Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, February 05, 1888, Page 4, Image 4

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    t tij - - ,
ffHB OMAHA DAILY BEE : SUNDAY , FEBRUARY 5 , 1888t-TWEI/VE : PAGES ,
THE DAILY BEE.
PUKMSIIKD KVKTIY MOUSING.
TKUM8 OK BUnSCKlTTlON.
D iljr ( Morning Kdltlon ) including Sunday
IlEr.no Year . 110 J
For Hlx Month' . f > M
For Three Months . . . . 260
Tlio Oinalin Sunday UKK , mailed to any ad-
< lre s , Orio Your . . . " ° 3
OM AH A Ornrit. Nos.BH AND 010 PAIIN AM BrnRRT.
NKW YmiKOrriCK , KOOM fin. TIIIIIUNK llutMi-
10. WAHIIIMITOX OFKICE , No. 613 louu-
TCENTU
COHHESl'DNDENCn.
AH communications relating to news and
editorlul matter should bo addreased to the
EUITOII or TUB lice.
1IUSINKSS LETTEIlS.
All buslnm letters ami romlttnncei should 1 > o
addressed to TUB HKK I'UHLISIIINO COMPANY ,
OMAHA. Drafts , rln-rks and poitofllco orders to
be made payable to the older of the company.
The Bee PQbliSuliiiHSiaiiy , Proprietors ,
E. ROSEWATEK. EDlTOlt.
THK DAILY IHI : .
Sworn Statement of Circulation.
Btntcof Nebraska , U ,
County of DouKlnfS. | s < Hg .
Hobert Hunter , clerk of Tlio Uco Tub-
llshlng company , tloos solemnly MM > nr that the
aetunrclrcumtlou of this Dally lite for the wuck
cndliw IVb. 8. liw , was us follow s :
Saturday. Jixn. ! W . i . ,10,1.7)
Hiindny. . .Ian.M . 1T.UK )
Monday , .Inn. : u > . 15,0 1. ' ,
Tuesday , Jan. ! ) ) . . . 15,17
\\"p < l no vmy , 1'ub. 1
Thiirsdiiv , Knb. 8
Friday , Feb. a
Average . 15.7' ? !
IIUIIKltT HUNTKH.
Sworn to nnd subscribed In my iiresem-o thH
4th day of I'obruary , A. D. , 188S. N. 1' . KT.I U
Notary 1'ubllc.
State of Nebrnskn , I
CountrotlimiRlass , | B > '
Cleo. II. Tzsrlmck , being llrst duly sworn , deposes -
poses nnd says that ho Is werctary of The lieo
rnlillhliliiH company , thnt tlio nctual nveraco
daily circulation of tlio Dully live for the month
of.lanunry , IW1 , Ifl S'/.l copies ; for February ,
, , , , .
,1 tf | H"lii ui : , nxjf jt i ? i > 'i wi i\ii'd.
, 14M : ; fur November , 1KB" , l > "i , ! U copies ; -tor
December , ItM , 15,011 copies.
OKU. II. TZSCHUCK.
Hworn nml subscribed to in my prefcnro this
2d day of January , A. I ) . Itw. N. r. FIJI I/ ,
Notary I'nbllc.
TUB natural gas of Chicago is found
principally in the newspaper ollices of
that city.
THE supreme court of Missouri seems
to have no poetry in its soul. It bus
rendered a decision ngiiinst feinalo
stiffrugo in that Male tw regards politics.
Women can vote on school mutters , how-
over.
A GKUMAN ehomi.st , has invented tin
ftiiiusthetic bullet which explodes and
strikes u person and puts liiin to sloop
for n number of hours. Every soldier
can thus live to fight another day with-
ont running siwuy.
AN experimental course in manual
training lias recently been introduced
into some of the public schools of Now
York city with marked success. The
iiumbor of applicants for such instruc-
{ ion was much lirgor than was antic
ipated.
. TOWA is iv young Htntc. comparatively ,
.but will nevertheless have occasion to
Celebrate the centennial of her first settlement -
tlomont this year. Thin ia the founda
tion of Dubuque which was made by
Julian Dubuque , a Fronconmn , in 1788.
The occasion will no doubt bo appropri
ately consummated by tb.3 people of
Iowa.
Tnic experiences of the present win
ter should tench the patrons of the pub
lic schools In this state to pay some
attention to their sehoolhouses. During1
the recent blizzard many of thcso build
ings were untenantable , nnd in many
cases tbo supply of fuel gave out. Such
negligence is Inexcusable.
IT is to bo hoped that no ono will bo
BO moan us to collet money for the Ne
braska heroine fund and retain the
funds. It would bo advisable , however ,
for contributors to exercise a little cau
tion , and not glvo any money to any
party whom they do not know or believe
to bo perfectly honest.
OVER five thousand dollars has been
received by-the BEE for the thrco
bravo touchers , and still there nro no
prospects that the generosity of the
people has boon strained. The sad case
of Miss Royce will touch the hearts of
all , and pocketbooks which have so far
remained closed will undoubtedly bo
Opened in her behalf.
IN the east there has boon moro than
usual attention given to the bad effects
of impure ice this winter. Chemists
nfllrm that impure ice is as dangerous
as impure water , the perms of disease
not being destroyed by freezing. Con
sumers of ice should boar this in mind
nnd take pains to know from what
sources they are supplied.
THE lion. Charles A. Pillsbury. a
prominent mill-owner and republican
politician of Minneapolis , Minn. ,
thinks that the president's recent tariff
message will recreate party lines in tbo
west. Mr. Plllsbury makes a good
brand of Hour , but does not seem to bo
much on the manufacture of prophesy.
There nro other issues than the tariff
between the republican and democratic
parties , nnd buck-sliding Minnesota is
only n small fraction of tbo United
States.
THE generous fund thus far subscribed
for Nobnwkn'H heroic touchers is honor
able to the liberality of * the people ol
Nebraska , but it must not bo allowed to
atop at anywhere near its pres
ent proportions. The work is but
begun. Nino-tenths of our people are
yet to bo heard from , und no man or
woman who can give so muchnsnnlcklo
to this cause should fail to do t > o. Es
pecially should the women interest
themselves in it nnd work zealously for
its succe&s. The conduct of those
teachers ennobles womanhood , and
everywhere tholr sex should show that
they nppprociato and honor these bravo
and faithful young women. Par
ticularly should the case of Miss
Royce enlist the efforts of women to se
cure for her such provision as would inure -
ure this most unfortunate girl against
Want and she'd some cheer upon her
blighted life. But the appeal of the
&KK is to all'and wo confidently expect
the ensuing week wi\l \ witness a still
toore rapid growth of the .fund for'Ne-
fcraeka'tr teacher heroines.
The Call to the Churches.
It is hoped thnt throughout Nebraska
to-day the churches will make generous
response to the appeal thnt hits been
made to them to contribute to the ben
efit of the heroic teachers whcl brnvod
the terrible blizzard of January 12 , and
hnvo so sadly nnd fearfully suffered
therefrom. The Br.i : bus already given
reasons why It thinks every religious
congregation in the slate may most ap
propriately assist in placing these noble
nnd suffering girls above want. Kvory
Christian sentiment , every humane iin-
pul-e , every sympathy that is touched
by grout sacrifice in the faithful per
formance of duty , makes appeal in be
half of these stricken young teachers.
Where could this appeal bo more prop
erly inudo than to the religious congre
gations of our stnto gathered in worship
nnd praise of Him who put charity above
all things ?
The extremely sad case of Miss Shut-
tuck is well known. She bus lost both
her feet nnd will be helpless for life.
The situation of Miss Royce is equally
pathetic nnd makes u no less touching
appeal to public benoficenco. It was
thought this young teacher .would fully
recover , or nt the worst would not lose
her frozen limbs. The BEE , however , is
advifced that both of her feet will bo am
putated , and that she will also
lose one of her arms. What heart is
there that will not bo touched with the
tendercht sympathy for this most un
fortunate girl ? * Is there one Christian
woman lu Nebraska who will not feel ,
when this most painful and pitiful story
is told her , thnt it is her duly to give
something to the terribly stricken
sibter who lies in helpless suffering , por-
hups under the shadow of death ? What
n theme is here for summoning to action
the love , the tender .solicitude , the
benevolence which it is the olllce of the
church to teach nnd lo foster !
Wo confidently hope and expect thnt
the churches of Omaha will show such
zeal und results in behalf of these
heroic and unfortunate tenchors.ns will
give them claim to the highest honor
among the Christian congregations of
tlie blnto. They have nn opportunity to
sot nn example which the world will ap
plaud. It is most earnestly hoped they
will improve it.
Tlie Case of Miss Iloyuc * .
Tlie saddest and most distressing case
appealing to the sympathy and philan
thropy of the people of Nebraska is that
of Miss Louise Koyce , of PlainvioM" ,
Pierce county. This young teacher , it
will bo remembered , accompanied by
three of her pupils , lost her way in the
blizzard and passed the fearful night in a
snow drift. Her efforts to protect the
little ones in her care from the biting
and freezing storm were unavailing1 ,
and ono after another the little forms
became motionless in death. The
teacher , herself badly Irozen , managed
in the morning to got to a farm house and
there announced the heartrending fact
of the death .of the children. The
whole pathetio story of that aw
ful experience in the pitiless storm has
been given in the BEE as related by
Miss Royce. It was among the most
sorrowful incidents of the many that
have boon told as the result of the
memorable blizzard.
Miss Royce bus experienced severe
suffering from her frozen limbs , but it
had been hoped until yesterday that
they would be saved. That hope , bow-
over , had to bo abandoned. A dispatch
to the BEE from the physician attend
ing Miss Royce stales thnt she will lose
both of her feet and ono of her arms , it
having been decided to amputate them
next Tuesday. If she survives so tcrri- .
bio nn ordeal , MibS Royce will bo ut
terly helpless. Thus far the subscrip
tions in her behalf have boon made
chiefly as a recognition of her noble
devotion. Expecting her ultimate re
covery the thought of the subscribers to
the fund has boon simply to generously
honor her heroic faithfulness and forti
tude. The inexpressibly sad change in
her condition makes her case the
strongest possible in its appeal to sym
pathy and philanthropy. It must touch
all hearts who can feel for human suf
fering nnd misfortune. It must cxAvoy
to all , in a languugo moro pathetic than
words can frame , a call to help , with
such aid as it is within human power to
give , this most unfortunate girl , bereft
of all power to hereafter help herself.
She did her duty heroically , unselfishly ,
and her sacrifice is great. No reward
can bo beyond her merit.
Tlio Demand For n Hospital.
At n recent meeting of the bmalia
board of charities the subject of a city
hospital was discussed and the urgent
need of such nn inbtitulion strongly
pointed out. A committee was appointed
to request the council to sot apart a lot
on which a temporary hospital could bo
built for the care of persons in the city
who must have rocour&o to hospital
treatment. Tlio mutter will very likely
be brought to the attention of the coun
cil at its next regular meeting , and it
is hoped will receive such consideration
from that body as the importance and
pressing nature of the subject demand.
The BEE has several times within a
few months referred to this question of
a city hospital nnd urged that some
thing should bo done I/ ) moot the
steadily increasing requirements for
such an institution. The demand no-
cossurily grows with the growth of the
community. Every day brings its evi
dence of this. The number of accidents ,
of homeless people stricken with sudden
illness , nnd of helpless poor whoso indi
gence compels them when suffering
from injury or sickness to appeal to pub
lic care , grows with the advance of popu
lation. At probont those unfortunates
nro cared for with difficulty , and not In
the way that should bo provided by so
largo and prosperous a city as
Omaha. Wo are in the matter of suffic
ient atlil well-provided hospital accomo-
dallons behind every other city in the
country with which in all other respects
wo favorably compare. This is very
much to our discredit , and will bo in
creasingly BO if wo permit it to continue. '
It is a disparagement of the humane
sentiment of the community. It is a re
flection upon the liberality ot our pee
ple. Every citizen roust earnestly de
sire that the good repute of Omaha
shall not be thus tarnished , when the
cause may bo removed with so little ef
fort and co4.
It Is not a satisfactory reply
to this demand to say that
we shnll hnvo ample provi
sion for those clly people who will re
quire hospital care and treatment when
the county hospital building is com
pleted. Better provision is wanted now ,
and In any event n distinctively city
hospital , centrally located , will always
bo needed. The county building is re
mote , and all hospital cases cannot bo
expediently convoyed there at once.
Some of them need the promptest at
tention with the least possible addi
tional strain to already nearly ex
hausted vital forces. To convoy such
eases a long distance before proper
treatment ould bo secured might bo to
render any treatment valueless. But
the arguments in favor of a cen
trally located city hospital , fully
piovidcd with every modern accommo
dation and appliance , ore obvious. The
demand , also , is plain , nnd Is declared
by those who have the best opportunity
for Information to ba urgent. It is for
the council to listen and pive heed to
this demand , nnd it Is confidently hoped
that the appeal to bo made to that body
by the committee of the board ol chari
ties will not bo in vain.
The llond to Culture.
Every year is adding to the culture of
the west nnd removing from the most
active and stirring section of the coun
try th'o grounds for the charge of "social
erudoness. " Year by year as wealth
has accumulated and society has Settled
down to a stable basis of permanency ,
the culture which accompanies wealth
and leisure bus increased in our midst.
Taste which has been stimulated by
reading and travel has found means and
leisure for its gratification. Increased
incomes have afforded their po-"nessors
tlio wherewith to gratify the desire
for books , paintings and works
of art. Generous citizens Imvo
founded universities , schools of nrt ,
conservatories of music and galleries of
painting and sculpture. The art move
ment in the west which was recently the
subject of an admiring series of articles
in a popular magazine is only another1
exemplification of the general law that
culture follows leisure and leisure
wealth. _
But while leisure nnd wealth are
necessary for tlio proper inception and _
stimulus of culture , it must not bo under
stood that the cultivation of correct
tastes is impossible whore both or cither
nro not found. Every youth or maiden
with a library , a series of con
certs or a collection of pictures within
reach has the chance to cultivate himself
or herself to a correct taste in litera
ture or music or nrt.
The study of the best is the road to
culture. Acquaintance with the best
authors should be sought as much as ac
quaintance with the best people. The
trash of literature should bo ns widely
shunned ns the trash of society. A
simply bound volume of a standard
author on the book shelves is moro val
uable than a do/on copies of the scaven
gers of literature though arrayed in nil
the glory of "crushed levant. " An
hour with Burke is worth moro to a
student of style and the nrt of expression
thnn a month with Howolls. A month's
hard study of Beethoven will pay moro
for the toil , a thousand times over , thnn
a year expended in the tech
nical musical pyrotochny of
the jingle stringers of the modern
school. Ar"modcst etching or line en
graving with motive and execution
showing the fire of genius will do moro
to educate its possessor than
a score of ' 'shanghai" daubs in oil
which are dignified by the names of
"paintings. "
It is the failing of the present ago
that quuntitynot quality seems to bo
the prevailing aim. But is is quality
not quantity which gives the stimulus
to culture. Culture after all is only the
approach to the ideal through the study
of literature , of musio nnd of the arts.
It is an acquisition which lies within
the reach of all where means
for its pursuit are within
grasp. And it is largely because such
means are becoming more widely dis
seminated in the west through public
and private benefactions , nnd nro moro
generally sought for by the individual
as communities settle down into the cur
rent of nstable and continuous life , thnt
culture is showing itself in the manifes
tation of correct taste among the people.
Arresting IrUh 1'rlestH.
The frequent arrest of Cutholic priests
by the British government because of
the identification of the clergy with the
nationalist movement in Ireland , makes
it clear that the Salisbury ministry
despair of enlisting the papal inllucnco
against the cause of homo rule. The
representation of the Duke of Norfolk
and other tory Catholics at the Vatican
have been clearly outweighed by the
protests of Archbishop Walsh and Car
dinal Manning.
There can Do no doubt that the influ
ence of the Irish clergy has been so
great with the depressed people that
they have boon restrained from grave
agrarian crimes or a repetition of the
Phamix park incident , though sorely
goaded by tory persecution bent upon
provoking overt acts which might justify
the tory policy of coercion and repres
sion. The arrests of Catholic priests
are doubtless designed to the same end ,
but happily for the Irish people there
have not boon any outbursts of indigna
tion and revenge. With Gladstone nnd
-00 liberal members of parliament at
their back , the Irish people have a
powerful incentive to golf-control under
oppression , and they seem fully alive to
the danger of any atrocious folly which
might estrange them. The reaction
against tory rule will inevitably bo
hastened if the Irish people restrain
themselves , for the English people
recognize in the Catholic clergy the
moat powerful influence at work to keep
the homo rule movement within the
lines of law nnd peace.
POLITICAL POINTS.
Chicago is still several laps behind in the
race for the national Ucmocrutta convention.
Steps have been taken'ut lloston to effect u
thorough club orgunlrutlnu of young working
democrats throughout the stixto.
Since the republican-club meeting in Now
York over 7QO republican clubs have been or
ganized throughout th4 country.
" TJic democratic papers ore rejoicing over
the prospect of Ulalno'j getting the republi
can nomination , S4's the Washington
Post.
Congressman Groff , of West Virginia , is
regnrecd by the Atlanta Capital as the best
selection for vice preTsident the republicans
could make. ' " /
It is predicted tlmVtho Hlnlr bill would bo
declared unconstitutlSnal by nearly every
judge on the suprttiioj bench if brought be
fore that tribunnl. j f ' !
Tim late mugwump Vress has como around
to Mr. Cleveland's Jrio * , that political actl-
vltynmong onicclunders is pernicious only
when the ofllcoholdcrs nro republicans.
Indiana will send a Harrison delegation to
the Chlcngo convention , but it is moro thnn
hinted Hint Judge Qrosham could have their
votes should the indications favor him.
The Kcokuk Gate City ( rep. ) insists that
"tho republicans of Iowa should this year go
to the national convention solid , united , nnd
resolute in their support of un Iowa man
for president.
The Albany Journal ( rep. ) says ; "New
York is too close a slate for republicans to .
tuko nti5' cliauccs on the non-partisanship
and fnlr intent of acnlocrats who will spend
the public funds this year. "
Mayor Hewitt of Now York Is saidtobo _
the most independent man that over occupied
the mayor's chnlr. Ho cares no moro for
the politicians who nominated him than ho
docs for the mummies in a dime museum. Ho
does just as ho pleases. He walks over the
political bosses every hour m the day , rind
upsets every plan that the ward leaders
mako. He dislikes professional politicians.
In fact , ho hates them. Ho has no use for
them. Ho knows how to snub them , and ho
plainly tells them that he docs not want to
sec them.
_
A Suggestion for Ilnbblcrs.
Phtlailcltfliia Call.
An of Is better
ounce kccp-your-mouth-shut
ter than n pouuu of explanation after you've
snid it.
-
Where Hucon Missed It.
iiifii < / < i ] > utfa Jonrwil.
If Bacon had known what good stuff ho
was grinding out ( ns the police reporter
would express it ) he never would have al
lowed worthless Will Shukcspcaro get all
the glory for it.
Correctly Geared lioncvolonoe.
Kcw Yuri ; H'urld.
Chicago gives work to its unemployed by
hiring them to keep Iho sidewalks clean under
Iho direction of nn organized charity. This
is double back-action uenevolenee it helps
the poor uud gives the city a good footing.
Chenp'Notorlcty.
Chicago ft'euii.
Tills is the very time of year that every
prominent man in tljo country finds time to
run down to Washington nnu got "men
tioned" for the office of president or vice-
president. It only'eosts a round-trip ticket
and a pocketful of cigars.
No BaiilcrurftC- In Sight.
The country seems Jo bo about as far
away from a practical bankruptcy law as
congress is from a knowledge of the real
wishes of the poorlo | > yho elected it. The
first gap will not bo filled until there has
been some genuine progress in the latter.
- r i -
A Shower of Blessings.
C/iic / < iyi > Keics.
With oil and natural gas Philadelphia syn
dicates , and a bip republican majority all
within its own borders' ' , "Illinois can shako
hands cordially with , Pennsylvania and lay
claim to being somewhat of a koystoac state
herself ,
v >
Present Days are Rest.
Anaellquc De Laiule.
The past is dead and buried , nnd I have
locked the door
Upon its joys and sorrows , to open never
more :
Its key is safely hidden on memory's faithful
breast ,
And to my heart I whisper , "The present days
t = ) are best. "
Think-not I Imvo forgotten the cherished
friends of yore ,
Call thorn not lost , my loved ones , they're '
just within the door ;
And often when I'm lonely they share my
evening rest ,
And their dear voices whisper "The present
days are best. "
O golden days of childhood 1 O girlhood's
.sunny hours I
When in the fragrant wildwood I plucked the
summer flowers ,
Your very memory cheers me like some dour
welcome guest ;
Yet chide mo not for saying , "Tho present
days uro best. "
Dear nro the friendly faces that moot mo on
the way ,
Swcot are the roadside blossoms that smile
on nio to-day ;
A few bright sprays I'll gralhpr and wear
them on my breast ;
For they , too , softly whisper , "The present
days are best. "
To do the work appointed 'by Him who rules
my life ,
To face , with dauntless spirit , the world's op
posing strife ,
Or if , in utter weakness , o'er noonday I must
rest.
God wills It , and I answer , "Tho present days
uro bust. "
O friends ! who count oyoxir dearest among
the silent dead ,
Sit not within the shadows , mourning the
joys now Hod ;
The living claim your service , and they in
deed uro best
Who help to make for others the present days
the best.
CHEAT UNKNOWN HUSSIAN
fwllITTEX FOH TIIU SUNDAY IIHU. ]
"WholsStcpnlaki"
Who is the seemingly presumptuous nuss
who has ventured to write an open address
to the United States senate from his hiding
place in London , in "protest against a pro
posed extradition treaty between the great
est republic and tho'groatest ' empire to-day
on the face of the earth ? '
"A remarkable fojjowj' the discriminating
reader will say after , re uding his protest , bo-
twcen the lines of which ; npiwur Indubitable
evidence of nn Inspiring mind of power , but
so inadequate un estimate docs not satisfy
the interest which his letter stirs.
"Who is Stepnlakt" Is
a query you might
address to any exputriufed Muscovite , mul
the gleam of pleasure and enthusiasm which
would light his eye would swiftly assure you
that Stopniuk is ono ; ' held in high esteem.
'
There uro over one'jiunilrcd million souls in
Husslu , and thout'h , pol , moro than ono In
ono hundred thousand of them
have ever seen Stopulak in the nosh
and not moro than oho hi a million of them
have over known him us Stcpniuk , ho is
known to nil Hussia reverenced by the
liberty-lovers and feared by royalty and its
minions. *
Stcpniuk is the nom do plumoof a man of
ubout five mid thirty years. Ho Is of noble
bhth nnd a man of considerable literary
distinction. Hut it U from the fact that ho is
the known head of the Nihilists , tbo great
secret political organization which is slowly
but surely revolutionizing Russia , that Stop
niuk takes his fame and repute. Hour little
the uvcragc person ut this side of the Atlantic
knows of Itussla , Its people , its literature ,
Us social condition ! The acquaintance to be
gained at such long-range U perforce meager ,
bccuute it is but recently that translutioni of
Iltusiau books attracted attention. Through
the newspapers wo Icaru by cable occasion
ally of the killing of a czar , the frustra
tion of a plot designed for nssassluation ,
or the exile to Siberia of suspected enemies
of the state , but unless one has rend deeper
than the current news roH | > rts the knowl
edge of nihilism , its purpose and adherents ,
is very superficial indeed.
Stipnluk's "Underground Russia * ' is n
book the perusal of which will shock the av-
crago Amorlcuu who , self-satisfied in his
own liberty , docs not dream that In this so-
culled ago of enlightenment such semi-bar-
barism , despotism nnd legalised alroclty can
prevail , and that over one hundred million
people are subject to It absolutely wlthbut
constitutional guaranty or protection nt the
autocratic will of one man. Such a condition
the American mind will readily concede to bo
sufficient justification for ngltution , as we call
It. But agitation is prohibited In Russia ,
nnd agitators are declared convicts with
scarcely the formality of u trial. Naturally
the policy of repression has forced those
holding to the theories of the broader rights
of the people Into secret organization nnd the
nihilists nro thus a legitimise product of
autocracy.
The people of this country have by some
unknown process of miscducatlon come lo
look upon nihilists with ill-favor , akin to hor-
"ror. Tlieyjiuvo confounded nihilism with
other Isms nnd generally bollovo it an ad
mixture of laziness nnd blood-thirstiness. To
bo a Russian besotted nnd stupid , with n
fierce look and voluble tongue is to bo a nihil
ist in the American mind , uud yet no miscon
ception could bo grosser. Nihilism docs not
prevail among the peasantry and the lower
classes in Husslu. Intelligence und educa
tion are prerequisites to admission to the revolution
elution society'sranks. . Blood-letting
is . not a cardinal necessity with
the nihilist it is the dernier re-
sort. Society conserves its safety
with the block and the rope ; the nihilist
deals with the enemy of society with his own
weapon assassination. He may bo wrong ,
but so are the conditions which produced
him nnd amid which ho exists ; conditions
maintained defiantly and by brute forco.
.As said before , nihilism is the penchant
ot the intelligent classes. CoiitcinH | > rury
Russian literature deals with no other ques
tion. Even the peace-loving Tolstoi can
write only of socialism us a moro desirable
euro for the ills which nihilism seeks to rem
edy. So insidious nnd ull-pcrmcutlng bus
nihilism become even members of the royal
family , it is said , being numbered among the
adherents thnt the Kussiun government bus
been unable to cope with it politically. An
instance demonstrating this may bo cited.
The present czar avowedly wishing to con
tinue the policy of his father , whoso manu
mission of 15,000,000 serfs lives in
history ns evidence of the
progress of civilisation , concluded some
time ago to educate the children of the poor ,
with the. ulterior purpose of Inculcating in
their minds respect for uutocrncy. The min-
isjer of education accordingly broadened the
scope of Russian schools and through his cen
sorship of studies endeavored to npply a corrective -
roctivo for tyrrancido by pointing out to the
youthful mind the fate of Brutus and Tnr-
quin , Harmodius and Hipparchus , etc. It
was a fad , but it was not without its lesson.
The increased number educated , increased
the number of nihilists and the growth of
nihilism , and within n few months the minister
of education bos issued a circular to the cura
tors of all scholastic Institutions/lircctiug that
henceforth they refuno "to receive as pupils
the children of domestic servants , cooks ,
washerwomen , small shopkeepers and others
of like condition , who should not bo raised
from ; the circle to which they
belong and bo thereby led to become discon
tented nnd irritnled ugainst the inevitable
inequalities of existing social positions. " It
is the autocrat's policyof repression cropping
out the apology nnd excuse for nihilism.
But to Stcpniak ho is the acknowledged
head and leader of the great nihilistic move
ment. Ho lit in volunteer exile because Si
beria is the only portion of Russia
in which the czar would allow hint to
reside , if indeed ho did not hare him shot.
He took to nihilism in his youth in the uni
versity and by natural force of character nnd
brain power became a leader in the secret
councils of the nihilists. Thoroughly patri
otic ana unselfish , his life is devoted to the
betterment of his fcllowmen. Ho is the npos-
tlo of force as opposed to Tolstoi , the apostle
of suasion. Ho is a much younger man than
Tolstoi yet with him has been the contem
porary of Tourguenioff , Katkoft and Hcrzeii
the most prominent men of Russian
letlers at this day though
Tourgueniff und Kalkoff are now deceased.
Ho writes a great deal for Russian papers ,
but always over the signature "Stcpniak. "
The press censor prevents any atlcmpt ho
might make to disseminate his doctrines in
the public prints , but for all of that the propa
ganda of nihilism , the strength of Stcpnlak's
pen and his hold upon the people of Russia
are beyond the power of autocaacy to prevent
or break.
What ho has written in protest against the
proiwscil extradition treaty between this
country and Russia are not idle words , nor
impudence , as some self-sufficient journals
have been pleased to suy. "Tho land of the
freo" should not cease to bo the refuge and
asylum of liberty-loving patriots , at the in-
slunco of u despot who denies to his people
even n constitution. If Russians who would
make their homes in America can bo arrested
and taken back to Russia for political of
fenses , as the proposed treaty contemplates ,
why not n treaty with England which would
put Fenians at the mercy of Downing street ,
nnd Dublin custlo ) The peoploof the United
States can well listen to StopniuK , even if
they revolt nt dynamite and conspiracy us
weapons in regulating society.
Will Stcpnlak's real identy over bo known
to the world ) Perhaps. His death may
reveal it. Or if Alexander III shall over
Issue such u proclamation us his fnthnr
signed March 11SS1 , summoning u national
assembly to formulate a constitution , but
which was never promulgated because of
his assassination the following day , Stcpniak
may divest himself of the mystery envelop
ing his pcrsonulity , and como out into the
world to bo honored us his talents nnd
patriotism deserve. But whllo spies of the
Russian police uro constantly lurking in the
shadow of his footsteps ho will remain to the
uninitiated simply Stcpniak. F. R. M.
Seized By Foreclosure.
Yesterday the Esmond hotel was seized by
the foreclosure of a $ U,700 chattel mortgage
hold by S. P. Morso. About * 1,000 had been
paid on this. At present Mr. Porter Carson ,
the clerk , has charge of the hotel until
further arrangements are made. It is ex
pected that the hotel will bo continued , but
the cafe part of it will bo run as n separate
enterprise. Mr. Corby claims to have bunk
nearly $0,000 in his hotel venture.
Major Hurt's Promotion.
Major Andrew S. Hurt , of the Eighth In
fantry , located nt Fort Robinson , Nub , , has
been promoted to lieutenant colonel , with
headquarters at Fort Luramlo , Wjo. , vice
Lieutenant Colonel Collins , retired from
uctlvo service.
Flru at HturglH.
DEU > WOOI > , Dak. , Fob. 4. [ Special Tclo-
grum to the BKK.-I-A flro broku out In
O'Clino's restaurant in Sturgis at Hi0 ! ! o'clock
this morning. The fire was caused by a
small boy playing with matches. The flumes
spread to a livery stublo ofllce , a big now
barn , u tailor shop and a Chinese laundry ,
all of which were destroyed. The Adver
tiser oftlcu saved most of their material.
Charles Waucls was. the owner of ail the
'
buildings. , ' , . , . f ,
WANT THE RATE CUT IN TWO ,
Lincoln Lumberman Fllo n Complaint
Against the B. & M.
THE PRICE OF COAL REDUCED.
Finally Decide to Do Ilio Pair
Thing Preparing For u Cumimlgn
Axalnst Olandcrs City
llrevltlcs.
frnoM TUG ncr.'s UXCOLX mtnctu. 1
Tlio Lincoln lumber dealers yester
day filed the following complaint ngninst
the 13. \ M. road with the state board of
transportation , demanding that the
board investigate the rates nnd declare
n reasonable schedule , alleging that 60
per cent of the present rates would bo
reasonable , nnd that the lumber trade
of the city sutTors through the existing
discrimination :
Tlio Lumber Dealers of Lincoln , Ncb.vs The
liurllngton & Missouri Ulver Kallro.ul Com
pany , nnd the Chicago , liurllngton &
Qulncy Itnilroad Company ( owner ) .
To the Hoard of Transportation of the
State of Nebraska Your complainants , the
lumber dealers of Lincoln , Neb. , are engaged
in buying und shipping lumber to and from
said city. Complainants desire to sell , and
ship from Lincoln to divers and sundry sta
tions located on the line of said defendant's
railroad in the state of Nebraska. Said com
plainants arc permanently engaged In and
expect to continue in.tho business of buying
nnd shipping lumber , nnd are obliged to ship
their freight largely over said defendant's
rood , and the same will bo shipped from Lin
coln on the lumber tariff published and posted
up by sntd railroad defendant.
That the llguros named in said tariff on
lumber from Lincoln is hereto attached and
made n part of this petition ; that said tariff
is u local mlluago tariff , and Is applied to the
distances from Lincoln to the various sta
tions to arrive ut the rates quoted uud
charged by said defendants.
That the said tariff so printed nnd posted
up is unjust mid unreasonable , und the rates
of freight demanded by said railroad com
pany from said complainants are unjust and
unreasonable.
That said tariff rates.discriminate against
this locality , mid against the ilrms making
this complaint , and by way of illustration , a
statement of rates is attached comparing the
rates from the cities of Omaha , St. Joseph ,
Kansas City nnd Lincoln.
That reasonable and just rates would bo at
least onojhalf less than the present rates re
quired to bo paid by the present
lumber tariff of said defendant , to nil points
on said respondent's railroad , from Lincoln ,
in the state of Nebraska ; which unjust and
unreasonable rates uro as iKcd by tlio pres
ent tariff , nnd demanded and required to bo
paid by said respondent railroad company.
That the said schedule of rates ns set forth ,
und the tariff rates on lumber now published
nnd posted up , mul the rates of freight therein
set lorth uro required to bo paid by said com
plainants to said respondent from Lincoln in
said state of Nebraska to stations in thostato
of Nebraska.
That the suid rules so required to bo paid
by said respondent uro neither just nor rea
sonable , but the sauio uro unjust und unrea
sonable , and that 50 per cent of the rates
required bv said tariff from Lincoln
over the line of said respondent's railroad ,
would bo just und reasonable ; nlso that said
tariff discriminates ugulnst this city , und
gives undue preference to other localities
within and without the stutc.
Whereupon complainant prays your honora
ble board of transportation will Investigate the
matter herein set forth , and of which com
plaint is herein niado , and ascertain untl de
termine what are reasonable and just rates ,
for the distribution of lumber over said de
fendant's line of railroad from Lincoln to
the various stations thereon in the state of
Nebraska , and when such just ami reasonable
rules for the transportation of lumber from
Lincoln over snid railroad is so ascertained
and determined , n schedule of said just und
reasonable rules be furnished snid respond
ent , nnd said respondent bo required to put
the sumo in force , over and along said rail
road to all points thereon from the said city
of Lincoln , nnd that the order of said board
bo enforced by the proper legnl proceedings
therefor , and for such other and further re
lief us shall bo just and reasonable in the
premises.
State of Nebraska , 1
Lancaster County , f
The undersigned being lirst duly sworn , on
their oath depose nnd say that they uro deal
ers in lumber ut Lincoln , Nebraska , and thnt
the facts as above set forth uro true us they
verily boliove. UUKJKK LUMIIKII Co.
C. C. MUXSON & Co.
CHICAGO LUMCEII Co.
S. A. HUOWN & Co.
Subscribed In my presence nnd sworn to
be/ore mo this 3d day of February , 18S8.
Enso.v KICII ,
( seal ) Notary Public.
G. M. Lambortson , Attorney.
THE 1'llICK 18 DOWN.
The price of coal in Lincoln , like
Davy Crockett's coon , bus coma down.
During the past week the dealers in
Lincoln wont ana reduced the price
from $12 to $11 per ton. This reduction
was not based on any reduction in rates
and it is entirely immaterial what
caused it. Sufficient it is to the people
to know that it is down to nn honest ,
fair basis , compared with former prices ;
nnd the appearance at least is that the
pool has retired from the business of
swallowing the reduced rate that tlio
board of trniiRiKtrtution and tlio freight
bureau secured for the citizens of Lin
coln. It is to bo hoped that this is tlio
cu&o am ] Unit jin honest prollt will sat
isfy the dealers in the future.
KXTKltMINAUNO OhANDKItS.
The live stock sanitary commission is
hard ut work pushing the complaints
made in the olllcu , to a settlement , most
of the board being out in the state the
greater part of the time. Since the
change in the quarantine rules which
does away with inspection ut points of
entry , the board Und they will have
much moro time to stamp out epidemics
and in the course of the next throe
months they hope to have all complaints
passed upon. The amount paid by the
commission during tlio month of .ianu-
ary for stock condemned and killed was
81,014.
INSUHAXCK KKTPKN'S.
Insurance returns hnvo been received
from the following additional compan
ies : Agriculturalof Watortown , Is. V.
Premiums , $ ! lH5J.l. ! ; losses incurred ,
$815. ± 2 ; leNses paid , hunto. Itoylston , of
Benton Premiums , S , Hit.81 : : ; looses in
curred , $ : i,7H.7f ( > ; loises paid , $ ltli.7fi. : )
Clti/.ons , of Now York Premiums ,
$17,1.I.5'J { ( ; losses incurred , ill,5t.r5.il ! ; ;
IOMCS paid , $11,01)0.48. ) Insurance com
pany of Dakota ; of Sioux Falls Pre
miums , $2,750.01 ; lo.i&cs incurred , none.
Syndicate , of Minneapolis PrumiuiiH ,
$438.87 ; losses incurred , none. Sun , of
San Francibco Premiums , $4,716.50 ;
losses incurred , $510.U.V Losses paid ,
$1,110.6. " ) . Sun Fire Ollleo , of London-
Premiums , J.VJOO.iSJ ; losses inifurrcd ,
$2,774.00 ; lobscs paid , $ > l,7i.lt : ! ) ! . Union
of 1'hiludolphiii Premiums , $10i.OU : ;
losses incurred 119110.
CIIUHUII AND CITY.
Tills afternoon the meeting at the Y.
M. C. A. rooms will bo addres&ed by
Rov. O. A. Williams , pastor of tlio First
liuptibt church , nnd the male choir
from the tame churoh will furnlsti very
acceptable musiii. The invitation to
attend is extended to all.
Ir. T. II. Lenvitt , vice president for
Nebraska of the National Law and
Order liwguo , has called tlio attention
of the htulu league to meeting of the
national league which meets in its
sixth annual &o&sion in the city of Phila
delphia on the illnt and Mof February.
Stops will ho taken to have Nebraska
represented.
Kuv. K. II. Chupln , piihtorof the Unl-
yersalist church,4 has arranged for n
iiumbor of Sunday evening addresses on
reform , topics. Tlieso' are as follows ;
Sunday evening. February 8 , "Th
Totnpornnca Problem , " Albert WaU
kins ; Sunday evening. February 1'J ,
"Tho Suffrage Problem1 ' Mrs. Corft.IJ.
Colbv ; Sunday evening , February 19 ,
"Tho Labor Problem , " N. S. Ilnrwood ;
Stuulny evening , February 20 , "Uo
llgion and Poverty , " Chancellor Irving
, T. Mmmtt.
C. 1C. Ober , intorimtionnl college
secretary of the Y. M. C. A. ,
is in the city nntl to-day addresses the
students nt the stnto university
morning , ntternnon nnd ovoning. Mr ,
Obur is n very prominent worker in the
cnu o mid will undoubtedly greatly in
terest all who may attend his meetings.
Trinity Methodist church , which has
only botMi orgunl/.cd in this city for a
few months , has miido very raplu pro
gress. When orgunl/.od it had ft mem
bership of sixty-one and shortly after
ward they built a commodious chapel in
which to worship. During n recent ser
ies of meetings liM hud boon added to
the membership , make a total of 181.
The people of the Christian church
are pushing their subscription list for
their now church on the corner of
Fourteenth nnd K streets. The founda
tion work was commenced in the fall
months and the edifice when completed
will cost not less thnn * l.riOO. (
There \\ore between two nnd thrco
thousand in attendance at the Y. M. C.
A. rooms during the month of January.
The special meetings for young men
had a total attendance of 551 ; UM ( baths
wore supplied and 285 letters were writ
ten for the association rooms. The
liiiuiH'lul secretary is doing active work
collecting subscriptions.
DKXCH AN1 > IIAll.
District Court.
WANT Tlir.lll ruoi'KllTT.
The United States Electric Ltehtltitf coin-
pany ycstenliiy be-tfun a suit against Charles
S. Higt'lns , ' 'is ' wife mul tlic Omaha National
bunk to recover possession of two Wcston
electriu dyniunos of the value of W,000 ; two
armatures valued nt MOO ; two iratcnllul in
dicators valued ut JlVi ; two rheostats valued
at WO ; two base frames valued at 10 ; 'jr > 0
lamps valued nt ? ldO ; ! > 30 lump holders
valued ut SIM. s.
A IIIIIUCII OP CONDUCT.
James W. Hunt , In his petitilon filed yes.
tcrdny , alleges that ho engaged In a contract
with Janios S. Horn , Edwin Sharp mul
William Fitch , which wan not fnUlllled on
the part of the defendants and that lie has
thereby suffered In the stun of C-1TW.0 , for
which ho wants a judgement.
County Court.
c. s. ninoiNs si'ini.
Suit was brought yesterday by the Midland
Electric Light company against Charles H.
Ilipglns to Ms'J.D'J '
recover on n jirouiisory
note.
i ) \MAOED rivr. nrvnunn nou.uts woiiTrr.
John Samuolson mid his wife Lillie com
plain that they were ejected from their prem
ises by John Mulvihlll and Daniel P. O'Con
ncl whorei.v ) they were dnmnged In the sum
of 6500 for which amount they ask judgment.
JtlDOMKNT AUVINVT TUB MilI. Mil ) ,
Yesterday Judge Shields rendered a Judg
ment in favor of John G. Mnlono for J42.N )
niralnst the proprietors of the Mlllnrd hotel.
The action wiis based on the loss of property
loft in care of a porter omyloycd at the hotel.
THE STEVENS IjEVEE.
In Wlilcli There Was n Communion of
Genial Souls.
Max Meyer & Hrothors , tojrcthor with
their numerous oniidoyes , held a most joy
ous lovco in Mr. Julius Miner's rooms hist
evening in honor of Mr. Charlie Stevens , an
old and valued attache of the IIOUHO , who is
about to launch forth In business as a mem
ber of the now Hrin of Alfred Mcinborg &
Co. To sny thnt the occasion was recherche ,
would not bo saying too much. No pains or
expense were spared in Insuring it ns such ,
and fully mid completely did Its cnginecra
succeed. After a bountous repast on all the
viands of the season , there was music and
speeches. Messrs. A. Muudcrbcrk. MoriU
Meyer , A. Hart , A. "Wlldo , II. Hohmo , H. A.
Hollctt , A , Mct/Riir and do/cns of others
made happy oratorical efforts , and the con
viviality was continued until Into in the
night. Truly Max Meyer , and his army of
employes , gave to Mr. Stevens , tholr old ,
confrcro , a most felicitous send off , and It Is
safe to say the occasion will bo remembered
as oue of the brightest events in his life.
Licensed to Weil.
The following marriage licenses were
Issued yesterday by Judge Shields :
Name nnd residence. Atrc.
Philip Kllnkcrbccr , South Omaha Xi
Gertrude Newman , South Omaha li'J
Herbert Uorry , Sioux City , la SI
Mary Lundgreu , Sioux City , lu ! i7
Harry Mom-o , Beatrice , Neb 23
Jussio M. Davis , Oiualm 10
The judge performed the solemn service
in the cases or Phillip Kliukcubocr and Herbert -
bert Berry.
A COWIIOV KILLED.
A. Scvcntcen-Yoar-Old Lad Kills HI *
Woulcl-Uo Slayer.
CIIRIKNXRVyo. . , Feb. 4. [ Special Tele
gram to the HEE.I A shooting affray oc
curred at Dayton , near liuffalo , Wyo. , at 4:30 :
o'clock yesterday moruing , which resulted In
the instant killing of Will Smith , a well
known cowboy. The killing was done by
Hobert Atkinson , a boy seventeen years of
ago. The light was the continuation of a
quarrel commenced by the men a weelc ago ,
when Smith beat Atkinson over the head
with a boor bottle. Yostcrdny morning
Smith , with several comrades , rode up to
the house whcro Atkinson was sleeping , and
IIred through the winnow. Atkinson re
turned the ilro with u Winchester rifle , killIng -
Ing Smith and wounding ono of his coin *
panlons.
To Close Up I lie Demi Rcpn.
ST. Joir.i-11 , Mo. , Fob. 4. [ Special Tcla-
gram to the Uci : . ] A bitter war 1ms broken
out among the dcmi-mondo world In this city.
The prosecuting attorney has taken advant
age of it , and it Is highly probable that what
is known as the "roomers" will bo driven out
of town. The keepers of the regular bawdy
bouses Imvo become so Incensed that they
Imvo employed regular detectives , who uro
engaged In getting a complete list of all the
"roomers" in the city. Thu lines will bonny-
where from * ! to $1,000. Thlsclassof society
has grown und increased In this city , because
the polleo Uiivo been unable to got them "ou
the list. "
Tlic DongliiH Coal Find.
Douai.iM , Wyo , , Fob. 4. [ Special Telegram
to the liii : . ] The big coal strike a few miles
west of Douglas slono proves to bo n seven-
foot vein of coal equal to the Hock Springs
product. This bonanza Is owned by Douglas
men who have unlimited capital and who in
corporated under the name of the Fottcrman
Coal company. The company comprises Deforest -
forest KIchurds and J. Ware Foster , presi
dent and cashlor of tliu First National bank ;
A. D , Chamberlain , mnnngrrof the Wyoming
Lumber company ; C , H. King , wholesale
grocer , and others. They Imvo sent a man
cast after machinery and will soon bo In
shape to supply Nubrasku and thuliluck Hills
with fuel.
_ _ _
Going Through DouglaH.
DofGi-AH , Wyo. , Fob.4. [ Social Tolpgrum
to the ) : : , ] The Cheyenne ft.Northern
surveyors drove grade stakes through the
city to-day. The end of the road U now
twcnty-sovcn mlles from Douglas , where
FiUgorald has a force of men at work. The
road forms a Junction hero with the Wyom
ing Central.
I'rovlNloiiN for Port MoKlnnny.
POUT McKiNNKV , Wyo. , Fob. 4. [ .Special
Telegram to the UBK. ] The commissary
stores tp replace loss by the fir" of January
14 arrived to-day and were Unloaded la good
condition.
h i. dndMifilfkli'iii.V. . .