu
ppeti to the public to-day.
THI3 hANI ) OFFIUK IIRM'IiESS.
Hliaincful Condition of Affairs Unused
H } ' Pnlflo Kuonomy.
WASHINGTON , April 3. ( Correspondence
of the BEU , ] Thcro ha * been for several
years complaint throughout Nebraska nnd
other stntos of the west regarding the delays
In the trsnsactlon of bushiest nt the general
land ofllco at Washington. Slnco the Interior
department tins reformed the lax imithoda
In vogue ilm-lng previous administrations ,
the delays Imvo been necessarily greater
than over , A moro careful scrutiny and
rigid supervision nnd examination ot land
entries has tnkon up moro time and caused
moro work. But , In addition , the great In-
crcaso In the business of the laud ofllco ,
caused y enhanced values of farm mid fron
tier lands nnd the rush of settlers , has nddcil
still moro to tlio mountain of work which la
now weighing down the general land ofllco.
As n result our settlers and land takers nro
Buffering great Inconveniences. Patents
from th-co to flvo years bohiml
final pro1- ' . The presumption dlvlson la
swnmpct. with a mass of entries which there
nro not enough clerks to oven post on the
books , much less examine , nnd the division
of private Claims and railroad adjustment
Is paralyzed with the labor which have been
devolved upon It.
In a late Interview tlio commissioner of tlio
general land oflleo gnvo some cogent reasons
lor the disgrncofiil condition of affairs In his
division of thn Interior department. Slnco
1SS4 , In the oillco of public lands , the clerks
have been cut down from 111 to 77 , whllo the
work has nearly doubled. Mr. Sparks In his
last report said the force allowed him was
not equal to doing the preliminary work of
oven posting returns of filings , entries
nnd rcliiKiulshments , and that
the force nt present working
left the labor of scrutinizing 110,000 accumu
lated cases , and the yearly work of oxntnln *
ingnpwurds of 100,000 originals nnd 00,000
Html entires solely unprovided for. As
! 2. > ,000 entries pour Into the land oflleo annn-
nlly , It may be seen to what n helpless condi
tion the penurious and parsimonious economy
of the democratic administration 1ms brought
the general Innd ofllee. In the pre-emption
division the state of affairs is quite ns bad.
At the beginning of the current fiscal year
there were 37.000 uncxnmlncd and unsettled
cases , exc islvo of contests. The work of
the pre-emption ofllee is already llvo nnd a
half years in arrears , with the business In
creasing at a rate whlcU at present mnkos Its
work 700 per cent greater than it was In 1SSO.
In the division of contests , which
receives on nn nvorago 2,000 cases
a year. 12,000 cases are In arrears , and the
ofllco is two nnd a hnlf years behind its
work. The mineral land division is equally
in arrears , whllo the ofllco of private land
claims is so far behind hand that it makes no
estimate of the time required with its pres
ent force to overtake its work.
This is n shameful condition of affairs for
which there is no excuse. It is the natural
effect of a false theory of economy which has
endeavored to show , ns n result of a chnnga
In the nil mini ? t rat Ion , a decrease of operating
expenses of g veruinent departments , with
out any refen. * ice to tha increase of work
which they nro called upon to handle. Mr.
Sparks , In his last report , made an
urgent and almost pathetic plea for
174 additional clerks with which , ho
stated , within a year ho could bring up all
arrears in the general land oQlco. As matters
now stand , our senators und representatives
nt Washington uro deluged with letters ask
ing for the status of land cases , which , under
the rules of the department , they find them
selves entirely helpless to oxpedintc.
At the close of the lust fiscal year m n sin
gle department of the general land ofllco ,
owing to the inadequacy of clerical help ,
there were 12,000 unanswered letters from
citizens of the United Stntcs , living on claims ,
asking for information as to when they m lit
hope to get n patent for their farms.
Mrs. Potter's Second Night nt the
The audience that assembled to see Mrs *
Potter last night as Juliet was neither na
largo nor as enthusiastic as tlmt of the pre
vious evening. No attempt shall bo made to
criticise her In this great Shnkcspcrian role ,
sufllco it to say that nobody could resist pay
ing tribute of admiration to the splendid
woman wlio is the centre figure of each act.
From the moment of her appearance to the
close of the mournful and chilly scene at the
tomb , she is n vision of beauty nnd grace.
The presence of other women on the stugo
only enhances her superiority as a woman.
Her sweet face , nnd sweeter smile , her ex
quisite toilettes , and her ravishing attitudes ,
nro but u portion of the exhibition of the beau
tiful Mrs. Potter , nnd the best proof of what
Is being written is the complete worthlessness -
ness of her company , especially in Shakes-
ncrian characters. Of course Mr. Uellow is
excepted , but there nro hundreds of bettor
uctors than ho.
On the 2oth of the present month the elec
tion of officers of the Union Pacific railway
occurs at Boston , and that time there will
without doubt bo chosen n successor to the
Into lirbt vlco-prosidont and general mana
ger , Thomas J. Potter.fn railroad circles
there Is n general belief prevalent that
Thomas L. Kimball , the present acting gen
eral manager , \vlll l > o chosen , nnd it Is said
that on his recent visit to this city President
Adams intimated as much to Kir. Kimball ,
who will , however , say nothing beyond the
statement "that at the election the matter
will bo settled. Ills long continued service
with the Union Pacillo and the lact of his
being perfectly familiar with its affairs will
doubtless contribute largely toward his se
curing the position.
NOTES AND riiltSONALS.
General Ticket Agent P. S. ISuslIs , of the
JJ. &M. loft lust night fora western trip in
the interest of the road.
C. M. Hunt , local agent of the Baltimore
& Ohio , was yesterday distributing circu
lars containing now tirift rates on his road ,
which took effect April 1.
Passenger traffic nt this period Is Increas
ing very rapidly , both eastward nnd west
ward. CJcnernl Ticket Agent Teubets , of the
Union Pacific , reports that nn unusually
largo number of emigrants nro coming west
ward this spring , nnd that niuny tourisltt are
now going westward into Colorado and Utah.
A great many eastern people who have Bpunt
the winter in California are returning cast.
Twenty now engines for the Union Pacific
are expected to arrive during nest week.
The Union Pacific railway will sell tickets
at ono and one-third faro for th > 3 round trip
from all ( mints In Nebraska to the Knights
Templar meeting at Grand Island , April 10 ,
all ticliets returning good from April 11 to 11 ,
with n one-day limit from date of sale.
The Union Pacific has Issued several handy
little works of extreme vnluo to the dramatic-
profession , wholesale trade of the west and
nlnirods , which ran bo had on application to
the offices of the company all along Its lino.
MR , CARNEGIE'S ' PARTNERS ,
Hla Workmen Reject a Proposi
tion nnd ho Shuts Down.
A CASE OF BUZZARD VS. TURKEY.
Tlio CJrcnt Iron Mllllonntro Gives Ills
Vlcwn AH toVlint Is Heat for Ills
Men's Prosperity nmt In
sists Thnt He Is Hlght.
PiTT.innno , April . The strikers nt the
Edgar Thompson steel works to-day rejected
Andrew Carnegie's co-opcrntlvo proposition.
Mr , Cnnieglo Immediately ordered n complete -
ploto shut-down of tlio great plant until .Inn-
unry 1 , 1389. This announcement was re
ceived with dlamny by the worUlngmon. It
will throw out of employment over flvo
Upon the subject of the great Iron million *
mro's recent proposition to his employes , to
innko them In n measure his partners , the
Now York Journal lm this to snyt
"Docs n sliding scnlo ot wages menu nn
advantageous co-operation 1
"Thnt Is the question now being : studied ,
by organized Inbor nil over the country It
mot concerns the 0,000 employes of the bit ?
Cnrneglo Ironworks nt Pittsburgh The prin
cipal of thuso is the Edgar Thompson steelworks -
works , the largest nnd most complete st eel-
rail mill In the world. H nlono employ *
3GOO men. When the mills oloscd down for
repairs nt the end of 1887 there were rumoro
of n coming reduction of wages on account
of depression In the steel-rail trnilc.
Those rumors wcro continued on Fcbniarv
9 by n proposition from Carnegie , Phlpps &
Co. , to their employes , which wan jwstod
throughout their mills nt Uroddeek , nnd
which llxcd wagon ns follows !
Common labor , IU couts per hour.
Hlnst furnnco labor , 8 per cent reduction ,
Furnace A to bo gene over by Mr. ( Jnyley
nml commlttco , but Is not Included In the
positive 8 per cent reduction.
All engineers nnd water tenders , 8 per cent
reduction , but In no enso shall wngcs bo ro-
duccd below ISSli rates.
Transportation department to bo un
Steel department , 10 per cent reduction.
Or the whole question of wages for 18SS to
bo submitted to arbitration.
The workmen promptly accepted arbitra
tion , but after two or three weeks of fruit
less conferences this was abandoned. The
hitch wns in the duration of the now scnlo ,
whatever it might be. The men wanted It
to run only until July 1 of this year. The llrm
naistod that it should continue until Febru
ary 1 , 1889.
And there the matter rested until the early
part of last week.
Tlio executive board of district assembly
Knights of Labor No. 11 , of Pittsburg , sent ii
committees to New York to interview Mr.
Carncgio. They received n cordial reception
from thu iron millionaire , who drove them
through Central Park , after which they
lunched nt his elegant homo on Fifty-first
street. Then ensued a conversation of six
hours' duration. When the committed loft
for Plttsburg th'o next morning they carried
a long letter , only to be opened by the execu
tive committee in Pittshurg.
The llrst part of the letter wns given up to
proving a former statement of Mr. Carnu
gle's that steel rails , notwithstanding thu
cheapness of fuel In Pittsburg , could ho
made as cheaply in Chicago ns in the cast , on
account of excessive freight. The letter then
proceeds as follows : |
"Yon asked mo to state my views ns to
what was best for our men and for us
under present conditions for I beltovo what
is really bust for the ono Is best for the other
and I gave you ns my reply a copy of an
nrtlclc published In tno Forum , In April , 18S6.
I wish our men and ourselves to become
practically partners by paying them upon u
monthly sliding scale based upon the price
received for rails during tlio month preced
ing , this price to bo reported by nu ugont
chosen by the men each mouth nt our expense -
penso , ull documents bearing upon the sub
ject to bo handed ovur for his thorough in
epcction to our chief bookkeeper , nnd also n
member of the firm to swear to the correct
ness of the statement. I wns nskod by Mr.
Stewart if the company was not paid for n
lot of rails , whether the price to bo paid tlio
men would bo affected thereby , to which I
replied that the men would huvo nothing to
do with any losses whatever. The company
ran all risks of payment and paid the men
for every rail made ns heretofore.
"I turther stated that I had gene carefully
over all our figures of labor , cost , etc. , und
decided that it would bo fair nnd just for us
to adopt the prices paid in 1885 , us u basis of
the scale. Kails that yonr netted us $ iJ7.r > 0 ;
this year so far $ 'H.r > 0. This would inaka
wages start between 14 and 15 per cent above
1885 ; common labor would ho (1.
"I said that In order to glvo the sliding
scale a fair trial it would bo necessary to
make it binding the remainder of this yonr.
and for the years 18S9 und IS'JO , but that It
clthur party wished it to terminate at thu
end of 18UO , notice miibt bo given previous to
October 1. of that yearwhen the scale would
ccaao at the end or 1890 , and I also said that
in order that every man would be sure to
read und understand the agreement , wo
would require every man to sign It Individ-
ally and for himself , although wo had no ob
jection to nny committee signing also ns u
committee wo require every man's signa
ture to prevent the possibility of a misunder
standing. I also said that of course our man
agers would select such men us they dcslrcil
to serve tumor them and that wo thought it
only proper to provide that common labor
hliould not go below ? I per day.
"Tills , " says Mr , Carnegie , "is not nro
seated in n spirit of antagonism to the men ,
and 1 holluvu that if our men nnd ourselves
wore thus placed In the same boat , sharing
adversity nnd prosperity together and stand
Ing shoulder to shoulder in loyal cooperation
tion , that it would ho n cold day after this
year when the Edgar Thompson works wcra
stopped for want of orders us long ns orders )
wore to bo hud. "
The plan is before the workmen but they
linvo nnt yet accepted it. Mr. Carncgio wont
to Pittuburg early hint week und yesterday
telegraphed that ho Hliould remain for HOIIIQ
days. The employes of the Edgar Thompson
Steel works hold nightly meetings and the
plan is fooitig discussed fiom every nldu , but
no Hign has boon made yut that it will bo
adopted. It has Its friends and opponents In
both the Knights of Labor nnd thu Amalga
mated Association of Iron and Hteel Work
ers.In the former artlclo agreed to , Mr. Car-
ncgiu argues that at no time uro the men
working for n compensation suitable for
that time. All largo concerns necessarily
lieep filled with orders as fur us six months
in advunco , and a sliding Hcalo of wages
based upon the not prices received the pre
ceding month would oqwdi/o muUura and
virtually form u parlncrbhlp between em
FKII > AY A\'l ) SATURDAY , AI'ItDI , ( till anil Till , AM. IttNVM COM-
pjLirrc. EVIKYKOI : > Y u'u
With opening buds nnd warmer clnyH another Bprlngliino comes ,
Ko L. O. Jones , with his opening grand , brings gladness to our homes ,
For human being : ) inubt bo clothed , ana at thib ono-nrico atom
Are olTored nuita and ovorcoatn , ne'er sold bo cheap boforo.
Tlio stook'iB choice , und very largo , rare bargains you will meet ,
At JOIIOB American Clothing Jloubo , 1809 Fnnmm atrcot.
In the Bin-ing the young jniin'a fanoy rightly tuniH to thoughts of clothei ,
And the old man with the children to the cheapest clothier gooa ,
And the ladles take their wee ones into Jones' low priced fitoro ,
For this house is bolljng clothing cheaper now than o'er before.
On its many crowded counters , goods well made and stylibh too ,
Patterns can bo found so stylish , oh , so nobby , nice and now ;
And the overcoats and buiU , are priced much lower than elbowhcro ;
The buttons sowed on tightly , each seam made not to tear ;
L. O. Jones is the proprietor and from the cast returned ,
lie shows u block oLclothing for wliioh just fame is earned ;
And ho who buys saves many-dimes , for all the suits you see ,
Are bought for cuahnt lowest price of the great eastern factories ,
IlleirniH photographic uvcnlnt of floolli ami Iturrult to all wlio
cull on opening ilays. Come and hrlnjj your Iricndv ,
13O9 PAR.3STAM STREET.
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