Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, January 02, 1888, Image 1

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Enthusiastic Thousands Participate
in the Popo's Jubilco.
The Occasion Appropriately Observed
TliroiiKliont tlioVotltl Foreign
Comment on tlicIluadingStrlko
Xlic Holiday * In i'arlH.
In Iionclon A ItoininlHcnnco.
| C | i/rl/ht | / | / WS tu Jittntt Gordon HtwieK.1
LONDON , Jan. 1. [ New York Herald
Cnble Special to thu linn. ] While in
nearly every Protestant church the services
and sermons to-day related to New year
hopes and lessons , those in the Catholic
churches were connected with the pope's
jubilee but without any Incidents doubtless
different from those In the New York
churches. After witnessing the Impressive
services at the pro-cathedral where Cardinal
Manning officiated In part and delivered nn
eloquent address upon the Jubilco I encoun
tered n veteran barrister who Imparted the
Interesting fact that ho had madetho present
pope's acquaintance hero in London ,
"In 1884 , " said he , "my chambers were
near to St. James park not fur from the
temporary lodgings of Monslgncur Peccl
OB ho was called although ho had rccentlj
been made an archbishop in partlbus. He
had then been a year n papal nuncio in Brussels
sols und was In London for a few weeks of
holiday. Making n casual acquaintance will :
him in the park we fell Into conversation am
afterward exchanged visits. Ho spoke ex
ccllcnt English with a fascinating sweetness
of the vowel sound. It was during Peel's '
administration nnd at a time when will
Aberdeen ns foreign secretary wo were ul
very anti-papal. I do not think hi
received much , if any , attention but '
heard him remark ho had been at tlu
Austrian ambassador's dinner party. Mj
memory Is that ho was much Impressed will
English Institutions. It was during Marcl
nnd parliament was in session. Ho had beet
to the lords and commons both and roferrci
to a line speech some peer , whoso name doc :
not recur to mo , had made , but ho was prai.i
ing a speech made by the then chancellor o
the exchequer , Gouldburn , ns being remark
able for its marslmllingof figures in n budget
Tlio pope , you may know , always was fond o
mathematics und by the way , step with mi
into my house and I will show you the pope *
Latin pocrns. "
Wo wcro soon there and the volume pro
duced. "It is n volume. " resumed the
barrister , "Interesting also in mechanlcu
creation for It was both printed nnd bound n
a training school nt Udino in Venice , stnrtci
by Abbe Brunelli , who sought and obtalnci
permission of the pope to collect his poem
and sell the volume for thu benefit of th
school. Hero It is. "
Ho produced a superb volume of 127 pages
Each page was bordcrcil with gilt columns
with a scroll and figures nnd printci
on parchment paper In bold typo nnd aftc
the old , style was unpaged.The till
page Is "Leonis , XIII. , ICarmlni. " Most o
these , are of a religious vein , nnd are of hu
gpr subjects. Ono , entitled , "Do Loipso , " i
slightly autobiographic , in which the pop
compares his early life with that of u flower
The metro is almost wholly Horatlan. 1 cop
led out ono verso , which is not altogether in
appropriate to this Jubilee day :
Pandltur zcmplum : facibus rcnldoU
Arn constant ! ; celebrate nomen.
Dulco pastoris , mcrnoresquo fastes.
Dlcltc cantu.
Upon putting away the volume nnd my bii
tllng him n happy Now Year the barristc
nddcd : "To-morrow I shall paste Into th
volume all the accounts of the Jubilee whlc
I shall cut from the morning newspapers. "
V , A Magnificent Spectacle.
" * fConj/r/0/iU / / SS li\i \ Jamts Oonfon JJniiiclt.V
KoNic , Jan. 1. [ Now York Herald Cabl
Special to the BBC , ] I watched the con
niony of the jubilee to-day , remaining b
special privilege within a few yards of th
pope during what must be culled ono of th
most marvellous solemnities of the ccnturj
Shortly after day break the Italian troop
took their stand in the long thin diameter c
the great circular piazza. Before half a
hour had elapsed there were at least 20CK ,
pilgrims and ticket holders shivering in tli
gray morning. Ladies in black veil1
bcardcil Armenian clerics , Polish priests I
top boots and Astruchan coats with a fa :
sprinkling of American , Canudluu nnd En |
llsh clergymen , all pushed on in a way thi
in London or Paris would have caused injur
nnd loss of life. At the sam-isty door nn
bnssudors , prelates and bishops followed tl
same methods in u inoro refined way. Instil
the vast basilica cardinals nnd distlngulshc
Invited guest went slowly to the
seats , whllo along the colosal im\
the papal gendarmes , with their plpi
clayed breeches , opcratlo boots and tn
toppling bearskins , kept the line of the pn
cession clear. Along this narrow space In
conducted by a courteous prelate to n rathe
shabby staircase , by which the pope was 1
reach St. Peter's. Hero I found Mg
O'Connoll , president ot the American co
lego , with Mgr. Stotor , the pope's Englls
chamberlain and a butch of purple priest
from all nations.
Shortly after 0 o'clock Leo XIII wi
brought down in u small chair into tl
chapel of th o Blessed Sacrament which wi
hidden from publlo view by huge orirnsc
damask hangings. The pontiff there kne
for n few moments at a prio duo nn
immediately proceeded to the adjoinit :
chapel of Plltea. Ho then blessed the go
gcous lockoys with n smile nud a few mu
tered words nnd was raised slowly on tl
regal scdl gcstalorla with the ostrich fans i
each corner. The pope were a mitre , a precut
cut of the emperor of Germany , nnd not tl
tl'ara , but ho looked every Inch a pope wl
had walked out of n book or who had stcppi
down from one of the papal tombs around.
As the choir majo Its first appearance , tl
vast multitude scorned to lift thousands >
hands to their foreheads to make the sign <
he cross. Thoncnuioutliundcrofoxclamutloi
[ Press. ] The pontifical mass to day wi
a success. Thousands of people throngi
St. Peter's square early In the mornli
awaiting the opening of the cathedral. Six
thousand admission tickets had been Issui
, and thu cathedral was packed. The pope c
tcred at SIX : ) u. m. , fc-llowed by the cardimi
in procession. His holiness was rcceivi
with a loud aud long continued shout c
"Long live the pope ! " Thomusicof thomu
wus deeply Impressive nnd many persons
the audience wcro effected. The pope blessi
nil present nnd left the cathedral nt 11 a. u
the whole audience expressing its Joy 1
clapping hands , waving hats and hanuke
chiefs and enthusiastic acclamations.
Later In the day King Humbert express !
himselfkto n deputation from parliament
being himself satisfied with the smoothnc
of the ceremony which , ho said , was the be
proof of the pope's liberty In "ffome\
Fortyjclght cardinals and KM archblshoi
and bUliops were present at thn imm m
it 1 caUuiuicd thut there wcro io cou pcrscr
In the nudlcnce. The pope prayed for a long
tlrno In his private chapel and then received
the homage of the court cardinals In the sala
ducalc. Whllo assuming the sacerdotal
vestments the pope was overcome
with emotion nnd fainted , Strong salts
wcro administered nnd ho returned to con
sciousness. Ho then ascended the gcsta-
torlal chair and was borne on the shoulders
of the pcdtanrl , attended by the cardinals ,
Into St. Peter's cathedral. Just before he
was fully vested for the altar ho again
fainted , remaining unconscious n few rnin-
utrs. Muss occupied twenty-eight minutes.
After pronouncing the benediction , the pope
again seated himself on the gcitntorlul ehnlr
nnd wus borne completely around t4ic nltar to
Capcllu del Sacraments , where ho offered up
a pruyer of thanksgiving. During the cere
mony the pope wore the triple crown pre
sented him by the emperor William ,
At St. Piuil.
ST. PAUL , .Tan. 1. The cathedral was
packed to the doors to-duytbe occasion being
the celebration of the jwpe's Jubilee. A sol-
mn moss with orchestral accompaniment
was celebrated by the pastor , llev. Slmnlry.
An eulogy of Lee XIII. , by Bishop Ireland ,
, vas un elegant and masterly effort. Thcro
rVero special services and eulogies of the pope
n all the other churches of the dioeeso to-day ,
by order of the bishop.
At Inilliiiinpollf ) .
INDIANAPOLIS , .Ian 1. The Catholics of the
city held n mass meeting this afternoon In
mnor of Pope Leo. The great hall was
Backed by 4,000 people , and other thousands
were unable to gain admittance. The ex
ercises consisted of addresses , interspersed
with mufjlc. Bishop Chnturd wus the prin
ciple speaker.
FestlvltloH In Mnilrlil.
M.umin , Jan. 1. The quren regent , ac
companied by members of her court und cabi
net ministers , attended Jubilco muss in San
Isidcro cathedral to-day. Allot the govern
ment offices wcro decorated and at night
brilliantly lighted in honor of the pope.
At Phlliulclpliin.
PniLAT > iii'iii.Jan. . 1. Tlio golden Jubilee
of Pope Leo XIII wai celebrated wllhclabor
ate ceremonies in the cathedral Saints Pclei
und Paul , this city , to-day.
Comments of an KiiKlish Newspaper
on the Situation.
[ Copi/r/u/il / / 18S3 bu Jiiincs donlon Ucnnett. ]
LONDON , Jan. 1. [ New i'ork Hcrali
Cable Special to the HKC. ] The Kcudinf
railway trouble has excited marked uttentloi
n the dally press and business circles
While Btrike.s in this country are well knowr
when directed against private enterprises
nnd businesses which only indirectly affect
the public , yet strikes immediately nffectini
the comfort and safety of largo masses an
substantially unknown. Direful cables hav <
been sent to London , both to private busl
ness men and two or thrco newspapers ro
spcctlng the Heading strikes. As a sainpli
of the feeling of the English public on tlu
subject as produced by the reports , doubtlesi
partisans , Knights of Labor or many busi
ness men may bo interested in the followinj
comment In to-duy's Observer , n rcprcsenta
tivo newspaper : "More importance thur
Is Justifiable is attached to the distance be
twccn the Heading railway management am
the Knights of Labor in the Uuited States
The knights have decided to organize a strike
and predict the entire stoppage of the miuiny
works In Pennsylvania dependent on the line
Threats of violence not , however , Issued bj
the knights have provoked from Mi-
Hewitt , the mayor of Now York , retaliatory
menaces of an alarming character and om
would almost imagine that a small civil wa
was imminent. It is necessary , however , ti
look beneath the surface in this dispute
When we do so wo find that for some reasor
or another probably because the workmci
nro not suffering from any clearly demon
stratblo grievance-public opinion in the state'
is against the strikers. That , of course
means that not only will the railway com
pany triumph in the end , but the advocate
of the torch , bomb and bullet will bo she
down ruthlessly by the state troop ;
If socialist wing strikers earrynthel
ideas into practice. In an uffair of this kind
it is prudcnco for us at a elistancc to b
guided by American public opinion. As wa
shown in 1SS3 , during the great tclegrapl
strike , popular opinion in America is vcr ;
fair and Just In industrial disputes , for in thn
business it took the sldo or the workers , Jus
as in the present controversy it seems to bi
against thorn , The feeling In America i ;
that the employes of the Heading railway
have very little to complain about , that the
are as well off as their neighbors , and tha
they are making themselves a social mcnnc <
by disturbing public peace and unjustiflabl ;
interrupting passenger traffic , which is rcall
a necessity of social life in u co untry of mat
niflcont distances. "
The New Year in Paris.
I opurtu1it ISS3bu Jamm ( lortlon Bennett. ' ]
PAIIW , Jan. 1. [ New York Herald Cabli
Special to the Bcc. ] Another bad old yea
died last night ; a year of ministerial upsol
scandals and anxiety. It died unregrcttwl
Paris saw it go without n sigh and hopes but
tcr things may come of the now your. Thre
cabinets have been demolished since the las' '
now year was rung In , a president has fallen
le bravo General Boulaugor hus been extii
guishcd and Franco bus come within un , ac
of rupture with Germany. But politic
have , for a few nights , been put aside nm
Paris is .armed with light and revelry. Th
boulevards are aglow with the glitter o
counters and shops and the illumination o
the booths of the Christinas fair. Al
the theatres and cafes are bright will
gas , and the streets nro thronged with mo\
Ing masses holiday seekers getting read
for to-morrow's festivals. Bachelors at
wondering how they can content their lad
friends without being ruined. Fathers o
families are groaning over the prospect of th
expense they will have to give their cor
cicrgcs. The president and his ministers nr
busy receiving congratulations and prcparin
political pardons.
The skaters are rejoicing over the wclcom
prospect ot a week's sport on the ice an
getting out their furs for the nightly fete
which are being arranged by the Circle dc
Patoncurs. There have been two brilliar
gatherings already on Ice n
though it is hardly In good conditioi
Among the many other skaters noticed wor
Lndy Lyton , Lord Kiiebuworth , MBS Pos' '
Mine. Ephrussl , Mr. and Mrs. Fulkenci
Mile. Juliette do Hotlischlld , Mrs. and Mia
Williams Freeman , Countess Bcrgcs an
Lady Balfour. Lighted brosicros added t
the plcturosquencss of the scene. Coqucttis
toilettes of velvets and furs seem particular !
fashionable among the lady skaters this wii
tcr. Blue fox beaver Is much la fashlo
among the elder ladies whoso younger beat
tics showed a decided fondness for scalski
and ustrachan.
The Duchess Marie de Saxe-Mcunlngei
mother of the reigning duke , nnd Joseji
PMuzii , the painter , died here yesterday.
Tlio Qnccn'd New Yoni-'s Honors.
LONDON , Jan. 1. Numerous New Year
honors have been conferred by the queci
Among the persons thus distinguished ni
Sir Charles Warren , cummlssloner of rnetr
politnn police , who U made n civil kuigl
i-ommur.der of the Order of the Bath and M
Browning , Hal four's private secretary , wl
became civil companion of the same order.
Senator Sherman's Resolution Re
garding the President's Message.
I'robablc Discussion of tlio Records of
the Administration and Ex-
Secretary Ijiuiinr The Kc-
ccptlon To-day ,
To Open the Campaign.
513 FoUKtuc.NTit STHCET : , f
WASHINGTON , D. C. , Jan. 1.1
Senator Sherman Is the center of attrac
tion for congress this week. Ho la expected
to open one of the most exciting political de
bates that has been heard nt the cupitol for n
long time , when ho calls up his resolution to
refer to the committee on finance the presi
dent's message. It is understood that he has
prepared n speech that will not only puncture
he tariff bubbles blown by the president , but
he entire financial and commercial policies
of the administration. Ho is expected to
refer to the appointments of the president ,
also , and the general overtures that have
been made to those who were the enemies ol
the union during the war and who have nol
relented since. Ho may make an obsorvutior
or two upon such appointments as Mr
Lamnr to the bench of the supreme couri
'and the effect such appointments have upor
the body politic. The speech is expected t (
be n general review of the failures of Mr
Cleveland and the weakness und hypocrit
leal pretensions of his administration.
If Mr. Sherman's speech is what his friendi
believe it will be , it will net us a fire brand 01
the democratic sldo of the chamber and ex
cite n debate which will open the cnmpuigi
of the year and bring him to the forefront
The debate may occupy two or three days , o
the whole week.
If there is opportunity Mr. Bluino will cal
up his education bill and push the dlscussioi
of it. Ho has the floor and can call it up a
any time each day after the morning hours.
The bill to refund to the states and terrl
lories the money collected by direct taxes ii
1801 , to raise troops etc. , for the war , um
known as the "direct tax bill , " will likely b
taken from the calendar and passed.
Mr. Mitchell , of Oregon , intends to speak
if opportunity offers , in support of his reso
lution to investigate the feasibility of cstab
lishing a naval station on the Pacific coast.
General Harvey , of the First Indiana dia
trict , intended to introduce in the house a bll
which will give a pension to every soldie
who served in the late war for the union 01
the same bases that pensions nro granted ti
the veterans of the Mexican war. Ho say
ho does not believe in dependent pension
which place the soldier in the attitude of i
mcdicant receiving alms , but ho insists thn
all pensions should bo given ns honorable re
wards and that every soldier should be proud
bo ho rich or poor , to bo honored by his gov
ernmcnt with such a reward of merit. Th
general says it is better to give the surplus t <
men who fought to preserve the union thai
to let it accumulate in the treasury and bo i
mutter to conjure the brains of statesmen
He proposed to cut all the red tape that sut
rounded the pension department , and mak
an honorable discharge proof of the soldier'
claim for a pension.
Speaker Carlisle told mo this evening tha
it was likely ho will announce the committee
of the house when it convenes at 11001
on Wednesday.
"But there are so many requests bein
made , " said he , "and so many conflicting ir
terests to consider , that it is just possible tha
the committees may not bo announced til
Thursday. I cannot tell what the house ma ,
do during the week for it commits man
freaks. The first thing to bo done , howovci
of a positive character , is the adoption of th
rules. Wo will find oursulvcs | without , an
rules to govern the house , and I presume th
report of thn committee on rules will occup
the time of the house during most of th
v. cck.
All the government buildings will bo close
to-morrow. The employes of the elepart
incuts , as well as the army and navy an
the people in private life , will call upon th
president. The White House reception i
not anticipated with the usual zest. It ha
been raining for twenty-four hours , and pal
ters this evening , and although the weutlic
bureau prediccs clear and cold weather t (
morrow , it will bo icy and disagreeable. Onl
a portion of the cabinet will receive wit
President and Mrs. Cleveland. The numbu
of culls which will bo made by the musses
however , will likely not bo fur below the u\
Mr , Ryan , of Kansas , has , upon the ndvlc
of the slate delegation in congress , rcqueste
Speaker Carlisle to not tuko him from th
committee on appropriations and place hh
on the committee on ways and means. It I
stated thut Mr. Fuller , of Iowa , will bo give
the place on ways and means , und that Mi
Ityunwlll be retained on appropriations. Mi
Fuller voted steadily against the consider :
tion of the Morrison bill in the lust congrcsi
and is a moderate protectionist , although ei
roncously classed as n radical reformer. Hi
friends say ho will stand firmly with th
body of republicans , in whutovw Ithey pr <
pose on the " tariff question. '
There is going to bo a skirmish on the tar !
question before the regular bill comes up fo
discussion. Tlio bill pssscd by the last coi
grcss providing for some new steel cruiser
contained u provision that the shafting
should bo of domestic manufacture. It :
claimed at the navy department that tli
shuttings cannot bo supplied by America
manufacturers under two years , while tn
cruisers must bo completed within cightcc
months. A Joint resolution istobointn
duced for immediate consideration amend in
the law so as to admit of the importation c
the shaftings which can bo procured in En )
land within u very short timo. This Joii
resolution will , of course , provoke a genen
tariff discussion and give those who ha\
already prepared tariff speeches an oppoi
tuntty to have them printed.
To-day's New York Herald has these so ;
son able compliments in editorial purugnipl
distributed on us many columns :
"Tho compliments of the season to Senate
John Sherman. May his fences prove to I
horse high and pig tight nil the Now Year.
"Tho compliments of the season to M
Blaino. May the New Year make him moi
mature and less premature. "
"A happy New Year to Senator Williai
11. Allison. They might do worse and the
probably will. " Penny S. HIUTU.
WASHINGTON , Jan. 1. [ Sjicclal Telegra :
to the Bii : : . ] It seems that the uppolntmci
of Deputy Commissioner of the Land Oflli
Stockslugcr to bo Sparks' successor will 1
distasteful to both the present secretary t
the interior und the next. Heretofore M
Lamar has been thought to favor Stocl
slager's promotion , but since the latter in
recent case made n ruling in opposition to
recent opinion of the former , the secrctat
itocs not take kindly to the cx-congrcssmn
from Indiana. This is what cx-Senut <
McDonald learned u few days ago in an intc :
view with Lumur , whom no visited for tli
purposu of influencing hi in in favor of Stocl
singer's promotion. Vilas has also rantl
some remarks showing that ho take
no stock in the present deput
land commissioner. Senator Voorhet
claims the president will appoint Stockslugt
on the theory that ho is capable and tlu
Indiana is entitled to the place. It is ccrtai
that Voorhccs is a very big man at the whll
house at present , beottuso.tho president cor
aiders him the favorite sou und guiding spir
of the democracy of the Hoobler state , will ;
out whoso electoral votes , ho thinks ho carnet
not remain al the white liouto a cecond torn
Voorhecs Is fully aware of this and his
natural modesty does hot prevent him from
making the most of It. Tlio president. It Is
suld , begins to understand that the democ
racy of Indiana craves many offices and that
the family of Senator Voorhces Is very largo
and whenever the tall sycamore of tlio
Wubush makes his appearance ut the white
house , Mr. Cleveland knows that some' other
office is needed for a Voorhecs man to inako
Indiana n sure democratic state.
Our Southern Commercial Relations.
WASHINGTON , Deo. 29. [ Special to the
BUB. ] Few people In this country have any
idea of the Importance of the parcel-post
treaties which have recently been negotiated
between the United States on the one hand
and Mexico , the Bahamas , the Bermudas and
Jamaica on the other hand , and of the similar
treaties which are uoto In process of negotia
tion between the United States and the Cen-
ral and South American countries. These
reaties nro exjiccted to largely Increase the
retail trade between the people of the United
States and those of the countries to the south
of us. That this expectation Is well founded
is demonstrated by the fact that since the
Mexican treaty was signed the business nt
lie custom house nt Paso del Norto has in
creased to n wonderful extent , showing
: hnt American goons nro fast flnd-
ng their way Into the hands of the
Mexicans through the post. As a further evi
dence of this fact the following advertise
ment , which is displayed prominently in
n paper called the Two Republics published
in the City of Mexico , will testify : "The
Mexico-American purchasing agency bus
been established at the capital. It offers its
Invaluable services to the Inhabitants thereof.
This agency , which hus Its headquarters for
the present nt the office of the Two Hepub-
llcs , Is prepared to purchase anything in the
United States that is i > ermltted to como
through the mails under the terms of the
latest postal convention. Catalogues and
price lists for nil the Inrgo houses in New
York , Philadelphia , Boston , Chicago , St.
Louis and other cities in the United States ,
nro on hand , and ready to bo shown to per
sons wishing to purchase the Innumerable ar
ticles of necessity and luxuary which nro
to bo hud botcr and cheaper in
the larger commercial cities of the
American union than elsewhere on this con
tinent. The Mexico-American purchasing
agency will receive the orders and send for
the goods elesircd. It will pay the duties ,
und attend to the business of seeing the arti
cles safely through the custom houses. It
will charge its customers n small commission
for the work. The advantages of this agency
must bp nt once apparent. Tlio formalities
of clearing goods in the custom houses are
usually nn annoyance and vexation to the or
dinary assignee , and this agency will there
fore bo an invaluable nld in securing the full
benefits of the postal convention between
Mexico and the United States. The agency
is in such n position that it can transact busi
ness at a minimum cost to the purchaser and
to his satisfaction. The trouble of buying
small drafts on New-York or the risk of los
ing remittances in the mails will also bo en
tirely avoided. "
If tlio monitary convention , which is talked
of between the United States and Mexico ,
produces the result which is expected ,
namely , nn international silver certificate
which can bo used in transacting business be
tween the two republics , the prospects of the
United States monopolizing the Mexican
markets will bo almost impossible for any
other country on the globe to compete with
us in supplying the Mexicans with the pro
ducts of our factories , our machine shops and
our looms.
The Revenue Marine Service.
WASHINGTON , Dee. 29. [ Special to the
BEE. ] Another attempt will bo made during
thiVscssion of congnws to secure the trans
fer of the revenue mnrino service from the
treasury department'to that of the navy.
There are some excellent reasons why this
should bo done.
In the first place , the revenue marine
officers to-day , although they are to all in
tents and purposes naval officers , have no
standing as such. They have no retired list ,
and after thirty years or more of faithful
service , In which they encounter as many
dangers and hardships ns the regular navy ,
they are simply dropped from the rolls to
rust out in private life. This fact spoils the
spirit do corps of the service to a great extent -
tent , because vacancies occur so seldom , nud
never except through death , that thoyoungcr
men who secure appointments as lieutenants
have little hope of promotion or advance
Againtho navy Is anxious to take charge ol
the revenue marine son-ice , and the revenue
marine officers are almost , without exception
anxious for the transfer. Perhaps the most
important argument in favor of the change is
the fact that the naval academy at Annapolis ,
annually turns out far more graduates than
can be accommodated with places In the regu
lar navy , while tho. revenue marine service
maintains a school ship at u great cost , in
which its officers are trained. There is no
good reason why the surplus graduates from
the naval academy shoulel not , bo commis
sioned in the revenue marine service and il
the transfer should bo made this would
doubtless be done. Uevcnuo marine officers
who rnlglit advance more and better reasons
for the change are kept quiet because the
treasury officials are opposed to tlio pro
gramme , and If any of the officers who are
subordinate to the secretary of the treasury
and the chief of the revenue marine service
should advocate the transfer their places
would bo in Jeopardy , and they would bo lia
ble to find themselves private citizens in short
To Enlarge the Supreme Court.
WASHINGTON , Dee. 29. [ Special to th (
BEE. ] A proposiflbu will likely be made ir
congress this wiiiter for the increase- th (
bench of the supreme court of the Unitct
States. At present there are nine members
of the supreme court , Including the chief Jus
tice. The proposed increase is on account ol
the largely increased business and the grcnl
delay in trying cases. The docket is two 01
three years behind , in some instances , and I :
is believed that if four or six more members
were added to the supreme bench that bus !
ness would bo greatly facilitated , especially
on the circuits. In discussing the increase o
the supreme bench reference is never rnadi
to fewer than four more associate Justices
This would increase the number to thirteen
but as thirteen is an unlucky number the In
crease will be , when it comes , to fifteen , h
all probabilities.
A Proposition to Erect n Giant Shaf
to Their Memory.
CHICAGO , Jan. 1. [ Special Telegram to tin
Bic.1 Much Interest has been excited her <
by the lastest suggestion regarding the pro
posed monument tq the memory of the polici
slain iit the Huymnrkct riot. Edwin LCI
Brown , a prominent member of the Citizens
association , soys in nn interview to-day thn
the plan Is to purchase a mammoth rougl
shaft of granite , now lying nt the quanta
near Hocklund , Mo. , and fashion it into tin
tallest obelisk in the world. The largcs
obelisk now extant , is the one nt the latoran
in Koine. It is 105 feet high and weighs 511
tons. The ono in New York is sixty-nine am
u half feet high , weighing ' . 4 tons. The pro
posed obelisk would 115 feet high , not count
ing a sub-structure thirty-five feet in height
Its weight would bo CM tons. The cost o
transjiorting hero by way of the St. Lawrence
renco river and the great lakes und placing i
in position would bo not less than * 1HIKX ) )
It is thought efforts will be made to curry thi
idea out.
Hadn't Heard of It.
SAN FIUNCISCO , Jan. 1. Hcgarding the reported
ported dUcovcry of grave defects of the stco
intended to bo used in the construction of tin
cruiser Charleston reported from Washing
ton. George. W. Prescott , president of thi
Union iron works , suld to-day that ho hm
heard of no accident of the kind mcntioiici
and does not think there is any foundatloi
for the report.
The Question lowans Are Asking
Concerning Tholr Pot Bill.
Organization of the House The V. 8.
Senatorial Contest Opposition to
Senator Wilson Kxtortlon of
School Rook Publishers.
Iowa's Imw Sinkers.
Dr.9 MOINT.S , Jan. 1. [ Correspondence of
the Bun. ] The mnlu topics of Interest In
Iowa affairs now nro those related to the approaching
preaching legislature. People want to know
what that legislature Is gains to do In several
Important matters. If it came annually , as In
a few states , It might not attract so much at
tention , but being n biennial affair it assumes
considerably importance , and for the time
being is the topic of general interest. The
first thing for the legislature to do will bo
to organize Itself. The constitution provides
that the lieutenant governor shall preside
over the senate , so that body will have no
concern In this matter. Lieutenant Gov
ernor Hull , who is serving his second term ,
has already shown what a capable and cfll-
clcnt oftlccr he can bo. It was a matter of
general comment two years ago that ho was
one of the best presiding officers ever seen in
the chair. Ho is very quick and ready in his
decisions , a thorough parlcmotitarlan , and
possessed of sufficient tact and good nature
to keep the senate from unpleasant situations
and to guido its business skillfully and expo-
dltiously. Tlio old senators will bo glad to
sco him again in the president's chair , for
they have tried him and found him very cfll-
ciont in that position.
The house hasn't such good timber for n
presiding officer as thesonato affords. Peonto
are not as careful in selecting members or
the lower house us they are in choosing mem
bers of the upper houso. Just at present
there seems to be fewer strong representative
men in the house than usual. Hut this fact
has not prevented a number of candidates
from coming to the front for
But it is singular how quietly the canvass is
being conducted. Perhaps never before has
it been so difllcnlt to form any prediction as
to the result so near the opening of the legis
lature as now. Thcro is no candidate of the
half dozen who has any reason to fcol any
degree of assurance with his prospects.
Thcro is no candidate that seems to the gen
eral public to have been projected in popular
estimation very much beyond his rivals. In
consequence the issue is veiled in complete
uncertainty , and will continue so until very
near the time for the election. This week
will probably help clear up matters
a little , us many members will
arrive during the latter part of the
week and begin the active sklrmishishing in
the spcakcrship light. The candidates at
least will bo careful to avoid the mistake Hint
was made by some candidates two years ago
who did not leave home until a day or two
before the opening and then were snow
bound on the way. It is probable that Mr.
Weaver owed his defeat for the spcakorship
then to the fact that himself and BOIIIO of his
most active supporters were compelled to
view the situation from snow banks up the
roud instead of being at the hotel lobbcys at
DCS Moines putting in their hardest work. It
Is believed that the contest for speaker will
narrow down to Mr. Riley , of Louisa county ,
Mr. Roach , of Lyon , Mr. Wilson , of Cuss ,
and Mr. Wilbur , of Floyd. There are two or
thrco other candidates on the outskirts who
in certain contingencies might slip in. But
it is doubtful if the contingencies arise. After
the legislature has organized the next Im
portant work will bo tlio
to succeed James P. Wilson. Mr. Wilson is
the leading candidate for his own successor.
Ho has the advantage of a creditable record
for one term , and the fact that precedent is
in favor of giving a second term unless there
bo some strong reason for making u change.
Ho is besides a very able and astute politi
cian and effective organizer and leader , and is
supposed to have kept his senatorial fences
in pretty good repair nil the time. Ho cer
tainly has not neglected the matter of the
succession till this timo. Senator Wilson is n
very strong temperance man and has been
prominently idcntllicd with the prohibition
movement. That element of the party there
fore is inclined to support him for re-election.
But ho is in u singular position in another im
portant mutter , one clement in the state halls
him as a reformer and a great anti-monop
olist , quoting his attitude on the interstate
commerce question and other measures for
corporation control. Another clement led by
the Homestead of this city vigorously attack
him as a monopolist , oven impeaching his
personal integrity as a legislator. The
principal amunition for this attack is sought
in his record twenty years ago , when ho was
a member of the house and the matter of the
Union Pacific grants came before it. As fur
as that is concerned it is all burnt powdcrtho
old charges having been thoroughly dis
proved years ago , when they were periodi
cally made by General Weaver on the stump.
The people of Iowa believe thut Senator Wil
son is a pure and honest man. They take no
stock whatever hi these sensational charges
against him. The fact that ho is now being
personally attacked by slander by certain
blackmail papers is already creating sympa
thy for him and approving his chance for re
election. The senator is expected in DCS
Moincs to-morrow or the following day , pre
pared to meet any charges that may bo made
against him and fully explain them to the
satisfaction of any inquiring members. The
that is worthy of consideration at nil Is
based upon entirely different grounds. It
docs not arise from any distrust of Senator
Wilson's character or any feeling that ho is
unworthy of the honor that has been given
him or has betrayed the party or publle
Interest. It is rather the feeling that after
having served six years in the senate he
might appropriately retire in favor of some
man who would bring different qualities tc
the position and in a different way honor the
state and its people. If a man could bo fount
who is as strong intellectually as Senatoi
Wilson , as capable in debate and ns prudcni
in council us he , and was in addition a rcpro
scntativo soldier who could stand for that
great interest which has never been repre
sented in the senate from lowa"thoro are
those who think that such n change would be
desirable. It is in this way that Colono
Hepburn's numo is being suggested for Sen
ator Wilson's place. Ho Is in all respects as
fully equipped ns a legislator and in some
respect , especially as a debater and speaker
ho is the superior of Senator \Vil
son. Ho has long been the favorite
orator ut gatherings of the old soldiers'
and is u great favorite with that ulemen
throughout the state. If any change tit al
is to bo made Colonel Hepburn would seem
to bo the man. If the state docs not care tr
avail itself of those qualifications in which lir
seems to bo superior to Wilson , then Mr
Wilson is likely to bo his own successor
despite the slanderous attacks of his do-
famcrs. The same men that are now pur
suing him with calumny would also light
Colonel Hepburn and are not willing that ho
should succeed Mr. Wilson. But it is not
likely that any other man than a good soldier
will bo selected in place of Mr. Wilson.
There Is no disK ] > 3ition to slip m dark horses
on the plea of anything to beat Wilson. He
is worthy of fair treatment from the party
and if ho is to bo defeated it should bo foi
those reasons which are outside his control
and in no way affect his personal honor or
After the preliminary work of the legisla
ture is disposed of there will bo some Impor
tant matters of legislation to bo taken up.
One of the first concerns what is known as
the school book monopoly. There is a gen
eral outcry all over the state against the ex
tortion of
"Why is It , " says the farmer , -'that I must
pay two ur three times as much as the book
! H worth simply because it Is a school book I"
Tlio lobby of this powerful monopoly liuti
been on hand for several yours to uefeat auy
lostllo legislation. It will bo ready ngaln
this winter. But If wo mistake not the tern-
> or of Iowa people It will moot with more
ban Its mutch this session. It Is u grave
> roblem how to correct this evil and secure
relief for the people without doing Injustice
and without involving the state in unwise
and expensive measures. There Is this
slight measure of relief proposed at least.
Namely , that each county bo made n unit by
tself In the mutter of uniformity of text
jooks. That there bo a county board com-
x > sed of the superintendent and two others
who shall select the books to bo used In that
Bounty and require them to bo useel a certain
length of time. This would do away with
: ho frequent and expensive changes which
now harass the average school putron. The
county board might also receive bids from
different publishers awarding n contract for
the school books to the lowest bidder , and
thus materially reduce the price of books.
Some legislation is most likely to bo adopted
on this subject , for the people feel that they
liave a right to demand some re
lief from this Intolerable monopoly.
In a few weeks the term of
iHiLiteun cuXMismoNKii corrix
will expire. The question of his successor Is
now being agitated. Undoubtedly ho would
bo willing to succeed himself , and ninny hope
ho will. However , there Is a movement on
foot to secure the appointment of Mr. Her
man E. Willis , of Clinton , who Is u practical
railroad man. Mr. Willis Is n loconiotlvo en
gineer on the Chicago & Northwestern rail
road , und Is Haul to bo a thorough me
chanic and thoroughly familiar with rail
road matters. He Is the second grand assist
ant engineer of the Brotherhood of Locomo
tive Engineers , and Is recommended for this
now position ns a representative of that class.
His claims are strong , and ho Is being urged
forward by the railroad employes of the state ,
who feel that they ought to bu represented on
the commission by a practical railroad man.
Tlio Growth of Dos Moincs.
Dns MOINKS , In. , Jan. 1. The Register pub
lishes an official record of the public and pri
vate improvements and the volume of busi
ness curried on In DCS Moincs during 1867.
It shows an expenditure for improvement oi
$1,093,603 during the year. Eight hundred
and fifty-seven residences and thirty-one
business houses and factories were erected.
Real estate transactions amounted to $ -iiS.v
( XX ) ; manufacturing products amounted tc
? l4-4ri5i , > tx ) ; the wholesale trade amounted tc
$ ' . ! ( > , f > 51SCO. The population , us shown by the
last census , is r > lU5u.
Tlio Financial Triinnuctlons of the
Vast Week.
BOSTON , Mass. , Jon. 1. [ Special Tele
gram to the BKH. ] The following table
compiled from dispatches to the Post from
the managers of the leading clearing-house !
of the United States , shows the gross exchanges -
changes for the week ended December 31 ,
1SS7 , with the rate per cent of increase or decrease
crease as compared with the amounts for tin
corresponding week last year :
* Kot Included In totals.
Low Prices in StockH NotwitliHtniulInt
the General State ol' Trailo.
New YOIIK , Jan 1. [ Special Telegrai ]
to the BIE. : ] The year 1S8T will bo re
mcrnbercd as n phenomenal ono in the stocl
market , the special feature being the almos
continued decline of prices during the las
seven months , notwithstanding the most fiat
tcring conditions of general trade , and th
most profitable traffic the railroads have hai
for many years. The arguments which pro
tiuccd the despondent sentiment in the stocl
market were apprehensions of the opcraticfi
of the inter-stute law , fears of tight money ii
consequence of treasury absorption of mono ;
by reason of the excessive revenue and th
continued tnlk of a rate war among railroad
both cast und west. All of thcso condition
have passed away , and yet the prices 6
stocks have recovered scarcely any of the !
great decline. The average of the prices o
of the year. From this there was a cor
tinuous decline to the middle of October
when the low average of 59Jff was touched
decline of 18-polnts , or'J3 per cent. The re
covcry in November was very small com
pared to the decline , and at the end of th
year the average wus only ( ir > , being only i
points above the lowest In October , while i
is 12 points , or 18 per cent bulow the big !
point in May , and iij points below what i
was a year ago , when all the feature's of th
railroad and general trade situation wer
much less favorable than now. In lookin
over the experience of the year month h
month , it ix impossible to flni
any circumstantial fact that war
rants a continuance of the present lo\
range of price , but on the other hand every
thing to warrant tlio expectation thut som
time in 18S3 prices will bo higher than ii
cither 1SSO or 1SS7. The total sales of stock
at the New York slock exchange during th
past year wcro sr , ( Kil,0-2S shares aguins
lOO.SO USO shares for the year ending Docom
her al , 18SO n decrease of ll,8SI,0i share
The sales of stuto and railroad bond
amounted to rSMXJ.l'iJO.ii.V ' ) par value , nguiiiH
u decrease of tC,140-iOO.
, Parnn Stovonw DofVntoil.
NEW Yonic , Jan. 1. [ Special Telegram t
the Bun. ] Surrogate Uolllns has rendered i
decision in the suit of Mrs , Purnn Steven
against John L. Mclchcr and Gcorgo F
Uichurdsuii , of Lowell , Muss , , and Cliarlc
C. Stevens , of Clinton , Mass. Mrs. Steven
is co-executor and co-trustee , under the wll
of her husband , Pa ran Stevens. The surro
gate decides against Mrs. Stevens nnd ills
missed her application to linvotho other trus
tees removed. This decision leaves tilings n
they wore , and permits Messrs. Melchei
Klchnrdson and Stevens to prosecute n sul
which they , on their part , are bringini
against Mrs , Stevens ,
Bloody AflYny at a XCKI-O Iaiiin. :
FULTON , Ky. , Jan. 1. Las-t night tw
white boys , Hays and Bruce Eddlngs , mlsbc
havcd at a dance of black people and wcr
put out of the house. They returned an
while Hays huld open the door Bruce lire
both barrels of a shotgun loaded with buc-I-
shot Into a round of bevcu negroes wouuiUn
Why Ho Polled to Build Through the
Norfolk HavltiR Sonic Tronuto With
Her Street. Hallway Mr. Sprochcr
Illn Interest In the News
Alnswortli Itcnm.
and the Missouri Pacific.
i ) , Neb. , Jan. 1. [ Correspondence
of the HCK. ] This city has been stirred up
'or the last week over the refusal of the city
council to grant to the Missouri Pacific rail
road the right of way through the elty.
There has been n misunderstanding between
: ho city and the railroad relative to this mut
ter. Early In the spring of IS37 n committee *
of citizens , including the president of the
DOiml of trade , went to Superior and met the
officers of the construction company with n >
view to having the Missouri Pacific build to
Hastings. The negotiations which followed
resulted In an agreement between the rail
road company anil the people of our county
mul city , the company exacting $125,000 , hi
county bonds , and the right of way through
the city. The county bonds were duly voted.
Afterwards there was us the-
company claims n demand made
by the Missouri Pacific or oGould for addi
tional ground , .sooxll.WU feet In the city for n.
depot und terminal facilities , and about Sep
tember 1 , 18S7 , the construction company
came to the city dating the facts ns above.
und asking the city to vote S''O.OOO , In city
bonds to assist them In the purchase of such
additional ground. Those bonds were voted-
The work of building the road commenced ,
the right of way was pun-based Bontheast.
mid northwest of the city , and the company
was ready touso thestri > < ! twhentlio difficulty
arose as to the grant by the city. The coun
cil refuses to donate the street , dairying that
the president of the board of trade and his
committee hud no authority to promise It HO-
as to bind the city. On the other hand the
company Insisted upon a compliance with the
terms of the original ngrccinnt , which
was to give the street. The largest property
owners hero are very much disappointed and
seriously injured by the loss of the road , it.
being a very great drawback and hindrance
to the sale of real estate. A number of pur-
ties have been making inquiry relative to-
making investments here , during thu lust
ten days , und gone uwny without doing M > ,
simply because the Missouri Pacific Is build
ing its line five mill's south of the city. Tho-
writer , In talking with n prominent business
man e > f Kearney , learns that they have nr-
ranged with the company to build the Mis
souri Pudlio to their city , at an early date irv
1SS8. and that their city is promised n division
on tlio lino. This Is it great acquisition for
Kearney , which , with her developed water
power , will glvo her a prosperous year.
Dakota City
DAKOTA CITV , lice , ill. [ Correspondence
of the Bii : ! . ] The northern-bound train from.
Omaha on the Chicago , St. Paul , Minneapolis
& Omuhu railway was a couple of hours late-
yesterday caused from a snow-blockado. All
other trains were on timo.
A largo number of young folks assembled
nt the hosnitablo homo of Mr. and Mrs. A.
T. Hausc , to pay their respects to their-
daughter , Miss Li/.zle , who Is one of Dakota
county's most intelligent ma'ams , and who is
spending her vacation at homo. The even
ing was spent by indulging hi games of differ
ent kinds , music , etc. Shortly after 10
viands were passed which quieted the crowd
somewhat and refreshed the inurdman , after
which the party dispersed , and were nil ot
the opinion that they hud been right royally
Miss M. V. Morinrily , principal of our high
school , has been enjoying her holidays with
friends and relatives at Wayne anil Omanii.
Shq will return Monday and assume her
duties Tuesday morulng. Tlio scholnro nro
making marked Improvement under Miss
Moriarity as principiil and Mrs. A. E. Frozer
as teacher of the primary department.
A number of the fanners in our county nro
being supplied with new windmills and
water tanks , which not only makes u marked
improvement in the appearance of their
places , but shows to the outside world , that
our county is sullied with a rich and prosper
ous class of citizens ,
A merry crowd assembled at the residence
of Mr. Mr. Curt Bllven , three miles
west of this place , on Thursday evening , and
whiled away several pleasant hours with
games and amusements of dlffe'rent sorts.
Tlio firm of Ayres & Schriover , of this
place will , as soon as they can secure the ser
vices of u competent pharmacist , add n line
Of drugs to their already well stocked store.
The out-going county officers are actively
ul work now-a-dayb arranging their office
affairs , HO as to have all things in readiness
to turn over to thrir successors next
Wednesday. The foljowing is the list as 16
will then Ktand : Superintendent , .1. J.-Joncsi
sheriff , N. H. Braslluld ; coroner , FrunM
Lawyers ; Judge , E. B. Wilbur , present Incumbent / .
cumbent ; clerk , J. P. Twohig , present in
cumbent : commissioner , William Urown ;
present incumbent , and as the vote on treas
urer was a tlo between Dr. Wilkinson , ro.
publican , and present incumbent , and Frank )
Duvoy , and ns proceedings of n quo warrunto
ouster nature have been commenced and thc |
case hus been taken to the supreme court ,
by whom that official will bo billed , is still rt
leading question. It is reported that Duvcy'd
friends will , if the office is not turned over to
him ( Davoy ) ut the time appointed by
law , proceed to put him there by
force , und the law-abiding citlrons of our *
country are preparing , if such will prove tha
case , to petition Governor Thnyer to call oub
stuto troops. It Is very foolish on the part ol
Mr. Davey's ' friends to think of such a thing ,
as tlio case is now in tlio courts , ana tliura
only is the place where the constcst and the
beat of office will and can bo settled. i
Old Mr. Holer , who is nearly ono hundred
years old , living about eight miles west of
this place , Is seriously ill , and being of such
un ago doubts uro entertained as to his re
co very. J
Jonn Urr , a heavy cattle feeder and stools
buyer of this place , who was thrown from a *
horse some two wocks ago und received n
brykch leg and u bad bruise on his foot there *
from , is improving rapidly , and ore long Will
be seen on our streets again.
It. L. Withers , general ngont for Fairbanks ;
it Co. , St. Louis , Mo , , was u visitor at this
place yesterday , and while hero invested M.
M. Ueain with the necessary power to euiif
viiss this county in the company's interest.
Will Myers , having received the necessary
number of names to his petition , will , ut the
next meeting of thn town council ask for a
license to sell distillcil corn and rye. Soma
trouble will no dqubt bo experienced as u re
monstrance has been circulated and received
quite n number of signatures , and ns our
town for the past eight year * has led u prohl *
bltion life , the people us n mutter of coursu ,
are greatly agitated.
Affali-rtat Humphrey.
HtiMi'iiiinv , Neb. , Dee ' ) . [ Correspond
ence of the Bin : . ] Humphrey , situated In
the north of I'lulto county , during the few
years of Its existence hus enjoyed a sound
and steady growth , Tlio people nro thrifty
nud enterprising. Many of thorn are Ger
mans. The merchants are substantial unit
financially sound. Tlio grain and stock puy-
crs give the hlghast prices , and general mer
chandise Is sold ut the lowest , living rates , so
the farmers for miles around find it to tholr
advantage to do their trading nt homo. Two
railroads now have trains running regularly
this way the Union Pacific and North
western , giving ample facilities. The lant
named Is to build a depot soon. Business Is
brisk , and there Is an ordinary supply ot
stores and shops In all thu different traded.
The only wuiit. is roller mills. Any ouo
fctaitij : : { thebo ' wou'ld meet , with