Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, March 19, 1886, Page 2, Image 2

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2 THE OMAHA J3AILY BBS , tfHIDAY. MARCH 19,1883.
IT RESTS NOW WITH T1IE JURY
All Ajgumcnta In the iauor Case Con
cluded Yesterday Afternoon.
THE TWELVE MEN RETIRE
And Are Still Out nt 'J n. in Gen.
Coivln Mnkcsn Closing Speech of
CoKcntArmnncntniiil Master
ly Kloquetico-JiMjjjoTlinrs-
ton's ' Great Kffort
Yesterday's Proceeding.
Tim diurnal pilgrimage to the court
house began nt(7o'clockycstcr < 1ny morn
ing despite the ticnclrating mist which
was trying to rnnko eVeryone uncomforta
ble. Hoilily discomfort , however , was not
thought of by the vast crowd desirous of
licaring Och. Cowln make the closing ar-
guniont In the Lnuor case. Friends of
the prisoner , his enemies , and oven those
Indifferent to his welfare were alike anx
ious to hoar what the man whom Mr.
Thurston characterized as the "groat
chieftain seeking to dangle Laucr'a scalp
from his girdle" would have to say. To
say that the court room was lllled gives
no adequate idea of the scone. A wild
suffocating crowd packed every nook
and cranny in the room. People stood
upon stop ladders and gazed through the
transom ; they stood on the outside of the
windows ami hung on to the casements :
thov stood upon tames and craned their
iiccks anxiously to get a view of the
speaker. The capacity of the court was
iiovor subjected to such a so-
Tcro test. The faces of the
tuulionco were expressive of the deepest
intention und an occasional burst of ap
plause would greet Gen. Cowin's eloquent - .
quent passages.
Mr. Oowin was attired in a close fitting
frock coat , the sleeves of which ho
pushed back when 1m got fairly into the
spirit of his discourse , the while cuds
inaHing njstriking contrast to Ins raven
hair , lie walked to and fro in front of
the jury box while ho was speaking , but
would occasionally turn back to where
Lauer was sitting and address a rhetorical -
* ical question to him in a low impressive
voice. The prisoner rested his head up
on his hand and looked towards the judge
nt times , however , casting his eyes at the
lawyer who was speaking. There was a
little delay owing to the lateness of the
defendant's counsel in arriving. "Send
for Judge Savage , " remarked the court.
"Judge Savage is in the room , " c'vmo
that gentleman's well-known voice from
the centre of the crowd to the left of the
bench , "and expects to bo with you in a
short time. "
By dint of vigorous'clbowing the judge
finally succeeded in making his way to
the front and took his seat , panting Ironi
liis exertions. Mr. Cowin then rose to
Ids feel and spoke as follows :
Gentlemen of the jury : I consider It a matter -
tor of prolound congratulation to all of us
Hint wo arc drawlinc near the end of this
case. To you.wlio have sat so long.uatiently
listening to the testimony from day to day ,
and 1 want to say that so tar as tins defend
ant Is concerned , lie may congratulate him-
nelr on one thing at least , and tlint Is that he
has been defended by the most able counsel
and that ho has had as magnificent and splen
did a defense as over was accorded to a pris
oner at the bar.
Not a stone has been left unturned. Not a
proposition or law has laid Idly on the paics
of the books that could bo presented In his
favor.
1 do not , gentlemen of the Jury , come to
you with an address such a was presented
by my friend Judge Savage nor such as was
presented by my learned friend Judge Thurs-
I ton. 1 do nptcomotq you with ono sentence
prepared ; , not ono word put on tonof anoth-
. . .cr , and , L'cntlcnion o the jury , so far us 1 am
concerned , my dealing now lor a short time
is with you , and with yon alone.
To mo what other persons In this room
may consider of what I may say Is of the ut
most Indlllt'renco. To mo what has been
said about me In this case Is of the utmost
indifference , and 1 care nothing about it.
I , gentlemen of the jury , In the short time
that I shall talk to yon , shall
TALK OX THIS r-ASn ,
and I shall talk to you the same as if this
jury ot twelve men , the defendant and his
counsel and the judge on the bench only
were , In this court room.
I have been , probably , a little abused. I do
not complain of it ; it Is In the regular pro
gramme. There are men on Ihls jury who
sat In the jury-box In Douglas cotintv years
ngo , when 1 was district attorney. You all
remember then that probably I never tried an
important criminal case that I was not nblg-
Kcr villain than the urisoncr at the bar , 1C we
were to leave It to the other side , and 1 pro-
Biimo that during the four yars 1 was ills-
'trlct attorney 1 received more abuse than any
of the prisoners 1 tried. 1 expect It now.
The gentlemen have been pleased to so look
upon my connection with this case.
My friend Savage said I would bo denun
ciatory , that 1 would bo vindicative. 1 trust
not. Much of my mode of procedure has
been learned from my runorublo friend , and
probably the better part of It.
Now ! presume 1 hail better mention a few
things before I proceed Into the real facts , so
ns to wipe the cobwebs and dllllcullles away.
1'piopose , gentlemen of the jury , to
Aiium : NO oxi : .
Tho'slen-inotherof this defendant and his
elsters will not hear an unkind word from
mo. The casn docs not reiiulro It , nor would
it do any good.
1 wish to speak now , gentlemen of the jury ,
of the ilofemluii ! mul his friends , lam not
required to pass any eulogy upon Miss Lauer ,
who has testified In this case , yet 1 am will-
In ; : to accord to her nil the bravery of the
maid of Oilcans , and all the generosity that
In claimed for her. Hicinlnds me , however ,
of a case 1 trh'd some yearn neo In Cass
county , when L was district attorney. It
was a case of shooting a woman , and the
case was entirely circumstantial. A shot had
been tired down tli3 toad In tlio country. No
ono know who tired It.Vo only
knew a woman foil n victim and died shortly
after. The defendant was presented for tri
al. On the trial of that i-nso the defendant
himself , his old lather , his old mother , his
nibtcr and his aunt all swore that ho was In
the garden booing nt the tlmo the shot was
Jiieil. The aunt nworu that at the time the
fihot wax Hied f-hu was handing him a drink
of water , but ho was convicted ,
i , This sister 1msstood by her brother and
Mood by him nobly ; but you would not ex
pect her to do anything else.
The gentleman said 1 would bo denun
ciatory , that J would bo abusive and that I
would moro or loss expect to intluonco this
jury iu that way. I do not think my friend
Judge bavago should so accuse mo , 1 do not
know when 1 have given him a reason for so
1doing. . Hut I want to say this , Kentlomcn of
the jury , you heard the argument of the coun
sel hero yesterday ; you heard what was said
by .Indgo Tliurston anil you heard what was
euld by Judge Savage. I never In all my llto
used as much ubuso In an argument of n
cast ) as was used In ono argument hero yes
terday , 1 never in all my 11 to abused men
who had nothing to do with the case as men
weio abused yesterday. 1 never In all my llf < j ,
gentleman nf thn jury , and it la my
ju-ayerto God that 1 never will , abided a
woman In acts or in words. ( Appluiibo. )
1 never In my Ufa assailed a woman's '
diameter. I never In my Ufa applied un in-
vecllvo to the lowest and deepest lallen , and
tied hclplni : mo 1 never will. Their sorrow
lij enough. Tlmir misery is more than they can
boar. Why , gentlemen of the jury , I never
ECU ono ol those poorcrcatuic.s that 1 do not
think that her bright eyes once looked out In
innocence. That oncoslm was a mother's dar
ling. 1 noverthlnkof tliem.sfliilleiiienortlio
Jury.biittoroiiieinbortlioirtorriblohUtorythnt
taking one of them alone I ) give the his
tory of all , poor victim * of thelrown crcdulltj
vr the outoafts of another's crime.
\ \ ith all tlda uiUury heaped upon their
heads , it Is not for me to stand In tlio conrl
' of Justice and heap more misery and 1 wil
not do It. Tliora < o Is presented to us to
fcturt with , with the abuse ofomen. .
\\'u \ liavo been told , too , n great deal about
jmDlio.onlnlon. My Irienil grew mostelo
iuent ] when ho was arraigning puolio opin
ion. Contlemen of the jury , just let mo snj
. , . .beio ami 1'iul itat this , wo are not trying
r jmbllc opinion In this ca e.Wo have
no testimony against him or her
An abuse was also niado on 'tho gentlemen
of thu prass. the most Industrious of men
fi'liey weie called "beardless cubs. " Well
cntleiicu | ot the jury , 1 will leave those
'beardless cubs" to take care of themselves.
Wo are not trying them here. Hut does the
cpntlcman remember that In the spring of
.801 , the majority of those who tlew to arms
'or the preservation of their country were
'beardless cubs ? " ' Does the gentleman re
member that the flat ; was tlrst protected by n
'beardless cub1 Ocntlcnionof the juiy , Ire-
neinbcr as If it were In the court
ooiu this morning when , on a summer day
n ISJt , my mother placed her hands on my
lead and with her blessing sent me out to
> attlo for my country. I was not 10 years of
age , I look over my discharge and please
forgive this personal reference 1 find that I
engaged llioenemy In no less than six Im
portant battles , and three times 1 bled for my
country , and yet I never found It nccessaty
: o parade upnnddowniodcclarolwasa man ,
\nd I certainly would not do it If the only
innny I had to attack Was two or three
'bcntdloss cubs."ornn empty pistol. [ Laugh-
.erj. I never ( bought It was necessary In
the presentation ot a case to rear up and
lown and to pronounce In maniac tones , " 1
nmainan. " Why 1 hope you will take that
'or granted. I learned from my friend
riuirslon when ho was a "beardless cub , "
ihat ho was n man , every Inch of him.
Hut gentlemen of the jury , why have they
mentioned Public Opinion ncrc ? Would you
icnow anythlngnboul Public Opinion if they
md not mentioned It ? Do you suppose , gen
tlemen or the jury , that tills audience Is gath
ered here by anything that Is snld In the pa
pers ? Not one word ot It. The press of tills
city during this trial has been absolutely 1m-
lartlal , absolutely conservative and has done
nothing but present the facts In this case.
Of thoprcss Itself and of these gentlemen
I cannot take tlmo to say anything , but my
friend rears and tears at public opinion as if
10 was not thn pet of public opinion and
sucked at her breast for twelve years while 1
lave been a virtual outcast. Public opinion ,
lr , lifted you to the top wave , it has sent
you to every political con volition , even to our
national convention to stand the peer ol any
[ here. I will tell you the trouble with you :
you have benn petted so much by public
jplnlon that If public opinion has a caress
for another yon want to murder It , like your
client , who could not bear a look from an
other person at bis wife.
Wo are told , gentlemen of the jury , that no
oed can bo done this poor family bv pun-
sldng Lauer , no good can be done to the rcl-
itlves ot the deceased by punishing Lauer.
No , not none whatever. Gentlemen of the
lury. wo do not try eases for doing good to
; ho friends of the deceased. That Is not our
nbjcct , No , you may take Lauor and punish
lilm ns you will , It ( Joes not rcinrn the
laughter to the bosom of that mother , It does
not return the daughter to the embraces of
mr sister. It don't do that Uut Is that any
reason who should not punish guilt ?
A few years ago we were startled.
the world was startled when a bullet
passed through the head of the crnnd-
> st mnn tiiat ever trod American soil , Abra-
lam Lincoln. Hut gentlemen of the jury ,
would the punishnicntof Wllkos ISonth wipe
one tear away from the eyes of Mrs. Lincoln
or from the eyes of her boys that were left
fatherless' . ' No , sirs , wo are not seeking to
secure the punishnicntof John Lauer to do
{ oed or to alleviate the sulferings of this
Broken down old mother or the bereaved
sister. _
Tlio Afternoon Session.
When General Cowin began his argu
ment , tlio space occupied by bis
Ijodv was the only spare room in the
building. The heat was intense and its
ofluct were plainly seen on General
Cowin's countenance.
In speaking of tlio light of the room on
the in * tih t in question lie said that it was
moonlight. Miss Lauer stated that when
she ran out of doors she stumbled over
something , biitsho was in such n. condition
that she was liable to stumble at noon
day. Matt Gahlon testified that lie could
clearly distinguish her features. Other
evidence wont to show that the moon
was shining in the west window of the
room where the tragedy occurred. The
tests niado by the defense were at a time
of night when the 1119011 was
in the cast and its rays
could not illumine the apartment.
Ow the other hand , Mr. Ewing , the 9nly
witness used by the prosecution , testified
to making a test under conditions which
were entirely fair. The lamp was put
out , and from the light coming from the
store alone the question whether or not
Nailer could see his wife was investigated.
A person standing in the door could bo
recognized troru the bed. Not only that ,
but the ordinary print of a newspaper
could be read. Ho stated that the defense -
fenso thought that by bringing men like
Herman Kouutzo and W. V. Alorse into
court they would inlliicnco the jury.
The first night they went up there the
stove was dark , but a face could bo rec
ognised at the distance of three feet.
Gen. Cowin then took w > tlio doors of
stove and pointed out the fact that the
isinglass was darkened when the tests
were made and that when the tragedy
occurred thqy were as "bright and clean
as thohoart in Sallie Lauer's body. " Ho
accused the defense with preparing the
doors especially for the occasion when
the tests were made. "It was not , " said
ho impressively , "tho isinglass through
which the light shouo that directed tlio
bullet to Sallie Lnuor'H heart. "
Ho next took up Lnucr's testimony in
regard to the light. Ho tcstilied that the
west olind was up. Ho says he saw the
head approaching and expected to sco a
body fall across the foot of the bed.
"Now , " continued ho , "I simply ask ,
Do yoli suppose Sftllie Lauer or John
Lauer were out of bed before the shoot
ing or after placing the oatmeal on the
stove ? " It is shown that Lauer filled the
nuiga/.ino before going to bed in which
coal would not bo out till next morning
Malt Gahlon swore that thcro was no
coal in the magazine when he- came
there. UonGallaghergivcs corroborative
evidence , staling that the lower part of
the stove was cherry red , showing that
the stove was shaken down.
That demonstrated that these people
had been up ; that the steve had boon
shaken. Who did it ? llurglarsV No.
How did it como about if they had not
been up ?
Matt Gahlon said that n chair was be
tween thu stove and bed and that the
door from the kitchen to the dining room
was open. Lauer says that it was not
opened till after the coroner came. Who
did all this : who prowled around the
house at nighl ? I leol there is but one
answer. Tmil lire had boon attended to
time after time between 0 and o'clock. '
There is no escape from that conclusion ,
and the is conclusion that Lauer was the
ono who attended to it.
Gen. Cowin then said ( bat from the
very direction which tlio bullet took it
could not have boon fired from the bed ,
as in that case the bull would have en
tered the brain at an angle of forty-live
degrees. In the most eloquent way and
amid the most intense interest , Gen.
Cowin commented on Lauer's language ,
which ho cluu-ucteriy.es as brutal in tlio
extreme. General Cowin continuing ,
spoke as follows ;
Lauer says ho lirod , looked , felt for his
wife and she wasn't thi-re. Ho got up and , ac
cording to his statement , ho felt the body. He
placed one hand upon the hip ; but what has
ho said about It Iwforc. lie told Mrs. Goet-
seliius that when ho got up and got around to
the foot of the bed , not utter ho lighted the
lamp , not after ho struck the match , but that
ho saw that ho had shot his wife , and that ho
saw by thn heaving of her chest ihat she was
fetlll breathing. Uncontradlcted. Ho tolls
Mr. Ualdwln , ho tells Major Dennis , that
when ho got around to the foot of the bed ho
saw ho had shot his wife , and that bo saw NIO !
was breathing , ami wliun asked , "Von picked
her nil In a moment and placed her on the
bed' " ' ho answer * with the
MAI.IOMTY Ol' A KIEXI ) ,
"No , I left her for the coroner. " Is
that the penitent soul ? Is that the penitent
man ? Tbny say ho showed Ids penitence by
plvlng property. Yes , the snino as any man
does. A man commits a crime and condones
It by paying a fine , lint , sir. that Is tlio way
that ho Iff tills wife at that time. Now they
say : Oh well , the idea ot leaving her for the
i'nronrr oecuriril when ihilliivher got theie.
When Gallagher got thcro thu body had nol
tiet'ii ' touched , exceot ns uiovcJ a lit
tle on the back , " as he testifies ,
so that it wasn't Ben Calkigher
that e.\vo him the Idea , of leaviug her for the
coroner , l > ecau o ho had already left her. Ho
tells these parties , In lanaungu cool and tic-
liberate , ' ' ] lott tier for the coroner. " Oh ,
Uod.why didn't iho blood'of Sallie Lauor rise
jiom llm ground and strike him drad ? " .I
h-Jt her t lien- " Now let us tike Ids own
of. wh-it ho sayn , mul that If more
n Ibiu alUL "Oh. horror of honors ! " Mac-
jeth says after his foul deed of murder , :
"Look on It acaln 1 cannot. " This man , '
what does bo do ? Ho feels that it Is the body
of his wife. Ho don't know
now , bear In mind , whether she
has fainted or whethtr she lias been shot. Ho
don't Imow that. He don't know whether it
s a fall from a faint , or whether It Is a fall
from Ids bullet , lie docs not touch her at
lids time , except to feel of her and shako her.
This Is bis testimony : bn felt of her , and shook
icr , and called to her. Now lot us see wljothor
he calls to her or not Minerva Lauer was up
stairs ; Minerva Laner jumped out ot bed the
moment that the shot was tired , and asaha
says , a scream was beard. Oh ,
IF THAT SCnCAM COtTl.I ) TALK
wo would have more light on this
case. They do not tell us the voice of that
scream. Lauer says ho screamed. Some
body screamed , you say. Ho says lid fshook
icr and called to her by name. Minerva
Lauer was up stairs , and she swears that she
Jumped out of bed tlio moment the shot was
lircd , and heard him tramping up and down
the room , making exclamations ot horror.
"And what were they , " 1 asked her. " 1 can
not tell you , " she says. "Tell mcwinioof
them , " 1 said , mid she said , "Oh , Lord. " Hut
nowhere did she say , "Oh , Sallio. " Nowhere.
Ho says he calls to her. Miss Lauer swears
she could hear bis breathing up stairs.
If she could hear bis breathing up stairs , then
she could hear his appeals to his dylni wife
to como back to him to love. Hut she did not
No , and they never were uttered. In all this
transaction , gentlemen of the jury , although
my friend Thurston says ho exclaimed "Oh ,
Salllc , " In all his testimony I will defy you to
find a word , from the bediming to the end ,
that bo mentioned his wife's name , except to
say. "I have shot Sallie. " Ho never said "Oh ,
Salllc " ho said "Ob love " ho
, never , lay , never
said "Oh. my wife , " ho never uttered nn - endearing
dearing term to that bloody body lying before
him. Not ono endearing name. Now
what did ho do ? Let us take his testi
mony. 1 will show you now that Mi ° \
Lauer contradicts him , and I have no ilot
that Miss Lauor Is correct ; that when she got
out of bed , that man was
I'llANCINO UP AND UOWX Till ! JIOOM ,
still 111 anger. She says he was : bo
swears ho was not I have no doubt
In the world sir , that that man was tearing
up and down the room , still in unmitigated
rage , She says ho was ; he says he was
kneeling nt the side of his wife. She says ho
was tearing up and down the room. Let ns
take Ids own statement at this point Ho
savsthat he shook her , ho saw it was his
wife , ho didn't know wht'thei she was deader
or not. Ho got up , and what did he do ? He
went coolly and deliberately , and more so
than I could go and take a drink of water
out of that glass this moment , he found the
match box , no lit the match , he took off of his
student lamp the chimney , he turned un the
wick , lighted It , put the chimney on acaln
and then looked around at his wile.
Wouldn't It seem to you tbat'the moment the
match was struck lie would look around ?
liut he didn't. He didn't .sir. He waited.
He got bis match , ho turned up the wick , took
off the. chimney , lighted the lamp , put the
chbnncv back again , and then , for the first
time , looked at the dying form before him.
In the name of God , in the name of human
ity , In the name of that which binds human
ity together , don't It seem as though at least
bo could have said , "Oh , Salllol" Uon't It
seem that at least ho could have lighted his
match and looked around and seen the body
and rushed to it ? No sir , bo lighted the lamp ,
turned around to the body of Sallie Lauer ,
and It was lying ho says about on the right
Bide , and probably a little more on tlio face.
lie then took and turned Uio body some ; on
Its back , ho thinks. We know the body was
found on Its back. What did ho do then ,
centlemon ? llosays that ho felt tliohcart. Oh
that heart that had yielded the world for
you ; bo felt of that heart ; that heart that had
suffered nil tlio pangs that human being
could bo called upon to suffer ; ho felt Its flut
ter , ho felt It beat , and whatdld he do ? Shook
the body again. Ho saw the
DI.OOD COMING F1SOM THE EAHS ,
from the nose , from the month in an
Instant , and ho did not wipe ono drop of
that away to give access to the
breath of lite. My (5od , where have you over
seen an example of beasts , let alone human
beings ? Ho never from the nostrils wiped the
blood ; ho never from the mouth took the
blood , co the air might reach that breast ; so
that air could reach those lungs. 1 will not siy
a word more on that not u thing. He did
not know at this time , gentlemen of tlio jury ,
and put that down , he did not know at this
time that she was dead. He swears ho didn't.
Ho thought she was. but ho didn't know , and
the last no knew of her , the heart was beat
ing In her noble breast Now what does ho
do after this ? He says bo knelt by her side ,
and finally he heard his sister coming down
stairs. Gentlemen of the jury , when you go
Into your jury room , will you tell me why ho
rushed out and stopped that sifter. Why did
you to and stop that sister ? She was going
out of doors ; she was rushing out That poor
cirl , the memory of that night will remain on
her mind so Ionic as God will give lior life.
I wish It were In my power to wipe It away.
You know what was the matter. She knew
the trouble in that house : she ran out. She
says , "I was going for help for Sallio. " She
knew what was the trouble. She heard her
brother calling out "Oh Lord , " she heard ono
shot tired ; but the voice of Sallie Lauer was
dead. It was not heard , was It ? You know
when Lauer was calling out "Oh Lord , " and
Sallie Lauer's voice was silent , Ihat It could
not speak. You know it , mid we all
know it and thcro Is no question about it.
Poor girl , if my blessing can relieve you in
the least , and give you an hour the less suf
fering , God knows It Is vours from now on.
She know Sallie Lauer needed help ; she
knew Sallie Lauer's voice was silent ; she
knewTHAT
THAT SUOT WAS FOtt 8AUIi : T.AUEII.
He stopped her ; why didn't you let her run ?
ilo stopped her , and he tells her what to say
when she goes out. He tells her what to say
by saving to her "I have taken Sallie lor a
burglar and shot her. " Hut did ho say how
severely she was shot ? Not at all. Does fiho
ask ? Not at all. Moro than that , Sallie
Lauer's volco was still. She went over to
John A. McShanc's. and there was Leo and
Gahlon. blio didn't Bay that Sallie had been
taken for a burglar and shot , but shc.sald
something terrible had happened nt our
bouse ; that is what she said. John
Lancr goes back into the room. What
does he t"ll you ? Miss Lauer Fays that she
saw tuion his face a look of despair. Now In
order to see that look of despair , do you
know , gentlemen , Lanur has got to take the
trouble to take the lamp from the bedroom
Into the hitting room and set it on the table.
Hear In mind , she could well sco
Till : LOOK OF DlISl'AIIl ,
because at thu time you will notice
that Immediately north of the steve Is a door
opening from the hall Into the sitting room.
-You will notice that that door Is right adjoin
ing the stove ; that when yon onnii that
door , the light from the stovn would have
shown John Laner plainly. Yon don't be
lieve , gentlemen ol the lury. that John Lauer
went to thutroublo to talco the lamp from the
dressing case in the bed room , and bring It
out In the Hitting room. Ho says ha did. Now
what did he do ? Now let us see his act for a
ninment , gentlemen ot the jury. Let us sco
what bo did now. He went back Into the
room ; ho knelt lu-nln beside the body of bis
wife. Ho didn't know yet that the heart had
stopped beating ; ho didn't know yet that the
BOH ! had fled. This is Ids own testimony ,
( jontlomcn of the jury , let mo tell you
anotherthlngthat is In this testimony : that
when John Lauor went back to the body of
hl.s wife ho did not know where nho was hit ,
according to bis statement. Ho says that ho
know she was hit in the face , but he did not
know wjiere. Ho did not know whether that
bullet had passed through and lodged In the
mouth , and caused the blood to ( low from the
mouth and nostrils , or whether it had pene
trated the brain. Ho says he did not know ,
gentlemen , and yet , not knowing. John
Laner , ( turning to the prisoner ) , not
knowing that your wife was dead ,
not knowing that she had a mortal wound ,
not knowing but what a drop of water would
lot breath into her soul , not knowing that ,
yon left her llkn a dog on the floor. Now. sir.
ho didn't know It Ho wont to work und
dressed himself. Now ho says ho dressed
himself logo alter tlio doctor. "John Lauer , "
I said , "at the time that you proposed to go
after the doctor , did you know your wifo'was
dead ! " ' He says ho did not All this time
him was lying ihero ; all this tlmo she was In
that agony , and ho didn't know she 'was
dead. Oh ! but
iiiniB is A TKiimm.K nuxn ,
Gentlemen of the jury , 1 askiulJohn Lener
why hodldu'tgo utter the doctor. What Is his
answer ? " 1 wanted to ba boaido my wifo. "
John , did you know she was dead ? "I did
not. It she returned to IIfu I wanted
to bo there " Gentlemen of the jury ,
1 said then , "Mr. Lauer , you remained them
so as to bo with the body If llfo returned ? "
Do yon know what is the answer to that ?
"That Is exactly It : 1 wanted to bo there if
life returned.1 "That Is exactly it ; " the four
words of his answer. Now , gentlemen of the
jury , just think of It That body lying there
.all that time , not knowing but what It might
return to llfol Istheru butouonnswor why ho
did not do anything to rcstoic that body ? ' Is
Uioro but ono answer why John Lauer
wanted , to bo beside Ids wife If consciousness
returned ? There Is just ono answer. Itl. a
' terrible answer , but WL- cannot escnpo from
It. U Is tUls , oh , this is tlio au-mur : I
wanted to sec fhhl iny act was not pro
nounced by thosoi lips. It llfo returned : ; I
dared not trust myself away from her , be
cause the i
sncnr.T or , MY rout * CIUMK
might yet bo told/ from those appar
ently dead llpfe. Let mo now see
whether or not1 Ihfs Is Justified. Have
you reflected UJXMI the condition of that
body ? Hear In mind ; up to this time , for
many minutes he did not know that life was
extinct. .Now , wat ! | .did he do that night ?
He says the body fell about on Its right side ,
and that he turned the body over on Its back.
How waslhobodr foflpd ? Let us take the
testimony of Mr , IAJC. who was the first that
went In , and Matt Ghhlontho ( next who went
In there , and It Istiot'fllsputcd by anybody.
Mr. Leo and Mr. Gnhlon say that the head
was turned over totho right , so that the nose
nearly touched the Wirpet , don't they ? Now ,
ust think of this position of the body ,
ust look nt this position of the body. The
iead was turned over to the light so
that tlio nose nearly touched the carpet , and
the body was on Its back. Now , gentlemen
of the jury , In that position nf the body , with
the head turned over to the right so that the
nose nearly touches the carpet , the head was
nearly twisted off. And wltn the head In that
position and thu body In that position , It was
Impossible for that woman to breathe , oven It
there bad been a chance of llfo
AI > YOU IIPT : iun : so ?
Why didn't you , when you turned her
over on her back , turn her head and raise It
so that air might enter , the lungs ? Ho did not
do It , but ho left ber head over In such a po
sition that air Could not get to those lungs
ho left her there. That Is the fact of it sir ,
and left her there until ho was
sure she was dead , and the story of
Ibis tragedy .was secreted by her de
parture. Think of It. * * * * Ho was
crolng to make sure that life did not return.
From the very start , gentlemen of the Jury ,
bo has thought of nothing but John Lnuer.
Ho has thought of nothing but his own do-
fcnso ; ho has thought of nothing but his own
protection , even to seeing It niado certain
that the lips of Sallie Lauer could never till ; .
And thus ho leaves her , already premeditat
ing , already calculating the defense that he
would make hero to you , gentlemen of the
jmy , when this matter came up. My learned
JJjJrjd. Judge Savage , tolls you If ho were a
murderer he could not do that ; ho could not
lake the hair and wash it , and assist about
the body. Why , gentlemen of the jury , the
MUiinnnKu OK Tin : WIFE
1ms even taken the body and cut It In pieces
and burned It In the stove. 'Hie murderer of
the wife has dragged the body and placed It
In the well. The murderer ot the wife has
oven taken the body and thrown It In the
river. The murderer of the wife has gone and
concealed the body In the wood pile. The mur
derer of the wife by poison has dressed and
prepared the body for the funeral. Gentlemen.
I fear I tire you , and yet I have endeavored
to make no spread eagle speeches here , to
make no Fourth of July oration , to make no
tirade on public opinion , either for or acalnst.
I could not do it ns eloquently as my learned
friend can , either , but I think It has nothing
10 do with the ease. 1 ma talking of these
facts In the name of justice , and do not liud
anything , like my eloquent fi lend , that can
bo said of public opinion or the press. Wo
are told now that when lhc.se parties came In
ho told the story , and lias told It since. So
ho 1ms. A word more hero , gentlemen , and 1
will hurry on. Wo are told by my learned
friend Thurston. that Mr. Lee , Mr. Gabion ,
Mr. MeShano , and the others who went in
there Mr. Gallagher , felt sure of his inno
cence when they wont In. Hcmcmbcr that.
Let us see how that will appear In the light
of this evidence. The old man Lee , an honest
old man , who would not perjure his soul to
save John Lauer or any other nan , who Is
already tottering on M'.e ' verge of the grave ,
and expects soon t6 pass to the other shore ,
that old man Is the lii'it ono that saw that
terrible scene. That man Is the lirst man
that saw I 1
THE TEitnniLn ncrunE
that morning. Oh , how different from the
picture the night before , when she nestled in
his arms , and bhtSblngly looked up into his
face. Judge Thurston says that after the
separation ho wanted to say , "Can 1 see you
to give ono moro kiss < jfi farewell ? " What a
scene. Now here was a departing soul ; hero
was n throbbing hcait ; here \yas an agoniz
ing body ; hero were 'parched ' lips ; hero
wiis a scalded rtoiiguc. And did ho
ask a kiss -llienV This is the
scene that old maulLeosaw when bo came In.
Hear In mind that 'Mr. Lee saw the surround-
Incs , looked at tlio man's ' hands , looked at
the bed , heard his explanation , saw the whole
' "thing as it was f nulled lately after the tragedy.
And what does old man" Leo say about It ?
The district attorney asked Mr. Lee this
question , "Did you ask him how It occurred ? "
And what was Mr. Lee's answer ?
"I ASKED HIM NO QUESTION I SAW
ENOUGH. " "
That Is the old man's answer. What did bo
see ? See she was mistaken for a
burglar ? Not nt all. Hen Gallagher ,
when no came there , met Lee going out of
the house , and didn't ask him how it occur
red. Hen Gallagher knew well enough. Mr.
MeShano was over there and never asked
how it occurred. Ho know well enough.
They nil know well enough , and ho says , "f
asked no question ; I saw enough. " Is this the
conduct of % penitent man ? Is this the con
duct of one who feels regret for what ho has
done ? If so , in what way docs he exhibit
It ? What did tlio man who had shot his wife
by accident and in the presence of tlio body ,
while its lovely form yet seemed to
niSI'UTi : WITH DEATH ,
while Its lovely fneo seemed yet to belong to
earth , say to Mr. Voss ? "How do the people
take this ? It would bo nil right if that son
of a so and so. " is that the language of a
man ? Joe Her , this man that has
ecu traduced , and the man who In this in
vestigation holds the noblest place In it , from
the beginning to the end , on either side ; a
man who had been told the wrongs of his
niece , knowing she had no father or brother ;
a man who know that her only protector was
the good old lady who so soon must follow
her to the grave ; a man who knew this had
the Impudence , the audacity to stand by an
outraged woman. May the last nr-t of my
life before 1 am called into the presence of
my Maker bq with the volco ofjny lips pro-
tenting woman. When this man stopped into
the room with ( he sister of the deceased on bis
arm , he said in the presence of Mrs. Her , "I
would like to kick that man out of doors. "
Is that the volco of regret ? Is that the regret
of sorrow ? At another time In the picscnco
of Mr. J. W. Her ns Joe Her came Into the
room , ho says , "Hell , 1 would like to kick
that man out of doors ! " and
STAUTCI ) UP IN HIS HACK.
bid was prevented by a lady at his side ,
while the dead body of Ids wife was under
the roof. Is that the volco of regret ? is that
the voice of sorrow ? Is that the volco
of penitence ? This Is the man whom they
depict as the bright , brilliant , loving husband
and the penltneni , alter the accidental
shooting of I. Is wife.
I think 1 will not pursue this case any far
ther. One word as to the probable scene
there that night. Wo know flint the door
was unfastened , and the coal out of the
grate , and in all probability that lamp was
never put out. Hid these other matters wo do
know. That woman had been in sorrow and
trouble all that time. No doubt , time and
again , she snld , "John , 1 cannot endure this
llfo any longer , " nnd held up her hands In
despair , nnd said , "John , kill me , it will ho
doing mo the gioaU'st of Bin-vice * " No
doubt but that nlghtiho. ald"Thlii cannot bo
endured , " und , ruUiir ( Mv" ' have that woman
leave , nnd nave that fnpit smiled upon by an
other , ho would ratller put her under the sod.
Wo know ho could'nbtfmvo shot her from the
bed. The gentlomeji say ho mint have made
the shot as they Buyv lueeanso ho described
afterwatd Just howiit was. Ves , ho described
just bow Unit shot y'ai without examining It
at all , Ho know just w nero ho had hit her.
Ho knew the ' J
KFl'KOT dJ-THAT IIUI.LKT ,
Ho must have been s'urc''that shu would tell
the story after bo btlil 'threatened or cajoled
her again , as she told the htory of the other
burglar that she was . -shot at' for a burglar ,
They bald they would toll yonof another bin-
glar in thu house. Tlvyidld not
1 leave this ciiso.il > n } , has been to mo a
source of great anilely , ! With regard to my
self personally I want y > say to you that I
rare nothing tor public pplnfon. I have not
been its pel child , 'i ' > iui too outspoken , too
determined , and probably never will bo. Hut
i have not forgotten the lesson taught me L-y
my mother , that 1 honld perform my duty
as my conscience dictated and
leave the consemiences to Almighty God ,
* * * Ii ) the trial of a case In court there
are more things to ba tried than the prisoner
at the bar. There Is n trial of the power ot
government ; thoroisa tihd of the power ot
law ; thurolsatrlalof the duty of the citi
zen ; iliciolsn trial of the Integrity of the
Jury. These things we now submit to'you. .
Take them to the jury room. You will bo
expected to i > ciforni your duty fearlessly and
well. Let no political considerations over
darken the sacred doors of that sanctuary ;
let no religious considerations enter Into the
solemn presence of the delibeiations upon
this guest Ion. ; let no social matters come
near or touch you ; but under your oath that
binds the integrity o ( man to the throne ot the
eternal God , make true dellvoranctt. between
thobtatoof Nebraska and .lohn W. Lauer ,
Gentlemen , I thank you. , and desire bt-foro
closiu's this case , to thank the court , not iu
my own bchftlf , but In behalf df the pfoplc ,
nnt In behalf of n mob , In behalf of nil WO
hold tlear , I desire In bcbalt of them all to
thank the able efforts ot the learned district
attorney In bringing this case on to trial , and
I believe ho has the people's peed will.
Thanking you again , gentlemen of tlio jury ,
I now submit the caso.
Instructions to tlio Jury.
The following are the Instructions to the
Jnry as dollveied by Judge Neville ;
Slate vs. John W. Lauer.
I. The defendant Is Indicted and charged
thereby with the crime of murder in the first
degree by shooting his wife , Sallln Lauer.
tt The statute under which this prosecu
tion Is had reads ns follows : "If any person
shall puiposely and of deliberate nnd pie-
meditated malice or In the perpetration or at
tempt to jwrpotrato nny MIX ) , arson , robbery
or burglarv , or by administering poison or
causing the same to bo done , kill another
* * * * every person so offending
fihnll bo deemed guilty of murder In the lirst
degree , and upon conviction thereof shall
suffer death. "
a. Ourstatnto defines murder In the second
degree ns follows : "If nny person shall pur
posely nnd maliciously but without delibera
tion and premeditation kill another , every
such person shall be deemed guilty of murder
in thu second decree , and on conviction there'
of shall bo Imprisoned In thcpcnltcntiniy not
less than ten'years or during llfo In the dis
cretion of the com t , "
I. Our statute dciincs manslaughter ns fol
lows : "If nny person shall unlawfully kill
another without mnllco either upon a sudden
quarrel or unintentionally , while the slayer
Is In the commission of some unlawful net
every such person shall be deemed guilty of
manslaughter , nnd upon conviction thereof
shall be Imprisoned in the penitentiary not
more than ten years nor less than ono vear. "
r > . Von nre Instructed that a delendant Iu
a criminal prosecution Is presumed to bo In
nocent until proven cuilty beyond reason
able doubt , nnd before the Mate can justly
claim conviction the state must sntlsly you
beyond n reasonable doubt of the truth of
each material allegation In the Indictment by
competent proof and circumstances of the
case.
0. Under our statutes there are threecrades
of criminal homicides , ns follows : Murder
In the llrat degree , murder in tlio second de
gree and manslaughter. And In a prosecu
tion upon an Indictment for murder In tlio
first degree , if tlio evidence tails to sustain
such charge of murder In the lirst degree ,
yon may under such nn Indictment , If the
evidence bhall justify , lind the defendant
guilty of either murder in the second degree
or manslaughter.
7. Murder in the first degree Is defined by
our stnlute.whlch 1 have given you In my second
end Instruction , nnd the definition there
given Is so plain nnd concise that I fear con
fusion In attempting further definition.
Should your find thai Sallie Lauer was alive
in Douglas county on the 21st day of Novem
ber , ISSo ; that the said Sallie Lauer Is now
dead ; that she died Iroin nn Injury from the
hands of some one other than herself ; that
she came to her death by n wound in the
right side of her nose , head and lower pait
ot her brain , inflicted by a bullet discharged
from n pistol , nnd that the defendant dis
charged the pistol nnd Inflicted the
wound , of which Sallie Lauer died. If you are
satisfied ot the truth of all ( ho above
stated facts beyond a reason able doubt , then
It becomes your duty , from the evidence , to
hunt for a motive and design on the part of
the defendant , and If you find from the evi
dence , beyond a reasonable doubt , that the
defendant knew or thought , at and just
prior to tlio assault , that the assaulted was
Sallie Lauer , and the defendant purposely ,
with deliberation and premeditation , and
with malice , deliberate ) and premeditated , did
the killing , then you should find the defend
ant guilty of murder in the first degree.
7J Motive is that force behind the will
which prompts the will to act It niny ba
love of gain , selfish desire , jealousy , haired ,
sudden heat of passion , or any of tlio vaiious
causes which move the will power.
8. To do an net purposely Is to do It de
signedly , Intentionally and with a will. To
deliberate ono must think and reflect what
ono must do or refrain from doing , and when
ono contemplates and so rellccts upon an act ,
that ono Is said to deliberate the act ; and the
net may bo a deliberate net , although no con
siderable tlmo Is occupied in snob reflection
and deliberation ; it Is sufficient If thcro Is
time to reflect upon Iho intended deed , though
the tlmo bo very short.
ft To. premeditate Is to incdttnto before
hand upon the Intended net , and in this ele
ment of the crime of murder , like that of de
liberation , no considerable time is necessary
for premeditation ; it Is sufficient If there is
time to premeditate upon the intended deed ,
so that tlmo might Intervene before the
thought nnd the killing sutliclent to have
caused a reasonable person to see and know
the wrong he is contemplating.
10. There Is one additional clement for
yon to consider nnd which element must be
present in the defendant's mind nnd act be
fore you can find murder in the lirst degree ,
and that Is malice. Malice Is hatred ; ills
manifested in the niiml by ill will , nnd n
desire to injure another. It is mostly Indi
cated by threats ot revenge , and the very
act of killing may of lUielf be sufliclenl evi
dence of malice. This clement may bo ex
press malice ; that Is , It may bo manifested by
the language and acts of the defendant at
and before tnotime of tlio killing so that it
may bo proven by evidence of witnesses. In
addition to express malice there Is malice
presumed when the act of killing Is sur
rounded by circumstances which do not ex
cuse the act , but the net itself shows n ma
lignant , revengeful heart bent upon doing
harm. And Iu all cases of willful and un
lawful killing where the circumstances of
such killing do not excuse the killing , the
law presumes defendant to be possessed of
the element of malice without additional
proof.
II. Where the fact of the killing is estab-
llshed without any explanatory clrcum-
fitanccs malice Is presumed , and It would bo
murder In thu second degree ; but if Iho evi-
dcneo establishes the fact of deliberate and
premeditated malice then the offense is mur
der In the lirst degree , If Iho killing was in
tentionally , purposely , nnd unlawfully done.
12. Yon are Instructed that a homicide may
be either justifiable , excusable , or felonious
and criminal. The defendant admits tlio
killing and claims as a defense that It is ex
cusable. A homicide Is excusable where ono
in doing a lawful act by mere accident un
fortunately kills another.
13. "Von are Instructed that where a party
has entered the private resilience of a de
fendant In the night tlmo with a felonious
purpose of stealing , robbing or committing
any felony ngaln.il the defendant or his fam
ily , the defendant , may shoot and kill the In
tended criminal and the law justifies such
killing. And In this ease If yon are satisfied
that John \V. Lauer honestly believed and
firmly thought thai his wife , whom ho saw In
the room , was a burglar Intending or com
mitting a felony upon him or his family , and
John U' . Lauer under such honest conviction
and by misapprehending his wife for a bur
glar tired the fatal , .shot he , the snld Laner ,
then and thcro Intending to kill a burglar
und not his wife , then you must lujult.
14. if on the contrary you are satisfied be
yond a reasonabledouhtthat defendant know
or believed iho object ho fired nl was his
wife , Sallie Lauer , then you should find de
fendant guilty of murder In the lirst degree ,
If the other elements of the crime are snlll-
clcntly proven.
15. Should you bo satisfied boyondn icason-
able doubt that the dofendent had reason to
bellevo that the object ho saw was not a
burglar , und that thu thoughl came lo his
mind that It might bo his wife , and defend
ant hnd time to rolled however short , and de
fendant maliciously and recklessly and with
out care tired the shot , you may bo justified
in finding defendant guilty of murder in
the second degree.
10. Von nro Instructed that if nil the cir
cumstances rolled upon by the state for con
viction are reconcilable with any reasonable
hypothesis other than the guilt of the de
fendant , or they do not > > ntsly ! Iho mind of
th'j ' jury beyond a reasonable doubt of the
guilt ot Iho defendant , then you should
acquit.
17. You are Instructed that circumstantial
evidence is legal and competent In all crim
inal cases , and If It Is of such n character as
to exclude c.very reasonable hypothesis , other
than that the defendant Is guilty , ills equally
as certain nnd entitled lo the i-amu weight as
direct testimony by word of mouth.
1H. You are Iho judycs of the credibility to
bo given to witnesses , and yon should In con
sidering the weight of their testimony take
Into consideration the manner , the Interest ,
or the want of Interest , of said witnesses In
the case , together with thostandlng and bearIng -
Ing hhown by the witnesses in Ihclr tcstl-
1'J. Yon are instructed that If you are satis
fied trom the evidence nnd circumstances In
this case that any witness who has tuatllled ,
has wllltnllv or Knowingly sworn falsely as
to any material thing in the case , then yon
may bo Justified In disregarding the whole of
such witness' tpstlmony which is.not corrob
orated by other eridcnco or circumstances In
the case. <
20. Iu a case of prosecution for murder In
the first degree. Iftlio jury shall bo.satisfied .
iroin the evidence beyond a icasonablo dqiibt
that defendant purposely , aud intentionally ,
' ' * ' * '
" '
. - ' *
unlawfully and malicious y ( killed deceased ,
yet without dollbcttUojihd pTNHcd I titled mai-
tco , the jury cftn only film murder In the second
end degree.
, 21. lu n prosecution formurdor In the first
degree , If the Jury hall bo satisfied beyond n
reasonable doubt that defendant unlawfully
killed deceased , but without malice at all ,
then If the ovldonco Is otherwise sufficient
the Jury can only find defendant guilty of
manslaughter ,
tfi You are Instructed that a reasonable
doubt , In the meaning of the law. Is snob a
doubt as would cause a reasonable , prudent
and considerate nuu In the graver and more
Important affairs of llfo. to pause and hesi
tate before acting upon the truth of the mat
ter charged. The proof Is to bo deemed to
bo beyond n reasonable doubt when the evl-
donee Is sufficient to Impress the judgment of
ordinarily prudent men with a conviction on
which they would act without hesitation In
their own most Important affairs of life.
23. You are Instructed that If , nfter n care
ful nud Impartial consideration of all the cir
cumstances nnd nil tlio evidence In thocnse ,
you can say and fcol that you have nn nbld-
Ing conviction of the cultt ot the defendant
nnd nio fully fatlslied of the truth ol the
charge , then you are satisfied beyond ix ion-
sonaole doubt
! M. Now , gentlemen , I have discharged my
duty the best 1 could , nnd the sternest ic-
sponslblllly that can ever msl upon n Juror
Is upon you. No juror Is worthy to sit-as
such If he. by sympathy for the prisoner or
prejudice against him. permits Ids verdict to
bo shaped. You owe to the stale nnd Iho de
fendant a verdict carved wholly out of the
evldouco nurt the law.
Scones mul Incidents.
As the judge concluded his charge the
lury slowly worked a passage thr6u < ; li
Uio crowd and entered the. room in which
Lauer's guilt or innocence is to bo
decided. At 5:20 : o'clock they wcro
called back by the court , who took
them into the judge's chambers ,
where in the presence of Mr. Thurs
ton ho changed the vcrbiaco of the thir
teenth charge. As given that section
contained "it yon nro satisfied beyond
reasonable dotibt * * that John \V.
Lauer mistook his wife for a burglar you
must acquit. " The change consisted in
Plrlkiiu * out tlio words "beyond reasona
ble doubt. "
Yesterday was probably the day of the
greatest interest. At 7 o'clock in the
morning live women ate their breakfast
in Iho court room. They wore so anx
ious to obtain seats that they loft their
homes before having lime lo prepare the
morning meal. During the noon recess
by actual count over 800 people took
their lunch in the court room.
The crowd which thronged the room
since the progress of the trial did their
best to demolish the fixtures. The rear
wall was badly defaced , and a number of
the supports were badly mutilated. The
window sills also wore marred by the
work of hobnailed boots.
Judge Neville said at llm conclusion of
the trial that bo had seldom presided in a
case where the relations between the op
posing counsel wore of such a pleasant
nature. They showed the utmost defer
ence to the court and Iho greatest com tcsy
to each other.
In speaking of Mr. Thurston's attack
upon the reporters , Judge Wakeloy said
yeslordny afternoon that ho had never in
all his experience seen a trial reported so
fairly and impartially in the newspapers
as the Lauor case bad been.
While General Cowin was speaking
yesterday afternoon bolli the judges
rooms held attentive audiences who
wcro content lo stand in uncomfortable
altitude for hours merely for the sake of
hearing Mr. Cowin's voice , which was
perfectly audible.
The lirst person to make himself "prom
inent at Iho afternoon session was n
burly negro , who calmly surveyed Hie
crowd from Iho eminence usually occu
pied by his honor , the court. The negro
seemed oblivious to everything but his
own thoughts , which wcro apparently of
a pleasant nature , if Ins-broad smile-was
nny criterion. Ho consented at last ,
however , to vacalo his position for the
court.
There has probably never been a large
assemblage of people in Onmba which
coiitninedas many pretty women as were
present in the court room yesterday after
noon. If for no other reason the occa
sion was made memorable by the bright
eyes and rosy cheeks of the line looking
girls.
Judge Baldwin is authority for the
statement that the business of the grocers
and butchers has suffered greatly on ac
count of the trial. He says that this is
caused by the fact that the women sucnd
so much time in the court room that no
meals are prepared except cold lunches.
A Small Strike.
The men employed by the Union Ren
dering company , at South Omaha ,
struck yesterday morning. They bad
been receiving iJl.GO per day and struck
for 1.75. The foreman and manager
wore both absent at the timo. bill on llicir
return they made satisfactory arrange
ments and Iho men went lo work again
in the afternoon.
Miss Mynn Hazen , who has been vjbit-
ing hero since September last , leaves in a
few days for her home in Minneapolis.
Minn.
Hoiilette.
London Graphic : The amount which
visitors may stake at one time IP limited ,
the smallest sum mlmiltcd being C
francs about a dollar nnd Iho highest
0,000 francs , or something like $1,300.
"Itoulotto , " or "littlo wheel , " is purely a
game of clinnco. It is placed on an ob
long table covered with green cloth , in
the cuninr of which is a cavity of litllo
moro than two feet in diameter in Iho
slmpe of a puuee-bowl. This cavity ,
which ha ? several cooper bands round
its sides ul e. < nml distances from each
other , lias its sido.s fixed , but the bottom
is movable round an axis placed in the
ccnler , Iho handle by which molion is
communicated uoing a species of capstan
of cooper fixed on the upper extremity
of the axis.
Hound Hie clroumforonco of this mova
ble bottom are tliirty-fevun holes , painted
in black and rod nllornately , with firdl
thirty-six numbers and a zero , as shown
in the diagram.- ) . These thirty-seven
symbols are also figured at each end of
the uiblo , in order that Iho players may
plneu their stakes on the chance Ihoy so-
leel. Along the margin of the table nre
painted six words pair , passe , noir , im
pair , muiirme. rouge , which will bo nfler-
ward explained. The game is usually
played as follows : Ono of the tai'leurfl or
' 'bankers" puts the movable bottom in
motion by turning tlio crosn with his fore
finger , nnd at the same instant throws
into llieoavily an iron ball In a direction
opposite to thu motion of tlio bottom ) the
ball makes Kovoral revolutions , and
nl last fulls into ono of the tliirty-sovcn
holes above mentioned , the hole into
whiah it falls determining thu gainer
or loss of the plnyors. A player may
str.ko his money on 1,3 , or any of thn
thirty-seven numbers ( including the
/.cro ) . and shows what numbur or num
bers no selects by placing his Make upon
them ; if ho has solecled a number
or zero corresponding to ihat
ono into which iho hall fulls , ho receive
from ono ol the taillenrs thirty-six times
his stakes vihis Make nnd thirty-
live times moro. If ho soloeled
two n tun burs ho only receives
eighteen limes , thus only winning
Imlf what ho would have done bad ho
staked the whole on onu number ; , if threw
numbers twelve times , etc. This is called
iouo'r u chovul. The rectangle.s nl Iho
bottom of each of the thrro numbor-s fig
ured on the table , are for the reception of
the stake of thai player who selects a
column ( twelve numbers ) a.s his ehuiico ,
and if the bull enters a hole the number
of which is found In his column , ho in paid
throe times his stake. Those 6 who
prefer staking , their mutiny on
any of the elmnees marked ou the cdfjo
of the table , if tliev winr receive , double
their sUiUo , Ul P ' HtuKCv and as much
\
bored from 1 to 18 inoluslvoj ( lie "pawo , "
if it Is numbcml from 10 to 00 Inclusive !
the "rougo , " if it Is colored rodi rum
the "noir " If it Is colored blaok. If Iho
ball should fall into the hole m\rkcdwitb :
the zero , the stakes of those players whf
venture upon the six chances last ilescrlbocf
nro either ecually | divided between th
bank and the players , or , as is moro coim
moiily the case , tiioy are "put in prison/ '
na it Is called , and the succeeding trial
determines whether they nro to no ro *
stored to Iho players or gained byth
bank ; Should it so happen that this ( rial
the ball again falls into the hole ( tha
chances against it occurring nro enor
mous ) marked zero , then half of the
Flakes lu prison nro taken by the bank ,
nnd the remainder are "pul into the
second prison , and so on. "
Tcnnlo Clnflllu'H English Homo.
Col. J. C. Normilo says In the St. Louis
Globc-Uomocrut : A Jato dispatch ac
quaints us with the nmrrlngo of MissTim-
ulo 0. Clafllin to Sir Joseph Cook , thn
possessor of the best pleturo gallery In
London , and of a line villa in Portugal.
This villa stands unrivalled In nil Kuropo.
Ctnlra , whoru It is located , Hyron , in Ills
Childo Harold , pronounces the world's
paradise. A delightful drive of twenty
miles from Lisbon , and you nro there.
Tim mountain is crowned by the gilded
dome and graceful minarets of thu king's
chateau , lo the left of which is the famous
cork-wood convent , while the right is
Hanked by the ruins of a Saracenic
stronghold , and a little lower by u pnlaco
built by this people , and still preserved
and marking Iho extreme weslorn limit
from which iho banner of Ihe crescent over
floated. Hero is a wilderness of high
shade trees of palms , cork Irees , and
every species of evergreen. All around
yon hidden mountain springs sing , mur
mur , laugh and bubble till you believe
every grove Is spirit , haunted. Lower In
the mountain valley Cook's famous
mountain villa mjslles embowered like
n bountiful woodland nyninh , In nn en
tanglement of ( lowers und cvcrjrreona
over which gigantic shade trees extend
their protecting nrms. Nature with true
nopousm has showered every charm on
this ambrosial retreat. In front the deep
green mountains open like a singe cur
tain , and tiic a/.uro ocean Is soenuroak-
ing on the shore below you. Sir Joseph
Cook is Marquis Monl.sorrnl , of the no
bility of Portugal , nnd unless ho should
happen to have : i very bad broatli Ton-
nio 111113' be siillieiently happy among her
pictwres and her Portugal paradise , Hall
wedded love , mysterious tiu.
Cntnrrli.
Correspondence of Boston Globe : Sym-
palhifcing eiilirely wllh any one troubled
with catarrh , allow me to say that thirty
years observation and allliction with Uio
disease assures mo lhal Ihero is no cure
for it. Wo may alovjato it possibly by n
proucr course of regitlon , 1 have lived
to see hundreds tamper with it , nnd die
prematurely. The malady doesn't , take
long to fasten upon the system. In its
inoipiency it is u simple head cold.
Handled diclicallytind avoiding- exposure
to an adverse nlmospherc , Ino disease
may ho eradicated then ! When chronic ,
howovcr , ono is fixed for lifo , and if nos
trums are then employed the term is lia
ble to be short. I've had hundreds of
remedies advocated within the past thirty
years , but 1 preferred to live , and sedu
lously avoided them. The form of catarrh
that pertains to Iho head , in running or
stiillud nostrils , is less dangerous tlnui
lhal connected with the bronchial tubes.
I think it a fallacy that head catarrh
leads lo consumption , though Iho olhor
form is liable lo. If one has. the former ,
clothe the vitals warmly , avoid exposure ,
live on nutritious , fattening and wanning
food , avoiding lee free use of liquids
especially ice water and exercise tern-
imraloly. Hy this course you may live to
bo over three score years , notwithstand
ing , ns I have said. It is said thai people
having catarrh escape pneumonia.
Score one for that.
A. Mormon Family.
Lorenzo Snow , one of the lord high
counselors of the Mormon church , hav
ing reached Iho advanced ago of three
score years and ten , recently deeidcd to
have a family reunion. This was iv por-
tcntlous undertaking , but ho had loffl of
money , plenty of gall nnd enjoys n crowd ,
so the affair was arranged. His family
consists of a No. 1 wife with two daught
ers , No. 3 with ono dnughlor nnd two
Foiia , No , 0 with Iwo daughters and three
sons , No. 4 with three daughters and two
sons , No. 5 with six daughters and two
sons , No. 0 with two daughters und ono
son , No. 7 with three daughters and three
sons , No. 8 with Iwo daughters and three
sons , No. ! ) with two ( laughters and ono
son ; making m nil twenty-three daughters
nnd nineteen sons. There wcro , all
told , 103 of his immediate descendants to
sil around the family board , nnd il took
three days to give them Iheir dinner. This
old man is wild to be well preserved ,
reads the finest print without the aid of
glasses nnd thus far has been called up
on lo mourn the death of only twenty-
three of his numerous family , .Including
n few of bis wives.
St. P.i u I and Minneapolis.
Said Iho mayor of Minneapolis ( o nn
alderman : "I'hear thai nnoliicr family
moved inlo St. Paul j'cslerdny. "
"Yes. "
"How largo' "
"Man and wife and four children. "
"That's bad ; what are wo doing ? "
"Well , 0110 pair of twins Is rnporled
from the Fourth ward and Iwo immi
grants from New York have just got hero.
I expect n friend nnd his wife and ouo
child on Iho noon train. 1 think we'll
manage to kicp up with that ono-horso
town down the river. "
Was AVronc.
Wall Street News : A granger-looking
chap entered one o'f the baiikb at Klmini
the other dny and dumped n lol of hueuri-
lies down before Hie teller und asKcuI
him lo estimate their worth.
"About ? 'i,000 , , " was the reply , after
the papers had been inspected.
' What ? No more than that ? "
"Not n cent. I see they arc till in the
name of n woman. "
" 1'oH. She's the ffiO.OOO wlddor I've-
spent two yours clmsinir after. Tell you.
fitrangor , there mnsl luivo DCOII a h - 1
of a depreciation in bonds or u thunder
ing advance In the price of widders. "
A cough Is dangerous ; Red Star Cough
Cure at once removes it. No narcotics.
Why tlio Petition Wns Sl/jnrcl. /
Texas .Siftings : "J hear you signed
Colonel Snioker'd application to the
president for the Kumscutka mission , "
"Thnl'sso. "
"And I have hqard you abuse him like
a pick -pocket. "
"Tliat'H so , too. "
"Then why did you sign his uppllca-
lioiu"
"To gut tlio skunk oul of Iho country. "
A I'rlr.o Iu the Lottery
of llfo which Is usually unappreciated tin-
111 il Is lost , perhaps never lo return , is
health. What a priceless boon il is , und
how we ought to cherish It , thai lifo may
not bo a worthless blank to us , Miiny of
the diseases that llosh is heir to and which
make life burdensome , such as consump
tion ( scrofulat of the lungn ) , and ether
scrofulous and blood diseases , uro com-
plcloly cured by Dr. Piercc's "Golden
Medical Discovery" after all otliei-romn-
diofi have failed. Dr. Picrcos ! treatise on
consumption mailed for 10 tunu in.
stamp * . . \ddr sVorld'ji \ DUpunsarj
Mi'di'-ul Association , GCU Main btrc.i > |
UullalO , N. Jf