Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, November 05, 1885, Page 4, Image 4

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OMAHA OrrtcR , No. oil AND Olc PMMAU Br.
Nrmr VOIIK Omen , Hcou
PuMI'tif'l t rrrjTnnttilri < ro.m'T > t'un ! < lij' ! . Ilio
cnl.v Momlay uiuriuliff i > iiicr published In tlio
Ono Year . sin.OfMlitr * Months . ? 3.N )
MX Months. . JUuUni' Month . 1.00
I I .R WEEKLY trK ) , 1'nbllslird Hvrry Wwltiosdny.
Or.o Year , with nntmluin . J2.00
Olio > our. vrltli'itit | > r < imlum . . . li'S
Wx Montlm , without prumltini . . . . 76
Orio Month , on trltil . 10
fommiiiilctviloii.1 \ ii-lhlltm to news nml all-
( mini HiHtltirs Mtoiild bo iulilu < wc < l to Iho Km-
ton or TUU DEE.
WJH1NE83 r.r.rnmsi
Att tiiislncsa Irttnra nix ) leinlunncm MiouM be
cridrcvcU to Tin : I in : I'
OMAHA. Uruflt ; . clircka nnil pomofllco orders
to bo rnnUo jiiiyuMo to thi order of tlio company.
ll , Uniroiu
\VB won't have any work house tub
3 car. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ - „ _
IT cnmo pretty near being a clean
weep. _
"Bwuirr BUI Mnhonn" will soon bo a
Richmond romlnlFccnco.
Mn. BKNBKH feels very well , thank you ,
amid all thu wreck and ruin.
PAT'S "inllooenco" was struck on the
third rib by Huron's cold wave.
Tin : "mugwump" doesn't seem half
ay ferocious ns ho did a week ago ,
Mre. lUvKWoiiT was undoubtedly
knifed by both Iho stalwarts and thu
HAUNEV SHANNON must foul happy , and
1 the fnbro of his father" will now bu im
mersed in red paint.
"IIiniNO a hall" is sometimes a losing
investment. For further information
apply to Dr. Miller.
TUB republican candidates probably
know to whom they uro indebted for
their brilliant victory.
BUANDCS smashes are ns much out of
poasou in Omaha as Weiss beer. At least
the people say so by a largo majority.
1 Mr : . BOYD returned just in time for
the democratic round-up , but lie couldn't
gave PatFord's bacon.
JOHN DKuxiii. will bury the political
titifls , but lie had to work very hard to
beat Mr. Burkct , who ran like a race
horse for u new man.
; TIIE moagrenosa of the Herald's report
of Iho Douglas county election was as
a scoop on that paper as the election
on O.L.Miller and P.Ford , who wore
laid out still' nnd cold.
MB. CIIAKLES OCIDEN is an eminently
rcaputtablo young gentleman ; but he
V6fitHryd OUt into the cold a little too
oarlyin the morning when ho wrote that
letter endorsing Pat Ford.
FITZ HUGH LEK'S confederate troopers
carried the day in Virginia. The cam
paign as conducted was as much nn ap
peal to sectional bitterness as the much
abused bloody shirt , with the difference
that one was an appeal to disloyalty and
the other to loyalty.
LET the weather bureau bo attached to
( ho treasury department. There is no
reason su earth why it should bo con
trolled by the army. Its duties could bo
v Better performed by civilians , with loss
red tape and fewer public snnndnls.
Since General Meyer's death it has been
In hot water nine-tenths of the time. The
oervico , in which everyone is interested ,
Is suffering severely from the strain.
MANXINO'S reports of
monthly debt reductions are misleading.
Every month wo have an announcement
from Washington that the debt has been
reduced several millions which the pub
lished statement fails to bear out. The
United States owes as much as it did
months ago. The bonded debt bearing
Interest is as largo as It way then. There
have been no bond calls and the accumu
lated revenues applicable to real debt re
duction are steadily piling up in the
treasury. It is mure subterfuge to claim
that ho riling mo nuy in tlio same as the
payment of thu public debt. With aev-
qrol millions of dollars of interest , which
might bo cut off by a proper calling in of
bonds , constantly dramim ; money out of
the treasury , Mr. Manning's policy of
declining to call In the bonds and cut
down the interest charge will not meet
with public favor. No mailer what the
iacreoso in tlio government assets may bo
oolong as the debt remains as il is , itcau-
Hot bu called reduced. Tlio people know
enough to know that there is a wide dif
ference between the accumulation of
funds which can be applied for reducing
thu debt , and debt reduction itself.
I Or all thn civilizations of the east ,
Japan is to-day the most progressive ,
Contact with western civilization lias had
the effect of giving a new and rapid de
velopment to bur Hoclal , religious and po
litical life. A general spirit of active re
form is manifesting itfiolf throughout the
n. country. Modern seiuutilic ideas have
_ Culncd n firm foothold ; tlio people enjoy
"their full share of civil uud religious lib
erty , thu rise and spread of thu news
paper press Is almost unprecedented in
the hibtory of journalism , and at present
the brother of thu mikado is in Kuropo
with thu object of studying thu most lit-
. ting shape lo give lo thu constitutional
' form of government to be promulgated
lour years hence , Not thu least import
ant of the reforms now in progress is
that which propose * the use of Roman
lottora lusted of llio Chinese characters
for writing the Japanese language. An
. association for promoting the adoption
of thn Homan alphabet Ims been formed
and has published a scheme which shows
OUIB , * hat twenty-two signs indicating sounds
can bu made to represent the language
\ adequately , thus doing away with the
j thousands of intricate symbols of signs
i mul ideas which the Chinese written
* jn involve.
Votctl Down.
Tlio proposition to eoll one-half of tlio
county poor farm was enowod tinder by
an overwhelming majority. Ourndrlco to
tlio citizens of Omaha wns very timely
nml ofloclivo. Tlio proposition , as sub-
milled to the voters , looked auspicious
on Its fncc ; nud tlio resolution passed by
the cotntnlssumers niado matters worses
instead of bettor. It loft the Impression
Hint the commissioners did not Intend to
foil the farm to the highest blddnr nt
public sale , but were llnblo lo dispose of
it to n syndicate of land speculators ,
The Ur.K first forced the resolution out of
the commissioners and when It found
tlwt the resolution was not suuh n one as
wns demanded In the interests of the
county , it soundnd the nlurm and urged
the people to rote it down.
In Its ofl'ort , it wns seconded by no
other paper. The Herald boldly advised
the pcoplo to vote for tlio poor farm sale
nnd the other papers didn't hnvo u word
to say. Fortunately , the HKK covers the
entire ground of nil parties und classes
of voters , nnd the result shows that its
appeal wns not unheeded , und its inllu-
once directed , In the fight olmnnol , nuulo
itself , foil.
Wo were by no menus adverse to the
sale of a purl of the poor farm under
proper conditions with safe-guards
against jobbery nml corrupt collusion.
It will do no harm , however , to kcup the
land for another year nnd when it ia tin-
ally disposed of to plat it with a view of
thu largest returns.
Now York.
The loss of Now York at this time , In
view of the lofty hopes which have been
raised of republican success is disap.
pointing nnd unexpected. The high
standard of the candidates nominated
by the republicans of tlio Empire state ,
the dissensions in the democratic party
and the return of the independents were
all factors which promised a dilTerotit re
sult. Instead of a republican victory ,
the dispatches tell the story of a demo
cratic triumph so overwhelming that it
takes Now York for some years to come
out of the list of doubtful states and
throws it into tlio balance with the solid
south as a political factor opposed to the
return of republican national supremacy.
It is no use lo miuco matters. New
York is naturally democratic nnd
with a largo lloating vote , inclined
to jump to the successful party ,
has east the weight of its decision for
the administration. The mugwumps
cut a small tiguro against the "heelers"
and oflico seekers to whom the party is
wortji nothing but its ability to furnish
patronage. The patronage , just now ,
is not coming in any very large amounts
from republican sources and the result
was a natural one.
Incidentally , tlio friends of Mr Clove-
laud can congratulate themselves over
tlio outcome. The buncombe that demo
cratic defeat would bo taken us nil en
dorsement of the administration was
taken for what it was worth. Whatever
the causes of the republican rout , the
democratic victory eau bo taken for
nothing but an endorsement of the presi
dent by his own state , and an
endorsement so heavy that thous
ands who voted last year for
Mr. Ulaino must have contributed to
secure it. It now remains to bo seen
whether New York republicans will re
tain their cohesion as a party , and wait
for the development of issues to add to
their strength. Tlio outlook is not en
tirely hopeless for the future , but it cer
tainly in discouraging. Tlio condition of
politics in the south has made Now York
the national battle ground in presiden
tial con testa nnd given it an importance
which it would not have without the sup
pression of the colored voto. The future
\vill show whether in 1833 , democratic
blunders and the gain of new blood will
more than make up for the barnacles
who have dropped from the republican
organisation and fastened themselves
with their votes to the democratic party.
NH More
' of "alow nnd
If Mr. Cleveland's policy
sure" , which ho has been steadily pursu
ing witli an occasional set-back , has dis
rupted his party , that result was not
made manifest in Tuesday's elections.
In his own state tlio indorsement of a
democratic victory was certainly em
phatic enough to Kiilt the most fastidious
partisan of tlio administration. In other
states which held elections , it is difficult
to find any returns which can be con
strued into a "rebuke" to the admin
istration , or evidence of democratic dis
integration. Unfortunately for republi
cans , the democracy appears to be in bet
ter health , notwithstanding tlio dismal
predictions of disappointed doctors who
have failed to secure nil they desire from
the executive department at Washing
While" republicans will do well to look
tin ) results of the Into elections fairly in
the face , there is no reason why the dis
heartened and feeble-hearted bhonld be
allowed to chant the death knoll of the
party. There are enough vital issues , if
they are only courageously pushed to the
front , to divide public sentiment on a
winning platform. The fact that the
democracy is entrenching itself in
power Is tlio best reason why the po
litical contest should bo made an aggressive -
sivo oUo , Dodging issues for fear of
losing votes will no longer bo the win
ning curd. Tlio votes are lost already
nml can only bo regained in n manly
contefct waged for important principles
which will attract the support of tlio lion-
enst and tulluentlal men of all parties.
So long us the republican party was the
the great moral ideas and not an organ
ization to maintain ollico-holdcrs in their
Bents , it won its victories steadily und
surely. Its degeneration began with the
close of reconstruction. It ought to end
with the defection from its ranks of tlio
plnco-huntors und political barnacles
who are now so vigorously swinging
their hats for thu democracy and the
new administration at Washington.
What republicanism needs most to-day is
a determination on the part of its rank
and Hie no less than on thu part of its
lenders to place themselves abreast of thu
demands of the people for greatly needed
reforms , Thu refusal of thu republican ad
ministration * in the past to listen to ami-
monopoly demands , nnd the exoelfout
record which the present administration
Is making In clean'ng out the land-grab
bers and bringing the land grant rail
roads to the onrd , may bo'rocommcutlcd
to the thoughtful , attention of the repub
lican party ns food for reflection. Let
the republican party ouco moro place It
self cm a platform of advanced ideas ,
backed by men whoso skirts nro free
from all Inlnt of political jobbery nnd it
will have more than n fighting chance lo
regain in the next election what it has
lost in that of 1SS4.
Turkey is astonishing Kuropo by the
rapidity with which she has placed her
self In readiness to ciuel ! all assaults on
her territory. The wonderful vitality
shown by the "sick man of tlio east" dur
ing thu past month gives thu lie to tlio dis
paraging accounts of Turkey's feebleness
nnd causes the Inquiry whether Iho reports -
ports of her dismantled condition , both
as to purse and arms , are not Inspired by
those of her cncmlos whose interest it is
to deny the real strength of thu Mussul
man power. According to tlio last re
ports , 300,030 Turkish troops fully armed
and equipped nru now mustered on the
frontiers , while as many moro are
held In readiness to defend the interests
of the crescent wherever they may bo
menaced in the com ing struggle in the
llalkans. No ono who has read history
believes that the Turks are cowards. In
the last Uussla-Turkish war the Mussul-
men did what the combined hosts of
England , Trance , Sardinia and Turkey
did in tlio war of the Crimea Unit is to
say , fought the colossal Russian umpire
single-handed and held Constantinople
nt the end. The history of thu siege of
Plevna exhibits Turkish fortitude in a
light which will not brook criticism. The
porto is now ready to resume the eon-
lliet and is only anxious that Europe
shall not bo allowed to interfere so long
as the war is with his own subjects ,
Unfortunately for the sultan no
reopening of the Balkan problem
eau fail to array ultimately all the great
powers on one side or the other. Russia
is impatiently waiting to pass the fron
tier. Austria is peering towards Salouica
and England's eye Is bunt on the Dar
danelles as the gate to thu egress of
Russia's ambition eastward , while every
petty principality , from Macedonia and
Albania lo Bulgaria and Roumania , is
reaching out expectant arms to seize
some share of the spoils. Tlio dismem
berment of the Turkish umpire in Europe
is only a matter of time. But , when the
time comes , it will never be accom
plished without a bloody conflict in
which the Mussulmou courage , spurred
on by religious fanaticism , will make
itself once more felt against the Curistian
That Itiillroud Proposition.
The deliuito proposition for the new
railroad should bo promptly forthcoming
on the part of Mr. McShanc. Our people
are anxiously awaiting it. They are prepared -
pared to give it a cordial reception and a
respectful consideration. If it meets
their ideas as to what is demanded by the
best interests of this city , they are readv
lo exleud to it substantial aid. The fact
that Omaha has suffered in the past , from
profuse promises and meagre perform
ance on the part of railroad protujlor.s ,
will not be allowed to prejudice tlio now
enterprise if it is put on the proper foot-
ingto command miblio support. Omaha
wants a direct railroad connection with
the northwest which will enable her mer
chants to transact business with a coun
try from which thuv nro now
cut off. Our people are tired of enduring
fatal discriminations against their com
mercial interests. They will willingly
join in assisting any man or body of men ,
whoever they are , who will give them
guarantees that they will secure a road
such as they want and conducted on busi
ness methods , which will not militate
against thu interests of this city.
If wo have correctly sounded public
sentiment , the railroad which Omaha 'de
sires is one wiiicii will have Omaha for
its eastern terminus , and which will tap
the Elkhorn valley and the country to
the northwest. This rich and prosperous
section of tlio slate is now shut out from
our trade und given over to the tender
mercies of a Chicago corporation. Its
opening would mean hundreds of thou
sands in solid money every year to our
merchants and would give a homo mar
ket for the produce of the Elkhorn valley.
A railroad north and south into Dakota is
not what wo need or what is demanded.
In the second place , the people of Oma
ha , before voting a subsidy fora nuwline ,
will , wo think , insist that most definite
guarantees shall be given that thu inter
cuts of Omaha shall bo constantly felt In
its management. Whether this should bo
done by trusteeship or otherwise is a
question which will admit of discussion.
There are several ways in which it could
bo accomplished without an ownership
of bonds or stock by the county , which is
not allowable under our constitution. The
presence in the directory of Omaha men
who can , and will , voice the sontlmonU
of the community against every adverse
interest , is essential.
In conclusion , Oav.iha is anxious for the
proposed road , is prepared to hand
somely assist it , and only requires such
assurances for her furtherance of the
project an will make her citizens certain
that they will gut nt least the worth of
their money.
Tun BKB congratulates the citizens
nnd tax payers of Omaha upon the de
feat of the disreputable shysters , who
ran for justices of the peace. The cost
mills have boon cleaned out. With three
honchl and capable justices , the nystum
of legalized highway robbery , which has
been prevalent in this city under the
name of justice , has been happily dis
posed of ,
TALKING about stills reminds us that
to-day Miller and Ford are about the big-
gunt still's in this community. The only
consolation afforded them is that u dem
ocratic coroner was elected to hold un
inquest over their remains.
TUB city hall has'now been perman
ently located by the people , and the
Myers' plan has been endorsed by moro
than livo-sixtbt ) of all the votes cast at
the election , The board of education
has boon authorjwd > to set aside $05,000 ,
for llio construction of the building under
thocoutractmado1 with the city for per
manent quarters. IJIayor Boyd nnd the
council should npw take prompt steps
toward beginning the construction of
tins building. Thrt detail , plans and
specifications wilt silortly roach Omaha ,
nnd if the money which the board is
authorized to expend is made available ,
Iho contract can bo lot within forty days
for excavating the Abasement , and the
contractors can vvorkjat stone cutting and
got the materials for pushing Iho work in
the early spring/ '
WE cheerfully accord the
the privilege of raising its rooster and
crowing vigorously over thu victory ; but
wo modestly suggest that the BKK exerted
a slight Influence In determining tlio
IN the language of Orator Miller , "fill-
lee Coburn Is a nice lltth gentleman and
wears good clothes. " Mr. Coburn can
now nfibrd to add a new winter suit to
his wardrobe.
VOTBIW Tuesday decided thnt Omaha
is to nave auottier tmmisomo and tiro-
proof public building. The city hall will
moro than match the county courthouse.
MR. O'Kr.EFFU has llually concluded
that It will bo bettor now to make a
change in the management of the poor
farm. Wo should think so.
FAUIS has spent three hundred nnd
seventy millions of dollars since 183' ! in
public improvements. Parisians ovi-
.dontly believe with Omaha that paving
and sewerage pay.
Btrrrn , Montana , claims to bo some-
thinsr of a financial centre. She has ten
faro banks with a capital of $100,000.
rotten mill-workers nro still lOporeeut.
belnw 18 $ ) wages.
The liilebt thini ; in now steel mils is to rell
thi'iti tour culinary lengths long.
A twelve-year-old Fall Hirer boy wants lo
charge iuUOJ , fur his leg , lost In a untie
For tlio first time In twenty years there Is n
famine in nulls , the result or thu long strike
of the nailer * .
Now Haven ( Ooiin. ) workhiRincn nro rals.
ing fluids to establish a co-operative store on
thu English basis.
Cariot mnnufnctiirurs nro putting their
looms on Huiias ; stylus as last as they can bo
released Iroui the present .season's oulers.
Tlio ciutlm ; -wroiudit iron Is the latest
metallurgical phenomenon. Uos.-ieiaoivsays
this is a more vaiuifthr process even than his
own. , „
A new glass furnace has been set up at Bol-
luirc , Ohio , which burus tt.nck , reducing iho
cost iio.u $ iS a week , lor u Urn-pot I'uiiiace , to
Th Shinier bridgj works coiapauv. of Pills-
burg , is making tau steel glrdera which aio to
nncaur the siatuo of .Liberty ou liudioo's
The lumber anil plaining mill men are
helping llio htiiKins ? ilahers in the west by
threatening to put in : their own nail ma-
cnines. . ,
The general assembly of the Knight' ) of
Labor wld meet lit Uichmomt , V.i' . . next
jwir , p.utly with a vuny oi encouraging lauur
organizations in , tne souta.
Tea assemblies ot tlio Knights of Labor
were or'anuo < l in Texas in di'iitemoeraiui
night during October. Wiilfm u io > v d.iya
live assemblies wore tormud In .M.iinu.
A labor reformer who has gouu into the
conundiinn business ovu > vus that , "it inbor
gets all it is worm , us niun claim , how
Is ic that tliero is anyihing left to IIURC men
rloh with ? "
Four largo Now York firms and ono Phila
delphia nrin , all engaged In the manufacture
of bpcclalitii'S , are seeking buildings with
power in Putsburg because oi tlio local ad
Manufacturers of cotton cloth have Ic.irned
how to use asbestos I-OJK ) and asbestos cloih
In order to avoid tlie heat und corrosive ac
tion oi' tne vapor , which rots any covering
heretofore designed lu a few wee.cs.
It is found that the operatives in southern
cotton factories gut tniiio as mucli pay tor
tuuir work , even laicm thooostoi living into
consideration , as do those employed in lite
New Kuglaud and other manuiacturingstates
oi the north uud west.
Tht ) proposition is being discussed by both
labor feadcrs and prominent niuroatl mana
gers as to the pravtluaolllty of se-uriug thu
passage by congress of a law providing I'or a
national oouid of arbitration 10 settle all labor
and capital disputes.
Cuba Is looming up as a manufacturing
island. Oae company has ready lorslmiimmt
machinery amounting to , UJo wer.
Kxtunsivo Juml purchaser are bomg made
and schemes for pro.iU'.bie investment are
being sucretlv formed.
Manufacturers of cotton goods are finding
encouragement In tlmincrcusiiigoxnortaiion.
In liWJ mo agures were ( W.U'JT packaged. Up
to October 1 , tills year , the exports wore lTi. > . -
Oiil packagee. American cotton goods drive
English goods out of Asiatic-markets.
Tlio growth oC organization among female
employes Is having one eUVct , viz. , thu re
moval ot vulgar ami ill-bred bosses and su-
Iiitnnteudoiits in mi.U and the improvement
oi thu milliners and janguiige of nome wtio
forget ihat girls luive line Icullngs.
It In not generally known that Sewing-Ma-
chint ! Singer started In life In I'ittibttrg. Ho
went to N w York , and when of the
Rllorts of Klias Howe , saw how to do what
How u did not , nudUJd'it. A patent lawyer
named Clark lilted up it alioii uud started
The inannscLs of thn Baldwin Locomotive
Works have oeuii complimented by Hon. Ed
ward lilcnuidson tor tneir promptness in
tilling an order for twelve locomotive * for
the New Zealand govermnont $ voji ! ) per on'-
gino cheaper than tney could bo made in
Thu weekly payment plan In mills Is grow
ing In Vnvor. The Applt'loii company in
Massachusetts bc aii u three nioiiuis aro. :
The iv talitiuru wilt ruiuln | > U by law this
winter , lu n creak-many mills uvwi-iloimr
payments , us $ \fw jjiu , are now iniiile
every wuulc , and uxnct.sjattloiucuts mace
oiico a month. r ,
The average cost of repairs and renewals
of locomotive. * on iliiru'un railroadin the
United Kingdom' 'was'7. ' iwr ejiiuintho
united Stu'us , on L'lj'l.l mails , the au-nijre
win ft.7 per cuiiti ? iii'TwItaataiiilliiKviuei
here are , " > U per cent lilgncr tuaii uLini.til. The
cost ot motive pcr.rcr Is nearly twice us givat
on the Kngdsli as uu tiit | Amurk-an roail.s.
It irt constantly ii Jirlfil that vaiioustnide.s
are onUroil on stnKi * by tuu Knights u ( Labor.
lu nine cases out 'dt' It'll ' thu xtatciuiMit HIIII-
trui' . The Knlh'hfe * , ( isvtt body , do notiavur
htriKPi * . 'HID tiuili's within uiu onler main
tain their hcpar.iUf cm'lt or ani/.atlouN , ami
they nmy eon utiikc , i'Wlmn fiupldyi.'K. 10-
IUMJ toaioitratetliu uijjhtawill bitsunn the
' " ' ' '
The Urothciliooil'of'Locomotive ' Flienicn ,
which met at I'ulIiiHslplua lust month , H oniv
lour yinim uld. Muring that Uiuuiti meumur-
hhip him t'rown to lu.ojo. in the pa * t year
ilty-eih'ht now lodges have brcn iiiatiiiiied
with a membership of CM. During the mime
time tuclr chief traveled Jtr * , > .xJ
mile. ) . It is n iKMicuclal fnsiuanco associa
tion , to mcmbcrihii > in which men only are
t'llnlble who are physically und menially
bound and of good moral character.
euporio to anything 1 have over used. "
Thu pain and misery milforud by those
who are ulfeeted with dyspepsia arc imlo-
Horibnblo. Thu distress of the body is
equalled or surpassed by the confusion
and tortures ot the mind , thus making
their victims snlfor double allliclion.
'Hie relief that Is given by Hood's
Hansaparilla hus caused thousands to be
thankful lor this great modicinu. It dis
pels the ciiiiMis of dyspepsia , and tones
up the digestive organs. Try lloud'd
Seasonable Hints nnd SiiK r > sllon .
A correspondent of the Michigan
Farmer tried painting hin pear trees with
red load tird linseed oil , filling tip the
crack * , giving each Iree two coaw of
pnint , Ho did thfo to prevent blight , and
the trees PO coated have been frou from
blight , wliilo tret's not painted am dying ,
ouch remedies , however , should bo tried
with caution. Kerosene oil will kill
peach trees , and fcomo kinds of paint con-
ialning thai substance may bo injurious
to penr troes.
Many are prone ( S let their horsr * run
nut through nil kinds of weather , until
Into In the fall , and until their coal * be
come rough nnd shaggy. This I ; ; wrong
I-rosly grass is 'not good for horses that
have been Used to dry feed and must yet
do niuoh hard work. They should bo
stabled as eoon as the nights booomo un
comfortably cool , and then they may bo
turned out to grass again after tho'mm
has dispelled thu frost.
If the soil contains Insects , in the pupa
stale , they will bo moro likely to bo do-
stroyodif turned up and o.vpo.iod to the
frosts of winter. Many species of in-
seclH enter into the pupa state but a fnw
inches beneath the surlncu of thu earth ,
relying upon the foil and sod nbovo them
from such a degree of freezing as would
destroy lifo. If they are turned up to Iho
surface , most will probably perish.
Rough , rooky or bushy land may bo
plowed in the fall to good advantage ,
lu'caiipu the farmer is not so busy ns in
the spring , thus giving him more lime lo
remove the rooks nnd roots that till the
land. When the farmer believes ills land
to be full of worms and grubs , by plowIng -
Ing very late in the fall he will do some
thing toward killing tht-m.
It is well , every autumn , to carefully
consider and decide what fields will be
improved and what injured by fall plow
ing , and all Clint nio of a character not to
bo injured by it should bo plowed , tlum
helping along the spring work at a
season when work is not as driving ns In
the spring.
Tlio experiment of milking cow.s three
times a day was tried at the Iowa Agri
cultural College , and Iho average daily
gain of the herd was four pounds , or half
enough to pay for the extra trouble nud
expense. The increase in milk Is not
considered sullleient to pay for the labor
and expense , even when cows Yielding
over twenty quarts daily are used. The
only advantage is that the cows will have
to oo kept in the barnyard and soiled ,
thereby effecting a greater saving of
Do not cover the lawn all over with
Btable manure which is to remain there
all whiter as an offense to tlio oyo. the
nostrils and the feet. There is nothing
more disgusting than this turninga lawn
into a barnyard , and there is no neces
sity for it. Stable manure is worth as
much for garden crops as it is for lawns ,
and it is doubtful if any one has too
much of it for the former purpose. A
good dressing of bone dust or ammoui-
utod superphosphate curly In Ihc spring
wjll keep up the fertility of the lawn and
will not be noticed.
A writer in the London Garden refer
ring lo the well known fact that now
seeds usually germinate moro quickly
than old onus , says that many ofil ones
will germinatnvell with heat that would
perish in cold ground a fact which
should be borne in mind by those who
are testing seeds this year in warm
rooms. Among those which may be kept
two season ! ' are named onions , salsify
and some others , while lettueo , tomatoes ,
and artichokes will continue three sea
sons , cabbage , turnips , spinach , kales ,
etc. , four seasons and melons , cnmcum-
berd and beets for live or six seasons.
The best iloor for a stable , says the
Rural Era , is one made of smooth stones
of an egg shape , sot on end , oa a gruJ jd
Hoer , well rammed down and filleil with
sand and hydraulic lime , cement , so as
to make a smooth surface. This is satur
ated with hot gas tar , and when dry
makes a hard , durable , smooth water
proof floor
Turkeys should not bo confined to bo
fatted until about ten days before they
are sold. They will gain rapidly in llesh
for about ten days , but alter that time
they begin to lese llo.-m , owing to be
coming restless and uneasy from eon-
By sowing a bushel of sat ] to the aero ,
a Fayetto county ( Missouri ) farmer be
lieves that ho has succeeded in keeping
his average of twenty-live bushels of
wheat to the acre maintained for
Too much grain is often sown when
seeding and too little grass seed. These
are two common errors.
Grass grown on nutritious soil is often
ns good for horses or cattle us poorer
grass fed with grain rations.
Now is the best timp to mnlch apple
trees with manure , which will encourage
the formation of fruit buds for next
An Iowa correspondent of the Germantown -
town Telegraph describes the way in
which ho makes agate for occasional use
in a fence of barbed wire : The fanner
sometimes bus need of a gate in n barbed
wire fence , and which is used but sel
dom ; he must , nevertheless , ptitup a sub
stantial hinge or slide gate. 1 have seen
a good gatu put in a barbed wire fence
with very little trouble in this manner :
Build the fmico without reference to the
gate ; then select the location for the gate
and staple the wire securely to the two
gate posts so it cannot slip. Cut the
wires at one of the posts and fasten the
cndt to a light piece of wood as high as
the post. Sot ono end of this piece 'of
wood in a shallow hole beside the post
und place a wiru loop over it and the
post at the top , and your gate is finished.
It can bo opened in a moment and for
occasional use is as good as a hinge gatu.
Thorp are several rcaso..s for butter
becoming strong. Among them are : Us
ing pails ami pans that are not thor
oughly cleansed from slalo milk ; setting
llio milk in damp , badly ventilated cel
lars or milk hotisos ; keeping the milk lee
long , until itgeu very sour ; keeping the
cream lee long ; churning too slowly , erin
in an unclean clu.rn ; not taking all the
buttermilk out of the butter ; keeping tlio
butter in a warm , badly aired or moldy
place ; these all cause thu butter to be
come strong , which in the ulft.'ot of de
composition in it. The tqod or water of
the cow will also cause this trouble.
Kuoh lien in a house should have one
fool of space on the roosts , Ono hun
dred hens tliun would minim four roosts
twenty-live feet long , and to prevent the
huus crowding too much upon thu top
rooMt these should bo nil on the flame
level. The roosts should bo ono foot
apart , and be arranged in n frame
iuiigul to the wall , * i they can be lifted
and hooked up for the purpose of clean
ing. The rooiU will take up four Icct ,
and them should be eight foot moro lloor
spuoo ; thus a house for 100 buns should
lie-0\U leot on thn floor inside , and
hliould be at least six feet high in the
rear and nlno feet high in the front , with
ample ventilation.
It is claimed that 3 per cunt of a
horse's weight of good nourishing food
is all that biiould bu fed n day. liy this
rule a horse weighing l.'itw pounds should
bit fed lliirt.v pounds of food. .So tm > s the
Live Stock Record , but it must be consid
ered that ? omothing depends upon the
amount of labor to ho performed us well
its llio digestive capacity and appetite of
thu animal.
Full maiiiiguinenl of bees consists sun-
ply in taking away all surplus combs and
honey as soon M the honuy reason clonus ,
says Mr. 1'oppleton , \Villiainstotui \ ,
lovvu , and thu best combs in thu hive
should bo left for thu hcca. Thohu having
thu largest amount of sealed und the
least uu&ualuil honuy are the beat. All
further rnnnngemcnt during fall nnd win
ter Li the sumo ns with doitblo-storj
Ono ounce of silk-worm egg * , under fa
vornblo circumstances , will nrotlueo fron
thirty lo forty pounds of dried cocoons
which nro worth from Til cents to $ t pe
pound. A family cnu raio the worms
from one to three ouuevs of iutj.If ; pleu
ty of food is'nl hand. Thu time reqmrci
for raising a prop of silk varies fron
twenty-eight to thirtv-fivo , accord
ing to race , temperature , qualily of food
I'rcpnro lo keep your live stock comfortable
fortablo through the winter. Cattle kep
warm do not need nearly so much fooi
ns when they are exposed to wintr
Kill poultry or market It as soon ns 1
is fat , tor ovcry day It is kept after thn
brings n dead loss.
Build a good barn , if you need U , as
ROOII as you can after the farm is pan
tRainy days afford favorable times foi
oiling and mending harness. Keep tin
latter hanging , when not lu use , where
calves and cattle. ctunot.miUist : it.
There are 83,000 Cnttlo Club Jcrsej
COWH and heifers in this country , and mi
over 10,000 cows on thu island of Jersey
The place to got good Joroova now is no
Jersey but the Uuilcd Stales.
In using cold dips for Iho scab ant
other diseases of sheep , unless the dip
ping Is done in a thorough manner tin
solution will not penetrate chwo compile
wool and reach nil the parasites on the
skin , owm to the dirt and other mattot
in the wool.
I'rof. Brown , of the Ontario Kxporl
mont farm , finds , after nine years oxper
( mentation , that bullocks uaincd on per
niunout pasture ! ! 05 pounds purduvat :
cost of two cents per pound , and tha
thin win tlio ch'-apcst of the twenty way.
of feeding tried.-
Carbonate of baryta has boon found tr
bo a most ollieient poison for rats am
similar vermin. It is a heavy , white
powder , void of tustu or Hindi ! At Hit
I'roakaw Zoological Institute uvperi
menu wore mndo by mixing it with font
times its weight ot barley meal , pellets o
the paste being introduced into thu hole ?
It was found that fowls and pigeon-
would not touch it , either in its t > oft sinker
or when hardened.
Winter Fodder I-'or Milch Cows.
Tlio hay , which constitutes tlio groa
bulk of winter feed , is cut altogether too
late. Dairymun wait for a bulk of fodder
dor Hint will fill llioir mows and foe
heavy lo handle. They wait till the ricl
juices of the grasses have melted away
thn high color and llavor of their faU
have become pale and insipid , and tlioii
starch , gum and sug".r changed into
woody fibre. With this they hll their
barns and are satisfied. To make milk
ing in winter profitable the cows must
have food wliien is either green or sue
citlont , or which was cut or dried in a
green stage , so that it nhall bo not onh
rich in the elements of milk , but be 8f
easy of digestion that enough can be
digested to support tlio bodies of the
cow's and hnvo something loft to make
milk of. Hay , as generally cut , is so
scanty in available nittrition.'and digests
so slowly nnd imperfectly , that cows
can only use enough of it , though they
keep constantly full , to do no more than
supply waste. If thovcivo milk it will
bo at the expense of their stock of llesh
and fat.
The Critical Season fop JAvo Stock.
From now until boasts are fully settled
upon their dry winter feed is the most
critical season of the year for all kinds
of livestock , excepting , if any , the sea
son of dropping theiryoimg. Cattle will
fail to to get suitable nourishment from
frost-bitten grass , and colts exposed to
cold storms sutler temporarily , to say the
least. Many an old sheep , and some
times poorly bred voungor ones are
"struck with death1 after pasturing
time is "out. " Especially is this true
with sheep bred with long , loose wool ,
which will part on the back when wet by
.storms. A shed open on the sunny side
only is butter protection from storms
than a tight barn , and a chance in low ,
thick evergreen trees is much bettor than
no shelter at all. A few oats tend to
keep quiet as well ns to hold the flesh.
Tolopliono Conversations ns Evidence
New York Herald : The admission a.s
evidence of the conversation by tele
phone between Fish and Ward was ob
jected to by the defence in the Ward
trial , but the objection was properly , as
we think , overruled by Judge Barrett.
Testimony of this kind is as yet novel ,
but doubtless it is destined to become as
common in court as evidence of thu
ordinary kind. The telephone has , to a
largo extent , done away with face to faces
conversations , in business matters und
also communications by letter. It must
often become necessary or important to
show what is communicated through thu
telephone , and there is no reason why
such communications should not be
proved in cither civil or criminal tried.
In a recent case the Supreme Court of
Kentucky held that a contract between
two ucrsons might be made by telephonic
communication , and that it was perfect
ly proper to prove in court what the
parties said to eacli other through the
telephone. "It is true , " the Court re
marked , "that in communicating by
telephone the parties cannot see cacn
other. But the same is equally true of
the blind. By tulcphoncio means persons
are as much together for all purposes of
conversation and actors in what may bo
occurring as if they vwcro immediately
present with each-other. "
"Hello ! " wo hoard one man sny to an
other , the other day. "I didn't know
you at first , why ! you look tun years
younger than when I saw you last. " "I
fuel tun yours younger , " was the reply.
"You know how 1 used to bo under the
woalher all the time and gave up expecting -
ing to bo nuy better. The doctor said I
had consumption. I was terribly weak ,
had night-HWeatH , cough , no appetite ,
and lost Mush. I saw Dr. I'iorco's 'Golden
Medical Discovery' advertised , and
thought it would do no harm if it did no
good. It has cured nit ; . I am anew
man because I am a well one. "
How Voictaljlc nro Wintered.
1'rairio Farmer : Only a few vegetables
can bo wintered out-doors in tlio north
without protection. Parsnips nru among
the exceptional vegetables which the
wiutur doits not destroy , and , uM'i-pt for
iiHuwhih ) the "round is frozen , may belult
in the soil. Sul-vifv , or vegetable oysters ,
is of similar natiiru , but lieotM , turnips
and carruU will not wtand uxcesiivo culii ;
to retain tlio fresh , crisp llavor they
should bo taken up an lutoas j > ossiblo and
placed in a cool collar , or in pitH , with
earth and straw enough oyor them to
prevent freu/.iug. The luttur is the mi.lh-
oil most in vogue with market gardeners ,
who usually know how best to present ,
their vegetables in the finest condition.
Artificial heat in any form spoils the lla
vor of voguUblos gjuonilly. Tiu awoot
potato is an uxci-.ntion , and will not rot
in a tompcraluro below MJ degrees , while
driiKiss dons not injure it. C.'abbaguii
may be pulled u | . roots and all , tiirnod
up side down and tlie liuad.i imckcil to
gether in bedn six foot in width and the
ground between the rows thrown over
Lhu lusads. In uxtroinuly frosty weather
they cannot he readied , and enough
must be loft in thu uold root collar lot-
winter lib. ) . Onions roqulro a dry barn
ur loft , nud should not uu packed morn
than uight or tun iiiuhubduop , with a foot
[ if Htraw over them to keep out fruit. In
: hu extreme north sonm tire protection
may bo necossury. For family mo a
string can Im kept hung in any part of
Lho collar. Oaioua will aland ' < iJ uegr
of frost without Injury If dry. Celery l
bcvst when taken from the open ground ,
but should bo taken up and placed
together in beds with oiirth and litter
ou-r all to keep from fropfcing. Winter
squashes require A dry place , free from
Pork far Kninllr UUP.
The pork ralsod for family use may bo
much Improved by keeping tlio hogs un
der conditions promotlvo of health. A
good run In the pasture , with plenty of
exercise , clean water , with corn at the
liuisli , will produce pork tit for any ono.
Should the plga necessarily bu confined
they .should receive grass plentifully nnd
the pens kept scrupulously clean. The
pork wilt thin not only bo of good qual
ity , but fron from many paraslto diseases
peculiar to the hog , and will bring
higher price if sold , provided such condi
tions are known to hart ) boon observed.
The I'rollt In Dairy Products.
Boston I'nrniur : Judging from our
own experience of moro than thlrtyyears
in keeping cows , butter-making pays the
best of any branch of dairying. Hut
bultcrmilk-solUti" : , and as usually
managed ou Mnall farm.It makes thn
work and care. * of the farmer's wife a
great deal moro wearing than where the
milk is sold at tlio barn door. Most
farmers' wives have cares enough with :
out taking the care of a dnlrv , and on
this account wo never feel like urjrlnj
farmer : ) to change from soiling nlllk to
making butter. liilc. ! M a farmer's wfo !
or daughter volunteer to make tl o b ittcr
woHhouldsay that tlio farmer tmould
make It himself , him a competent man
to make it or else Hull his milk or scud it
to a creamery.
Starch grows sticky , and common pow
ders huvo a vulgar glare. 1'oizonrs la
the only L'owder lit for UNO.
It Wim Denied Her , IJut Krlemls Took
Chicago Herald : "It amused mo"said
an old California ! ! the other night , "to
see how Modjeska has caught ou lo the
American public. She is a good woman.
Not a newspaper that doesn't know her
art ; yet her success shows how slupid
some managers are
"Seven years ago a lilllo woman oimo
up from 1.0.1 Angeles , California , to San
Irauei.sco and met Barton Hill , who waa
then at the head of the California Tht a-
tor. Shu told him who she was. She
said : ' 1 now think lean splk Engliiso. '
Uill was a man who always had uu eya
for a pretty woman. Modjeskn was nrt
especially pretty , but she knew ; her nit ,
and she tried to impress him with thai.
A tradilionof the old Calif jrnia Theater ,
and it is one that must always bespoken
spoken of softly , was that the main
actors must win their applause , n "t
the female actors must get their fi m
the manager. McCuilough had Je i.
Barton Hill was running the theater.
Mine. Modjcsku , t'morotii ' as nnlv ' - - \
can be , appr a I ed Mr. Hill. It took a
wuek or moro to .seenru for her a lieu. iu > .
Then he said : 'Madame. , what can jou
do ? ' She ollcrcd to give him roadiiigH.
He refused. Then she told him moro of
whom she had been in Hungary and at
Vicuna. Her face was not quite pretty
enough to suit Hill's purpose , and ho re
jected her. Then she found some
friend who went to Mr. Hill ono
day and askedVhy : cannot the
Polish lady from Los Angeles get
a hearing'I know iiothmi ;
about her , ' sal I Air. Hill. 'Well , I know
about you , my friend. I want you to
give that lady the California Theater for
a Sunday night , d'yo understand. You
mav share or not as you choose. Wo
will hire the theater , if you iiifciat , 'but '
remember that woman plays in that
theater on her chosen night or Wakeleo
and myself will throw you out of the
building. ' Poor Hill wandered about ,
but ho nnallygavo the lady a chance.
She played "Adrionnu Lecouvrour. " The
best of critics , some of them on loading
dailies , declared it was the best perform
ance ever given in America. The town
rang with it. Hurry Sargent , then in
San Francisco and Knowing Hill , wns
around at Modjoska's rooms be'oro day
light next morning to got a contract. He
got it. The papers helped him out. Sar
gent made $ ir > , OiW out of the lady tin t
season , and Barton Hill got the rent < f
the theater for that night. Mine. Mod *
joska is now rich in purse and fame.
1'oor Barton Hill ran away from his wife
and family in San Francisco , went to
the West Indies , and is now , at the ngo
of fifty , living on a clerkship or some
thing and with another woman. So goes
thu world.
Complete Treatment , with Inhaler for Every
Form of Catarrh , SI. Ask for SAN-
HciiU ColiU , Watery
a Dlsuhunrcm from tlio
No.-o anil liyus.ItliiKliic
Note * ) * In tlio llcuil.
I Nervous Hniulaclio unit
t Favor tuaUintly TO *
Choking miimiH dls-
lodfred , inonibruiiB
cleniiKtitl mid liunleil ,
brunt h nwoetoiio < l ,
Biunll , tastu. mill hour *
lK restored , ami ravngoa chookotl.
Ooiitfli , Ilronuhttlb , Uroppirttfa Into the Throat ,
Pulin In thu Cliost , DyxpepslH , Wttutuiir ot
Strength nna I'louli , j.oss of .Sloop , out. , cured.
Ono hotlla Itailloul Curu , 0110 lin.v ( utiin-liul
Solvent iiii'l ' 0110 Dr. Huiitinil'rt Inliulnr , Inona
plickiisii. of ull ilrutf istd , * 1. Auk lor HiN-
KOIIII'H lUniCAi , CUIIK , a pure illbtllhuloii oC
Witch Hii'i.'t. Am. 1'iao , Co. Fir , Miirl olJ ,
Potter Drug and Chemical Company , Boston.
"KIDNBV I'AINS" nnil that wonrr
teiiiiitlon every pimont with Ihoooof
pahit'ul kliluuyH , wuiik hacktf , ( ivur-
uurkoil or worn nut liy hUMiilt'iir ,
< ru kluirrthc < MjuhiKimu.'hlnueu-lud
hy t'UTioru.v ANI I'AIN PI.AHTKK ,
.n U , ( 'li'KMin , unit gpoudy iiiilhlolo tu
nil.i munition. At i-niRKlsiB - " , ' llyo
it lo 1 1'i'ou. 1'on 1:11 : Dnud AM ) fll .Ml-
Standard Afeil'eiil ' Work for Vo'niir uuj
A.iliUiIIc Aged Men. only tl by null ,
Kxtinnrteil Vlinliijr. Vnrroiit nnil I'hv.loil 1Mb III
'rt-iiiiiiiirn linrlln * In Mnn. Kir.-m nf Vmilh. nwl IV
intolil ml'iinoi raiultlnc rniiu liKllnciellon nml "C
c > . A l Kli fur xvcry nun. rmmr. rnMiil'-Njol
nnil uHl. it miitulns l > pru r > rl | > ll ( > ni for Hll nnii HM I
t. iiiirhn.ia uf wlili-li U liirnlmlil , S J
louitil bf llio nntliiir vflniHo iidierloiiou fur 1 yemli
Hii-ii u | > niluilily noor tiofnrc full to I ho lulu , it ir
'liynlonn ' : MCI intum. hniini ! In li nntlfiil faili nitit.
In. imiuoi'nM divert , full ulll. minnmlfo I tu lutn 'Imr
wuik hiovcrj IUMI < * murl.nnlrjil. Illernrr mi'l nro'no
rlunil ihiiiiuny oilier ttork In llil. wuiitrr for " , H
> r On * ro < m y will be rttfuiMl In f rjr In-M'ir . I1 I
inly II by ui'iil. | u ti > ; ilil. Hlii-lnK-il n'lmiile , mi.
< * -IM ! now. ( Jr M imslHl infir I H | ihnniithor hjr I'l1 ' * Vi *
iiinulluillciil Astuciiitlbii. * llittunirvr of ulilttiht
'I Im f I'lecfc jf l.lfoilioiild be road by tin ) younz fir
miniulluii ami > 'Y U > ulillvtcd for ri-'llaf. It lll bum-
Hull , -l imluii IMMUI
Third | j in > iiieiui'iTofKjcletr to whom tlioHclano *
if I Jf B will m > l " uiiulul , n iiului'r yuuIU , iwrcnt , n ir-
ilHii , liullixituriir rleriiyiiiiiii. Aiuoimut. . '
Aililrea * IHx I't-ubuily MuJluil InuHlUH , or lr ) W , IL
'iirker. No. < llullitncli mreut , llonUiu , Max. , w.uimir
'U itiuiullol on nil ili o reyuirlim iklll unU etpdrt
in ' Clironiu mill u. Hi in. lid < liuuiid tutu uuV4
Imllloa tno ( .kill nt all other uliysl-
luim , a. i > oolulty. Such lio.itol
ucum fully without uu liniimou
ffuiluro. Mnntliui thU nuuur.
" "
& MAUL ,
irH tO J , ( j. JuOOlH.I
U NJ ) E R TA KE K S ,
At tliu did muiiil HJ ? I'm imui tit. Orders bf
"ii-MUim Noliuiiixl ma ! iiruiuo.ljttumoml u >
uoiio Nu. & &
I- jri-