Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, August 22, 1886, Page 7, Image 7

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The Old ami the New A Ohaptcr of Inter
esting History Concerning Onmba.
A l'a t. Store-House of Supplies of
nil Kinds Cor ( lie Depart
ment oT ( lie I'liittc.
; irrlfpi ! ) fur llic Om'iliit Ni/wfrrj / ; tier. }
The terminus of North Thirteenth
struct to-day is the yards ol tliu Union
Pacific. From a distance , this terminus
is outlined by n jiair of dark rod build
ing' , ovc.r which , a brace of monster
smokestacks , not inaptly suggesting
those ol a Mississippi steamboat , rise tea
a great height. The.'o buildings an ; tlio
ear shops of the prosit railrond men
tioned. Tlioy arc of comparatively recent
construction , lunvovur , ami are the sue-
cossor.s of an institution which had long
been identified with the civil and military
history of the state.
Six years ago tiio terminus of the street
mentioned was a xvhitewashud , lo\v ,
board fence. It could easily be seen
from Parinun street , though it obstructed
Hie view of " everything behind it.
To .strangers , it suggested the loeui bury
ing place , but to citizens it outlined
what had been erroneously , styled
"tho corral.1' This fount1 , howc.ver ,
which in the bright moonlight , shone
with peculiarly solemn brightness , has
disappeared , and with it tin ; govern
mental buildings whluh it hid from view.
7 he former lias probably expired in
smoke , and the latter , theoretically at
least , have boon incorporated in the
buildings which later haye arisen within
the contines ot the present quartermas
ter's depot on the Union Pacific track ,
south of the city.
As well as can now bo ascertained , the
"corral" was established in 18ii ( ( under
General William Myers , who was then
mmrlcrmnslcr of the department of the
rlatto. Tliu lir t department commander
was ( iuncral I'hllip St. George Cooku.
ttlK OLD rOltll.U. .
The "corral" had an irregular outline ,
I cing bounded on the south l > y Webster ,
and the west by Fifteenth street , and on
the east by the Union I'acille. railroad.
The buildings were of frame with bat
tened sides , and , with tliu exception of
the stable anil shops , were painted a dull
red color. The latter were treated to
semi-annual coats of plebeian white
Thesp structures were not remarkable
for their beauty. They were intended to
subserve/ practical purpose , and were
to lie paid for by government appropria
tions , which , in those days , were not an
ci ; y matter toiulluoiico. The contractor
was the late Colonel Win. Btiumor , brother
of John Baumcr , of this city , and lieuten
ant colonel of the First Nebraska regi
ment in the late civil war. The structures
were about twenty in number , and were
utilized as otlicos , storage rooms , stables ,
mess rooms , and wagon sheds.
The ollioers , however , held their places
of business in tin ; city , at one lime over
the I'irst National bank building , on the
corner ol Farnam and Thirteenth streets
now torn down , later on one of the lloprs
of Hellman's building , at the intersection
of the Same streets , and later still , at the
corral itself , when all the army officers
wore ordered to move their headquarters
to territory controlled by the govern
When the ofliccs were in the city , the
telephone had not been discovered. The
electric key had not been utili/edto estab
lished connection between both points ,
and , as a consequence , orders and an
swers from olliees to corral and return
were borne on the licet jimbsof a Bucoph-
alus. under the direction of the courier ,
Larry Mangan. These wore busy days
for tlds gentleman , and they were busy
tlays for Ids horses , which he rode almost
with the energy of a pony-express driver ,
und the dignity of a Noy.
The "corral" was scarcely a year old.
when it was dyed with the blood
of a murdered man. Barstow ,
.suporintondent of the tinartermaster's
depot , was shot and killed by the store
keeper , a man named Most. The af
fray commenced in a simple manner ,
ami ended in Barstow being shot from
behind. lie survived two days , and his
last hours wore solaced by the kindly at
tentions of two men now in town one
ot whom is Mr. Frank Bryant of the
Commercial National bank. Most was
tried and sicnuittcd. Subsequently , 1m be
came a member of the police force , later.
a detective for the Union Pacilic , ami
linally disappeared.
In the fall of 1870 , General Myers was
succeeded by ( jonoral Perry , who had
e.omo from Washington. Major Belcher
became depot quartermaster. ( Jnncral
Perry is now on the * Paeilic coast and
Major Belcher is in the quarter
master's depot at Denver.
In 1874 General Perry was relieved by
Colonel Ludington , also from Washing
ton , and who is now stationed in Phila
delphia , and Major Itobinson now in
Boston. The latter , ' , however , ( lid not
wait for tlioroliromontof Col. Ludingkm.
Ho was earlier followed by Maj. Kirk ,
now a resident of Atlanta. This goutlo-
man was the predecessor of Maj. J. V.
Furey , The latter gentleman was relieved
about three years ago , going first to Santa
I'o and thence to Chicago , whore ho is
now stationed. Shortly before his leaving
bore , Maj. Furoy was appointed as act
ing chiet quartermaster of the depart
ment , while ho also performed the duties
of quartermaster at the depot. This gon-
tlonum is still warmly and affectionately
remembered by many citizens , whoso
regret over his transfer was based not
less upon his ability as a military ollleor
than as an nllablo , courteous and
admired gentleman in civic life.
it was during his administration that a
question all'eeling the permanency of the
corral at this point , arose. Itwasclaimed
that the institution had boon , or would be
transferred to Cheyenne anil simulta
neously to several other points. The
rumor , such as it was , was strengthened by
the fact that the Union Pacilic company ,
which owned the ground upon which
tlio "corral" stood , and which was leasing
it to the government at the muiiili-
cent Mini of sf 1 a year , wished to resume
control over it for the purpose of in
creasing the number of its shops , Nearly
every town in the trans-Missouri country
wanted the "corral , " and was
willing to guarantee any inducements in
order to secure it. Omaha was aroused.
Some of the people saw danger in the
ease , others affected to fool that the
move would prove only a childish scaro.
These also claimed that the alleged
individual or set of individuals , who , in
some mysterious manner , won. always
conspiring to "cripple" Omaha , wnro
really a myth. Mont practical citi/.ons ,
however , met , resolved , wont to Wash
ington. secured an appropriation of
about $30,000 to bo expended for a now
government depot "at Omaha. " They returned -
turned jubilantly and then found that
certain interested parties desired to have
those tt,000 ) used to enlarge the grounds
of Iho present fort , and , upon the onlarg-
mout , to have the "corral" established.
The project failed. A subscription was un
dertaken and with the amount obtained ,
$5,000 the situ of the present quarter-
master's depot , a part of the Slum estate ,
was purchased. Some delay was ex
perienced in granting the government
the tltlo it desired , but that was finally
auoompliMlied , and in ItJSO lliu work of
clearing the ground and erecting the
buildings was commenced ,
The pluco was taken possession of in
1SS1 and the change effected in it has
bccu soaHMvhr.t rouiarkukle. An iiuir.-
\iting hillside has been transferred into
a irsmlon , and graded roads have suc
ceeded the steep incline" " ! of other days ,
it is no longer styled the "corral. " Al
ways a mi homcr , at the request of Cap
tain MeOsiuloy , the present officer in
chargoit is always poken of by those who
desire to appropriately name the place
as the quartermaster's depot. It is sit
uated between Twentieth and Twenty-
second streets and is bounded on the
south by the Union Paollic road. It com
prises about liftecn acres , surrounded by
a stone wall , upon which is erected a
dark brown fence studded on ( lie ridge
with a crest of desperate-looking nails.
There are two entrances on Twenty-
second streetthe most northerly of which
is located near the northwest corner of
the enclosure. From this corner the
ground slopes to the south and eastform
ing an Incline which insures almost a
perfect drainage. The entrance proper
is through , the southern gate. On the
right hand , as OIK ; enters thelnelosure , is
Iho little vine-covered watch-house , in
which , nt turns , three men stand wateh
and ward over the > o who enter and go
out , and nt the same time look out for
lire. To the left is a cindered road lead
ing to the north , passing on the west and
north sides four large frame warehouses
UOxiJU feet. In the first of these is
stored grain ; in the next , timber ; in the
third , iron supplies ; and in the
fourth , stationery and leather findings.
Further along oh the north side of the
enclosure is the brick oil house , with a
large barn for hav.nlso iiOxJSO ; ami an ice
house NMK''O feet. At this point the en
closure is bounded bv Twentieth street ,
along which the line runs for a short dis
tance , thence extending obliuuely along
the Union Pacilic track to Twenty-sec
end street. Keeping well in with the
line , Is a stable of 100x80 feet , callable of
accommodating forty-live horses , then is
found the coal shed with a capacity of
100 tons , following which , in succession
come two w < igon sheds , a wood shed , an
other stable and a one-story brick build
ing in which are the blacksmith , wagon ,
carpenter , ami harness shops. In the
lirst of these last mentioned , the presid
ing villain is John Moodie , a well-known
feoh of the land ot the "brown heath and
shaggy wood , " while the attending ey-
elops fs James Green , ot the island of
which his name is expressive.
Surrounded by all these .structures , are
quartermaster's depot and the subsist
ence store in one largo building , and the
ollleo of the superintendent of the yards
with adjoining carriage wash room.
The depot proper is a handsome build :
ing , consisting of a center part of two
stories high and forly-livo feet square ,
Hanked on either side bv a wing about
eighty-live by thirty feet. In the southern
of these wings are the commissary sup
plies , comprising every tiling to bo tound
in a lirst-elass fancy or staple grocery.
In the northern wing is stored quite an
amount of personal goods belonging to
oftlccrs , while in the extreme northern
part is the clothing storehouse. In thu
central building are located the oflicos of
Depot Quartermaster. Capt. McCauley ,
ins chief clerk , together with the other
clerical employes of the depot. These
arc Messrs. C. II. Townsend , Thomas
McGrano , E. Parmeleo , Will Browne ,
George C. Ward. A. Wilson and E. W.
Duval. Larry Maniran , the gentle
man mentioned above , still acts as
messenger. John Wallace , the superin
tendent of the yard , has been in the army
employ for twenty-eight years. The sup
plies contained in" all these buildings aroused
used to supplv Forts Bridger , Douglas ,
Laramie , MeKinnoy , Niobrsirsi , Omaha ,
IJobinson , Kussel , Sidney , Washakio ,
Montezuma Creek and Du Chesne , be
sides Campa Medicine and Pilot Buttes ,
and Cheyenne and Ogdcn depots.
On either side of this depot is a beauti
ful lawn , that on the east stretching to
the north and terminating at a storehouse
in which arc stored probably seventy
lockers with records that have accumu
lated during the last lit'teen years.
The lawn on thu west is of triangular
form with a rounded terrace iront
facing itho building. The grass is
in excellent condition , and the surface is
as bright as exceeding care and sunlight ,
can make , while throughout Flsyhoto
extent not an inequality may bo distin
guished. At intervals , it is studded with
eatalpa trees , with top-heavy branches
and ugly leaves. Those trees , Captain
McCanloysays , with their slim trunks and
heavy boughs , break easily in the wind ,
and do not seem to have found favor
with those in care of them. Little patches
of geraniums contrast nicely with the
bright green of the grass , anil add
considerable beauty to the scene.
On tlie border of each of these plats ,
skirting all Iho roads , run brick drains
with sinks at intervals , into which the
washings of the road How , thus prevent
ing the accumulation of mud at the bottom
tom of the grade , and keeping the drain
tiles from being clotrgod ,
The sides of the depot are in many
parts overrun with creeping vines , and
in some places these latter clamber ill-
most to the windows of the second story ,
where there is a peculiarly brilliant com
bination between their lively hue and
the rod and whit * stripes upon the awn
ings of the windows.
These aesthetic and grateful embel
lishments , as well as a number of prac
tical improvements , are to bo credited to
Captain McCanloy , n genial , scholarly
gentleman , who , as successor of Major
Furoy , has been in charge of the depot tor
three years past.
As one turns to leave the depot , ha
catches au excellent view of the pretty
part of the city to thosouth. The ascents
and hills are studded with trees ,
half disclosing , half concealing
beautiful little liomss nestling beneath.
Through the openings the walls of the
now Brownell Hall may bo ween ,
while , further to the south , by following
a range of bin Us , the eye may trace the
faint outline of the Missouri , rolling
seemingly on their crests. The depot
itself , in its surroundings , partakes of a
more rugged and retiring beauty in the
solemnity of a wood rho remoteness of
which its erection was the first todextrov.
] : . A. O'DniKN.
Northeastern Nebraska.
NOIIKOUC , Nob. , Aug. 20. To the Edi
tors For several weeks frequent ruins
have helped all interests but haymaking.
The outlook for corn , flax , Into potatoes
and vegetables is very promising. Only
on now breaking and very poor tilled
land does the corn lee ) ; inferior. From
the Missouri river to Noligh the appear
ance of the crop ? is much the same as
good as could bo inked for. The prairies
are a deep green , and the fall food is
superabundant. Wild fruit is aso in
abundance. Thus , after an unprecedented
July , the heat and dryness has not really
done much damage , and it 1ms caused
the harvesting and having to be done in
extra good order. Reports from the
northwestern homestead region are also
favorable , so the condition of the thou
sands in that region who have recently
settled is likely to bo comfortable , ami
the railrond building will give them em
ployment at good wages. The soldiers'
reunion sit Norfolk has commenced under
favorable auspiocos. The now insane
asylum at Norfolk is up and makes a
line appearance in the distance. Thu
rush for United States lands in the northwestern -
western part of the state has rendered
local sales slow in northwestern JN'e-
braskn , whore good line land ranges
from $0 lo Sl'J per noro. Immense
amounts of hay have boon put up m the
broad valleys of tfo ! Logan and Klkhorn ,
A line rain this morning in the north
eastern counties. J. A , BK.NT.
OLD poop o suffer much from disorders
of the urinary organs , and are always
gratified at tuo wonderful eflccts of I/r ,
J II. McLean's Liver and Kidney halm
in banishing thuif tumble * § 1,00 per
The Wonderful Chances That Have Taken
Place on the Levee ,
Now Extensively Useil for Huslncss
Purposes Some th I n ir About
the Squnttors ,
No part of Omaha birs the stamp of
progress and change more clearly than
the strip of ground between the bench ,
on which Ninth street is located , and the
river. The first sight that greets the eye
of the stranger in Omaha , If ho comes
from the north , south or ea > t , is the col
umns of smoke that arise from the man
ufacturing enterprises located in this
part of the city , but the old resident sees
through the cloud of smoke , and back
of these industries , the scene of some of
the most exciting events in the early
history of Omaha. When llio enterpris
ing citl/.ens of Council Blurt's crossed
the river in 1851 to lay out a town , in
order to keep up with their then rival ,
Crescent City , which had a town
on the Nebraska bank in Florence , they
had to forgo their way through a marshy
swamp in order to reach dry land from
the west bank of the river. This state
of aft airs existed for a number of years ,
until , along in the ' 60s , the river took a
more easterly course north of the city ,
and left the bottoms above low water
mark , dry and sandy. The city _ proper
was at this time rapidly covering the
available land near the river bank , and
this newly formed real estate was soon in
the possession of as lough a class of citi
zens as ever formed the rougher element
of a frontier town. Dance houses and
saloons of the lowest order lined the
levee and made the place an unhealthy
locality for the uuiniated. Bob
beries were of nightly occurrence ,
and many a "floater" was picked
up at towns down the river , who
lost his lifo on
as the levco was then called. The au
thorities , out of respect for their personal
safety , considered "tho sands" beyond
their jurisdiction , and few of the count
less crimes of various grades coinmi tied
in that locality were ever made subjects
of police investigation. A volume could
bo written of the tragic happenings oil
"tho sands" in those eventful days. But
Omaha was growing and as the "mado"
ground was raised above the water-mark
and became firmer in character it became
desirable for manufacturingstc.s ! and rail
road yards , an J the squatters and loughs
who had held possession were forced to
yield and give way lo the demands of the
business interests of the city. They have
yielded reluctantly , however , and have
only moved loot by foot as
each new enterprise has made'its ' de
mands upon them. Many of them yet
remain and in some places occupy huts
that touch the very water's edge.
The old timers who live on tlie bottoms
have received additions to their number
until their huts now occupy almost every
foot of ground not used _ by business en
terprises from the packing houses below
the city to the lake on the north. They
are buried in under the railroad tracks
below the bridge in places almost inac
cessible to the uninitiated. The people ,
their places of abode and methods of liv
ing form an interesting if not entertain
ing study. Tney represent all classes ,
from the laboring man with the big fam
ily , whose wages are toosmall togrovide
better quarters , to the sneak thief who
uses his home as a hiding ppico and thQ
drinxing bum who has no other cho'lcd
than to live whore he is allowed
to. The places of abode are as
varied as. the character Of the
occupants. Some live in dugouts under
the railrood tracks or the blurt" , others
seek shelter in tents , old box cars find
ready tenants , and some of the more
fortunate sandhillers boast of real houses
aud arc looked upon with envy by their
loss fortunate neighbors. Few of those
people own the ground upon which they
live but. occupy it because it is not
claimed or used for other purposes.
They have , as a general rule , largo fami
lies of children who , without care or edu
cation , will form a class of citizens more
worthless and vicious than their parents.
George Iloagland , the pioneer lumber
man , was the lirst to encroach upon the
domain of the sand pirates , and his lum
ber yard , located nearly twenty years
ago , was the lirst enterprise of any im-
nortanco that was located on the sands.
The Willow Springs distillery came next ,
being established in 18G ! ) . Then fol
lowed Harris & Foster , lumber , who
who wore afterwards succeeded by I1. W.
Gray. The Chicago lumber yards , the
smelting works and numerous smaller
industries followed in rapid succession.
When these first improvements wore
made the bottom lands worn considered
of nominal value only. It was a com
mon occurrence in the early days
when making a real estate deal to
throw in a dozen bottom lots at $3 or $10
each. After the location of the Union
Paciiio railroad in 1801 , the lots at the
foot of Farnam and Douglas streets be
gan to appreciate , and were sold in that
ana the two or three following years as
high as $100 each.
Land in the bottoms has dovclopcd
great value within the past two or three
ynars. Fred Drexel paid $20 a foot front
when ho located his stone yard on Jones
street , near Sixth , a year and a half ago.
The last sales of lots in that immediate
vicinity were made at $75 per foot front.
Those lots run through to the nuxt street ,
being twice as deep as they are in the
business part of the city. All the bottom
land between the Union Pacific bridge on
the south and the foot of California street
on the north , is monopolized by the
Union Paciiio and the Burlington rail
road companies , except the few lots
owned by Individual ) ] . No other rail
road company has a track there and it is
not likely that any will bo permitted to
get a foot hold there.
The smelting works , the largest In the
world , occupy lands which belong to the
Union Pacilic railway. The deposit of
slag and waste material from the smelt
ing works has raised this ground high
above the water mark and greatly en
hanced its value. The Bolt railway has
obtained grounds on und north of Cali
fornia street , adjncont to the Union Pn-
cilio property. The waterworks company's
Improvements have very materially in
creased the value of bottom lands In the
vicinity ot their works. Within the past
year a number of now enterprises have
sought locations on the lands , among
( hem being Benzen'sice house , Howoll's
lumber yard , Coot's shops , the Barber
Asyhalt C'o..s ' shops , and others of lesser
r. ib. These improvements have taken
all of the available lands of the levee and
made it one of tlie busiest portions of the
city. The value of the Improvements
that have boon made can bo estimated
only by hundreds of thousands of dollars.
The bottomn werq formerly subject to
overflow from thn river , out of late years
this has been prevented by filling and
ralsidg the general lovol. At Iho foot ot
Farnam and Douglas streets the ground
lias been raised from six to twelve feet ,
and is now entirely above high-water
mark. In April , 1881 , a steamboat tied
up to a warehouse of the Union Paciiio
railway company , located at the corner
of Chicago and Eighth streets , and there
unloaded a cargo of freight. That
was the highest water over
known nt this point and the bottoms
were completely inundated. In steam
boat days , from IftfU to near the nloso of
tho-war , the steamboat landing was near
the present site of the waterworks. It
was about a qUiutcr of a mile further i
cast , the rivei < 1iffvlng encroached on the
citj that dislaneo at that point. There
was also n ferUjHanding near the same
point called the "Lone Tree Landing , "
named from a ii gle largo elm tree that
stood near until it washed
away. In the'Jail of 18oO it was thought
that the landiuV could bo cAlablishfiFat
or near the foot of Farnam street. The
citizens contributed the necessary money
and men worti 'dinployed to grade a pas
sage way down the bank n Tittle cast of
the present site of the Union Pacilic head
quarters building. The money run out
before the work was completed , and it
was not until two or three years that
teams could pass up and down the grade.
Win. F. Sweeny was the foreman on this
work. It was ( ho first job of street grad
ing ever done in the city , and started a
work that has troubled the nldermanio
minds ever since.
An Art That .May Ho Mastered by Any
One with a Siilllulcntly
Thick Skin.
London Period : There are .some people
who arc born into a society of dull re
spectability ; others whose talents earn
for them an entree into a larger world of
talent and notoriety , and others whoso
long ancestry secures them admission
among a herd ot nonentles of equally
long descent. Others , again , whose birth
and surroundings have placed them in a
sphere of homely commonplace , but in
whom wealth and ambition inspire long
ings for a higher circle of gentility.
Prominent among these latter is the
social pusher. ' 1 ho successful social
pusher is a person to be admired ; ho has
an object in view , and though a sea of
difficulties rise between him and the goal
of his ambition , by exertion , by ingenu
ity , by hook or crook , he attains that cud.
'Lot in take the rich commercial man ,
or rather the rich commercial man's wife ,
for your feimil i social pusher is a far
more determined animal than your male.
Her ambition usually consists in a profes
sional acquaintance , a visiting list com
posed of tlie wives of men belonging to
one or other of the different professions.
Mr. and Mrs. lug ) < rins , a we.ilthy leather-
seller and his wile , are asked to a formal
dinner party given by Mr. and Mrs.
Bodgers , wholesale candle-maker and
wife. Arrived at the mansion of the
Bodgers , Mrs. Buggins discovers that her
dear friend has qsipturcd the renowned
dentist , Mr. Larnsitt.-Gumm , The Larn-
sitt-Gumms arc evidently the raisond'etro
of the banquet. Mr. Bodgors leads Mrs.
Larnsitt-Gumm into the dining-room ;
Mrs. Bodgers is led by Mr , Larnsitt-
Gunini. Mrs. Biiggius , w'ho happily finds
herself seated on the othoj side of Mr.
Larnsitt-Gumm , remains in a fever of
anxiety until she can gain the crctxt den
tist's attention. The great dentist is Hal
tered , is bogged to dine with the Bug-
ginses , and before the dessert a day is de
cided upon for the dinner. In the draw
ing-room , before the return of the
gentlemen , Mrs. Buggins has obtained an
introduction to M'rs. Larnsitt-Gumm.
She has informed her that Wednesday is
her day. aiidJsllo begs that Mrs. "Lam-
sitt-Gumm wSJl'dnl ) and bring her daugh
ter. She as'UB'i.what is Mrs.
Gumm's dayVand volunteers to call on
its very next ) recurrence. "Probably , "
reasons Mrs. Buggius , "tho Gnmtns being
professionalAiuodt of their friends will
bo proicsslonaK'ilnnd in this manner she
hopes to acquaintance among
this most retractable and well-nigh
dullest class' ot'people. . But the pro
fessional 8ousil pusher is of a more am
bitious and of a lar more daring and
audacious clijtractcr.
' - is line specimen
Mrs. Fishe'r-Bi-own a
of the highly developed social
pusher. Mr , . JFifiher-Brown is a general
practitionerJUjiat | locality which has
for years been jfttown as Netting Hill , but
wliich the snobs'thoro ' resident have lately
agreed to 'call North Kensington. By
some odd .chance Mr. Fisher-Brown is
called in to attend the great Fitzgubbins.
Ho pulls the great tragedian through a
short attack of illness , i'lie great man's
wife , as a small compliment , sends the
Fisher-Browns a card foi one of her in
discriminate afternoon gatherings. Mrs.
Fisher-Brown sees opened before her a
long vista of dramatic and literary' Ac
quaintances ; she accepts the invitation ,
invests in a complete outlit for the occa
sion , dons it with caro. und arrives one of
the earliest. And now the social pusher
begins her operations. Miss Helen Vorry ,
the idol of an English and American
theatre-going public , is announced ; a few
meaningless civilities pass between her
and her hostess ; she moves across the
room to lind a so'it , but the social pusher
is well to the fore. She waits for no in
troduction ; she rushes up to the actress ,
shakes her hand affectionately , says sli . '
has admired her ever since she ( the social
pusher ) was in the nursery , and dear
papa took her to the theatre for the lirst
time. This is , at the very least , "rorg'i"
on the popular actress , who may bo inir-
ty-livo , looks barely twenty-live , and is
told this by a woman who looks a irood
forty-five. Miss Verry says that she is
much list tiered , the social pusher saybnot
at all , she has always bcun anxious to
make her acquaintance , "and when may
1 come to see you , dear Miss Vorry , for I
mean to come and see you , 1 am so de
lighted to meet you at last. " Miss Helen
Vorry , longing to escape , mentions an
afternoon upon which she will bo "at
homo" to most of her friends. Need wo
remark , the social pusher takes this for
an invitation ami does not fail to put in
an appearance upon that afternoon ?
This is u successful push , and the pusher
scores an easy success. There are other
celebrities from whom the social pusher
cannot so easily wring an invitation.
With these mnstpc employed a dilloront
modus operand ! . The social pusher , for
instance , introduces himself to Jones ,
the fashionable tenor. Jones refuses to
rise to any bait thrown out to capture sin
invitation , i'he social pusher asks in
tones of the deepest -interest when JoneS
gets any rest , for , s ivs the social pusher ,
Jones fcings every evening , goes out every
afternoon , knows everybody , and is mot
everywhere. When does ho contrive to
got any rest ? Jones admits that ho al
ways spends Sunday afternoon at homo
reading The Ueforoo and dotting ; that is
his only relaxation. "O , " thinks the so-
cud pusher , Mthift is tiio time to find you
at homo. " 'JTIuvfollowing Stindav , winli )
Mr. and Mrs ! Jones are luxuriating in a
little loisuro'i before dressing for a big
dinner , the social pusher calls , is ad
mitted , stays hours , and bores
thii fashionabloitenor to death , overhears
Jones , with masculine tact , make a re
mark to his wife iinent a certain recep
tion to bo given by them within a few
days , and tin.m > dul pusher's departure is
dearly bought. W1 the pnco of an invita
tion. The sonwl pusher then enrolls
himself ainongc the tenor's intimate ac
quaintances , ' contrives to lind out thu
days when hcfgiroa a party , always drops
in the day beforoiialways securing au in
vitation , andjiyliis , ) constant attendance
at every enuir/ainmcnt / given by the
Joneses , boxin ? to bo looked upon -as
quite a btaniTing dish by the celebrity's
friends. Snubs are of no avail ; tlie social
pusher is pachydermatous.
The art of social pushing is thus oasilyf
explained. Any one with sullicienl cour *
ago and asulliciontly thick skin may ii\
duo time secure an ontrco into whul-c
soever house ho pleases , always provided
that the portals are not guarded by an'
armed force ; , for arms alone are sulli-
ciently potent to exclude the energetic
and determined pusher.
IT is doubtful if women would suffer at
U , more than mciij if the liver and kid-
nevs were always in natural working
order. Female weakness can not exist 11
the blood bo pure , and its purity depends
upon the proper action of these organs )
to regulate them use Dr. J. II. McLean's ,
Liver and Kidney Uaiin. $1.00 per bottle ,
An Election in Which Women Were the
A HuMmnd Who Klmlcd life Wife's
Vigilance anil Voted
Against Her.
1 belong lo a woman's rights club ,
writes a correspondontof the Detroit Free
Press , and last spring we decided that it
would bo a good idea to send one of our
members to Wyoming territory to sec the
practical workings of woman sull'rage.
We hoped that si great deal would bo
done for our cause in our state by the
new legislature which was to bo elected
and so wanted all Iho Information wo
could obtain. 1 have a cousin living in
Wyoming and at the request of the sisters
1 agreed to go. I muft say I was sur
prised at the methods used to obtain
votes. My cousin Theodore seemed lo bo
a meek sort of a man , different from the
other' members of the Hopkins fnmilv.
Day after day ho staid at home , taking
care of the children , while Klmina , his
wife , was electioneering , for she was a
candidate for an olllce. This just suited
me , for it gave mo a capital chance to get
tlie desired facts as 1 accompanied her in
her tour among the voters. One day she
drove the shaggy little pony tip to a set
tlor's shanty ; before going in she said :
"I do hate to go among such people , but
ono must , you know , for every vole
counts. " So she smiled sweetly on tins
slovenly woman who met us at the door
and safil : "Airs. Higgins , my duties sire
many and my leisure moments fewwhich
must bo myexcnso tor not comin < rsooner. ' '
Just then a hungry looking pig trotted
in as if thoroughly sit homo. L knew
Klmimi was shooko'd to the very depths of
her soul , but she was equal to the occa
sion , and said : "Oh , what a cunning pet
piggie you lisive ; so taint1 suul uoeile , too. "
Then taking up the baby , who wsis eat
ing bread and molasses , and whoso face
and dress were both far from clean , she
exclaimed : "And what si dear , cute baby
you have ; how old is it , and how many
tootlues lisis it got , and what is its name ? "
Mrs. lliggings replied :
"Yes. mum , we think he's aright peart
young'tin. His name is Abraham lie
lie/ four teeth , and km say pap and mam
rsilo plain when he's ' mind to. "
Then Klmina said :
"Next Tuesday , you know , is election
day , and as I know you have no way of
gelling out , I will bo glad to send my
pony and buggy after you , and do bring
the sweet baby , too , for ho will bo taken
care of. "
"Vtal , wall" said Mrs. Higgings , "of
that don't beat all creation. I'm gittln'
( lop'lar , L must say , fur Miss Bennett was
jist over yisterdsiy and promised to son'
her kerrulgo out to tote me in , and I
promised to be ready. Too bad , mum !
I'm ' rale sorry , J sun , indeed , an' her
runin' agin' yo as she is makes it seem
wusser. "
Another woman on whom wo called
said :
"No , ma'm , I'm ' not a votin'woman ,
not by no means , but take oil'yer bunnits
and set to sind take a bite with us , fur
dinner is jest resuly , and my sister in
Missouri sent mo a lot o' dried apples
which I've cooked up inter as good sass
as you oversee. "
Wo declined , however. Wo were treated
kindly at most places , but one woman ,
when she found out who Klmina was ,
said :
" 1 don't want nothin' to do with no
woman's rights psilaverinV around mo ; 1
svn't voted yit and never expect tor vote.
My man docs all that kind o' bizness
lur this ranch ; and 1 don't 'low ' that he's
agowin' to vote fur no woman , not ef I
knows myself , ho an't. "
At last the eventful day arrived. El-
minsi wsis not so well known as her two
opponents , one being a man , the other
a woman , for three candidates wore in
the field for nesirly all the olliees. She
hired a large hall , borrowed rocking-
chairs and cradles from her constituents ,
and then the tireless pony went to and
fro , brine in old women sind invalids ,
some of whom had not left their homo
for years boforo. They were duly in
stalled in the easy chsiirs. Some wore
knitting , some piecing quilts , and for
those who smoked there wsis plenty of
pipes and tobsicco. Many of them rocked
a cradle with one foot , so that the mother
of its occupant could work outside try
ing to inlluence doubtful voters. A
lunch with hot tea and coffee wsis served
at noon to a merry crowd. A motley
group it was assembled there , and
a babel of tongues ! Yet in justice 1
musl sav sill was peaceable , with no cry
of fraud in the land. O Klmiusi had been
in doubts as to how Theodore felt on the
subject of woman suffrage , and she had u
tear in her heart that , in spite of his quiet
acceptance of the household duties
which t > ho had put upon him , he was not
in favor of women either voting or holdIng -
Ing otlice. She said she was greatly op
posed to it in the beginning , and
although ho said nothing against it now
she half feared ho still hold the .same
views. So wo plotted to keep him away
from the polls on this day.
Providence scorned to aid us , for the
baby was far from well , and M ) Klmina
saiif : "It is too bad , Theodore , but you
will really bo obliged to stay with the
poor little dear ; yon know she will hsivo
nothing to do with si stranger , especially
when she is sick , or I would lure a woman
to btay , and wo will try to get homo in
time "for you to go in bolore the polls
close this evening , "
The town was only half a milo distant.
Wo meant , however , to be unavoidably
delayed , or pretend we had been. My
cousin said nothing , and 1 really was
quite indignant to ecu a Hopkins show HO
little spirit.
About 4 o'clock in the afternoon Kl
mina , who had been Btillormg al { day
from headache , came to me and said : ' !
sun obliged 19 go homo ; my head is grow
ing more painful. " So I accompanied
her. When wo arrived there she said lo
her husband : "I am so sorry you cannot
go to town , but 1 am suffering with ner
vous headache and cannot attend to the
baby ; please keep the children as q
as possible and Cousin Frances will gt-i.
mippor for 3ou.'Mo/w _ > g
After ho had luff tlio room she saitl tome
mo ; "Thoro , 1 am almost glad it has
turned out this way. for I toll you Iho
contest has boon el we to-day. " After
she was snugly in bed I wont to the
kitchen , and presently my cousin said :
" 1 am just obliged to attend to a few
chores outside ami can finish in half sin
hour ; if you can manage lo keep the
baby quiet it will bo a great help to mo ;
it does not matter if supper islalo. " I
looked at the clock ; yes , " it wsis safp ; ho
would surely not. try to go to town now ;
it Was half-past .1 o'clock. Just after Jio
wont out I hoard thu clatter .of horses'
hopfrf , but supposed it was si neighbor
jmtaing. A little asfer (1 ( Theodore csimo
in , looKlng innocent enough , and asked
me if there had been much of a crowd in
town or much excitement ever election.
The next morning Klmina insisted
on going in to get the result.
The first tiling we heard after
arriving was a fnond of her husband's ,
saying : "Thoodoro came mighty near
losing his vote , I tellyoti ; only had fifteen
minutes to when ho got hero. 1
could not see any use of his going oil'
homo on a gallop after coming in so
fast. " Klniinsi loo'kcd at mo in surprise ,
I at her in dismay. Those "chores"
were to ride swiftly to town , east his
yole and como homo again bcforo wo
Would miss him. Klmiua was
by n few votrg , aud wo both think lo this
d'av that Theodore helped to swell the ad
verse majority , although ho never would
tell who ho voted for. Klmimv'sexpenses
for the campaign and election were
largo , and her husband had to borrow
money and give a mortgage on his prop
erty to secure it , but he never uttered a
single reproach , and I do not think he be
grudged the money. His wife says she
couldnot live through another canvass
with its excitement and rivalry.
\\\n Oct rUnslicil on CliorHi Olrls.
Washington Correspondence Indiana
polis News : 1 have already mentioned
the laet , 1 beliovc , that we have the sum
mer opera ; also that it is the fashion just
now. But 1 did not remark upon the
pretty chorus girls and the sad inroads
made by them upon the congressional
heart and pocketbook. You all Know
how attractive a reasonably comely wo-
msm is upon the stage especially you
old rounders of the city. There is sil-
ways a time in every man's lile when he
is ' 'mashed" on an actress. She may be
a loading lady orsomo little ballet dancer
in the second row , number lour from the
right or left , as the case msiy be. If you
are young and tender you single her out
and have eyes only for her graceful
movements. If she gives you a wicked
glance over the footliglfts now and
then you go to the theatre cycry night.
If Mi i' catches you at it and gives a hall
smile of recognition , you blow in your
spare change for ( lowers , and perhaps
hang around the stage door
of her going in or coining out. If you
are au old bird and arc familiar with the
bald-headed row you are more practical
and find out whore she stops , introduce
yourself anil meet half n dozen of her
companions ovr a cheap hotel lunch
and learn that they are very interesting ,
very ignorant , often very homely and
not worth another visit. The mash is
harmless. This is the chorus girl and
ballet dancer. When you strike higher
you lind the chase more excit
ing , costs more money and olten
more heartaches. The lady is accus
tomed to your kind ami plays you for all
you are worth , cldelly for her amuse
ment , just as she hsis played scores of
Voting bucks and bald-headed old dutiers
bi'foie you , and just sis she will play
scores after you. Your llowers , your
lunches and ehsimpagiie all go the same
road. But , as every man must have it
pnco , perhaps it is quite as well to have
it yours. A friend of mine , living In the
interior of Pennsylvania , wsis here Isist
summer and got "stuck' " on si summer
opera girl , lie came down seorsil times
during the season , and 1 thought it wsis
for an office. When ho confessed tlisit he
came hero to sit in the front row to
look upon and hear si sweet singer I
was somewhiit sislonished , forho was n
man of the world. It was si clear mash.
He had not dared to call on her , but
sent her ( lowers every night in the usual
way. I happened to know the lady , and
told him I would cure him. 1 would in
troduce him the next time ho came down.
When I had called and explained the.
situation to her 1 telegraphed him , and
down he. came by the next train. It ws'.s
a bad ease. Well , they met , got sic-
qusiinted , and my friend went home that
night cured , lie found his charming
singer stout , cosirsc-featured and ten
years older then lie had supposed
nor. Ho was utterly abashed
in her presence , so creat was
his disappointment , though she was a
very clever and ordinarily plesi.ssint lady.
I am reminded of his experience liy
other similsir instances. Judge .
of this city , has si son who is just budding
into manncoil. Ho wsn studying law ,
but all sit once became so suddenly de
moralized tlnit the father anxiously sought
the cause. He watched the young man
pretty closely and found thsit ho spent
every night in a certain seat at the sum-
liter opera. The old man at once di
vined the trouble , fie had been there in
his day. Finding out who the girl wsis
he taxed his son with his fool
ishness. Ho asked why he didn't
call on her and have a good time
he would take him around and see her
himself. And he did. They found her
sipping beer in a cheap lodging house ,
clad in a dirty Mother Hubbard , and the
paint , still sticking to her eyelashes and
daubing her brows. A dirty child , her
offspring , wsis tugging at ii'or wrapper ,
and she treated the young men very con
temptuously. The scene very quickly
settled the young man's psission. Ho re
turned to llio law perfectly cured. There
is si congressman 1 could name who
needs the sumo sort of treatment. Ilo
goes to the opera every nigh , has spent
big money in flowers , and 'is altogether
in a bad way. I said it wsis quite
as well to cot this complainlyoiing ; when
you arc olil it strikes in and comes a little
mini. Well , this old gray-haired con
gressman is mailing himself the laughing
stock of _ the city. The fun the girls get
out of it is simply immense. They sire
all up lo his game , and cast glances at
Ins seat the Jirst thing every night , lie
began by taking a box , but si box attracts
too much attention , and is expensive ,
and ho soon settled down lo a particular
chair. His llower bill must be enormous ,
and his champagne suppers , and but I
don't Know whether he lists pushed his
csisc sis far sis champagne suppers , much
less diamonds.
Curious IjoooinotivcH Reins Unfit , at
the linlilivin WorliH.
Philadelphia Record : At the Baldwin
Locomotive works there are in course of
construction four locomotives which are
designed to be run by soda , which takes
the place of lire under the boiler. Soda
has much the sainn power as coal with
out any of the olloiisivo gsiscs which that
fuel emits. The engines sins now nearly
finished , and sire to bo shipped within
two weeks to Minneapolis. Minn. , and
sire to he run on the streets of that city ,
where steam engines are forbidden.
The engine lias much Iho same appear
ance as si passenger cstr. It is sibout sixteen -
teen feet long , entirely boxed in , with no
visible smoku slacks or pipes , as there is
no or refuse. The boiler is of
copper , eighty-four and one-half inches
in diameter sind fifteen feet long , having
tubes running through it , sis in "team
boilers. Inside the boiler will bo placed
live tons of soda , which , 11)1011 ) being
dampened by si jet of steam , produces an
intense heat. When the soda is thor
oughly satin sited , which will oeetir in
about six hours , the action onuses , and
then it is necessary to restore it to its
original state by forcing through the
boiler a stream of snpor-hoatud stesim
from a stationary boiior , which drives
the moisture entirely from Iho soda , when
it is again ready for use. The oxiiaust
fUoam from the cvlider.s is used to t-atit-
rate the soda , and by this means all refuse
h > ised.
These engines arc the first of their kind
that have been built in this country , and
are being constrncUid under the super
vision of George Ktichler , a German en
gineer. The engines will hsivo about the
s.Hinn power as these on the Now York
elevated roads , and will readily draw
four light cars. Soda engines are now
used in Berlin and other European cities
very successfully , and they silso traverse
the St. ( iotlmni tunnel , under the Alps ,
\/hiro Mean ! engines cannot bo u ud , Imj
cause the length of the tunnel renders it
impossible to devisein system of ventila-
which will carry oil' thn foul gases gene
rated Ity a locomotive. So overpowering
would'liioso gases become llisit suflbca-
lion would eitfiio.
$70UO ( )
Worth of lots have been sold by Boll . &
MeCandllsh , l&ll Dodgu street , in West
fhla and vicinity , in the past few months.
Jloney will bo made by parlies nr.r.'has-
ing Iho lots remaining.
A Barbarous Custom at tlio German Uni
versities Student Lifo at Loipsic ,
Appearance ol't lie t'omlmtuntsTlielr
"AVcjipons and Defensive Armor
Hi'iiilnlsceni'CH of tlieArlstt-
eriitli' Kleld of Honor ,
Lclpsip letter in Charleston News and
Courier" 1 should probably have writ
ten n dav or two earlier if 1 mid not de
ferred my Idler till 1 could give you my
impressions of si ( lernian duel I men
tioncd in my last that I hstd an invitation
to attend the next mcttsiir of one of Iho
lighting corps hero. A Iriend met mo at
the dep..t and at 1 o'clock wo took the
train for Hullo , a neighboring city In
Pru lM , where HIP polltv are not so
strict as they are hero , and where consequently
quently the Leipsio students do most of
their dueling.
We rosiehed the student hall on tlie oul-
skirts of the city , where lighting was lo
take place , jtf-t' sis they were about to
begin. At 8 o'clock the room was filled
with students from the two universities
Hall e sind Leipsic , wearing tlio caps '
colors of their respective corns , sinoki
drinking beer and eating Ihcirlirestkfi ,
In si few moments the lirst pair of v
tims were brought on , their right arii.
being bandaged with \vriippltigrpmH !
protecting the neck and chest about thu
heart , ana strong steel goggles over the
eyes. The company left their beer and
breakfast and gsitheiud cheerfullysiround
the combatants , lu the centre of the ring
the lloor wsis covered with a largo piece
of canvas , on which the positions of the
lighters were marked in white chalk , and
equally distinctly with numerous red
ststius , which showed that tlio canvas was
not. used for the time.
Thu seconds took their stands on olthor
side with drawn rsipior.s and certain in
signia of their respective corps. The
umpire took oul his watch and note-book ,
in which to record how many "bloody
ones" should uo received on each sideand
then the Inn began. "Join weapons ! "
"Heady ! " "Kire away ! " The four sehlsi-
ger met in the air , the seconds drew back
and the principals slashed siway at esieh
oilier as if for lifo and desitli. Tlie weap
ons clashed in the air , and sparks Hew ,
and then "Haiti" ctied the seconds ,
knocking up the swords one of the
combatants lisul received si blow. Tlio
umpire stepped up to examine the cut ; si
thin , red streak was seen on the left
cheek of'one of the men , and the umpire
called out' "One bloody one on the side
oi the Leipziger LandsmannschaU ; ( ho
inonsur proceeds ! " "Join weapons ! "
"Kesuly ! " "Los ! " They were at it again ,
tlie blood by this time oo/ing out plentifully
fully from'the gash and staining tlio
white snirt of the wounded man. "Hsiltj"
was called agsiin , sind another thin
stresim of blood wsis seen starting
from the roots of his hsur. An
other "bloody ono" was recorded The
light went on forifcwmoniciilsind ! : then
si'pauso wasdeclared , as the youngfellow ,
who had now received three cuts , was
bleeding so profusely that ho had to bo
looked sifter and freshened up a bit. Tlio
two took their seats on chairs that wore
placed for them , the doctors and seconds
bUMcd themselves about them , while the
others went usick lo their beer aud their
breakfast. In si few minutes the light
wsis called again , several more cuts were
recorded , until one of them severed a
small artery , which had to be inimedi-
iiloly attended to , so tlio inensiir was do-
clsir'ed "ex. " Tlio number of cuts on
each side was announced , and the bloody
victims were led on" into another i-oom
and turni'.d over to the doctors. In about
hsilf sin hour they csiuie back with their
heads bound up and looking a little palo
from the Joss of blood , but otherwise very
unconcerned , sind well satisfied , I think ,
to have gotten off with losing si piece of
nose or osir , or having a lip cut through.
Ono man was in tlio room who hail
actually had si piece of his nose cut off ,
aud , ol course , inside for life a disagreeable -
able object to look upon.
I do not know when I have had all my
sensibilities so offended ns by this barbar
ous custom wliich I witnessed that dsiv
the utter nselessiicss of it all , the risk ot
personal disfigurement , the idle expendi
ture of blood , time , and energy , thorough
rough levity disguised under a show of
sind " ' ' the beer-drink
politeness "chivalry , - *
nig and eating going on in tno same
room with the bleeding and bsintlagcd
faces , to mo more terrible and disgusting ,
and it was only with a strong effort that
1 forced myself to ire through with it as
ono of the. things 1 must see.
One must sulmire tlie coolness with
which the students go through this part
of their education , tlie lighting being
wounded and being sent ii | ) afterwards.
But one must at the same time pity them
for having so poorsi way of showing their
manliness. The whole thing is a kind of
sport to them. Sometimes a duel is the
result of ill-will , sometimes of si chal
lenge for some fancied silfront , but usu
ally it is a prearranged trial of skill , just
as we have in base ball , foot ball or
Sixteen of these duels , such as the ono
I have described , only more or loss
bloody or serious in their consequences ,
wore fought that day. Two of them
lasted tno full twenty-five minutes and ono
of the men could scarcely stand. Ono
poor fellow had n piece of solid llcsh ,
about the size of a small orange plug , HO
it looked lo me , completely severed from
his forehosid by a curious twist from .tho
rapier , which is three feet long und
sharpened like a rsi/.or for about a foot
from the point. Of course that put sin
end to that duel and the wounded
young man was hurried oil' lo thu
hospital , where , 1 suppose he will spend
several weeks , and csm scarcely expect
to escape without si serious disfigure
ment. The pieeo which wsis cut oul of
his forehead was immediately seized by
one of the doctors and immcdiiitolv re
placed , but the students seemed to think
that it wsis very doubtful If it could bn
made lo grow back. This liltlo incident
Peemed to sober the party for a moment ,
but only for si moment. Another mini-
tmr came on , and in n few minutes the
steel wsis clashing ugsiin , beer glasses
rattling , and nothing more was thought
of the unlucky young follow who had in.-i
forehead oul. open.
I did not stay to wsitch theond oflhf )
play , bul went out for u stroll througU
the picturesque streets of llallo. After
Iho light was ever I rejoined the Leipsio
party , and wo got homo about 0 o'clock
at m'ght , three of the psirty with broken
hcsidb , sind all wearing slouch hsttj and
black pads for fear of detection by the
Owlnii to thu dl.isonul ulotticlty of tliu clotU "III fit
' flr l time worn , llcqulrci no breaking In.
Kirfi'dljr . ' by fellur ( tor lirlug worn \eaJttt
II not foiiii. ' , idainott .
VKItl'Ktrr ri'iTINU , IlKALTIlVllt.
Pint , . . . . _ C'nuirurtuliln . Cvjuel uvor * um. fin IlitllLi
ktawp | ( „ „ [ nilrte or Cartel. Hold bT all
" " " "Jf UUOa. . CLUaip. IU.