Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, July 03, 1887, Page 12, Image 12

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' Q
Who They Wcro , What They Were anil
What Became of Thorn ,
An Interesting Ijcttcr From Grncrnl
nrlsbln-Tho West 1'olnt
Class efFORT
FORT McKiNNBY , Wyo. , July l. To
the Kdltor of the BEE : It is
said that a man's companions in
early youth often exert a powerful
influence over his after life , and if his
fortunes be great , are sure to share with
him his honors and authority. If this bo
true wo ought , perhaps , in making up
our estimate of the character of General
Grant to carefully consider who wcro his
early companions , and what kind of men
they wcro. Alost of them are now dead ,
but it will bo Interesting to note them all ,
whether living or ilcad.
The names of the men who raduatcd
with Grant at the Military academy in
1818 , and with whom ho was most inti
mately associated , wcro :
1. William B. Franklin.
2. George Deshon.
8. Thomas Brorcton ,
4 * John II. Greland.
5. W. P. KaynoldH.
0. Isaac F. Oiiimby.
7. Boswoll S. Hipley.
8. John J. Peck.
0. John P. Johnstono.
10. Joseph J. Reynolds.
11. James A. Hardic.
12. Henry F. Clarke.
13. W. H. Booker.
14. Samuel G. French.
IB. Thcodoro L. Chadbourne.
10. Christopher C. Auger.
17. Franklin Gardner.
18. George Stevens.
10. Edward B. Hollaway ,
20. Louis Ncill.
21. Ulyses S. Grant.
22. Joseph H. Potter.
23. Robert Hazlitt.
21. Boyer Wood.
25. William K. Van Bokolcn.
The next graduates In Grant's class do
not appear in any of the class records I
can lind.but their names will bo reported
in the list of what became of Grant's
companions further on.
80. Frederick Steolo.
82. Henry H. Soldon.
83. Hufuslngalls.
83. Frederick T. Dent. /
84. John < } . MoFerran.
85. Henry AI. Judah.
80. Nonron Kiting.
87. Cave J. Couts.
88. George G. Alorchant.
89. George C. AlcClplland.
What became of all thcso men ?
Gcorgo Deshon was assistant professor
In the militarylacademyfortwo yoars.and
then resigned in 1851. Ho was subse
quently ordinance ollleor at Allegheny
arsenal , Pennsylvania. Ho was some
what noted for having resigned his com
mission in the regular army to become a
Roman Catholic priest.
William B. Franklin entered the Topographical
graphical Engineers , fought through
Slexico , became major general in the
civil war under Grant , and is still living
in civil life in Connecticut , in charge of
the great Colts Arms works. Broroton
remained in the army until 1858 , when
ho resigned as captain and is now dead.
Greland remained in the service until
ho attained the rank of captain in the
Fourth artillery , when ho died August
Rayiiolds was in the engineer corps ,
and served through the war. He was
with Grant as an additional aide do camp
with the rank of colonel , and mustered
out of .service Alarch 13 , 1805. lie was
retired as colonel of engineers Alarch 17 ,
1884 , and is still living.
Quinby resigned in 1853 , and is now
Riploy remained in service until 1853 ,
when ho resigned as n lirst lieutenant
ami is now dead , I think. Ho wrote a
book to injure General Scott , and at the
beginning of the civil war deserted his
country as such a man might bo ex
pected to do , and joined the robols.
Pock was the noted General Peck of
tic union army during our war. Ho was
out of the army for a long time , but reentered -
entered in 1801 , rose to a major general
and fought under Grant in the army ol
the Potomac as a corps commander. I
think he is still living in civil life some
Johnstono was n gallant officer of the
Forty-ninth artillery and fell in Aloxica
nt Contreras August 10 , Io47. Reynold's
( Joe ) resigned in 1857 but re-entered the
sorvtco in 1801 as colonel of the ! Tenth
Indiana infantry. Ho was a brigadier
and major-gcnoral during the war and
held high commands. Many a day I
served with old Joe and there never was
better olllcer in our army. At the close
of the war ho was appointed colonel ol
'the ' Twenty-uixth infantry in the rcgulai
service and for a long tiino commanded
the department of Texas. Ho served in
the west at Fort Russell and other posts
* 8 colonel of the Third cavalry was ro
.tired as colonel in 1877 , and is , I an
happy to state , still living , an honor to
his country and the delight of his friends ,
Ho was a professor before the war and
noted for his scientific knowledge. There
are few abler men in this country than
' old Joseph J. Reynolds.
Hardio , the eleventh man in Grant's
class Is well known. Ho entered the artillery <
tillory became assistant adjutant and
served in the war department with the
Jtrcat Secretary Stanton. His familial
figure and face in the room next to Stan >
ton will still bo remembered by hundreds
'Of ' your readers. Ho was retired I think ,
> as n colonel and died a few years ago.
Clarke entered the artillery , servei !
'with distinction in the Aloxican war
served through the war of the robollior
In the army of the Potomac as commis
eary , was retired as a colonel of the sub
eistenco department , and died only the
.other day.
Booker , who stood thirteenth in Grant' :
class on the list of graduates , died whili
i& lieutenant , nt San Antonia , Texas , Jum
80 , 1819.
French , though a native of New Jer
sey , deserted our army at the war , jomci
'the rebels and became a major general
Ho is now dead.
Chadbourno was a gallant ofliccr an <
was killed at Resaca do la Palma , Ma'
Augur ( C. C. ) I need not mention , as hi
Is well known to every reader of the BKE
He , for a long time commanded the department
partmont of the Platte , and is still livini
in Washington , D. C. , being retired as i
brigadier general. Ho stood soventoentl
in the list of graduates in Grant's class
Gardner ( Frank ) a native of Now York
deserted our army In 1801 to join the rebel
bol army. Ho became a major genera
In the rebel army and commanded a
Fort Hudson , whore ho was whipped am
obliged to surrender to General Banks n
1803. After the war ho became a drunk
nrd and died at Now Orleans , man ;
years ago. Ho was in early life a bngh
young follow , served in the Seventh in
fantry as second lieutenant and fin
lieutenant , and was a captain in th
Tenth infantry at the beginning of th
war when ha deserted to the robots. H
fought in Mexico and was brovottcd fa
gallant and meritorious conduct at Alor
tery and Corro Gordo.
Stevens , Gcorgo , entered the Rifles i
1848was second lieutenant of the Secon
dragoons , ana was drowned May If
1840 ;
Holloway of Kentucky fought gallantl
in the Mexican war and distinguishe
himself at Contreras and Chumbusco , fa
which ho was brcvcttcd. At the bcgir
ning of our war he throw up his commif
lion , joined the south , and is now dead
I ; JNeill , who stood just above Grant 1
his class , died while In service at Fort
Crogham , Texas , January 13 , 1850.
Grant was tiio twenty-first lilo In the
class of 1813. and became the greatest
general of his day. far outstripping all
competitors for military honors.
Joseph ( H. Potter ) stood next below
Grant. Ho served through the war and
since. It was ho who was retired the
other day as brigadier general in the
regular army.
Hazlitt , who stood twonty-throo in the
class , was killed at the storming of
Monterey , Scptcniujr 21 , 1810.
Wood entered service as second non
tenant of the Eighth Infantry , and died
as captain in 1858. Ho fought well in the
Mexican war , and was twice brovotted
for gallant conduct.
Van ( not Von ) Bokclcna native of New
York , was cashiered for cmbe/.7.1lng225 ,
the property of the United States. Ho
quit the army Alay 8 , 1801 , went south ,
and is now dead.
A St. Armand Crozct , although not
shown in the list of graduates , I think
was the twenty-sixth graduate in Grant's
class. Ho was a native of New York , ap
pointed at largo , and graduated as Al
fred Crozct. Ho entered the Seventh in
fantry as second lieutenant and was
afterwards transferred to the Eighth In
fantry. He died as first lieutenant of the
Eighth infantry April 23. l&W. at the
Spencer house in Cincinnati , Ohio.
Howe ( Edwin ) , although not men
tioned , was probably the twenty-seventh
graduate In Grant's class. Ho died at
Fort Leavcnworth In 1855 as second lieu
tenant of the Sixth infantry.
Hamilton ( Charles S. ) was probably
the twenty-eighth graduate. Ho re
signed in 1853 , at which time ho was
first lieutenant of the Fifth Infantry.
James ( Charles E. ) is nut down as the
twenty-ninth graduate , out I can't find
him. There was a Charles E. James of
the army who died in California at
Sonoro , Juno 8 , 1819 , and ho was prob
ably the man who was Grant's class
mate in 1813 and stood twcutv-nlnUi on
the list.
Steele ( Fred ) . This officer is so well
known 1 need hardly mention him Ho
was a general during the war under
Grant and commanded in Arkansas , lie
was with Grant at Vicksburg and on the
Alississippi. After the war ho was ap
pointed colonel of the Twentieth in
fantry in the regular army. He is now
Sol-Jen ( Henry R. ) entered the First
infantry in 1843 , rose to the grade of
captain in the Fifth infantry , ami major
Thirteenth infantry 1803. Ho died Feb
ruary 12 , 18C5.
Ingalls ( Ruftis ) . This man was Grant's
intimate associate. At ono time ho
undoubtedly had moro influence
over Grant than any ether
man living. Ho was admitted to
the closest intimacy with Grant and the
great soldier often asked his advice ,
which Ingalls was always ready to give.
General Ingalls was quartermaster of the
Army of the Potomac during the war ,
and after the war General Grant made
him quartermaster general of the United
States army. He is now on the retired
jist , living atPortland , Ore. , and engaged
in the banking business. He stood No.
33 in Grant's class.
Dent. ( Fred ) . This was Grant's inti
mate friend at West Point and after
wards his brother-in-law , Grant marry
ing Julia Dent , the sister of Fred , which
which was undoubtedly a very good thing
for the Dents , though they did not think
so for a long time afterward. Fred D.
Grant is called after his undo , Colonel
Fred Dent , who is still living on the re
tired lis.t of the army.
AIoForran ( John C. ) cntcrcil the Third
infantry and was a quartermaster during
the war. After the war ho was a lieu
tenant colonel and deputy quartermaster
general at Washington , D. C. , and died
April 25 , 1872.
Judah ( Henry AI. ) entered the infantry ,
was a general during the war and com
manded a division of the Twenty-
third army corps for a time in Kentucky.
Ho was not confirmed by the senate and
his appointment expired in 1803. Ho died
Janunry 14,1806. Ho stood thirty-fifth in
Grant's class.
Eltiug ( Norman ) entered the Sixth in
fantry as second lieutenant 1843. Ho
only stayed in the army three years and
resigned as second lieutenant of the
Fourth infantry October 29 , 1810.
Couts ( Cave J. ) entered the Rifles as
second lieutenant , transferred to the
Frist dragoons in 1848 and resigned as
first lieutenant in 1851. Ho is , I believe ,
now dead. Ho stood No. 87 m Grant's
class of thirtv-nino graduates.
Alorchant ( Charles G. ) the thirty-eighth
graduate , entered the Third artillery and
became first lieutenant , captain , major ,
lieutenant colonel and colonol. Ho re
tired August 1 , 1803 , and died in Now
York about the time Grant died.
AlcClollacd ( Gcorgo C. , not George B. ,
as some put it ) entered the Third infan
try as second lieutenant July , 1843 , re
signed in 1840 , was rcappointcd to the
Eleventh infantry. 1817 , and cashiered
from the army the same year. Ho was
thirty-ninth on the list of graduates and
at the bottom of the list in Grant's class
and most unfortunate.
Those were Grant's early associates ,
and about an average lot of follows. No
great name appears in Grant's class ex
cept his own. Auger , Peck , Reynolds ,
Stool and Ingalls were distinguished men
but they cannot bo called great. With
the exception of Auger and Ingalls
Grant seems to have done very little for
ills classmates. Possibly it ho had done
moro and given them a better chance
they might have shown up better. None
of them had such opportunities to achieve
greatness as Grant had. Grant shared
his greatness with none of them not even
Rufo Ingalls. Grant was pre-eminently
a selfish man and did little for any ono
beyond his immediate family and a few
friends ho picked up late in lifo like Babcock -
cock , Porter and Badoau , who did more
to injure the old man than help him.
JAMES S. Buisuix.
Perplexed Saloonkeopore.
Now York Alail and Express : "Let
mo show you ono of the new-fashioned
places , " is a phrase that now very often
accompanies an invitation to take a drink
in New York.
These new-stylo places have not in
vaded tbo residence districts , but are
quite numerous down town. The stylish
names for them is "bullets ; " a title ob
tained from the controlling article ol
furniture with which each place is em
bellished in plain English , a sideboard.
These take the places of the bars in the
old'Stylo saloons , and are mere tiers oi
shelving rising above closets , topped by
a broad marble counter , on which there
is a central well for water faucets and a
water trough. In each place the side
board is against the wall and the room is
all open , with perhaps a table for free
lunch opposite the wall , or a few tables
and chairs scattered ever the carpet. The
bartenders , in white starched linen coats
( without any display of dla
mends , which are now considered
vulgar ) , move up and down in
front of the sideboards which are usiiallj
towering tiers of polished hard wood ,
paneled with hoveled mirror glass and
having the shelves upheld by slondoi
carved or turned plllai . Often these
shelves are mere ribbons of wood seal
loped so that the glassware can bo lilted
into them as on shipboard , but whethct
they are racks nr shelves it is the fashion
to load them with delicate cut glass ,
very little of which is ever used , ami
which ono place on Church street
more than half as much as the ornate
bullet itself , or $1GOO. Those now drink
ing rooms are of course elaborately iittet
in all respects , usually with hoavj
carpet or marble tiling on the Hoers , am
the most oxpcnilvo metal surfaced papci
on the walls and colling.
It is a question whether these buffet !
are going to bo permanent or numerous
The comment of a Yankee friend of mm <
a * I ) ' . * htpcxi la fsnnt of one of these pall
A " r1 ! 'J-- ' -J . < ° ijBA. . . - - .
sndes of glass Is the verbal expression of
what occurs to most tipplers :
"I don't think I like It , " said hcj "a
man docs not merely want a drink. Ho
wants to hold up the bar to rest it a
liUlp , SP to sjieak "
The bartenders do not like them at nil ,
They feel helpless. They can't nrolcct
their wares or feel that mastery of posi
tion whicfi they had behind the old fas
hioned counters. Gorgeous as the now
places appear , they do not cost as much
bar-iind-back-bar establishment
as the - - -
upon which the Germans led the way a
few years ago in a craze for prodigal
expenditure. You hear from some of
these double drinking counters that cost
f 7,500 , but figures really furnished to the
public are always to bo taken with a
number of grains of allowance whether
they represent the cost of putting a now
play upon the stage or of procuring the
latest freaks the gentleman who lost his
head in the recent Rhode Island accident
and gets along finally with a mere stump
of his nock. The probability is that no
saloonkeeper has spent moro than $5,000
on a bar and back bar in this city yet ,
and that some of the Showiest cost only
91l > 00 to § 2,500. The same exaggeration
exists with regard to our "art galleries , "
as wo have slangly named the places that
copy the lloll'man house bar room by ex
hibiting cosily paintings. Take that
noblest exhibition as a representative in
stance. It is customary to estimate the
value of the art treasures in this drinking
placoat $100OCO to $120.030 , and this
sum is made up by putting the
Corrcggio canvas ( Narcissus ) at
? 50,000tho Gobelin tapestry at * 3,000 and
certain carvings in wood and marble at
$8,000 and $5,000. The fact Is that the
full list of such figures contains items
often nonsensical and often conditional.
For instance , it is not proven that the
Narcissus is a Corrogjrio. If It Is , there
is doubt of its worth , but its value until
that is proven is conjectural. Some of
thcso ornaments were bought at prices
and under conditions that would cause
the sale of all at oven $75,000 to bring
a great piolit. No one cost moro than
one-half the princely sum that the hotel
keepers expended in building and fitting
the great saloon in which they are ex
hibited , that is to say $20,000 , though
Bougtiereau's "Nymphs and Satyr"
would probably fetcli moro than that.
This is not said to depreoiato the collec
tion , but to show how the public lias
exaggerated tiio cost of tins method of
attracting a bar tratlo. The collection
speaks for itself , and many of its parts
not only cannot be lessened by a criti
cism which would have to bo ignorant to
condemn them , but would bring great
prices if sold. Benjamin Constant's
great paintings in Alildoy's saloon doubt
less cost $20,000but when $ : ' 5,000is added
by correspondents to cover agents' com
mission , the custom tax and the mount
ings of the picture , the calm and philo-
sopoical listener has a right to suspect
that the figures are exaggerated or that
tlte owner parted too lightly with his
money. When you have passed the really
valuable art treasures of the Hofl'man
houso. Wildey's and , perhaps , ono other
place , and como to coldly investigate the
claims of other saloon keepers who pretend
tend to have galleries or museums valued
at from $50,000 to $20,000 , it will bo with
ditliculty that you can comprehend that
any ono could hope to impose on the
public with such nonsense. There isn't
any greater poppycock talked or written
about New York than the tales about
these so-called drinking places. There
are only six or eight art gallery saloons
in all , and certainly half of that number
boast collections which are in the main
either cheap or fraudulent. Artists of
unquestionable knowledge tell me that
some of thcso aggregations are collec
tions ot trash , full ot "copies" or works
by men cither unknown or occupying a
'ow rank in their profession. Elegan
Tames , the presence of two or three real
masterpieces of small size and moderate
cost , and the surroundings of a beauti
fully fitted saloon impress the mass of
visitors and make them imagine them
selves in the presence of Monte Cristan
treasures of art. It has been estimated
that in the half dozen saloons that wo call
art galleries there are triumphs of paint
ing or carving worth $350,000 , but , if it
were proper to do so , I would not foe !
unwilling to wager money that no export
would value that wnole lot at much ever
Far more princely is the sum repre
sented by the cost of those drinking
places that do not boast of paintings ,
statues or curios. It is estimated that on
the Bowery and the Third'and Sixth ave
nues there are at least 200 bars that cost
about ? V'00 , 400 that cost $1,000 and
thirty that cost $4.000 or over. Ono sees
in t'aeso reasonable figures , repeated ever
and over airain , on scores of thorough
fares and through the list of 10,000 sa
loons , what a formidable amount of cap
ital is locked up in the liquor traffic. Ono
pciceivc.s how natural it is that dealers
should interest themselves in politics in a
community like this , whcro the laws are
all aimed toward restricting the business ,
and ono is able to imagine what a force
the trade can exert if stirred as at pres
ent , when its management is under dis
cussion in the state legislature , under
iron restraint by the local olh'clals and
threatened by a powerful uprising of the
temperance clement all over the coun
Hia Declination of L/orcl Salisbury ! *
Invitation fho Jubilee. ' -
A foreign correspondent says that
James G. Biaino has been the recipient of
the most remarkable social attentions
ever shown to any unollicial American
Air. Blaine was asked by Prime Minister -
tor Salisbury to attend a reception given
by him during the week at the foreign
ollico in honor of the visiting royalties.
Mr. Blaiuc declined the invitation. It
was of a social character and , lr. Blame's
reasons for declining the invitation are
not known ; but , doubtless , he felt that
his presence there after his controversy
with Lord Salisbury ever the Irish ques
tion would have boon subject to miscon
struction. Lord Salisbury's pourso in the
past shows also that ho is anything but a
f riond of the United States. Under the
circumstances various attempts have been
made by prominent liberal leaders to got
Air. Blame to take part in the political
complications on this side , but hn has
steadily refused , and has maintained a
discreet reserve.
Mr. Biaino was little disposed to criti
cise the jubilee performers , as ho was oc
cupying the dohcato position of a guest
in England , but ho said that it did scorn
strange that out of fifty years of progress
made by England in the arts and
sciences , in the growth of manufactures
and industries which has resulted in the
increased employment of millions of
workingmeu , that there should bo so-
looted for the street parade representa
tives of the ono institution which had not
made a single stop in advance for fifty
years , viz. royalty. It was therefore in
his judgment a door show , on account of
its utter lack of the roprcscntatiuo qual
ity. Tiio parade of a nominal sovereign ,
with a long escort of petty princes ami
small rulers , did not , in his judgment ,
make a.pagcant of an impressive char
acter. It did not not deserve for one
moment to bo mentioned in comparison
with the Bunker Hill centennial celebra
tion parade in 1875. There every form of
human industry and progress during the
century had its representation in this
splendidly emblematical line.
I asked Mr. Biaino to give mo his
reasons for declining Lord Salisbury's
invitation. Ho refused to talk on so delicate
icato a subject.
DuniNO winter the blood gets thick anil
sluggish ; now is the time to purify it , tc
build up your system and fit yourself foi
hard work , by using Dr. J. H. AlcLean'f
Strengthening Cordial and Blood Purl'
tier , f 1 per bottle.
William K , Vnnderbilt's -Beautiful Yacht
Blarts on Itt Voyage.
lU-hcnrslnR For the-Fall of Ilftlint A
Sly Old Gentleman Who lctuno
Ilia Son's Tenant Clara
Hello's Letter.
NKW YORKJuno , 80. [ Correspondence
of the IIK. ! : ] About the tiino that this
letter is being read the. steam yaclit Alva
will got out of sight of land from the Day
of New York. She is the biggest ami
costliest private vessel afloatami she will
carry William K. Vanderbilt antl Ills
family on a tour clear around the world.
The cxtrnmo limiry of this yacht could
hardly bo made comprehensible by a
column of description. She is lltted out
with everything that the owner and his
advisors could think of to render life
abroad enjoyable. She is ascaprcious us
the city residence of his family , as com
pletely equipped with em-ltors , and in
all devisable ways an abode of such mag-
miicent extravagance as no monarch of
a century ago dreamed of. The
journey is to last a year or more ,
but will bo broken by stops at
principal cities. Nothing approaching
tills in the way of luxurious travel has before -
fore been achieved. Airs. William K.
Vanderbilt is the beauty anil daslmr of
all the Vandurbilt.s. Her social doings
have ever had a vim and style undesired ,
or at least unattaincd , by any other lady
among them. Her toilets her equipages ,
her diversions have been always now and
sometimes strange , while the others
have seemed to to strive for privacy , se
clusion , and quietude. To her is duo tha
of this round-tho world
conception - splen
dor. The route of the Alva will be lirst
to London , and next to Paris , with the
east to follow. Dinners and balls will bo
given on board , and it is unlikely that
Cleopatra in her barge created the stir
that the Vandcrbilts will make in the
old world with the Alva.
Don't sot Airs Willie Vanderbilt down
for a creature too light hearted to feel for
less fortunate fellow women. She does a
great deal in charitable and helpful ways
and 1 happen to know that her last act of
benevolence was to give lifty dollars to a
poor sewing girl who had been swindled.
Not only that , butshn ; referred the Mib-
ject to a lawyer with instructions to use
all the money and time necessary to prevent -
vent other women from being victimized.
The sufferer in this case received a
printed circular from the Aid Supply
company , 4J ! Kliot street , Boston. It
said Unit she could get plenty of easy ,
light needlework to do at homo by send
ing a dollar , as security for the
materials which would bo for
warded by mail. She mailed the dollar ,
believing the glowing assurances that
the Aid company was rich and benevo
lent. If the swindle had consisted of
merely stealing the dollar it would not
have been as bad as it was. Instead , flic
promptly received some pieces of stamped
plush with the materials to embroider
them. She went at itelaledlyand in three
days had earned , according to the
promise of the circular , about $4. She
returned the work , and never afterward
could get H word irom the rascals. In
vestigation has shown thousands of
women throughout the country have
been fooled in the samo'manncr , being
led to contribute not only § 1 apiece but
the labor , by means of which some
scoundrelly dealer in fancy goods has
obtained a'stocK without cost. Anything
more ingeniously devilish can luirdlv bo
imagined , and Airs. Willie Vaude.fbilt
made up her mind to stop it.
It is a mistake to accuse women of in
dulging in all the follies of fashion that
arc provided for them. Inventive men
devise things which they imagine will bo
eagerly accepted by women , but which
for a fact never got into use at all. Of
that order , no doubt , is the contrivance
on exhibition in a certain Now York
hop for toilet goods. It consists of an
India rubber neck and bust , and is ex
hibited adjusted to an oldish woman em
ploye. It conies up close about the neck
and has a velvet ribbon that conceals the
meetine , with ends of velvet depending
in the roar to hide the opening
where it is buttoned or stuck to
gether. These ends of velvet are scarcely
fastened so they will not Hop , and as the
boys say , "Gjvc the whole snap away. "
It Is painted in llesh colorand has every
blue vein carefully mapped out on it ,
and the wearer , who was painfully thin ,
made up her figure head to match it as
nearly ; as possible. But there was a
ghastly composure about this mask for
the torso that was unnatural. And how
she must have been with that clinging
rubber over her neck and shoulders. I
studied her alter I was told what she Had
on , and it nearly stilled mo to contem
plate her slowly frying in her own fat. It
is safe to say that nosalo of the appara
tus will ever be made ; but it serves to advertise -
vertiso the shop , because its sets the wo
men to talking about it.
One of the most unique groups I over
saw was at the races. It consisted of
live persons in a box at the front of the
grandstand and now and then one or
two others who stood on the turf in
front. In the front row was a colored
woman and two young Irish women.
Back of them were a husband and wife
of middle ago , neither of thorn Irish or
colored. All were intent upon the races
and had como down to bet. A young
Irishman was the messenger and head of
the party. Ho remained on the turf in
front , except when ho went to the betting
pavillion to learn about the odds or to
place money. They were all quiet and
unobtrusive , and for this reason prob
ably escaped my notice until after the
lirst raco. Then a tall , powerfully built
negro passed along the turf from the
pavillion , and as ho wont before the box
ho looked up at the group , and in a tone
which was at once politely familiar
and business like , said : ' 'Well , did
you make a good thing ? " It wasonoof
the Irish girls who replied : "Yes. five
for one : " And the colored woman
added : "I got there , too. " Their tones
indicated satifaction , but , it was of the
kind in which enthusiasm was iup-
presscd , in which long experience had
driven out excitement. It' was ns clear
as the hot sunlight that they were regu
lar attendants that bolting partook with
thorn of a business character. They wcro
typical Now Yorkers in dross , but there
was none of that Hash that would lead tea
a suspicion of irregularity. The negro
wont his way , but duringtho afternoon
frequently returned and engaged the
girls in conversation. I never saw a
blacker man anywhere. His grave face
was lighted only bv the red of his lips
and the whites of his eyes , and when ho
smiled by a deep dinplo , in which the
sunbeams played and lost themselves.
He were a narrow rimmed brown derby
on the sldo of his head , a dark green di
agonal coat , mixed trousers , a white
spotted vcit , a largo blue to ! , , and ho car
ried an umbrella in his hand.
I'havo said that this party gambled as a
matter of business ; I should make ono
exception. Ono of the Irish girls in the
front row shrunk back into her chair and
never said a word during the entire after
noon. And nobody addressed a word to
her. She watched the young man who
did the placing ot the money , and when
thonegro was present she watched him ,
and during the race she looked shyly at
the Hying racers ; but she hardly moved
from her chair and never smiled. Her
companions were not so lucky on the
next two races as they had bien on the
lirst. The horses were started opposite
the grand stand , ami when the starter
dropped his Hag and Air. J. B. Hacrgfn
"Kirouzi" w'e'nt ' off snoro. Ul3H n length
ahead of the rest , the party in the box
joined vigorously in the hissing ami
groaning tliat wont up In criticism of tho'
manifest bad judgment of the official. '
They looked bitterly . our. for they had
not backed Flronzl , and when that horse
crowed the line a winner they shut their
teeth together and declared that they had
not been given a chance for their monoy.
Then they consulted their programmes
and the young man wont oil to fmd how
the odds were on the third race. There
were eight starters and at least four
favorites. When the young man returned
all the racers were on the track taking
their preliminary excrciso. Ho reported
that ho could get a bet llftcon to ono
against Belinda , ono of the August Uol-
niont horses. The betting was nearly
oven on the favorites. The party looked
at the track.
" 1 think it had better bo Belinda , " said
the white girl.
"bho'fl a good one , " acquiesced the
colored mrl.
And the young man evidently had a
tip on Belinda , for ho also favored plac
ing the money on her. Such was the ro-
suit. When the start was made Belinda
wont oil'a good third , and there was
much excitement in the party at the
prospect of getting sevonty-fivb dollars
for overv live they had wagered. But
laek-a-dayl before an eighth of a mile
had boon run Belinda dropped to within
hailing distance of the rear. Then the
excitement was turned to disappoint
ment , and the young white girl ox-
churned : "There s my Belinda , and she
can't ' cot through ! " which mixture of
feminine and horse talk meant that
Belinda was doing well , but that the
horses in front of her were in the way
and so prevented her from getting the
load. Tlioy lost , but consolation was
ready in the fact that Belinda had done
well , and had it not been that she did
not have time to got around the competi
tors , she might have won. Then some
thing occurred to the white girl. Hastily
she leaned over the rail of the box and
looked down at her feot. A shade of an
noyance crossed her face , and she set
tled back and smoothed out her skirts
ami .shook thorn down , after which she
loaned carefully over again to see what
the ellect of her action had been. Not all
the girls in the grandstand were so
1 wont into a theatre when a detach
ment of the enormous ballet now per
forming in the outdoor spectacle on
Statcn island were practicing. Ono of
the younger Kiralfy's led them. They
were naming for grasshoppers , 1 believe.
The agile luralfy would anathematize
them in French.Gorman , Polish and Ital
ian , and so his opinion was not lost on
ono of them. Then ho would go to the
second entrance and como down the
stage with as many logs in the air and if
ho had beena , centipede. A windmill in
a blizzard couldn't have mote aerial ac
tion. Up would rush the whole gang and
try to reproduce that llying entrance.
Then the eagle eyed Kiralfy would select
a particulirly still'and tall girl , and a fat
girl who bounced , and put the pair
through their paces. Then altogether ;
and the shouting and tramping , the tit
tering and whispering , in more lan
guages than the hod carriers of Babel
used. A carpenter with a voice like
a resonant steam eagle converged
with a painter in the Hies. A
violinist scraped at a signal from Kiralfy.
In ono wing two men fought a combat
under the supervision of a third , who
knocked a lager boor mug on the bottom
of his chair. "Two down thrust up
ono , " and the perspiring combatants
chuhcd. A woman looked on and never
ceased her work. With ono hand she
held to the flat , as she squatted suddenly
until she was a bow-legged dwarf three
feet high , and tlion sprang back to her
full height and Hung her right leg into
the air , until her pointed too was even
witli her noso. She squatted , rose , and
and kicked her left leg in like manner ,
and this she did continuously for an hour ,
while a dozen moro girls in short calico
skirts did the same thing. But the el
derly woman in the wing was the pre
miere dttiiseauBo limbering up for her
pas. Her "grand pas" they call it on the
bill , thougn her grandpa perished in the
battle of Bunker Hill.
The builders of apartment houses arc
certainly aware of the number of dudes
with long purses who inhabit this island.
There a quantity of shammily built
houses with pretty names , such as the
Oleander , the Gladiola and the Esmo-
ralda. Those places are roared for trans
itory birds of passage , like the comic
opera choristers or the ballot corypecs.
for a dude is not really a full Hedged
dude unless ho has a latch key in his
pocket that admits the lossco to a Hat oc
cupied by seine stage fairy. She usually
has stunning feet , big hands , bleached
hair , and utter inability to capture the
letter II on its own ground , along with
an overpowering partiality for its pres
ence in improper places. Little Tommy
Little wit , jr. , took n lirst Hoer of the
Onoanua , and substituted wood carved
mantles for , the cheap marble , put in
stained windows and an old English fire
place , and decorated the ceilings with
winged cherubs and gilded stars. In this
blissful retreat. Little Tommy passed
weeks of delightful retirement with
Natilio Race , a coryphee ; but , fast as our
Tommy was , ho found the Race was not
always to the swift , and tit the end of a
few months Tommy was desertedand ho
took'hiB ' troubled heart to Newport , to
look after his yachting interest. But be
fore ho wont ho put his gorgeous flat in
the hands of nn agent , and for certain
reasons , ( having used his middle name
with his landlord ) , ho called himself
'lliomas Wcakand.
"I will find * you a tenant in no time ,
Air. Woakand " said the "
, agent ; "i have
a host of applications for such prom
ises. "
Tommy loft the city , and was gone
until Juno , when ho accidontly met the
real estate man. ' '
" 1'vo such a good tenant for you , Air.
SVcakand. " said ho ; "an elderly gentle
man and his niece have taken the Hat for
the summer. I have his check for a
quarter's rent in my pocket now. "
The agent pulled out the document ,
and the heart of Thomas Littlowit , jr. ,
bounded in his bosom to the edge of nis
collar as ho saw the revered name of
Thomas Littlowit , senior , at the bottom.
His own dad , his revered governor , was
in the son's premises with a niece. There
wag a caucus in Aladison avenue that
night. The father upbraided the son for id
iotic extravagance. Tommy brought coun
ter charges , darkly hinted about his maj
and the tide was very high. However ,
the father having been very much such a
youth as Tommy , know how to manage
him. There was a check book brought
in to act us meditator. Conlidonco was
restored. But Tommy was heard in his
club yesterday to howl out as ho road an
advertisement : "All the splendid furniture -
turo of the elegantly decorated Hat in the
Oricanna , lately occupied by Ald'llo. '
Fauxpas , will bo sold at a saorilico , in
consequence of the departure of the dis-
tinguibhcd dansmiso for Paris. " The old
man is ahead of his son ; but , just wa < t.
Brought Out tlin Hooks.
Wall Street News : The agent of a
Cincinnati grocery house who wont over
to a Kentucky town to inquire into the
failure of a grocer asked to see the books.
The grocer raised his voice and called tea
a negro in the back end of the store :
"HI ! you boy , bring out thorn books.
Got those two lives of Daniel Boone , and
if there's n bible around bring that. This
chap wants to sco our books , and wo
want him to know that our books are
ullus to bo sawn , "
SICK headache is the bane of many
lives. To euro and prevent this annoy
ing complaint use Dr. J. II. AIoLean's
Little Liver and Kidney Pilleta. They
are agrcoablo to titko and gantle in their
action. 25 cents a vial.
Dho ifany Achievements of Nature's Ma
jestio Wonder ,
Buttles by Electric URhts
by the Wire Improved Hnll-
way Cnr-IjIgtitlnR Ulectrlo
Matches Flashes ,
Rtcctrto IjlRtitft for War Ships.
Electric lights have become a part of
the outfit of a war ship , and it will bo
curious to observe the part they play in
naval engagements. With their aid
night mav bo almost turned into ( lav in
the vicinity of a vessel , so that lighting
inaj' bo carried on in ( lie darkest night.
The glare of ono of these lights thrown
against a hostile ship will bring her aides ,
her ports , her rigging and even her
crow into plain view , so that broadsides
may bo aimed at her as accurately as in
midday. Thcro is ono dillk'iilty. how-
over. Both vessels will have these' lights ,
and the glare on thn eyes of gunners
might lead to mutual bewilderment and
confusion. A half-dozen big war ships
on a side banging away at ono another
in a dark night in the blaze of a con
stellation of electric lamps would bo a
ghostly sort of spectacle.
Elcotrlo .Mntohc .
Buffalo Express : The subject of gas-
lighting by electricity was well hand
led by Air. FrankKitton of the Western
Union before the Electrical society last
It was , ho said , ono of considerable in
terest and importance as illustn.ting a
most useful and convenient application
if the electric current to methods of
lighting and extinguishing gas jots from
a distance. The principle involved in
electric gas-lighting consists simply in
making and breaking an electric circuit ,
cither mechanically or electrically , in
the immediate neighborhood of the
escaping gas , which was ignited by the
spark which followed the breaking of
contact. The spark was the result of an
xtra current set up at the moment of
in-caking the circuit , the latter of which
included the burner with two electrodes ,
.i spark coil , and two or three open cir
cuit coils. The spark coil was best con
structed of a bundle of iron wires to
servo as n core around which a few layers
of thick insulated wire should bo wrap-
lied. Air. Kitten described and fully
illustrated by experiments the several
systems in ordinary iibo for domestic
purposes , including the pendent rachct ,
and automatic burners , as also the sys
tems employed for lighting theatres largo
lialls , etc. , which wcro usually furnished
with the necessary power by moans of
the induction coil or fractional machine.
Timing an Orsan Ity Telephone.
Electrician : A Birmingham paper says
that a novel experiment was tried there
last week with the telephone. A letter
was received by Alessrs. Rogers &
Priestly , musical caterers in that town ,
asking thorn to suit a pianaforte to a
room at Alosoloy , wlioro a concert waste
to take place that night. The lirm was
totally at a loss to know thn precise tone
of the piano , and consequently despaired
of being able to comply with the demand
in time. However , much to their sur
prise , they found that they could com
municate with the people at Aloselcy
through the telephone. Forthwith the
lirm asked that one of the notes of the
piano should bo struck. When tins was
done the sound could bo heard in Col-
inorc row , and by reducing the pitch
pipe the tones of both instruments were
made to correspond.
Electric Lights for Cnra.
The now vestibule Pullman palace cars
recently put on between Chicago and
New York city are brilliantly lighted by
electricity from a current supplied by
storage batteries. The light permits the
finest typo to be read , and is , therefore ,
a great boon to travelers , and there is an
entire absence of heat and unpleasant
odors. A fully charged battery is cap
able of lighting a single car for fifteen
hours with twenty-two sixteen candle
power lamps. This is the lirst positively
accomplished feat In lighting railroad
trams by storage batteries in this country.
Among its recognized and great advan
tages is the immunity it furnishes from
lire in case of accident.
tip.ttoiB by Electricity.
In ono of his speeches on the subject of
a postal telegraph , Hon. Charles A. Sumner -
ner , ox-congrcssman-at-largo for the
state of California , prophesied that be
fore many years telegraphic wires would
do most of the carrying of the ocople's
letters , and that even in the present state
of electrical development , messages
could bo sent throughout the length and
breadth ot this country for a penny a
word with profit.
Mr. Sumner is a practical telegraph
operator , and has studied the elements of
cost in teleeraphic correspondence per
haps as closely as any man in the coun
try. His statement is not moro wild as
sertion , but is the result of an intimate
knowledge of thn cost of constructing
and operating telegraph lines.
The Postal Telegraph bill introduced
by him contemplated the construction of
a telegraph system with the proceeds of
a government loan , which would bo re
paid from tbo earnings of the loin-
graph , and at the same time give the
nubile much lower rates than are charged
by existing telegraph lines Thus at the
end of , say twenty years , the people
would have a complete telegraph system
connecting every postoflico of the coun
try , with every ether postollloo and built
practically without cost to the public , for
without this the money would go to pay
dividends on the watered stock of the
Western Union and other telegraph com
That the United States should over per
mit the most improved method of con
voying intelligence to got into private
hands is one of the greatest shames in
the world. Tno people paid the entire
cost of constructing the first line of tele
graph for Prof. Morse , between Balti
more and Washington ; and this great
airency for the transmission of intelli
gence should not have boon allowed to
pass into the hands of corporations and
made a machinery for taxation , as it has
bcou. However , no time should bo lost
in retrieving this false stop. Ex
isting companies have had no charter
or ether guarantee against government
competition. They have so shamefully
abused their powers by watering their
stocks and forcing excessive tarifl's of
charges that they have forfoilod every
moral right to protection. Air. Sumuer
estimates that a system of lines could bo
constructed of equal capacity with the
Western Union for twelve millions of dollars
lars , as against the hundred millions at
which the Western Union and 'alllliatod1
lines are capitall/.ed.
Filly Yearn of Holcnce.
Fortnightly Review : Fifty years ago
science was .still inchoate. Much hail
already been done by the early pionwrrf.
The ground had been cleared , the build
ing materials had boon in part provided ;
the foundations had been duly and ably
laid' but the superstructure as yet had
hardly boon raised a poor foot or two
above the original level. The work ol
the last half century has boon twofold ,
On ono side it boon accumulative
merely : now stocks of organi/.ablo ma
terial the raw bricks of seiunco have
been laid up , as buforo , ready to the call
of the mabtor muson , but in greater pro
fusion than by any previous ago. On the
other side it has been directive and
iirchitectonio ; the endless stores of fact
and inference , thus dug out and .shaped
to the hand by the brlpk'mak'cfs of
knowledge in a thousand fields , haver'
been assiduously built up by a compact ?
body of higher and broader Intelligences
into a single grand harmonious wholo.
This last task forms indeed the great
sclontilio triumph of our epoch , Uur.1
has been r.n ago of firm grasp and of
wide vision. It has scon the downfall of
the anthropoccntrlo fallacy. Cosmos has
taken the place of chao.s. Isolated facs ( ;
have been fitted and dovetailed into their
proper niche in the vast mosaic. Tha
particular has ( slowly merged Into thd
general , the general Into still higher and
deeper rosmical concepts. Wo llvo iu
an epoch of unification , simplification ,
correlation , and universality. When af
ter ages look back upon our own , they
will rccogni/o that In science its xoy-uoto
has boon the idea of unity. '
In I Sit 7 , the science of man and the
sciences that gather round the personal
ity of man , had scarcely begun to ba
dreamt of. But evolutionism and geological
logical investigation have revolutionized
our conception of our own species ami of
the place which it holds in the hierarchy
of the universe. At the very beginning'
of our fifty years , Boucher do Perthcg
was already or.thusiastlcAlly engaged Irf
grubbing among the drift of Abbeville for
those rudely chipped masses of raw Hint
which wo know as pohvollthlo hatchets.
Lyell and others meanwhile were
gradually extending their ideas of our
race on earth ; and accumulations of evi
dence , from bone-caves and loess , were
forcing upon the minds of both anil
quarles and geologists the fact that
man , instead of dating back a mere
trillo of 0,000 years or so , was really
contemporary with the mammoth ,
the cave-bearer , and other extinct
quaternary animals. The mass of proofs
thus slowly gathered together in all
narts of the world culminated at last in
Lyell's epoch-making "Antiquity of
Alan , " published three years after "Dar
win's Origin of Species. " Colenso's
once famous work on the Pentateuch hail
already dealt a serious blow from the
critical side at the authenticity and lit
eral truth of the Mosaic cosmogony. It
was the task of Lyoll and his coadjutors ,
Jiko Evans , Keller , and Christy ami
Lartet , to throw back the origin ot our
race from the narrow limits once
assigned it Into a dim past of immeasur
able antiquity. Boyd Dawklna , James
Geikio , Huxley , Lubbock. Do Alortillett ,
and Bourgeois have udided in elucidat
ing , confirming and extending this view ,
which now ranks as a proved truth of
paliL'ontological and his historical
Darwin's "Descent of Alan , " published
some years later , was an equally epoch-
making book. Lubbook's "Prohi.storio
Times , " sent forth in 1805 , and "Origin
of Civilization" in 18TO. had fainihari/.ed
men's minds with the idea that man , in
stead of being "an arch-angel ruined"
had really started from the savage con
dition , and had gradually raised himself
to tiio higher levels of art and learning.
Tylor's "Early History of Mankind , " fol
lowed a little later by his still moro im
portant work on "Primitive Culture , "
struck the lirst note of the now revolution
as applied to the genesis of religious con
cepts. McLonnan's "Primitive Alar-
riago" directed tention to the early nature -
turo and relations of the tribe and
family. Wallace's essay on' the
"Origin of Human Races" and Huxley's
valuable work on "Alan's Place in Na
ture" helped forward this tide of natural
istic explanation. And by the time that
Darwin published his judicial summing
up on the entire question of man's origin ,
the jury of scientific opinion throughout
the world had pretty well considered its
Verdict on all the chief questions at issue.
The impetus thus given to the sciences
which specially deals with man , has boon
simply incalculable. Philology has been
revolutionized. Language has told us anew
now story. Words , like . fossils , have
been made to yield up their implicit
secrets. Prehistoric archeology has as
sumed a fresh and unexpected import
ance. The history of oar race , ever since
tertiary times , and throughout the long
secul ar winters of the glacial epoch , has
becnrccoustructcd for us from drift and
bonq-cavo. from barrow and picture-
writing , with singular ingenuity. An
thropology and sociology have acquired
the rank of distinct sciences. Tim
study of institutions lias reached
a sudden development under the
hands of Spencer , Taylor , AlcLon-
nan , Alaino , Freeman. Lang and Bagohot.
Comparative mythology and folk-loro
have assorted their right to a full hear
ing. Evolutionism has penetrated all the
studies which boar upon the divisions of
human ilfo. Language , ethnography ,
history , law , ethics , and politics , have
all felt the widening wave of its influ
ence. The idea of development and allll-
iation has been applied to speech , to
writing , to arts , to literature , nay , even
to such a detail as numismatics. Our
entire view of man and his nature has
been reversed , and a totally fresh moan
ing has boon given to the btudy of savage
ago manners , arts , and ideas , as well as
to the results of antiquarian and arclucol-
ical inquiry.
In osycholegy , the evolutionary im-
Silso has mainly manifested itself In
orlwrt Spencer , and to a less dcgroo in
Bain , Sully , Romanes , Croont Robertson
and others of their school. The develop
ment of mind in man and animal has been
traced pan passu with the development
of the material organism. Instinct has
been clcarh separated from reason ; thu
working of intelligence and of moral
feeling has been recognized in horse and
dog , in elephant and parrot , in boo and
ant , in snail and spider. The gcnosis
and differentiation of nervous systems
have been fully worked out. Hero
Alaudfdoy has carried the practical im
plications of the now psychology into the
domain of mental pathology , and Forrlor
has thrown a first ray of light upon the
specific functions of portions of the brliln.
Gallon's "Hereditary Genius" and oteor
works have also profoundly inllucncda
the thought of the epoch ; while Bastlan ,
Clifford , Jcvons and others have carried
the same impulse with marked success
into allied lines of pyschological re
But the evolutionary movement as a
whole sums itself up most fully of all in
the person and writings of Herbert
Spencer , whoso active lifo almost exactly
covers and coincides with our half cen
tury. It is to him that wo owe the word
evolution itself , and the general concept
of evolution as n single all-prevailing
natural process. Ho , too , has traced it
out alone through all its modes , from sun
and star , to plant and animal and human
product , In his "First Principles" ho has
dcvolopod the system in its widest and
most abstract trcneral aspects. In the
"Principles of Biology" he has applied it
to organic lifo ; in the "Principles of
Sociology" to societies , to politics , to religion -
ligion , and to human activities and
products generally. In Spencer , evolu
tionism finds its personal avatar ; ho has
boon at once Its prophet , its , its
architect and its builder.
Tbo Detroit Musical
Detroit Tribune : A largo audience ,
including many loading musicians , met
in the Church of Our Father last evening
to hoar Blanche Vol. nine years of
ago , a daughter of Air. C. AI. Yotjr.who
displays a rrmiarkahlo proficiency for so
young a child in both piano and violin
playing. Tim programme last evening
included Von Wobur'H rondo brilliant op.
0.2 ; "L'Escarpolotto" ' ( swing song ) on thn
piano , and "II Trovatoro" on the violin ,
all of Which were played with consider
able dash , although her feet could hardly
touch the pedal or her lingers span an
octavo. The numbers were inmnorl/ed
and rendered without a mistake. The
little lady was , during the entire per
formance , miBtre.'s of herself , retaining
the utmost composure. ' Shu was assibteiJ
by her parents and grandfather , Mr. and'
Airs. C. AI. Vet , Jr. , and C. M. Vet , Sr,4