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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (July 24, 1885)
THE OMAHA DAILY BEE
FIFTEENTH YEAR. OMAIIA , FRIDAY ] \IORNING \ , JULY 24 , 1885. NO ; , o.
THE SILENT MAN.
Gem Grant Breads His Lesion the
Heights or Monnt McGregor ,
A Peaceful and Painless Ending
of an Illustrious Life ,
The Death-Bed Surrounded by All
Members of the Family.
Expressions of Sorrow and Sym
pathy Heard on all Sides
Cities Eobed in Black and Flags
at Half-Mast ,
Proclamations by the President
Governors and Mayors ,
The Date of the Funeral and
Plaoa oi Burial Undecided ,
A. Brief Sketch ol tlio Honored JUIfo
of tlio Hero of tlio
MOUNT McGKKOOn , July 53 , 8:10 : a. in.
Gen. Grant died at 8 o'clock thin morning ,
unrounded by nil hia family. Ha pawed out
nf life peacefully and without apparent pain.
THE CLO3INU LlOUIte.
TUB AITBOAOH 0V DSATI1.
MX. McGBKaon , July 23. At 0 o'clock last
night ono ol Gen. Grant's phyaiclans conceded
with caution that he might survive until July
23. His meaning was that ho might be living
when midnight should mark the new day.
The physician's Indication , It was not a pros-
nonticntion , waa borne out , and more. The
general pawed into the first hour of the day ;
ho enw ita light nt aunriao , and through the
early morning hours ho alill sarvived. The
advent of July 23 , however , marked a change
In Gen. Grant' * condition whtsh was
significant. The chill at the extremities was
increasing. Tho'uso of hot applications to koet
worroth in Gen. Grant'a extremities nnd vital
Darta were resorted to last night. They were
of some nvml hut artificial warmth waa with
out power to reach the courao or stay the re-
sulta of dissolution which began Tuesday
evening , tnd had been progressing steadily ,
thrugh gradually. Ilypodermica of brandy
wore frequently given to stimulate the lUg-
ginfj physical powers , but later thin failed to
effect the patient whosa vitality nnd whoso
physical foicoi wore so far spent as to furnish
NO FOOTIKO FOB A REDOUND.
Indeed the eilorts of Ihu medical men were
useless. None could stand by
inactive nnd without the trial
of on expedient that might pro
long life an hour or oven a mlnuto. The
physicians believed tha president might reach
the extreme ebb of his strength at one o'clock
this morning and the approach of the hour
wns anticipated with Intense anxiety at the
cottage. It passed , however , and the general ,
lying upon his back and propped up by two
pillows lay upon the cot bed In the patlor was
yet living , but growing weak. The inevitable
close of the general's long sickness seemed
moro and more Imminent. The feeble pulse
beats , worn themselves by their rapidity to a
fluttering throb that could not ba gauged ba
noath the linger of the physicians , were being
worn out by their own life current , to rapid
waa it coursing through the veins. Repeat
edly the brandy was entered beneath the skin
of the general's arm , but despite its warming
Inlluanoe the respirations had quickened from
arty-four to the mlnuto daring the evening tea
a point of labored breathing that was painful
u friends who were grouped about near the
Two o'clock had boon passed and tlio evi
donees of Hearing death wore multiplying.
Tlio increasing respirations were not alone
moro rapid but moro shallow.
TUB LVNOS AND HKAIIT WKIIE OlVIXd AWAV.
So weak had Uon. Grant grown at S o'clock
that , though ho frequently attempted to dote
to , ho was unable any longer to clear the
fathering mucus from his throat. It aceumu
lated nnd remained and as 4 o'clock drew on
and tlio daylight came a point had been
reached when expectoration was impossible.
There was not loft enough of strength ,
nnd from I o'clock on there was
in the throat tin significant rattle
of U1UCU9 that was tilling the lungs and
clogging the throat. At 3 o'clock the General
' asked for water and after that it Is not re
momborcd that ho uttered any word. At feu
o'clock tha breathing was quickened and
reached fifty to the mlnuto. An hour latoi
the respiration had reached sixty , nud bo
twcon five and eix o'clock the finger nails had
bccorco blue , and the hands further ovidelicet
Uio progress of umnbnem at the extremities ,
and at uveiy breath the mucui clogging in the
throat was growing moro noticeable.
THE KM ) ,
A few minutes bofcro 8 o'clock Drs , Doug
las , Shrady nnd Sands ttood on the cottage
veraLdn , convening on tha condition of Gen ,
Grant , discussing tha probabilities of his
death and the limit of life left the sick man.
MM , Sartoris and Stenographer Dawaon were
conversing a little distance away , when Henry
( nurse ) stepped hastily upon the pia/z * nnd
epoke quietly to the phyiicuni , Ha told' '
them ho thought tha general very near hie
death. The medical men hastily entered the )
room where the tick mm wai lying , nnd ap
preached his sida , Instantly upon'
scanning the patient' * face Dr , Douglas or-
dowltha family to ba summoned to thebodilde.
Mit. Grant , Mr. Jessie and wife , U. 8 , Grant
rp and wife , and Mrs. Col. Grant were quick
ly beside the doctor and the sick man'a cot.
Mrs. Sartorla had followed the doctors In and
tbo whole family were present except Col ,
Fred Grant , A natty summons was sent him' '
but bo entered tha tick room while the mes
senger was searching for him , The colonel
seated himself at the haad of the bed with hit
left arm resting on tha pillows above tli
' * I head of the general who wu breathing rapIdly -
Idly with slightly gasping reipiratlons , Mrs.
Grant , bravely suppressing her agitation ,
took a seat closa by his bediide. Bhe leaned
slightly upon tha cot and gaz.-d with
tear blinded eyes Into the gen-
eral' ' face. She found there ,
however , no Uken of recognition , for the sick
man WM peacefully nnd painlessly pissing
away , Mrs. Saitoria came behind her mother ,
and leaning over her shoulder witnessed the
close of a life In which she had constituted a
strong element of prldo. Directly bshind
Mrs , Grant nad Mrs. Sirtorlf , and n little re
moved , were Dro-Douglas , Shrady and Sands.
On the other fide of tharxd , and opposite the
mother , stood Jesse Great and U. 8. Grant
Jr. Near the corner of the cot , nnd on the
Bamo side ns Jesse , stood IHwton , the gen
eral's stenographer nnd confidential Bccrotarp ,
At the foot of the bed , and gazing directly
down into the general' * facs , stood MM ,
Col. 1'red Grant , Mrs. U. S. Grant , jr. , and
Mrs. Jesse Grant while somewhat removed
'rom ' the family circle , Henry ( the nurse ) and
Harrison ( the general1 ! ! body servant ) wore
watching the close of the life o ! their master.
Dr. Newman had repaired to the hotel for
breakfast and was not present , and the
general's grandchildren wore asleep in the
nursery room above. Otherwise the entire
[ amlly nnd household were gathered nt the
TUB UEUBER3 0 ? lit * uRDUl' .
jad boon summoned not n moment sooner than
was prudent , for the doctors noticed that
on entering the room tbo purplish tinge
announcing final dlisolutlon had ap
peared beneath the finger nails. The
aand which Dr. Douglas lifted was fast grow
'og co'd and the pulse had fluttered beyond
the point whore the physician could distin
guish from the pulse beats of hia own finger ,
The reapirntlon wna rapid nnd waa n succes
ilon of ( hallow panting inhalations , but his
throat seemed to become clearer nnd na the
respiration became quicker nnd more rapid
it the cloio they also became leas labored and
almost noiseless. This fact was a comfort to
the wntchera who wore thin spared scenes of
agonizing or other than peaceful death ,
Mrs. Grant almost conitantly stroked the
face and forehead nnd handsof the dying general -
oral and at times tenderly kissed the face of
the sinking man. Col. Fred Grant aat
silently but with evident feeling , though his
bearing waa that of a soldierly aon at the
'death-bod ' of hia hero father. U. S. ( irant ,
[ Jr. , waa deeply moved but Jeaao bore the
cene steadily and the ladiea , while watching
pith wet cheek * , wore client. It waa five
ninutes bavond 8 o'clock and not ono of the
vatchers but who could mark the noarmg
if the life ) tide to its final ending. Dr.
Jouglas noted the nearneaa of the aupremo
nomout nnd quietly approached the bedside
md bent over it , and while ho did eo , the aor-
ow of the gray-haired physician seemed
loeely allied with that of tha family. Dr.
ihrady also drew near. It was seven min-
ites after eight nnd tha eyes of the general
rere closing. Tiio breathing grew more
jushed nnd the peaceful expression teemed to
> o deepening in his firm and strong lined
ace , and it waa reflected na n closing comfort
n the sad hearts which beat quickly under
ho RtroBB of loving suspenae. A minute more
eil , and as It waa closing the general
Irew n deeper breath. There was nn expres-
ion like that of ona relieved of a long nnj
tnxlcus tension. Members of the group wore
tnpclled to step nearer to the bed , nnd each
raited to note the next respiration , but it did
IT NEVED CAME.
There waa nn absolute stillness in the
oem , nnd n hush of expectancy , so that no
ouncl broke tha ellencasave the singing of the
lirda in the pines outside the cottage.
"It la nil over"quickly spake Dr. Doug-
as , nnd there came then heavily to each wit-
lesa the realization that Gen , Grant waa dead.
? ho doctors withdrew , the nursa closed the
yollda nnd composed the dead general's head ,
fter which each of the family group pressed
o the bedside and one after the other touched
heir lips upon the general's face so lately
tilled. Dr. Shrady passed out on the piazza
, nd met Newman hastening up tha steps ,
"HS m DEAD , "
emarked Dr , Shrady. The fact of having
loon absent from the sida of the dying man
, nd family nt the last was the cauae of sorrow
> nd regret to tha clergyman. He had baen
umtnonod a moment too late and arrived in
ime only to minister to the family sorrow
, nd gaze upon the scarcely hushed lip ] of tl-e
oad general to whom Dr . owirmn'd love Ur.d
jaund him In auch clor * oa and relation ? .
Soon after Drs. Douglas and Shrndy left
ho death-bod they conversed feelingly of the
att hours of Gen , Grant's life. Tha pulu
irat indicated failure , and the intellect was
he lost to lese its clearness and conscious
.onaclty . , A circumstance at 'i o'clock this
uornlng Indicated cognizance. "Do you
vnnt anything , fathei ? " questioned Col ,
iraut at that hour , ' Water , " whuuared the
; enoral , huskily , but when offered water and
nilk they gurgled in his throat and were
ijectod , and that ono word of response was
lie last word of Gen. Grant.
Dr , Douxlas remarked that the peculiarity
jon. ! Grant' * death waa explained by a re-
narkablo fatality that seemed n preaont on-
itaclo to the approaching death. It waa a
gradual passing away of the vital forces nnd n
ellex contclousneea wes retained , the doctor
bought until the list the general died of
hoer exhauatlon , aid in a perfectly painless
Inkinc nway ,
"Ves , " Interjected Dr. Shrady quietly ,
'the general dreaded pain when felt that ht
mil begun to sink and bo asked that he
ihould not be permitted to suffer. Tha premIse
Iso was made nnd it has been kept. Slnca he
commenced to link on Tuesday night lie was
Free from pain. Towards tbo last no food
was taken but when n wet cloth was placed to
tils lips ho would suck the water from it to
inoliten his mouth , "
During tha general's ' last night Dr. Shrady
was within call , Dr. Douglas was all night at
it the cottage and Dr , Sands slept in the
iiotol alter midnight. Within twenty min
utes after the death of Gen. Grant , Karl Ger
nard , the Hartford sculptor who baa barn
making a study of the general , was sum
atoned to the cottige at the suggestion of Dr
Newman to make a plaster mask of the deai
mn'a face. He was highly successful.
Within half an hour of the general's do
- ease a waiting engine nt tha mountain depoi
was on its way to Saratoga to bring an under
taker , who 1m J been summoned , Details am
The rimainr , while they are here and unit
hey reach New YoJk , are in charge of W.
Drexel and W , J , Arkell. Tha physicians art
desirous of having a post mortem , but tb <
family are said to bs averse , and that i
a matter to be determined.
AN AUTOl-aY IIUTSKD.
Dr. Shrady remained hero to-day In ordei
that Ir. Douglas and himielf might conversi
with Col , Grant on the subject of a post
mortem examination of tin remains of hi
father. Tbe physicians , therefore , rop&lru <
to the cottage this evening and met the col
onel witu ik formal preference of request tha
an autopsy might be held. They stated
tint their purpoto was not In tha lean
to confirm their opinion of the disease
for they had at all times Ue
united In dhwnoit'catiog the case ni one o
cancer , but had coma when tha medical staff
might step aside from the the patient and in
vite any other medical authority to conducl
the examination which should speak for Itself ,
Thli , both Doctors Douglas and Shradj
urged M far M professional and personal dig
nity conld permit , but Col. Grant
replied that the entire family were ,
so thoroughly united in their
confidence in the diagnosis nnd treatment of
the physicians ; thtt they could not conceive
of the necessity for nn autopsy ,
TUK GOVEKNMENTS CHIEF.
COMMANDS CV nESPEOT ISSUED.
Special Telegram to The BEE.
WASHINGTON , July 23. The president
manifested the utmost solicitude In Grant'i
rendition yesterday and hourly bulletins hard <
y sufficed to krcp him well enough informed ,
lut he Inquired of nil viiltors for the latest
ntejIlRcnce from Mount McGregor. On re
ceiving the intelligence of Grant's death this
morning orders were at once given to cloao nil
departments , and no public buslnois will bs
ransacted until the day nf tor the funeral ,
There waa tlio deepest sympathy tnanifostod
rom tha president to the humblest attache of
ho white house for the family
ill of whom kindly remembered
icro. It is probab'o that the president's va
cation will now bo postponed ton later period ,
and nny ba given up altogether , It hai bean
he intention of the president to visit General
jrant at Mt. McGregor , on his route to the
Vdirondacks , but this programme nill neces
sarily bo changed. It Is understood Grant
ixpresaed n desire to be buried In the toldlor's
lomo grounds , north of Washington , nnd it is
irobablo this wish will bo complied with.
! y Associated 1'rosa.
WASHINGTON , July 23. Shortly after
o'clock this morning the president waa In-
ormed of the death of Gen , Grant. He Im
mediately directed that the flag on the Wnlte
louse bo placed at half inast. The lowering
of the flag was the first intimation _ that thu
cltitcnB had of the death of the Distinguished
man , although they had been adtlcipatlng it
hrougbout the night , A few minutes after
ho flag on the White House had been dis-
ilayed at half maat the flogs on all the public
niildingi , and on many private Ones wore
ilaced in like position. Business men began
mmodiately to drape their houjea with
mourning , and the residences in n similar
nannor showed esteem for the deceased ,
ITho white house baa been handsomely
draped , the omblema of mourning being
equal to those In the house at tha time of the
death of President Garfield , They are over
and around the windows nnd doors facing
north nnd the great plllara of the portico nt
he north entrance are nlaa covered with
With the exception of Secretary Kndlcott
all the members of the cabinet wora present
at the mooting to-day. Tha presl-
uop Informed them of tha death of
Jon. Grant , ho having been informed
of the demise by a telegram from Col. Fred
3rant. The president Instructed Gen. Drum
0 go to Now York to represent him , and con
er with Mra. Grant relative to tha funeral of
Secretary Whitney has issued an order
directing that the eneigna at each
naval station and on each YOBBO ! in
lip United States navy in commission , be
raised at half-mast and that a gun bo fired at
ntervala of overhalfhour from sunrise to
sunset at each naval station and on board
lag ships and of vessels acting singly on the
day of the funeral of Gen. Grant where this
may bo received in time , otherwise on the day
iftor ita reception , Oflicora of the navy and
Marine corps will wear the usual badge ) of
mourning attached to tbo sword hilt and on
be left arm for n period of thirty days.
Adjutant General Drum , by command of
" .lieutenant Gen. Sheridan , has isued the fol-
owinf ? order : ' .In compliance with the in-
tructiona of tha president , on Ihe day of the
uneral at each military post troops cadets
, vill bo paraded and the order road to them' '
iter which all labors for the day will cease ,
Che national flag will bo displayed at half
anst. At the dawn of the day thirteen guns ,
will ha fired and afterward at interval ; * of ,
hirty minutoa between the riaing and Betting
if the sun. a single gun , and at the close of
he day a national Bitlute of thirty eight guna
) Hicera of the army will wear crape on the
eft arm and on their swords , and the colors
if the battallion of nngiaoera of the several
egimenta and of the United Statea corps of
: adeta will be put in mourning for a period of
it months. The date nnd hour of the fu-
lornl will be communicated to the depart-
nent commands by telegraph nnd
ly thorn to their subordinate commanders. "
Hie Mexican editors now In thiajclty , sug
gested that tha proposed banquet to be given
o-night be abandoned In respect for ben.
1 rant. The editors held a meeting at
iVillard's and the following dispatch waa ant
.0 Col , Grant : 'The excursionists of the
Associated press of Mexico , send to the fam-j
ly of the Illustrious genera ) , U , S. Grant ,
heir propound sympathy , nnd through you to
be whole of America. His family baa lost
Ui wortny head , the republic of the United
States one of ita most renowned horoa ,
ilexico one of ita bast frionds.
J. P.\z , President.
A. ARROYO DE ACDEA , Secretary.
They also sent the following telfifram :
To Gen. PoifoirD Diaz , City cf Mexico :
The oxcurficniats of the Associated prece of
Vlextco , tend to you. and through you to the
rfcxlcuu republic , their profound sympathy
or the death of thq illustrious American hero,1
2on , U. S , Grant , in whom Mexico lost one
if bar beat frlcndc , J. r&e , President ,
A. Anrtoic , Secretary.
NEW Y 'BK ' , July 23. Mayor Grncs. by di
rection of the board of A'detmnn , Bent ; the
Allowing this morning :
To MivS , U. S. GRANT -In advance cf cffi-
: ial notion , I am instructed to tender to your
self end family , the heartfelt ayrnr athy of the
jomtnon cnancil of thn municipal authorities
at the city of New "Vork la your bereave
ment. I am also authorized by the inter
nal action of the authorities v/hlcli will
< o made oliicial to morrow , to tender to you a
aat resting piaco for the remains of Gen ,
birant In any one of the parks of this citv
which you may select. I am also uuthon/ed
: o offer the govornor'n rooms at the city hall
or allowing the body to lie in state ,
THE PEELitNu IN NEW YO1UC.
kNXIXIV AND INTEREST AMONG AM , CI.AB9EP ,
Special Telegram to The DEE.
NEW YonK , July J3. ! The Times this
norning says : The interest In Gram's condi
lion quickened in this city , yofterday , by thoa
omiuoua reports from Mount McOircgor. Thef
bulletins were posted as fast as received nttht *
newspaper oflicea nnd were eagerly scanned by
thn pausing multitude. The solicitude for the
suffering hero was not confined to any class
of people or any particular locality. Ilich nnd
p or alike were Impelled to inquire frequently
during the day ; "What Is the latest news ,
'rora General G ant1 ! That question was ;
leard to Issue from lips of men , women and
children on the street , in stores , on cart ) , on' '
the bridge , in hotoU > , In down-town offices and
up-town club rooms. Wherever there' '
waa a telegraph office couH also
ba hoard the same inquiry.
An uncommonly sympathetic feeling , interest1
and anxiety concerning Grant WQR noticeable
ainpog the business men down town. In the
vicinity of Wall street particularly , whore
Granthai BO many warm personal friends ,
there w s on unusual degree of interest mani
fested for the very latest intelligence from the
dylnx soldier'd elclc chamber. Several bankIng -
Ing houses In "the ttreot" had private wires
to Saratoga for the accommodation of custo
men during the summer season. Scores of
messages describing Grant'a condition flew
nver tha wires to the city yesterday tnd in
some of the banking housed there wore more
inquiries regarding Grant than in relation to
prices and proipecta of stocks and bonds. ]
Foster , of Henry Olows k Co. , received the
following dispatch yesterday from Clewa,1
who Is In Saratoga : i
' I spent last Monday afternoon with Grant
and bis family at McGregor cottage , The gen '
eral'd feeble and dazed condition , lors of voice ,
* ud weight reduced to 101 pounds , fully satis-
tied ma that he cannot possibly last much
longer. Any moment ia likely to bs his lait.
He appeared perfectly cilm and fully resigned
to moot death. Mount McGregor U a most
romantic ipot , posietiing grand views , and
must be an exceedingly healthful locality , It
< undoubtedly due thereto that Grant has
been able to hold out to this time. " I
The bulletins which wire put out early last
eiening announcing Grant steadily eickioR ,
c-iuted widespread apprehension that he
'would ' not live through the night , Come
qucntly there was anxious watching In all U (
[ town resorts fa.th message death. In
[ th Cuiridon : f taiga hotels ho nane ci
Grant was heard wherever there WM a crowd
of persons. Hotel clerks nnd teltgr&ph op
'erators ' were kept busy imparting the latest
'information ' received from Mount McGregor ,
| There wai usual hundreds of lounfers in
Mndlson Square nnd many of them kept theii
'eyes ' on the large sterooptfcan screen on thereof
roof of the Krie railway ofiiso , apparently ox-
poctlng should Grnnl'a death occur during the
evening the fact would be announced upon
Uy Associated Press.
NE\T YORK , July 23 , 8:30 : ft. m. The nowa
of Gen , Grant's death had bcon received but
a few momenta before the bolls upon Trinity
and St. John's churches began to toll , and in
a few momenta tbo solemn tones wora caught
up in all parts of tbo city , convoying the
news of tbo general's death to the people of
tliii city and Brooklyn.
THE rija.OE OP HIS CUIM > UOOD.
A RKLIO TO UK FllGSKHVEH.
CINCINNATI. IJuly 23. News comes from
Batavia , Ohio , near Gen. Grant'a birthplace ,
of the manifestations of sorrow , nnd of a
movement to purchase nnd preserve the house
In which ho was born ,
CINCINNATI , 0. , July 23. The bella of tha
fire department began tooling nil over the
city In n few minutes nftor the reception of the
news of General Grant's death , Flags nro
displayed at half matt on the government
TOLEDO , O. , July 23 On receipt of the
news of the death of Gen. Grant bella tolled ,
flogs were half masted , nnd emblems of
mourning ponerally displayed. During the
funeral mluute guns will bo fired and fuLernl
9or\ Ices will be hold in the opera houso.
CINCINNATI , O. , July 2. ! . The chamber of
commerce adjourned nt noon to-day out of
respect for the memory of Gen. Grant , The
chamber was draped with mourning ,
DAYTON , O. , July 23. The old veterans at
the soldiers' homo will wear a badge of
mourning thirty days In memory of Gen.
GALENA , III. , July 23. The announcement
if the death of Gen , Grant received nt Galena ,
ia : old home , from whcnca he went to the war ,
was with the moat profound Borrow , All party
Ines are forgotten nnd the expressions of sorrow
row are unusual end sincere. On receipt ol
the nowa the four church bolls tolled ,
) n the custom house nnd nil public
jnildinga flags nro flyinp at half mast. Public
) ulldinga , churches , business houaea , nud private -
, vate rcBidoncea are drapod. in emblems ol
mourning. Gen , W. R , Rowley , the only
surviving member of the old commander a
staff , and now the only survivor of the great
military family circle , and whose wife died
but n few weeks ago , is prostrated with grief ,
[ Business ia practically suspended and tba people
ple catheroa iu groups upcn the streets and
with sad faces nnd in low terms express the
[ Borrow which hia old neighbor's feel ,
| Mayor Burroll has called a meeting of the
city council to make nrrangomenta for proper
memorial cervices to take place at tbo time of
.the . funeral of the old hero whose death ha
plunc d the nation into grief.
KANKAKKE , III. , July 23. The news of
Gen. Grant's death wns received nt 7:80 : a. m
Jut Knnkakeo , and was announced by the toll
ing of bells. Flaps were displayed at half-
jmast nnd business houses nnd residences were
draped and memorial services held.
BLOOWINGTO' . , III. , July 23 , The bulletin
announcing the death of Gen , Grant was re
ceived hero with profound sorrow. Bolls are
tolling , flogs half-masted nnd business is par
tially suspended. A public meeting will be
held to take suitable action. i
ROCK ISLAND , Ilia , July 23. On receipt of
the news of Gen. Grant's death hero thia morn-
Ingchurch bells ran ? , flags were placed at hall
mast on the city nnd government buildings
and on the Rock Island arsenal ,
SPRINGFIELD , Ills , , July 23. At the announcement
nouncomont uf Gen. Grants death this morn-
Ins ; the bolls of the city tolled nnd flags upon
the atnte and government buildings were
placed at half mast. An impromptu rnoetlne
of the citizens was held nnd a meeting called
for 4 p. m. to take appropriate action on the
death of the lata general. Mayor Garland
sent a dispatch to Mrs. Grant tendering her
in behalf of the citizens of Springfield a rest
ing place Co.- the body of her illustrious hus
Articles of incorporation were filed this nf
ternoon of the Grant monument association ,
the subject beinp , to provide & suitable menu
meut to be placed in or ne\r Springfield to
perpetuate tha memory of Gen , Grant ,
PITTSBDIU : , PA. , July 23. The UBWB of
General Grant'a death althougth expected ,
created a feeling of the most , profound sorrow.
The finge throughout the city were displayed
at half mast and In many places portraits of
the departed general were displayed draped
in mourning ,
INDIANAPOLIS , Ind. , July 23 As soon ns
the news of Gen , Grant's death were received
the lire bells of the cicy began to toll , thus
conveying the intelligent to nil parts of the
city. Flops on public nnd private buildings
are flying at half mast and the feeling of nor
row and sympathy are very general ,
OTTOSIWA , In , , July 23 , The sad newa nf
iion. Grant H d'jath waaroceivcd here nt 8:30 :
this morning , Holla immediately bepnu toll
ing nnd buildings w ro draped with fl.iga in
mourning. An eager , sorrowful crowd from
the city and county awaited the tidings of hia
last hours ,
AuiAM.N , Y , , July 2 : ! , Oov. Hill hna
Issued n proclamation that inasmuch nsj
Ulyssea S , Grant , twice president of the
United States , defender of the mien , victori
ous leader of the union Eoldiera nnd general
on tha retired list of the nrmy , chose his home
among the citizens cf tula state , and Inasmuch
is ho died upon that soil Ic the county of
Saratoga , therefore it Is fitting that the state
should especially honor his memory , and to
that end the governor directs that fi iga on
public buildings of the state be placed nt half
maat until hia burial , nod on that day -ill or
dinary business In the executive chamber and
the department ! of the atato government shall
be suspended , Tha people of the state are
: alled upon to display until tba funeral em
blems of mourning , and It ia requested that nt
that hour they ceasa from business and pay
respect to the distinguished dead ,
CHICAGO , Ju'y 23-The Chicago board of
trade uuanimoually voted to adjourn at 12
o'clock to-day as n mark of roipect to the
memory of Gen , Grant.
NKW YOKK , Julyl.3-From cltiea , villages
and hamlets of this stnte nnd New Uogland
comes news of mourning , Piiblio buildings
and private houses alike display tini of ser
row. Flags are at half mast ana bells peal
forth.overywhere the mournful news ,
ST. PAIL , Minn. , July 23. Mayor Rice
haa called tha city council together to take
action on the death of Gen. Grant , Senators
Harrison , Imralls , Jonen , and Sabln join our
citizens in expressions of profound Borrow.
ATLANTA , Ga. , July 2 ; The legislature
passed reiolutious of regret at tha death of
Gen. Grant , nnd adjourned for the day out of
respect to his memory.
LONDON , July 23. The newa of the death
of Gen. ( irantcreated a profound Impression
in this city. Flags at the American exchange
and consulate was placed lit half mast
at the moment the nowa was received
In tha city , larga portraits of n dead general
draped in mourning were plixed over the
balconies and doors of both buildings. The
Tha whole front of tha American Kichange
Is also heavily draoed. Gladstone and Bright
both were much affected on receiving a copy
of the Associated press dispatch announcing
tha death of General Grant.
MAIISHAI LTOWN , la .July 23. All balls in
the cltr tolled the death of Gen. Grant. Flags
are at half-mast and the city u draped ID
murninp , The mayor' * proclamation WM
sued , calling a public meeting this evening
, ' o arrange memorial services.
KCOKCK Ia. , July 23. Fire and church
boll * tolled this morning on receipt of the
news of the death ol Gen. Grant.
Governor Ogleoby , of Illinois , was on the
( teamer with the Grand Army of tha Repub
lic excursion from Quincy to Nauvoo , when
he learned at Keokuk of the death of Gen ,
Grant. The governor made the soldier bop
a brilliant speech , devoted entirely to the old
commander , Ho left the excursion and wen'
to Springfield to inaugur to means for a fit-
Ling tribute In behalf of Illinois for the dead
MILWAUKEE , Wle. , July 23. The news o
Gen. Grant's death was received with dnep
sorrow and emblems of rnournlne were Im
DETROIT , Mich. , July 23. This city anJ
the stnte of Mlchlgnn has exprewcd heartfrU
sorrow at the death of Gen , Grant by placing
flags nt half-mast and tha tolling of bolls ,
Dis MOINES , Iowa , July 23 News of tlit <
death of Gen. Grant caused all public build
ngs , business houses nnd many private reel
dencos to bo draped out In mourning. Vhr
aront httlf-mastin all parts of the city. The
itato rapitol Is elaborately drapyii nud in
'orrnal exercises were held in the foronoou ,
iKiniTONKA , Minn. , July 23. - Gmer.kl
Sharman will start east tomorrow iui > rutiK tu
attend the funeral nf Gen. Grant.
FORT RENO , I , T. , July 23. The tiewn of
the death of Gen. Grant reached Gen. Slieri-
rlan this morning by moans of n despatch neat
'rom tin oflico of the associated press in Chi
capo. In response to Inquiries concerning the
arrangements for tha funeral , Gen , Sheridan
aid : I nm so fnr nway from SVachiugtnu tba'
[ will have to depend on those in ch rio tlit
.o carry out any orders the p-ccldeht mtv
irtvo to the nrmy relative to Gen. Grant' ?
unornl. During Irs critical illness lant
VIarch , and on inlormotlon from tbo pernouul
riends of the family tUat it should be agiee-
able , the commissioners of the EoUllor * ' home
requested the privilege of having the general' *
remains interred at the hotni. It ia hoped
he faintly will grant it EO that hla acheo mny
reatnoar the capital of the nation , guarded by
rotcrans of of the war in whioh his giu. t
loners wore won , "
CONDOLENCE KI10M THE GENERALS FlilKNl ) .
WASHINGTON , July 23.Upon receipt , of the
nowa of the death of Gen. Grant , the follow-
ng telegram was aont to Col. Fred Grott by
! en. Burdette , coiiimander-in-chlef nf the
irand Army of the Republic :
"Expressing the profound grief of the Grand
Army of the Republic upon the death of the
greatest of our comrades , nnd iu behalf nf
35,000 members , I tinder to your honored
nether and to all the afilicted family their
lenrtfult sympathy. I prny yon bitva mtt ad
vised na teen aa the arrangements for the last
sad rites nro determined upon. "
President Cleveland sent the following dls
latch to Mra. Grant at Mount McGregor
"Accept the expression of my heaitfelt
vmpalhy in this hour of jour great rflllotion.
[ 'hu people of the nation mourn with youand
vould reach , if they could , with kindly com-
"ort , the depths of the sorrow which IB yours
tlone , and which only the pity of Goil alouo
: an heal. "
The Thursday meeting of I he c-tbibet is
: nlled for 11 instead of 12 , to t.tkb action on
tha death of the ox-president.
The following ploclamation rrur isMitd
ho president :
' The president of the United Suus hut-
ust received the and tidinga of the death of I
hat illustrious citizen nnd ex-precidont of the' '
Jnited States , General Ulyason S , Grout , at
tlouni McGregor , in the state of New York ,
, o which place ho has lately been removed in1
an endeavor to prolong his life. In making
his announcement to the people of the Vtiiteclj
Statea the president la impresned witL the1
nibhc loss of the greatmilitary leader who wes |
n the hour of victory magnaniiaou , bin id
ilsaoter serene and self sustained : who in
3very elation , whether as soldier or flhinf majj-
strato , twice called to power by his fellow-
countryman , trod unswervingly the pathway
at duty , undeterred by doubts , eingle-miudod
and straightforward , The entire country has
witnessed with deep emotion hia prolonged nud
> ationt struggle with n painful disease , and
iaa watched by bis couch of suffering with
tearful sympathy. The desticml end lias
come nt last , and hla sphil , \ > t > t re-
rurned to the Creator who tmut it
brtb. The great heart of the nation
hat followed him when living with lovn and
Hide , bows now with sorrow nbovu him in' '
death , tenderly mindful of hia viituet , his' '
great patriotic services , and cf Ihe IOPP ic-
caaioned by hia death. In testimony f r -
jpect to the memory of General Grant , it ia
ordered that the executive mansion hcc the
several departments of Washington be draped
n mourning for a perion of thirty dayd , and |
all public business shall on thn duy of the !
funeral be suspended and the tecreUiy nt
var nnd the * navy will caitHb ordero to
)0 issued for appropriate milit.iiT nnd na
loners bo rendered on that day.
In witness whereof I havu lierm < t < , * et my
land and caused the seal of the Uiitd F.ut
10 be affixed.
Done nt the city of Washingtou thi * tw u
; y-third day of July , A. D. cut- thousand
2lght hundred and eighty five nud of the in
dependence of the United States , run hundred
( Signed ) GnovKH OLLVKLVNO.
By the President : T. F. BAVAHD , S i-re
ary of State.
The following mcsaago was rileHrt tiom
x-Prfeident Hayoa : , '
' FREMONT , Ohio , July 23. I'lu ti iistmrt
Mrs , Grant and the sorrowing fsuiU that
; hey have the deepest Bvmputhy of Sf :
Hayes nnd myself. 'It. B. Uf.rt- '
MOUNT McGiiEuon , N. Y , , July Sli.-T
ollowing to Col. Grant ia amcnt : Hic.u'undi-
if telegrams from all parts of tlio niild re
solved by Mrs. ( irant and her family :
WASHINGTON , July 23. The painful nn
[ o mo of your father's death has jiiot bef > u re
: oivo j , Tne sympathy of myself ni.d fi'mily '
, 'oes out from the deptha of our he&rts to your
mother nnd nil in your great bet pavement
The country is filled with pympnthy and irribf
it this nowa , but Its lota must grow upor. it t sj
, ho future nnfolda In uomlng years , " i
The bonrd of coinmnsloncra of Ihu Uiitod
States soldiers' home sent a telc rMn tu Col.
Fred Grant , urgently requesting flint the re
mains of Gen , Grant 1)9 ) burled witlib tbeli
The following nro among the ttltj.ian re
ceived by the family :
AUGUSTA , Me. , July 23. Mrb. I . .S lirmt :
Pleaeo accept my profoimdaat Bjmpiithy In
your great bereavement. The cntlr i nation
naourui the loss of Its first eoMisi aud l
first citizen. JAMI' < ( J. BLAINK.
BREWVN. Pa , , July 23.-Mrs , ( Jen. Grunt :
I have heard with stoat &oirow ot Gen.
Grant'a death. I offer fully the measure of
sympathy , SAMUEL J. RANDALI ,
SARATOGA , N. Y. July 23-Col. Grant- :
You have our deepest sympathy , The illnesfc
of Mra. Stewart , also Mrs , Hushes nnd JVlrs ,
Ruisell prevents n personal visit of condo
lence. Please command mo for any service
you m y need. If ENIIY HILTON ,
FORT RENO , I. T. , July 23-Gen. Sheri
dan sent the following telegram upon receipt
of the snd information :
FORT RENO , I. T , To Col. F. D. Grant :
Will you pletujo express to Mrs. Grant iny
grief at the leas of my dearest friend and com
rade , and my sincere sympathy and condo
lence with her In this the hour of her great
distress. P. H. SHERIDAN ,
Lieutenant General ,
Toi ( < n. R. 0. Drum , Washing ton-My :
duties here will not permit my return in time
For the funeral of my dearest friend and com
rade , Gen. Grant , Lieutenant Col , G. W.
Davli , of my staff , knows tny views in refer
ence to the obsfquina. Have them carried
na far as they do not conflict with the direc
tions of the president , I want to ba named
as one of the nail bearers.
P. U SHERIDAN , I.ietitencnt General ,
Among the many others who sent dispatcher
were Col , Thomas P. Ochiltree , the Hon
William M. Krarts , R. Kuhe , Japanoio min
ister at Washington ; Pottr Palmer , of Chica
go ; Mr. and Mrs , James H. Tyner. Washing
ton ; Qeorgo W. Chllds. Philadelphia ; Mayor
Grace , of New York ; Kx-premier Gladstone ,
nd Secretary Kndlcott.
? NEW YOBK , July 22. Gilbert A. Robinion ,
member of tha New York commandry of the
Loyal Legend , of which Gen. Grant was
commander at tba time of hU death , tele
graphed the following from Mt. MeGrrgor
this afternoon to Gen , A. Cftrleton. recorder ]
of the commandry : "The General GrautV !
body will remain here certainly ton days. Ill
ia > ery desirable to have § > guard hero while !
tha body remains , lay n lieutenant nnd thir J
teen men. Will you see General Hancock'
about It ! Tents nnd meals will bo fnrnishodi
by the hotel oomp.iny. The family desire !
the iruard. Telegraph General Hancock's dc
clslon , "
In accordance wlthjlhonbove.General Cnrlo-1
ton telegraphed to General Hancock this nf-l
tornoon aikine if such n guard could bo fur I
nishod , and when it would stirt , nnd requestIng - !
Ing him to telegraph hie decision to Ihs InmilyJ
nt Mount McGregor.
S'K AND onir.na r.\ritKss sYvr.vmr , | ]
LONDON. July 2,1. United States Ml nil tor I
I'helps , on being handed n copy of n dispatch [
announcing Gou , Grant's death , expressed thes
'greatest concern nt tha Bad e\otit. Ho Immc-J
! .llately ordetei that the building uf the !
American legation ba draped In mournings
and the tin ? placed at hMf-mast. I
t A correspondent visited Mr. Gladatono'af
residence and was received by Mrs , GUd-f
stono. On making known his errand , Mrs. I
Mrs , Gladstone expressed deep sorrow at the !
death of tha eminent American and immeJi I
ntely conducted him to Mr. Gladstone's !
presence. Gladstone was writing nt a desk !
in hia library. Ho said : "I shall willinglyl
pay my humble tribute. Lot mo write rather !
than speak it. " Ho then wrote na follows : !
"Mr. Gladstone has heard with regret thej
news of Gen. Grant's death. Ho ventures tog
assure the bereaved family of the sympathy ?
he feels witn them iu their ntllictipn nt then
death of ono who had rendered hia country !
such " signal services as n general nnd states -f
Many prominent Americana have called njj
mooting to be hold to-morrow nt the American ! !
legation fur thu purpose of taking appropriates
actiou on the death of Gen , Grant , and to !
condole with hia family , H
John Bright , in nn Interview at the Reform ]
club this afternoon , said : "I deaire to express !
my sympathy with the family of Gen. GrnutE
In the sorrow through which they area
passing , " i
The newspapers contain long obituary no-1
tlcos of Grant , rcauy of them taking up moatl
of their nvitilnblo apace In accounts of the ]
scenes nnd incidents iu tbo life ot the illus
trlous patriot ,
IHEl'IiVCB OP 15 U RIAL.
THE CHOICE BETWEEN NEW YORK ANI > WASII-g
Mr. McGnEQOU , July 23. An embalmerj
from New York will bo summoned to pre
aerve Gen.Grant'a remains , but a local under1
taker will undoubtedly conduct the immediate
details , nnd convey the remains to New York.
When the body ahall have reached Now York
the question of post-mortem will bo consid
ered : md determined by the family. Touch
ing the place of burial , the general n mouth1
ago indicated three places ns Buitlng hia
wishes in that direction. The choice , how
ever , waa narrowed to two , owing to the
natural wish of the general
that his wifu should rest beside
him , A strong deaire haa been expressed to
the family that burial should take placa in
Washington and efforts have been put forth
to make Now York the last resting place of
the general. Before hia death however , ( ion.
Grant left the choice of a burial spot entirely
to Col , Fred , imposing only the condition
that the spot selected should be such as that
Mrs. Grant might rest by hia aide. Hia re
mains will be removed to Now York by
special train and there prepared for burial ,
.A week ago the general ia eaid to have inti
mated that should ho die here during tha hot
weather , IIP would prefer that his remains
should be kept here until cooler weather , the
purpose being to tpare the family the sad nnd
fatiguing journey in iiiitry wentbor. It Is
rloubtfui , however , if this suggestion can bo
carried out fully , though it ia notunlikoly , the
remains will repose hero several days.
This , howe\er , ia entirely at the dis
posal of Col. Fred Grant , to whom is
left the u tire control of all arrangements
relative to 1m father's remains. It Is not un
likely that vlie proposition from the city of
New York to accord a bnrial plat for the gen
eral and his wife , when she , too , will have
passed away , might be considered by the
colonel.The Impression _ that Washington
may bo chosen for the burial spot is believed
to be founded on the proeent inclination of
Ool , Grant , The only condition made by tho' '
jeneral , nnd that ns long ng o aa June 21 , waa ]
[ hat his remains should be inteired where I he !
remains of Mr * . Grant might in time lie with !
tils own , H
An embalmer is now on the way from Newl
Vork in response to a telegram f
WASHINGTON , July 23. Col. Dent , Gen.l
Grant'a brother-in-law , now resident of this ]
city , waa * nskcd yesterday if ha knew what ! :
place had been selected for the general'ef
burial , and replied that he did not , althoughfi
tie had made inquiry on the subject when nt |
McGregor , recently. From n remark mader
to him by a member of Gen. Grant'a family , !
ho inferred n positive selection had been madca
by the general , but that it wna known only to j
himself , Mrs , Grant nnd Ool , Fred Grnnt.B
Ho wns Inclined to think , hmvovor , that thejjj
general had not selected Waahington , but pos
sibly West Point.
PHILADELPHIA , PJ , June 23. Regnrdlncs
the funeral arrangements and final burial !
placoof ( ien. Grant , it Is learned that Georges
W , Childs will have aola charge of all mattcrsg
partalniug therewith , and he will probably hep
called upon to select the spot for the lasts
resting place of the dead hero , Chllds intended - |
tended to leave for Mount McGregor to dayft
but fearing he could not roach there In timiT
< ho hia delayed starting until further ad vised E
' by the family as to their movements. Ho is *
f iu constant tnlf graph communication with Col.r
j Fred Grant who , by reason of Child's longl
* and C'OBO friendship with the family , hasS
atked him for advice on reveral matter con H
nectcd with the funeral preparations and haaH
[ oft to Child's judgment the arrangement ofjj
All the principal points.
A. Brief Sfectch of General Gr ntV
Ulysses 8. Grant waa born April 27 , 1822 ,
at Point Pleasant , Clermont county , Ohio.
His parents wore of Scotch origin , At 17 ,
young Grant entered West Point , nnd four
years later graduated twenty-first in u class of
thirty-nine , receiving a couuilolon of brevet ,
eecond lieutenant In the Fourth infantry. He ;
remained in the army eleven yeara ; was en
gaged In every battle of the Mexican war ex
oapt that of linen * Vista , and received two'
brevets for gallant conduct. Inl8l8homarried
Julia , daughter of Frederick Dent , a merchant
of St. LOUD , and in 1851 , having reached the
rank of captain , retlgned , and went to farm-j
ing near St. Louis , Unsuccessful in this he.
removed to Galena , III. , In 1809 , and engaged ]
in the leather business with his father , Grant ,
was 39 years old when the civil war broke out.
entirely unknown to public men , nnd without
any personsl acquaintance with tha affairs of
the nation , (
Lincoln's first oall for troops was made
April 15 , and on the llHh intt. Grant was
drilling a company of volunteers at Galena. |
He alto offend his services In the adjutant
general of the army but received nu reply. ] [
The governor of Illinois , however , employed '
him in organizing state troopi , and five weeks
later ho was appointed colonsl of tha Twenty- ]
first Illinois infantty He reported for duty
In June to Gen , Pope , in Miieouri. On
August 7 , he was commissioned n brigadier
general without his knowledge , and for a short
time watched the movement ! of factional
forces in Missouri. While in command of the
south-east district of MI'Bonri , with head
quarters at Cairo , Ills , on September C , with
out orders , ho seized Paducah , at the _ month
of the Tenneasae river , and commanding the
navigation of that stream and tha Ohio. This
secured Kentucky to the Union , for the > taU
legislature , which htd affected to be neutral ,
at once declared in favor of the government.
In November ha made a demonstration on
Belmont , a small place on tha Mtioissippl ,
eighteen miles below Cairo. On the 7th inst ,
ha landed , and under a heavy fire broke up
and destroyed tha camp , Returning to hli
transports be wai confronted with largely
rjperior force which ha broke through captur
ing two cannon and 100 prisoners.
In 1SC2 he helped to capture Fort Henry.
February 4 , on the 12th fnst. , ho btmicveil
Fort DncL'lMin with lf',000 mm , the parrlron
numbering 21,000. After four dayit' fiphtinc
, the etemy surrendered on the IGth with IS
cannon , 17,1300 final ! arm * and 11,023 toldlotit.
Four thousand had nrcnpcil and ! J,510 were
killed nnd uroumJrd , while Grant'a lorn WM
less than 2,000. This waa the first Important
Union victory , Grant was thnu iuda A
mnjitt-renrral of volunteers nnd placed In
command of w pit 'IVmiPf ceo. In Mnroh hli
forces nnmberirjc 33,000 men were encamped
near Shlloh , or I'itUburg landing on the Ton-
net ec rlicr nwftitlng the arrival of General
Uurl with 40,000 nura. On April 6th thn
confederates came ' . Cotnith and ntlwkeil
Grout with n foioj M OCO , now hoping to
overwhelm him ' ) f ' .o RuelV arrival. Grant :
was puriied back to the river whrru ho hold
his petition until dark and the arrival ot Hnol.
On trio 7th the inomy won driven bnok to
Corinth , a , dlitnnco of twenty ulna mUtv.
Grant commanded both clajs ,
Ou Mny SOth Corinth w Attacked by thn
3onfadpr tw. In July Hallcck was madn
gcncrnl-in-chirf nnd Grant * ucettil < l him Iu
command of the uYputiiipnt of ri'iint eu.
September 10th hti fought the battle of Ink *
which was nn incompVto victory owing to tha
failure of Gen. ltnu > ran * to entry out fan
orders. After the IntUn nf Cunutli ( irant
proposed the capture of Viekslmrp , ntul re
calling1 no anrwcr from the gonornMn-chlef on
No > ember 2 ho began n movement into tbo
interior of Mississippi , While ho threatened ]
Yickubiirg from the roar with 30,000 men
Sherman wns scut by the river with 40,000
men to nltnnk it in front. Grant ailvnnccd n
fnr as Oxford , fifty miles , when Holly Spring * ,
hia principal baeo uf supplie * . WAS surrendtrod
by Col. Murphy who wns dismissed for thi *
action , This compelled the abandonment of
the campaign , and Grant returned to Corinth ,
In January , 1 03 , Grant took ccmiiand In
person ( if nil the forces in tha Mississippi val
ley , and moved to n point opposite Vicks-
bUTR. Thrro he spent nevornl
months in fruitless cndonvors to
take tlio place. In April the general marched
hia nrmy through the awnmpl on thu wentorr
Innk to a place below Yicksburg , April 30U
he croflfod tlio river nud landed atBrulni
burg , thirty miloH south of Yiokilrai ) ;
Pemborton , with 52,000 men at Vickebnr.-
and Johnston with a smaller but rapidly in
creasing force , nt Jackson , fifty miles fartboi
onat , opposed Grant whose forces munbarftu
43,000 strong. Grant abandoned all ceic-
munication with tliu river and pvshed Into
the Interior between the two hostile foicer.
May let he met nud dofentod a porticn o'
Pembcrton'e command nt Port Gibaon ; then
advancing eastward , on the 12th he fell upou
nnd destroyed n force coming out from JacV-
aon to meet him. On the 14th ho capttirri
Jncknon and scattered Johnson's forces.
Turning the eama day to the MUslsalppi , on
he 10th he utterly routed Pemborton's entire
[ turce at Chninpiou's hill ; on the 17th hu uamii
flip with the enemy again aud defeated him >
; Hlncl : river bridge ; and on thn 18th ilrovt
, him Into Vickslmrp. Ou Ihe 10th aed 21i'
ho mtdo uneuccensftil aepaulta on Hit
town , and on the 23rd bpan a regu
lar Beige. The place surrendered July 4tl'
with 111,000 men and 171 ! cannon , the largest
capturn of men and material ever inado in TT \
up to tint timo. During this campaign the
'confederates lost 49,000 prisoner * , 12,00f'
killed and wounded , nnd 8,000 by difeato and
Straggling. Grant'a entire IOHS was 8,873 , BUD *
ha was made a major general iuthsro ulsi
October Kith ha wns given command
of thu Mississippi division , which included
tha armies of the Ohio , Cumberland and
Tennessee , tha latter ho commanded eo loDf
and so well. On the 23d of October Gram
reached Chattanooga , where the Cumberland
army waa quartered , surrounded by thn eneinv
and at point of starvation.
Tha battle of Lookout valley , fonpht on l\f
27th under Grant'a direction , telieved the cltr
and army. November 23d , 24th nnd 25th tht.
battle of Clutlanoogft wna fought , in whioh
Bra ? ? waa defeated and 6,000 men captured.
In February. 1801 , Grant wna appointed com
mander of the Union armies , with the tewlj-
created rank f lieutenant general. He no *
set about to meet L e , who commanded tli >
Army uf Northern Virginia , and fought hit
his way from the Rapldan to the James livei
with this end in view. Before Grant reaohcd
tha James ho loit CCOO men killed. i(5COO ! ( ,
wounded , and Dearly 7,000 taken prlioncrt.
while he captured 10,000 of the enotnj.
Tlia lotaei to Lce'j niniy can never be known ,
as ha deitrojed his own records. The battle *
of the Wilderness , Spottaylvunla , North Auni.
nd Cold Harbor were the hardest Grant evet
fought , nnd after each he ndranoed and L
withdraw. He was nnxious to annihilate Le ,
rnod with this end the campaign of the Wil-
fderness was planned. When Grant arrived
[ In front of Richmond he crossed tha James ) / .
mursuanca with n plan founed months befoir.
icor months ho waited nnd fought before Rich-
tmond , with various results. Tlie govornusnl
Iadvi ed him to abandon It , but Grant nevci
[ wavered. By September Sherman bad
reached Atlanta , and Grant then lent him OL
fhia famous rn rch to tha sea , n route set out
[ by Grant six months before. He made fiber-
iman'a Biicoees potrible , not only by holding
| Lue In front of Richmond , but by sending re
inforcements , who then drew off and defeated
tba only army nlilcli could have confronted
I When the final campaign began Lee had
73,000 mem at Richmond , besides the mllitU
'and ' gunboat falloifi , amounting to SCOO more.
InclndliifSheridan'H force. Grant had
,110,000 , men before Petersburg nnd Riclimo nd
Potorsburc ; loll on Anrll 2nd and Richmond.
nn the 3rd , and Leo fled toward Lynchburg.
Chant pursued nnd Leo , finding himself out
fought , out-marched out-generalcd
and surrounded surrendered ji
Appomaltox court houeo April 911 ,
1805 , with 27,000 men , all that remained cr
hia army. After this the other confederate
'armies ' asked to surrender und tha great civil
[ war WAS ended.
, Grant returned to Washington to aupeiu
, tend tlie disbamlment of hi * army , and whilt
there President Lincoln wna assassinated. It
had doubtless bcon Intended to include Wrani
iu this , as ho was invited to occupy the bent >
nt the thrntrn with the murdered president
During Johnson's administration Grant w >
clothqd with large jiowera by congress to nm-
jtralize the supposed deft etiim of Johnson U ,
, the southern [ element In tha reconstruction ,
; He waa electnd prrsidont In 18C8 and tcol
.the . oath of office March 4 , 18CO. Ho was r
elected In 1872. After oponinu tlio IOD
, tcnnial oxixisltlon nt Philadelphia
in 1870 ha act nut upon a tour around tht-
world. It was a continual oration , caul.
jcountry through which ho passed vieing with
the others in doiot ; him special honor. Ii
Kngland particularly waa hla reception cordial
rd hia jieraon shown marked rtspect , tin.
( froudoin of the city of London baing priHuiiteiJ
'to him , an honor rarely conferred. Upon LIi
return to America in 1879 he wai given i
magnificent recepthn in this city as he wjt
pamint ; through on thn way to his old lioinr
in Galena , Illinois , He resided in that etat
fnr n short time , and thou removed to New
York which has our since been called hl >
homo , Ho was the candidate of what vm
known ui the Stalwart element of the republi
can party In 1889 , but waa defeated by < < a >
field. He was elected president of tin Mex < -
ican Central ihvay and vitilod Mexico n
Ibehalf of this country la the Intel-
icsts of that road , Ilia son , Ulyctir
B , Grnnt , jr. , married n daughter of
'oi-Sonntor J. II , Chaffeo , of
and his onrnglnij in tha hinkiucr business vltl.
Fernando 1 , \\nrd at Now York doubtlci *
drew the general to that city. The failure oi
thu firm of Grunt & Ward last Juno CACutci
some pcumlul in financial circles , but tha 2 i < -
era ) , although ha lost his wealth , lost nero t !
hla lntfnty ( ; of character thereby. iJtulo
the early spring of 1881 at the general vu
Btepniug from tut carriage in front uf his own
residence , lie sllpptd and fell , bruising hiu hl/ <
very sevcrolr n < i jarring bis syttem , } fo w
oontined to his home for somn time , but flit
ally recuperated , and duilngthu suinmervftEt
to Long Branch where ho spent nuyjrsl
inonthr. While there he discovered the cr
cer In his mouth which has linillj
proved ( ha cauio o | till demise. It wu
then in thu form of & email hard lump in thereof
roof of his mouth , and while itccailoning bin
sorno diicouifurt caurud no alarm. It grfr *
worse , however , until death claimed him ,
Continued on fourth
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