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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 5, 1888)
0 . .THE SUNIAt , BEE. FEBRUARY 5 , 188S.-TWELVE PAGES.
/ ' THE SUNDAY BEE.
r COUNCIL BLUFFS.
OFFICE NO. 12 , I'KAllh ST11KKT
IJdlTf rf (1 ( liy rnrrlrrln nny pnrt nf the city nt
tw rntyltiitN IKT u c k.
It. WJILTON. . Manager.
Tll.ii'IIO ! :
TtFIM.PS 0 riCK. No. 4J.
NKIIIT r.niTOii No. SI.
N. Y. Plumbing Co !
Kritor , tailor , Full goods cheap.
Good coal , full weight guaranteed. C.
B. Lumber Co. , 000 Main t. Tel. JM7.
Wnnt < 'dn good girl for general house
work. Inquire Mrs. H. W. Tilton , fi'JT
Theodore P. Green , of Sheridan , and
Cynthia R. Crabtree , of this city , were
yesterday granted leave to marry.
The P. E. O. will hold an important
business meeting Monday afternoon at
4:80 : o'clock at the icsidenco of Miss
The Mit'tincrchor is to give its thir
teenth annual masquerade ball in the
Terajilo hall Monday evening , Febru
Business men shoulil arrange to at
tend the meeting of the board of trade
to bo held next Wednesday evening in
the rooms in Brown's building.
Yesterday Charles A. Thilspurchased
two lots in the Squires addition , upon
which ho will immediately erect for his
own use a dwelling and carpenter shop.
Poet Bnllard writes from Denison that
ho is still in the field , his clothes are
doing well in keeping off the rigors of
winter , and he threatens to come to the
A Short protest is being made against
the proposed change in the manner of
selecting city assessors. The oUier
John , Ahlcs , is joined with Short in the
agitation of the question.
The police muddle is at an end. The
malcontents have cried quits and want
to bury the hatchet. Chief Mullen says
ho is ready for the row to stop , and
peace now exists at the central station.
A deed was yesterday filed with the
county recorder by which Henry Pioper
and wife transfer to Otto Bojart the so
i and n i sw i of section 0 , township 77 ,
range 41. The consideration was $ 'J,800. '
There is Considerable excitement
manifested over the great freight reduc
tions recently made in Chicago by the
cut in rates made by the Milwaukee.
Local rates are from 30 to 40 cents per
100 less than before.
II. F. Hattonhauor is building a now
'delivery wagon for the United States.
express company for use in this city.
This factory is turning out several of
these vehicles , and is ono of the solid
manufacturing institutions of the city.
Tickets for the Shadier-Carter bil
liard contest are yoing like hot cakes.
The largo audience which will assem
ble in the Temple hall next Tuesday
evening to witness the match will con
tain quite n number of the Indies of the
Reserved scats for billiard exhibition
Money to loan. W. S. Coopor.
We have Nebraska and Kansas Innd
to ti ado for city property. Johnston &
Union Abstract Co. , 2IUJ Main st.
Splendid chance to go into the imple
ment business at Beatrice , Neb. Since
the history of Beatrice there has never
been half so favorable a time as at pres
ent. If taken at once will sell the en
tire stock of general implements , con
sisting of seasonable goods , regardless
of cost. Address mo at Council Bluffs ,
la. , or Beatrice , Neb. O. P. McKesson ,
assignee for W. I. Shullonburgor.
S. II. Filbert loaves to-day for Indian
John N. Baldwin has returned from
Judge Thowell is expected to return
from his homo in Sidney in time to open
C. D. Strew , of Fort Dodge , In. , is vis
iting his brothei' , J. E. Strew , of the
Mueller Music company.
Theodore Lund has started on a visit
to his aged imronts in Denmark. He
expects to bo absent until May.
J. C. Blnnchard found Sioux City
rather uncongenial , and rnino in yester
day to spend Sunday in the Bluffs.
Rov. J. Fish has received the sad news
of the death of his elder brother , Judge
Greonleaf Flsk , at his home in Brown-
wood , Texas.
Mrs. W. T. Webb , whoso husband was
formerly rector of St. Paul's church here ,
Is expected this week to visit her old
Council Bluffs friends.
General Agent Marshall , of the Chicago
cage , Burlington & Quiiicy * is in the
west for a short time looking after the
interests of the road.
IrnSeoflpld has decided to IcavcCoun-
cil Bluffs just as soon as ho can arrange
his business to do so. He will try his
fortnuo in the Golden state. His family
will accompany him.
Wanted , a first-claps TnllHncr ; no
other need apply. Address , with refor-
j , uncos nnd snhtry wanted , E. M. , BKK of-
- ' lice , Council Bluffs , In.
Domestic patterns at 105 Main st.
Ono thousand head of ono. two nnd
three-year-old steers for sale. Will give
credit to reliable parties. Enquire o
A. J. Grcenumayer.
S. B. Wadsworth & Co. loan money.
On the market for over twenty years.
Still the most reliable und the' most
popular sowing machine mado. The
light running Domestic. Office 105
Main st. _
Travelers ! Stop at the Bochtole.
Shcafo loans money on real estate.
The DoliiKN of the Bar.
The bar ntbociation held a meeting in
the court room in the Masonic temple
yesterday morning at 9 o'clock. Hon.
D. C. Bloomer , president of the associa
tion , occupied the chair. The object of
the meeting was to enable the members
and the court to arrive at a better un
derstanding in regard to the time of
hearing motions. Instead of devoting a
part of each day to that purpose , a rule
was adopted by which Saturdays are
" - made the motion days nnd a committee
was requested to inform the court of
, the now rule to-morrow. The matter
. of the dedication of the new court house
; was brought up , and the committee ap
pointed for that purpose was instructed
' to confer with the board of county
guporyjsors at their next meeting. No
other business was transacted and the
Sco Carter , the wonderful finger bll-
Regular Masonlo convocation of Star
S * chapter. No. 4" . to-murrow evening at
' 7W : ) o'cloot- : . 'siting fl , A. M. cor-
dlully Invited. Uy oidcr M. 12. H. P.
f AMONG THE BUSV BLUFFITES ,
Some of the Needs of the Growing
An Klo nnt nirllnlny Cotetirntlon The
Uooil Trmplni-H AVnut Morn Imw
A Chlonito Sinn DritKK < * ( l
Whore to Worship.
The following announcements nro
made of survlees to be held in the sov-
orul churches of Iho city to-iliiy :
ST. i'Aui/8 iriscoi'Ar
Service IIH usual. Morning : Holy
oinmunion , with sermon on ' 'ThoCawu
f Joy in llciivun. " Evening : Musical
, vnl Sunday service ; the sermon will ho
ho la t of the course on "My Religion. "
I'oung men's Hihlo class lifter morning
orvieo , conducted by the St. Andrew s
Jrotherhood. The hrothorhood will
greet strangers nt the evening service ,
nd leaflets containing the prayers , otu. ,
nivo boon provided BO that strangers
: iin follow the service. You uro cor-
inllv invited to attend those services.
Preaching by Uov. Ovido Vicn at 3
'clock. ' Sabbath school at4 o'clock.
Services to-day , morning and evening.
reaching by the pastor. Morning sub-
cct : "Looking Upward. " Evening :
'A Friend of God. " All who desire to
.ttend these services are cordially in-
V. M. C. A.
Mooting Sunday afternoon , from 4 to
o'clock , for mon only. Hoys , this
means you , too. Conic and help us sing
f nothing more. Rooms open from 3 to
' o'clock every Sunday hereafter.
Preaching by the pastor at 10:30 : a. m.
mil 7:30 : } ) . in. Subject for morningj
'Diversity of Christian Experience ; '
'or evening , "Tho Moral Insanity of the
Sinner.1 Baptism in connection with
evening service. Scats free.
M12T1IOU1ST EPISCOPAL ClIUllCII.
The pastor , W. II. W. Rees , will
irench at 100 : ! ! a. in. on "Tho Rewards
f Christian Work , ' ' and at 7:30 : p. in. on
'The Parable of the Talents. " The re
vival meeting will continue during the
A "Perfection' ' gasoline Btovo will
cost you no more than any other make
und for neatness , strength and simplic-
'ty they have no equal. You can sco
bom at Odell & Bryant's , 504 Main
itreet , opposite Hill's hotel.
JInppy Little OIIOH.
There was a merry party of little folks
: it the residence of Alderman Lucius
Wells , on Oakland avenue , yesterday
fternoon , the occasion being the fourth
birthday anniversary of little Choi-rio
olls. Twenty-live invitations wore
sent out , and nearly nil were accepted.
The little hostess entertained her guests
n most charming manner , and it can
safely bo said that all had a grand good
time. The presents were both numer
ous and beautiful. The birthday cake
ivas surmounted by four enndlo.s repre
senting the age of the fair little lady
who presided at the table. The favors
were cards on which wore inscribed Iho
following acrostic :
Conic and sit down niul be merry ,
Have n KOCH ! time niul cut -null ;
Eut on the birthday of Chorrio
UlKht freely for no ono will toll ,
li'iifr your voices
In birthday rejoices
Each hml one. whatever bofcll.
The guests present wore Vernon Har
mon , Ona Troxoll , Leo and Clifford
Cole , Paul Smith , Grace Corbaloy ,
Mary Wadsworth , Nellie Harl , Rev Do
Vol , Mary Raymond. Alt nnd Mac Ilnn-
chott , Gertie Bennett , Georgio Van
Brunt , Inez and Freddie Dorland ,
Charley Murphy , Leslie Saunders , Ada
ind Br'uco Hesse , Klsio Pryor , Jessie
Foster , Lawrence Ward.
If you desire to pet n new Hull typo writer
chcnp , drop a jiostnl card to H. A. P. , HUB
oflleo. A grcut bargain for the llrst , who
In purohaning Gnsolino stoves this
.spring remember the best is always the
cheapest. "Tho Perfection'1 has no
equal. Odoll & Bryant , C04 Main
street , have the exclusive sale of them.
CoW Water Workers.
The Good Tomplcrs of the Twelfth
district of Iowa , I. O. G. T. , mot pur
suant to call at Avoca on Thursday last.
A large meeting was held , full delega
tions being present from the counties
comprising the district yiz : . Harrison ,
Pottawattamie , Mills , Shell/ , Audubon
tindCnsH. A largo amount of routine
work was transacted and strong meas
ures proposed and adopted for ridding
the counties named of the blighting
curse of the liquor tralllc. The follow
ing resolutions were unanimously
Whereas , The present pharmacy Inw
of our state has proved so ineffectual in
restraining the illegal salu of intoxicat
ing liquors as to be practically u failure
so as to bo no longer tolerated by pro
gressive public sentiment. Theieforo ,
Resolved , That it is the sentiment of
the delegates of this district lodge and
of the temperance sentiment they rep
resent that the principles inculcated m
the present Curtis bill now before the
legislature of Iowa should bu enacted ,
and put into force nt the curliest possible -
ble moment. That this expression of
sentiment und desire bo spread on the
minutes of this lodge , published
in our local papers and the
same also forwarded to our representa
tives in the legislature with the request
that they seek so far as they can to se
cure the afoicsaid legislation.
Resolved. That it Is the soiieo of the
member * comprising the district lodge
of I. .O. G. T. , Twelfth district of fowa ,
that this order and Good Tomplars gen
erally , is and are thoroughly committed
to the cause of law and order , and en
forcement of law generally , and that it
in the especial duty of this body , and all
Good Templars to use every legal and
moral means to aid in the enforcement
of the prohibitory liquor law of Iowa.
Captain O. R. Vnn Elton , Dakota's
eloquent temporuneolecturer , delivered
n masterly address In the evening at the
M. E. church. The speaker was re
peatedly applauded during his remarks.
Other speakers also addressed the meet
The Good. Templnrs of this city nro
matting arrangements for Captain Van
Etten to como hero wnd deliver his
most thrilling lecture on the late war.
E. II. Shcafo leans money on chattel
security of every de.-oription. Private
consulting room- . All business strictly
eon/ldimtinl. / Ottl-o . " > ( > > ) Broadway , cor
ner Main street , uptnirs. .
Thn Neinls of tinCity. .
"What the city want * llrst of all is n
first chit } * ! iot l , " renmrkb truthfully ono
of the leading citl/ons. "Tho board of
trade whoult ! take hold of this , right oil.
It ib so now that u stranger vlbltins ; the
VJfci. * * * * iimim |
city crinnot but bo unfavorably impressed
pressed with the town. Almost nny
man of sense who Hlop.s outof an elegant
Hlcepor onto the platform of those old
dry goods boxes , called local depots , and
is then compelled to wade through the
mud up town to ti dilapidated old build
ing called a hotel , would got dead sot
against the town , and would sco no good
in it. A man's llrst iinprefonB ! of a
city nro quite ladling. It isjlmrd to con
vince such neoplo that there really is a
good deal of life here , and that the city
is growing fast , and is bound to grow
faster. Yes , wo ought to have n now
hotel , a tine one , built this season. "
"I believe that it will bo easy to raise
at least ti'jHH ( ) bonus for this purpose , "
remarks another. "Last year wo got a
subscription of about $15,000 or * 'JO,000 ,
but it would bo easier now to raise twice
that amount. We all realize more than
wo did then how necessary n hotel Is.
Any hotel men who will nut , up n tine
one here can bo assured of receiving
$ 3,000 as an out and out donation. "
"Tho hotel scheme is all right , and it
ought to go , " chips In n third ; "but what
nlwiut the union depot ? It docs seem
that there Is no need of any delay about
that. The railways , or most of them ,
'iave already favored it , nnd it seems
hat the others can easily bo induced to
oin in. The scheme is practical , the
line is ripe. The local depots , so-called ,
ire by no means suitable for n village.
much less a city like Council Bluffs. All
ho roads are holding off building better
men , for they expect the union depot
iroject to bo carried through , nnd then
.ho now depots would ho of no use. The
jpnrd of trade should take hold of this
ight away. "
"Another thing the city ought to
lave , " remarks n fourth. "What is it ?
Why some system for cleaning the str "
ho rest was lost in the ' loud ringing of
lie bell. .
Drunk or Drugged.
A Chicago man by the name of Morris
laims to have been foully dealt with in
his city on Friday night. After eating
Ills supper nt ono of the leading hotels ,
lie started out to see the town. Ho en-
, cred n Broadway saloon nnd took n
: ouple of drinks nnd soon became per
fectly crazy. The police wore sum
moned and he wns taken to the station
nd locked up until morning. When
iven n hearing ho said ho had been
drugged and robbed of all the money ho
' : iad , amounting to about $15. The
olice authorities had no doubt us to
the truth of his story , nnd ho was dis-
chnrged. The saloon where the alleged
drugging took place is frequented by
some of the most notorious crooks in
, he city , nnd has been the scene of sev
eral shadowy deeds. A close watch is
cept over the place by the police , but
they are unable to prevent the Hoecing
of a man at the bar. There is an in
unction hanging over it at the present
line , and the proprietor is the dofend-
iint in one of the contempt cases that
will bo tried during the present term of
court. It certainly seems as though the
principal street of the city might bo
free from any such disgraceful occur
rences as nre'ennctcd in this saloon. It
is to be hoped that Judge Thomell will
effectually dispose of several such cases
during the present month.
The Union Pacific
The ferry cars are to bo put on again
to-morrow morning , so that those who
desire to cross the rivn * in this way can
bo accommodated as of old.
The opening of the wagon and foot
passages of the Union Pacific bridge has
caused a goodly number to try this mode
of crossing , but there seems to bo n
division of opinion as to whether the
ferry cars or the bridge is the best mode
of transit. The roads leading to the
approach of the bridge are just now in
a bad condition , muddy nnd treacher
ous. This has prevented many from
attempting to use the bridge. In order
to accommodate such the ferry cars have
If the running of ferry cars is con
tinued for a time it will prove a pretty
fair test as to which the public prefers.
There will bo a toll charged for going
over the now bridge. The rates will bo
fixed to-day , ready for announcement
Jacob SchaelTcr , the "Wixxard , ' 'Tues
Mini as a Hustler.
Mayor Rohror starts in well and much
satisfaction is expressed nt the manner
in which ho keeps men nt work to try
to mnko the street crossings passable.
It is hoped that the council will not fail
to net favorably upon his recommenda
tion to purchase n street sweeper. Some
of the business mon located on Broad
way say that it would bo impossible for
them to do business on that street if the
dirt was removed from the paving , as
the din from teams passing over the
granite blocks would bo unbearable. It
is simply another case of local option ,
for the "roar" that now goes up from
the disgusted citizens as they go wading
about the city in the mud is moro an
noying to the majority of people than
the rattle of teams could possibly bo.
The marvelous billiardist , SehaefTor ,
Htory of the Stars.
Judge Ayles.worth occupied his usual
plnco in the police court yestordny
morning nnd levied Inrgo assessments
with nn ease and grace that showed ho
had not forgotten how during his briel
visit to the capital city. Bill Chriss was
lined $8.10 , and George Field , James
O'Brien , Albert Witzkeg and J. Page
$7.00 each. Page was found asleep in
his wagon on Main street at 2 o'clock in
the morning nnd his horse was taken to
Schnoffor and Carter's grout billiard
Another Ono Gone.
News was received in this city yester
day of the death of Robert Hunter , ni
Eastonvillo , Col. , on the 30th of last
month. About u jenr ago Mr. Hunter
wax professor of music in the public
schools of this city , and the bad intclli-
gonco of his death will bo a surprise to
his many friends horo. His funeral oc
curred last Tuesday at Eastonvillo ant
he was buried there.
"TOO MEANTO LIVE. "
So the Constnhlo Wau Told to Take
Him Out and Shoot Him.
Fort Worth , Texas , correspondence o
the Atlanta Constitution : "So you say
Jim , you were out at Fort Concho whet
that was a hard plnco to bo in , nnd no
verv healthy , either ? "
"Well , I should think I wns. Did you
over hear of my experience there'
When I think of it now it makes mo
shiver. I had heard u good deal of Urn
country , and there was not much excite
ment down the country , so I bought a
ticket , so to speak , on u freight train
that is , 1 was loafing about the corral
nt San Antonio nnd mot some freighter
nnd they agreed to take mo througl
with thorn If I would do the cooking fo
the01 invd. I luul nover.had , any ex
puriuncu with such people'and hu |
lover cooked in my life ; but , ns Uley
ay , 'everything goes in Tcxns , ' HO I nc-
opted the nroposltloiP mid was on the
end before I had time tjb think of what
was doing. , , ,
"There was not much cooking tlcno
ho llrst few days , as we luul taken bread
ilnng , and it was not muchlof a job to
ry n little bacon , so thoi'o was no trouble
Ucn. But It cnmo whcr ? ( ho bread gave ,
nit , nnd I was expected'loli cook more ,
or to toll the truth I did ijot know the
Irst thing about making it. Ono of the
joys tried to show mo , but do what 1
unild I could not 'catch onnnd if ever
on saw n poor fellow hn'vo trouble 1 hnd
t then. You sea wo huH.piissed Fredcr-
cksburg. nnd there wup no place we
ould buy any brend If wo wanted to , nnd
was afraid to leav'o thorn and try to
nako my way back , ns the Indians were
iablo to be raiding that country nt any
line , and I had no fancy for being
calpcd. Well , they made mo doovcry-
hing about the camp , and when wo wore
in the move I had to walk , but I soon
jot used to that. The country was high
.nd rolling , and the streams were clear
ind beautiful , and under ordinary clr-
Mimstances I would have en joyed It very
nuch. But there wns no eye for the
beautiful in mo at that time , ns ex
acted nt nny moment Home of the crowd
vould put me outof the way.
"But all things como to nn ond. nnd I
, t last reached Concho. If you have
lovorsecna frontier fort , you cannot
mvo much idea of how things wero.
! ? he officers and soldoirs and people
connected with the fort were well sltu-
itod , but God bless the rest. Of course ,
is soon as wo got there , I was invited to
make mysolt scarce , and I did not need
i second invitation to do so. I knocked
iround to see what I could do , and
Irlftcd into what is now San Angelo , on
on the north side of the South Concho.
foil see , the fore Is between the two
orks of the Concho. The only place to
fo to was a saloon , and soldiers and
oughs were drinking rnd gambling ,
nnd there was n lot o , the hnrdest look-
ng women you over saw , some white ,
some black , and some Mexican , and al-
ogother made one of the hardest scenes
maglnnblo. An old liddlo was being
sawed upon by nn unredeemable looking
nun , nccompanicd by an equally hard
ooking citizen on a banjo. Women
and men were drinking and dancing at
> nc end of the room. One cuss insisted
, hnt I was a > tenderfoot and must drink
with him ; another soon followed suit ,
ind it was not long imtil I was oblivious
.o my Furrpundinirs , and the next I
aiow n Mexican hnd mo in charge , and
nformed me that I must appear before
, ho 'alcalde' ( justice of the peace )
charged with being drunk. I supixiso I
lad been , for I never felt worse in my
"I went before the alcalde. After
asking the Mexican constable a few
juestionB in Spanish , which , of course ,
! could not understand , the alcalde an-
lounced that my line and costs wore $10.
[ did not have n cent of money , so the
constable started out > with ] me and
marched me from plnce.tO'plnce to lind
some ono who would advance mo the
> 10 , but nil to no purpose. The freight
ers had given mo a bad name , and no
one would come to my"rCb'cuo. . After
ome time spent in fruitless attempts to
secure the money required , the consta
ble returned with me toitho alcalde and
made his report , in Spanish. lie re
ceived instructions from thli justice , in
Spanish again , nnd stnrted with mo out
Just as wo were disappearing over
the hill wo root thcushorift of the
county , who was riding into tawn , if
town it , might bo callednnd ( the sheriff
asked the Mexican what he was going
to do with mo , and you , can bettor im
agine than I can toll you my feelings
when the Mexican replied that 1 had
been fined and that ho had gene the
rounds with mo to get the money to pay
it and that no ono would advance the
$10 , so the alcalde had said that any
one who wns so low and worthless as not
to have credit enough to raise $10 was
not worth living , and that ho ( the con
stable ) must take mo out over the hill
whore I would not stink ( ? ) and shoot
mo , and the Mexican said he was on his
way then to carry out his instructions.
"Tho sheriff laughed , which I did not
much appreciate , but told the Mexican
that ho would get into trouble if ho
carried out such instructions , when the
Mexican said that ho did not dare carry
mo back under the circumstances , and
took the view that the alcalde's idea --vas
n good one , as I had so little credit in
"Tho sheriff then told the Mexican
that ho would take mo in charge and
dispose of mo. I can tell you I then
drew my llrst good breath. But the
sheriff had an eye to business , and sent
mo out to his ranch , twenty miles up the
South Concho , nnd put mo to work and
kept mo there for six months , and I
might have boon there yet if I had not
ran away , and still the line remained un
paid. You see , at that time nlnuM any
kind of a man could got from $00 to $7.5
a month out there , but there Wore no
settlements in the country and the In
dians wore so bad I did not dare leave
the ranch afoot , as I had no arms , and it
wns not worth my life to try. But at last
a party came by the ranch that I in
duced to lot mo go with him , and I shook
the dust of that country off my feet. But
I did not breathe easy until 1 was many
miles away , I assure you. "
No bettor use for trees has been devised -
vised of late years than planting them at
railroad stations , making little parks ,
and along the line of the roads. Any
one alighting in these little groups of
trees and cleanly station houses recog
nizes at a moment by his own feelings
the contrast with a barn-like depot setout
out in an open and dirty common. It is
to the European roads that we'
owe the idea , but our own roads
are adopting and extending the
plan quite to the credit of American ? .
The sooner all lines of rptul got rid of
their rookeries and shanties the bettor
for their stock and bonds. You will ob
serve , also , that with the improvement
in grounds the vile little" saloons creep
out of sight. Trees along the line of
the roads have been found useful in
breaking the wind , as well as delight
ing the traveler. Chestnuts and pines
have been used for this purpose , in
some cases without duo consideration ol
the adaptability of the tree to the soil.
The rivalry between station' agents to
have the finest garden and park is a
When the depot yard is turned Into a
garden it is possible for tharoad to em
ploy a head gardener for the whole line
of road , whose busincsa U shall bo to
study the situation and make the most
of It. This plan is adopted on some of
the European lines , while in largo
towns a skilled gardener has solo con
trol. These men are educated in the
forestry or agricultural schoolsf and are
able to give the Latin names of all
plants and trees when they cannot reply
to you In English.
As a matter of sanitation the planting
may bo of little value to the road di
rectly , but of vast value Indirectly-
reputation gained for health is the vor >
first essential to the rapid development
of any section.
For Sale Cheap Lots near the bridge
to parties who will build at once. Ad
dress or call on J. R. Rico , No. 110 Mali
street , Council Bluffs. ,
Money to loan on improved city proj
'ei-ty bj ; W. S. Cooper , 130 , Muinbtrcc
IN THE ELECTRICAL FIELD
Observations in Atmospheric Eloc-
SOME MISTAKES IN TELEGRAPHY.
TdoplionliiK Between KtiKlntul and
France A HcH-Wlntllnj ; WHfiht
Watch The Morce System
Prof. L. Weber in Electrical World :
. ' will try to glvo a short report of some
experiments I have made during the
ast year.in regard to atmospheric elcc-
.riclty. It was formerly uncertain
ivhothor the electrostatic potential would
ncrcnsc by rising from the surface of
, ho earth to more elevated regions of
ho atmosphere or not , and also whether
, ho potential In a normal that is. cloud-
ess stnto of the ntmosphorc was nl-
vays positive or sometimes negative.
Sir William Thompson found by exact
methods of measuring that the increase
of the potential with elevation is very
mportiuit , nnd amounts to about 100
wits per metre. That fact is proved by
nany other observers , especially lately
> y Dr. F. Exncr at Vienna , who found
in increase of 00 to 000 volts per metro.
These obscrvntions wore made by mentis
of an electrometer. In respect of many in-
jonvcniences which are connected with
, ho use of an electrometer , I have tried
, ho measurements with a very sensitive
jalvanomotor. In this case it is
iccessary to apply a separating air-
exhaust apparatus , for example , Hume ,
or a system of points at the upper end
if the conductor , which is elevated in
the atmosphere. In order to get a con
stant npparatus I have used 400 of the
'Inest needles" inserted in a metallic rib-
joii. This system I have raised in the
lir by moans of a captive balloon , or by
i kite , which was attached to a coii-
conductor of twine or to a twisted line
if the finest steel wire. In this way I
nave aitiiined a height of 100 or HOO
notres. When the lower end of the
kite line was communicating with the
jjalvnnomctcr whose other terminal wns
in contact with the earth , a current
passed through the gnlvnnometer. For
lotcrmining the strength of this cur
rent I proposed to call a micro-ampere
the 10-9 part of an ampere. At the
lioight of about one hundred metres on
the average the current begins to bo
regular , and increases at the height of
' ! 00metres to 4,000 or 5,000 of
these units. The increase is very
regular , and seems to bo a linear func
tion of the height. I have , neverthe
less , found the smallest quantities of
Just contained in the atmosphere or the
lightest veil of cirrus disturbed the
measurement very materially , and gcn-
orally made the potential lower. In
negative experiments of this nature I
have made at Brcslau , at the Schnce-
koppo and in the "Riesengcbirgo , "
especially at the last station , an increase
of potential was observed , not only by
reason of the perpendicular height , but
also by reaching such regions of the at
mosphere as were situated horizontally
about 200 metres from the highest peak
of the same mountain , Schncekoppc.
To Avoid Mistakes in Telegraphy.
Electrical World : While wo often
sec note of telegraphic bulls , there can
be no doubt that by far the greater
number never are heard of beyond the
parties interested therein personally.
These mistakes uro for the most part
due to the number of times the message
is repeated or retransmitted by differ
ent operators. The present system of
telegraphy is not only open to the lia
bility of errors of transmission and re
ception , but it also requires a skilled
operator at each station. If , therefore ,
there an instrument which should re
cord the message transmitted by the
first operator , and this record itself
bo the transmitting medium for
any further repetitions , not
only would the liability to error bo di
minished , but the cost would also bo
greatly decreased , because this record
could bo conveyed through the ma
chine at a comparative rapid rate. This
idea , as our readers well Know , is cm-
bodied to a certain oxtentin the Whcal-
stone automatic system of telegraphy
by which a very high rate of speed has
already been attained , but this system
requires the message that is to bo for
warded to bo lirst prepared by the per
foration by hand of a transmitting slip.
In the instrument illustrated and described -
scribed on another page , the perfora
tion of the tape is accomplished by the
receiving instrument automatically and
thus all manual preparation for re-trans-
misMon is avoided. As also suggested ,
the retardation duo to long lines can begotten
gotten over by the relaying of a mes
sage so recorded , which can bo sent
through at an accelerated rate of
Between England nnd France.
Electrical World : Paragraphs con
tinue to find their way into the daily
papers as to the laying of a telephone -
phone cublo between London and
Paris. Nothing is at present known of
the scheme in official circles , but that
this will ho done sooner or later there
can bo no doubt. Some six or seven
vcars ago Mr. W. H. Preece succeeded
In telephoning with perfect clearness
between Dartmouth and the island of
Guernsey , a distance of about sixty-live
miles. So far as I urn nt present aware
this is the greatest length of submarine
cable which has been successfully tele
phoned over. The National Telephone
company has in Scotland , however , in
constant use several submarine cables
of seven , eight and nine miles in length
which give perfect satisfaction.
Solf-Windlnc AVH ht Clock.
Electrical World : Mr. Vitalls Him-
mor. the successor to the Standard El
ectric clock company , is introducing his
automatic self-winding weight clock.
The clock winds itself every minute ,
stop by stop. If fully wound , it then
disconnects the battery automatically
and runs until the weight reaches n
certain point , when the battery again
is thrown automatically into circuit.and
the clock is once moro rewound. This
system is of wide application , and is a
good supplement to clock-winders with
The Morse System on the Cahlou.
Pittsburg Press : This morning Col
onel Webb received now * of the most
important telegraphic discoveries by a
friend , Charles Dion , n Canadian by
birth , butu citizen of the United Stales.
Mr. Dion was the original inventor of
the lire alarm system now so gent-rally
used.with slight improvements through
out this country. For many years ho
has been engaged in seeking a method
os telegraphing the Mor o system over
the Atlantic cable and is confident that
it can bo done at the full speed. Mr.
Dion further hopes to apply the Wheat-
etono system. Should he succeed at
working the Morse system it will quad
ruple the speed of ocean cables.
Illninlnutlnt ; the l > eplhn of the Hen ,
Now York Star : When it wns discov
ered that an artificial light that very
.closely resembled the natural .light of
'day could bo procured ( rein electricity ,
and that it'eould be so easily provided
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n to take , in a great measure , the place
of gas for lighting | mrpo os. everybody
was naturally astonished nnd thought
that the electricians were the greatest
men on earth. The now system was
hardly old enough to bo an assured sue--
cess before a lot of uiso ini'ii began con
sidering the advisability of devoting
this light to a greater purpose than that
of merely lighting up the humdrum af
fairs of o very-day life.
As an experiment a small incandes
cent light was thrust beneath the water
In a fountain. The oftect was superb
while it lasted , but the water managed
to work its way into the globe , and the
light was extinguished. This gave the
electricians something to think about ,
mil they began immediately to rack
their brains for n means of keeping the
water away from the sourcotif light.
A coating of rubber was finally placed
ivor Iho joint whore the glass globe
loins the brass holder , and over this was
drawn a rubber bag that fitted tightly
over the top of the globe and around the
[ lipo through which tnc wire passed.
This promised to bo successful , but n
brief experiment showed that the glass
was not strong enough to stand the
[ iressurc of water , and , after being ex
posed to it for a short time , would col
lapse. A globe was then made of jilate-
glass that proved able to stand the
For some time this wns only used in
lighting up fountains by way of an orna
ment. Then it occurred to Prof. 1 laird ,
of the United States fish commission ,
that if n light could boised \ under \\ater
it would prove of great ndvnntnge to
liini in his search for lish that never nl-
lowed themselves to bo enucht by nny of
the old-fashioned methods. He be
lieved that there existed at a great
depth in the ocean various kinds of fish
that had never been scon. Every boy
who has over lived near the water
knows tliat a favorite method of catch
ing cols is to lure them within spearing
distance by a bright light placed in the
bow of ti boat. Light not only attracts
eels , but nearly everything else that
lives in the water , and the professor was
sure that if a light could bo made to live
at a great death in the water the re
ward would bo great.
The steamer Albatross , of the com
mission , was provided with an engine
and dynamo. A liberal supply of heavy
glass globes that would hold a light
equal to the lightning power of one
hundred candles was placed on board ,
and , equipped with oilier necessary ar
ticles , such as a lot of insulated wire , a
largo quantity of light , strong rope ,
and n number of heavy weights toervo
ns sinkers , the steamer started off. The
first attempt wns unsuccessful , for at a
depth of 1,000 fathoms the prcsnuro
was so gwat upon the globe that it
broke. Another trial was speedily made
with heavier globes , and they wore
found able to stand the pressure of any
depth to which they could bo sunk. But
the most wonderful part of this trial
trip , which took place .something like
three years ago , was related to .Secre
tary S. Hastings , of the Edison Electric
Light company , by Prof. Baird.
At a point near the Bahamas , accord
ing to the professor , the light was
dropped overboard and smile by means
of heavy weights' to nearly one thou
sand fathoms below the surface. On the
deck of the vessel stood the crew with
nets ready to drop them under the llsh
that wore' lured from their homes in the
great depth. The light was allowed to
remain in the water for some timo. and
then it was slowly raised. It looked like
the reflection of a star in the water at
first , and its rays wore seen , and in
thorn were visible the forms of darting
fish. The light soon lit up the water
for twenty feet around , and a weird
assortment of llsh that had never before
been heard of was seen. When near
the surface thoontrails of some of Ihoso
llsh burst from their mouths. "The
professor ascribed this,1' said Mr. Hast
ings , "to the inward pressure. Nature
had made thorn so that they could live
In the great depths in which they were
found , and when this pressure of the
deep water was removed there was n
counteracting force that killed them. "
The dead llsh wore just as useful for
the purpose for which the professor
wanted them as live ones , and ho gnth-
eredin a great many rare and curious
specimens without much trouble. The
light was also used to good purpose for
discovering the various depths in which
different kinds of fish lived.
1'lnntH and the Electric Iii ; hr.
Boston Post : According to n Berlin
paper some disagreeable results have
followed the electric lighting of the
Winter palace at St. Petersburg , the
intense brilliancy of th light having
been found to cause dire destruction
among the ornamental plants used for
the decoration of the banqueting halls.
It appears that the complete illumina
tion of the rooms for a single night is
enough for the leaves to turn yellow and
dry up , and ultimately to fall off. Tho'
damage to the celebrated collection of
palms at the palace is especially serious.
It is supposed that the injury is princi
pally due to the sudden change from the
sunless days of the .lorthcrn winter nnd
from the subdued light of the plant
hoiiics to the blinding light of the ban
queting halls. It has boon shown be
yond a doubt that the rapidity of the in
jurious action and the amount are di
rectly proportional to the intensity of
the illumination , and plants standing in
niches or other places partially shielded
from the light arc found to remain un
injured. There is no doubt that the in
jurious effects of the light are greatly
intensified bythodry , artificially heated
atmosphere of the rooms , and that they
would uo minimized , if not entirely ob
viated , if the plans could bo surrounded
by a steamy atmosphere , such as that in
which they are grown.
A Son Telephone.
London Graphic : Some interesting
experiments have lately been made to
test the feasibility of enabling ships to
communicate with one another by means
of what may bo called a sea telephone.
It is known that water is a good trans
mitter of sound , and that the velocity
with which Miund is convoyed thiough
it is about four times as great as its ve
locity through the air.
Experiments made on the LnUo of
Geneva long ago showed that HID sound
of n submerged bell could bo heard by
menus of n sj > ociiil form of ear trumpet ,
nlso placed buncnth the water , at a dis
tance of several miles from the boll.
Mr. Boyer , of II. M. s > . Malabar , hns
lately revived this experiment , only ho
has used a telephone instead of an ear
trumpet ns > receiver of the sounds trans
The fipparatus consists of a largo , flat
boll or gong placed just below water
line at a ship's nidi : , ami which in so
connected by menus of a tube with the
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Uric wo IIAV the ' bo.st of fruit
llvoiytlilni ; uo'll E'L I
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deck that n hammer can be made to act
on the boll nt will. This is the trans
mitter. The receiver consists of a Bell
telephone with a Inriro diaphragm
placed in the center of the bell and con
nected by means of wires with another
telephone on the deck of the ship. This
second instrument is hold to the ob
There sooins to us to bo only ono wcnk _
ono point in this method of signalling ,
and that is the want of the means of
calling the attention of the distant re
ceiver when the transmitter wishes to
send a signal. In the working of the
ordinary telephone each observer has
his signalling boll but this is impos
sible with the sea telephone. In the
absence of fog. too , the ordinary system
of signalling , either by means of Hags ,
or at night by Hashing lights meets all
Electric Cure for a Cold.
Now York Telegram : Last night a
German stood on the asphalt walk in
Union square. Ho was motionless. Ho
did not lift his eyes from the shadows
that the electric lights threw upon the
walk. Ho might probably bo an artist
studying the tracery of the branched
thro'wn by the light upon the ground.
So thought the policeman as ho passed
the silent man.
An hour passed. The man had not
moved. Two hours went by. Ho was
still fixed to the same spot.
"Hil" called n darkey to the police
man. "I dunne but dero's tnunpin do
mat tali wid dnt ar man. "
"Maybe there is , ' ' and the policomnn
shook the Gorman gently. "What's
wrong' ? "
The Gorman pointed to the electric
lamps just nbovu them and then at the
ground , and after that clasped hifl
hands to his chest.
"See ! Do electricity strike do ground
and don rollout ngainbt my chist , and
cure do cold in my lungs. "
"Ky-yi , " said the darkey with a grin.
The policeman walked on with a
smile on his face.
An English inventor has successfully
constructed an electrical dog curt.
Neither sleet nor ice interfered dur
ing the recent storm in Now York city
with the operations of the Julion electric -
tric motor car , which bowled merrily
along Fourth avenue , loaded down with
passengers. The adaptability of this
car to street passenger travel appears to
bo solely a question of economy.
Phildelphia Kccord : A couple of
Pittsburg inventors have found a way
to purify water by moans of electricity.
But wo 'don't sco what good the discov-
crv is going to do the people of this city
unless they can make arrangmonts to
have tho'Schuylkill river struck by
lightning at least once a week.
U. J. HyvoH , writing to the Electri
cian , states that the electric welding
done at St. Petersburg and Paiisis de
fective , the samgles , though outwardly
good , showing a very unsatisfactory
state at the join when cut in sections ,
the metal being brittle and burnt where
it had been under the action of the arc.
He thinks it impossible to avoid burning
the steel or iron more or less when the
arc is lined.
Mineral U < ! K > iircos.
"The world at largo doesn't know it , "
said Captain Murrin. "butVoining
has the largest coal Holds in the United
States , more iron ore than can bo found
anywhere else on earth , big hikes of
sock , moro oil than wo could po ibly
use , veins of copper ore. and stone ana
marble quarries. The territory has
wonderful natural resources , and thcbo
will bo developed before long. The cat- 11 |
tlo days are gono. The hundreds and Mj |
hundreds of miles of wire fencoun on ( ' 1
Government land will bo torn down and
the territory will drop far down on the
list of cattle producers. The business
has really retarded the development
and growth of the territory , and it muy
bo for the boot , after all. "
For Sale 300,000 , brick. Enquire of | jl
I ) . G. Saclcott. with Saokott & Preston , I ! l
Ul'o a rl st. , Council BlulTa. . , .
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