Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, September 20, 1887, Page 4, Image 4

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* w THE OMAHA DAILY SEPTEMBER 20.
THE DAILY BEE.
PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING.
mia or inpaonirno * :
D tlr ( MoetiiaB Edition ) Including Bunda ? „
Sit. Ono Year. $10 00
For Six Month * 600
For Threa Month * 260
Thii Omaha 8 nd r Hie , tnnlled to anr
addrew , One Year. . . . . . . SCO
OMAHA ome * . Wo. Ml AMD FARICAV STRUT.
MIIW TOBK orrtcR , Ron * K , . TRIBITMI BIIII.DINO.
WAMINUTOK orncc.Mo. J13 rouuTKi.TinBTUIT.
onnRKaroNDCHCit
Alt cemtnanlontioni relntlnir to nowa and edi
torial matter nhould be ad'lretMd to the Km-
Ton or THE Ilic.
BUSINESS LCTTIM !
All budnoM luttori and remittance * thould be
ddrennod to TllK till PCBMSHINO Com-Axr ,
OMAHA. Draft * , chocks and poitofflce orders
to be made payable to the order of the company.
IDE BEE POBLISHIlTciPar , PROPRIETORS ,
K. KOSEWATER , EPITOR.
THE PAILT DEB.
Sworn Btatnment of Circulation.
Btate of Nebraska. I. .
County of Doii'/Us. ' { " "
Geo. 1) . TzftchucK , secretary of The Dee
Publishing companv , does solemnly swear
tbat tlie actual circulation of the Dally Bee
for the week ending Sept.lO , 1887 , was as
follows :
Saturday. Sept. 10 14.510
Sunday. Sept 11 14.400
Monday. Sept , 13 . - . „ . . .14,77:5 :
Tuesday. Sept. 13 14.150
Wednesday. Sept. 14 14,3:15 :
Tliunaav. Sept 15 14.102
Friday , Sept 10. 14,075
Averaeo / 14.337
OKO. M. TZSCKUCK.
Sworn to and subscribed In my presence
thin Mh day of September , A. D. 1887.
N. P. FF.IL.
fSEAL.1 Notary Public.
Btatoot Nebraska , I. .
Douitlas County. IOB
s , Geo. U. Tzschuck , being first duly sworn ,
deposes and says that bo Is secretary of The
Bee Publishing company , that the actual
avcrapo dally circulation of the Dally lice for
the month of September , 18SO , 13.030 copies ;
for October. 1880. 12,9B copies ; for Novem
ber. 1880 , 13,348 copies : for December , 1880 ,
M.23T copies : for January 1887. 10,208
copies ; for February , 1887 , 14,108 copies ; for
March. 1887 , 14,400 copies : for April , 1887 ,
14tlOcoples : : for May , IbOT , 14,227 copies ; for
Junn 1887,14,147 copies : tor July , 1887,14-
003 copies ; for August , 1887 , 14,151 copies.
GEO. 13 TZSCIIUCK.
Sworn and subscribed In my presence
this 5th day ot Sept A. D. , 1837.
fSKAL. | N. P. FBII , Notary Public.
KKAKNKT has suddenly had greatness
thrust upon her. The discovery of the
rcmnins of a mastodon Is announced
frotn that place. This booming Nebraska
city ia bound to lot all the world know
linr numerous advantages.
A Tnnuiut.K bit of nowa comes from
Philadelphia. Mrs. Cleveland la accused
of having refused to ahako hands with
Governor Forakcr. Perhaps she felt a
little squeamish about grasping a hand
recking with ruddy gore from the en
sanguined undergarment.
Miss NINA VAN ZANIVT already con
siders herself a widow. She dresses in
mourning and has donned all the'habila-
monts of woo of one bereaved of her hus
band. August Spies is not dead yet , but
she nets her part as though ho wore. She
is a very good actress.
GKNEKAL BUTI.EK can bo very close ,
mouthed if ho desires. liven the Chicago
reporters were imablo to secure an ex
pression of opinion from him on the
anarchists' case and cave up the at
tempt us a bad job. Benjamin may bo r
blow-hard in politics , but ho isn't IE
business.
HENIIY GEOIIOE has a sohomo fet
establishing a number of daily news
papers in the largest cities in the country
in the interest of the workingmen. There
is no crying need for more , newspapers
for the working people , but if the surplus
in Mr. Goorgo's treasury is becoming too
largo this will bo a speedy method of re
ducing it.
NEW YOUK CITY'S MethodisTnunistr
have endorsed Dr. MoGlynn in his lighl
against the Catholic powers that bo , bul
failed to give their sanction to his laud
theories. The preachers uro always glad
\ \ to welcome ono'who has deserted a rival
denomination oven when the cause ol
his alienation is contrary to their own
belief.
THE most interesting canvass in the
country just now is the duel between the
machlno democrats of Baltimore and the
reform loacuo. The latter are workini
with the republicans and trying to purge
the registration lists of improperly regis
f tered persons. There is vigorous calling
of names , suits for damages and other interesting
I toresting political adjunota.
I * THE railroads of Kansas have made t
h tariff discriminating in favor of the people
plo of the state by engaging to transport
grain and other food products frou
places where there is an abundance to
localities where there is a scarcity at re
I * . duced rates. This is an unusual proceeding -
coeding on the part of railroads. I !
would bo a Ono thing for the roads
through Nebraska and Iowa to imitati
tills generosity.
THE cause of Mr. Porter's rotircmon
from the ofllco of assistant secretary estate
state is not a matter of grave nationa
importance. If ho and his superior of
licor could not got alone amicably together
gothor , ho did well to step out , or if hi
has a senatorial ambition to promot
that is not at all to his discredit. Hut i
is a matter of some importance whetho
Mr. Uayard is to bo permitted to solec
the now assistant. Under ordinary cir
cumstanccs such consideration might b
accorded the secretary as a courtesy du
him , but the unfortunate character o
the great majority of the selections mad
by Mr. Uayard for public positions suggests
gosts that in the present case the presi
: dent may very properly relieve him o
another opportunity to blunder.
Tun most absurd report yet sot atloa
is the statoraont that Randall will give
his support to Thoobo in his contest fo
Carlisle's seat. Apart from the fact tha
the contestant appears to have no case
it must bo apparent on the most oasua
reflection that Mr. Randall would havi
nothing to gain and n great deal to los
by such an exhibition of hostility to Car
lisle. Its motive would bo obvious , am
instead of obtaining democratic assistance
anco , ho would bo very likely to lose i
largo part. of the support ho now has
The Pennsylvania has quite enough 6 :
hand to occupy all his time and atton
lion , without cooking up a new consplr
acy with every assurance of defeat. If
with ail the odds that are against him
ho can bold his following together , h
will have fairly earned the dlstinotioi
which Sam Cox gives . him , of being
"potentiality. " , . . .
Tfc Campaign In Dakota. ' j
Dakota has entered upon a campaign
which is expected to finally determine the
dcslro of the people ot that territory for
division and admission. The South Da
kota convention In July declared "that
wo reaffirm the declarations already
many times mailo in constitutional con
ventions , legislative assemblies and
moniormls to congress , that wo ar un
alterably opposed to admission a * a
whole , " and further declared that di
vision was sought "for the reason , among
others , that good government , economi
cally ami welt administered , will bo more
readily secured thereby for both sections
than by admission as a whole ; that there
by wo shall have our proper and rightful
representation In congress , preserve that
just balance of power to which a great
population should bo entitled , and secure
the highest permanent good for both
North and South Dakota. " The campaign
that has just begun will bo conducted
upon the line Indicated by those declara
tions , and every effort will bo made to
get out n full vote in November , so that
the result shall bo conclusive aa to the
will of the pooplo.
The injustice of the wholly partisan
considerations which have induced a dis
regard of the appeals of Dakota for ad
mission to statehood cannot bo fairly
questioned. It is without parallel in the
country's history , and strikingly shows
the extremity to which a party may go in
order to deprive the opposition of n pos
sible advantage , In this case the cit
izens of Dakota have boon denied
citizenship In the face of overwhelming
facts entitling them to it , the pretext
being that the people wore divided upon
the question whether the territory should
bo admitted as a whole or n division
made. The record shows that a majority
have always supported the latter propo
sition. The refusal to. give Dakota state
hood has boon an injury as well aa an in
justice to the people of the territory.
Besides denying them political rights
which they should now bo enjoying , it
lias been unfavorable to the material prog
ress of the territory. In respect to ttio
public school system and judicial ad
ministration the inability of the people
to legislate for themselves has been a
very serious disadvantage. It is said
that nowhere else in the United States
is the machinery of the courts aa
wholly inadequate for the transaction of
public business as in Dakota , and as a
consequence the courts arc hopelessly in
arrears.
At the November election the people
of the entire territory are to express their
preference , and the result ought to bo
linal. The ofllccs of the territory arc in"
the hands of democrats , and these have
been working zealously to strengthen
the sentiment in favor of admission as a
whole. If the pcoplo shall again declare
for division and admission , us it is not
doubted they will , there will bo no fur
ther excuse for the refusal of congress to
acccdo to their demand , and the country
will insist that it shall bo rcgar/lcd.
Aa to 1'roxlGH.
The insolent gang of impostors and
professional jobbers who control the
llcpnblican arc trying to make capital
for themselves among reputable republi
cans , by a hypocritical crusade against
proxies and the proxy system. For
weeks these patriots tor revenue only
have kept up n fusilndo against the edi
tor of this paper as the champion of the
proxy system in locul and state politics.
They oven have the impudence to claim
that they are trying to purify politics
and destroy a corrupt and vicious agency
in the conduct of republican conven
tions.
One would naturally suppose that
these unprincipled mountebanks , actu
ated by the purest of motivos.aro entitled
to a patent-right on proxy lighting.
Who introduced the proxy system in Ne
braska ana who has resisted every effort
of honest republicans for its abolition ?
As far back as liftccn years ago the editor
of the BEE , as a member of the republi
can state central committee , fought proxy
representation and had a clause inserted
in the convention call recommending
that no proxies bo recognized by the state
convention. In season and out of season
th6 BEE has denounced the practice of
misrepresenting the party by proxy. The
last time the editor of tlie BEE was mem
ber of the Douglas county republican
committee ho agitated and carrricd
through a system of registration that
was to do away wiih repeating
and to reserve to republicans only the
privilege of taking part in republican
primaries. That effort was opposed by
the- railroad republicans , of which the
Omaha Jlcpitblican has always been the
mouthpiece. The republican registration
places and polls were mobbed by rowdies
and political roustabouts. Ballot-boxes
were destroyed and judges of election
driven by violence from the polls. The
same faction , with the resources of the
railroads to back them , have for years
dominated the party only by the cor
ruption of delegates and the purchase ol
proxies. Hundreds of republicans ro-
raomber the political reign of rascality oi
1870 , when the Union Pacific shop men ,
democrats , republicans and green-
backers , wore driven like cattle to the
republican primaries and made to vote
the railroad ticket. It lias been the com
mon practice of railroad managers and
political railroad bosses to manipulate
conventions by proxies that wore pro
cured from employes by absolute coer
cion. Railroad employes elected as dele
gates at republican primaries wore
awakened at midnight and requested tc
give up their proxies to railroad cappers
and sent nut of town on some pretended
errand. This shameless misrule was no1
only practiced in Omaha but in cverj
railroad town of the state.
Republicans who stood up agalnsl
this corporate tyranny and infamous
abuse of party machinery were forced tc
fight the devil with firo.but the advantage
was always with the railroads. They had
places to give.unlimited purse-power and
last but not least , passes and rebates.
The railroad henchmen would have
been pollticallly buried long ago beyond
all resurrection had it not been for the
proxy trafllo.
The proof of the pudding is In the
eating. The arrant hypocrisy of this
anti-proxy howl comes from the political
pirates who are trying to steal the thirty
two delegates to which this county is en
titled in the state convention' withou !
saying , "By 'your leave , " It. pomes
with good grace from ' the
boodlor's organ , whose exemplary roj
publicans are made up of oil-room bum
mers , dead-beats Rndballot-box-sraashon
tohowl | about proxy frauds and that.too
in the face of the fact that fifteen of these
reformers were snaked into the county
committee last Saturday on proxies.
Having always opposed the proxy sy-
cm , the BEE docn not now need to define
ts position. The proxy system cannot
so abolished too soon , although under
ho now primary election law , which the
BEE has for years been advocating , the
worst evils of the proxy system will bo
at a minimum.
Forestry Hrre and Abroad ! .
The forestry congress held at Spring
field , III , , last week was rather sllraly
attended , a foot showing that there Is
still wanting a general Interest in the
important subject of forest preservation
and culture. It was shown that import
ant progress had boon made in forestry
during the year , especially in the south ,
but there is still national and state legis
lation required for the protection of the
forests and the encouragement of tree
culture. The suggestions of the Nebraska
delegates that forestry bo taught in the
publio schools , pamphlets published
treating the subject popularly , and suit
able lectures on forestry before the teach
ers' institutes be encouraged , wore favor
ably received. A bill was adopted that
will bo presented to congress which de
fines public forest lands , provides for the
withdrawal of such lands from entry or
sale under the existing laws preliminary
to their classification , and creates a com
missioner of forests in the department of
the interior with four assistant commis
sioners. The duty of those will bo to
classify and designate , with the approval
of the secretary of the interior , the
permanent forest reserves , which shall
bo proclaimed by the president. The
bill provides for a national forestry sys
tem which would undoubtedly bo found
very serviceable in preserving the forests
on the public lands.
'Jihe importance of forestry manage
ment in the estimation of European
nations , with which the subject
is an old one , and which
are also wiser than wo nro in economic
administration , is conclusively shown in
n volume of consular reports just pub
lished by the state department. Those
reports cover the particulars of govern
ment control and management of forests
inL Austria-Hungary , Germany , Franco ,
Italy and Switzerland , and are replete
with instructive facts for students of the
subject in this country. The forests of
Bohemia alone , of the empire of Austria-
Hungary , clear an annual profit for the
government of nearly $1,000,000 , while
the Prussian state forests yield a profit of
$0,000,000. The French net annual in-
conio is over $3,000,0000 , while that of the
Swiss confederation is nearly $7,000,000.
Italy also receives a considerable
revenue from this source. The pres
ervation and culture of forests
in Australia is receiving careful atten
tion , with beneficial results. The con
suls say , however , that the returns in
money are regarded as the least import
ant evidence of the true value of forests.
Their influence upon climate and rain
fall , and the consequent benefit to agri
cultural land and to the public health ,
are considerations of far greater import
ance. How valuable forests are in this
respect hay been so conclusively shown
in this country as to silence nil contro
versy. Nebraska is one of the states that
can boar the strongest testimony to the
benelits of tree culture.
Again in Distress.
Last spring when the Taylor-Rounds
concern was hard pressed for means , a
confidential appeal was made for relief
to prominent republicans , corpora
tion managers , promoters of street
railways and political candidates
to come to the rescue by in
vesting in a few blocks of Republican
stock. The fools are not all dead yet
and the slick Cadet managed to rope in a
few suckers and dupes for about $20,000.
That helped to keep the rotten old craft
nlloat for a few months. The unmistak
able signal of distress is once more
heard in the land , It manifests itself
this time by a dcsperato effort to force a
split in the republican ranks on the eve
of the county campaign. The concern
appears to bo again totter
ing on its unsteady legs and
it is imperatively necessary that some
thing should bo done to close its ( raping
muw either by direct contribution oi
more subscriptions for mortgaged wind
and water.
It is a favorite old habit of the late
government printer to go into bank
ruptcy periodically and appeal to sympa
thetic friends to pull him out of the hole
into which ho gets by extravagant living
ana imbecile management. This time
the keynote of distress la to be "Rose-
water. " That has helped former mis-
managers from going to the wall and
possibly may servo the same purpose
again. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
THE people of Idaho are looking for
ward to statehood. The population oi
the territory in 1880 was 33,010 , and it
doubtless has not yet a suflicicnt immibci
of people to secure admission , but it is
reasonably expected that it will have in
a few years. Meantime consideration
will bo civcu to the matter of changing
the geographical delineations of the ter
ritory so as to'socuro the symmetry best
adapted to compactness. Several plan !
have already boon considered by which tc
obviate the panhandle. One is that thii
bo appropriated by Washington territory ,
bnt the Idaho people do not look favor
ably upon a diminution of territory.
Their plan is to widen the terri
tory by taking in a considerable sec
tion of western Montana. Anothci
plan is that of Senator Steward of Nevada
vada , which looks to the annexation o !
Idaho to that state. This scheme wil
probably get no support anywhere out
side of the deteriorating commonwealth
The plan of the Idaho people of taking
in a section of western Montana appear :
to be regarded as the best from a geographical
graphical point of view. It would mi
prove the shape while increasing the siz <
and population of Idaho , thus materially
brightening the prospects of statehood
Montana , however , may not take kindlj
.to this project. With the progress thej
are now making maintained , it is a ques
tlon of only a few years when all the tcr
ntoncs will have become states.
CITY ATTOIWET WEBSTER has agair
shown his Italian hand. The council di
rected him to- draw up a contract for the
city advertising for the period ending ot
the first Tuesday in January , 1888. In
stead of wording the contract in thi
usual form as lie had worded the con
tract drawn by himself in1 July.WobiUi
'inserted a clause1 that the llepnblicur. .
shall absolutely continue .as tho' official
paper until a/pcpr / contract shall have
txto'n mado. 'Tno , crafty stool pigeon
knows that Dcchel and llascall will sco
Lo it that no now"contract shall bo let as
long as they ritual n In the council. This
Is only a smallmatter ( comparatively ,
but if the city attorney will play into the
bands of one jobttcr in drawing up con
tracts what will hp do when contracts In
volving thousands upon thousands of dollars
lars go through ) hJ9 hands.
PKAISES for trio constitution of the
United State. " arc even sung by the tory
press of Engtnml. Says the London
Times , in an editorial on the Philadel
phia celebration : "Tho parade of vete
rans of the Grand Array of the Republic
before a democratic president and his
cabinet is the crowning proof nmid a
crowd of evidences of the success of the
authors of the union in devising a vigor
ous and abiding contract.1' The English
people are growing more mid more
democratic every year , and uvou the con
servative press of the country have come
to recognize the fact and cater to the
popular idea.
THE doomed anarchists have suddenly
become very discreet in their utterances
and deprecate the blood-and-thundor de
nunciations which their socialistic friends
nro hurling at the courts winch con
demned them. As Mr. Spies might ex
press it : "Gentlemen , what wo wish is
to ovcrrido the law and save our necks.
The best way to do it is to play the hppo-
crite , and if our liven nro spared wo will
turn in and make It hot for the would-bo
judicial murderers. It may harrow your
feelings to hold your tongues , but have
some pity on us martyrs to the cause. "
HOPKINS , the assistant cashier of the
wrecked Fidelity bank of Cincinnati , at
tempts to vindicate himself and asso
ciates by pleading ignorance of the
crookedness which Harper was engaged
in. Criminal carelessness would bo a
better name for his neglect , oven if lie
did not have a hand in the rascality.
STATU AND THIUtlTORY.
Nebraska Jottings.
The electric light system in Crete is
Hearing completion.
Sixteen teachers do tlio necessary
shingling in the schools of Blair.
F. M. Robinson , of Franklin , was
kicked to death by a vicious horse last
week.
Many bridges were ruined or seriously
damaged throughout Nance county by
the recent flood. *
Ex-Senator Van Wyck is booked for a
speech at the Nanco county fair at Fullerton -
lerton , next Tlitfrsjlav.
In tlio opimoniof the Bancroft Journal ,
"tho Omaha fair' ' and reunion together
constituted tlio _ grandest ulVair of the
kind ever held m Nebraska. "
The town of Mead , inSaumlors cdunty ,
vigorously objects to bo mistaken for
Lincoln bv tourists. Evidently the em
erald richness of the town mislead the
emigrant. m
Fred Hagg'Is''opo ' of the hard-headed
residents of Nebraska City. A Hying
ten pound hammer tapped his crown and
glanced off , leaving only a small lump to
murk the point of .contact. .
Whitcomb , thoiBeomer humorist , , who
shoved a confederate bill on a green
saloonkeeper , has been bound over to the
district court for trial. His experience
has not been n hilarious success.
The Fremont Herald utterly ignores
thu breadth and depth of the Platte bottoms
toms when it says Dodge county did not
have ' "sand" enough to compete for the
county premium at the state fair.
Harry Quan , the shining light of the
City hotel in Fremont for mouths past ,
has disappeared , together with a purse of
$32 deposited by a guest. The deposit of
so largo a sum so bewildered Harry that
he skipped by the light of a waning
moon.
Antelope county will , on October 18 ,
vote on the question of bonds to the
amount of $12,01)0 ) to build a court house
at Ncligb , and Ncligh precinct will vote
October 11 on the question of bonding
the precinct to the amount of $3,000 on
the court house.
Rushville is again discussing the cost
and qualities of water under steam
pressure. Prominent citizens agree that
the lluid would be beneficial to the town
if indulged in moderately , and the pros
pects are favorable for an early practical
application of their theories.
The female flirts of Fairbury are get
ting so bold and numerous that they
plague the staid and pious people in
church. The Republican declares that
handkerchief flirtations in front of the
congregation "are unseemly , uncalled
for and distasteful. " The funny business
should bo confined to the choir under se
vere penalties.
"Citizens of Norfolk" says the News ,
"have many reasons for self-congratula
tion over the progress made by our city
this season. Never before duriug a
similar period has there been so much
done in the way of building. Substantial
business blocks , four of which ttt least
are metropolitan in their propottions ,
grace our leading business streets , and a
gratifying number of elegant and cosy
dwellings have boon added to the resi
dence quarters. In addition to this a $50-
000 system of water works has been in
augurated , and tlio city has voted to
expend $15,000 in securing fire apparatus
and in building sewerage. "
' lown ItnmH.
The Masons of Stuart propose'to build
a temple.
Ono thousand children are enrolled in
the Atlantic schools.
O'Brien county's now court house at
Sheldon is open for business.
Atlantic's ' packing house will begin
operations next mouth with a force of 200
mon. j
During the last tan years twonty-ono
divorces have been granted in Boone
county.
P. C. King , the thieving treasurer of
Taylor county , haslbeen convicted. His
stealings amounted to $40,000.
An expensive picture of the famous
generals of the civil war has boon pre
sented to the Dubuque high school.
The state university opened at Iowa
City Thursday , The attendance in the
collegiate department is exactly 200.
Tlio supervisorsb'f thu county have de
cided to submit the question of building
a $125,000 court house at Clinton to the
voters this fall.
Rev. Father Frederick , aged sixty-one
years , died at the werman Catholic par
sonage at Carroll , Thursday. He had
been the pastor two years.
A new club room for working girls has
been opened in Davenport. Working
women will stick to the rolling pinned
nod broomstick , with occasional poker
exercise.
E.V. Andrews , of Decorah. has received
notice that the pension department has
awarded him back pay amounting to
$10,009.83 , and a pension hereafter at the
rate of $70 per month.
The Sioux City Journal warns. the
town lo "Bo not puffed up , " and in the
same breath , perpetrates this peanut :
"Sioux City is and must remain in per
petuity the cattle market and the meat
center of the great northwest. " '
OAt Denison tno other day a parrot
created quite n sensation'at a wcuding.
A minister was marrying ft couple at the
hotel , and just at the point where the
lady meekly promised to "lore , honor
and obey. " the parrot brought down the
house and interrupted the ceremony by
screaming "rats" at the top of his voice
The bird was removed from the room
and the wadding ceremony gone over
with again from the beginning.
Dakota.
The schools of Fargo will cost $12,000
this year.
The public schools ot Sioux Falls have
680 pupils.
Watertown is promised the shops of the
Duluth road.
Martin county will harvest 00,000 bush
els of corn this year.
Seventy-six Congregational churches
have been built in the territory since
1881.
1881.Tho
The fall term of the Dakota supreme
coutt will bo hold at Deadwood , com
mencing Tuesday , October 4.
Rapid City is elated with the advertise
ment given the city and the Black Hills
by thu display of mineral and agricul
tural products at the Omaha and Lincoln
fairs. The collection now goes to Kansas
City.
The Congregational churches , 105 m
number , assembled at Sioux Falls , memo
rialized the president , urgently protesting
against the recent order from the assist
ant commissioner of Indian affairs , for
bidding the use of tlio Indian language
in the school on the Indian reservation.
Instead of hastening the time when the
Indian shall speak none but the English
language , they argue that it retards it.
Marvels or ttio New Northwest.
S ) > rI ufldJ ( .Ifuss.iVpuMlcdn. ) .
When the Now Englander sots foot in
tlio newer states of the northwest ho
finds a condition of tilings for which
nothing has prepared him nether what
ho lias read in books , magazines or news
papers , nor what lie may have seen in
former journeys. Nebraska , Minnesota ,
Dakota not yet a state , but perhaps
soon to be changed so fast from year to
year and almost from month to month ,
that the returning visitor can scarcely
rccognizo that ho is in the same spot
where ho stood one , two or live years
ago. Even the face of nature herself
chancres. The Missouri seems to bo a
smaller river than when the great steam
boats that have now deserted it used to
navigate its muddv and meandering
waters ; and there are no waste lands
now where the "great American desert"
was wont to spread over the old maps.
Thus an Omaha journalist , reciting the
history of an Island city of his enormous
stale says : "Thirteen years ago the spot
whore Kearney stands today was hidden
in the 'great American desert , ' the
buffalo and the antelope roamed over its
wastes , and amid alkali , rock and sage
brush the Indian still snc.ikcd , hunting
for hfs white brother. Now it is a city of
nearly 0,000 inhabitants , with schools
and churches , electric lights , gas and
water , with a mayor and city council
in a word , with every adjunctof a thriv
ing city , including iho meek and lowly
Chinaman , and excluding the Salvation
army. " Kearney is in Buffalo county ,
Neb. , which was organized as n county
in 1870 , when it had 103 inhabitants.
Now the county has more than 20,000
people , and the city will soon rise to that
magnitude. It is 200 miles west of the
Missouri river , on the Platte , ami is one
of the feeders of Omaha , which now
claims nearly 100,000 people or more
than any Massachusetts city except Bos
ton. Yet Omaha had less than 500 people
ple thirty years ago , and oven in 1880 had
but 30,000. Like St. Paul , it now doubles
its population every four years , and no
perceptible limit to its growth can bo
scon.
The state of Nebraska , according to
its governor , a Massachusetts man be
fore the war , now has more than 10,000-
000 people scattered over its 125,000
square miles , and chiclly along its fast
extending railroads. Its corn crop is so
largo this year haying mostly escaped
tie ! drouth which visited lowu , Illinois ,
Wisconsin and Michigan -that it is ex
pected to supply 25,000,000
bushels to the neighboring state
of Kansas , whore tlio crop in some
sections is short. Its cattle are so fast
increasing that the high price of beef
has come down , and nothing but the
railroad rates can keep up tlio exorbi
tant cxstcrn price. Its railroad crop of
this year will bo more than one hundred
miles got in , although the caution of
eastern capital has acted like a drouth on
this harvest of locomotion. It markets ,
through iU chief city , Omaha , more
gram than it raises , for DaKota and Kan
sas are in some degree tributary to this
railroad center. It is this year the third
city in the United States in the business
of pork-packing , and its cattle-packing
has almost doubled since 1835. Next to
Kansas City and Chicago it will soon bo
the great beef-snipping market of the
world. Its manufactures , though few ,
are important , it seems to have all the
requisites for a great American city ,
except water-power and it is possible
the Missouri could bo utilized in that di
rection.
A Genuine American.
Atlanta Constitution.
When , some lime ago , Buffalo Bill
wrote to a friend in New Orleans describing -
scribing tlio honors that wore paid him
by the princes and the noble lords and
gentlemen of England , ho said he en
joyed the courtesies and the hospitalities
which they extended , but ho announced
that these things had not changed him.
" 1 am the same old bull-whacker , " ho
wrote. This was a rather loose way of
saying that ho was the same American
citizen his friend had known in the old
days.
The successful career of Mr. Cody in
London for ho has been successful both
as a showman and as a social lion is a
matter for congratulation , and we com
mend his example to the thousand of
toadies and tuft-hunters that annually
flock to Great Britain from these shores.
General Joseph R. Ilawloy , who has
just returned from London , pays an en
thusiastic tribute to the mo'lest ' manli
ness which characterizes Buffalo Bill in
his intercourse with so-called nobility.
Mr. Murat Halstcad declares to the Now
York reporters that Mr. Cody lias boon
quite a handsome and distinguished
figure in London society. " Ho has been
souqlit utter bucuiibo hols manly enough ,
albeit his bearing is modest and gontlu ,
to carry himself us thu equal of the titled
mon and women who solicit his society.
Ho is neither a toady nor a tuft hunter ,
but a genuine American who is inter
ested in people not because they have
mono ) ' and titles , but because they tire
human beings.
Wo trust other Americans who visit
England will follow Mr. Cody's example ,
Whenever they do , the Knglish will get
now ideas of the inhabitants of the re
public.
Why Wilful In Cheap.
iltnntapr.iu Tribune ,
Thoio who do not understand why
wheat is so cheap" the present time will
'
probably find a solution for'tiio problem
in the following facts relative to the pro
duction of wheat in foreign countries. It
is true that the American wheat crop is
smaller by probably nearly 30,000,009
bushels this year than it was last , and if
this had not been true here as well as in1
India , prices would now in all probillty
be tower than they have been known for.
year's. But .Urn crops In ot'aor foreign
wheat producing countries hiu bu'en
largo and that has pro1 ton tori the higher
prices whjoh would undoubtedly have
prevailed ai the result of the shortage in
iho crops of India and America.
For example the Austrian crop is re
ported aa 17 per cent above the average
and the Hungarian 20 per cent. Havana
has shown n yield 20 per cent larger than
the average ; Great Britain and Ireland ,
20 per cent ; Sorvia , 40 per cent ; Little
Wallachia , 25 per cent ; Central Russia ,
18 per cent ; Chorson , 20 per cent ; other
Russian districts , 100 per cent ; Switzer
land , 110 per cent ; Franco 105 per cent ;
Holland 103 per cent ; Denmark and
Sweden 100 per cent , and Italy 00 per
cent.
It will thus bo scon that the Increase in
the yields of the foreign wheat producing
countries just about counteracts the effect
of the shortage in India and the United
States.
These figures and estimates are those
of the international corn market of
Vienna , and may bo considered perfectly
reliable and as nearly accurate us such
estimates can bo mado.
OiuntiB Great City.
IVood nivcr OattUe.
Omaha is a great city , so great that
thousands and thousands of people who ,
until last week , had not visited her for
years , were almostvlost in amazement as
they witnessed the croat transformation
that has been wrought since their lost
visit. Wn use the word transformation
because there has been an on tire change
in the city since most of us first stepped
upon Nebraska soil. She is no longer a
place of ordinary importance , but n city
of 100.000 people that is increasing in
wealth and population at a rate that lias
no parallel in the history of the great
west , and the prediction that twenty
years hence she will rank among the
largest of America's large cities , is heard
on every hand. The people of the whole
state witness her marvellous growth with
piide born of the assurance that in rt few
short years Nebraska will contain one of
tlie largest and best cities on the western
continent ,
JEFF DAVISM-LOPEMENT.
The Story of the Mane Helped
Him Steal Miss Taylor.
A Prairie du Chiono old resident re
cently rotated to n Chicago Tribune cor
respondent some details of the elopement
of Jeff Davis with Colonel Taylor's
daughter , long ago , when Taylor was in
command ot lort Crawford. As bo
aided Jeff in the capture anil elusion of
the wrath of Taylor , his story has some
interest. He says :
'You see it happened this way : My
name is George Gronn and I am eighty
years old , if 1 live until next November.
It was about 1834 , or near that time , when
I. with a number of others , went up the
Mississippi river on a steamer to visit the
Falls of St Anthony. Wo left the steamer
where St. Paul nnw is and went qgpr to
the falls , remaining so long that when
wo returned the boat was gone. Nothing
remained tor us to do but to buy a largo
canoe from the Indians , which wo did ,
and floated down the river to Fort Craw
ford. At that time there was a slough
separating the few houses that consti
tuted the village from the trading post
and the fort on the bank of the river.
1 thought I might muke some money
by using tlio canoe as a ferry boat
across the slough , and bought out the
interest of my partners. 1 accordingly
established my ferry and Jeff Davis was
one of my patrons. 1 did not like his
pompous ways , for when ho paid his passage -
sago ho always threw the money into my
hand as though ho was throwing money
to a beggar. One day ho came to mo
and asked mo if I could safely row two
persons across the river , and 1 replied
that I could. Shortly after ho came
again and seemed to bo somewhat ex
cited as ho asked me to bo on Imnd that
evening with my canoo. Ho was more
gracious in his manner , mid gave mo
some money as a guarantee of good
faith. I did not know then tliat I was to
be a party to an elopement or I might
have objected to doing a wrong not
against Colonel Taylor , for whom f had
tno highest regard. It cumo about , how
ever , that 1 was al the slough after the
HUH wont down , and waited patiently for
the young otlicur. I hud waited some
hours whim I heard footsteps , and tnrn-
inc I saw Jeff Davis and Colonel Tavlor's
daughter hurrying toward mo. Not a'
word was spoken as ho lifted her ten
derly to a seat in the canoe , and , 1 fol
lowed , taking up my paddle.V6 went
'
down the slough to' whore it joined the
river. The young woman began to cry
softly as woswoptitito. the stream and Jell
drew her head over on his shoulder as hn
spoke to her in a soothing voice. Across
thn river wo drifted , and the sound of
my paddlu could not bo heard a furlong
away. Not a loud word was spoken in
that silent voyage and 1 was at a loss to
understand the whole affair. Wo kept
on across the river and every few
moments I took occasion to glunco
around to see how my passengers wore
getting along. Thn girl had ceased her
crying and by the way she rested her
head on the bosom of the young lieu
tenant 1 somehow became convinced
that slio was not altogether unhappy.
Wo landed on thu opposite shore below
the island , and waited with some in
terest to see what would happen next.
Presently I saw three men emerge from
the thick underbrush some distance from
the river bank and Jeff Davis put some
money in my hand and told mo to return.
I learned afterwards that one of these
three men who came up on the river
bank , was a priest , but I never found
out who the others were and neither did
I ascertain the mime of the priest. Be
fore 1 had reached the place in the
slough where I had moored my canon
I heard the noise of the river steamer
coming down from St. Paul
She halted below the island in tlio
middle of the stream , for I distinctly
heard the engines reverse , and know that
Jeff Davis and his bride wore about to
pass down the Mississippi to the south.
The next day I watched closely for a
glimpse of Colonel Taylor , but the old
Holdior was too circumspect in his actions
to betray any anxiety. I was informed
that Davis took the young woman from
an upper window in the log cabin , and
with the assistance of the chaplain was
enabled to gut her beyond the picket
lines unobserved. There was no doubt
that thu chaplain was on the other side
of iho river to witness the marriage , and
that ho convoyed to Colonel Taylor news
of the elopement.
"I was away from f'ort Crawford for
so in o time after this episode , and hoard
no more about it. It is , however , u mat
ter of history that Colonel Taylor was
never wholly reconciled to the marriage.
It is stated that after thu buttle of Hiuuia
Vista , Taylor visited Jeff Davis as ho lay
wounded in his tent , and extended his
hand to him , although there was no
farther reconciliation. Uavis hud un
doubtedly won thn baftlu with thu Mis
sissippi Hillcs , and Taylor could not fall
to recognize such gallantry. Time and
again I have heard this story of mine
called a falsehood , but it is true , and 1
am ready to Bland by it. "
IN A TIGER'S CLUTCH.
How CAptalii llrailford I/out An Arm
In An Indian Juiiclo.
In 1870 I met Captain Bradford at Joy-
poor , in Hajpootanawhere ho was a resi
dent political agent , says a writer in thu
IVnsacola ( Fla. ) Advance Gazette. Ho
was indeed a man of clear grit and a
thorough gentleman ; his coat Hlo.ivo.was
quite empty , though with his other arm
ho could and did handle a small , light
shotgun and was still fond of shooting.
His taste for tiger shooting was , however
gone. From him I learned that ho
and some moro of his fellow olllcers
wont out on , aQtigor hunt , and
wore In n line some distance from each
other awaiting the coming of a long
line of beaten * , who , with their horns ,
shrill pipes , drums , yells , etc. , wore
driving the game before thorn. Brad *
ford's stand was next to a river ) ho
thought it advisable to got up a tree , and
un fortunately selected ono with a sloping
trunk , ho then wont out on a Urge
branch where ho could gut a fair sight
and awaited events : presently a tiger
came sneaking along every now and
then looking back in the direction of
the noise , from which it was fly
ing , Bradford fired , mortally wound *
ing the tiger , who looked up and
caught sight of him. With a hoarsn
growl ot rage it rushed up the sloping
trunk ( a tiger can't climb n straight tree )
and came out along the branch to reek
its vengeance.
Bradford raised his double-barrelled
rifle , took aim , and pulled the trigger ,
the tiger being quite close , but the ham
mer in falling caught n twig. The cap
did not explode ; there was no time to re-
cock' Ono thought , ono hope flashed in
his mind. Ho dropped the ritlo and
sprang into the river. "The tiger
would notVfollow him thorot" Ho
was mistaken. Ono moment and it was
after him. Automatically , without know
ing it , ho put out ono arm to fend off the
danger ; this the tiger svlzcd and dragged
him ashore. Bradford had fainted. Ho
felt the ono pang when the powerful
jaws closed on his arm , crushing the
bone like an egg shell , and for some tiuio
hu know no moro.
When ho regained consciousness the
mortally wounded tiger was lying with
its head and ono huge paw across his
chest , weighing him down , his arm in
the tiger's mouth , its hot breath on his
face ; It had crushed his arm from wrls
to shoulder.
"Did you fool nain or fear ? " I asked.
"No pain , no fear ; only a numbed feel
ing in the brain , sensation of hopeless
ness and that my last hour had como.thut
death was near. "
"What time hnd elapsed I did not
know. Just then an olllccr and ono of
the native troopers came running up.
The oilicer tried to take aim , but the
tiger's body was so that ho could not
shoot it without danger to the man
beneath it. The Imvildar never hesitated ,
but rushed in and drove the tulwar
throtmh the tiger's licart.rollmg it off the
body of his olllcer.
Bradford was loved by his mon , who
would have followed him to the death
and risked anything for him.
An express messenger was dispatched
to tho'oantonmont for the surgeon , and
Bradford , put on an improvised litter ,
carried to meet him , which they did
about half way under a tree. The mirecon
then and there took his arm off , which
was buried.
*
MOURNING FOR SUNNATONNA.
Ho Was an Utoe Chief and Had
Hunt of Friend * .
RED ROCK , Otoo Agency , ! . T. , Sept.
0. Sunnatonna is dead. His life passed
peacefully a way at noon Sunday. Sun
natonna hold two Important and lucra
tive ) posts. Hu was an Otoo chief and a
policeman. His mercenary friends
dressed him three times for the gravj ,
thinking , no doubt , that this would
hasten his demise. When the agency
people learned this they had him brought
in from camp , dismissed his covetous
fried ) , and coaxed him back to life
again ; but his fate seemed sealed from
the first , and the white flag waves over
ono moru trravo on the hillside , and one
less is there to receive rations.
Sunnatonna was a clean , tasteful In
dian. Ho had a pleasant face and a smile
for every ono. The clerk hud given him
a pair of alligator slippers in exchange
for a pair or moccasins. Sunnatonna'H
wife hnd made him a dressing gown out
of curtain calico ; and what with these
signs of Civilization , and his cleanly
habits and genial disposition , Sunnatonna
was beloved by more than the wife whom
ho left to mourn for him , and ho will bo
missed by others than his immediate
kinsfolk.
Aiound Snnnatonna's deathbed stood
his wife and some near and distant rela
tives. When it was known that ho was
dead his wife mourned quietly but sin
cerely. She took the scissors and clip
ped a piece of her long black hair and
placed it under her husband's head.
Then she gashed her face with the scis
sors. The other women wore loud in
their lamentations , especially one who
seemed frantic. The reporter learned
later that the ono who mourns the loud
est receives a gift of something. However -
over , his wife seems sincere in her grief.
She is besides his grave early In the
evening. She wanders through the
agency like ono bewildered. Her simple
belief points to the mooting in the In
dian's happy hunting grounds.
A New Stool Process.
Experiments are being made by prom
inent steel manufacturers in this i-ity ,
says thu Pittsburtr I'ost , which are likely
to have a great inlluonco on the cost of
production of steel. The experiments re
late to u process that has been discovered
bv which the defects in steel blooms and
billets can bu obviated.
The new invention consists of mixing
quantities of alloy of iron aluminum with
thu steel when it is being made into in-
cots. This , it is claimed , will prevent
any defective blooms or billets.
A representative of ono steel-works ,
speaking of the invention , yester
day afternoon , said : "Tho process
now promises to bo a successful ono. and
it will certainly have considerable influ Ar
ence on steel manufacture. At present
there are numerous billets and blooms
that have what is called a 'blow * in them.
This makes them worthless , and results
in absolute loss to thu manufacturers.
The new process is designed to prevent
these blows , ' and us a result the losses of
the various companies will bo reduced ,
The most pleasing feature of the new
process is its cheapness. The cost is
ridiculously low that the saving of one
bloom wil ! almost pay Its cost for ono
week. I am curtain that it will bu
adopted by all manufacture . Of course
it will eventually affect the price oi
steel bccatisu thu alistinco of lossus re
sulting from spoiled blooms will lesson
the cost of production , and consequently
will permit manufacturers to sell steel
cheaper than at present. "
! ! KnoWH I'll is Trick Now.
Chicago Tribune : "Have any of you
found u bank note ? " inquired a man in
wild-eyed excitement as hu hurriedly ap-
prouchuil a knot of loiiimerw at thu union
depot yesterday morning.
"Havo you lost onu ? " asked tin oldurly
stranger of bland and nodule appearance.
"Yes. yes ; have you found It ? "
"Wait a moment. What was its de
nomination ? "
"It was a $ T > Q bill National bank note. "
The stranger lelsuielydruw a roll of
bills from his pocket , looked them over ,
took oiiu out , and passed it over to the
excited individual , remarking with much
urbanity as hu did so :
"It is welt for you , my friend , that it
was found by an honest man. I nicked
it up ii few minutes ago , and tuku pleasure
in giving back to you what I am natitmod
is your property. "
'Thank you , sir ; thank you. It's my
tucn now to do thu fair thing. Here's n
tun-dollar bill. You shan't rufuso it.
Take it , sir ; take U , or I shall feel hurt. "
Thn stranger , thus urged , took thu
money , and the grateful individual
walked oil with hisfiU. Hu was consider-
nbly surprised to learn , a fuw hours later ,
that thu bill was not the oil' ) ho hud lost
at all , but a counterfeit. Hu is now look
ing for thu bland and elderly stranger ,
but thuru are reasons for doubting his
success in finding him ,
Hunk
The volume of business transacted nt
the clearing house yesterday is represen
ted by .the figures $553,7 4.07 ,