Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, August 22, 1882, Page 4, Image 6
The Omaha Bee. rnb'jhed every morning , except Sunday Kh on.y MonilAj" morning dully. TllUMS BY MAIL Ono Y r $10.00 I Three Months. 5S.OO 8U Months o.OO | Ono . . 1.00 CHK WEEKLY BEE. published ev- TEHM8 TOST 1'AID OneYear $2.00 I ThreoMonths. . 60 IrMcMlis. . * 1.00 I Ono . . 20 AMEHICAM NKWB Co irANT , Sole Agents or Newsdealers In the ? TnlU > d Statca. COHRKSPUNDKNOE All Commnnl tiou relatim ? to New ftnd Edltorlnl mat- era riiould bo iwldroMod to the Kniron or . H MN UI IV. BUS1VIK3 LETTE118 All u .u tetters mid RcrnlUnncefl should be od- JresKoil to THE Bin POTUBHINO Con- TAUT , OMAHA. Draft * , Checks und Post- Oico Ortlon to be mndo pnyaule lo tlio rdor of the Company ] iho BEE PUBLISHING 00 , , Props 81 nOSEWATER. Editor. SEATS on the New York stock ex- .D _ nro selling for $33,000. Noth- pays so well as legalized robbery. TUB Clovolnnd LtaJtr risea to re mark that there in great comfort in tlio fact that not hnlf of tlio congress men nominated can bo elected. boliovcs that the early , Jaird catchia the firat worm. Success ful applicants for pension oflico clerk ships nro already receiving hin 2 per cent circulars. AN enormous npplo and pcaih crop of Texas ia stimulating the establish p ment of stills for the manufacture of b poach nnd apple brandy. Texan pro u ducers nro predicting as n result that d brandy will bcoomo no cheap and com tlh mon place as wino in Franco. Some h measures ought At once to bo adopted O'H to docrcaso Texan crops of apples nnd H ponchos in the interests of prohibition , nlV . as Governor St. John's ' gospel has not nltl yet become popular among the cow tlfc fc . boys. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ tl Co i. . BLISS * opening argument in tlP' the star route trial disclocod a number P'bi of striking oxmnplca of the methods ni by which reckless nnd unscrupulous nibt contractors swindled the government co by lulUting mail carrying contracts ! coN beyond their legitimate proportions. oo Per oxamplp , one route which pro fn duced a rovonua r > f fjbotlt $700 n year Si was "expedited" by Brady BO that ch from costing $8,288 a year , jt cost be $72 , D20. Another route , over which ca jiino postal cards nnd. twenty-nino let in i ters wci'o ' carried in eighteen day" ? ; vrlmi was "expedited1 , so that the sum of mi $40,000 was added to its annual cosh lii Such barefaced robbery of coursu can th not bo defended and the indicted thTl Tl jicamps rely only on a failure of the government to show that the corrupt management of the mails was a part or Gins of a conspiracy , to defraud the nation. f ns CONKIiING AND CORNELL. ar The damaging accusations brought ii against Iloscoo Conkling by the Albany op /ownaf and the M6worlc 'wc * nb 1)Biir oh their face the evidence of nil their truth. In effect they charge that the ox Bonator , acting as the paid mi attorney for Jay Gould , tried to brlbo ,0 Governor Cornell to sign a bill reliev io ing the Pacific Mail company of $900- ar arm 000 in taxation and to give his assent m to a bill of the same character on behalf - pc half of Jay Gould's'olovatcd railroads. sk The 'lima says that in representing the &r elevated roads Mr. Conkling was in &rPi Ilia suavcst mood , ready to lot bygones is i isy genes , political or otherwise , bo bygones y < genes , but most persistently pleading r that horc , in sooth , was the turning vile viw point of his life , and that between the w liberal fee which ho would earn and le leIi the railroad speculation ! of which ho Ii IiC would have the benefit , by securing C the governor's signature to the bill , 0 ! " ho might in a vary brief time gain a II \ - IIOl respectable competency. The ox Ol \ 1 senator cajoled , and the ox-senator OlP - threatened , but the governor was I ] firm , and lloscoo Conkling loft the executive chamber no longer the concealed , but the avowed and open foe , politically and personally , of Alonzo 1) . Cornell. " The charge is of the gravest nature , It appears to come directly from Gov. Cornell himself. It is liboloua il untrue , and for social , political and ' legal reasons it must have boon well weighed before being made public. Gov. Cornell's political future would undoubtedly bo forever ruined ' by making a false charge : and the presumption h thai lie must have had the means of justifying him before hoepoko out As might have boon expected Mr , Clonkling makes an emphatic denial of Governor Cornell's charges. Ho fortifies himoolf with a statement from Jay Gould to disprove the char . gts made by Governor Cornell. Where - ; uuchaflit contradiction is made the " . publicmust reaoh conclusions by comparing - ' paring motives. The only possible motive Governor Cornell could have ' in prefwring such grave charges against Mr. Conkling would bo a bid for the support of anti-monopoly republicans. Mr. Cornell already enjoys thok confidence of the anti nonopoly people , flis vetoes of the elevated railroad swindle and hia ap proval of the railroad coninmsioncr bill have assured him the support oi anti-monopolists. On the other band , Mr. Cpukluig's motive * for denying ( ho charges are ' patent to every body , llo ii' accused , 1 * * of an attempt lo corruptly influence the conduct of the chief executive of Now Ynrk , and ho must deny tno charge just s any other man accused of cnino before n tribunal would plead not guilty. Mr. Gould being in the ditno boat with Conkling as nn alleged accessory also promptly comes to the front with his denial. Pubho opin ion will incline to the belief that Governor Cornell hnd no motive for concocting such grave charges , and Mr. Conkling will have to produce bettor proof than Jay Gould's denial to discredit Governor Cornell. Mr'Conkling's capture by Jay Gould la another instance of the policy of the monopolies to secure for their per- aonal ends the ablest and most influ- oncial men of the country. Five years ago Mr. Conkling pronounced in favor of the principles of anti-monopoly. Ho declared to the certain knowledge of the editor of this pnpor that the rights of the people as against the corporations was the rising issue of the day , end declared limsolf ready to lead in n campaign , In which anti-monopoly would bo the battle cry. So well defined was his position on the question that , the Na tional strenuously anti-monopoly league ously supported Mr. Conkling'o candi- iicy aguinst Chancoy M. Dopow in the contest for the United States sen- itorahip , at Albany. THE UEB was .lion opposed to Mr. Conkling because t believed that the issue was simply ivhotlicr lloscoo Conkling or lames A. Garfield should bo ircsidont of the United Stated , Hit it gave him credit for Bound views ipon those tjucstiona which are in liapulo between the corporations and ho people of this country. Since lis retirement from political life , how- ivcr , Mr. Conklmg'a ' actions have bo icd his former words. Ho wan the .ttornoy of the Northern Pacific nt rVashington when the land grants of hat corporation were in danger of ' ovfoituro by Oongreon. lie advocated ho interests of the steamship com- nnioa ' when the iirst Douster steerage ill was killed by the presidential veto nd during the past fuw montlta ho him eon the retained attorney of , jvcral railroads in the recent suite in Cow York praying for n mandamus la impel them to rcceivo and transport' ' eight blockaded by the late strike , uch a record is corroborative of the ; largos of Gov. Cornell that ho lias . , L'cotno a venal tool of Jay Gould and mnot but injure Mr. Gonklinp greatly the estimation of many of these ' h.9 were formerly hia oteadfast ad- irers , while it will certainly preclude hi ii election to any oflico of roprcaonta- vo trust in the future. HE ENGLISH COMMANDER. Pluck nnd luck , so say Unglish ritics , have combined to give Sir larnot Wolsoloy his proront eminence commandor-in-ohlef of the British tl rmy in Egypt. For the first time in is career fBir G-irnot is afforded an pportunity of testing whether his la rilitios , heretofore exorcised in minor Tdira , will bo equal to the coi ; < Juct of bi great ( campaign. His fcm0 haa boon iado , up to the present time , as a ador ! of expeditions against untamed trees. Ho is now at the head of an ) rmy of 40,000 man , in command of a lost important mission against BU- orior forcoj , and on a field where his fill , experience and judgment ro likely to bo put to a aevero and retracted test. Sir Garnet Wolsoloy now at the beginning of his fiftieth oar , thirty years cf which have boon pent in active service. His first nor- : ice was in the Burmese war of 1852 , rhoro ho received eovoro wounds as t uador of the storming party.a . n 1851 ho landed in the c /'rimea whore he served in the trench- a before Sebastopol , and while charg- tig an advanced position was danger- wounded about the head , com pelling hia retirement on sick leave | , Jo gained distinction in the Indian d imtiiiy , served in the Chinese war in I1 [ 800 and was present at thu taking of ho Taku forts. Colonel Wolsoloy'a : irat independent mcvement was dur- ng the Hod river diilloulty in Canada , vhen ho conducted a mixed force vith considerable skill through in unknown country. In 1872 10 commanded the expedition igainst the Ashanteos with romark- ) iblo vigor of decision and an excel- oncy of generalship which won him a 'nluablo sword , the freedom of the ity of London , the thanks of both i louses of parliament , a grant of § 125 , 100 and the oiler of a barcnotoy , vhich ho declined. One of Sir Gar lot's most prominent excellencies as a nilitary man up to the present time iv ms boon his great knowledge of the juartermaater and commissary de partments. His troops in their nrious campaigns have invaria- jly boon perfectly equipped Mid imply supplied , and it is reasonable o auppose that the present English irmy of invasion in Egypt will sulfur 'rum no such blundering and iuit > man igcuiont as that which so seriously mpaired the success of the operations n the Crimea. Besides his military [ imployment Sir Garnet has hold im < lortunt civil posts under the colonial illlco. In 1874 ho was sent on a pooiol mission to Natal , and for BOV- I iral montha was ad interim governor o if the colony. In 1870 ho was a Appointed a member of thu Council of n t 'udia , and in 1878 high commissioner t nd Commander-in-chief of the Island v of Cyprus. In 1879 , after the Is landlwhana catastrophe , ho went oil as high commissioner of the Transvaa and Natal , and reorganized the affair of ulu1atid. Sir Garnet was made captain 1855 , major in 18C8 , lieutenant co ! onol in 1859 , and colonel in 18G5 From 1874 to87C ho wai commandt of the auxiliary forces , with the ran ! of inspector general. On his return from tfululand , in 1880 , ho wan ap pointed quartermaster general at th Ilorao Guards , and lately aucctedci Sir Charles Ellis us adjutant genera of the army. His first move in successfully throw ing the dust into Arab ! s eyes , whili ho took possession of the entire courai of the Siur. canal , on behalf of tin British government , is an cxploi which argues well for hia career in the now lield , where ho will win either diegraco or n dukedom They Do. Uifld City IiepublUn. Vuloiitino voted to pats the $19 , 000,000 steal over thu president's veto. Let the people rcmcmbor it. Sweet Soutuorn Revenge. Atlanta Institution. Shells of dynamite in the shape ol Florida watermelons are still patsing northward. The south is reaping uteri tori i bio revcngo. Where tno Talk Will End. Buffalo Truth. Sman 13. Anthony will talk wo- mon'a ' rights to the Toxins until some horned iinimal steers for her , and then she will shout for u man to protect her. "BllBB and Knox I Whut Nonsonsol' Springfield IIO ( tibll : n. Wonder if Dorsoy wrote that letter to Garfiuld about the time ho is said to have called Spencer into his room to witness a silent transfer of nn on- vclopo of $1,000 bills to Brady ! The Hume ( Man. Denver Tribune , Gen. George B. McClollan has writ < m n paper suvorcly criticising HIP English methods in Egypt. George is the man , you know , who horoicalJy lug celery trenches around Richmond in the very face of two dozen wooden : annons. Proparlnjt for the Next Clrcua. 'inclniml Knqulrcr. There will bo thirty-four moro rep- csontativos mid dologntos in tlio next iongrcEs than in I ho present. Undo uatn will have to follow the example si by other enterprising manager ; , ind erect a tent with two center- oca. ] Jonontli the Rule of won Entirely BmnU. 'tv York Bt f < When Mr. Tilden has passed away iis memory will etiti ben fivg'MntjreJii- nisconco in the hearts of the people , fho will worship nnd love him as tht uthor and originator of thu famous i irovorb : "Tho bar'l is creator than ho ballot. " ; Would Hitvo Disturbed GoorRo. lil ! iklphl-limes. Washington said in 1770 : "I lament ho fatal policy of the p.tatoa of em- iloying their ablest men at home. " f he hnd lived in the e d ye ho would amont the moro fatal policy of send * ug so many hard drinker * , salaryT rabbors and harbor billera , more IS leers and blusterers , to attend to nat ional affairs. t An Egyptian Idyl , ti lublln llallni. tib n ISgvp'/a banks , contagioun to the Nile , ii treat Pharaoh'a duuphtur went to batbo in style ; 8ti Vnd ax Hlie ran about tn dry her rovnl nlcin tit ihu kic'-cd I ho bulrush that had llttlo t Mou'ea in. n : Vt that ovtnt mirpriflcd , awhiln * lie etud nc no n alienee gazing nt thu wicred find ; I'lien tnrnlii ) , ' to her maiilH she said in ac c t cent'mild : 'Blood an * OK'IH. sirls , which of ycz otvna aChe the child ? " ab Cho Solid South Not Hopelessly Split , j1 iov.l nil Herald ( lup. ! ) There are yet two years in which , .0 putty the cracks and put iron bands h iround the cold south , and whenever .vork cim bo put in to advantage it is g ) urtain the bourbons will bo busy , rtio shot-gun may have lost its effect , ' lUt the fraudulent register , the tissue , ballot and the false count can still bo lopended on as valuable instrument- ilitioei , and legislative enactments Imvo been found to work admirably in lisfranclnaing republican or indo- icndont vott r . A Word In the Tolophono'a Eur. lil v'o HcralJ. The telephone is ono of the won- lors , ns it is also ono of the nuisances if the ago. Up to a hundred miles or 10 it annihilates space , nnd in the iliort period of a twelvemonth it is warranted to reduce the best Chris Jan ia the land to thu most abject profanity. A man swearing nt a yoke f oxyn en n cxorcieo his lungs and ilso bit boots upon the obstinate cat tle. Ho can makn the woods ring uul the landtjcupo shudder with im precations , lint thu outraged mnn at telephone has to swear internally , which is as dangerous no an internal luunorrhago. lie often forgoU himself - self , and appeals in beseeching tones to the central ollica for help , but is only rewarded by a callous reply from tliin voice that tha wires are out of nrdpr or somebody's line is across his. As if ho did not know that before. Railroad Tns Shurperfl. I'hlladutplili ficn. [ Thu republicans of Kansaa call upon the National government to rcliovo their state from un outrageous imposi tion practiced by thu land grant rail roads there and elsewhere , Tlio rail road companies have their lands listed , by which they are withdrawn from settlement ami scoured to the roade , but the latter refrain from taking nut latents and perfecting their titles until they are about ready to sell the [ lands , whioh remain in the meantime exempt from taxation , In this way millions of acres or railroad land in Kaunas and in other western states jnjoy un hunuinity from all taxation , although owned not by the govern ment but by these private corpora tions. The latter are enabled there if by to hold the lands indefinitely , while they yearly appreciate in value without costing thnr owners a cent i vtytf nx-itoi. The late republica htnto convention in Kaunas asks con gress to correct this by compelling th railroads to take the patents to thci Und at once , and the legal title thu pissing from the government , tht thereby become taxable. It is marvel that ruch a palpable o.vasio on the part of the railroads of thci liability no land owners has been BUI fered so long. The ThUd District. Kcsrnoy I'reM. In the Third congressional diattic the Press presents a gentleman we ! known in Buffalo county , and Nobras kn , In no doing , we desire to stat at the outset that our candidate ha untorcd thu race to stay , and win th nomination , and his name is HJII. E 0. Calkins. Mr. Calkins served .on term in the legislature as senator , am mndo an excellent record. He is n.or o r , nn old soldier , having servcc with honor and credit during the wa of the rebellion , Upon the grca questions which must become tin prominent and pre-eminent question of political economy in the near future viz : that of transportation , the taril nnd taxation of corporate property , ho is with and for the people , am should the republicans of this district nominate and elect him to cotigrufis , he will bo found in thu fron rank of those who will bo over vigilani to defend the weak against the strong , lie is ono among thu ablest lawjors it : the State , n ready and forcible do bntor , and n contloman of as souuc judgment na our State can boast , am wo bolitivo that every citizen of Buf falo county should take an honest pride in giving him n unanimous en dorsement , and in sending u delega tion to Fremont who will vote for him first and last , and who will have no nccond choice. It ia only by Bonding such men to nominating conventions that success is ever achieved. Now that Mr. Calkins is fairly in the field , lot it bo thu business of every friend who buliuvea that wo should nend a delegation ia his interest , to work with that end in view , and not bo deceived by parties who are laboring to give the delegation to un outsider. Whether are wo Drifting. People who were at the train on Tuesday ovcning noticed a young man who were a look of chastened joy and his hair long. Ilia hair was hia chief attraction , hanging down his back in wuvy ringlotu and tied with a piece of pale blue ribbon. At first the city marshal was going to arrest him for wearing men's clnthec , but pretty soon ho discovered that it wore a iliuht mouBt.icho that looked like the Hull on a Z 0. M. I. poach. This young man was bound for Idaho , where ho is a mining expert and ter ritorial masher. When a mining expert gets to do ing hin hair up with a blue ribbon , he wild romance of our mighty wear i [ jlnj-nd out. If the time has arrived ivhoii Indian fighters , trappersguides md miners wear coraets and drink ihocolato , the jpy of the free and V\rltfjfj ! \ frontier ia a thing o ! the pift 4 iliioilOW wo hop" & tuttt tiild maii was fraud , and that the characteristic nstler of the Rocky mountains is not , oing to travel over the p'ains with an : smbioiderud night nhirt and a fresh awn tie for every day in the week. 3nco the plain&man rode nil dny on ho lookout for Indiui.e and at night > nckotod liis broncho and ate a chuuck if ault pork or nothing ut all and slept f the Indiana would let him , Now tlmOB have changed it scorns , Cho cnft-eyed eorapli , fiesli from the tfow England store , p.tclcajiup his ooth < brush and camplur ice and goo vhero ulory waits him. It ii death o < the dime novul trade and annihiU- ion to the funny busineEa of the jlood-curclling west. All a man needs n these days in order to become a juido and win glory is a wealth of ( uiir and n gold mounted revolver. If his : thing continues the old "squaw imn" will eventually enter the camp ) f the hostile in a plug hat and a ) adot blue coat cut so high in the tail .hat : it won't be safe for him to wear m open back shirt. Buckskin with jacon rind placquos on it , has gone jut of date , ucd the man whoso regu lar beverage was atrychnino and alkali ; water , has disappeared almost from ' ho green plains of this lofty altilood- euui. Good bye , bravo men of the gladsome west. There are only two ( r three of us loft , and wo have to ; iVi'iir glasses and dress in the modern 'arb of this artificial generation. One jf these daya there won't bo valiant JUBSOS enough loft to protect our wo men and children from the hostile col lege student. Railroads nnd the State , inn Francisco Chronicle. It is the fashion in railroad circles [ to appeal to the cupidity of mankind by the pluuaiblo argument that rail . ivuys enrich the State in the enhance ment of the value of land und the ad- iitions made by the roads themselves to the taxable find productive proper ) ty of the country. Thus n railroad , journal treats iin readers to some ex . tracts from a speech made 1 J an ox- Governor of a western State , to the ; affect that the 8 GOO miles of railway in the State of Illinois , being estimated ) it about $40,000 per inilo , have added ; over 8320,000,000 to the property of that State ; that they earn 850,000 , DOO a year ; employ 00,000 men , to whom they pay yearly wages amount ing to 825,000,000 , and that their un- ) tire operating expenses ore $30,000- 300 , It is further assumed that these 3,000 miles of road have increased the I'uluo of land to the extent of $10 an icro , and this makes an aggregate in ) crease of the wealth of the State in ' limdod property , duo to railroads , of ; 5350,000,000. "This , " says the ox- juvcrnor , with much ostentation , "ia more added to the wealth of the State by the railroads than the railroads all 33St. " ) There ia some truth but moro dolu- ion in all thu. It in true , fur instance x tlmtnuUaya honestly managed , and with duo regard to the rights of those tvho use Miem , do add very much to the value of the property of the poo- ilo. Lriml situated one hundred miles ; From market , if its produce had to bo liauled with mules , horaea , or oxen that distance , would not bo worth nearly as much as land but five or ton miles from market. And railway , liowevor , that would deal fairly with the producer might make it worth within a small pur cent as much. But thu railway service were conducted an the average principal ruling these iorporations , namely , to tat the pro- ducer the full difference between th valup of his produce ns his own dee and its value nt the market , it is na clear ns demonstration that tbo valu of his land would not bo Rreatly , if n nil , enhanced by reason of the railway The other sophistry in the nruumen worthy of exposure is that railways d not , ns is assumed , increase the taxa bks of n state to anything like the ! estimated value Take Illinois as nn illustration. Her whole Uxablo val utsinl880 were but $830,000000 Of this amount but $100,000,000 wa personal property. II ill ways nr taxed as personal property. If the ; were taxed at full value their apgrc gate assessment would bo $320 000 , 000. It is in fact less than $50,000 , 000 ; less th n ono-sixth the ossunie < yaluo of a property that yields a ne income of moro than $20,000,000 a year , nfter paying nil expenses o ovcry kind. This is moro than 0 po c > nt on a capital of $320,000,000 Private property does not yield more tlnn this in nny state ; yet it is the rule in Illinois to nssess ordinary priVAte VAto property nt from 50 to 70 pe cent of its full cash value , while it i : the rule of the railroads to have thoii properly nsseesed at but 10 to 18 poi cunt of its cash valuo. The sanio ruli obtains in nearly every state that i ridden down by these corporations but most of all in the Pacific states where four men own nnd control nl Lho railroads south of Oregon. No man over yet objected to rail roads because they nesist development. . No man is S0 big a fool ns that , Everyone admits that they do nssinL development and do contribute largely to the general wealth of a state where ; hcy nro mnnnged with duo regard to the general welfare. The objections are only urged against that by far too largo number of railway jorporations , which , like locuats , ice , and other parasites , demand nut eat up all that accrues from them , und nt the same time , by corrupting or intimidating the body politic , evade their just sharp of the taxes and their other duties in the state. Every sensible man who has lived in this state for twenty years knows that the railway have not added substantially to the value of property They have lot , simply because they have taken : o thomsulves , with the hard hand of n Pharaoh or n Csuiar , all the benefits derivable from them. The value of real estate has not increased , nt all in miportion with their extension. Wherever it has increased , it has done o in apito of their opprcxsions. They hould hnvo added over $100,000,000 ; o the taxables of the etato. They lave not , directly or indirectly , added $10,000.000. They should pay taxes m $70,000000 They do not , in act , pay on $7,000,000. As all they lave was given to them by the public , hey should bo grateful and afford us ho cheapest rates of any road in the Jnion. They are in all respects un- ratclul , insolent , arrogant , corrupt- ig nnd cluuivo of their duties to the tate and the pooplo. Mr. Poor'6 Hallway Report. rn Utro t't > . Jn our iasug f Ji y 22 gome C-OM- aiiion * were given from Mr , Henry ; V. Poor's Manual of the frilll'onds of ho United States for 1882 , allowing ho ducreaeo in railway freight rates Tom year to year. Concerning this . Jeoreaeo nnd Mr. Poor's conclusions iheratrom , reference is re ado further > n. The R.iilwny Manuel may be did to stand hlouo as a compend of nformation upon rail way matters , and vo avail ourselves of the statistics therein to prcacnt some nd litii hil facts of interest beating upon ho developments of the past year The activity iirrailcoad alf ns dur- ng the year 1881 was extraordinary , tfino thousand three hundred and ifty-eight milca of railroad were built - ' -tho greatest number for any ono rear. The coat of the lines construct- d durinc the year was § 233 750 000. * Vbout § 75,000,000 were expended on f inca in progress , and $100,000,000 * ii old roads , improving their tracks , uilding now atutipno , otc. The total imoimt expended in construction dur- ng the year would approximate in ound numbers $400,000,000. It is ixppoted that the mileage to bo opened u 1882 will equal that for 1881. Up o o the 1st of Juno , 1882 , 3 077 miles ivero opened , as agains 1,731 miles 'or the same period in 1881. The ' railroad miltmco nearly doubled in the roars from 1870 to 1881. The gross arninpa of all the roads in operation in the United States in 1881 amounted to § 725,325,119 , an increase over the : previous year of $109,923,188. ; fheir net. earninga were § 270 , 354,119 , as against $255,193 , in 1880 , an _ increase of ( P t over $21,000,000. The aKi-regato jurront expenses were 8449,005.071. Fho amount of interest paid on ; undod debts during the year wua 5128,887,002. Ninety-three millions , .hrcu hundred and torty-four thou- mnd two hundred dollars were paid in lividenda in 1881 , as compared with : 577,115,411 in 1880. The cost of puratint the railroads for the year vas $449,505,071 , or 02 per cent of .hoir yros3 earnings. The number of persons employed in operating them ho past year averaged about twelve to tbo mile of operated line , or 1,200- )00 in all. The number employed in onstruction was about 400,000 , mak- ng the total number of employes ibout 1,000,000. The number of uiles in operation in 1881 was 104,813 , is against 93,071 in 1880 , an increase f 11,142 miles. ; In the introduction to his manual , Poor endeavors to prove that on the isrt of the railroads no monopoly has existed in fact , nnd that "in no kinds f business baa reduction of charges . 'or aorvico pei formed been so great ns hat made by railroads , and that to moh reduction is the vast prosperity md enormous wealth of our country ilmost wholly duo. " The tone of this s that of the advocate. The necessity f a dufonso of the existing railroad lystent does not seam to have been rcud upon Mr. Poor by any circum- itancea of the work in which ho was uigagod. But perhaps ho himself felt that eoirething in the way of npology was needed , Lot us examine ho grounds of the defense. The ovi- ionco presented is that from year to [ fear the ratea of transportation have jeen reduced. When ono con- lidors the number , complexity and interdependence- farces and inter- uts in the modern community , that nust ba regarded as a somewhat itraugo statement which attributes 'ainoat wholly" to the action in one lirootion of a single , though powerful , ntorett "tho vast prosperity and enor- mous wealth of our pooplo. " Perhaps if Mr. Poor's zisal were somewhat wider and moro many-sided it mig'i bo equally apparent to him that th carrying intorcst could scarcely havi grown unless there was eomothing ti bo carried. While the railroadman agora have been laboring to build u the vast prosperity of the country nituro and huma i labor , co operating hnvo been also doing sormuhiii ; throughout the country , nnd especial ly along the wustorn Hun of th "march of empire. " Indeed , from some incautious rouiarka of Mr Poor , it is plain that com notion of this had at time boon present to hia own mind. H says that the solo condition of incrcas of tonnage was reduction of ratcp , nnd by acknowledging that the railroad have always charged the freight trail ! over them all it would bc.tr , virtually ndmits that the internal commerce o the country has grown , from other am previous influences , in spite of , quite na much as by , the favor of thb rail rorut people. What other conclusiot could ho himself have drawn from hi statement that "it is a law in business that rates or profits depend upon ac tivity of , or extent of , demand , " anc from his other statement concerning ono of the great railroads , that "it ha always charged nil its business woulc bear , and in obedience to this rule i must , in the face of constantly in creasing competition nnd to moot thi wants of its settlers 2,000 miles in land , continue indefinitely the reduc tion of its rates. " Mr. Poor contends that "thoro can bp no monopoly ii law tht ! construction of railroads is jpoti to all. " That may bo true ; bu the community has of late boot somewhat moro concerned nbou : ho existence of monopolies in act. A now railroad cannot bo buil every day and by t nny body who chooses. The expense is too vnst and the probability of obtaining thu necessary concessions from leglsla urcs , too often interested in main nining the status quo , ia goncralh rather romoto. The existing roadi would scarcely have buon grantee them by the pooplo. Competition na m active practical force is seen to bo imited by such considerations as heso. Now n monopoly may bo erected by the concurring cfTirta ol nany persons , as well as by the act oj m individual. The railways practi cally own the roads on which they travel , and control the t radio on thoau oads. A pooling combination rest- ng on an agreement of thcao carries o maintain certain rates on the roada hey control eiTiicta a monopoly in act , however the same mny bo re garded in law. Bucklm'H .armcH. Salve. The BEST SALVE in the world for Cute Jruifjos , Sores , Ulcers , bait Ilboum , Fe er Sore ? , Tetter , Chapped Hands , Chil ilams , Corns , nnd all skin ernptionn , an' maitively cures lilos. It ia guaranteed tc ivo satiifactfou or inonoy refunded 'rice , 25 coutd per box. For t&\oaby \ C. i" . Go < ntuiaD rohlbltory Coastltnctonal Amend ment Convention. In puraurquQO of the instructions ivnn by the conference ) workers , hold n the city of Lincoln on July 27th , a itato convention of nil who favor sub- nitting to the voters of Nebraska an .raendmont to the state constitution rohibiting the manufacture and sale if alcholic liquors na a beverngo with- n the state , will bo hold in the city of lilucoln on Wednesday , September 3ih , at 4 o'clock p. m. The object if the convention will ba to , First. Perfect the organization of he Nebraska Prohibitory Amend- nont association und elect the olBcers , if tl o same. Second. To arrange for a thorough ystemulic canvass of every precinct u the state. Third. To mnko arrangements for uoh political work as the delegates ireaent may deem necessary to uocuro , ho submission to the voters of the tate of n prohibitory constitutional unondniont. The people of each county who bo- ieve that all government rests upon ho consent of the governed , and that n obedience to this principle of gov- irnment the question of the oxiatonco if the alcoholic liquor trade should bo lubmittod to the people , are requested rrespoctivo of the personal habits , so 'ar as the uao of liquor is concerned , o call a convention and elect dole- jatea to the stuto convention. Each county will bo entitled to ono lolegato-ut-liirgo nnd ono delegate for uoh 500 votca cast in the county nt ho fall election in 1881. The question involved in this cam paign is not the question of prohibi tion | or license or total abstinence , but limply , "Havo the people a right to overn themselves ? " The people nsk the Submission to ilieiu of nn amendment , and to em- ihasizo this report it ia hoped that the friends of a government of the people , ay the people and for the people , will uko otops at once to organize the itato. THE COMMITTEE. True to her Xrust Ton inucn cannot bo said of the over nlthful wife and mother , constantly watching and caring for her dear IIIICH , lover neglecting a viugle duty in their bo- jalf. When they are assailed by disease , uul the Bydtoin ahou d have a thorough sleanslnfj , the stomach anil bowels regu- ated , blocd imiifiid , and malarial poison ixtermiuatad , nho inukt know the that Ivlectrlo liittor.s ara the only sura remedy , riioy nrethe best and .purest ineildue in ho world anil only coat fifty cents. Bold by O. 1 > \ Goodman. IV1U "EOH'NIOAL AND MINING EN- QINEEniNQ.at the Reimelaer Polytech- Institute , Troy , N. Y. Theoldnt oneinvcr- agechool In America Next term eglnt Hep- iiibor Hth Thu ro-1st r .or 18 2 contilmi a Utul the Kradtu'ca for the past 65 jtftra , with hotr pojlih > * ; also c tin cf tuJy , rcijulro ucnta exi > e 8c . rtc. Ail < lro > s DAVID M GREENE , JDlroutor. I. DOUGLAS , ARCHITECT , MPENTER , SDPERINfEHDEHT , &e , all kinds ol Job work done. DLD HUILUINOS IJucoNSTJiccrrKD New buildlnea creitod , I'Uri uJ epcclQca- loni furuMicd 416 Harniy ) at , liet. 14tli&15fcl ] , jyU-flu PIPER HEIDSIEGK CIGARS. OHAHFAOKE FLAVOR , The boat in the country ; for the money. M. A. McNamara , SOLE AGENT lo. 314 S , Fourteenth Street Omaba Are aoknowlodged to ba the best by all who have put thorn to a practical test , ADAITED TO HAtD & SOFT COAL COKE OH WOOD. MANUKACTUUED BY SAINT LOUIS. Piercy fa Bradford , SOLE AGENTS FOH OAfAHA. T- M.- Every Corset la warranted satis factory to Ita wearer In every way , or the money will lie retunilod by tlio person from -whom it was bought. The only Corset pronounced by our Icmllne phvi not Injurious tn tliowearor , andcnuorwilUy Ii the. " mostcomfortablo and rKr'cct Jilting Corset crer PRICES , by Mull , Pontneo Paid ! Health Prcucrvlnc. * 1.00. Self-AuJu.tlnir. 1.B Abdomlnnl ( eztru lionij ) * 2.0U. Nurnlnc , H.SO Health I'rcurvlnit ( Ono roulll ) 48.00. ParaaoB For nale by Icodlnc Jtctnll Dealer * ereryvIicrOt C11ICAGO COKS1JT CO. , Chlcoco , HI. D. WELTY , ( Sincootsnr to D. T. Mount. ) Manafacturcr and Dealer In Saddles , Harness , Whips , FANCY HORSE CLOTHING Mm , Dusters cintl Turf Goods Of ALL DESCRIPTIONS. Agent fo : Jas. R. Hill ft CO.'B " The Best in The World , " Orders Solicited. OMAHA , NEE ice ly EUROPEAN HOTEL , Tlio most contrail locitij hotnt In the cltj. I omi"6j fl.OO , Jl.60antl sJiOlp rday. Firtt Clsed Itcataur nt connected wltti the old. .HURST. - - Prop. Corner Fourth and Locust Streets. Ai-unW tor thu UJoTlinca uad h only tlfo authorized ! > y her , nnd vvli ch will at bo a "lilr.oJ anil Thunder" ulory. such as hu iccDRnlwill 10 ilutillalied , but & true Lite by tic only p man nho la In pi-fo i-lon ol the factg & III hliil and Jevoted wife , Tiuth ti raoro nturostniK than fiction , Airnits should apply or territory at on : o Send 75 cti. for Sam ple Dook. J. H. nhan > lir.r & Co. , Samuel C , Davis &Cor DRY GOODS JOBBER : WashiagtoQ Ave. and Fifth St. , . X ' ST. LOUIS , MO. LAKE FOREST U IVERSITY COLLEGE Tlirco course ! ; open to bo'.h cxej AUADB CU'Blo 1 And Kall3 Glres 10 t o t of train.nci lor ca legs or bu J n FHiKKY HAl.L-seminary for JTounsf ! ! . Unanrpaucil la bonny neil heal hful- CH < of eltu.tio , ami In txioit cf ndfautvo * . ffortJ and thoronshnojj of trainluif lveu. On Ake Mlchigju. Yftir \ > et\ti \ Septembtr 13. 1882. Apply to PREST. QRKaoRY , JjUlceForcBt , 111.