Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, February 18, 1887, Page 4, Image 4

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Dully ( Mornl.iir Edition ) Including aim Jay
Dee. Onn Year . . . tlOC
ForSU : Monthi . u . . . . 6 (
KorThrco Monthl . . . "I
Tlio Omaha Humlfty Urn , mclled to any
add row , Ono Year. . . . . 2C
OMAHA Orrtrr. No. ! < H ATI 811 FAUTAM Srnrn
NKW VOIIK orririE , iiomi os , TRiniwr lltm.niM
WA ui.vuro.N '
All communications rclntlni * to nowg nnd ed
torlal mntter should bo ( uMressod to the I'M
ton or TIIK UKG.
rtusiwESS Lr.rrcas :
All burnous letters ntidromlttnncoi-thould li
fi'ldrossoil to TIIK llEit remi.isiiiMi Coui'AN )
OMAHA. OrnftH. chocks nnd po tofflco ordot
to ba made payable to the onltr of the oomrmnj
Bwnrn Qtntcmont of Circulation.
Blatc of Nobnskix , 1 B.S.
County of Uonglas. (
(5co. ( II. Tzschuck , secretary of The He
PublMiInK company , dors nolcmnly swea
Hint the ocltml circulation of the Dally Be
lor tlm week ending Feb. lltli , 1K > 7vii3 n
follows :
Btttunlav. Feb. 5 H."l
Biimlnv , Feb. 0 1I.V !
Alonelay. . Feb. 7 14.01
Tuesday Fob , 8 14.11
Wednesday , Feb. 0 U , < M
Thursday , Feb. 10 11,14
Friday , Feb. 11 14.1'J
Average 11.11
liEO. 1J. T/SCI1UCK.
Subscribed In tnyprcsonco aiidswoin tnbt
fore mu thin l&th day of February A. U.lbb"
ISKALI Notary Pub'llc.
( ! eo. U. Tzschuck , bclnff first duly ownrr
deposes niul says that ho is secretory of Tli
Vie I'nlilifthini ! company , Hint the actual ft\
crairo dallv circulation of the Dallv Ueo fo
the month of Ifebruarv ' , 1880 , was 10Btfj copies
Jpr. Mnrcti , IbW , Jl637 conies ; for Aprl
Itef ) , lllOl popips : for for May , 1SSO. l'J,43
conies ; for Juno. ISSO. I2,2y3coplc : for.lulj
o , 17ai3 conies ; lor December , ISbC , 13,25
copies lor Jnnu.iry , 1887.10,300 copies.
QKO. 15. Tzscnucrc.
. Subscribed and swmn to boloru mo Uils 8t
day of February A. 1) . 18S7.
[ SEAL. I N. P. Fin. : . Notary Public.
IT remains to bo seen whctbur th
house will do tlio dirty work of the rai
roads by overruling the will of the peopl
of this city.
Tinitn : ia no use in locking the sttbl :
floor whoa the horse is gono. The con
cession to mine coal lias already bee :
granted by the council.
. TIIK Lincoln charter lias boon rcfcrrei
to the committee on cities. The Omnh
charter was referred to the committee o
judiciary. "This is a prottv how d' y
do. "
Tin : question which .is now ngitalin
Mr. Cleveland is whether congress care
more for his personal views on pcnsioi
legislation than it docs for the .soldio
Tin : brilliant and esteemed flcpnblicai
complains that the I3ii : ; hasn't atluckci
Church Howe this session. The Bii
Isn't in the habit of waging war will
corpses. _
. CHICAGO coal dealers have agah
marked up the price of coal DO cents
ton. Captain Kidd's ghost wrings it
hands as it coatcauihitcs the possibilif
of nineteenth century piracy.
PnitiiAi'S Omaha business men whi
have been willing to permit this paper t (
do their lighting for them arid take al
f/ho abuse may now sen that it is to the !
Interests to bestir themselves to save tin
RAILUOAD regulation should bo sccurei
at the present session of the legislntun
Jit nil costs. The threats and blarney o
Clio corporation attorneys should not b <
permitted to defeat the expressed will o
fho people.
Tun whipDorsnanpors whom the rail
roads feed and keep allvo with their jol
Cilice pup have again been unmasked
They will > fo longer pretend that the cdl
tor of the UnB and the railroad manager ,
nro sleeping under one quilt.
Tin : question is , will the house
the railroad attorneys to mntilato tin
Omaha charter ? Colby is through will
5Hs objections to the charter , and now we
shall hear from Ageo , Ho knows ovactlj
what Omaha requires in the wayof muni
ipal legislation.
JOHN M. TIIUIWTON telegraphed Gen.
oral Manager CallawuyVo have bad
the Omaha charter bill referred to the
jjpomniltloo on judiciary. " Now who is
3vor S ! lJllyr ( Io ° 3 John Ai. Thurslon
report to Union Pacific luadiuarton )
about the action of the legislature on :
matter of purely local Inlorcsl ?
LKT there bo no "tie tips" to save the
charter. The representatives of the pco
jlo , whether hailing from Douglas county
or elsewhere , should let the charter gc
ralhor than sacritlco ono jot or tittle ol
their manhooil or solf-rospoot by making
furtlior concossioiis to the railrognos ,
Uuilroad legislation cannot bo beaten by
throats of oppressing the people of No <
brnskn's metropolis ,
Tun Hussian war scare does not prom
ise to last long thi.s time , and the Berlin
bureau for the manufacture of ready ,
made war rumors will bo put to it to so-
loot countries that arc to attack Ger
many. Perchance Switzerland and Den
mark , situated to the south ami to tlm
north of Germany , would bo a good
tuomo for a wanly , If these two conn-
trios should combine in a hostile league
against Germany and should strike
simultaneously , that srreat power would
Bttuul a good show of being swept from
the map of Kuropo. This peril alouo , il
properly placed before the Gorman
electors , is enough to secure the passage
of the septennatu bill.
IT was a shameful spectacle to see dis
reputable loustabonts olbowinir honest
men on the floor of the house at Lincoln
end cheek by jowl with raihoad attor
neys corrupting members to induce them
to sidetrack the Omaha charter Into the
Judiciary committee. The indignant
words of Koprcsontativo Smyth rang
clearly through the chamber , charging :
the .crime on tlm men who wcro about to
jiorpotralo it. The charter will not bo
mutilated to suit the railroad lobby and
the allied contractor and scavenger bri-
pado. That may bo set down as certain ,
It may bo defeated , but it will not bo
used as a counter over which to trad.o oft
'or other measures to tlio people's dLsad-
/autago. /
The Olmrtcr Imperilled.
A telegram from the state capital an
nouricDS thai the Omaha charter has beer
taken out of its usual channel , the com
miltcc on cities , of which Mr. Smyth , o :
tltis county , is chairman , and referred t <
the judiciary committee , of which Mr
Russell , of Colfax county , Is chairman
This is unprecedented in the annals o
city legislation In this stale. Thoovideii
object of side-tracking the bill ititc
the hands of a lot of attorney ;
is to mutilate it to suit tin
railroad and jobbers' lobby. i
must now bo plain and palpable to tin
citizens of Omaha that their material in
tcrest arc in jeopardy. It is now * mu
for those moat interested to act. Up ti
the present they have allowed thcmsclvei
to be hoodwinked and humbugged b.i
railroad organs , charlatans and impos
tors who have been pooled against tin
passage of this impoitant measure. Then
can bo no nexv charter introduced at thli
stage and no jusUllablc pretext can bi
urged why Omaha should countenanci
masked oncmius who arc working.igains
her vital interests ,
Let 'J lip in Dnro.
The railroad managers , who keep tin
most villainous lobby at Lincoln that ha
over been seen at any Male capital , hav <
sidetracked the Omaha charier into tin
commtllcoon judiciary. The audaciti
of this attempt to defeat tlio charier am
throttle the people of Omaha is without :
parallel in this state. It is as higl
handed as tlio criminal assault which tin
railroad managers arc making on thi
law making power. The road agent win
commands Iho wayfaring tr.xveler t (
hold up his hands is entitled to more ros
pcct than the men who resort to sucl
means to undermine and destroy populai
government. It is only because the pco
plo of this section have beet
palicnt and forbearing under the grcatcs
provocalions that such infamies are stil
tolerated. There has been a great bin
and cry raised by tlio railroad press o
Omaha about a pretended deal and sol
out to the railroads by the editor of tlii :
paper. This cry was raised only to covei
the real design of the railroad bosses U
play off the Omaha charter against rail
road regulation and economic govern
mcnt. They hoped to use the charter ai
a club with which to beat every hones
eflbrt to relieve the people from opprcs
sive burdens. The concession on taxa
tion of railroad right of way which tliej
obtained by threats and bulldozing taclic ;
was made only after a protracled struggle
glo on the assurance that no further ob
staelo fchould bo thrown in the way of the
passage of the charter. The fact that tin
railroads did not call off their dogs noi
silence their subsidi/cd job-olllco news
papers was proof positive that the char
ter was to bo still made a football in thi
game which the railrogues are playing al
Now , once for all , wo will state for the
information of citizens of Omaha that we
will not advise the Douglas county dele
gation to yield one inch to
any further pressure. Their dutj
as representatives of Omaha will oo dis
charged when every honorable effort is
made to secure the passage of the charter ,
To trade off the whole slate and sell out
the taxpayers of Nebraska for any ad'
vantQgo whioli siieli netiott"might give tc
tlio charter would bo cowardly , dishonest
and disreputable. No honorable repre
sentative from this county in either house
will so far degrade himself as to bow to
the dictates of the rotten , corrupt ,
drunken mob which the railroads arc
keeping at the people's expense to defeat
Iho people's will.
Tor our part wo dare the railroads to
do their worst and defeat the charter.
There will bo no more eonci'ssions conn-
lenanced by the HUE. Let them defeat
the charter if they dare and take the full
responsibility for the resulting disaster to
the material Interests of Nebraska's
metropolis. The people of Omaha may
as well know the desperadoes who pass
themselves off as gentlemen and good
citi/ens in the high-toned clubs while
doing penitentiary practices at the stale
capital. They and not the vagrants and
vagabonds whom they have lured to
corrupt the people's representatives will
bo hold up to hcorn , and they must lake
tlio consequences of what may take plaeo
when the thousands of men and women
who have inveitod their litllo all in this
city rise in their might to resent the damn
ing oulrugcs to which they have been
The Imtcfet Vote ,
President Cleveland evidently does not
believe in a paternal government , lie
makes this entirely plain in his message
to congress returning with his disap
proval the bill appiopriatingiu,000 for
the distribution of seeds to the farmers of
the drought-hitickon districts of Texas.
His lirst objection Is that ho finds no war
rant in the constitution for suuh an ap
propriation , but it is apparent that this
was not so forceful with him as the belief
that the power and duty of the govern
ment should not bo extended to such a
purpose as this bill oontomplalos , and
that the tendency to give thorn suoh
direction should bo resisted. Mr. Clovo-
land'a position is delined In the propo
sition "thai though the people support
the government the government should
not support the people. " Wo don't
knovf but this is good Jcflbrsonian doc
trine , and it maypeihap be granted lhat
it is abstractly sound and therefore lo bo
generally rospeolcd ; yol oynry reason
able man must admit lhat circumstances
may arise which would justify a departure
from it , The situation in Texas may not
present such a circumslaiico , though it is
certainly aory hard and deplorable one ,
much moio so , wo have reason to
believe , than Mr. Cleveland is aware
of , but there can bo no doubt
that the concurrence of the president
with the action of congress in voting the
proposed relief would have been ap
proved by the eounlry , not simply as a
mailer of charity , but as properly re
lated to the public benefit. Surely no
argument can bo needed to domonstralo
that the restoration of blighted industries
in an extended region , without wbleh n
largo population might long romsfcn de
pendent upon publlo benevolence , has
suoh a relation , Ono may agree fully
that it Is desirable to repress the ten
dency to saddle the government with
paternal responsibilities , nnd yet BOO a
wide distinclion belwoen measures of Im-
medialo and toiuporary relief and those
Which propose the creation of porma-
ui'iit obligations. TUo proposition to os-
. Jl
tablish ft civil pension list is of the class
of paternal measures to which there tin
sound objections , but more of thcso couli
"be fairly applied to the relief measun
which the president has just disapproved
We do not believe that Mr. Clevclam
will have the re ward of general commendation
dation for this action , and It is very certain
tain that the people of Texas will lind it
It a fair catHo of serious and lasting dis
pleasure toward the president ,
Tnulo Dollar.
The house of representatives on Wed
ncsday insisted upon ils amendments t <
the stnialc Iradc dollar bill , and the matter
tor will go to a conference committee
The causrs of difference are somowha
important , tlio- notion of the house belnj
regarded as a signal viclory for tin
friends of silver. The scnato bill pro
vidcd that the coin redeemed should bi
treated as silver bullion and the aiiioun
bo deducted from the monthly purchase
of bullion for coinage into standard sil
ver dollars under Iho existing law , there
by preventing any Increase of the silvo :
circulation. A majority of the housi
coinage committee reported the bll
favorably , but tlio house sustained tin
position of the minority of the commltlei
that the trade dollars , now having IK
legal-lender value , shall bo rocoincd am
rcmonetizcd independently of the statuti
requiring the monthly coinage of stand
ard dollars , thus providing for an in
crease of the circulation to the oxton
that the repudiated coin shall bo pro
sentcd for rodomplion. An aincndinon
lo this effect was adopted , ana also an
oilier amendment fixing six mouths ai
Iho limo in which redemption shall bt
made , and providing that the holders o
trade dollars shall receive the standard !
in exchange for them on presentation
These are the amendments upon whicl
tlio house has insisted , thereby rendering
neccs ary a conference.
How much the circulation will bo in
creased by the bill , if it becomes a law
cannot bo definitely stated , but it is csti
mated at $7,000,000. Tlio coinage of tin
Irado dollar was nearly $30,000,000 , o
which about $27,000,000 has been e\
ported , and it is not ex-peeled that nn.i
part of the hitter sum will bo returned
the theory being that it has all beei
stamped or otherwise defaced by tlit
Chinese government or people. Then
would also bo really nothing to gain ty
returning it. The disposal of this ques
tion by the present congress is whoii.i
contingent upon Iho acceptance by tin
senate ot the amended bill , for it is cer
tain that the house , which passed the bil
by a vote of 174 to 30 , will not rccedt
from its po-sition. The matter ought tc
disposed of. It has bobbed up at cvorj
session of congress for a number ol
ycarj , and will continue to do so until il
Is gotten rid ot by seine such legislatior
as is now proposed. Whether or not the
trade dollar can bo fairly considered an
obligation of tin- government , it has
proved a troublesome annoyance whicl
may as welt be removed now as at some
time in the future. it is not improbable
that the scnato will take Ihis view of Ihc
question and concur in the house amend
A 1'rnctlual Hoiuody.
Minnesota has passed a high liccnsr
law modeled after Nebraska's. Nc
York is struggling with the same pr obleir
against the combined assaults of tlio
liquor dealers and brewers , who an
nounce their preference for prohibition
rather than for stringent regulation Ol
the liquor trauic. No ono knows bettor
than saloon keepers that prohibition does
not prohibit and that no license means
free license. In the city of Loavemvorth ,
Kan. , for instance , there are 120 saloons
which i'.o not pay a particle of lax lo Ihc
stale. 1'ho prohibitionists of Kansas arc
able to pass laws for the enforcement ol
their policy of a tolal extinction of the
liquor tralhc , Dut they cannot obtain
juries liiat will convict ofionders , and the
extremists have been forced to radical
methods of procedure in a desperate of-
fo rt lo carry ont their plans.
The latest idea ot the Kansas prohibi
tionists is tlio creation of a "metropolitan
police , " which shall attempt to maintain
order and to enforce tlio law in every
part of tlio state. They admit that tlui
local authorities are unwilling or unable
lo carry out the btringcnt regulations
that have boon devised for the abolition
of tiie liquor trallic , and they hope by
this expedient of a metropolitan police
board to suppress the liquor trado.
Their complete t.iiluro thus far to restrict
the sale of intoxlcaling drinks may bn
shown in a striking jiiannor by compar
ing Iho issue of government licenses to
sell liquor in Iho prohibition blato of Kan
sas with that in the- high license stale of
Missouri. Though Missouri lias a larger
population , Kansas lakes out 120 more
licenses than Missouri , and within the
last eight months more than inoo ! liquor
licenses have boon issued to dealers in
Kansas. Club houses take the plaeo of
saloons nnd lure into dissipation the
young who might shrink from the pub
licity of the open bar. When the saloons
of Missouri are closet ! on Sundays tlu >
drinking men who live close to the stale
line cross over inlo prohibition Kansas to
gel drunk.
Unonforced law breeds disrespect for
all law. This has been Iho result of pro
hibitory legislation wherever attemplod.
High license is the only genuine temper
ance reformer. It closes up low grog-
Aeries and places upon every dealer an
incentive for inviting Iho offeolivo super
vision of the trallio by Iho local aulhori-
ties. It gives every community , where it
is behoved that prohibition can be un
forced the rignt to refuse lieonso and to
inalco the attempt , While prohibition
means free rum , the Nebraska high
iccnso law means n regulated tnilllu and
i license measure which public senti
ment will endorse , approve and sustain.
A WASHINGTON correspondent points
ut that there is a curious litilu question
nvolved in what is known as tlio alien
nnd bill , which scorns not to have oc
curred to the statesmen who have charge
if that measure. The bill prohibits aliens
squiring lillolo real estate in thotorritor-
os. It prohibits tlioso who now hold
itlcs from conveying ilium lo other
xlions , cither for a consideration or by
.egaoy. It is a clean swoop of all the
orcignors from this landof freedom after
.ho present generation , and doesn't con-
ribute to the comfort of tlioso whore *
nain. The District of Coliiiu bla is to alt
ntonts and purpose's- territory. Gen *
sral laws affecling thq territories areriu
orco Now it does not appear to
iave occurred to the committees having ;
his bill m charge in either branch of
UuU a Atdat construction , af iU
provision might seriously Interfere will
the properly rights 1ft the District o } Vic
torla and Kaiser Wilhclm , who own prop
crty Ihcro as the hoails ot Iholr respective
nations , and of the Mexican government
which has recently purchased proper- !
nnd is erecting buildings for Us legation
Of course the object of Iho bill , which i
to prevent the absorption of tract
of land in the west by aliens , is well tin
dcrstood , but it cannot hurftho purpose
any to put the measure in such form tha
the property rights of foroigu. govern
inonts at the nation's'capital ' cannot pos
sibly bo questioned.
Tin : alleged outrages at the election Si
Washington county , Texas , last fall , ar
being investigated by a committee of th
United Stales senalo , and a delegation o
witnesses from that region arc nmonj
the most Interesting features of Washing
ton life at this time. The charges to b
investigated embrace fraud , ballot-bo
stealing and assassination. As to th
last , It is alleged that W. D. Holton was
on Iho day of election , shot down in coli
blood by Polk Hill/a negro agitator am
republican politician. Itolton , it i
claimed , was at the time of the murdo
alouo , undisguised and unarmed. Tin
assassin escaped , but was subsequent ! ;
arrested and is now in jail. Kight nc
grocs were also arrested as accomplice :
of his and lodged In .iail. Owing lo tin
great excitement in Washington county
the sheriff , fearing for tlio safety of hi :
prisoners , had them removed lo Houston
When Hill was arrested , however , thoj
were all returned to the jail in Washing
Ion county , and shortly afterwards threi
ihom were taken troni this prison by :
mob of masked men and handed. It wa
claimed by the apologists * of this sum
marj procoodingihat it had no politica
inulivo and was simply an ael of vongeanci
provoked by an atrocious murder. Tin
investigation may result in some inter
esting disclosures.
TiiKitr. is food and to spare in this na
lure-blessed eounlry. Our exports o
wheat this crop year have heavily ex
eecded those of last. Tlio quantity o
wheat exported in January was 8,050,00 :
bushels , against only 4,018,80S in Jan
nary , 1830. For the four months cndinr
January 21 the quantity was in rouiu
number ? 50,1)00,000 ) bushels , while for the
corresponding seven months of the preceding
ceding year it was only 2l , < iOO,00 <
bushels. If the Hour exported bo rcducei
to itsequivalent in wheat it will appeal
that the quantity of wheat ex-ported it
botli forms during Hie seven months end
ing January ai , I8s7 , was 8VliiO.Jl ! : !
bushels. In the i corresponding month :
of the preceding year Iho quantity was
14,1)70,502. ) In other words , for sever
months wo have , boon expoi ling wheai
( including Hour ) qt Ihu rate of 153,000,001 ,
bushels a year.
TIIEIEI : is just anoti&as much sense ii
the now libel bill , which the s nato ha-
passed , as there to in 'the anti-gambling
bill pending in that b&dy. Both oills , ii
enacted into law , would bo dead lettoiv
on the statute books as much as are the
no-treat and anti-swearing laws. Nobodj
has ever heard of a'single instance ol
conviction for treating in saloons or drnp
stores. Nobody coula over bo convicted
for belling live cents , or live dollars
for that malter , on a horse-race or base
ball match. No twelve men will"ever agree
to send an edilor lo the penitentiary foi
libel. The present laws make gambling
nnd libel indictable as misdemeanors , and
punishable by impvflonme'nt and lines ,
When these ) on'unses are made folorues
under any and all circumstances the Jaw
makers overshoot tlio mark.
IT is rather amusing to hear some people
ple object to the partisan police commis
sion , a.s they call it. The same parties
want the governor to appoint the com
mission. That , of course , would make il
strictly non-partisan. Governor Thayei
would appoint mugwumps only.
Tin : city authorities should at once
order Iho gutters ot thepiincipal streets
cleared of ice , mud and ashes. If the
thaw continues there is liable to be an
overflow which will fill the cellars and do
/jronl / damage
A LAW to prevent professional cor-
ruplionisls Irom occupying the lloor of
the two houses with their disreputable
carcasses would 111 ! a long foil want.
A uvici : to the city council jnst now is
wasted. It is holding its sessions in New
Orleans. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
E.x-Senntor Blanche K. Uiuco 1ms turiu-d
Philip IJourko Marslon , the blind poet , Is
about to publish a volume of sloiles.
Buffalo Hill is to lake some society youths
on a huntinsj expedition in the west.
Kx-Uovernoi Hartianft ot Pennsylvania Is
about to become a cltl/en of Philadelphia.
JJlKlit Itov. Wllllnm Mercer fireon , for Iho
past forty years bishop of the Episcopal diocese
cese ot Mississippi , is dead.
Jix-in\ernor Charles Foster , of Ohio , 1ms
made much money recently by Investments
in the natural tas region of that state.
Jay ( idiihl Is snlil lo bo writing a book on
the railway question , which will doubtless
conce'al what Its antljor knows on the subje-ct
lo bo treated , i
( Jeorfo W , Chllds ga\o Miss Itnndail a
costly cloak of laio do sii for a weddini :
present. Congiciainan llusnier fjavo her a
set of solid sHu'iw.uc.
Captain Francis Dawson , editor of tlio
Chailesion News and Cburler , is an KiiRJlsh-
man who came lo this eounlry in iar l to help
the eouleeioralo cause1. Ills paper Is a foituno
for him.
Mr , Pat null's health Is ! greatly Immovecl ,
and ho exjuesses icgre-t that the published
necounts of his inelbposlllon should hmo
beun , In many Inataaccs , BO greatly ox-
acgcratcil , | (
Fortune , aflerso manjvknock-down hlo\vs.
has outdone all preUoiis displays ol IlrKlo-
ness by prosnitlnu' Sir Charles Dlllco with a
li'sacy of BTOO.OOO. The fortune comes fioin
the remnants of Iho Snooko fuiullj , of
which John tjuooko mauled Dilko's cioil
aunl In IbOl ,
IVatterson'rt Check ,
CMr < tyJ Ttmtt ,
Aii eastern paper sa > s that "Walterson's
cheek U as bioad as he.ivcn and as hard as
( ulamaut. " Uut , nlnsl that check Is no
longer kissed by Ihe star-eyed goudoss ot
reform. .
Mr. Cilncoln'8 Klocllon Kxpungos.
Cenlwv/or February ,
When Lincoln ran for cougre&s some of the
rvlilgs contributed a purao of $300 to pay Ids
Jorsonal expenses in the canvass. After the
ilectiuu was over tlio successful candidate
landed back- SIW.25."I did not need
horse ; ray entertainment , being at the house
of frlonds , cost mo nothlnp , and my enl
ontlny was sovcnlv-five cents tor a barrel c
cldnr , which some farm hands Insisted I shoul
treat them to. "
Cousin lion.
Sf. Ml < l I'lan'tr I'rfff.
II appears that Mi * . Cleveland's cousli
Hen Polsoni , lias tiot nrxanlred a base ba
club nt Slicflicltl , Kiif-'liMid , He has , howevci
sent to Washington a irdher e.unost plea fo
a substantial increase in hh sil.iry. It Is t
bo feared that Cousin Hen is not pnctlcln
"JelTersonlan simplicity , " for , on a salary c
Sl,500 ! he certainly ouilit ; lo mnko both cm !
meet In Sheffield , where living Is comnar. !
lively cheap.
When tlio Owl Is Tlilnkini ; .
iMndon Spectator.
Brlchl gleams from yonder moated nnll
The iiiihly clew that strikes the ratler ;
Like Dreamland's UsilUlit echoes fall ,
The strains of music and the laughter ;
Sofl moonbeams o'ei my drowsy pate
( Sloped sideways ) stool , and set mu blink
Voidable not the thmichts sedate
That muster when an owl is thinking.
Like ja > s in man's fantastic btood
So owls decide all mirth runt chatter ;
Hut Wisdom's court I * solitude ,
Her "happiness no laiighlnir matter , "
JNo cares this ti.inquil soul assail ,
Past , pioocnt , Inline , calmly linking ;
The In mental scale
Is balanced when the Owl Isthinldncl
Nel > i-nflka .Jottings.
Harlington is lec-ovcring from a coi :
\S ork has commenced on the canniti ]
factory at Soward.Q
Scward county is.being canvassed fo
aid for the proposed extension of th
Elkhoru Valley road.
A party of coaster ? , boys ! \uel " rty ! ? , 01
the linlievtieliill , collided ft-Itli"a cow
seriously in jut ing threu of Ihu young
'Ihe largest single deal in Ilaslings rca
cslato Ibis season was Iho purchase o
foity acres immediately east of tlio fai
grounds tor $47,500.
The fire at Arapalioe last Saturday do
stroycd Anguish As Co.'s elevator , 'will
1,000 bushels of corn. GOO of wheat , soim
barley and llax. The total loss wa
A big packing house is lo be built ii
Nebraska City this year. The town con
linuos nugging the cheerful delusion tha
in ten years it will rival Chicago as i
packing polnl.
Gotiienburgors have gene down inU
their jeans lo raise f5OUO ! lo build am
operate a Hour mill , with an elevator at
tachiuent , P. Wigg , of Omaha , is ono o
the subscribers.
A social and moral contention is ragin ;
on the hilltops and sheltered canons o
Belloyuo. The gills declare with a blusl
and a pout that the boys live in gins-
houses and should not throw stoues
There , now !
The call tor bids for the next Gram
Army reunion lias been issued by the do
partincnl commander. Bids will closi
jMnrch 13. A tract ot 210 acres of Jane
will be icquircd to accommodate the en
Nebraska City lias caught the first joy
ful glimpse of the proposed bridge ovei
the river at that point. The Uurlingtoi
will build it. This will make the tfiire
bridge over Ihc river inlo Nebraska be
longing lo Ihe company.
The Nebraska senate is entitled to tin
the hearty commendation of every grave
digger in the land. A bill lo cncourngi
the planlingpf husbands has passed Ilia' '
body , providing that widows shall occupy
the dwelling ot her deceased husband a :
Jens as she i cumins a widow without pay
ing rent. This will strike landlord
where the bills aic Miort and increase tin
elangoioua charms ol widowhood.
Iowa Items.
Davenport has iwenty-six churches.
The Stiito Savings bank of DOS Moines
capital ? oO.OOO , has been incorporated.
Sioux City is promised a packing
house with a capacity ofjQW hogs pei
day. -
The upper ton of DCS Moines havi
organised a club with a capital o
The Iowa Underwriter' union will holt
n session at Ues Moinca on Wednesday
February 2U.
The expenses of the public schools o :
Davenport for the present year are estimated
mated at ! f9,710.
A Cedar Kapids toboggan club has
been incorporated under the laws ol
the state with a capital stook of $1,000.
The Knighls of Labor at Dubuque.have
placed a city ticket in nomination. 0. A
Vojlker , a dry goods merchant , is the
candidate lor mayor.
Ogden had a i ? 10,000 Tire Saturday night ,
supposed to bu tlm work of an incendiary ,
Three .stores , two hotels and several
dwellings were consumed.
.1. A. Smith , state mine inspector for
the district comprising the nvrthei'storn
parlof thy state , ; that the total
ewtuut bt coal lor the past year in lilt
district lo bo l.OtlJ.SOO tons.
Snow is six feet deep in the gulches
are unit Deadwood.
/J'ho outlook for a building boom in
Sioux Falls was never , so good as at the
present timo.
Vllas is excited ever the discovery of
soft coal at that place. The lind svas
made while digging the town well ,
A sonii-ofiicial report of the gold and
silver product of tlio Hlnok Hills for hist
year places the total at s .SfiO.iW . ? , This
does not Include the ores and base bul
lion shipped out of the Hills.
There is no monotony in the cllmalo
in the vicinity of Sioux Valla , From Sat
in day morning until Sunday evening the
thermometer varied sixty degrees , n
greater variation than is k"nown in soinei
climates during the whole year.
In n trial before a justice of tha peace
at Load City , during the temporary ab
sence ot the court , the plainlin" whipped
Iho defendant while the attorneys kept
tlm crowd back so they could liglit. The
court then returned and the trial pro
Tlio Now Juelliiinl 1)111 ,
WIMT : POINT , Neb. , Fob. 15. To the
Kdltor of the ) KIK ; : Wo have just read
the new judicial apportionment bill and
wo .say emphatically that it is ono of
the biggest frauds on the taxpayers that
was ovtir conceived in this .state , so far
n tlm suvtmlli judicial district is con- ,
Jiirnud , Just ttunlc of it. Our present
[ udgu is ocuupiod but four months In the
i uar attending to the business of eight
lountlos , to wit : ( . 'tuning , Stanton ,
Madison , Wnynu , Knox , Cedar , Di\on and
Dakota and Ulaokblrd. To this it i3 pro-
po ml lo mid Autolopo and Pierce , two
hinly populated counties , and give two
judges , What an imposition this is , and
tow soft a thing for some of our legal
it-homers. The very essence of check is
shown in the introduction of such u bi'u ,
ind tlio people hero are a unit in hoping
hat it will ue voted down.
P. S. The Information In regard to
ho above bill was gleaned from the
Jinalia Herald , but 1 see by the lii.i :
hat two counties art ) added to the
lovonth , Antelope and Pierce , with only
mo jtulgo. ThiK is somewhere near an
t shquld bo. WiUi the enlarged district
ho judtro can attend to nil business In
> \x \ months at the outside. We hope the
tan's rauart is uorruct. ' U'S. .
Additional Pacts and Figures Gleaned Fron
Actual Shipping Bills.
Relief From Exorbitant Charges of th
Railroads in the State ,
Furtlior Statistics For Opponent * o
Jinlhvuy llcRtilntlnn to i'u/.zlo
Oier iMoro Itnrd Nuts For
the Omnliix Freight liti-
rertu to Cr-nulc.
A Second Ol
Last fall when tJcneral Van Wycl
made his campaign , ho astonished hi ;
audiences by reading the slalemont tha
the ft eight on a car of nails from Ornalu
was considerable over $100. The figure ;
in my letter yesterday , as those follow
ing , exhibit the same rale of robbery , am
show that Mr. Van Wyck's claim wai
only too true. If Iho legislators will lak <
Ihu limo lo work u few examples in com
mon multlplicuiion , the result will a
least surprise them. Take , for example
this problem. Crete Is 87 miles fron
Oni'Uin , or was , under the old schedule
It is nearer now , but doubtless the rate re
mains unchanged. The fourth class rate
of freighl to lhat point from Omaha is 3
cents \ ccut loss than from Ohicago ( al
ir.ost 500 miles ) to Omaha. Figure on r
car load , say fifteen tons. Sometime !
twenty tons arc put in ono car. Hut lit
luen tons , tlio 87 miles , would cosl Ihe
surprising sum of $ U2I The railroads saj
Ibis "short haul " Hut- lot
is a , - us sot
about the long haul. Takolndlanoln foi
Iho point. That would bo 283 miles from
Omaha 100 miles further than Crete ,
\Vo find by the same minplo multiplica
tion that at the fourth class rate and il
must be remembered Hint there arc no
"car-lot" rates given fifteen tons , one
ear load , would cost $150. This shows
the advantage ( ? ) of a long haul. If these
nuts will bo cracked , as I po along , the
legislators v/ill have an opportunity to
obtain the richest kind of meat tioiu
Up at Wahoo , where the Union PacHic
and 1J. As M. operate together , the. rate of
freight from Omaha , 5S miles , is 20 cents
for first-class and 1 ! ) lor fourth. Coal
sells for ? 7.00. Chicago rale on corn is
M cents.
At David Citv , 111 miles from Omaha ,
coal sells at $7.00. Kntc oi trcigUt is 40
and 25 cents from Omaha. It costs 5J3
cents to ship corn to Chicago.
At Ulysses , a few miles below David
Citv , where there is no opposition , coal
was selling at $7.59 per ton. The Omaha
rate was raised to 40 and 30
cents per cwt. And in order to draw-
corn from David City , the Chicago rate
was only ill cents.
At Central City. 03 miles from Omaha ,
where the B. As Al. and Union Pacific arc
supposed to compote , coal costs ? 7.00 per
ton , and the rate of freight is 51 and 40
cents from Omaha. At York , a distance
of about 23 miles , all the rales arc the
North Benei is on the Union Pacific Gl
miles from Omaha. Rock Springs coal
.sells at § 7.00 , while the rate of freight
from Omaha is Ul and35 cents per 100
Schuyler is the next town , 71 miles
from Omaha. Coal sells at the same
urico , but the freight rate in those thir-
lecn miles is increased 0 cents on first
class and 5 cenls on fonrlli , making a difference -
ferenco of $15 per car for thoao fifteen
miles. The rate on corn to Chicago is ! J2
cents , to Omaha 11 cents.
Clarks Station , 121 miles from Omaha ,
or 50 miles beyond Schuvler , coal sells
a ( Tie sahio pl'ISe , but the. freight is
raised 10 ccnls per hundred , b.'ing 06 and
K5 ccnls. The corn rate to Chicago is
raised 4 cents , notwithstanding that Irom
Clarks to Chicago is a "longer haul"
than from Schuylur !
Gibbon is the next Union Pacific town
where I made investigation. This is
183 miles from Omaha Oi miles further
than Clarks. bells at the same old
price $7 per ton but I found that freight
rates were a litllo more than "holding
their own. " In these sixty-two miles the
rale is 20 cenls more per bundled , being
70 and 47 c nts.
Plum Creek , 231 miles from Omaha.
Hero coal sells at $7. Hate from Omaha ,
79 and 57 cents. Corn rate to Chicago , 45
cents , and to Omaha , 20 cents.
At North Platte , 2ll ! miles from Omaha
and that much nearer the mines , coal was
selling at $7. The rate Irom Omaha on
freight was 80 and OJ coiits. it Irf aeon
by this that a carload ol dry goods weighIng -
Ing fifteen tons , from Omaha lo North
Platte , would cost the modest sum of $258.
It would be unjust to say that there was
any extortion in this , but the conclusion
is at once drawn that the Union Pacific
folks are doing a safe business.
At Columbus , another Union Pacific
and 15. it AI. point , coal was polling at $7.
The B. A : M. was selling Canon City coal
the fcanio us the Union Pacific sold Hock
Springs. This was lively competition.
I was shown a ghastly freight bill on
fifteen tons ot hard coal from Omaha to
Columbus , ! H miles i1) ! ) . Tlm Ireighl
rate on merchandise from Omaha was 11
and ! ! 0 cents. Corn to Chicago 33eenlaT !
lo Omaha 10 cmils.
Norfolk was my next town. Hero wo
have the Union Pacific and Klkhorn Val
ley. 'I ho freight rate is advanced ac
cording to the number of miles. The
town is 112 miles from Omaha. Coal sells
at $7. Mr. Kisloy , hardware merchant ,
and a memuer ot the present legislature ,
showed as a sample ot freight rates the
following : A car of nails fioin Wheeling ,
W. Ya , cost to Chicago , ? ! ! Qj from
Chicago to Omaha , W ; from Omaha to
Norfolk , 142 miles , ifG7. With sueh an
exhibit there In no u o to quolo Iho ratu ,
Like the B. A ; M. company , the Union
Pacific has a coal field of its own , Jt
also places Iho prieo sf7 being Iho figure
this year ; allows its sub-ngents $1 per
ton for hauling , and allows only the
Hock Springs and Carbon coals to bo sold
on its line. So much for the Union
The Klkhorn Valley road is not any behind -
hind the times in the mailer of charges.
The town of West Point is IK ) miles from
Omaha , Their hard coal was selling in
November at $1 ! ) , Hock Springs ntf ! ) anil
Iowa coal at i < l. The rate of freight from
Omaha was 18 and ! ! 0 cents for UO miles.
The same rate from Lincoln
At Neligh , on the Fremont , Klkhorn A
Missouri Valley railroad , 177 miles fioin
Omaha , I found that this company had
its "pasture lands" nil to itself There
is no Wyoming or Colorado coal out hero.
Illinois soft coal sells at $3 , Iowa $ ' 1.50
and an Ohio coal at f 10 , Mr ( Jalaway.
a dealer , said that they could not alibrd
to handle Kock Springs coal atthalpoinl ,
: is the Union Pacific would charge $5 per
car lo switch at Norfolk , undthoKlknorn
company wanted $2 per car to ship to
Norfolk only U1 miles , The rate of
freights is 72 and 41 cenls from Omaha
tnd Lincoln same. Corn to Chicago US
: ents and to Omaha 25 cents ,
O'Neill. 200 miles from Omaha. Fort
scon coal sells at $8 per ton. At O'Neill
most of the eoin is shipped west The
rate to Valentine , lift miles , is 21 cents
in coin. The rale oi freight from Omaha
s 85 and 50 cents ,
Atkinson. 223 miles from Omaha. Hate
> n corn lo Omaha 27 cents. To Chadron
ill cenU ) . The freight rate from Omaha
s 89 and C'j cents , quito nn. advance on
lia aa uuuu. From i'romout the freliiiit
rate is 75 and 44 cents. This dliloronc *
works seriously against Omaha.
Long Pine , . 203 miles from Omaha.
Iowa coal sells for $1j no other kind can v ,
bo obtained. Halo of freight from Omaha "T k
$1 first and CO cents fourth ,
Valentino , 32U miles from Omaha , is
where hard coal soils at $17 per ton and
Iowa soft coal sells at ? 9 nnd 10 per ton
all on account of freights , Hates at this
point arc 1 1.2 1 first nnd G7 fourth. Thus
it will bo soon , at this low rate , a car of
dry goods , fifteen tons , would only cost
$3W t girl.
In southeast Nebraska I failed to find
anything cheerful or encouraging. At
North and South Auburn the rates wcro
about t ! > o same , showing that Iho Mis
souri Pacific and Ii. & M. were not com
peting ,
At Hluo Springs , Wymoro nnd Deal-
rico the Omana rate was CO cents for
first and 25 cents for fourth. Why there
should bo more difference in the olnssca
at these points than anywhere else ill the
state was not explained. ,
A freight bill from a dry goods firm nt
lecuuiseh shows thai 2,500 pounds of dry
goods from Chicago to Tceumseh cost
At Nebraska City I found that the
freight rate from Omaha Is 43 and 110
cents ; from Lincoln IW and 10 cents. The
r.Uo on corn to Chicago is { 50 cents. A
strange thing is that the rate is Ihc same
from Unaiidilla , ( Palmyra , Syracuse ,
Dunbar , and all slalioiiH between Lin
coln and Nebraska City , 57 miles , while
out west a lilllo ways I have given fig
ures above which show that 15 nulei
made a difference of 4 cents on Chicago
corn rates.
A business man . showed mo a freight
bill reading : '
cage , Hurlington & Quiiiey claims to run
into Nebraska City.
1 found merchants complaining that
they could not buy corn because Iho com-
puny would roluso them cars lo ship ,
although they wore satisfied they could
pay a better price than elevator men.
There could bo fifty columns of figures
printed showing how a few miles in ono
locality would raise the rates , while in
another 15 or 20 miles make no differ
ence. Thoicwas food for calm rellec-
tion in yesterday's article , and the above
figures and facts ought certainly move
the legislature to action.
Ai , FAinnnoTiiiu. :
Tlio Only Farmer.
Chicago Herald.
John II. Ucagrui , of Texas , will bo tha
only farmer in the senate of the United
Slates after Iho lib of March uc.xt. In
the last census year there wcro in thin
country 7,000,000 farmers and 01,000 law
Government by lawyers in a republic
which might as well be. governed by edi
tors , dentists , or physicians , was well
illustrated the other day in the senate
when a bill fet bidding members of that
body from acting as attorneys for land-
grants and oilier subsidized corporations
was emasculated so as to mean nothing
before it could receive a majority vote.
No reason can bo advanced why a law
yer should nol have as good a claim on
the American people for the honor of
holding their olliees as any other man ,
unless lie shall forfeit it himself by his
acts. The attitude ot the lawyers in the
senate respecting Mr. Hook's attorney bill
amounteel to sneli ; i forfeiture , and was
an announcement to the people thai , as
legal clhics arc now construed , the law
yer is not a lit man to hold all the olliees.
This conclusion is the moro irresistible
because every lawyer in the senate ex
pressly declared , when the Beck bill was
under consideration , that ho thought it n
great hardship that mon in his profcision
should bo prohibited from its practice
simply because they wore in the govern
ment service. It will bo useless to argue
the point hero involved wieli Ihc average
political lawyer. Ho can see iiotliiug
wrong in his serving Jay Gould and
Huntington at Ihe same lime that ho is
Supposed to 1C ? fftl'Yjng the jKiople. and
no amount ot talk will ever convince lilm
that there is anything wrong about it.
The thing , then , for the people lo do is lo
have a lilllc moro catc m selecting their
If it were found that nine-tenths of the
members of congress were diuggists and
lhat every acl Ihey passed lesulled in
some mysterious way in increasing the
price of medicines , it is altogether likely
thai Iho voters of every party would see
to it that the representation was changed
in some respects. That is just what must
bo done with the lawyers. There are too
many of them in Washington. They are
not necessary there. The government
aan bo carried on without them.
They have pushed themselves forwar
until the people hayo eonU.n&Curcdl
jo me to or.Sldcr them indispensable.
i-ovv they have tako.i. ad vantage of Ihis
jomplaconcy and are attempting to make
: hi ( world believe that it is a great injus-
; ice to deny them the right to not for the
jorporations as well as for the people.
When a hundred or moro of these men
lave boon unseated they will discover
heir usefulness as attorneys for the sub-
> uli/.ed roads grow out of the fact that
hey had scats in congress. Any furtlior
comment upon the morality ot their ser-
ice would bo unnecessary. Perhaps they
vould Ihon be able to see il themselves ,
A Voffio from IMaetn County.
Wisr : HII.I , , Nob. , Feb. 11. To the
vditor of the Bee : I wish to make public
ny sincere gratification to the Bin : for
ts unwavering course in exposing the
leapotism and oppression of railroads
ind other monopolies which tend torn-
lueo thousands of cili/ons of the United
Stales to a condition akin to abjcel bla-
cry. The indomitable perseverance of
ho Bun in the eauso entitles it to the
trongcst friendship , not only of the far-
tiers of Nebraska , but of tillers of the
oil throughout the entire Unilcd Stales ,
The notion of the state legislature in the
eeont United States senatorial election
ully demonstrates that Iho people have
10 voice In the halls of legislation , The
ofeat of a man like Senator Van W.yolc
/hose upright course in congress has
ivun him a national reputation , very
ully illustrates the political degradation
f ceitain law makeib , Jt id evident Unit
ho insatiate corporations are nol satisfied
, 'ith their present e.xtorlioiiH from the
irmeruof Iho country , whom they are
( ceding at every pore , but they mo
oldly attempting lo deprive Iho masses
f the free riuht of sutlrago through
ribory and corruption. No man with
onimon sense would wish to ignore Iho
nirtli of capital as long as it keeps
ithin the bounds of propriety , but when
. oversteps these bounds and becomes
t'rannlcal , thus oiidangoiing popular
berty and cndoavorjnjr to eni-th out the
Ights of the working classes , then it In
Igh time to bound tlm tocsin of alarm.
I is high limo lor every citi/en to rise
( dependent of party , to pioteet tlioso
bertiec that have been handed down
om the revolution
Although the Hon. 0. 11 Van Wych
ill bo retired from the senate , the illus-
ioua principles ho lias advocated so
larloissly in thu councils of the nation
> r the last six yours will continuo to live
ml grow Hliongor , The time will soon
unio when Iho law will interpose and
raw a line of demarcation between the
Iglits of capital nnd inbor. The time
ill soon coino when the agriculturists of
10 country shall have their wrongs fo-
rcssed ; When the mechanics ami labor-
ig classes shall have their rights lecog-
tied and receive u just and *
mnoratiou for tbuir labor ,
, Joim H ,