Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, July 12, 1887, Page 4, Image 4

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THE OMAHA DAILY BEE : ITOSSDAY , JTJLY 12 1887.
THE DAILY BEE.
PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING.
TXTIUS or sunscrunio * :
Dnfly ( Mnrnl J * Edition ) Including Sunday
HER , Ono Year . $10 04
For Six Months . 6 TO
ForTlireoMunthg . 260
The Omaha Sunday IKK ) , mailed to nny
addroiw , Ono Your. . . . 00
OUAHA Ornre. No. 014 Ann Bid
KHtr votiK OrncK. Ur on is. TitiniiNR
WAIUINUTOM orrics , K
t CORntsroRDiNCt :
All oemmuntontions rotating to news nndcdl-
torlal nmtter xhciuld bo ud'lrcuod to tbo Lin-
ton or mis I3 *
BCSIMMI LRTTtnSt
AH bnilncM tetters and romlttancesihould tie
dilroued to TUB IKK I'um.isitimi COM iA sir ,
OMAHA. Drafti , chocks * nd pootofflce orders
to be made pa/ able to the order of th company ,
WE HE POBLISillTSPW , PBOPBItlOHS ,
E. ROSEWATEn , EniTort.
THE DAILY BEE.
Sworn Statement of Circulation.
BUU of Nebraska. I . _
County of Douirlao. [ " "
Oeo. n. Tzschucr , secretary of The Boo
Publishing company , does solemnly swear
that the actual circulation ot thn Dally lice
for the week ending July 8 , 1837 , was as
follows :
Raturday.July 2. U.ino
Hundav. July 3 14.200
Monday. July-1 77. " >
Tuesdnv. July 5 H.025
Wednesday , JulyO in.OOO
Thursday , July ? 18.015
Friday , July 8 .l3h'JO
Avcraco 11,132
GF.O. 11. TZSCHUOK.
Sworn to and subscribed in my presence
this Oth day of July , A. D. 1837.
1837.N. . P. FF.U , .
FSKAL.1 Notary Public.
Btato of Nebraska , ! , ,
DoiiKlns County , jss
Gco. U. TzRchtick , being first duly sworn ,
dcposrs and tays tlmt ho Is Bfcrotary of The
Bee Publishing company , that the actual
avcrnpo dally circulation ot the Dally Bee for
the month of July. 1880 , 12ai4 copies ;
for August , IbSfl. li,4& ! ! copies ; for Septem
ber , IfWO , 13,030 conies ; for October , 1BSO ,
12,089 copies ; for November. 188(5 ( , 13U3 , :
copies ; for December , 18bO. 13,237 copies ; for
January 18S7 , 10,20(5 ( copies ; for February ,
1887 , 14,193 copies ; for March. 1S87 , 14,400
copies ? for April. 1887. 14,310copies ; for May ,
1897 , 14,227 copies ; for Juno 1887 , 14,147
copies.
OEO. B. Tzscirocit.
Subscribed and sworn to before me this 1st
day of Jnly A. D. , 1887.
[ HEAL. | N. P. FKIL. Notary Public.
AN English woman is. about to start "a
School for wives. " This may possibly
grow into n school for scandal.
OMAHA may not pack as many hogs as
Kansas City docs. There are not ns many
hogs in Omahn ns there are in Kansas
City.
YOUNU Mr. Uarvy , the dishonest treas
ury clerk , wns an appointee of Samuel J.
Randall. Unlike his master , ho waa op
posed to hoarding the surplus.
IT will bo well to withhold judgment
on the president's declination to go to
St. Louis until Senator George Graham
Vest is heard from. War may yet bo de
clared.
THE first thing in order before the now
board of education is the election of n
secretary. It is to be hoped the bonrd
will elect u competent nnd ellicient ranu
to this responsible position.
IT Is ploaslng to know tlmt if the presi
dent is uuublo to visit St. Louis ho is not
deprived the pleasure of spending a
dny or two with Ins sister , Miss Hose
Elizabeth , nt Holland Patent.
tbo Union. Pacific rend seri
ously contemplates the building of n line
east to Chicago , it might not bo n bad
idea for thnt corporation to first settle
its indebtedness with the government.
Now thnt Mrs. Lnugtry has declared
herself to bccomn n citl/un of the United
States , lot us hope nlso that abe will do
something townrd making herself n good
nctross. It is a proud title to bo nn
American citizen , nnd America is always
proud of her good artists.
EX-CONGKKSSMAN IlEI'IlUUN , of lown ,
threatens to become the legal ndvisor for
thu Northern Pacific railroad at n salary
of f 18,030 n year. Thcro will not be the
same opportunities for oratory ns a cor
poration lawyer that ho found while in
congress , but the colonel can lay aside
moro of the glittering gold.
Miss PIIIKUE COUSINS , of St. Louis ,
speaking of President Cleveland , says ;
"I like to talk with him ; ho ia
BO unassuming thnt ono fnels perfectly
nt ease in his presence. Ho has all the
polish of President Arthur and is gomnl
and pleasing In his conversation. He
has n line blue eye , which has such a
kindly expression when he looks at you :
but what I admire most ia his soft , well-
modulated voice. " There Is method in
the fair Phcebo's praise. Her paternal
ancestor , who was appointed by Arthur ,
is still the United States marshal for Mis
souri , and Miss Phoebe is chief deputy ,
and a good ouu too.
FKKSIDENT CLEVELAND has manj
things to make lifo a burden to him. He
is no sooner through with the flag opl-
Rode and the grand nrmy pcoplo , until
ho plunges into a controversy with the
telephone company. He 1ms decided
thnt ho will no longer have the telephone
service in the government department ! :
unless llio rental 1s reduced from $100 tc
f 80 per year for the use of each instru
nient. The company will not reduce the
routs , so out must come Iho 'phonos
Hut why does Mr. Cleveland show i
willingness to stop at $30 per year ? I
the company could realize Imlf thnt
amount for the rent of their inAtrumonta
there would bo a handsome margin stil
remaining.
Auoirr the lirst ofllolal net of the now
cabinet of the Hawaiian govorinuen
should bo the prompt recalling of tbi
Hawaiian minister at Washington , Mr
II. A. P. Carter. lie is already convietei
of the grossest falsehoods regarding thi
condition of nfTnlrs in Iis ) country , tin
object being that Queen Knplolam , 01
her arrival ' in Now York , could ncgotiati
Joans' with which to carry ou the govern
ment and assist her hutknnd , King Kala
knua , iu satisfying his creditors. Up ti
three honrs before the news came frcn
San Francisco that the government hai
passed Into the control of now mlnliterin
olllcer * Mr. Carter assorted with grea
emphasis that 'thcro wns nothing upoi
which to bate tbo rumors of the uprislm
ol the peoplo. There ia hardly a donb
bnt what Mr. Carter was well Informe
; as to th'e fftcU , and if ho vraa pot it is yc
u stiongor letisou why ho should bo re
'called. To resort to faUehuod , as dli
"
* Carter , imply menu the kind of punlsl ,
tunnt that would be Inflicted upon an ,
xs thur common ) inr.-
Inadequate Accountability.
The discovery that the government has
been defrauded by some employe en
trusted with duties which Involve a temp
tation to dishonesty is not of such rare
occurrence , unfortunately it maybe said ,
a to bo sensational. Yet n theft from
the government , oven when the amount
stolen Is not great , very naturally nt-
tracts wldo attention and comment as in
the case of the recently discovered defal
cations by Iho late Levi Drown , financial
clerk of the patent ollico and Oscar J.
Harvey , n clerk of the treasury depart
ment , now in jail at Washington , The
nggrcgato amount stolen by those clerks
did not much exceed 125,000 , though the
former could have made his thefts much
Inrgcr , whllo thu latter had nil arrange
ments perfected for getting hold of five
times the sum ho had dishon
estly possessed himself of. It is
not therefore so much the extent
of the thefts ns the opportunities and
methods for their nccoiuplishmout which
gives them peculiar interest. These in
dicate bad or lax business management
for which there can be no excuse , and
which ought to bo reformed ,
In the case of llacon , who had occupied
the position of financial clerk of the
patent oflico for many years , it seems
that ho had absolute control of the money
that went into his hands. Investigation
as disclosed the anomalous fact that
hero wns no accountability whatever
ml supervision. Ho doubtless gave nnd
cccived receipts , so that the parties who
aid him money were protected nnd
vlicncver ho turned money over to the
) flicial who should receive it ho wns pro-
uctcd , but there appears to hnvo been no
lystcm by which anybody but the ( iiiau-
ial clerk himself could from time to
imo know what amount ho had
'ccciycd ' tlmt belonged to the govern-
ncnt , or if such n system existed
no attention was paid to it. Ho had
licon in the habit , as developed by the
Oockrcll investigation , of conducting a
partial bnuling business with nttorneys
and with clerks in the dcpartmet without
being accountable to anyone , nnd with
out being required to submit his books
or accounts to the inspection of any ono.
It does not appear that ho appropriated
ivny of the missing money to his own use ,
hough ho may and certainly could hnvo
done so. He seemed simply to have
oanud it out , taking the notes or due
bills of the borrower , mostly clerks in
the office whom he had helped out on
their political assessments when that
method of collecting campaign funds
was In vogue. This spirit of accommo
dation was carried to the extent of some
f 10,000 , of which only a fraction over
one-fourth wns repaid when denth closed
the account BO far as the clerk
was concerned. The duo bills which at-
est lonns were nmong his papers ,
aud as some of those to whom the loans
were made are still in the service the
government will doubtless receive a largo
part of the amount. This testimony will
Use have weight in acquitting the mem
ory of the good clerk of the suspicion of
having ut'uit tlio missing money iu his
own interest.
In the case of llarvoy , nppointed under
the present administration , thcro is pro-
eonted nn instance of studied nnd most
inglorious rascality , Ho was chief of the
horse claims" division of the auditor's
ollico of the treasury department , and ho
seemed to have got fairly warmed to his
seat before ho set about devising n way
to rob the government. No ordinary
ugeuuity for raicnlity was necessary to
accomplish this. The way was some
what intricate aud complicated , but Har
vey pursued it with consummnto skill ,
getting a little more than $9,01)0 ) us his re
ward and having in prospect a very
much larger sum had not the doiicicney
bill failed iu the last congress. An elab
orate system of forgery was the means
by which ho accomplished his work , and
ho carried this on so skillfully that the
fraudulent papers submitted by him to
the auditor and controller passed without
exciting any unusual attention thnt
might have ! od to nu inquiry. llarvoy
was an excellent clerk , and by his bright
ness , diligence and dispatch of business
find won the confidence of his superior
officers. There scorns to hnvo been abso
lutely no check upon him , nnd having
thoroughly ingratiated himself into the
confidence of hit ) superiors , had no ililli-
culty m carrying out his well-planned
schemes.
In both those cases the thing lacking
wns that thorough supervision which is
on essential part.of good business man
agement , and which is especially impor
tant with respect to oillcers hav
ing fiduciary trusts. Each of these
clerks was permitted to conduct his busi
ness practically without accountability
to any ono wn * allowed a freedom and
latitude which were essentially unbusi
nesslike , nnd were nn invitation to the
betrayal of trusts. The discoveries will
doubtless have n good effect iu conducing
to greater vigilance and a moro adequate
and rigid policy of accountability through
out the departments.
Professional IJasu Hull.
It must bo conceded that considerable
intercut is tnkon in base ball , but It can
bo questioned if the interest is not exag
gerated. It fact it can be claimed that
resource to advertising , and the misrep
resentations of the true objects of the
national game hnvo not n little contrib
uted to the present status of the game ,
which can bo said to be woefully dogou-
orated fioiu the day it was evolved from
"town hall,1' to become the favorite na
tional out-door sport. Base ball now is
sporting. To-day the base ball clubs are
composed of hirelings , men gathered
from anywhere aud everywhere , aud
with these mercenaries a rivalry ia begotten -
gotten , or m.imrtncturcd between the alf-
tcront towus and cities of a league 01
association , when , in fact , the pro
fessional base ball club is not nropresen <
tativo of the athletes of any community.
When base ball took a beginning , 01
ilrst became so popular na to win the
designation of being the national game ,
the clubs wore representatives of thoii
respective cities. Thu Red Stockings ol
Cincinnati were representative athletes
of Cincinnati , ns were the Nationals ol
Washington } and whatever game these
clubs won , it rightfully belonged to the
cities they claimed to represent. To-day
however , a nine nro bunched together nl
EO much per head for each mouth of the
season , and dubbed the Omaha , St. Paul
St. Louie or Chicago club , aud it h
expected and demanded that over these
mercenaries the respective communities
which they pretend to represent , ahul
become enthusiastic , while at the. sami
time they shall exhibit .intense hostility
to every ether ( own owning a club in the
same league or association. The furor
nnd fan parndo of our locnl con tempo
raries over the battles fought by dunlin ,
Lincoln nnd Hastings clubs is becoming
very tiresome to sensible peoplo. There
is no reason why , over thcso contests ,
communities nro to become bitterly an-
tasonlstlc ns if they were rivals in some
great commercial or industrial enter
prise , which would redound to the bene
fit of the community winning It.
Professional base ball : is played in
this western circuit has become n
public nuisance and it has degenerated
from sport to sporting. Professional base
ball clubs should bo rated nt their true
vnluo. They nro private organizations
for profit , speculation nnd gninbling , nnd
are in no way representntivo of the com
munities to which nccreditcd. The mem
bers r.ro hired , bought nnd sold at so
much per head for a season of four or
flvo mouths.
When base ball becomes rcprcsentntivo ,
then It will bo regarded ns linving won
back the title of being the national panic ,
just as cricket is the national ganio of
England. These clubs nro composed re
spectively of the nthlotcs of this or thnt
village , aud the contest between clnbs
becomes ono enlisting the sympathy
nnd enthusiasm of the spectators.
Thcro are professional cricket clubs In
England , but they play as professionals.
They are enterprises to win money re
gardless of local prldo or designation.
And just hero comes in tlio claim tlmt
professional base ball should be separated
from nil local distinction in this country ,
nnd should bo regarded npart from ama
teur base ball , or the games that nro iu-
tor-colleglnto in character. Contests be
tween university nines or local clubs
would nnd do subserve the true objects of
the sport , liaso ball games under such
conditions are for the physical culture of
the student , and for the develop
ment of nthlctism nmong the pee
plo. There is something Olympian
in such contests. Enthusinm is then well
bestowed in watching the development
nnd achievements of college or village
champions. Now n crowd applauds the
bold athlete , and often among the spec-
rUors there is many a homo ohampion
who surpasses the paid champion in nil
that goes to innko up muscle and skill.
The Nation' * Wealth.
No nation in the world over made such
progress as the Unltod States. A cen
tury ago it ranked with the feeble gov
ernments of the cnrlh. To-dny It stands
the first of all the nations on tlio globe in
wealth. This has been accomplished in
the face of difficulties which uo other
nation had to encounter. When it began
n government for itself , its people were
stretched along n const line , with nn ocean
n front of them , nnd with mountains and
great rivers behind them , it was almost
n hand to hand fight on their triumphant
march toward the setting sun. Obstnclcs
were gradually overcome , and n now nnd
powerful nation wns baptised with the
sweat of American perseverance , ingen
uity and industry. Hut thcso dillleultlcs
which the nations of the old world did
not hnvc to face aroused such splendid in
vention , such matchless courage , such
daring enterprise , such restless energy ,
that the savage race wns almost obliter
ated , that the highest mountains were
crossed by Hying trains , that the wildest
nnd swiftest strcnms were bridged , that
the broadest prairies were occupied , and
the densest forests were felled. The re
sult of all this is that the feeble govern
ment of n century ngo tins been brought
to the front iu nil the elements thnt
make n nation great nnd powerful. U
has taken the supremacy of those occu
pations In which men engage the world
over.
The United States loads all other na
tions of the world in wealth , incomes
ngiieulture , manufactures , , cattle , rail
ways , steam power nnd industries. Na
tions nro now taking rank in tlio order of
their wealth. It is wealth that creates
great armies , builds powerful navies ,
provides invaluable defense , schools
Holaicrs , establishes institutions of learn
ing , projects nnd executes great enter
prises.
Wealth is the honest expression of
what n people have accomplished.
The nntions of the old world had an
immense start in the amount of wealth
they had accumulated when this country
bccnmo nn independent government.
Everything the United Stntcs now pos
sesses the older governments \vrtro in the
full enjoyment of when our forefathers
bared their breasts to the dangers of
early timoo , nnd not only carved out for
themselves homes , but laid the founda
tion for the grnndcstgovernment beneath
the sun. After but one hundred years
of toil , the United States is now the
richest nntion on the globe.
The following tnblo from Mulhall's
book , showing the wealth of the principal
nations of the world , gives the United
States the first rank :
Nntion. Wealth.
United 8t tes 847,475,000,000
United Kingdom 4:1,000,000,000 :
Franco 40 , : X,000ooo' )
( iermany 81,615,000,000
Uusdla 21,715,000,000
Austria ? . . . 18,005,000,000
Italy 11,755,000,000
Hpnln 7,1X50,000.000
Holland 4W5.,000,000
Sweden and Norway 4SS5,000,000
Jiclelum corooooooo
Canada 8,2.W,000,000
Australia 2,2.10,000.000
Argentina Uepnbllo 1,000,000,000
The result is excuslncl.y Instructive and
fthonld be especially gratifying to the
American pcoplo. With the splendid re
sults of n ccntry's achievements before
them it should furnish to the ambitious ,
intelligent and industrious -American
citizen renewed vigort while entering
upon the second century of the nation's
history. Agriculture , the solid founda
tion of the nation , the United Stntes
leads all others. The following' table
shows the position occupied in this single
branch of the world's industries !
Nations. Value of Products.
United States 88,0 0,000,000
Kussla 2,515,000,000
Germany 2,200.000,000
France 2,2.11,000.000
Austria 1,610,000,000
United Kingdom 1,030,000,000
Next to bread and moat iu import
ance in feeding the pcoplo of tbo
v/orld and cattle must bo reckoned
with wheat in estimating the resources
of any country. It has already been
shown that the United States leads the
world in agriculture as is here shown it
ns well takes supremacy m the number
and value of cattle :
Cuttle reduced to a common denominator :
The unit lsa [ cow or horse , and sheep or
pica are counted ten forone ;
Nntion. . Cattle. l&SO.
United States. . . . . . . . . . ; . . ; ifl.oou.oou
Hiiula . . . . . ' . ; , . . .V > , OuoOOG ,
.Hirer Plate . ' . . . , . ' , , . - . . . . . . . . . . 32OU , , OCQ
Get-ninny 23,000,000
Austria 20.000,000
Kranco 17,000.000
United Kingdom , . . , 10,000,000
Australia 10,000,000
Spain i..t 0,000,000
Italy o 5,000,000 ,
In bread and intuit ttio United States leads
all other nations.
In the matter of railways tlio United
States ns well shows the grcntest mileage.
At the present tlruo there Is In operation
In this country 120b70 mhcs of rtulroad
whllo iu Germany , which 1ms the great
est mileage of othct countries , thcro nro
but 23,100 , whllo th.o United Kingdom ,
which has the next largest , has but
18,405. The mental activity of the people
ple is shown ns much In manufactories as
in any other way.
Wo must look to the factories and
workshops to see much of the work
of the greatest men of the ngo.
As in all other things pertaining to the
nation's progress , the United States heads
the world in the value of manufactures.
Air. Mulhall's book gives the value of
the manufactured articles of the various
nations as follows :
Nation. Value of Manufactures.
United States 85,500,000,000
United Kingdom 4,000,000,000
Kranco 2,470.000.000
( Jermany 2,215,000,000
Jtussia. , 1,100,000,000
Austria 1,0.10,000,000
Italy. 6b5ooo.OOO
Spain 4SO,000,000
Delirium 4CO.OOO.OOO
Holland 200.000,000
Sweden and Norway lt5,000,000
1'ortugal 100,000,000
Denmark 80,000,000
" " '
"Thc'nim of all labor is the Income it
brings.
It is the harvest of work. It follows
the clearing , the plowing , thosowiut > , the
cultivating. It is the reaping.
The position the United States has at
tained in this respect in this short space
of tlmo is marvelous.
But a century ago it exported a little
tobacco and a few hides , and produced
enough at homo for the people to live
well but it cut no figure among the
nations of the world as a nation with an
income. But since that time the activity ,
the enterprise , the genius of the people ,
pushed it forward until It overtook all
the older nations of Europe one by ono
and finally led them all to the aim of
all people income.
The following fully demonstrates that
the United States takes the lead , the
comparison made with six older coun
tries which have the highest annual
earnings :
Nations. Annual Earnings.
United States 57looooo,5oo
United Kingdom 0,235,000,000
France 4,825,000,000
Germany 4,200,000,030
Kussla , 8bOO,000,000
Austria 3,010,000,000
Italy - . . 1,400,000,000
The figures in the foregoing tables rep
resent the various resources of the na
tions named in 1880 except in the statis
tics of raUways , which has been brought
down to the present year. The last seven
years have been yca'rs of plenty and pros
perity. When thoinext sot of tables are
prepared showlng'thc ' greatness of the
nations the United States will then be
farther in the lead than the figures above
cited place her.
REKEHHINO to 1888 and Mr. Cleveland's
luck , Cliaunccy Dcpew in a recent con
versation permitted his fancy to picture
the popular effect if a son and heir
should come into the white house in the
nich of time. Convulsively enjoying the
idea , Mr. Depow remarked : "Think of
it. We'd have baby's photograph in
every household in the land , and instead
of rail fences and canal boats for cam
paign exhibits we'd liavo bibs and tuckers -
ors and cradles. Soothing syrup would
become democracy's bovcragro. ft would
bo the most unique campaign over had
in this country , " and the railroad presi
dent shook his sides with laughter. A
very amusing conceit , truly , but ono
which it may bo hoped Mr. Cleveland
will not bn induced to attach any value
to. Ho will no doubt sedulously cultivate
every means whlcli ho believes can con
tribute to his success In 1883 , and it might
be most ungenerous to mislead him In a
direction he has thus far pursued appar
ently to no advantage. The indications
are that there will be a baby in the next
campaign. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
So FAH as the bank clearings may betaken
taken as an index of the business of the
country they show the movement to have
been comparatively quiet last week. The
commercial reports , however , indicate ft
generally fair trade for this season , and
a prevailing confidence in the future that
must bo regarded as at least reassuring.
It is to be expected that for the next few
weeks trade operations will bo kept well
within the limits of actual requirements ,
and it is undoubtedly best that this should
bo so. There has been quito enough of
speculative activity in the past BIX
months , and there does not appear to DO
in the present situation anything to en
courage a departure from legitimate
lines. The prospect continues most
favorable for abundant crops , the bal
ance of foreign trade is in favor of this
country and likely to continue so , the ap
prehensions of financial disturbance have
about vanished , and altogether the out
look is as promising as could bo desired.
IT is not surprising to learn that the
agreement of the bricklayers and master
masons of Chicago establishing eight
hours as a day's work has Induced the
carpenters to agitate for a similar conces
sion. Such a consequence was to have
been expected , and it is not easy to see
why the demand of J the carpenters has
not just as good grbu'nd ns that of the
bricklayers. This appears to bo ac
knowledged by Homo of the employers
while others are disposed to resist the
demand' . There is no'serious ' intimation
of another luckoutand , it is to bo hopct
both parties will havotho wisdom to first
seek an agreement'through arbitration
Meanwnllo it appear * * to bo inevitable
that this eight honr 'question ' will event
ually bo made an Iss'uo with all the trades
and it is hardly possible that In every
case an open conflict can bo prevented
THE managers of the Omaha horse
railway company should bestir them
selves. If they want to retain the tratlic
on the main thoroughfares they tuus
convert their tracks road into a cable
road. To make the change after com
l > cting cable roads nave taken away their
patronage will be rather lato.
IF Congressman McSlianc ] has any iu
fluonco with the powers that bo at Wash
ington ho should bring it to bear on Post
master General Vilas. The patrons o
tbo Omaha postofilco axe entitled to
better service. The number of clerks at
the disposal of the postmaster ia entirely
nsufllctent for handling the malls with
any dogrco of promptness or efficiency *
Our population has more than doubled
within the last live years , and the com-
ncrco of Omaha has more than kept
> ace with the increase of population.
This fact has been persistently ignored
! y the department.
Now THAT that the Eleventh street via
duct is open the Union Pacific and B. &
M. railroads should bo required to devise
some plan by which passengers coming
into and going out of Omaha over their
lines shall not bo exposed to the danger
losing life or limb in crossing the approaches
preaches to their depots.
COMMANDER IN CHIEF FAfncmu ) says
that Tuttlo's abase of tlto president was
without the authority or the sanction of
the order of the Grand Army of the Re
public. It is highly probable Tuttle
talked without something , though the
public have concluded it was without
good judgment.
THERE is no doubt whatever that na
tural gas has been struck over in Iowa
within ono hundred miles of the Missouri
river. If Omaha can't have a natural
gas well of her own it is perfectly feasible
to draw our supply from the nearest
point in Iowa.
Tun now publication from the ofllco of
auditor of public accounts , showing the
extravagant expenditure of money by the
last legislature , will bo line reading for
the taxpayers who have to bear the bur
den of the various steals.
Foil the last ten years wo have been as
sured that the Union Paciflo would build
a commodious passenger depot In place
of that monumental cow shed , but that
grand depot is always to bo built next
year. _
Tun chances arc that death will claim
Jake Sharp before the warden of Sing
Sing will have him under his charge.
Death loves a shining shark.
OMAHA is always liberal when a circus
puts in an appearance.
Loyal nut Despicable.- '
riattsinoulh Journal.
John M. Thurston Is Intensely "loyal , "
but ho is a professional railroad lobbylst-
the most despicable of all creatures , never
theless.
Hurry Up Jt'lcasc.
Denver lltintbltcan.
The Pacific roads commission should hurry
up and come to Denver befoio all the valua
ble witnesses start on their summer vaca
tions. There scorns to bo no doubt that all
the lobbyists will take a rest in some distant
spot this summer.
Keep History Correct.
Sun Fiiitichco JiuIIctfiiml. ( . " )
There Is nothing to bo gained by blotting
out the memory of the great struggle for the
preservation of the union. Every child In
the land ought to know what It cost in
Human lives and treasures. lie ought to
know that there is a difference between those
who made sacrifices 1'or the union and those
who made sacrifices for Us destruction. His
tory cannot be obliterated.
Tory Interesting Heading.
Chiciuo Mail.
The Investigation of the affairs of the
Union 1'nc fie and other railroads now being
made Is likely to produce what llornce Grce-
loy used to call "very interesting reading. "
It was to bo hoped that the country had heard
the last of this kind of thing , of trades and
dickers between trusted servants of the people
ple and great corporations. Can It ho possible
that a now stench Is to bo stirred up , and
that the country will again bo compelled to
go about holding its iiosu ?
An Expensive Luxury.
Hlalr 1'tlot.
Hon. W. II. Hunger , the Fremont attorney ,
has been appointed a member of the state
board of tailway transportation , and has cn-
teicd upon the duties of the position. Muii-
gcr Is a pretty gnod man and Is the demo
cratic moniDer of the board. Hut the board
Itself Is a burlesque upon railroad regulation ,
and ought never to hnvo been created. The
taxpayeisof tlio state are taxed 82,600,000 ,
nearly 34 for every man , woman and child ,
to pay for such foolishness as this railroad
commission.
Xliurston'a Unll.
Capital Cllu Courier.
John M , Thurston , In an Imblcllo speech
on lawyers' day of the Cuniitnuiiua assembly ,
said that the pictures ot all the editors In the
state , If photographed , would only bo useful
to scare c/ows with. If he means "Jim-crow"
statesmen , of course John knows whereof bo
speaks. Any one who Is Impelled to sneak
away from homo for fear of his dishonest acts
being found out would vt-ry likely quail be
fore the humblest editor of the Nebraska fla
ter nity.
Getting Kvon.
Kcw Orlcani Stale * .
Ex-Senator Van W'yck , of Nebraska , was
deteated for re-election by the railroad cor
porations of tno northwest , and ho Is now
celling oven with them by ferreting out and
tarnishing tlio government with some valu
able Information concerning their failure to
comply with contracts on which lands were
granted. Mr. Van SVyck is a shrewd man
and a tireless worker , and the roads will
noon have their eyes opened to tlie fact that
Ills defeat will cost thorn a creat deal moro
than the amount of money they paid to com
pass It.
Thnrston'n llotnrn.
ftriiml Inland Inilrixnilcnt.
Now that tto : Union 1'ncilic railroad Inves
tigation commission Is gone , Mr. John M.
Thurston turns up smiling as If nothing had
occurred , and expresses a willingness to tes
tify , which IB all very smart Uut will hardly
hiitlsfy the public tlmt ho did not run away
to avoid tlio necessity of revealing the secrets
of his lobbying at Lincoln for that company.
As long as men have memories they will
probably not forget this little episode and
will probably refer to It as a parallel with
that ot G. M. Dodge , who , although a good
soldier , could not stand lire before tlio Po
land Credit Moblllur Investigation , but ran
away and hid to keep from testifying. Mr.
Thnrston may well be ashamed to reveal the
secrets of the railroad lobby , but If wo mis
take not his usefulness as an exemplary citi
zen Is ended.
STATE AND TKKIUTUItY.
NebrnHkix Juttlmro.
Lincoln is planting cedar in the streets.
Tlio Burlington bridge nt Nebraska
Cty | will cost $800,000.
High five and Etud pokur are among the
banished industries of Atkinson.
of land Hastings
Forty-seven acnm near
ings sold for 110,000 last week.
An expedition is soon to Btart out in
search of the Blair board of trade.
The Northwestern Christian assembly
will open camp aUx > ng PineJuly 21 , and
continue in session seven days.
T.'io' project to bore for natural gas in
Rising City hns bucn abandoned. J. C.
Robbers has exhausted the supply in his
recent assault on the eagle.
1 Vvillianr Dow died at Atkinson on
Thursday from the rcault of Injuries received -
ceived two cbvya before ) lie wns herding
horses , und .just as'he was in the act of
throwing tivs Jaaso hbrpouy collided with
unothor and fell , and young Dew
thrown violently to the ground.
The United States land olllco nt Beat
rice will bo closed and its .effects moved
to Lincoln next September. Tlio olllco
was first ojiciunl in Brownvillo In 1851 ,
uad moved to Beatrice in 18(18. ( Tlio rec
ord of the olh'co chows 8,531) ) homestead
entries , 1,710 final homestead proofs , MO
timber entries , 00 final proofs , and 4-lSU
cash entries. The amount of money
handled was nearly (1,000,000. ,
Of the many Omaha orators who wont
gunning In the country on the Fourth for
! . " bird" received
t.o "proud none moro
complimentary mention than the cfl'ortof
Hon. C. J. Smyth nt Wood River. The
Gazette says : "Hon. C. J. Smyth , the tal
ented young ora'or of Omaha , who is
rapidly acquiring n reputation for elo
quence second to that of no man in the
state , was then introduced to the nudi-
enco by the presiding olllccr nfld for an
hour or moro ho held it spell-bound with
his masterly and eloquent address. When
wo say that Mr. Smyth is eloquent wo do
not moan to say that ho is an orator of
thu spread-eagle kind. Ho is iluont and
forcible and his words nro al
ways carefully chosen and well put to
gether. His oratory is of a studied and
at the same time n natural kind , and his
figures of speech give a beauty to his say
ings that none can fail to admire. Ins
reasoning , too , is faultless And his style
as a whole is of the kind that pleases and
nt the same lime loaves n lasting impres
sion upon the minds of his hearers in
stead of charming thorn for the moment
only. Tlio speaker did not divest the
proud bird of freedom of its entire
plumairo. Ho left it in condition to bear
ttio efforts of coming Fourth of July orators
tors and devoted most of his time ton dis
cussion of matters of more direct inter
est to the people. Our national historv ,
n comparison of our system of govern
ment with those of foreign countries ;
our educational system ; the dangers that
threaten us politically , together with n
grand appeal to tbo women of the land
to train well their sous tor all important
duties of citizenship , were the main
topics upon which the speaker dwelt. "
Iowa Items ,
Colonel Hepburn has been offered a
$12,000 legal position with the Northern
Pacific railroad.
Hotel men of DCS Moincs arc complain
ing of poor businosss. They say the com
plaint is general over tlio stato. ,
A company with $300,000 capital has
been formed at Burlington for the purpose -
pose of putting n wagon bridge across
the Mississippi river.
The farmers of northwestern Iowa nro
urged to put up plenty of hay. The gen
eral shortage of the grass crop olsowuero
will cause n liberal demand.
The elevator being built nt Cedar Rap
ids will bo 180 feet long and have a tower
110 foot high. It is expected to have it
completed by the 15th of August.
Sioux Rapids still has a vigilance com
mittee that was organized eighteen years
ago for the purpose of suppressing horse
stealing and other nefarious business.
At the meeting of the district judges
of tlio state , held at Dos Moines last Jan
uary to formulate rules ot practice under
the now law , it was agreed to meet again
during the summer vacation , the chair
man of the meeting to fix the date. Judge
Ruddick , of Bremor county , is chairman ,
and he has called tlio meeting for August
2 at the Hotel Orleans. Spirit Lake.
The iniquitous preacher , Rev. M. At.
Wamboldt , D. D.who , married Miss Hen
rietta Ticlienor , of Davenport , deserted
her and her child and went to Alabama
where lie continued his ministerial career ,
has come to tlio end of his tether in one
placo. Gaming u reputation as a line
prenohor in Montgomery , he received a
call from Chattanooga , 'Icnn. , which ho
accepted. There ho became the boss
preacher of the town eloquent in pulpit
and delightful in pastorate. Then came
notoriety ns a suspect of licentiousness ,
which divided his church and ended in
his bounce from the pulpit and the town.
Dakota.
Wool raising has proved n profitable
industry in Hanson county this year.
The rumors of hog cholera in the neigh
borhood of Yanktou are without founda
tion.
tion.The
The total assessment valuation of Sioux
Falls will reach nearly $1,000,000. The
city council is materially raising the per
sonal property assessment.
Two girls , aged ten and twelve , of An
drew Hesdorfor , about twelve miles from
Woonsockot , wore drowned in a pond ,
into which they had gone to bathe during
the absence of tlioir parents.
Sim Nichols , who received n coat of tar
for boating and otherwise abusing his
wlfo in Dcadwood is at Rapid , mm in
forms the newspapers that ho was a much
maligned man. According to his story
he was nil tenderness and devotion to his
wife , their married life wns an
idyl of pence and happiness and the
tarring wns done out of personal spite
and malice.
IOWA OIL msPJOTION.
The DIsiiKreonient Concerning TcHts
of OH In tlio Ilmvkoyo Stntc.
Davenport Democrat : Manager Maxon ,
of the Tank , line is watching with inter
est tlio controversy between Assistant
Secretary Andrews of the state board of
health , and Secretary McGovuru of the
Standard Oil company.
Deputy Inspector Buhrns , of thin city ,
ns well ns other inspectors throughout
the stateuses what is known ns the Jowa
test cup in his inspections. Last spring
tlio Standard Oil company made applica
tion to Imvo the test cup discarded by
stale oil inspectors and tlio cup used by
tlio Standard company substituted. There
is about four degrees difference in flash
temperature in the two cups. The one
u.seil by the Standard is inclosed in n
sand bath , while In lining Hint enjoined
by the board of health llio heat Is up-
plied direct to the cup. The claim of the
Standard is that in using thn statn cup n
film of nnplha IB generated nt the edge
and near the thermometer , and thereby
the oil ia Ignited nt n lower temperature
than the character of the oil under other
tests will warrant.
The tenor of Air. McGovern's long and
smoothly sarcastic epistles is that Iho oil
being rejected by Iowa's inspector.1) ) is
gooil enough for anybody , is up to the
oOO degree test as accepted in tlio world's
markets , that Iowa Is behind the times ,
and that the rejected oil is no more dan
gerous than the quality demanded by the
Iowa test. Further , that the Standard
does not intend to suml oil of tlio Iowa
requirement to lown , branded tiOO de
grees , but will brand it "Iowa tost" or
" 1110" or fcomo tiquivalunt term. On this
head Mr. MuGovuru siys ! the Iowa test
enhances the cost of oil unduly. Once
in awhile , through mistakes of workmen
nt the refinery , there will Do some oil
Hindi ) that will meet the lowu tubt , and
there will probably be < enough of this to
mout the demand in lown.
Mr. Andrews in his answer says that
Iowa want * an oil that will burn nt
above : i')0 ' ) degrees Fnhr. when tested
in Her own oup , ami this regardless of
what refiners In the world may say or
believe. "She may bo right or wrong1 ;
that is not the question. Hence , when the
term "iJOO oil1' is u od in thisstain it
means ! W oil ia determined by tlio JOWH
cup , and Iowa rules of inspection. That
is a fair and logical presumption under
any and nil circumstances , and
when an Iowa railroad or an lown dealer
orders from a refiner 800 oil for u o In
thin state , it is not necessary that ho
should institute inquiry of the refiner us
to what ho < luu'iii | iiOO oil to bu. Thu re
finer , and all other persons tin ; prisuniul )
to know the law , and if tlio rotincr .fills
the order'.lio , does 06 undertint nintrio--
tiona of Iowa law. ' Hineit April , Ic&i , no"
'other than n burning test ban been fixed
for Vewi-oll.1 and no other method .in
use for , letting it than the Iowa ( nip.It
scorns strange that you should
write !
"When you clearly state in j'otir in
structions that the oil you require must
bo 300 burning test , Iowa state cup , then
consumers will call upon manufacturers r
for an oil that will moot such require
ments , but such oil will not bo known us
300 test. ' Rellnors can and will make
such oil ns yon demand , but they will not
do so until soiiio purchaser calls upon
thorn for it. "
The topio of this is that manufacturers
nro anil hnvo boon determined not to
comply with tlio requirements of the
lown statute until compelled to. They
seek cover under n mcro technicality ,
that the railroad companies nro dealers
in Iowa , when ordering "UOO oil" do not
knowwhnt "JlOOis. " That may bo true ,
ns mnnufncturers interpret tlio term ,
but they hnvo the right to presume , and
it certainly IB the duty of refiners to
know that the full terms of the Iowa law
and methods of inspection will bo complied -
plied with when their orders are filled.
You say the BUbstnncn of thlu whole
matter is that wo are demanding "that
the world nt largo shall come to you , mid
that cannot bo done. " "Yuu call for n
special cup , in other words , you demand
n now thing under nn old nnmo. "
Wo do not cnro what tiio world do-
niands. A few years ago the world de
manded a burning test of oil made in an
open cup. The world learned that was
not n safe method. That method wns
abolished nnd n Hash test In n closed cup
adopted , lown , imbued with the pro
gress of events , nnd ncluated by motives
of self-protection , sought to take ad.
vnnced steps toward perfect security ,
both in the nome nnd tlio railroad car ,
Tins it had the constitutional right to Uo ,
It is somewhat singular that of nil oil
Inspected for use in railroad conches ,
that from the Stnndard Oil company ia
the only oil with which any dillletilty is
lnul in this stato. This solution is prob-
nblo in your statement Hint your so-
called COD oil is not intended to pass the
test in this state. If it docs it is acci
dental.
It would seem to bo the better way to
innkc an oil that will pass inspection m
this atatc , and thus end nil diUiculty. "
CANNING FUUIT.
rncilic Fnilt-Growor : Canning fruit U
n very etlieient menus of preserving it in
n wholesome conditionbut it ia a procesa
which demands careful management to
make it a success. Tin cans are some
times used , but glass jars uru now BO
cheap and are so much better that they
should nlWHYS be preferred. In the end
they nro chenpcr. ns they last much
longer than tin. Tin cans nro liable to
injurn the flavor also. There nro several
excellent kinds of fruit jurs on the mar
ket.
ket.In
In canning fruit two things must bo
most carefully attended or failure is cer
tain :
First The fruit must bo sufficiently
cookod.
Second The air must bo excluded and
Iho can hermetically sealed.
The best fruit nhould bo selected and
that which Is not over ripe. It should bo
kept as clean as possible , so that little erne
no washing will uo required , : w this is
injurious to many fruits. Pick over
carefully nnd wnsh quickly , if washing
is necessary. Either steam or stew ,
adding as little water ns possible
nnd ns litlo sugar ns will sulllco to
make the snucc pnlntablo. Sweet fruits
require none nt all , nnd none is necessary
to the preservation of the fruit. Steam
ing is rather prufentblo to Htewiug or
boiling , ns the fruit is less broken nnd its
nnturnl flavor Is better preserved. A
porcelain-lined kettle should be used , ns
all kinds of metal kettles are likely to bo
corroded by the acids of the fruit.
The fruit need not be cooked so much
that it will fall to pieces , but it should
bu so thoroughly scalded that every part
of it will bo subject to n high degree of
hc'it , in order that all of the germs from
which fermentation originates may bo
destroyed. Simply heating is not suf
ficient.
Some kinds of cooking require longer
cooking than others. The lenutli of time
varies about ns follows : lioll cher
ries live minutes ; raspberries , black
berries nnd rlpo currants , six to
eight minutes ; halved penciled , goose
berries and grapes , eight to ton minutes ;
sliced pineapples aud quince and halved
pears , fifteen or twenty minutes ; straw
berries , thirty minutes ; tomatoes , thirty
minutes to two hours.
While the fruit la cooking prepare the
cnns in which it is to bo placed. Thor
oughly scald them so that there may bo
in them nothing which will induce decay.
To prevent breaking when ttio hot fruit
ia placed in the can , it may be heated by
pouring into it hot water and quickly
shaking itso that all parts may bo heated
equally , or the can be placed in cool
water and gradually heated to the requis
ite degree. Dry heat is equally othciont ,
nnd may bo applied by kweping the onus
in n rnoclorntoly hot even while the fruit
is cooking. Some place the hot can upon
n folded towel wet in cold wntor , which
ceols the bottom nnd so prevents crnck-
imr. This method is very convenient.
When the ft nit is properly cooked and
the cans are in readiness , first place in
the can n quantity of juice , so that , ns thu
fruit is put in , no vaennt place will bo
left for air , which is sometimes qulto
troublesome when this precaution IN not
tnkon. Then add the fruit. If any bub
bles of nir ehanco to be left still , work
them out with n fork , Hpoonlinndle or
Htraw. Fill the can lull and immediately
put on the cover and screw tightly. If
thu can is unpleasantly hot , it may be
securely hold by passing n towel around
it und twisting thu end * together. As the
fruit cool , the cover can bo tightened ,
and this should be promptly dune , so that
no nir may bo allowed to enter. Some
times the fruit will settle so that A little
space will upper at tlio top. If you nro
mire the can is tight , do not open to refill ,
n * you will bo unable to make the can
imito ns tight again unlet-s you reheat
thu fruit , in which case you would bo
liable to hnvo the same thing ooeur
again. Some allow the fruit to cool about
ten minutes before adjusting the covers.
This gives tiimt for it to cool and settle.
The can is then tilled with hot syrup nnd
tightly coaled.
After filling nnd tightly scnllng , plnco
the cans in n cool place and watch them
closely for two or three wcakswhon they
may bu set uwnv If there nro no signs of
fermentation. Should any such signa
appear , open thu cans immediately , suahl
the irmt thoroughly and seal as' before ,
being very enretiil to oxnmino the cover
and see if there i.s not some imperfection
which prevents the perfect exclusion of
nir.
DSmall fruit and tomatoes may be preserved -
served m bottles or jugs Lgy sealing with
wax. Thoroughly hunt the bottle or jug
nnd put in the fruit , liiHt putting in juice
us when using cans. Shako down well
nnd rnfill. Mhen plnro two thicknesses
of ( tloth over the mouth , insert n
tightly lilting cork and thoroughly
cover the whole with melted wnx. The
following is n good roclpo for thu wnx ;
One pound resin , two pounds beeswax
nnd one nnd n half ounces of tallow ; melt
nnd mix.
When canning In glass vessel * , care
must be iifcud to protect the vessels from
driliiglits of cold air , or thuy will be
liable to break.
Apples , pears , quinces and pouches
should bu pared and cut into pieces email
unotigh to can conveniently. In canning
they may bo arranged in thu can with n
fork , if desired , the juice being nftur-
ward adde.il. but cnro must bo exi-rci e < l
to get out nil nir bubbles , which nro Tory
liable lu occur when this molhod h ?
ndu.ytcd. ' The fckiiu imiy be very ox-
fmimiously rcrnov.cd from peoche.1 \ > y'
immersing Uium in boiling water for k
minute or two and then rubbing with u
courAOtowel. . This is bo t. ilono Wlien
.they , liavu jiist ro.nclmd maturity , but
have nut become vuny mellow.