Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, September 18, 1885, Page 4, Image 4

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Pnb'IshM c'cry morning , except S-indtjr. The
only Slonoay morning dally published In the stxto.
r > ne Ycnr . JI001 1 Three Month * . $ 2fO
BlxMunttu. . . . . . . . 6.00 | Ono Month . 1.00
The Weekly Bee , Published 01 cry Wednesday
Ono Year , nlth premium . , . . . | 2 C (
Ono fear , without premium . . . . . . 1 2 !
Blx Montr , without premium . 71
Ono Month , en trial. . , , . . . . 10
All Communlcillo'H relating to Nc amlEdltorl\l
rn&tkr * sli'juM ' bo ruldrcjjctl to the EDUOR or Tin
ECsiiKM tcnnna.
All niHlncM Letters unit luminances rheuM lie
VlJres'oIto Tin UXK I'uni.istino COMPAIT , OMAHA
) r ftiCh .ks nil I'/ist olllco orders t to m do pay
Ma to the order of the company.
A. II. Fitcb , JIanagcr Daily Circulation ,
Omaha , Ncbrnnktx.
TUB atato democratic convention bas
boon called for October 15th , at Lincoln
Nrw YORK started out to ratio a mil
lion dollars for a Grant monument. S <
far abe has only raised $75,000. It wll
ba rororal yoara before the million mark
ia reached.
AZABL BUSII , the Salem ( Oregon
banker , docs not deny that ho Is thi
person who wrote to tbo president do
nonnolng ono of hla judiciary appointments
monts , The latter Is noir believed to bo
Judo Donne of Alaska.
JONN L. SULLIVAN has made § 157,000
out of paglllara , but ho baa squandered
every cent of It , nnd la $10,000 In debt
No man of his ntrlpo over had bettor op-
portnnliloa to make an immense f orhmu ,
bnt if ho keeps up the gait ho has been
traveling ho will dlo a drunkard and
pauper. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
BUCIIAXAN , the absconding Loulovlllo
whisky king , ia making money at his
hotel near Windsor , Canada , to which bo
adds the revenue from n roller coaster
and boar garden. Ho Is also building a
theatre , and having a good tltno gen
erally. It la hard to keep n good man
down In Canada.
EMOKV STOKUS , the talented lawyer
who died In Chicago , made a great deal
of money , but bo opont /astrr than ho
made it Ho seemed to have no idea cf
the value of money , and It la eald that ho
did not leave enough to pay his funeral
expenses , which were defrayed by con
tributions from his friends.
Tun Ohlnoao at Rock Springs say that
fully 500 of their number are willing to
leave nt once. Thou why doesn't the
Union Pacific let them go , nnd thus end
ita coal mining trouble * ? Or does It pro
pose to force a bitter and costly tight by
forcing the Chlnote to rcrvaia ? If it does ,
It will not got any smypathy.
TOE proper way for the Union Pacific
to settle Its Wyoming trouble Into imme
diately abandon tha employment of
Ghkiojo. By forcing tbo Chinese back
Into the mlnca It will elraply force &
fight that will cost it moro than it wonld
bo able to make up by Chinese labor for
the next five yoars. Viewing the matter
.from a bnslnots stand point alone , it will
be a wise thing for the Union Pacific to
employ no Chinese. There is no scarcity
of whlto American labor.
THE Grand Army plan of raising a
Grant monumental fund , as suggested by
Oommandor-ln-Chlof Bnrdotto , will no
doubt bo heartily appreciated by the
boy a In blue. The small turn of fifteen
cents is all that IB asked from each mem
ber of tbo organization , the amount to
bo appropriated from the funds of each
post. This la a very practical way of
quickly raising the money with which to
oroot n haudeomo monument. The Grand
Army monument will probably be the
first erected , nnd tbo location mil voiy
likely bo at the national capital.
GEN. HOWAUD Is an alarmist. Ho bas
filled the Herald with predictions of
war , In which ho will command 3 , COO
men. The enemy that Gen. Howard al
ready sees in the distance la the organ
ization known as tbo Knights of Lioor.
Ho hcs n keen eye , aud can SEO farther
than most men. The Herald advises
the Knights of Labor "to avoid armed
ooLiltot , such cs It seems lo feared. " Gen.
Honaid and the Herald bavo ( imply
iraie themselves the laughing stock of
the Knights of Labor , who ore by no
means the warlike body thst the timid
editor and the commander of the dopait-
mcnt of the Plitto wonld have ua be
a mile ever bo trottrd in tire
minutes ? " Is n question that bas been
frequently dlicnaaed. Had it boon mkod
fifty years ago tbo answer would have
been that n mlle in two minutes was
simply an Impossibility , but to-day It is
considered among tbo possibilities of tbo
near future , In 1818 when Boston Bine
made a mlle Jn exactly three minutes on
a bet of $1,000 that no horsa could ba
produced which could trot a mile In less
than throe mlnulca it was rcgaidcd as a
wonderful feat. Now three minutes Is
ordinary time for the average roadster ,
ftud the 240 ; of only a few yonro ago
Is considered alow time fcr a trottrr.
Since Tom GdUnt trotted a mlle in 2:40 :
In 1825 , the record has been eteedlly re
duced by Burster , Edwin Forrest , Flora ,
Temple , Dexter , Goldsmith Maid , Earns ,
St. Julien , and Mind S. The lo treat rcc-
otd , tlut of Maud S , a mlle In 2:082 : , if >
liable ( o bo reduced by the qaoni of the
tuifhcrccl' . It Is a redaction of nearly
a ralcu'.a from whet was ones considered
the fittest time , but It mutt bo admitted
that t > reduce the record from ro r on
will requ'.ra tha moat f vorabo ! condl.
lout ,
GOD. Howard says that any attempt of
the Rook Springs miners to destroy
Union Pacific propoity or to stop the
the nulls from running will be met by a
strong reftlsttnco on the part of the gov
ernment through ita military forces.
That is porfflolly proprr , but Gen. How-
aid need have no fears of the mails being
intetferod with , and thcro Is bnt llttlo
danger of any destruction of property.
Ho ought to know that the troops are
not at Rock Springs BO much for that
purpsso as they are lo act as a police
force in assisting the Ucion Pacific In Its
attempt to overawe the whlto miners and
force them to submit to the old Djstcm
of omyloylng Chinese labor. No matter
what the morita of the controversy maybe
bo , these are the facts.
Gen. Howard inUmates through
til * Herald that should a strike oc
cur along the entire lina of the
reid , that ho will have exclusive control ,
as It Is within his jurisdiction , and that
ho can call Into aollvo service at short no
tice 3,000 men , to protect the road one
its property. The general may hare
jurisdiction In Wyoming , which is n ter
ritory , but before ho swings his army
into line into Nobrmk the state author !
tics may have something to say about It ,
When the city , county and state authori
ties , Including the militia , cannot talco
care of the situation In Nebraska it wll
bo time for Gov. Dawoa to call on Prosl
dent Cleveland to direct Gen. Howard
to take the field. It la not
very likely , however , tint any auch
emergency la going to arise , oven If Gen.
Howard does Imaglno that ho BOOS n war
cloud rolling up from the west. Lot Gen.
Howard lake care of Wyoming , and Nebraska
braska will try to take care of llsjlf. Wo
Trant no tayonot rnlo In this state. So
far as any cttlko is concerned , wo do not
bellcvo that n general strike Is contcm
plated , and even If it should cccur , Gen.
Howatd ought to know by this time that
the railroad worklngmou of Omaha nro a
peaceable class , and would under no
circumstances maliciously destroy prop
erty or oven disturb the poico of the com
Tha Now York capitalists who rejected -
ed the proposition of making a loan of
$40,000,000 to the Chinese government
to be used In railway constructlcn in the
celestial omplro , and allowed the Chinese
agents to go to England , where they
succeeded , made a serious mistake. Had
; hls loan bean made In the United
States , our capitalists would have had an
option upon $300,000,000 Chinese gov
ernment bonds to bo issued within five
rear ; . The proceeds of the loan of
540,000,000 were to bo invested In rail
road Iron , locomotives , and other supplies
o the amount of two-thirds of the total ,
and the remaining one-third , 813,000-
000 , was to bo paid in silver to the
inanciil agent of the Chinese govern
ment to pay the laborers required In the
construction of the rosds. Another prop
osition , which was also rejected , was
hat the Now York capitalists should take
contract for the construction and ;
qulpmont of the road at a stated price
> or mlle , the Chinese government ogree-
ng to furnish the labor and paying the
contractors at Intervals , in twenty year C
) or cent bonds. Had the overcautious
American capitalists taken hold of this ;
enterprise the Iron Industries of thlscoun-
; ry would have been stimulated by $27-
000,000 , and thirteen million silver dol-
ara would bavo gone to China , to bo f ol-
owed by many millions more.
Now comes another opportunity of a
Eomowhat similar nature from Mexico ,
and it remains to bo seen whether
our bankers will take advantage
of it. Mexico wsnta 825,000,000
and Is willing to take it ell iu silver dol-
ais. It Is true that her finances ara in
poor condition and her credit with En
gland la ruined , but she expects to rccu-
lerato in a few years. In case Mexico
can secure this loan in the United States ,
and if our government will lend Ita guar ;
antee to the payment of the interest and
> rlnclp l , Mexlc ) will , In consideration
of BUSH guarantee , glvo our exporters ox-
raordluaiy concessions in the way of ro-
duotlou of duties. If this arrangement a
s congnmm&tcd it will coitalnly open up
a field for the American silver dollar and
; lvo to our exporters end manufacturers
ho monopoly of the trade of Mexico.
She Is a neighboring republic , with zlch a
resources acd good prospects , " if her
affair * ara properly handled , and we
would not bo surprliod if she succeeded
n her effort to secure the detircd loan In
the United States.
WHATEVER may bo the dnalro of the
city council or the board of publlo works
In regard to letting contract ; , the matter
la wholly governed by a charter provis
ion , which sayt : "All grading , paving ,
macadamizing or gnttorlcg of any streets
avenues , or alloys , In the city for which ,
or any part thereof , a special tax shall be
levied , shall ba dona by contract with the
lowest responsible bidder. " This makes
It compulsory upon the council and board
cf public works to'let all such contraola
io the lowist rsiponslb'.o bidders , even If
bo Is a non.reeldont , aud although such
action is contrary to the wishes of the au- of
tboiltlts , who should not be held re
sponsible ior tlio charter under which
they are noting.
THE Galveston News recently made :
ho charge that foreign cattle o.mpaniea
were occupying 22,000,000 acres of ichool
ands In Teiar'for which en cnnntl rent ; <
al should bavo been collected by tbeoiato
and boaid. It alto charged that the
school fond had bain robbed stnco 1875
of 12,500,000 Riros of 'and ' , worth
? 25COOCOO. These serious ch&rgoi h vo 33
> < 2on Investigated by a special laud com. i
mlttloncr , whoso report sustains the
News. Whether any considerable per
tion of this vast amount of stealings can
be recoveiod Is rather doubtful. No
sUto In the nnion ever endowed Its
school fond BR liberally as Texas. About
one-half of the vest territory of that state
was cot Bfido ! for the benefit of thoschoo
fund , which has boon so outrageously
plundered. By the way , how much Is
Nebraska's rchool fund being benefited
by the rchool lands in this state ? I
not our ecaool fund being robbed In i
genteel manner ? The lands are baoom
Ing valuable , and they should bo pro
dticlnt ? a handsome revenue for the
school fund , bnt wo are afraid that the
give-away system of leasing that haa boon
adopted will prevent them becoming o
any great value to the school fund for
great many years.
Still another "rascal turned Into office'
has been diicoverod In the person o
Theodore Tyror , of Albert Loa , Mlnno
sots , who h s boon fclvon a position in th
treasury department at Washington. Ao
cording to the St. Panl Pioneer Press
Tyrer , while engaged In the patent medicine
cine business In Bnffilo , N. Y. , was ar
rested for forgery. Pleading guilty , ho
was sentenced to five y ears'imprlsonmon
In the Anborn penitentiary. Ho was
paidoned by Governor Tlldon In 1875 ,
and then wont to Albert Lea , Minn. In
October , 1881 , ho was Indicted on ton
different counts for forgeries commlttoc
In Mlnntsota. Ho pleaded guilty to two
of ihom tnd was cent to prison nt Still
water for four years , being released last
May on account of good behavior. It
acscrtod that Tyror owes his appointment
personally to President Cleveland , whom
ho knew In Buffalo.
Still another "misfit" Is W. E. Grubb
who has just been commissioned to iako
charge of the publlo building at Frank
fort , Ivy. A dlaptch to the Olnolnnat
Commercial Gazelle says that four aopa-
rate Indlotmsuti are now pendiug against
Grubb In Bt.yo ! county , Kontiuky , where
ho llvoa.
The procession Is nho Incrsacod by
Samuel Marlcy , the now poctmaoter at
Bridgeport , Indiana. A letter in the
Indianapolis Times says that ho was ar
rested in Indi&napolls In 1872 as a detorter
from the regular army , was convicted by
court-maitlal , and sentenced to ono year
at hard labor. Ho was pardoned , however -
ever , and in 1873 went to housekeeping
n ith his wifo. Marloy soon afterwards
was sent to the penitentiary for five yoara
for robbing his wife's sister of 842 , a gold
pen and a geM ring. Ho changed his
plea to guilty , and thus had his sentence
reduced to two years. At the end of
year , however , Governor Hendrlcks par
doned him. This is , indeed , afino record
for an official now holding a position of
If all tbo "misfits" of this character
could be mustered into a line the length
of the precession would ba simply aston-
J. STERLING MORTOK In , his call for th °
a'ato democratic con ention cays that it
s the especial business cf the convention
onamo certain c&ndldates , and "thon do
generally euch ether thing as may by &
majority bo deemed advisable for the
setter organization of the democracy of
the state. " Wo suppose that by "such
other thing" Mr. Morton me&ns an effort
o sit down on Dr. Miller , and to dovlse
some now method of dispensing federal
patronage In Nebraska. It looks very
much ai if that convention Is going to
invo a monkey and parrot time.
THE Herald , which haa always baen
such a great friend of the worklngmon ,
sots up a great bowl over tbo council's
rejection of Con. Lary as n member of
the board of publlo works. When Dan.
Sullivan and Pat , Lynch wcro defeated
for street ccnim'salonor the Herald did
not hare a word to cay , although they
wcro representative worklngmen much
more HO thin Lary. But they wr ra not
Udion Pacific botso' , which fact explains
ho Herald's eilonoa in regard to their
rejection by the council.
IN a preloaded interview the Herald
tooks to convey the Idea that "thcro are
good many ( Union Pacific worklugmon )
liero and elsewhere who have been
anxious to have a strlko for several
monthsand no doubt would go out at the
very firat opportunity. " We don't bellovo
word of it , so fir ns the Omaha men
are concerned. If many of them were
anxious for a strike why didn't they go
out a few months ago when their pay
was reduced ? Whut Is the Herald
driving at ? la It trying to get up a strike ?
Dock Httct , of Broken Haw , fooled with a
gun aud lost a hand.
Soap fabira raked ia $180 from tha gud
geons of Wayne latt week ,
Fremont ia tirenty-nluo years old and ia
etill young and handsome ,
Constable Lard prooidea quarters for the
weary and liquor-laden at Silera.
l lght thousand pound ) of wool were mar-
kctod at Uartlngtoa ono day last week ,
A farm of 320 acres , two and a half miles
from Nebraska Olty uold lait week for $1GCCO ,
Grand Island rants next to Omaha ns a
manufacturing center , employing 1,015 horse
power ,
The now elevator fit Exeter hat n capacity
Ifl.OOU bushel ) and will bs ready for the foil
A man named Evans from Couucll Bluffs
b-.UPht a email farm tf 16,100 acrea In Lin
coln ctunty latt week.
J , 11. Balbildge , of Fullerton , had five
loraes to badly larcerated by a barbed wiie
ence that it is doubtful If they recover , or
While thu Wtber Comedy company was
playiu ; ; at Mlnden , Sid King ilipprd Into the
> ut and Hole tba cash box containing ? 1CO.
lie waa arreatocl and jailed ,
F , W , Fdlz , the Madison county treasurer ,
vho was abort In bis accounts , lus contested
udgnunt for SI3,500. The criminal action
against him will ba diimlsied.
Tha Fairmont district fair
, September 29- '
, conteuipatca a dual attraction-Her.
Uobert T. Lincoln and Senator Vuu Wye * , )
n billed ( or nddrereea to vUitora there.
Burglar Ityao , who raided Ilurford'a ator * ti
Gland Is'aud , was tendered n two yeia'
term in the peritentlary four days &fter I hi b
crime waa committed. That Is a commenda
ble specimen of upeody Justice.
The town of Ord WM considerably dnrnagec
by a cyclone Saturday night. The B pt'
church And ckatlcg rink were completely de
mohihed. The solid brick walla of the now
conrt homo , were torn down , nnd amallo
buildings aent whirling , No one hurt.
In August , 1880 , W. G. Smith , an employ
cf the Sioux City and Pacific railroad , WAS
thrown from n hand-ear , nnd In falling In
Jnred his head , which , it is claimed , subea
quently resulted in bllmlnena. lie brough
luit agalnat the company for $15,000 damages
nnd on trial of the case at Madison latt wee"
was awarded $7,000.
George Campbell and YVillii Crown , of Ne
braika City , Indulged In n neck-ftnd-ncck
row Saturday night. After a number o
bloody roundf , Brown pulled his gun nd sen
a ball through Campbell's thigh This waa n
ngnal for a gvneral ( hoot , and In the itmok
of the conflict Brown disappeared. Camp
bell Is laid up for repairs ,
The railroad boy * of Grand Island h v
tumbled on to n achemo that yields cigarn by
the score. The cry of "Kata" within the hear
log of O , D. Goodrich , manager of the Past-
Co hotel , invariably atnda that gentleman bo
hind the counter nnd "straight tens" nra un
covered for nil h nd . The secret of O.I ) , '
painful generosity la the fact that bo nt
tempted to pepper n live rodent with a Urge
gun and sent the bullet into the groin of Gu
Cornelius. _
Iho OntrnRcous Practices Iinposcil
on tlio IV op I o of Hlilnoy l > y tlio
To the E liter of Tha DEE.
SIDNEY , Neb. , Sept. 1C. I hoartil ;
endorse the sentiments advocated In you
paper In relation to this gigantic con
monopoly deal that the people ofSidm y
have been compelled to submit to througi
their arch ono my , ( ha Union Pacific rail
way. An illustration cf how thia matfo
Is catriod on can boit bo described ai
follows :
Through'a Mr. J. A. Borlo and M. J
Sander * , the former gent aud the Uttoi
cashier of the Union Pacific compau ;
stationed here , & little cchomo was ii-V.-c
np to let the coal contract to Henry
Caowlns , bsing previously ndihod no
doubt through tbolr supoihr officers
Now Ohowioa buys thli coal of them for
§ G a ton and retails it bore at $7.50
Thcro are many who could USD c , car-low
at a time , but no ono cm buy it cxoopl
through Ohowius and pay his outrage jus
The company should bo made nwaro o
the fact thU follow Ohowins boughtnbou
fifty tons of screenings a few weeks ago
from Fort Sidney at fifty cants a ton , one
tbo question naturally arises what did h
do with it ? We nil have an idea am
your readers can surmiao the rest. A pe
tltion Is now being circulated to
the Union Pacific company asking
that they reduce the price of coa
or that they will compel Ohorrins to sail
the coal at wholojala price to partlos de
siting a car load.
With the continued prosperity of Sid
my through the good results of the
thrifty farmer , why should wo bo compelled
pellod to submit to tbo outrages perpetrated
tratod upon our people tbrougb thia ne
farious coal deal of tbo Union Pacific
rallrfBy ? SUBSCIUBEK.
Marvelous Strides of tbo Postal
Chicago Times.
Thora ia constant progress in the postal
department , if in no ether department of
thn general government. Almost ovary
now pdstmanter goncrdhecomrnonds some
Improvement in the service , which la
adopted by congress. Recommendation *
by ether cabinet officers are often never
noticed by congress , while those inado by
the postmaster general not only receive
attention but are adopted. Thia prompt
action ia probably QUO to the fact that
no party interest Is involved In these pro
posed changes , while every person in the
country Is interested in the cheap and
epoody transmltslon and delivery of mall
matter. Unly thirty-eight years ago
there were no postage stamps in me in
this country. The prepayment of postage
on lottora and papers was optional. Com
paratively few persons availed themselves
of the privilege of pajing the pt stage on
letters they sent away. As a rule , love-
letters were the only ones on
which the postage was gon-
etally prepaid , Some persons
in sending letters to bo mailed gave written -
ton instructions to the postnmter to
charge the postage to thorn. Tha ma
jority of postumtors ia email totrns
trusted out" many letters , and often
Icsi considerable money by dalng to.
Some business mon had all their postage
charged to them , and eottled their au-
oouuts with the postmaster as tboy did
with the butcher and grocer , onca a
month or at the end cf a quarter , when
it waa necessity to make rotuma to the )
department at Washington. Some [
ful but , after all , obliging postmaster *
notified persons when lottora for thorn
were received , bub retained the lottora
till the postage on them was foithojmlog.
Ad small change was scarce , and was
chiefly of foreign coinage , there was often
difficulty in obtaining letters from a post-
office. Tboy sometimes remained a week
cftor the parson to whom tboy were ad
dressed were odvuud of taolr recep
The first postage stamps were of tin
donominat ona of five aud ten cants ,
They wora printed on large shoots , and
separate stamps had to bo out off with a
knlfo or shears. They remained in USB
during four year * , when a reduction of
p3010.53 mada tbo Issuing of other de
nominations uecoasury. There was con
siderable opposition to the oompnlsoiy
prepayment of postage , but after afoif
yearn' tlmo the oppouetitsof the measure
bscamo reoDnclled to It. The postal card
wai very popular from thu tlmo It was
firat lesued. It enabled persons to toad
news to their friends from places where [
WAS difficult to obtain unvelop * * , Ink
and paper. The free collection and de
livery if poiUl matter In large ton mi
were regarded with favor when the
moieuro w s ptopoiod , but many believ
ed that tboy would ba attended with so
great expense that the plan wonld bo
given up after trial. It was soon fouod ,
however , that tbo lieo collodion and dis s
tribution of letters resulted In gaiu to o
tha paa'ofi'ue ' dopir.ment.
On the fint of next month the phn for f
the Immediate delivery of letters will go
Into effect Only towns where the free-
delivery Bjstera has boon established ,
and these tbat hid a population of 4,000
over aaoordlug to the latt oemus , will )
dailvo any benefit from It. Only letters
thtt have a sptclsl teu-ceut stamp In ad f
dition to the ordln'.ry poetsgu stamp will
bo delivered immediately en their ricpp-
thn at the pcstoflico by ineanengcrs , The
dillvery of them letteis will extend till
cntdniut. , If tne Utters are registered )
they will require two special ten-cent
s'Hinpi in addition the regular , pottago-
unip , Persons living In the 03uatry can
toad , though they can int receive , luttors
t ara to balmnifdUttly delivered.
In the opinion of many , no very gr/at
n fljj will bo derived from the iuiiucdi. t
ato-dellvery system. They Ihlnk few
persons will keep special-delivery stamps
and that it will bo too much trouble to
obtain ono when It Is muted. In the
builnces portions of most largo citlos
there Is a regular delivery of letters five
times etch day , Thcro Is no great delay
In the delivery of letters In any portion
of a town where the froo-dellvory system
Ia established. The delay Is In the trans
portation of lo'terafrom plac9 to plaoa ,
The telegraph Insures not only the speedy
delivery bnt the speedy sending of mcs-
8 g05. But few towns will have the ad
vantage of the special or Immediate de
livery system , bnt every town that con
tains a railway station has n telegraph
cfilcp. It is llknly that persons who have
been accustomed to send messages by tel
egraph will continue to employ It. The
cost of sending n tologr/vpbio / message
will be bat llttlo moro than that of send
ing an Immediate-delivery letter. The
day ratoa for sending twenty words from
Mow York to Chlojgo are but twenty-
five cents , whllo tbo night rates for tbo
same number of words nra only fifteen
Although much hai bt on done for the
benefit of people living in largo towns In
matter of collecting and delivering postal
matter , nothing has been attempted for
the benefit of those living In the country.
The postoflico department has ioitnd that
it pays to collect letters and papers from
boxes distributed through large townr.
The experiment of collecting thorn from
boxoa placed near country churches ,
school houses , groceries , and at the cross
ings of publlo roads lias not tried.
It might pay by Increasing the amount of
matter sent through the malls. It would
certainly bo of graat advantage to paoplo
living in the country.
lli < iv Senator I'liunO Caught tlio
Cincinnati Commercial Gazotto.
Coming into Washington , abont the
fint mun I chanced to meet was Senator
Plumb , of Kansas. The senator's foco is
pitted from the effect of smallpox , though
not to the extent of disfigurement , 1
will tell you how hocimo by these marks ,
and in doing so I will ttllyou n tale of
rare heroism as it was told mo by an old
Kansas man who was personally cognl-
zint of the facts.
Msny years ago , when Plwmb had juet
come to Kanais from Ohio and settled at
Emporls , ho was poor and struggling for
a living , as wcro most of the ether plo-
neois about him. OJQ day ho drcvo to
Lawrence with a load of produce. On
his way ho stopped at a llttlo town to
feed his team , and while there ho learned
that some Ohio people bad been thcro
looking for a place to locate , and bad
patscd on , leaving ono of their number
behind who had been stricken down with
smallpox. Some of the town people had
carriid the sick man out of town to a
shod , and left him there alono.
PJucub sent his load of produce on , acd
went to work to find some ono to take
ciro of the man If It was found that ho
was still alive. Ho found at last a man
and bis wife living some dlatanca from
there who had had tbo dlaaato , and
agreed to take the Invalid for good pay.
PJttmb then could got no team with which
to trantfer the tick man , and finally , in
desperation , seizad ono that was hitched
in i front of the s oro. He got away a
shoit distance when ho was overtaken
and tbo team taken away. Finally , after
persistent cfLrt and pleading , and bitter
denunciation of the people , ho obtained a
team and drove to the shed and took the
poor plaguo-etrlcken creature , dying
alone of bis disgusting disease. In his
arme , and drove with him to the homo
Dolecttd. Ho lofc all the monry ho bad ,
and promised moro when Lo could get it
for the rae of the man If ho lived , and
ils burial if ho died.
Then ho wont on down to Emporla and
jad tha small-pox himself , and caaio veiy
near giving his life as the sacrlficn for
tbat of tbo poor alrsbgor whoso life he
laved. That is the story of how Senator
Plumb's face cimo to bj pock marked.
Liwaon vs , Gibson , Appeal from Lancaster
County. Reversed and remanded. Opin
ion by Maxwell , J ,
1. The provisions of the code which
require public notice of tbo time and
) l&co of the sale of real estate upon exe
cution to bo given "ior at least thirty
days before the day of snlo by advertise
ment in some newspaper , " etc. , are not
aatltfied by ono publication of the notice
at Is&st thirty days before the day of
2 The word "fot" an used in thn sos-
Icn above quoted meana 'during , " aud
he notice must bo published lor or dur-
ni ; thirty dayn before the day of Palo.
WMtakor vs. Beach , 12 Kaa. , 493 ; up-
3. A etitnto will not bo oanddored ro-
ealed by Implication unless tbo ropng-
jancy of the now provision and the for
mer stitu'o Is plain and unavoidable.
Morrison vs. No If , error from Gage county ,
affirmed. Opinion by Maxwell J.
Where a stone purporting to bo the
aotthoaat corner ot a section was fifty-
TTO rods caitof the true section line as
hewn by the surveys both north aud
outh of it , nnd there WJB no ovldenco
ending to show that it had been plaaed
hero by the government surveyors , nor
tad It been scon until about four years
ifter the original surveys. Bold that
hat the quantity of land contained In
Jie subdivisions of Ili9 section in qaes-
Ion and the ono east of it and the liold
lotoi aud plats oi the original survey
vero properly received in evidence for
ho pnrpOBO of determining the original
ocatlon af the coition ccrner.
lunter va. Leahy , error from Casa county ,
AUirmed , Opinion by Maxwell J ,
1. The limitation of ono year within
rhlrh an action may bo rsvlvod on moon - :
on does not epply t ? the revival of a
2. A county court upon ptoper sppli-
aticn may revive a judgment which has
ecomo dormant ,
tae ex rel Wlant vs. Bibcock. Mandamus.
Writ denied. Opinion by Maxwell J.
Under the provitlons of the set of 1877 :
amended iu 1883 authorizing counties
lieu ? bonds "to piy outstanding un- in
ald bonds , warrant * , and indebtedness
a count ; " auoh bauds with those pro-
iously Isined and uopiid oinnot oxoood
en per cent cf tie ! a&40tsod valuation of
bo onnty.
oohttle vs Wheeler. Error from Lancaster
county. Affirmed , Opinion by Maxwell J ,
Where the evidence on ( isch sldu is
nearly equal weight aud the only ob-
or.tien to the finding and judgment ia
hit they are galn t the wtl ht of evl-
enoe , tiny will not bj set aaldo ,
nnbtr va Krigg * . Error fro-n .Tobnton
Cuuoty , Afflruied. Opinion by Maxwell , J ,
1. Wtiero a CA O hat bqeu t/led thieo
nies tha verdict cf the jury beiag oich ,
Ime in favor of tha pla'n ilF , the court
111 not set aside the third verdict RS be-
ng nysln t the weight of ovldenco
la clearly wrong.
2 lustrnollons given set tut In the
opinion hold not erroneous ,
R , V. It. It. Co. va. FinV. Error from
Gnee county. Kevcratd , Opinion by JIax-
well , J.
1. Whllo the statute authorizes a rail
road corporation to go upon the land of
an Individual if need bo , and locate its
line of road over such land , aud permits
cither tbo corporation or the land owner
to Institute proceedings to condemn the
tight cf way , yet before the corporation
can approprlato such right of way by on *
Icrlng upon the laud and constructing Its
road across the same the damages mint
have been appraised , and the amount
thereof paid to the land owner or depos
ited with the county judgo. O. it N.
W. R. R. vs. Monk , 4 flob. , 21r Ray vs.
A. & N. R. R , Id , , 431. If the damages
are not awarded and doposltod the cor
poration la lUblo In trespass.
2. The statutory mode of acquiring
Ibo right of way and ascertaining the
damages therefor Is oxclualvo as to the
manner of astoislug the value rf the Itnd
taken with damages to tbo roilduo of the
tract ; bnt does not include damages to
the possession caused by the wrongful
entry upon the lands before condemna
3. The measure of damages In auoh
case dots not before the award of the
commissioners include the vnluo of the
land iokeu.
Spollman va. 1'riuik. Error from Lancaster
county , llevcra-d. Opinion by He-cue , J.
1. Ju an action upon a promissory
note where a copy of the note sued on is
tot out ns a purt of tbo petition it must
bo alleged that tboro Is duo tlurcon from
the advene party to the plaintiff n specific
sum , unless that fact may bj inferred
from others pleaded. Uago va. Roberts ,
11 Neb , 270.
2. Where on a tearing on error In the
district court is asked to amend n plead
ing to correspocd with mi order of the
county court and euch leave is refused ,
thia court In the exarcbo of Its appel
late jurisdiction CMinot grant leave for
euoh amendment when asked by on
orglnM motion filed in this court.
Lincoln vs , Gillllan , error frntn LiucistT
county. Affirmed , Opinion by Ueeeo , J.
1. Wher < s the existence ot a state of
fjctsn undisputed , and where upon sach
fasts d-ffcront minds uisy honestly draw
different conclusions Irom them as
whether cr not anch ficto establish nog-
llgeuco or the absence thereof the ques
tion as to tha concision to ba arrived at is
a proper question for the trial jury and
not for the conrt.
2. Where an instruction to a jury
states a proportion clearly and distinctly
and without limitation or qualification it
is not error for the conrt to refuse to re-
Instruct the jury upon th * tame proposi
tion , but with the addition of a clausa
limiting the force of the instruction when
such limitation would ba against the in
terest of the party asking the Instruotion ,
or If error , it wonld bo error without
3. When an instruction Is once given
It ia sufficient and It Is not an error for
the conrt to refuse to repeat it to the
4. It Is not an error for the trial court
to refuse to Instruct a jury upon ques
tions not involved in the cause on trial.
Instructions should bo confined to the
Isaness in the caeo.
The "Favorlto Prescription" of Dr.
Plorco cures "female weakness" and kin
dred affections , By druggists.
A PJaoo AVhero ho Plainest Maiden
Cannot Kemnln Single Tlirco
A Rid Bond ( Washington tonltory )
correspondent cays that when the census
of Rod Bend waa taken last tuonth it was
found that there was a population of 378 ,
Jnsluding 293 males , CO married women ,
1 widow engaged , 2 maids engaged and
the rest children. More than 200 of the
mon are b&ohelors.ranglng from 25 to 50.
Rod Bend Is some dUtsuce from a rill-
road , and it hss been a very difficult t
matter to got young women to locate 1
theru. Most of the girls who cemo ( nto 1t 1n
this region stop at Yaklma , or go thence t
to the larger towns south of hero. A
When the school honto was built the Atl
directors advertised in various terrltotial 1
papers for a teacher , nnd the first one sl
who presented hureelf was employed. She sltl slV
had not been at the desk more than a tl
fortnight before she was married to a tlh
etoro-koeper , named Elveraon , who was
about the best looking young man In the
town. She rpalgned herplaco , bnt can-
sontod to servo until her successor ar-
rlvcd. Ono of the young woman whom j
the committee had been in correspondence jc
was found disengaged , end in tlio coursu
of a month she trausforrud horcclf to Red
Bend nnd took charge of the eohojl. Sbo
was a tolerably homely women , somo-
whst advanced In year , but oho too , wai
ltd to the altar In lees than & mouth , and
gave up the sohocl as her predecessor had
Ltoru' .
Ouco again Iho place was filled , and ot "I
thing * wtmt along smoothly for a awhile , tr
dbout that time McGinn , the Uvtrn- trPi
oepsr , Imported a servant girl from 01
Portland , aud put her at work iu his 01rt
dtcben at a Hilary of $8 per weok. Mrs , 01
McGinn was not very lusty , and her hns- 01ni
jind found that the only way In which nitt ;
keeping hotel wan possible was for him to ttw ttP
bavo iflhiont female help. Ho had had w P
lorlous trouble In getting anybody to tl
some , but the wages that ho offered fin- tlbi
illy Induced the girl epokon of to accept biWl
the jjb. She bad no more than loarmd th
ibo ways of the kltohon before two or thbe
Lbreo young men brgtn to hang around
the bask door of tbo tavern , McGinn
tras equal to the emergency , Ho watched
miattprs for a , day or two , and , becoming F. .
onvinced that the eobool houao ep'sdea ' BU
nero to have a repetition in his own
dtohen , ho gotagan , and jnet as a young roHi
nan appeared at the bick door the next op
svenlng after supper ho jnmpad out on JD
ilm. be
' Wlutdo you want herel" ho aikod. 11"I
"Nothing , " said the folbw , coloring
ip a llttlo ; "nothing much , I was jnat
il'i on the girl Iu thoro. She's au old
: of my family , and I look In oooo
u vhila to see how ihe'a getting on , "
"Well , I'm ' afraid of your family too , "
iaid McGinn , "to tbo extent that I dou't
rant to kill you ; but if you don't kacp
iway from Lore I'll ' murder you , Now
The youth slunk away. The coxt day
ho Mfl was missing fnni the kitoheti ,
md late In the afternoon It wmdUoov-
ircd that aho hid married tha youug
nun. The tame dathu tohool
innouuced her roi'goatlon ' , and , at
McGinn wan on the war-path with his
un , the leadlpg chlzuia mdt > up their
ntnds tlut a crleU htd ardved whiih
vnuldnqnlrn a good deal of statcim n-
ihip to bridge over.
Thnt ovenloff , when the iclsool oom-
nltteo met to coiulder things , Dlr. EU
ler , tbo chairman , eatd h ) lud an tdf u I
uhlch ho ihoogbt u > ! ght ba worthy tt el
ittentloa of his Rttogfatsii , HQ propotod 11 '
tbat in the fularo all echo .1 taaehcrJ
should ba made tu sign o bond not to
marry before the end of the term. The
Idea was Accepted ; but , Joaring that the
conditions m'ght ' make It i'upojtiblo for
them to get women Into the town , they
* ald nothing about them to the ona trlth
whom thry opaued negbliitloiu. She
came on , tturl after deciding to take the
place , was liformod of the contract she
would have to sign. To this she Indlg-
nantlo jcfuacd to aocodo. Thoicbod com-
mlttoo wa Inexorable , and so WAS she.
She said gho would Itavo for homo In
the morning. The committsomon looked
at ono another to see if anybocy was
weakening , but no ono appeared to bo
willing to ijlTo ir , ; to it was decided that
aho wonld bavo to go. Thii partlmtiar
girl was young and vivacious , nnd when
aho starlid off with Sohool Dlractor Boobo
for Yaklma the whole town wlihed she
would stay. An hour later Boebe drove
Into town with tbo girl still In his wagon ,
and to the people who gathered arouud'
the vehicle with questions , he- said : "Tho
fact Is wo'vo docldod to got married.
She didn't want to go back , and I didn't
want to have her go. "
Everybody felt that Boobo had pVod
roots on ovotybsdy else , but there -aa
nothl-g to say. At the next msotlit , of
the committee , which Baobo did not at
tend , Mr. Elder again had an Idea which
ho wanted to submit. He said that In
vlow of what had happened It occurred to
him that Rod Bond had grcnhiuw within
its grasp. "Now , " ho oantlnnol , "lot us
ovoratock this market with sohoolma'ams
andiotvantglrln. Advortlao for thorn
every whore , t ffer big wagoa , and hlro ill
tbat come. We'll got enough after a
while to go xronnd , end when wo co It
wo may have a few on land , "
Thosnggcstlonwaa discussed atcanslder-
able length and finally udop ol. The
school board decided to biro men teach
ers , and twenty of the married mon in
town agreed ta tbka twoiitj-fiva servant
girls. The advcrtlsamonts brought many
nn.'wcrj , uud in the cuureo of tlmo the
town bcgim to fill up with young women
of ovcty description. Ai tboy arrived
they were assigned to different fiiullloi ,
and bc'oro a week hr.d paiscd Unto were
moro msrrliges on foot than thu preacher
o' ' nld kocp track of. The experiment
hns boon found to work splendidly , and
as the only tchoolma'am in to < vn ia no-
nald to bo on the point nf marrying , It is
thought that the tame device will ba re-
eortid io a aln Six girls iuvn mairlod
out of MtGliiu's kitchrn , aud during the
Inat twelve months there have been four
teen toichora of the little tcbool. The
present Incumbent Is n grenadier from
Michigan , and the commltoo thinks she
will last somollmo.
Somctlilns about tlio Jtachtiio Tlmt
FromlsCG to Rcvolnlonlzo Pen-
The typo-writer Is generally supposed
to boa machine of recent invention , but
it really dates ns far back ai 1714 One
Henry Mill obtained In that year In Eng
land a patent for a device that would
"write In printed characters , ono at a
tlmo and ono after the other. " There Is
no description of his devlco to ba had
now , bat it is no doubt true that Mill's
invention was the parent of the present
type-writer. The idea sdems io bavo lain
durtnant for over ono hundred years ,
when it was taken np again by vaiious
Inventors , who sought at snudry tinea to
embody It In a machine that would work
sttisfaotorlly , but apparently without
success until 1807 , when a firm In Mil
waukee made a type-writer tlut was act
ually used.
Improvements wcro made from tlmo to
tlmo , each ono loidlrg to another , when
the Remingtons took Cold of it and pro
duced the standard machine that Is now
sold by the thousand all ever the world.
To inch perfection has the machine boon
brought that even the meat detailed &nd
intricate statements , containing ccilnmn
after column of figures , on ba readily
made with it , and in a neat aud bcalncaa-
llko form that la impossible with the pen
of the average writer. Its use has open
ed a field for women who have to earn
their living that never existed beforo.
Thry are naturally expert and eklllful In
nslng tbo fiogots , and they readily learn
to : usa the type-writer with great rpoed.
A number of school ] have added it to
their rjjnhr COUHO , and young men who
learn ( to uao It find it far easier to obtain
situations. Charles Rondo said : "I ad-
vlso parents to bavo their boys and girls
taught short-hand writing nnd iypo-writ-
Ing. Tbo short-hand wiiror who on
lypo-wilto hla notes wonld ba S'fcr from
poverty than a great Gtcek tcholar. "
Dr. Brndenoll Cartir , the famous ryo-
inrgorm of Louden , w ) en hero vltltlog
ibo | Centennial , bought every Amoilciu
nvcntlon that lie thought wonld bo of
io to hl.ii , and among them a typo
Trltor. Iu a traitiao of hla on tha eye
md how to preserve it , published not
ougng ) , ho "Ivoi a oat of a typo-writer ,
md advleoi all porooaa who hre "noir-
ilghtod" to UBQ it
"The spued with wbloh ni cxpart
ipzrator cn rittl-3 off words and s .inton
es Is wonderful to ono who lu a never
rlod to use the much inc. The lingers
lay with a swift and ceaielojj motion
iver the kcyc , accompanied by tbo
iionotunoua "rat-tat" of tbo machine ,
ud sheet after sboet of neatly written
lunascript U taken from the roller , from
wo to throe times as fast as an average
penman can produce It. Few people
vrito with a pen f jntor than twenty or
hlrty wordi n minute ; an expert will
irlpg rut of the type-writer fifty to eighty
irorda in t , minute What thtn , rnuet bo
he vlno of a clerk who Is an export at
oth s'aurt-hand and typo.wrltlog ?
ft. O u ( lUr > I'rl/.i
TORONTO , Bnpt. 17. The lint round of the
ullJumfH-Gilnioro fisht hero jctterday ro-
ulttd iu fnvorof Full ) .tinea who ( orcod tbo
ight and o I at trod Hrai blood , In thn necouJ
ouud Gilmoro's euperior aclenoo wag ahow n.
5otb epirroil cautiously but Gllmore dealt hla
Pfotent a vigjroug blow on the j w , knoek-
Dg | him down and drawing blood. At the
leglnnirif : of the third round police stopped
he 0 ht.
Prepared with rpcclnl icKuril 'to health.
.No Ammonia , Umo or Alum.
'IM < ? A < ? < ? i ST. LOUIS.