Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, August 28, 1887, Page 4, Image 4

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    4 ' THE OMAHA DAILY BEE : BUND AT. AUGUST 28. 1887.TWELVIG PAGES.
, THE DAILY BEE.
PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING.
nnvfl or Buuscnirrios :
Bajlr ( Momlav Edition ) Including Similar
. IM , One Year . $1000
For Sir Month * . 600
Vat Three Months . * 60
The Ota ah a Sunday HKC , mxllod to nny
dUrew , One Year. . . 3 00
OMAHA OrrtCT , tfb. 5 ! A.vn W1 FAntAM
M w VOMK orrtcK , ItnoM ( ' , Tniavxt HIMI.IIINU.
ASBIMJTO.S orrira , No.
OonnearoNURitctt
AH Mmraanleations relating to nown find edi
torial matter MiouUJ bo iid'lrojsod to the EDI-
Ton or THE Her ,
nnsiNcna r.r.TTEast
All tnrlnoM letters and remlttanoos Rhould be
MdroM d IO.TIIK licit I'uni.isiiiNn COMPANY ,
OMAHA. Drafts , chocks and postotOua orders
to bo ID Ado payable to the ordtrof the company ,
TK BEE PUMIlTSw PROPRIETORS ,
E. HOSEWATEH , Knrroit.
THE DAILY DEE.
Sworn Statement of Circulation.
Btato of Nebraska. I _
County of Doiulas. j " "
Oeo. H. Tz.schucic , secretary of The Ben
Publishing company , docs solemnly swear
that the actual circulation of-thn Dally Heo
for the weekending AutustSO , 1887 , was as
, follows : . . ,
Saturday. August 30 W >
Sunday. Aneust Bl l-J.-MO
BIondaV.AuKiist 2J H.W.j
Tuesdav. August 23 M..II-I
. Wednesday. August 24 14.02i
Thursday. August 23 14.fi0
.Friday , August SO .14,025
Averairo U\M
OF.O. i * . TZSCHUCK.
Sworn to and subscribed In my presence
this 27th day of August , A. 1) . 18.37.
N. P. Fr.ir ,
fSKAL.1 Notary Public.
Btato of Nebraska , 1 „
Douelas County. I" "
Geo. B. Tzschuck , belntr first duly sworn ,
deposes and sn > s that he Is secretary of The
Bee Publishing company , that the actual
average dally circulation of the Dally Bee for
the month of August , lte , 1B.4W copies ; for
September , ItfcO , 13,030 copies ; for October ,
1880 , 12,889 roples ; for November. 1SSO , 13H3 :
copies ; for December , 188(5.13,2:17 ( : copies ; for
. January 1887 , 10.2O5 copies ; for February.
1887 , 14,198 copies ; for March. tlWT , 14.400
copies ; for April , 1887.14,31Bcopics ; for May ,
1887 , 14,237 copies ; for Juno 1M7 , 14,147
copies ; for July , 1887,14.093 copies.
( . ! KO. B. T/.scmrcK.
Bubnerfbed and sworn to before mo this
lllli dayot August , A. I ) . , 1&S7.
fSEAL.1 N. P. FF.II Notary Public.
ContontH.or the Sunilny Boo.
Pngol. NuwYork Herald Cables to the
HICK and other relcsranhlc Nev.-s.
Paeo2. TelotiraplileiNews. City News.
Advertisements.
Page ! ) . Special Advertisement * .
Page 4. Kdltorlat. Political Points.
Editorial Comments Current Topics.
Page S. Lincoln hotter Kearney's Big
Boom Miscellany.
PageO. Council BlulTs News Miscellany
Advertisements.
Paio 7. Society News General and
Local Markets.
Page 8. Oeneral City News Advertise
ments.
Page ! ) . Baby Gould's Wardrobe , by
Clara Belfo Some Little Bits of Fun Book
Rtvlewfl Echoes From thu Anto-Koom The
Koad A rent Advertisements.
.Pago 10. Ptcllic Coast Fortunes , by
* O onte H. Fltch-Kesults of Electricity
Bnmn Made Mummies The Sea of Oallilco
The Style In Visiting Cards Advertise
ments.
PaKolL Struggle of a Worthv llace. by
Dr. A. S. Isaacs Impieties Incidents of
Matrimony Peppermint Drops Kduca-
ttonal Musical and Dramatic.
Pace 18. In the Feminine Domain Honey
for the Ladles SlntnilMitlPs Quaint 8trt-
ford-on-Avon , by Franz Sepel Kellgious
Advertisements.
OMAHA streets are badly torn up al
ready. Don't , if you plcaso , make the
nuisance any worse just .now when so
ninny strangers are hero and thousands
tnoro are expected.
Now for the Grand Army reunion nnd
Omaha fairl Omaha is preparing to put
on her gala dress , and the multitude that
turu coming to this city for the first tunu
will bo treated to a genuine surprise.
Omaha never does thincs by halves.
Ouu Charitablu visitors are beginning
to nmllzo that the representative of the
board of trade at their reception did not
exaggerate in the lunst about the magni
tude of Omaha's commofcial and indus
trial activity. Before they leave the city
they may discover that the statement :
made concerning Omaha's growth will
if anything , fall short of the actual facts
"WB do like enterprise. " An over
enterprising local cotemporary serves no
.tloe on its patrons , and the people o
America generally , that it has Bocuroi
the exclusive right to an "American Feu
man , " nnd everybody is warned not U
infringe on its monopoly. Wo don't bo-
Hero anybod.7 will be foolish enough ti
attempt such a profitless literary lar
eny.
THE lop-sided list of the 100 so-calloi
most influential dailies in America whicl
baa recently appeared in the Now Yorl
Bun receives merited stricture at th <
hands of the Kansas City Time * . Ou
Kansas City cotemporary calls attontioi
to tlto near-sighted selection which omit :
some of the most prominent nnd widely
known dailies in the west , and include
picayune shoots that are scarcely kuowi
ana read outside of the Now Englam
Tillages in which they are printed. Ii
Yiewof the fact that our Kansas Cit
cotemporary is ranked on the Sun's lis
among the moat iniluentlal of America'
dailies , its criticism can be cousidorcd a
unbiased.
As n matter of fact , the make-up o
of the Kitn'n list exhibits lamontab !
Ignorance of the relative prominence i
loading American newspapers. One
third of thu number quoted as gro :
dailies are ' second-rate nnd supoi
anmiatcd sheets that wt'ro promtnon
twenty years ago , but hare tlroppo
way behind in the race for leadership.
TrtK Kukas. a secret society In Indi
la giving thu English government in U
cast some anxiety. ' It is feared that n
npnslslng at an early datn is meditate
nnd Lord DulVnroin has telegraphed hoii
for reinforcements in orlor to supprci
them. The organization is composed <
fanatical disciples of Knm-Singh , a Sil
reformer who bngan to preach his do
trincs about thirty years ago. llum-Sinj
and his followers believed that the tin
wu near at hand for restoration of tl
( lories of 'their people in the Punjau
The sacred writings of the Sikhs conta1
passages that uro regarded as prophet
utterances of their future greatness. Tl
fall of the Mogul empire and the aaokh
of Delhi are believed by the Kukas to I
the fulfillment of a part of the prophoi
and the accomplishment of the rcmai
der is believed to bo delayed only by I
ins and perversions of the present go
eration. When Uam-Singh was -at t
height of his influence it was bullevi
that ho had over n hundred tliousund f <
ready to obey- bid orders with u
nlacrlty ,
I .
.1
Federation of Trade * .
The effort of labor to find a plan of or-
Kitnlzatton which shall have the fewest
possible conditions inviting discord , dis
affection , nnd consequent disintegration ,
and under which there may be secured ,
with permanence , the most effective
power and influence attainable by such
organlzatiou , will ultimately be success
ful. What experimenting has thus far
been done has not been useless. On the
contrary it has all furnlshod instructive
experience , sri't Is leading in tho'rlght
direction. Those who have concluded
from the unsatisfactory results thus far
that labor organization is doomed to fail
ure have fallen Into n grave orror. With
all the mistakes of the past , the workingmen -
men of America have learned too well the
value of organi/.iitton to abandon it because -
cause there still exists differences
as to the best methods of
solf-protcctlon. They have nn intel
ligent faith in the possibility of
overcoming or wisely adjusting thcso
differences , so that they shall bo shorn of
whatever danger they now present to
united and harmonious action. Notwith
standing the fact that many precipitate
and Ill-advlsod strikes have failed , work-
Ingtucn have continued to llnd in their
organizations thu only means of defcnso
against combinations of employers to
depress wages. The conditions which
jutlfy the organization of labor are as
numerous and ay urgent as they have
ever been , and are more likely to increase
than diminish in the future. What labor
requires is to find u basis of organizatio'n
that shall bo permanent and substantial ,
and there can bo no question that this
is attainable.
Last year there was organized at Co
lumbus , O. , the "American Federation
of Labor , " . .whichhas since had
a remarkable growth , its mem
bership at this time being
over half a million. The purpose was to
unite in this federation the trades unions
and assemblies of skilled workmen who
desire to exercise as much control as
possible over matters affecting their own
occupations nud interests. The mem
bers of these organizations naturally re
sist a cast-iron will which would make
the interests of widely different occupa
tions , as for example shoemakers and
car drivers , in all circumstances identi
cal. It does not. seem an unreasonable
question for tbo carpenter or other
skilled workmen to ask why ho should
put his hand in Ins pocket and pay
weekly assessments , or throw up his em
ployment in sympathy , when coal
heavers or freight handlers are on a
strike. At all events the evidence is that
the skilled labor of the country has asked
itself this question , and as a result
there has been nianifostcd a ten
dency to revolt against a system
of organization which puts skilled labor
and its interests in jeopardy as often as
unskilled labor may choose to got into
trouble and call upon it for assistance.
A noteworthy movement in the cause
of labor federation has just taken place
in Massachusetts. A convention of dele
gates representing many of the trade and
labor unions of the state was hold in Bos
ton the past week , at which a plan ol
fqdcration was consummated that will
unite those organizations for the promo
tion and conservation of the interests
and aims common to all. The spirit ol
thu movement is set forth in a rcsolutior
Adopted wliich declares that the "instinc1
of self-preservation demands the closei
union of all bodies of organized
labor in order that equality ol
rights and privileges may bo obtained
I for wage workers. " The proceedings
wore marked by ability , good temper ,
and nn earnest desire to accomplish the
end sought upon sound principles. Ex
cellent counsel was given by the presi
dent of the National Federation ol
Trades , who among other things said
referring to strikes : "Principle is a good
thing , but you cannot win a strike on
principle alone. If you lead a strike you
must provide your mon with bread
Broad will be found sometimes strongei
than principle.- " The history of laboi
conllicts will prove that most of then
have failed because this simple , yet uiosi
important , consideration was not re
gurdcd. Labor organization is not
failure , and is not going to fail
If it appears in some direction
to bo breaking up it sitr
ply shows that mistakes have bee
discovered which it is necessary t
remedy , and not that the cauo is * bo in ,
abandoned. More mistakes will b
found , and they will servo for instructio
and improvement , as have these liithoi
to discovered. Nobody can fairly question
tion that the organization of labor is t
tills time on a higher plane than ever before
fore , and this being granted the cxpecta
tion is justified that it will continue t
advance until it shall have attained
sound , safe and permanent basis.
3 The Marking System In School * .
1i The marking system m our collegi
1a and high schools should bo abolishci
a It is n puerile , incompetent and unju
y devise. The fact is , our institutions ft
itS imparting knowledge employ moi
S absurd methods than wo are aware i
.3 bccauso they are of ancient origin at
wo have always boon accustomed to si
if them. It is but recently that wo hai
0f begun to have a correct idea of the objo
> f of instruction of the young.
IIt The marking system in colleges
Itr especially absurd. It is treating your
rit * mon or women on the kindergarten pi a
it There is no justice in it. An idler m :
d by hurried "cramming" or by dishono
expedients gain as good a standing
the industrious student , and may evi
surpass him in gaining college honors ,
bis status ia determined by the number
marks that may stand opposite his naa
It is notorious that most of the men wl
have distinguished themselves in latt
life had no conspicuous rank in school
college. Marks may bo obtained by
spoolos of mental jugglery or by actu
sleight of hand , and the supcrlical
"amart" student is
usually more ade
in obtaining thdm than thu real studui
The object of u school or college shoti
bo to train , guide and dovelopo the mil
of the young , not to cram as large 3
number of facts into it as possible , r
gardless of its power to assimilate the
and then register the process by marl
But it is thu latter instead of the form
method which is practiced , and so tl
country is full of children nnd youth w
are mental dyspoptlci and physic
weaklings. To plant an idea in t
youthful mind ; to help it grow in t
sarao ratio that the body grows ; to tra
the mind into correct habits of acilon ;
thcso should bo the teacher's task in
schools or colleges.
Probably nine-tenths of the younger
pupils nnd a largo proportion of the elder
indents study to pass the examinations ,
and have hardly any other object In
vlow. The marking system fs largely to
blame for this. The pupils know they
have to have so many marks to pass , to
bo able to advance with their comrades ,
and to that end they work. So the par
rot who can repeat without uuderstaml-
ng , the mcmomor who can recite
thoughtlessly what stands in the books ,
proceed In triumph , while the actual
student who has been trying to under
stand to make the subject under consid
eration n part of his mental equipment ,
falls behind in his olass. Every teacher
of experience knows this to bo n fact.
Thus the marking system is nn injustice
as well as injurious to mental develop
ment. And it is quite needless , Au in
structor knows , if ho understands his
business at all , whore each one of his
pupils belong in the scale. Ho cannot
help becoming familiar with the mental
liber of each of those under his care , nnd
unconsciously ho will grade them accord
ing to this knowledge of them.
Teachers are always embarrassed by
examination papers. Hero is a notori
ously ncgliccnt pupil with a paper in
which all the questions are correctly an
swered. Ho is certain that unfair meaus
have been resorted to to attain this result ,
but he can not prove that such is the fact
perhaps. What is to bo done ? If ho marks
him according to the paper nn injustice
is done the honest workers , if ho marks
him according to his real acquirements
he discredits his own system , nnd the ag
grieved pupil can come forward with a
protest which ho can not very well ig
nore.
The marking system should bo abolished
ished in colleges and In the higher
schools , and students should bo made to
feel that they are working to equip them
selves for the actual struggle of life , for
rounding out and competing their own
personalities , and not to pass the exami
nations merely.
Abnse of Convlrfts lu Georgia.
The untold story of outrage and crime
that have been practiced under the con
vict lease system in Georgia will proba
bly bo fully disclosed now that Governor
Gordon has been compelled byrocent de
velopments to interpose the executive
authority for the protection of the con
victs. Undoubtedly it will bo a chapter
of brutality and barbarism almost with
out a parallel in any civilized country.
Casual evidence of the terrible abuses
practiced by the lessees or their agents
has been furnished from time to time for
several years , but no detailed and author
itative account of the outrages perpe
trated has been made public. Four years
ago the prison physician furnished the
governor with a report setting forth thu
facts that had como under his observa
tion , but it was kept from iho
public , and has only just now
been given to the press. It is re
ferred to as a shocking recital , and when
what has since occurred shall bo added
to it , the terrible character of the con
nected story may perhaps bo imagined.
The men who have controlled this lease
system wore and are influential in politics
and society. It has bcon a source' largo
income to them , and most of them have
become wealthy from the labors of the
unfortunate victims of crimo. They have
used their power to avert Investigation
and silence criticism until the public oai
could no longer remain deaf to the appeal :
of the hapless victims of inhumanity nnd
brutal cruelty , and the popular demand
now is that the lessees , moro criminal
than the poor wretches who they have
mercilessly outraged , shall bo summarily
deprived of their valuable franchises ,
Governor Gordon seems to bo in full ac
cord with this fooling , and smco he
can have nothing to fear and nc
favors to ask at the hands of the mon
who have so wantonly abused their privi
leges and disregarded ovary dictate of
humanity it may bo expected that the
executive authority will bo fully exerted
to put an end to the utterly disgraceful
state of affairs that has existed.
Heartily as Governor Gordon is to b <
commended for tha action ho has taken ,
It is , however , not complimentary to the
people of Georgia that they Imvo per
mitted to continue so long a condition ol
things of which the moro intolllgoni
among thorn must have had knowledge
for years , and which certainly has boon
known to most of their ollieial represen
tatives , It is fair to presume that Gov
ernor Gordon himself has been long fa
miliar in a general way at leas
with the outrages practiced under th
lease system , as wera his prcdc
ccssors in the executive oflico for a num
her of years past , ono of whom sup
pressed a report detailing the crime !
committed upon the convicts and thi
hardships and privations to which the ;
ns were subjected. The political power o
nsd. the lessees doubtless explains the silence
ist of these oflicials , who could have hac
or little faith In the people , but shall we
reef look to the same explanation to aceotin
of for the silence of the press and the pul
id pit ? Has the voice of the humanitarian
oo and the philanthropist boon hushoc
vo until now by the same sordid and heart
ICt less powur ? If so Georgia has little tc
boast of in the awakening to the neccs
is sity for reform it has so tardily oxporl
enced , duo perhaps qulto as much to ox
n. ternul influences now so generally n
work such , ( or example , as the confoi
once of charities nnd correction as t
as an internal growth of bettor principle
on ami sentiments. Still the awakening i
if to bo welcomed , and it may bo hoped th
of demand it has aroused will not bo .satii
10. fled until the needed reform is thorough !
10.ho and permanently accomplished.
tor
or ProfcuBor Balrd.
era In the death of Bponcor F. Balrd , secretary
ml rotary of the Smithsonian Institute i
iiy Washington , the world of science hi
pt lost one of its chief lights. An indefat
nt. gable worker all his days , he had workc
lid himself to the front ranks among tt
nd naturalists of the age , and ho had n
a equal in his knowledge of Ichthyolog ]
Ho wrote an immense number of wort
3111 on varied scientific subjects , nn
ks. being a man of unusual executive abillt ,
lor ho made the Smithsonian Institute
his model of its kind.
'ho Professor Balrd was born In Road In
L-al in 1823 , and was a graduate of Dickinso
Lho col lego , m which Institution he became
the professor In 1815. lu 1850 he was a )
iln pointed assistant secretary of the Smltl
tu 'sonian Institute , with which he has slni
elp been connected. 1I was chosen seer
tarjr in 1878 and IB 1871 was made lii
commissioner by Priisldont Grant. Ills
collection of llsh took the lirst prize at
the exhibition in Berlin in 1830.
Professor Haint1 was both a teacher
and a student , boljug Always ( ready to im
part Information ntuf never too old or
wise to laarn. In his personal relations
ho was ono of the most gonlal ot men , and
a charming conversationalist.
VInn It Improper ?
The paper which has boon hired to pro
mulgate the otllclal proceedings of the
National Conforo'nco , of Charities and
Corrections goes t out of its way to ar
raign and denounce mo for remarks made
at the reception given to the conference
board Thursday evening. Passing by the
malicious and slanderous flings of that
paper in this connection , I propose to
discuss the propriety of my remarks
which have been branded as discredit
able and disgusting. Wo are told that
"for the purpose of satisfying a low and
depraved appetite Rosewater so far for
got the proprieties of the occasion as to
introduce politics and to attack some ex-
state ollicials. "
Now wherein can any part of my
speech at the reception of the conference
bo tortured into an attempt to gratify a
morbid appetite for slandering political
opponents ? Those who were present will
remember that my speech was chlolly
devoted to H review of thn marvelous
growth of Omaha , coupled with a cita
tion of facts and figures m support of
her claims ns a great industrial and com
mercial center.
The only reference to state affairs
made by mo was to recall the fact that
in Nebraska the press had been largely
instrumental in arousing public senti
ment in behalf of the reforms In penal
nnd charitable institutions for which the
conference is now laboring. In support
of my assertion I cited the fact that
twelve years ago our convicts
were subjected to a system of torture ,
which was only broken up by exposure
through the press , compelling a legisla
tive investigation that was followed by
the prohibition of the cruelties then prac
ticed at the penitentiary. Although this
reform was brought about by my per
sonal efforts and these of the BEI : , no
reference was made by myself to that
fact and the credit was given to the press
in general.
My assailant shows even more ig
norance than malice' when ho attempts to
arouse sympathy for the ox-state ollieial
who introduced the torture policy into
the Nebraska penitentiary. For his bene
fit I will quote from the journal of the
Nebraska house of representatives , ses
sion of 1875. During that session
charges wore preferred by myself ,
through the BEK. ' that convicts
were being brutaily iprtured , hung b.y
'
their wrists and' thqmbs , tied down in
bull-rings and morcilosaly starved in
dark cells. Am investigation of the
charges was ordered By the legislature
and the tcstimony takctn , which is printed
with the House Jpurqal , not only sus
tained the charge.butibrought out facts
more damaging tlian were published bv
the BKK. It was Shown that ono convict
had been hung up * by'tho ' wrists for nine
days , and his health cpmpletoly broken.
Others had been .maimed for Ilfo by tor
ture in the stocks/i'I'hd following extract
from the reports of the committee , page
COO , will sufllco :
"Your committee find from the evi
dence herewith submitted , that cruel ant !
unusual punishments have boon infiictm
upon the convicts confined in the non
itentiary of this state , since the present
warden has had charge , and that bar
barous and inhuman practices have been
resorted to in the management ol
the prisoners. Wo further lind tha
Nobcs , the deputy warden of the prison
andKalkow , Freeman and Coehrau
guards , should bo promptly disiihargct
for cruel , barbarous and inhuman treat
ment of tbo convicts , nnd never ugalt
employed in or about the prison. Then
should bo a thorough and complete reformation
formation in the treatment of convict
and the voice of Humanity and reasoi
heard and heeded in the prison disci
plino. The stocks and the bullrinc
should bo abolished. The prisoner !
should not be confined on Beats in on <
position during the Sabbath day ; tin
prison inspectors should bo moro diligon
and watchful. "
This report was signed by L. Enyant
chairman of the committee , John Bau
mer and Henry Fischer , members.
A minority report recommended no
only the removal of the subordinates
but the warden also.
The warden was promptly removed
. but Nobos , the deputy , who was th
father of the torture system , was pro
0 ' moled to his place and retained in charg
of the penitentiary until Governo
Thaypr made the change last wintoi
Right hero at Omaha the Inmates of th
9 ' deaf mute institute wore subjected t
cruel and brutal treatment- and an itt
was followed by the removal of the supoi
intcndont and the appointment of th
present otUelout head of that institutiot
Prof. Gillespio. Cruel exposure of th
boys confined at the reform school by it
sufficient clothing and lack of shoes i
midwinter , was brought to public notic ,
tnrough my personal visit at the institi
tion four years ago , Humane trcatmct
was demanded and'promptly socuroa.
Was there any impropriety in my a !
lusion to these historic facts and tt
abolition of abusesIn ptato institution !
t
If so , I mistake the object of the confo ;
once of charities and corrections.
01 - I lE. ROSEWATEK.
THE rush to Europe this season hi
been unparalelled. Tjio trans-Atlant
steamers have been , unable to uccomnu
date all who wished to cross the ocoa
and many have already engaged pass a j
for 1888. This oxodns lias become a ragi
a craze and is as ( nonsensical as rae ;
5It crazes are. In tliOj , first piano a larg ;
It part of these who spontl their vacatic
IS or leisure In this way are unacquaintc
Iid with their own country , and in tl
id second they are tasing an immon :
10o amount of money out of the circulutlc
o at homo and uddigg it to that of forei
r. countries. The sum spent abroad th
r.s
r.id : season will probably not bo far froi
id 1100,000,000. There is no adequate r '
7 , turn for this outlay. The manner :
a which American tourists spend their tin
and money abroad is almost as prolltlc
as it can bo. They rush from one platte
to another , are always tired , and alwa ;
in a hurry , almost always discontontc
with tho' present situation and thorofoi
anxious to go forward to some mo'
30 satisfactory place. . From almost ar
0111 . point of > low'this craxe is to bo depr
111 cat'ed.
A Formidable Third Party.
Chicago Tribune.
Although condncd to the cities the united
labor combination Is by all odds the most
formidable third party In Now York. Its
field Is narrow and It cannot possibly become
a national party , but tt It retains its hold on
the wajte-worklnic class of Now York City
It may exert a controlling inllitenco on the
presidential election of IMS , since Its recruits
number at least two democrats to ono re
publican.
A Cross-Kytfrt Policy Insufficient.
IVilMiMpMtt ttfraia.
The question of reduciue taxation has
been forced upon the country bv tt.o danger
of treasury endorsement. Money. Is piling
up In the government strong-boxes that U
noodcd In the channels of trade. Democracy
cannot meet this Issue by a declaration
which ono man will understand la ono way
and another nun In another.
Withdraw thn Charge.
Chttnyo If em
Mow that President Cleveland , Governor
Hill and other prominent democrats are of
fering prizes to bo competed for at a rural
baby show It Is tlnu for the opposition or
gans to stop cliarjinx them with bolng hon-
tllo to the Infant industries ot the couutry.
A Shameful Kquallzatlon.
Mtnnrait ill * Trllmn' ,
In Its editorial comments on the Chats-
worth horror , the London Dally Nuwa says :
"It is sulllclcntly startling to le.irn that rail
way bridges are still made of wood. " Ye.s ,
they are on many American roads but the
hearts of the managers are mada ot Hint , so
that things are equalised after all.
11U Heart Not on Ills Sleeve.
Chicago llemlil ,
Senator Allison Is wiser in his generation
than Senator Sherman. Ho will not wear
his heart upon Ills sleeve for daws to peck at.
He had friends In the Iowa convention who
would eladly promote his ambition to stand
*
as apresidential candidate , but ho declined
to have thulr strenztli tested.
A Marvelous TrntiHforniatlon.
I'ltlnbutv Chronicle.
"When you consider what Ivcs was six
years ago.it Is Incomprehensible that he should
have become so fast , " remarked the snake
editor. "What was he ? " , asked the. horse
editor. "A musseneorboy. "
A Itnpuhltunn Axiom.
Providence Journal.
It is an axiom of republican government
that the ueoplo should be Uxml no more nor
farther than Is necessary for a proper and
economical carrying on of the .itfalrs ot the
nation ,
It Would Be a Vnln Attempt.
ffew Orleans 1'lcai/unc.
Science Is tryini ; to lind out how quick a
man can wink. The Instantaneous photog
rapher should try to catch the eyn of a Con
necticut deacon in front of a temperance
soda fountain.
A Stronir Argument.
Qiitnci/III. ( ) Herald.
The over-Increasing surplus , the terror ot
the business men of the country , has made
more tariff reformers than has all the argu
ment of the free-traders.
Sontomber.
Franfc Dempster Sherman , in St. Klcliolcu ,
Hero's a Ivric for September ,
Host of all montlis to remmnber.
Month when summer breezes tell
What has happened wood and dell ,
Uf the joy the year has brought
And thn chances she has wrought.
She has turned the veidure red ,
In the blue sky over head
She the harvest-moon has hung
Like a silver boat among
Shoals of stars bright jewels set
In the earth's blue coronet.
She nas brought the orchard's fruit
To repay the robin's lluto
Which has gladdened half the year
With a music liquid clear ;
And she makes the meadow crass
Catch the sunbeams as they pass ,
Till the autumn's lloor Is rolled
With a fragrant cloth of sold.
CURRENT TOPICS.
Jay Gould's grandson is said to bo already
cryluK for a railroad to play with.
*
* *
The oyster which has been spending hh
vacation at the seaside Is now about to re
turn.
*
*
San Francisco Is a Iso to have a statue ol
liberty. The Californlans who are In the
c grip of the confederated monopolies think II
would.be better to have moro liberty and less
statues.
*
*
A largo shipment ot arms and ammunition
from San Francisco to Honolulu was made
last week. Here Is another outfit for the toy
gun market.
*
*
llev. Father Cronln , of Buffalo , who has
just returned from England , thinks that the
house of commons has the brains and the
house of lords Iho fat of the British parlia
ment.
,
The Inhabitants of New Ulin , Minn. , las :
week celebrated thu twenty-fifth anniversary
of tlio successful defense of the city against
the attack of the Sioux in 1SOJ. The story ol
the massacre already reads like a iiuirkj
romance of centuries azo.
*
* #
The Prison Mirror Is the name of a papoi
published by convicts In the Minnesota pent
tentiary. The most prominent editorial Ii
10 the copy which reached us Is headed "Gc
. Slow. " This Is good advice In various senses
0
For ono thing that Is the best way of main
1 taining the lock step intact.
*
*
r10 The Nero type of physiognomy , says ai
10 American naturalist. Is becoming frequent
i , among the members of wealthy clubs In the
to largo cities. Tills Is quite reasonable , fo
1- these men are following pursuits similar tr
1,0 those In which the tyrant indulged the gratl
,0 I flcatlon of their senses.
l'
| A statue to Cuanhotomoc , the last of the
Aztec emperors , was unveiled In the City o :
Mexico last week. A significant fact In con
ncctlon with the ceremony \Vs the small
number of Mexicans ot Spanish aoscent wlu
wuro present and the largo number of Indian
descendants. Tlio event shows that the lattei
still cherish the memories ot their patrlotli
ancestors.
*
*
Thomas Davidson , who has been perusl ni
isle
the manuscript of Ignatius Donnelly's worl
lo
on the Bacon-Shakspoare controversy , ha
jn come to the conclusion that In a few year :
n the plays of tha bard ot Avon will b
je familiarly called the works of Bacon. Si
o , here seems to bo another convert. There I
5t one consolation In connection with this dis
5tm pute that sflould not ba lost sight of we sill
m have the plays.
id | * *
Evolution Is said to be at work upon tli
10 tall of the modern dress coat and It may hav
sen to go. The startling Information comet
> n from the east that young society mon have
jn bcon seen lu evening coats of brilliant coloi
is but abbreviated Mils. From a scientific poln
ism
m of view this seems satisfactory onoujrh , bu
0- the Innovation must strike the drawllni
0in wearer with a chili. What It evolullo
no should attack and dispose of him next'- '
*
#
S3 "Blind Tom , " the negro musical phenome
BO non , who has been the subject ot much Iltl
ys gallon of late has returned to New York 1
3d company with his mother Charity WIgtgin
ro and Mrs. Bnthune , his newly appoints
ro guardian. He Is now thirty-nine year * ol' '
roy and has been before'tho public about thirty
o- four years. He U fat'but has not lost an
of his old time power of mimicry. The ebo.n
musician , has bcon managed alt these years
br "General" Bethuuo and his eon John
who have had a source of considerable wealth
n him. Not much ot-thls ha * beneflttcd Tom ,
however. What ho earns hereafter will bo
put Into the hands of his guardian for his
own benefit. Ho begins a concert season
next month at Checkering hall , Now York.
Itov. Myron W. Heed , ot Denver , Col. , has
been prominently mentioned In relation to
the vacant pulpit of Henry Ward Bencher
In Brooklyn. He Is an active man ot about
fifty , a deep thin ker and a forcible talker.
He has preached In Indianapolis , whore ho
had charge of the same church that Beochor
presided ovnf , In Milwaukee and In Denver.
Ho Is a progressive man In rollglos , politic * !
and social matters.
*
Visitors to the national capital who expect
to take a broad vlow of the city nnd Its sur
round Ings from the W ashlURton monument ,
are grievously disappointed. The door of
the monument has * been closed since the Oth
of May last. This Is the fault of Chairman
Samuel J. Handall , of the house committee
on appropriations In the last congress , who
used his intltiauco to prevent congress from
making the nocossarj ? appropriation for oper
ating the elevator and the electric lights ,
which had been put Into the shaft under the
authority of con < res the ymr before. The
monument Is finished ; the elevator Is In
place , and so Is the plant of tin ) electric
light ; but there Is no money to run the en-
gluts of tlio dynamos nor to pay the neces
sary watchmnn. Our congress always shows
great ability In the way of saving at the
spigot wlillo a wasteful stioam flows from
the bunghole.
*
*
A good many years ago when an Omaha
mllltla company went out on a three
months' scout on the plains thn bottle-scarrcfl
warriors failed to llnd a single hostile Sioux
whoso scalp they could take with propriety.
So they turned In to get their trophies from
their own camp , and gallantly cut the ears
otf two or throe Pawnee * bucks who accom
panied the militia as guides. These cars
were brought back to Omaha as proof of the
daring and bravery of our volunteer protec
tors , and although the Pawnee ears were not
largo enough to cover them with glory , they
served their purpose , for a time at least , until
It leaked out that they had never oiiuuneutcd
the head of n Sioux brave.
The Colorado mllltla are evidently taking
their pattern from the renowned Omaha
scouts of 'Ot , and wo shall not bo surprised If
their trophies prove to bo nothing moro than
the oars ofsomo Inoffensive Indians who
happen to be on the trail ot the militia.
*
*
One llov. Mr. Pentlcost , ot Now York , has
made himself somewhat notorious recently
by n dream he related at an anti-poverty pic
nic lu the metropolis. A part of It was as
follows : " 1 knew it was morning bucause
all the ucoplc ware going to work nicely
dressed , hapuy looking people and the
stores were Just opening at that hour. And
then I looked for Jacob Sharp's cars , aud I
saw cars rolling along run bv electricity , and
nobody paid any fares. The policeman said
the road belonged to the people and was free.
Elevated roads had gone , but there were un
derground roads , run by electricity , too ,
and nobody paid any faros. Public buildIngs -
Ings were magnificent ; private dwellings
modest , but comfortable. There wore no
tenements. Poverty , I was told , had gene
out of the world years ago. Now York ,
Jersey City , Brooklyn , even Hoboken , were
alt one , with ono mayor and 10,030,000 of
people , who worked from 9 a. m. till 4 p. m. ,
with an hour for lunch. There were great
theaters and concert gardens open , but any
body could walk In without paying a cent.
I looked for saloons but couldn't find any.
But the saloons died out because when the
tax was taken oft liquors It made them so
dirt cheap that no ono wanted them. There
was no Inducement to treat. "
Jlko many dreams this Is a fair vision , but
the element ot reasonableness Is wanting.
Who Is to maintain a people In such a
holiday sort of existence ? What about the
farmers ? Suppose drouth or floods , or
storms or grasshoppers make their toll use
less , how are they to go about smiling , work
a tow hours a day , go to theaters and all
that ? The reverend gentleman should try
again and see If ho can't dream something
less Utopian.
POtilTIUAti POINTS.
Among republicans in Tennessee , there Is
us antagonism to Mr. Sherman whatever.
Judge Thurman Is physically unable to take
the stump for the democratic ticket ID Ohlc
this year.
The Louisville ( Kv. ) Commercial ( roo. )
says that In that city many have noticed
considerable changes from Blaloo to Sher
man In the past tew weeks.
Caldwell Is the place selected for Forakci
to dellvei his first speech In the Ohio cam
paign. Hayes opened the campaign of 137.1
and Gartield that of IS79 there.
Buffalo business men have invited Erastus
Wliuan and Benjamin Buttenvorth to dis
cuss the Canadian commercial union ques
tion In that city on September 1.
Mr. Foster , ex-minister of Madrid , coin
cides with other well-informed observers tlia
Indiana will go republican next year whom
soever the party nominate for president.
Congressman Briimm , the greonback-re
publican from Pennsylvania , says Mr
Blalno's friends do not look with fc.tr upoi :
the outcome of another defensive campaign
When Ohio goes for frco trane Mlchlgat
will probably be ready to vote to return thi
rebel Hags , with an apoloity for ever havlni
taken a hand In the union war upalnst th1
rebellion ,
Speaktnc about the disgrace which Senate
Rlddlcbi-rger has brought on Virglul ,
naturally suggests the disgrace whicl :
Virginia brought on hciself by making i
senator out of him. *
Nomination to oflico Is the prt'.ilc.it of al
public functions. But that Is just the depart
ment of politics in which the people ar
weakest , If they have not been reduced t <
positive Insignificance.
Governor Itusk , ot Wisconsin , wants I
understood that the allesrud Interviews will
him saying that his state deltuatlon wil
support him for president or vlco prcsldun
In the next republican national convention
nro false.
The San Francisco Bulletin ( rop. ) , claim
Ing that It does not know whether Mr.
lllalno will bo a candidate next year , ex
presses the belief that "thi-ro will bo a lalre
Hold for all republican candidates In 13S1
than tlieit ) has been since IbT'J. "
The Philadelphia Record ( Ind. ) calls thi
platform of the Pennsylvania republicans "a
strance mixture of shrewdness and fncapa
city. " "Its Bhrowiinps.V the JJccord ex
plains , "consists In the avoidance of run
Issues ; Us Incapacity , In foolish Inveracity
and childishness ot statoment. "
At thu recent vote In Utah on Urn Monitor
constitution 13.3TJ ballots \vurn c.ist.of whicl
IS i ji.oai w ro 1'or the constitution. The lien
i tiles refrained from voting. Yet thu Sal
Lake Herald ( Mormon ) says : "Tlio people
have the right to uxncct that their appeals foi
justice and full cltr/enshlp will be grantci !
ami statehood conferred upon the tvnltory.1
All the Philadelphia ilcloirates to the Penn
sylvania republican convention received cir
culars Inclosing tickets tn ll.urisburg . and
return. The circulars wuro signed with the
namu William Ii. Hart , hut as that guntlc
man Is a candidate for state treasurer , it I ?
suggests ! flint some enemy of Ills must have
Hindi ! usu ot his nauiu In the trutmetion.
Says tUo1 New York Sun : linn. Johr
Sherman Is comhu to New York when tu :
comes back from AlaiUa. .Havlug not i
technicolor putatire possession o ! the Buck
ctyo country , ho pants for new soils tl
conquer , and has Uxed the cold and llshj
eye of ambition upon tha small but modest < , ,
state ot Now York. Illinois didn't pan out
very well , so eastward the star of Sherman
taxes Its way.
BUMMKIt
Boston Transcript : The gardeners In
India are all Buddhist ? .
Now ABO : Hanging Is too gbod for
painting that Is badly executed.
Boston Herald : The Indian scare looms
up without any reservation worth tpcaklng
of
Springfield Mirror : J. Gould Is proptlntof
ot the largest watering place In the world--
his office.
Philadelphia Inquirer : Tan Is the fasli-
lonablo color now. Mrs. Cleveland has
line coat of it
Boston Transcript : The school vacation
Is almost over and the schoolmaster will soon
rattan to business.
Pittsburg Chronicle : "Tho spoil U
broken , " remarked the foreman , as Slug Tcu
dropped a handful of typo on the tloor.
Sioux City Journal : Of course people In
Iowa can drluK. They can gut drunk. But
they are not permitted to init on any style
about It.
Lowell Citizen : The man who loft homo
to spend the summer with his family has just
returned. The summer Is not yet spent , but
his money is.
Utlc.t Observer : The birth of a son to
Ccorgu and Kdlth KliiRtloti ( lould Is proba-
ably put down In the diary of Its paternal
grandfather as a new Issue of preferred stock.
Washington Critic : A Harvard savant
was recently mistaken for a lunatic lu Con
necticut. This Is a delightful relief to the
monotony of having lunatics mistaken for
savants.
San Francisco Alta : In the effort to Chris
tianize Africa the United States leads Oreat
lintlan. Wo send to the African annually
UJl.-ll'J tra lions of rum , white Kuglaud sends
only Gfti,3e3 gallons.
A PULLMAN CAR EPISODE.
Mr. William Nye Recalls Hnnator
fjolaml Stanford'a 1'urt In In.
New York World : Some years ago a
big , fat and pompous man strolled Into a
sleeping oar on board u Union Pacific
train with thu air of a man who owned
things. After he had looked at every
body till he had gratified his curiosity , ho
settled down in a sent and began to watcli
VOID the window the swiftly changing
andscapu. The sleeping car conductor
put his hand on the shoulder of the largo ,
globular tnnn aud asked him if ho had a
Pullman ticket. Tliu wide man spread
'iis legs a little wider , so as to take up a
little moro room , breathed in about 3.700
cubic tout of Nebraska o/ono and salt ! ho
did not have to have a ticket. "You have
fo show a ticket hero in this car or go
into the ear where you belong , " said the
urbane conductor who assists Sir ( Jcorgu
Pullman in giving his beloved sleep.
"We are not carrying people this sum
mer just to cultivate a friendly feeling
between man and man. "
"Do you know , " said the largo man as
ho threw back his coat so as to show a
two-pound diamond , "that I can have )
you out of a job in three minutes and
hang your pelt on the fence as soon as
wo get to Omaha ? "
"No , I didn't know that , of course ; but
I know that if you don't show me your
authority for riding in this car I will call
the porter and we will use you to lubri
cate the young and growing state of Ne
braska. You may bo an eminent man ,
but you have a way of concealing it that
would baffle any conductor in the United
Slates. "
"You will tind out who I nm when wo
get to Omaha , " said the large , purple
man , looking at his seven-pound watch
and snapping it so that a nervous woman
nearly jumped out of the car. "You
will then know who I am , but it will bo
too late. "
"True , true , " said the conductor , mus
ingly. "It will then bo indeed too late ,
for nobody who comes to search for you
will know who you are , and you will bo
a very shocking sight. "
"Young man when you are my age I
hope you will know p\ore. "
"Yes , sir , I also hope .1 will know
more. And I wish you had bcon blessed
by knowing more1"
"Sir , my name is a household word
from New York to San Francisco. If you
had ever traveled much you would not
huve to ask for my ticket. You ought to
buablu to recognize a man who has boon
in public life as long as I have. "
"Possibly so , " said the conductor , tak
ing oft' his coat and culling the iiortor ,
"but somehow you do not rominil moot
any gruat man 1 over saw. You look
more to me like a man who has atrnck a
popular chord in leaf lard or quelled the
national cry for an earnest and tenacious
style of glue. As 1 said before , the
rules of this company require that yon
shall produce tha currency , pass or ticket
or get oil and walk. Will you show us
your credentials or earn the everlasting
enmity of the road by falling olVthe plat
form and mussing up the right of way.
The largo man's breath caiuu quick and
his brow grow black , as he ground his
teeth and went out of thu 'car. I sup
posed ho had gone out to pluntro ell' the
platform as we spctJ * swiftly down tbo
grade. 1 went back to sue him do it , for
I had never scon n man distribute him-
pulf ov r a monotonous sweep of country
thai way ; but , much to my surprise , ho
went into u large , yellow special cur that
was attached to the train , and we after
wards learned that he was I.ehind .Stan
ford , who has since that filled to over
flowing a seat in thn United States .sun-
ate.
ate.Tlio conductor continued to hold hii
position for years after , though several
times he made this sad error of not roc-
ogni/.ing some of our most eminent men
in politics , art and letters.
Twice he missed It on me. But 1 did
not report him , for ho ought to maintain
discipline , I claim , and besides , I had
shaved otf my mustache since wo last
met.
met.Wo ought not to ask too much of a con
ductor. Our great men are constantly
changing their appearance by putting on
different huts or getting tlutir hair cut ,
nnd a conductor is almost forced to de
mand a ticket or name other guarantee
of good faith from everyone who travels
with him.
Governor Sanford is a very large man
physically , aud this gives his bruin a
wondurtul amount of .sea-room and a
good chance to stretch itself. Ilu enjoys
being in the senate very much , for it
gives him an opportunity to moot other
wealthy men and helps him to forgot
about tlio low , common people who
eli'cted him. Hu is sorry now that he
did not go to the .senate years ago. It is
the best place to go to recover from
brain fug that ho knows of , and he says
that his fag hasn't looked so well for
years ,
The Conrad family of Perry ville , Mo. ,
have lived a good many years between
them all. David It. \a \ seventy-seven ,
Eli/abctli fiuviiiity-Hvo , Jacob seventy-
three , William seventy-one , ( Jltira sixty-
nine , ( icorgo sixty -.sovon , Mary M. sixty-
five ; total , -1U7. The family are all fn
good health.
Tlio reiont : rams have washed nil * much
of thu lar and hand that was us < < d to ulug
up the cracks In thu now I'lfih nvenuu
pavoinont in New York , mid in gullies
ol Iho gutter * thnru ore now little pot-tots
of sandy tar that look us if a snu.ll gis :
factory had passed that way.
The .Siamese prinon drank while In Now
York H compound of biier and lemonade ,
which the I'oinpnundor behind the bar
duolariid to be the "ratiVcbt" ia bit c * >
purienc * .