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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (May 1, 1886)
THE OMAHA DAILY BEE : . SATURDAY. MAY i , isso.
[ E DAILY BEE.
OFFICE , No. nH AND 010 FATISAM 8t
I'omt Orncr. , Hooii Ou.TniritJun ntnuuNO
Omcis , Nrf. 613 FOUHTF.RNTII ST.
l tie < leTriTmonilnfrMe < pt Sunday. The
| l olid ay niorninff paper published In the
nr MA , t
rcnr | 10.001Thrr i Months
fonths. S.COjOno Month. . . . 1.00
VEEKLr HER. Published Kvory Wednesday.
, POSTPAID :
I'cnr , rrllh premium , . , , . . . , . . .12.00
I'enr. without premium . , 1.25
fonths. without premium . . . . 75
jioptli. on trial. ; . . . . . 10
I communications relating to news nnd odl-
mnttcru should bo addressed to the Eut <
lit rue USE.nUBINKSS
Ibiulnrpglottor * nnil remittances should ba
Jv ncd to THE HER Fum.iBiuna COMPANY ,
It A. Drafts , checks nnd po'stofllco ardor *
rondo payable to the order of the company.
BEE FOBLISIIIGliPMT , PROPRIETORS ,
E. KOSEWATEH. Eonon.
THE DjVlTjV DEE.
[ worn Blntomcnt of Circulation.
hto of Nebraska , I
Itintv ot Douglas. ( " "
1V. Foil , cashier of the JJco Publtahlng
bany , docs solemnly awcar that the no-
[ circulation of the Dally llco for the
K ending April 2M , 18SO , wns as follows :
. Date. Eilttlon. Tntnl
inlay , 17th. . 0,100 12MO
liilfiy , 10th. . . 0,775 12,825
IsKlny. 20th. . 0,200 r , ? so 12,010
llnoauay. 21st nToo 12,000
llay. 0,300 5.TOO 12,000
Vverngo 0,450 C.779 13,828
. N. P. Fuir
hvorn to nntl subscribed bctoro nio , this
i Uay of. April , A. D. 1880.
SIMOX J. Fisitr.n.
f. P. Fell , bclnp first duly sworn , deposes
p says that ho is cashier of the Uco Ptib *
IItic company , that tlio actual average
lly circulation of the Dally Uco for the
Tilth of January , 1 ? G , was 10,378 copies ;
J February , 1880,10,0'Jj copies ; for March ,
I ) , 11,637 copies.
worn to and subscribed before ino this
ii day of April , A. D. 1880.
1 SIMON J. FISIIKTI.
MAT 1st is moving day. This year it
hi bo an oiglit-hour movement.
'HE union depot is to bo a stock con-
hi. Omaha takes stock iu such clitor
IT is about time that the Omniin &
brthcrn , whoso otlior uamo is the Mis-
Jurl Pncllio extension , should begin to
tfOTTiEu shortage in brick is reported ,
[ ho shortage of "bricks" among the
ow-goi.ig manufacturers of this much-
kcdod building material is oven moro
| TnE tax shirkers must go. The BRE
roposcs to tuko great pleasure in pub-
phlng later in the season , for the benefit
t the board of equalization , a few of the
loqualiticH of the tax list.
[ Now that the excitement over the
outhwestcrn strike is dying out , the St.
louis papers are endeavoring to keep
ublio attention riircctpd to that city by
riving the interest in the Prollor mur-
, THE Asphalt company should either
opair Sixteenth street at once , or take
nlghtv good care that visiting delega
tions turn their heads towards some
falicr point of the compass when inspect-
; Omaha's system of public works.
"PLENTY of work at fair wages , " sums
up the demands of American working-
ion. The loud-mouthed foreign blutkor-
pkitcs , who assume to speak for labor in
demanding impossibilities , do not voice
| the sentiments of the labor orgauizations
of this free country.
" , Mu , JEFFEKSON DAVIS had the floor at
Ionteoincry ; , Ala. , but ho did not have
Jtho oar of the south. The rising goncra-
Ition born after the raven wing of war had
disappeared from the southern horizon
Iwill not enthuse greatly over the "lost
PUESIDENT CLEVELAND lias adopted a
I now plan of appeasing the hunger of
INobraska ollioo-sookors. Ho invites
I thorn to ( line with him at the white house.
| This is not empty honor , but n commis-
jiion would be moro appreciated than a
Isqiuiro meal by such inlluential politicians
fas Mr. Pritchott.
A FIVE hundred thousand dollar union
depot is a good starter for Omaha's coin
ing boom. Now freight depots adjoiulng ,
& new bridge and trains from all points
of the railroad compass running into the
city will add to the attractions which
Omaha already possesses as a rushing ,
bustling metropolis on the west bank of
too Big Muddy.
No time should bo lost in the settle
ment of the disputed contracts for public
improvements , The question whether
hundreds of laboring men are to titid
employment in Omaha this year depends
upon the prompt commencement of grad
ing , curbing and guttering. Pavements
cannot bo laid until the streets are pro *
pared for thorn , nnd the entire paving
force must wait until the matter is ad
justed. Bonds were voted last fall in
stead of at the spring election' for the solo
purpose of enabling work to begin early
on the projected improvements. Every
unemployed workingman in Omaha
ougltt by this time to have found em
ployment on our streets , Of the million
dollars which the city intend to spend
this year a largo portion must go for
wages to laborers. It cannot btf distrib
uted any too soon.
TIIRKK of the great trunk lines of the
west have made their preparations for
extending tliolr rails into new territory.
Tito Kook Island has borrowed | 10,000,00fl
at 5 percent , the Northwestern has author-
i ! ? .cd a lonu of $20,000,000 to perfect Its
| western connections , and the St. Paul ,
4 which recently borrowed 13,000,000 , ex
pects soon to call for several millions
more , The Hock Island has designs on
the South Plutto country and a largo portion
tion .of its loan will bo expended in
extending its cystem ink
state. The Northwestern k
ioudy laying rails within thlrtj
Mos of tliu western border of north-
pitcm Nebraska and grading far intc
Doming , while its surveys iu this state
0 invasion of the South Plnttc
rnuutrv bo"W d i heir Lincoln branch
from VrcroonCS.Ttao Burlington will
* vpr a great deaf of jidw territory , uijil
y Utbbfl hoped' that tinanciul multure
* il bu - fcrr * U c4 J- o us to permit the
I/ot Htm Cotno "West ,
President Cleveland lias vetoed the
bill making Otnaha a port of immediate
transportation for tiutlnblo goods , This
will bo unpleasant news to democratic
Importers who liayo been most active in
their endeavors to place this city on a par
with other cities of its commercial rank
and importance. The bourbon attention
of Messrs. Max Meyer nntl Sam Burns ,
who have cheered and hurrahed so vo
ciferously for the administration , is re
spectfully invited to the fate of the bill
on which they pinned their political
Mr. Cleveland stiffen from chronic
Incapacity to understand that the
boundaries ot Now York state are
not the limits of the union. His personal
acquaintance with the west 1ms been con
fined to the region cast of Buffalo. Of
its boundless resources , of its Increasing
population , of its mighty cities and en
terprising citizenship ho Is profoundly ig
norant. Omaha , Kansas City , St. Pixnl ,
and Minneapolis are nothing moro than
names to the chief executive , carrying
with them no ideas of the wealth and the
commercial importance of the communi
ties for which they stand. Tills is unfor
tunate for Mr. Cleveland for It leads
him into blunders which are
making him thoroughly unpopular
throughout a largo section of the country
over whoso federal interests ho is the
chief executive. It Is equally unfortun
ate for the west , which suffers for the
Wo would suggest that Mr. Cleveland
postpone trips to all other sections and
mtikc his wedding journey in this direc
tion. Ho could combine business with
pleasure , and acquire much needed information
mation with matrimonial experience.
Ho would bo surprised to llnd that , while
Now York is a largo state , the west con
tains several moro acres and a few moro
people , and that there are interests west
of the lakes as weighty ami as important
as any bordering on Lake Erie. Just at
present Mr. Cleveland's political as well
his mcutal vision is exceedingly limited.
Ho should enlarge its scope.
A Merited Kolniko.
The attack on Gould made by Senator
Van Wyck a few days ago in the national
scnato has attracted wide attention and
called out varied comments. The gang
of editorial numbsculls and political
renegades who have never yet found any
good in Van Wyck very naturally de
nounce his speech ns "communistic. "
Leading journals throughout the coun
try , however , pronounce it timely anil
cutting. Gould represents nil that is
vicious in railroad management. Ho
has been the inventor of the most effec
tive schemes for railway wrecking ,
through stock watering and a score of
other ingenious moans for destroying
the value of properties and saddling
the expense of reconstruction upon the
public. His immense wealth has been
acquired by methods which have robbed
aliku investors in and patrons of his
roads. Every remedial clause in the
intor-stato commerce bills reported is di
rected against some wrong which Jay
Gould has bulwarked in railroad misman
agement. In assailing Gould's methods
Senator Van Wyck made a vigorous as
sault upon the methods of tiis followers
and on railroad discrimination , extortion
( and corrupt management in general.
Tno years ago it was domago ry to ven
ture to criticise a railroad manager. But
we apprehend that this is a very late
day to raise the old howl which
once ran through Nebraska and the west
when courageous men dared to brave
political and social ostracism in exposing
the tyrannical abuses and barefaced
robberies perpetrated by corporate
monopolies. At the time of Van Wyck's
speech , Gould was shedding crocodile
tears in Washington over his failure to
adjust the strike on his system and in
dignantly refusing to accept the faithful
picture of his character which the
Knights of Labor had spread broadcast
through the country. It was fitting that
a friend of the producers should endeavor
to show up the true estimation in which
this prince of swindlers is hold through
out tfio west , whoso people he' has op
pressed and whoso advancement he has
hampered by his dishonest custody of
their interests. Senator Van Wyck's
caustic and cutting picture of the great
jobber was a merited rebuke to Gould's
hypocritical cant about the "interests of
labor" and his strong love of arbitration.
THE Ifcrald , which has been one of the
loudest howlers for the removal of Com
missioner Sparks , calls for an explana
tion of how the BEB can assert in one
paragraph that there have been exten
sive frauds in land entries in the west ,
and dcnv in another that the republican
land ofliccs have not been found dis
honest by democratic inspectors. Frauds
in land entries nnd frauds in laud ofliccs
are two distinct and different matters.
Under the present loosely drawn pre
emption and timber culture laws , fraud
is as possible under an honest as under
a dishonest administration of local land
olllcos. If the Herald under
stands the method of making entries
it knows that the bulk of aflldavits of set
tlement are sworn before local notaries
and clerks of courts , and that the great
majority of final proofs on pre-emptions
are made miles away from the land
olllces. The duty of the land ofl.leo is to
pass upon the papers thus presented. Jn
the majority of instances ft judge in
court might as well bo held for fraud In
passing on fraudulent affidavits , sent
him from the limits of biu district , as a
register of a land olllco , who passes on
for patent liual proofs , which on thulr
face are in all respects what
the law demands. Heroin has lain
the defects of the administration
of our land laws , that the area to bo In
spected was so largo and the opportuni
ties for fraud on the part of pretended
settlers so numerous that the machinery
provided was entirely Inadequate to pro
tect the interests of the government. Mr ,
Sparks has gone ahead and furnished
methods of his own which iu several in
stances , being unauthorized by the law ,
have been overruled by his superiors.
But tun commissioner himself has not
claimed that the administration of local
Jand olllces has been fraudulent. His assaults -
saults have been on n system for whoso
creation democrats and republicans wore
equally responsible and whoso defects
congress is called upon to remedy.
MU. PIUTCHBTT lias dined with Presi
dent Cleveland. A square mc.il is all
that Mr. Pritchott , has yet received out ol
democratic spoils. Ills not square
irfor. but that
long-expected commission which will on-
nblo him to stop into United States Dis
trict Attorney Lambcrtson's brogans.
Secession and Treason ,
It was not all at surprising that the
speech of Jeff Davis at Montgomery , Alrx. ,
lias aroused a storm of .honest indigna
tion throughout the north. It was a rancorous
cereus , cooly conceived nnd skilfully ex
ecuted attempt to glorify treason nnd to
keep allvo the smouldering embers of
disloyalty. Its every sentence breathed
rovcngo and its whole intent was to
widen the swiftly closing chasm loft by a
civil war , whoso final shots were fired
almost a quarter of a century
: igo. Mr. Davis and the south
stand to-day as monuments of
a clemency so astounding ns to bo unpar
alleled In the history of nations. How
ever honest the southern people may have
been in their views of the right of the
states to secede from the union , the fact
remains that secession was rebellion , and
rebellion was treason. It was so dccldetl
by the stern arbitrament of war , through
the expenditure of hundreds of thous
ands of priceless lives and costly treas
ure. The decision once made , the con
querors extended the olive branch of
peace , threw open wide the doors of the
national capital and restored to all the
rights of citizenship , the men who hud
sought to destroy the government. .
Mr. Davis is a livine testimonial
to the desire of a loyal north to heal the
wounds of a disloyal south. In any other
government on the face of the glebe ho
would long ago have decorated a gallows
as high as that erected lor Hainan. Of all
the leaders of the rebellion ho is the last
one who should have the indecency to
parade himself before the public defend
ing treasonand complaining of the treat
ment which the south has received slnco
Its failure to orcct a government on
the corner stone of human chattels.
The war is over , long ago , and north
and south alike rejoice in the fact that the
wounds are rapidly healing. But the
people of the north will not permit the
distinction between treason and loyalty
to be obliterated. It cost too much to
assert that distinction so vital to the per
petuation of a trco government The war ,
forced upon the north was carried on to
make treason odious1. It must bo re
garded us settling the question.
EDWIN BOOTH makes a great mistake
in getting drunk when ho plays along
side of Salvini. It is all Mr. Booth can
do when sober to hold his own with the
eminent Italian actor.
Other Lmiicls Than Ours ,
England has boon swept during the
past week by a storm of oratory. All
factions have taken eager advantage of
the recess to discuss with their constitu
ents the all absorbing question of homo
rule and land purchase and their effects
upon the integrity of the empire. Viewed
in the light of the latest dispatches , the
outlook for the passage of both Mr.
Gladstone's great bills is decidedly
brighter. The meeting ot the radical as
sociations at London has had its effect ,
showing that by no means all the
members of the oxtrcmo left arc prepared -
pared to follow Mr. Chamberlain' into
open rebellion against their chief. In
deed , Mr. Chamberlain's own position is
likely to become one rather of neutrality
than of opposition. The candid declara
tion of Lord Spencer in support of the pre
mier , too , lias had its ofi'eot , particularly
in consideration of his former position
as nn advocate of coercion. Even that
pessimistic conservative , the corre
spondent of the Now York Tribune , ad
mits that Lord Spencer's speech has been
"helpful" to the government , and that
"no small portion of the liberal party is
still on the fence. " In view o 'the ' re
peated declaration that the liberals would
never support Mr. Gladstone's present
proposals , this admission is insignificant.
The situation in Greece is still unsettled.
The powers have given the kingdom un
til next Thursday to reply to their ulti
matum , and the resignation of the
ministry of war , which took place on
Thursday is generally considered as fore
shadowing a favorable answer. It is becoming -
coming moro and moro evident that
Greece has been depending upon prom
ised Ilussian support in case of an out
break of hostilities. The entire Greek
army consists of only 70.C03 men all told.
To oppose with this force 120,000
Turks with assistance from outside
would bo suicide. Die czar has
probably discovered that the favorable
opportunity for attacking Turkey has
not yet arrived , and Greece , too , has
found out that Muscovite promises do not
always tally with Muscovite performance.
The most important feature of the so-
called Polish bill , that ono which appro
priates $24,000,000 for the colonization of
the Polish parts of West Prussia and Poson
by Gorman farmers , has now boon
adopted by both houses of the Prussian
lamltag , anil of course lias received
the royal approval , as it was a govern
ment measure. It passed both houses
with scarcely any debate , the conservative
majority making light of all legal and
economical objections raised by the
minority. Their loaders pronounced it a
measure of foremost national import
ance , and their cry was followed , nobody
evidently remembering that under the
same cry the Fulk laws wore adopted , for
which now the gravo-dlggor is sought.
Even WiiuUhorst'fl throat to make the
government suffer for this when the in
ternal revcnuo law comes up for debate
was not heeded ,
Russia is still secretly bent on war ,
whatever her open professions may bo.
The motive which actuates the czar is
apparently the same which moved Fred
erick the Great in beginning tha contest
with Austria which led to tha Seven
Years war a largo army on hand , more
dangerous to the state in time of peace
than during a war. All talk of restrain
ing Russia is worse than vain , sim
ply because while the outside pressure
may bo brought to boar upon the Russian
government , no such pressure can bo
made effective upon the people and army ,
and the people and army in Russia con
stitute a power which cannot bo In
fluenced from the outsido. The visit of
the czar dud his ministers to the south of
Russia is evidently .for the puruoso of
determining the question bqforo the
spring la too far advanced for military
opcratipiis , and if anything is to ba done ;
the fact will doubtlos.3 bo known iu a
very short time.
It docs not require much cd a gift of
' - " o fardel } .the trouble which
will inevitably ovculako the Gorman em
pire umlor the administrative notions
promulgated by Prince Blsmarclc. Mon
day's angry dobalb"lnUho reichstag can
iiavo but ono ofloot to strengthen the
hands of all of thd , democratic leaders.
The government had asked fora grant of
money In order to establish in Berlin an
inspection office ofj llio landwchr. The
rolclistag refused Ihq mouoy , and the
minister of war at ono ordered the office
to bo opened , taking ttyo money for the
expenses from fumisi at his disposal ;
hence the oxcltomont | n the Gorman par
The presidential elections hi Peru have
resulted In the elevation of General Ca-
ceres to the presidency. While there
were outbreaks reported in several places
during the polling , it must bo said that
upon the whole the election passed off
creditably to the people of that unhappy
republic. The rise of Caccres reads more
like romance than history. It Is but a
few months since ho was simply the
leader of an outcast band with n price
set upon his head. Ho passed from vic
tory to victory , commanding the moral
support of the people , seized Lima , and
nroparcd the way for an election of the
executive. Thorn appears to boa fooling
In Peru that the right man is now at the
head ot affairs , and that a strong hand
will bring peace to a war-weary land.
The rumored appearance of cholera In
the south of Germany so early in the
season has created considerable alarm in
Gorman ollicial circles , and a strict quar
antine. is at once to bo established. There
is virtue in a quarantine , and no doubt
can exist as to the Gorman determina
tion to make it effective , but when no
natural barriers cxi&t against intercourse
between people speaking the same lan
guage and having the same customs , it is
difficult m the extreme to erect an arti
ficial impediment to the advance of the
disease. The Germans will do their best ,
but whether their best will bo enough is
yet to bo determined.
.Tho peasantry of Europe are not , as a
class , obtrusive enough to make their in
fluence on public affairs felt , and from
this distance wo catch glimpses of them
only as they come to the front in such
scones as those now presented in Galhcia.
The depths of degradation and super
stition in which these miserable people
are plunged render cxtromuly shaky the
foundations of any government in which
they form a considerable portion of the
population , and the stern , repressive
moans proposed b | tliOj Austrian council
for their suppression are probably , under
the cireumstanccsVboJth necessary and
justifiable. " "
A furtherstop tqjllusjsianizo the Baltic
provinces of Russia i" ' spoken of. The
government intends tojcloso the Gorman
university at Dorpat , founded by Gustav
Adolpho , of Sweden , ( in 1C03 , nnd to
transfer it 10 soniQj Russian city. That ,
of course , would bo a fatal blow to the
German nationality in' the Baltic prov
inces , and therefore iiis , certain to be
struck. it 't '
KINGS AJJD QUEENS.
The prince of Wales' , among other official
positions , holds that of president of the
Amateur Photographic association.
AP.uIs ppper reports that the prince o
Wales' late visit to that'clty was for the pur
pose of borrowing the sum of S'iW.OOO.
The empress of Russia likes Bret Harto's
books as an occasional rlb-tlcklcr , but for a
steady chuckle give her dear old Josh Bil
Victoria's birthday will bo sainted this year
on May 23. The good old lady deserves to
have a haK holiday at least , and a pudding
The prlnco of Wales has now reached that
period o'f life when ho expects to be accompa
nied to entertainments by his daiightcr-In-
Ex-Queen Isabella still cherishes hopes
that .she will sit upon the throne of Spain ,
but a good dual will happen bcforo that event
The Princess Mcttornlch Is devoted to pri
vate theatricals. She Is Indefatigable In her
efforts to make actors nnd actresses out of
the Austrian nobility.
Tlio European loyalties are moro interested
In Miss Folsom's trousseau than they are
willing to admit , but the prusldeiitis a bigger
man than any emperor.
This limn It is the crown nrlnce of Prussia
who has published a book. Ilo Is moro fortu
nately situated than most literary follows ,
Inasmuch ns whether the work sells or not ho
will itot his royalty Just the same.
Princess Del otouky , widow of the late
Czar Alexander II. , nlves grand weekly re
ceptions at licr splendid mansion In the Hue
do las Cases. Her twochlldron are described
as llvlns images of tliolr father. The boy
Is now 14 years of a o and converses fluently
In sovcn or olgnt languages ,
Oueon Victoria has placed In John Drnwn'a
bedroom at Windsor eustlo a largo brass tablet -
lot Inscribed with the lozond ot his death in
that room , Ids many virtues and tlio oueon'rt
grlaf at Ills loss lint Wales Is so oblivious
of that good man's memory that ho Is said to
have dropped his old formula oC praying for
tlio queen , John Brown "ana the rest of the
A Great Country.
CMcatm Herald ,
Jeff Davis nnd his friends are having a
high old time In Montzomery , with the stars
nnd stripes waving over thorn. This Is a
great country , take It altogether.
Death of G6neral Butler.
Gcncrnl Utitlcr , tha trotting horse. Is dead.
A dozen years ago.Jio was ono of the most
famous flyers In tlio Rourjtrj , nnd ho leaves a
better rccoid as a trotter than his Massachu
setts namesake will yyf leavens a statesman.
Chicago Timrs ,
Tlio demand for " , UHftratcd | journalism
must bo very great jc the old cuts of Lydla
Plnkham are now bolnt , ' worked elf as "JJrs.
Gladstone , the wlfu 'of ' the homo-rulo states
n , . , i -
Two Klndd' ' ofi Farmers ,
Johnson PfWiJournal. \ \ .
The farmers who "kin\ their bread by the
sweat of their bro\\V * are all for Van Wyck.
Those who farm with their mouths only , are
opposed to the ro-clectlou of the laborer's
BprlnaflM , ( AW'-l Monitor ,
Ono to fully nppcclato the rapid growth of
Omaha , should visit that city after nil ab
sence of sovcn or eight mouths. What , with
the oxtentlon of fine pavements , and the erec
tion of handsome lesldoucos and business
houses , Onmlm looks like n new city. It Is
only a matter of a few years before she will
attain to the growth of Chicago , ami give us
a oltv that tliobolostato may well foul
Another Boycott Failure.
ll'citl Strut KU-s.
Another example of the failure of the boy
cott comes from the west. Thu- editor of a
weekly Wisconsin 'paper pitched Into n local
uulon , out ! was ordered driven to the wall.
After a period of six weeks a committee
called upon him to see why ho hjuln'tstarvcil ,
and ho explained :
" 1 hadn't but nlnnty-clpht subscribers In
tno first place , and of these ninety-seven
were dead-heads. The only llvo advertising
was paid for In stomach bitters , nnd I had n
six months' supply ahead. My railroad pass
is eood for cloven months to como and my
wlin Isn't used to but two meals a week.
Gentlemen , let your old boycott flowl 1"
Why IH Tins ?
Chicago Tribune ,
Jelt Davis is received In Montgomery ,
Ala. , with oven greater demonstrations of
rapture than on a past occasion when ho was
Inaugurated president of the confederacy.
Ills path Is strewn with roses nnd flags wave
from every window. The telegraph says ,
though , that the Hags shown were those of
the United States. Why Is this ? Such ex
hibition of the stars nnd stripes must bo ob-
jectlonnblo to Jcfl Davis. Our recollection
Is that Mr. Davis preferred another flng , nnd
that his fame rests chlelly on his efforts to
nmko the stars nnd stripes no longer the
banner of his race. Why Is "the glaring
rag" Haunted everywhere In the face of the
ex-cluet of the confederacy ? Why do the
people of Montgomery seek to hurt the feel
ings of their Idol ?
on an Editor's Wiisto-Bnskot.
Perhaps In this ncalcctcd spot Is laid
Some thoughts that proudly did to fame
Views I lint the code of morals might liavc
Or waked society to ovlls dire.
Bui knowledge to nil eyes Is not displayed
With all the circumstances of time and
Necessity repressed tlio noble effort made.
Anil froze them out for simple want of
Full many nn ode to "Ocntlo Spring'1 ad
In the waste-basket's chnos finds Its goal.
full many a sketch hero trees to Its long rest ,
Or linds Its collln In a pigeon-hole.
Jay Gould ne a Law arid Order Ulan
In his testimony bcforo the house com
mittee , Mr. McDowell of the Knights of
Labor Executive Board said that one
cause of the southwestern strike was
"tho universal system of watering rail
road stocks , which made It necessary tor
railroad managers to screw down the
wages of labor as much as possible "
Of course Mr. McDowell did not intend
to say that the southwestern revolt arose
out of any particular act of stock-water
ing , or that it was designed to undo any
wrongful act of that character. In fact ,
the strikers made no demand for a gen
eral increase in wages , and so far as can
bo learned their alleged grievances did
not concern the quostion-qf wages at all ,
Mr. McDowell obviously intended to bo
understood ns saying that stock-watering _
is the occasion of general discontent
among workman rather than that it was
the immediate reason for the southwest
ern outbreak , and this view is confirmed
by his subsequent declaration that the ef
fort to pay dividends on fictitious stock
had produced "groat irritation all over
the country. " Mr. McDowell's state
ment is unquestionably correct , and it
puts the responsibility for much of the
prevalent discontent just where it bo-
In the early period of railroad building
in this country tlio stocks and bonds
issued represented fairly the cost of con
struction , and it was believed that when
the business became settled the charges
levied on the public would cover only a
fair return on the capital invested. All
such expectations passed away with the
rise of tlio Jay Gould school of railroad
wreckers and stock gamblers. While the
law required railroad stocks to represent
the cost dollar for dollar , it was evaded
by tlio creation of construction compa
nies and Credit Mobilicr organizations as
wheels within wheels , and in this man
ner the statutes were nullified anil the
roads bonded and stocked for two , three ,
or four times their value. As a consequence
quence the people are now being assessed
in tlio form of freights and transporta
tion rates to pay dividends on uncounted
millions of bogus capital. It would bo
hard to find any parallel to this stupendous
outrage , prepotratcd by cunning manipu
lators wlio , studied tlio letter of the
law to cva'dc its spirit and who suc
ceeded in fixing an enormous amount of
watered stocks as a permanent tax on
the industries of the country. It is draw
ing it very mild indeed to say that this"
rascality has caused "great irritation"
among all classiu of tlio people and pro
duced an ill-feeling toward all who were
engaged in it.
Jay Gould , after an unprecedented
career as a railroad wrecker and stock
gambler , now poses before the country
as the embodiment of law and order.
His wist fortune has boon accumulated
by the systematic and industrious prac
tice of every wile known to a man who
studied the law that ho might avoid Its
requirements and evade its penalties. Ho
has employed the finest legal talent in
the Umtoif States to seek for loopholes iu
the law and advise him how far it might
go without becoming liable to imprison
ment in the penitentiary. Acting in this
manner , ho utts watered botli bonds and
stocks and shifted illegitimate burdnns
on the people ; ho has wrecked roads and
compelled honest stockholders to sell out
on terms little hotter than robbery
ami by falsa representations
and tricky management has induced
Investors to buy his diluted
stocks at vastly moro than their valuo.
But nil the wronc helms done individually
is insignificant compared with his stock
waterings jobs , which have laid lasting
illegitimate burdens on the business of
the country. It is an astounding para
dox that after such a career Jay Gould ,
wiio cunningly kept within the letter of
the law. while violating all its equity and
spirit , should bo nblo to appear as tlio
representative of legal right and call
upon all men opposed to lawlessness and
disorder to rally about him. Ha has
done moro than any man In America to
stimulate sharp practices and foster a
contompr for the law to the protection of
which ho now appeals. Ins name is
odious , not only among his employes ,
but among merchants , farmers , manu
facturers , shippers , and in fact all classes.
The mere fact that ho represents 0110
side in a great labor dispute , and presents
himself as a man with the law all on his
side encourages contempt for legal auth
ority and makes it moro dillleulty to set
tle strikes in any quarter. It Jay Gould
would gather up nis stocks and bonds ,
get aboard his yacht , and tuko oii a sixty
day's supply of coal , and start with the
intention of going us fur as he could and
never returning , the country would rejoice -
Going Too Far.
C/ilcnyi / ) llcraUl.
The decision of Judge Pardeo , of the
United States court in Texas , in the
cases of various strikers who were ar-
raigncd before him for contempt and
lawlessness , their olVenscs being against
the Texas & Pacific road , which is in
possession of Jiulgo Pnrdco's court , is
attracting much attention. In some
respects tha remarks of the magibtrato
will not bo disputed , but in others they
will bo. Ho holds , in accordance with
woll-establishcd usage , that interference
witn property that is in the hands of a
court is contempt and can bo nunishcd
as such , but ho goi-s beyond this point
and assorts that where the employes of a
road that is ii ) the hands of a
receiver uombinoi together to leave its
employ , even without violence or throats ,
but "with the inteiitiou embarrassing
the officers of the court in operating it , "
they are also miilty of contempt.
Such a sentiment as this , which prac
tically denies to American citizens the
liberty of lawful concerted action , is in
tolerable. It Is an idea of constructed
contempt which no judjro will ever scot
to enforce and which , if ono did attempt
to put in practice , would justify almost
any measures necessary to sot iiim nnd
his court at dolianco. Judge Pardoo de
serves pralso for his resoluteness In en
forcing the law , but ho should h.avo noth
ing but condemnation fur his atrocious
declaration that men who clinuco to work
for bankrupt corporations nro not their
own masters nndor the law in whatever
action they inny take , singly or in multi
Useful and Ornamental Wires.
A'eto York Jfcrtitrw.
A Washington Jenkins , speaking of
the reported Intention of President
Cleveland to marry Miss Folsom , of Buf
falo , in Juno , thinks It quila "an honor
for the fair Now Yorker to bo advanced
to the post of first lady of the land. "
That tlio "first lady" nonsense has grown
to bo nusucaliiig to Americans does not
deter lackeys from insulting the millions
of educated , refined and beautiful women
who never reach Washington or the capi
tals of the foreign countries. The must
stylish , dashing and olosant woman who
ever lived In the White house was the
wife of President James Madison. She
was a great help to her modest , retiring
and peculiarly goiitlu husband , Thuro is
no doubt that her line person , striking
face and charm of manners and powers
of conversation exercised rcat inlliienco
on the members of the cabinet and of
the senate and house of representatives.
But " " of the "
"Queen Dolly" "floating
white plume uovor arrogated to
herself the title or post of "first lady of
the land. " She went back to Montpelier
proud only of being the wife of a man
who was a principal power of the organic
law of the Unitctl States. The wife of
President Polk was next to Mrs. Madi
son , a useful as well us a handsome wo
man. Her inlluonco over the president
was very great , and that inlluonco ex
tended to members of tlio departments
and of congress. But she claimed no
precedence as the wife of a president ,
and her life at the Polk mansion , near
Nashville , Tenn , , was always mod
est anil most unassuming , just as il
was in tlio white house. The "lirst lady"
business would have been offensive to so
sensible a woman as Mrs. Polk. The wife
of Edward Livingston , secretary of state
during a part of Jackson's administra
tion , was a charmingly handsome , tal
ented , fascinating and conciliatory wo
man. She was of immense assistance to
the secretary. Sliu made his house a
focus of hospitality where foreign minis
ters loved to go. When the mission to
1'ranco was offered to Mr. Livingston ,
John Randolph , of Roanoke , strongly
urged him to accept. Ills letter appeared
in u recently published memoir of Mrs.
Livingston. He said : "Mrs. Livingston
is a most noble coadjutor. " In his pecu
liar way ho wcnton : "Dowdiesdowdies
won't do for European courts , Paris es
pecially. There anil at London the char
acter of the minister's wife is almost as
important as his own. It is the very
place for her. There she would dazzle and
charm , and surely the salons of Paris
must have greater attractions for her
than the Yahoos of WashingtonI" For a
public man a useful and ornamental wife
is an essential counterpart. Had John
Churchill not married Sarah Jennings
Queen Anne had not so favored the Marl-
boroughs. That self-willed yet diplo-
maticlady ruled the Stuart court.
Yale Is to have a now and elegant gymna
Chlcaco university Is to be reopened under
Texas has the richest endowment of school
lands of any state In tlio union.
Wllllston seminary at Easthampton , which
is soon to have an endowment of about a
million dollars , has secured a new principal.
New York has COO public schools. During
1SS5 the averairo attendance was 151,04 , or
1010 , greater than the average lor 188 * . Tlio
number of teachers employed , besides 77
sjwcial instructors In drawlmr , musicFrcncli ,
and Herman , was 3.8J1 , or 73 more than In
1SS1. Excluding those ongaued in the Nor
mal college , the evening schools , and the
corporate schools , tuero were 3,2I0 ! teachers ,
of whom --i were males and 3COS , females.
In Clovelaiid during the past year there
were Sl,8 ° 3 children In the primary grades In
the schools , 7US8 In grammar grades , 1,310 In
high schools nnd 72 In the training school.
Tlio high schools have made gieat progress
slnco 1870 ; then one pupil In forty-efcht was
a high school pupil , now onu In twenty-six.
TheSSO teachers are thus distributed : pri
mary nnd grammar grades , 5.T7 : high schools ,
at ; training hcliool , 3 ; social teachers , 3 ;
supervisors , 4 , _
Wet foot biing colds. Red Star Cough
Cure , sure remedy. Purely vegetable.
A Now Rllle ICnnjjc.
Col. Henry , rifio instructor for the de
partment of the Pltitto , is looKing for anew
now rifle range. In August next the de
partment competition is to take place
and as the present range near Fort
Omaha cannot boused , a now ono must
bo secured. Col. Henry has boon scour
ing the surrounding country thoroughly ,
but as yet lias found nothing to suit his
purpose. The range muni be at least 700
feet long and 100 foot wide , and be fairly
level. A hill at ono end into which the
soldiers could lire without endangering
houses in the rear would bo u valuable
feature. If the government can seouro
such a piece of ground it will bo willing
to pay a liberal rent thoiofor. _
HUMILIATING Kmi > llon , Itchlnif imtl Ilurn-
Intr skin tnmmis , loatlisomo BOI-CB , mid
ovury sporlas of ItelilnK. hciily , pimply , lillicr-
Ited , scrofulous mid contiitflous tllKcnso.s of tha
blood , uliiti unil sculp , wltli loss of liulr , trom In.
tuuuy to old UHO , are posltlvuly on rod liy Cull-
cum , tlui Krisut Rklii cuiu , uiul Ciitluuni Soup ,
un oxqiilultu sdlii bcuulltlur , cxtcnmlly , mid
Ciitlcum IlcEOlvimt , tlio now blood jmrillcr , la-
COVERED wFru SOUKS.
I have boon nllllctcd Blncn lust Marcli wltli n
Bkiu dlscusu Hio doctors cull cc/umu. My fnco
wna covered with gciib * mid gincs , uml tlio lloli-
burning winunluiost unbuurublu , Boo-
fntf your Cutlcuru IdinicdUn BO highly rucom
monrtod , concluded U > trivu tbcm a trial , II | II
the Ciitlcui'U unil Cutluum So.ip cxtornally , uml
let ( > ( ) Iv nt internally , lor tour month * . I cull
niysblt' curtxl , in Ki'UHudilor ' which I make
this public statement.
statement.Mil * . Cr.AKA A. PUKDEIUCK.
. llroad llrook , Conn.
SCALP , I'ACfi"KAllS AND NKCK.
T was Qllllctcd with ncz/nnu on the sculp , fnoo
ems and neck , which the ilriifrglst. wliutc ] I not
your remedies , pronounced ono of the worst
cases Unit hud como under Ills notice. Ho ud-
vised mn to try jour Cutlcnra JUjinodlcB , und
utter live davb nso my sculp und purl or my
Inco wcio entirely cut ud , uml 1 hope In another
week to liuvo my our * , nock , nnd the other part
of my I uco ouiO'l. ' Iliaiii.vN bi.Aiic.
I'M K I Ith 1 1 loot , Now York.
ITCHING DISKA8KS CUHKD ,
Cullcnru stands ut till ! hciul of 1-3 era
especially Is thU the cusa with the Cnllcm-
Boup. llnvo hud an usually ( rood sulo tlild xnud
incr , owlntf to the provtdonco of nn ntrxruvntuH
form nf Itch thiuiiifh wniie lociilltlos In tha
country , In which the Cutleuru remedies proved
B.itbluctory. W , L , ll.utuiuu , UrutfirUt.
Uiiiouiowu , Ky.
Are sold by ull tlruxtrfsta. 1'rloo : Cutlcnrn , 50
cunts ; Itoiolvcnt. Jl ; Boap , 23 cvnta. l'npuroj ;
by the 1'DITKU IHUO AND ClIUUICAL CO. , 1S- !
ton , Hiss , tjond for "llovr to Cure Sklu Dis
DIE1 A TTTJt'V tlio Complexion and SUlii by
XS jJta , U uefutf the CullcuruSojp- .
MACIIIKK Utho vunsea
nf uterine pains und. weakness. I < 'or
aching siduj and buck , kidney palps
ociatlcu , chest imlua , wcukucis und
inflammation , tlio Cuticuru Aliti-l'ulu
1'liutcr ii iutallibla. 25c.
18 IUJCOMMRNDKD BY
rhj-llclixns , Ministers , Missionaries ,
of Vactorlos Work-shops , rinntntions ,
Nurses In Hopltnls In short , every
body everywhere who Una
over given It n trial.
TAKXtt INtEimM.Y IT Vin.lt HE fOUKD A NEWn
SUDDEN COLDS , CHILLS , PAINS IN
THE STOMACH , CRAMPS , SUM-
MEll AND 1JOWEL COM
PLAINTS , SO HE
THKOAT , &o.
APPMED BXtsnKAU.T ,
rr is xne MOST usriscrnvB AND nr.sr t.iNiMKrr
OK KAHTII FOR CUlUNfl
SPRAINS , IJRUISES , RllKMATISM.
NEURALGIA , TOOTH-AGUE ,
BURNS , FROST-U1TES , &c.
Prices , 25c. , 60c , and $1,00 per Bottle ,
FOR SALE BY ALL MEDICINE DEALERS ,
CsTBowaro of Imitations.
17 ISt.CImrIciiS . , Bt.Ionl , Mo.
f two MtdletlColtecti ,
rutted In lh ipeelil Imtmcntof CitBflitte , KiKrovt , Skin
and UkooD DuitiM IhanaoT olbir I'brtleUft loHUMuli.
at ell ? ripen ibo and till old rtildenti know.
Nervous Prostration , Debility , Mental and
Physical Weakness i Mercurial and other Altec-
lions of Throat. Skin or Bones , Blood Poisoning ,
old Sores and Ulcers , art tr tti witti nopittimtj
ctt , cnUltilidrDlin ptlLclrl > , .pfT. | rtlttto/ ! .
Diseases Arising from Indiscretion , Excels ,
Exposure or Indulgence , which product , om r tb ,
rollowltj elTtoK i BUTOOII. , , , , d.bllltj , dlurori ! or iltbt
MiadcrcetlTeintmor ; . plnplticu Ibi r e , rbrilcildfcir ,
Ttrilootolbe mclel/orrrmilei , confu.loi of Idni , to. ,
rendering Marriage Improper or unhappy.
r rnnDilj evrtd. r mpm iS p itonim ) bore , , nt
Ininledcnrtlope , rrtetoonr > ddr > . ConiultitlinMor-
Oft or bj null rrt , intllt J ttid tnltllj ctnSdtntlak
A Positive Written Guarantee i m in erirrci.
raoleeu * . UtdlclQtitQlcTerjnbireb/iatlloreiprej , ,
CARRIAGE GUIDE ,
00 PAGES , PINS PX.ATE8 , clcetnt eloih ud * Ut
tlBJIos , itiJtJforBOo. lopoBtftEverearreDCT. Orer fifty
Yondirful pta ploturei. true to llf ( rtlelf < OD tb follo1nr
object ! I who m r u.irTjbon < l. nhjt minbooj , vomtQ.
boeJ.phrlc l dtcir , efl > li ofccllttcjriQ4eic ailhc rb/i.
lolotrorrrnftductlon , ADd riunjr more. Those umrled or
cttclempltMtig tnirrlrc * ihotiM rend IU TvvUr MlllOn
ftrao pifwtr roTKr.afia. AdJrtit si .W * Dr. U hlutcr. '
f. < xxl. &o.havlnir tried In vatcOYory known remoilr k
l > " ' 1 JTOTOreU a Klmplotif If ciiroiTlilrli ho will soni
t'KEi : to JiU fpllowjmrrerorM. Aildrwm
J. II. KliE VKS. 43 Cliatlun-iitnot. Now Vork Cllr.
PAUL L VIKT FOIiNTH PEN
BEST IN THE WORLD ,
Warranted to clvo satisfac
tion on uny work and la any
Price $ 2.5O
WHOLESALE JKWKLRI13 ,
Solo Wlioleiulo nironts for
DKALEUS SUPPLIED AT
N. H. This la not a Stylo-
crnpii pencil , but a first claai
lloxlblo cold pou of nny do-
siroU fineness of point.
Do you want a pure , tilooin-
fng Complexion * ' If BO , a
I'aw nimlcations ( of Hngun'fl
MAGNOLIA. ItALM will grat-
Il'y you to your heart's con
tent. It docs away with Sal-
lotvncss , llodncsa , 1'imples ,
JJlotches , and ail diseases and
Imperfections of the skin. It
overcomes the Hushed appearance -
anco of heat , faligno and ex
citement. It makes u lady of
THIRTY appear but TWfcN-
TY ; and so natural , gradual ,
and perfect are its oiiects.
tiiat it is impossible to detect
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