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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (July 2, 1887)
THE OMAHA DAILY BEI > : SATURDAY , JOTY 2. 1S87.
tlcwctt , battery H , .Second artillery , four
months from.Iuly W ! Sorcnnt John Davis
battery 0 , Second artillery , sixty days Irom
t'antaln Jacoh H. Howies , Fifth nrtllte.ry ,
Mid First Lieutenant William II. Coflln
( laino reiritnetit ) nro respcrtlsely president
nnil Jiidno mlvuci\to of it punt-mi court martini
convened this morning at Fort Hamilton ,
Tlio Documents All Illfiht ,
WASHINGTONJuly 1. [ Sncclal Telegram
to the UKI : . | Senator Manderson.chiilrinaii
of the senate printing committee , has re
turned from n vlill to the residence of the
late Uoa : I'crlcy 1'oore. The senator easily
found all the rations , book1) ) , niiuiuscrlpts ,
rtc. , liolonyliiR to the imbllc which Major
1'oore had. nnd all of them liavo beoii re
turned to Washington.
Tlio Ycnr'n Icl > t Drcronsc.
WASHINGTON , July l. DuihiK thn fiscal
year Just ended the principal of the bonded
debt of the United States decreased 812-
011,030 , and tlieamotint of accrued but unpaid
Interest on diich debts decreased $504,011. *
The docronsn of certificates of deposit
amounted to S9,4t < 0,000 , nnd In demand notes
nnd fractional currency to S7-)33. )
Gohl nnd Hilvcr Circulation.
WASHINGTON , July 1. During the month
of Juno the circulation of standard silver
dollars Increased S34GS7 , nnd thn cold hold
ings ot the treasury Increased S207'J ( < 5. The
Increase of silver circulation durinu the year
was S1IWOCO ) , and the Increase In fold hold
ings durlnt ; the snino time was 2 , 'J-ICOOU.
West Point Cnilctn Appointed.
WASHINGTON , July 1. The president has
nppolntcd Julius T. Conrad , of Washington ,
Bon of Colonel Conrad , of the army , and John
21.1'almcr , grandson of Uovernnr Palmer ,
of Illinois to ho cadets nt largo at West
Point military academy.
Itcvcniio OillucK CoiiHolldntod.
WASHINGTON , July 1. The consolidation
of Internal rovenueillstrlcts , whereby twenty-
two districts are mortreil Into others , wascon-
Biinimatfd to-day. Telegrams were received
) > y Commissioner Miller announcine that nil
collectors had tiled their bonds and had com
pleted thu traiihlors of olllces.
WASHINGTON , July 1. The statement Is-
Biied by Mio United Slates treasurer shows
that the Indebtedness of the Djstrlct of Co
lumbia Is g'-0 > Sl,000 , allowing n net reduc
tion of $1HO000 | ! | alnco July 1,1873 , ,
Colnnuo For June.
WASHINGTON , July 1. The coinage of the
mints tliirlnc June nsKreeatcd S4 , : 7,502. of
which 5J'JOMoyo waa In standard silver
THE UNION PACIFIC'S DEBT.
How Jny Gould Thinks it Outfit to
Nnw YOIIK , July 1. The World to-morrow
will publish a long lutrrvlow with Jay Gould ,
from which the following extracts are taken :
"How , In your estimation , otiht ( ; the gov
ernment to settle the claim against the
Union Pacific ? "
Mr. Uould said ho tlioucht the government
.ought only to exact the principal of the
JTInlon Pacific debt to It and ought to eivo
'the company Its own time In which
-o pay. Then the company could
watch the money market , nnd when
that wns In n tnvurnblo state ,
.could llnat bonds to pay otf
the Indebtedness. Thu Union Pacilic , ho
said , must have relief from its largo debt.
There must be u cutting down of Interest
nnd principal to put the property nearer to n
level with roads built at modern cost , Gould
flnld in making railroad Investments It wns
Ills habit to make them individually , llo
uas not in "cahoots" with Itusscll Sage ,
though they had had dealings together.
Dakota Crop Statistics.
OunwAV , Dak. , July 1. The Juno crop
reports of the territorial statistician is loss
favorable than that for Way. Hot winds
have Injured crops In places. Fourteen
counties report the average cut down to CO
Tier cent. There Is much damage along the
Bllssourl and Ited rivers , and plenty of rain
In the James river vnllov. The acreage of
corn Is ono-thlrd greater than last year , con
dition 100 per cent. The average condition
of spring wheat will bo 0 per cent. The
wheat harvest begins about July 25.
To Close Down.
UEADINO , Pa. , July 1. Two thousand
employes of the Reading iron works this
afternoon Informed the management tfmt
they would not accept the reduction of 10
per cent madn recently , and the proprietors
decided to close down nil establishments.
All the men will bo thrown out of employ-
Refused to Hcruli Oat.
Couons , If. Y. , July 1. The weavers In
the Harmony vvoolon mills were to-day re
quested , according to semi-annual custom , to
scrub the floors around their looms. Thov
tefused nnd quit work. The mills shut
down , throwing 3,000 operators out of em
The Texas Style.
GAINESVILLE Tux. , July 1. Iho Houghton -
ton brothers to-day became Involved hi n
quarrel with the Pains , father and son.
Shooting began , and resulted In the death of
3'nln senior nnd ono of the Houchtou broth
ers , and the fatal wounding of young Pain.
The ether lloughton brother Is In jail.
HltchollTllla Unilly Scorched.
DBS MOIKKS , la. . July Q , 2 a. m. The
mayor of Hltchellvllle , sixteen miles east ,
telegraphed at midnight that his town WAS
burning IIP , nnd asked for help. A chemical
nil cine ana hook and ladder trucks were sent
from hero by special train. Fire business
bouses were burned , and the lire la under
Wonthcr Indication ! ) .
For Nebraska : Variable winds , fair
weather , stationary temperature.
For Iowa : Variable winds , local rains In
tastern portion , fair wnnthcr In western per
tion , stationary tempuratiiro.
For Eastern Dakota : Fair weather , vorl-
kble winds , stationary temperature.
Roynllsts Visit the Count.
PATHS , July 1. A party of 200 royalists
wont to St Mnlo to-day to visit the count of
Paris , and another party of 200 , Including
Uenernl l.nCharette , will follow tomorrow.
The radical newspapers hero dec ounce the
.proceeding as n conspiracy.
The Fidelity Crowd.
CINCINNATI , July 1. Amml Baldwin , late
cashier of the Fidelity National bank , was
surrendered by ono of bis bondsmen to-day ,
but another surety was secured , nud ho dlU
not have to go to jail.
The Doss Hood lor.
NKW YOIIK , July 1. Jacob Sharp's condi
tion Is unchanged to-day. Ho Is still weak ,
nnd lies bank In an Invalid chnlr at hU loom
At the Ludlow street jail.
AUGUSTA , Me. , July l.-No material
change has been noted in ex-Governor Mor-
rill's condition , lie seems to bo ncnring his
An Appointment by Hewitt.
NKW YnitK , July 1. Mayor Hewitt
to-day appointed Morgan J. O'Drlon corpora
tion counsel , and ho was a\\orn Iu.
Yesterday afternoon Louis Hclmrod ,
Chnrlcs MuU and Kdward K. llruco , the
committee ou privileges for the Soldiers'
reunion , mot and opened bids for privi
leges durinc the coming reunion. Tour
bids wora received. The award was
nuitlu to J. U. CaniRill , who oflered
f3luO for the privileges , which was tLo
The Oliiupla theatre , formerly the old
Ituokinghnni , will bo opened to-night as
H first-class vnudcrlllo theatre , by Cole &
ParishIt is the intontlou of the pro
prietors to make this Place of amuse
ment ono of the best of its kind , nud the
oeet of variety talent will bo enip'ored.
A Jlrl-clii : hlli will bo given to-ul ht.
RATTLING AMONG DRY BONES
Skeletons in Union Pacifid Closets tire
Brought to Light ,
PERSECUTION OF AUG. ARNDT ,
air. Ilntcwntcr Ituiicnts fioino More
JlUlorjlor the invcsticntlnR
tnn Confesses nncl
TJoforc the Commission.
Mr. Rose-water , who wns llio lirst wit
ness called by the Union Pucllic investi
gating conimlllco yesterday morning ,
submitted the telegram referred to in
lits testimony of Tuesday. The telegram
13 as follows :
OM.utA. Oct. M. 1873. To 8. 11. II. Clixrk
or T.i. \ . Kimball , Denver : The vote of the
shops will probably decide the election nid )
It Is said it will go solid against Grebe for
Bhcrlir. Jlo tma served the road bettor tlmn
nny sliTilf we over had. Can't you glvo this
vote ? I think voti should If possible. If you
ngreo Instruct proper parties to glvo him the
vote and M-nd niu a copy ot your telegram.
A. J. Poppujrojf.
TIic chairman askctl Mr. Kosewator to
give nny information concerning entries
of land by the Union 1'acilio company
other tliuti lands granted by the govern
Mr. Hosowater said ho had no personal
information directly as to such lands
being entered by the company ; they had
acquired lands hero at dillbront times , as
they told him ( Mr. Itosowater ) , under con
demnation prices for the bridge and
rijrht of way in the city.
The chairman asked whether Mr. Hose
water recalled the fact of it decision of
Secretary richurz , during his administra
tion of the interior department , with ref
erence to the lands of the Union Pacilic.
Mr. Hosowater said ho recalled u case
made in Kansas , the Dudymot claim ,
brought into the land department of the
government and ruled upon by Secretary
Schiuv. in 1879. The charter of the Union
Pacilic made their lands disposed of
within three or live years after the com
pletion of the road subject to preemption
tion at $2.50 per aero. In 1877 the time
expired in which the Union Pacific land
grant was to have been sold and the sec
retary ruled iu the Dudymot case iu
1378. that these lands came under that
act , "and that the lands in Kansas , as well
as Nebraska , were subject to pre-emption
entry. Shortly after that William
Platt , an attorney and ajrent for the
Union Pacilic road at Grand Island , took
possession of a quarter section of land
under this order of pro-omption granted
by Schurz. Thereupon the Union Pa
cilic made a legal process to eject him
from the land and the case was carried
into Judge Dnndy's court , Mr. Popplo-
ton appearing for the Union Pacific and
Mr. Wakoly , who was an assistant attor
ney for the Union Pacilic , appearing for
The jndgo ruled that Platt had no right
to pro-ompt the land and the case was
carried up and finally the supreme court
allirmcd the ( Incision , although as Mr.
Kosowatcr had often charged , the case
was made up hero by the Union Pacilic
and its attorneys.
After that case had been decided the
order of the secretary of the interior had
to bo revoked and the lands were made
only subject to sale by the Union Pacific ,
on the ruling that the land grant bond
was a disposal of the land. Mr. Rosewater -
water did not know until last winter that
the case made up by the railroad
company's attorneys was not
upon an unpatcntcd piece of
land or had boon made upon a picco
of land for which a patent had boon is
sued ; so that the decision did not involve
unpatcnted land.butlaudthathad already
passed from the control of the govern
ment. This fact was stated to Mr. Rosn-
water by Commissioner Sparks himself.
At the time the Platt case was pending
in the courts thcro were other cases that
did touch the right of the railroad to ex
clusively control the sale of the unpat
cnted part of the land.
Mr. Popploton asked Mr. Rosewater to
name any case that involved that ques
tion. Mr. Uoscwnter replied that the
case of August Arndt was one. Arndt
was a citizen of Saundcrs county , and
took a quarter section of Union Pacific
land that was not patented and made a
pre-emption entry for that land. Litiga
tion began in the United States court , in
the winter or fall of ' 81 ; the case was
nbout to bo tried in Omaha , when August
Arudt was arrested on the charge of as
sassinating the clcrK of the district court ,
Watson U. Smith. Arndt was taken to
jail and no person , not oven his wife , al
lowed to see or communicate with him.
Ho was kept in jail for some
time , until the grand jury made
an investigation. and they failing
to find any proof that he was the assassin ,
discharged luna. At the time of his ar
rest , Arndt told Mr. Rosewater that ho
had the documents and papers relating
to his land claims in a trunk in the hotel
in which ho was stopping in this city ;
that the trunk was taken and broken
open by some officers preforming to look
after evidence in the assassination case ,
and the documents bearing upon this
railroad land suit were stolen and carried
away ; but that was not the end of tlio
caso. Arndt was rearrested in January ,
1883 , on the charge of baring threatened
the lifo of Judge Dundy on account of
this treatment , llo was taken to Lincoln
and tried and convi9tcd of this charge ,
although the judge himself testified that
ho had no fear and did not believe that
Arndt intended to murder him. The
Tanner's Alliance of this state hold a
meeting and denounced that treatment
and asked Senator Van \ \ yck to present
a petition to the president for his pardon.
Arndt told Mr. Rosewater that ho and
his lawyers had full confidence in their
ability to establish his rights to the pre
emption , and that ho had a clear case in
which this question might have been
lly Commissioner Littler How do you
connect the Union Pacilic or any ot its
olHcers with thcso criminal proceedings ?
Mr. Roaewatcr They have managed
in some way to have a great deal of infiu-
enco upon the court otllcers in this city.
The United States marshal and his depu
ties have had annual passes and charged
the government ten cents a railo for every
milo they liavo travelled on those passes ,
these passes come to thousands and
thousands of dollars.
Hy Commissioner Dn you know that
In making up tlio milcago account , the
marshal is compelled to swear that ho
traveled no part of the way on frco
Mr. Roscwator I don't know that , but
1 do know that the marshal and his dep
uty traveled on n frco pass. I saw ono
deputy myself travel that way ; ho told
mo that ho had to divide his mileage fees
for travel with the marshal.
Commissioner Littler Ho ought to bo
prosecuted before the grand jury.
Mr. Kosewatcr I have nothing to do
Commissioner LSttlor How long has
that practice been in force hero ?
Mr. Rosewater I believe it has been
in force hero over since the railroads
have run politics in this stato.
Commissioner LiUler How long has
that been ?
Mr. Rosewater Twolvn or fifteen
years it lias been done under all the
marshals , and all the maistial.s harn
shown n Tory actiro subservience to the
lly Mr. Poppleton. Has the prao-
. tico of the Union Paciiio in respect to the
issuing to public olHcjnl of pii § ei in this
state been dillcrcnl from tu t of ether
A.I. . don't know what the pr/ictico of
other railroad ! ! hai been , but 1 claim that
all the railroads are wrong. Tfeej liavo
all been operated against the public's in
terests in that policy.
Q. Do you know whether the United
States marshals ever had passes On other
A. Yes , I saw th6 passes.
Q. Have you any doubt but what they
have been treated substantially alike by
the dillbrcnt roads ?
A.---No , sir.
Q. Don't you know that the tract of
ground involved m the Platt case was
actually occupied by Platt , and had been
actually occupied by him prior to any
other person who over settled on it , and
that that was the reason why ho set up
his claim of pre-emption , and was en
abled to sot it UP ?
A. 1 don't know of my own knowl
edge anything of the kind. 1 only
understood that at the time ho took pos
( J. You say ho took possession ?
A. Yes , sir.
Q. Now don't you know that ho had
been in the occupancy of it for years ?
A. That is possible. I did not know it
at the time it was pending in the courts.
I know simply that it was a test case
brought for the purpose.
Q. What you said and what you have
testified to was , that he went into posses
sion of this tract of land after Schurz
made this decision ; now _ 1 ask you if you
do not know that that is untrue , and that
ho had been in the occupancy of it for
ten or fifteen vear.s ?
A. I don't know that. Hut if ho had
Leon in possession of it for ten or fifteen
years , it was his ground. 1 don't
f-ee what the road had to
do with it. It certainly was
his , if the government cave him a patent
for it. It tlio government had issued a
patent after these thrco years had ex
pired , ami Mr. Schur/'s decision was
correct , that patent was a nullity.
Q. The August Arndt case Don't
.you know that Judge Miller decided
that Arndt had no title whatever to that
A. It was decided after the papers
that wore made to him had been stolen.
Q. That is about as true as auvthing
else you have testified to , is it ?
A. It is true yes , sir.
Q. Then if it should turn out that
Arndt's arrest was after that decision ,
then you would have testified to what
would bo false , would you not ?
A. Not necessarily.
Q. If it should turn out that that was
decided before Arndt was arrested for
killing Watson B , Smith , than your testi
mony wouldn't ' bo true on that subject ?
A. There I might bo mistaken , but
there was a case pending and it was
about to bo tried when ho was arrested.
Q. Do you know anything about this
except what Arndt has told you ?
A. Nothing more than what his law
yers liavo said.
Q. Don'tyou know that Arndt has
been repeatedly impeached in court by
swarms of witnesses who said they
wouldn't believe him under oalli ?
A. 1 don't know anything about it.
Q. Don't you know ho is an avowed
anarchist and assassinator that isto say ,
ho believes in assassination as a remedy
for civil wrong and avows it ?
A. 1 don't know nny thing of the kind.
Q. Now , isn't it a fact that since you
started the Hun you have been individu
ally in a chronic state of hostility to the
railroad , and tiiat that has boon your
stock in trade and the stock in trade of
your newspaper ?
A. 1 will deny that in toto. I have
simply been opposed to the methods
which the railroads of this state
have pursued , and the policies
which they liavo carried on , that
have bcon oppressive to tlio people
ple interfering with tlio political aliairs
of the state in violation of their charter
Q. You admit that yon have been in
opposition to them ?
A. I have boon not in opposition to
the railroads , but in opposition to the
men who managed the railroads.
Q. Haven't you assailed almost every
manager of the H. & M. and of the
Union Pacilic railroad company , who has
had charge hero , up to the time that Mr.
Calluway came into oflico ?
A. No sir , I don't remember that I
assailed Mr. Touxalin. Ho was manager
of the U. & M. before Mr. Callaway came
into the Union Pacific. I haven't assailed
thorn oxeopt when their own conduct and
that of their subordinates were criminally
dishonest and dangerous to public safety.
Q. la Mr. Touialm tlio only man you
can think of that you have not assailed ?
A. There are numbcr.s of other men
whom I could mention.
Q. Mention all you can.
A. You spoke of managers of rail
roads. I have not assailed tlio managers
on the other side of the river , cxcopt
the Northwestern , who have robbed our
people by favoritism anil discrimination
Q. You were professionally a tele
graph operator , originally ?
A. Yes ; for thirteen years.
Q. Where wcro you employed in that
business whou the war broke out ?
A. When the war broke out I was
employed in tlio state of Alabama.
Q. You were operator within the lines
of the southern confederacy , then , at the
time when the war broke out ?
A. 1 os , I was operator , working for
the SouthwosternJTiilograph company.
Q. Isn't it a fact you have boon re
peatedly charged with being a member
of a committee who received Joll'Davis ,
at Montgomery , when ho wont there to
take possession of the southern confed
A. 1 have not only boon charged with
it , but it is true. Now J want to answer
tliis question fully.
The Chairman Lot the witness explain ,
Mr. Poppleton After ho gota through
answering my question ho can explain.
The Witness I want to explain it now ,
because it is a matter that has boon
charged frequently ami there are parties
who have boon convicted here in the
courts for charging mo with being a
Mr. Poppleton Who are they ?
A. Casper E. Yost is ono and Krod
Nye is another both of thorn were pro
prietors of the Republican.
The Chairman The war is over , judge.
Mr. Popploton Well , I don't know ;
there is some talk about the return of the
The Chairman Well , if you bring up
that issue you had bettor lot us know
whether you are going to wave the
The Witness The facts are thcso : I
was located in Stevenson , Alabama , from
July , 1859 , until March , 1801. When
Joti'creon Davis was United States sena
tor representing the state of Mississippi ,
ho stopped over at Stevenson twice , ami
called at the telegraph ulliro and sent
dispatches. It was in that way that I
made his acquaintance. When ho was
elected president of the southern con
federacy ho was on his way to Mont
gomery. Stevenson , Ala. , nt that
time was a very email place , with only
perhaps four or live hundred people. It
su happened that no person in the place
had over met Davis , nor could point
him out. He arrived at night at
10 o'clock on the train. A com
mittee was appointed by the citi
zens , who wanted him to make a speech.
They added inn to the committee , simply
to go and introduce him , or point him
out. i went into the car and pointed
him out. That was my whole connection
with the matter. If that was any crime ,
you can make the most of it.
Q. From there , after you got through
the rebel lines , where did you go to work
A. For Uncle Sam. I enlisted at
Wheeling , W. Va. , took the oath , and en
tered the U , S. army , and went with
( jonur l Fremont through the entire cam
paign of West Virginia. After that I was
assigned to the navyyardat Washington ,
with Commodore Danlgren , and in the
latter part of July , 1863,1 made an appli
cation to General Pope , to accompany
him on the way to Ulctiraond , and was
assigned to his stall' . 1 accompanied
General Pope through the entire cam
paign from Warrenton to the Rapldan ,
and back to Hull Run. 1 was at the
battle of Hull Run. After that 1 was as
signed to the w\r : \ department , and re
mained thcro until 1 came to this <
. So that you were the confidential
operator of II a flock , Stauton and Lincoln
during the Virginia campaign , were you
A.-Yos , sir.
Q. Now can you toll why it was aad
how it happened that' ' Leo had such com
plete ami oxhanstlvp ; information of the
plans of those three men ? Do you know
anything about that ?
A. That may not enter into this in
vestigation , but I will answer it. It was
notorious when I was in the war depart
ment , that thcro were leaks in that de
partment , and that there were dispatches
sent ; sub-marina wires had been laid
across the Potomoc. For instance , at the
time that Fredencksburg was stormed by
Hurnsldo , that information was smuggled
across to tlio rebels through the lines by
wire In some way. Suspicion rested upon
the wives of certain army olllcers who
were southern women , and who , in con
nection with southern people , managed
to transmit information through the liuc.s.
Q. Do you not know us a matter of
fact , and haven't the robcl archives dis
closed tlio fact , that telegrams have
passed from tlio war department , and
wcro in tlio possession of Leo ?
A That is possible. I haven't ex
amined the archives.
Q. How long did you stay in the war
A. Until tlio summer of 1863 , when I
came out hero. After the battle of Hull
Run in 1803 I took my place in the war
department and remained there until I
came out hero.
Q. You were not there , then , previous
to the battle of Gettysburg ?
A. No , sir , I was in Omaha when the
battle of Gettysburg took place no ,
como to think of it , I didn't get here
until a few weeks later. 1 was in Cleve
land at that time.
( J. General Longstrect thought that
when ho got ready to move towards
Gettysburg ho sent his spy towards
Washington , and that ho came back with
tlio complete plans of the disposition of
Mead's army in its advance on Gettys
burg. Do you know anything about how
that information got to him ?
A. No , i would not , certainly. I
know 1 was charged hero with
being a rebel spy , and 1
brought suit and had it tried
in this county two jcars ago , and at
that trial I produced tlio deposition of
General Ansou Stager , the head of the
military telegraph corps , stating that lie
had the fullest confidence in my loyalty
and integrity. My people all have lived
in Ohio , ami I went south as n freesoilor
I don't think , therefore , that anybody can
attach any sympathy with the rebellion
to mo. The fact is , the whole story orig
inated in this building , just us all schemes
of persecution and falsehood that have
circulated against mo have originated in
this building , and thcs'o men , who wanted
to crush mo , sought to trample mo under
their feet and uosmltch my reputation
through their organ.
Q. Hut you ad mi i , these facts to bo
A. I admit that I was in the army and
risked my lite for my country , which is
more than can bo f > : iid of many men
about hero like Tlulrston and others
whom 1 could name.
Q. Do you know the name of the oper-
orator who sent that telegram that you
produced hero ?
A. I know what bacame of him , but I
do not remember his name.
Q. What did become of him ?
A. Ho was discharged by tlio Western
Union people. ' He enlisted in the regular
army and served about live years. Ho
linafly became a vagabond and passed
through here and went down to St. Louis
in a dissipated condition. This is all 1
know about him.
Q. Now what did you pay that fellow
for that dispatch ?
A. I never paid him ono dollar for the
dispatcli or anything connected with it ,
and after ho was discharged a collection
was made up among the republicans here
for him. I contributed my part to scud
him away from Omaha.
lly Commissioner Littler Is it true
that you at any time betrayed your olli-
cial trust when you were connected with
the government telegraph works at Wash
ington , or betrayed the government in
any respect whatever during tlio whole
Duriod of your connection with the pub
lic service ?
A , Why , of course , it is not true. If
I had been disposed to make use of the
information I got there , I could have
been a millionaire. It may bo a little
interesting to some of you. During the
war quotations were sent into tlio war
department daily of stocks and gold
to Edward S. Sanford , who was the gov
ernment censor of dispatches. Every
batllo changed the value of stocks and
gold , and very often information about
battles wore hold back , and there is not
any doubt in my mind but that an im
mense amount of stock gambling was
carried on by the censors. 1 have the
cortilicato of General Eckert , who is now
general manager of the Western Union
lines , accepting my resignation from the
army military telegraph corps , and
not only that , but the National
Society of the United States mili
tary corps , of which I am a member ,
elected mo as its vice president two sue-
scssivo tnrms , and I have for six years
boon a member of its congressional com
mittee looking after legislation to recog
nize its services.
Q. Then it is not true ?
A. It is not true. 1 have two volumes
of the history of thu United States mili
tary telegraph corps , in which my name
is frequently mentioned for service in the
Hold and in the war department.
Q. You were not discharge' ' from the
service , but resigned ?
A. I resigned.
Q. Voluntarily ?
By the Chairman What knowledge
have yon of the coaL dealings of the
Union Pacilic compafay in thuir ship
ments from the Rock3Spring.s coal mines ?
A. Well , I have a gouoral knowledge ,
only , such as has boom published from
time to time and given'to mo by parties
residing along the road-and people horo.
The coal supply S6f Nebraska has
been principally Wyoming coal. The
company has chargcl a's high a rate nt
Sidney and North i'latto as Omaha where
it is much farther away. I have also
been informed that at times , in order to
break down all competition , the company
has in some cases tattuh possession , by
force , of mines and operated thorn , and
in other oases , by discrimination , have
destroyed tin ; hnsinefsjof parties who
have attempted to ilollfii mining. There
is Jake Morrow , for loflo , and Wardoll ,
for aqother , who hadMnlncs in the neigh
borhood of Rock Spring. I have been
told that Wyoming coal was bouirht at
almost nothing , and carried out there In
order to break up these parties clear
across to the neighborhood of Cheyenne
and delivered there at a much lower price
than the parties who wora mining coal
In Wyoming could deliver It at.
There is another thing that was partic
ularly wrong to my mind , and that is that
the government has paid $14 per ton , if
1 remember riuht. for carrying coal from
Reek Spring ) ) to Omaha , when coal could
bo bought for $7.50 in Omaha. This I
had from the quartermaster's clerk , who
kept the accounts between thu govern
ment and the roads. The government
consumes an enormous amount of coal
hero. This coal was all from a contractor
out there , who was really an employe of
the Union Pacific , of a firm called Heck-
worth < & Quinn , out at the mines , and
then brought In here , to that it cost more
than double. Hut the record will show
what that is.
Hy Commisslbncr Littler What is his
A. His name Is Patrick. Ho
is now in Washington City.
Ho is n democrat , and has
been trying to got a position In the de
partments siuco Cleveland came into
Hv the Chairman Who were Heck-
worth & Quinn ?
A. 1 think that is a sham firm. 1
think the firm itself is simply made up of
men who got so much for the mining of
coal from the company In Wyoming. I
think they are nothing moio than cm-
ploys of tlie Union Paeillc.
Mr. Popploton Wasn't this man hab
itually drunk when not on duty ? Was
he not a common loafer ?
A I know ho was not a loafer. Ho
was in the government employ for a
good many Jyears but ho was addicted
Mr. 1'ntor A. Doy , the chairman of the
Iowa railroad commission , who was next
called , said ho had bcon sent out by Mr.
Fartiam , of the Union Pacific road in 1SC.J . ,
in order to find a practical route for tlio
Union Pacific road. Ho wont as far west
as Salt Lake City. In ISO'J , shortly after
the Union Pacific company was organ
ized , Mr. Doy surveyed a portion of the
route for the road. Ho was afterward
appointed chief engineer ot the road , and
remained In tlio service of the company
until 180 , " ) , when ho resigned. When
asked why ho had resigned tlio witness
said ho had made a survey through the
Platte Valley and sent an estimate of the
cost of building the road through it to
the Union Pacilic company. Stockholders
of the road iu New York Jclty objected to
the estimate as entirely too low. The
lirst estimate placed the cost of tlio con
struction of the road and its equipment
at $30,000 per mile. A contract drawn
ui by Mr. llovio was sent to witness , at
which the cost of constructing the. road
was placed at ? 30,000 per mile. Ho felt
that an attempt was being made to use
him for somebody who wanted to make
an exorbitant contract and accordingly
Heing asked what suggestions ho had
to oiler based on the supposition that the
Union Pacific road was mortgaged for
more than it was worth , ho replied that
the government ought to extend tlio time
for the payment of the indebtedness duo
to it as long as possible. Mr. Dey also
thought tlio Union Pacilic road could bo
paralleled ' . ' 00 miles Irom Omaha at $20-
000 per mile.
When asked what efl'ect the pooling
system had on business the witness said
that pooling was principally beneficial
to railroads. The only benefit the people
ple derived from it was u uniformity of
rates. Tlio pooling system nlaccd ship
pers at the mercy of any rates the rail
roads chose to fix.
On being asked about the constructive
mileage system , Mr. Dey thought that
roads could afford to carry freight at a
lower rate between points on the
branches and largo cities on
the main line , than between
points on the branch line , because of the
greater opportunity ottered in shipments
to larso cities on the main line , of load-
inir tlio cars back.
The next witness called was Hon.
John A. McShanc. lie said in answer to
questions that ho had had business rela
tions with the Union Pacific road since
1872 in the shipment of cattle , llo had
never received any preferences in rates
at thu hands of the company. Ho re
ceived special rates , but they wcro pub
lished rates and all shippers of cattle , so
far as he know , had received them. There
had been rumors , however , of discrima-
lions against certain persons and locali
ties. These rumors were the most com
mon during legislatures. When asked
what part , so far as ho know , the Union
Pacilic road had taken in influencing
legislation , he said lie presumed that the
road had representatives in the legisla
tures to prevent bad legislation , "That
is " added Mr. AlcShano "
, smiling , "legis
lation again t their interests. "
When asked what plan the government
should adopt with reference to the Union
Pacilic road , Mr. McShanc said that as
ho might bo obliged to pass on the ques
tion ollieially he would prefer not to
Anton Grantor , who was next called ,
said he had lived in Omaha twenty-one
years and hnd been employed as draught-
man In the U. P. shops. When asked if his
name had bcon used by the Union Pa
cilic company in the purchase of huul ho
said Mr. Gordon told him the company
wanted all the odd sections in Utah and
had him sign a paper.Vhon \ asked how
ho know that the paper related to the
land , ho said ho wanted to know where
his name went to.and asked Mr. Gordon.
That gentleman hail then told him what
the paper was.
Auditor Young next produced state
ments showing the gross receipts of the
Kansas Paciiio road from September 23 ,
1870 to 18SO ; the Union Pacific system
from 1803 to January 3 , 1830. also Feb
ruary 1 , 1830 to January 23 , 1887.
"I want to say to j'ou , " said
Governor Pattison , "that these state
ments only show the cash receipts of the
Union Pacific company. It should show
all receipts of every kind and form what
soever , and I call for a statement show
ing such receipts. "
"I told you m my testimony , " said
Auditor Young , "that the gross receipts
had no connection with tlio gross earn
After some discussion Mr. Young said
the receipts of the company from all
sources were included in the statement
Freight Manager Kimball was next
asked what calls no had ready , and sub
mitted the balance of his statement
in answer to the interrogations in regard
to rebates. Ho also submitted a state
ment , giving the population of the coun
ties through which the Union Pacilic road
and its brachcs passed ; also the rates
charged on the return of tank cars of
the Standard and Continental Oil com
panies from 1878 to 1880 ; the not special
rates allowed to Murphy , Grant As Co.
1) . O. Clark , superintendent of tlio
Union Pacilic coal department
Since 1871 , was next called. Hoforo
that , from 1803 until 1874 , ho was
connected with the Wyoming coal com
pany. Ho didn't know who were the
members of the Wyoming coal company.
As superintendent of the coal department
ho had nothing to do with the acquire
ment of coal lands by the company. The
lauds were acquired by pur
chase. Many of the mines were
opened before the lands wcro sureyovd.
Lands were not opened by the company
until : i title had been acquired by the
company. There was ono case , witness
remembered , where a mine was opened
on indemnity land.
Witness had control , to a certain extent -
tent , of the price of coal. It was sup
posed to bo furnished to the coinpanv at
what it cost to put it on the cars. When
asked if all dealers in Union Pacific coal
along tlio line had received the same
rates on coal shipment * , the witness re
plied that they did ; no rebates or prefer
ential rates were allowed to anybody except -
copt during Juno , July ami ; August , to
pay dealers for carrying tlio coal over
whoa there are few grain shipments and
tlio company can employ its cars in haul
ing this coal.
Being asked whether Rock Springs coal
was hauled at. a higher rate to Sidney
than to Omaha , Mr. Clark said this was
not true so far as ho know.
A. J. Popploton was next called. Ho
stated that ho was the general solicitor of
the road. Up to July 1,180'J. ho had sim
ply bcon paid for what ho did and was
not expected to sign vouchers. .Sinco
January 1,1830 , his conucclbii with the
road had been closer , and ho had been
in the habit of nlgnlng vouchers.
The witness was shown a voucher in
favor of N. H. Hoxio for services at Lin
coln during the session of the legislature
in January 1809J for | 1,000. The voucher ,
witness admitted , was In Mi hand writ-
nig , and was signed by General Malinger
Suyder of the Union Pacific road. Wit
ness couldn't remember , however , the
facts iu the case and was Unable to ex
plain the voucher. A voucher for fl.COO
iu favor of Wells Brewer of IXMIO Tree ,
for .services rendered in Merrick county
on March ll,18S ( ) . The voucher was cer
tified by Mr. Poppleton by S. H. II.
Clark as general superintendent of tlio
road. Mr. Popploton was also unable to
explain this voucher. A voucher in favor
M. II. Sessions of Lincoln , Neb. , for ser
vices rendered in August,1875 , In defend
ing agents charged with inlluencing an
election in Mornek county on the subject
of aiding the Midland Pacific road with
| ? 1SO,000 in bonds in building to Central
City. Mr. Poppleton said that the bonds
were defeated and that an agent of the
Union Pacilic road was charged
with using illegitimate means In bring
ing about this result. Mr. Sessions de
fended him and the bill was for this .ser
vice. The witness was shown a voucher
in favor of J. M. Thurston for legal sor-
vlees rendered at the supreme court ,
while in session at Lincoln , but had no
recollection as to the circumstances of
the case. A number of other vouchers
were shown to ( ho witness in favor of
J. M. Thurston , but ho had no recollec
tion of the facts in llio cases referred
Mr. Popplotan was asked who William
R. Steele was. Ho replied that ho had
boon an attorney of theroadinClicyonno.
from 1809 to 1870. Ho was then elected
delegate to the territorial legislature , llo
was then asked to explain a voucher iu
favor of Mr. Stcolo for sjT.OO . , dated Janu
ary 31.1871) ) . Mr. Poppleton then said
that Mr. Steele had probably at that
time resumed his place as attorney tor
the company , as witness believed ho had
been defeated as a candidate for reelection
tion to tlio legislature. The witness de
clared emphatically that this money had
not been paid him while a member of
John J. Diekey , the superintendent of
thu Pacilic Telegraph company and of the
Western Union telegraph lines along tlio
Union Pacilic road , was the lirst witness
called nt the afternoon session , lie also
stated that he was vice president , of the
Nebraska Telephone company. Mr. Kimball -
ball and himself were the only olllcers of
the Union Pacific who had stock in the
telephone company so far as he know.
There was no contract between the Pa
cific telegraph company and tlio telephone -
When asked now the profits wore di
vided between the Pacilic and Western
Union Telegraph companies , Mr. Dickey
said each company cccgivcd 00 ] jcr cunt
of the profits , llio gross receipts last
year amounted to $1'0,000. The Union
Pacific's share of the not profits was
$57,000.00. For 18SH they amounted to
$03.031.8Mr. . Dickey was asked to pro
duce a statement showing llio not yearly
receipts of the Union Pacific company
from its telegraph lines since he had been
Auditor Voting , at the end of Mr. Dick
ey's examination , submitted a statement
showing the svstom of bookkeeping
in tlie land department and also a
statement of the gross receipts
of the Union Pacilic company
for the year 1835. Governor Pattison
then called for statements showing tlie
gross receipts of the. . company from the
beginning. This called forth quite an
argument on the part of Mr. Popploton
as to the meaning of the terms "gross re-
coipte. " Governor Pattieonsaid"he could
make himself no clearer if ho explained
until the crack of doom. After some
further talk Mr. Poppleton questioned
the authority of the commission under
the act of congress , to ask for the gross
receipts. Judge Littler read the section
of the act on this point and found that
tlio word "gross earnings" was used.
D"l don't see what authority this com
mission has to infer that the act don't
mean what it savs when it says "gross
earnings , " said Mr. Poppleton.
"Wo have discovered in tlio course of
this investigation , " said Governor Patti
son , with an emphatic gesture , "that
'gross receipts' and 'gross earnings' arc
not synonymous ; that there are thou
sands of dollars' difference between the
two , and wo want the .statement called
for so that wo can find the difierenco. "
"I have all the light I want on the sub
ject , " continued the governor , his voice
risinir as ho spoke , "and if the company
don't choose to furnish this information ,
1 , as a commissioner , will report my sen
timents on the subject. 1 simply ask for
these statements in justice to the coin-
pan v. "
"Well , " said Mr. Poppleton , "if tlie
statement for 1835 Is what the I'ommis-
sion wants , the only thing to do is to go
through the books and make out similar
statements for the other years , as nearly
as it can be done. They can then go on
the record and it won't'bo necessary for
the commission to report its sentiments. "
Mr. Poppleton was then placed on the
stand and asked to explain a scries of
vouchers for legal expenses of the Union
Pacific road. Ono of those vouchers
was in favor of the lawyers on both sides
ot the Platte case referred to in Mr.
Rosewator's testimony. Mr. Popplotou
said ho had gone to Platte after Mr.
Sehurt/'s decision and told him that if
the company was not entitled to the land
he occupied that the company would
prefer that ho should have it in prefer
ence to anybody else , and the mit was
accordingly brought as a test ease to
determine the rights of the Union
Pacilic road with respect to land
grants. The witness was shown a num
ber of vouchers in favor of John M.
Thurston and oilier attorneys for
"special" service , and asked to explain.
"Tho salary of an attorney in the legit
imate legal business of the road wouldn't
bo charged as 'special services , ' would
It ? " said Governor I'attison.
The witness said ho wouldn't have so
charged up a salary , but couldn't explain
the vouchers. One was dated January
31 , 1881 , and was for special services
from "October 31 to date. "
Governor Pattison showed Mr. Popplo
ton a statement from J. G. Mclntiro ,
proprietor of the Arlington hotel at Lin
coln , charging the Union Pacific com
pany with board and roomsj ! and 10 for
thirty-one days , preceding January 31 ,
1883 , $180.00 ; rooms 31 and 32 , thirtv-ono
days from said date , f333.50 ; also board
and rooms 9 and 10 twenty and a half
days , from February 37 , 1833 , $13 ! ) . 15 ;
also hrcs $10.35. Tlio bill was accom
panied by a voucher signed by John M.
Thur.ston. "for hotel bill of self and em
ployes of comoany at Lincoln for Jan
uary and February , $099. " Mr. Popplo-
ton said ho could not explain this
as Ins name was not signed to it
and ho knew nothing about it.
The witness was shown a large number
of vouchers in favor ( if John M. Thur-s-
ton for special services as attorney. Ho
was unable to explain thcso , but thought
they represented his salary during the
"Ho don't seum to have received any
regular salary , " observed Judge Littler.
"Ho anly seems to have performed special
While on the stand Mr. Popploton said
tlm telegram produced by Mr. Rosewater
was sent solely with rofercnc.i to Mr.
Grebo. Witness in sending the ttilegram
was solely influenced by the motive of
securing a man who would carry out the
law. The road at that time waa infested
with three-card mouto men , and Mr.
Grcbo had been more successful than any
one else in dealing with them. The suc
cessful management of the road said Mr.
Poppleton , depended on the ollioioncy of
these charged with carrying out the Jaw ,
mid the sending of that telegram was not
in pursuance of a general attempt to con
trol elections in the intorant of the Union
Paoifio road. Ho supposed that the em
ployes would bo willing to vnto fer Mr.
Grebe for the reasons ho liad stated.
"My position on that occasion , " said
Mr. I'opploton , "has bocn justified by the
fact that Mr. Grebe has been kept In Hit
olllce of deputy sherlu" over since until
about two months ago when ho resigned.
I wquld do tlio game thing again under
the same circumstance. * . "
Toward the end of Mr. Poppleton ' . < ex
amination General Trnlllc Manager Kimball -
ball entered mid look a seat. As Mr.
Poptiluton was leaving tlio stand , Judge
Littler turned to Gorornor Pattison and
said with a Jiearty laugh.
"Hero's Kimball in an opportune mo
ment. He's a standing witness/ '
"Very well , ' said Governor' Pattison ,
directing his attention to Mr. Kimball ,
" ' "
"we'll hear von ,
Mr. Kimball said ho had a statement
showing the diversion of tralllo to other
roads by the Union Pacific and from
other roads to tlio Union Pacific under
pools. llo also submitted .statement *
showing tlm rebates and overcharges
paid by the L'nion Pacific company to the
Consolidated Oil company from 1883
Until Juno ' "J , 18S7 ; the amount paid the
Continental Oil company tromlSSl untt
1887 ; tlio amounts paid the Standard Oil
company from 1830 to 1887 ; and the
amount paid by the Standard Oil com
pany on returning tank cars , from 1831
to IfcS'J. ' A statement had been called for
showing the amount charged other ship
pers for hauling hack empty tank cars
dining this period. Mr. Kimball said
there was no record of any tank cars
being hauled back for other oil compan
ies during this period.
Governor Pattison , holding n letter in
his hand addressed to the commission ,
inquired if it wns true that if a ear load
ot oats , lumber or coal is purchased at a
certain price , It is invoiced to the com
pany at a higher price. Mr. Young , of
whom the question was linked , replied
that purchases were charged up to ex
penses at the original price plus the
freight and the eost of handling.
At the conclusion of Auditor Young's
testimony , Judge Littler said if any of
the ollicurs of tlio company desired to
make any additional statements in re
gard to the Lnion Pacific property they
might do so.
Mr. Kimball said ho had already sub-\
milled his views in writing. Mr. Pop
pleton said that whilT ) ho had very de
cided views in regard to the imfnago-
meiit of tlio Union Pacific road and its
disposition by congrcis ho was only a
subordinate olllcer himself and pre
ferred not to say anything. If ho should
decide to express himself , however , ho
would do so in writing and submit it to
Gcortru Pattison declared the commis
sion adjourned ami then said :
"I want to thank the Union Paoifio
olllclals at Omaha for thyir uniform kind
ness and coilTlesy since the commission
had been in session hero. 1 believe they
have furnished the commission every
facility in their power to aid them m
their investigation. "
This morning at 0 o'clock the com
mission will start from Omaha in their
private ear upon a personal inspec
tion of tlie lines of the Union Pacific
railway and to inquire into the relations
of the railroads to the communities
through which they pa.xs. They will
take testimony at tlio following places ,
on the days and at the hours indicated :
Saturday , July 2 , Columbus , at U a. m. ;
Grand Island , at 8 p. m. Monday , July
J , Lincoln , at ! ) a. m. Tuesday , July 5 ,
St. Joseph , Mo. , at 8 a. m. ; Marysvflle ,
at 2 p. m. ; Lawrence , at 8p.m. Wed
nesday , Julv ( i , Leavoii worth , at 10 a. m.
Thursday , Friday and .Saturday , July 7 ,
8 and 1) ) , Kansas City , at 10 a. m. of each
day. . _
F. Hermann and Louis lleimrod have
selected the grounds' for the Turners'
picnic , which will take place July 21.
The place selected for the picnic is Rural
u.irk , in Livingston Heights. The spot
is a beautiful one , has a pretty lake , and
a dancing pavilion for tlio accommoda
tion of twelve sots. The Turners' pienlo
promises to be one of the greatest aliairs
of tlie kind given in this vicinity.
An Hplilcmlc or
MOXTKEAI. , .Inly 1. There Is an epidemic
nf measles at Point St. Clinrles. At least
fiOO cases have been reported.
Combines , hi a manner peculiar to itself , the
best blond-purifying and strengthcninR reme
dies of the vcRutablu kingdom. You will find
this wonderful lemcdy effective \\hcrootlicr
medicines liavo failed. Try It now. It will
imrlfy your blood , regulate the digestion ,
and give new life and vigor to the entire body.
"Hood's Barsnp.it Ilia did mo great good.
I was tired out from overwork , nnd It toned
mo up. " Mus. G. E. SIMMONS , Cuhocs , N. Y.
"I suffered thrco jears fiom blood poison.
I took Hood's SarsaparllU and think I am
cured. " Mus. M. J. DA via , llrockport , N. Y.
I'll rifles if to Blood
Hood's S.irsnpnrllla Is characterized by
three peculiarities : 1st , the combination ot
remedial agents ; 2il , the proportion ; 3d , tlie
proccfs ot seeming the ncllvo incdlcinul
qualities. The result Is a medicine ot unusual
strength , effecting cures hitherto unknown.
Send lor book containing additional evidence.
"Hood's Sirsaparllla tonci up my system.
purities my blood , sharpens invamictllR , and
ttccms to innlco mo over. " .1. 1' . I'uoMl'dOH ,
ItcgiMcr of Ducds , Lou ell , Mass.
"Hood's 8.tr.wpirlll.i boats all others , and
Is woi tli Uselglil In ( rold. " I. lUiuii.NUiUK ,
133 li.uik Street , New Voile City.
Bold by all druggists. (1 ; six for $5. Made
only by 0. 1. IIOUU A CO. , Lowell , Mass.
IOO Doses Ono Dollar.
IH'.HOI.T ) , "Sire r I Elxtern. " wlio imp In
the orilmrcl , IIVIT lh niPiulowi , rlUr * pn tlm
filveai'li. raml > ! * * ovtrtlio m < Mitit&1uiiiiftU *
jojruull ilni lh lr ninilimr kiini-iinnil | vrli" .
yil IIIT 1'ncr , .Nrrli , Alinn uiiil IliiinU nrn
inTli-i't iiicturctuf IKuuty , lilcliUu | > rv urvu )
fv agnoSia Balm
fi.r tin'Coniiilfxliin. Itmaliriia Inly nf'10
. tiiitvCU. , Tl n lliiiinlruK I.lqlilil ,
lied Inttiwtlr. I'nii I Im llaii-rmii ;
AUu ilo III incc llut. Dry.Vlndy
Wciiilirr , DoMHivnywIiliTim , hiinliiirii.
I'rrrulnx , 'I'rllor innl ever ) Hlclu llli'inUh.
WuniU-rrnlly Kvlrrbhlnir. lake U llh
Sou in UioHiaihorouliil Mountain * .
Embody the highest exellencles in Shape
lincffc.Coinfort and Durability and
n lashionable circlet- Our name is'tfn ve
ry.sale. J. & .T. COUSINS , New York
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