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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 15, 1888)
S lEVENTEENTH YEAR. OMAHA SUJNDAY MORNING , JANUARY 15 , 18SS.r.nVELVJK PAGES. NUMHEK 211 !
Colonel Cody Submits to an Inter
view at Manchester.
AMERICAN CATTLE RANCHING
The Business a Losing Ono Com
pared With Former Years.
CAUSES FOR THE GREAT DECLINE
Cleveland's Famous Order Starts II
On Ita Downward Course.
. MONOPOLISTS RUN THE MARKET
Ilio Orcnt Kcont Tells How He licit
Four KlntfH and the Itoyal
Joker lloil OI-H Showered
Colonel Cody on Cattle.
ISNi tin Jntncs Coition
M.VNciir.STMt , Jan. II. [ New York Horali
' . . "Is Colone
Cable F-'poclal to the Hr.n.J
Cody at homo I" asked n Herald correspond
Hit as tlic door of No. 61 Howard street , li
Cottonopolis , opened. It was terrible ) fopg ,
not the fog Unit you have Hccn In Paris o
New York but n black , heavy , smoky fog.
"Yes , Just walk In , lum very much plcnsei
to sec you , " eamo the reply from Colone' '
P. Cody , otherwise known as "lliiffulo Hill,1
ns ho quickly elosed the door to put out th
xincanny fog. The visitor was UHliered iut
n comfortable parlor , filled with trophies nm
tributes from eminent people of all classes
'There were laurel wreathes , swords of honoi
n magnificent rillo dcekcd with flowers and
photograph , with autographs ol u host o
persons too numerous to mention.
"It's terrible weather , " said Colonel Codj
"three days of it and just as bad as ever. 1
lias given mo malaria not the genuine ol
bhakes which conies from ague but a sort c
mean , sickly feeling. "
"Colonel , " said the reporter , "I want yo
to give me your views on the decline of th
American cattle raneli business. "
"Well , " ho replied , with clmr.ictcristic d <
cision and clearness ; "I think I know ] U'
about as much about cattle ranges as anyon
on earth. I was the pioneer in the buslncs
mid still own n DOOOncro ranch in North Plntti
Neb. Cattle ranching has declined ccrtainl ;
The decline dates from two years ago tin
is to say , from the tmio when the preside !
ordered all the men on the Indian tcrritor
to move their cattle outside the limits of tli
reservation. The order was that all cattl
were to bo removed within sixty days. Thci
wore hundred of thousands of beasts on tin
territory and the owners could not find an
grazing land at luind available. The rcsu
was that there was nothing left to do bi
sell their cattle. The market became gluttt
mid producers wcro compelled to sell fe
what the middle man chose to give. Yc
may be right sure they gave little cnougl
That is ono and u strong reason. Thosccoi :
reason for the decline in profits is this : Tl
railroads , which have boon gradual
penetrating further and furthe
have at last got into Texas , m
the Tcsui.o , instead of driving the hen
hundreds of miles , fouiu1. P. market at horn
Instead of the northern producer alone shi
ping cattle to Chicago , the Texas man dl
covered that ho could compote equally. Th
has materially interfered with the northci
trade , as Texas cattle arc cheaper. A thil
reason is that when , llvo or six years ag
the cattle business was booming in the noit
cm .states , when the ranches in Nebrask
Wyoming , Montana , Dakota and Colorai
wcro paying as much as 30 to 40 per cent , ai
when everything looked well and prosperou
the ranch holders wcro so elated that tin
thought the business would continue perm
ncnt. As it was they overloaded thei
selves with cattle bought at high prices , m
mortgaged their original herds to buy mo
beasts , so that when prices \ycnt down tin
had their obligations to meet. They we
then forced to sell for what they could ge
nnd that was another causu of the decline
"Is this another cause of that curse
America the monopolists ! " asked the i
"U is , " replied the Colonel. "In Chlca ,
there exists a powerful ring of cattle trail
monopolists such as the syndicate of catt
commissioners. They keep themselves wi
pobtcd as to the movements of the produce )
They know exactly how and when ccrtn
lots of cattle must bo disposed of. Tin
then proceed to "rig" the market : \nd t !
ranchmen Ilnd themselves at the mercy
these men. The producer cannot afford
hold his stock , and , moreover , has no mcui
of doing to. His c.itllo are. grass-fed n
cannot be corn-fed , therefore the proituc
must sell in a very few days or lose
"Cannot this ring bo biokcnl"
"Yes , and it certainly ought to bo. Tl
producers are strong and powerful cnoui
to assert themselves , and they will undonl
rdly do so by combining and by killing the
beasts at home.
"What reason is there why Chicago shoi
bo the monopolistic Daughter house ! "
"There Is ono very strong point I wov
llko to make in reference to this. Look
it from a sanitary point of view. Tnk <
Btccr or. his native heath , full of life u
health , la good condition and pure in blo <
Again , take u steer which 1ms made u lo
Journey , cither on the road or by rail. S
the weary , worn look , the feverish eye a
tcngue , the blood heated and the beast h
maddened by excitement. Your comni
sense will toll you that the nnltiml , killed
Mho healthy state , will make bolter nnd mi
healthy meat than tUo feverish hunted st <
ns hu roaches the slaughterhouse in Chiea
A'es , I roiiout , the animals should be sinus
creel en the ranches , packed cleanly up
refrigerator cars nnd ( .hipped right oil
'their ' destinations' without being nmu
About by the Chicago common handler. "
Weuow adjourned to luucUcoa with M
Cody , and father nnd daughter who chatted
merrily of their social triumphs In London
and how Manchester had followed suit nnd
showered them with social invitations. Huf-
falo Hill told of how , while ho was enter-
talnlnlng the four kings , the Prince of Wales
had remarked !
"Well , Mr. Cody , I don't suppose you ever
had four kings together before , " to which
Cody replied :
"Your royal highness , I have held four
kings before , but never the royal joker be
Huffulo 11111 considers his royal highness
the tlncst gentleman on em th , with plenty of
grit in htm.
After lunch the conversation was resumed.
"Now. colonel , what is your advice to that
largo body of men who are interested in
rnncTics. They are pretty anxious regarding
the outcome of their speculation. "
I would say to them , " ho replied , "hold
on and within three years It might bring you
out. Although beef will not bo at the same
prices It has been , you will have the finest
business In the world. I would say so be
cause they are going to have a market right
at home. The cattle in the Indian territory
have been disposed of or located in Texas.
In the face of the superior beef production
northern ranches have depreciated in value.
The northerner is going \o \ be looked to for
beef hereafter. The man who owns a north
ern ranch is a producer , and I see a prospect
of the producer controlling the market In
stead of the1 middleman. Ho soon will bo un
willing to take any price offered him by the
ring. I would say to the cattlemen that they
are the proper persons to control the market
and not the middlemen , who only sell on com
mission , I repeat , the producers are strong
enough to break that ring and they will dc
"Do you recommend any particular line ol
stock as likely to bo most remunerative 1"
"What I say is , grade up , but deut grade
up too Hue. Hlood too pure cannot stand the
hardship so well as u more mixed one. The
Herefords are irooel. The Short Horns ane
Polled Angus are likewise. The latter Is r
tiptop rustler. Some of the Englishmcr
won't understand that , but I mean ho is i
splendid beast to look after himself , but the
Hereford is the ono I like. Ho is beef dowi
to the heels. Few people in this country
realise what the American cattle trade is
Twelve years ago there were no cattle
ranches in Montana , Dakota , Wyoming 01
Nebraska. Huffalo grazed over the land
Texas was then the homo o
the steers. It took an army o
4,000 men to cross the countr ;
in the great Sitting Hull war. Now where
the Indian nnel buffalo roamed have risen uj
cities and ranches and thousands of clvilUcc
homesteads. Nowadays men coino to m ;
show and look at my buffaloes and say
'What u pity it is that such noble-lookini
beasts should have been exterminated , ' nnd
say the buffalo has gis-cn way to the bcttoi
animal , which all can herd , and tlio extlnc
tion of the buffalo put an end to the Indiai
war. The cattle trade has brought up hund
reds of thousands of cowboys , the best Ugh
infantry in the world , a race of hardy mci
who will form warriors of indomitable coinage
ago and strength to America should she eve
need their services. "
Thus concluding he led the way to the vaa
mil adiomiu-j the race course , which ha
been erected especially for the Wild Wes
show. Soon ho reappeared In the arena ii
full western costume to receive the enthusl
astio applause of u large audience who hai
braved the blinding fog to sco American fa
west life realistically portrayed.
As John M. Burke remarked : "Our objcc
is to place a series of pictures of America
life before our audiences in sueh a form tha
they will retain the impression for life. "
One thing is sure , wherever Huffalo Hil
and his truly American troupe locate , in thu
district do all kinds of American Industrie
rise up and llourish ami prosper. It was s
in London and is so in Manchester , mid hui
drcdb of American Stars and Stripes wav
over dingy fog bound Cottonopolis.
FUK.YKS OF THK FOG.
Sonic Curious AccldcntM AVlilch Hnp
Itemed la London nnel the Province ;
[ Copurtutit ISSSbij JuincK Gunlan HcnncTl.
LONIIOV , Jan. 14. [ Now York Hcral
Cable Special to the Hue. A fog that i
like the Egyptian darkness lu the Mosaicng
had pervaded the whole kingdom for foil
days , surrendered to-day to Jack Frost
Curiously enough the fog was greater in th
ruralities and provincial cities than in Lou
don , its usual homo. The same fog laid u
every channel ferry , delayed continent !
mails , induced collisions and caused singula
modes of death. Through misailvonlur
vehicles wcro driven over the sides c
wharves , pedestrians got , into conflict o
walkeel off. bridges , or wcro run over b
horbcs , nnd these occurrences prcvaile
throughout a circuit of TOO miles. T
show the density of the fog take the euriou
accidents which happened to u boy name
Gates. At Homcny marsh , as ho did no
return from school , the ponds and dyke
were searched in vain. The following morr
Ing ho was found benumbed with cold In
bean stack several miles from homo. It a [
pears that in thu fog he passed within thirt
yards of his house without being able to fin
It nid liaa wandered on until ho found tl :
stack nnd then pulled two bundles of bean
out , got Into the aperture and covered bin
self up as well as ho could and thus passe
the night. I'estcrdny 130 barges wei
moored in the Thames between Ulchmon
Anotl'cr instance : Sir Philip Cunttn
Owen , director of the Kensington mnscun
well known In America as itio Hritish cor
missioncr at the Centennial exhibition , w :
yesterday , with the Duke of Wcbtnilnstcr , i
Chester station , The fog was so denss c
tlio platform that-each was uu.iblo to sco tl
other or where he was golnfj. Presently S
Philip fell violently over some baggage t
the phetform and was thought to bo klllc
He , howe\er , recovered sufficiently to rctui
to London , where to-day ha was entirely r
stored. Ho is walking around ccr.tradiutti
the reports of his death.
SALISBURY'S ' POLICY.
The English Premier's Programme
Clearly Mapped Out.
QUESTIONS TO BE CONSIDERED.
Ho Will Stand or Fall Solely On
the Irish Bill.
SIDE DEFEATS WILL NOT COUNT.
British Legislation Dictated By the
Ono Great Subject.
CURIOUS POLITICAL SPECTACLE.
The Cemncrvatlvo 1'nrty Following
the Ijouelci'Hhip of n liberal *
Unionist AfTalrn In n Very
Saelly Mixed State.
Tlio Coming Parliament ,
Iftipi/i htlit iHSliuJamr * Inntmi flcimcf.1o2 (
LONDON , .Inn. 14. [ New York Herald
Cable Special to the HKK.I The ground is
rapidly clearing for the new session. Many
people will not like what they see as the pros
pect opens. Hero is a point for the llrst time
now made very clear. Lord Salisbury does
not intend to resign on any issue but that ol
Ireland , That seems to bo plain enough
from the last of the Liverpool borlcs ol
speeches. Ordinarily a government may be
defeated on some outside question , as Glad
stone was in 1SS3 on the budget. He re
signed , but the country must not understand
that and side blow will upset the present
government , That is a pretty bad lookout
for the people who are laying wires to trip uj
over for instance , the Crofters
thcD Welsh church , local government
and n dozen others dangerous
subjects. The government may bo dofeatee !
in any of these and yet it will stick fast
What will Mr. Glaelstono say to that } He
may make the country ring with denunciations
tions of what ho can describe as Lorel Sails
bury's arbitrary and unconstitutional course ,
There may bo a tremendous hubbubauel | , it ii
quite clear that Salisbury would not have
taken a resolution llko this without consult
ing with Hartington , and thus the whole
unionist party must bo agreed to accept n <
defeat ns involving the fate of the ministry
unless It arrives on the Irish question. Hov
it can arrive on that with a majority of oven
hundred to support the main lines of the
ministerial Irish policy it is very hard to sec
The startling ultimatum must affect the
whole course of the session from beginning
to end. What will be the use of planning intricate
tricato schemes for catching the governmcn
unawares if it will not go when it is beaten
Of course no ministry could stand loiif
against u succession of defeats , but fron
what quarter is blow after blow to fall I 1
is not visible to the men who study minutel ;
every inch of ground.
The second point brought into light I :
equally important , only it concerns tlio con
scrvativo party exclusively. They are tole
that they must make up their minds to swal
low more than is agreeable. Yoi
cannot say to Lord Salisbury : "Have
your cake and cat : t : You hoi
power by liberal votes ; you must passlibem
measures. " Many conservatives will nat
urallysay : "What is the good of having
conservative government in oftlco if wo mus
take any dose our opponents may chose t
mix for us. " So that the premier has notli
to say. The conservative party has a mastc
and must obey him. The master is a libcrti
unionist , so hero wo have ono of the grea
parties split into fragments and the other lei
by ono of these fragments. Th
Irish question dissolves everything lik
a powerful acid. I very muc
doubt whether anyboely really admires th
present position of affairs , but nobody ha
the power to alter it. Ireland may not go\
crn itbelf , but is she not governing Englis
parties ami practically dictating the cours
of all Hritish legislation. It looks very mucl
like It. Wait till the radical blue pill i
stuffed into the mouth of your good old-fash
ioncd tory. There will bo wry faces see
anef stormy language heard in spite of th
soothing syrup which Salisbury has so coi
siderately adminlstcrcel beforehand.
DICKKNS' SKCONI ) SOX.
He Inherits Ills Father's Cleverness a
ICopi/r/iyht / ISSSlu James tfnnlim Jlenntlt , ' }
LONDON" , Jan. 14. [ New York Herald Cabl
Special to the Hen. ] While Charles Die !
ens ib keeping the memory of his fathc
green to borrow a figure from the "Hauntc
Man" the second son of the novelist , Hcnr
Fielding Dickens , recorder of deeds , is doin
the same filial thing in tlio courts of Londo
and Kent. Ho much resembles his fathe :
whoso cleverness of oratory ho has decidcdl
inherited. Within the past week ho has thrc
times made hits in sharply criticizing a wi
ness who was seventy-seven years old.
His opponent retorted ; "What about Lor
John Hussell , Lord Palmerston , Mr. Glae
stone and the Emperor William , who ai
aged men with grand memones } "
Mr. Dickens answered ; "Thero are u fe'
constellations as well as a myriad of mer
twlnklers in the aged firmament of intollce
as In the tellar firmament. "
Yesterday ho represented a sucecssfi
plaintiff who sued In the queen's bench fc
the return of some stock fraudulently cxacte
from him In the Charles Dickens silver mini
"I am bound to say , " ho observed In openln
his address , "that the family have no Intcrci
in the mine , but have every reason to sco tin
the name is not misused. "
To-day Mr. Dickens was in thoccntri
crimhiM court defending Harry Thomas , a
heir , a gentlemanly looking young man , a
artist , who was charged upon several ii
dlctmentb with endeavoring to extort mono
from Mary Elizabeth Turner by menace an
also with threatening to publish a libel upo
the same laely with a similar object. Tl
story which Mr , Dlckcus had tj meet c
cross-examination makes a cause cclebro In
the dark pages of criminal blackmail records ,
The prosocutrlx deposed that she
had been married seven years.
They resided In llalelgh cottage ,
Hogents Park. She was in the habit of at
tending All Saints chitrch , Cavendish square.
The prisoner was In the ) choir and his voice
attracted her attention three years ago. Ono
day us she was leaving the church the pris
oner spoke to her and told her that his imtno
was Henry Graham nnd ho was aware that
she admired his voice. Ho made the sug
gestion that she should meet him In private
and hear him sing at his rooms in Oxford
street , uscel for singing purposes. She wa
curiously fascinated by him mid she met the
prisoner at these rooms once a week
for ono year ami the prisoner
used to sing both secular and
sacred muslo to her. In consequence ol
something the prisoner said as to the expense
of a music room she sent AT > . Upon another
occasion she gave the prisoner JU5 , This
took phico after they had been acquainted
for twelve months. Onetime the prisoner
told her he had found out that some ono hud
been following them. She asked whether
lie had given this man any money nnd ho told
her ho wanted 1)0 ) within a week and that
it was to her advantage to let him have it.
She told him she would sco what she could
do. Immediately after this bhe
communicated all that had taker
place between her and the pris
oner to her husband. At the dictation o
her husbanel she wrote a letter to the pris
oner , addressed him as "Dear Harry , " aue
promising to let him have what money hi
required as soon as she could. The prisonei
wrote , pressing her to let him have tin
money for the man referred to and she gave
this letter to her husbanel. On the 14th ol
September the prisoner called upon her a
horresidence in St. Johnwood. Her husbane
was absent at this time. She asked him wh *
ho had come and she then tolel him that shi
informed her husband of everything.
Mr. Dickens' cross examination was adroit
Ho did not iniutimato any impropriety , bu
directed his inquiries toward the implicatioi
that the lady was fascinated by and in levi
with the prisoner and her giving of the mono ;
was the result of tcnelcrness and not menace
Hut ho could not shako off the facts of hi
client giving a false mime or of an anonymou
letter being in the prisoner's writing. Mi
Dickens had that insinuating manner which
in the eyes of his father's novel , "Our Mutua
Friend , " is so well described by tlio phrase
"Hear with his Jury stoop and eyeglass. " The
the accused was found guilty and sentence
to twelve months' imprisonment.
SKXTOX'S ILLNESS SKHIOUS.
Symptoms Invcle > iilng Which Ilcndei
_ ; Hli Itcciivcry Douhtfill.
[ Copi/rfu/it / 144S tin Jamea GUI dim licnnctt.l
Dt'iiu.v , Jan. 14New York Herali
Cable Special to th i k-I .am sorry t
hear that Sexton will notTecovesr , Oner
being symptoms of a cerebellum typo in th
fever. Nevertheless ho has a mngnillcen
constitution. It is a strange fate that th
holding over chief magistrate is in priso
nnd his bucccssor practically in the priso
of a sick chamber. Father Hrady , of Inch
core , reports-Lord Mayor Sullivan contcnte
and well. He was , however , struck with th
diet to which Mr. O'Brien volui
tnrily subjects himself. He is provided wit
neither knife nor fork. Ho has t
take his bread nnel meat with the end of
spoon. Mr. Sheehoy isstill , being treated u
an ordinary criminal. Ha. has not had an
exercise since his arrival because ho refuse
to associate with criminals. The chairma
of the prison tOHVd has visited , him. Hi
month will be up on Tucseia.V , but both sci
tcnces having been in operation since the Gil
running concurrently , after Tuesday there
fore he will bo treated as n first class mi' '
Ojcmcnant and for the next three weeksas th
second sentence so said , but not so the earl
Tlio Freeman's Journal , commenting o
the visit of the prison inspector , observes
"Tlio prisons board have made a conccssio :
to Mr. Shcchey. They have been in semi
thing of a dilemma. Tim difficulty was this
At the present moment ho occupies nn ui
iquo position. Heine an ordinary planl
bceldcr and at the same time a first class mi
demeanant , the prison board was at its wit
end to know in what catagory they shoul
treat the doublyconvicted inmatountila hapji
thought as a compromise struck them. The
sent down their chairman , who ordered
change in Mr. Sheehoy's treatment. Ho d
reeled that the prisoner's three-leggc
stool should bo removed and a woode
chair substitutcel a brilliant stroke. As n
ordinary prisoner Shcehey coulel not bo pei
milled to soar above a creepy stool , but as
first-class misdcmenant ho might have tl
best cushioned chair ho chose. Strict !
speaking ho could not have cither , being
prisoner of both classes at the same tnomen
so the golden mean was strict that lies be
tween a modest creepy stool and luxurioi
The great banquet to O'Hricn Is to bo i
Mallow on Wednesday , the 25th inst. , whicl
in church parlance , is the anivcrsury of tli
conversion of Saul of Damascus into Si
The nationalists arc in great glco over Ha
four's boycotting circular of Instruction wit
reference to government advertisement
They say : "Balfour" boycotts his politicf
opponents , but claps them In Jail for boyco
ting his political supporters. " Savs the ci
cular : "No government advertisement mus
under any circumstances , bo given to nn
newspaper that violates the law. "
Much excitement has been occaslonc
among Catholics by the attitude of ono e
their paKrs ! the Tublet which is backing i
the bishop of Limerick. It said to-dui
"What seems to us to lend a circumstance e
special gravity to the situation is that w
have not only acts of open violence commitU
by ignorant and heedless people in the nan
of patriotism , but u doctrine of rebellion ar
resistance to law openly advocated by UK
who ought to know better. Some of thei
are in prison , but many more are at largo ,
This , with a ProtOAtant leader and a Cat hoi
bishop and a-Cathollo newspaper organ i
odels , the Irish question ctmuot bo said to I
a religious cue.
FULL DRESS OPERA.
Its First Evening at Berlin Passes
Without a Revolution.
THE EDICT GENERALLY OBEYED.
It Causes a Flood of Jokes and
BULLETINS FROM THE EMPEROR.
They Sound Like Apologies For
His Being Sick.
HE DISREGARDS RED TAPE.
A Steady Increase In Germany's Kv
l orlH to the United States
SI nH Which Indicate Klthcr
1'ence or War.
Graf HochncrK'H Innovation.
tCopl/r/u/it / / J5SS/i / | ; Jiimw On elim firiuirlt.l
Uuitus , .Ian. 14. [ New York Herald Cable
Special to the Bu iThe i : first full drcs
opera evening has passed without a revolution
or rebellion. There were some empty sentx ,
many ladies in street costumes , and a fo\\
venturesome men in light coats , but as n rule
Graf Hochbcrg's edict was obeyed in the
first rank boxes , reserved these evenings for
the nobility. There was an approximation
to the dressing visible in English and Amer
ican opera houses in the stalls. Many ladle'
neglecteel or refused to put on evening dresses
The officers of the garrison neldce
a gooel deal to the appearance of the
house by wearing their brightest unl
forms. So far as one could tell the beginning
at 7:1W : instead of the usual U : ! < 0 causeel more
grumbling than any other change. Of course
the edict of dress coats caused a Hood o :
Jokes and reminiscences. One story has t
duo flavor of the Berlin gallery and of tin
time when in Germany mankind was said t (
begin at the baron :
"Is it to-night , " asks n little street boy
"that gentlemen in boxes are allowed to hpll
down on the heads of people in the stalls ! "
"No , " answers his companion , looklnf
down enviously from the highest gallery 01
the happy possessors of this privilege , "that' :
not until next Monday. "
In the way of reminiscenccs. ome odd thing
come to light. Ono paper btates that in th
time of Frederick the Great , the king , wit !
his highest military ofltccrs , sat in the llrs
two rows of stalls. Behind these beats stooi
the military officers of his rule. The boxe
ami Urbt balcony were reserved for the corn1
and military circles. The second balcon ,
was kept for the king's civil cabinet and th
highest civil employes. To the third ant
fourth balcony went the general public o
learned , literary ami artistic tastes.
Tin : UMrmtoii.
The bulletins issued regarding the cmpcro
seem almost ns if written by himself : "Th
cold from which his majesty suffers con
tinues and makes necessary farther indul
gence. " This sounds very much like an upo ]
ogy for forced neglect of public duties.
We had recently another proof of the cm
peror's superiority to the rather brutal rei
tape toward which German officialism tends
The people gathered ami passed b ;
the palace window. For some unknowi
reason the police forced to crowd back o
Frederick statue. The einporer as he stooi
at the window , noticed the attempt to intrc
duce Hussian habits , and impatiently ordcro
that the polieo let his people alfine. Mllitar ,
j.m.nr3 rushed out to carry this command
The police hcsHatCd f'ir u moment , waiting t
the * . ' * l'Cl
get proper authority through prs1. ;
tape sources. "By his majesty's orders , '
angrily shouted the officers , and the crowd
which began to understand that they had th
kaiser on their side , promptly broke bet
lines nnd rushed to the palace windows t
cheer the old man.
The total exports of the Berlin district t <
America during the last three month
amounted to $1,200,000 , an increase of $150,00
over last year , The export of piece -goods i
cither stationary or shows a great falling ofi
Velvets and such stuff have , for Instance
almost ceased to bo exported. Among tli
odd exports I noticed $150,000 worth of grcas
extracted from wool and sent to America a
a substitute for glycerine. The ready mad
trade is continually increasing , being $150,00
for this ejuartcr , or nearly a third more tha
SION8 Or WAIl Oil I < E\CC.
As a sign of pence comes the news that ] . "
freight cars loaded with war material hav
recently been bent by German firms to Uoi
mania. Tlio great German government fne
torles have also Just began to work nigh
shifts. Whether this is a sign of peace o
war no ono ventures to predict , but at an
rate it is said that German soldiers mus
hereafter learn to write shorthand durin
their military service.
TiiKATEii ejouits rj.oonr.i ) .
German theater goers arc safe froir fir
but not from water. At Bonn recently a
audience In the middle of an opera wii
drenched owing to an error of the man , vh
controlled the emergency .sprinklers. Ci
lucky singers at Minister were served th
same way and drowned out during rehearsa
In this case the flood was so sudden and s
deep that Frau Joachim stood upon cnii !
until rescued Gince the Paris fire there hav
been nearly a dozen such unexpected Mood
in Germany ,
Bishop /.t'oth of Fcldkcrbch , threatens t
excom/nunicato all who buy or roud certal
[ Copyi iulitcil ISM by Xc\i < Ytirli Jmixtatrii J' 1
Bnni.iN , Jan. 14. The fact that the car i
tlio Now Year's reception rofiained froi
talking to the German ambassador and tli
Austrian representative and that one of tli
Hussian generals nnd ministers v/hispcrnil
few minutes to M. DcGlcrs and then
out Ministers BibhucgradHl ; ! , M.
nested and Secretary of State Ostrovshl , Is
taken to mean that the war party triumphs.
The movement of troops to the frontier
are nce'itmulatcd and hosts of la
borers nro constructing redoubts on
the line of the Vistula. Tito
Warsaw polle-o have issued orders that all
Austrlnns who have not permits to reside lu
Poland must irult the Kussianterrilorylo-day.
Austrian and Hungarian troops are concen *
tratlng secretly on the Sllesian frontier ami
the majority of the Hungarian parliament Is
ardently warlike. The Austrian war office is
e'onlldent that there nro sufficient forces In
Central Lebergne , Prczcmysl and Ciornowltz
to arrest any Uusslan advance.
The upper house of the Prussian landtag ,
which began its session to-day , elected the
duke of Katlbor president ; Herr von Hochoro ,
vice president , and Herr Miguel second vice
KAUICAMSM AM ) DHMOCltACY.
The Wonderful KtttdcRTItcir Doctrine *
Arc .Making In I-ii ; Iauel.
[ CopiirtuM U-bSl > uJamcilinl < in Hcimcft.1
LONDON , .Ian. 14. [ New i'ork Herald
Cable-Special lo the Br.n. ] It is difficult
perhaps , for English residents of New York
who have been theic many years to reali/o the
great strietes radicalism and democrae-y have
made here since they emitted this .side of the
Atlantic. It is difficult indeed for even some
Londoners to comprehend thih. Not only dc
the rndie-als wonderfully increase in numbers ,
but their land and labor reform doctrines increase -
crease in boldness , nnd the increase is en
tirely disconnected with the Irish question ,
Last night two radical meetings , which might
bo called democratic assemblages , wcro held
at Ucptford on the Thames , at which was
Wilfred Blunt , candidate -for the
vacancy and at West New In
gloan. In these places the mosl
progressive doctrines were promulgated to
immense crowds , who cheered the enuncia
tions. At the latter meeting was Lord Hob'
house , ono of Gladstone's now peers of 1SS5 ,
This meeting was more especially regarding
municipal reform and n new constitution
The largo gathering voted that no loe'al gov
eminent could bo satisfactory unless ii
elected by universal suffrage adults of both
sexes. The Deptfordcrs adopted a plat
form after the American fashion , ii :
which "Protect and advance the inter
csts of labor" were planks ; manhooe
suffrage ; payment of members of parlia
ment , a'triennial parliament ; local self-gov
eminent ; poor law reform ; free secular edu
cation ; complete religious equality ; ccbsa
tion of royal grants except to sovereigns ; nb
olition of hereditary legislation ; power of do
Glaring war to bo vested in the house o
commons only ; abolition of property quail
llcation in local government ; cumulativi
income tax ; nationalization of laud ; compul
sory limit to labor of eight hours. In tin
face of these fourteen democratic progrcs
sions , ami Ih'o.y spread'"also"over the king
dom , especially where miners , mechanics am
navvies congregate the tory Journal :
whistle to keep conservative courage up
Thus , for instance , the St. James Gazette
which had previously gis'cn attention ti
Mayor Hewitt's after dinner speech nnd tin
Knights of Labor allegeel disagreements
says : "Tho beneficial effects of a very littl
firmness in dealing with disorder has beei
recently exemplified in a marked degree ii
the United States. Two years ago tin
Knights of Labor , or walking delegate , o
boycotter , or striker had nearly evcrythlni
their own way. The press , Judges.grand Juries
ministers and | philanthroplsts were all afraie
of him. IIo took possession of the strcc
horse railroads and wharves , frightened cm
ploycs and shop keepers out of their wits
threatened to suspend traffic on great line :
of travel and even put the police on a striki
mid compelled people to employ him in per
ps'iirv ' on terms fixed by himself. IIo throvi
for a few months fairly-well under the inllu
once of popular surprise and bei"1riuent ! !
but as soon as the American cyo had to usi
a slang phrase si/ed him up , ho began ti
wither visibly , Tlio polieo took hold of hin
and hanged him or put him in Jail , ns hi :
case required. The employers locked liin
out , the politicians fought shy of him , the
press laughed at or denounced him , am
now nobody spends thought on him. He ha
left hardly a trace of hi * activity on the sut
face , either of American lndiit.try or politics
Wo could do with some of this horse sense.1
Both parties are fond now of quotini
American precedents , especially so since th' '
daily cable dispatches from New York an
much read by editors and politicians , wh' '
seem willing to consider the red hot Amer
lean facts constantly given them.
On the coining Monday the new radicn
paper of extreme tendency the Star , editei
by J. P. O'Connor , M. P. will appear. It i
expected to talk on all subjects , what i :
Fergus O'Connor'n duy would have been RUJ
pressed for sedition , or c\-en now , if the Sta
is shown on Saekville btrcut instead of Flee :
Conijiose.-r Heller Iciel.
| Cij'/rfiM ; | / ( ISSS liu .ImncK diiiiliin Ihnnttl , ]
PAUIB , .Tan. 14. [ Now York Herald Cabl
Special to the Hue. ] Stephen' Heller , th
composer , Is dead.
IMnnt GctH Iltick His Overcoat.
Dimi.iv , Jan 11. The Galway correspond
cut of the evening Nuws saj b Wilfred Hlun
was last e'Ve-ning deprivcel of his ovem > ; i
by the prison officials. Ho theirmipon tool
off ills priser garb and deiiundr-d his ow
suit , which wis ; refused. To-day he stnyci
in bed. Hlunt told visiting justices that Ha !
four in recent intcrviuwr , elci-lared ! IH | Inter
tiou In hnpri.-ioning six oi the physlcall ;
weakest of I'arnell's frit.nds who would b
unable to nurvlvo six months. The Justice
re-fused to rrcosve u wri'ten ' declaration , bt :
advlhcd that , the prisoner bo removed to
bettor room ; that his overcoat bo restore
and tlmt he bu supplied with writing in.lci
ial * .
A I'rlKdiiejr Kh < ; aitn.
LONDON , Jim. 14 , Jasper Douglas Payn
has made his escape from L'.sHmiey ' cast !
and the police arc in purbuit.
Eleven person ; , have been arreotcd at Ga
way char.'jod v/lth intimidation. It is 111
toiled that the district Inspector hclds r. wai
rant for William O'Hricn and will an LSI hn
ureou us he Is released 'ran pi
An Eloquent Sermon By the Arch *
bishop of Philadelphia.
Orowda Gather in Rome to Listen
to the American Prolate.
THE MISSION OF THE CHURCH ,
Morality's Foundation F omul in Hot
SHE MUST FOLLOW THE MASTER , 3 n
While ) Ills ToachliiK * Travail Shall
Houluiy Stand , Family Tics lie Itc-
Hpe'ctcd , and liiellvldualM
jtr. Ityan'H l > lHcemrf >
lOijir/i'il / USliy Jiiiiir * ( Iniiloii
KOMI : , Jan. 14. [ New York Herald Cable )
Special to the Hii : : . ] A crowded nudtcnca
gathered at the church St. Andrea del In Jj
Vllle to-day to hear the promised sermon ot j'
the archbishop of Philadelphia. Among jj
those present were several Amcrloau and
Kngllsh speaking bishop representatives ot
various colleger , and many distinguished
personages of American and English society
in Home. The subject was ' -The Mission ot
Christianity. " Taking feu- his text. "A child
is born to us , a con is given to us , and tha
government shall bo upon his shoulders , "
the preacher appealed to the luoifc'
haustlhlej treasures of God's ' material
creation as witnessed by the new discoveries
daily made in the scientific world. "As an ,
illustration of the richness ami fecundity oQ
Goel's works in supernatural order , " said Dr.
Kyan , "particularly in that most transcend *
cut of all his wonders , tlio incarnation of hia
divine Son , all are staggered at thq
marvels of the earth below and the hoavous
above. If mystery is over us and under 119
and on every side , wliat may wo not bellcYO
of the depth of mystery and Inllnito possi
bilities which lie within the sphere !
of that most awful truth which
makes God man and man Godl
What wonder that Christ's mission is uni
vcrsal , a world-wide dominion over all HIM
lions , a universal sway over men's 1111011001 * !
and hearts. The magi are a poof of it.
Their first gift was their greatest precious
beyond the gold , fragrant beyond the franle
incense and myrrh the reverend homage ofi
their intellects nnd adoring love of theiu
hearts. The universal mission of the Ho *
dccmcr is not. finished , " continued the }
preacher. "It is now committed to hia church ,
'All power is given to mo ; go ye , there *
fore , mid teach all nations , and lo )
I am always with you , always
even to the consummation of the world.1 Tha
church has of right divine a message to tha
intellect of man , for that which Christ taught
and divinely commanded she continues to
teach to-day. "
Next the preacher dwelt on the church's
mission to tlio human heart , nnd showed that
the foundation of all morality is found in hoc
doctrinal teachings. "For why elo wo obey
God's law , or revere the sermon on the )
mount , or yearn after the beatitude , except
because wo believe God to bo and Jesus
Christ to bo his own Son , and-
a divinity sent message. Make )
Christ a mere man , and his resurrection is a
myth. Let him sleep in some eastern grave ,
and Christian morality falls with a crash. It
Christ be not living at the right hand of the
Father , then vain are our hopes hero and
hereafter , our faith is a snare , Christianity a
"iiision. Hut Christ lived and His church
continues Ills mission. While His voice la
heard shall society htan'Jf family ties bo re >
spcctcd and individuals sunctilieu. " jj |
Filially the archbishop alluefeeT' jfi
to the universal manifestation of homage to *
Pope Leo as the hero of that world which * ,
recognl/.cs still that the only true , certain
and solid foundation of modern civili/ation late
to be found in that which ho represents ou
earth , the revelation of gooel which ho has
been pleased to show unto mi'n in the face of
his divine Son , The sermon lasted an hour.
The large assembly was deeply Impressed by
the state'ly eloquence of the Houssuet of
[ Cuwlulit ISkS lilJilinrn ] niinlun llmnrtt.
LONDON , Jan. 14 , [ Now York Herald
Cable Special to the Hm.l-About ; threej
months ago I sent the Herald a elisputch
about a munificent subscription to Guy's hos
pital by Junlus S. Morgan. Ho has Just
aelded another gift , ? -0 ! , < XK ) to the nurses' pension -
sion fund. The past , month has been es
pecially rich in nets of munllh'onrc. During
that short period has been Sir William Me >
Arthur'ti bequest of 500,000 for religious and
charitable puiposcs and Hugh McCallinont's
legacy of half a million dollars to St. Gcorgo'a
hospital. Mine. HoueliMUlt's will contains a
long list of millions of francs Ml for works of
benevolence. The wealthy Hejrlln niS'iufac-
turcr , Wlholm Uorl Hurt willed i.OOO.OOff
marks to his native city fora similar purpose.
Haron do Harch's donation for the. founda
tion of a system of education unio tha Jews
of KuBsIa was $10,000,000. Mr. Morgan is fast
becoming in English nnnalii cleornosynury ,
successor of George Peabody.
MimilKKI'.l ) EIGHT.
A Mlnne'.Mitii Kwcelc ISolie-aels lift * "Wife
HIul Seven Clillilron.
PUI\CITON : , Minn. , Jan. 14. A Swede lir-
Ing twenty miles from heie is said tu hav *
killed his wife nnd seven children , chopping
their heads off with a hioad-axe , A boy of
fourteen jumped from an upstairs window
and rse'aped. When asked by a neighbor
what ho had committed the murder for he rc
pli'-d : "It is what 1 Lave iiUci.dud te > do fof
a Ivut lime..1
r - nnIf -
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