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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 4, 1887)
r THE OMAHA DAILY BEE ? .TUESDAY. OCTOBER < * . 1887.
THE DAILY BEE.
PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING. '
or Rtiiwcmtrnos !
Dully ( Mnrnldg Edition ) Including Sunday
II rr. , One Vonr . $10 01
For Blx Months . . . 600
For Three Month * . 260
Iho Omaha Hindu ? DKK , mailed to nnr
ddrww , One Year. . . . 2 00
OMAHA OFTIfT ! , NO. Ml AND 918 FAHXAM BTBirT.
rli r Vomc orricc. ItooM B6. TnimiNi Iltm.nmo.
WAISIINUTO.V orncs , No. iu roimnifrrii STRUT.
All communlontions relfttlnif to nown ande <
torlal matter KhouM bo Bd < lit > Me < l to the Kin *
Ton or THE IlKC.
All t > ulnc9l ttoriauilromltUneeflhouldb
Milroft'od to THE Uci 1'OBMilllKO Co.Mi'Axr ,
OMUIA. Draft * . cliecVs end po tqmce ordorg
to bo mftdo payable to the ordr 0 ! tU company.
! BE BEE PyELISHIsTcOMPiiy , PROPflltlOflS ,
E. KOSEWATER , KOTTOR.
THE DAILY BKE.
Bvrorn Statement of Circulation ,
Bt tc of Nebraska. I - _
County of I > ou ms. j ° * " _ _
( ! ro. 1) . Txschneir , secretary of The lice
Publishing company , does BOloinnly swear
that tliu actual circulation of tlm Dally Ilco
for the week ending Sept. 80. 1887 , was as
follows : . .
Saturday. Sent. 2L. . 14.200
Sunday. Sent S5 . 14.S20
Monday. Sept. 'M . 14.GM
Tuesday. Sept. 27 . 14.010
Wednesday. Sept 23 . 1JI.OBI
Tiiursdav.8owt.s9 . 14,015
Friday , Sept. 30 . 14,015
Avcraire . 14.155
OKO. It. TZBCJIUCK.
Sworn to and subscribed tn my presence
this 1st day of October , A. D. 1887.
N. P. FKIT ,
fSKAL.1 Notary Public.
State of Nebraska. J
Dointlas County. I
( ieo. B. Tzschuck , being iirst duly sworn ,
deposes and says that he Is secretary of The
Ilco Publishing company , that the actual
average dally circulation of the Dally Boo for
the month of September , ItBO. 13.030 copies ;
for October , 1880. 12.9S9 copies ; for Novem
ber , 188(5 ( , 1SM8 ! copies ; for December , 1880 ,
ii.srr : copies ; for January 1887 , 10,200
copies ; for February , 1887 , 14,19s copies ; for
March. IbOT , 14,400 copies ; for April. 1887 ,
14ilO : copies ; for May , 1887 , 14,227 copies ; for
Juno 1887 , 14,147 copies : for July. 1887 , 14-
W3 copies ; for August , 1887 , 14.151 copies.
OKO. 1J Tzscrruc * .
Sworn and subscribed In my presence
this Mh day ot Sept A. D. , 1887.
[ SEA L. | N. I' . FKH. Notary Public.
how b\e \ I bo , " says two-year-old
Chutlrou of this stato. Fruity soon it will
clamor for long clothes.
Tnp. democratic county ticket is not
yet in a process of evolution. Mo con
vention to nominate it lias yet bean
called , and nobody can guass when it will
A LITTLE civil service reform in the
court house and city hall would bo : i
good thine. Nearly all the officers , do p.
utics nnd clerks have had a political out-
fug for the last three days.
PAT Foiii ) sot up tlio pins to pocket the
entire Third ward delegation to the dem
ocratic county convention , but tiic
"corkus" was n corker on Pat and he
only got in by the skin of his teeth.
NKUKASKA.CITV is a booming town witli
a big ambition. It promises shortly to
become the second city in size in the
'state. Judged from the past its abilities
nro commensurate with its desires and il
Nebraska City sots out to attain the honoi
of being second to Omaha , wo may sec
its ambition realized one of these days.
Now that Mike Lahoy , who supcrin
tends tlm court house and everybody ir
it , lias cot through.managing the rcpnb
lican convention , ho will join Commis
sioner Tim mo in supervising the demo
cratio primaries and convention. Mtk (
knows how to make himself useful 01
CIVIL Service Commissioner Obcrl ]
has stirred up a hornet's nest among the
democrats at the national capital by hi :
recent letter to the Illnois democratic as
sociatioo. But ho says he gets fat ot
abuse , The way his democratic bretli
ren ore talking about him just now ho ii
likely to become very corpulent before
the snow Hies.
MK. AND Mica. CLKVKLAND ought to bi
well pleased with St. Louis. They WOP
welcomed to that city with double loads
exclamation points , bunting , music , pbr
traits , carriages , and every thing else tha
goes to make life n holiday aU'air. It i
somewhat expensive to the democrats , t
bo sure , bat then political capital ulway
A SCANDAL is said to bo brewing in con
nection with the recent decision in th
Ilell telephone suit at lioston. The re
suit of the litigation , it is claimed , wa
known in Washington for more than
week in advance of its publication , giv
ing Garland and others ample time to di ;
pose of their Pan-Electric stock at th
IN nominating Mr. Frank E. Mooros t
the bust otlice in the gift of the party th
republicans have conferred a mnrltei
compliment. Mr. Moores liasnot , only
patriotic record as a volunteer in defons
of the union , but has m season and ou
of season been a staunch and unswervin
working republican. His ability to fil
the position of clerk of the district cour
is acknowledged , and his long rosidenc
m Omaha makes him a very aviulabl
candidate for the place.
Hooni.v.K SiiAui- did not go to priso
after all. The arrangements for his n
inoval to Slug Sing had all boon con
plotod when an order for another sla
came from Chief Justice Rugor. The "ol
man" is jubilant and not nearly so wca
as he was. Unlike the man in the sonj
he wants to stay. This action of tl
; ' chief justice caused much surprise. Tl
placing of obstacles in the way of carrj
ing out the decrees of justice , by judici ;
functionaries , is becoming altogether tc
frequent. Reform in the higher judicial
of tlio country has become a crying neec
LAST summer , when the transportutio
business was dull , there were lar
quantities of coal at the coal mines in tl
east ready for shipment. Uut it was m
moved. The monopolists who contr
the market waited till the consumers hi
to have a now supply. Then the pri <
and the rates for transportation wa
raised until hardship must noccssari
follow among the poorer nousuinoi
Uut not acent of this blood money goes
the half-starved miners whose wages w
not support life decently. It all linds 1
way into the poukets of the robbing co
combinations. In a country claiming
be in the van of civilization there oucl
to bo a remedy ( or such barbarous abusi
The candid New York correspondent
oi a Philadelphia democratic journal
tolls hla paper that the democrats who
went to Saratoga last week with a hurrah
returned homo with a confession of de
feat on their tongues. Ho states that
without exception the Now Vorlc city
delegates say frankly that their state
ticket will be snowed under in Novem
ber , and that tlio republicans tire
altogether likely to carry the stato. Ho
says that not smco the days following the
war has the party been so thoroughly
settled down to defeat. The Tammany-
ties and county democracy are agreed In
this , and only the federal office
holder's venture a different opinion. A
prominent mcmbor of tbo county
democracy is quoted a saying , in
explanation of the action at Saratoga :
' 'Wo found the ship had to go down any
way , so wn put Cleveland and his civil
service reform baby on board , set the
helm , and on the rocks she goes. " The
correspondent says ho ia surprised at the
strength and bitterness of the anli-Clovc-
land feeling In the ranks of the local
democracy , "and tlioy speak with a sort
of grim delight in their probable defeat
in November. " It is boliCTod that Gov
ernor Hill will do nothing for the state
ticket , for if it should bo defeated ho sees
that it would leave him in the position
hold by Cleveland four years ago , that
is , as the only democrat who could carry
the stato. From this point of view ,
which is the ono taken by Hill's friends ,
there might bo more prestige for the
governor in the defeat than in the vic
tory of the party this fall.
It would scorn from this that while the
Cleveland forces wore permitted to run
the state convontton about ni they liked ,
the anti-administration element did not
maiio a complete surrender and that
when the true and final test is made at
the ballot box this fact will bo conclu
sively demonstrated. It certainly seemed
remarkable that the Taramanyites should
have suddenly become converted to Mr.
Cleveland , after having in every possible
way on numerous occasions indicated
their deep-seated displeasure with him ,
but it was a plausible explanation that
the welfare of the party generally being
at stake they were induced to forego at
this vital time any expression of hostility.
It is clear , however , that the
antagonism of Tammany to the
president , and of a portion also of the
county democracy , in implacable , and it
is not to bo donbted that these factions
will manifest it in the only way in winch
they nan now make it effective , it is a
significant fact thnt a canvass of 335
delegates to the Saratoga convention
showed only 100 with whom Cleveland
was the lirst choice as the candidate of
the party next year , and it is entirely
reasonable to suppose thnt the large
minority which declined to express an
opinion was not friendly to him. It has
been well remarked that this was not : m
encouraging return from a convention in
the president's own state tlio year ouforo
his ronomination is to be asked , and that
state the acknowledged key to the situa
tion in 188 $ .
It need hardly bo said that the loss of
Now York to the democracy this ycur
will bo very nearly fatal to the hopes ot
that party in the presidential election.
If the disaffection in the party shall r"-
wilt in its defeat next November , by way
of allowing tlio displeasure of the disaf
fected element with the president , it is
not to be supposed that this feeling
would fail to bo manifested when Mr.
Cleveland became t' ' o candidate of the
party and the opportunity was given to
administer a personal rebuke. True ,
there is n year in which the president
may do something byway of placating
the dissatisfied democrats of his state , bill
how shall ho do this without offending
the mugwumps whoso support is alsc
essential , to him ? It is a perplexing sit na
tion that confronts Mr. Cleveland in New
York , with the conditions by no mean ;
altogether in bis favor. Ho will prob-
ttbly got the delegation in the national
convention , though this can hardly be
regarded as a foregone conclusion , but il
is equally important that ho should gel
all the voles of his party at the polls , am !
it is evident that a very great and uu-
looked for change must take place before
, ho can bo assured of doing this. Al
present the promise of republican vie
tory in Now York in November is exceed'
How Shall Tlioy Ho Uonlc With ?
How to deal with the newest develop
mout of monopoly , the "trust , " and sim
ilar combinations , is very certain tc
become n living and urgent qucsti on o
the near future. The increase of tbesi
monopolistic organisations is recognize * ,
by all unprejudiced men as a seriou :
menace to the industrial and trade inter
ests ot the country and to the welfare ol
the people. It is in their very nature thai
they must become barriers to growth am
progress , while exacting an unjust tri
bute from the public. Their avowed ob
ject is to reduce competition and to con
trol the production and price o
commodities. They are aggregation ;
of vast capital brought togctbe
for the wholly selfish purpose o
aggrandizing those in interest not
by a frco contest in the field of trade am
enterprise , but by a policy of destruction
restriction and an arbitrary determina
tion of values. Their object is not tc
build up , but to pull down , not to widen
but to narrow , not to enlarge the oppor
tunitiesof capital and labor , but to lunli
them. Their design is to withhold fron
the people the benefits derived from ai
unrestricted competition in trade and ti
block the way of enterprise. They are a
war with those laws of commerce an
interchange , the free and full operatio
of which is necessary to the public welfare
faro and to national progress.
These admitted characteristics of th
trust and like combinations establis
their dangerous nature and impress th
necessity of finding some adequate mean
to remedy the expanding evil. Uufoi
n tunntcly , however , those who sea tli
: o peril most clearly , and are most earnos
10 in pointing it out , seem not to bo able t
10ol discern a practicable way of averting i
ol It is a development which the wisdon
id and foresight of statesmen and legislu
30 tors did not anticipate and made no pro
ro vision for. It is a growth entirely peon .
iys liar to this time and country , and call
s , for wholly now treatment. There is
to very respectable opinion that such con
ill binations are illegal , inasmuch as the
tsal exist without any authority or respous
al bility. The rights of corporations t
to surrender the franchises they have' ot
U talned from the state , under specif !
13. conditions as to privileges and rcspoc
slbHlllc" , to the control of t\ body
of men representing a trust who are m
nowise rccogni.-.cd and can be held to no
responsibility by the state that has
granted franchises to such corporations ,
has been questioned. It would scorn to
be clear that corporations which do this
may be compelled to give up their fran
chises. But whatever inbrlt thcro maybe
bo in these opinions they have no influ
ence in checking the formation of the
objectionable combinations , of which
nearly every week brings the announce
ment of a now ono formed or in contem
plation. The evil is advancing , and it
will not bo halted in its progress by any
amount of reprobation and ndvcrso
opinion respecting the legality of
the method. It must be rrachcd
by specific and direct legis
lation , national and atntct made so plain
and thorough that It cannot be evaded or
circumvented. The question Is ono which
the law-makers of the land can afford to
give their most scrlolu attention to , for
great popular honor awaits the man who
shall suggest the wisest method of pro
tecting the people from the threatened
reign of these latest uchomcs of mo
TIIKKE is porliaus no reason to appre
hend n deficiency In the world 'A wheat
supply for 1887-83 , but there Is Very
great probability that there will be no
excess , and that till producing countries
will find themselves at the beginning of
the next harvest with very small reserves.
8Inco the unprecedented yield of 1831-8.1
in the United States and Europe , which
enabled this country to carry over a .sur
plus of 150,000,000 bushels , there has been
a steady diminution of the surplus ,
which la estimated not to exceed for this
year 00,000,001) ) bushels. The harvest of
1831 in the United Stales yielded fiirj.oOO-
000 bushels , the largest amount on
record , while the crop of 1885 was but
357,000,000 bu hcls , and that of last year
457,000,000. it seems certain that
the wheat reserves of the world
were short at the beginning of
the current year , and that the scarcity
would have been widely felt but for tlio
early harvests both in this country mid
in Europe. This year's crop in most
European countries is larger than was
that of last year , but the expectation is
that the importing countries will Imvc to
buy about as heavily us over , and they
will have to procure a lamer proportion
tion than usual of their supply elsewhere
than from tliu United States. As the sit
uation now appears there can be no
doubt that the price of wheat cannot re
main at the low figures that have so long
prevailed , which have bet-n below tno
average cost of production. American
farmers will have loss wheat to sell , but
there is very favorable nromiso ol more
satisfactory returns than they have re
ceived for several yoais.
IT is hardly ncccssarj- for the lini : to
endorse the nominations of competent
and faithful officials whom the republi
cans have honored with a rcnomination.
Sheriff ( . 'oburii. Treasurer Bolln , Clerk
Necdham , and School Superintendent
Bruner are nil well and favorably known
in this city and county. Mr. Coburn lias
made an efficient executive officer as
bhoriir , and is entitled by usage as well as
upon his merits , to a second term.
Henry Bolln has devoted himself
faithfully to the duties of his office. He
has been a successful business man and lias
proved himself competent and reliable in
the position to which ho was elected two
years ago. His re-elcotion is a foregone
conclusion. Mr. Nocdham has been
chosen for the position of recorder of
deeds as a natural recognition of his
services as county cleric during the last
two years. Mr. Bruner is a thorough
educator and it is in the interest of the
schools that ho bo retained as their super-
Tun new law requires an entirely now
registration of voters in this city. Only
four days are allowed for making up the
complete list of voters in the respective
wnids. It is of thn utmost importance ,
therefore , that every person entitled tc
vote at the next election shall personally
appear before the registrar of his votinp
district. Them can be no registry bj
substitute' , and failure to register will
place the voter at great inconvenience on
election day and may deprive him of hi-
Is the scramble for office and contest ;
for the sugar plums , the most importani
nominations so far as tax-payers are concerned >
corned are alwayi allowed to go by de
fault. Wo refer to the precinct asso-isors
It is ot vital importance to every tax
payer that thn men who assess theit
property for taxation shall bo impartia
Tin : principal speaker at the alleged
Second ward Bohemian democratic
meeting was E. F. Moriarity. Wo have
no copy of his speech , but as Moriaritj
is about the only democratic Bohemiai
orator in Omaluf , posterity may have U
go without any record of his cloquer.ee
upon this momentous occasion.
MR. IJAMS inclines to the opinion tlm
eleven years is long enough tor ono man
to hold the most lucrative office In tin
stato. But Mr. Ijams may bo persuaife *
by his friends to change his mind , am !
asK for a four year extension of his lease
IT is to bo hoped that the rogistratloi
books and blanks will bo completed ne\
Wednesday , when registration begins.
0 over nor Oiilcsby , of Illinois , Is a Mcxicai
M. EmestDamlet has become editor o
11 "he Petit Monltcur. "
Claus Sprcckels , the sugar king , Is said t
bo worth over 530,000,000.
Congressman Cox presumes tnat nobod ;
but Randall knows what liandnll will do.
James Henry , ( 'reat grandson of the fain
ous Patrick Henry , U a rising J-OUIIR man c
Miss Mildred Leo , daughter of the lat
General U. G. Leo , Is at the Hotel do Xoi
uiBiidie , Paris ,
Airs. Logan expects to remove the doa
coneral's remains to tbelr llnal resting plac
In Chicago In n short time. The vault li
which they now rest In Washington I
guarded night and day by a detaclunont c
Editor \V. M. Featherly , ofthoAuSabl
( Mich. ) Monitor , has been whipped seve
iv times and had eight libel suits In nvo yean
Thomas Balloy Aldrich Is not rich. Il
does not earn more than 85,000 or 90,000
ye r , Including his salary as editor ofTh
At the recent celebration of the Xatlv
Sons of the liolden West in San Kranclsce
old General Vallojo rode In a chariot rando
In Hpnm and usc&bjl him In 1913.
Governor Pennoycr of Oregon , who Is po-
InRtoNew YorkntWi the Pioneers' excur
sion from that state , will visit Now York for
the first tlino slnro lin went west thirty years
Carl Schurz'a trlbu.to lo tl.c newspaper re
porters Is ns follows : " 1 have never yet re
fused MI Interview unless 1 couldn't help doIng -
Ing so , and I llnd that I nm treated with fair
ness and justness tn all reports. "
Henry W. Lawtdnl the old hero of the last
Apache unpleasantness , was ono of the strik
ing llRiircs at the Plilladrlphla celebration.
Ho Is a man ot line presence , undoubted
courage , and rare oxacutlvo ability.
Dr. llolub has readied England after three
years of exploration In Africa , and although
his expedition was broken up and plundered
by the savage Mashukiihunbcatrlbofar | north
of the Xambcsl , he has yet saved a large and
Interesting collection which should prove of
Ilium-use scientific value.
GDiierAl Sherman has In his possession , at
bis oIllcH In New York , the orlzlual copy of
the sonir ' 'Sherman's March to the Sea. " It'
Is beautifully written on the most ordinary
kind of note paper , the verses being sepa
rated by sketches , In pen and Ink , of flags ,
stars , and other national emblems.
Senator McPhcrpon , In a letter tn n friend ,
says lie Is heartily tired of polities , and espe-
lally of Its modern methods : thnt ho wishes
ever to hold another political olllce , nnd
hat ho will not bo a candidate for re-clcc-
011 , if be I nt ; a candidate means that he Is to
'engage ' In a scramble for the position ot
United States senator. "
, lohn I' . Walsh Is n large stockholder In the
mcrlcan News company , a manager of the
iVcsturn News company , ot Chicago ; adl-
cctor of the Chicago base ball club , prcsl-
ent of the Chicago National bank , nnd tin )
argest stockholder In the Chicago Herald.
L smooth-shaven man of some fifty years ,
it ! nVgan lite without any capital but pluck
lid brains , and Is now worth frome $1,000,000
> r 85,000,000.
It Thrives in Cold Weather.
If thcieVHsanychanea that In the predicted
'on I famine the anthracite monopolists would
'reuse to death , the country would welcome
A Crnzo Chocked.
/lusfoii Tiwtltr *
The marrying of Sunday school teachers to
Jlilnamcn has received a check by the sensa-
lonul discovery that one of them had a wife
ivlng In China.
An Unpleasant Kcaturo Avoided.
The undprtakeis of Illinois , who are now
loldlng a cnnvention in this city , have no
omplalnt from former pattens to consider
and act upun.
Ilnrd on St. IjonlR Democrats.
Kvcrv man who wishes to walk In the
. 'leveland procession In St. Louis must not
only buy his own drinks , but also pay fifty
cents for a hat ot pte cribed shape and color.
Iu other words , thoiRTerasjo Mlssoml demo
crat is asked to maue a mugwump of him
self under urotonso iof promoting the Inter-
ists of his party. '
Wool Hat OninocratB.
Two companies of ( Sriglnal "wool hat dem
ocrats" will boa feature ot the P.eitmont ex
position. They will wear "copperas breeches ,
yellow booK hickory shirts , nnd one 'callus , '
with lopcttu.s ot corn shuck and coon tail
plumes lor their slouch hats. " Headers wilt
wore In Washington , tln the early months ol
the present administration will recognize the
description at a glance.
i'rcpnro For itii Worm.
lto t n Atlrerttr-er.
"Turnlo Is a rattlesnake in a light. " say.
an Indiana admirer of a politician who will
ask to be admitted tothnsonato from tiial
htatu. This description fs preliminary to :
remark that it Tnrpie nnd Senator InealU
have an encounter in the senate there will
bo n. scene which will bo worth painting. .
The country may as well prepare Itself i'oi
Kate I'ntn < i > : \ .
"Here Is the picture you ought to paint
As the sun of these golden days , " snid she
"Thn lif-'ht ot thn sunsut warm and faint
Through the yellow boughs of the maple
The bend of the river and under the lee
Of the shelving shoie , those lishcrmen :
And here in the foreground let me .sen I
What will you have m jour foreground
then ! " '
* ' \Vhv , you in my foreground , of course , '
"Oh. yes ! this contrast of white and blue
G ves just the ton that you need , " said she
"And the sc.ulet spot of mysnnstude , too
Is the touch of color It oneht to be.
lint now the tuckgrottnd want for me ,
To set off thtt blue , and the. white aud rea. '
He caught her cloj-e to him suddenly ,
And on his shoulder lie dnnv her head
"Here is the bauksround I want ! " said he
STATE ANO TKKIUTOKV.
The bank of Chudron has been organ
Ued and incorporated.
Nebraska Citv can now "hi'llo"directl ;
into the ear of Omaha.
A street railway is to bo planted ii
lied Cloud before snow llie.s.
Thn harvest of oats in Dnwcs count ;
averages forty bushels to the acre.
Mr. McFaun , a melodious scraper o
catgut , was relieved of $5 and costs u
Hastings for illegal voting.
Kid Cloud expects to make a haul 01
the B. & M. treasury for improvements
when ( he llulo bndtre is In operation.
King Honeywell and George Cessny
two laborers , \vorc nearly buried alive ii
a gas trench in Hustings last wwik. Tli3j
were dug out , with bones unbroken an !
Hard coal is ntstlng temporarily at th
$1 ! ! notch in Hastings. A number n
consumers are kicking at the iullatioi
and have formed a syndicate to buy th
stuff at first hands , bxpccting to got it t
town for $1) ) .
W. ! ' . Post has resigned his position a
general freight agent in Nebraska for th
Frnmont , Elkhorn & Missouri Vulloy rail
road company , and accepted u promiiieu
position with the N vu-Wilsoii-Morehous
company nf Fremont ;
Major John \Vutsou , the dashin ,
commander of the troous at Nubrask
City , has been decorated with a dmmoii
ring as a testimonial to the valor an
vigor ho displayed ) n ] leading a forlor
hope on the commissary department a
the .state encampment. Surgeon Claud
Watson acted IIH , Demonstrator tin
handled his subject with profession :
A united and painful cry comes from th
country press against the extortions o
tlio vendors of ready prints. The maker
of patent interiors are not satisfied wit
40 per cent dividends. They wan
all the earth outside of the citie
and propose to have it or cancel th
patent. The uool is stronc and pursu
proud , and will continue ileecing thoi
patrons until the latter arc brought t
their souses. Tlio only way to escape i
through organization and co-operatioi
If the country press will unite on a cc
operative house , they can knock th
bottom out of the pool in ninety days.
Holt county comes to the front wit
some mammoth products. James Coh
of Swan Luke , writes nf an "iron-eta
watermelon. UlixHl inches , weighing 55
pounds ; a snake cucumber , ! ) T > xiniinclio :
weighing twelve pounds. Those wer
raised on David C'ofe'B farm. On scctio
04 , one mile west of bore , I have goo
corn nnd potatoes ! nnd A No. 1 voffo-
tables of ninny kinds , and this is the first
crop after breaking. I have two squashes
growing. They now measure Mx < 18 and
47x11 nnd the weight 1 will
take when I pull them. If you Find it
doubting man who will go a bet that the
above is untrue , lot him put up $5 to $100
and I will meet him.11
lown lioni * .
Iowa has 3C05 practicing physicians.
Heal estate transactions In Sioux City
lust month amounted to $500,000.
The enrollment at tlio high school in
Davenport Is the largest over known.
Cool is mined In twenty-seven counties
in lown , and 407 mines are iu operation.
Kx-Congressmnn Frederick has sold his
Marshalltown resilience , which cost $ ! ' ! , -
000 , for $5,000 , and has moved to Califor
In Iowa -10-2 establishments report nn
aggregate capital of $10,471,485 , and 8117
report paying dunng the ycur m wages ,
It Is believed that the prevalence of
diphtheria in the country near Daven
port is duo lo people drinking water from
creeks nnd ponds , ns many of the walls
nro dry aud those places nro the only
ones where water can bo obtained.
Next year It will have been 100 yeara
since Julian Dnuuque settled ntDubuquc.
Ne.xt year the city will probably cole4
brute in a becoming manner that centen
nial occasion. It will also bo the 100th
anniversary of the first settlement in
lown. _ _ _
Jamestown college opened with 100
The assessed valuation of the lorritory
this year Is $ l57.08li03. ;
Iho wheat crop of thn territory this
year will reach 50,000.000 bushels.
A twine factory manufacturing binding
twine from Dakota weeds is the latest
movement at Fargo.
The Yankton board of trade has just
issued a circular M.'tting fovth particularly
the value of Yanklon's water power and
inviting tliu attention of manufacturers
to that point.
Great consternation prevails among
the farmers on railroad lands in the in
demnity limits , near Hillsboro , as squat
ters are occupying some of the most
valuable lands in the county.
The Sisters of Charity at the Grnud
Forks convent have been presented by
citizens with au elegant double carriage
and phaeton with two sols of harness ,
double and single , thn whole outlit cost
ing over $ : ,00.
The I'rcslrtpnt'H Western Tour.
The president has started on his west
ern tour. If all goes well with him , and
wo sincerely hope it will , the man who
lills the highest office in the gift of the
American people will to-day for the first
time in hi.4 life sec the Ohio river. For
the first time In his life he will bo as far
west as Pittsburg , Pa. He will visit the
principal cities uf iho hike region and
the Mississippi and Missouri river val
leys , and will then visit places in the
south. When he returns to Washington
City lie will have seen less than half the
area ot the United Stales , but he will
nevertheless be a wiser tnnu than he
W e are glud that the president is mak
ing tins tour. It will do him good. He
will find that there are other states in the
union besides New York. Ho will see
something of thn west , that mighty part
of the union in the future of which is in
volved the lift ) or thn death of American
liberty. Tliu power of tlio nation is
gathering in the west , and it is u power
before whioh the east will have to bow.
Some glimpse of this truth will be caught
by Mr. Cleveland before ho returns to the
eastern slope of the Allcghanics.
It will bo impossible for tliu president
to remain unaffected by what ho sens
upon tins tour , and we may therefore ex
pect that ho will bo guided by a more
liberal and enlightened policy in the ad
ministration of the executive dcparlmcnt
of the government than he has hereto
fore followed. This should bo noticeable
in his uiussago to congress , the prepara
tion of which he will doubtless begin soon
ufier his return io the white house.
If this hope shall not be disappointed ,
the west and south , as well as the presi
dent himself , will reap a benefit from his
tour. If lie is enabled to break through
the narrow prejudices which make him
blind to any merit but that which is of
the east , the west will have good reason
to rejoice. He would also by this
strengthen himself as a candidate for ro-
election. One great source of weakness
with him as a candidate is the dissatis
faction of western democrats with his
ignorancn of the west , and with his clan-
iih adherence to a sectional , eastern pol
We regret that ho could not come to
Denver. In Ihc Rocky mountains ho
would have seen a civilization differing
from the cast , and also from that of tliu
central part of the union , or what is
commonly called the west. It also diflers
from that of the Pacific coast. It belongs
to the Rocky mountains , and it is in
some respects as distinctive as that of
any part of the union except the south ,
lint it is hoped that next year Mr. Cleve
land will coma to Denver , and that at
the same time he will visit the Pucilic
* Mostly Vanity.
Salt iMle Tilbune.
The two great political parties are
their conventions It
is the sumo old and monotonous per
formance with both of thorn. Ouo ap
plauds the president and claims for his
party nil the virtues , a sop is thrown to
the laboring men , there are resolves
about guarding the interests of tlio people
ple ; there is a fighting shy of anything
calculated to ollend the liquor dealers ,
and the usual clap-trup about soulless
corporations and oppressive monopolies.
The other sulo can son no good in the
president declares that ho lias be-
Hmirehed the civil snrvicu reform record ;
that while ho is better than his party , hoi
unspeakably bad : it arraigns the oppo
sition for not having fulfilled its obliga
tious or kept its promises , points to the
surplus in the treasury , to the unsettle *
fishery disputes , to thn multiplied oflicera
that have been created ; to failures here
and there ; the sins of both omission anil
commission , and insist upon a now deal
There is u vast amount of humbug ntu
demagogry on both sides , and a
Hceming disposition to demand recogni
tion and support , not on the
ground of merit , but ruthor on ac
count of the sing of the opposition. Still
there ought to be enough for both partioi
to advocate. There is no surplus when
thousands of of children are growing u |
in ignorancn ; there is no surplus whoi
there ia no training for the eyes am
hands of the poor ; there is no carry
ing out of the theory on which this
covernmcnt was founded , when men
vote as they arn bidden , or when
they are rofifscd a vote unless they cas
it ns desired. There is a woeful lack o
statesmanship apparent when hones
labor receives no reward savtt a
bare livelihood ; there is a manifest wront ,
when the rich escape the just taxation
which they should pay lo have their pos
sessions insured. It Is a s : l misfortune
that about ton thousand politicians cm
not , in our country , be exchanged for
about one hundred statesmen.
Aiunrlonn Tame nnd Skill ,
ropre.-ented by ' . 'olgato & Co. , produce
perfumes and toilet soaps more delicate
than eaii be made abroad.
THE PIGMIES OF AFRICA ,
Stanley May Give Us the Truth About the
Little People ,
A STORY NOT ENTIRELY MYTHIC.
The 1) wnrr People That Are Said to In
habit the Country Through
Which Stanley Ute
Philadelphia Tunes : The latest Intelli
gence from Stanley in Africa shows that
10 had not been able to start on his over-
and journey from the Aruvninl to Wadl-
ai as soon as ho expected , by reason ot
he refusal of the Arab slave donlcra of
Yarukombo , on the upper Congo , lo recognize -
ognizo Tippoo Tib In his now character
of a Congo state official. Tippoo Tib has
applied for a foroo of Free State soldiers
to enable him to assert his authority , nnd
until that Is fit inly established Stanley
will have to delay his departure on his
great march to Albert Nyanza. Uut lit-
In is known of the three hundred and
ifty miles of country ho will have to
traverse before he emerges on the shores
of the lake. No western traveler has
hitherto visited it. It has for ycars.how-
over , bonn a favorite recruiting ground
for the Arab slave dealers from Zanzi
bar , and doubtless Tippoo Tib's name is
well known throughout the length
nnd breadth of it. In the spring ot last
year I mot at Kilwa Klvingi , ou the east
coast of Africa , Abed bin Salem , a noted
slave hunter , who had just returned from
a live years' residence in the country
west of Lake Muta frzigc. Ho refused lo
bo very communicative about it , but in
the course of conversation I gathered
from him that it Is inhabited by a people
called the ihikondo , who own largo" herds
of cattle and are a fierce nnd warlike
raco. lioyond them to the north there Is
a great river which llows west , and which
is very probably the Lukebu of Stanley.
The country north of this belongs to a
people called the Chikombn. According
to Abed bin Salem they lire terrible can
nibals nnd barter human flesh in their
inurkctt Stanley's route should take
him through this country , in which case
we may hope for a reliable account of
THE DWABF PEOl'LE.
Northwest of the Chikombo , lie told
me , lived the Horriknmo , or "peoplo
two feet high. " This exactly bears out
what the Monbotta pcoulo told Sonwoln-
furth , when ho was visiting Munzo's
brother , Mummery. Four days' journey
to the southeast , they told him , lived the
Tikki-Tikki , who look like children , but
in truth they are men. So many stories
have been circulated as to a race of
dwarfs oxistlug in the heart of Africa ,
that it is to be hoped Mr. Stanley will
now bo able to decide the question.
Abed bin Salem had never seen them
himself , but he assured mo that a uarty
of his people were attacked by them
when hunting elephants and wore
obliged to beat a retreat , being outnum
bered. They are so small that it is im
possible to see them , as they run through
the grass , and , as they are dextrous in
the use of the spear they arc formidable
enemies. Their country abounds with
elephants , but ho was unable to do any
trade with them owing to their fear of
AX OLD TIUWTION.
It Is curious to note how Iheso stories
of a pigmy race come to us from the
most remote antiquity. Aristotle , the
greatest naturalist that perhaps ever ex
isted , declared that the report of trust
worthy witnesses testified to the exis
tence of n minute race of men with
minute horses living iu the caves which
arc washed by the waters of the Nile.
"Tho cranes fly to the lakes above Egypt ,
from which Hews the Nile ; there dwell
the P.vgmies , and this is no fable , but the
plain truth ; there , just us we are told , do
men and horses of diminutive size dwell
in caves. " Aristotle. Hist. Animal ,
vii. chap. a. Pliny gives various details
regard their habits nnd their geographi
es ! position , and Homer in the Hind
mentions them and refers to their battles
with tlm cranes.
To warmer seas the cranes embodied flv ,
With noise and order through the in id way
To pygmy nations wounds and death they
Aud all the war descends upon the wing.
M'HAT LATEH KXlT.OItKHS TEI.I. .
In the history of the Portuguese West
Coast settlements in the seventeenth cen
tury frequent reference is made to a
dwarf nation named liakka-Hakka.
Dapper in Ins history states the greater
part of the ivory in Loango was brought
from a people who were tributary to the
Kreat Mukoko and called Mines or Ikikkc-
liakke. "These little men,11 he writes ,
"are stated by the YngiiH to have the
power of making themselves invisible
and consequently can slay an elephant
without trouble. " Further on acain ho
speaks of the empiroof thegreat Makoko
as lying far inland to the north of the
river Xairo ( Iho Congo ) and proceeds to
specify tnat "in the wilderness of this
country there are to be found the little
people that have been mentioned before ,
who carry ou the greater part ot the
ivory trade thdnughout the king
dom. In more recent times Du
Chnillu and Schweinfurtii have both
come across diminutive races. The for
mer when in the territory of Ashango
discovered a wandering tribe of hunters
called Obongo and tootc the measure
ments of a numborof them. He describes
these Ubongo as not "ill-shaped" and as
having skins of a pale yellow-brown ,
-somowhat lighter than their neighbors.
Their avoragt ) height ho affirms to bo
four foot seven inches. In every respect
they accord with the description given by
Schweinfurth of the Akka , who are un
doubtedly the Tikki-Tikkiof whom Abed
bin baluiii told mo.
M'HAT SCIlWKINTIIItTU LRAIIN'KD.
Schweinfurth came very near solving
the mystery of tliu pigmy face , fur a band
of them actually camped close to him
when ho was visiting the Maubottn
country. Ho was returning to his camp
one evening when ho found himself sur
rounded by what ho concluded must bo
n band of impudent l ovs bent on annoy
ing him. His misapprehension was.
however , corrected by his Nian-Nian fol
lowers , who called out to him : "They
are Tikki-Tikki. You think that
tnoy are boy.s , but they , in truth , are men
nay , men , who can light. " After mak
ing some show of fight they disappeared
unit .Schweinfurth determined to visit
their canii ) . which he was told was near ,
on the following morning. Ho reckoned
without his host , however , for ou the
following morning they had disappeared.
"And thus , " to nuotn the explorer's own
words , "like the baseless fabric of a vis
ion , this people , so near , yet so unattain
able , had vanished once more Into the
dim obscurity of the innermost conti
nent. " In a conversation with Dr.
Sehweinfiirth in Cairo in 1882 , he told
mo that he regretted nothing more than
his inability to visit the Akka country
during his stay one the Wollu , "If any
thing , ' lie said , "wound induce m < > to
again visit thn heart of Africa it would
bo the hope of visiting these people in
their homes and of clearing up the halo
of mystery which surrounds them. Stan
ley will puss directly through the coun
try whore they are supposed tn dwell
and not the least interesting result of his
expedition will bo the light thrown on
the much vexed question of dwarfs.
Thousands of cures follow tliu use of
Dr. Sage's Catarrh Kuiue.uy. 00 cents.
FORTY YEARS AGO ,
Hot Wortln In Congrotii Ending In M
DlHjjrncofnl Scene ,
A wild scene occurred on tlm floor of
the house of representatives on the U&t ol
April 1811. followed a speech by ox-
Speaker \Vhlto , of Kentucky , whoso sub
ject was the tariff. Ho did not , however ,
conllno hlmsolf to the subject. Ho took
occasion to defend Mr. ( . 'lav from the
charge of "intrigue , bargain and corrup
tion,1' urged against him in 18'J5 , when
ho accepted Iho appointment of sccrnlary
of state from Mr. Adams , and also from
the charge of having made it speech in
which he declared that " \vo must have
while slaves , If wo had not black slaves.11
When Mr. White had taken his scat
some conversation arose amongst the
members in his neighborhood upon tliu
subject , nnd Mr. Ratliburn.of Mow York ,
remarked that the charges against Mr.
Clay wore true and could bo proved. Mr.
White being Irritated by the remarks ,
made a sharp reply. Mr. Rfxthburn , after
the exchange of n word or two with Mr.
White , struck him. Mr. White returned
the blow , nnd the parties were immedi
ately ongaeod in a close conflict on the
floor. All this was the work of an instant.
The members interfered' in bodies. Dur
ing the nioelco a young man from Ken
tucky , named Moore , who had boon ad
mitted upon the floor , rushed into the
crowd of members within the bar in a
menacing manner. He was seized by
Boino members aud dragged out.
Mr. McCauslin , of Ohio , thrust him out
of the door. The mahogany doors were
fastened back , ns usual , and green cloth
doors substituted. Moore drew n pistol
and fired upon McCauslin through tbo
door. The ball , missing Us object , took
effect upon the thigh of Mr. J.I. Wirt ,
one of the watchmen of the capital. Tha
ball entered the inner part of the thigh
and , passing around the bone , lodged.
Tlio chairman of the committee re
signed his seat to the speaker , aud tlm
sergeant-at-nrms appeared among the
combatants with the mace. Trunquility
was in a moment restored. As to Moore.
lie was seized by General Dodge and hold
tranquil till he was arrested in due form
by the Henrcant-at-arms.
Mr. Dromgoolo moved that thn partici
to the affray bo brought to the bar of tha
house for trial.
Mr. Suuuders suggested that n commit
tee be appointed to inquire into and re
port upon the facts.
Mr. White rose , and in a brief and very
proper manner , expressed his deep regret
at the occurrence , and apologized to the
house for his participation in it.
Mr. Uathbuu followed and submitted
himself lo the judgment of the house ,
apologizing to till around for what ho
had done through u hasty temper , and
declaring that ho felt nothing but tha
greatest respcot and friendship for tliu
gentleman from Kentucky.
Mr. White thereupon offered his hand
to Mr. Uathbun , declaring that after the
gentleman's declaration it was not in hn
nature to entertain any unkind feelings
This reconciliation had so dramatic an
effect that the whole audience on the floor
and m the galleries began simultaneously
to applaud by clapping of hands.
Mr. Dromgoolo withdrew his proposi
tion , and remarked that ho did not con
sider it necessary to pursue Iho subject.
Mr. Saundcrs thought it duo to tha
house that an inquiry should bo made.
The matter would go forth to the publio
and would bo misrepresented. There
should bo an authentic report of the matter -
tor , if nothing else was done.
Mr , Holmes , after some preliminary
remarks on the disgraceful character of
these disorders , said he felt It duo to his
constituents and to country to offer a
resolution , which ho sent to the chair.
viz. : "That the Hon. John \Vliilo , of
Kentucky , nnd the Hon. li. Killhbun , of
New York , be expelled from Ihis house. "
Mr. While did the same. It must be
noticed that Mr. White called upon the
reporters especially lo nolo his declara
tion that the rash young man , Mr.
Moore , was utterly unknown to him.
Though Mr. Moore was said to bo a KentucKian -
tucKian , he vowed that lie did not know
him even by sight.
The end of llie mailer was that all other
propositions being rejected or with
drawn , it was ordered that a committee
of five bo appointed to inquire into and
report upon the subject.
Acts ol violence on the floor had often
occurred , but this was the first instance
of a stranger , nnd an armed man , in the
affrays of the house , ou the floor and in
full session. It wan an evil precedent ,
nnd the more so bccauso Iho offender
was said to be a responsible and respetuc-
AN INGENIOUS JAILBIRD.
Three Smart Trloks Get Him Out of
the WcHtmornlnncl County Jail.
Grcensburg Argus : At an early hour
last Friday morning John Itrown , who
recently plead guilty to the charge of
stealing a horse , made a most perilous
and daring escape from thn jail "of this
county , lirown by some means obtained
possession of some wire , with whioh tie
made a netting under nnd close to thn
top of a ta'Jlo iu one of the corridors of
the prison nnd into which ho crawled
just prior to the locking of the cell doors.
After the performance of this duty
JailorRocd retired , but made his usual
round auout midnight , when all seemed
right. No sooner , however , had the
jailer disappeared then lirown deccndcd
from his place of concealment , and after
wrenching from its fastening a long sec
tion ol gas-pipe , ho climbed up on to
one of the galleries distant , perhaps ,
twenty-live feet from the heavy gl-iss
sky-light. First blinding the end of the
pipe into thn form of a hook ho then
punched a hole in the glass large onojigh
lo admit of the passage uf his body.
Then hooking the pipe on tliu trame
work , ho ascended , hand over hand , to
tlio aperture . Once hero the jilpn served
him as a double purpose. I'ulling up
the pipe ho again fastened thn hook ns
before aud by its aiu ho descended the
steep slate roof to tliu stone gutter at the
edge. Ten feet distant stands a derrick
used In boring n water well for the jail
and just here the most perilous | a. t of
the performance occurred , to accomplish
which required u nerve of steel. Know
ing that the crash of glass would
certainly ho heard and that
his hope of escape admitted
of no delay , ho unhesitatingly
sprang in thn darkness for the cross
pieces on thn derrick , ono of which , for
tunately for him , ho succeeded in grasp
ing. Having once be on a sailor , tliu
descent to terra lirma by the aid of the
braco.s was an easy inaltor. Oncn down
it was not difliciilt to elude those who had
been attracted to the spot by the noisn
made by the crashing of the glass. Had
he missed his hold he could not have
escaped instant death , ns the distance to
the ground is about sixty feet. It is well
known that thn grand jury has upon
di lie rent occasions recommended tliu
placing of a heavy wire screen under thn
frame of tliu sxylight with a view of
better security , but tlio commissioners
have soon proper to uegjnut the perform
ance of this simply duty and the above is
the result. '
A I'ru us I'D r.
Yesterday the ticket stock record * of tliu
Union Pacific , which herulofore have
been kept in the olllcn of the general
ticket agent , were transferred to thn of.
lieu of Mr. Wing , tliu auditor of PIIHHUU-
gur agents' accounts , whom thuv will rn-
main , under the charge of Miss Y. A.
Black & AluCann Imvu just commenced
the grading of South Tcnlli struct from
the south line of Joseph Kcdlield's prop *
crtv to the south line ot Tom Murray' *
addition. Ten thousand cubic yards ot
eurtu will bo removed.
- - * * * >
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