Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, July 20, 1885, Image 4
THE DAILY BEE-MON DAY ; JULY 20. 1885 THE DAILY BEE. K. nOSfiWATER Edltoi. LI CLEVELAND la getting to bo a blg- gor man thnn the pretldont , I Mr. Adams will giro us an access ible pnasorjger depot wo may not need to olcme Tenth attest. P Eiiiurs If John lloaoh had boon a ho would domiocnt or oven a mugwump not have been shipwrecked. SINCE the census hai boon token Mr. Adams may conclude after all that Omaha Is no longer a prairie village - nd that her citizens bavo rights whlo the railways muat concede and respect. MAYOR Bovn la trying to convluco the city council that ho la not an offensive partisan. The council rofnacs to take his word for it no far. The committee of arbitration will probably have n word to nay on that subject. IT may bo moro profitable In the long run for the Union Pacific to get .tho good will of Omaha by affording proper no- commodatlona for trallta than to alleiuto llu Omaha patrons by throats and bull , dor.ing. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ DtmiNo his stay In Omaha Oharlca Francl ) Adams will miss Dr. Miller eadly. Slnco the doctor's advlco to May or Boyd to burn that loiter waa scorn fully rejected , ho thought It best to go to Now York and try ono of Patrick's tor- pcdoos. TUB high-toned Bachelors' club of Lon don takes great pains to blackball Ameri can applicants for member/ship. / An Ainorlce.ii bachelor , who ia ambitious to become "a member of awoll London Eocioty , after the recent exposures of the fall Jfa.ll Gazette , cannot have much rcapoct for himself. Tun attempt of Messrs. Whitney and Garland to make John Roach and the Dolphin a political issue has failed. Mr. Roach has gene to the wall , and the de mocratic administration will now have to look up some now issue. It may be pos sible , however , that Mr. Roach ia simply playing 'posnum. PIIEKIDEXT CLEVELAND la credited with having said that ho wo nld not mind if there were two or three cholera cases In front of the whlto houao BO that the oflico-aeokora wonld glvo him a rost. If Mr. Cleveland would hang out a small pox flag It wonld bo just as effective as a cholera acaro. It la prottycertain , how ever , that nothing less than the cholera or smallpox will keep the office soekora at a distance from the white house. GOVERNOR HUBIIAKD , of Minnesota , has called a rlvor convention to ba hold on September 3rd in St. Paul , and has invited delegates from Illinois , Missouri , Kansas , Nebraska , Iowa , Wisconsin , Dakota and Montana. Inasmuch as St. Paul has jast openoJ a million-dollar hotel wo should not bo surprised to see numerous Intor-atato conventions called In that city in the near fntnro. There is nothing like a convontlon to help out the hotels. THEUE la considerable complaint In re gard to certain saloon-keepers on account of their selling liquor to minors and allowing them to play pool. The law Is very strict In prohibiting the s lo of liquor to boys , and It ought to bo en forced. If the fathers of some of the youthful drinkers would prosecute the saloon-keepers who thus violate the law they would bo performing a dnty they OTTO to themselves and to the public , but the trouble Is that the majority of parents depend altogether too much upon the officers to do that which they should do themselves. If saloon-keepers are con victed of violating the 1'quor license law they are llablo to have their license re a voked. Aa a matter of business it ia to their interest to positively refuse to allow boys to drink over their bars. AccoiiniNo to Mr. Boyd ho Is not a partisan mayor , and does not desire to make political capital ont of the mayor's al oflioo. But the Jlsrakl , which represents alP' P' sents Mr. Bojd on municipal end politi P'cl cal matters , if not In railroad affairs , clP' P' asks In a double-loaded article , how long P'a will It bo before the city Is free from acl ihls burden moaning the floating debt fr entailed upon it by the preceding republican frP' P' lican administration. This docs not P'wi wi Bound very much like Mr , Boyd'a nonpartisan - wiP' P' partisan pretensions. If there his been P'y anything wrong in the creation of our to floating debt , why talk about republicans tow aoy moro than democrats. When "I Mr. Boyd vacated the mayor's ofilco so three years 0550 his successor , Ool. Ohato , ald In his mojtago that the floating debt left by the preceding Boyd . administra of tion amounted to 8-10,000 or over. Nobody - CO body intimated crookedness on the pirt find of Mr , Boyd on that account , and wo see na rational oxouso for charging no rascality lug on republicans bcoiusa In three years the arc floating debt loft by Boyd has .boon rai trebled. Since Mr. Boyd nearly a polit in ! ical organ goes out of Its way to prate and about the penitentiary and republican sta raaoalu , coupled trlth a demand for an hoi Invoitlgatlon , wo will second the motion to have the 11 ) a ting debt question thoroughly Investigated , the If there has been any crookedness In the sttl creation of this debt , beyond a violation yea of the charter provision sgalnat overlaps , sat It should bo fully investigated. When yet this is done , wo do not bollovothat ( hero can will be muoh political capital created for ID i n dcmocrtita. ETouesty averages no bettor toy with djmocrats than with republicans. The There h altogether tooinnchdemigoglam attl i lu this cry for purification. hlch rtffaM FRAUDULENT JOURNALISM. A few days ego the IlcjtubUcan made the discovery Ihat the BEE'S special dis patches wera fictitious and mainly gotten up and padded out In thia ofilco. A per emptory challenge waa lamed for us to publish our special telegraph bills for the month of June. The challenge was promptly accepted , and the detailed bill , with the receipt of the local manager of the Western Union , waa published. It showed that during the month of Juno the BEE had received 58,929 words of special dispatches , or an average of 2,200 words per day for the twenty-six pub- llcatlon days. This onght to have been a quietus on the Jlcjmblican If Its con ductor had brains enough to got In ont of the wet on a rainy day. But ho cornea back once moro and seeks to provo frand on the part of the BEE because the telegraph - graph bills don't exactly correspond with the number of words published on two or three particular days In Juno. Since ho dares not question the cor rectness of the bllli , ho ia compelled to tacitly admit that wo did receive and pay for nearly f 9,000 words of special dla- patchoa daring last month. This is a greater amount of special telegrams than the Republican has received during the whole year. For the benefit of the qnlbblor wo will utato that the BEE prints two editions n day , and receives , bath day nnd night specials. The discrep ancies , if any exist , are accounted for by the fact that the telegrams for two daya have sometimes been bunched In one day's bill. For Instance , dispatches ro- cclved on Sunday are charged up In Mon day's bill , and specials of Friday night may Imvo boon charged up with the day specials of Saturday. Thcro baa been no padding out of specials in this oflico. On the contrary , many special dispatches which wo pay for are cut down or entire ly omitted. Last Sunday wo throw Into the waste basket nearly three hundred words o the Pall Mall Gazette ecandsl , which wo regarded as unfit for our read ers. It dooa occasionally happen , how ever , that In this paper , aa in all other metropolitan dailies that recalvo largo amounts of specials , there Is a dupli cation of associated preaa news , Oar reporter at Chicago Is llablo to Bond us some now a which the agent of tho. as sociated press has obtained from the same source , namely , special dispatches to the Chicago papers. Wherein ia there a fraud upon anybody in the publication of such specials ? Since we piy for thorn as spe cials have wo not the right to publish them as such ? There was a time when the BEE waa compelled to take the entire California associated press report aa a special , and it took credit for It accordingly , although in nany instances the dlepitchos were du plicates of proas reports published by the Herald and Kciiublican. So much for that fraud-cry. And now , since the frand laauohas been forced , lot us propound a fair ques tions to the Jtcjntblican. Why does that bogus concern publish column after column of matter scissored bodily out of Chicago dalllea , and , changing the dates ono day later , palm this news off as reg ular press report by telegraph ? Is this not the most Infimoua kind of piracy ? Why dooa that patcnt-plato sheet publish market reviews a day old , re ceived from Chicago by mall , aa apsclal telegraphic markets ? Is there any fraud more glaring and moro disreputable than that ? Why does the licpublican advor- tlao through newspaper directories fraud ulent statements of Its circulation and thereby obtain patronage and money un der fa se pretenses , which , If practiced In any other business , ironld bo liable to send the parties practicing the fraud to the penitentiary ? Why does not that sheet dare to enter the lists to compete for public advertising whenever a sworn statement of circulation Is required ] Would It not bo well for the smart young man who Is trying to teach us how to a conduct an enterprising newspaper to pay llttlo moro attention to hla broken- winded concern which has been kept up mainly by railway subsidies and procures its patronage from the public through a gross misrepresentation of its value as an ia advertising medium ? . Q.o KihCAiu , of Alaska , although his sucoasior has been ap > pointed ' , still holds down the executive i si polntmont ' WAS made , but In order to jj avoid notification bo wont to San Fran- claco , whence ho sailed to Sitka , and from there ho proceeded to the northern part ' of the territory. The notification , . which has followed him by mail , will not r probably ' roach him for several month" . yet < , if ho keeps on evading its delivery him. The now governor , Sfflnoford , will ! very llkoly bo obliged to hunt him. as , If it takes all summer , and personally' ' servo notice on him and relieve him. TUB president made quite a number or changes among the Internal revenue It collectors on Saturday , bat wo failed to 03 among the list of appointees the CO nama of a Nebro k democrat. Accord- to advices from Washington there Inl only nine more collectors to bo the removed. The Nebraska collector will P9 all probability appear at the very tall of the procession , which In this In- itanco may bo aild to bo the place of pied lonor. lold ccs THE plan of gradually emancipating to slaves In Brazil is progressing very ulr.s ttltfictorily. Daring the past fourteen safi [ moro than500,000 slaves have been rent froo. It la estimated that there are Lin in bondage over 1OODOCO ( , but ac- pee jrdlngto the emancipation plan , which reel now being pushed very vigorously , ono will all bo free In about ten years , ttlave owners are paid for the slavoi they are sot free out of a special tat Om la baldly felt by the tar-payora. trie Indeed a comforting assurance. Now lot Mr , Brnner be Immediately sent to the vicinity of Fort Buford , Dakota , to in * voatlgato the grasshoppers that are re ported to bo swarming In great numbers In that locality. If ho can assure us that these northern Hoppers will not sweep down the Missouri valley the far mers of Nebratka , Iowa , Missouri and Kantas will not lose any'sleep. The St. 1'anl Pioneer Press says , "whether they are a mcro local and.'tporadlc visitation , or the advance guard of those vast Invasions which swoop millions of acres with destruction , ia a question which remains to bo determined. " A PROTEST AGAINST CONVICT LABOR. The vigorous protest of Mr. Mullet , former supervising architect of the treas ury department , against the employment of convict labor on public buildings , is to bo commended. It is very timely , and It la hoped that It will have the effect of putting a stop to'thia practice. Ilia pro test was caused by the fact that the con tract tor the construction of a govern ment building at Pcoria was awarded tea a contractor who employs convict labor , and la thus enabled to underbid competi tors who employ honest labor. It seems that the secretary of the treasury has been led to bollovo by the solicitor of that department that there waa no legal way to reject the obnoxious bid. Mr , Mullet , however , calls the secretary's at tention to the fact that there Is neither law nor custom requiring the acceptance of such n bid , and ho calls upon the secretary to reject it , and glvo honest labor a chance. Ho maintains that It is absurd to pretend that the same result can bo attained by convict labor that can ba reached by tha employment of skilled mechanics. The ataud taken by Mr. Mullet will bo endorsed by every honest laborer and mechanic In the coun- tiy , and a protest against the letting of contracts to convict-labor contractors who bid for the oroctlon of public buildings ought to bo forwarded to the secretary of o treasury from every labor organiza tion in the United States. It ia the honest laborers and mechanics who help to piy the taxes of this government , and when the public moneys cro expended In public Improvements they are the ones to share In the benefits. OMA1A AND THE STATE FAIR. Some of the rural papers In Nebraska are still harping on the unfairness of callIng - Ing the Omaha exposition a Nebraska fair , with the evident intention to create bad blood between the people of the South Platte region and Omaha. Ono of these mlschicf-makera goes so far as to eay : Omaha never has done anything towards the BUCCE89 of the ctato fair except when it waa held at Omaha , and probably never will. This is her privilege , and aha has every right to get up njhow of her own , _ 13ut in doing eo to attempt to deceive people Into the belief that they are running the Nebraska state 'air , ia far from being honorable , It ia with cities as it is with men. There is always g , disposition among the mediocre to pull down a man who towera above his follows. But when the man has passed beyond the roach of would-bo rivals potty exhibitions of epito fall harm- ess. The fact that Omaha has grown and flourished until all rivalry between her and other cities In this region Is ont of question should have allayed all roc tloual feeling and potty jealousies. The Nebraska metropolis contains to-day 25- , 000 more people than the largest city in Iowa or Kansas. That significant fact should have been a source of pride to Nebraskans , but there are still a few churls who Imagine that it is smart and plucky to assail and belittle Omaha on " every possible occasion. Omaha has outgrown dependence upon state falra , and if wo comprehend the In tent of her cIlizBES she never will again be competitor with Lincoln or any other place for the state fair. At the end of the next five years it may go traveling over the atate like a clrcaa , or It may bo permanently located at Lincoln for aught that the people of Omaha ciro. Omaha constructing a fifty thousand dollar . oxpojitlon building In the heart of the city ! , which will bo enlarged from year to year , and her annual expositions will become como a regular feature without in the least trenching upon the domain of the state fair. Thcro Is a population of over ICO,000 already within a radius of fifty miles from Omaha , and those people alone ] Insure the success "of peimanont to annual expositions in this cliy. It ia to bo regretted that the sensitive friends of a Lincoln should have any occasion for in fault-finding. th thbe It la as much io the intere&t of Omaha be it la to that of Lincoln to have It un Cl derstood among the people that the expo sition nt Onnha is not to bo confounded with the state fair to bo held at Lincoln dcTl ono week later. It is as contemptible ai Tl Is falsa to arraign Omaha for refusing to contribute to the success of state fairs ex the cept when held in thia city. The tru th la that tal Omaha contributed folly aa muoh In the an matter of exhibits and attendance when pri primi fair waa held at Lincoln as did the mi pDoplo of Lincoln. Wo remember very zato distinctly that Ojialm merchants , manu incy facturer * , aad implement dealers occu pn a great deal of apace at tbo fairs deic in Lincoln at least two years in tuc- pir scsslon. Thoncanda of our citizens wont iblo the i expense of attending the Lincoln sen . on special excursion trains , and it la sena to cay that teu persons from Omaha I hla , inly to Lincoln wheio one person from flico J.ncolu came to Omaha. This year the ini ooplo of Omaha will bo In a condition to 1 eclprocato. Their exposition takes place con , . week ahead of the state fair , I mo , ach ! TUK jnnk-ehop eheot known aa the 1st i * Imaha Republican continues at Its old A rlcka. On Sunday morning it palmed invc Dom Pedro , the emperor , is a man of progressive ideas , and has done a great deal for his people. The idea of gradu ally treeing the slaves , without loss to the owners , originated with him , and for years ho has been hurrying the omaticlpa- tion aa rapidly as possible. FILLMORE COUNTY CENSUS , llnd the UBS investigated , ns a paper of prominence should bavo done , it would have learned that the ccnius returns ot 1'illmoto , county , as tmbliihod by it , WM an error , I While it ia to bo regretted that the rnisUko I occurred , it la n dlity elmmo for a paper to comment upon the error without proper In vestigation. For n paper that claims to be the lending ono of the etftto state to any that one of the first counties of the itato has lost 3,000 tlncetho last census , without being able to explain why It ia so , certainly does not go to show a very extensive knowledge of the im- provementsor doings of the state. Graf fan Zeadcr , The census returns cf Fillmore county , as published by the BEE were obtained by our correspondent at Lincoln from the oflico of the state superintendent of the conaua , and they were the same as were published In other daily papers. Wo had no reason to tupposo that thcro were any errors in the statement as obtained from official sources. The population of Filmora county , as published by the BEE and other papers , was given at 10,412 , a de crease of 3,010 Bltico 1830. The BEE re marked at that time that this was rather a singular fact , and that it hardly know how to account for It unices the conaua had been very poorly taken , or aomo mis takes had been made in the reports. The Graft on Leader , which is very indignant ever this comment of the BEE , falls to offer any explanation Itself for the first report sent out from the state superin tendent's oflico. It merely publishes a detailed statement of the census returns from the precincts in Fillmore county , but docs not even take the trouble to foot np the returns to show the total pop ulation. The BEE , however , finds by adding np the precinct returns , aa given by the Leader , thatFillmoio county baa a population at pretent of 13,132 , which Is a decrease of only 20 since 1880 , when the federal census gave it 13-152. Wo take pleasure In making the correcilon , aa It Is not the Intention of the BEE to do injustice to any section cf the stato. LAWKENCE BIIUNEII , a well known bug- ologlst , of Blair , Nebraska , who Is now an agent of the department of agricul ture , has been investigating the grass hopper in tbo valley cf the Arkansas and other sections of Colorado , and ho assures the people of Nebraska and Kan sas that they need fear no invasion of the voracious critter , as the Colorado hopper Is not of mlgatory spoclen , but a native of that state , and ia not llkoly to leave hia native field for pastures now. This la oil on Its few readers , as Associated Press report , about two columns of old matter which It scissored bodily from Ita ex changes , and changed the dates from July 17 to July 18 , Among the Items thus made to appear as freeh Aasoclated Proas report , was ono concerning Mark Twain's application for a pension , and another was a dispatch relating to the eonato Indian Investigating committee at Chamberlain , Dakota. The latter ap peared In the St. Paul Plonccr-Prcss of Friday , and the former was published In eastern papers of the same day , IT was loft to a Nebraska City man to suggest that tho'recont stirring up of Lon don's cess-pool of vlco was Instigated by Russia , which , ho says , owns the J'all Mall Gazette. "Might this not bo a\ \ ! ruse , " he asks In a communication to the Chicago Times under date of July 14th , "to draw the attention of England to this affair while some important operations ara undertaken In the neighborhood of Herat ? * * * Watch the cablegrams from India , and they may give a reason why thcso disclosures are made at thin time. " The Times of July 17tb says that the suggestion , written three days previously In Nebraska , seems to bo curi ously sustained by the cablegrams , and adds : "As a result of Ilutsian movc- incntfi , only just revealed , on the Afghan lo frontier , all Kuropo Is again excited with \ the prospect or possibility of a great war. h The coincldonco.ia . certainly a carlono tP 01 ar CLEANLINESS Is to bo commended at all * times , bnt moro especially during thia an particular eoaeon when cholera threatens invade the country at any day. The 'ho business centre of Omaha , It Is true , ia In wi very cleanly condition , but the alleys th aomo sections of the residence part of ha the city are rather filthy , and ought to tit pn cleaned at once. No accumulation of Pi filth onght to bo permitted anywhere , ob an Mu , ROACH baa blratoH'gono to the dry hi dock for repairs. wl Senaton Conger , of Michigan , dlacloaca mac fact that tbo republican senators have talked over the matter of partisan removals - movals before the extra cession comes to | ? rl end , and that they reached several by practical conclusions , on which they ret mean to act. TCBO are : Tl 1. That the president la entitled to va : mcl every oflico of the class whoso ten ancI by a democrat is necessary to the I'n [ proper control of the government In a Clc ieinooratlo cense. 2. That where commissions have or. garter . tor ircd , the confirmation of any objection- nominee Is equally binding on the had late entts. , That Mr. Cleveland Is to ba held to dor own pledge In the matter of removing nml "ofl'enalvo partioana , " where the IbO la not strictly and purely political lous its character. to 1 , The senate will take the liberty of plat > ompirlng the evidence of offensive par- It 1 laanehlp in the Republican who Is re- coin loved with tha evidence of freedom from partisanship in the democrat who take his placo. havi monument ia to be erected in 1'ana to the an c ivcutor of soda tvaler , froa : HOW UK EARNED 111 * SIIOl'LDKU STRAPS , "MV COfSTBY F1UST , LAST , AXD ALL TIIETIMB , " The eecret eerrlco fund of the government was formerly confined to the stnta depart ment , and was dtiburcod under tha direction of tha president. This WAS BO until the breaking out of the rebellion in 1SG1 , nnd re mained eo for some conildorablo time after- when congress made an appropriation for c ° nlngeiit ! expenses cf the army. There fore it was that Mr , fiow&rj , who wns secre tary of state , employed spioj nnd detectives , nnd mndo arbitrary arrests nud otherwise rang the "llttlo bell" which became historical. Now nearly every department of tbo government has a sccred service fund , and the treasury de partment employs a carps of ofticora known as tocrct service detectives to prevent coun terfeiting. , . From the very beginning of hostilities to , the . close of the war Wnsliington , nnd Indeed ' the whole north , was overrun with spies and emissaries of tha rebels. Trcaton linked overywhora nnd especially In the executive departments , Tha rebels , it was evident , wcro always very much bettor Informed ns to what wo were doing than wo were as to their movements and purposes. Mnny men were employed to go through the lines to obtain information for the uio of the government. Seine were false , coma did not go , while others proroi UcnchoronB by giving and bringing back intentionally incorrect nnd mis leading reports , and still others were incom petent and cowardly , nnd fallod to get the in formation desired , nnd whoao reports were unsatisfactory nnd unreliable. It was especially desired by General McClcl- Inn and by the administration to nicertniu what waa the strength of tha fortifications thrown up by General Leo which were menacing Washington , na well ns the num ber of troops occupying these fortifications , It was also desired to loam what progress was being made in the construction of the robot ram Merritnno nt the Not folk navy yard , when she would ho completed , nnd how for midable oho would be , The reports of the epics upon thcso matters hid boon very conr dieting , and no satisfactory information could bo obtained , Ono day m August , seine time nfter the battle of Hull Kun , Lr. ) Charloj A. Henry , well-known to the old settlers of Nebraska na an extreme democrat , c.illod at tin ttato department to visit Col. 1 . 1) . Webster , who was Mr. Sewnnl's private eccrotary. Mr. Webster , who waa n Now Vorkor , hail oditad the Nebraska JtcpiiWcan nt Omaha during the years 1.S5S-09 , nnd had taken n prominent | part in the organization of tha republican party in the territory. During bis residence. in Omaha ho had becjino tha warm friend of Dr. Henry , although radically differing with him in politico. During the conversation in Secretary Sow- ard'a oflice , Dr. Henry expressed n wish to serve the government in nny way in his power. "I have boon a democrat nnd pro- elavory man all my life , " paid ho , "but when it comes to n question of country or no country I nm for my country first , last nnd nil the time. How cm I serve it ? " "I know of no mnn who can render BO great service as you can at the present time , " re plied Col. Webster. "What is it ? " "You are the man wo want to go south for us , " replied the private secretary. At first Dr , Henry's thoughts revolted nt the idea , but whsntold that ho possessed po- culiar qualifications for the perilous service by reason of hia having boon such an out- spoken democrat in Nebraska , well known to nil the pro-slavery i ilbiala of the territory , Iko Da Londo , of Louisano ; , who had been register of the land office at Brownville ; Jchn A , Parker , of Virginia , who hnd been regis ter of the Omaha land oflico ; W. E. Rtooro , of Arkansas , who had been United States marshal , and other * , all of whom had recently resigned their positions to join the rebellion , nnd who had always been familiar with him as a bitter hater and denouncer of nbelition- ism J nd republicanism , which they considered synonymous , be said , "I'll think of it. " O "You see how you can impoco upon these people , " said Webster , "Having been used to hoar you denounce republicanism and abo- Itionlsm , they will readily believe you whoa you toll thorn that you prefer to cast your fortunes among these with whom you have always nctuJ. You can say that you have brought with you a surgeon's outfit and would like a commission as surgeon- " The next day Dr. Henry returned to ( ho department and announced hia willingness to of go. Uowas accordingly outfitted with a fine jQ set of surgical instruments , such na nny nrmy surgeon would require , nnd with such rare mcdHnea ns qulnino and the like , which were vnluablo nud necessary in that climate , nud cfireu n pasa through the unicn lines. His instructions were to visit , if passible , the for tifications nbaut Washington nud ascertain it their etrocgth , and nluo to secure the much doslrod information about the Merrimau , Dr , Henry had been gone n month. So loop , indeed , that Secretary Seward nnd Col. to Webster brgan to ba apprehensive that ho ia had mot the same fate that hrul overtaken ? v tire or three other men who had been sent out similar missions , nud had been detected fie nnd executed , They wore , therefore , ngrec- th ably surprised a few days after this by seeing tic the doctor walk into their office. Ho mada mite extensive report which proved in every to way ent'Efactory. The deception which ho ba had practiced upon DeLondo , ivho by the way Btl was n brotlior-In-Iaw of Judah ] ' , Benjamin , hare tha rebel secretary of state , and upon 1'arker , ro had worked admirably , Ha had procured gr passes to vialt the Morrlmac and the fortlflca- the ? tiona about Washington and many other bio the places , whore valuabla Information could be obtained , and ai an ovldenco of hla success ob and of tha lrutbfulno a of hla report ho ex trj hibited ! fifteen ono'hundrod-dollar greenbacks , the which had been aiven to him by DeLondo , foi with whom he made a contract to enter into how partnership to run the blockade of tha Pete the , Instead of joining the rebel army as a tlo surgeon < , Ho also displayed a full sot of rebel army signals which had been furnished him Ida Da Londo for the purpose of signalling the a rebels when he might want to laud on the Virginia side of the Potomac with his eloop . ro B0t car o. j ire Dr , Henry was taken by Mr , Seward to 'resident Lincoln who tent for Geuernl Mc- Jlollan , Hm report VIM received and ro rarded aa of the hlghoit importance . The dcc- con was highly complimented for the work ho ast done , and wan appointed ai a clerk In the ue department , being assigned to duty un- the direction of Col , Webster , Ha ro- imlned there until Botnu tirao In the fall of r : , when Mr , Howard asked for a list of va- ooin republicana who had been recommended Ions any him from the stain of Now York for laces BO that ho could look over and sea who wore , . cmpotent and deserving of appointments aa assistant quartermaster * and as5 ' commissaries of subsistence , congrcs * in l e : avlcg just then Increased the army to such extent as to links it necessary to appoint | all tug slates a large additional number J of all the o officers. After completing the list nnd handing it to Mr , Scward , Col. Web ster inquired why Nebraska , then n territory , was not entitled to an appointment or two. "Who wanta nn npiomtmont fiom Ne braska ? " said Mr. Scward , "It seems to mo that Dr. Henry has earned Buch a plftc ? , " replied Wcbslor , "Ho cannot take n belligerent position , na ho Is liable to bo executed If captured. " "That's BO , ' Put hla name down , " said Mr. So ward , ' 'I'll ( peak lo the president about it , " Two hours Inter Seward returned with the appointment of Dr , Henry ni captain nnd assistant quartermaster , with nn nsslgnment to dnty in Arkansas with Gen , Steele , Ho made nn exceedingly good officer , and when the war closed ho wna chief quartermaster. The money which ho had obtained from Do Londo wna returned to htm , nnd the presumption - sumption la that ho gnvo It back to the owner , The information which Dr , Henry obtained regarding tbo Mcrrlmno enabled the govern ment to determine when she would bo toady for sen , nnd to prepare for her , Thus it wna that ono Nobrnsknn earned his shoulder- straps , nnd certain it Is that no Nebraskan over rendered moro vnluablo service to hia country than Dr. Henry did , Ho returned lo Omaha about two yonri ago from the 1'aci- fie const to dia nt the residence of hla brother- In-law , Mayor Boyd. S , " KNIGHTS OF kailOU. Arbitration Uctwccu Employers and Employee Favored , nml Strikes Almost Alwayn .Deprecated "NVIint the Grcnt Boolcty lias AccompllHlicd. Now York Evening Mail. There nro in the Knights of Libor , " nald Grand Master Workman T. V. Po\v- dorly to an Evening Mall reporter , " 150,000 men in good standing. In tlmoi of depression like thcso there are a great , many who are behind In their dues , . Thcsu are not In Rood btaudlng. There are not loss than ; ! 00,000 of such now. They can bo rcinatatod by straightening their t accounts with their local assemblies. "Tho Knights of Labor , " continued the t cpcakor , "troa founded to act as a conciliator bettrccn employers and their workmen , and the public docs not know 1t this 1t t -exerta all Ita influcnco and haa over slnca Its commencement , to prevent strikes. Thcro never waa a strike in the United I States canctloned by the organi zation There never was an instance of labor tronblo where the general assembly of the order waa called in before a strlko to conciliate that matters troru not amicably - cably arranged , I remember , oapaclally , ono caio in point. Some few years ago ct the potters In the City of Trenton die- puted I with the mannfaclurera there over wsgoa. Thousands of men were out , and the employes had on organiza tion among themselves and were npltod. , Tncro waa no assembly of thu Knights . of Labor thcro , bat in ono of the local trade aaacclaliona there Imp-1 poned to bo a few Knights. They sug- ' gostcd that the general executive committee 8n mittee of the order bo asked by the men to attempt a compromise. The sugges tion was taken and I and my associates wont to Trenton. The nunufactnroas said that they had no otjaction to meetto ing ua and treating ns courteouely , but aa for talking of arbitration they wouldn't ' think of it. But they appointed a comIn mitteo and wo mot them , and wo were courteously trotted ; and , marvelous ai it may appsar , in ono day wo reached a comproniho ( that waa agreeable to the men and agreeable to the manufacturers , A and that ended the trouble. Them are now ton assemblies of Knights of Labor at Trenton. "There have been instances , of course , " siid Mr. Powderly , "in which our organization has helped members ont on a strike , when after Investigation It waa found that they did not act Imprjpqi oily. In nlno cases out of ten strikes are unreasonable , growing out of unrealo sonablencsa or hotheadednets of ono side or the other. The Knlghta of Labor organization ] alma to edncato workmen P tc a standard of reasonableness. For th natnnco , there are strikes In times of dem InP' prceslon ' when If the workmen took into consideration all things they wonld bo I di inclined to concede a reduction In their I th wages. On the other hand , In times of depression , employer ! , many of them , w start at once to cut and slash wages be in fore trying to retrench In other direc tions The hothoadednoas and Ignorance of workmen , the Ignorance and selfish lir ness of employers , are Ills which wo tiy br ameliorate. In this oflioo wo are mak ing progress. yo "Tho Knights of Labor began Ua ex ca istence In Philadelphia among iho pnr- thPa mcnt-cattore , and w.s fjundcd in 18J5 ( Pa by Urhli S. Stovem , a cutter , who wna bu trained for the Episcopal clur y. In 1878 adopted 03 its declaration of piuciploa wl the code framed in 1873 by the great congrccs of Indastriil brotherhood , qit which promised ao much , bat which came tal naught. Tha great object of the order talMi tha education cf workmen opan ad economic quoilions , bolicv'ng ' tint with ha this attained the great progress will have ton been mr.do. It all tha while Is urging OVl sensible legislation in labor matters , al Pa though It always oppoeoa class legisla rlv tion , whether In favor of the workingman - lu man or the capitalist. It has helped OhWl oatablleh ctaiistlcal labor Wl bureaus In fourteen of the wll stater , and alone and without aid me cans 3d the establishment of the bu the reaus in eevon of the states. It did a bo great deal toward the establishment of eat : National bureau. The moat valua vie ' and almost all the legislation all ever Ini country , Eiich as the laws covering by convict labor and child labor , has been but obtained through Ita efforts. It ia now cllr trying to have collated statistics showing bof > Inequitable holding of publio lands , fal foreigners hold farms of vast extent , and for absolutely all the available land along treamn h already taken by corpora tions or rich holders. o i a "The only people excluded from the mlt Knlghta of Labor , " said Mr. PowdcrJy , disc 'are rumsollors , professional politicians put lawyers , bankers , nnd loafore. These tint prohibited by the constitution , They pow lometlmcs get In , but when dleoaverol say ejected , " Pac tot How itoki JUKI JJuwn. tru NK\VIIUJIOH , N. Y , July 18. A row bent the tontalning three young mon w run down , eoo night , by the barge Charles Spear. Only still of the occupants escaped drowning , the th TelPKrujili Olllco Iliirnrrt , sum FiilLADiru'HiA , July 18Tho operating care bed a Union Telegraph Corn- of the Wodtorn bur nud parly this morning. Connie- bual in all directions nro destroyed , " " " Hulllnii in ttio Hanks. NK NKV , YOUK , July 18-Tha weekly hank doy > tatomont fhowa the reserve tnrrence to bo noon J73.000. The banks now hold § 01,673,173 of BI UXCCBS cf li'gal requirements. deatl olhct Ingv K Ifouao I < wn hmy Uovils at J , lion- fiolu uade CHARLES FRANCIS ADAMS , JR , He Arriycs Wil His Parly in Omaha Late at Night , A Short Interview With tlio Great * u Moving tlio Oinnlm Hliops The VUctiict Mutter , Oharloi Francis Adams , Jr. , arrived In his city Saturday accompanlodjby General Manager Galloway , General Suporlnlont Smith , Mr. II , D. Plko , and also by Messrs. LDVO and acil Oanficld who always travel with the Adams party. Mrs , Adams and party , accompanied by Mr. Millet , the painter , Dr. and Mrs. Qulncy , of Boston , have continued west ward , and will spend the summer months touring among the mountains. The special train bearing the Adams party was expected hero about 5.30 , bnt naa delayed en the road. It was to late when ' Mr. Adams repaired to his room In the ' Mlllard hotel that ho steadily de clined to bo soon by any of the reporters for the morning papers and they wcio forced j to content thomeclvcs with a passIng - I Ing gllmpao of the great man as ho strode ' up and down the rotunda while tie names were being registered oy the acrtbu of the pirly. A BEE reporter having made up hla mind to intenlow the great 0. F. A. , Jr. , wended his way to the Union Paci fic headquarters a few mlnntos befoio 12 o'clock to-day , and took up his post ont- aldo of tbo room of the general manager , with whom Mr. Adams lies been In close conference all d&y. After waiting pa tiently for about n quarter of an hour , Mr. Adams came out of the room , and started out Into the hall at a pace which clearly indicated that ho scented danger of sosio kind or another. lie had nc. walked very far , however , baforo the BEE man had caught up with him. "Aha ! my young friend , " murmured the great man aa the reporter stood before fore him waiting for the Interview togur- glo forth spontaneously , "Aha ! what cin 1 do for you ? " "I am a reporter for the BKE , aad uhould Hko very much " "You era a reporter ? Then filr , go' d day,1' ' and Obarlos Francis Adams started . tt make his cccipo. Ho waa too tlow , however ' ! , nnd waa cgaln confronted by the interviewing fiend. , "Mr. Adams , I notice that you have been quoted by the Denver pipora aa having made at two different times state ments diametrically opposed to each other statements which " "Not sruprlolng at all , sir. Not sur prising at all. I have been shamefully , treated by the weatern newepapera have been made to make statements which 1 never uttered or never even thought of. What do you refer to ? " "You are quoted at ono time as having said , in speaking of .MOVING THE OMAHA SHOP * to Denver that the company hat fall contemplated such a thing , and would have done BO bnt for the labor troubloa In that city , and In another Interview , you are said to have remarked that the company never has had any each Inten tion. " "Tho fact of the nutter is , " replied Mr. ] Adams , "that 1 never made any euoh statement aa the ftirmer never dreamed of saying it. It la ridiculous. Yon need never have any fear that the main ahopa of the Union Pacific road will bo removed to Denver , flow can they bo removed ? The main Interests of the : road ara centered hero , the head quarters are , and to think of removing the ahops from Omaha would bo rldlcn- loua. What I did Bay , nnd what prob ably gave rlso to the published atato- ments you refer to , waa that the Union Pacific wanted to enlarge and improve the shop facilities at Denver , which are now none of the beat. " "Supposing such Improvements or ad ditions were made , would the scale of the Omaha shops ba reduced1 ? "No , It would have no more effect than wonl2 < similar changes or Improvements our Kaneas Olty shops. " "What do you think of the prospects the Union Pacific throwing out a now line Into northern or northwestern Ne braska ? " " 1 cin't s y anything very defiallo to you on that point. Wo want to do all wo ciu : for Nfibraeko and do what Is right for the Intorosls of the state. But the Union Pacific has no money at present and cin't build any such linos. " Aftci reiterating that ho had no views which ho cared to communicate to the pfcBfl , ilntho was tired of answering questions "What do you think about tola , or what do you think about that ? " Mr. Adama waved hla hand In pracoful adieu : and disappeared around the hall. ! Since lu&vlng hero about dayj ago Mr , Adams hai boo never over and Inspected the untlro Union Ptto'fic system between the Meaourl | river and Laramlo , which lakes In the Kansaa Pacific from Kansas Olty to Oheyonno and all cf Us branches , Wherever ho went the people mot him with propositions for various Improve ments , and all received assurances that the Union Paclfio would on the look out for their best Inter- ols and advancement , Mr , Adama' 'iorea regarding the building of viaducts this city have already boon sot forth him In a personal letter to the mayor , it ia presumed the committee of conn- illmon and citizens who called nn htm oforo will do so again while ho hero. Mr , Adama will probibly leave the oaat to day. THE VIADUCT MATTEK. "No , " s id Mr. Galloway , In anawor reporter's ipqalry yeBtsrday , 'com- ilttoo from tlio council , appointed to IBCUBB the viaduct quettlon , hea not yet In nn appearance , Yea ; I understand I h&vo boon delegated with full owcr to act in the matter. All I can now Is that the Union 'aclfic company la ready and willing bcarlts Bharo of the ojponao of con- tructing viaducts. Wo want to buvo ninUer amicably settled. Yet I don't jothouaoof contracting vhductu and have the dangers which exist at Tenth atreot crossing. Yen , 1 think present evils ought to bo remedied In way. Farther than that , I don't to say anything , The matter will disposed cf In the regular couno of JBlllCflB. " " " " Tlio Wenlhor In Now York. YOUK , July Is , The weather here to. Is sultry and close. Thermometer at , 'JO. Up to that hour , to-duy , ilx caaoa BUiibtroko were reported to tlio health . Tlio reports thia ueok eliow 1,01V aUieiu [ the oily against 870 the corwpond week last year. Of Una nunil , r UU5 were diarrL-i 4 dUtuuet , Uld vsvtu thlldrou five ycura of ugo.