Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, December 30, 1887, Page 5, Image 5

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Alleged Double-Dealing on the Part
of the Elkborn.
Cane ofUio Farmers' Union Consider
ing a Uniform Dlslnnco TurllT
Truublo lit AVcHt Ijlnuoln
Stnto House Note * .
Mr. C. U. I'riudlo , who sblp | > c ( ] n car load
of emigrant's goods from Cruwford to Lin
coln , contracted for the shipment at Craw
ford for 101. Arriving ut Lincoln tlio agent
hero collected $10 extra. Commissioner Utt ,
of the Lincoln freight bureau , culled the nt-
tcntlon of Freight Agent Morchouso to the
extra charge over the coutraot , nud the latter
writes to the board of transportation stating
that the contract prlco was made by mistake
below the tariff ruto and asking pormlsslon
of the board to refund the extra charge ,
which In reality makes n cut rule to the
J. II. Gurney , county attorney of Antelope
county , writes to thu board of transportation
that thoFremont , Klkhorn& Missouri Valley
crossings throughout the county are In poor
condition , that the road tmpcrvlsors In the
county complain that many of them u
almost Impassable , and tbo county calls upon
the lx > ard to liavo the company remedy the
existing defects.
G. II. Crawford * , of Detroit , nikti the board
to assist him In finding a railroad contractor
In'tho state named Holtlen. Crawford Is In
Bcarch of a brother who worked for HoldjMi.
II. H. Hyde , of Spring Hunch , Clay county ,
flics n complaint against thu Kansas City &
Omaha railroad in regard to deilulcnt
crossings for his accommodation.
General Manager Holdrogo has written the
board Hinting that a tariff to junction points
in Nebraska had been made by the road to
confer with thu reduction of December 20 ,
and that similar reductions to local iHil
were in course of preparation ,
Mr. C. Plantof North Hcnd , complains to
the board that the Union Pacific road re-
ftiRCS'to grant him a slto for an elevator nf
North Bend , stating that there are only two
elevators there and both are operated by ouo
firm. Mr. I'lnntz aslcs the board if the town
must submit to un injustice of this character.
The boaitl yesterday filed the tlmo for
hearing the Llsco complaint against the
Union I'uclllc for January 3 , at Claries and
fixed thu tlmo for hearing the conlplnint con
cerning road bed and crossings at Adams
ntntlon for January 5 , at the rooms of the
board in Lincoln.
The Farmer's union of Oakland , Bnrt
county , has filed the following complaint
with the board pf transportation : k
Now comrs the Farmer's union , a corpora
tion under the laws of the state , for the pur
pose of buying , handling and shipping grain
from Oakland , Hurt county , Nebraska , and
complains of the Chicago , St. Paul , Min
neapolis & Omaha railroad , the only line of
railroad operating through Oakland , and the
only line over which petitioners can ship
their grain and corn ; that on the 12th day of
December. 1887 , II. J. Jaynos , superintend
ent of said railway , issued the following or
der :
Give the elevators preference until they
are relieved. ( Signed ) II. I. J.
Your petitioners have no elevator in Oak
land , but load their cars from wagons by
shoveling In the cars from wagons bcsldo the
tracks. Your petitioner also shows that as
soon as they can secure a silo convenient for
their business , they intend to build un olova
tor. Your petitioner further shows that it
has repeatedly demanded cars from said rail
way company for the purixjso of loading and
hipping its grain , but has often
been refused when the elevators had
all' the curs they needed. That
on December 23 ana 23 , 189 ? , your petitioner
demanded CATS from said company and were
refused cars , bill your petitioner shows it
was not from lack of cars , for the thrco ele
vators In.Oaklund have had all the cars they
required. .
Your petitioner further shows that it owns
a warehouse that contains about 2,000 bushels
of grain * , that said warehouse is now full and
your petitioner is prevented from buying corn
by reason of being unablo- secure cars in
which to ship the corn inTho warehouse , and
by reason of the preference aforesaid is
greatly hampered and damaged In the trans
action of its business. Your petitioner has
been greatly damaged by reason of said preference
erence nforcsald'in that it bos been unable to
buy corn and has turned oft and sent to the
elevator men about 10,000 bushels of com
which it could hnvo bought but for the rail
way refusing to glvo It the necessary cars ,
nml your petitioner has been damaged in the
sum of f K ) .
Your petitioner therefore prays that you
compel the said railway to furnish BUfllciont
cars to ship Its grain , and that said railroad
bo compelled to pay petitioner the dumugo
TUB FAnjinits' UXION ,
. By John P. Anderson , president.
The board wilt , nt a mooting In Its office nt
Lincoln on the r > th of January next , bavo
under consideration a proposition to abolish
ish all distributing tariffs and re
quire all freight business arising and
terminating in the state to bo conducted
upon one uniform distance tariff ; andIn com
puting distance , the shortest line by rail bo-
twccn tbo place of shipment and destination ,
whether over the same or connecting lines ,
shall bo used as the basis of rates , though
such shipments may bo nuulo .over the line ,
The board state that they will be pleased U
boar the views nt that time of uny interested
person upon the subject.
The secretaries of the board of transporta
tion met yesterday to consider the question
of the reduction of the local rates in the state
in conformity with recent reductions iii
through rates from Chicago to Missouri rivoi
points. It was stated , when the resolution !
for the meeting to consider rates was passed ,
that representatives of the road would bi
present and that representatives of boards oi
trudo would bo called in , but it was thought
bust for the secretaries to formally agree
upon reductions and the plan of work am
then the question was to be considered nt i
regular meeting of the board when the par
ties interested will bo represented. The nuxi
regular meeting of the board occurs 01
Thursday next when the formal action of tin
board will bo considered. Yesterday tin
secretaries wcro engaged in discussing the
plans of reductions mid the basis upon whlcl
they would not. Secretary of State Laws , o :
the board , has prepared u local distance tarif
that was before tbo secretaries. . Tin
Intention of thU tariff is to do awnj
with the present local distributing tariff nnc
have only the local distance tariff in tin
stato. This now local distance tariff will , 01
nn average , reduce the present local distant
tariff in existence from 20 to twenty-live pe :
cent. Secretary Ages , of the board , has ulsi
prepared n now local distance turlll for tin
state that is much In the sumo line us the on
prepared by Mr. Laws and from the two th
board will evidently formulate one that ii
effect will cover n reduction as nbovo men
tloncd. The secretaries will evidently con
elder carefully the question of the abolitioi
of the distributing tariff which , in its effect
tends to the assistance of commercial centres
n local distance tariff only having the effect o
equalizing every point in the state. Th
ccraUries la considering the new tariff wil
meet from day to day until their findings nr
formulated ready for adoption by the boar
iUolf ,
It Is evident that West Lincoln is losing , o
has practically lost , the largest of its tw
packing houses , the ono built bySllberhori
& Company of Chicago , and known as PacV
Ing House No. a. Some two weeks slnco th
house stopped work and buying , and ycstci
day the Nebraska Stock Yards company , th
proprietors of West Lincoln , secured a wrl
of injunction in the district court temix > raril
restraining the packing and provision coir
Iwny from removing its machinery from th
mildlng. This house was largely increase
the last summer and the plant prepared fa
work both summer and winter. The rcaso
for moving the packing house is not stuUu :
but the market has not been what was o
pectcd , and since the houses have been i
operation this winter they have failed to N
euro anything near the number of hogs n
quired for successful work.
The secretary oi the SUU > Historical s (
rloty , George E. Howard , has issued the fo :
lowing : "Notice Is hereby given that th
uiinual uicotinjf of the Nebraska State Hli
torlcal society will bo held In the chapel c
the university bulldinif Lincoln , oommeuctn
, January 10at330 ; p. mi. The -pri
gramme 'will bo : Regular proceeding , re
ports of ofllcers. election of ofllcors , papers
nnd discussions. Atthonvoulng session the
South Omaha.
Omaha.PTATE nour. ITKMS.
Governor Tlmycr yesterday appointed T.
L. E. IJcLoney , of NuckolU county , bco inspector
specter for that locality.
The South Pintle Loan and Trust com
pany , of Holdrego , 13. 1) . Ku cl , president ,
lllod nn amendment to their articles of incor-
txmitlon yesterday relating to the limit of
E. II. Merrill , of Lincoln , presented the
governor yesterday n section of beach wood
taken from the tree nt Vlcksburg under
which the terms of surrender of I'cmbcrton
to Ornnt , July 4,1ST.U , wcro agreed upon.
The governor bus deposited It In the collection
of relics at the ofllco of the secretary of
The following notaries wcro oommlsloned
yesterday : W. M. Itank , Holdrege ; J. II.
Hitchcock , Tccumsoh ; James Meyers , Odcll ;
E. L. Whitmnrc , Long Pine ; Gcorgo Mc-
Ilrldc , Lodge Pole , Cheyenne county.
The Olil Stock YurdH Hotel Destroyed
by Klro.
A still alnrm was turned in from Shecly's
packinghouse at 5 o'clock yesterday morning ,
and No. 5 and hook and ladder No. 1 , speedily
resiwnded. However , the scene of the con
flagration , the old Stock Yards hotel , later
the Union , was situate fullv ono mile nnd
three quarters uwny , nnd on the arrival of the
department there they found this legendary
old hostelry nnd the adjoining two-story
frame residence , that of Mrs. Lottlo Schef-
skoy , n mass of ruins. The two structures
had entirely burned down twenty minutes be
fore the department arrived , as much valu
able time had been lost In attempting to got
the alarm Into the city , a man finally being
sent In horseback.
The origin of the fire is un
known , but there nro various theories
ndvanced. The Union hotel was owned by
William Goobel , and all ho saved from the
building was a piano and a bedstead. Ho
places his loss nt $3,200 , with $1,700 insurance
In the Nebraska and Iowa insurance com
pany. This hotel used to bo run by Mitt-
man ; the Millnrd murderer , now awaiting
trial in the county jail. Mrs. Schofskcy suc
ceeded in saving the bulk of the contents nt
her residence. Her loss is figured nt $1,000 ,
with { 000 insurance.
"Shall our pirls whistle ? " Of course
if they utruiiglhon thcit lunpaby taking
Dr. Bull's Cough Syrup ,
"When hoadncho joins neurnlgiatlien
comcB the tusr of wtir. " A wise general
mnruhnls his forces , charges with iv hot-
tlo of Salvation Oil , and the doughty foe
lies crinkling in the duet.
Cox Docs n Funny Act At a ReliRons
William Cox is a facetious young man ,
in the neighborhood of twenty years of ago ,
and during.thoso long winter nights it has
been his wont to attend some worshipful
gathering nt ono or the other of the city
churches , and edify a select cotcrio of hood
lums who accompany him. Wednesday night
he and his crowd dropped In at the modest little
church near the corner of Hickory nnd Ninth
streets , ana wbilo the good people
knelt In prayer , ho seized the moment
ns nn opportune ono to do u slack-
wire performance on the back of a pew
bunch. Ho was unceremoniously hustled
from the edifice , and yesterday ho was
arrested , charged with disturbing a religious
sorvlco. Ho stood up before the court , and
while the smile on his face was hardly as
deep as a well , it was fully as broad as a
barn door. Ho evidently thought it was all
a great joke.
' Did you do thisl" Asked the judge in
sternest tones.
"I guess I did , " answered the callow
"Well , what forl"
"For fun. "
"For fun ? Well , then I'll just fine you $30
and costs , for fun. Wtiohiu escort thu young
humorist to the bench. "
Imxarlou * Christmas Presents.
Colgate's Cashtnoro Bouquet per
fume is a luxurious , yet inexpensive
present which every lady will ap
Johnlldnawnld , of Aurorals on the market
with live loads of native cattle.
William Townscnd , of Hockvillc , Nob. ,
brought in a load of light hogs.
Thomas Lound , of Wayne , Neb. , mar
keted a load of hogs.
P. Mordcn , of Tekamah , was in with two
cars of cattle and ono of hogs. He sold all at
top prices nnd Went homo happy.
W. H. Newell of C. H. Pornoroy & Co. ,
Plattsmouth , has two cars of cattle on the
William H. Miller , of Wayne , Neb. , is in
with two curs of cuttle.
Samuel Dalton , of Illllsdulc , la. , brought
in ono car of hogs.
D. Guernsey , of Alma , is visiting the
C. H. Turner , of Palmer , Neb. , is stopping
at the Exchange.
A. V. Boss , of Randolph , la. , registered at
the Exchange.
J. B. Buchanan , of Missouri Valley , is at
the Exchange.
C. A. Dormer , of Malvcrn , registered at
the Exchange.
The case of A. L. Frcdcrlckson , charged
with assaulting and intending to kill Peter
Poterson.wlll bo heard before Judge Rcuthor
this afternoon.
ft The terrors 'of a night in the lock-up is
Keeping the toughs quiet , and not an arrest
has been made for the last forty-oight
The suspended detective. McCrackcn was
making the rounds Wednesday night. Howua
formerly a bar tender here.
Not n single case was called bcforo cithot
Judge Kouthcr or Justice Levy this morning ,
Gcorgo A. Holmes , of Council Bluffs , has
been retained to defend Jim Snoddcrl ;
charged with arson. Jim's father will scttlt
the bill.
Dick Hyland had his hand badly crushed
while tearing down the old bridge nt the back
of Swifts packing houso.
S. U. Brlggs will entertain the guests of
the Exchange hotel , and n few friends to
morrow night. Dancing , music , and refresh
Rcnl Kstulo Transfers.
Chas Impoy to Chas W. Conklmg , lot
18 , blk2 , Idlewild , w d 0OOC ,
J. Ivendis and wife to A. B. Carpenter
ct al , lot 5 nnd 8 , blk 70 , So Om w d. 2,00 (
A. J. Hanscom to D. N. Miller , o K of
w X lot , blk 110 , lease 7,50 (
Ilobt W. Wright and wife to Win L.
Beard , lot 13 , blk 7. Hillside add No
l.wd 1 3GO , (
S. D. Mercer and wife to Henry D.
Neoly ct nl , lot 14 and 15 , blk 3Wal
nut Hill , wd 4,001
Byron Hoed and wife fo A. Stephenson -
son , lot 18,14 , blk 5 , Reed's 3d add ,
w d 1,001
W. P. Ong to A. C. On * , lot 18,19 , blk
3 , Bush & Solby's add , wd WN
Herman Kountre and wife to J.E.Bur-
dlck ot ul , lot 3blk , ( UCountzo Place ,
wd 3,50 !
Presbyterian Ass'n of Omaha to Trus
tees of 1st Presbyterian Church of
So Omaha , lot 7 , blk 01 , So Om CM
South Omaha Land Co. to Presbyte
rian ass'n of Omaha , lot 7 , blk 01 ,
South Omaha , w d J&
Anna W Jones and husband to John F
Flack , lots 4 and S , blk 4 , Jctter's
add to South Omaha , w d 2,50
Wm L McCatrua to Holly Bargcr , lot
1 , blk 13 , Dwight & Lyman's add ,
w d 60
Augustus F Boscha and wife to Holn-
rich Michel , lot 20 , blk 4 , Brown
park , w d. . A 1,73
Thomas Brcnnan nt nl to John O'Don-
ohoo , lot 20 , blk 1 , Brcnnun pluco
add , w d 1,8 ; >
Fourteen deeds , aggregating f 33.1&
Many suffer from Irritation of thoUJd
noys anil bladder without knowlnf
what is the muster with them. Dr. J.H
McLean's Lls-er and Kidney Balm vrij
give relief. .
THP PiTPprrpT'iTT fTATnt nivt
A Poop Into the Mystorlos of the
Hugo Caravansary.
Every Man Thinks Ho Cnn "Keep
Tavern" Necessary Qualifications
in n Proprietor Cost onto *
tcl Service.
St. Paul Globe : Itlsja peculiar fact ,
but none the less true , that every living
man , no matter what his abilities maybe
bo , is firmly possessed of the conviction
that he could , if ho tried , run n hotel
or edit a newspaper if not in the high
est btylo of the art , at lenst bettor than
some ono clbo is doing it. You never
hear the nvonipo man claim that ho
could ho n successful financier , n great
divine , an eloquent lawyer , or a won
derful physician , if ho had half uuhnncol
No , it is always the newspaper or hotel
ho seems to think ho is especially lilted
To bo a successful hotql man requires
not only training and experience , but an
innate House of that peculiar something
which is inexplicable ; like poets , poli
ticians , anil tramps , a hotel man is horn t
not made. Ho must be possessed of the
divine afllalus , otherwise his career will
bo short lived.
Tlio proprietor is naturally the most
important feature of a hotel. The
popularity of his house depends in no
tr.nll degree upon the popularity of
limsolf , and bo ho a "rounder , " a prince
"ono of the " fond
f good follows , boys ,
f u good story and good liquor and
ispcimlng good stories and good liquors
liuibclf he need have no four as to his
uturo. If ho happens to have no man
ger , his importance , as well as his
nbors , are increased two-fold , but ho
ihould have a manager. A proprietor
night never to be other than a llgurc-
ioad. He should satisfy himself with
"oing the ornamental.
Next to the proprietor in importance
fltncs the steward. Upon that olllcial
iovolves the entire "down-stairs" inan-
.goment. . Ho it is who docs the mar-
< otingurid ho also has the entire super
vision of the culinary department , the
ivinc-collor , and the btoro-room. Ho is
the right hand of the proprietor or
malinger , and lie receives a salary com-
jnonsuruto with hia duties and responsi
bilities. Under him ho has a etaff of
imployos , who , while perhaps being at
he head of some subuepartmont , are
iccountablo to him alone. OI thcso the
shief cook with his innumerable as-
jistanta the storekeeper , the dish
washers , yardmen , engineers , and other
help employed in the kitchen , as well
is the dining room waiters are all uudor
: iis orders.
Tlio menage of a hotel maybe divided
n to thrco distinct branches , as follows :
Tlio steward's department us above , the
olllco and housekeeper's department.
The proprietor or manager is the "groat
mogul" and the heads of these depart
ments are the "grand viziers. "
The oillco or "front of the house , " as
tis technically known , is presided over
by the chief clerk. Ho is assisted by
several clerks , and in the larger hotels
by a bookkeeper and cashier. A good
hotel clerk must be a walking cyclope
dia , a city directory , railway , steamboat
and postal guide , and , in short , a foun
tain of universal knowledge. ' With all
his faultsno man is more maligned than
the hotel clerk. In current fiction and
in the columns of humorous papers he ia
described as a haughty and unapproach
able despot , who , intrenched behind nn
enormous diamond shirt stud and
shoathcd in the impenetrable armor of
his concoitsuporoiliously assigns tremb
ling travelers , aghast at his magnilleent
and lordly presence , to remote and
cheerless chambers at the top of
the houso. In reality , the average
clerk is the most good natured and
accommodating of mortals. Wcro ho
not of a serene and placid nature ho
would long since have decorated a cem
etery , or have been the shining orna
ment of many a lunatic asylum. He is
expected , to bo pleasant- and attentive
under the most trying circumstances , to
remember everybody by name , and all
their peculiarities and eccentricities ,
to give everyone the best room in the
house , to laugh at every humorous an-
ccdoto , no matter how antique , or of
what degree of chostnutty flavor , to lend
a-sympathetic tear to every traveler
who is in distress or imagines he is ,
which is much the same thing , and , in
general , to bo a good Samaritan , a hail-
follow-woll-mot , a cicerone to commer
cial men who are bent upon "making a
night of it , " and a guide to all the vari
ous ramifications of the Smith and
Jones family with whom the ambitious
countryman desires to become ac
The housekeeper has charge of the
entire " " the
"up-stairs" department ;
chambermaids , seamstresses , linen-room
girls aid ) laundresses being under her
In a hotel of 800 rooms , a number
which is , of course , cxceedo'd by many
houses in the largo cities , but which is
an avoragcd-sized establishment , the
hired help would usually consist of the
following personnel :
Oflice Chief clerk , bookkeeper and
cashier , day clerk , room clerk , night
clerk , six bell boys , thrco porters and a
Steward's department Steward , chief
cook , pastry coolc , two assistant cooks ,
vegetable cook , storekeeper , head
waiter , from twelve to fifteen waiters ,
two kitchen hclpors , two dishwashers ,
butehpr , baker , yardman , engineer ,
assistant engineer , two firemen , and a
Housekeeper's department Houso-
keoporlinen room girl and seamstresses ,
and 'from fifteen to twenty chamber
maids'and several laundresses.
If the house contained an elevator ,
which would probaply bo the case in
any city , this force would bo increased
by two elevator boys , and where the bar
was run under the hotel management , n
chief bartender and two assistants
would bo require A billard room and
cafe in addition would naturally require
In the matter of salaries and wages
there is a difference caused by the lo
cality in which the hotel is siUmted.but
they all include board and lodging.
As a rule a first-class steward will re
ceive all the way from $1,500 to $7,000
ixsr year. At several hotels in New
York the later sum is exceeded , but the
average is nearer the former. In addi
tion to his salary the widc-awako btcw-
ard will bo able to make a goodly sum
in perquisites without dishonesty. Ho
con increase his salary by the percent
ages which meat dealers , grocers , and
other tradesmen nro too happy to al
low him in order to obtain and retain
the liotol's custom , which is only to be
procured through him.
A chief receives from J100 to $300 pot
month ; his assistants from $ -50 to $150.
A good storekeeper is paid from $40 tc
876 ; a head waiter from 130 to50 ;
waiters $ -0 to $30 ; dish washers , $15 ; en
gineers $75 to $100 ; assistant engineers
$00 to $75 ; firemen 135 to | 45 ; yardmen
In the otllco the chief dork may re
ceive as much ns $200 per month , but
$100 is nearer the average. His assist
ants are graded from $40 to $75 nnd the
bookkeeper and cnahior will probably
got $100. The boll-boys and elevator
boys receive from $12 to $20 each ; the
porters from $25 to $40 ; the watchmen
the samo.
The houskecpcr Is usually an elderly
woman of some capacity , and will re
ceive from $50 to $10 per month. The
linen-room girl , w.ho is also a
stress , nnd who Ims onorally risen from
the ranks , gels from $25 to $35 ; the
ctinmbermnlils and scrub-women from
$12 to $18 ; the laundresses from $10 to
$20.Tho service of a hotel is like nothing
so much ns n huge army. The proprie
tor , generalissimo ; the steward , chief
of stall , commissarynnd quartermaster ;
the chief clerk , adjutant and nid-do-
camn. In several houses In Now York
the force numbers over throe hundred
The "American plan" house is , out
side of the larger cities , the most num
erous. By this plan the custom is to seta
a certain number of meals in the din
ing-room daily , the charge per day giv
ing the guest the right to partake of as
many of them as ho ehoose.s. The Eu
ropean plan , , K > called , is the term ap
plied to those hotels which predominate
in the eastern cities and nro fust gain-
headway throughout the country , whore
rooms are rented with gasservice , eto. >
and where you nro at liberty to order
your meals a la carte either in the res
taurant attached to the house or at any
other place you choose. In regard to
thcso different plans each has its ad
vantages. If the man bo a good feeder
ho ought certainly to live on the Amoi-
can plan. It Is a great saving to him
self. If. on the contrary , his appetite is
"like a bird's"and ho doesn't care to
have anything heavier than milk nnd
mush for breakfast , ho will find the Eu
ropean plan advantageous.
Even in the average hostelry ot 300
rooms the uninitiated can have no con
ception of the amount of food required
to feet its guests. Anticipated patrons
may not materialize , but ample provi
sion must bo made just the same to pro-
ccl the house in case of emergency. A
air yearly average would bo about as
'ollows :
Beef , 100,000 pound ; mutton and
amb , 35,000 pounds ; corned beef , 20,000
lounds ; veal , 16,000 pounds ; ham ,
Kicon and tongue , 25,000 pounds ; fresh
) ork , 10,000 pounds ; poultry , 40,000
Kiunds ; Hour , 400 barrels , sugar , 120
Kirrols ; colTco , 0,000 pounds ; tea , 1COO
> ounds ; milk nnd cream , 15,000 gallons ;
) utor , 15,000 pounds ; oysters and clams ,
200,000 ; potatoes , 800 bushels : tomatoes ,
00 bushels , and 8,000 cans ; corn , 5,000
dozen oars and 6,000 cans , In addition
Lo these there are innumerable vegeta
bles and extras which amount to about
one-tenth as much again. Coal will av
erage from ten to twenty tons weekly in
summer , and from twenty to fifty Ions
icr week during the winter months.
The quantity of icoused , , throughout the
fear will average 300 tons.
Should the ambitipus young man de
sire to start in the hotel business , nil
no needs is the capital the experience
will come soon enough. A moderate-
sized hotel may bo r.onted . furnished in
most cities for 810 , 00 or $12,000 per
year ; if there is nn established trade ,
ind the house is favorably and widely
known , it will bo , , higher. Location
nnd accessibility are ho two important
factors in success , and the tone of the
house must bo modeled to fit the class
of trade which is expeetedl If it is intended
tended to cater to a'family business , the
location should bo n quiet neighbor
hood , and the bar and billiard rooms
should bo adjuncts to.tho hotel instead
of the hotel being an adjunct to them ,
as is usually the case in a commercial
travelers' houso.
A capable steward is the prime re
quisite ono that understands keeping
a few dozen oyster shells in a bucket of
cold water , and using them as the re
ceptacle of the little shriveled canned
oyster when an order is received for
'oysters on the half-shell. "
Then lot the neophyte shake off all
care and attend to the front of the
houso. " Lot him receive guests in such
n manner thafthcy may fool or imagine
their importance. Lot him be careful
to call no ono by a smaller title than
"governor" or "colonel. " Lot him
accept the invitation of everyone who
nods toward the bar and requests to
know the nature of his particular poison ,
and above all lot him reciprocate the
attention in kind.
- " Rend tbo Death ttoll
Which the bills of mortality of any
largo city may bo fitly designated , and
you will tind that renal and vesical mal
adies , thai ; is to say , these that affect
the kidneys or bladder , have a remark
able prominence we had almost said
preponderance. Bright's disease and
diabetes in the chronic stage are rarely
cured , and gravel , catarrh of the blad
der and diuresis slay many. Yet at the
outset , when the trouble merely
amounts to inactivity of the organs in
volved , the danger may bo nullified by
that pleasant renal tonic and diuretic ,
Hosteller's Stomach Bitters , which im
parts the requisite amount of tone to
the organs , without over-exciting them ,
and the use of which is convenient , and
involves no elaborate preparation.
Dyspepsia , a usual concomitant of renal
complaints , and debility , which they
invariably produce , are remedied by it.
So also are constipation , malarial , rheu
matic and nervous ailments.
The Secret on An Omaha Merchant's
Grey Ualrs.
A Correspondent of the St. Louis
Globe-Democrat writing from Omaha ,
December 23 , says : A resident of Omaha
who has found it convenient to sink his
identity under a name not his own , was
ono of the principals in a real life drama
that has not heretofore been written.
Major Mills was a weil known character
in thoPcnnsylvaniaioil regions about the
time that Johnny Stool came into prom
inence by the remarkable free circula
tion of his suddonlyi".ncquirod fortune.
The major had amassed considerable
money through fortquato oil land ven
tures , and at the time of which I write
was living with hia handsome young
wife in an elegant house that he had
fitted up , as ho explained to his bache
lor friends , in wlfiolrto comfortably pass
tlio remainder of his'days. '
Mrs. Mills was without a history , so
far as the good neighbors know , for the
major had not consulted them when , at
the mature ago of thirty-live , ho de
cided to take a lifol'partner. ' In fact ,
shortly after the handsome residence
was completed , n sweet face appeared at
the window , and on the following day
the local papers announced that Major
Mills lind returned from the east , ac
companied by a bride , of whom it was
said that she was refined , talented and ,
as usual in such cases , a most estimable
young woman , but no allusion was made
to her former home and connections ;
and , as neither the major nor the bride
took occasion to speak of her past , her
history was unknown. That Mrs. Mills
was beautiful was tlio common verdict.
Even Anna Barren , the daughter of the
loading banker of O , nnd who was
known to have cherished designs on the
gallant major's name , was compelled tc
admit that MM. Milla was pretty. The
conventional loses its charms. Mrs ,
Mills was introduced by her husband
among Uio society people of Oam ]
at once took her place , ns by force of
right , nnd becmno the reigning favorite
in fashionable circles. Wlicn the uovol-
tyof the now llfo had worn off , however ,
the majortired of thu conventionalities
of society , gradually drifted back to the
companionship ot his old-tlmo bachelor
friends , and Mrs. Mills , in deference to
her husband's wishes , became loss regu
lar in her attendance nt fashionable so
cial gatherings , nnd finally dropped en
tirely out of the little world that had
learned to love hor.
Tlio major had boon devoted to sports
in his earlier days , and had never en
tirely succeeded in dissolving his at
tachment for the game then quite pop
ular in the oil regions , and which
Schonck has slnco nationalized draw
poker. Ho was happiest when sur
rounded by boon companions and engrossed -
grossed in the mysteries of unseen cards.
Ho loved to conjecture on the possibili
ties of the dock , and the probabilities
of the "draw , " and was seldom upset in
the certainties of the show-down , o von
though his opponent hold tantalizing
nnd profitable combinations.
About two years after Mrs. Mills' in
troduction to O , nn event occurred
which changed the thread of the career ,
not alone of the major , but the whole
lives of two others as woll. Ono evening -
ing a party of young men accepted the
invitation of the major to spend
the evening at cards at the Mills man
sion. Early In the evening play was
progressing , when the Holding doors
opened and Mrs. Mills came into the
room followed by a servant carrying a-
tray of refreshments. If Mrs. Mills
had impressed the fashionable world
with her beauty , the young men assem
bled around the card-table were fairly
dazed by the vision of loveliness that
had so unexpectedly mot their gaze.
The little lady was of modimn stature ,
slight and graceful , with the bluest of
blue eyes , auburn hair , full red lips ,
dimpled chocks , and a complexion us
fair and translucent as a flower.
Charley Sanborn was a nowcotnor in
O , mid had presented himself at the
Mills mansion uixjntho pressing invition
jf the major. A glance of recognition
passed between Sanborn and the lady as
the latter entered the room. Then her
eyes fell , but Sanborn gazed spellbound.
The recognition was not that of old ac
quaintances , for this was the first meet
ing , and no words had even passed be
tween them. It was ono of these cases
of searching affinity , where heart speaks
\o \ heart and the eyes reflect the innor-
nest feelings. Notwithstanding the
'act that the play was largely in his
nvor , Sandborn handled his cards in a
istlcss manner , and showed no interest
n the game. Finally ho arose , walked
impatiently across the room and stood
Booking through the window out into
the night. The mayor approached and
rallied him upon his apparent lack of
"I have no heart to play for common
stakes , " Sanborn said , "but I'll risk all
I have to win for my wife the lady who
HIS just loft the room , and play a single
: iand to determine the result. "
The major hesitated a moment and
then said :
'The lady is my wife by ties of mar
riage. But I am not blind , and have
seen that this night which loads mo to
believe that nn understanding exists between -
twoon her and yourself. For a consid
eration I will yield my right and step
out of , the drama. I will sell her , with
her consent , and after I have disap
peared divorce proceedings may follow
A stipulated _ sum of money was agreed
upon as consideration , and Mrs. Mills
was called in , introduced to Sanborn ,
and the plans laid before her. She
soadily agreed to the transfer , and it
was carried out. Shortly after this oc-
curonco , the major having settled up his
business affairs , mysteriously disap
peared , no one know whither. In duo
course of time a divorce was granted to
Mrs. Mills , and a few months later she
became the wife of Charles Sanborn.
Mr. and Mrs. San born are now residents
of an eastern city and four children
have come to bless the strange union.
Major Mills has boon for the past fifteen
years a resident of Omaha , and his gray
hair and worn features toll of a struggle
of some nature , but none of his many
Farnnm street neighbors have over
guessed his secret none know his real
MAKE No MISTAKE. If you have
made up your mind to buy Hood's Sars-
uparilla do not bo induced to take any
other. Hood's Sarbaparilla is a pecu
liar medicine , possessing , by virtue of
its peculiar combination , proportion
and preparation , curative power su
perior to any other article of the kind
before the people. For all affections
arising from impure blood or low state
of the system it is unequalled. Bo sure
to get Hood's.
IjlTe on the Congo.
A correspondent from Africa writes :
Life in ono of the upper stations is very
monotonous and drink is scarce. Wine
was issued at the rate of half a bottle
per man' per day. Ench man had to
send his boy to the store with his bottle
every other day , and of course th'ero was
a rush for the big bottles. The store
keeper , instructed by the chief , refused
everything larger than a champagne
bottle ; and as the second officer in
charge of the station superintended the
issuing of rations in person , tho'ro was
no chance for uny man to got more than
his share. This did not please the en
gineers , who decided , at a council hold
in the mess-room of the Stanley , that
half a bottle per day was not enough ;
nnd forthwith a collection of empty bottles
tles began to accumulate in the engi
neer's store , and experiments wore in
stituted to find out whether the capac
ity of any ono of them exceeded that of
the rest , but with very unsatisfactory
results. At last some ono suggested-
the device of blowing out the bulge in
the bottom of the bottle , so as to
leave it nearly flat. No sooner
said than done. Not only was
the bottom flattened , but it was
found possible by means of heat -to
slightly stretch the bottom Itself , so that
though it appeared very little larger
than an ordinary champagne bottle , it
would hold'nearly aa much again. The
trick remained undiscovered till the en
gineers had nil finished their term of
service , when the ingenious devisor of
the same , being the last to depart for
Europe , loft his bottle to the second in
command , with a hint to keep his eyes
open for the future.
The Bangalos are a fine race physi
cally , being tall , powerful and splen
didly formed. The chief of Iboko.when
I arrived , was an old man over eighty
hia ago was reported by some to bo
olghty-fouf , by others eighty-six who
had lost one eye in battle and possessed
fifty wives. Ho was over six feet high ,
with a fine , well developed figure , nnd ,
but for his dirty white hair
and shrivelled skin , would have
passed for n man of half his age.
Ho was much attached to Captain Coqui-
hnt ( named "Mwafa , " or the "Euglo , "
hi' the natives ) and never undertook
anything without consulting him. The
scone just after our arrival at Uangalti
when , "Lo Rot des Bangala" being an
nounced as wo were all sitting over our
after dinner coffee. Mata Bywki en
tered , wearing his royal hat nnd Jeopard
skin , nnd attended by several of his
wives , and enfolded Captain Coquilliat ,
gold spangled uniform and nil , in nil
ample bear's rug was really worth see
ing. Having released "Hwivfu , " hia
majesty tho.circuit of the table to
shako hands with the rest of us , and
then ordered1 "mosdamos lea BOUVH-
gcssos" to bring in the raalafu ( palm
wlno ) which ho thereupon holpou the
company to drink. Ho won a tremendous
deus toper , consuming quantities of that
comparatively inocuous beverage , which
would have killed him ton times over
had it been anything stronger and moro
His death , which took place porno
thrco months after I first saw him , was
nn occasion of great excitement among
the Bungalas. As it is their custom on
the death of a chief to kill and ont as
many men as the deceased had wives
ono to bo supplied by the parents of each
wife the wnolo town was anticipating
a big feed , but alas ! how uncertain are
the joys of llfel That big food never
cnmo off ; for the officer in command ,
hearing of Mata Bwyki'e death , pronard
a eoflln lined with rod clothand telling
the Ban pal an that , as the late king had
been "a big friend of the white man , "
the "Mlndeli" would bury him with ap
propriate honors , had himsnfoly boxed ,
nailed up and buried sovonfcotdcon before
fore anyone could interfere. The disap
pointment was groatfor it is the custom
to cut thu dead man in two lengthwise ,
make up an entire corpse with half of
him and half of ono of the mon killed
at the funeral and bury this. The re
maining half is made into a stow with
manioc and bananas , and eaten along
with the rest , of the sacrifices.
Prickly Ash Bitters warm up and in
vigorate the stomach , improves and
strengthens the digestive organs , opens
the pores , promotes prcspiralion , nnd
equalizes the circulation. As a correc
tor of disordered system there is noth
ing to equal it.
The Kstnto Iinrgor Tlmii Was Gen
erally Supposed.
Cleveland Correspondence : The old
farm in Mentor , four miles west of hero ,
which Gurfiold bought some years before
his death , and on which ho used to spend
the happiest days of his lifo , is fust becoming -
coming ono of tlio most beautiful coun
try residences in the vicinity of Clove-
land. None of the family is at present
there , though it has come to bo recog
nized ns the family homo. Mrs. Garfield -
field and one son nnd her daughter are
in England and the othorson isrcading
law in Now York. Undo Joseph Ru
dolph , Mrs. Garfiold's brother , stays on
the place and looks after it and after the
extensive improvements which are being -
ing made upon it. Additions have boon
built to the old house , and ovo.-ything
that money would do to make it a lovely
homo has boon done. Of course a
plumber's bill can give no idea ot the
amount of work performed , but oven a
plumber could hardly have the hardi
hood to charge $13,000 for his services
unless ho had at least driven by the
house , an'd $13,000 is the amount which
has been paid to plumbers for their last
summer's work upon the house and its
dependencies. The other outlays hayo
been in proportion.
This is only carrying out General Gar
fiold's idea. Ho always loved the farm
nnd loved to consider himself a farmer.
Ho loved farm people and farm ways ,
and the plain , homely talk of farm
neighbors. Ho always wont away from
the Mentor home freshened and bright
ened in mind and body , and with his
face bronzed and his hands hardened by
work. Whatever charms the excitement -
mont of political lifo had for him , ho
was always anticipating his return to
the quiet mentor homo , and it was there
ho had planned to spend the declining
years of his lifo. His devoted wife , in
clinging to the old place and making it
a family homo , is only doing what she
know would bo most pleasing to him.
Her beautiful Cleveland homo is for sale ,
nnd has boon for some time , although
the price she asks for it $50,000
is not extravagontly high. The
'Washington house brought about
what the appraisers estimated it at
$30,000. The total appraised value of
Garfiold's real estate was put down at
$37,000 in round numbers. Ho paid out
$7,000 for the Mentor farm , though , of
course , at the time of his death it was
worth much more than that. In fact ,
some years bcforo ho died , ho put a
mortgage of $8,000 upon it , which , for
some reason , ho did not release for a
long time , though , ho was abundantly
able to do so.
Indeed , there was at the time of Gen
eral ' death misapprehension
Garllojd's a very general
apprehension as to his financial condi
tion. It was the common opinion that
ho was a comparatively poor man. The
fact is ho was comparatively a rich man.
There are hero in Painesvillo ono or
two men who are millionaires , but a
man hereabouts who can command $50-
000 is a rich man. General Garfield loft ,
at the appraiser's very low estimate , a
good deal over $100,000 in almost in
stantly available assotts.
It will bo remembered that ho loft no
will. His brother-in-law , Uncle Joseph
Rudolph , was appointed administrator
and his.bondsmen wore Dr. W. S.
Stroator , N. B. Sherwin and Dr. J. P.
Robinson. No man in Ohio stands
higher , in point of business honor and
sound business judgment , than Dr.
Slreator , and both ho and Dr. Robinson
wore warm , intimate friends of General
Garfiold. Sherwin was nt one time
postmaster of Cleveland nnd is a sharp ,
shrewd little man , whoso admiration
for Gurflcld amounted to a sort of
frenzy. The amount of the bond was
$100,000. The appraisers were Dr. Rob
inson , E. T. C. Aldrich and William
Murray the Second. Mr. Murray is al
ways particular to sign himself Murray
the Second for some reason , nn uncle
having enjoyed the distinction of being
Murray the First. The appraisers filed
their inventories in the Lake county
probate ollico on the llth of March ,
1882. They sot aside $10,000 in money ,
and something over $7,000 in other prop
erty for the support of the family dur
ing the twelvemonth , and after this
they appraiscd.tho balance of the per
sonal property at about $08,000. The
entire estate , therefore , including the
$37,000 real estate amounted according
to the appraisement , to between $112-
000 and 8115,000. So that oven had not
the people come with their generous
impulse to help the family , General
.Garflold's wife and children would have
been left in by no means destitute cir
It was a good deal of a surprise to the
people hero that is , to some of thorn
to learn that the general was in such
comfortable circumstances , and there
are many who believe that no was worth
oven more than that , and that his prop
erty at the time of his death would not
have fallen much short of $200,000 or
$250,000. This , however , is' largely a
matter of speculation , and Is based upon
the gratuitous assumption that the ap
praisers nnd these near him ,
who had the manugcmcnt of
h'is alTairs , would not over
estimate Ills wealth or do anything to
overthrow the popular belief that ho
died a poor man , The general had a
group of bitter enemies hero at his
homo , as nearly every man who rlsea to
eminence has , and some of them , even
thus long after his death , do not hesi
tate to vent their dislike in words. His
general popularity at homo , however ,
and the reverence for his memory are
still very strong , and oven some of
those who do not hesltnto to speak ill
of him here among their neighbors ,
would bo among the first to resent a
bitter word against him from an out-
It * miner lor orrellenw proven In mllllont ot
homos for moro than K quarter or a century. It
U used by the United states GovornmonU En
dorsed by tlio heads Of the croat unlvcrHltleg. its
thoStronRCRt.iniroot and Moat Healthful. Dr.
Price' * the only n.iklnft powder ihnt ilora not
contain Ammonia. Mine or Alum. Soldonljrin
cans. . I'wcKHAKiNorowurHOrt. ,
Now York , Chicago. 8t. Loull.
The belt and tonti Remedy for Cue of
all fllifnttt caowd by any derBMunt f
the LlTer , Kldaeyi , Stomach and Dowtb.
Dyipcpria , Sick Headache , Constipation ,
Bfflotui Complaint * and Malaria of all klndi
yield readily to the twseflca&t iatatBCo of
It I * pbatantto the tart * , toneinp the
yttem , teitorea and preatrrM health.
It It purely Vegetable , nnd cannot fail to
ptoTe beneficial , both to old and you *
A * a Blood PnrlBer It ! superior to alt
ethan. Sold everywhere at tl .00 a bottle ,
JCm5o < tv the Mfheit * IeM
elrtin iliaprUntti , tomftrt un4
d u ra blHI y and art th * retetttof
fatirlteiiufPiltloaabltelrel- ; .
Our name U IJ.AT.COUSINV ,
on every fole. | riEW YORK.
ForSala by
H award Brothers.
PorcheronR , Clydesdales and Phtre , also homo
lircd coltM. Kvury nnlnml Kuiirnntcou a brooder
Our stoolc has boon uclectod with reference to
both Individual merit nnd pedigree. Some of
tlieso horses Imvu taken tlm prize nt the Nol -
l > rubka State Felr , 1887. All our horses nro ac
climated , and roltx of their iet can be nhovrn.
Prices reasonable and easy tnrnit. In accessible
by the three leading railroads nf the state , li. Si
W. ; P. , M. & ii. V. , and 1C. ( ! . ft O.
Flir & FAHHilAH , York , Neb
iiv CAimiita Foil
20 Cents a Week.
Seven papers a Treelc. Bend your order to tlio
office ,
1029 P Street. Capital Hotel Building
f Glasgow via Londonderry , * ,
Liverpool via Queenstown.
Are Strlclljr Flrit-C'lmai , and among
the lament , faitcit and flueal la the world !
Accommodation l/B xe * U4. Kren
regard for tba cmnfortamt conenltnce of paa *
Mn < er > atuUlonilr cotiildorid aod practiced
. . . .amurt every rlntunUjr for ( ilaiKow. C'ltr of Uotua
aallflor l.lrrrpool October 12. jl U tL lar ot and
fineit pasnenijor iteamvr alloat. Itatea of paaaaga fof
all claiiea at low an Uf anj- other nrit-clti > line , fa-
Itxio civurdon tlckrta at rixiuccd ratei. Draft * for
anjr amoiuit at lowrit rurrrnt ratea. J'cr book ! f
of fiuri. tlckvtn , or further Information , applr u >
CUT AND . . .
incomparably the B t.