Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, February 09, 1886, Page 4, Image 4

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NKW YonK Orncp. , HOOM Cu.TtunuNE Dtnt.mso
rnbllslirtl orcrymornlnp.cxccptSunday. Tlio
onlyMondny morning paper published In the
Ono Ycnr.flO.OOTlircn Months . $2.ry >
Blx Months . 6.00Ono , Jlontlt . 1.0 }
Tile WEEKLY tlKK , Published Evfsry AVednusdny.
One Ycnr , wltli premium . , . . . $2.00
Ono Ycnr , without premium . . . . . . . 1.25
fllx Mont h9 , without premium . . . . . . 75
Ono Mouth , on trial . . 10
All commttnleiuiona vnlntlnff to news nnd edl-
torln ! mnltcr * should bo addressed to the Kut-
volt OF 'HE HER.
All tittilncM letter * nnd remittances should bo
OitA.'lA. Drnftfl. checks and pofitnflleo orders
to bo made payable to tlio order of the company.
Tins kind of weather ought lo thaw out
a now railroad scheme for Omaha ,
TUB Mexican "grenser" is a more dan
gerous animal on the border than the
American Apache.
A i.ow-iicekod dress is said to have
killed Miss Bajard. Notwithstanding
tliis report tlio average Washington hello
will continue to prefer undress uniform
nnd discomfort to a light in the face of
fashion's decrees.
THE plans for the boulevards will thaw
out in the spring. When the viaduct over
Sixteenth street is completed , thai thor
oughfare will bo ono of the main avenues
of tlio system of boulevards with which it
is proposed to encircle Omaha.
Du. MILLER has been once more Inter
viewed in Now York and reports that the
course of the administration lias strength
ened tlio Nebraska democracy. Ho neg
lects to state which faction of the parly
seems to have been bcnelitted.
THE formal opening of the Omalia ex
position building takes place on the 18th
of this month. Our citizens should show
their appreciation of the public spirit of
tlio men who have invested their money
in this enterprise by filling the building
to overflowing on that occasion.
FIRE insurance men are pointing with
sorrow to tlio January fire loss which
( shows an. iiicmnKn nf ssa/iQO.OOC over that
of hut year. Omaha did not contribute
materially to the increase. The under
writers luivo been very fortunate of late
years in their risks in this city.
OMAHA , wants moro inanufi. ctVlnn en
terprises located in her midst. No large
city is etor built up without them.
Wholesale trade employs few wage
earners. It is the population engaged in
manufactures , largo and small , which in
creases the census Jists most of all , and
furnishes in turn occupation for there-
tailors and real estate men.
THE earnest appeals made in prayer by
a Brooklyn deacon that the Almighty
would help the poor produced a strong
impression last week until it was di3
covered that the nvcir.go uaiiy wage ? ot
his sewing girls amounted to less than
thirty-five cents a day. This beats the
record of the Consolidated Company of
Jlcrui Men.
ANOTHER life insurance case where the
company fought the payment of insur
ance on tlio ground of suicide has been
decided in favor of tlio family of tlio
insured. Companies who boast of their
liberality in omitting suicide clauses
from their policies will note their wisdom
in providing in advance against the
expenses of a fruitless fight in the courts.
NEW YORKERS arc waging a vigorous
nvar on bogus butter. Nine-tenths of the
produce dealers have signed an agree
ment binding themselves not to deal in
the stun"at all , and ono merchant has
been ( inod $100 for selling oleomargarine
for butter last May. Wo venture tlio as
sertion that two-thirds of what is sold for
butter in Omaha to-day is a compound of
iuet or lard colored and flavored to imi
tate the genuine article. There are gro
cers in our city supplying the best trade
with "fancy creamery" nt 40 cents a
pound for which they pay 18 cents to a
prominent Chicago grease factory ,
While much of tlio bogus butter manu
factured is superior to the average of the
real product of the dairies , its sale as
butter Is a swindle which should bo dealt
with just tlio same as other swindles are.
THE "mugwump" organs who have the
civil service reform disease in its most
violent form arc denouncing as malicious
ly false the statement that thousands of
republican ofllce holders have been re
moved under Mr. Cleveland's administra
tion Tlioy point to the pages of the
Congressional Jlcc.ord ami call gleeful
attention to the fact Unit only GOO odd
removals have been made by the prosl
dent since ho assumed ofllco , and intl
inn to that this number represents the
changes in the civil service as tlio result
of the transfer of the government from r
republican to a democratic admlnis
trutlon. No ono knows bottei
than the "mugwump" editors thai
' the presidential appointments represent
a small portion of the positions at Iho dls
posal of the administration. With the
Vust army of fourth class postmasters tin
ohief executive has nothing directly to do
JEvevy clerkship and minor ofliclal in the
departments at Washington and in tlu
various custom houses , poslofllees am
land unices throughout the country is a :
much subject lo removal on politica
grounds as if tils nomination were withii
the executive province. Of the tliou
sands of mimes on the government bliu
boot by far the { rix-ator portion can bi
ousted at any moment to maki
way for successors. It make ;
little difference to these governum
employes whether their discharge Is dm
directly to executive action or indirect ! :
through the department heads. Tim fac
Uwt.thousands of otlicials , clerks and em
ployes have been removed under Mr
Cleveland's "reform" administration re
mains the same. It cannot bo challenge !
or sot aside by a .showing that the presi
dent Is directly responsible for only si :
hundred. In the face of the loud sound
> ng blasts on the avccutivo bugle it fur
nliihr.s a striking commentary on thi
gulf which lius between promise and per
formance so far as enforcing an imprao
l and odious reform is concerned. .
Tariff Legislation.
Mr. Mprnson Js confident that wo slmll
have fcomo tariff legislation nt the present
session. It is hard to discover on what
grounds ho bases his confidence. The
house is divided Into a score of factions ,
each represented bv the champion of
Rome specially protected issue. The sen
ate lias an overwhelming majority
against any bill which could pass
the gauntlet of the house as at present
constituted. Certainly the general bill
which the chairman of the ways and
means committee is now attempting to
hatch will never grow a pin feather dur
ing the present session. Its features are
described as follows a general reduc
tion hi about this ratio : Wools and wool
ens , to about CO per ccutj iron and steel ,
to CO per cent ; llax , hemp and jute , to 25
percent ; the cotton schedule , from an
average of 40 to 85 per bent ; chemicals ,
from 82 to 25 per cent ; leather
and manufactures thereof , from about
28 to 25 per cent ; steel rails to $13.50 a
ton ; pig and scrap iron to $5 a ton ; sugar
to a polarlscopo test which will make
about 40 per cent ad valorem , which is
about what tiio sugar men said they were
willing to accept in 1833 , nUlinugh-llioy
fared much belter ; glass and glassware
from 03 to 50 per cents earthenware and
china from CO to 50 per cent ; rico from 75
to CO per cent , and lead to GO per cent
duty. The copper tariff would bo re
duced one cent a pound. The majority
of the ways and means committee favor
putting the following articles on the free
list : animals , brcadstutfs , bricks , cement ,
soda ash , chickory , kaolin , unwrotight
clay , coal and coke , copper ore , regulus
copper , ilax , hay , jute , hemp and jute
bulls , iron ore , mineral and bituminous
substances in the crude state , paper pulp ,
salt , lumber and raw wool.
Hero arc all the materials of a debate
of mouths. There is not an item that will
not find an opponent. A dozen protect
ed interests will see to it that combina
tions are formed strong enough to break
down the bill by spinning out the debate
until its final consideration Is delayed to
the last days of the session. Representa
tives from the manufacturing south will
join with lobbyists from the industrial
north in opposing reductions on lines in
which they are especially interested.
Party divisions will bo forgotten before
the paramount consideration of self-in
terest. A reform of the tariff is greatly
needed. Hut the time has not yet arrived
when it is possible to unite on Mr. Mor
rison's plan of reduction of duties along
the whole line , Such a species of assault
unites the enemies of tariff revision. The
iniquities of the present system must bc >
assailed in detail if they iu > ic be re
moved ,
Revising the Lniul Laws.
Bills to repeal the pre-emption and
timber culture laws will probably pass
congress at the present session , i'oth
laws would have been repealed last win
ter if the bills , after passing the senate
and house , had not been killed in confer
ence by the advocates of the land-grub
bers. The public domain available for
settlement under the general land laws
has now dwindled down to 200,000,000 ,
acres. During the past five years 50,000-
000 acres a year have beenlakcii up. At
this ralo the public lands will be ex
hausted in lest tlian twenty years.
It is admitted that vast tracts
have been seized by syndicates
and rings under the desert act , tlio tim
ber culture and the pre-emption laws.
The first two require no residence , the
last calls for a residence of six months
only. Under the homestead law a resi
dence of live years is required. The re
peal of the desert , pre-emption and tim
ber culture laws will still leave the home
stead act available to settlers. Under
that law speculation will bo placed at a
discount and actual and continued set
tlement will bo secured. The remainder
of the public domain will bo reserved for
men who will cut it up into farms and not
divide into largo tracts of unim
proved land to bo held until
it can bo disposed of at a heavy profit to
farmers who will cultivate it. The land
laws of the United slates have been too
liberal in tlio past. Both Iho timber cul
ture and pre-emption acts have had their
day. The west will lose nothing by their
repeal , while it will gain the assurance
that settlement on the remaining land
will mean something moro than a pro-
cmptor's rootless shanty and a furrow
scratched around his cHim as evidence of
actual cultivation.
The lousiness Situation. .
The severe weather which prevailed
throughout a largo part of the country
last week had its ofl'ect upon general
trade. No notable improvement over
tlio previous week was observed at Un
loading trade centers. On the other
hand there was no unfavorable developments -
monts , nnd merchants generally antici
pate a satisfactory spring opening. The
fact that the leading clearing house cities
of thn country report the total bank exchanges -
changes for the week ending February
Gth to bo $1,001,801,883 , an increase of
43,1 per cent over the corresponding
week of a year ago , Is taken to bo con
vincing evidence of the improved con
dition of financial affairs. Money Is
plenty , and this showing is evidence that
it is circulating freely.
The failure list comprises 230 business
suspensions in the United States and 31
"in Canada , or a total of 287 , as against
880 last week. Moro than two-thirds of
the whole number in- the United Status
are furnished by the southern , western ,
and Pacific status.
Cottons are reported a shade lower ,
owing to the continuance of slow trad
ing. Manufacturers of cotton maintain
a pretty strong position both as regards
supplies and prices. Tlio latter are frac
tionally higher in some cases , and the entire -
tire market for staple fabrics shows a
hardening tendency. Some weakness it
noted in cotton yarns for woven goods as n
result ol wider competition and the
cheapening of the raw staple , but a very
fair business is in progress. Cotton
hosiery yarns arc closely sold up , and
spinners find it dillienlt to meet orders ,
There is some hesitancy on the part oi
buyers to pay the advanced prices asked
on autumn styles and weights of woolen
goods , but the general fouling as to tin
prospects for business in this * hranoh ol
ihu textile interest is cheerful 'and
The wool markets show only a mod
erate degree of activity , and tlio fooling
as to the future ot values is not so buoy
ant as it was u few weeks ago. Tfici'o it
no yielding on She part of sellers , however
over , except on fiiw ileeces , which are
somewhat- depressed by thQ baekwuril
demand and the prospect of largo ad
ditions to the supply by importation.
The iron trade exhibits a fair degree of
activity , in view of existing weather con
ditions , and the market throughoulshows
unabated firmness.
Regarding the grain and provision
market llio Philadelphia Jlcconl , in its
weekly review for the week ending last
Saturday says :
As noted last week , ( lie bear influence In
tlio market Is not so strong as It was a short
time ngo , and while the Indifferent character
of Hie foreign dcmnim and ample stocks In
sight give a downward inclination to values
whenever speculative suppoit Is momentarily
withdrawn , the market responds quickly
to favoring developments In the foreign
news or in tlio attitude of buyers.
The American visible supply Is 1,000,000
bushels less than last week , but this decrease
is largely offset by a gain of SSO.OOO bushels
in nlloftt stocks , ilecibotim reports a decline
ot IJ-f cents in English markets , but some of
the private cables to United States films nolo
a better feeling In the markets of the United
Kingdom and continent. Tlio latter report
find * no substantial continuation In Hie
movements of foreign buyers. The statistical
position of wheat In this country is generally
regarded as favorable lo higher prices hcfoio
lite crop year Is out , but the dullness of legiti
mate trade discourages active Investment
by capitalists who take this view of llio
situation. Corn Is moving out freely on
foiulgn onlcrs , and the markets generally are
stronger on prospects of a light run of
receipts pending the lemoval of the snow
blockade In many parts oC the country.
Chicago prices show lltllo change , but the
seaboard markets arc J to 1 > cents per
bushel higher than at this time hist week.
Provisions show Increased firmness as a re
sult of the moucrate movement of lings to
packing centers. The larger proportion of
the arrivals of hogs arc of light weights ,
which encourages the belief that supplies nro
closely marketed. Prices of hogs in the west
arc 15 to 25 cents higher , and mess pork shows
an advance oC 33 cents per barrel , with other
products proportionately advanced.
THK argument now used for the oxtcn-
sion of Iho dale at which the Union Pa-
cifio debt to the government shall malui'o
is that the road is practically bankrupt ,
that it would bo entirely so if it were not
for Us branch Hues and that the funds
which , under existing legislation they arc
required lo pay into the national treasury ,
are needed to meet the competition of
other systems which are pushing into
their territory. This is a late day to dis
cover the suicidal cficcts of tlio past pol
icy of the Union Pacific in neglecting to
possess itself of its tributary territory.
For nearly twenty years the main stem
has been milked and exhausted by
jobbery and bold. div'g among
th1 ? ir.oiuo ring that controlled
ts management. With a lack of fore
sight which seems remarkable , the man
agement expended what funds tlioy had
remaining from dividend divisions in
building hundreds of miles of costly ex
tensions across alkali deserts and sagebrush
brush wastes while they turned over the
rich state of Nebraska with its protitablo
local traffic to its competitors north and
south of the Platlo. It was only when
tlio company found the territory tribu
tary to its main stem tapped by the Burlington -
lington and menaced by the Northwest
ern that it retaliated by making some
efforts at branch line construction 'in
Nebraska. NOW o nling to the reports
of the government directors , the profits
on through traffic are insullleicnt to oven
pay interest on the government debt ,
and the profits from the branch lines are
sustaining the main slcm. Mr. Adams'
policy is to be a revival of that of his
predecessors. Ho sees very clearly that
transcontinental competition has wiped
out the enormous profits which the
Union Pacific at ono time was able to
make from its through traffic , and that
future profits must come from branch
extensions in the settled conn
try north nnd south of the
main lino. But what the people
ple of the territory who are to assist
in lifting the Unidu Pacific out of the
nnro are anxious to know is why they
should bo compelled by the government
to pay principal and interest on the en
ormous debt of that corporation for eigh
ty years lo come. Mr. Hoar's bill will
fasten the burden of enormous transpor
tation charges on this section for nearly
a century. If the road were permitted to
go into bankruptcy , on the verge of
which it is trembling , there would be such
a wringing out of water and reorganiza
tion on a basis of fair capitalization that
its patrons throughout the west could
well afford to give it a profitable support
without impoverishing themselves by so
OMAHA has given away too many valu
able rights of way. It is high lime that
the city should realize something from
the use of her streets. When the now
viaducts are built the right to their occu
pation by the street or cable cars should
not bo granted without a consideration.
Now York's legislature is now consider
ing a bill disposing of such purchases at
public auction. So long as the right
given is not an exclusive ono , llioro Is no
reason why Omaha should not do the
FOR a country tliat has but 3,000,000
people and u big debt Canada has done
quite well in tlio way of voting railroad
subsidies. They foot up $31,000,000. A
retrenchment wave , however , has struck
the Dominion parliament , and a measure
will bo introduced providing for the can
cellation of all subsidies the terms of
which have not boon complied with.
Mil. CLEVELAND is not lo bo bulldozed
by the warnings of the 'telephone company -
pany to "disconnect" the circuit be
tween the White House and the office of
the attorney general. The wire is still
working , and the last message sent waste
to push the suit against Boll and his sue-
censors for fraudulently obtaining a pa
tent right which belonged to another
SKNATOK FRVK'S bill to provide a com-
mitleo of five lo investigate thp liquor
tralllo has been favorably reported to the
senate. It is difficult to BOO what use
there can bo in the appointment of a
special committee when any congress
ional sampling committee could afford
afford volumes of information on the
WIIILK several of our Nebraska towns
have. secured canning establishments ,
Omaha has made no movement towards
providing herself with such an institu
tion. Thousands of dollars worth of gar
den produce could bo marketed every
year nt canning establishment in this
city if Douglas county tvcro given un op
Ireland's No\vSecretary.
Mr. Gladstone's selection of John Mpr-
ley as secretary for , Ireland lias given
general satisfaction r to , the nationalist
party , and to those who hope for a better
administration at Dubllm Mr. Morlcy is
a leading radical whoso opinions as n
philosophic statesman have carried for
years great weight wiih the advanced
element in the libdral parlv. Ho is a
journalist of matured experience , and has
served in several parliaments , and has
for years made Irisli history , Irish poll-
tics , and Ireland's ' needs a special study.
His position on homo rule was frankly
defined in the last electoral canvass
when ho addressed the liberals of New
castle upon the parliamentary crisis
then approaching. Mr. Morley ,
on that occasion , pointed out
that the tory cry that the empire was
In danger on account of Mr. Gladstone's
supposed sympathy with homo rule was
on a par with other panics which that
party had nourished whenever its Mi'
promncy had been endangered. He
urged that the attempt to sllllo the voice
of Mr. Parncll's majority was lo destroy
the basis of representative government ,
and insisted that the return of the Irish
leader at the head of eiglily-six followers
made it evident that it was no longer
possible lo resist the demand of the Irish
for a larger s'.mro of self-government ,
For himself Mr. Morley announced
that ho was quite ready to grant
lo Ireland these increased rights
so far as was consistent with "the safely ,
Iho integrity and the honor of the em
pire. " Ho assured his hearers that the
question raised could not slumber and
that before many weeks parliament
would bo driven to consider some plan
of giving Ireland "a greatly extended
system of self-government. "
It was doubtless this speech which so
incensed Iho queen against Mr. Morloy.
In spile of her objections ho has boon
summoned by llio premier lo his assist
ance and placed In the ono position of all
others where his suggestions on Irish
legislation will bo most fruitful of results.
THE Dawes county Journal notes the
receipt of a communication from a John
Higgcnbotlom of Omaha , addressed to the
Chadron board of trade. Mr. Iliggcn-
bottom is sanguine of his ability to pro
mote a railroad from Omaha to the north
west through the interest which lie hopes
to excite in English capitalists. Wo
trust Mr. Iliggcnbottoin will get promptly
to work with his "Omaha , Northwester } !
& Chmlrou , " Omahn xvU | YQ 'f ' ° l'ous"iy
applaud his efforts in that direction- Un
fortunately for her iut rosls , hot- capital
ists are iu ling too much money nowa-
t'.a.vs from real estate spcfoulation to in
vest a portion of their reserve in enter
prises which will increasoithc population
and prosperity of tho'bityj ' '
Governor Houscr , of , TMon ' lana , is said to
have a dally income of 500.
Chief Justice Waite is said to have in mind
a pleasure trip to Alaska. Ifcrlmps lie has a
sealskin robe. in his mind's eye.
Clias. L. Vallandighaiu , clerk of the Ohio
senate , is a son of (5lemcnt ( ll. Vallandlgham.
Ho is { i liuvyer ami seems to know what ho is
> ( t
Tlio military rank of "Private Bill Day
hardly entitles him to so much attention
as ho is getting in the house of representa
tives. _
Attorney General GarlamV , it Is said , sum'
marily dismissed a servant girl the other day
when she asked htm if lie would have Pan
Mark Twain's profits fvom ( Jen. Grant's
book , as chief member of the publishing linn
of Charles L. Webster & Co. , will amount , it
Is said , to over 5500,000.
Mrs. Senator Vortices can justly claim to be
as popular socially in Washington as her
husband is politically in Indiana , says a
Washington correspondent.
BIrs. Speaker Carlisle's robe worn by hci
at a recent reception was a Parisian crea
tlon , and was made of electric embossed vel
vet , with a breast knotof lovely roses.
Don Camci on always denies the accuracy
of newspaper interviews attributed to him.
Ho talks so noorly that no correspondent
has been able to make his Intentions renil
At one of Jlrs. Senator Cockrcll's re
cent receptions in Washington , Itomaii
punch was served in baskets formed from
scoopcd-out oranges , tlio handles being tied
with y llow ribbons.
Henry Guy Carleton , the dramatic author ,
Is an erratic sort of a genius , and 1ms for pets
several largo bullfrogs which ho lias trained
to cat live mice , which , when placed in thelt
reach , Ihoy catcli with the avidity and skill
of a terrier.
Thomas A. Edison , the electrician , having
paid 8200,000 for a mansion in Xew Jersey , I.-
this month to marry the young and handsome
daughter of Lewis Miller , tlio millionaire
manufacturer of Akron , Ohio. Kdlson has
three young children.
The "U'ay to Treat IHsmnrclc.
Kew Ilarcn Netr * .
"llo\v slmll wo treat Bismarck ? " asks an
exchange. Ucor Is good enough.
A 1'aylnff Investment.
CMcagn JlcraW.
The Doll Telephone company's Invehtmenl
in newspapers seem to bo paying pretty well.
Kucliorcd the Quoon.
Huxtcn I'tift.
Some of Gladstone's enemies call him u
knave. Ho certainly euchored the party that
held the queen. i
Mij > lllo ( , 'flint * ,
With tlio exception < ? f Wow York city ,
Omaha is the most- prosperous town in
America. T 1
Coltl Chilli
.Sloiur Citjf Jpiirjgil ,
It must havu made col'd 'oiills run down
Queen Victoria's bnek ih'e pfiier day when
Gladstone kissed her Imiul. {
Tlio niiiuilur of * lioHarpers.
TJio blunder of the Hayier made In send'
Ing money lo Mr. Gilbe oEV'lMnatore ' , " ami
"Mikado" fixmo was thals thfl sum sent was
Insignificant. The meniilics/ It ott'sct the
exhibition of possible regard for principle
of justice.
Must Wo Somotliliitf to Keep Warm.
IMilMish 'Umet ,
PeojUo who neglect ( heir business to parade
tlio street in carnivals , or t-lido down hill , are
sure to come to soiwi bad end in business ,
and eveiy result of this nature Is a herlous
damage and drawback to a community ,
A Tiaiikrupt fjaw Needed.
St. Louti (1M > e-Dcmonit ,
It ficems qulto likely that a bankrupt law of
some kind will IKS enacted during tlio present
session of congress , anil such a law Is In
many respects unquestionably desirable. Tlio
mutter is u dltlluiilt onu to adjust , however ,
In such a way as to' ' Insure tutr ami proper
results , particularly in the matter of keening
tlio expensed of the ailminijitratlon of a
Duiikruiit's u tate within reasoiiablo-boiinds.
Ustmlly the lawyers and court oflldnls absorb
serb nearly everything In sight , 'and the pro
ceeding Is a mere mockery so far as tr.\ln to
the creditors' is concerned. It Is certainly
possible to frame a Jaw which slmll effectual
ly prevent such an abuse ot justice , anil It Is
to bo honed that congress will not adopt one
of any other sort.
The Telephone Bcniulal ,
AVio I'ofJt Tfmcf ,
The Pan electric scandal , Involving certain
public men at Washington , Is a small matter
In comparison with the Bell telephone scan
dal , Involving certain newspaper cdllors In
the city of Xew Yoik. The newspaper out
cry about the Pan electric scandal Is iiromot-
odand , for tlio most part , paid forby tlio Bell
Telephone company.
"Hero's n Howdy Do. "
A'CIP Yvrlt llcralil Cable.
Mr. W. S. ( illbort , the dramatist , prints
this morning n card and correspondence
about himself with the llnrpcrs. The caul
calls attention to an "Instance of inuntli
cence on the pait ot the Harpers , the wealthy
publishers , exhibiting a sympathy for dis
tressed British authors deserving recogni
tion. " Tlio publishers write : "Wo Incloso
herewith n draft on Sampson & Low , at ono
day's sluht , for 10 In acknowledgement for
reprinting your original comic opera * In our
Franklin bntiaro library. Please ndvlso IB
of the receipt of tliodratt. Wo send vou bv
mall a few copies of our edition of the book.1
Mr , Gilbert replies thus : "You have been
peed chough to forward mo a donation of
10 , notwithstanding the fact Hint for many
years 1 have been pillaged right nnd loll by-
such of your countrymen as nro engaged In
publish nir and theatrical ventures. 1 am
not yet reduced to such a state of absolute
penury as would justify my taking advant
age ol the charitable Imimlso which prompted
you gilt , but the Victoria hospital for dill-
tlien .stands sorely In need of funds. I have
theicfore taken the liberty of handing your
check lo that institution. "
Ituby Mi no.
llnnlcttc , ( n JJiiKi/ifyn / Kaulc.
There Is no joy In the world like you ,
No music HWeet as your "goo-all-god , "
No Bkics so clear as your uve.s of blue
Jiaby , oh my baby ,
But when you ground on Iho secret pin
And open your valve and howl like bin
No gong can equal your little din-
Baby , oh my baby.
Mv heart Is clad when your face I see ,
Mv Joy is full when you come to me ,
I laugh with you in ramping glee-
Baby , oh my baby.
And oftentimes my midnight snore
Is broken short by your scix-amlng roar ,
And till morning dawns we walk the lloor-
Baby , oh mylbaby.
How Thny AVcro TaiiRht to. Shift for
Themselves IJCHSOMS AVcll
Cornelius Yandorbilt is 40"now , and ho
Tmiio it hot less than $640,000.000 when
Mr. Cornelius is 70. It would increase a
great deal faster than that at the interest
which he is to-day receiving on his stocks
and bonds , but there will come panics ,
reverses , cataclysms , perhaps , and ho can
not safely count on making more than
$450,000,000 , in thirty-six years.
These young men are remarkable
characters. They started in the path of
life under the iron rod of their remark
able grandfather , the old commodore.
Ho didn't believe in boys at all ; ho didn't
believe in anybody much ; and when Cor
nelius and William K. got out of short
clothes ho said to their father : "Look a
here , Billy ; boys are no good ; there's
only ono wajr to save 'cm , nnd that is by
putting 'em ' at something , and making
'em work like the devil all the while.
Now , stick these boys in somewhere and
make 'cm come down to it. Doii't let upon
' "
on 'cm
AVm. H. was not half as hard and in
flexible as his father , but he was accus
tomed to mind that gentleman as obedi
ent when he was 40 as when ho was 14
and he know perfectly well it was boiler
to kick a boy out than it was to pot him
nnd to give him money ; so lie told tlio
boys , as his father had told him , that
" themselves. "
"tlioy must support
Cornelius got a little clerkship in the
shoe ami leather bank when he was 10 ,
and for four years he got there as early
as any clerk and worked as late" and as
hard. He allowed himself no extra holi
days , and neither his father nor
his grandfather did anything to
make his life easier. During these years
his Uncle Torrance , going lo Europe for
the Commodore , invited "the youngster"
to go with him , and the grandfather re
lented and consented. The boy was de
lighted at the chance , but the qucslion of
salary was involved. Ho presented the
matter to the president. "You can go , "
said the amiable functionary , "but of
course you will lose your salary , $150 "
That sullied it. Cornelius turned his
back on the temptation and declined to
go.Whon he was 20 ho was made a clerk
"nt Iho bottom of the ladder" in the
Hudson Hiver railroad otlice , and his
younger brother , William K. , was put at
work there the next year. For more than
eighteen years , now , they have "bowed
down to it" in that great concern , and
they are far bettor trained than their
father ever was in all the details of the
They nro not fast men. They own no
yachts. They cnro nothing for clubs.
They are content , up to tlio present time ,
with ono wife apiece. They love their
children , nnd each family filing into
church looks like a pair of gently sloping
stairs. They care little for fast horses.
They do not swear. Ono of them is
superintendent of a Sunday school , and
both are deeply involved In various char
ities of the city.
Cornelius is first vice president and
head of finance , William Iv. is second vice
president and master of transportation.
Kacli knows his business thoroughly.
The most striking thing about either of
them is that they work as hard as if they
were hired by the job which they are , by
Iho way nnd that they are perfectly
democratic and accessible to anybody
who has business with them. On the
whole , the present seniors of the house
of Vanderbilt are about the most nniot ,
unassuming , well-behaved , well-trained ,
and level-headed of the Now York mil
lionaires of the present day.
Kutuas Perfectly Willing to Apolo-
ulzu nnd I'romlHo Ucl'orniatlon.
Detroit Free Press ; "Kxcuso mi ) , " ho
said , as ho halted a gentleman in the corridor
rider of the city hall , "but will you lend
mo your eye glasses a moment ? "
Ho put them on his to read u letter -
tor and returned tlionv with ;
"Thanks ! Have you the correct time ?
Ah ! Ton-thirty. "
llo set his watch and confidentially in
quired :
"Haven't any tobacco about you , oh ? "
Ho was handed a box and , after help
ing himself to a liberal share , ho re
marked :
"I want to mail a loiter In the box hero ,
but 1 find I have no postftgo stamps. If
you - "
Ho was handed a stamp , When ho had
licked it on and mailed his Jotter , ho said :
"I'm ' to
going up Michigan avenue
Twelfth btreet. Do you happen to have
a couple of street car tickets ? "
"Sir ! This is too much I" exclaimed
the other , " 1 can stand about so much ,
but after Unit "
"Thoro t There I Bug your pardon I
How did I know you druw the line at
btreet car tickets ? No oflenae none in
thp least. I'll take your nuiuu mid make
a niemoradum of wficiv your generosity
ceases and thin tiling -luu't happen
agiiin. 1 mistook -you for a gentleman
who draws the line on paying for the
coupe when I ask myeulf Up to bis
for supper ,
Andrew Oarnoglo's Indomitable Courage
Mnkos Him Rich ,
Ho 1-niuln In Nc\v York With n Sov
olgn and by Diligence Becomes
Immensely Wealthy ,
Now York Journal : Andrew Carnegie ,
then a 10-year-old lad , landed in this
country in 1845 with only ono sovereign
in his pockcl. Andrew Carnegie to-day
owns the largest iron and steel works in
the country , works that consume one-
lonth of the pig-iron that tha country
The 10-year-old Andrew Carnegie
waited for weeks before tie could get em
ployed anywhere. Ho atiswcrd every ad
vertisement but ho was always disap
pointed. One man wanted a cool boy to
turn an ice-cream frccxcranothcr wanted
a lad to hold a pipe in his mouth in a
shooting-gallery , a third wanted a tooth
less youth to gum envolopes.nud Andrew
Carnegie did not feel that ho was tilled
for any of these avocations.
The sovereign that he had lived on for
three weeks had almost dwindled away
when a notice in the window of a tele
graph ollico caught his eye. llo entered ,
amftlio superlntondet engaged him us a
messenger at $ ' . ' .50 a week. Ho carried
U'legraniH for live years , and out of the
$2.50 he bent seventy cents nverv week to
his old mother In Dumforliue , Scotland.
Ho had a tin savings bank , too , and man
aged to lay by a little store in that.
I'ho Miperiniondcnt , observing that the
young messenger did not , lake a week lo
go from Harlem lo the Battery , promoted
him. At llio end of the live years
Carnegie became superintendent. Out
of his increased salary ho saved at least
half. When ho had $500 ho resigned ,
weul to Pittsburg and started in the iron
business. Ho rented a shed and made
nulls and horseshoes witli his own hands ,
llo prospered.
His brother came out from Scotland
and worked with him. The shed grew tea
a shop , the shop to a factory , tlio lactory
to an immense works that to-day give
employment to thousands of men. The
almost penniless boy of 1815 has bccomo
the philanthropic millionaire of 1880.
Four years ago Mr. Carnegie gathered
about him a party of young people in
whom ho was interested , lie took them
as his guests to Europe on the steamer
Bothnia. Then ho look them on a six
weeks' coaching trip through JSmrhuul '
and Scotland , Ho eeiebrulcd l ° . ? , , , , , . \a \
" ' " uioinoi
birllul"v with ! < -
, : -5V vuu . . .o mother and his guests
-j ! " 5'iHK ° u Hull day the foundation
stone of a frco library that he presented
to his native town of Dumferlmo , Scot
Mr , Carnegie has told the story of that
coaching trip in ono of his books , "Four-
in-llaml , " for despite his multiplicity of
business lie has found time to write and
publish books.
Besides the frco library , which cost
$25,000 Mr. Carnegie built frco baths in
his native town , endowed them with
$ 25,000 and gave them to Dumferline. llo
gave to the church whore his mother
used to worship a magnificent stained-
glass window and look care Unit the
church's exchequer should never bo
empty. Ho endowed scholarships m the
free schools of Dtiinferline as an
impetus lo study , for ho believes that
learning soonest makes mcn _ free.
Abroad , too , Mr. Carnegie has expend
ed 5,000 to endow scholarships in the
Royal College of Music in London. To
ISow York city h& has given the Carnegie
Laboratory that cost $50,000. A free' li
brary , Mr. Carnigio's favorite gift , is now
being built at his expense in Bradford ,
Penn. He ollbrcd to build a free library
in Pittsburg , near where his iron works
arc sHuateil , but the short-sighted author
ities of Pittsburg refused the gift because
they did not want to maintain the library.
The infinite number of Mr. Carnegie's
benefactions are only known to himself.
His hand is always open , but ho docs not
waste money. He dearly hates lords ;
kings and emperors hu abhors , but if he
can in any way aid free institutions , free
government , free speech , ho will let his
money flow like water.
He , a capitalist , encourages workmen
to band together for their protection
against capital "when capital tries to
grind them. Hois n good friend to the
Knights of Labor. Mr. Carnegie says
that only under a frco , republican go'v-
crmncnt could such success as his bo pos
sible , but his friends say that a man born
with such elements of cleverness would
rise and flourish anywhere.
What the Greatest of Theatrical Stars
Have been Able to Earn.
From a Now York Letter : Late this
afternoon I found myself in a group of
prominent theatrical managers. Mr. W.
II. Hayden , who manages Tom Keenc ,
told nip that his star is rapidly getting
over his stroke of paralysis and would bo
ready , to resume work the 1st of March.
Next to Uaydon sat Marcus Mayor , Mr.
Abbey's representative , who has'traveled
with all the leading attractions this
manager has controlled. llo and Al
Hayman , who managed Baldwin's thea
tre in San Francisco , but who is spending
most of his time here , got to comparing
notes about the average business of the
great actors who have appeared in this
country I" the past few years. I layman
started the gossip by saying Ihat Maple-
son's Opera company , with Patti and
Gcrster as Iho stars , sang in San Fran
cisco to $160,000 in eighteen perform
ances , or an average of $ ! ) ,000 n perform
ance , Mayer paid , considering the
expenses , ho could beat that.
"Christine Noiison , " said lie , "sang
in San Francisco to $ ' , ! 7'MO in
four concerts or on an average of $7.000
a performance. Patti during her first
engagement with Mr. Abbiiy sang to
$ liU50 in one performance at thn Mo-
olmnic.s' institute , over on the Back Bay.
That engagement in Boston and the next
ono in I'liiliulelphia brought Mr. Abbey
out ahead of a $20,000 , loss when hu put
her into opera. "Spoakinjj of big re
ceipts , " sajd Mr. Mayor , "let mo road
you KJinelhing from the record , Mrs.
Langtry , her lii > t season tinder Mr. Abbey ,
played to $250,000 in twenty-six weeks ,
seven performances u week. Bern-
Imrdl drew into Mr. Abbey's box of-
llco $8 ! l,000 In twftiity-livo weeks ,
playing six times a week. Patti in the
engagement first referred to in twenty-
two concerts and twelve operas drew
f22(1,000. ( Nnilson in fifty night concerts
ilrow ? 'J08,000. Booth played to fJtfSO.OOO
in twonty'Ciglit weeks at $1.50 a scat.
Henry Irvine played to iflO.'i.OOOiii twenty-
iavon weeks , " These are the largest re-
Boipls ever known in this country. These
figures aina/u ono notartntslnined to deal
with theatrical matterThinlc of six
stars with an average work of twenty-six
weeks' , in ono season earning $1,781,500. ,
An Kvll to bo Corrected ,
Snu F/uiicfeco / Call ,
It has been the practice for years in-
lend , almost since the establishment of
: ho government- for members of con-
jrcas who were lawyers to accept fees
md appear before the supreme court of
he United States as the counsel in cases
here pending , and which might , by a
lossibility , have to bo subsequently lug-
slutod upon It will hu rumemberud
hat Daniel Webster , in his debate with
lolm Y. Hayno of South Carolina , on thn
' 'onto resolution , hinted that his. time
md been so divided between tlio su- ,
ireme court and his senatorial duties
hat hu was deprived the opportunity of
Mr. Hayue except at intervals ,
and could not , consequently , reply lo Ink
speeches' in detail ,
Several instances have occurred of late
years to show tlio impropriety of mem
bers of congress who nro lawyers prac
ticing the legal profession while occupy
ing seats in that body ; and yet they appear -
pear to have no scruples on this head ,
Senators Edmunds and Eyarts , holding
seats in the United States senate , are at
this time engaged in a railroad tax case
before the supreme court , thus earning
high foes from a client that was ami
probably will soon bo the subject of con
gressional legislation. The Impropriety
of their conduct is therefore evident , ami
suggests the necessity of a law being
passed which shall forbid congressmen ,
when serving as such , going before any
of the courts in a professional capacity.
A Talk With Simo , the fcilltor nnd - {
William Slrne , the well known English
novelist tlio author of "Hugo , the
Dreamer , " "Hod Houte , " "Cradle and
Spade , " etc. , and editor of the St. James >
Gazelle of London arrived in San Fran
cisco recently from England. Mr. Simo
is taking a voyage around the world for
his health.
"Journalist.1 * of the bettor class are
hold in very high esteem in London , " re
marked Mr. Sime to a Chronicle reporter.
"Now , lake for instance the chief Times
reporter , llo is received everywhere as
n guest and a gentleman. At royal
society banquets , for instance , ho might
bo sitting between Huxley and Itoscoo.
You know he happens to bo a barrister.
The reporters of parliament are trailed
by the members ot the house on turms of
equality , and chat Justus freely with thorn \
In the lobbies as if they had'scats llicm- ' 1
selves. But you must remember that In
English -journalism there IH a very breadline
line of duinarkatioii between the reporters
and the editorial writers , the hitler of
course occupying fho higher position , "
"English journalists are then recog-
nixed and received in the highest so
ciety ? "
"Well , no , not exactly. You see , just
as I dnro say you have hero , there nro
journalists and journalists. Quito re
cently a Gorman journalist , who was en
gaged in writing the life of the poet , -
Samuel Taylor Coleridge , came over from v ' * ,
Vienna to pursue his investigations fur- '
thcr in England , llo met Lord Colorhigc ,
the lord chief justice , who asked him tirst
to conic and dine , and then to come and
liyo with his family. Now 1 doubt very
much whether that courtesy would have
been extended to an English journalist.
You know , of course , that Lord Coleridge
is a descendant of the poet. "
"What are the principal papers mnv in
London. Mr , Shnor '
. . . . . . . . . . . .
vj T. L- .4..U .I.ll o II.VO IIWUlllJUk > ,
ily Telegraph simplv seeks popu
larity , while llio Daily News is a stanch
liberal organ. Then , of course , there are
thu evening journals Iho St. James's
Ga/.otlc , thu Globe , the Kcho , and the
Pall Mall Gazette. "
"Can you lull mo anything about the
proprietors or editors of any of these
journals ? "
"Well , let us take the Times first of all.
Thu proprietors are , as you know , the
Walters. Buckle is the chief literary man
and young Walter the business man , or *
managing editor , Ri yon would call him
hora. IK very morning Buckle and Wal
ter hold a council on the news of the day
and decide as to what particular editori
als , etc. , shall bo written. The Times
doesn't care for any sensational
correspondence , and has an in
veterate aversion to all notorious
men. Now Archibald Forbes ,
for instance , has boon dying lo obtain a
position as Times correspondent for
some time and it will not give it to him.
He is lee notorious. It wants simply the
plain laots , nothing plso. It spends n
great dual of money in foreign corre
spondence. Take , for instance , the
Berlin correspondent of The Times. It
givus him 1)00 ) , besides thu slnccurus of
his ollice. Ho lives in first-rale stvlr.
keeps two horses , etc. In addition , " ho
has _ a reserve for bribing German
olhcniH. BiiJ , strange to say , for over
cloven years ho hasn't expended a penny
of it. What's the reason ?
Bismark's influence is so great- that the
subordinate olliuials dare not disclose
any of the secrets. It's different , how
ever , with the Vienna and Paris corre
spondents. They bribe right and left and
send homo flaming letters. "
"Well , how about the other papers ? "
"The Pall Mail Gazette is , perhaps ,
now the most notorious of any English
journal. Smith and Son & Greenwood
were formerly the proprietors. At the
end of 1870 , however , Greenwood quar
reled with the Smiths and started The St.
James's Gazelle , of which he is at present
editor and chief proprietor. Smith
married his daughter to a former secre
tary of an Irish lord liutcnant , Thomp
son , and as Thompson wanted to run for
parliament his fatlier-iii-hiw gave him
the Pall Mall Gii/.ette. He accordingly
started out and ran it on entirely now
lines , making it as American us possl-
"What Is the general rate of
journalistic pay ? "
"Well , lake The Pull Mall Oa/ollo ,
wilh which I am bnsl acquainted , Green
wood , the edilor , gels as editor , 1'1,000 a
year. If he writes any editorials ho gets
paid at the usual editorial rate 2 guineas
a column. "
"How are outside contributors paid ? "
"At the ratu of 2 guineas a column.
Besides the editorial column lliuro is a
column of what are termed occasional
notes. For each of these , if accepted ,
the contributors get half a guinea. The
journalist who has the biggest salary In
London is n friend of inino named Trail ,
who works for Thu Daily News. Ho
makes about ' . "
AX',000 a year.
A Shrewd Hupcrliitenilotit.
Confession of an ox-siiporintoiidont of
a street railway line in Ihu St. Louis
Globe-Democrat : When I ran this road I
never interfered with an employe's poli
ties. I never made a conductor or driver
Jo anything ho didn't want to do in the
voting lino. I just wont to them and
told them what I tlionghl was right and
explained how 1 was going to vote , and
you but thuro was no trouble- with them.
They gonnrjilly voted llio sainu way , be-
WHIM ) you sue they know their biismcsH.
That's how I got along wilh the men ;
noon the other hand , I pleased ( do
public In this way : Whenever a olti/oii
fame to complain about thu road or any
of its employes , I gave him all thu atten
tion his hear ! could desire , and in order
lo make him fool that his grievance hud
deuply impressed me , I got out a block of
paper and a lead pencil and noted down
uven to thn slightest nartieular all ihu < h < -
tails of his complaint. 1 sympathized
with him from tlio Marl , < | d ilm man ho
was complaining about , promised to flro
him the minule lie turned in his car , and
then sent Iho party away fouling happy
ifier inviting him to bo sure lo call again
ivhun ho found anything wrong on the
road. The eili/.en departed fully assured
Hint he hud achieved the object of his
risit and then as boon as the damphoo !
Itad shut tint door 1 threw ihu complaint
n the steve and never gave thu matter
mother moment' * thought.
Xc > ISl'UllIH.
Gilhooly wont into an Austin ruslaur-
: int , gave hU order for some calf's brain *
mil waited a long time for Ihu waiter to
iring what ho ordered , but in vain. At hu asked :
"Well , what about llio calf's brains1 ?
Thu waiter shook Jii.shwid dismally and
"Tho outlook is pretty gloomy , judgo. "
"What's the mutter wilh my brninst"
"There ain't any , tlmt'H all "
Thu-story got out , i.d now thorn IH
' '
omy talk of running Him fur thu 1