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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (April 21, 1886)
THE OMAHA DAILY BEE : WEDNESDAY APKIL 21 , 1886.
THE DAILY BEE.
2MAiiA.OpncnNo.tii4 ANnoifiFAnxXM ST
JIEW YoiiKOmcK.HooM W.TniTitJiiB HUILDINO
OFFICE , No. 513 Founir.r.NTii St.
. except Sunday. The
onlyMondny morulng paper published In the
Ono Ycnr . tlO.OfTli ) | rco Months . J2 ff >
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torlnlmnttcr * should bo addressed tottioKui-
aoitor WE Urn ,
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iuidrc jcd to Tnr. llris I'uni.iHtiixn COMPANY ,
OMAHA. Drnfta , checks nnd poitntTlco orders
to bo inndo im ) nblo to the order of tlio company.
1HE m PUBLISHUClOMPW , PfiOPRIEIOflS ,
E. HOSKWATBK. liniion.
TJIK iTvTEv"IIKK. / .
Stvorn Stntcniciit. of Clrctilatlon.
Ktnto o"f Nrbrnska , 1 _ -
a > a'
Cotttitv of Dongln (
y. P. I'cil. t'nslflcr of the Uco PtibllslilnR
coinpativ , docs .solemnly swear thai the ac
tual rlrcttlntlon of the Dnlly lieo for the
pastlHlL-en I'tihliblilng dajs oC Aptll , IbbO ,
wtsns follows :
Mornlnit Million , llccnino fidUton. Tolnl
rHio , 12,8 W
C.7J ) H.WJO
fi..Tt ' . ) 11,930
ri.i7U ! Kro
8(1,820 ( IBJ.flOO
0,788N. . I' .
Sworn to nnd subscribed before mo , this
17th day of. April , A. D. IbbO.
SiMOxJ , Fisitnn ,
_ Notary I'tiullc.
N. P. Fell , being first duly sworn , deposes
nnil says that ho is cashier of. the lice Pub-
lishini * company , Hint tliu ncttml average
dally circulation ot the Dally Ileo for the
month of January , 188C , was 10,378 copies ;
for February , 1880 , 10,53. coulos ; for March ,
liteO , 11K7 ! copies.
Sworn to and subscribed before mo this
17th day of Apill , A. I ) . 180.
SIMON. I. Fisni'.n.
_ Notary Public.
STRIKES seem to bo the order of the
day , especially in. the cast. Thcro is
Bitch a thing as striking so hard as to
break both the hammer and the anvil.
Tun street cleaning is not being half
done this year. The streets are b adly
swept and the mud is not removed. The
board of public works should attend less
to real estate speculation and more to the
business for which they are paid.
A lAiion part of the pavements on
Fnrnnm street are a disgrace to the city.
Why has the board of public works
failed to carry out the orders of the coun
cil regarding the replacement of the rotten -
ton planks with substantial stouo or con
OMAHA , is not the only place where the
assessments are too low. Chicago [ in
the same boat , and the commissioners
of Cook county admit that an increase in
the county assessment is the only plan by
which the receipts can bo made to meet
PHESIDENT ADAMS and party subscribed
for u million , and a half dollars in stock
pftho Chojomie & Northern railway.
The Union Pacific needs such a feeder
and is bound to have it , notwithstanding
its assertions that the road is crippled by
Mn. GARLAND in his examination be
fore the telephone investigating commit
tee testified that ho had never undertaken
to make any money except at law and
poker. If Mr. Garland had played more
feokor and dabbled loss in Tan-Electric , ho
Might have been , poorer in purse , but
Wchor in reputation.
Miss FoLsoir , the president's bride-
6lect , sailed from Paris on the 18th
of May , presumably for the White House.
Washington gossip has turned from
' "Ontlor Joo" and exposed shoulder
blades to a consideration of Miss Fol-
som's clnims as the coralna first lady at
the national capital.
THE spring salute of the railroad organ
mud batteries directed against Senator
Vun Wyck has missed its mark. It is the
same old gang operating the saino old
guns. The people of Nebraska will not
be deceived by the noise of the masked
batteries behind which the republican
fcallawags and rascals are skulking.
TUB Chicago Mail is making a good
fight against the street railways on the
proposition , "no oat no fnro. " It is a
fight that ought to bo waged in every city
where the cars are overcrowded and half
the passengers are compelled to stand.
The street cur companies can bo corn-
yelled to furnish ample accommodations
ier their patrons.
' There has been another spasmodic at
tempt on the part of the ollico seeking
cranks to crowd the able McGillicuddy
from the agency at Pine Hidgo , but it has
not proved a success. Nebraskans whoso
southern frontier is under the constant
menace of the doctor's wards will con
tinue to have a word to say whenever the
ofllcinl tenure of that energetic and able
controller of the Sioux is brought into pub
lic discussion ,
TIIE Chicago , Milwaukee & St. Paul
railway will next month put ou a fast
train , to bo called the "Limited , " between
Chicago and St. Paul , making the run in
twelve hours and twenty minutes. If
the Chiciigo , MilwaukeoiVrSt. I'.ml would
put on a bimllitr train botwoou Chicago
nud Omaha it would bo appieclatod in
this part of the country. The time now
consumed between Chicago and Omaha
is altogether too long , and it could bu re
duced to a daylight run of fifteen hours.
THE Now York Htrnlil devotes a col
umn and a half to Nebraska laud swind
lers. It .shows pretty conclusively that
JMr. Sparks is not qulto t > o much of a
crank as the land-grabber * htive endeav
ored to make him appear. That there
have been extensive laud frauds , not
emly iu Nebraska , but till over the west-
ra country is a well known fact. Prosl-
4 at Cleveland hits become convinced pf
thlJ , nd he will soon send to congress
It ipcciul message , urging that action betaken
taken by thn repeal of the land laws ,
iMving the honiealwid law the only -one
iy which laud can hureuftor be secured.
riumlcrlriR the Public Domain.
The house committee on public lands
has followed the senate committee in ro-
norting a bill to repeal the pre-emption ,
timber culture nnd desert land acts. If
the strong lobby of stock growers , Umber
syndicates and land grabbers , who wcro
strong enough last year to defeat a mea
sure of the same kind ) do not succeed in
throwing dust in the eyes of congress the
bill will doubtless pass. It is high tlmo
that it should. Every day the revela
tions of the operations of the
land grabbers furnishes now arguments
to prove that our loosly drawn
laws furnish no obstacles to the greed of
the swindlers who are robbing the coun
try of its national domain. Special inspectors
specters of the land department report
that W ) per cent of the land which is now
being taken in Minnesota under the
homestead and pre-emption nets is en
tered with a view to securing the timber
upon it , and not for actual settlement ,
and that a largo portion of the entries
made in Dakota have boon fraudulently
made. A few days ago the United States
grand jury at San Francisco found in
dictments against eight prominent cltl-
KOIH of California for subornation of per
jury In securing fraudulent untricsof ioil-
wood timber land In Humboldt county.
The men indicted represent millions of
capital , and the Invu.stiiiatioiis of a special
agent sent out by the interior depait-
ment to investigate the matter showed
that they wcro all members of the Cali
fornia Redwood company , the capital for
which was mainly subscribed in Scot
land. The indicted parties proemud
about COO American citizens to take
up 1GO acres of land each , for which
each received 550. The entries wore in
all cases immediately conveyed to David
Evans. The California Redwood com
pany arlorward sent an agent to Scotland
to form a syndicate and sell the lands.
The syndicate paid the California Red
wood company § 20 per acre for the land ,
which , as shown , the latter had fraudu
lently purchased from the government
for § 2.50 an acre. Testimony has been
obtained from more than 100 persons
who hayo accepted bribes , and the land
involved embraces 1)0,000 ) acres of the
best redwood Umber on the Pacific coast.
A correspondent of the New York Herald
who has been investigating the subject ,
writes from Now Mexico that fully 00 per
cent of the entries made in that territory
during the past live years under the pre
emption law have been fraudulent , while
the desert land and timber culture acts
have been used to gobble up millions of
acres of land for the use of the cattle
barons. The same correspondent , who
has within the past week been pur-
suinc his investigations in northwestern
Nebraska reports thut the same kind of
work has been going on in that section of
the state , and that the cattle companies
are the principal offenders. For miles
along the Niobrara river the land has
been taken up by cowboys and as soon as
final proof has been made it has been
turned in to the owners of the stock
The time bns oo'mo when a halt must
be 6rieil to this wholesale plundering of
the nation's domain. The pre-emption
law has outlived its usefulness. It was
originally intended to dispose of a portion
tion of the immense surplus of land
owned by the government. Now that
the surplus has dwindled down to a more
fraction of its former proportions , there
is no reason why the pre-emption law
should be longer retained on the statute
book. The homestead bill will bo ample
for all the requirements of actual set
tlors. Its provisions ofler few induce
ments for fraud , and can bo more rcad-
Poivdorly and Eight Hours.
Master Workman Powdcrly is reported
as saying that while ho is in favor of
lessoning the hours of labor , ho is not yet
certain that the country is prepared for
the chango. The Trades Assembly of
Chicago seem to take a different view of
the question , for they have already issued
their circular announcing May 1st as the
day for the inauguration of the eight
hours system in that city. Mr. Powdorly
is wise in his cautiousness. Ho is far
sighted enough to understand that re
duced hours of labor will not bo
ifn unmixed blessing to workingmcn.
Two hours more out of the twenty-four
fore leisure does not necessarily mean
any addition to the comforts of life. Even
if ton hours pay is demanded and grant
ed , workingmen will receive no more
than they are now rcooiving as a day's
wages. But there is still another point
to bo taken into consideration. Shorter
hours and the same pay for workingmen
mean an increased cost of production
and consequently a decrease in the
purchasing power of the dollar. On a
basis of two hours less work for the same
pay , manufacturers will have to add a
heavy per cent to the price of goods to
Eecnro the same profit as before
the reduction of hours. The re
sult of this must be an increase
in the case of every article into which
labor enters. Workingmen with the
same wages as before the reduction In the
hours of labor will have to bo content
with considerably less of the comforts
and necessities of lito which they now en
joy. There would bo a proportionate
decrease in the purchasing power of the
dollar under the increased cost of pro-
duction. This is what Mr. Powdorly
moans when ho says that while eight
hours for a day's ' work is desirable in
some respects it is of doubtful expediency
nt present. On the other hand there are
strong arguments used in favor of the re
duced hours of labor. It Is claimed by its
advocates that reduced hours would moan
employment for the unemployed and that
the march of invention , now machinery
and devices for decreasing the coat of
produetion would sooner or later pro
duce results equal to thosonow produced
ou a ton houis basis. Rut it will take
time to bring about those results. That
eight hours will shortly bo the oidlnar.y
days work there is little question. Work-
ingmoii should bo prepared to accept the
Jobbing and Manufactures.
A number of now wholesale firms have
completed final arrangements to looato
in Omaha , and there are moru to follow ,
Every addition to Omaha's attractions as
n good commercial market with the ben
efits of competition in the various Hues
of trauo [ a to be welcomed. A great state
with a great lurntory back of it is tribu
tary to .his city. Omaha Is the natural
depot of supplies for a large section of
the country. Whether she is to become
the actual distributor of goo is uud a mar
ket for the products of the tributary re
gion depends entirely upon her ability
to compete with other trade centers. On
this account wo need more wholesale
firms in the dlflercnt branches ot trade ,
firms composed of live , wide-awake men ,
anxious to build up a largo business and
ready to do it on as small a margin as
their competitors in Kansas City nnd
elsewhere. With railroad rates , stable
and equal , successful competition will depend -
pond largely upon the amount of capital
and the business ability of tlio men
engaged in turning it over. In several
branches of wholesale trade , Omaha is
to-day as well equipped as any of her
competitors. She is icady to meet all
comers nnd match prices and goods , nnd
she is doing it to the satisfaction of dealers
and of customers. Rut in other lines wo
are not so well equipped and those are
the branches which enterprising whole
salers from elsewhere tire htiiTiing in to
fill. Even more Important to the city
than its wholcaalo facilities are its manu
facturing interests. Right hero Is where
Omaha mttsl advance if site proposes to
hold her own in the steadily moving pro
cession of western cities. The wholesale
trade gives n city commercial Impor
tance , but it adds comparatively little to
its population and municipal expansion.
All tlio wholesale houses in Omaha
combined scarcely employ ii.oro
hands than a single ouo of
our largo factories , The monthly
pay roll of the Union Pacific shops is dis
tributed among three times as many
cliunncls as the salary li&t of all our job-
burs. It furnishes broad and meat nnd
clothing to hundreds of homes owned by
their occupants , it makes its way into the
savings banks and loan associations and
finds investment in little lots on which
cottages will bo erected in the future.
Omaha needs more mills and factories
more than she docs more jobbing houses
because they will bring to the city a per
manent sotirco of steady employment
for a largo number of workingmuu.
Thi : UiisiucsH Situation.
Reports from throughout the country
show few material changes in the trade
situation. Omaha again leads the coun
try in the percentage of the increase of
her bank clearings , and this evidence of
the volume of business transacted shows
outside of New York an increase of ten
per cent over last year. Despite the
strikes which hayo affected trtulo unfa
vorably wherever they have been in operation -
oration , the general distributive move
ment compares favorably with recent
weeks and with the same time last year.
Weather conditions have been more
favorable to spring work on farms
and have maintained an encouraging out
look for the growing wheat crop. The
unsettled condition of the industrial situ
ation is still causing uneasiness in com
mercial circles , and is retarding some
what building operations throughout the
country. The dry goods distribution is
moderately active , but a largo percentage
of the shipments from first hands is in
execution of bfick orders , as the larger
wholesale houses have already made pro
vision for the bulk of their spring trade
requirements. Prices arc a shade higher
for Sprint Jcloths , and generally very
steady for desirable makes of both cotton
and woolen goods.
The grain market is without important
change in general features. Receipts of
corn at all seaboard centers are very light ,
and there is a fair demand for export and
homo consumption , but comparatively
little speculation. Prices arc about the
same as last week. Wheat values have
advanced 1 cent per bushel in the Eastern
markets , and about i cent in the west ,
after ruling lower in the interval. The
export demand is fair , and considerable
business has been done in spring wheat
for through shipment from the west to
Europe. Prospects are favorable
for a larccr outward movement as
soon as navigation opens , and
the general outlook for export demand
during the next few months is moro en
couraging. Conservative operators tire
inclined to avoid the short side of the
market at present , as there are intima'
tions of n projected corner in the May
option in Now York and Chicago. There
has boon some improvement in the home
trade distribution of moats , and prices of
beef products are higher ; but there has
been little speculation in hog products ,
and the markoU for the latter are gen
erally a shade lower.
Silk Culture In Nubraskn.
Wo have received from Miss M. C. Gilmore -
more , of David City , Nebraska , an in
structive little pamphlet on the subject
of silk culture , wMch tells In the sim
plest words how to rear silk worms. The
work is compiled from her own experi
ence , and the experience of a few others
who have made a grand success of silk
culture. According to Miss Gilmore the
rearing of silk worms is a very re
munerative occupation for farmers'
wives and daughters , to whom it is es
pecially adapted. The worms can bo
readily roared upon any farm having
mulberry and osage hedges , which llur
isli in Nebraska soil. Silk culture is be
coming quite popular , not only in Ne
braska but in other states , as it is a
very easy anil fascinating way of
making money. According _ Jo
the census of 1880 there wore ISO silk fac
tories in New York , 47 in Philadelphia ,
83 in Now Jersey , and quite a.
number in Connecticut. The annual silk
product of Now York is valued at
f7,500,000jthatof Now Jersey , $10,000,000 ;
that of Philadelphia , 2,000,000 ; that of
South Manchester , Conn. , where the larg
est factories are located , is not known.
During the year 1885 , the people of Cali
fornia established a board of silk culture
to buy up the silk of thatstatound to pro
mote the silk iudu&tiy. The reward for
this is that California is about $3,000,000
better oh" to-day. In March of this year ,
there wcru sixteen car loads of raw silk
sent at one time to Now York , the valuu
of which was over $1,000,000 , So it will
bo scon that there is a ready
market at profitable prices for all the
silk that can bo raised. Miss Gilmore
says in her pamphlet that one ounce of
eggs will produce 40.000 worms , half of
fheso tire females and will produce , at
the lowest count , 1500 eggs apiece , which
makes a crop of 150 ounces of eggs. This
aggregates $750 for eight weeks' work on
un investment of live dollars. Such a re
turn as this ought to induce every farmer
Iu Nebraska to plant mulberry and osage
hedges , so that the women of the farm
can make their spending money with but
little cxortiou. It beats all other crops
in the returns received. Tito subject is
one that will btar investigation by the
farmers' wives and daughters of Ne-
MR. SI-AUKS still holds thofort , and de
clines to cither permit him self to bo Jim-
ofllclally kicked out or to resign. The
land grabbers' cheAts 'has ' no fears for
the honest but stubborn official , whoso
attempts to redeem j the land ollico from
the rule of thieves and swindlers have
drawn down upon him the venom of the
organs of the ringslori/.1 /
WITH n million dollars spent this year
in Omaha for publio improvements , pri
vate enterprise Is not likely to lag. It
ought to bo a grdat 'year for this great
city. ' '
S13NATOUS AND CONOKI2SSMI3X.
Senator Moi till Is seventy-sK years old.
Senator Altlrlch of Rhode Island will bo
Senator Sherman's library Is well stocked
with standard uou'Is.
Senator Stanford lias taken a pew In lr. )
Newman's church nt Washington ,
CoiiBresstnan Pulltrcr has icslzned , and
will devote his entile attention licieaftut to
llcntst , the new Cnllfoinln senator , Is said
to be a most excellent jtukooC men though
he doesn't know \cryuutcliabo\tt \ books.
Senator Inealls of Kansas has a slx-jear-
old dnujiiterlio Insists on belnjr called a
dumociat , and hutinhs for Mr. Clovclaml.
Senator Fnlr says heA ill give his frlcmls
flft.r yeais' notion bcfoto becoming iccou-
ctlcd to his dlvotcccl wife and inatiylng ncr
Congressman John A. LOUR , of Massachu
setts , Is a candidate for the United States
senatoishlp now hold by Daw es. vi hose teun
expires nevt year.
Senator Ingalls' hill limiting the owner
ship of land bv any coi notation or family to
WO ncicslll not be heard to any great ex
tent. The senate passes bills for the land
grabbcis , not against them.
Senator 15o\\cn of Coloiado says that when
ho was elected to the senate ho was aston
ished to leant ftom the nowspapcis that ho
was worth fiom 85,003.000 to 810,000,000 ,
whereas ho never had 81,000,000. It Is ctts-
tomaty when a ilch man goes for an office to
toll the boys ho Is well fixed so that they will
know how to stilkc htm. Any cxaRgctatlon
generally takes the form of a playful joke ,
but It isery annoying undoubtedly.
Gaining In Knowledge.
T/ic / Cuntnt.
Tlio workltigmen mo calulng in knowledge.
They now denounce two .enemies capital
and whisky. _ _
Tlio People's Friend.
.A'oTl/i Kcbmtlia Arum.
Senator Van Wyck has got two new laud
olllccs authoilzcd for northwest Nebraska.
He Is the people's friend.
Advantages of lllsh liicciisc ,
There Is evidently * no hope of n peaceful
settlement of the strike tyitll Jay Gould and
Powdcily have hoth bojcotted the ink-bottle.
Boycott the Ink Dottle.
Illgh license woiks ) the : double bcnollt of
making the liquor trafllol pay its police ex
penses , and oi reducing those expenses by
the introduction of il conservative class ot
men to the tiadc. " '
The KlRht Spirit.
St. 2'aiil Ifoncci * I'icss.
Congressman Kelson , In ptoposing gov-
einment aid for thj ton.P.db ! stiffciers in
Minnesota , " ' .lowed hs benevolent Impulses
to transcend the actual exigencies. Minnesota
seta provides for her own uufoituuates.
Not in Accord AVIth Civil Service.
St. Louft RepiMtcan-
This tall : of another mistress of the AVhlto
House Is plainly opposed to the civil service
reform. Miss Rose Ell/abetli Cleveland , the
piesent incumbent , is not an offensive par
tisan , and there are no charges against her.
Kansas Ctty Journal.
Kansas City is apparently approaching the
long looked for period of cheap tens. To tlio
resolution of the common council lixlng tlio
price of gas at § 1.00 per 1,000 feet , the uas
company replies that It shall bo icduccd to
$1.80. The council will not insist upon the
iiguies named in the resolution.
The Model Man.
lie doesn't play the fiddle , pait his hair In the
middle , nor dtcss like an Anglican
When ho goes lo n paity with Moles or
McCatty , he never is'nolsy and itule.
lie ihesin fiugallty and sweet conjugality ,
and wants pie but two times a day.
lie novel eats onions , nor treads on your
bunions , nor growls when you got in
lie's wibo and lie's witty , poiseveiliiK and
gritty , and has a magnificent head.
lie's all light and sweetness , he's thorough
completeness , he's perl ectlon , in shoit
but he's dead.
STATE AND TISUItlTOHY.
Fullcrton wants a lire brigade and
wants it bad.
A Knights of Labor lodge has been
planted at Columbus.
DCroighton's opera house , just com
pleted , is "one ot the iinest. "
The attempted boycott of the U , & M.
by Hastings business men is said to bo a
complete lailuro. Tlio drawback caught
The Sidney school board are about to
submit a proposition to the voters to
js-iio $12,000 in bonds and build a school
with the proceeds.
James M. Laurie , clerk of Hamilton
county , died of consumption at Aurora
Saturday. It. II. Heard was appointed
to fill the vacancy.
Mrs. Anna Moore , the first white
woman to settle in Cuining county , died
recently at liecmor.Shu was a resident
of the county for thitjy j'cars.
A Blue Hill man \vns struck by light
ning during a hionn ; lasj , week and his
shoes and Books torn from his feet. His
seal was callous and-tiscafrnd injury ,
J. T , Hasbrook , of Hebron , has been a
resident of Thnyer 'jCotjjity ' fpr sixteen
years , nnd has not bjiqu miUitlo thu coun
ty in that time. Ilcres ; fruit for bunco
men. > j. li
The Columbus Dom'ocrnt is out in the
latest style a hoadlrli : ill plain porpon-
( liculnr United StatpS typo. The Demo
crat can now receive Subscriptions on its
shape. i I ;
Three little boys at Phillipsburg dis
covered a wolf bleeping' ' \ } a nllo of hay.
charged on him will ! ' Jack knives , and
brought thu skin homo as proof ot their
Conner , the shoemaker , knifed by Morrissey -
rissoy in Hastings , last Friday , is mend
ing rapidly. Ho is one of the few cob
blers in thu state who can boast of a hand-
Tlio body of an unknown man about 35
years of age , was found on a sandbar
near Puru Saturday. The body had on
blue diagonal pants and vest , no coat ,
hook lacu shoes and cotton socks ,
A prairie fito swept a portion of Drown
nnil Cherry counties Sunday. The young
town of Johnson was badly scorched ,
several hundred dollars worth of timber ,
sheds and hay being destroyed.
The big distillery at Nebraska City will
'begin operations soon , iinti run to its -full
capacity. With the Missouri always on
tap the institution will put an extra good
quality of interior hrd : ( oil on the market.
As specimens of the wonderful results
of soil nnd climate in Custor county , It is
assorted that twin babct nnd twin calves
wcro born by the same family on tlio llth
of this month. Thus do wo grow and
thrive and "bloom In the spring. "
Albln Stollo was recently tried In North
Platte for embezzlement and acquitted.
Ho was Indicted as clerk Instead of
cashier of tlio bank which ho swindled ,
nnd escaped the pen on that technicality.
Miss Minnie Scldcn. of Blair , was afow
days ago presented with a handsome gold
watch by her parents as a token of tTiclr
appreciation of her excellent record while
a pupil in the public schools of that city.
A brother of C. A. Hall , president of
the First National bank of IHair , was
killed in the cyclone nt Sank Rapid ? ,
Minn. The deceased was president of a
bank at St. Cloud , nnd was at Sank
Kaplds on business when ho met his death.
Grand Island's theatrical dudes appear
to have the world by the 110-5210 just now.
They sport tiny glass canes with a
capacity of half a pint pf "lutween-lho- ?
acts , " and their sucking qualities are
already developed to an abnormal de
Surveyor Uoy , of Cheyenne , has startled
the natives of eastern Wyoming with the
assertion that the B. & M. company Is
making a preliminary survey from North
Platte in the direulion of the territory.
Cheyenne continues hopeful of securing
another route to Omaha and thu cast.
James McDermott , an old resident of
Dawcs county , was recently hold up by
highwaymen , fatally shot and robbed of
$ u'jO. Ihu crime was committed within a
few miles of Clmdron. MelJormoU died
shortly after reaching town. A man
named Woodttrd has been nrrcbtcd on
The members of tlio Gothenburg New
Moon lodge held their monthly festival
Monday night. New meinburs wcro In
itiated on chicken pic. The cardinal fca-
I tire of the order is that every member
.shall , like Luna , get full once a month.
The local chronicler was there , but failed
utterly to dupict tlio mellow influence of
The identity of John McClure , whoso
body was found in an abandoned shaft
near Lcadvillc , has boon established by
the Plattbinotith Journal. Ho was the
son of Joseph McClure , of Mount Pleas
ant precinct , Cass county. John was the
oldest of a largo fumily , and a rolling
stone who sought wealth in the mining
regions only to meet his death in the
solitudes ot the Rookies. Thtf identity of
"Mag , " who claimed him as a lover , is
not yet known.
Calhoun county has a Hell blotigh and
a Tough Head lako.
Spirit lake is located upon the highest
point of land in the state. It is 1,050 feet
above sea luvcl.
The Dtibuquc people will odor a special
prize of i100 and a silver trumpet for
the best drilled lire company in atten
dance at the state tournament to be held
in that city in Juno.
The Crcston Gazette says that the coal
mines nt Lucas , operated by thoChariton
Coal company , are about to suspend on
account ot exhaustion of the coal supply.
About 200 men will bo thrown out oi em
A Crawford county man has invented a
corn-liuskor , for which ho has been
ottered $30,000. , Ho refused the otter ,
wanting a royalty iu addition to the
$50.000. The busker is built on the plan
of a binder.
A plain case of brandccay is re
ported at Keokuk. A young man 87
years of ago died there recently from the
ott'octs of liquor. For the last twenty
years ho has drank five glasses of orandy
a day , equal to 114 $ gallons.
Henry Churchman , of Caiio , Louisa
county , aged 75 years , hanged himself to
an apple tree on Wednesday. Ho was u
member of the Methodist church , worth
? .JO,000 , and as he Had always lived hap
pily with bis family , no cause can bo
assigned for the act-
A railroad is to bo built from Rapid
City to the tin districts.
The old soldiers and sailors of Dakota
will hold a reunion at Mitchell June 22 ,
23 and 24.
An exposition association with a cap
ital of $10,000 has been organized at
A syndicate of Detroit capitalists have
invested $ 0,000 in tin claims in the
A big saw mill , capable of chewing
40,000 feet of lumber daily , is to be plant
ed at Uuilalo Gap.
The Growint : Lmmlcd Aristocracy.
JVcu > Yoilt Mercury.
There has been unearthed in the de
partment of the interior some of the most
villianous land frauds which ever dis
graced any country. Had the president
not rescinded the order ot General Sparks ,
general land commissioner , who held in
abeyance patents until fraudulent claims
could bo investigated , the thieves who
have deprived actual settlers of their
rights and monopolized the domain in
tended for future settlers would have
been shown up in all their odious colors.
From time to time this paper has called
attention to the gigantic grabs by rail
road companies ot public domain in the
west and southwest nnd also to the swin
dles perpetrated in tlio name of pre-emp
tion. The warning was sounded that the
publio domai was being taken up , lee ,
by American and British syndicates ,
among the fatter being several peers who
wcro looking to tenantry in the west
and southwest as compensation
for prospective losses at home.
Recently some 6f the press caught
up those warnings ns original and the
action of the commissioner of the general
land ollieo , and tlio rescinding of nis or
der by the president , who seemed to
have listened to the laud barons and cat
tie barons at an unfortunate hour , have
furnished them wiMi n full supply of in
dignation whiuh was not before mani
fested. The exposure by Land Agent De
ment , of Utah , of frauds in that territory
on a grand scale , was hushed up by the
Washington lobbyists , but not until it
nearly cost him rejection by the senate ,
and oven General Sparks felt for n few
days about his neck loscoif his official
head hud stood securely on his shouldor.s ,
so powerful is the land stealing lobby at
the federal capital. It will not do to Htop
investigation into the robberies of tlio
laud tlnuvoH nnd the pretense of sma.lur
thieves , who swear they have erected
buildings and cultivated areas , when per
jury is resorted to without stint to .sus
tain their bogus claims. Everywhere in the
wunt and southwest the nrublo millions
of .acres aru being taken up , and seeking
set'tlers of honest intentions are driven
off by the armed desperadoes who rep
resent f-yndioatos. Thcro was righteous
indignation when the Duchess of
Sutherland evicted her poor tenants
from their Suthurlandshiru homed. All
Scotland is indignant that Winaus , a Bal
timore millionaire , should purchase and
turn n rub hi lands of great extent into a
sort of feudal hunting-ground , to the det
riment of poor Scotchmenand ; the world
has heard of and pitied , the evicted Irish
tenantry who wore made the serfs of ar-
rognnt fords. This condition of aflairs
will oomo to the United States unless the
seizure of the publio domain ceases.
There uro foicignurs who do not expect
to become citizens who pwn ranches in
thn west equal to the great ranch of Dor-
soy , the star router , in New Mexico , His
fraudulently obtained domain is fitly-
eight miles long and lion' Usojvo to six
teen miles wide quite equal in itcros to
an old principality. Thorn arc beyond
thn Mississippi river British randies and
domains of the host cultivuhlu JuiuU that
have buuu tenanted by British immi
grants , whoso rent-paying will fill the
cotters of the owners , already plctho
rlo onottgh. Meanwhile , immlgra
tlon3 \ pouring into the west
and southwest. Immigrants from
Kuropo nnd emigrants from the several
states move thitherward in vast numbers.
The federal government Is lothargio.whilo
the land thieves are active. It will bo a
sad day when the swarming millions to
ward tlio Pacific coast iind no moro pro
ducing lands to cultivate for themselves
and tltoir children. Discontent , impov
erishment , revolution and bloodshed will
be , as it always has been , the result of a
monopoly of land by a few monopolists.
lloycottcrs of 'TO nnd ' 80.
The boycott has atltrnctud much atten
tion In this country of late by reason of
its frequent use In labor disputes , A
case in point is that of Mrs. Gray , a ba
ker in New York. She employed six
men who did not belong to the union ,
and who , being satisfied with tltoir hours
.and their wages , refused to join. A com
mittee from the organization thereupon
notified her that she n.ust dismiss her
employes or pioparc for a boycott. She
courteously refused fo dp as requested ,
and the members of the union warned all
workingmen not to patronl/o her. 1'or
n time her businesssuH'ored considerably ,
but ul length many people , moro parlto-
ularly iho&o having wealth and no sym
pathy with labor movements , came to
her assistance , and she is now said to bo
doing even butter than over before.
In commenting on this affair many
newspapers have assumed that thu boy
cott is a foreign institution nud that Its
UK ) in America is a most intolerable in
novation. While thu name by which it
is now known is of Irish origin , thu
practice itself Is one having the sanction
of the founders of this republic : . Instead
of being essentially foreign in its origin ,
it is older than American freedom. The
boycott was used to combat the stamp
tiito resist every form of taxation with
out representation , to annoy and cripple
England before and during the second
war. and to discourage slavery ; and what
is our protective taritl but a great inter
national boycott ?
When George HI.'s stamp distributors
in _ tlio colonies undertook to perform
their duties they were compelled , on pain
of becoming veritable pariahs , to re
nounce their appointments , and when the
stamped paper arrived not a b.ile was
permitted to hind , but , after being kept
for sometime on shipboard , the vessel
which brought it took it back to England.
Before Lord North introduced his bill re
pealing the tax on lea the mistresses of
three hundred families' in Boston met and
agreed not to drnrk any tea until the tax
should bo repealed. A Boston merchant
Theophilus Lillie. a Tory continued to
sell tea ommly , and a mob gathered and
placed an ottigy in front of liis store , be
sides warning people not to buy of him.
Ono of Lillie's friends , who doubtless ro-
frauicd the boycott us u most odious prac
tice , tried to remove the elligy , and
was netted with stones. Thereupon
ho soi/.ed a gun and lired into the
crowd , killing a little boy , who was bur
ied two days Inter as a hero , and on whoso
coflin wore inscribed the words : "Inno
cence itself is not safe. " In Norwalk ,
Conn. , in 1770 , a , woman christened her
son "Thomas Gage , " after the British
general , nnd 170 women gave her a coat
of tar and feathers. Jacob _ Vredonburg.
in the same year , received the formal
thanks of the Sons of Liberty in New
York , "fpr his firm , spirited and patriotic
conduct in refusing to complete an oper
ation vulsrarly called 'shaving' which ho
hail begun oh the face of Captain John
Crozcr , commander of the ship Kmpress
of Russia , one of his Majesty's transports
now lying in thg river , but most fortu
nately and providentially was informed
of the identity of the gentleman's person
when ho had half-finished the job. "
What wore all thcse _ but b,9ycQlts , and
just such "boy colts as we arc familiar with
to day ?
Writing homo to his wife after the re
peal of the stamp act , Benjaman Frank
lin , referring to the expedients resorted
toby the colonists for thu purpose of boy
cotting British goods , said : "Had tl'io
trade between the two countries entirely
ceased it would have boon a comfort tome
mo to recollect that I had once been
clothed from head to foot In woolen and
linen of my wito's manufacture , and that
she and her daughter might do it again if
necessary. " It was in Boston , under tlio
old "Liberty Tree. "
Where now on heated pavements worn
The feet of millions stride ,
that the people assembled and decided
on boycotting British tea by throwing
overboard every cargo that eamu to the
harbor , and Bowling Green , in New
York , was the scene of many such assem
blages In the Brjtish parliament such
acts were stignmli/cd : is ' 'rebellion , "
and more than one ancient worthy recom
mended grape and canister , as plenty of
people now do.
Yet what are we to expect ? European
wiseacres have from thu first predicted
that no good could come to u nation be
gun , as ours was , in "lawlessness" and
"rebellion ; " that the. pontiments of the
immortal Declaration of Independence
were stiro to load to turmoil and insur
rection , disrespect for authoiity and mob
Violence , and that a government which
rested so lightly on the shoulders of the
people could not stand. Wo have enthroned -
throned the boycotters of a century ago
ns heroes nnd patriots. . What wonder is
it that they find imitators to-day.
Inlniitilo and Hlrlli flfuinofti
Speedily Cured by
Foil Clcanslnif tlio Skin nnd Scalp or llhth
Humors , for nlluylnfr Ituhhw , burning nnd
Inllninimitioii , for Guilnif the fhi > l syiuptomnol'
nczonni , psoilnslH , milk citist , aonld honcl , HCIO-
fuln , nnd other Inliciltod skin and blood dls-
cufccf , ( Iiitlciiiu , tlio Bioiit skin euro , nntl Cull-
cum Soup , an iixipilsitu skin bi'uutltlci , oxtnr-
nnlly , and ( Jiitlcm-.i llcsolroiit the now blood
mi i 111 or , Internally , nro iulnlllblo. Absolutely
"TEKHIHLY AFFLICTED. "
Mr. and Mie. Evoiftt f-tjbbiin , llcluhnitown ,
Musi , wiilus : "Our IIHlo hey wits tonJbly
nllllctod with Miof.nlu.bnlt tliLUin mid c > iysipi > -
Ins a\cr slnco ho was bom , mid nothing \\e
could Ko \ blmhulpod him , uilll ) uo trlu I ( Jiitl-
ourn Ituimidlcs , whlo'.i Ki'itdiiullv ourod him , un
til ho Is now ns lullno uny child. "
" $310 FOR NOTHINT . "
Win. Gurlon,87 AilliiKtou nv . , Climlostoivn ,
rlnss'ritmtors io CIIHI my biibylthoiit fjut.cn i'
1 tilodtliu t.utli'iiiu llomcdii'f , Mhlohcoinplutcly
ciuod.afterimlnif thion i.iokn us , "
"I'ilOM JIKAl ) TO l-'KKT. "
Chnilcb Il.iyio llhililo. Jeisoy City llolglits , N.
J. , writes : "My foil , n lud of liytiir" , win torn-
pletfly curtfl of n tarilblo viui * of oc/umuby
the CmlciiKi Itumodlus. t'loin the top ol his
hru'l to tlio nokid ill Ills loot wits ono nm ol
fcotilis. " | j etr othnr remedy uiid physicians
had been tiled in vuln.
"A I.I'JTLK J50V CUKKP. "
Nosh A. Ktihh , f > > \ InKlon , Ky. , MI lie : "Our ot
oiirciistoinoiH bought ) our ( 'nlk-uiu llomodl d
for his Illtlu boy , uho hml n kind ol humor hi
the liutd , so Hint hi ) "in n bolid Kiibol t-oics.
Ho ttUBtmtlrcly cuicd.nud | > | liahur f.ijblio
uoulil not liosrud Q $50) ) tor Ihv t'ooj il has
donu him , "
gold evorju-hero. l'ioc ! : CiitlCuin. 50u , ;
Itosolvont , ft ; Bonn , ' > > : . I'rcpinod by the
I'OTTUU UllUQ & ClII.MlCAI. Co. , UoStOII. > lll 3.
Send for "How to Cure Skin Diseases , "
1/60 CUTICUIU SOAP , nn tixijuliitely jior-
KIDNUV PAINS , hTlUlNS. HACK
ACIIi ; , n'ctikiu'sd tind wo.iiliic'ss
cuubud by overvuilc , dU > .lpalluii ,
$ luidlni' : , unllliife' . or tht bouux mrt-
china.curnil by iJic Ccntfiix AMI.
. IMis l'l.\r > rt.ii. No\f \ , u'lVtfnul , oi/k'- /
rr conxAms tvo orirat ut ANT ronw
IN THREE SIZE DOTTLES.
PRICE 25 CENTS , 50 CENTS , AND $1 PER BOTTLE
O K.CEN I BOTTLEs.nro tutt up for the A
/W' ' Jpomnuxlntlon of nil who iloslro a goo
end loir pi I cod
Gfiugh , GoIdandCroupRemedy
1 IIOK IK llltMl A IIKMKIir KO1I
Should BL'Citro tholaino } l bottloi. UhooUou
nccotnpanylnif each bottle.
Bold by all Modiciuo Doalors.
O1T SI.CImrle Nt.N . J.ouU.Mo.
ArntulnriridunliiorttTa Medic * ) Cell ti , bMt > wrfl nnr
BscJ In thotrttlit irrttmtnt of CUIOKIC , Nmron , Him
C'I ' Dioinniiii.il Ihnninr olbtr rhyiklin In3l. Looli.
> l rllj r | rt Ihow mil III old rt.l IrntAooir
Nervous Prostration. Debility , Menial and
Phslcal ) Weakness ; Mercurial and other Affec
tions of Throat. Skin or Bones , Blood Poisoning ,
old Sores and Ulcers , ro trc.t.j ith mp.niuiti
uw.i , tn IMMl lelrntine printlp ! , Strclr. PrlTilely.
Diseases Arising from Indiscretion , ExcoSf ,
Exposure or Indulgence , - vivu om.of tb.
rtlluKlug effect ) t iitrtouioni . ) ' . n" = . ° " or iitkt
rendorlnir M.rrUeo Improper or unhnppr.
prm.n.nllj ur.J. r - ' ' -rJOp.jM < t ) o ih.iboVi. tcnl
ln lcilent lor , . jd . .
, - , ; " , rreylo /ftidrr.t. CnnmltatloaHlor *
MA"RR'Y ' A'C i * ci IS IDE ,
? flO rAQES. TltfB PLATES , niton ! cloth ji tilt
tlDdlnf , loalejfurGOa. la foilinoorcurrcner , o tr llnr
wonJtrfBI p.Q pletarfs , Irut to I lit : rttlklM on Iho rollo lnj
! k K uxii'8 VM iu .
nKntMIT lTVf.JlilK IllCiT.
Allfecimlooce. Rem rk.bl ted quick cnrei TrUl
MC4. S.nd8urnpror.e 1.3t rtlcul.M Additu ,
Dr. WARD & CO. . LOUISIANA ; HO.
PAUL E , WIGT FOUNTAIN PEN
BEST IN THE WORLD.
Liiii'd" ' " " "y " ° " ' u"a ' " auf
Price $ 2.50
WHOLESALE JEWELCllS ,
Solo Whnlosnlo ntjronts for
DKAJ.EUS SurruKu AT
N. U. Tills la not n Btylo-
nrapli poncli , but n first clans
lloxlblu gold pen oC any do-
elroJ Queues * of point.
Do you wnnt a imro. bloom
ing Comjilnxiouf Jl'so , a
few nimlfcallons of Uagau's
IIAGNOLI A. IJALM wJllgrat-
il'y you lo your licnrt's con
tent. It dons juviiy wil h Sill-
lowucss , Itodncss , i'iiuplcst
Ulotchcs , nnd all diseases nnd
iiiijiorloclionsol'llio skin. It
iinco of heutj iatigno and ox-
TJII11TY appear hut T W N-
TY ; and so nut ural. gradual ,
and jiurl'oct are its oH'ocls.
Hint it is impossible to detect
its application ,
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