Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, February 27, 1888, Page 4, Image 4

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D tlr ( MornInK Edition ) Including Sunday
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OMAHA Orricii. Nos.9l4ANi > fllo KAUNAM STIIKF.T.
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Notary Public.
MKMWCUS of the board of education
had bettor RO slow before joining wltli
the boodle gang of the council in thoii
schemes of jobbery and Hascality.
CilAUNCKY M. DKl'EW declares the
president should "by constitutional pro
hibition be made ineligible for a boconil
term. " Has anybody asked King Vain
durbllt's viceroy to serve a lirst term'/
and the rest of the filibusterers -
ors in congress who oppose the postof-
fico building appropriation for Omahi :
and other western cities ara subject tc
a malady called Bourbon shortsighted
THE overworked postoiflco clerks have
got as far as the house committee will :
their grievances. The delegates fron
the National Postolllco Clerks' associa
tion want the clerks to bo placed in six
classes and to bo paid as well as the
clerks employed' in the departments al
Tine president evidently could no' '
earn his salt as catcher for a base bal
nine. At the sub-tropical oxpositioi
at Jacksonville Mrs. Cleveland play
fully tossed to him an orange which he
muffed , She offered to pitch another
hut the president declined to receive it
saying that a man got Into trouble r
long time ago by taking fruit offered bj
THAT provision of the constltutior
vrhieh permits a congressional distric
to bo represented by a citizen who ii
Hot a resident of it is receiving a sin
gular illustration in Wisconsin. Wher
the Bragg-Dolanoy war was on In thi
r * Pond du Lac district , ox-State Treaa
Uror Guonthor of the Oshkosh ilistric
f xnado Fond du Lac his homo for a fort
night and received the republican nom
ination and an election. Now tha
Delaney and Bragg have both beet
expatriated , ono to Alaska and th <
: other to Mexico , it is proposed to sent
Guonther over into the only Wisconsh
district now represented by a democra
that represented by Thomas Hudd 01
1 the lake shore and in which there is i
, largo Gorman vote. Mr. Guonthot
would rather run for governor , bu
Senator Sawyer is boss and there
lore Mr. Guonthor will become at
itinerant prosolytor.
A now in the faculty , though no
down on the university catalogue , ap
pears to be ono of the standing courses ii
these institutions west of the Mississippi
At present the state university of low ;
Is the scene of a bitter war. The quarro
has broken out in the medical depart
rnont where ono of the professor
is charged with malpractice ii
conducting surgical operations from the
result of which patients have died
Over in Dakota , the state university a
Vurmilllon is in a state of turmoil ovoi
the action of certain regents. The ;
turned out a professor of chemistry ti
, rauko room for n college fledgeling , the
relative of ono of the school directors
Other changes in the members of tin
faculty have been made by the Dakoti
regents to accommodate their polltica
friends. What standard of scholarshi |
can exist in colleges where learning i
t , prostituted to political influence ?
THE National Civil Service Reforn
League , a non-partisan organization
has been quietly looking up the rccor <
of Commissioner Atkins of the Indiai
; bureau. The report of this society ha
" ' brought out the facts , that the Indiai
Borvico Is not f roe from partisan control
Up to November , 18SG , of the sixty-one
Indian agents appointed by Prosldon
Arthur only eleven remain. The nov
nppointoes are all democrats. In thi
judgment o ( the league , the change wa
influenced by political partisanship ti
jnako places for personal friends o
party leaders. At many of the agoncle
nearly all of the employes have bteppci
down to make way for democrats
The truth can not bo dodgei
that the Indian bureau has been man
ngod in the interest of domocratU
bosses nnd not primarily In the interest
f the public service. The Indian bu
' reau is ono that can bo used for partisai
purposes moro easily than any other
It. occupies a small share of public at
tontlon , owing toils comparalivo unlm
portanco and the scattered location o
the reservations. Mr. Atkins , there
lore , should take warning not to include
cludo the Indian service with th
claims of the present democratic admin
ia trail on in the matter of civil sorvici
Teform. *
The Pa bile Building Q > ctlon.
A few members of congress who court
notoriety as advocates of economy have
proclaimed a sweeping opposition to
measures for the construction of public
bulldlngtand If permitted tohavethelt
way would do a great deal of harm to
the interests of both the government
nnd the people. The indiscriminate
hostility of these men to proposed im
provements of this character was shown
on Saturday when the * Omaha public
building bill was reached in the house.
All the evidence which reasonable men
could require to prove the necessity for
a government building in this city has
been submitted. It was sulllclont to sat
isfy the senate committee and the
senate , nnd It was so far effective
with the house committee that it re
ported in favor of appropriating half a
million dollars for the purchase of a
site. There was every reason to expect
that this would bo approved by the
house when the hill was reached , but
when it cajno up in its order the per
sons who profess so much regard foi
economy were successful by recourse tr
parliamentary filibustering in prevent
ing a vote on It. There is not a doubt
that the bill will bo passed , perhaps to
morrow , when it will bo again reached ,
and probably when it shall have been
returned to the senate and finally goes
to a conference committee the entire
amount of $1,200,000 voted by the senate
will bo allowed. But the would-be
"economists" will have made their rec
ord , which is all they really desire ,
There is a great deal of senseless and
indefensible opKisitlon ] to government
expenditures for public buildings botli
in and out of congress. Much of it ii
that body is simply rank demagogy ,
Most of it on the outside Is from locali
ties that have already received vastlj
more than their share of government
consideration in this direction. Regarding
garding the spirit that commonly pre
vails in congress respecting all public
improvements the San Franciscc
Chronicle pointedly says :
There is nothing quite so puerile , so silly
so absolutely Idiotic in the whole system o :
federal government and legislation as tin
way congress goes about public uulUliugs ; or
indeed , any public improvement. The Idei
of that body seems to bo that there Is no
money enough to really do anything with
and that everything must wait until the
money can bo collected , year by year , froii
taxation. Now , such u way of doing buslues :
was all well enough when the United Statci
was sailing close to the wind and had to usi
its funds with the greatest care ; but now
with the country groaning under a surplui
( according to Mr. Cleveland ) , or at all event :
having all the money it needs at its disposal
such a method of carrying on public improve
ments is utter and defenseless nonsense.
Let us illustrate by an example. A man i :
receiving a salary , lot us say , out of which hi
can put aside $103 a month to buy a lot am
build htm a house. This is his limit. Now
if ho is a prudent man , ho will spctu
only his (100 a" month , and if his lo
is to cost him $1,000 and his housof3,000
he will take fort5' months in whicl
to buy and build. But suppose that after hi
has saved his first $100 or (200 there is sud
dcnly left to hjm a fortune of (40,000 o
$50,000 , while his monthly income remain
the same. If this man should put his $40,00
or § 50,000 into an old stocking or into a saf
deposit company's vault , and go on layini
asldo his $100 month wherewith to buy hi
lot and build hls _ house , what would b
thought of his sense or judgment ! Would h
not bo deemed a fool or u lunatic !
And yet that is precisely the policy whicl
congress pursues with regard to public im
provements. It piles up money in th
treasury , at the same time protracting th
time for building public buildings and work
as if the money had to bo saved llttlo by llttl
for them. Why does congress not do as :
business man would do : determine what i
wanted , and its cost , and then npproprlat
the money for it , instead of dawdling alon
with a driblet at this session and another a
another session , until the patience of the pec
plo who have contributed the money is exhausted
haustod ?
It will not bo questioned that nubli
buildings are asked for that are no
necessary , and that in other case
larger appropriations are called for thai
would bo needed to construct such build
ings as nro required. . A proper can
and discrimination is expected of thi
representatives of the people. Bu
these are not implied in such narrov
and pucrilo opposition as is gene rail ;
made to this class ot improvements' , i
notable example of which was furnishci
in the house .on Saturday. What i
needed is a practical , busincss-liki
method of dealing with those matters
and this can hardly bo hoped for whil
the majority of congressmen are no
practical. Meantime the govornmcn
having abundant moans at Its commani
in excess of its current wants , whicl
ought to bo returned to the people
thcro is every reason why it shouli
adopt a generous and wisoly-directei
policy of public iraprove'monts.
A Convention of Republican Chilis
The vice-president nnd the niembe
of the cxe'cutivo committee of the re
publican national league for Nebraski
have issued a call for a convention o
the republican clubs ot the state , to assemble
semblo in Omaha on the 15th of March
This is duo to the recommendation c
the nati onul league , and is in accord
unco with a policy that is being pui
sued In all states whore ropublica
clubs are organized. Clubs having nc
loss than twenty memborsarc rcqucste
to send three delegates , besides whet
tho.prcsidont of each club will bo ci
titled to a scat in the convention. Thi
primary object is the organization of :
state republican league which shall act
in conjunction with the national
league and the state central committee
ami the call judiciously provides tha
' the convention shall not name , recom
mend or nominate any candidate foi
ofllco. " The purpose Is simply to prepare
pare and discipline the republicai
forces of Nebraska , by thorough organ !
zation , for the coming national battle.
The Bier has alreadv spoken In roc
ommondatlon of this purpose , and I
therefore approves the action that ha
been taken to carry It out. Organl/.n
tion is a prerequisite to success. Polltl
cal parties can no moro dispense will
it than can military armies wlthou
peril. The club has become a vita
force in politics , nnd when the powo
of many of these organization
is concentrated nnd wisely um
harmoniously directed it imi ;
exert a very great influence. No ono n\
doubt that Nebraska will bo found i
the republican No'vomboi
but confidence tn thfa fact does not ren
der organization loss desirable or neces
sary. The roico of the republicans , ot
this state should bo heard and their in
fluence felt throughout the country
while the contest IB in progress , nnd to
make these effective they must go out
as the expression of un organized and
harmonious body. The aim of the
national league is to inspire the interest
and quicken the zeal of republicans
everywhere , and it should have the as
sistance of all republicans.
Undoubtedly the call for a.stnto con
vention of republican clubs will bo
cheerfully responded to bythoso organi
zations now In existence , and meantime
the republicans in localities whore thcro
Is no club.should promptly organize seas
as to secure representation in the con
vention.- There is a long and hot cam
paign ahead , and it Is not too soon to be
gin preparations for it.
Wall Street llefornl.
A dispatch from Now York says :
"Wall street still sags , " and that a pe
tition signed by the most prominent and
influential brokers on the street will bo
sent to the governors of the stock ex
change asking for the appointment of
an auditor who shall investigate and
report upon the actual condition .of the
various corporations who have their se
curities listed on the board.
Wall street seems to have discovered
at last that the reason why the stock
exchange is deserted and investors no
longer flock to the brokers' ofllccs Is be
cause there is a general distrust of all
railroad securities. The men who have
been swindled out of millions of dollars
by the thimbloriggers of corporate mo
nopoly decline to furnish moro funds
for stock gamblers and stock jobbers.
They have learned , apparently , from
bitter experience that there is no ono
to "temper the wind to the shorn lamb"
of Wall street , and they are placing
their money in manufacturing enter
prises throughout the country and in
profitable investments in western realty.
After two years howling about
"western town lot bunco stcerors , " in
their endeavor to frighten eastern cap
italists from placing their money outside
of Manhattan Island , the brokers and
commission men of Wall street have
come to the conclusion that nothing
but radical measures of reform on the
stock exchange will-attract custom and
lift the sagging market. They propose
accordingly to have a sifting examina
tion made of all corporate securities and
to wipe olt the boards the names of all
worthless and water-logged stocks and
bonds. This is a stop in the right di
rection , or would bo could It bo put Into
operation. But it is extremely doubt
ful whether any investigation could
ever bo carried through against the tre
mendous pressure which the Goulds and
Saces nnd Fields and Corbins would
bring to prevent an exposure of the rotten -
ton roads in which they are interested.
For all this , the fact that such a propo
sition has even been considered is in
teresting corroboration of the charges
which have been made by the press ol
the country as to the reasons whj
Trinity church looks down upon a deserted -
sorted street. Stock gambling was at
tractive to small operators only so' long
as they considered that there was a pos
sibility of a fortune being won through
manipulation on change. As soon as
they learned by years of bitter experi
ence that nine Iambs out of every ten
came out of Wall street shorn anil
fleeced through a stacking of the cards
by the manipulators of great corporate
interests they quietly withdrew fron :
the game. They are not likely to flocli
again to the street until the impression
now firmly fixed in their minds that al
railroad securities are of doubtful stu
bility can be removed.
Tnc bombardment of the postofilce bj
the western press is producing good re
suits. Since the time when Anderson
of Kansas , ana Senator Plumb oponec
up upon the penurious policy of the
present administration in its misman
ngcmont of postal affairs , the demo
crats have been steadily on the defense
Western senators and representatives
who have boon bcsoiging the depart
ment for extended mail service have
discovered a moro generous fpoling or
the part of the administration , and hav <
been met with apologies instead of cur' '
replies. The appropriations committee
too , fearing the effects of adverse pub
Ho sentiment in the west , have de
tcrmined to add considerable to the np
propriations for postal service during
the next fiscal year , and the amount !
called for by Postmaster Genera
Dickonson to make up deficicncic :
have boon promptly granted. Thi :
change is another instance o
the' value of an aroused publii
opinion as voiced by the press in forcing
a performance of public duty by official :
nt the national capital. The plan o
campaign which the wily Vilas put Snt <
operation has been knocked into i
cocked hat. His successor , who had clr
culatcd more among the people , had tin
sense to discover that cutting down tin
mail service in the west would do nion
damage to the party than a showing o
bogus economy would do good in tin
east. Several other leaders of democ
racy were rudely awakened to the fac
that the demand for a self-sustaining
postal service was not half so vocifcrou
as the cry of discrimination against th <
people of the west and of wretched ac
commodations to the public using tin
HASCALI/S estimate of grading Doug
las street from Seventeenth ti
Twentieth , and Eighteenth nnd Nine
tconlh streels between Farnaiu am
Dodge , is $1504XX ) . Hascall knows.tha
the grading can bo done for less thai
$ oOX)0 , ( ) , of which the city will only havi
to pay one-half. The damages to adjacent
jacont property could in no event exceed
coed $25,000 , which would more than bi
olTsot by the benefits and improvement :
which , under the charter
can bo assessed against thi
property bonelitted. In oilier word
Iho expense to the city of grading
Douglas street nnd its Intersections be
tween Seventeenth and Twontietl
streets would no only about one-thin
what the city has paid for lowering
Eleventh street last , year and not ovoi
half what this city and county hav <
jmid- for grading Thirteenth strool
south of the rnllroajlj to HascMl'8 ton
acre lot.- And , by thr wny , the grading
of the street _ ln * fuont of Hoscall's
grounds was entirely done at the ex
pense' of the cqilh whllo property
owners on Thlrtoq'nih north of IlascaU's
road house had t6 pftjf half of the grad
ing expenses In frpnl.of these lots.
AncttlTECT McDoNKLTi in lecturing
before the Y. M. C. A , , the ether night
described as ono of the necessities of a
perfect building ' that "sculpture ot
painting bo employedto ] tell the story
of the building. " What tablets of brass
or what statues of Inarblo will tell the
story of city hails built by boodllng
councllmen ?
la Up In the Profession.
lloston alnbc.
As an adroit manipulator of meaningless
yyord , Dr. Mackenzie , Unsor Fritz's phy
sician , takes the royal bun.
Pulverize the Sugar Combiner.
JVeio York World.
There is nothing refined about the sugar
combiner. If the people don't like being
crushed , he Buys , they can lump it.
Fate's Finger.
MlnntaixtUi TrUnine.
"Tho finger of Fnto is pointing at Mr. Conk-
ling , " sayn the Chicago Mail. And you arc
quite sure that the thumb of Fa'o Is not ut the
same thno resting playfully on the tipol
Fate's nose )
Bound to Fall.
Kama * CUu Journal.
The latest rumor in regard to trusts Is that
the Rothschilds are attempting to form a
diamond trust. They will find this a dilllcull
mutter , for they will flrst have to secure the
co-operntUm of the hotel clerks and the bar
State Convention of Republican Clubs ,
O3IAHA , Feb. 10 , 1883.
Pursuant to the recommendation ol
tho. republican league of the United
States , wo hereby issue this official call
for n convention of the republican clubs
in the state of Nebraska , to assemble nt
Exposition hall , in the city of Omaha.
Nob. , at 11 o'clock in the forenoon ol
Thursday , March 15 , 1888 , and to con
tinue in session until the completion ol
any business coming before the conven
Wo request each of the republican
clubs , throughout the state , having u
membership of twenty or thirty or
more , to select thrco delegates to repre
sent the club In this convention.
The president of each club is , by
virtue of his office , entitled to a seat in
this convention , in addition to the throe
delegates provided for. The delegation
from a club to cast but OHO vote.
The primary object of holding this
convention of republican clubs of the
state is the organization of a state re
publican league , which shall act in con
junction with tho' , national league and
with the state central committee , and
which shall in no wise interfere with
the duties and prerogatives of the latter.
The formation of a" state league ie
bound to conduce to the efficient co
operation of these climbs. In state and
national politics , and will load to in
creased party . efficiency , to intelligent
comprehension , among the masses , ol
the living questions before the country ,
and to a degree of organization hitherto
unknown in the history of any political
The convention shall not name , recom
mend or nominate any candidate foi
ofllco. v
Delegates nro notified that , during
the convention , the rooms of the Young
Men 'a republican club of Omaha , ut the
Millard hotel , will bo open as the head
quarters for the delegates from out ol
It is of great importance that each
club send at once tno names of the dele
gates selected to Charles A. Collard ,
secretary of the Young Men's republican
club of Omaha ; address room 17 , Ne
braska National bank building , Omaha ,
It is earnestly desired that republi
cans residing in communities where
there is now no club organization will
proceed at once to effect such organiza
tion , elect their delegates to the state
convention , and report as above.
Vico-President of Republican National
League for Nebraska.
Member Executive Committee Republi
can National League.
Kcbrnskn Jottings.
Lincoln county will put $5,000 in c
now jail.
Ord is slocking up on a butter anc
cheese factory.
The republicans of Falls City have
clubbed together.
York proposes to invest $22,500 in f
central high school.
Aurora is sending out feelers for the
Missouri Pacific extension.
The "Bank of Prosperity" is t
flourishing institution in Liberty.
Rev. Brown has undertaken the np
palling task of spreading righteousness
among the lost in Lincoln.
A bunch of Union Pacific surveyors
camped at Fullerton last week nnd sol
the vesldents to speculating on futures
Miss Josie Sutton , a former resident
of Crete and a popular young lady , was
ono of the cyclone victims at Mt ,
The bank of Valley. Douglas county
is in running order. C. E. Mnyno , o !
Omaha , is president , and John Rile
The Fullerton Journal reports the
pulse of Nance county republicans beat
ing strongly for Blaiiio , with Shbrmai
second and Lincoln third.
Local option has corked the saloons ii
Aurora. Two saloon ipcn wore trie < :
and convicted last week , and the thiri
plead guilty and was lined $2oO ant
costs. '
"There is probably no doubt , " says-
the Wayne Herald , "that , if Omalu :
could got a railroad to Yank ton and or ,
to a connection with1 the Northern
Pacific , without paying out a dollar foi
It , that it would accipt St. "
The West Point Republican ii
branching out as a political prophet
With Phil Sheridan as. leader in the
next campaign , it i | ' convinced that tin
republican party would sail into powoi
with a tremendous hurrph.
Mayor Aloxander.'of ' Hastings , carrlci
his nerve with him on nil official occa
sions. Accompanied by u policeman t <
fun him , ho pulled a pokon game a feu
nights ago , jailed flvo professionals and
lined them * 10 to f50 each.
Greenwood , a lively town in Cnsi
county , has sent committee to , tie
brasku City to inspect the Boyschlaf
cereal mill at that point. A mill of likt
character , to cost $ lt > ,000 , is to bo bull :
and operated in Greenwood , provldet
the citizens give a bonus of 92,000.
Banker Spitzer , of Toledo , has becom <
infatuated with Nebraska's gilt edge
securities. The $10,000 in bridge bond :
issued by Columbus have been purchasei
at a premium of $3GO. Mr.Spltzor's investments
monts Bro tinged with one gulp of gloon
his failure to secure the Omuhu higl
school , bonds. t
. Frank Ford , of .Broken Bow , whih
speeding Ms team on n country road ,
was dropped to the ground by an acci
dent to the wagon. The horses took.tha
front wheels and dashed away. After a
two mile spin they ran into buggy
occupied by Calkins , a man of seventy
years. The buggy was wrecked , and
the old man dangerously Injured. His
shoulder blades were factured , besides
a number of cuts and brusios.
The editor of the' Loun City Trans
cript Is a feather weight champion of
Sherman county. Ho ngitntcs the
hand press at 127 pounds. A 2T,0
pounder , with a crushing swagger and
a loose tongue undertook to show the
scrlbo how to run the paper. "Wo did
not dispute his ability to do said act , "
says the cheerful editor , "yet wo are
still able to attend to our duties. Self-
preservation is the first law of nature ,
consequently wo had said gentlemen
placed under bonds to keep the peace. "
Henry Miller , of Phelps county , went
out with a gun ior ducks. The gun was
a regular shoulder dlslocator , and was
loaded with fine slugs. Henry braced
himself for the shot , but the gun wont
oil at both ends. The brcoch-pin struck
Miller above the eves , breaking the
skull and depressing tno brain. Ho was
stunned for a few minutes and with his
companions walked half a mile to his
home. Doctofs extracted several splin
ters of bone nnd trepanned the skull.
Miller'is now doing well and is likely to
recover. His escape from instant death
verges on the miraculous.
The Butler countycommlssioners were
paralyzed last week with a bill of (3,300
from Lawyer Cowin for services in the
bond suit of the Blue Valley railroad.
The county voted (53,000 In bonds in aid
of the road , but they were declared void.
The litigation cost the county
(11,000. The Press says it cost
David City severely. By supporting
the now road she earned the hatred of
the Union Pacific , and refusing to pay
made the B. & M. her enemy , and until
the Northwestern came she was * lbo-
twoon the devil and the deep sea. " Ex-
norionco comes high , but people must
have it at any price.
Town Items.
.Davenport is negotiating for a cable
street railway.
Cohtorvlllo had a sensation last week
in the marriage of a white man and a
colored woman.
Kcokuk has stopped the use of stone
flagging for street crossing purposes nnd
will use brick.
The third reunion of the Twelfth Iowa
volunteer infantry will take place at
Waterloo , Black Hawk countyThursday
and Friday , April 5 and 0.
The women of Fort Dodge have sworn
out nine injunctions against saloon
keepers of that city , and declare that
they will close every saloon.
Articles of incorporation were filed
with the secretary of state Monday hy
the Garden City Canning and Pickling
company , of Pclla , with a capital of
Children returning from school near
Fdirport Wednesday evening found an
obstruction on the track and flagged an
approaching train , which stopped just
in time to avert a serious accident.
The Davenport Cremation society is
going right ahead , and at a late meet
ing the purchase of the lot was ap
proved and plans presented for the cre
matorium , work upon which will bo
commenced as soon as practicable.
Just for the fun of the thing a man in
Dubuque the ether day saturated his
pants with kerosene and then touched
himself off with n match. A few min
utes later ho was outside the house roll
ing In a snow bank to put out the flames.
The State Teachers' association
adoptcd _ the reformed spelling of the
following twelve words and recom
mended thut teachers use them and
teach them : Hav , ar , catalog , dofinit ,
gard , giv , hcd , shal , the , thru , wil ,
A hair-raising horror is i-eported from
Davenport. Wednesday a bright llttlo
girl thirteen years old was left alone in
the house where she was employed as a
domestic. A stranger called , chloro
formed her nnd cut her fine hair off
close fo her head. The police are look
ing for the mysterious tonsorial artist
who perpetrated the rape of the locks.
Jamestown has secured an electric
light plant.
Fargo sent a carload of provisions to
the Mount Vernon cyclone sufferers.
The Fargo board of trade proposes to
raise (8,000 to secure the Catholic see
for that city.
Senator Stanford , of California , has
sent a check for $5,000 to the Dakota
university ut Mitchell.
Huron lias positive assurance that the
Manitoba grade between Watertown
and that city will bo ironed and in ope
ration by the 15th of Juno.
Ed Little , a prominent man in mining
circles and one of the first discoverers
of many of the mines in the Black Hills ,
died nt Dcadwood last week.
Natural gas was struck at Ashton at a
depth of 100 feet. When ignited from a
three-inch pipe it burned steadily ,
throwing a blaze four feet high.
The recent official census shows that
Aberdeen has a population of S,0-J4. The
city has boon redistricted into four
wards to conform with the now charter.
? The following is extracted from the
annual report of Bishop Walker of the
Protestant Episcopal church of north
Dakota : "Tho parishes nnd missions
are 43 in number ; baptisms , infants , 181 ,
adults , 23 , confirmations , 81 , communi
cants , 0811 ; marriages , 27 ; burials , 83 ;
Sunday school teachers , 55 ; Sunday-
school scholars , about 309 ; contribu
tions , $14,010.23. "
Penny 1'oatngc.
; lmcrc ! < JH Grnccr , February 15.
Next to frco sugar nnd American
ocean mail service the g'reatest boon
congress an confer on the American
peoulo is penny letter postage. From
the Inception of the present post ( jillco
department to the present its history has
been ono of progress and reform. It has
sometimes been tardy in responding to
the popular demand for cheaper rales ,
greater facilities , rapid service , frco de
livery , yet in time it gets abreast of
public sentiment. Wo nro glad to note
that congress hears the voice of the
people for penny letter postage. On
the 4th of January three bills were in
troduced in the house of representatives
as follows :
H. U. 1080. Provides that mailoblo matter
of the flrst class shall bo paid at Uio rate o (
Ic for each ounce or fraction thereof.
H. K. 1427. To reduce letter ) > ostago to lo
un ouncu by amending Sec. 30XJ.
H. H. 1-T-l To rcduco the rate of postage ]
on letters , commonly known as drop or local
leltui-s to Ic.
These are timely and practical meas
ures that are not likely to burden the
department. Penny letter postage
would do away with postal card sorvlco ,
which co.its the government more than
it receives. It fuunishes the cards ,
transports them as first-class registered
mail mailer , causing an expenditure of
several millions yearly in order to
place the cards on sale at 55,000 differ
ent offices. It gives the people ether
service merely for public convenience ,
which costs the government largo sums
thus free delivery of mail matter
coits nearly $5,000,000.
Is there any good reason foV trans-
porting four ounces of socond-claa
matter for 1 cent and' exacting 8 cent !
for sending h.lotlcr the .same distance
It Is no more expensive , nor does i
require any different sorvlco to. trans
port a letter weighing ouo ounce for :
cent , than it docs ( o furnish pbsta
cards nnd carry them twice through tin
malls for 2 conls.tho first transportatlot
coating $1.14 per pound ns Hrsfr-clasi
registered matter.
If two ounces of circular inclosed It
an envelope can bo sent nil ever the coun
try for 1 cent , what Is there to provem
the sending of a scaled letter weighing
ono ounce for 1 cent ?
The average weight of letters son
through the malls is five to the ounce
returning the government 10 cents poi
ounce for Us service , as against 1 confer
for two ounces of circulars , or 1 cent foi
four ounces of second-class matter.
Wo have confidence that penny lettei
postage would bo self-sustaining wlthli
two years. It would load to changes ii
the character of the matter mailed that
would go a great way to offset the re
duction and also would lead to saving
In many branches of the service.
The surplus In the treasury Is a con
stnnt menace to the general welfare
The public good is the first considora
tlon in ridding the treasury of its hoard
ings. Frco sugar , adequate compensa
tion for American ocean mall sorvlco
and penny postage brings relief toovorj
citizen , whllo expenditures for publii
buildings , pensions , etc. , only Indirectlj
help the people at largo , besides cstab
lishing bad precedents when boyoiu
our real needs.
Wo boast of no standing army , but at
enormous surplus of revenue has foster
ed raids on the treasury , until in 188 (
this government paid $03,000,000 in pen
sions , while Germany expended $85 ,
000,000 to support her entire army
while her pension list was only (5,500-
000. Stop the use of public money foi
private good and give us a cheaper and
bettor mall service.
"In 1880 the post ofllco dopartmenl
reported a revenue , (3,228,000 loss than
its expenditures. Since then It has re' '
duced rates of postage , Increased the
number of offices 12,000 , extended fret
delivery in cities and greatly improved
the services in ether directions , antl
still in 1887 its expenditures were onls
$3,5-55,000 moro than Its receipts , n dif
jorcnco In seven years of only $327,000
during which time the salaries of post
masters were increased $4,200,000. Are
not these facts alone sufficient to war
rant the granting of penny postage foi
ono ounce letters11 !
Cheap postage is ono of the most nc
tivo and useful educational factors thai
a nation can bestow upon its people. II
would stimulate correspondence quite as
much as cheap transportation develop !
an increase in passenger traffic. Evorj
letter mailed is n source from whicl
springs ono or moro other communica
tions. Besides individual benefits
penny postage would increase the fraternal
tornal relations between different sec
tions of the country. Thus far the pros
out administration , whllo satisfactory t (
the people , has done nothing to make it
live in history. If it should do nothinp
else than establish penny postage its
history would bo marked ana its nctior
remembered through coming genera
tions. Let us hope that it will not dnlij
with this subject as it has with the
ocean mail service , the tariff reform and
other important measures , butpromptlj
respond to the popular demand for pen nj
letter postage.
D Overworked Hallway Managcra.
St.OHIO Pont-Dfejxifch.
The retirement of the Union Pacific's
general manager , Potter , broken dowi
by overwork follows soon after the dcatl
of Ho.xie nnd Tulmago from the same
cause and suggests the need for some
effective legal curtailment of the ex
ceedingly oncrus nnd multifarious
labors now imposed on the general man
agers of railroads. Such 'curtailment
would bo a merciful protection to the
body politic and to the people at largo
as well as to the general manager him
It is not merely the physical nnd men
tal strain of responsibility proper that
kills this munificently salaried drudge ,
It is not traveling hy day , working hi
night , investigating department details
tails , studying commercial situations
etc. , thut kills him. An army of well-
chosen , well-organized subordinate !
makes his labors in that field compara
tively light , and his pathway smooth
In England and other countries where
this is all the strain ho has upon him
the railway manager is a man of ele
gant leisure robust , long-lived am
never complains of overwork in charge
of the most expensive railway business ,
But in addition to real railway busi
ness the general manager of a rnilwaj
in this country has as heavy n load o !
cares and responsibilities as the Czar o !
Russia. ' Ho is required to run the
caucuses and conventions of both opll-
tical parties ; to handle stntolcgislatures
and city councils , as well ns boards o !
trade ; to watch the courts as well as thi
stock exchanges ; to work all the wires
of government in the largo district
which ho rules over ns the pro-consul
for the Cxsnrs of Wall street , and from
which it is his business to extract the
largest possible returns of revenue foi
his masters at the lowest ] x > s-
siblo expense nnd with the least
possible political friction. . What
kills him ia the moral strain thai
is put upon him , the manipulation o !
lobbies and officials ; the wielding of the
terrible power of discrimination in trade
to build up ono trading point or interest
and destroy another.
All these labors and responsibilities
should bo diverted by law from railroai
nianagoi-3 , nnd for the sitko of the
general welfare it should bo made i
punishable crime for any railroai
manager to exercise such functions , 01
for any railroad company to impose sucl
labors on him.
Hail No Ktcnk for Him.
Chicago Tribune.
Strange requests are sometimes made
of senators by applicants for office ane
persons who daily throng the corridors
of the capital. The telephone in the
ofllco of the secretary of the senate rang ;
violently ono day this week , as if some
hungry applicant was determined unor
an imincdietu hearing and resolved thai
nothing should intorfuroro with his
pressing wants.
"Hello ! Hello ! " came through the
"Is this 277 ? "
"Yes ; go ahead ? "
"Is Mr. thoroV" mentioning the
name of n well-known senator ,
' Yes. "
'Toll him to como to the telephone. '
"All right. "
The senator , who , bv the way , boars
the same name that a well-known res
taurateur in. this in this city bears , was
called and promptly stopped to the in
"Hollo ! "
"Is that you , ? "
"Yes , go ahead ! " .
" * "Where is my steak ? Send mo n beef
steak at once ! "
"Send you n what ? "
"No , not a what a beefsteak. "
"What did you say ? Say that again,1
called the astonished senator.
"A heefstoalt u beefsteak b'ee f ,
. tfc * fij.Ld& ! * ti dk&4bJt'ftlk * ' ?
beef , a-t- -ft-c. rteak beefsteak. Ofl
you catch thiit ? ' *
"No , I dbn't , " ihou'tod the Irate sena
tor , losing all patience nnd throwing1
ttown the receiver. "What does the
follow want , anyway ? " turning to an at
tendant. The latter , whoso pranks
have sot the secretary's office roaring
moro than once , stepped to the tele
"Hollo ! "
"Blank , blank , blanlcoty blnnlc , I want
my steak. I ordered it ever half an
hour ago. I wish you would , let mo
know If vou intend sending it before the
next Fourth of July ? "
"O , yes ; Mr. will be sorry to hear
of your disappointment , but as a senator
of the United States ho cannot faror
your request ; thcro are no stakes hero
for any ono , and all application must bo
made directly to the head of the proper
department. "
There waa n discordant hum M of
many voices at the ether end of the
wire , a faint echo as of suppressed
laughter , and then como un almost in
audible whisper :
"It's all a 'mistake ; ' good hyo. "
Hooks antl Magazines ,
A very interesting and instructive !
work is a recent issue from the Willianut
Publishing Co. , Cleveland. Ohio , and
entitled "A Third of a Century in the
Gold Fields. " The book is edited by
Frederick T. Wallace and is a pleasantly
written tale of the experiences of Chas.
D. Ferguson , a ' 4lor ) during a residence
of thirty-four years in California and
"Life of James Russell Lowell" Ia the
latest from the D. Lothrop Company , '
Boston. E. E. Brown Is the author and * .
baa produced a clover , and interesting
sketch of ouo of America's remarkable
men. i
"It Is the Law" is a touching tale of
marriage and divorce by Thomas Edgar
Willson and published by Belford ,
Clarke & Co. , Now York. The story Is
interesting throughout.
The Technology Architectural Re
view is published by the department of
architecture of the Massachusetts Insti
tute of technology. The publication
consists of a folio of plates made by the
gelatine systoinand the Illustrationsa'ro
handsome and interesting. The Review
will , without doubt , bo fully appreciated
by the architects nnd draughtinon of
the country. Mr. Thomas R. Kimball ,
son of Thomas L. Kimball , of Omaha , ia
ono of the editors of the publication.
S , 13. Miner has laid before the public
the result of many years' thought and
research , in book form. It is entitled ,
"Creation ; Or , the Power Behind K vo
lution"and is intended to disclose Iho
unity of matter and force. The wonc is
worth a careful reading. Burdctto com
pany , publisher , Burlington , Ia.
Cassoll's Family Magazio , Now York ,
for March opens with an installment of
that spirited serial "Monica , " or
"Stronger than Death , " which bids fair
to outdistance some of its predecessors
in popularity. ' , Some Cats of a Larger
Growth , " is a lively paper on tigers , by
ono who has lived among them in their
native jungles. The devoted sister who
nursed her brother back to health
through a case of typhoid fever , gives
the conclusion of her experienceswhich
ought to be profitable reading to ama
teur nurses. Following this the inter
esting "City of Shcoroofs" is described.
The "Family Doctor" this month tolls
what ho thinks of so-called tonics which
is not flattering to their compounded ,
"My Cookery Class nnd What I Tavght
it , " is n thoroughly practical paper , and
so is a ' , Family of Bovs and How They
Were Started in Life. " The two fash
ion loiters nro filled with their usual
amount of early information from Lon
don and Paris. "Tho Gathorer"is unusu
ally full , and among the novelties it re
ports is an "eloclrio table writer. "
The publishing house of Frank OrfE
& Co. , Omaha , have completed a hand
some business dircclory for Nebraska
City , Nob. The same firm is now en
gaged in preparing a directory for
South Omaha , which will be issued
The Quiver , published by Cassoll ft
Co. , Now York , for March will bo ver
interesting. The opening article de
scribes "A Now Mission Field. " The
newly married , or oven those about to
bo united In the holy bonds of wedlock ,
will find much profitable reading in the
address on "How to Sanctify Mar
riage , " by the Rev. Gordon Calthrop.
Edward Gurrett continues his papers1
on "Tho Salt of the Earth , " in which
he gives sympathetic sketches of seine
noble lives. "Maggie's Watch" is a
story for young people. "Somo Re
markable Church Towers" are described
with pen nnd pencil. Thcro are stories ,
long and short , serials , poetry , and a
bundle of "short arrows" that bring
this number to a fitting close.
"Tho moon of Mahomet arose , nnd it
shall sot , " snvfi Shelley ; but if you will vl
sot a bottle of Dr. Bull's Cough Syrup ' < |
in seine handy place you will have u
quick cure for croup , coughs and colds.
The eighth wonder of the world a be
nighted man.limping with rheumatism
who had never heard of Salvation Oil.
Price iJo cents a bottle.
Cutting ; a Oirl'H Hair.
Brooklyn Eagle : Cutting a maiden's
hair would scorn to bo a task ot pleas
ure. My barber tells mo this is not so.
Ho is an affable gentleman , with end
less patience and small conversational
powers. "You'd think it was fun. woulel
you ? " ho said the other day. "Well ,
lommo toll vou it ain't. ' " A girl has
just put her iicad in the door lo hay thut
Miss Ethel Black wanted a shingle and
would bo at homo an hour later for the
operation. This provoked the query.
"People who didn't know might think
ns you do , young feller , but they fool
themselves. I'll go 'round there in an
hour and a mighty mean time will I
have. Ethel will bo tlioro. of course.
So'll bo Ethel's throe sisters , her
maw , her Aunt Sairy , her gran'maw
and like as not homo of the neighbor's
women. They won't none of 'em want
her to do it , except perhaps , the young
est gal in the lot , Ethel's mndo up her
min a , but they all talk to her. Her
Aun Sairy will snuffle and ask Maria ,
which is the girl's maw , how can she let
her do it , and the neighbor's women side f I
with her. Gran'maw will kick , too.
Other girls giggle and toll her how bad
she'll look. Then I gits to work. They
nil yell nt the first nip of the shears.
Then they begin on me. I've got to
suit all of'cm , including the aunt and *
gran'maw , who can't ' HOC no. moro'n a
cat in daylight. It's kick , kick , kick ,
from start to finish. When I'm through
I'm tired lucky if I ain't mad. Cut a
gal'a hair fun ? Notmuch.
FmtH , Figures niul Words c = a <
learned rapidly and never forgotten by '
training the memory in Prof. LoiBottors
now and wholly bciontillo system , en
dorsed by hundreds of famous men. ,
Taught by corrosK | > ndonco. Send for
frco prospectus to Prof. LoiBotto , SJ37 ,
Fifth avouuo , Now York.
A courtship that had been In proves *
thirty-emu years terminated in marriage at
Clinton , la. , last week. It U supposed that
the Icup-yuur urivllob'o w uxorcUud by tU