Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, November 25, 1887, Page 4, Image 4

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Dnlly ( Momlnii Kdltlon ) Including Sunday
llF.K.Ono Year | f ) CO
ForHix Month * r > in
ForThreft Months 2 to
Tlio Omaha Sunday HrK , mailed to any ail.
rtrrM , Ono Year 2PO
OMAHA OrrtcK , No. UUANII tun FAUN AM ftTiir.KT.
Nr.w YOIIK orpine. Hoowfifi , TIIIIIUNK IIUII.IH
TKK TII STIIKKT , _ _ _ _ _
All communlcatloiiH relating news nnd
frtltorlal mutter nhould bo uildrcHH-tl to the
All Imxlniw IcttorH anil remlttnnros phnuld ho
iwldrt-sHed to TIIK HER 1'iim.miiNO COMI-A.NV ,
OMAHA. Drafts. checkM und pott < lllo onlers tu
be made payable to tlic order uf thu company ,
The Bee Pnlilisliinlcipy , Proprietors ,
THI : j > AiijY HUE.
Sworn Statement or Circulation.
Btate of Nebraska. I
County of Douglas , f'1
Ot-o. 11. Tzsthuck. bccrctnry of Tlio UPC Pu1 > -
llMdtiu ronitiany , IIOOH solemnly swpnr tliut tin-
acttiul circulation of the Dally lice fur tlioeek
rndlni ; Nov. If , 1M > 7. wivs UH follows ' :
HKlitrdiiy. Nov. 12 . ai.'JKI
Hiltiday * Nov. 1.1 lb.M >
Mondny , Nov. H ir > ,7t/ )
Tuexdiiy , Nov. l"i 14.IW )
M'ctltic-tiluy. Nov. 10 14.WI
mnir dny. Nov. 17 ll.Tttt
rrlday , Nov. 18 I4.7JO
Aver KO ir .739
OKO. H. T/siiiiuiK.
B nrntonnd Biibt.crllM-d In my prt-MMicu this
Wlh day of November , A. 1) . 1HS7.
1HS7.N.P. . FKIF , .
(8KAf ( , . Notary 1'ubllc
Stntoof NebraMkn , I
County of DoiiKlnR. f1" '
Gco. 11. Tzhi-huck. beliie first duly swnrn , rte-
TIOKCH nnd unjH tliut he in nerretHry of Tlie Hen
PnlllslilnKconi ) ] > uny. that the actual average
rtnlly circulation of the Dully lice for
thu month of November. IPHi , IH.IHH
roples ; for DecomlM-r , ISM ) , 13.-.37 O < IJICHJ |
for .liiiiiiury , Inh7 , WJXH for Fob-
, , rinity , IW , H.IWiopli'H ; for Mimh.lM-7. . 14.41)0 )
" " ' - - - - -
I' roplcs ; for Apill.Jh * ,
October , 1H87 , .
Fv orn to nnd subicrlbcd In my presence this
ttli day of October , A. D. 1W)7. N. I' . FKM. ,
< Si.U : < . ) Noturr 1'ubllc.
Hput-ri in the fight , but ho should nut
lose his head over the famous victory.
ST. Loins is clamoring for a new
union depot. It will not perhaps bo
meddled nftor the union cow-shed of
I'AT Font ) says ho doesn't euro u nickel
for liis scat in the council since he can't
get liis boarders on the police force.
MANWACTIMIKS make great cities.
They should bo encouraged nnd fostered
to insure permanent employment for
WH hivvo given the railroads the free
dom of the city with miles of right of
way through public thoroughfares. Now
lot us do something for mills and factor
MiXNKHOTA prohibitionist * declare
high license a failure. . Yet this does
not make it so. Those familiar with the
Iowa prohibition law declare prohibi
tion a failure.
Now PUKt'AUK for thomoctingof congress -
gres-s and the presidential message.
But every cloud has it * silver lining.
The holidays follow hard upon those
dreary days.
Dll. PAUKi'.n is going back to Eng
land. Ho says ho is not tired but day.ed
by the size of the country. We advise
him to wait until the daze has time to
settle into clear daylight.
THE Now York policemen are raiding
the bucket shops , and homo of the pro-
prietoro arc being arrested. Yet .when
Now York is short on gamblers the mil
lennium will have come.
TUB alleged illegal consolidation of
the Atchlson & Nebraska railroad , as
discovered by Mr. Dawes , is exciting
considerable comment. Attorney Gen
eral Leese promises to fully investigate
the matter.
SUXATOK EVAIITS announces emphat
ically that he will not bo in the presi
dential raoo next year. A few more
such cheerful announcements from po5-
piblo candidates , would greatly relieve
the country.
IT is said that the sentiment against
division iif Dakota is gaining ground in
the territory since the recent election.
Tlio reason foi this change is the hostil
ity on the part of resident demorats'tc
admission in any form.
K Washington "rumor bureau" has
something now. This is that the presi
dent will lot Mr. Lamar remain in the
cabinet and nominate some one else foi
the bench. The rumor bureau has n
hard time of it with Mr. Cleveland.
A iir.MAitKAitiA' brilliant meteor was
seen to hover over Los Angeles re
cently. It paused for a moment ovci
the cily and then shot upward and oul
of sight. It probably hud a glimpse o !
the price of real estate in that locality
and hastily concluded to go back inU
Mil. H. RIDKH HAOOAUP is cominf
to America to lecture. Mr. Haggard i
very much dissatisfied to know tha
American publishers have- taken hi :
books and given him no royalty. So h <
comes to get even with Americans 01
the lecture platform.
As TUB time for the four hundredtl
niuiivor.saryof the discovery of Americi
dra ws near rival claimants spring up ii
all directions. Ireland now contend
that one of her navigators came to thi
country about the middle of the sixtl
century and penetrated inland as far a
the Ohio river.
indignant over Councilman Loo's reso
lutlon to relieve him from dofcmllni
dnmago suits against the city. Mr
Webster claims ho lias hired an assist
ant cxpresfcly to attend to the city' '
business. Tills is precisely what is ol
Jectionablo. Mr. Webster receive
3,000 a ycaf as city attorney , and h
ehould either devote himself to th.
duties of that office or resign. . The cit
cannqt afford to have its important busi
a ess done bv substitutes , . ' ' , . .
Train * to thn MlMoitrl IHrer.
The determination of the Burlington
road to reduce the time of travel bo-
twcon Chicago and the Missouri river
live hours , commencing December 4 ,
has naturally aroused the managers of
othe. lines , who last Tuesday wore in
conference in Chicago to consider the
situation. The proposed action of the
Burlington was not regarded with favor ,
but it was understood that it would bo
adhered to , and it was admitted that the
effect would bo'to compel all the other
ronils to meet the time reduction. No
dellnito action was taken at the Chicago
conference , but it is inevitable that so
far as the lines from Chicago to
Omaha uro concerned they will
have to come to the now arrangement.
It may safely bo assumed that early
in December all the roads running between -
tween these cities will reduce their
schedule time five hours , making the
trip in seventeen hours instead of
twenty-two , as ut present.
There is no sound reason why this
change should not have boon made long
ago. Travel between Chicago and
Omaha is at present nt the average rate
of a fraction over twenty-three miles nn
hour , an unnecessarily slow speed , that
renders the trip a very tedious one and
deprives those traveling on business of
valuable hours. Under the new arrange
ment the average rate of travel will bo
about thirty miles an hour , which is not
at all excessive , and the time gained by
those to whom time is valuable in doing
business between Chicago and Missouri
river points will bo of very
great importance. Wo have not
a doubt that the roads also
will find that the change will not be
without some advantages to them. In
bupplying a faster service the roads will
Hud it necessary to give a somewhat
more careful attention than they have
been giving to the condition of their
road beds. There is no one of them
who cannot improve in this direction ,
and under the changed conditions they
will bo compelled to do so. In a word ,
the proposed new arrangement is an
important btep forward that must bring
other improvements , from all of which
the traveling public will derive advant
ages , and which tire to be welcomed as
gratifying evidences of progress.
New Englnutl'a III Temper.
It is from the New England senators
that efforts' to obstruct a settlement of
the fisheries dispute , unless their view
of what should be done is complied with ,
will chielly 001110 , and among these the
leading spirit is Frye , of Maine. The
senator has shown great solicitude in
this matter at all times , nnd the tend
ency of this has not been strongly ftiv-
oriible to n bettloment by diplomatic
methods. It has been quite evident
from the first that of all the plans sug
gested the Maiuo senator regarded most
favorably that of retaliation , und if we
remember rightly ho is on record us
one of the warmest advocates of such a
policy. The senator is a very earnest
and aggressive man , if lacking some
what in breadth and the higher quali
fications of statesmanship , and
having recently expressed his disgust
with the lisheries commission and de
clared his opposition to any treaty ar
rangement , saying frankly that he pre
fers annexation , there is no uncer
tainty as to where ho will bo found
when this subject comes before the senate -
ate , as it must do , very early in the sea
son. Other New England senators may
not bo willing to go so far as Mr. Frye.
but very likely none will have the
courage to champion a moro conserva
tive , intelligent und practicable policy
such as a majority of the people outside
of their section believes to bo desirable
and proper under- the circumstances. It
remains to bo seen to what extent the
senators of other states will bo disposed
to indulge the somewhat unreasonable
temper of Now England on this subject.
Certainly if it shall appear that the an
nexation remedy is generally approved
by the people of that section ,
as may bo fairly inferred from the
preference given it by Mr. Fryo , it will
lo the imperative duty of the senators
representing other sections to give Now
England to understand that that must
bo the very last resort instead of the
llrst. The country does not want to ex
tend its urea northward by absorbing
any part of the British dominions ,
either by purchase or conquest , and the
man who advises such a course is not a
wise counsellor. As wo have already
said in reference to this controversy , it
can bd settled on a fair and just basis if
approach ed in the right spirit. Wo
have no doubt us the situation now
stands the advantage of the facts and
arguments is with the United States ,
but there will have to bo mutual conces
sion , aud two enlightened nations ought
to be willing to make this in order to
maintain friendly relations nnd
continue the peaceful contest for ma
terial supremacy which for three-quar
ters of a century has gene on to the im
measurable advantage of both. The
people of this country desire in connec
tion with the matter only what is just ,
and this can undoubtedly bo much more
certainly secured by pursuing a fair ,
candid and honorable course , evidenc
ing good will and a fiiiicere desire tc
perpetuate peaceful relations , than by
attempting to coerce conditions by unj
'sort of menaces. If such a course fol
lowed us far as the nation could with
reason bo asked to go fail to etlect a set
tlement , it will then bo time to seri
ously consider what other action out
rights and our honor call for. The ill
temper nnd relentless sentiment of Now
England may bo given a reasonable
latitude to vent itself , but it must not be
permitted to direct the policy of tin
nation in dealing with the fishery dis
pute. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
No More Nonsense.
And now comes the hand organ ol
the anarchists' section of the city coun
cil , which has for months sought to fo
ment lawlessness , disordo'r and riot in
the city of Omaha , and attempts to ad
minister a rebuke to the papers that
have raised their voice against the star
vation of policemen and the policy that
has advertised Omaha abroad as the
rowdy metropolis of the west.
Why should the newspapers that have
stood up for IH w and order nnd good gov
ernment bo condemned and branded H :
incendiaries ? Is it because they have iuy lickspittle to councllmei
who arrogated to themselves powers
which were not conferred Upon them by
law ? Could there bo anything moro de
grading in journalism than this venal
catering to lawlessness in exchange for
a few hundred dollars of city advertis
ing ? What other incentive inspirestho
"official organ" of the council with its
insolent thrusts at contemporaries that
have not seen fit to prostitute them
selves to the support of policies that
were palpably in violation of the char
ter , nnd were tending to incite resist
ance to the police authorities ?
But the organ of the council goes a
great deal further than merely prod
ding the papers that have uphold good
government in Omaha. It foreshadows
u reactionary programme on the part of
the council wliich law-abiding citizens
of Omaha will not tolerate. This is
nothing moro nor less than an attempt
to continue the starvation policy by
withholding the necessary levy for an
efficient police force. Speaking for the
law-defying majority of the council ,
the Jtcpublican insists that the con
trol of the police by a commission
appointed by the governor makes the
police force of Omaha the creature of
state government "and the council who
represent the people have no voice in
this control. " This is simply a repeti
tion of the pettifogging by which the
boll-weather of the council has for
months led a lot of ignoramuses by the
nose. It is the most arrant humbug. It
is true that the governor appoints four
out of the live commissioners , but they
are citizens of Omaha , and just as much
in accord with local self-government as
if they had been appointed by
the mayor. The people elect our dis
trict judges , but when a vacancy occurs
on the district bench it is filled by the
governor. Is such an appointment in
violation of the spirit of local self-gov
ernment ?
The milk in the cocoa nut is the fact
that the control of the police has been
taken from the council. This was a re
form demanded by the peop\o \ and
granted by the legislature because the
citizens of Omaha had incorporated this
reform into their metropolitan
charter. It is true that the
charter originally provided for
the appointment of the commission
by the mayor , but the change was made
through tlie pernicious interference of
the notorious combine in which the edi
tors and managers of the Hei > uliUcun
ivero chief factors. They should take
, heir own medicine like men and cease
TIIK second campaign of the people of
Mlanta on the liquor question will come
, o an end to-day , and the election to-
norrow will determine whether prohi
bition is to continue in that city or give
iluce to a license system. The present
L'ampaign has been even more heated
and bitter than the former one , business
ivirtners being divided , personal feeling
mining high und animosities being
created that may hold for a lifetime.
There is a strong array of earnest and
' .ealous men on either side , and political
initiations have 'now , as in the first
campaign , had nothing to do with de
termining on which side of the question
i man would place himself. There ha ?
been a most liberal expenditure of elo
quence on behalf of continuing
prohibition. Mr. Henry W.
Grady being perhaps the mosl
brilliant advocate of that side , bul
the argument of facts presented by the
champions of license , showing that pro
hibition during the past two years has
been a failure , is more forcible to tlu
minds of practical people than tin
rhetoric of the other side. It is sliowi
that since prohibition went into clTccl
the number of the distilleries in oper
ation in Georgia has moro than doubled
and the collector of internal revenue
reports that his collections for the cur
rent tax year will bo $7fi,000 greater that
the tax year , It is also shown tha
in the mouth of October there went intt
Atlanta & 2,6 < M ) gallons of spirituoui
liquors , which were dealt out in part bj
fifty-seven places in which liquor is soli
by the drink in that prohibition city
Surely such facts amply dcmonstraU
that prohibition is not a shining sue
cess in Atlanta. Each side is conlldon
of success in to-morrow's election , urn
as before the colored vote , which hold
the balance of power , is the uncertaii
PllK IDKNT Cl.KVKF.AXD llllS quitl
generally shown a disinclination to giv <
otlicial position to men who have re
ceivcd a boom , and ho is especially
averse to selecting tjioso who have secured
cured liberal and fulsome ncwspapo
advertising. Ho. apparently proceed
upon the hypothesis that men who an
vigorously backed by politicians am
the press cannot bo sufficiently frei
from obligations and entanglements t <
enable them to bo entirely independcn
in their official capacity. Ho may hav- -
changed in this , as in some other re
spects , so that the newspaper puffer ,
Mr. Don Dickinson , of Michigan , ha
boon getting may not operate ugains
him as a candidate for cabinet honor :
yet his friends are reported to be vor ,
apprehensive that it will. A grea
deal will depend upon how anxiou
Mr. Cleveland is to secure th
fullest advantage of Mr. Dickinson'
alleged ability as a political manager
The administration is confessedly vor ,
weak in this direction , the rotiremen
of Mr. Manning taking from it the enl
skillful and far-seeing politician it pot
sesscd. Vilas is a blunderer , and Whit
noy's ability in political management i
not sufficient to spread over more tha
one congressional district. There i
really no one near the president excej :
Colonel Lament who can bo depcnde
on for safe and effective political sorvic
on an extended scale , and manifestly i
would not do to commit the nutioni
campaign to the control ormanipulntio
of a private secretary. If , therefore
the president can be convinced tin
Don Dickinson is the marvelous mani )
ulntor of politics his friend * claim , de
spite the fact that his work in Mlchiga
last year resulted in largely ineroooin
the republican vote , doubtless in hi
desperate need Mr. Cleveland will tak
him , albeit his friends have had n
course to newspaper puffery aud othc
meretricious means to give him noU > r
ety , implying that he is carrying
heavy load of political obligations whic
as postmaster general ho would bo ox-
pooled to cnncellj
Ono thing is potent to cverv intelli
gent observer. Mr.JHoscall and his fol
lowers cannot afford'to ignore it. The
citizens of Omalm will stand no moro
nonsense about their poll e manage
ment. The co'uncllmen are their
servants , and us such they
are expected not only to submit to the
laws as interpreted , by the courts , but
they are in duty bound to provide the
necessary ways and means for ample
protection to Hfo and property. Any
attempt to continue the reactionary
policy of starving the police or to re
duce the force to a mere skeleton will
bo resented.
LOYAI , L. SMITH is now figuring in
the Chicago courts. . Mr. Smith posses
ses some of the qualifications of a states
man and business man. Ho knows the
use of a brass band and the benefits to
bo derived from advertising. Ho lucks ,
however , the more essential require
ment common honesty.
IT is claimed that some of the money
sharks are getting G per cent a month
on thirty day loans in many parts of
Nebraska. Such unscrupulous usurers
should not bo tolerated. There is no
business in the world , least of all farm
ing , that will justify the paying of over
10 per cent per annum.
KI5KI' up the boom and don't stop un
til Omaha bus pisscd ; the 200,000 popu
lation milestone.
Mr. Husldu realized 4,000 from Ills books
last ycur.
It is sniil that H. Killer Haggard is coining
to tills country to lecture.
The widow of General Thomas Francis
Alciiglivr will spend the winter In Koine.
It is reported in Huffulo that Mr. William
D. Ilowells will spend the winter in that
Senator Mitchell , of Oregon , is going to do
his best this winter to have a navy yard es
tablished on Ptiget Sound.
General Duller has become a pronounced
cold water advocate. Ho will present Colby
university with a Imnilsomo fountain.
Uncle Billy Frceii , of Petersburg , 111. , was
a warm friend of Abraham Lincoln in his
youth and used to c-oai-h Abe In gr.immar.
State Senator Fount uln II. Ketclium , of
St. Louis , has been found guilty of having
added some bugus names to a registry list in
that city.
AV. K. Vandcrbilt lias a complete collection
of Louis Quutor/.o furniture , purchased ut
the sale of the private effects of the lute King
Ludwig of Bavaria , i
Hugh .T. .Tewett , tlw noted railway ox-pres
ident fell from a porch at his son's house , in
Hartford county , Md. , few nays ago- , and in
consequence is critically 111.
It is said that John L. Sullivan has in
creased his vocabulary to 500 words. But
he will never make an orator. It is in dumb
bells , not in elocution , his path to glory lies.
Says an observer , speaking of Secretary
Fail-child : "Personally he is the best
dressed and most aristocratic looking mem
ber of the cabinet , ne | excepting Mr. Whit-
ney. " | fr
Sam Jones recently lectured in Hartford ,
Conn. The original title of the diseourse
was , "Get There Eli , " but ho said that ho
hud learned that the people of Hartford ob
jected to slung , ami he had therefore , loft off
the "Eli , " and named his lecture ' 'Get
There. " He got there to such an extent
that some of his audience went away in anger.
E. B. Haskell , formerly of the Boston
Herald , is in Atlanta , Gu. , making arrange
ments for the establishing of a daily news ,
paper. He hopes to muke it "the biggest
paper in the south. "
Col. Kobert G. Ingersoll recently wrote tea
a friend : "Cleveland's lack iniulo him presi
dent , and his love made him popular. " Cleve
land's two "L's. " therefore , have , contrary
to the laws of poker , beaten Blaine's three
"K's. "
Charles Henri' Jones Tyler , United States
minister to Liberia , who is now hi this coun
try on leave of absence , is a fat , sleek , jaunty
young colored man who dresses hi the height
of fashion ami seems to enjoy life to the ut
most. His position as American representa
tive in Liberia pays him W,000 a year , anil ho
has little or nothing to do.
Kx-CuntlllutnH Appreciate Thin.
Lowfll Citizen ,
Ilasto is inadvisable ut any time. A man
running for an ollk-o , for example , is likely to
be tripped up oy a very small obstacle.
Where the .Ta\v Fnil.s.
Kcte O/tains / I'lMywic.
Men who bite oft moro than they can chew
are no worse off than these who want to
chow more than they can bite off.
lleclpe lor a Philosopher.
It is the easiest thing in the world to bo a
philosopher. All you huvo to do is to utter
I- truths you don't belicvo anil can't make
Is other people believe , either.
Named I'or the Occasion.
3 Kilman C. Justice was tlio singularly ap
0 propriate name of a gentleman who was
0t hanged at Hywassee , Pa. , the other day.
His parents must huvo known what ho was
coming to when they named him.
He UmlcrstamlH the Growler.
fttfubHri ; Chninttlr.
A recent magazine writer wants some
wealthy man to offer a prize of $100,000 for
the discovery of some means of opening com
munication with the lower animals. Why
not use as medium a man who has goao to the
Tha Hhlp.
C. Mnckay.
A king , a ) > opo and u kaiser ,
And u queen most fulr was she
Went BullitiK , sailing , sailing ,
Over n sunny sea.
And amid thorn sat a beggar ,
A churl of low ilcproo ;
Anil they all wontHallhig , sailing ,
Over tlio sunny soa.
And the king said to the kaiser
And his comrades fair and free ,
"Let us turn adrift lid's ' beggar ,
This churl of low degrco :
For ho taints the balmy odors
That blow to you and me ,
As wo travel sailing , sailing ,
Over the sunny sea. "
"Tho ship is mine , " said the beggar ,
That churl of low degree :
"Anil wo'ro all of us sailing , sailing ,
To the grave , o'er the sunny sou.
And you may not , and you cannot ,
Cot ! rid of mine or mu ;
No.not for your crowns mid sceptres
My name i Death ! " quoth lie.
Omaha a AVomlorfnl CHy.
Chtv nnr Lrndrr.
The Denver Kcpubllcan Bays the raovo
monk among Omaha business men to ralsi
the necessary funds to pay the expenses o :
the Republican national convention Is silly
because the convention will bo held in a cltj
Denver or Chicago , for iilstan'co. "No Mis
tour ! mud hole will ever got it , " the papei
adiK ThU is about the worst specimen of
hldo-bouml local bigotry wo hove lately como
across. Denver in a charming city , beauti
fully located and Illled with enterprising cltl-
zcni , but admitting all thU , it Cannot on the
other hand bo denied that Omahn in ono of
the most wonderful cities in America. That
its citizens uro enterprising Is evidenced by
the fact that they arc subscribing liberally to
meet the necessary expenses of the conven
tion , and until Denver tiuike.t good its claims
to at least that extent it should tndulgo in no
flippant criticism of the claims of a rival city.
What Our StirpltiH TUIOH Could Do.
r/ilfn / < ! cpMii ! llccoitt.
Thoblgpeit unfinished cntcrpilse now on
foot is the Panama ship canal , the construc
tion of which appears to empty the pockets
and stagxur the faith of the French invest
ors. But with the surplus taxes unneces
sarily wrung from American taxpayers wo
could llaisli the canal In six years. Only
$000,000,000 is needed to complete the job.
Unusual Mm-ringa Hocortl of n Imdy
Who linn .lust Died.
Palmyra , N. Y. , special to Cincinnati
Times-Star : The aeeeot death of Mrs.
osophino Baxter , at her homo in
Trumunsburg recalls to those who know
"ior the remiirkablo series of vicissi-
udes through which she passed during
her eventful life. Her married Hfo
ivus an oxtraoadinary one , nnd in do-
all reads moro like fiction than a story
of real life.
She was six times a bride and five
imos a widow. Born in Canandaigua ,
n August , ' ; t2 ! , her maiden name was
.li-sephino Tobor. As a child he was
, ho acknowledged beauty of the neigh
borhood , and everybody who remembers
"ior as a young lady recalls her particu-
arly vivacious and dolicuto manners.
In 'CO , when she was eighteen years of
ngo , she was sent to the Palmyra aca
demy. From the day of her arrival she
A'as the conceded belle of the academy.
Her alTection soon sot upon an im-
.iceunious but smart young teacher in
the academy named Odell , and ono
light in December 'ol , she eloped with
lim. Her father and mother had re
peatedly bogged her to discard Odell ,
mil when the announcement of the mtir-
iiigo was made they wore wild with
grief. Josephine returned to Cnnun-
ilniguii two weeks lutco , and stoppin ; at
: i hotel thord. begged for a reconcilia
tion with her parents , who ronminud
obdurate , and she went to Toledo to
itrugglo for u livlihood with her hus
band , lie became a teacher in a night
school , nnd to make ends meet his
young wife was compelled to do sewing
in her rooms.
In July , 1858 , Odell died of consump
tion , leaving the widow dependent on
her own labor. She was too proud to
return to her home and nsk for help
from her parents , but maintained her
self by her needle until February , 18(10 ( ,
when she married Clarence Cushmun ,
a wealthy bachelor pork packer at Cin-
cidnatl. She was then twenty-eight ,
anil , notwithstanding her hard toil for
u livelihood , was us hundbomo us over.
She lived in quiet style , and no couple
were over moro devoted to ono another.
Two children wore born to them , but
both died in infancy. Mr. and Mrs.
Cushman went to Europe in 18(12. (
In Homo the husband caught
the Roman fever , of which ho sud
denly died. The young woman , again
a widow , returned to London only to
find that her husband had boon insolv
ent for several weeks previous t6 his
death. She was loft with only a few
thousand dollars. For a year or two she
was a governess in the house of a Lon
don banker' and then , losing all of her
money in an unfortunate speculation ,
she returned to America.
For two years she was n saleswoman
in a New York dry goods store. In
June , 'C ( ! , she was married at Nynck , N.
Y. , to Lieut. Oscar WillianiH , of the
United States army , and went with him
to Fort Sully , Dale. They lived hap
pily together , and Mrs. Williams be-
I'umo a favorite at the fort. In August ,
' ( > " , her hubband was drowned and his
wife became for a third time u widow.
Her father , who hnd heard of lusonly
daughter's misfortunes , bogged her to
return to her home and be forgiven , but
she would not go. For two years she
was a governess in the family of a
Louisville merchant. She married Rev.
Edward Lukes at Covington , Ky. , in
* 0i ) . Her hubband was pent u little
later as Presbyterian missionary to
India and she accompanied him. They
made their homo successively in India ,
Hong Kong and Honolulu , in each of
which places Mrs. Lukes was well
known for her devotion to her husband ,
who was a consumptive.
Mr. Luke died in the Sandwich Is
lands in ' " 4 , and his widow made her
way back to America with her husband's
body. For a year she made her homo
with her brother near this place , then
removed to Philadelphia , where she en
tered a private hospital nn nurse. Among
the patients to whom she miniHterod ,
was Graham P. Estoy , a sugar and mo-
his es merchant at Now Orleans. Ho
foil desperately in love with his nurse ,
and after months of very warm court
ship , married her in March ' 78. Their
happy home in Now Orleans \\asbrolcen
up by her husband's failure ' the next
year and his biiicido b'ecauso of his
linancial lo > ses.
Loft a widow for the fifth time and
broken in health and spirit , Mrs. Kstoy
returned to her brother's homo a few
weeks after her husband's death. For
several months she was very ill and wits
convalescing when her father died of
old ago.
Until ' 81 she lived with her brother ,
and about that time became acquainted
with a wealthy and retired gold miner
named Albert Baxter. Tlu-y wore
married at Palmyra in ' 82. The couple
t > pcnt a year or moro in travel
in Europe ' and Egypt. During
the past year Mr. Baxter has been
engaged in' building u magnificent man
sion for their occupancy , near Ithaca.
It was their intention to spend their
remaining days there , and Mrs. Baxter ,
who had known so many disappoint
ments and bereavements , looked for
ward with pleasure to her bright pros
pects. But in all this there was ntill
another disappointment for her. She
was attacked about two months ago ,
when about to remove to her mansion ,
by a fatal Jiseabo. She died last Fri
Philadelphia Press : A rather singu
lar bet was made in this citv on the
night before election. No money was
wagered , but it was agreed that the
winner should be privileged at any time
within twelve months to call upon the
loser at any time , night or day , and in
any place , and proclaim in a loud tone :
"I own this man. lie dare not deny it.
I possess a secret about his life that puts
him completely in my power. Ho dare
not rofuxo to do any tiling 1 tell him. To
provo my assertion I will order him to
treat every ono within sound of my
voice to champagne. " Imagine the
situation , should this be sprunguponthu
unfortunate lo > ur in a crowded cafe , or
at u business mooting , or at a banquet !
It was mutually agreed that no matter
how offensive the tone or manner may
bo the laser dare not rebuilt it. The
manner in which the gentleman who
got on the wrong hi do of the fence
avoids the gentleman who got on the
right niilo. in crowded places is amusing'
to say the least. Ho has boon living la
dread since election day.
Strnngo Onroor of Jim Baker , Bosom
Friend of Kit Carson.
Jle llns Keen Hunter , Trnpprr nnd
Imliiut I-'Ightrr Taking 1'nrt
lit Alt tlio Great lliittlrH
Against Iliu UedskltiH.
Denver correspondence of the Now
York World : In a humble homo on
Snake river , near the boundary line be
tween Colorado nnd Wyoming , lives
Jim Raker. Ho is familiarly known us
the Old Man of the Mountains. Forever
over fifty years ho has been hunter ,
trapper , scout and guide on the frontier.
After half a century of thrilling adven
ture , both on the plains and in the
mountains , his almost iron constitution
refuses to yield its strength to changing
timo. Ho is now over eighty years of
ago , and many say older , but ho laughs
at his years and says ho is still young.
His eye is as keen and quick ns the
ouglo's , oven though the burden
of four score years is resting upon
him. His hair is long and silken nnd
white as the mountain snows. The locks
are curly , and , flowing far down on his
shoulders , inuko him look verily the
patriarch of the llocky Mountain coun
try that ho is. His is the most charac
teristic fuco on nil the frontier , and no
Western artist feels that ho has
achieved success until ho lias painted
old Jim Hiilcur IIH the finest typo and the
last of that old class of hunt < 'r.s who will
over live in the romance that has
always iriven a mystery to the border
land between civilization and the homo
of the savage. His fuco is as rough us
the unhewn and rugged rocks , and thu
sharp rough features show the strength
and nerve that bus always clmractcri/ed
Kit Carson and Jim Baker for years
were boon companions and tried and
trusty friends. Together they fought
many a battle with the Indians , and
wont through hundreds of adventures
nnd hair-breadth escapes. Hence. Kit
Carson spoke from experience when ho
said , "I have never met a man in all
the Koeky Mountain country who had a
nerve like Jim Raker's. " They both
married squaws and lived happily with
them. Raker fell in love with u'Shos-
hone Indian maid , courted her and won
her after the style of her tribe , and by
her has raised u family of half-breed's
well known in the west. Some say that
Raker and Carson married sisters , but
that cannot bo stated as a fact.
Jim Raker first began to bo a promi
nent figure on the frontier about the
time of the coming of Fremont and nil-
pin , but ho hud acquired considerable
fame as a hunter even before that
period. The first time the Fourth of
July was celebrated in the Rocky
Mountain country was on the St. Vrain
in 184J5 and in that little band were Fre
mont , Gilpin , Lieutenant Maxwell , Jim
Raker ana Kit Carson. Governor Gil-
pin is not quite sure now that it was on
the Fourth of July , but it was near that
time and the object was the Mime. The
American Hag was hoisted and Fre
mont's old howit/or thundered its salute.
One of Raker's first hard fights with
the Indians was on Doniphan'b march at
the lime of the Mexican war. Ho was
scouting with Gilpin's part of tlio com
mand and came uj > on a band of Indians
on the line of the Pandhandlo. There
was hot skirmish , and the arrows of the
savages cnme thick and fast , and Raker
with other scouts was compelled to fall
back. The men intrenched themselves
but it was two or three days before the
Indians wore driven buck. There is non
living lit Trinidud or near there , this
state , an old man who lost both legs in
this light with the Indians.
It was the work of Jim Raker as u
scout that saved Albert Sidney John
ston's army from starving in his expe
dition against the MormoiiH. Secretary
Floyd , under Ruchannn's administra
tion , planned a campaign against the
Mormons , and about three regiments
wore sent out from Fort Lcuveriworth ,
and in their trip across the plains
dragged along in weary , broken at
tachments. When the first of the com
mand reached Fort Bridges , the strag
glers with the commissary were cut olT
by the Mormons , and their provisions
destroyed. Johnston was then Kent out
to take command , but before he could
begin an active campaign winter had
sot ill. Their supply of provioions was
getting small , and they wore afraid to
buy from the Mormons , for fear they
would poison them. Johnston then de
spatched Captain Mnrcoy with a detail
to Taos , N. M. , for provisions and
horses , intrusting this command to Jim
Raker ns scout und guide.
It was a long expedition , full of dan
ger , in midwinter. Over a thousand
miles of nn almost unknown country ,
covered with deep MIOW , was between
Johnston and the nearest settlement.
Rut what if there was HIIOW on the trail ?
Jiin Raker know the way. On u recent
visit to Denver Raker pointed out to a
fricndi the spot on the Platte where
Captain Mnrcoy stopped a few days to
rest hfs men. Part of the city of Den
ver now covers that old camp ground ,
and Raker could hardly ll'nd the place.
Rut they made the trip in safety , pur
chasing provisions of Lieutenant .Max
well and horses from Kit Carson , ex
pending about 8100,000. Tlio return
was full of danger. There wore hostile
Indians to guard against on tlio ono side
and warlike Mormons on the other.
The winter was sovcro , und several
times there was dangerof mutiny among
Marcoy's command. It way a long and
perilous march , but Jim Raker's nerve
and patidnco und words of courage
pulled them through , mid Johnston's
command of about three thousand men
was saved.
Jim Baker did good work with General -
oral Harnoy ut Ash Hollow , and , us the
story is now told in the west , it WUH
RalYer who discovered the whereabouts
of the Indians. In that fight was
Spotted HOI-EC , then only u common
warrior , but who lutor became a great
war chief. After the battle many squaws
and pappoobcs were ruptured and the
Indians Hod. Raker was with the scouts
that followed in pursuit , and he tolls
the story of how , later , the Indians
wanted peace und of seeing Harnoy
talk to thorn. Ho wanted the
murderer.- ) given up within four days
and they then could huvo their squaws
and pappoosos. Within the time specified
three Indians were surrendered , and
among the number was Spotted Horse.
Raker then told of how these Indians
were seat to Washington instead of be
ing killed , nnd bow Ruchanan , with his
own hands , hung a silver medal around
the neck of Spotted Horse. In reward
for this clemency Spotted Horsoilurlng
the Indian wars on the pluins.murdered
und masssicred over two hundred men ,
women and children along the Platto.
Raker thinks that Spotted Horse was
in after years roasted to death by the
Runnocks for treachery and that such
a death was none too good for such a
Duels wore as common in the west in
those days as la thu south , and the fol
lowing story is told of Jim Bnkor chrvl
longing Loft Hand , the grout war ohiol
of the Arupahoos. Ho was known by
that name by the whites as it was ro-
murkublo to POO an Indian who was loft
handed. His Indian nnmo waa Nl-Wot.
A mountain stream and a little post-
olllco near Denver bear the nnmo Ni-
Wet , in honor of the old wurrlor. It
was curly in ( ho sixties , when Jim
Raker was living on Clear Crcok , thut
ho had excited the unlmosity and hut-
red of Left Hand. On ono occasion Loft
Rand and u band of his tribe cuinpcd
near Jim Raker's cabin. Relieving that
they wore bent on mischief and that his
old enemy intended to make war on him ,
Raker , with rillo in hand , went alone to
Left Hand's camp. The Indians wore
unuucd to see Raker enter their camp
iilouo , und much moro HO when they
saw him walk up to Left Hand and sny :
"Is Loft Hand the great chief and
warrior of the Arapahoes , bore for
ponce or war ? "
The chief , sUirlled by the nerve and
also the abrupt question of the speaker ,
he situ toil a moment.
"Which is it my Indian brother
wants ? " again said Raker.
"Paleface no friend of Arapahoe"re
plied Left Hand. "Mo no afraid of Jim
Raker. Ho shoot rifle like KitCarnon.
but Left Hand no afraid. "
Angry words followed , and Left Hum !
shouted out :
"Mo heap great warrior of Arapahoos ;
mnd at paleface. Left Hand como to
light , and light now , " shaking his rillo
delimit ! y.
"Figlit with rillcs ? " asked Raker.
"Left Hand no afraid paleface rifle ;
light with rillo hundred yards. "
"Left Hand has spoken like a warrior
and 1 will fight , " replied Raker , for ho
know that ho was moiv than a match
for any Indian with his rillo , und al
though the only white man in or near
the Indian rump , he feared them not.
The hundred yards was paced off , and
Raker nnd Loft Hand look their
plnoes ; hut before either hnd Hrod u
shot I ho Indians interfered und put an
end to the intended duel. Rakor llum
throw his rillo ever hisshoiildor and returned -
turned to his cabinnndIIMIOVOI - after
wards molested by Loft Hand.
The old hunter took n grout interest
in the education of hi.s two half-brood
daughters , and sent them to u oonvont.
Ho had thorn taught music , and once
when on a trip to Don vor ho bought the
elder u molodeim. Re fore leaving the
city , ufter thinking the iniitloi- ever , ho
( nine to the conclusion that it would not
be doing the fair thing to buy a melodeon -
deon for ono and not for the other , and.
returning to the music store , bought
another , and when ho won ! bark to the
mountains ho took witli him two inolo-
deoiiH one for each ( laughter. One of half-breed daughters is said to
have wonderful strength. It is reported
of her that on ono occasion , when milk
ing u cow , she liecame angry at the at
tending calf , und seizing it by the tail ,
swung it over her head and thence ever
the fence.
Jim Raker is like a sphinx. His long
life in the mountains and among the In
dians has made him ono of the most reticent -
ticont of men. He refuses to talk about
his exploits , ami only occasionally ro-
fei-s to the great events of hi.s life in
some private talk with a friend. If you
try to interview him it alarms him nioro
than an electric car.
"Don't ask me any questions"he says ,
in his dry , bluff way ; "you newspaper
fellers want to make a fool of mo. "
Such are some of the characteristics
of old Jim Rakor. A more honest man
never lived. Ho has the courage of alien
lion combined with the simplicity of a
child , and many a frontiersman's' fam
ily has felt doubly safe because Jim
Rakor. witlrhis rillo was beneath thu
roof. Rig hearted and loyal , and ono
who never deserted u friond. Rut his
mis-iion is ovor. His work is done.
Ho will live in history as ono of those
who first opened the new west , nnd led
the way for a new civilization , though
not a part of it.
A Mystery of the Congo.
Rlackwood's Magazine : Having
landed the woodcutters und iniulo
every thing right , wo then the cap
tain. Lieutenant Dhnnis and nr > nolf
sat down to dinner , and soon uflor it
wa-s over 1 turned in. being very tired.
I should explain that there are no call-
ins. Our sleeping iihicct ) wore at the
stern of the boat , the captain's being
farthest .uft ; our mosquito curtains
were fastened up to our sides , and our
camp mattresses reached right across
her , IIH she is only about six foot
in the beam. Captain D. was in high
spirits and kept plnying tiiiieson amolo-
dian we had with us ; talking in the in
tervals of his home at Rnissols and his
delight ut soon seeing it ngain. Pres
ently ho poured out three glasses of
Portuguese wino und handed one to
Lieutenant Dhanisnnd the other ( under
the mosquito curtain ) to mo.
I tasted it and passed it out again with
the remark : "Its too strong : put some
Congo in it ! ' ' Ho added a little water
nnd said : "Hang it , man , it's puru
water ! ' ' aud 1 never hoard him spunk
ngain ; for , soon after , I turned over
nnd wont to sloon. with the strain- )
of "M\osotis" which 1 had asked
him to 'play ringing in my oars. Next
morning , 'instead of being called by
him , us usual , I slept on until aroused
by Lieutenant lhanis , who came to me
with a while , soared faoo , asking :
"Where is the captain ? " "I don't
know , " I replied. " 1 believe bo's in tlio
Congo , " said Dhanis. Of course I was
up like a shot. Sure enough , then- was
the captain's bed his clothes , booln ,
hat , nil lying beside it ; his mosquito-
curtuin unlorn showed tlieat nothing
unusual had taken place , and ho could
not have got ashore without awakening
either Dhanis or myself , nn the bout was
anchored with her bow to the bank.
Wo questioned the men , but none
had noon or heard anything save
occasional splashes in the wuloi
which no ono on the Congo ever hoods ,
UB the crocodiles and hippopotami ! may
lie heard sploshing all night long.
How it happened will never bo hoard
till the day of judgment ; wo could only
come to th'o conclusion that lie had getup
up in the night , fallen ever the stern of
the boat , nnd gone down ( being unable
to swim ) without a cry , perhaps never
even rising to the surface a second
time , as tlio current is vnry strong.
Wo searched tlio sandbanks for miles
down the river , and promised largo re
wards to the natives for finding the
captain's body or any traces of him , but
in vain. The son may , but thu upper
Congo never gives up its dead.
Nuggets | ty the Tint.
Conor d1 Alone Run : There WUH a
bight in Ruckskin Gulch yesterday that
would have made the oldest placer
minor's heart leap for Joy. Tlio surface
gravel had been washed olT , and the
out in the jugged bedrock for ever 100
fcot was a niass of glittering gold. In
places where it had lodged in the crev
ices it could bo picked up by the spoon
ful. About a pi nt of nuggets , from 8iiO
to $ T 0 in weight , were picked up in the
forenoon by Charles Dudley , and about
twenty pounds of gold had already been
taken to the bank , which hud boon
pcoopcd out of the potholes. No very
largo pieces had boon found ; the largest
would probably go over three ounces.
Tlio clean up , which will probably take
two or thrco days yet to make complete ,
will bo by far the largest over made hi
the camp. It is estimated to roach fifty
pounds or in the neighborhood olIO.OOO.