Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, January 08, 1887, Page 4, Image 4

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bnllr Womi.isf Edition ) including Humlay
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For Six MontM * rit )
IVirThrro Months " W
Tlio Oinnlm .s tulny UKK , mnllod to nny
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OTAHA nrrtrn , No Ptisn Bl FAnvAM [ - . . . . . . . . .
Nrw VOKK OrrtrB , IKHIM ( W./rwiirxK lir.ii.iiiwq.
t orrice , No
All ootnmunlontionn rolntlni ? to news nn < l edi
torial nmtt or nliuuld bo ud'lrussod to the Kw >
ion or mi : Urn.
jit'sisnssr.r.TTEns :
All business letter * nnil romlltnncos should bo
nd < lrohoil ID TIIK Unit 1'L'iiMHiilM ) Coili' ,
OMUI.I , Dniflg , clicckq nnil po t < it7leo orders
to bo mnilo imyublo to tlio order of the comimtiy ,
E. llOSEWATEIl , KniTon.
XHI3 JHAltiV 11T3E.
Sworn Statement of Circulation.
Stnto of Nebraska , t
County of DotiKlas. fs's <
( Jon. H. Tzfclmck , son-clary ot Tlio Hoc
Publishing coinjMUiy , does solemnly swear
tlmt the nctiinl circulation of the Dally Bee
lor Iho week cmlitiB Dec. Hist , ibiO , win ns
follows :
Sattmlav. Dee. 2 , " M.W
Htinilav. Due. > irt.mft
jMntKinv , Ioc.U7 ) ii. : KV >
Tui'silav. Dof. a * iiiw : )
WediioMlnv , Dee. 'J'J ' A'M
Thtirsdav. Doc : ; o 1:1,175 :
1'rlday , Dec. ; .inr.5
Average I3.s 8
( ! KO. i ? . TZHOIIIICK.
Subscribed nnd sworn to before inn this 1st
tiny of .Inniinry A. I ) . , ISsT. N. P. Fntu
ISKALI .Votary 1'nbllc.
( ! co. B. Tzschuck , bclnc first duly sworn ,
deposes and says tliat ho Is secretary of the
lice I'nullsliliiRcompany , that Iho nciu.ilnv-
nnco daily circulation of the Daily Heo for
tlio month ot January. 18V ) , was lO.ilTS roples ,
for February. WO , 10,6'J3 copies ; lor March.
IbMJ , 11.037 copies ; for April , 18SO , lllit ! !
copies : lor May. issrf , 12,47.1 copies ; for June ,
Jbifi , 12,203 cnple : for .Inly. 1S < > nrjU : I copies ;
forAnciist , Ibhfl , 12-ir > l coplosfor.September. ;
IbfcO , HUM ) copies ; for October , ISsfl , ia , S'J '
roples ; for November , issn , iais ; ( copies ; for
December , IbsO , 111 , 7 conies ,
Quo. U. Tzsrmjric.
.Sworn to and subscribed before mo this li-t
clay of .Jannary A. D. 1W.
( SKAL.I N. I' . Fiur. . Kolary Public.
Mu. DODO Ar.r.H lias become a sadder
if not ii wiser man since the legislature
ALTHOUGH tlio thermometer is away
below zero a heavy tlennuul for lightning
rods is nolcd : il Lincoln.
Tun proposed prohibition ainendmcnt
which was introduced on the first day of
the session will probably bo referred to
the committee on ] "Internal improve
ments. "
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ - ,
Tan message ofiho governor of New
York occupied just two newspaper col
umns. The message of the retiring gov
ernor of Nebraska spread out over seven.
At this point comparison etuis.
Mug , Cor.UY desires it distinctly under
stood that the Br.E misrepresents the
cause of female stifirago when it says that
it is a forlorn hope. Wo cheerfully give
Mrs. Colby the benefit of her confidence
in the triumph of the cause. Mrs. Colby
has always been of a very hopeful east of
Tin : senatorial situation in Indiana is
in such a shape that it is impossible to
make any confident prediction regarding
the result. Thcro really appears , however -
-over , to bo very little solid foundation fern
n liopo that the republicans can re-elect
Senator Harrison , however desirable such
a result may be.
IT is rather remarkable that no report
about the organization of the legislature
and the senatorial outlook was tele
graphed from Lincoln to the associated
press. Thcro was so much gloom and
despondency in the Jottrnul ollico that
they had not time to make up the usual
dispatch that "every indication points to
Van Wyck's defeat. "
Mu. CAMrnKI.L , who illls a seat in the
senate from Douglas and Sarpy counties
and prides himself on being a straight
out btalwnrt dyed-in-the-wool demo
crat , could not ease his conscience enough
to vote for a republican colleague from
his own county for acting president of
the senate , bat lie could vote for a radical
republican from Nance county who was
on record for prohibition two yeard ago.
Tun inevitable panacea of the protec
tionist politician for all commercial ills
is to'increaso the lanll' . The governor of
Maine in his annual message recom
mends as a rcmedj'for the fishery troubles
the levying of such increased duties on
the fish sent by Canada to Iho United
States us would practically if not wholly
exclude- Canadian fishermen from our
Tun prompt action of the sonata on
Thursday , in voting Mrs. Logan a pen
sion of $3,000 a year , will bo heartily ap
proved by the country , and there is of
course no doubt that the bill will pass the
house without opposition ami be promptly
approved by the president. It is a grati
fying fact in connection with this legisla
tion that it secured a just recognition of
the widow of General Francis P. IHair to
an equal claim upon the bounty of tlio
nation , ( ieneral Blair was hardly less
distinguished ( ban Logan among the
volunteer soldiers of tlio war for the
union. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ „ _
DUIUNO tlui past two years ninety fives
were hut at the railroad grade crossings
within the limits of Philadelphia fifty-
two in 1885 and thirty-eight in 1880. Such
a sacrifice of life duo to the neglect of the
railroads to provide adequate protection
for tlio public at the places of danger re
flects more severely upon the authorities ,
who Imvo tolerated the neglect with u
full knowledge of the danger , than upon
tlio heartless corporations , to which the
expenditure involved in providing pro
tection outweighs all consideration for
the lives continually endangered , A
Philadelphia paper states that ttio I'enn-
eylvauia railroad operates forty-six miles
of roadway within the city limits , and of
the persons killed on crossings last year
twenty-seven owed their death to this
company. Nearly all of the Heading's
roadway in Philadelphia is a menace to
the publio , ana the charge ngainst the
company for last year's deaths ia eleven.
At this time a young woman is lying at
horhomo in Philadelphia in a critical
condition , the victim of a collision in
wiiich a train of the Pennsylvania com
pany ran into a street car. The authori
ties of Philadelphia are inexcusably cul
pable in this matter , which may perhaps
Uo fairly regarded as another evidence
of the pernicious intlueucp of the rail
road corporations over these who adujiu-
Jter the affairs of that municipality.
llic InniiRtiral ,
Governor Thaycr's inaugural follow
ing Immediately after the long and tedi
ous racssngo of the retiring governor was
necessarily brief. General Thayer made
no attempt to deliver a flowery oration ,
but contented himself with a plain mat
ter of fact expression of viowa on a few
important topics. After warning tlio
legislatuto against hasty legislation , the
governor makes an important suggestion
with regard to the separation of the in
curable insane from patients whoso
minds are only temporarily clouded.
Our insane hospital was or-
iginall intended only for the treat
ment of those who could bo cured ,
but it lias , now become a mad-houso and
hospital combined. The keynote of the
governor's inaugural Is an appeal for a
radical reform of our rovcnuoaw3partic !
ularly in methods of assessment and tax
equalization , General Thayer urges the
legislature to revise the rdvcnuo law in
two essential particulars. In the first
place he recommends that all properly
shall bo assessed at Us full market value ,
but that the levy thereon shall be uni
form at cither one-third or one-
fourth of the anspssment. This would
do away with the wholesale perjury
which the assoseora are obliged to com
mit tinder the present methods of under
valuation , and would put an cfleetual
stop to the exemption of moneys , mort
gages , bonds and slocks which are not
rc'.nrncd under the present law. In
other word : ) , Governor Thayer recom
mends that a man who owns a mortgage
of $1,000 shall bo laxod on ifaS ! ) or ? -50 ,
as the case may bo , in equal proportion
with the real estate appraised at § 1,000.
The capital of banks would bear Iho
same proportion of the tax as
the bank building and lot which
the bank lists lor assessment. Another
very important suggestion is that the
state board ot equalization , made up of
state officers , shall bo abolished and its
place taken by a board made up of one
commissioner from each county. Such a
board could act intelligently and fairly
in equalizing assessments from the vari
ous counties.
On the railroad question Governor
Thayer takes practically no position
whatever. lie makes no reference to the
railroad commission and has no remedy
to suggest for Imperfect railroad laws to
remedy notorious abuses. Labor and
education are viewed by the new gov
ernor from the standpoint of the masses
rather than from that of the favored few
and his remarks on both are forcible and
The inaugural , as a whole , while in no
way brilliant , in a creditable and com
mon sense production.
Care of Now York.
It was made evident several months
ago that the president had made up his
mind to the expediency of taking the best
possible care of New York in the distrib
ution of political patronage. His indiffer
ence during the first year of his adminis
tration to the demands and claims upon
his consideration of the democracy of
that stale operated to the serious detri
ment ot his popularity. The democrats
of New York felt , warrantably or not ,
that they had the first call on the presi
dent's favor. They took to themselves
all the credit of his extraordinary politi
cal advancement. They refused from
the first to acknowledge a divided claim.
Without denying , as they could not do
with any show of reason or fairness , that
except for republican disaffection Cleve
land would have been dcfenlcd. they
nevertheless hold that this impojcil no
obligation upon the president to go out-
.side of his party lines in distributing his
political favors. Mr. Cleveland , how
ever , entered tinon his administration
with a different view of his obligations.
Ho knew perfectly well that "for every
elective oliice to which ho had been
chosen , from shorill * to president , he was
indebted to the votes given him or with
held from his opponents by disaffected
republicans. His disposition waste
to recogni/.o this and give
tangible evidence of bis gratitude ,
which ho did in several well-known
instances. In the ordinary till airs of life
such an impulse is always to be com
mended and is followed generally with
advantage , but it is dangerous In politics ,
and earned too far may prove disastrous.
Mr. Cleveland has apparently learned
this fact. Ho found , or his faithful lieu
tenants for him , that his friendship for
the mugwumps was rapidly and surely
sapping the foundations of his strength
with his party at homo. An adroit and
ambitious politician , having the advan
tage of constant communication with the
party , was profiting by tlio president's
neglect of his political friends and sow
ing broad and deep the seeds of dissen
sion. The situation was nearing a crisis
when the shrewd perceptions of Manning
and Lament discovered the dangerous
drift of the tide and convinced the presi
dent that he must act at once and hero
ically , The first Hill outpost was carried
when Ilcddcn fell , and since then Now
York democrats wearing the Cleveland
brand have been in demand for every
ollieo to which thov wore eligible. Sev
eral of them are now making their hab
itat in Washington , others have gone or
been appointed to go to the territories ,
and all the opportunities have not been
exhausted since Mr. Cleveland has still a
year and a half in which to provide for
his friends before the next national 'con
There is very good reason to believe
that the president's change of front
improved his position with tlio democ
racy of Now York. Ho is un
doubtedly stronger at this tune with the
party in that state thanjho was six months
ago. Hut there is also reason to believe
that his excessive solicitude for Now
York democrats is losing him friends in
other directions. There are symptoms
of a very decided revolt in at least two
quarter's ngainst the overflow of the
Cleveland contingent from the Kiupiro
state. Our Washington dispatcher of
yesterday morning contained reference
to a spirited interview between the presi
dent and the doU'gato in congress from
Dakota , in which the latter sharply crit
icised the appointment of Now 1'ork
men to be governor and assoclato justice
of that territory , disregarding the form
ally expressed voice of its people and ignoring -
noring the platform declaration of the dem"
ocraoy with ruspcctjtosuch appointments.
It was also noted that the leading demo
cratic club of Washington had passed
resolutions denouncing the course of the
president in appointing men from New
York nnd othdr states to offices in the
District of Columbia and tlio territories ,
in contravention of the party platform.
It is for Mr. Cleveland and the friends
who arc supporting his ambition to suc
ceed himself to determine how much
farther Jio can safely go in his partiality
for Now York politicians. Of course if the
question wore one simply of the relative
influence of tlio aemocrals of Now York
and these of Dakota and the District of
Columbia , there would bo no difficulty in
deciding the matter from the politician's
point of view. The territorial demo
crats would bo ignored. Itut the party
elsewhere must have some interest in the
discriminating policy of Iho president ,
which also involves the repudiation of a
pledge of the party.
Governor Daxvcs' Farewell.
The farewell message of Governor
D.iwes , although unusually lengthy , is a
very creditable production. It treats in
detail every important question that is
likely to require action on the part of the
legislature. While we do not agree with
many of its recommendations and con
clusions there is much that can bo com-
njonded. Tno exhibit of the state finances
nnd revenue is very complete , but the
estimates for running the state during
the next two years are cxtravncantly
high. This , of courio , is done
with the idea that the legislature
is always sure to cut down
when it makes its appropriations , Wo
most decidedly disapprove of the gov
ernor's recommendation to continue the
present unjust method of exacting from
counties pay for each patient that goes to
Iho insane asylum , when the legislature
makes a general appropriation for the
maintenance of the asylum , and the
taxes therefor are levied upon the prop
erty of the whole slate. ] f this system is
proper with regard to the in = ane. , it
should bo also applied to the peniten
tiary , deaf and dumb institute , reform
school , feeble-minded and other institu
Mr. Dawes makes very brief reference
to the dismissal of Superintendent Mat-
thowson. Ho simply says that for cause
sufficient to himself a change was made.
The legislature before confirming the now
superintendent will doubtless make in
quiry as to the pressing reasons for Dr.
Knapp's appointment a few days before
the session opened. On questions of
education tlio governor is in the main
sound. Mr. Dawes is a little vague on
the question of the penitentiary and con
vict labor , lie recommends the continu
ance of the present lease system without
material change. This is a problem with
which the present legislature will have to
grapple. Wo are now taxed over $100,000
a year for the maintenance of the peni
tentiary , and this tax will increase from
year to year. Quite apart from the ques
tion of Iho propriety of employing con
vict labor in manufactures , it is a
problem whether or not we cannot make
the penitentiary nearer self-sustaining
than it now is.
Mr. Dawes wobbles and straddles the
railroad question. Ho admits that slate
and national regulation of railways has
become a necessity , but he hangs onto
the bogus commission as the only propel
medium through which the shippers and
producers can be protected against ex
travagant tolls , favoritism and discrim
ination. Since the governor was practic
ally the creature of the railroads through
their policical machinery , hi.s recom
mendations on this point will carry very
little weight with honest representatives.
Tin : lobby sit Lincoln are putting in
their time in the interval between the
opening of the session and the senatorial
election , with poker playing- and wire
pulling. A visit of tiie salvation army to
tlio state capital would boa timely assault
upon the outworks of the enemy.
IT is prnbab'lo that the ready made leg
islature manuals which the Lincoln Jour-
nnl had on hand before the legislature
met will be dead stock- unless they come
down to the market price of the lowest
CniCAfio is thrilling with news of an
olopmcnt in high life. Chicago is bound
to on metropolitan from its pork packing
houses to its society sensations.
WHKN the legislature reconvenes on
Monday , the Douglas delegation should
be in trim to attack the intricacies of the
now charter.
Oilier IjaiulH Tlinn Oirs.
The British cabinet has at length been
reconstructed on a coalition basis. Mr.
Goschcn , the former liberal loader , enter
ing the ministry as chancellor of tlio ex
chequer. Mr , Gosehon is a man of con
spicuous ability. As an authority on
finance he stands perhaps next to Mr.
Gladstone , while ho is hardly loss skilled
on the loading subjects of domestic ami
foreign policy. The offer of a cabinet
scat to Mr. Goschen is the widest thing
Lord Salisbury has done during his min
istry. He makes n man of conspicuous
financial ability chancellor of the ex
chequer ; ho keeps the liberal unionists
together , refraining from removing their
loader to the government benches , and
ho places Lord Randolph Churchill
whore ho cannot with good grace antago
nize the government. Lord Salisbury
could make concessions to Mr. Goschen
with more dignity than to Churchill , and
while there is little prospect of avoiding
a rupture between the old and now lory-
ism , tlio elevation of Goschen is a very
clever makeshift.
One elfoet of tlio appointment of Mr.
Goschen as chancellor of the exchequer
will bo the encouragement it will give
the blmctallists. Mr. Goschon has for the
past two or three years taken the ground
that the general fall in tlio price of com-
modules , an well as the tratlo depression
throughout the world , has boon duo , in
a great degree , to the demonetization of
silver nnd an advance in the value of
gold. As a represontati vo of the banking
interest * of Great Britain , his opinions
on this question have had some weight ,
but in the impoi tant official position to
which tin has now been called bis'views
may have effect on the policy of the gov
ernment in its attitude toward the silver
coinage question.
The reported alhanco of Germany and
Russia has been the leading topic
of continental discussion during the
week. The agreement is more in
the nature of a compact by whoso terms
Russia will remain neutral in a war be
tween Germany nnd Franco , and Ger
many in a war between Austria and
Ru ia. Even in this limited form the
covenant would bo a direct sacrifice of
Austria by Germany and of Franco by
Russia. . It would be a fresh proof of Bis-
nmrck'fi resolute determinfttion to main
tain peace iu Europe , pven at tho. price
of giving Russia a right of way in Bui
garia. For Russia it would TJO a cool re-
liiiquishmcnt of the doubtful chances of
a French alliance for freedom to work
her will in the Balkans. The bargain
certainly would not be one-sided. Yet it
might have its drawbacks. Suppose
Austria and Kngland should com
bine against Russia , with Ger
many neutral , how could she
look to Franco for aid ? Or ,
when Germany's struggle comes with
Russia for the military nrbltorship of Kit-
rope , would she expect help from humili
ated Austria ! The reported alliance may
force Kngland to light single-handed
against Russia in Central Asia nnd de
prive her of an opportunity to contend
ngainst this enemy inn general European
conflict on European battlefields with tlio
assistance of European allies. Continen
tal powers will not grieve if this shall bo
the result. None of thorn is moved by
warm friendship for Great Britain. It
has been plain for some time that Russia
has strengthened lief position on the
northern frontier of Afghanistan am
India slnco the temporary settlement ol
the boundary dispute. Next spring may
see a war in that region with conlinnhta
powers complacently looking on.
- *
The rumor that nn alliance is content
plated between Bulgaria , Servia and
Roumanin , and that these small Dan
ubian powers have made up their mind
to maintain a composite army of no less
than four hundred thousand men , np
pears to bo founded on n certain basis of
fact. The idea of a Danublan eonfodcr
ntion arising suddenly out of this ruins of
Turkish tyranny and offering ' powerful
opposition to the ambitions of both Rus
sia and Austria , as well as affording a
substantial barrier to their progress
toward Constantinople and Salonica ,
would very likely find much favor in the
eyo.s ot the Latin nations , but
it is to bo feared that it would
got small comfort and smaller support
in Berlin. King Charles in Roumania ,
King Milan in Servia , and Iho Bulgarian
government , all have formed a high esti
mate of their collective importance , and
each realizes that , taken alone , the coun
try which he or it represents \f \ likely to
be ruined by the shock which would come
from the conlliet of the great national'
ities * So much attention has been devoted
voted , since 18Ti" , in Servia , Roumania
and Bulgaria to the development and
shipment of armies that each nation pos
sesses really line troops. Everyone re
members how the English sneered at the
Roumanian army in 1877 before it took
the liold , and all-remember also how well
and valiantly that army behaved when it
had got fairly at work.
* < V
The British government have deter
mined to countenance and support the
expedition for the relief of Emiii Buy at
Wnddy Ly ( or Wadelai ) , and it is stated
that the British representatives at Xan-
xibar on the east and the Cameroons on
the west of Africa have been instructed
to give all the assistance in their power.
The Egyptian government add $ . "iO,000 to
the funds already raised by private par-
tics in Great Britain. Henry M. Stanley
will be in absolute command. He left
London for /Zanzibar on Thursday ,
and will take his old route through
Uganda , thus directly facing the hostile
tribes that have KO long threatened Dr.
Emin , if indeed they have not already
destroyed his small force. It will be re
membered that Dr. Eniin'.s last received
letter , dated early in' July , expressed
small hope of holding out miieli longer.
Stanley is said to have declined an oiler
of sj 10,000 to return to America and com
plete liis lecturing tour. It remains to
bo seen how he will settle with his man
agers in this country , seeing that he docs
not go back at the command of the king
of the Belgians , but on an entirely dif
ferent business ! .
There is a firmnoxs , and a cheerfulness
withal , in the present attitude of the
Gladstone liberals toward the ministerial
party and the liberal-unionists , tlmt indi
cates a belief in the minds of tlio former
that all things arc working well together
for the ultimate pacification of Ireland
and the general good of the United King
dom. They seem to have grounds for
believing that they can return to power
whenever the situation justifies them in
seeking to resume Iho reins of govern
e # *
The refusal of the Rothschild syndicate
to join in any further loans to Russia
malces the prospect of immediate war
very remote. Russia is in the curious
position of being compelled to knock at
Teutonic banking houses in order to se
cure funds to fight Teutonic Interests.
The science of war is becoming more and.
more the science of finance. Russia could
light a defensive war without money ; self-
defense is the privilege of the
poorest nation. But grand aggressive
movements demand sums beyond the
ready command of n minister of finance.
These enormous debts of the great
powers are exorcising a very conserva
tive influence upon Europe. The artificial
war cries raised in Berlin to create a
scare as to the intentions of Franco do
not t.iko the popular thought oil'of the
financial burdens of the fatherland ; nor
do the energy and histrionic acts of
General Boulangor save the army esti
mates from being wl/ittlod / down. Russia
finds her application for money denied ,
and the demand of the French ministry
for a largo budget is denied. Therefore
it is safe to say that for the present the
burking powers of Elir ° l)0 will not bite.
Vopy Iilkoly.
"Family wines" are advertised out west ,
They are probably fixed up in "family Jars. "
( ieorgo W. Childs Ims'an Income of gflOO.OOO
a year.
M. Bartholdl has been piomoted to the rank
of commauder of the L6b'ion of Honor.
Michael Davitt will bo the guest of honor
at a banquet iu New York on the 17th in
The wlfo of the well known. Dr. W. H.
inondofNow York hag Just falleu holr to
PIlKrhn Is the nnmo of n now "boy
preacher" of sixteen , The publio will take
nn interest in Pilgrim's progress.
Dr. Evans , the American dentist In Paris ,
wliq used to plug Louis Napoleon's teeth , Is
now owner of the Paris Morning News and
the American Register ,
Congressman Tlllmnn , pf South Carolina ,
never wears an overcoat , and In the coldest
weather leaves his sack coat unbuttoned , fie
Is sixty years old and In uqod health )
Bob IiiKcrsoll recently signed his name ) o
a sentiment on 'exhibition In u Wall street
cliar-caje , whoso proprietor lately sent the
eloquent freethinker a complimentary box ot
Havana ? . Ho wrote : "Let us have a good
smoke in this world not In the nest , "
Better Sc.o Him Imtor.
7v" < iiiM , Cily Jimninf ,
been suggested that Tennyson rewrite -
write "God Save tlio Queen" for N Ictorla's
reining jubilee. Better see him sixty yenis
later. _ _
A Mint to Sailors.
ft'ctr Jtttftn Xcicf.
Sailors should always carry n little Western
Union stock nbout them. Then if they cet
wrecked and without water they can squeeze
the stock.
To Accommodate the "
Over eight thousand miles of new railroad
track were built In the last year. The In
crease was made toaccoiumotlalo the theatri
cal companies , which must have ties to walk
back homo on.
Tottipcraiico and Prohibition.
I'lillailrlitfila Jiujiifirr.
It seems a little singular to rend In a cur
rent news Horn that "crent tompeianco work
Is belm ? shown in Maine ; " but we presume
it's all rich ) , llaviui ; tried prohibition for a
tiencrattoii , the Sunrise state Is now nbout to
try temperance.
To Critics.
U'aHrr Learnni in ' { 'lie Ctntary.
When 1 was seventeen I heard
I'lom ' . 'neli censorious toiuue ,
"I'd not do that If 1 were you ,
You see you'io rather yoimi ; .
Now that I number forty vears ,
I'm quite as olten told
Ol this or that 1 shouldn't do
Because I'm quite too old.
Oearplmr world 1 If Nino's an nto
U'liuio youth and nmnhooil keep
An eipial poise , nlasl 1 must
Have } iisscil : it Iu my sleep.
KofjxtlnIn In niiio Who
mid Doubtless Swore a lilt.
An Old Army Surgeon , in Chicago
Ledger : I know a girl who at the begin
ning of this war was so filled with patriotIsm -
Ism , and BO weighed down bv a sense of
duty , so carried away by an adventurous
impulse that .she followed the squad of
boys who had enlisted in her neighbor
hood , and dressing as a boy enlisted ir.
the county town. J lor friends , discovering
the long nuir she hud cut from her heat'
and the clothing she hail thrown oil' it
her father's barn , gave immediate pur
suit. As they were driving into the city
they saw walking uloiig the sidewalk
smoking a cigar a young fel
low who had the same sort
of face as Hie girl they
were in pursuit of. They stopped and
accosted the young fellow , and were
treated to such a shower of epithets and
such an exhibition of bravado that they
admitted their mistake and apologi/.ed
for it. An hour later ono of the party
found the same young fellow deal lily
sick from smoking a cigar. Ho called
him by the girl's name , and found that
after all the young fellow who had done
such hard swearing was the girl they
were looking for. She was taken homo ,
and afterward entered the service as a
hospital nurse. In tlui last year of the
war I found her again in men's clothing ,
crying as only a broken-hearted woman
can cry , over a light-haired man , shot
dead in the charge at Resacn. She cared
nothing then for exposure , and went
homo in a willow's dress.
Another girl , 1 remember , had a picas
niitcr experience. I was thoi examining
surgeon at ono ot the recruiting camps
early in the war , and on one occasion as
I passed down the line of a company
formed in open order for muster and in
spection , I noticed as the hands were
held out one sot that to my practiced eye
belonged to a woman , i xiid nothing at
the time , but after consultation with the
colonel had the recruit with the feminine
hands brought to headquarters. The
bright-looking soldier admitted in two
minutes that she was a woman , and
in two days she was at homo , A year
after that 1 was at a ball in Washington.
As 1 stood a little aside from the
main party , wishing that I was in front
with the army.a young lady came toward
me , bowed with exaggerated stillness ,
and as sjio straightened up wont through
the motions of obeying the order : "Eyes
right , " She offered mo her hand and
thanked mo for something that she sup
posed that I had done and walked away.
She was pretty enough to bo the belle of
the occasion , and I saw that she took
considerable delight in my confusion of
mind , all of which I understood later
when 1 learund that she was my recruit
with the ladylike hands. She afterward
told mo that she owed mo a debt of grati
tude for stepping in at the right time to
break down her romantic notions.
G.iriiolll at College.
Brooklyn Magazine : Ho had a wonder
ful capacity for study , a genuine love for
work , anil the ability to ' 'keep it un. "
His mental activity was far from being
limited to the requirements of the regular
college work. Ho was just as earnest in
the debates and other literary exorcises
of the Philologian ; ho road widely and
thoroughly , ; pursued with practical dili
gence more studies than wcrq in the reg
ular course , was editor-in-chief of the
college magazine , taught a writing
school , and engaged in various other lit
erary work , and all with a hearty thor
oughness that would not slight any portion
tion of the field of effort , it was not in
him to do anything by halves. What
ever his hand found to do ho did with Ids
There was a remarkable balance and
symmetry in his mental constitution , not
amazing strength on ono side , counter
balanced by ama/iiiLr weakness on
another. Gifts originally considered at
variance worn happily combined in
him. llo could excel in pure mathe
matics , and in poetry in strict logio.nnd .
in the , beauties of rhetoric ; in tin * pa
tient study of minute and numerous facts ,
and in masterly grooping and generaliza
tion ; in clear conception of a plan of
action , and practical ability for its execu
His energies worn never expended in
aimless etlorts , They wore guided by good
judgment and thoroughly under control
of his will. Indeed , of all his mag
nificent intellectual endowments , the
grandest was this , the ability to
concentrate all his force when and where
ho would. And this ability ho kept al
ways in exorcise , so that his powers were
over in process of development. Intel
lectually uml morally ho never stopped
growing. Where others lagged or worn
lost in the intricacies of the plain , ho
would go on and gam a commanding
height. A noble thing to sea is the
human will directing the onward march
of human powers. A nobler thing by far
is the will subordinated always to the
supreme right. And this last crowning
glory must in all justice bo awarded to
him , that ho rocogni/.ed and obiiycd what
was rightfully dominant. Nor did this
obedience result from a more cold and
severe sense of duty. Ilia unflinching
courage was united with the most loving
The young men rooming in Crcighton
block , who , by the way , are a clover nnd
popular set of gentlemen , entertuinud
their friends Thursday night at a euchre
Carty. The affair was thoioiighly enjoyed
y the twenty-live or more couples pres
ent. The ladies' prize was won by Miss
Ella Scott , the irentleman'o pri/.o by C. U.
Sherman. B. 11. Smith secured the gent
leman's booby prize , a valuable tin horn.
S. IJ. Jones , assistant general p
igent of the Union Puciiic , left for the
Judge Uahct'a ' Katlicr Bemftrknblo
Tale ,
How ( lie llnml of fan Assassin Was
Stayed by Otio ol'Olil Abo'a Yarns
Other Anecdote * of the
Ijnincntud President ,
Tiulgo Usher , of Lawrence , Kan. , re
lates this incident : After Pnino was lui.
prisoned for his attempted assassination
of Seward , ho for a long time koi > t a
stoical silence. But ono day , after his
sentence , he broke info tears as ho made
his sorrowful confession to General
Eckert. Among other things lie said
was this : "I was appointed to assa si-
nsito Lincoln , nnd fully intended to do so.
Everybody knew his custom was to go
over to the war department after all the
duties of the day were over for the latest
news from the seat of war.and 1 expected
to shoot him on ono of these trips. But
after i took the contract he did not go
over at nights for two weeks , and 1 was
reprimanded , so 1 determined to find an
opportunity. 1 stood behind a tree the
night after my reprimand , when Mr.
Lincoln and another gentleman unex
pectedly pushed inn. 1 wailed for their
return. As they j-assed Air. Lincoln was
telling a story , of whieb 1 eanght a sen
tence. J followed with my pistol cocked ,
but waited to hear tlio rest of the tttorv. "
Then lie related the story. "The delay
saved him , for they were soon joined bv
others , which prevented my shooting. It
was a night when the shee.t-ioo < JH the
ground made so much noise it was not
easy to hear. "
By this and the particular story mon-
tlontid , General Eekert identified the
night as ono on which he had accom
panied Mr. Lincoln to and from the war
In the fall of 1S03 t was sent ( by Gov
ernor Ted ) with Governor Deifnisou ,
John A. Gurley and Lars Anderson as a
committee to Washington to inform Mr.
Lincoln of' tlio threatening of the bor
der. At the while house wo were in
formed ho was at the cottage at the
soldiers' home. Wo drove out there and
found Mr. Lincoln had gouo to bod. J
sent him a card stating our business , and |
wo were taken upfstairs. . We were in
formed that Mr. Lincoln would see us in
a few minutes. He soon followed the
messenger. Air. Lincoln had on only his
drawers , shirt , slippers without socks ,
and a long robe do ehanibro. Ho sat
down , crossed his long limbs , then throw
Ills robe over him. Ho dissipated any
ideas of royalty wo might have had. We
then told him our business ; among other
things I told him if the rebels knew how
exposed wo were they would soon bo
upon us.
Wo had no trained soldiers , and wo had
rebels in our midst whoso treacherous
communications might bring the south
upon us any day.
When we had finished Mr. Lincoln said :
"Well , what would you advise ? "
"Advise , Mr. President ! We did not
conio hero to advise the president of the
United States ; wo came here only to tell. "
"Well , what would you do if you
were IV"
I said : "Mr. President , as yon ask mo ,
I will tell yon what wo have thought.
Wo need gunboats on the Ohio nnd bor
der states of Ohio. Indiana and Il
linois should be. organized into ono mili
tary department and put under the con
trol of a good soldier and sensible man.
And , further , if the soldiers could bo
sent when recruited to Cincinnati , and
drawn from there as needed , it would
at least afford us the appearance of de
fense , and restore the feeling of &eeurily
to our citizens. "
Mr. Lincoln replied : " 1 will think of
your first suggestion , but 1 have tried the
camp business and 1 do not like it. It is
all draw out and no put in. 1 do not like
it. 1 have no regiments to put there.
The fact is I do not carry any regiments
in my trousers pockets. "
Jin then gave us a card to the secretary
of the navy , to whom wo repeated the
story next day. The secretary replied
mipereiliously : "This department is dif
ferently informed.
A current story in Washington circles
oven yet is that at the funeral of Colonel
Baker Airs. Lincoln wore a lilac silk
dress with bonnet and gloves to match.
She was much ridiculed at the time by
the papers , and Washington society
circles felt outraged. So much was said
of it that ladies who wished her well at
last persuaded an intimate friend of Mr.s.
Lincoln's to tell her of the impropriety.
The friend went to see her barely worked
up to the point of remonstrance.
Mrs. Lincoln met her in the vestibule ,
exclaiming : " 1 am so glad you have
eomo. i am just as mad as I can be.
Mrs. Crittondon has just been here to re
monstrate with mo for wearing my lilac
suit to Colonel Baker's ' funeral. I won
der if the women of Washington expect
me to inullle myself up in mourning for
every soldier killed in this great warn"
The lady here said : "ButMrs. Lin-coin ,
do you not think black more suitable to
wear at a funeral because there is a great
war in the nation ? "
"No , I don't ' ; I want the women to
mind their own business ; I intend to
wear what 1 please. "
Further remonstrance was not offered.
After ono of tlio receptions at the while
house Judge Peck was walking up and
down the east-room with Mr. Lincoln ,
who looked exceedingly sad and every
now and then throw out hi.s arm with a
pathetic gosturo. The judge Haul : "Air.
President , may ] inquire what distresses
you to-night ? " "On , Judge , " ho Biiid ,
as ho clasped closer the judge's arm"this
is Friday , black Friday , hangman's day.
The dr.y they execute farmers' boys for
falling asleep at their posts down on the
Potomac. If 1 say an.ythlng they say I
interfere with arn'iy discipline. Oh , I
can't bear it ; 1 can't bear it.
Once I heard certain politicians ndviso
him to prevaricate on a certain subject.
Ho said : " .Now , gentlemen , it. is of no
use , 1 can't liu ; I'vo tried it , and 1 always
make u failure. "
"After 1 had been in Washington some
time , " said a well known Washington
lady , "my husband , an army ullietir , was
ordered to Hilton Head , and I desired to
follow him. I applied to Mr Stanton
for permission to do NO and was refused.
1 told Mr. Lincoln , and ho wrote mo this
note : "
DKAH STAXTOX Mrs. Is a personal
friend of mine , ami 11' not very danueroin to
the public wclfuru 1 wish you would nivo hur
u permit to vibit her huslnuid. Li : ; < ui. : , ' .
The permit was refused.
I remained in Washington until near
Iho close ot the war. About November ,
before the assassination , Judge Peek-
went to Mr. Lincoln , who was staying
out at the cottage , and said. "Air. Pres
ident , General Jlunlcr and I bolh feel un
easy to have you hero without a guard. " .
"Mow , Peek , " Baid ho , "no one wants
to kill me ; Hamlin is u great deal wor o
limn I am. lie's a black abolitionist.
What good would my death do anybody ?
Besides , 1 can't always be thinking of
death. Our soldiers look the grim mon
ster in the face daily ; why .shouldn't 1 ?
Now you want mo to ride with six of
these tall fellows to the front of nt , and
six to the rear , like old Frederick , 1 sup
" "
"Yes , and six on each side of yon , too ,
for that mutter. Now , .Mr. Lincoln , if
you don't object , wo shall place an un >
obstrusive guard over you.1'
ft was done ; no one nHsus.ina : -
tlon , only abduetiiin waa
The result is well known.
Charles Ross , fo.rnu'rly ' a clt-vor and
popular P-a.Uoii ho.ti'l clerk , has Liken a position at Ute 'Mor.oiaiils ) ,
Stories Altoiit Statesmen nnil Anoo
dotes of the Average American.
Washington Correspondence Boston
Traveler : Senator Cnmden was busy at
his desk looking over his correspondence
when n gentleman entered and shook
him cordially by the hand. Cnmden had
n puzzled look upon his. face , but ho con
versed with the visitor for some llitlo
timo. When the gentleman left , the
senator turned round anil said to Mr.
Kcnnn , his colleague : "John , who is that
young follow ? " Kenirti replied : "Great
Scott , Cainden , that is the young lieuten
ant who is going to marry your daughter
next week. " A few evenings ago Cam *
den thought he would go to the theater.
As it was raining , ho borrowed an tur- '
brolla from his private ferretarv , nnd
marched down the street. When no ro-t
turned , his secretary was astonished to-
see him como Into ( ho house dripping
with rain , and Ills new silk hat all but
ruined. Camden had walked homo in
tlio storm without his umbrella , simply
because ho had forgotten that ho carried
one to the theatre.
New York Correspondence llarlford
Times : Oneo in a while even the un-
nwed humorist meets Ids match. Mark
Twain was traveling In a car on the Now
York & New Haven road a short time
ago with two clerical friends who o com
pany ho Is particularly fond of. The
throotSiit together In the ear , and onlv a'i '
export could have distinguished Murk
from the clergymen. The three heailH
were bent to a focus while Mark was re
lating ono of his pilgrimage experience * ,
when 11 fourth head was unsteadily in-
sorled in the eirele , and a boozy though
sympathetic faeo was upturned to llstm.
Tlio head was gently shoved aside and
tlio three resumed their pow-wow. Ag'i n
the ruby-tipped nose was inserted , and
again it was shut out. When , for a third
time , the head appeared unabashed , hlui
.1 jaok-iti-l bo-box , Mark lost patience ,
and , hunehiiiir up Ins broad shoulder , ho
slid the head back along the top of the
scat , remarking gravely : "My friend wo
are settling a delicate doctrinal point
touching damnation , and wo want you to
keep your bond out of danger. "
AH ho drawled out the last word the
drunken head fell over the end
of the ( > eat back with an emphasis
that made its teeth rnlllo , but the owner
soon lifted it nnd stuck it back in the
ring , muttering plaintively ; "Why , dea
con , you don't seem to care a - lor my
Washington Correspondence Boston
Traveler : Ike Hill , tlio dopnty wrgotint-
nl-nrms of the house of representatives ,
is a character. Ho is a democrat of dem
ocrats , and hails from the state of Ohio.
Ike never refers to the republican party
as such , but calls them "abolitionists.1'
When a member desires to bo paired in
the house , ho notifies ono of the "whips. "
Mr. Connors , of Maryland , is the republi
can "whip , " and Ike acts for the demo
cratic side. Those two men arrange all
the pairs , and so careful are they that
there has never yet been any trouble
made or dissatisfaction at the manner in
which they have conducted the matter.
Boston Record : Ono day an Andovcr
professor slopped in at one of our town
stores to buy a hat. The shopman showed
him two one for sfit and ono for § , > .
While the old gentleman stood hesitating.
us if he could no happy with either were
t'other away , the salesman said blandly :
"If you will permit mcprotc tier , 1 should
bo pleased to make you n present of thid
hat , " holding out the most expensive one.
The professor took it , tried it on again ,
shaped it teiiderly to his while head and
replied sweetly : "Oh , thank you , 1 am
very much obliged to you , but what did
you say the price was ? " "Five dollars , "
answered the shopman , bowing ; "lint
nothing to you , sir. " "Well , i really
thank you very much , but if it is all tlui
same to j'ou 1 think L will take Iho % ' ! ) hat
and you can give me the dill'orenco in
change § 3 1 think you said , "
Washington Critic : One of the mm
employed in the ireasnary vault was d H-
charged , mid the order took oll'eetit
once. When ho failed to appear the next
morning it traiisnired that ho was the
only man in the department that knew
the combination of a certain safe in the
vault. Thereupon a message was sent to
the discharged employe , asking him to
eomo to the department and surrender
the combination , but his answer was to
the elf DC t that ho would not do anytlmig
ot Iho eorl unless he was paid $ l.V > tor In.- *
information. To break open tinFII o
would entail an expense of at least , fifty
dollars , and , after considerable haggling ,
the money demanded was paid and the
government regained the combination.
Tliu 1'i'ospcctor.
Chicago Herald. "The queerest thlnjr
in the whole mining business to mo ,
said a bright eyed and talkative passen
ger from the west , named Eastman , "is
tlio prospector. 1 .should think KOIIIO
good writer could take up the prospector
and make a hero of him , or put him in
a play as a central figure. Ho comes into
town all excited ; ho flics so high ho can
hardly touch the ground with his feet.
His fuca is radiant , and ho can hardly ab
stain from talking with every ono Im
meets. Finally , ho picks out u well -to iln
citizen , takes him aside and whispers iu
liis ear :
" 'Pvo struck hnr. Slrnok her rich this
time. Got her sure. A big lead ; sum
fortune. All I want is a chance to .show
her up. Say , grub-stake mo and I'll give
you half , it's ' a fortune for both of us ,
ami no mistake. '
"Probably this citizen doosn't put up
the grub-stake. Ho has heard Iliii same
story before. But somebody does aprub-
Nlake , you know , is an outfit for working
a mining claim , consisting chielly of food
to keep the prospector going while at
work digging and away ho goes , hop
ping and Hk'pnini ' ; into tlio inountaiiiH.
"In a few months ho returns. Hi/ / ]
plumage hangs between his legs , ns it
wero. Ho looks sheepish ami shame
faced. Ho siieaks around the camp a few
hours and finally musters up couni o
enough to go to his backer und report Urn
failure of the claim.
In a few wool. * or months the name per-
fouiiauco In gone through with again.
Again hu is jntt as confident as he was
bcioro , jiut us radiant , quite as sure that
hu ha.s 'struck bur struck her at last , nnd
big at that , by gush. ' Ho gets anotl r
grub-stake , and fairly files with wings into
the mountains. A fi < w moro months and
he is iiaok again , just as shamefaced as
liu was the other time , quite as crest-
fallen. In this way ho goes un year
after year. Why , I know men of tins
sort who liuvo boon engaged in that way
for ten or twelve yours. Two or three
limes n year they are rich and as many
times poor , llopo seems ittornully spring
ing from their breasts. They are notv
no less confident when they think t"iy
Imvo htrui'k a rich thing that tiny were
us tenderfoot no loss radiant or oxtrnva-
.Cant in their promi-ies. Most men would ,
xftursix or eight yoar.s of this sort of
tiling , losn a liulo ot their buoyancy , lit
least lone tlieinailve ) down a litllo. But
not so with the prospector. Ho gees on
\nd \ on , hunting lor grub-stakes , winning
fortunes in his mind anil lining HIKIII , in
Fact , until death comes to Ins relief. "
'I lie stockholder * of the Pacific I\ .
> ross coiiipuny held their nnni.'al < O.TI it'll
rtiursday for the purpose of sole-cling ire
colors. The follow ing goiitlemi-n v\ , ro
sleeted : ( ' . F. Ailunis. Boston ; A. H
Jalof. New York ; IJ. ti. H. buiith. .SiM.
/oiiis ; L. A. Fuller , .St. Loulr. K M.N. .
Slarsman , A. F. lieclicl , Omaha. J. N.
i , Kansas ( 'il.y.
The board of traTuTill nU-ot atG
I'olook this afternoon to siilout a n i.lh
ncmbor of the board of di.rwetor > . The
ijiiiu.ul inuutuig of thu tourU will bi. ] 1C
HI Mupdny