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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (May 5, 1887)
! THE OMAHA TAILY BEE : THURSDAY , : MAY .6. 1887 ,
THE DAILY BEE ,
PUDLISHED EVERY MORNING.
TERMS Or SUDSCniPTIO.V !
Dully ( Mnml.iir Edltlou ) Including Sunday
HIT , Ono Year . 10 01
For 8lr Month * . 6 W )
For Thrco Months . S DO
The OmnUa Hundny Bun , mailed to nny
wldrcsa , Olio Yonr. , . . . . . . . 200
OMAIU orricr. No. on Ain in FAHSAM STIIEKV.
WKW VOIIK owcii. Koou M , Tnini-ME ntitf.iiisn.
WASUI.NUTON OrrlC , NO.SUroL'KTKi.V7HSrHliKT. :
oo nnns ww DEUCE !
All oommunlaitions rolntlni ? to news nnJedl-
lorlul niDltur should bo ndaiussol to the Em-
roit or TUB IIKK.
All bii"lne slBttitr and remittances ilioulcl foe
MdtOSSud tU Tilt IlEK I'Um.lSHtNO COMPANY ,
OMUIA. Drafts , chocks and poBlofllco orders
to bo mndo payable to the ordtrof tlie compiuiy.
THE m PDBLISmSliPJI ! , PROPRIETORS ,
E. ROSEWATKR. Eniron.
HIE DAILY DEK.
Sworn Statement of Circulation.
State of Xebraskn. I _ _
County of Dotiulns. f8'8'
( It-o. B. TzschucK , secretary of The Bee
1'ublHlilnc coinjuny , does solemnly swear
that the actual circulation of tint Dally Bee
for the week ending April 5U ! , 1887 , was as
follow ft :
Bfittndny , April 2. ! . 14,420
Sunday. Aurll ! M . 14,000
Monday , April cr. . UT i
Tuesday , April SO . 14,100
Wednesday. April 27 . 14,100
Thursday , April 2.S . U.100
Friday , April SO . .14,100
Average . U.221
Or.o. 11. T/.SCIIUCK.
Subscribed and sworn to before mo this
80th day of. April , 1837.
rSEAL. ] Notary Public.
Gco. 1) ) . T/schuck , being lir.st duly sworn ,
deposes and says that ho is secrctaiy of The
lieu Publishing company , that the actual
average dally circulation of the Dally line
for the month ot April , IbSO , 12,101 copies ;
for May , 18SO , 12,41)9 ) copies : for June , IbbO ,
13.298 copies ; for July , 1880 , 12114 ! copies ;
for August , 1SN5 , 12,40-1 conies : for .Septem
ber , 18.SO , iio : : copies ; for October , IBM.
12H ! > copies ; for November , 1880 , 13n43
copies ; for December , IbSO. ii,2.17 : copies ; for
January , 1S87. 10,200 copies ; for 1'obruarv.
1887 , li.lOd copies ; for jtfarch , 1887 , 14,400
GHO. n. TZSCIIUCK.
Subscribed and sworn to before me this 15th
day of April , A. D. , 1S87.
I SEAL. | N. P. FKII. , Notary Public.
As a candidate Unit ! proved n cipher ,
LONG was rather short on votes Ithis
Blit. GAKNK.VU will continue business at
the old stand.
MiKr Lnn got there with both feet in
spite of Mr. Vanderbum's displeasure.
COUNCILMAN BAILEY received an en
dorsement of which ho can feel proud.
TUB pipes laid by the gas company on
election day were rather suggestive than
ONK thing is settled very definitely ,
Mr. Humphrey Moynihan will not be
chief of police.
Tun most remarkable outcome of this
election is that Isaac ilascall runs waj
ahead of everybody.
THE only thing that still agitates the
politicians of Omaha is the coming po
lice ami lire commission.
Now Mr. Broatch will discover whal
tortures arc in store for the man who has
oOlcial appointments at his disposal.
THE election of W. J. Brontch , as
mayor , moans good government foi
Omaha. The dives and crooks must go
THE democrats are now kicking them
selves because they didn't make Boyd
run for mayor. Young blood was ratiiei
thin this time.
TIIUKE was an earthquake shock in
Texas yesterday. It was nothing com
pared to the shock which the democrats
received in Omaha.
ACCORDING to the llcruhl the splcndit
republican victory in the city olcctior
was won by boodlo. How about Gar-
ncau boodle in the Third ward ?
PitoniniTiox made a good scarecrow
for the democrats , but the prohibition
candidates received barely enough votef
to entitle them to n record on the oilicia
CHARLEY Goonnicn is a heavy weight
but on a political race track ho is a llycr
If he had been the democratic candidati
for mayor the republicans might hav <
had a close call.
THE demand for Grant's Memoirs stil
keeps up. The edition of 835,000 copiei
is nearly exhausted , and a now one i
now in preparation , though It will not to
so largo as the first ono.
THE St. Louis Globe-Democrat says
"Tho members of the Grand Army of tin
Republic may rest assured that they wil
bo fully protected against all manner o
extortion during their encampment hen
this year. "
THEY call an Indian domain a rcsorva
tlou because the savage retains the rcsor
vatiou to skip out and raise hnir whenever
over hLs war-paint does not sot well 01
his stomach. ' Indian preservation shouli
bo the question of the hour.
AND now there is more trouble ii
Washington. The proposed Frlda ;
evening dinner is about to bo declare )
off because Queen Kupiolani Is "darko
than midnight. " Two cabinet ofllcor
have drawn the line the color line , thi
timo. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
SISTEII ROSE has roturnnd to her firs
calling by accepting the position of fin
assistant In a well known school fo
young ladles in Now York City. W
can now rest assured that no mor
poems of Rose Elizabeth will spread wo
through the country.
THE Atlanta Constitution says : "M <
mortal day in Atlanta was celebrate
with something of the old time forvoi
The Now York Tribune will please tak
notice. " Editor Grady loves to light th
battles over again. Ho always could d
better fighting oa paper than on tli
= ssags sagsss
NEXT month and Ignatius Donnelly
Esq.It is presumed , will totally domolis
William Shakespeare. It will cost us
pang or two to part with William , for ti
has boon a wlso friend , a true guide an
m companion in times of need. liowove
when ho is gone , wo .shall still have Ij
latius. . , ' ' .
Hotter Than a Boom.
A communication from Mr. E , F. T6st ,
a citizen of Omaha , in the Chicago Tri
bune of Tuesday , deprecates the practice
of Including this city among those places
which arc having a "boom , " as mislead
ing with respect to the real nature of the
rapidly advancing growth nd prosper
ity of Omaha. Says the writer of the
communication : "So far as Omaha is
concerned there is no 'boom' hero. On
the contrary it Is nothing but legitimate
growth. " Ho states the familiar fact
that tlio rush of immigration into Ne
braska is enormous , probably unparal
leled in the history of any state , justify
ing the expectation that the next national
coiisus will give Nebraska between 1,500- ,
000 and 2,000,000 inhabitants. Omaha is
receiving its share of this rapid growth
of population , whllo as the metropolis of
an extensive region it is having a steadily
expanding market that keeps every
department of business in rigorous
activity. If the proportion of the city's
population to that of thu state should bo
maintained at about 1 to 10 , as it usu
ally has been , Omaha could , with entire
safety , count upon 120,000 inhabitants In
1890 , and it is by no moans an ovor-san-
guino estimate that the city will have at
that time at least 130,000 people. The
percentage of growth in the financial
\ commercial \ business of Omaha up to
hat period will undoubtedly bo very
The foundations of Omaha's growth
md prosperity are permanent. All the
conditions that have made the city what
t is and are now contributing to its ad-
ancement , are lasting and progressive.
There is a vast country tributary to it
capable of sustaining millions of popula-
.ion whoso people are now counted
by thousands. A great part of
his country is among the
most inviting to the settler on the con-
inent , and will continue to bo sought
or many years to como by the imlus-
rious and thrifty people who leave the
overcrowded cast for the larger oppor-
unitics of the west , and by those who
como from other lands to create homes
n this country. Were Omaha dependent
'or its future upon Nebraska alone it
would have the certainty of becoming
ono of the larger cities of the country ,
though less rapidly , but it is now , and m
the future isst'll ' moro to bo , the metro
polis not merely of a single state , but of
region embracing several states and
from which others will bo created.
Having its foundations lirmly laid , and
with all the conditions at hand by which
teat cities are made and maintained ,
Omaha's progress is purely legitimate ,
and cannot justly bo enumerated
with what are commonly termed
"booms , " in many cases the work
of speculators or the result of seine
superficial or temporary conditions. Wo
have heretofore shown that the assump
tion that real estate prices in Omaha are
exorbitant is not justified by a com
parison with other cities , even those of
less population and business , and with
fewer of the solid and permanent condi
tions to prosperity.o think no ono
who will acquaint himself with the real
position- Omaha as the necessary me
tropolis of a great and growing country ,
can doubt that it still offers to capital the
assurance of profitable investment.
Showing a Better Disposition.
A dispatch from Ottawa , the capital of
the Dominion , reports that the cor
respondence in the fisheries controversy
has been laid before parliament. AH
the information it contains of interest to
Americans was communicated to con
gress by Secretary Bayard. The com
munications that passed between the Do
minion authorities and those of the im
perial government are of minor consequence
quence , or perhaps none at all , to the
people of this country. The fact is
stated that the officers in command of
the fisheries protection vessels have boon
instructed to grant the largest liberty
compatible with the protection oi
Canadian interests to United States fish
ing vessels in obtaining shelter , repairs ,
wood and water. There is evidence in
this of a bettor disposition.
The proposition of Lord Salisbury , that
the two countries should return to the
old arrangement , omitting the
compensation that was required
of the "United States , ap
pears to bo regarded in Canada as a mosl
generous concession that ought to al
once silence all complaint on the part ol
this country. It is not apparent that that
is largely the feeling hero. The United
States government has not been in ques !
of concessions ; it has simply been seek
ing international and treaty rights. The
passion into which certain papers of tin
Dominion have worked themselves ovoi
this proposition they might have sparee
themselves in view of the extrcmo im
probability of this country giving anj
serious consideration to the assumed lib
cral arrangement proposed by the Brit
ish premier. Even did the propositior
appear to this country to bo as gonoroui
as the Canadians affect to regard it , then
would be little disposition hero to acccp
it if it was offensive to any considerabh
party in the Dominion. An itgroomon
entered into under such circumstance !
could not bo made to work satis
faotorily. There is , however , a largi
clement of the Canadian pcopli
who judiciously believe that it is wise t <
meet this country iu an amicable spiri
and uiako as good a bargain as they can
If this element wore in the majority it ii
not questionable that this difference
could bo easily and speedily adjusted
But as yet the hot heads constitute th <
larger party , though there 'is reason to
believe they are losing ground. Thi
question of losses and benefits concorm
the Canadian people chlotly , and the ;
must determine it for themselves. Thi
government of the United States has ni
now propositions to make and no con
cessions to offer. Its position has beei
proclaimed and its policy defined. I
has determined to secure its just demands
mands or stop intercourse with a peopli
who refuse them. Wo can afford to tak
the consequences. There are indica
tions of a bettor disposition growing ii
the Dominion that may result m obviating
ating the last resort of the America ]
government for the protection of th
rights of iU citizens involved m tbl
The City Redeemed.
The brilliant victory achieved by th
republicans of Omaha Is not merely i
gratifying triumph for the party and it
successful candidates , but a victory o
law-respecting citizens over the law-defy
ing elements. . The election of W. J
Broatch as mayor of Omaha redeems th
city from the domination of thugs , crooks
and keepers of dangerous resorts. Whllo
Mr. Broatch is not a fanatic on temper
ance or any other Ism , he will
enforce better government and
draw the line sharply between
decent and respectable places and
the hot-bed of the vicious anil licentious
clement. The fact that all the cess-pools
of vice and crime were emptied in the
Third ward against him , and an on
slaught was made upon him by the in
mates of the slums and dives in all parts
of the city , because ho would not pledge
himself to a free-and-easy platform , is
highly creditable to the now mayor. It
places him in position to do his duty
without fear or favor from a class that
has heretofore dictated the policy of the
city government. The election of a ma
jority of councilmcu who are in accord
with him politically and otherwise will
enable the now mayor to give Omaha a
clean and reputable administration.
THE sentiment that prompted the people
ple of San Francisco to petition the sec
retary of the navy not to soil the ship
Hartford , made famous by Farragut , is
doubtless entirely commendable , but
they arc hardly to bo commended for
getting "hot" because the secretary was
not touched by their sentiment and there-
tore took a purely practical view of the
matter. His duty is too plain to bo ques
tioned. The Hartford is valueless to the
government , and in such cases the secre
tary of the navy is required to dispose of
a vessel by sale. Such vessels do not im
prove with ase , and the sooner they can
be disposed of after being condemned
the better it will bo for the government.
This is undoubtedly the view of the secre
tary of the navy , whoso business it is to
consider what will bo for the best in
terests of the government. It is a prac
tical matter purely , and spiteful flings at
the secretary's patriotism are childish.
If the people of San Francisco want the
Hartford preserved as a memorial lot
thorn buy her.
A VALUABLE contribution to the statis
tics of convict labor , from the national
labor bureau , has just been completed
and will soon issun from the govern men t
printing ouico. The report will present
an elaborate review of the subject , bring
ing the record of facts down to the close
of 1885. In that year it is shown there
were 45,000 , persons in the prisons of the
United States engaged in civic labor.
The average value of their productions
amounting to $ 10,000,000. The goods
most produced wore boots and shoes ,
over $10,000,000 worth having been made
in that year. Hardware ranks next , and
after that the largest items are stoves ,
brushes , brooms and clothing. An his
torical discussion of the various systems
of convict labor from the earliest times
down to the present will bo annexed to
the report. The abolition of all systems
of convict labor is recommended , and il
this bo not done the state account .sys
tem is referred to as thu loait objectiona-
ble. The report is the result of the first
investigation of the kind over carried on
by the government.
WHILE all the franchise propositions
curried by a large majority over the ne
gative vote , it is a question whether they
have actually received a legal majority.
City Attorney Council holds that it re
quired a majority of all the total votes
cast at the election. The total vote cast
was about 8,000 , and unless the total vote
in favor of any franchise exceeds 4,00(1 (
it is defeated , even if the vote against
the proposition is only 25 or 50.
THE present national administration
scorns determined to make a record foi
benevolence. Secretary Endicott has
just given $5 to the Centennial Associa-
tied of Marietta , O. Adding this to the
$20 contributed by the president to the
Charleston sufferers , makes a record fOs
the administration thus far of $25 devoted
voted to charitable and benevolent ob
jects. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
THE conduct of a large majority of the
colored voters in the Third ward was dis
gusting and disgraceful. They offeree
themselves in the market and shame
lessly deserted their colors for a paltry
gain. Such conduct tends to prejudice
men against their race and makes ii
questionable whether the franchise giver
to them was in their own interest or foi
the public welfare.
THE election of Mr. Borka as polici
judge will create a vacancy in the ofllci
of justice of the peace of the first district
which the county commissioners will hi
required to fill. It is to be ( hoped tlia
the commissioners will appoint a competent
potent man whoso integrity is tinim
THK city hall bonds have been carried ,
and if the council acts promptly in ad
vertising for bidh , the building may bi
enclosed by the end of the year and be
finished by next spring.
THE advice given by the BEE to th
people to vote against railroad employe
has been generally heeded. II is no
safe to trust the affairs of this city in tin
hands of men who wear brass collars.
PAT Foitu lost a good deal of mono ;
on the election. But that is nothhij
compared to the grief over the loss of hi
prestige , and the chance of dictating tin
appointments on the police force.
A GREAT many of the young ropubhcai
bloods , whoso absence was notable at th
polls , now profess to bo veryjubilan
over the election. They are ono da ;
older , and want some favors.
FORTUNE AND MISFORTUNE.
Millionaire Corcoran who d oos moro f o
Washlneton than all the other millionaire
lumped together , pays , taxes on 9,100,00
worth of property.
F , M. Davis , known in the Occur d'Alene
as "Dream Davis , " who found Dream Uulcl
In a vision and cleaned up $10,000 , bus spen
all his wealth and committed suicide at Lo
Aneeles , Cal.
Charles Lux , who recently died In Ssi
Francisco worth 930,000,000 , began life as
butcher In New York , Ilia success as an ac
cumulator ot money would Indicate that h
continued the same business In California.
Dan Rice , the old clown , Indignantly d <
nles that he Is either a drunkard or a pee
man. Re gays : "If to own 300,000 acres c
land In Texas and Now Mexico , and 1,00
In Calhoun county , Mississippi , and 1,000 Ii
Lincoln county. Kansas , Is to be abjectl
poor , then I am poor Indeed. "
Dan Blee , the once celebrated clown , wh >
made and lost several large fortunes- th
circus ting , now lives In Cincinnati , old. ' am
) oor , and dependent on the charity of friends
or a living , lllco'fl first appearance In pub
ic was ns a pugilist , and In 1S23 the 1'enn-
lylvnnlalcRlslaturo adjourned to witness a
raxing contest between Uoorgo Kensett and
D n Ulco. '
Louis Dub left Kussln about two years
ace and reached Cincinnati , O. , without a
cent. Ho blacked boots and soon saved $ SOO.
Ho then sent money to his mother in Russia
and she came to Cincinnati. Louts now
owns two fine horses-which ho rides lor plea
sure. He Is at present mnklnic money sell-
ni ; eye-glasses. Ife will soon take a pica-
sine trip to California.
Onn of the most eccentric rich men'In New
Toikclty Is the Veherablo Benjamin Hlch-
ardson. lie Is said to bo worth 82.000,000 , or
more , but lives tin a smitll tumble down
louse In Harlem , lie holds a morUaso for
? 500,000 against ono of the most prominent
insurance companies In the city. Mr. lllch-
ardson owns the historic Washington coach ,
which ho lets out whenever there Is a de
mand for this revolutionary relic.
A Heform Needed.
The practice of paying hills Is what keeps
so many people poor.
They Want the Earth.
Man Is 00 per cent water , and yet the pro-
lilbltlonlsta are not satisfied.
Ho Took to the Water.
A'misas C'ilu Juimiiil.
Within tlnee months 013 women In Now
York city , widows , grass widows , young
women and spinsters have proposed mnr-
rlage to the editor of thn New York World.
Wo now see why Mr. Fulltrer has purchased
They Would Pass.
Knit Lcic TrilMuc.
The country will approve Judge Cooloy's
ruling that the railroad companies may give
passes to sisters of charity , under the clause
wliich gives the companies permission to
grant passes to ministers of religion. If
slaters of charity are not ical ministers of re
ligion , there are none In the word. They
wear out their lives with no reward In this
world except hard tare and poor clothing and
such peacn as their work brings to them. If
the true minister of religion Is ono who de
votes his or her life , without reward to the
service ot afflicted humanity , then surely
sisters of charity aio such mlnisteis.
Suscin CnoUtge. in KcHliner's Man Mine for Stan.
To have touched hravcn , and failed to enter
Ah , Elsa. pronounon the lonely shore ,
Watching the swan-wings beat along the
Watching the clltter of the silver mail ,
Like flash of toani , till all are lost to view t
What may thy sorrow or thy watch avail ?
He cometh nevermore.
All gone the new hope of thy yesterday !
Tlie tender gaze and strong , like tiewy firp ,
The gracious form with' airs with heaven
The love that warmed thy being llko a sun :
Thou hitdst thy choice of noonday or of
Now the swart shadows gather , one by ono ,
To give theo thy desire 1
To every life one hea\enly chance befalls ;
To every soul a moment , big with fate ,
When grown Importunate with need and
It rrles for help , and lo 1 from close at hand ,
The voicfl Celestial answors. " 1 am here ! "
Oh , blessed souls , made wlso to underatand ,
Made bravely clad to wait !
Hut thou , pale watcher on the lonely shore ,
Where the surt thunders , and the foam bells
Is there no place for penitence and pain ?
No saving grace la thy all piteous rue ?
Will the hrU'ht vision nov r come again ?
Alas , thu swan wings vanish In the blue ,
There cometh no reply.
STATE AND TERRITORY.
Plattsmonth celebrates to-day.
Grand Island is blessed with two
The republicans captured the bakery
The Utica Herald and the Ashland
Herald are listed with the dead.
The Broatch will be a popular jewel in
Omaha for the next two years.
The innocents of St. Paul recently con
tributed $100 to a snide jewelry fakir.
The school treasury of Fremont is
financially well fixed , having $10,000 cash
Norfolk is promised two new railroads
if the rcsielents rustle around with a lib
A locomotive smote John Hipp , a sec
tion polisher at Lawrence , on the thigh ,
and knocked him oft' and out.
The court house in Fremont is suffer
ing from premature decay , and threatens
to topple into a grave unless promptlj
posted and propped.
The lifth annual tournament of the
State Firemen's association will bo hold
in Kearney , July 18-32. Cash prizes
amounting to $8,200 and a number ol
medals will be distributed.
The school treasurer of Lee's Park ,
Valley county , has disgraced the default
ing profession by disappearing with tlie
insignificant sum of $ ! > 00. The uppoi
circles of boodledom are mortally of
Mr. and Mrs. Nels C. Nelson , of Fro
uiont , met with a severe runaway aeci
dent while returning from the funeral of
their infant child. They wore thrown
out of the wagon , and Mrs. Nelson dan
gerously injured about the head.
An untamed poet in Nebraska Citj
tearfully asks "Could I borrow Pe
trarch's lyreV" Can't answer for he Ell
of antiquity , but the luxuriant circulation
liar of our o. e's. can bo had for the ask
ing. Ho possesses the natural , and ac
quired talents to till the bill.
Two foolish young ladies in Grand Is
land , for a wager , kept perfectly qiucl
and mute for ono hour and a half. The
jawoono of the winner lost its powcrol
action for three days , whllo the othei
silly maiden hovered between earth and
angeldom for eighteen hours. This
should be a warning against restricting
the How of natural gas.
Over 200 miles of the Broken Bow extension
tension of the B. & , M. railroad has been
built , and the company is now laying
track thereon at the rate ot ono mile pci
day. It is a little singular that the Crane
extension is not being pushed forward
as the company has not laid a rail 01
driven a spike this side of Central City
Judge Kinkaid has already secured f
warm corner in public estimation by hi !
prompt and rigorous } dealings with crim
mals. The trial , conviction and sentence
of the two negro ravishers at Niobrarn
and their imprisonment in the poniton
tlary within three ( lays after the comtnis
sion of the fiendish crime will bo re mum
bored to his credit forbears to come.
Mr. Robert Hawkoi a pioneer of Nebraska <
braska City , is dead. .Reared among the
rugged navigators of the Mississippi , he
developed into a man of strong force
and wul power , and every enterprise he
undertook was carried to success. He
loft a moderate fortune to bis family ,
besides an honorable social and busme'st
career and the respect and friendship ol
An ungrateful constituency in Valloj
and adjoining counties perpetrates the
following on a member of the late legis
lature : "Crane returned from Iowa thu
week with forty-six head of cattle
Wonder where ho got the money tc
p urohasoT A 'fox' would have had siifa
cient self-respect to cover such visible
manifestations ; but a Crane , bah ! fool :
too good to guard his actions. "
Mr. and Mrs. Kirkland , late of New
York , settled down in Fremont ten 'daw
ago. . They wore. a fly. and 'festive pan
and were culling rv wide swath in church
circles when an old acquaintance cast a ,
shadow on their path. It soon developed
that Kirkland had deserted an invalid
wife for hls vivacious mistress , and
migrated to Fremont where every season
is the summer of innocents , Kirk and
his paramour skipped on the first train
nnd their places in the choir are vacant.
"At the last census , " says the Inde
pendent , "Grand Island stood third city in
the state as to the number of school chil
dren enrolled ; she also stood third city as
to number of votes cast , and third ns to
number of school children in actual at
tendance at the public schools. Having
distanced Hastings , wo are now pulling
away for a tinal content with Lincoln , as
to which city shall hold second place' ,
with tlio chances decidedly in favor of
Grand Island. Wei now acknowledge no
rival west of Lincoln , in Nebraska , and
will euvcavor to step up next to Omaha
lutho near future. "
DCS Moines business men have started
a chamber of commerce building fund
After drilling for eight months at Web
ster City , an apparently endless flow of
water has been struck at the city well.
There" are lifty-thrco counties in the
state where not a single person has been
committed to the county jail during
the entire past year.
"Alorniugstar , " "Nooning , " "Night , "
anel "MiddTomorning" are the names of
some now families which have recently
moved to Des Moincs.
The suit of the Western Land company
vs O'Brien County Squatters' association ,
and which was scut from O'llrien ' to
Cherokee county , has been decided in
favor of thn Western Land company.
TJu : officers at Lucas captured thirty-
four dozen bottles of beer nnd several
kegs filled with contraband goods one
day last week , and deposited them in the
city prison for safe keeping. The same
night the calaboose was broken into and
the stuff carried off , and unto this daj
there has been no clue to tlio jail breakers -
ers nor their spoils. ,
A premium of $250 was given for $10 , '
000 worth of Yankton school bonds.
The marriage elopartmcnt of a Deadwood -
wood paper is headed , "The Miiiera !
By the terras of its contract with the
clectrio light company Bismarck h to
take eight 1,200 candle power arc lights
for streets , at a daily cost of 50 cents
each , without oilier additional expense.
The citizens of Rcdfield arc consider
ing the matter of raising $3,000 in ad
dition to the $5,000 already donated foi
court house purposes. With a contribu
tion of $3,000 from the county fund a
$10,000 building will be erected.
The recent decision of the interior department
partmont will throw ten townships , con
taiuing 230,000 , acre's of surveyed land ,
into the market in the Devil's lake dis
trict , while the surveyiiiff contracts to be
carried out cover six townships of 118,00 ! (
acres. A heavy increase iu unuiigratior
is looked for as the result.
The marble beds of Pennington counlj
arc attracting considerable attention al
the present time , not because the marble
js found to be of any moro superior qua !
ity than hitherto known , but on accounl
of the multifarious and multitudinous de
posits. In ful : : , it is said that Rapid Citj
is immured within a marble wall.
The trustees of the Rapid City school
of mines have decided upon plans for the
now mctallugical and chemical labora
tory , and they have been forwardeet tc
the governor for his approval. The
ground for the now building will be
broken as soon as the plans have received
the approval of the governor. The plar
contemplates a building 00x138 feet
ground elimeusions , and 20 feet to the
square , with stone foundations , the su
peratrueturo to bo of brick , and to have
a truss roof.
The World's Greatest Foot.
St. Xon(8 ( ainbc-Democrat , Aftrtt.23.
A little over three centuries ago the
greatest poet this world has hold , since
Homer , was born. Two hundred and
mty-one years ago , on his own birthday ,
ho elicd. Those three centuries have car
ried English poetry through periods ol
moro or loss creative powor.and it is now
struggling once morn for a breath of free
elom. Those same three centuries have
created American literature. No group
of English poets since Shakspoaro equals
in average power those gathered in the
Athens of Now England. Shakbpeare
ilualt with the past. What added powoi
can wo conceive lent to his dramas if he
had been able to sco the world as it is to
day ? Printing was in its infancy. Tlie
newspaper was virtually unknown. Th (
drama was the only form of life that relieved
lioved the dull daily trend of the popu
lace. The theatre was the newspaper
It was everywhere , and in all forms IE
open fields , in barns , in markets , in in
closures without roofs. Shakspcaro was
originally a strolling player. Wo can , IE
this ago of the telegraph and railroad ,
have no conception of what the power of
the theater must have boon , and how iti
arrival was heralded.
The crudities of the age in morals were
those of rusticity. The buffoonery o ]
Falstalf , and a few others of the greal
dramatist's chaiactcrs , wcro for thoavor
ago crowd. Yothis genius is shown quito
as strongly in his buffoons as in his
heroes for Falstalfis prince of his kind ,
as Humlot is prince in Denmark. Bui
the refinement of modern life is shown
in no other direction moro marked ! ;
than in the fact that these plays , to be
put on the modern stage , must bo ex
purgated. It is often said Shakspoarc
spoke as his ago spoke. No , he did not
not , at least , in his plays but vastlj
above his ago. English wit of the Eliza
bethan era was uncleanly , as id more
manifest in Khakspcarc's sonnets. The
last Hush ot such sensuous sentiment in
literature was in Byron's Don Juan. It
will never again find sufferance. Swin
burne and Whitman essayed each a nude
in poetry , but it was welcomed with uni
When will America bo ripe enough to
consumato itself in one master mindi
Our literature , so far ; is diflusive , and
the influences that produce it too di
verse. The only school that has devel
oped fully is that of Boston the trans-
ceiidental--and that has passed its ox-
clusivencss. It will bo generations before -
fore our literature will have gathered up
the spirit and power of the continent ,
and given it expression. English litera
ture was hardly born before the four
teenth century. It is barely 500 years
old. In it is now included a magnificent
surfeit of genius. The tendency al pros-
out is not to create another Shakespeare ,
but to average the talent of the people ,
The same is true of the wbolo world ,
Tht ) newspaper , going with the railroad
into every hamlet , distributes power ol
intellect. Yet thcro are also concentric
forces. Probably the truly greatest men
of our ago are , and for some time will
be , scientists. Darwinism will not soon
spend itself. All thought seems inferior
compared with the drama of life. That
now is found to have boon in progress
for hundreds of millions of yoars. Beaut )
of expression is loss valued than grasp ol
But wo shall not fail to observe IE
Shakespeare a marvelous summing u |
and u3 of the knowledge that preceded
him. His omnivorous .reading and dl
gcstion Ii the most wonderful thinjj
about tlio man. There 'seems to have
boon uothinggoing that ho die ) not make
his own. Will tlio greater minds of the
fqturo surpass , therefore , the greatest ol
'tho Past ? , There is no reason for plaolnp
Homer. The Slmkespcaro of the coming
nge'S will probably in actual genius not
surpass either the blind Greek or the
Bard of Avon. It is thogcniu.s to IKO the
whole age , mid to sum up in himself the
whole past , and so to stand for humanity ,
that constitutes the universal mind.
Some Gossip About the Now First
Vloo President of the Union Pa
Chicago Mail : The resignation of T. J.
Potter from the Burlington , and his con
templated dcparturo for Omaha , makes
the first break Into that quintet of old-
time practical railroaders who have
managed from Chicago lives of the biggest
roads running out eif hero llughttt , of
the Northwestern , Cable , of the Rock
Island ; Newell , of the Lake Shore ; Mo-
Mtilliu , of the Chicago & Alton , and Pol-
tor , ot the ChicagoBurlington x Qulncy.
These live general managers have boon
the dernier resort of the upholders of the
theory that , in tlie west at any rate , the
managers of the big railroads wore men
who had earned their places by merit ,
not occupants of the bo-It berths through
their relations with the stocK-jobbing
directors. When T. J. Potter was only a
lineman on the embryo Burlington ,
Marvin Hughltt was ono of
the two telegraph operators who
handled all the business over Judge
Caton's Northwestern telegraph line out
of Chicago to the northwest. John New
ell , of the Luke Shore , was then a chain-
man and learning to bo a civil engineer ,
while R. R. Cable , favored a little per
haps by his rioh undo , was keeping the
books ; buying the supplies , looking out
for the repairs , and doing all the rest of
the work on one of the little divisions of
the Rook Island. It has been no secret
hero that the'so five railroaders have al
ways rubbed up against each other with
a little friction. When John Newell was
on the Illinois Central Mary in Hughltt
xvns with the same road , but il wasn't
many months before it was plain that ono
or the other would have to go. Hughltt
was thn ono , because Newell was the su
perior pllicer. All live are strong char
acters , just a little too aggressive and un
compromising to get along together with
out occasional coullcts.
Potter's removal to Omaha is another
sicru that the railroad problems that are
pressing arc not western nor northwest
ern , but transcontinental. The Burling
ton road is now so far along , so well foil ,
and so strong , that its general manager
ship is not so much now a matter of
practical railroading as good financier
ing. The iuter-stato commerce law has
already greatly changed the methods of
the roads out of hero. Coups do main
are not any longer possible. Rates can
not be started over night , the business
of a vast territory captured , and then
rates restored the next week. The
younger railroaders in this section of tlio
west will find that the tactics which
made some of their seniors famous and
cave thorn preference , have been prohi
bited. But in that territory we-st of St.
Paul and of Omaha , the roads are still In
that inchoate condition that requires
brilliant management as well as careful
financiering. The Union Pacilic , the
Northern Pacilic , the Denver it Rio
Grande in short about all the transcon
tinental roads are still in the condition
the western and northwestern lines out
of Chicago were ton or fifteen years ago.
It is no surnribe to see them drafting tlie
big Chicago railroaders into their service
to help them out.
There are people who believe that if Pot
ter had not accepted the offer of the Union
Pacific ho might have been the president
of the St. 1'mil. Phil Armour has always
looked upon him with an eye of favor ,
and some of the knottiest ol the recent
troubles in the old St. Paul & Omaha
pools have been disentangled by these
t\yo men taking them over iu the million
aire's LaSullc street office.
Chicago Herald : The resignation of
Vice President Potter , of the Chicago ,
Burlington & Quincy , has created quito a
sensation among the many employes of
that road. The Heraldin , giving a sketch
of Mr. Potter's career some months ago ,
chronicled the fact that ho is one of tlie
most popular railway officials in the
country. The employes of the Burling
ton cannot understand why Potter de
cided to leave them , and an Iowa mem
ber of the Burlington's staff offers the ex
planation that the transfer of Mr. Potter
to the Union Pacific simply means that
the ambitious Burlington intends making
the Union and Central Pacific roads a
part of its great system , and that Potter
is sent west to prepare the linal ac
quirements. In marked opposition to
this view is that of other railroaders ,
who say that Mr. Potter's severance
of oilicia ! relation with the "Q. " was
wholly duo to the harassing difficulties
existing between him and General Man
ager 11. B. Stone. Tlio latter is a brother-
ill-law to President Perkins , and has
sprung into prominence during the past
four years in the managcrnontpf tlio Chicago
cage , Burlington & Quincy. His progress
from an obscure station to that of gen
eral manager , a position next to that of
Mr. Potter in point of authority , has
been phenomenally rapid , and it is re
lated on excellent authority that on .sev
eral occasions the first vice president
and Mr. Stone came into sharp conflict.
Potter is not a man who will yield a
point or recede from a position once
taken , and us a result of these occasional
collisions the general manager is said to
have emerged Irom ttio contest consider
ably flattened out and in anything but a
pleasant frame of mind. Conscious that
blood is thicker than wator.and realizing
that his future management of the road
vyould be attendcel with strained rela
tions. Mr. Potter is reported to have de
cided upon severing his oflicial relations
with the Chicago , Burlington & Qninoy
m order to avoid an open rupture. An
Iowa railroad man writes as follows to
the DCS Moines Leader :
"It can bo said without flattery or
adulation , but to the eternal credit of the
man , says the Dos Moines Loader , that
few , if any , railway officials having the
prominence enjoyed by loin Potter ,
ever retained tlio affection , respect and
unfaltering good will of all classes of em
ployes as is accorded him by the em
ployes of the Chicago , Burlington te
QuFney. Years ago the writer fooled
away several years of valuable time in
the train service of the " ( J. " vibrating
between Ottumwa and Creston on the
festive freight train. During these years
it was no uncommon occurrence to SOP
Mr. Potter seated on thu end of a tie or
basking in thu sluule of a convenient
watur tank , talking over old times with
conductors , engineers nnd others \yho
had known him iiijont Ottumwa during
the years he occupied the humble posi
tion of lineman on the B , < V : M. and
later , when ho became freight
agent at Albia , where ho soi/cd the
golden opportunity that eventually led
to an enduring fame and deserved pros
perity. In his relations with all em
ployes , from the poorest section man to
division superintendents and oflicials of
a higher grade , ho was eminently juct.
One of thu many instances that came un
der the observation of the writer will
illustrate : A certain conductor , whoso
Identity is not essential , at ono time sev
eral years ago incurred the displeasure
of the division superintendent , the latter
of whom embraced the first opportunity
offered to veil n personal grievance
behind an oflicial act , and discharged the
conductor. The latter applied to thn
superintendent for a pass to Chicago ,
stating his intention to appeal his case to
Mr. Potter. The haughty oflicial denied
the discharged employe a pass , where
upon the conductor telegraphed Pottur ,
requesting a hearing. A Imlf hour later
the arrogant stiRorlntonduut received a
message from the first vice president or
dering him to issue Bob P a pass to
Chicago and return. The pass WHS made
out and soon the conductor was submit
ting Ins case bcforo the court of last re
sort The result was that ho came bncU
to the division station , not with an order
ol reinstatement , as conductor , but with
nn appointment as night trainmaster
right under the nose of that superintend ,
out. Ho retained this position until about
ono year ago , when ho reslgtied to accept
n train on the Milwaukee & St. Paul.
Mr. Potter has slated his intention , be
fore leaving the Chicago , Burlington &
'Juiiicy ' , to make a lour of the entire sys
tem , nnd bid the employes good-by , and
it Is safe to assume that his departure )
will bo viewed with a sincere regret that
never has before , and probably novel1
will again , follow a railway manager's
separation from any road. "
A I'M aw in tlio Gcrinnn Army.
A writer in the Blbliotlicquo Unlvor-
sollo , ono of the bust French reviews , has
lately given important particulars about
the German , Army , to which attention
has not been called before , showing that
everything is not perfect m that hitherto
supposed perfect engine of death. The
main fact developed , and from which
the others naturally How , Is that Ger
many docs not retire her ollicors , as do
almost all other nations , at a fixed ago ,
that is to say , when it is considered that
they have done their Work and had bet
ter give place to younger men , but theirs
is a life tenure of office. There is no
discharge in that war. " She keeps thorn
and uses them as long as they are good
for anything. Frederick the ( treat would
not consent to pension men who were in
capable of rendering service.
A French traveller , M. lo Marquis do
Toulongan , wrote in 1780 : "All the gen
erals 1 have seen in Berlin , oxccpt M.
do Molleudorf and do Priuit/ , are old ,
worn out , anil iucapabju of making
war. " About the same time the Count
of Dicsbach wrote : "There are adjutants
( aides do camp of the king ) of the great
est merit and capacity wno stagnate in
the grade of captains. * * * The greater
part of our general officers are very old. "
Some of Iheso same ollicors wcro the
opponents of Napoleon 120 years later ,
and could not mount their horses with
out help !
The emperor William docs not like to
part with his old servants. In vain they
tell him they arc worn out with ago , rid
dled with wounds , and that the time has
como for rest. "Do I rest , " ho answers ,
with proud sadness ; "ami on a bed of
roses ? " Hence the very unfortunate sit
uation of matters in the army , which
several writers elo not hesitate to speak
of , among others Col. Von Dor , Golt/ ,
who refers to it at different times , as may
bo sccii in this extract from his book ,
"The Armed Nation : "
"In the German army , all the men
who occupy high positions have reached
the ago when the physical and intellectual
faculties begin to fail. Napoleon at
forty-one complaincit that ho had not his
former strength. The least horseback
ride,1 ho wrote , 'requires an effort on my
part. ' Frederick tno Great was forty-
eight when ho wrote , 'I have tlio task of
Hercules to accomplish at a time when
my strength is leaving mo , when my in
firmities are increasing , when to speak
plainly hope , that consoler of tlio un-
huppy , has just left uio. ' And this is the
ago of the majority of our duels of bat
talion , who still have to mount the
greater part of the ladder of promotion ,
lew of f ho colonels are under forty-eight.
Among pur generals of brlirado you wifl
hardly line one who is not older. And it
is only from this grade that the functions
of a great commander begin to bo im
portant. Men who are bixty or older
certainly cannot have all the rapidity of
comprehension , the memory or the vigor
of their earlier years. "
The General Prince do Hohenloho , in
his "Military Letters , " aid not hesitate
to touch upon "the delicate point which v j
wo would prefer to pass in silence" his
own words to wit : Prussia has not for
her independent cavalry a sufliciont num
ber of generals who , to 'experience and
knowledge of service , join the physical
qualities necessary for this special and
particularly difficult command excellent
sight , vigor and the habit of remaining
long in tno saddle without fatigue.
Except in case of war , the ollicors arc
promoted by seniority in the German
army. For this reason promotion is very
slow , which causes much dissatisfaction.
All tiioso officers ambitious of promotion
their name is legion and those who
rightly feel thmnsolvesconfined lo grades
below their merit , chafe and fret at the
restraint to their ambition , and urge the
nation on to now conquests. Meanwhile
tlio people , who bear thu burden of this
immense army , are asking for the dis
arming of the soldiers , as the socialists
are now doing , or trying to limit tlio ap
propriations for military purposes.
In an army where the oilieors are not
put on the retired li.st at a certain ago ,
and promotion is too slow , there arc but
two ways of remedying the evil. War ,
which makes a great many vacancies , or
an increase of tin1 army which will allow
numerous promotions , as lias recently
been carried into clfuct In Germany.
If wo reali/.o how the desire of promo
tion makes the array urge on and excite
the people to .war , wo may perhcps bo-
liuvo there was some truth in the words
of General Von Moltko and I'rinco Bis
marck when they declared there must bean
an increase of the army or war , an asser
tion which can bo interpreted moro
easily in view of the necessity of satisfy
ing the restless , ambitious spirits among
the o Hi cor ? .
It seems impossible to maintain the
German army much longer in the fctate
in which it is now. Neither the finances
of the state , the progress of parliamen
tary rule nor thu democratic idea will
permit il. As we have said above , the
ollicnrs who have contributed to make
the Prussian army what it has been the
past twenty year ? , site growing very old ,
and must soon disappear from the scene
of action. Who will take their places ?
This is certainly a serious question , for it
involves , in a Iiinro measure , the future
of that array , and consequently the for
tunes of Germany Itself.
If you arc suffering with wen k or In
flamed eyes , or granulated eyelids , you
can bo nuicklj cured by using Dr. J. II.
McLean's Strengthening Eye Salvo. 2/5 /
cents a box.
Jinan Htorlcn Alitclo Hliort.
Twonty-livo yearn ajo , says the Lewiston -
ton ( Mo. ) Journal , Albert Ellis , of Winslow -
low , filled up a clay pipe for a good
hiuoko. Ho had used only half of its con-
tenti , for on the next day ho wont to
war Ho hiirv.ived and came home but
did not finish that smoke until a few days
ago , when ho happened to liiui thu old
pipe , partly empty , Just as ho had left it.
An old farmer at Kingston , N. Y. , was
hailed a day or two ago by a man who
wanted n ride. The farmer looked al
the man a moment and then asked : "Bo
you a prohibitionist or a diimnycr.it ! "
The man answered that to a certain ex
tent ho wus both. Ho ] said ho believed
in prohibition , but always voted the
straight democratic ticket. "Git out , "
shoutud the fanner , " 1'vo got a jug of
old tipple whisky in my wagon , nn11
couldn't trust you together. "
Man's inhumanity to woman makes
countless thousands mourn , would bo an
applicable rendering of Popu's line , in
view of the ImliKimticH oho has suffered
and pains undergone at the hands of un
skillful physicians and quacks. Natur
ally modest who suffars on untjl forced to
consult a physician regarding some
female difficulty which she well
know.s is sapping her stongth. All this
embarrassment can bo avoided and a
cuni effected by purchasing Dr. Priorce's
"Favorite Prescription" of your drug
gist , and taking as directed. Price re
duced to ono dollar.
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