Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, June 26, 1887, Image 1

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Interesting Pacts About the Personal Lifo
of Emperor William ,
An Early Riser , Light Eater and Drinker
aud Bard Worker.
The Irish Leader Said to Bo in a Very
Bad Way ,
Our ActrcuscH anil HlnRtrs and What
They Arc Doing Incidents of
the Week In Nerlln Vic
toria Kcturns Thanks.
flow the Kaiser Lives.
[ Copi/i IgM 1837 li\i \ James fJonlon lltnnctt. ]
Bnm.iN , Juno 25. [ Now York Herald
Cable Special to the Uii : . | The following
details of the personal llfo of the emperor
have boon sent me by a gentleman In a posi
tion to bo thoroughly Informed of court mat
ters. They give such nn Interesting view of
the simplicity of the Gorman Kaiser's life
that 1 send them ns received :
The emperor rises utmost as early as the
hardest worked of his subjects , namely , be
tween 0 nnd 7. Ills bedroom shows soldierly
atom simplicity. The bed in which ho slept
nearly seventy years , Is of ordinary pine
Without carving or other ornamentation .Ho
Bleeps with his head much raised , almost as
though ho were sitting up. Tlio covering Is
nn Elder down quilt , but In cold weather the
emperor throws over tlio quilt the military
overcoat ho lias worn during the day. There
is little furniture beyond the high clothes
press. The solo luxury In the room Is a big
mirror , giving n full length view of the Kal-
ecr. The emperor has never owned a dress
ing gown or n of slippers.
As a further evidence of Ills simple llfo Is
the fact that until the nttempt on his life
nine years ngo the empercr dressed himself
with scarcely nny nsslstnnco from the ser
vants. Since then tlio stiffness of one nrm ,
caused by the powder burns , hns made n
valet necessary. Over the kaiser's low bed
Imngsabell rope leading to the servants'
apartments below. Between 0 and 7 , when
In health , ho wakes of his own accord and
rings for his personal attendants. These
kainmcr dlcners are selected by the emperor
from among the soldiers of the ucker-
inaoiker. Thus a chief was the kaiser's at
tendant at the time of the Nobllng attempt ,
aud jumped from the box scat of the carriage
to catch nnd shelter his master In his arms.
In answer to his master's Dell , the ncker-
macrkcr nnd chief of wardrobe appear to nld
In the emperor's rnpld toilet At 7:30 : coffee
with milk and n single Cnrlsbnd wnfcr nro
placed for his majesty In a room oil his bed
From 8 to 10 the emueror gives to his priv
ate business that is , to all uinll mntter
which comes to him direct Instead of through
the departments of state to his private
estates , and to numerous personal appeals.
During these two hours he arranges with
Private Secretary Gehelmratli llork that
some peasant who sent plovers' eggs shall bo
properly thanked , or that some child who
wishes to exchange her picture for that of
the king In llerlln aud Fritz shall duly re
ceive the photograph. Not specially easy
work this , either , for many grown people
give their names without address , and chil
dren are apt to sign their first names only.
Yet there have been postmarks or school lists
nnd nearly every one finally receives an
answer. I'erhnps during this work the em
press rung to announce that she will receive
the emperor. If so , the kaiser goes up stairs
to pay his morning call. Tim emperor In
calllnz upon the empress maintains always
a state of spruce now uniform. During this
cell the day's programme Is arranged , In
vitations for the evening's dinner settled ,
and generally gossip Is discussed.
Afterwards the kaiser goes down again tc
his work-room at Unter den Linden , nt the
window of which so many Americans have
eeon htm. There , In uniform , with the
grand cross of the Hohenzollern family , and
the order of the Iron cross , won in 1313 , on
his breast , ho for two hours receives reports
of departmental chiefs. On alternate days
come the civil and military chiefs of the cabInet
Inot , but Friday nnd Sunday nro free. All
Btato documents or nny Importance tequlrc
the emperor's signature , and until within t
few years ho signed no document without
liavlng first mastered Its contents. It Is easj
to see , therefore. In what ceaseless work he
has spent his life. Moreover , for'public
affairs he has no private secretary , but trusts
entirely to the departments of state for such
work. At 13 come ninny persons who nrc
dnlly presented to him. All officers nbovi
the grade of major are , for instance , presented
sonted to him on promotion. A host of civil
officials and distinguished persons nro nlsc
presented , so tliat ho may himself judge tin
capacltyof nil the state's servants.
About 12 breakfast : Is often placed foi
him on n desk In the corner of the llbrnrj
nearest his working room , though , of course
lie frequently breakfasts with the empress
? This desk has broad , projecting shelves or
the lower half , nnd narrow book-coverec
shelves above. On tlio broatl table on top ol
the lower half the servant places cold meat
bread , and a single glass of port wine. Fre
quently between presentations the cmperoi
breakfasts hurriedly , after ctnndlng , It If
said , like an American before a lunch conn
tor ; often , too , forgetting to breakfast until
reminded by n servant.
The spare time between 13 and 2 Is fillet !
by study of the now laws either alreadj
before or to como before the relchstag
At 2 ho drives for S hours. Then
re no euards around the carriage , lie for
mcrly drove alone , but slnco the attempt a
assassination an adjutant sits with him
When attempts nre made to surround hln
with soldiers , the emperor takes great dcllgh
in eluding his guard by quick changes 01
route. Coming homo nt I , his majesty o :
late sits down In n battered old red chair am
sloops for an hour. A curious evidence o
his sturdy strength Is that for tifty years hi
was never known to rest on the sofa tha
was In his apartment. They nre apt to h
used as tables , to be covered with books
papers and documents.
Till' KOYAI. UINXnn ,
At 5 comes dinner. It there nro no guest !
the dinner is eaten in tbo emperor's apart
ments. Usually n guest has been Invited am
then dinner Is served In thn blue room abuvi
In the empress' apartments. Here , on n largi
round Ublo , Is rare silver and china cnoiigl
to k up for the simplicity o ! the cuipei
or's private life. Dinner Is usually five
courses. Of those , fish with a morsel of wlno
nnd n roast , with some light red wine , nro
the emperor's favorites. Formerly , like most
of Prussia's famous men , ho was n heavy
cater. Now , however , the dtfllculty Is to
make him cat enough to sustain strength.
Wlno he has never been very fond of. Frnlt
ho cats with grunt rcllsti , nnd ends the dinner
with n small glass champagne.
At 7 or later the emperor goes perhaps for
nn act to the opera or theater. Even hero
work pursues him , ns ilocumonls are fre
quently sent to the opera house for his signa
ture. In the evening there are often small
companies In the empress' apartments , but
the empress Is not always present. Some
times work for nn hour or two llnlshcs the
day's work. At 11 his hammer denlr Is
called. The emperor , when In health , Is fre
quently asleep before the last servant Is fairly
ut of the room , as was said of tlio emperor
luring his last illness.
Ills tireless energy from cnrty to late In
carrying out equally the smallest and most
mnortant parts of his duties arc of great ac
count. The discovering nnd handling ot
men , together with great kindness In kcep-
ng each mnn In lib place , are tlio knlscr's
Irons ; personal characteristics. Ho has laid
out the path for nil who como In contact
ivlth him , from empress to personnl attend
ant. Each must do what Is allotted , nnd
: nust also keep strictly within these limits.
iVith each official , as with each servant , the
kaiser speaks only of the duties of his de
partment. Formerly the emperor even
opened all his own letters ; now ho
allows this to bo done for him.
Usually the emperor rends no newspapers ,
but of late Is much rean to. Clippings from
newspapers of nil nations nro sent him from
lie foreign office , so tbnt In this way ho keeps
track of the world's news and opinions when
well. Dr. Neon Lauer calls each morning to
Ivo a sort of certificate of health. During
his recent serious illness Dr. Tlmann slept
* n the palace each night , and n servant slept
n the room next the bedroom , but ns soon ns
the emperor regained sufficient strength to bo
out of bed the old routine began ngixln.
The Irish Lender Reported , a Very
Sick Mnn.
ICopi/rfoM 1SS7 by James Gordon Jtennttt. ]
LONDON , Juno 25. [ New York Herald
Cnble Special to the Unu.J The crown
prince throat doctor , Mackenzie soon to bo
Sir Morel and Pnrnell's stomach , with his
unknown mysterious specialist who attends
him , continue the joint subject of extensive
medical nnd political gossip. London physi
cians are generally skeptical regarding the
optimistic view Dr. Mackenzie takes of the
crown princp , who has been enjoying some
rest since jubilee day under tlio bright sun
shine reflected on his Croydon hotel from the
dome nnd aides of the Cyrstnl palace not
far away. 1'arnell's habit lias been for years
to shroud himself In social mystery , hating
always crowds and demonstrations , not sulkIng -
Ing , but enjoying that quiet rest nlwnys
needed by men who nccopt great mental
responsibility , unlike Ulaine , who seems to
bo pussy , demanding much , striking back
nud nn opportunity ro spurn For instance ,
visiting the American exhibition this after
noon and frontier life , ho hold nn Informal
reception , shaking hands with everybody
and accepting ofllcinl attentions after the
fashion of the mcnngorio of foreign roynltles
of the jubilee who visit the show.
"No ; Pnrnell hns not visited It yet , " said
one of Ills parliamentary Intimates whom I
met this afternoon and whoso first words
had been , "If a talk with you , you must treat
mo In print nsrt Junlus , or a man with an
Iron mask. " "Yes , 1'nrnell really needs
privacy now. Ilo is a very 111 man , but ns
plucky nnd Ironsldesy , so to speak , as his
grandfather nnd nnmcsnko , the old commo
dore. Ho looks wasted , worn , fntlgucd and
extremely nervous , although ho always ap
pears In very good spirits , and when nsked
about his Illness laughingly" passes off to
more agreeable subjects , nnd If
pressed nbout his health ho gets
very much annoyed nnd won'l
admit to any one that there Is nny.
thing moro serious than nn ordinary bron
chial attack , lint the fact Is , ho tins had n
most serious bronchial attack , besides touches
ot lirlght's disease and liver complaint. Ills
family doctor , Kttincy , M. I' . , hns forbidden
hlm-out after sundown , ns nny slight easterly
wind may aggravate his Illness. lie fins been
only ouco Inside the house since Friday
week , when the crimes bill wns rushed
through , lie always appears , oven In June ,
with n warm scarf nround his throat. The
strange thing Is that Parnell , knowing but
not admitting thnt ho is very ill , Is being
treated by n London specialist for some un
known disease , so that not to his most Inti
mate colleacucs will ho disclose the special
Ist's nnme , even going so fnr ns to refuse te
let Kcnney himself , who Is very anxious , tc
know. There has bonn some ideanmonir sev
ernl medical men that ho Is suffer
Ing from softening of the brain
but that cannot bo , as ho nc.vei
has been more keen and mcntall )
capable than lately. There Is not n particU
of truth In the rumor that Justin McCarthy
soon takes the leadership of the Irish party ,
ns 1'nrnell persists that ho will soon t > o bet
tjr nnd leading his paity In the house. Hi
has still about three weeks' work left , us the
report stage of the crimes bill commence ;
Monday next , which will probably last r
fortnight , when comes the third reading ol
tlio bill , Inviting several long nights of de
bates. Probably some slight modlficatior
will be made in the bill during the repot !
stage , but the bill will almost certainly pas :
the thirdreading , , ns already cabled. Aftei
these three weeks of hard work nnd ntten
tloti , Purncll can , as far ns laboring for Ire
laud Is concerned , rest until February next'
Per contra to this statement , which 1 ;
from one of his best observant colleague1) ,
to day's Freeman's Journal says : "Mr. Par
nell's health Is rapidly Improving. Every
day his condition shows an advance on the
preceding one , and a very short tluio will see
him completely restored. "
This calm statement Is , however , somewhal
weakened by this impatient If not ungry ad
dltlun :
"Certain tory papers gratify their reader *
by publishing alarming accounts. They at
tribute his Illness In turn to every fatal anc
Incurable disease they can think of. The ]
are simply barefaced lies , circulated with tin
vilest motives.
\ Very Dull Week at thcGcrinnn Cap
lCoj.r | < 8/ie I&S7 tu Jamc * Gordon }
UKTU.IN , Juno 25. [ Now York Herald
Cable-Special to the BKE. ] llerlln hai
been all this week overshadowed by London
Notwithstanding the differences In language
time aud distance , the effects of the Kngllst
Jubilee were distinctly felt here. Few prom
luont Americans were willing to leave Lon
don before the Jubilee festivities , hone *
American as well as English arrival * wen
momentarily almost stopped. The news nat
urally ciavitatert toward London at suet
times , : o that Herllners had no politics , llttli
uatlvo gossip and no excitement 'beyoni
watching for the emperor's reappearance at
the palace window.
There has been a six days' sale of the sur
plus stock of pictures , etc. , from the royal
museum. The gross result was only § 15,000 ,
which , of Itself , shows the nature of the ob
jects sold.
ACTOUS MUST BIIAVH. theater circles have been somewhat
nnnoycd by Graf llochberg's revival of the
old laws against actors In royal thcatcis
wearing hair on their faces , but Uochbcrg's
authority Is so nbsoluto that beards must
como or go as he please.
There has been a wall during the week from
Berlin manufacturers of made-up dress goods ,
who sen each year less nnd less American do-
mnnd for tholr stock , and fewer nnd fewer
American drummers here on buying trips.
All this is because America has recently
: > cgun to manufacture ready-made garments
o a largo extent.
To-morrow Pnstor Stuckenberg begins
meetings nnd collections for building the
\mcrlcan church. Union services have been
icld In the German church. Now , If nil goes
well nnd subscriptions como In , thrro will
soon be , near Lelpjlger place , Berlin's first
American church.
Finally a htory concerning the crown
prince. Ho was gloomy during the return
: rlp from his Uornstcdt estate , but after a
icavy rain began tailing ho brightened no
wonderfully. Then , turning to nn old
friend , he whispered n word to htm. The
attendant gentlemen puzzled their brains In
aln ns to what Important decision had been
confided to the friend's ear. At last , after
nuch exertion , they discovered that his Im
perial highness had said , "Thank God , this
ralu saves my Uornstedt potato crop. "
Gf-rninn Persecution In Franco.
lCo ] > i/r/M / ( 1SS7 by New York Associated /Vest. ]
BERLIN , Juno 25. The prisoners , Koech-
llu nnd ijlcch , who wcro recently convicted
of treason In belonging to the French Patri
otic league , were to-day transferred from
Lclpslc to Magdeburg fortress , and their
associates , Schifferman and Trapp to Gratse ,
where they will remain until their periods of
detention expire. Tlio opinion throughout
Germany Is that the prisoners have been
leniently treated and may yet have their
sentences modified , but their only chance of
obtaining commutation Is In a cessation of
the patriotic league's ngltntlon nnd In their
making a direct appeal to the emperor.
The tone of the French press tends to
Inciting an Increase of the soverttl cs aalnst
the French malcontents In Alsace-Lorraine.
The position of Germnns In Franco has be
come , under social persecutions , barely tel
erable. They would bo hunted out of the
country altogether but for the protection
gnnrantccd them under the Frankfort treaty.
The latest anti-German project to which the
attention of Berlin officials has been directed
Is tlio proposal before the chamber of depu
ties making foreigners resident in franco
who may bo members of an association hos
tile to French Interests liable to
line nud to Imprisonment and expul
sion. The proposal Is capable of such elastic
Interpretation ns to cover nil Germnns so
journing In Frnnco. The measure , If sup
ported by tlio gorvenmcnt , will bo assumed
hero to be directly hostile to Germans and
will lead to enerirctlc remonstrance as a
break of the Frankfort treaty.
The emperor has completely recovered.
Ho drove out nt noon to-day , accompanied
by the Duchess of Baden , and In the after
noon heard long reports from Count Herbert
Bismarck. Yesterday ho resumed his cus
tom of appearing nt the window to return
the greetings of the multitude that dally
gathers In front of the palaco. Ho looked
paler than formerly , but is still well and
hearty. Ills powers of recuperation are
marvelous to his physicians.
American Actors and Singers nnd
AVhnt They Arc Uulng.
ICopvrloM 1SS7 by Jam'.i Gordon Rimieft. ]
LONDON , June 25. [ New York Herald
Cable Special to the BKH.J Mrs. Brown
Potter hau a busy week. She rehearsed each
morning a new play with the wretched title ,
"Civil War , " and every evening performed
In "Man and Wife" In a suburban theater.
This afternoon she gave at Brighton theater
the above-unmed new play , which will bo
produced hero Monday night at the
Gaiety theater. London's Long Branch
special went down under Invi
tation of Barton Key , one of her
American managers. B Her part of Faustino
do Bressler seemed to suit her better than
Aun Sylvester , but really the best female
part is taken by Amy Hosclle. Whatever bo
Mrs. Brown Potter's acceptance Monday
night it Is certain her audience will then bo
ndlstlnsiiishedonc. Places to-day are at a
creat premium.
The three opera houses continue In keen
competition. All their American singers
are decidedly In tlio lead. Maplcson , after
some 111 fortune , seem ; coming out ahead , as
ho undeillncs I'attl next Thursday "La
Traviata , " this by arrangement of Abbey ,
who Is to-day In Quecnstown welcoming
Drury Lane's card has been Miss Arnold-
son , who was referred to In n recent dispatch
about Nlllson's reception. It Is an Incident
worth mentioning how Sweden sends London
prlma donnas each twenty years , thus Jen
nie Linn , in 1617 , Nlilson in lSf > 7 , Arnoldson
lu 1837. "Lohengrin" has drawn well.
The Wagner society holds Its nnnunl fete
Tuesday at St. George's hall , when the entire
first scene of " Khoingeld , " n scene from
"Gotterdammnrung Selgufrcid Idyll" will
be given , Urnhns. Hlchtcr and n number of
eminent artists taking 'part In the proceed
Tliesamo day Xow York's contralto , Anna
Bulkeley Hills , begins a series of morning
concerts for ballads at Princess hall , Picca
Madame Bromont has a concert the same
evening , where Mrs. John Woods , daughter
of Florence , makes her debut In a recitation ,
followed by Mr. and Mrs. Dion Uouclcault's
sixteen-year-old son , Aubrey , In a similar
Irving Is oblivious to the recent Imperti
nent remonstrance of the Sunday observance
society. He will not use his theater for his
own private purposes that day , but gives n
large dinner party at the Lyceum-tho old
beefsteak club room to-morrow evening ,
Harris to-morrow afternoon also gives a large
luncheon party at his Portland Place man
Americans in London congratulate them
selves that In London hotels , under the com
mon law of inns , award travelers nnd resi
dents tbo liberty of the Litter's own nome tate
to wines , while the now fanatic license laws
permit restaurants and public nouses here to
open from 1 to 3 and 6 to 11 p. m. By the
way , talking lately with an American
Jurist now residing permanently In
London , ho said : "Many years age
1 was the means of establishing In t tic
court of appeal * that a hotel-is a private resi
dence of a guest for the time being so that aii
Indictment charging burglary on the rooms
of guests as on his dwelling house was helil
good. Therefore , If tils' dwelling hous <
for such a purpose and for Interference with
the liberty ot an accused , why not equally
the dwelling of n guest when ho wishes to
drink his own bottle of wine ? "
The London Court Journal announces to
day that n marriage has been ttrranccd be
tween John Fltz Herbert Vcrnon Ituxton ,
eldest son of William Iluxton , of the Ardeo
house , Ardee , Ireland , and Miss Chlckerlug ,
only child of Mr. and Mrs. Gcorgo Henry
Chlckcrlng , of Boston U. 8. A.
The Queen CnngrAtnlatca the People ,
LONDON , June 25. The homo secretary has
received the following letter from the queen :
"I nin anxious to express to my people my
wnrm thanks for the kind more than klna
reception I met with going to nnd from
Westminister nbboy with nil my children
and grand children. The entluisfnstlc recep
tion I met with then , ns well ns on those
eventful days In London , as well as nt Windsor
ser on the occasion of the jubilee , has
touched mo most deeply. It has shown thnt
the labor nnd nnxlety of fifty lonp years ,
twenty-two of which wcro spent In tin-
troubled hnpnluoss , shared by my beloved
husband , nnd while an equal number
were full of sorrows nnd trials borne
without his sheltering arm and his wise help ,
have been appreciated by my people. Tills
feeling and sense of duty towards my dear
country and my subjects , who nro so In
separably bound up with my llfo , will en
courage me in my task , often a very difficult
and arduous one , during the reminder of my
"Ife. Tlio wonderful order preserved o a
.Ills occasion nnd the good behavior of the
Jiiormous multitude assembled merit mv
.liKhcst admiration. That God may protect
and abundantly bless my country , Is my
fervent prayer.
In tlio French Deputies.
PARIS , Juno 2.J. In the chamber of depu
ties discussion of the army bill was contin
ued. Kouvlcr , prlmo minister , opposed the
amendment exeludlngecclesttastlcal students
from enlistment. Ho declared the the gov
ernment meant to apply common law to
teacners and seminarists. The government's
only nnxietv wns to secure the nation's
greatness. The amendment was rejected.
A Watorspout's Victim.
PARTS , Juno 25. A waterspout burst to-day
near Quays , at Toulouse , submerging a wash
house In which were eight persons , all of
whom were drowned.
Lincoln's Attorney General I'asscs
Away Sketch of Ills Life.
LOUISVILLE , Ky. , JUDO 25. General
James Speed died this morning , aged seven-
tv-six yenrs. He was nttorncy general under
President Lincoln.
TJames Speed was bora in Jefferson coun
ty. Ky. , near Louisville , 'March 11 , 1812. Ho
was the oldest son of A largo family. His
father was Judge John Speed , who came to
this state from Vlrninla in 1783. His mother
was Lucy G. Fry , daughter of Joshua Fry.
She also came from Virginia nbout 1793. The
progenitor ot the Speed family In this coun
try wns James Speed , a descendant of the old
chronicle of Knglnnd , John Speed. Ho came
to Virginia from England in 10'J5. Captain
James Speed , nis grandson , served In the
revolutionary war. Judge John Speed , his
son. settled In Jefferson county , Ky. , at the
beginning of the present centurv. His son
James received the rudiments of his educa
tion In the county school , and afterwards nt
St. Joseph's college at Bardstown ,
where he was graduated nt the
ngo of sixteen. . The next two yenrs
ot his life were pasted In the office of the
c.lerk of the Jefferson county court , writing.
He then nttcndea locutrts at the Inw school
of Pennsylvania university nt Lexington. In
IKW he opened an office for practice in Louis
ville , and , with one exception , was the oldest
practitioner of standing in Louisville. Ills
llfo wns spent In the practice of the Inw nl-
niost exclusively , his puDlic life having only
added to his reputation without diverting
him from his profession. In 1847 ho wns
elected to tlio lower house of the state legis
lature In 1840 he was candidate of the
emancipation party for delegate to the state
convention. From 1850 to 1853 ho was pro
fessor In the law department In the Univers
ity of Louisville. When the war broke out
his notion wns decided nnd prompt In behalf
of the union. He was made muttering of
ficer for Kentucky under President Lincoln
nnd raised 75,000 men. In the first year of
the war he was elected to the state senate
and served two years. In 1804 ho was called
to the cabinet of President Lincoln as attor
ney general. His services to the country
nt this time were of great value and
gave him a wide and honorable repu
tation. He remained In this high
office until July , 1800 , when ho resigned , .
owing to his views In regard to the policy of
Andrew Johnson , then president. The same
year he wns chairman of the southern union
ist convention which assembled In Philadel
phia to protest against the policy of Johnson
In dealing with southern questions. While
ho was still attorney-general the trials of the
persons accused of the murder of President
Lincoln were brought about. President
Johnson , before ordering the trials , applied
to Mr. Speed for his Opinion as to whether
such persons were subject to the jurisdiction
and legally liable before n imlltttiy commis
sion. Mr. Speed cave his opinion that they
were so liable , and In July of 1SQ5 the reason
of tliat opinion was given in a letter to the
president. Jefferson Davis having been
captured by the military forces was kept In
custody at Fortress Monroe as a prisoner of
the military authorities , although subject to
the order of the civil courts. In Septem
ber , 180.5 , the senate of tlio united
States called 'upon the president
for Information on the subject of Mr.
Davis' trial. In response to this resolution
the attorney general submitted n report and
entered Into an nrgunient to bhow that , al
though originally captured by the military ,
Jefferson Davis after the cessation of hostili
ties was subject to trial only by the rivll
courts. In IbGS he was a delegate from Ken
tucky to tlio national convention which nom
inated Grant for the presidency. In 1875 ho
was ngaln made professor of the law depart
ment of the university ! of Louisville , n posi
tion ho continued to till till Ib70. Mr. Speed
was married In ISl'.i to Mls.s Jnno Cochrnn , a
daughter of John Cochrnn , n Scotchman who
went to Louisville In 1533. They had seven
sons , five of whom nro still living. Ho wns
always n warm advocate of equal rights to
all , aud his inlliiencu In shnping the legisla
tion of tlio country to tilts end wns sensibly
fetln the troublesome times immediately
following the war. I
A Fight \Vitli
OALVESTON , June.25. Adlspatcti from El
Paso to the News says : Intelligence was re
ceived here nt a Into hour last night that n
sanguinary conflict progress between
river guards and smugglers at a point fifteen
miles below Pledrai Nexras in Mexico. The
conflict Is still In progrws. A scouting party
of river guards and police numbering
twenty-live men surprised a band ol
nbout twenty smuggler * well armed' , with a
cavalcnde of twenty paek mules. The smug
glers at once showed right and at the first
volley two of the guards fell dead. The
guards fell back and dUpatched n courier for
reinforcements. The smugglers fell back
toward tlio Kio Grande twlth the evident pur
pose of crossing Hie. river to the American
side. The smugglers1 in their retreat arc
keeping up a desultory nXIrralsh with the re
inforced guards , who are pressing them In
the rear. A courier arrived In Pledra *
r egras late this evening from the scene ol
action , nnd reports the light still in progress
and one moro guard killed. The loss of the
smugglers Is not known.
Wnathcr Indications.
For Nebraska : Generally fair weather ,
southerly winds , stationary temperature.
For Iowa : Southerly winds , fair wcuther ,
nearly stationary temperature.
For Eastern Dakota : Southerly , backing
to northerly winds , fair weather , nearly sta
tionary temperature ,
, Tny Gould. Has Retired.
NEW YORK , JunoSi The World prints a
long : Interview with Jay Gould , In which ho
says ho has retired from the active manage.
mant of his business 'interests. ' ami w'll
never return to .any lianl work. He saic
he was feeling- very well now. '
An Unnecessary nnd Silly Lot of Questions
Propounded to Candidates ,
Wyoming Desert Land Entries Sc-
ourcil by Thomas Stnrgls to Ho
Cancelled The Cruiser
Terrors of the Civil Service.
WASHINGTON , Juno 25. I Special Tclo-
rnm tothe HKI : . | Nothing authoritative can
> o learned about the recent cx.uiilnntion for
iromotlon In the quartermaster general's of-
ice under the new civil service rules , but
hero Is n well founded report atloat which
ecclves credence In department circles
hat out of thirty-eight examined but ton
) assed the examination successfully. It Is
said that correct answers to many of the
questions asked would In no way show the
efficiency of the clerks , and tliat these very
questions , which would bo easy enough for n
young man or wonmn fresh from school ,
were the greatest stumbling blocks to the
oldest clerks , who had been promoted for ef-
iclency because they had given their alien-
ion for numy years to ofllclal duties and note
o school study. Ills said that one man em-
iloyed In the disbursing cleik's office made
10 attempt to answer the mathematical qucs-
lous asked , and yet ho wns always rozarded
as a competent clerk and conducted his ac
counts correctly. It Is claimed that the ma-
orlty of competitors were so flurried by
.ho realization ot the danger of
'alliiro that they could not do justice to
themselves. Ladles in particular werenta
.llsndvantagc. These who had families do-
pcnJant upon their earnings for support
were so overcome with fear and nervousness
at the danger of being thrown out of employ
ment that they wcro made sick , and In ono
or two Instances fainted , and had to bo car
ried home. The clerks begin to feel that
there is no doubt that the promotion exami
nations will afford ample opportunity for the
discharge ot nil employes whoso services nre
to be dispensed with nt the end of the fiscal
year In accordance with the law. Indeed , It
is said that the civil service commission will
soon bo called upon to designate scholarly
but Inexperienced persons to fill the plnccs
of tried and efficient clerks , who are some
what rusty lu arithmetic and geography.
Thomas Sturglo' Desert
WAsniNOToN , June 2j. Commissioner
Sparks to-day took the necessary preliminary
steps to cancel fifty-live desert-land entries In
Wyoming territory , aggregating in area about
35,000 acres. The commissioner states that
the final proof In all these cases Is substan
tially the same , nnd Is to the effect thnt by
means of ditches already constructed , an
ample supply of water Is nt hand to properly
Irrigate the land , etc. The special ngcnt of
the land office , who Investigated , reports that
upon n majority of the entries no ditches
thnt would carry water have ever bten con
structed , and the few tliat Imvo been con
structed were never utilized. What was done
was'at the instance of Tlios.Sturgis , president
of the Goshcn Hole ditching company and
an officer of the Union cattle company.
Each of the entries , it is asserted , were made
In the interest of one of tlio two companies
named or some of their offlcaravxQt fifty-lira
pntrymon , seven. llvo In' Wyo mfng , seven In
Now Jersey , thirty In New York , and eleven
in Massachusetts. Inspector Bowers wont to
New VTork. New Jersey nnd Massachusetts
nnd Interviewed a number of thp oiitrymen.
The Information ho gained shows that Mr.
bturgls procured the making of the entries.
These foreign entrymen mndo entries merely
to oblige n friend , " nud never considered
they actually had any Interest In the lands ,
nor have they hnd any individual water
rights. They signed papers they did not ex
amine or know the purport of , simply be
cause , by so dolntr , they could serve a friend ,
nnd not one of them ever anticipated any re
muneration for so doing.
WaRhlngton's Betting Manln.
WASHINGTON , June 25. | Speclal to the
BRK , | Although thorn are no races In pro
gress In Wasiiington nt this season of tlio
year , the sports nt the Capital have every op
portunity to risk their money on tholr
favorite flyers , nnd there nro thousands of
dollars put up on the Sheopshead Bay , Lex
ington and other meetings every day In the
week. Washington has n number of very
successful pool rooms whore the dopartmen t
clerk , the official and the stray member of
congress can invest on ills judgment In sums
from SI to Cl.OOOor more. One ot thosa places
is located within two blocksof the treasury de
partment , nnd every day at noon a crowd of
clerks will spend a greater portion of their
lunch hour watching thn blnck boards on
which the odds are announced. Slnco these
rooms became fixtures In life at Washington ,
the bucket shops hnve reported n large
falling off in business. The uncertainty
of the wheat market and the dullness in
the oil exchange have frightened the deposi
tors of margins Into some new scheme for nt-
tcmptlngto increase their holdings on the 100
per cent plan. It Is a lamentable tact that
when the mania for the gambling table takes
hold of the department clerk , nothing short
of 100 per cent profit will satisfy him , consequently
quently the pool looms and the lottery shops
nro enabled to draw from the government
employes hundreds of thousands of dollars
in the course of a year. Several attempts
have been made to check this gambling mania
but without success. Last year a bill to pro
hibit pool sellinu passed ono house of con
gress , but died in the other , and so long as
men nro determined to back their judgment
of horse flesh wltii their money , the book
makers will continue to reap n rich harvest
ninonc the cli-iks of the iintloual capital.
The Capital's Ilonl I ; state Itoom.
WASHINGTON , Juno 25. ISpecinl to
the BEK.IAll this real estate boom in
Washington or rattier in the suburbs of
Wasiiington , reminds mo very forcibly of
tlio methods adopted by the boomers In the
west , " said n gentleman who has spent many
years west of the Ohio river. "Only n short
time ago 1 was In Wichita , Kan. , just when
the boom In that town started. Wichita wns
a very comfortable little city of 4,000 or 5,000
Inhabitant ! , and these Inhabitants were
doing very well In their legitimate business
when three professional boomers struck
them. These men first bought up options on
all the real estate that was for sate In the
city. Then they went to n mnn who hnd
lived In the town ovnr since It was founded
nnd offered him $12,500 for a piece of land
with a brlctt store on It that was not worth n
cent over 84,000. Of course a sale was made
and thn cash wns paid over. They took care
that every one should know jut what t hey
hud paid for the property. Then the boom
started. Everyone owning n foot of land
within the confines of Wlchltn nt oucn
raised his tiguies to conform to those secured
for tlio property just sold , and trading In real
estate began on a largo scale. It was not no
ticed that tlio original hooincr.s sold out all
their holdings , Including the options , until
niter they hnd moved out of town. Within a
very short time , these snmo fellows went
over the same mode of business
away up in Ashland , WIs. City
lots which were filled with old stump : ) ,
rose In value from 8100 a piece to S'-.WO or
33,000 In several Instances , and there was
every Indication of an enormous Increase In
the growth of the plnco , Ono day the Inhab
itants of Ashland , who might be tailed old
residents , were surprised when they arose
In the morning and saw a sign which reail
soiuethluir like this. 'This boom has moved
to Sault bto Marie.1 Now that hamlet Is
about to enjoy the bone ! ts of n first class
boom , the suckeis-will bo nipped , and the
'boomers will capture the boodle. Thn reH
estate speculations In the suburbs of 'Wash
ington are conducted oh very much this
sauio plan. A year or so ago , a company was
organized and n few acres of Innd WaS pur-
chnsed just over the Maryland line , for which
from S73 to S125 per acre was paid. Tlio
company laid out n few streets , rave their
own a rural nnnin and had n magnificent
irosppptus lithographed and started to sell
ots. They began on the auction plan nnd
tlio first sales wcro made at the price of 5
cents per square foot. Slnco that tune there
invo been several other sales and prices linve
lumped In some cases to'Jrt < < f cents per sqtinio
loot or something like S10.000 an nero. This
; s not the only luslance , but already Wash
ington people seem lo have gone crazy on
: he subject of town lots and prices have en
hanced enormously. It Is a fact thnt In some
of these suburban towns values to-day nre
enormously higher than they nro In tunny
portions of Washington , where water , gas ,
n'wcrage and other conveniences are to bo
A Product Ion nt ICnglnml.
WASHINGTON , Juno 25. [ Special to the
IliiK.I It Is a singular fact that the United
States , while strong In resources , Is entirely
dependent upon foreign countries for the
gold nnd tinsel which ts used In decorating
: icr officers of the army nnd navy when on
dress parade. A military officer , no matter
what flag he fights under , must have n ccr-
Inln amount of glitter obout his shoulders or
lie cannot do justice lo the government which
employs htm. Epaulettes and shoulder knots
are ns essential to n well regulnted nrmy or
navv as are Iho guns and ammunition used
on the enemy. Yet , In spite of the fact that
there nre some six or seven thousand officers
In tlio service of thn United States who must
liavo gold cord , go' I luce , nnd gilded epau
lettes , there Is not n.s.iiulo manufactory in fho
country where this "war material1'can bo
made. Kvcry piece used In the dcooratlon
of the uniforms of the regulars , ns well ns
thn vast quantity which goes to adorn tlio
militia of the dlllerent states , all comes from
England. An officer of the quartermaster's
dcpaitmcnt of the army tells me that the rea
son that none is manufactured In this coun
try is the fnet that the plant necessary to es
tablish tlio business on a paying scale would
cost a million dollars at least , and thnt there
Is no nbsoluto evidence thnt the stuff could
bo made hero as cheap ns in Englnud. At nil
events no ono has yet had the hardihood to
risk so n sum In the establishment of n
business which must necessarily bo rc-
PrnsrctUIng Illegal Wood Cutters ,
WASHINGTON , Juno 25. | Special Tele
gram to the. Br.n. J The secretary of the In
terior , after investigation , has requested the
attorney general to Institute criminal suit
against Alvln C. Dake , O. B. Morrison and
Charles McArthur , of D.iko , Colo. , for 59,000
cords of pine and spruce'woo J cut from gov
ernment lands in Colorado , and to Institute
civil proceedings against D.iko and the
Omaha Grant Smelting company jointly to
recover $150,331 for 1,703,000 bushels of char
coal , the prod net of the wood that was cut
From public lands. It seems that the smelt
ing company , nt tlio head of which Is ex-
Governor Grant , n prominent democrat of
Colorado , purchased the charcoal from Dakn
and his associates , and tt is claimed that the
company had no knowledzo as to where tlio
wood that ptoduced ttio charcoal came from.
Civil Scrvico Changes Hccommendoil.
WASHINGTON , Juno 25. The secretaries
of local civil boards at several of the larger
cities called hero to confer with the civil ser
vice commission , with a view to establishing
a uniform system of examinations through
out the country , nnd to exchange views upon
questions affecting th o civil service system ,
concluded their conference this afternoon.
One of the most Important questions dis
cussed wns one of amending tlio present
rules so as to provide for the examination
nnd marking of papers of applicants for po
sitions nnywhoro in the customs or postnl
service , by the present centrnl board ot ex
amination la Washington , enlarged
bv n permanent detail of ono or moro
efficient officers from each of several of more
Impoitaut local offices in the country. Ills
claimed tliat by tills system of examining
papers , uniformity in marking and greater
promptness would bo secured , nnd that It
would relieve the system of nil suspicion
even of favoritism. Mason , secretary of the
Now York postollieo boaid , nnd Donovan , of
the Chicago custom house , were appointed a
committee to present in writing tlio views of
the secretaries upon this subject. The
secretaries unanimously favored rnis-
ttio minimum ns n standard of
eligibility to certification from slxtv-
live to seventy-live , except as to mich
places as require' special or technical qualifi
cations. They nlso favored tlio discontinu
ance of the Uftcen-ycnr limitation ns to the
ngo of clerks In , except In spcclnl
cases , nnd nlso to raise tlio minimum limita
tion of ago of letter carriers from sixteen to
twenty-one. The commission will soon
place the matter bcforo the president for his
Mrs. Cleveland Back Home.
WASHINGTON , Juno25. [ Special Telegram
to the BKI.J Tlio president met Mrs.
Cleveland nt the depot thls'mornlui : and ns
they rode up the avenue to the executive
mansion they appeared as happy as on their
bridal morning. Even Hawkins , the veteran
driver of the presidential carriage under sev
eral administrations , wore n smile of jov on
tils ebony countenance at the return ot the
white house mistress. Colonel Lamoiit fol
lowed In his open wngon , driving a line pair
of rondsters , accompanied by Mrs. Lament
nnd t heir children , who had gone to the sta
tion to meet him. The gallant colonel nlso
were n look ot pence and contentment with
all the world.
Cleveland's Many Invitations.
WASHINGTON. Juno 25. iSpeclal TeJo-
gram to the BKK. | Mayor Denny , of In
dianapolis , having in n' recent letter urged
President Cleveland to nccopt tlio state board
of agriculture's invitation to nttend the In-
dlnnn fair , tins received a reply from the
president staling thnt he regrets that his
plans for the niitumn are not sufficiently ma
tured to enable liim to send any definite re
ply. The president is to visit Philadelphia
next September during tlio progress ot the
ceremonies incident to the
convention celebration.
The Cruiser Chlonjio.
WASHINGTON , JuuoSV-.Special ) Telegram
to tlio Br.K. ] Orders have boon given to iho
bin ran ol construction of the navy depart
ment to have tlio cruiser Chicago , now nt
Now York , placed In the drv dock , cleaned
nnd patnti'd , preparatory to going on n trial
trip up Lonit Island Sound , which will prob-
nbly bo ordered within a month's time.
Coming nround from Chester to New York ,
tliu Cruiser averaged thirteen knots , nllhough
the furnace doors were open n great part of
the time , nnd particular care was exercised
not to injure the machinery by foruiiu thu
Military Matters.
WASHINGTON , Juno 25. ISpeclal Tele
gram to the JiKK.l Captain Doujlas M.
Scott , First Infantry , lias been granted throe
months' sick leave from recruiting station
Major Edward B. Willlston , Third artil
lery , Is ordered hero from Fort Itiley , Kan. ,
via Chicago on spi-clal business connected
with thopiojrcted nrmv school ut Fort Ulley.
First Lieutenant Cornelius C. Cussick ,
Twenty-second infantry , now at Columbus
barracks Ohio , will relieve Lieutenant
Alexis It. Haxton , Fitleenth Infantry , on
Monday , as reurulllnt ; olliccr at llarrls-
burb' , Pa ,
All Well in Chicago.
WASHINGTON , June25. Th < ? neling comp
troller of the currency has received n tele
gram from Bank Examiner Sturglf , saying
that affairs In Chicago have resumed thi-ir
normal condition , and that the niimiu'tmiunt
of the Exchange National bank Is
honest nnd rcllnbio and Its depositors well
A. ci. u. w :
MII.WAUKKB , ' Juno 25. The supreme
It'ids'o of the Ancient Order oMJnlted Work -
men to-dny'ndopti'd n new ritual. Louisville ,
Ky. , was chosen as the ne\t ulaceof meeting.
A new constitution IshMni ; considered ami
the sewiou li.n , neen exK-iulcd-uuti ; 'i'ne > -
, .dny.
Gould and Sago on the Warpath For Theif
Late Partner ,
The \Vn\\ \ \ Street Mncnntcfi Slnuchtof
All Tliolr Krlcnita In Their Lute
Manipulation of Btooki
Yesterday's Market.
Tlio Stock Market Manipulation ,
Nr.w Yonic , Juno 25. ( Special Telegrnnl
to the ltii.I : : It seems to t > o the general be *
lief that the Hurry In Wall street , wlilcll
began yesterday morning , Is at nil end nnd
that the market will bo In good condition
to-day. The Times , this morning , s.iysr
"It Is no libel to say that there are people Id'
Wall street who do not credit all the state
ments made by the Gould crowd yesterday.
Gould and Sago called loans by the whole
sale. They did their level best to corncs
money. They tumbled baskctfuls ot stocls
on Iho market. The break was of their own
designing. So believes everybody who pre
sumes to have nn independent opinion In
Wall street. It wns their own Westerri
Union and Missouri Pacific aud Manhattan
thnt they used to slug the market with , And ? '
if they were not gunning after Cyrus FleluT
every Indication seemingly wortli attention'
Is all wrong. It hns been nn open secret Una
many a day that Gould and Sngo do not love
Field , for nil Iholr spoclntivo
co-partnorshlu with htm. ItussclH
Sago Is on record ns predicting
thnt a time wns coming when Cyrus * feet
will co patter , patter , patter Deacon Bngo'rf
poetical description of Brother Field on a
dead run. Mr. Field , according to common
tame , is loaded heavily with Manhattan.
Gould has been a leaner of money to tha.
Henry S. Ives crowd and ho called $0,000,0XI-
yesterday. Though Gould hns boon ndver * '
tlscd n good deal lately as n patron of IvesJ
nnd though the two have had ynchtingpnrties
together , nnd'thougli ' Ives has been iccog-
nlzsd In money quarters as Gould's chosen
Instrument for settling the big telegraph wnc
through n Baltimore & Ohio dcnl , still close"
observers Imvo not been mislead Into the
idea thnt Gould was quite nil that tlill
theorizing popular opinion wns suggested.
When somebody remarked to Gould that I veil
was n young man to be conspicuous in Wall
street , Gould's quite observation was : 'Well. ,
It often happens that Wall street's greatest
financiers nro young men. How old was
Ferdinand Ward ? ' Ills relations with IvoS
were quite Intimate enough to give him In *
formation as to when nnd where the tuuclt
tntked nbout syndicate wns weakest , nnd Jay ,
Gould has a habit of utilizing his Informa- *
lion. i
"As Is nlwnys the cnso after a day of un
usual oxr.ltemcnt In Wall street , the corri
dors of the Windsor hotel were crowded Inst
nltfht by brokers anxiously diccusilng tha
situation and swapping theories about the
probable future course ot the market. The >
worst was over it was generally agreed.
Jesse Scllgman predicts tliat within the next
few days it will bo discovered that gold Is on , ,
the wny heio from Kurouo nnd that tight
money is no longer a danger. Other banks
with foreign connections gave Mr. Sellg-
man's opinion Indorsement. Largoloanson-
stock collateral were made after the market
closed yesterday ns low ns G nnd 0 per cent.
The contingent thnt Is always on pnrndu asC
possessing 'Gould information , ' wcro nmontt
Iho weariest citizens tliat this town cau'i
boast. Everyone ot them all was.
caught loaded up with stocks at )
top prices. Itusscll Sago and.
Jay Gould Imvo slaughtered every ono ot1
their 'friends , ' ns their hangers-on love to > . )
label themselves. Jav Gould offers ns nn excuse - . ,
cuso lor his wholcsnlo cntling of loans thntf
ho thought stocks were cheap , nnd ho could
use his money to better advantage In the ?
market than ho could bvhaUn" it out on !
loans. That sounds well. People who nro
bullish love to hoar thnt they Imvo gained1
such n recruit , but it isn't quite bochecring-
as it might Imvo been It It had hap
pened to come along bolore this .same recruit
hnd completely wiped them out. " >
Snturdny gives only two hours for business ,
nnd there wns no demand tor stocks nt the
opening nmontr the loan crowd , aud very lit
tle for money , which lunged 0. 7 , 9 , 8 per
cent. The ioolinir was decidedly feverish ,
and the expected recovery made slow progress - '
gross , though London came inpercent ,
higher with orders for Keadlng , Liike Shore ,
Krio and oilier stocks. Still , pilccs were below -
low the Now York closing of yesterday *
Upon anticipation of an unfavorable ban Is j
report the bears began hammering , nnd soon' ?
1ml wenkenod the list down @ 4 points : !
With the declaration thnt the sub-treasury
would nt once pay out the July Interest on
bonds , amounting to $0,000,000 , a stronger
feeling prevailed , nnd prices recovered par- ,
tinlly. The best opinions expressed
about yesterday's panic nro Hint It
wns started through heavy liquidations' '
by n recently formed bull pool Identified ? :
with'the best deal , nnd then other rumors'
were seized hold of to run the market down. .
It Is confidently asserted thnt Gould bought'
n large line of his own stocks nt the decline. "
The hank statement was so much better thnnf
hnd been expected thnt It strengthened tha
stock mnrker , which closed firm at good *
prices , about the best of the aav. A shrink
age ot over 8:1,000,000 : in deposits , and a losa
of nearly a billion leenl tender reflected tho'
shipment of over 5 , < .00,0 < Aln ) currency lo help
out the western wheat deal. The deposits aro'
the smallest tor any week of the year , but tlmy
are 810,000,000 more than for the last week In
December last. Money will undoubtedly
rnle close through July. The total sales for
the day were 170,075 shares. *
Death of lllondln's nival.
NIAOAIIA FAU.S , Juno 2.r . Steve Peer , a
local celebrity , who outdid Blondtn In daring ;
feats around Niagara and recently crossed
on n llvo-elghts-inch cable , Is dead. Ever
since ha did the daring net ho has been
drinking very henv'ly. ' This evening nbout
7io : ! Peer went out unobserved with John
Gllloiplennd astrnugeinnd later wns scon
In the same company near his rope. AH ho
did not show up by 8:30 : nnd no trace of hint
could be dtscoveii'il elsewhere It wns con
cluded ho must have got on hl.s rope nnu
tnllrn liom It r tumbled over the bank , and'1
ropes and lanterns were procured , nnd Peer's
luother , with nnotlicr man , wore lowered
down , nnd near the Pottom ot the Incllno
found his lifeless body badly nut nround the
he.ul. The body was raised to the top of tha
precipice by means of ropes. The general
pellet Is thnt he attempted to walk out on tha
cable and lost his tooting nud tell Into the
abyss below.
Virginia City's Kittomhed Miners.
V inotMA CITY , Nov. , June 25 , Unavail
ing oiTorts were repeatedly made to-day to
r esc no the six miners remaining entombed
In the burning Gould & Curry mine. In which
five miners lost their lives last night. The
lire was extinguished nbout noon to-day aud
tlio cage sent down , hut was drlvon bank :
after It had reached the 1,030-foot levt'l. ' Itu-
lays of miners nr tunnelling through liom
the Consolidated Virginia mine ami expect
to reach the plnc > ) of the imprisoned miners
by noon to-morrow. The dnmnge to the nilno
from lire Is very slight. It Is known tliat tlio
Imprisoned men wore alive at 2 o'clock this
moinlng , which has occasioned gieat energy
on iho p.trt ( if the relief parties , holding out
the hope tliat the miners may still bo alive
when the tunnel is completed.
Mnrtilo Mlnu Dontroyod.
CAIIBON. Nov. , Juuo 25 , The Monocounty
marble quarry , t > ! xty miles from this city , was
completely destroyed by the recent earth
quake. The marble was broken up In cubes
not over a foot square. The ledge was ovet
live miles long and 400 feet wide , containing a-
line uradu of marble , ranging over seventeen1
shades , from pute white to blnclc. T bo mint
was valued at 81,000,000. |
Our Kjicolo KxpnrtB.
\Siw : YOIIK , Juno 85. The exports of
spt'clo'trom tlio port of No'.v Yotk for tha
work were. SWMlOO , of which 3-JO.WO w * ' 1