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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 26, 1886)
THE OMAHA DAILY BEE
FIFTEENTH YEAK. OMAHA , FEIDAY MORNENG , FEBRUARY 26 , 1880. NUMBER 204
HENDERSON HAD THE FLOOR ,
Ho Uteri It to Advantage in Scoring
Opponents of Pension Legislation !
COMMISSIONER BLACK EXPOSED
Klvcr mid Harbor Approprlatlons-
Tlie llltter Spoils KlKlit ConltlliiR's
Political Future The Hull lluu
inhibition Capital Notes.
The Copperheads CnHtlgntctl.
WASIIIXOTONFeb. . 25. [ Special Tele-
gram.J There were three hours of Intense
uxeitcincnt In tlioliott.se this afternoon. The
regular annual pension appropriation bill
was being considered , when Colonel Hen
derson of Iowa , who la a prominent member
of tin ; committee on appropriations , called
the nttentlon of the house ton recent effort
iundo by Commissioner of 1'ensloiis Jilack
to create prejudice against wider latitude in
pension legislation , by addressing a letter to
Chairman Itandall and publishing through
out the country false .statements. Colonel
Henderson said ho liad Instantly detected a
discrepancy of over 580,000,000 In the state
ment tnmlii by Commissioner IJIack , mid that
there was n design In making the Inures as
largo as they were. ( This mlsstatoinent was
pointed out to your correspondent several
weeks ago , and was mentioned In these dis
patches. ) It proved that the falsification
amounted to $1)3,000,000 ) , , and the commis
sioner acknowledged It. The statement was
made , ho said , by Ulack to prevent further
Then Colonel Henderson opened a broad
side on the democrats for their opposition to
pensions. He showed how they had defeated
legislation enlarging the pension field by
Intiigue , and yet they escaped the record ;
how they always left a deficiency In the pen-
nlon appropriation In the house so as to make
It tip and thereby renew the odium of "ex
travagance" which democrats on the stump
thrust at the republican party. Some one on
the democratic side of the house denied that
that Hide had any larger per cent of opposl
lion to pensions or enlargement of pension
liberality than the other side. Colonel Hen
derson replied to this by bending to the
clink's desk tiie record of a vote cast In the
house- recently on the widows' bill. It
showed that of the sixty-four votes cast
against the bill , sixty-two were from the
south. This elicited tremendous applause ,
even the people in the galleries responding
About this time the excitement began to
rise rapidly. Colonel Henderson left his
seat and going over among the democrats ,
belabored them roundly for their sectional
ism , proving despicable acts upon the pait of
the confederate element In every session of
congress for many years. His statements of
fact , astounding though they yero , met with
no answers. Before ho had finished , how
ever , he had every confederate fire-eater and
copperhead on the democratic side of the
house boiling with rage , and such men as
Kandall , Morrison , etc. , on their feet , yelling
epithets and expletives , but not explanations.
It was a perfect cloud burst upon them.
When accused of trying to Incite a feeling
against the south , Colonel Henderson replied
that no man would go farther to heal what
ever difference there existed In the minds of
the southern people in regard to sectionalism
In the north than himself ; that
ho was opposed to keeping alive sec
tionalism , and nothing he was saying
was conducive to sectionalism. "But. " said
he. "I would rather spend an eternity In hell
with a confederate than an eternity In
heaven with a copperhead. " Then ho scored
the democrats and copperheads for their in
gratitude to the uhlon soldier. "Call mo a
demagogue if you please , but do not call mo
unjust or ungrateful , " said he.
While Colonel Henderson was on his feet
there svas a constant roar of applause , and
when he sat down ho was very heartily con
gratulated. It was the most brilliant speech
delivered In the house during this session ,
and furnished a basis for dcbato during the
remainder of the afternoon. During all the
dcbato General Weaver sat among the con
federates and applauded their utterances
wit ) ; vigor and scowled on those on the oppo
THE ItlVKIt AND lIAllUOi : U1I.T
"How are you getting along with your
river and harbor bill ? " your correspondent
asked of Chairman Willis ol the river and
"Well , " lio.sald , wearily , " \vo arc getting
nlong probably as well as could bo expected.
It Is slow work though. Them Is a tremendous
deus pressure for appropriations of this char
acter , \volindourdnttcsnro serious and
"Is the demand for river and imibor im
provements greater than usual ? "
"Yes , much greater. I believe the people
would sanction an appropriation of 530,000 , .
000 this year for this purpose. 1 have never
In my luglslativo experience seen anything
like It. The people seem to bo thoroughly
awake to the necessity of improvement privi
What will be the sUe of your bill thislterm
do you think ? "
"I don't know. Wo wanted to keep It
down to 811,000.000 , but wobliall hard work to
do It with thu pressure there Is fiom all parts
of the country. "
"Do these demands come from any piuticu-
Jar section ? "
"Not especially so. The southern people
seem lobe feeling the need of the cheap trans
portation that flit ) Improvement of waterways
would bring , but the demand fiom all direc
tions is so pressing that it is haul to say
where it Is most strongly marked. "
"When do you expect to got your bill ink
the house ? "
" 1'robably sometime In April. "
"lo you think the session H likely to run
Into ? "
"Yea. 1 should not bo surprised If we
should be bore uiitll August. "
TIM : 1'ioiiT FOH TIM : SPOILS.
talking with one of the leading republican
senators , and one of the tshruwdest anil
wealthiest men In the scuatcthoconven > atloi
foil upon party struggles over ollieo. " 1 dc
Hot understand , " ho salil , "how one part ]
manages to keep In power for twenty-foui
years. The bitterness which grows out of tin
distribution of olllccs Is enough to dlsrnp
tiny party. Wo are seeing evidence of it ii
thu condition of the democratic patty Jus
now They are going to pieces as fast as tliei
know how now , and we are going to capluri
the presidency next time because of it. "
"Do you think so ? '
'I haven't a doubt of It. "
"Who will bo your candidate ? "
"I don't know as to that. Wo must liny
some man who Is free from factional all !
tinccs and has a clean record. We liav
pienty of them Logan , Kvnrts , Kdinuds
Sherman. I don't pretend to say now wh
it will be , but If wo make such a liiolco ai ;
party out ot power Is able to make , we shal
liavu no trouble In capturing the white hous
CONKUXO MAY iKTUJN : ! TO TIIE SKXATK.
It Is whispered that the vigor of the sent
toriul light In New Yoik n > ny force llosco
COukllne into politics a nin. The matter i
being talked of both there and here. It is as
serted that Colliding lias a hold on certain
democratic Influences In Now York which
Ills friends could turn to account. The repub
lican strength is divided upon Miller , Cor
nell , Hlscock and Arthur , with no visible
prospect of any one of thorn securing full
cuing his position In every manner possible.
The administration lias Its supporters , but
not among tlio spoilsmen who constitute the
most aggressive clement of the democratic
party In the stale. Conkllng's lieutenants ,
It Is claimed , can utilize all the dissatisfied
elements of the democratic party and the ag
gressive wing of the republican party , or at
least sufllcle.nl to hold thu balance of power
In the republican legislature. It is possible
that Conkling may be again seen In the
IMtOTJIST I'ltOM COITXCIT. JII.UFFS VliTKUANS.
Mr. Wilson of Iowa , In the senate to-day ,
presented resolutions from Post No. 2 ! > ,
tlratid Army of the Itcintbllc , at Council
IllulTs , protesting against thu exhibition at
the national capital of "a panorama of the
battle of Dull Hun , showing the success of
traitors and the defeat of the loyal men ; "
also , demanding "of all loyal members of
congress that they pass an act Immediately
prohibiting the display of tioason on Ameri
can soil at the national capital. It was re
ferred to the military committee.
At a incctlnc of a Grand Army post hero
to-night a spirited debate arose over a resolu
tion condemning this exhibition of the battle
of Hull Jinn. Finally the resolution was de
feated , but it was by federal ofllceholdcrs
who were afraid to vote their sentlmenJLH lest
they offended the confederate elemenrvhenco
their superior officers , thereby hazarding
sKcunnn A FAVOIIAIJI.K nin'onT.
A favorable report was today made by the
senate committee on Indian affairs on the
Dawcs bill , allotting lands to such members
of the Sac and Fox , or Iowa tribe of Indians ,
as are enrolled at Pottawattamio and Great
Nelicma agencies In Iowa and Nebraska and
as may elect to settle upon a reservation of
their respective reservations , in the quanti
ties mentioned recently In these dispatches.
C1IADHOX WANTS A LAND OFFICE.
In the senate to-day Mr. Manderson pre-
icnted n memorial of the board of trade of
hadron , asking that a land district bo
istablished in the northwestern part of the
itato with Cliadron the point for the land
illlce. The memorialists urged congress to
.dopt the bill introduced in the house by Mr.
Dorscy , and endorsing the boundaries of the
llstrict as described in that measure.
I'KItSOXAIi AND OTIIHKWISi : .
L. F. Parker , a well known lowan , Is in the
Hon. John W. Akers , superintendent of
mbllc instruction of Iowa , readca very able
lapcr to-day before the meeting of public
ichool superintendents. Ho treated the duties
nd responsibilities of city superintendents
n a clear and instructive manner. His oxpres-
ions brought out a sharp dcbato and with
itood magnificent criticism. Mr. Akors Is
no of the most popular mciftbnrs of the con
dition which has been in session here tills
tveek , and which closed to-day.
WASHINGTON , Feb. 25. Among the bills
ntrodnced was one by Mr. Edmunds ,
providing for the Inspection of moats for cx-
lortatlon , prohibiting the exportation of
.dulteratcd articles of food and drink , and
.uthorlzing the president to make a proc
lamation in certain cases. Mr. Edmunds
aid that this bill had been reported last year
'roin the committee on foreign relations , and
besides providing for the Inspection of pork ,
jtc. lor exportation , it contained ,
' 10 said , a section giving the
president authority whenever ho was
convinced that unjust discrimination was
nado against thu admission of American
products Into other countries , proclamations
against such articles as ho thought lit for the
protection of the just interests of the United
States. In view of what ho ( Kdmunds )
saw In the newspapers about current events
In other countries touching American pro
ducts , on the theory that they were sup
posed to bo diseased , when the fact was ob
vious that the object was to exclude them
under any circumstances , he ( Edmunds )
.bought It clear that it was time to introduce
.ho bill again.
Uy Mr. Logan ( by request ) A bill to regu-
ate commerce among the several states and
; o codify the laws relating to bills of ex
change and other commercial paper ,
Mr. Fryo , from thocommttteoon commerce ,
reported favorably the bill authorizing the
construction of a bridge across Slatcn Island
sound , known as Arthur Kill , and to establish
the same as a post road. Placed on the
The snnate , on motion of Mr. Dawes , re
sumed consideration ot the hill to provide
allotments of lands in severally to the In
Mr. Maxey moved to strike out the clause
that proposes to make citizens of Indians
who should accept lands in severally.
The motion was rejected.
Mr. Teller offered an amendment provid
ing that the president may allow homestead
settlement by citizens of the United States
on each alternate quarter section with the
Indians , and that for the land so taken by
white people , the Indians holding lands
under treaties should bo compensated.
The amendment was rejected and the bill
Mr. Halo gave notice that after Mr. Gray's
remarks on the education bill , ho ( Halo )
would move for an executive session upon
some matters of Importance that would prob
ably oecupv thu remainder of the day. It is
understood that Halo referred to the nomina
tions of Pillshury and Clmso to bo collectors
of Internal revenue respectively at Boston
and Portland , which have been reported ad
The education bill was laid before the
senate ami Mr. George continued his re
marks In favor of the bill.
Brief remarks were also made by Messrs.
Edmunds and Hoar.
Mr. Allison suggested an amendment ,
which lie said ho would refer to at the proper
time , providing that in cadi state in which
there shall bo separate schools for white and
colored children , the money paid fohall b
apportioned und paid out for the support of
such white and colored schools In the pro
portion tlmt the Illiteracy of white and col
ored persons bear to each other , us shown by
the census. Mr. Allison thought the bill
should be so amended as to bo precisely what
It was intended to bo , and there should be no
room left for doubt to arise when the pro
visions of the bill coir.o to bo applied in
practice , us to the proportions of money to
bo npplled to the white and colored schools
The dcbato hero closed and the senate
WASHINGTON , Feb. 23. Mr. Howltt pre
sented a memorial ot l22saUns3 banks of
Now \ot\i \ state , representing 1,105,003 de
positors , asking lor the repeal of the Bland
silver r.ot , Hot erred.
The committee on commerce reported a
bill to Incorporate the Atlantic & Pacific Ship
railway. Hefenedto the commlttio of thu
Tliucomiulttenon military aflalrs reported
the military academy appropriation bill , and
it was referred to thu committee ot the
whole. The estimate for 18S7 is 54f..075. The
committee recommend an appropriation of
§ Cu7.bO.or S 11-1,270 less than the estimates.
TliocJinmlttee on postoflicus and postroads
reported the postolllcu ttpproprlaiion bill ,
lloferred to the committee ot the whole.
The committee on nubllo lauds reported a
bill to forfeit the lands granted to the state
of Michigan and to aid in the construction of
a railroad Horn Ontoiiagon to the Wisconsin
state line. Placed on the hor.so cjlmular.
In the moinlng hour the house resumed. In
committee of thu whole , consideration of the
llennepln canal bill.
Mr. Murphy of Iowa concUuk'd his speech
In advocacy of the mi-asme , and prmicted
that thu latter part of the present century
would bo famous on account of the canals
that would then be constructed. Congress
should pay out the millions of dollars thnt
were now rusting in the treasury for the
Hcnncpln canal and other much needed
public works , and this action would result
in blessings upon the people.
Mr. Itowcll of Illinois supported the bill ,
contending that as the canal would bo n
factor in the cheapening of transportation
rates , it was a national enterprise which
should be undertaken by the government.
Pending conclusion of his remark ? , tlio
morning hour expired and the committee
n.Tlio liouso then again resolved Itself Into
committee ot the whole , Mr. Crlsu In the chair ,
on tlio pension appropriation bill.
Mr.Townshcnd , of Illinoiswho had charge
of the bill , explained its provisions. It ap
propriated , ho said , 375,751.200 , or about 816-
000,000 more than was earned by law for the
current year. Tills Increase was occasioned
liy the accelerated work that was being done
in the pension olllcc , niul for this work the
commissioner of pensions and his employes
deserved commendation. No money paid
out of tlio national treasury accomplished
more general irood than the money expended
by tills bill. No better Use could be made of
the vast surplus In the treasury than to pay it
out on claims for pensions and other just
dues to our soldiers.
Mr. Henderson of Iowa , while concurring
with Mr. Townsliend in his general remarks
upon pension matters , differed from him
when lie attributed the Increased appropria
tion to the accelerated work of the pension
ollice. The gentleman has failed to call at
tention to the fact that the commissioner of
pensions had stated to thu committee on ap
propriations that there would bo a deficiency
of about 80,000,000 for the current vear , so
that the SGO.OOO.ooo which had been appropri
ated for the fiscal year of IbSO was confessed
by the commissioner to bo Insufficient to
meet the requirements of law. The average
appropriation for pensions for the last six
years was STO.-UO.ooo , showing that the ap
propriation contained In the pending bill
was Sl.ui,8UO ( below the average.
Alter a long debate , participated in by Mr.
Tillmau of South Carolina and Mr. Warner
of Ohio , the house adjourned.
A Scientific Kcvlow In n Kongo Com
WASHINGTON , Feb. 23. Ucpresentatlvo
Sanborn , to whom all matters relating to cat
tle fever In the western states , and Texas
fever or the cattle plague in the southern
states , were referred by the house committee
on agriculture , lias made a report on the
subject , in which ho makes a thorough , scien
tific review of the Question. Ho says the
condition of Infected cattle and the symp
toms before death , combined with the appear
ance of the animal after death , all lead him
to believe that there Is a strong analogy be
tween cholera in the human race and the so-
called Texas plague in cattle in the manner
of Its mode of propogatlon and spread among
cattle , as well as very many conditions and
symptoms in common with yellow fever. It
would seem that the disease , llku cholera ,
is spread by the excretions of infected cattle
In the course of transportation , and that cattle -
tlo which have been apparently free from tlio
disease have possessed the germs , which they
drop in the course ot transportation , and
which have been received by and iiitected
Should tliis bo true , tlio report Bays , the
remedy would bo very simple and may be
made effectual by an cflicient quarantining
of ail diseased cattle , or cattle that have been
exposed to tlio disease. In this case , a board
fence separating the well from the sick
would be a sufficient preventatlve.
Dr. Swinburn expresses" the opinion that
Infected northern or western cattle do not
transmit the disease from 0110 to tlio other.
Ho recommends an appropriation for a scien
tific commission to investigate the Plague ,
and discover , If possible , Its cause. Ho also
recommends the enactment of a law requir
ing the transportation of cattle in cars or
boats constructed for the purpose ,
iu which tlio comfort of the cat
tle could bo secured and overload
ing prevented , and tlmt all railroad
and steamboat companies engaged In such
traffic bo required to provide proper yards at
stated distances , where cattle could bo nin-
loaded aim supplied with pure water and
good food , and that at such points cars or
boats engaged in such transportation bo
thoroughly cleansed and disinfected.
It Is further recommended that on the ap
pearance of the disease amoug cattle either
in an infected section or among cattle in tlio
process of transportation a system of strict
quarantine bo established , and that no In
fected cattle , or cattle exposed to infection ,
be permitted to leave quarantine or be offered
for sale within fort y days , or until the ox-
trcmo period of incubation has expired.
A SUBSTITUTE REPORTED.
The Atlantic & Pixel no Ship Railway
WASHINGTON , Feb.2.r . A substitute for
Reagan's bill to incorporate tlio Atlantic &
Pacific Ship Railway company , was reported
back to the house to-day. The changes of in
terest made in tlio original bill by the com
mittee arc as follows : The requirement that
tlio rail way sli all transport vessels of 4,000
tons burden , Instead of 3,000 tons , before the
liability of the government begins ; a provis
ion that tlio obligation of the government
shall cease unless tlio company shall keep
the road In good repair , which shall bo
evidenced by Its sfealy transporting
a vessel , which , wiyt its cargo , shall weigh
not less than 4,000mis ; an amendment mak
ing lawful currency of the United States or
its equivalent , and In case ot Mexican vessels
transported , then Mexican sliver dollars , re
ceivable for tolls , tlio original bill provided
for pavment In gold , a provision for trial be
fore United States courts of controversies
nilslng In this country between the company
and its stockholders or the United States ,
excluding questions arising in Mexico or
affecting the company's territorial rights.
The Cabinet Mooting.
WASHINGTON Feb. 23 , The cabinet meet
ing to-day was attended by all the members
except Secretary Whitney , The question of
making some reparation to the Chinese resi
dents of Hock Uprings for losses sustained
by thorn In the riots thorn last full was again
considered , and Ills probable that the mattci
will bu brought to the attention of congress ,
with a recommendation that the sufferers be
recompensed for tholr losses ,
A Murder Confessed.
MATAMOIIA.I. Mexico. Feb. 25. Samuel
lined , a deserter from the Klghtli United
States cavalry , [ who was implicated in the
murder of a rioh Jew named Jilock , made a
confession yesterday , giving full particulars
of tlio crime. Ho says that Samuel Williams ,
also a deserter from the cavalry , struck JJlocl
with a thick piece of Iron and then assaulted
him with a knife. They got but llttla niojiey ,
tlio greater part being In a safe , which they
overlooked. Williams will probably bo taken
out by the authorities aim shot In expia
tlon of his crime.
The Cincinnati Election Muddle.
CINCINNATI , Fob. 23. The scrgcant-at
arms of the Ohio liouso of representatives ar
rested Dalton to-day for refusing to go to
Columbus with the returns of Preclnt-A.
fourth ward. Dalton says ho was unable to
comply with the order of the house commit
tee because ilia senate committee still huh
the returns. His attorney appealed to Judge
Hobinson for a writ of habeas corpus and the
court Immediately released Dallon on his
own recoirnizanco in the sum olSMX ) and ep-
puinted Wednesday next for hearing the
Commerce anil Homo Rule ,
LONDON , Feb. 24. The associated clmm
bors of commerce , which has been in scsbioi
hero for tlio past three days , to-day adoptei
by unanimous vote , a resolution deolarlnf
tlmt thn grant of home rule to Ireland wouh
prove disastrous to the trade botli ot Ire-lam
and ( Jreat Uritaln. This is the resolution of
fered by tlio Dublin chamber of commerce
and bccondcd by the Glasgow chamber.
'Collapse or a Cotton l-'Jrni.
NEW VOIIK , Feb. 583. It. li. Fonsythe S.
Co. , a cotton firm , ( ' .died this afternoon.Lla
bilities-not thought to be very large.
TRUTHS FOR STURDY TOILERS
peech of Hon , VTi A , MoKeighan at the
State Allianoo'Meeting ,
IE WEARS NO PARTY'S COLLAR
An Advocate of Unrestricted Free
Trade nnd n Firm Friend or
Senator Vim'Vybk Notes
of tlio Gathering.
A Farmer "Who Thinks FOP Hlmsolf.
HASTINGS , Neb. . Feb. US. [ Special. ] 'Tito
Slate Farmers' alliance closed its annual ses-
ion last evening. Nearly sovenly-llvo dele
gates were In attendance , and letters wcro
ccelvcd from n great many more who ox-
iressed their regret ni being unable to at-
end. The appearance and Intelligence of
ho delegates present reflect great credit upon
ho farmers ot the state of Nebraska. Many
of the short addresses made Uurlng the ses
sion showed that tlio farmers of the state are
lot only keenly alive to their own best Inter
ests , but that they Imvo a tnto appreciation
of what they want'ond how they propose to
Among the men. WIQ ! luvo become proml-
lent in the anil-monopoly movement In this
state , your correspondent noticed tlio famll-
ar faces of President Hurrows , P. B. Hoy-
lolds of Hamilton county , Fred lleddo , the
venerable editor of the Grand Island Inde
pendent , and Horace G. Hermitage of Adams
county. The latter gentleman , although n
voting man , enjoys tlio honor of being the
mly anti-monopolist ot er sent to the state
eslslaturo from Adams county. Ho Is the
editor of the Kenesaw , Free Press , which , by
ts vigorous editorial page , has become the
recognized organ of tlie anti-monopoly party
and the alliance in western Nebraska. Ho was
lonorcd by being elected secretary of the
State alliance , a position which ho Is ably
qualified to fill. Tlio re-election of President
Hurrows gives gen end satisfaction. Ho Is
acknowledged to bo the right man in the
Tirn IVF.XINO : SKBWIN
was given up to an address from
Hon. W. A. McKelglian of Webster
county , who in an eloquent speech
llscusscdthc issues of the day in an able
nanncr. Upon being Introduced Mr. Mc-
Kelghun said that had ho known that ho
would bo obliged to make a speech ho would
lot have come up , owlngito tlio condition of
ils health , and that it would bo Impossible
for him to address thei convention as ho
would Hko to. Ho1 said that some fifteen
years ago he joined a movement in tlio state
where he then lived Uiat was to benefit not
only the laboring classes of that state but of
all states as far as its. Influence could reach.
; t is a matter of speculation in the' neiglibor-
lood in which I live as to what political
iarty McKeighan belongs. I belong to no
lolitlcal organization. When I hear a man
; ay ho belongs to this or.that political party
I have a supreme1 contempt for him.
Jne of tlio greatest' misfortunes to the
country to-day is the fact that men
iclong to this or tbatxorganizatiou , that they
iavo the f.t
I'AIITV COI/LAIJ'tolTIIEIB NECK
and whatever the party Bays they must do.
It seems almost to take their life away to
separate them from It I want the party to
> clong to mo and my fellows , and not wo to
t. I want it considered as a means for the
accomplishment of the end , ana not other
wise. If the party wanto to make use of me
is the means for the accomplishment of the
end I shall raise serious objections.
When we look over the civilised world to
day we hear a spirit of discontent. We hear
t from all Europe. There Is scarcely n coun
try to-day where tlio laboring classes are not
sending up the mutterinps of discontent.
And when we come to this boasted land of
universal freedom wo hear the same thing.
There must be a disturbing cause. What Is
It ? Probably wo can better understand this
when we reflect that all the wealth that is
produced Is produced by labor. 1 think 1
fun very nearly correct when 1 say
that there can bo no production of
wealth without labor. If that wore true
It would naturally follow' that the
man who was the most skillhil and practiced
tlio most rigid economy , would possess the
most wealth. If that is not a fair proposi
tion , I have never learned It. I do not bo-
licvo there Is a man Iiqro who will contradict
that it is true. Then why is ft , to use tlio
expression of Ingersoll in one of hjs lec
tures , "that those who labor the most have
the least ? " If the true way to lay up iIchcs
would bo to labor tlrq hardest , and practicj (
the most rigid economy , if it we're nof for
the Interfering , unnatural and unjujt ln s
of tlio country , wo would flnd th t that
would bo the way the wealth of the country
would bo distributed.
We have passed through periodical hard
times. In 1837 * wo had a panic , in 1857vand
again 1873 to 1870. I refer to the depression
in 1837 to show how various are the opinions
as to what caused It. ; lmet a man on the
train , and lie said that ; It was caused by demo
cratic free trade. > 1 said that it was
caused by a little trouble in a
false banking system. However , I leave
that with you. Passing on down
to 1857 there was a time of very low depres
sion , One says j
DKMOCltATIO FIlEr. TIIAT > K DID IT.
Yet tlio census taken at each of those de
cades show the wealth of the country was
doubled between 1857and ( 1 CO , covering that
period of low tariff.'This docs not accord
with James U. Dlalnojs letter of acceptance.
( Applause. ] Yet it Is true. Then I would
have my protective friend stand up and an
swer If this Is not true,1 , tlmt during tlio period
beginning with 1678 and lasting clear down
to 1880 , if you didn't' hnvo tlio very highest
protection that this nation ever had ? If so ,
then It must bo true that high protection
caused hard times. Another onosays we hod
an over production. Well , as a friend once
remarked , we never hapan overproduction
except of fools and scoundrels.
Calling attention t& this cry of over pro
duction the speaker said : 'What do you labor
for if you don't want'inoaoy ? It Is a super
ficial view of the matter. You labor that you
may bo able to exchange with some one else
and bo happy. Aftorrspeaking of protection
and free trade , the speaker said that capital
and railroads were not anxious that man
ufactories should be established hero in the
west , and nothing like this would ever bo
realized until the people took Into their heads )
the matter of governing themselves and say
ing that corporations shall no longer govern
them. The first time honest labor had any
effect upon capital was when the
KNIOIITS OKIA11011 110TCOTTED.
It Is somewhat difficult to boycott a railroad.
There Is one-thing to tny mlud that you can
accomplish , and that is to see that the
national legislature be In your interest.
I wish briefly to call your attention to some
points touching thu control of railroads bylaw ,
If I understand the law and the subject cor
rectly you can pass'no law by the Nebraska
legislature to controllates , to and from tint
state. One pavtof yuV resolution 1 rathei
object to , because it stands In the way of mj
discussing it now ; If you pass a stringent
railroad law In Nebraska at.present the com
panics would put up the throuch rate to Chicago
cage and you would fall of tlio object sought.
What Is tlio remedy ? The constitution pro
vides that congress shall regulate inter-state
commerce. 1 do not wish to be severe on
any party or organization , yet congress has
failed to perform that duty. When Mr. Ilc.v
gan of Texas presented his bill , you remem
ber how it was mutilated. To-day a gentle
man from Illinois has a bill before congress.
They are filing oft the edges nnd getting
ready to pass It.
1 was surprised nt the unanimous sentiment
of the people uttered hero to-day touching the
nr.-it.icTiCN : : OF SKNATOU VAN WYCK.
I have never met the man , and do nolknow
him. I am not surprised tlmt tno representa
tives of the Knights of Labor , and t bellovo
them the largest Interest in the mcrcantllo in
terests of Nebraska , should support Senator'
Van Wyck. I can leadlly see why the In
terests of the merchants of Hastings should
bo Identical with those of the Ivnlghts of
Labor and the farmer. If Van Wyck Is a
rascal I thank those who elected him , and
when they found they were mistaken they
got torr lily mad about It. [ Laughter. ] As
to Manderson. 1 am not acquainted with
him. Never met him but once. He buttoned
up Ills coat and labored half an hour In tell
ing us we could not begin to compete with
foreign manufacturers , and three-quarters ot
an hour in proving wo could ship our pro
duce to Mexico.
From tlio time Senator Van Wyck be
gan to raise his voice in behalf of
his constituency of Nebraska , I noticed
that the larger part of the newspapers began
td abuse him , and the more they abused him
the better Hiked him. It does not matter
what Mr. Van Wyck's views aio on Infant
baptism and a thousandotherthlngs , but It is
our province to determine whether , as a citi
zen , ho doesn't represent the best Interests of
the laboring classes of this country. If ho
STAND nY HIM AND KI.KCT HIM.
I am not hero to rant about everything else
except farming. I am a farmer. I deny the
right of men engaged in any one kind of bus
iness that they chose to determine human In-
.lustry should tax mo for the benefit ot their
particular business. Take the item of lum
ber. It you should go to the various yaids
and get the number of feet sold you will find
.ho average duty to be about S'J..jO. One says
wo want to develop American industry.
"iVhit is it ? liaising flour , beef ,
[ > ork ? Wo have facilities for
raising them hero cheaper than other
; iarts of the earth. They are essentially iiu-
nan industries. The raising of lemons is a
ninmn industry. It would be possible to
.ilace a duty upon them and exclude them ,
but would it pay ? In my judgment no in-
: lustry is human Industry unless it can be
Maintained without taxing others to support
t. One says free trade Is all wrong. You
lave the theory of free trade. Everyone here
will recognize- the assertion timt every man ,
f ho is left free , will buy where ho can pur
chase the cheapest and sell where ho can get
the most. That is the natural law of busl-
icss. Hero comes the protectionist. Ho
says that Is all wrong. " "Place a duty on
foreign goods. " What for ?
'TO 11AISU THE I'JUCi : OF GOODS AT
The speaker then referred to how it was
when the colonies began to manufacture
after the war they had with England. After
all the American fanner does nol have a homo
narket. The price of beef is not made at
ionic. The price of wheat is what it sells for ,
and that is true of beef , pork , wheat , and all
the agricultural products. Said Senator
Manderson , "wo have a duty of SO per cent on
wheat , " but he failed to show where It pro
1 mention these things to show that the
farmer of the United States is competing
with all the laborers of the world. The dis
crimination against foreign coeds lias caused
ermany to shutout American pork , and this
point , the speaker said , brought him to the
consideration of the fallacy that the balance
of trade in favor of n nation is the
FAILUltE OF NATIONAL moSI'EIIITV ,
but to his mind he was exactly the opposite.
Take our own country. When we have been
the most highly prosperous the balance of
trade has been against us. Why ? Because
we wcro able to buy and bought largely.
AVben our period of depression came on we
had to sell and were unable to buy. The bal
ance of trade iu our favor was greatest at tlio
time the depression was the greatest.
Mr. McKeighan then spoke at some lengthen
on protection and free trade and of capital
and labor , and said tlmt the republican party
had not done so much as it thought It had ,
arid that as to the man who said ho was a
democrat and was going to die a democrat
simply because his father was , he uttered
a silent prayer that ho might din soon.
NOW AS TO WHAT WE CAN DO.
First find out , I would suggest , what Is the
matter. Do not get excited. Do not make
loud speeches. Next find out what to do and
how to do it. In your deliberations you
seemed to desire the re-election of Senator
Van Wyck. Just how to do It seemed to bo
the difficulty. I have now an answer to irmko
to the problem. If satisfied with him yon
must control the Nebraska legislature. I
would suggest that the electoral college sys
tem bo changed or oven abolished. I bellevo
the people should bo allowed to vote
for their senators-president , the same as for
any other candidate.
After warning the farmers against allow
ing so-called political leaders to dictate as
to how they should vote , tha speaker closed.
Remarks were alb'o made by President Uur-
rowH and M. K. Lewis of Hasting. ? , alter
which the alliance adjourned sine die.
FAIjTiS OW'V I5VJ3NTS.
Social , Political and HusiiioHH NCWH
or HicliardHon'8 Capital.
FALLS Crrv , Neb. , Feb. 2.j.-fSpecial. , ) A
number of Items of interest Imvo taken place
In our county , among which are tlio death of
Charles Steclo of this city , and Hon. U. M.
Fllson of Ilumboldt , both old citizens and
ve ry highly esteemed , but tlio chief topic of
interest for the past few days has been the
wedding of Mr. George Deitcli , of H , J.
Nelklrk & Co. , and Miss Xillali Modda ,
daughter of our follow citizen Wilson Modda ,
which took place last evening at tlio resi
dence of the bride's parents. Tlio presents
wcro numerous and costly.
As time toes on the people are becoming
more and more anxious ( hat something br
done In reference to our postolliccslilp , and
much fault Isbnlng found with the adminis
tration on account of not acting in tills mat
ter , Not only the democrats , but thu repub
licans as well , are clamoring for a change ,
and petition after petition has been sent to
that effect , but as yet we have "heard nothing
drop. " If the UKK has any "Inllooenco" as
the Herald claims to have , with the changing
powers , please use it for our good , and to ltd
( the UKK'S ) glory.
The canning factory Is now a fixed lact ,
anil-contracts for the brick , stone and mason
work will be let to-morrow , when work will
begin as soon as possible. Tlio main building
will bo 75x135 feet , two stories hlsh , witli
sheds and engine room attached. The
capacity will bo-1,000 cans dally ,
A. representative of. the Herald Is In ( In
city and proclaiming to' the people thai
through ( ho "inilooance" of Dr. Miller Mr
Gardner m.ust go. . Wovalt wl.tli patience
the end. Ono thing wo do know , however ,
and that is this , that If left to the voters of
this city ana county Mr. Gardner would not
go until the frauds ho lias unearthed have
been Investigated and the jobbers and plun
derers of the people brought to justice Mr.
Gardner can futnlsh the evidence for this It
let alone ; If removed there would not bo the
ghost of a show for this. The UKK is the
people's organ and the people's friend , and
by It the people In this pait of the county
N13W8 FOU TO1M3KS.
A Number of MoCormlck's Kmploycca
Ask to Go Hack to Work.
CiiioAoo , Feb. yA commltlo'j of Mc-
Cormlck reaper workmen called upon Mc-
Cormtck this afternoon. Itccardlng Iho In
terview McCormick said : "A number of our
men waited upon us In an Informal wav , and
said several petitions weio being signed by
tlio former employes asking that wo teopcn
the works and give them their old positions
at tlio same wages paid before the works were
closed. This movement , as wo understand
It , Is by the old employes , exclusively , and In
no way recognl/os agitators , unions , or labor
organl/atlous. Wo iire assured tlmt It Is the
expression and desire of our late employes ,
and that the petitions will bu signed by from
bOU lo l.uoo of the men. We understand that
tlio petition * will probably ho presented to
morrow. U'lien wo start the works wo will
take care of the men who have stood by us.
Some of our employes are really In need of
money for the dally wants of their families.
They will he cared for when the work's nro
opened , and we shall endeavor to piovlilo tor
all the men who have given us their support
and who have the moral courage to stand by
Trouble In tlic Colce JlCRlmi.
CoNNr.i.i.sviu.i : , Feb , 33. The socialistic
Hungarians caused more trouble in tlio coke
regions this morning. A ciowd of them as
sembled at Bradford and marched to Sum
mit on Mount Pleasant branch , forcing every
coke drawer from work along their route.
They were nearly all armed and tired numer
ous shots to intimidate the workers. At
Summit and other works , tlio coke drawers
fled through fears of violence from tlio mob ,
and in some cases left their scrapers In
the hot ovens to melt , fearing that If they
continue at work tlio tipple and other build
ings at the works would bo destroyed. The
.strikers demanded an advance of 10 cents per
oven , Instead of the 10 per cent recently
granted. At Lelsinrlni ; the men requested
the superintendent to discharge the men who
had worked during the strike. Tills was
refused and the men all struck this morning.
International AVorkiucn'H Congress.
PAIUS , Feb. 33. The socialistic members of
the chamber of deputies joined in sending a
telegram to the "British workmen" In tlio
commons , proposing a joint international
movement in the interests of laboring men.
Tlio main objects of the proposed movement
arc to bo thu securing of a reduction in tim
hours of labor , Improvement in the sanitary
coiulitioii of workshops , proper limits ol work
obtainedofwomen and minors and an absolute
prohibition against allowing children of eith
er sex under fourteen years of airo lo work at
all In shops or factories. The telegram suir-
gests that the British workmen join those of
Franco in inviting America and Kuropo to
send delegates to a congress to be held next
September in some place to be hereafter des
ignated , for the purpose of discussing means
to "emancipate- work men of all count
ries. " _ _ *
The Clniroli nml the KnlRhts.V' !
PniLAiiuLriiiA , Feb. 25. Archbishop
Ilyan , when asked to-day whether there bad
been any objections raised against the
Knights of Labor by the Catholic ecclesias
tical authorities of the arch diocese of Phila
delphia , said : "No general disap
proval of tlio Knights of Labor has
been made In the arch diocese , and
I personally know very little about the order.
Tlio matter rests with the pastors of the
churches. While the church is opposed to
certain secret societies , the question whether
My particular organization comes within the
prescribed limits is left to the clergy to
determine. " _
lYorlciiiRmcn nnd the T.irirT.
PiTTsiiuna , Feb. 23. At a conference of
labor leaders held hero last evening , it
was decided to send a representative com-
nitteeof workingmen to Washington to ad
vocate the interests of tariff before congicss.
Among those present were representatives of
the amalgamated association of iron and
steel workers , window-glass workers associa-
lon , national federation of window-glass
.vorkers . , and a member of rongress from
tlio Twonty-tliiru Pennsylvania district.
Captured by the Knights.
LHWISTOX , Me. , Feb. 25. Moses Crafts it
Co. , and Drngloy , Strout & Co. , largo shoe
manufacturers of Auburn , lias-c followed the
example of AsaCushman & On. by entering
into an agreement with the Ivinglits of La
bor which shall govern their relations witli
their employes. Other firms will probably
_ _ _ _
Will UNO the Union Ial > cl.
NKIV Yomc , Feb. 23. Three cigar firms ,
Brown & Earle , Levy Bros , and McCoy &
Co. , Jiavo. concluded to accept the Knights of
Labor label. The rates paid by union shops
arc accepted , and all hands In the shops will
to to work to-morrow.
A FINNY LAYOUT.
The Coining INFcorliiK or the American
CIIICAOO , Feb. IB. The committee ap
pointed to arrange for the approaching meet
ing of tha American Fisheries society In this
city 1ms llxcd upon April 13 , H and Ifi as the
dates for holding the convention. Tlio committee
mittee- also decided to give an exhibition of
tlio different varieties of fish of tlio various
stales and territories , at the Exposition build
ing. The United Slates tish commission
will send a United States fish car and give a
practical exhibition of the hatching of white
iihh , while the Michigan ILsh commission
will bring Its fibhlng apparatus and glvo a
similar exhibition. Thu exhibition Is to be
fieu to the public , as a menus of popularly
Illustrating the processes and purposes of
Jhifoml AualiiHt Contagion.
Si'iii.Nornji.i ) , III. , Feb. 23. Dr. John 11.
Rouch , secretary of tlio slate board of health ,
pioscnts as the results of his recent Inspec
tion of marine quarantine stations , a roporl
on "Coat Defenses Against Asiatic Cholera , "
which subject ho considers of thu greatest
importance to tim people of Illinois and tin
United States. Ho depri'dalcs thu past anil
prosiicrtlvn expenditure of b75ooox ( ) < ) for
contingent defense of our sea coa.it ugainsl
foreign armed cntmiics. and dlhicgard of the
assaults of foreign contagion , which is not a
contlngrney but which has been an aetmi
reclining | event.
Trauionl Tooth IMillors ,
ST. Louis , Feb. 25. Or. Edward H. L'oatc *
shot and killed Dr. A. 13. Keith at the comer
of Fourteenth and Pine stircts this morning.
Both men arc dentists , and It is stated tha
Jealousv has existed between them for BOIIH
time. Keith has been accused by Conies ot
improperieiatlons with thu hitter's WHO.
Another Slap at Juke Sharp.
AI.HANV , N , y , , Feb. 25. In the senate to
day a bill was Introduced annulling tha
privileges and franchises of the Broadway
Surface- railroad , and providing for the up
polntir.ent of commlssioiici.t to take i-oiscs
ston of all its property and hell the same , jn
eluding its franchise , at public auction ,
NKW VOIIK , Feb. > . A memorial feivlcc
in hcinor of ( Jcneial W. Hancock was lich
at Governor's Island to-night under liiu nus
pices of thv military bervicu of tlui U'.f.titu .
DROPPED DEAD IN HIS SEAT ,
'utlgo James L , Mitchell of Nolnska Oity
, Suddenly Oallod Awnj >
FEAST TURNED INTO MOURNINQ
The Eminent. Nebraska Jurist Die *
While Addressing the Old Imvr
Makers' Ucmilon nt DcHMolnca
llnwkeye Events ,
niod AVItli Iiovo on Itls Lips.
Dr.s Moisr.s , Iowa , Feb. iil. ( Spcctnl Telo-
jram.J The convention of tlio pioneer law-
nakcrs was greatly shocked ibis afternoon
jy tlio sudden death oi one of the memlcrs ,
Judge .lames \ , . Mitchell of Nebraska. Dur-
ng the exeiclsos thl * afternoon , nt Foster's
opera house , lie sat In tlio i car of tlio house ,
an interested listener , but when the old
song. "Tenting To-night on the Old Camp
i round , " was stalled , ho reumiked to n
friend , " 1 want to hear tlmt , " and he moved
lown toward the parquet. Ho was visibly
affected by the singing , nnd at Ils close
vas called upon to speak , lie rose
ind uttered n few sentences ot
hrllllng power and eloquence , and was Just
concluding with the words , " 1 love Iho ninth
; eneral assembly and the old soldlcis ot
own , " when ho dropped into his seat as It
hot. Those neatest rushed to ills assistance
ml ho was nltcady unconscious , dying 1m-
uedlately after the fall , as It was ascertained
ater , from apoplexy.
Tlio convention adjourned nt once , after
arranging for a memorial meeting In the
evening. Judiro Mitchell was born In In-
llanu In 1S30 and removed to Fremont county
Iowa ) , when n young man. At the uvo :
of 20 , ho was elected to thOi
ilnth general assembly from tlmt county , '
and it was to this legislature that ho referiod
H his dying words. Ho served through the
var as captain of Company U , Twenty-
linlli Iowa Infantry , and practiced law In
his state several years after , being known as
ono of the leading democrats In Iowa.
Eleven years ago ho removed to Nebraska
Jlty ( Neb. ) and at thu tlmo of his death was
uilge of the second judicial district in that
Tliis evening a large audience- mot at tlio
ii-.md opera liouso to attend the memorial
exercises In his honor. Speeches were made
iy Hon. Fred Lehman , ot this city , his for-
ner lawpaitner In Fremont county , and by
Lewis Koss , ot Iowa City , and others.
Judge Mitchell arrived in this city Tuesday
o attend the reunion of tlio parly law makcis
of the state , and though slightly ailing had
10 warning of his sudden death.
Dus MOIXKS , Iowa , Feb. 25. Theio wcro
nit short sessions of the legislature to-day on
account of the reunion of tlio pioneer law-
nakcrs. In the senate there was some dis
cussion over Button's resolution to Instruct
lie standing committee on soldiers'homo to
ook up sites and report to tlio legislature tlio
same , thinking tlmt the resolution was In tlio
ntercst ot some particular locality , but .it
filially passed. Several bills of local interest
were passed by the senate , and also the Gatcli
jill restricting counsel as to * the length o
speeches in civil andcriminalcases.
In the liouso no bills of _ general Intel est
wcro passed , and the time of tlio session wad
chiefly occupied In discussing a bill affecting
ax titles. The liouso committee on nppronri *
ations introduced bills requiring persons ablq
to pay for the support of their friends in the
asylums for the blind , feeble minded , and
deaf and dumb to assist in doing so.
The senate committee on insurance ro-
Dortcd favorably a substitute bill providing
for the creation of a separate department of
insurance and banking. Tlio senate com
mittee on judiciary reported favorably a bill
locating tlio supreme couit at DCS Moines.
The senate committee on intemperance re
ported favorably Clark's bill for the employ
ment of injunction proceedings In violations
of the prohibitory law.
The Old Timcro1 Reunion.
Dns Moixr.s , Iowa , Feb. 25. [ Special
Telegram. ] The pioneer lawmakers con
tinued In session during the day. In the
forenoon they perfected a permanent organiz
ation and listened to speeches by ex-Senator
John F. Dnncombo of Fort Dodge , and
others. In the afternoon both branches of
the present Jeglslatuio united witli them ,
and a govrnor's message from ox-ovcrnor !
John -11. Gear was read lo the convention.
A number of short speeches were made by
tlio old and new law inakeis , and great inter
est was taken in Hie festivities till inter
rupted by the sudden death of Judge
Mitchell , one of the members of the conven
A Council of VctcraiiH.
CIIKSTON , Iowa , Feb. ai. [ Special Tele
gram. ) An executive fcssion of the directors
of the Northwestern Missouri and Son tin
western Iowa Veteran association was held
hero to-day , and the time for holding the re
union atCrcston fixed for August 17 , IB and
19 , Tlio executive committee- consists of J.
1) . Harsh , piosident of the association , J. H.
Pall and A. 12. Keith. Major A. Wilson was
elected quartermaster and Captain George
Lamb rjuai termaster borgcant.
\VIlin MCI ) TO
A Frightful Aoolilont. JlnppoiiH Two
Ml tlo HlHtci-H.
JtcADixn , 1'a. , Feb. 25 , A man named
Lllllo owns a mill at Shamokln Hill His
twin daughters , Katie and Susie , aged 0 years ,
strayed to an upstair room In the mill wlicio
a hlmf t was revolving. While at play the lit
tle ones ventured too near tlio machinery.
and their clothing was caniiht in the Khali
and they were drawn mound it und whirled
with encti icvolutlon. Alter being thrown
around for an hour they wcro found by nn
older sister , who had come to look for them.
When tlio machinery was stopped their
bodies weie found to bu terribly lacerated. 1
Tlio skull of Katie was badly fractured and flf
her body In oilier ways much mutilated ,
causing her death. Husiuhtlll lives , but her I
chances of uvovery are Miiidl , Her cntlio
body Is more or less mutilated , sevciul bones
being broken ,
M.utvvn.i.i : , Cala. , Feb. | 25 , Nowa
readied hero to-day that about 1 o'clock this
morning a body of masked men fiom Wheat-
land compelled the Clilnoe on three lanchcs
near Whcatland to leave their bleeping quar
ters , marched them \Vheatlaiul \ , where
they turned them loo.se. The raneiies vis
ited WITU II. lloddan's , Mrs. Fogg's ami 0.
11. Wood's. At tlio la t. phico ( he riiinc.se
quarters wcro filed and destroyed with all
Ifa/.cn ISoulds n l/iliol Mult.
Nr.w YOIIK , Fuh. ' . ' 5-- General JlaA.ou ,
chief signal serviceofticur , Is now suing
Ueorgo Jones , iiiopili'tor of thu New Yoik VI
Times , to recover fc'lUO.ddO damages for an al-
Icgi'd llbol. It being charged that the IIOWK-
papcr published u libelous statement
rrrnlng plalntitl's character ns bigmd t
oilii'iT , and also concerning Ids. connection
with tlio it-cent Arctic expedition.
, Weal her for To-iluy.
Mf'soum VAI.MIV Fair weathoi : flo\\l
Using tomiicnitui'u : winds gum-mlly
ing loso-MU''ilysnu becouanj ; vw'ublv. '
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