Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, August 21, 1887, Page 10, Image 10

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Bow It is Magnified and Mudo to Terrify
the Timid.
VtntlstlCH Manipulated to Dolitcrup
tlio French Doctcr People
Killed by Fear ,
/n concluding his article in the Con
temporary Koviow , on Faith Cure and
"Fear-Killing , Francis Power Cobbo , takes
up the hydrophobia scare. The two pre
vious sections of his article have ap
peared in the Sunday BEE. Air. Cobbo
ays :
Wo must pass over many examples
which might bo added to the fear killing
prevalent in our time , to speak at some
length of the most prominent of those of
the last three years to-wlt , the hydro
phobia scare. The history of this scare ,
and of Pastcunsm as connected therewith ,
will one day , I doubt not , form a very
amusing , ( : md instructive chapter In u
future continuation of Maokav a "Popu
lar Delusions. " Wo can but glance over
It hero.
A rare dltscasc , which by its nature is
exceptionally closely connected with and
controlled by mental impressions , was
announced to be suddenly manifesting
itself all over the civili/.eu world , from
Moscow to Chicago. Mad dogs became
as plentiful as blackberries at least the
reports of them in the newspapers were
BO and it was difiiciUt to open a daily
journal without finding a paragraph add
ing to the general hue and cry.
That a creator proportion of thcso
newspaper stories belonged to the myth
ical order of the gooseberry and the sea-
serpent goes without saying ; and as re
gards the hapless dogs registered in
London as rabid after being battered to
death on doorsteps by policemen's
truncheons , it is permissible to believe
that a largo proportion had excited pub
lic alarm by simply crying when kicked
or run over , or by exhibiting the harmless -
loss tits common to teething puppies.
On these occasions of popular panio
there are always , as in the old witch por-
ocntlous , two classes of enemies to the
Tictims. There is the ubiquitous Mr.
Matthew Hopkins , who obtains kudos ,
and perhaps moro substantial reward ,
for nvery case he detects ; and thorn is
the stupid and terrified bystander , whoso
latent instincts of cruelty coma out im
mediately at the call to slay and torment
either a miserable old woman or n
mangled dog.
Speakine of the hydrophobia bugbear ,
which spread consternation through
America while our own scare was deE -
riving us of our common sense and our
E umaulty , Dr. Edward Spitzka tells us in
the Forum for April , 1887 :
"In order to dotermlnn how great the
danger in the United States from rabies
is , the writer has carefully followed up
all the newspaper reports of alleged out
breaks of the disease. In not a single
Instance has satisfactory evidence of its
existence been obtained. [ After detailIng -
Ing the sham cases at Newark , Chicago ,
etc. , he continues : ] Scores of observa
tion ! might bo added , all tending to
[ > rove that during the past two years
ilTrrm hnilirrn nornmrrf"nmnf * rabies
in man in this country which could not
be referred to nn error ot observation.
Before scientific tests all the newspaper
alarms are shown to have been cither
fabrications , exaggerations , or mistakes.
[ As an example of the exaggerations wo
ratty take the following : ] In Pennsyl
vania a number of nervous persons were
rendered unhappy by a sensational
report that-rabies had become opidomio ,
nnd that a large number of schoolchildren
dren had boon infected by dog-bites.
The nucleus of this report was an epilep
tic fit in a Httlo black-and-tan dog , in
duced by his having swallowed a chicken
bone ! " "
Wo are very far , indeed , from making
light of the terrible disease of hydropho-
bill when it ever really afillcts man ,
woman , or child. But the whole history
of this false scare bears a false ring which
provokes incredulity. In tno first place ,
wo all know how reporters.bV the hun
dred nro daily seeking p'rovedddrto feed
scores of newspapers whiqh.r naiie ; fresh
supplies every mornlogjr.'fltfa.'Wc'know
that the welcome givetffJ&fa&Utors & to
every scrap of intelligeucQ.iDOftring on n
subject which for the moment is "up" in
public interest , secures tbo particularly
careful supply of the article so in de
mand. This alone accounts no doubt for
a multitude of these mad-dog para
graphs. But there has been at work In
tuls particular instance something moro
than every day press hunger. There has
been wire-pulling going on from the side
of that medical clique which is notori
ously potent on the staff of some of the
loading journals. As the Ucfcrco last
August acutely observed :
"One thing is certain. The present
epidemic of rabies did not begin until
Al. Pasteur was ready for it. If ho were
to-morrow to abandon his experiments
iu this direction , wo should hoar of very
II few cases ot mad dogs. Tlio panio would
have died out long : igo , but it has been
fomented by the press in the interests of
Pastcurism ; and when the mad dog has
not boon available for sensational
treatises , tbo mud dog lias been in-
Tented. "
Had no hydrophobia scare boon raised ,
and if it had been generally understood
that many more man die every year from
the kicks of horses than from the bites of
dogs.t Pasteur would have obtained no
such apotheosis as was prepared for him.
IV But by carefully spreading the panic of
"mad dog , " the successful viviscctor , as
the great deliverer from mad dogs , was
elevated to so loftv an eminence in public
opinion that an English religious news
paper spoke of him as a "God-sent
healer , " and compared his virus kitchen.
iu the Hue d'Ulm to the Mount of Galileo.
Whcthen besides uxulting over every
real or fictitious casu of rabies , Pasteur's
admirers lire responsible tor actually
causing the disease in some of the in
fected animals , is a question not to bo
, * dismlsseittiastlly. Mr. G. H. Lewes told
, -f tbo royal ' .commission on vivisection ,
"Whon one man publishes an experiment
thcro are people all over Europe who will
get about to repeat it , and repeat it , and
repeat it. " It is therefore excusable to
surmise that some ol the physiologists
who have been so loud in their praises of
Pasteur , have repeated his inoculations ,
nnd that some of the dogs on which they
have tried tht * preventive method have
subsequently developed the disease , and
have communicated it to other dogs
through whole districts. Pasteur and
his followers have been playing with a
tremendous poison of which the proper
ties are utterly unascertained , and wo
may never know the evils they have let
loose , both as regards the virus of rabies
and of anthrax. ;
! * Perhaps it may be asked , What iutcr-
t Two hundred and lUty-ono persons died In
IIM In cniiBQ'iutnco of acciUotits caused by
horses and conveyances in tbn ntreoU ot Lon
don , and nine from hydrophobia. ( Sou lloKli-
trar-aenoral'a Annual Summary , pp. u. and
zx vl. )
t A significant Incident occurred In Florence
omo yoara KO , when opposition was raised to
Professor Bolilff'g enormous consumption or
dot for vivisection , lit was calculittud tlmt ho
had "used" fourteen thous ml In ten VCUN ,
ad their ( kins were said to bu too much out to
pieces to be sulablo for tnniUirncturhiK pur
pose * . ) The Indignant phj sloloirlit threatened
that the ungrateful city would bo shortly
visited by au epldemla or rabies , and very soon
don were seen on all aide * . In 0110 case a
ttoher.iruo appealed to the Sooleta 1'rotot-
Irlce , alleged that hi * dog had boon la the 1mmis
of the great vlvUeetor , and bad cither escaped
or b ea released from tbo laboratory nnd re
turned homo , wfcero U exhibited such real or
ipparent .symptoms oC raMet that Its owner
put an end to iti mUery , Shortly
cst can English scientific men have had
in glorifying the French savant ? Ho wa ?
of course ( we may speak In the past tense )
an "Illustration" of 'France , of which
Ironohmon naturally made the most.
But what concern was It of the chorus
of English biologists nnd F.U.S.'s to join
the reclame in his honor ? The reason , I
fear , is not far to seek. For twelve years
past the English advocates of experi
ments on living animals have seized on
ovcry straw to enable thorn to answer
the challenges of their opponents to pro
duce a case wherein human life had been
saved by a discovery duo to vivisection.
Over and over again thny made , with
great flourisbeg/bttrumpets , in the col
umns of the Times , announcements of the
wonderful results of their practicowhich
might , would , could , should or actually
hud cured hitherto unconquerable dis
ease. By some fatality , however , the
discoveries ( If such there bo ) arrived at
by this method always prove singularly
unfortunate , and fail practically to touch
the ills of mortality. Like the revelations
of clalrvoyantcs , they sound Imposing ,
and are received by the initiated with
rapture. But when ft comes to revealing
cither the number of n bank-note locked
in n box or the euro of a disease in the
human body , the oraelo is cither dumb or
Now , Pasteur , if his recognition ns n
successful healer of a dreaded disease
could bo insured , would afford the best
possible argument for doing away with
restrictions on English vivisection. As
the recent round robin to the college of
surgeons showed , it was thought a good
working grievance by the physiologists
that they have "to go to Paris for experi
ments on hydrophobia. " If Pasteur's
vaunted remedy had been obtained with
out any cruel experiments. If ho had pro
fessed to euro hydrophobia by a method
brought to light by clinical or micros
copical observation , would ho have been
hailed by the men of science of England
as an "illustrious savant" ? Toll it to the
marines !
The proof is conclusive. There are before -
fore the world several other remedies for
hydrophobia * carrying qulto suillciont
testimonials of success to merit the
patient investigations of medical in
quirers. For example , thcro is the sys
tem of vapor baths , whioh was known to
Colsus , and was brought into promin
ence by the late Dr. Buisson , who cured
himself by such means , and afterwards
nearly a hundred patients. But whioh
of all the doctors and biologists who have
glorified Pasteur has taken the trouble so
much as to read the ovldonco in favor of
thcso harmless methods of treatment ,
oven when , as In the case of the Buisson
bathsthey have boon largely advertised at
the cost of non medical benevolent per
sons , and oflcrnd gratuitously to needy pa
tients ? When Mr. Walter McLarenin April
last , begged the homo secretary to issue
another commission to examine into the
results of the Buisson treatment , the
suggestion was at once nogatiyod. None
save a few unscientific people , who cared
merely for saving men and animals , ex
hibited the least interest in the subject.
And what , , wo may now seriously ask ,
has been the outcome of the monstrous
claque which has hailed Pasteur as a
"bouofactor of humanity" ? Has ho saved
life , or been responsible for the loss of It ?
The statistics of hydrophobia in Franco
have been of late so manipulated in the
interests of Pasteur that it is not easy to
clear up the first question. It appears ,
dowover , that the average number of
deaths from the disease throughout
Franco was 30 per annum from 1850 to
1873. Tardieu calculated them at 34
or 25 , and after giving his reasons , added
the significant remark that "if these
figures did not represent the exact truth
they were certainly not far from it , " nnd
that "tho public mind should not bo
frightened with larger ones. " Previously ,
in 1603 , Boudin Bad presented to the
Academic do Mcdccino a table in which
ho estimated the annual deaths in Franco
from hydrophobia at 30.f It then , wo
nsBiimo this to bo a fair average , perhaps
to bo somewhat raised of later years , we
ask : What has M. Pasteur achieved in
the way of lowering it ?
Wo nnd that in 1880 the deaths in
Franco from hydrophobia were 301 Of
these 23 were of persons inoculated by
Pasteur , and 17 of others not inoculated.
Thus Pasteur had the opportunity of
diminishing the mortality by moro than
half had his method been effectual. In
stead of this wo find that the total of
deaths exceeded the average by 01
Taking the rest of the world into view ,
wo have not materials for judging of the
average of former years to compare it with
the last ; but wo know that of Pasteur's
patients that is , of persons inoculated iu
Paris , or by those who are carrying out
his system under his dirootion olsewhora
the number of deaths up to May , 1837 ,
has boon 70.
On the other hand , how many lives has
the Pastourian delusion actually cost ?
For how many deaths are Pasteur and
his supporters responsible ? Ho has failed
to save moro patients than would have
been saved , judging by averages , in the
natural order of things. Of now many
has he caused the death ? It would seem
clear that ho has had two classes of vic
tims :
1. Those who have died of the "inton-
sivn inoculations , " whioh have created
the now disease signalized bv Dr. Peter
before the Academic des [ sciences last
January , and named ominously rage do
laboratoiro , or rage paralytlquo : the suf
ferers dying ( like the rabbits from which
they were immediately inoculated ) of pa
ralysis , instead of the ordinary forms of
hydrophobia , and fooling pain at the
places of inoculation , not of the original
Of this discaso eleven persons perished
in three months after the introduction of
the methodo intensive , and thirteen up to
3. These ( with whom we are moro
properly concerned in treating of fear
killing ) whoso deaths are duo to the panio
whioh lias been created to bolster up
Pusteurism iu Europe and America.
How much deadly mishiof has boon done
in this way willnovor be known , but may
bo guossod. Before the Pastourian craze ,
grooms , gamekeepers , sportsmen , coun
try ladies and gentlemen , wcro bitten
perpetually by dogs and cats , and some
times by ferrets and stoats nnd rats , and
thought no moro of it than a hcdgor does
of a scratch of a blackthorn. But now
that the scare has prevailed every whore ,
there is a panio every time a frightened
boost uses it natural weapons. If the ac
cident occur in London and to a police
man , the stalwart policeman marches to
Scotland Yard , and solemnly reports
that his well-gloved fingers have been
pinched by a puppy.
To estimate the mischief done in the
case of hydrophobia by such a panio ns
this it is only necessary to road the state
ments and opinions of the writers who
have treated ot the disease , and who ,
without exception , connect its develop
ment with nurvoiu alarm. Dr. Burthol-
afterwards a gentleman actually died of hydro-
phoblti. mail so closely ilk ! the Horontlno popu
lace connect the occurrence with I'rofo ser
Schlfl's prophooy , that they hlssod some mem
bers ot the Soclotu 1'rotottrlco , who nttondn-1
tbo funeral , as authors or thooulumlty }
Wlille the so sheets are passing through the
prcsslhiuo rooelved it letter from u medical
man In a remote part of the kingdom , referring
to a case of hydrophobia , on which I had inailu
Inquiries. Ho quietly tells mo ( as if no such
thlnjf as the vivisection nut had been hoard of ) :
" 1 havosocurort the hound that has developed
the symptoms , and myaclr nnd my colloanuos
Intend to carry out some experiments by Inoou-
latlnif other iinlmaU. i ml ir. us a result of our
Invostliciitlons. wo como to any conclusion , I
will end vou particulars. "
As I write I observe In thn Farmiclstn Ital-
lane of Naples notice of the alleged cure of
sixty-Bit patients with already developed symp
toms of hydrophobia , by mpans of thu Splrcva
llllpendula , administered by Doctor rrlnco
Jujjollos of Poland , who has ruado the subject a
study for twenty years back.
t 90 this question dlscuwod by Dr. Lutand ,
"M. I'ustemr ct la Itajro , " chap. xiL : and by Dr.
Constaiitln James , "M. Pasteur SB nouveUe
mollioilo , " eto.p. 16.
* Namely , Itouyor , Rovoillao. Sodltl , Nee ,
Wlldo , rioffl , Gerard. Totamr. Qorlot , Foulap ,
Albert-Alfaud , uud Uey ,
otny , who cured hltnselt of an attack by
sheer resolution , hold that the disease
was "mainly duo to tbo imagination and
irritation of the patient. " Professor
Fleming says ;
"Tho Influence of mental emotions on
the development of hydrophobia would
appear to bo almost unquestionable , and
there Is every reason to inquire whether
the greater mortality resulting from the
bites of rabid animals in adult than in
young persons may not bo attributable ,
to some extent at least , to this caso. The
diseased mind may favor the generation
and cxpedito the recrudoscnco of the
mortal malady. " *
"If It were understood [ says Dr. Spitz
ka ] that fear and expectant attention
may not only develop serious nervous
symptoms , but actually cause death ,
many who are threatened with hydro
phobia would cultivate healthful self-
control. The moral management of per
sons bitten by suspicious dogs is n most
important matter. A number of cases
arc on record in which patients suffering
from the most agoni/.fng symptoms of
"rabies" recovered on hearing that the
doe which bit thorn was alive and well.
' The best authorities to-day [ say the
same writer ] incline to regard the major
ity of cases of reputed rabies in man as
spurious. They believe that many of the
sufferers who develop the imaginary dis
case were bitten by animals suffering ,
not frum rabies , but from epilepsy or
from gastro-mtcstlnal disease nay , oven
by healthy dogs. That the serious and
oft-tlmcs fatal influence of terror and
expectant attention , fostered by popular
nlurm , is attended by other epidemics of
imitative nervous disorder , is a familiar
fact to these who have studied the influ
ence of the lUlnd on the body. From tbo
fifteenth century , when Alsatian peas
ants imagined they wore changed Into
wolves , and ran on all fours , howling
nnd tearing children to pieces , down to
the present day , when these dreading
hydrophobia bark like dogs and mow liloo
cats , tlio records of hydrophobia are replete -
plete to ovorllowlng with delusion , super
stition , hysteria , anil unconscious simula
tion. The tragi-comical case of a num
ber of persons dying in the sixteenth cen
tury after having ottten of a pig that had
boon bitten by a dog , which in its turn
had been bitten by another and rabid
one , found Its counterpart a few weeks
ago in Russia , where a medical editor , a
follower of Pasteur , suggesting the treat
ing of a number of persons in the Pasteur
institute at Odessa for no bettor reason
than that they had partaken of milk from
a cow bitten by a rabid dog."it
The Pasteur craze and the Hydrophobia
bugbear will soon bo things of the past ;
but it will bo well to remember for a long
time to como that , so far as biological
science has a voice in England , it was
raised in hosannas to the French savant.
These exports in whom the simple lay
public is constantly asked to confide , as
the only proper judges of thu utility of
cruel experiments on animals ( and who
would fain bo permitted at the same time
to settle the morality of the practice ) ,
those very experts have proved them
selves in this noteworthy case absolutely
and even ridiculously mistaken. Either
they were not clover enough , or they
were not honest and single-minded
enough , to discern the unscientific and
and delusive character of a method
which , once it has boon exposed iu plain
language , appears the very climax of
charlatanism. Not ono English vivssec-
tor charged his French colleague with
useless cruoltv. and the commission ,
headed by Sir H. Hoscoo , which was sent'
from England last summer to inquire into
the method , forbore for nine months to
give its report , or warn the nation that it
was being deceived into sending im
perilled men rod children to undergo a
delusive and perhaps 'dangerous opera
tion. This was all that science did for
us , in the face of this huge medical bub-
bio. These unscientific people who could
only apply common sense to the subject
and who revolted from the monstrous
character of the method , or relied on
their religious conviction that by no such
barbarous moans could real good come
to humanity thcso people , deafened as
they were a year ago "by the "Groat is
Diana" chorus of the biologists , and in
sultingly challenged in every newspaper
to bow at last at the shrine of benehcicnt
vivisection thcsoafter all , prove to have
been right. '
When next there is question of condon
ing cruelty on the plea of bencfitting
humanity , it is to bo hoped that this in
structive history will Jiot bo forgotten.
Of the moral injury done to the commu
nity. by.sanotioning cruelty there can be
no question at all. Of tlio physical ad
vantage's to bo purchased byTt wo have a
sample in Fastcurism. An "infinite num
ber" of miserable animals have died in
the unutterable agonies of artificially
producud rabies ; an aggravated form of
that awful disease whioh Mnyhew toll a
us amounts to being inflamed all ovor.
And the result of tills burnt offering in
the tcmplo of the Rue d'Ulm has boon
the death of sovonty-ulno patients , of
whom at least a dozmi have died unques
tionably of their inoculations.
Old Seldon says in his "Table Talk : "
"To preach long , loud , and damnation is
the way to bo cried up. Men love the
man who damns them , and run after
him to save thorn. " The secret has , I
fear , been bequeathed to our modern
priests the doctors. It is right and proper
tor them to warn us In moderation ; but
they do it beyond , all reason. "Touch
not ! Taste not ! ilixndlo not ! There is
death in the pot. 'Ware microbes here !
' \Vnre bacilli there ! All tho"world's a
hospital , and all the mon and women
merely patients. " There is no end to the
"host of spectres palo" which beleaguer
us , summoned bv their spoils and clothed
with double terrors by their alarming
now scientific titles. But there should bo
some limit to this perpetual cry of
"Wolf ! Wolf ! " Wo must die sooner or
later , whether with scientific advisors or
without thorn ; and it would , after all , bo
better to die sooner , pursuing noble ob
jects , performing natural duties , nnd
enjoying innocent pleasures , than a Httlo
later , amid pitiful anxieties and odious
messes ami inoculations of filth , loading
the lives of Molioro's malada imagmairo.
Perhaps wo may nnvor , alas ! discover
the secret of faith healing ; but at least wo
can avoid fear killing dying by inches
of sheer anxiety to live , and being slain
at last bytho very dread of death.
Remarkable Testimony to the Effi
ciency of Prnyer.
Springfield Republican : The Holiness
camp meeting , at Old Orchard , Me. ,
witnessed most remarkable scones on
Friday. It was tlio day announced for
healing by faith. The meetings were
under tlio direction of Rov. A. B. Simp
son , of Now York , who was assisted by
a largo number of other clergymen.
The afternoon mooting preceding the
anointing service at the tabernacle was
largely an experience meeting of those
those who had boon healed by divine
faith in years past. Among those who
gave extended accounts ot their euro
were Mrs. Kimball , of Holyoke ; Mr.
Adams , of Manchester , who was cured
of utter nervous prostration , and Hey. J.
S. Haugh , of Sandy Hook , Conn. , who
experienced a very remarkable cure
from threatened brain paralysis. A hun
dred or moro others apoko briefly of the
cures they had experienced , and among
the aflcctions enumerated wcro the fol
lowing : Nervous prostration , Bright'a
disease , dyspepsia , hay fever , tumors ,
aflcctions of the eyes , spinal trouble ,
brain trouble , pneumonia , neuralgia ,
rheumatism and heart disease , the last
Rabies and Hydrophobia , p. 3(4.
t Tbe Forum , April , 1887 , p. 170-180.
t ' -Tba neutralization ot an already received
rabto virus , by successive Inoculations , not of
an antidote but ot rablo virus of progressive
virulence , tad th'f ' unaccompanied by the vnry
smallest morbid symptom ucb. U the great
mystery of the new reunion. " ( M. faileuret
U uag , by Ur , Luuud , p. 61. .
named testimony Moa given by a phy
sician from Now Vk , who said it was
Hereditary in his fnlly.
On adjourning t the tabernacle at 4
o'clock these whwishcd to bo healed
wore given seats iiho front of the house ,
while their friondshd these who wished
to witness the sorcns were allowed to
occupy what was It. The building was
crowded nnd a markablo spirit was
manifest. The atlntlng and prayers
were done pithily , a row of scats
directly in front t the platform being
reserved for thlsiurposc. As soon as
these who first ctupicd the scats wcro
attended to othcrsook their places until
270 people had bei anointed. At the be
ginning of the excises Rov. Mr.Simpson
named as these uo were to aid him in
the service of th anointing : Rev. Dr.
Peck , of Boston ; toy , Dr. Cookman. of
Now York ; Rov.H. 11. McBrldo , ot
Brooklyn ; Ruv. M Marrow , of Canada ;
Rov. M. Scovillo , f Brooklyn ; Rov. C.
Ryder , of Providcco ; Rev. A. K. Funk ,
of Now York ; RevDri Kimball , of Holyoke
eke ; Rov. I. CrcKor , of Providence ;
Rev. J. S. Haugh , I Sandy Hook ; Rov.
H. Chase , of Oaland , and Rov. Mr.
Oakcs , of Manchitcr. Each was pro
vided with a smn bottle of oil , with
which ho anointed ho foreheads of these
persons kneeling in front of him
before the altar , meanwhile offering
prayer for the cvino blcssinc to bo
cranted to tbo'sopllcants. . While the
first row of suppliants were thus being
ndministorcd , thcaudicnco sang , "Tho
Great Physician low is Near , " after
whioh prayer was fferod by Miss Carrlo
Judd , of Buffalo , \ho was herself a few
years ago healed b faith of a long-stand
ing Infirmity. Pr'ycr also was ofl'ored
and a hymn sung at the closu of each
anointing service.
A number of romrkablo cases of relief
were oxporionccd. Miss Florence Mar
tin , of Syracuse , NY. , who had not been
able to raise herscl upon her feet since
she was n child because of a spinal
trouble , whoso natiro had baffled all the
physicians , rose t her feet and stood
alone after she ha ! boon annointud , and
when the exercises were closed and the
people were Inavhg the tabernacle she
walked out of tin building and to her
boarding place , asastlng herself by tak
ing horn of the hanls of a gentleman nnd
lady on each sldo cf her that she might
not fall , for , as she said when she loft her
chair , she had ugo ; to learn to walk , "
not having done x > bcforo for thirteen
years. Another caio of remarkable cure
was that of Miss Lia Moses , of Old Or
chard , who about three years ago , was so
severely injured in her left hip and knee ,
whllo coasting In the winter , that she
had ever since been obliged to go upon
crutches. Yesterday at the camp ground
she threw her crutches away , and , at the
anointing service , she walked to the altar
nnd , for the first time since her injury ,
found herself ablrt to kneel down. She
also walked from the building at the
close of the services. When Miss Martin
was asked just before she left the build
ing if she felt any relief from infirmities ,
she replied that she "felt tlio warm health'
giving glow of Christ's presence pervad
ing hci fultro buJjMlaa Muaua , uii
being similarly questioned , said that "tho
joy she was experiencing was beyond
words to express. " The meetings will
bo continued till the Oth inst. , and other
healing services will bo held.
AVIll Power Under Ncoc § lty.
Philadelphia Ledger , Aug. 12 : Many
faith euros got no newspaper mention or
report of any kind. Wo do not refer to
cases such as that reported from North-
port , Long Island , wnoro an invalid girl
named Webb , under strong excite
ment and the prayers of her brother , the
Rov. Mr. Wnbb , was enabled to got up
and walk. How many tired folks have
pulled themselves out from sheer ex
haustion to go about their day's work in
the lost six weok8"The tale or count of
these fathers and mothers' , for instance ,
who know that thoy'can walk or work
simply because they must for others that
are dependent QP .them , would far out
number any ofthq , miracles performed
by Minister Webb and his confreres. It
has almost required. . n act of faith in the
past July to belioyo that a day's work
could bo done under the terribly exhaust
ing conditions. . .With so many every day
miracles around us of cheerfulness and
plucky resolution , bqthof which are good
prayers for sucgcs. ; the only wonder is
that the excitement cures of nervous in
valids get any nfentipn or notice.
Handicercttlefii 'for thn Angela.
A little girl , four'years old , asked her
father ono day : ' ' '
"Papa , whoro- does the rain como
from1' ' ' .
"It is the tear's of the angels , crying
when Edith has been naughty , " said ho
Edith pondered over this explanation.
Ono night later on , after Edith had boon
making a very stormy time on going to
bed , and had boon told that she was
very naughty , she was missed from her
bed. Her mother , frightened at her ab
sence , made a rapid search , and foftnt
that a bureau drawer had been opened
and everything in it thrown out , but no
Edith was to bo found. Just at this mo
mcnt the door-boll was rung violently ,
and when it was opened a neighbor
rushed in , exclaiming :
"Do you know that your little girl is
out on the roof ? . "
The mother fan , breathless , up to the
attic , where a stairway led up to a
scuttle and then out upon the slop
Ing roof of the house. And there Edith
sat , perched upon thoodgo of the scutllo ,
with a lot of poclcct handkerchiefs sprout
about her.
"My child ! " her mother shoutod.catch
ing her in her arms. "What arc you
doing here ? "
"Why , mamma , I brought up some
han'k'uhicfs for the angels to wipe their
eyes with , 'cause I's so naughty , so it
wouldn't rain awfully 1"
Type Writing to Some Purpose.
Indianapolis Journal : A daintily elai
little woman she was one of the bos
operators as well as tlui prettiest whom
I had noticed several times In a down
town typo-writing ollico , was missing
from her desk the other day. The plump
prosperous-looking head of the establish
ment smoothed down somn rebellious
reddish-brown locks as she explained.
" 1 didn't expect to keep her long , " aho
said. "Sho came to mo a year ago to
learn the business , and her mother who
were diamonds came with her , hal
apologizing for her daughter's whim
Tbo two of them wore gowns that turnei
the heads of the whole office , and lookci
as if they had money enough and to
spare. It turned out when I was m m1
now apprentice's contidonco a Httlo
that she was engaged to a law student
an impecunious one and they wantec
to marry as soon as he was admitted to
the bar. Papa had absolutely refusot
his consent , and mamma frowned on the
whole thing. So what does my lady debut
but got permission without assigning any
reason for the freak , to learn typewriting
she is studying short-hand , too havinj
taken the idea into her head that if she
and her law student choose to marry
when the time came she could supper
the family until the appearance nf some
foes. They had the knot tied a couple o
days ago , the household powers to the
contrary notwlthslandlng.and uro taking
a week's holidaylsoruewhoro'.down on the
shore. She told mo she should bo read' '
for work when she came baok.and 1 thin !
she will. She has been earning 17 a
week , and is about expert enough to go
$10 now. That will help them out for a
while , though 1 fancy her husband won'
leave her here long. _
IF the stomach performs its function
actively and regularly , tha food of whlcl
it is the .receptacle , is transformed inti
blood of a nourishing quality , whlcl
furnishes vigor and warmth to the whole
body , the 'best remedy to' give tone , to
the stomach is Ur. J..H. . McLean'
Strengthening Cordial anil Blood Purl
Her. ' ' '
Written by Thomas Jefferson One Hundred
Yean Ago ,
The Statesman Discusses Religion ,
Philosophy. Travel and the Study
of Languages for the Benefit
of Peter Cam
NEWror/r , R , I. , August 10. The fol-
owing letter , written by Thomas Jotter-
son ono hundred years ago to-day , whllo
n Paris as minister from this country ,
and addressed to Peter Carrof Newport ,
whoso descendants are still residents of
his island , has never before appeared in
> rint. The letter Is the property of
3corgo W. Carr.
PAIUS , August 10,1787.
Dear Peter I have received your two
letters of December 80 and April 18 , and
am happy to find by them , as well as by
letters from Mr. Wytho that you have
been so fortunate as to attract his notice
and good will. I am sure you will llnd
, his to bo ono of the most fortunate Inci
dents of your I have been sensible
t was of mine. I enclose you a sketch
of the sciences to which I wish you to
apply , In such order as Mr. Wytho shall
advise. 1 mention also the books In
; hem worth your reading , which submit
: o his correction many of them are
among your father's books which you
should have brought to you. As I do
not recollect those of them not in his
library you niucf write to mo for them ,
making out a catalogue of such as you
think you shall have occasion for In
eighteen months from the date of your
letter and consulting Mr. Wytho on the
subject. To this sketch I will add a few
particular observations.
First , Italian. I fear that the learning
of this laneuago will confound your
French and Spanish. Being all of them
degenerate dialects of the Latin , they are
apt to mix in conversation. I have never
scon a person speaking the throe lan
guages who did not mix them. It is a
delightful language , but late events have
rendered the Spanish moro useful ; lay it
aside to prosecute that.
Second , Spanish. Bestow great atten
tion on this and endeavor to ticquiro an
accurate knowledge of it. Our future
connections with Spain and Spanish
America will render that language a val
uable acquisition. The ancient history of
a great part of America , too , is written in
that language. I send you a dictionary.
Third Moral philosophy. I think it
lost time to attend lectures on this
branch. He who made us would have
boon a pitiful bungler if Ho made the
rule of our moral conduct a matter of
science. For ono man of science there
are thousands who are not. What would
have become of them ? Man was des
tined for society. His morality , there
fore , was to be formed to this object. He
was endowed with a sense of right and
wrong merely relative to this senso. This
sense is as much a part of his nature as
the sense of , hearing , seeing , fooling ; it is
the true foundation .of morality. The
moral sense'or conscience is as much a
part of man as his leg or arm. It is
given to till human beings in a stronger
or weaker degree , as force of members
is given in a greater or less degree. It
may bo strengthened by exercise , as may
any particular limb of the body. This
Hoimicu is submitted-in-som&dcgroo-to
the guidance of reason , but it is a small
stock which is required for this ; oven a
less ono than what wo call common senso.
State a moral case to a ploughman and a
professor. The former will decide it as
well , and often better than tie ( latter , because -
cause no has not been led estray by arti
ficial rules. In this branch , therefore ,
road books because they will encourage
as well as direct your feelings. The
writings of Stcrno , praticularly , form the
the best course of morality that over was
written. Beside these , read the books
mentioned in the indorsed paper , and ,
above all things , lose no occasion of ex
orcising your disposition to bo grateful , to
be generous , to be charitable , to be true ,
just , linn , orderly , courageous , etc. Con
sider every act of this Kind as an act
which will strengthen your moral facul
ties and increase your worth.
Fourth Ilelicion. Your reason is now
raaturn enough to examine this object.
In the first place divest yourself entirely
of all basis in favor of novelty or singu
larity of opinion. Indulge them in any
other subject rather than thai of religion.
It is too important , and the consequences
of error may bo too serious. On the
otho'r hand , shako off all fear and servile
prejudices under which weak minds are
servilely crouched. Fix reason lirm , in
her seat and call to her tribunal every
fact , every opinion. Question with bold
ness the very existence of God ; because
if there bo one , Ho must more approve
the homage of reason than that of blind
folded fear. You will naturally examine
first the religion of yourfown country.
Huad your bible , then , as you would road
Llvy or Tacitus. The facts which arc in
the ordinary course of nature you will
believe on the authority of the writer as
you do those of the same kind in Livy
and Tacitus. The testimony of the
writer weighs in their favor in
ono scale , and these , not being against
the laws of naturedocs not weigh against
them. But those facts in the bible
which contradict the laws of nature must
bo examined with moro care anil under a
variety of faces. Hero you must recur
to pretensions of the writer to inspiration
from ( iod. Examine upon what evidence
his pretensions are founded , and wlmthcr
that evidence is so strong that its false
hood would be moro improbable than a
change of the laws of nature in the case
ho relates. For example , in the book of
Joshua wo are tokl'tho sun stood still
several hours. Wore wo to road that fact
in Livy or Tacitus wo should class it with
their showers of blood , speaking statues ,
boasts , etc. But it is said that the writer
of that book was inspired. Examine ,
tkwroforo , candidly , what evidence there
is of his having been inspired. The pretension -
tension is entitled to your inquiry because
millions behevo it. On the other hand ,
vou are astronomer enough to know how
contrary it is to the laws of nature , that
a body revolving on its axis , as the earth
docs , should have stopped , should not , by
that sudden stoppage , have prostrated
animals , trees , buildings , and should ,
after a certain timo. have resumed its
revolution and that without a second gen
eral prostration. Is this arrest of the
earth's motion , or the evidence which
alllrms it , most within the law of prob
abilities ?
You will next read the Now Testament.
It is the history of a personaco called
Jesus. Keep in your eye the opposite
pretension ; lirst , of these who say ho was
bcgottan by God , born of a virgin , sus
pended and reversed the laws of nature
at will , and ascended bodily into heaven ;
and second of those who say ha was a
man of illegitimate birthof u benevolent
heart , enthusiastic mind , who set out
without pretensions to divinity ended in
believing them and was punished capi
tally for sedition by being glbbettod ac <
cording to the Roman law , which pun
ished the first otlenso by whipping and
the second by exile or death in tunca ,
Hoe this law in the Digest , Lib. 48 , tit. 10 ,
28 > 3 , and Lipslus , Lib. 3. Do Cruco cap ,
2. Those questions are examined in the
book I bad mentioned under the head ol
religion and several * others. They will
assist you m your luquiucs ; but keep
your reason firmly on the watch in read
ing thorn alL Do not bo frightened from
this inquiry by any fear of the cense
quences. If it ends in the belief thr.t
there Is no God you will find Incitements
to virtno In the comfort and pleasantness
you feel In its exercise , and the love of
others which it will procure you. If you
tind reason to bcllcvo there is a God , a
consciousness that you are acting under
His cyo and that Ho approves you will bo
a vast additional incitement ; if there bo
A future statn , the hope of n happy exist-
mco In that increase , the appetite to do-
dorvo it ; if that Jesus was also a God
you will bo comforted by a belief of His
aid and lovo. In fine , I repeat , you must
lay aside all projudlco'oh both sides , and
neither bcliovo or regret anything bo-
jjauso any other porsorror description of
persona nave regretted or believed it.
Your own reason is the only oracle given
by hniivon , and you are answerable , not
'or the riahtness , but for the uprightness
jf the decision. I forgot to observe ,
when speaking of the Now Testament ,
hat you should road all the histories of
Christ as well as those whom a council of
jcclcslastlcs have decided for us to bo
; ) scudo-ovantzollst as these they named
jvangollst. Bucausd these psoudo-ovan-
gollsts pretend to inspiration as much as
the others , and you are to judge of their
pretensions by your own reason , and not
" iy the reason of these ecclesiastics. Most
ol these are lost. There are some , how
ever , still extant , collected by Fabrlclous ,
which I will endeavor to get and dcnd
Fifth Traveling. Tills makes mun
wiser but loss happy. When men of
sober ago iravol they gather knowledge ,
which they may apply usefully for their
country , but they are after all subject to
recollections mixed with regret ; their nf-
Jcctions are weakened by being extended
over moro objects , and they learn now
habits which cannot bo gratified when
they return homo. Young men who
travel are exposed to all these inconve
niences in a higher degree to others moro
serious , and do not acquire that wisdom
for which a previous foundation is requi
site by repeated nnd just observations at
homo' . The glare of pomp and pleasure
is analogous to the motion of the blood ;
it absorbs all their affections nnd atten
tion ; they are torn from It , as from the
only good in this world , and return to
their homo as to a place of "cxllo nnd con
demnation. Their eyes arc over turned
back to the object they have
lost , and its recollection poisons
the residue of their lives. Their
first and most dulicato passions are hackneyed -
noyod on unworthy objects hero , and
they carry home the dregs insufllciont to
make themselves or anybody else happy.
Add to this that a habit of idleness and
inability to apply themselves to business ,
is acquired and renders them useless to
themselves and their country. These
observations are founded in experience.
There is no place where your pursuit of
knowledge will bo so Httlo obstructed by
foreign objects as in your own country ,
nor any wherein the virtues of the heart
will be less exposed to be weakened.
Bo good , bo learned nnd bo industri
ous and you will not want the aid of tra
velling to render you precious to your
country , dear to your friends , happy
within yourself. I repeat my advice to
take a great deal of exercise , and on foot.
Health is the first requisite for morality.
Write to mo often and bo assured , of the
interest 1 take in your success , as
well as the warmth of these sentiments
of attachments with which I am , dear
Peter , your affectionate friend ,
Joseph Jefferson has no Intention of retir
ing yet.
Mine. Christine Nilsson was forty-four
years old Wednesday , August 3.
Minnie Uauk Is to sine "Carman" at Mos
cow and St. Petersburg In NoveiuDer.
Henry Irving has been made a trustee of
Shakespeare's birthplace , succeeding the
late Dr. Initelby.
Philadelphia Is golnt ; to have a theater en
tirely for amateurs. Probably it will bo all
stage and no auditorium.
With the exception of Kyrlo Bellow thcro
will be none but Americans In Mrs. James
Brown Potter's company.
During Pattl's forthcoming tour of Amer
ica 815 in gold will be charged for orchestra
seats and 85 to the galleries.
Maude Banks , daughter of General N. P.
Banks , will star in her own play , "Joan of
Arc" under Boston management.
Buffalo Bill Intends to give a fall season In
Paris and a winter season In the Coliseum in
Home. Ills European engagements extend
over three years.
Ono hundred ballet girls left New York
city last Tuesday In charge of Edmund Ger-
son , to take part In Bolossy Klralfy'a "Siege
of Troy , " to be presented In Chicago.
The recent open-air pert'ormanco of "As
You Like It" at Manchester , N. H. , netted
32,800 for the actors' fund , Ilose Coghlan
and the satire cast sutfered from the intense
Sarah Bernhardt has gone to Cauterets by
order of her physician , ller physical endur
ance has startled her friends , and a new
triumph Is anticipated for her , no matter lu
what play she may appear.
A musician In Washington , D. C. , says
that he Is prepared to prove that the Boulau-
gor march Is nothing moro nor less than the
l'Mnrgherlta Polka , " written ubout fifteen
years ago In honor of the Italian queen.
Miss Anderson will open the Lyceum thea
ter , London , September 1 , with a production
of the ' 'Winters' Tale , " for which she and
her company have been for sometime In
native rehearsal. During the Reason of lbS7
aim 18SS she will play on the other bide.
Lawrence B.irrott. owing to his coalition
with Kclwln Booth , will this season have no
use for "Franccsca da lUmlnl , " and Codric
Hone contemplates taking it on a tour. E.
1 , . Davenport did that with it thirty odd
years ago. and soon abandoned the task.
A cable message from Kuropo announces
the engagement of 11 err Boctl , ono of Ger
many's foremost tenors , by Mr. ( Justav Am-
berg , of the Thalia theatre , Now York , for a
series of ten performances to begin on Octo
ber 10. liorr Boetl will receive 51,000 per
Maud ( Jranzor will pro bably appear at the
Alcazar In San Kranclsco with Jeffreys
Lewis , whoso new play has a part that Is just
in her HUP. This will bo the llrst appearance
of Miss Lewis and Miss Grainier together
since they played in "Diplomacy" at the Cal
ifornia tlieattsr iu August , Ib7&
If Verdi's "Othello" bo heard at all In
Now Vork during the season of lt > ST-8 It will
be under the management of Slgnor Cam-
paninl , and the performances will bo glvon
early next sprint : . In that case several of the
principal parts will be sustained pythe ar
tists who created them In Italy. Tamagno
will assuredly DO the Othello.
"Held by the Enemy" will open the fall
season of the Star theatre , New Vork ,
August 2U. Henry Miller and Ben Graham
will both be In the cast and Mr. Ullletto will
assume the character of the war correspon
dent. Louisa Dillon continues In the pait of
Susan , so successfully enacted by her last
season. A new third act has been added , the
value of which Is yet to bu determined.
"The Dominie's Dnughter"a drama found
ed upon the revolution by D. D. Lloyd , and
which scored a success at Wallack's theatre ,
New York , is to bo revived for a tour ot the
country. Mr. Lester Wallack has selected
the cast with great earn , and the manage
ment has been Intrusted to Mr. Byron Douz-
las , a young actor , late nf hdwln liooth'a
support Miss Marlon Booth , a niece of the
tragedian , will play a leading role ,
Mrs. General Tom Thumb. Count Jl.isri ,
her husband and a number of equally clever
little folks will make a two years' tour of the
world under the management ot Shumonds
and Brown. The count and countess have
been provided by their new manager * with a
miniature carriage , drawn by two Shetland
ponies thirty-live inches high. Alex. Davis ,
ventriloquist , the Tissota and Sylvester
Bleecker will also go with the company ,
Josef Hoffmann , a little Gorman boy ten
yeart of age has been astonishing the musici
ans and musical critics of London with his
wonderful skill as a piano player. lit ) Is a
quiet , hoalthly Httlo chap not at all Ilka most
youthful prodigies. Ho plays the most dllU-
cult pieces by Mendelssohn , Mo/.urt , Chopin
and others with remarkable accuracy and ux-
presalon , Mr. Maver la ot the opinion tlmt
American musicians should have a chance tt )
hear Uofmann.
Operatic concert companies are multiply
ing. A now efco soon to start out consists q
Mine. MnrleOodlnl. soprano , who wm will
Drlgnoll In his lost operatic , tour nnd saui
with him when ho appeared In Ids favorlU
opera , "Don Pasquale , " for the last time. U
San Antonio , May f > , 1834 ; Mine. Cosenza ,
contralto , of the Angelo opera company ;
Slitnor Jo vine , tenor , and * va , baritone ,
from the Bellini theatre , Naples , who tiara
lately arrived here , and Signer Clcconl ,
The Florences open at Mrs. McYlckor'i
theatre , Chicago , August 2i > , in "Our duv'-
nor. " Of Gaylcr's new play , "Uncle Bob , "
Mr. Florence says : "This play Is not a
a western drama , but a four-act comedy In
which 1 play the role of a cattle king who
gets rich in the mines and then buys a ranch.
When n boy 1 am supposed to IIAVO run
way from home , gone west and become
wealthy , as 1'vo already explained. 1 am
educating the duuzliter of an old partner
who had Dcen killed by road agents. She la
Infashlnable society In Mow lork , ami the
Boones take place at the homo of my brother ,
who Is a wealthy banker thero. 1 come on
from the w wt to MO how my adopted daugh
ter is Eottlng along. Mrs. Florence is my
brother's sister-in-law , the widow of a ma
jor In the army. A number of very funny
scenes lay between us. Shn affects military
airs on account ot her duad husband's posi
tion , and my rough , peed n turcd ways
please her , for of course we fall In love. Ono
of the banker's confidential clerks Is about
to marry iny brother's dauihtcr my niece
and 1 save her by discovering that this clerk ,
who is the villain ot the plar , has forced tlio
combination of the bank safe. Ot coursa
everything ends happily. Mrs ; Florence and
myself have never before hM' 'characters '
like those to portray , and wo are well
pleased with them as well as .sanguine of
success. Our season will last thirty weeks
or so , up to April , anyhow , and wo slmll gene
no further west than Lincoln , Neb. , "
Tnlmaeo on Iinntli.
The Brooklyn Tabernacle pastor re
cently discoursed thus on the "King of
Terrors : " "One mlnuto after the vital
unctions ceased , the little child that dicdl
last night in Montague street know moro
than Johnathan Edwards , or St. 1'nul
himself , before bo died. Friends , the exit
from this world , or death , if you please
to call it , to the Christian is glorious ex
planation. It is sunburst. It is the open
ing of all the windows. It Is shutting up
the catechism of doubt , and tin
unrolling of all the scrolls of pos
itive and accurate information ,
Instead of standing at the
foot of the ladder nnd looking up , it ii
standing at the top of the ladder and
looking down. It is the last mystor.v
taken out of botany , nnd geology , and
astronomy nnd theology. Oh , will tt not
bo grand to have all questions answered !
The perpetually recurring interrogation
point changed for the mark of exclama
tion. All riddles solved. Who will feat
to go out on that discovery , when all tha
questions nro to bo decided which 'wo
have been discussing all our lives ? Who
shall not clap his hands in the anticipa
tion of that blessed country , if it be no
better than through holy curiosity , cry *
ing : 'The time of my do parturo is al
hand1 !
To increase the stamina of an en
feebled system the nourishing properties
of the blood must bo increased. Dr. J. II.
McLean's Strengthening Cordial and
Blood Purifier enriches and purifies the
blood and fills it with strength giving
Illinois Conservatory of Music
Unsurpassed advantages In all Dcportmonti ot
Muilc , flMratnro , Morton Language" . Rlocutlon.
Address K. F. DULL.AHO , Supt. , Jackionrllle , III
Cor , 13th St. and Capitol ui. , OMAHA , NEB.
Beit facilities , apparatus anil remnllet for inoeetiful treatment of
every form of illMMM rpitilrln. ! MMicat or Hurflcal treatment ,
WBITB Ton dnn/tAni on OtfurmltlM and llracea , < 'lub Peet |
Curvature of the Hpme. IMIei. 'I umort , Canonr. Catarrh , IlroiieMtt & , .
Inliatattoii. l.lerlriclly , Pnralril * . Kullrittr. KUner. UlaJJcr. Eve. i
Ear , Bkln , and Illnxl , aii.l . all Burjtcal O | > eratl < mt.
Hook on Viscoses of Women FIIEE. '
All ni-vxl Tll ftw * tucfCMfuHy trcalrrl. flyjihllltlc Vnlwn rrmortHl
from Hir jttcm without mercury. New lUtlorallro Irrottiitnt for
IJOM of Vital 1'gwcr. IVrwn * ntuulo to vUttutniar bctrtitctl at
hem , by Curmiiwrwltnpfl. All commun I callous CVtnticteDiIal. M 4U
riiMiur IniinimeDtiKiit by mallorexprmt , s > .ur ljr packed , n *
markalo in'llcat4 Ctxitentior aandrr. Oue iMfbuital yitrrvl iT pr * >
f r d. Clt ami ootwult UB , or aeiitt hl < 1ory of your e , till tttutp.
u4 no will * eti4 lit j > l < Un Mrajitwr , uur
Upon Prime , flpoclal ctvt Knvoiu PIM W > I , Ifmtnal Mfilncti ,
Spenuatnrriiva. ImrwteiKf , SyttliUI * , Cujwrrltaa. Ulctt. awl Varl *
coceU , Uooii.4 lor patloull * AJJreu ,
Dr. HcMenamy , Cor. 13tli si. & Capitol AT.Oraaia ! , M
fUalTalMtliaipU H
laildl of I'
OwlliK to tlio DUOOXaL ILASTII ITT uC tha cloth ( which
our patents cover vxcluklvely ) * lll fit tiArfrcttv Di t
time worn. lu > iuirrs nu blinking In. rw.T null H.1H >
br upllvr after brlnr worn ten da ) * If tint fuiim ) DicmoU
PEKFRCT tVl'TINM. IIK A I/I'll fill. ,
nnd Conilurtailile Uormit CTcr nnrji. Hold \ij \ all
dealer * .
CKOTTY MltOS. . Chlca : o. Ill-
' J
Cttmtr Illk ul . SO. . OMiHi , His.
Aull.orlwJ lo trrat all CltroriU. Xtnrow * ! * * Ap UUMM'
( wtMihtr * 4 by Imtrufamii , ! * mr oaUffl1) ) tteiiitna
Weak ! * * * * ( iitKht lotMt ) , * * iufc ) IfeUllir , ( lot * of Mul wwtr )
Nvrvuua DeUlfcy , Hk d D. Jxi , Ac , Cum STUB r * ( ! or tiwv7
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