Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, December 31, 1887, Image 1

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I :
The FoartcBB Ex-Governor's Ar-
rqlfiftimont of tbo Railroads.
The .Government Cheated By Fnhie
and Perjuring Wit-
of an
A Sensational Report.
WASHINGTON , Dec. 80. The minority re
port , ' submitted by Robert E. Pattlson , chair
man of the Pacific commission , differs some
what ns to conclusions of facts , and entirely
ns to the method of adjusting the differences
with the railroad companies. The following
.extracts will servo to Indicate Paulson's
chief points :
The construction companies or Inside com
blnntlons that have built five of the six roads
have concealed or destroyed their books , the
j ; exception being the central branch , and the
4 commission has been embarrassed in Its work
by the refusal or failure of the com
> panics to produce their accounts relating to
the actual cost of construction , or to exhibit
any paper or documents that would enable
' the commission to ascertain the truth as to
this most important factor in the investiga
tion. From minutes and accounts of railroad
companies and from fragmentary Informa-
k , tlon gathered from various sources , it is dls
closed that officers of at least three of these
companies made false statements under oath
in affidavits now on file in the interior depart
ment. The managers were acting as trustees
of a national highway and they cannot plead
any lawful jjmlificatlon for making false
affidavits , which state that * 9SS4S,040 of
stock was actually paid for , when in fact
less than $2,000,000 had been f > o paid for.
Mr. Huntlngton testified before the com
mission , that "competition Is killing , " and
that there ought to bo only ono railroad for
the whole country. They combine with oth
ers to tax communities which they served ,
find they forced consuming classes in all sec
tions of the country to contribute to the pay
ment of interest and dividends ui > on ficiltious
capital which the hud credited. They In
creased cost of living ; they laid property
claim to a traffic on largo sections of the
country ; they squandered millions of their
money "to protect" their territorial claims ,
while spending other millions in encroach
ments upon territory claimed by other com
panies ; they constitute themselves arbiters
of trading ; they attempt to dictate chan
nels which trade must follow and fixed
rates of transportation that were extor
tionate ; they charged all that traffic could
bear and appropriated a share of profits of
every Industry by charging the greater part
of differences between actual cost of pro
duction and price of article in the market ;
They discriminated between individuals , bo
twcen localities and between articles ; they
favored particular individuals and companies ;
they destroyed possible competitors and they
built up particular localities to the injury of
other localities until matters had reached
such a pass that no man dared engage in any
business In which transportation largely
offered without first consulting and obtaining
permission of the railroad manager ;
they departed from their legitimate sphere
as common curriers and engaged In
mining articles for transportation over their
own line ; they exerted terrorism over mcr-
chantfvund over committees thus interfering
with lawful pursulns of people ; they partici
pated in election contests , and it is charged
they even attempted to influence courts and
juries by granting free transpurtation. By
secret , curt and violent and rapid fluctuations
in rates they menaced business , paralyzed
capital ami retarded investment and develop
During the five years from 1SG4 to ISO ! ) .
upon that their ronda were fully completed
ncd these companies obtained bonds from the
government , but when the government called
upon them to pay n percentage of their not
earnings into the treasury , as was stipulated
in the original contract , they contended that
their roads were not fully completed
until 18T4 and refused to make any payments
to the government , ' though ono of them , the
Central Pacific , had been declaring dividends
in the meantime. The resisted the claims and
demands of the government at every point
and resorted to every device that their in
genuity could invent in their efforts made
plain by the requirements of the laws. In
transrortlng troops and supplies for the gov
ernment they violated the contract obligation
to charge reasonable rates by charging more
than they carried to private shippers for the
same service.
The reports of the Union Pacific show that
the average rates paid by the government to
that corpyration were higher than those re
ceived by thai company from other sources.
The same is more or less true of other bond-
aided company.
The balance sheet of the Central Pacific
for 1880 should have shown a deficit of over
114,000,000 , in profit and loss account , but by
omitting from the debit side accumulated
interest , which the government had advanced ,
amounting to $3l,8Gy,47fl.20 , and by making
Up its lands in asset column to $ 1,500,000 ,
when Its actual value was $12,500,0110 , as ap
pears from the testimony of the company's
land agent , the company made a showing ol
on apparent surplus of over $28,000,000.
Had Pacific railroads been built and man-
ngcd upon honest methods and government
loan been properly applied , these companies ,
regarded as a whole , could have declared a
dividend at a rate of 0 per cent per annum
for eighteen years from date of actual com
pletion to the present time upon nil moneys
that they could have been required to pay in
to complete and equip the roads. They could
have repaid every cent of principal
and Interest advanced by the government
to date and , could have reduced their chagcs
to shippers to the extent of tLVS/JTOor more
than $6,000,000 per year. But they chose dishonest -
honest methods. At the outset they divided
* 172M7,115 : of fictitious capital , and tho.v
taxed shippers to an cxtentof ovcrr ! > ri,000,00il
or 114,000,000 a yew , to pay for Inflation of
capital of these companies , and for vicious
practices that crept into their management.
Because of vicious methods , actually
pursued by bond-aided companies , the
povcrnment has been defrauded of the
bulk of its advances shlp | > ers been taxed to
nn extent of ever fc..Vi.OOO.tXX ) , and liabilities
to the amount of f3S' ,517,2t > o have been
heaped UJKIII the properties to redeem these
roads from perverted uses to which they
have been applied , in order tha , the bciicfl-
cent public purx | > so that congress had in
view in their creation bo realized , Is a con
sideration of infinitely moro importance to
the people than uny payment of any given
number of dollars and cents Intotho treasury.
The government can well afford to lose u i > or-
tlon of this indebtedness if its object can bo
PaUlson deals with the branch line system
nt great length , dtvhiriiig that the "Brunch
line system , in its present shape , U the out
growth of those speculative features that
have marked tha administration of this com
pany slnco its inception. It may bo but a
coincidence , but it is nevertheless a fact that
the company imulo moro money before the
creation oi the branch line system ttiault has
since that tlmo. "
After reviewing the operations of the
. Union Pucitlo v in this direction ,
ho says : "I therefore report that the
action of tlio * * . Union Paclflq
company In expending Its revenues and In
pledging its. credit to build branch lines , ex
ceeded Its eoritoruto powers ; that this policy
was pursued after notice from the govern
ment directors that it must bo adopted at the
company's risk ; that the feeding lines were
used as a cloak to hide the schemes of cor
ruption and mlgadinlmitratlQn by officer * and
managers that , tlio branch line system
Pf the Union Paclfio as n whole
unprofitable : that tlio Union Pacific has
revenues , which should have been 'applicable
to tbo government dpbt uud has deliberately
removed them from the operation fit h } Ut-
utory line or aided the road in violation of tlid
Thurntan act. " .
Mr. Pattlson concluded by suggesting that
the debt of the Union Pacific to the govern
ment might bo arpralscd on a basis of what
the road would sell for in the market.
Cullom's Postal Telegraph Dill.
WABtUNfiTON , Dec. 80. Senator Cullom
will Introduce an amendment to his postal
telegraph bill Immediately after the reassem
bling of congress , changing the rates named
In the original bill , more especially for the
transmission of press matter. While ho be
lieves congress ought to prescribe rates for
the use of government wires ns It prescribes
rates for the use of mall , Instead of leaving it
to the discretion of officials , yet the rates
named in his bill were designed merely ns n
suggestion to a committee which should have
the bill In charge. With subsequent study ,
, nd with information which has como to him
rom many Sources , ho has reached the con-
luslon that there ought to bo no difference ,
upon government lines , between service of
ike manner rendered to evening papers and
.hat to morning papers. Ho says ho appre
ciates the weight of reason which leads prl-
ruto companies to charge more for day
.han nitjht service , namely , the fact Unit
wires arc in great demand for commercial
messages at comparatively high rates during
.he hours from 10 in the morning 'till 'J or 3
n the afternoon. Ho believes such reasons
should not operate ns regards government
ines , and that the government should hnvo
no preferred patrons ns to rates for like
classes of business or as to the order of trans
mission. The rates to bo named in his amend
ment are based upon a unit of 100 words or a
fraction thereof and nro as follows :
For 500 miles or less , 25 cents ; between BOO
and 1,000 miles , 30 cents ; between 1,000 and
1,500 miles , ! cents ; bctwncn 1,500 and 2,000
miles , 40 cents ; between 2,000 and 3,000miles ,
45 cents , and for moro than 3,000 miles , 50
cents. When moro than ono copy of the
same dispatch is sent to different newspapers
at the same or different offices , the post
master general is to prescribe the rates to bo
charged for drop copies.
A Bloody Eight-Round Content and n
Genuine Knockout.
DUI.CTH , Minn. , Dec. 30. [ Special Tele
gram to the BCH. ] The hardest fight that
ever took place in the northwest occurred to
night between Paddy McDonald , of Duluth ,
and J. P. Donncr , of Hurley. McDonald
thought he had a snap , but Donncr nearly
finished him , although much the lighter. The
fight was eight rounds , Qucensbury rules ,
for $200 and receipts , James Murnano , ref
eree , and was decided a draw. Both men
were badly used up. Donncr's right cyo was
closed and McDonald's face a chopping
First Round Donncr led with his
and caught Paddy on the neck.
The men clinched and after the break Donncr
landed his right with tolling effect on Mc
Donald's face. McDonald fouled slightly ,
but Donner did not claim it. Heavy and
close slugging all through. First blood for
Second Donncr's right peeper was shut by
Paddy swinging his ri ht. The round was
ono of hard liglhing all through. No advant
age in this.
Third Paddy led and landed with both on
Donner's head. Both sparred for wind.
Fourth Paddy got chancery on Donncr ,
but the latter broke and laid his right on
Paddy's lip , cutting it open. Hardest light
ing on record at closo. Both men badly
winded. Blows of no force. Men led to
corners. Hefereo got hit on the jaw at the
Fifth Donnor opened with a hard right on
Paddy's head and rushed him to the ropes ,
slugging him repeatedly. McDonald avoided
him. Donner had the best of the round.
Sixth Close all through and both men
bloody. Paddy out of wind and very groggy ,
but fought close.
Seventh Paddy caught Donner with left
on neck and punished him badly. A call of
time saved Donncr from a knock out.
Eighth Both men fought like demons ,
streaming with blood and almost too weak to
stand. No advantage. At the close Donner
challenged any man in the northwest to a
finish , London rules.
Clew and McDonald both accepted and
fights will bo arranged to-morrow. The
referee's decision was satisfactory. There
was no sign of a hippodrome.
What .District Attorney Marline Haste
to Say About It.
NEW Yonic , Dec. 30. District Attorney
Martine to-day filed the following memoran
dum in the matter of the charges made against
Jay Gould and Kusscll Sago by the bond
holders of the Kansas Pacific railroad : "This
is an application to present to the grand jury ,
a charge of larceny against Jay Gould and
Russell Sago under section 54 of the penal
code. In my opinion the nets , with the com
mission of which the defendants stand
charged , constitute a crime. A oossiblo ob
stacle to the successful prosecution of the
persons complained of is the statute of limi
tations. Yet there arc-strong reasons for be
lieving that this obstacle is not unsurmount-
ablo. The statute under which it is sought
to prosecute may bo so construed as to enable
the people to proceed , notwithstanding the
statute of limitations , and such construction
would have much support in reason and com
mon scnso. The question is so close and tha
Interests involved hero , ns well of the people
as of the defendants , are so important it
seems proper to leave the determination of
this question of law to the courts and in order
to effect this result , the change should be laid
before the grand jury , and , if proven an in
dictment , found and tried. "
To Boat the Scalpers.
CinrAoo , Doc. 80. The Central Traffic as-
bociation roads having failed to adopt a prop
osition to sell 1,000 mile tickets at 2 f cents a
mile , Commissioner Blanchurd submitted tea
a vote modification of the plun with the hope
that the few roads objecting to the orig
inal schema would approve. The new pro
posal is to sell 1,000 milo tickets nt f to. a ro-
buto of $10 to bo paid to the purchaser when
the coupons huvo all been used. The tickets
are tq bo inndo non-trunsfurablo and $10 is to
bo forfeited if they hnvo changed hands. In
this way , it is thought , tickets can bo kept
out of the hands of bcaipers.
Worst Gnlo Slnco 'flO.
MACIIUS , Mo. , Dec. UO. The gnlo of
Wednesday night lust is said by experienced
seamen to have been the heaviest experienced
in this section slnco ISfiO. At Joncsport a
largo number of vessels were driven ashore
and four were stranded. Houses were dam
aged and barns unroofed in several shore
Fatal AflYny in a Distillery.
Lr.xiNOTOX , Ky. , Dec. , 30. James A.
Hunter , store keeper and S. C. Cardwell ,
book keeper of Curley's Distillery company ,
engaged In a shoqting to-day. Hunter was
instantly killed. It was occasioned by a dis
pute as to individual rights about the dis
tillery. Hunter is the seeonu government
official from Jessamine county that has been
killed in a shooting affray within five weeks.
The Dcnth Record.
ASHLAND , Wis. , Dec. 30. Judge Boll ,
known fur and wide ns king of the Apostle
Islands , died this morning. For nearly half
n century ho established what was practically
a llttlo monarchy in the wilderness. Ho was
eighty-three years old. and was the oldest
living settler on the historic spot where
Muniuctto founded his mission 200 years ago.
MofTatt'o Vacant Scat.
L txaixa , Mich. , Dec. 80. Governor Luco
has designated Tuesday , February 14 , as the
date of a special election In the Eleventh dis
trict , to cheese a 'successor to Congressman
Mptfutt , deceased ; " ,
Attention Called to Senator Flatt'o
Anti-Whisky B11L
William Tcoumsoli nntl John Shcrnmii
Show Their Diplomacy on tlio
Presidential Question The
Pticinc Commission.
The Whisky Question !
WASHINGTON , D. C. , Dec . , 30. I
Senator Palmer's recent announcement , to
.ho effect that the opening light for prohi
bition would be made in this district , has
itlrrcd matters up hero and attracted atten-
ion to the bill introduced by Senator Platt ,
io which Senator Palmer referred in a recent
ntcrview. This bill was prepared by leading
.cmceranco men hero and provides that no
icrson shall sell or manufacture or keep for
ale or give away any spirituous or intoxi
cating liquors except for medicinal , me
chanical or scientific purposes. The impor
tation or exportation of Intoxicating liquors
jxcopt for the purposes stated , nro pro-
lilblted. Regulations are prescribed for the
dispensation of liquors. It must bo upon the
'orm of a regular practicing physician
and when used for mcchanica.
scientific purposes can only bo obtained
upon affidavits setting forth the specific purpose -
pose for which the liquor is intended. Mr.
Moulton , who is president of the temperance
alliance hero , and who is the reputed author
of the bill , says of the measure : "The bill
was introduced in the senate for the purpose
of having it passed there. I have no doubt
that the senate will pass it. It has already
passed other measures of special legislation
for the District , and the sentiment of a ma
jority of the senators is in favor of this bill.
As for the house , I cannot speak so conll-
dcntally , but I believe the change in senti
ment there , and the earnestness with which
this measure is urged by the good people the
best people all over the country will secure
its passage by the house. Of course it will
bo opposed by the liquor power , but this
power is waning. It cannot longer throttle
legislation. It found it could not coerce the
supreme court it cannot coerce congress.
Tlio sentiment in favor of prohibition is
growing stronger every day. Members of
congress need no longer fear that they will
commit political suicide to support such a
measure as this. From every congressional
district petitions are coming in favor of this
bill , and these pctititions are sent by the best
people in the district the doctors , the minis
ters , the lawyers and the leading men. Po
litical parties cannot ignore this movement.
If the republican senate passes this bill it
will bo n strong point for the republican
party , and if the house then pusses it , it will
bo a strong point for the democratic party. "
Mr. Ryan , of Kansas , is in a quandary.
There appears to bo some doubt us to whether
Mr. Ryan will uccept the place on the ways
and means committee tendered him by the
speaker. Mr. Ryan has been for a number
of years one of the committee on appropria
tions and his colleagues from Kansas , with
whom Mr. Ryan has consulted ubout the pro
posed transfer , have unanimously recom
mended to decline and remain on the appro
priations. The Kansas members say their
state is very much interested in certain ap
propriations and they have very little inter
est in the tariff one way or the other , so Mr.
Ryan is in n state of uncertainty us to
whether ho will accept the oifer and go on
the ways and means.
There wr.s a rei > ort current to-day thut the
president hud tendered to the widow of Gen
eral Hancock the postmastership in this city.
Mrs. Hancock has been living hero for some
time and u paper has recently been in circu
lation among congressmen to purchase her a
homo in the fashionable quarter of the north
western part of the city. A qualified denial
was entered ut the white house this after
noon of the report that the president had
offered the postmastorship to her and it was
generally believed that ono of the twenty
male applicants will bo selected. Among the
applicants is ex-Connnandcr J. J. Burke , of
the G. A. R. , and J. J. Enright , of Michigan ,
who is the funny man of the New YorK
Star , and has a presiduntiul connection
through Mr. Dorsheimcr of thut paper. It
is suld that the new postmaster general will
favor Enright.
William Tecumsch Sherman , who is visit-
int ; his brother , the senator , is receiving
quite an ovation. Ho spends a good deal ol
his time in the company of General Shcridun
and puys frequent visits to the white house.
The president is very fond of him. The gen
eral refuses to talk politics. A reporter at
tempted to get nn interview with him by say
ing : "Your friends speak of making you
president ono of these days , general. " The
old general coyly took his spectacles off , and
twirling them in his fingers , exclaimed :
"Oh , no , you are talking politics. You
musn't do that. "
"A lot of your friends here , " said the re
porter , "and many moro throughout tne
country , would like to know , if you will not
talk about yourself , who your choice is foi
the presidency i"
"If you want to talk politics , " said the
general , goodmiturcdly , "you must tulk to
my brother , " pointing to the senator. "I am
no politician , the senator is. I urn no talker ,
My brother can tulk. "
"Now , don't shift that thing off on me , " in.
terposod the senator , who stood hard by ,
"You know moro ubout politics than I do-
keep at him , " continued the senator to the
reporter. "Ho knows nil nbout it , and if you
will press hint you can get him to tell you
something , "
Both of the brothers blushed and smiled at
their diplomatic pussttgcs , but neither the
warrior nor the statesman would utter n
syllable on presidential matters ,
Tlio majority report of the Pacific railway
commission , signed by Commissioners Ander
son and Littior , is accompanied by the draff
of u bill which congress is asked to pass. If
provides that the time for payment of the
debt duo the jroverninent bo extended to fiftj
years , but that the roads should issue u
formal mortgage to the government
which now has only a statutory lien ,
ooveriiiR not only the lines now subject tc
the lien , but also the entire property
of the roads , new branches and nil ; that the
debt bo funded at 3 per cent per annum , pay
able seml-unnually directly into the United
States treasury , but thut the roads shall have
the privilege of taking up any part of the
debt in advance ; that the president shall be
empowered to upK ] > int ono trustee and the
roads another , to bo approved by the presi
dent , who shall huvo control of the invest
ment of the sinking fund and other matters
pertaining to the payment of the debt to the
goveriMiicnt ; that the roads shall provide fora
sinking fund of % of 1 percent annually upon
the total amount of the debt to the government
mont for ten years and that the trustees shall
then provide for a proper per centum of pay
ments to the sinking .fund , so that the debtg
shall bo paid by it at maturity ; that the board
of directors of the two roads shall consent
and apreo that the law department of thu
United States bhall bo vested with power to
bring any buit , criminal or civil , in bellulf ol
the roads.
One of the intimate personal friends of
young Bulkley , who eloped with Miss Hill ,
yor , explained to mo to-day why the father
of the girl had withdrawn the suit
to annul the marriage. Ho said : "Tho
day before the suit was withdrawn a
note came to Bulkloy from his bride , who
was locked up at her homo. It Was sent
through her maid and expressed for her hus
band the warmest love and most positive dis
approval of the proceedings Instituted by her
father. She expressed uot only a willing-
ess to five with Balhlc-y , but n yearning
esire to. Bulkley sent back to her by the
naidanoteof a similar character. "Then ho
cut for his attonKy and showed < hlm the
tote' ho had received from his wife. The .
awycr was greatly . 'elated , and ntoncosald
: he proceedings M-Mt aside the marriage
in , the ground' that it was procured
hrough fraud ndcoercion , , and the claim
lint the girl did not want the marriage to
> tand , would fall flat The lawyer then went
.o the attorney fot' Hillycr and It wa at once
Agreed that the cafe could not stand upon the
grounds it was entered on. Then followed
ho arrangement t'ira meeting bctwcm the >
.wo young people t the office of Hillyer's
attorney. It Is but natarnl for the bride to
fall into the arms lit the bridegroom and ex
press her love and dcsiro to live with him
after this correspondence. Of course there
was nothing to do Uftcr this except Uio dis
missal of the caso/os there wes evidence in
a number of dlrcolons that the brldo was
detained against -nor will nt her father's
house and kept * rom her husband. Mr.
and Mrs. Bulkloy have taken rooms at the
Windsor , a fashionable flat nt the corner of
New York uvenurfnud Fifteenth street and
lave begun domestic life in earnest.
A Washington ( special In to-day's New
York Herald , statmg that Senator Joe Black
burn , of Kcutuclc' was suffering fromu can
cer of the stomach , credited anxiety hero.
The senator is at bis homo in Versailles , Ky. ,
and could not bo sfccn. But it is known there
is no foundation for the report. I saw the
senator the day coagress took the holiday re
cess and ho was Jn excellent health. His
friends say he ncvfcr had a cancer. Ho has
written a letter hciro this week and makes
no mention of illntws of any kind , but says ho
will bo in Washington next Tuesday. The
whole story isunfounded.
The secretary of. the Interior to-day ren
dered a1 decision > in the appeal of Thomas
Chilvcrs from the.decision of the general
land coinmissioncr.rcspccting his final proof
and holding for caucellution his pre-emption
filing for the soulKwest quarter of section 30 ,
town 27 , range l < vwost , Niobrara district.
Chilvcrs filed u dcti-aratorj' statement May 14 ,
18S3 , alleging settlement April 80,1883. Henry
I' . Peterson mudc < tthoincstcad for the sumo
tract November 311833. Chilvers govo notice
for final proof and Peterson filed a protest.
In passing upon this application the commis
sioner held Chilvprs' proof Insufficient , but
allowed him to nuvto proof nt any time within
the lifo of his entry and refused to order a
hearing , from which decision no appeal -was
taken. On reviewing the case the commis
sioner , under datcsjf December 19,1885 , found
that Chilvers had 'failed to comply with the
requirements of th pre-eniption law as to con
tinuous residence reversed the decision of
tlio local officer ami held his filing for cancel
lation. On February 15,18SO , Chilvcrs filed
a motion for reconsideration , supporting his
motion by several" * affidavits. On Juno 23
188U , the commissioner refused his motion
nnd ho appealed. The secretary of the in
terior , in his.lcttcf , to the land commissioner
to-day , deciding Uw case , says : "Tho affida
vits filed in supjxirf of his motion for recon
sideration go to show that Chilvers bears a
good character for.honcsty and that Peterson
filed the protest out of spite and bus aban
doned the same , having removed to the state
of Iowa. Three affidavits show that Chilvers
was , during the p&riod coveted by his final
proof , frequently lit the employ of the differ
ent county officers of the county
in which thtf land is situated
On the wholes ; I find the proo
is uncertain , unsatisfactory and not of that
character upon wV ph a patent ought to issue !
Inasmuch , howovtW , us the matters alleged
against the entry are contained In ex-parta
affidavits and are therefore In the nature of
an information of Lrotest , it Is entirely proper
that a hearing should bo had to determine the
truth of these ullrriutions. You wlll'thero-
fore direct the locjl officers to hold ahearlng ,
for such purpose , yotico , of which should bo
given to the claimant Chclver , to tho-parties
making affidavits Kfc pn lllo , alleging failure
to comply with th < jj law and _ with all parties
in interest , as shown by the records of their
o&co. Your said decision is modiflen accord
ingly. "
It is expected that the New Year reception
at the White house on Monday will be very
largely participated in. Mrs. Cleveland will
only have two married ladies of the cabinet
Mrs. Whitney and Mrs. Fail-child. Miss
Annie Bayard has also been Invited to re
ceive , nnd will. It Is said , stand next to Mrs.
Cleveland , us Miss Kuthcrino Bayard did two
years ORO. Mrs. Endicott , who is only recov
ering the use of her sprained limb , cannot
stand the fntiguo of the reception , nnd Mrs.
'Vilas ' is too ill to leuvo her bed yet. Mrs.
Lnmur is in the south , and Attorney General
Garland's mother , Mrs. Hubburd , has never
appeared on these occasions save es n guest ,
and it is not probable she will care to do so
this year.
Tlio Baltimore charity ball on the evening
of the ith ) of January promises to bo quito as
important a social event us last season. The
President nnd Mrs. Cleveland have not said
yet positively whether or not they will at
tend. They attended the lust ono. There
will bo n special trnin for the invited guests
from hero nnd sonio of the diplomatic corps
nnd noticeably the Chinese embassy have ac
cepted invitations.
F. G. Gushing , of Omaha , is at the Ebbitt.
Colonel William Thompson , of Bismarck ,
Dak. , arrived in the city to-day nnd will re
main for some weeks. Colonel Thompson
was ono of the first congressmen from Iowa
after the admission of that state to the Union.
Ho served with distinction throughout the war
as colonel of the first Iowa cavalry and was
then commissioned as captain in the regular
army , seeing a number of years hard service
on the frontier. 'Ho is now ono of leading
citizens of Dakota , with grown nnd prosper
ous sons ubout him , and in spite of his ad
vancing ago looking us though ho had many
years of lifo and life's enjoyment still before
him. ' Pinuiv S. HEATH.
Postal Changes.
WASHINGTON , Doc. 30. [ Special Telegram
to the BKE.J The followinR Iowa postmas
ters were appointed to-day : J. H. Rnncr ,
Fauslers , Guthrie county , vice Nelbon T.
Cool resigned ; William E. Boll , Lucaow , Leo
county , vice B. Nolle , resigned ; George L.
Hoar , Winslow , Bluck Hawk county , vice
Benjamin F. Brqwn , resigned. The post-
office ut Burke. Ucnton county , la. , will bo
discontinued Ju'huury IS. A postoffico was
established at Jvo , Dundy county , Neb. , and
O. B. Ballard appointed postmaster.
An order has bce'n issued ut the postoffico
department establishing railroad service on
tlio Fremont , Elkhorn & Missouri Valley
railroad from Omaha via Irvington to Arling
ton , twenty-eight nnd one-half miles , and
back six times a week , and as much oftencr
ns trains may run , beginning January li. (
Special mail service at Ephesus , Dallas
county , Iowa , wJU bo discontinued after Jan
uary 5 because of the discontinuance of the
office there.
Star mail sorvico'will bo established from
January 'J to January 30 next at Kimball by
Lorraine and AshTord , new office , to Goring ,
Nebraska , forty-two miles , three times a
week by u ten and a half hour schedule.
Nebraska and lowix Pensions.
WASHINGTON , Dec. 30 , [ Special Telegram
to the BEE. ] The following pensions were
issued to Nebraskans to-day : Original
David Fouts , Blue Springs ; John Johnson ,
Omaha nnd Winnebago ugtncy , Dakota
county ; Isuao Tuflor , New Castle. Increase
Lott Flllmore , Calamus ; Milton Dinncl ,
Pensions for lowans : Mexican war-
Adam Hawk , Ormansvillo. Original-
Thomas J , Wilson. Seer : I. M. Poor , Red
ding ; Ellas Siiylor , Cedar Bluffs. Increase
William F. Everman , Centrovillo ; Andrew
Reed , Bentonsport ; William O. Dean , Goldfield -
field j Welcome Ueuch , Hillsboro.
Army News.
WASHINGTON , Dec. 30. [ Special Telegram
to tho' BEE. ] Ten colored recruits have
been ordered for assignment to the Twenty-
fourth infantry , Department-of the Missouri ,
and sixty-five rocrulis for the First Infantry ,
Department of California.
Captain V.'tllium H. Rcxford , ordinance
storekeeper , has been appointed to act as
Inspector on certain medical property at the
Indianapolis urtcnal.
More Testimony From Mrs. Billings
at the Klngsloy Inquest.
K cn Her Infidelity Could Not Shake
' " * * Hid Love Ronnhno Gets Seven
Years For Killing Dolan
* Iowa 'Ncwa.
Magnanimous Mr. Billings.
WAVEHLT , la. , Doc. 80. The examination
of Mrs. Billings was resumed this morning
at 9 o'clock , and the opinion shared by many
, hat her testimony was In accordance with
.nstructlons received from her husband was
more firmly fixed as tlmo wore on. Her man
ner was hesitating and irresolute , and she
made frequent attempts to work on the fecl-
ngs of the Jury by copious tears at intcrcst-
ng junctures. But few points of interest not
ilready known were revealed. In regard to
, ho matter of her criminal relations with
Klngsleysho said : "I told my husband all
ibout it within a week after September 31.
His lore and respect for mo seemed no less
han before ; ho treated mo kindly and told
mo if I loved Klngsloy and desired to ily with
him ho would give mo all his property and go
away. Ho did not wish to coerce mo in the
matter , but desired mo to act as
choso. " Ho also intimated to
her that it would bo well to go to
Kingsley and tell him of his ( Billings' ) proposal -
posal to give to her all of his property , even
f she chose to go to Kingsley. She acted on
this suggestion , and when she told Kingsloy
of the plan ho pronounced it absurd and
said such a thing could never be. Interro
gated as to whether she hod ever told her
husband that she was pregnant as the result
of improper relations with Kingsley , she re
plied in the negative. Mr. Billings and her
self left homo together about December 14 ,
her husband going to Dakota , she to Sutnncr.
Hero Attorney Dawsou launched u ques
tion at her that she seemed reluctant to
answer"Did you ever hear Mr. Billings
threaten Kingsley 1"
She hesitated to reply , but finally replied in
the negative , although confessing she had
heard her husband call Kingsley a snake , vil
lain , etc. , on different occasions after his re
turn from Dakota. "Mr. Billings told mo
that ho was going to go to Kingslcy and tell
him all ho know of the matter and what he
thought of him. I endeavored to persuade
him that it was best to let the matter drop ,
as wo were so soon to move away , and my
shame would never bn made public. Ho at
last agreed not to go , especially as I told him
that serious trouble might ensuo. Before my
husband and myself loft. December 14 , he
told mo ho expected trouble and wanted mete
to go where I could not readily bo found , ns I
would probably bo wanted as a witness.
Hence ho directed mo to tell the neighbors
that I was to visit in Waterloo and Dubuquo. "
Witness was then shown sixteen promis
sory notes , drawn payable to M.E.Blllings by
W.S.Kingsley. She said she had never heard
of the notes before , but identified the hand
writing as thatof her husband. A mortgage on
the residence , lately bought by Kingsloy , was
disposed of in a similar manner , witness iden
tifying the handwriting thereon as that of Bill
ings' . In HUfa manner were produced notes.
chattel mo'rifcugos , etc. , none of which had
ever before been soon by her.but all of which
were written in Billings' handwriting. An
order on the county auditor for the major
iwrtion of Kingsloy's salary until the year
1003 , should ho hold ofllco that long , was also
pronounced to have been written by her hus
She said in answerto n leading question thai
Billings never told her about any prepara
tions having been made for her future main
tenance , and she failed to remember a scene ,
vividly described by Billings , wherein ho
says ho told her ho was going away to die
and would leave her all ho possessed. The
following statement was elicited by close
quesioning : "It was a habit of Mr. Billings
to transfer all property acquired by him to
me , yet ho told mo nothing of the existence
of the notes and mortgages. " After a a few
more important questions she was allowccT
to go.
Silas Coates was placed on the stand and
admitted having carried a note from Clarke
to the Shane girl. At the conclusion of the
testimony the inquest was adjourned till 1:80 :
The principal witness of the afternoon scs
sion was E. W. Risdon , long a resident o
this place , and for nineteen years a justice o
the peace. His testimony created a sensation
and is regarded as the most damaging t <
Billings which has so far been given. Ho
said : "On the Tuesday evening preceding
Kingsloy's death Billings entered my olHco
and told mo about the mortgages and notes
drawn up by him , saying : ' 1 am going to
make Kingslcy sign these for the support o
n young hidy and her child until the latter
becomes sixteen years old. " I replied : ' Yoi
will never get him to sign them. " Ho said
'Ho will sign them or I'll blow his bruins
Some other witnesses were examined , their
testimony consisting mainly of a sort of veri
flcation of what had already been offered in
AV. H. GIHis , real estate dealer , was the
first witness this evening. Ho was in King
ley's oflico about 5 o'clock the evening of the
murder , but did not see Billings. Dr. Bur
bank testified that no was called about 0
on the evening of the shootingto attend Bill
ings. The wound on Billings' back was
about on the eighth dorsal vertebras and dl
rcctly over the spinal process. It scemec
lhat the bullet had punctured the skin
Though not a serious wound , it had swellcc
and was painful to the touch. Dr. Burbank
stated that from the nature of the wound i
might have been indicted with u blunt iiistru
ment. This cloaca '
to-day's testimony.
The River Front Problem.
Sioux City , la. , Dec. 30. [ Special Telegram
gram to the Br.n.l This morning member
of the Jobbers' and Manufacturers' associa
tion and the city council mot at the mayor'
office for the purpose of taking further steps
regarding the protection of the Missouri rive
at this place. As before stated , the manager
of the several railroad companies having
lines touching Sioux City have agreed to
meet in Chicago early in January and mak
arrangements to begin Iho work as soon a
possible. In all probability the work will bo
commenced within thirty days.
The Haddock Cases.
Sioux CITY , la. , Dec. 80 , [ Special Tele
gram to the BKF. . ] District court convene
next Monday. ' On the docket there are forty
eight cases. The cases against John Arens
dorf and the other defendants in the Haddock
murder case arc on the dock near the front.
It is safe to say that the cases against these
defendants will bo dismissed. The first day
of the term will bo given to the assignment
of causes and it is then that these cases will ,
in some manner , bo disposed of.
Convicted of Manslaughter. .
ATLANTIC , la. , Dec. 80 , [ Special Tele
gram to the BEE. ] J. J. Douahoo , convicted
of manslaughter , was to-day sentenced to
seven years of hard labor in the Fort Madi
son penitentiary , Judgu Carson passing the
sentence. The case will bo taken to Iho su-
prctno court. The sympathy of the entire
neighborhood is with Donalioe , owing to the
unKmlarity | ) | of Lawrence Dolan , the man ho
killed. His appeal bond was fixed at 10,000. ,
A Murderer Lynched.
LITTLE HOCK , Dec. 80. A special to the
Gazette from St. Francis , Ark. , says William
Hei-rlg , who murdered his young wife and
her paramour near hero Thursday , was
hanged last night by'n'band of vigilantes ,
about four miles from Rector , .
The Member of Parliament Discusses
the Tory Kent Reduction Bill.
[ Copyright IfSJlu Jamtf fiimlmi Ittmutt I.
PAnts , Dec. 30. [ New York Herald Cable
Special to the BED. ] Among the supporters
of the government arc many Irishmen who
own landed property. One or two are in the
ministry itself. They , and the whole clnss
o which they belong , begin to wonder
vhether Disraeli's saying that "rt conscrva-
ivo government Is an orgnnlrcd hypocrisy"
s not still true and whether they could not
lave made better terms with Gladstone than
hey are receiving from their friend Lord
Salisbury. This eternal Irish question never
keeps long in the same place. Take
our eyes off It n while and in
ho interval you will see it has
indcrgono n total change. On Christmas
lay the landlords had no suspicion that a
'Jew ' Year's surprise was being prepared for
hem in the shape of n cutnpulsory reduction
of rents averaging 14 per cent and repre
senting another whittling down of their capl-
al of nearly $25,000. The newspapers toll
hem they ought not to bo surprised bccr.uso
he net authorizing the reduction was passed
ast session exactly , but until a few falls it Is
tot felt and there is always hope that it will
lot fall. Wo must all die , but when
ho day can bo fixed with certainty
t generally comes as a shock. So
t was with the Irish landlord. Ho disliked
the act depriving him of another large slice
of his property , but ho clung to the hope that
t would never bo enforced. The act was not
lassed without difficulty. Many conserv
atives refused to vote for it on the ground
.hat Lord Salisbury had pledged himself
icver to interfere with judicial rents. The
Gladstonian legislation affecting land was
revolutionary. Although the tory party
could not reverse it , it ought not to make
matters worse.
So went the arguments but the whigs got
together a majority and the tories sacrificed
the landlords quite as cheerfully as the rad
icals had over done. The Gladstonian ma
chinery of land commissioners and court
lowered rents from 'JO to 30 per cent in con
tracts deliberately entered into between land
lord and tenant but it was expressly provided
In the act of 1881 that the now Judicial rents
should bo guaranteed for fifteen years.
In effect Mr. Gladstone said : "Wo
take away a part of your prop
erty but as some compensation wo
sqcuro you in the quiet possession of the re
mainder. Six years had hardly passed be
fore the conservatives swooped down on the
confiding landlords and threw Gladstone's
guarantees into the firo. Well may the land
lords , ground small between the upper and
nether millstones , wish that tho.v had con
cluded a treaty offensive and defensive with
Mr. Parnoll long ago. Some of my tory
fellows nro thoroughly in the dumps.
"Where is it all to stop ? " they are asking.
"What is the good of calling yourself n tory
if you are only used to make the revolution
turn over faster and faster ! "
One is amused at their distress , especially
as they pride themselves on being genuine ,
old-fashioned , conservatives none of your
half-breed tory democrats and Churchillites.
Now where are they contemplating the
spoliation of their own friends and sup
porters carried out under their own orders ,
Their < oRtlojS8 ) | } truly embarrassing. Can
they IM blind enough to think arbitrary rent
reduction , contrary to leases and agreements ,
will stop hero ? Will it go no further than Ire
land ? Will it never extend to England ? The
English farmer is rackrcntcd far more
heavily than is the Irish tenant , but ho pays
his rent because no party has taken up his
case. No "plan of campaign" has been
started for his benefit. But his day will
surely come. J * or him also judicial courts
will bo set up to cancel his bargain with his
landlords and upon what ground can the
tories object after having sanctioned the sum
mary Jurisdiction of the commissioners in
their act of 1872 ? The landed class must see
that they have nothing more to look for from
the tories except a parting kick down hill ,
The Gladstonians have every reason to bo
delighted with Lord Salisbury's great jump
into their chief territory , for it undermines
his own party and docs not conciliate tlio
Irish. Nobody says so much as "Thank
you. " Parnollitcs chuckle over the pit into
which their enemies have fallen and throw
the 14 per cent reduction in their faces.
"Make it fifty , " they say in derision , "and
wo will talk to you. " Men are in prison for
recommending people to adopt "tho plan of
compaign. " Father Ryan has been sent to
jail for a month for no other offense. The
Parncllitcs ask what difference there is. in
principle , between the plan of O'Brien
and the plan of Lord Salisbury
One is illegal , the other has been
sanctioned by act of parliament , but the
two are one. For some time past there
has been a rumor that the Protest
ants of Ulster nro moro and more
disposed to make sonio compromise with the
Parnollitcs and agree upon a schema o :
homo rule for the whole of Ireland. Thej
say they have no confidence in the firmness
of the government and they fear that after
they have been drawn into antagonism will
their fellow countrymen the tories wil
cooly throw them over. This fear is no
likely to bo diminished by the example o
misplaced confidence now presented by the
Irish landlord. The reductions may bo mod
crate or otherwrlse. Tins is not the question
which now agitates the party. Tlio
real question is , "Aro not the
tories betraying their friends am
deserting their principles in arbitrarily re
ducing rents without even an application
from even the tenants ! " A landlord goes to
bed and wakes in the morning and finds a
decree in the papers reducing his rents al
round by any sum the land commissioners
think proper. Is that conservatism ) If it 1
I really see no reason why Henry George
should not depose Lord Salisbury and dircc
the now conservative socialism. Let him
wait a little while and ho may hear the bitte
cry of the bewildered English tories ; "Como
over and help us. "
Gladstone Thunderstruck.
PARIS , Dec. 30. The Temps to-day pub
lishes nn interview with Gladstone In whicl
the ox-premior described the Irish land com
missionurs' rent reduction decree as a "tro
mendnus decision , " and said hu was thunder
struck at the news. Ho also said the tory
cabinet , having alienated the tenants , would
now alienate the landlords.
British Interests In East Africa.
Buussr..s , Dec. 30 , The Mouvement
Gcogniphiquosuys : Advices from Xanztbai
nro to the effect that the British East African
association have concluded to accept the
grant under which the sultan of Zanzibar
ceded to the association for fifty years
sovereignty over the territory between Pori
Wanga , al the mouth of the Oumba river , am
and the Vitu , a distance of thirty-five kilo
metres. This will facilitate tlio opening o :
routes to Victoria Nyun/.u , and shows thai
England is desirous of founding a colony
which will extend her influence ) to the source
of the Nile.
Russian Stores On the Frontier.
BuciuitKST , Dec. SiO. It Is reported that
60.000 troops are massed at Bender , In Bewi
rabla , and that guns and munitions of war
are constantly wiving there , . ,
A Qoncrnl Strike Ordered After
Bight-Hour Conference. u
iiL *
The Trade nnd Ivnbor CoMfteM If-
Mem 4 ttt . -
dorses the KniMloyes „ . -
crnlly ItcntalnliiR at Work An ' ' ,
Anarchist Circular I8nne4 *
- i
v w
Tha 8truRRloHone ; 4. jf
RKATMNO , PH. , Dec , HO. The uMrtsMM' * * , *
the Reading railroad employes.uHnll affe
tlnuous session of nearly eight
journcd at 3:30 : this morning ,
to issue orders for u general
place at 13 o'clock to-day. Kvcrj.
employ of the Rending , with tli *
of passenger train crews , trackneil/
signal tower men , and crossing ;
s to go on a strike , and fiftoea
after the meeting signals were
the wires to Philadelphia and
The resolution says that the men shall strik *
uut remain out until the company shell
agree to arbitrate all differences. This fa *
eludes shopmen In this city who took th
nitiativo in refusing to go out early thl
week , thus breaking the backbone of.'thtt
strike at that time , and every man wM > be *
longs to the knights. A resolution vra "
also passed offering u reward of 93,096 ( or
Lho arrest of any persons who in any way de
stroy or injured the company's property. jTh *
order includes not only hands on the--nsin < . .y. ; .
line , but over the whole system. It tHMtwrtfr'1 * j , ;
that the shop hands In this city will feet.Ofey , , "
: ho order. After adjournment of theconvpn-
Llon , the miners hold a separate" MMton.
1'hey transacted nothing deUnUe. . in
reference to striking , but . jTfc4
to give full financial aid and moral rapport to
the strikers on the railroad. TUo miners did
not decide to strike with the railroaders because - . . -
cause they are working by agreement witbr t
the company , which Is binding until . . .
1 , and because they still have hoj > 6rttntvlhe >
company will i > ouUuuo.Ui .HporcentadYttpce.
Ctmirmuit'Lcc , of the executive commfttfie.
before Icuvlng Reading this mornng deoiivrod
tliat if the strike of miners did take place it-
would not only effect the ) Schuylkill miners ,
but these in the Wyoming coal fields , as well gi
as the Lchlgli miners. Ho felt suretthoy J ? t
would all remain firm , thus pliu'lngon B strike /
at one time 100,000 miners und not a pound' ' , , - '
of coal could then bo mined ? / , '
The comrnny's ' officials in the city arc not ;
greutlv exercised over the now orders to th .
railroaders to strike. They say that the tnlM * ! * &
uro ull miming on jino und they' , ha\to sm -
men ncccssnry In reserve , und that the' onllf i i
danger is of ucoul fuminoif the miners shetdlltc \ >
strike. The trades unions * > "of * lhto- " * /
city composed of such -bodie * i * * a :
the printers , butters , Bidders , *
bakers , carpenters , hod curriers , cigar Mak
ers , barbers , etc. , have organized tacmserves. > .
into u body known as the Trade and Labor' '
council , which it is estimated represent *
nearly two thousand men. They do not affil t > >
iate with the Knights of Labor. At a laU M
hour lust night , after a lengthy meeting' , the
council passed the following resolutions :
Resolved. That wo , the Trate , , '
Labor council of Reading , do en
sure the Philadelphia & Read
for their direct attack on organi :
request all unions to extend their sympal
and aid to these directly injured by the
puny. * iff.1
Resolved , That wo severely oondeHMIj
Brotherhood of Locomotive EBgidMTt
their very ready offer of assistance" to
company in the present difficulties , on thfl
road , merely for the purpose of seeking
vcn co.
1:30 : p. m. All trains are moving as 'us
to-day , and not an employe , ns far as knownp <
is from his post.
Representatives of Reading assembly.
claim not fairly'
to-day that they were
treated and charge that the convention was-
packed with delegates from thu coal regions-
bent upon forcing u strike. In the language
of ono of them : "Tho Schuylkill county
mon came here red hot for a fight to a finish ,
determined to force tHK ! , ( ) employes of the
Reading shops into an unequal contest. "
Fail to Strike.
SHAMOKIN , Pn. , Dec. 30. The order to
strike had no dlsccrnabla effect hero at noon.
The Lee county guards were on guard duty.
At Philadelphia.
Piiij.AT > ni.riiiA , Dec. 30. President Cot-bin ,
Superintendent Swcigurd nnd General Man
ager McLeod held a conference this morning
nnd towards noon said there was nothing
new to give out for publication. Advices
from Port Richmond depots at Ninth and
Sixteenth streets , nnd the Willow street *
wharf at noon were to the effect that the sit
uation had undergone no change since last
evening , that the men were ull ut work nncf
that the company had numerous applications
from unengaged men who were anxious to go *
to work. i
As fur ns could bo learned this afternoohf *
the order for the Reading employes to strike ) '
nt noon to-day hud no perceptible effect ln <
this city. At Port Richmond and at all'
depots and along the lines of the various"
branches in the city there was the usual1
activity , and officials report that nouo of ths )
employes huvo quit work. ' \
At PotlNvllIn. j
POTTSVII.LE , Dec. 30. The order to Rca6T
Ing employes to strike bus not been obeyed
hero. The shifting crows in the Reading1
company's yard all went to work , while at
Palo Alto everything proceeded as usuat ]
At Tnnmqua , the center of operations of the ;
Miihonoy und Little Schuylkill branches }
everything is in motion and there is nbscH
lutcly no change in the situation there. , t
A Blood thirsty Circular.
Nnw YOIIKDio. . 30. Copies ol the follow *
ing bloodthirsty document were circulated on
the streets this morning : ,
Torch und bomb must bo applied. Follow- ' ,
worklngmen : Tlio hour hus como. Tlicj .
ngpnclcs of science must play u part in tha
struggle of the future. Yesterday it was thej
slaughter of our comrades nt Chicago. To
day it is the assassination of ( X,000 ) of ourf
brothers of tlio Philadelphia & Reading
railroad. True , the sword is the weapon of
circumstances , but their victims perish all
the samo. Do not waste your force on they
scabs ; they uro only the effect of the present
dumnahlo commercial and competitive ) sys *
torn. Destroy , by ull the agencies ut yoiuj
command , the direct representatives of thel
system , the Corbins , tlio Maxwells nnd tha
Goulds. Let torch , bomb or bullet strike !
them now. Let ull they possess bo given t *
the flumes , hound them day and night. The
strike must bo mudo the wur of classes *
Brothers , remember Chicago and your oath/
Mounter Tidal Wave. '
POIITI.ANI. , Mo. , Doc. 30. Portland escape * '
great danger during the storm of Wednes
day. The gale struck Portland head ut 9:30 :
o'clock , ut u tlmo , in the harbor , when the
wind seemed to bo dying out. The wind bud.
been terrlffic. blowing fifty miles per noun
rain fulling continuously , When
nn mrncnso tidal wave coma
into view. Tlio monster wave came in
the shape of a pyramid. It struck first > -
nguinst the outer line of rock , and the in-pat
muss of water towered up even , the kccnorn
miy , with the light house itsolf. The entire
muss was hurled sixty feet ubovo high water
mark , against the engine , boiler and fog horn
house. The force of the blow WUH sucli Urn" .
the building was shuttered , and the receding * ,
wiivu curried with It everything on shore , lu.
eluding btones weighing tons. .
DI-ldeiidH Declared.
Nnw YOIIK , Dec. 80. The following divi
dends hnvo been declared : Lake Shore 2
per cent ; Michigan Central , 2 per cent , mid
quarterly dividend of \ % per cent oa DeU.
ware , LuckaWuuna & Western ,