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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 10, 1882)
OIVJAJJLA DAILY BJ4E : FRIDAY FEBRUAilV 10 , 1882.
Deere & Oomp'y.
MANUFACTURERS OF PLOWS , MOLING , ILL ,
Wholesale Dealers in
AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS ,
Council Bluffs , Iowa.
Mtiino Wagon Co , Farm and Spring Wagons ,
Doerofc Mapsur OoOoru Planters , Stalk Gutters , &o , ,
Moliuo Pump Co , Wood and Iron Pumps ,
Wheel & Seeder Co"Fountain , City Drills and Seeders ,
Mechanicsburg Macli , Co , Baker Grain Drills ,
Shawnee Agricultural Co- Advance Hay Eakes ,
Mot Manufacturing OnEureka Power and Hand Shellers ,
Whitman Agricultural CoShellers , Road Scrapers , &o ' I
. Mine Scale Co , Victor Standard Scales ,
A , 0 , Fisli- Racine Buggies ,
AND DEALERS IN
All Articles Required to Make a Complete Stock.
Address All Communications to
DEERE & COMPANY ,
Council Bluffs , Iowa.
W. B. MILLARD. P. B. JOHNSON.
MIlLARD & . JOHNSON ,
COMMISSION AND STORAGE !
1111 FARNHAM STREET ,
OMAHA , - - - NEB.
OMAHA HATIONAL BANK ,
STEKLE , JOHNSON & CO. ,
TOOTLE , MAUL & CO.
STEELE , JOHNSON & CO. , -
AND JOBBERS IN
Flcur , Salt , Sugars , Canned Goods , and
All Grocers' Supplies.
A Full Line of the Best Brands of
AID lUUEACIUEED TOBACCO ,
Agents foi'BEHWOOD NAILS AND LAFLItl S EAND POWDER CO ,
THE JELM MOUNTAIN
nr I i V
Mining and ( Milling Company.
Capital - fSW.OOO. .
Capital Sock , 11.000,000
Par Valuool Shares. ? 2C,000 ,
NSTOCK. FULLY PAID UP AND NON-ASSESSABLE
\ iMines Located in BRAMBL MINING DISTRICT.
| . ; J 'L THOMAS , 1'iouiduiit , Cummins , Wj-oiuliijr.
. . . . .
\ . K. T11.TO.V , Vloe.Prcwidont , Ounimliui , Wyoming.
. HARWOOD , Socrrtary , Curoinlns , Wyou Ing.
A. n LUNN , TfCMiiror , < 3inninin ,
Dr. J. I. Thoica . l.oula JSlllor \V. S. llroencl. A. O. Dunn.
. . . . . .
CC.N. Harwood. FranoU Lcavena. Ouo. II. Vtlon. Lewie Xolman.
. . . .
lr. J. C. Walking.
nc22mom OEO. W. KENDALL , Atthorlzuil Afcnt for Sale of Stock ; llo- ' > nm.h Neb.
FOSTER & CRAY ,
LUMBER , COAL & LIME ,
On River Bank , Bet. Farnhara and Douglas fits. ,
HALL'S SAFE AND LOCK CO ,
Fire and Burglar Proof
- - ,
OOZCS , 4fc
1020 Farnham Street ,
CHEAPER THAN MATCHES ,
Thd Roady-Mndo i ± as of Brnd-
ford , Pft , Utilleod by
Vn Abundant Supply of lllumlnuthig
Gna Unit Never Falla-Hllla thtvt
nro Tipped With Flro.
\ stranger in Urnilfortl oncu , BOO-
that , no mutter where ho went
bout tlio city , lie found ilio gna burn-
IIL' nt full hoiul in every store nml
utlding in broad daylight , askud a
"Why do you keep your ijan hurli
ng in thu day tiniol"
"To save matches , " said the Hrad-
Thi ) stranger believes tlio native
wna lying. . Strictly srtonking , ho waa ;
but , tigurativoly , ho was simply giv-
'ho atraugor an idea in an epigram-
uatio way of the clu'Jipneas of light in
Jradford. The stranger didn't know
hat the gas ho saw blazing on every
ivory hand at noonday came ready for
so from a natural reservoir two
.housnnd foot beneath the surface of
, ho earth just beyond the city. Ho
wasn't prepared for the ntatcmcnt
: lmt its cost was so small that ovory-
l > ody thought the time consumed in
burning it elf at night and turning it
on agnin the next night was worth
nero than the gas consumed by con-
; imml burning. But that was what
they told him , and it was true.
NATURAL ( JAM.
The drilling of oil wells is always at
tended by the appearance of inflam
mable gas in larger or smaller quanti
ties , altlnu 'h its presence docs not
necessarily argue the existence of pe
troleum. Thus natural gas has been
used for many yeira both for fuel and
light in Liverpool , Ohio , but there is
no petroleum there. The develop
ment of 'the' Pennsylvania oil regions
has been aucomplishcd with greater
economy because of the easy adapta
bility and cheapness of natural gas as
fuel. .Bradford and most of thu towns
in thu oil region are limited and heated
by natural gas. The places where gas
is found unobstructed by any How ol
oil are called "gas streaks. " They
are extensive in the Bradford tiold.
Gas is found in greater volume in the
the third-oil sand , in the first ( iftuon
feet of that stratum , although it is
present , in all three of thu sands it :
some wells. Third-aand gas is dis
covered at a depth of from 1,000 to
2,200 feet , according to location. Gas
tornrory is woith from § 150 to S30 (
an aen > , and the wells are drilled pro
ciaely as oil wells aro.
The gas supply of Bradford am
vicinity is controlled principally by
the Ivoyatono Gas company and the
Bradford Gaslight and llcatiiu ; com
nany. They are chartered by tin
state. The latter company supplies
Bradford with light and fuel. It has
six wells , three on what is known as
the Itixford gas streak , seven miloe
southeast of the city , and three 01
the West Branch streak , two miles
southwest of the city The gas fron
llixford wells is collected in < i larg
iron reservoir at the wells , and i
forced to Bradford in iron pipea six
inches in diameter for four miles o
thu distance , and eight inches diameter
otor the rest of the way. The gas i
turned into u eight-inch main as 1
comes from . .theVest Branch wells
The as reaches the city from thes
wellfl by its natural forco. The Kix
ford gas is forced from the reservoi
by pumps. At Bradford the Wen
Branch gas has a pressure on the mail
of six pounds and n half ( o the inch
the Itixford gas forty pounds to th
inch in the receivers.
UOAV IT IS
Natural gas is conducted through
the Htreots and into the buildings by
the usual gas distributing system , and
is used for light by the ordinary gas
fixtures. The distributing pipes for
gas in the smaller towns are merely
laid on the top of the ground. In
Bradford they are buried. The ap
pliances by which the gas is utilized
for fuul is simply an iron pipe which
counecte with the supply pipe , and
runs into the. stove , grate or range.
Tlio atovo end of the pipe is perfor
ated. A stop cook is attached to the
pipe on thu outside of the stove.
When a lire is wanted a turn is given
to the cock , a lighted match is thrown
into the stove , and the firois kindled.
Natural gas ia more expensive now
thtui when it first came into use in
Bradford. It is not measured , A
uniform charge of HO cunts a month
per burner ia mado.to all cotiBumora
for illuminating purposes , with a dis
count of JJO per cunt whore t 'olvo
burners are in uso. Hotels and other
largo consumers are given a discount
from the rate pur do/on burners.
For ML ordinary family cooker
or parlor stoyo thu charge.
per month ia § 4. Largu hcatora and
ranges are charged ? ( > a month. The
quantity of gas consumed for fuel is
regulatw by the size of the holes in
the end of the pipe. In the early
days of lining natural gas in Bradford ,
it was the habit of certain consumers
to incroiisu their supply of fuel by
enlarging the feed hojes. This has
buen made a misdemeanor by law ,
punishable by heavy penalties , Bradford -
ford consumes about ( iOO.OOO cubic
feet pf this gas a day. Until recently
an ordinary otovu would consume
about . ' 100 feet per hour. A dovicu
to regulate and economize the supply ,
without aliecting thu roault in heat
ing power , him coiiiu into use , and ro-
duccd the consumption to from mxty
to Buventy-fivu feet an hour per stiivti.
It is simply a. metallic globo/ three
inches in diamuter , attached to the
tt'jpply pipe outaidu the atovo. Tlo |
globe is perforated , and clmriroa the
gan with air in such a manner as to
prevent extraordinary combustion.
TJIK NATUUAL KJXJW
of gta in the Bradford Jiold has decreased -
creased very * perceptibly within thu
past yoar. Until within half n year
the natural pressure of thu Rhford
wolla wus Bii/liciont / to force nearly
1,000,000 cubic foot of gas to Urad-
ford. Now it requires the artificial
force that an engine of 400-Jiwso
power can furnish to drive gas that
distance. The indicators at the weh )
how that where , 0110 year ago , the
pressure was 170 pounds , it in now
but 2C pounds , "Ktarly 850,000 was
expended in perfecting the machinery
by which the pumping of the gas
from llixford to Brauf6rd waa acooin- 1
pnshed. In spite of the doorcase in
the tots supl'ty ) Itradforn still lots its
gas burn night and day , It is nut on
account of its cheapness now , but the
theory is that the gas which is burned
in daytime would bo consumed in the
waste pipe * and by other waste , ami it
mightas well bo burned in the burn
ers. Hut it certainly looks hko wan
ton waste to see half the buildings
ablnxu with gas at noonday.
Natural gas is a most important fac-
01in lessening the co t of drilling an
n'l well. It UkeB twenty-three to
wonty-llvo days to drill a well. The
; ns companies furnish gas for fuel for
lie boilers. The charge by the Itrail-
ord Gas Comp.uiy is § 1.25 n day for
jach well. Tlio KuyMono Comp.uiy
uakoa a charge of 0 7-10 cents per
out drilled for thu use of gas to lire a
toiler. One dollar per day nor w ell is
ho charge for pumping wells. The
vcystono Company have several him-
Irod wells connected with their a <
inca-225 in the now Allegheny field
done. The companies require mouth
y pay in tulvanco lor stoves and Injht-
ng. Well drillers pay at the end of
each month The gas is used just in
't comes from thu earth , no refining
iroccss being necessary. There are
lilForent qualities of the gaa. Sonic
if it burns \ \ ith nioro or 1
The Bradford gas is especially chau.
I'hog.is ha the odor of petroleum.
Some of iho tvvs wells in the llrad-
ord tiold liavo been romarkublp for
the great force of tlio pa. The 1'ickett
well was remarkable in this respect.
This well is situated on the Hixford
; as streak , seven miles from Bradford.
It waa drilled as an oil well in the
spring of ISliO by 11. E.J'ickctt. Ho
cached thu third sand at n depth of
1,725 foot. At 1,724 feet the gaa vein
was struck. The rush of gaa was so
Tomondous that drilling had to bu
suspended. Thu roar of gas as it
rushed from the well is said to have
been like that of Niagara. The sup
ply was controlled and had a pressure
! > f 140 pounds to the square inch. It
furnished fuel to thirty-livo drilling
wells in the ainmner of 18711 , be-
sido.i running hundreds of thou
sands of cubic feet to wanto. An
engine at the well was run by this
ias instead of steam , BO great jwim it
power. A peculiarity of this well
was that when the gas was in opcia-
turn in the engine ice would form on
the outside ot the cylinder , sometimes
an inch in thickness , in the hottest
days of summer. The shrubbery for
rods about thu well was killed by thu
action of the gas. When the well
was drilling four feet in the Band , all
moisture was evaporated in thu well
by the'gas , and a column ol line ,
white dust was thrown out many feet
high in thu air. Thu well ia still a
good gas-producer , and is on thu
Bradford Gas company's lino. Its
pressure , if confined , would have
registered 500 pounds to the square
inch in 187 ! ) .
Natural gas ia a fruitful sourcu ol
accidents in the oil regions , in the
drilling of wella especially. When
heavy vein of gas ia suddenly struck
in the first or second sand , it is liable
to to ignited by the lamp in the der
rick , tlio forgo , or the fire-box of the
boiler. This is frequently followed
by los" of life and property. The ru-
moval of the boiloi ; and lamp fron
proximity to the well is ottuii no pro
tection against ti iia ; explosionThu
gas will settle to the ground under
certain conditions of thu atmosphere
or bo blown along until it comes 'n
contact with the lamp or tiro.
( IKKKN llANim
Working about the wells occasional ! )
inspect oil wells with lanterns , line
generally pay for their rashness will
Besides its use for warmth am
light , natural gas husbconsuccessfully
utilized in the manufacture of a an
porior quality of carbon lampblack
Professor Edison ia now experiment
ing with this lampblack for use ii
connection with his electric light.
Most of the oil towns are rondoroc
as light as day thu year round by thu
burning of hugo gas juts in thuatreuts
It is a common tiling to see people
sitting at night on their piazzas ii
warm weather and reading or sowing ,
by thu light of ouu of those jota tw (
blocks away. Thuso juts are seei
glaring on thu snnimitn of high hills
and deep in Miu ravinca and valleys
The hills around Jiradford are crownui
with a circle of tlimo pillars of lire
The depths of many a wilderness are
clothed with perpetual light by scores
of thcBo great torches of nature. It
the immediate vicinity of many o
'thoBo gas jutH thu grasa grows greoi
all the year round. The many narrow
gauge railroads which hnvo fount
thoroughfares by devious and dizzy
ways to qvery nook and corner of the
Bradford field , carry the travulu
through thu heart ot this atranguly
illuminated region. The sccnu tha
greota tlmatrangor coming into the region
gion at night ia extremely wiurd um
DYING BV 1NCJIKK.
Very often wo BCO upenmtiHUlToriiip ,
from sumo form of kidney complaint
mid ia gradually dying Hy inchea
This no longer need bo HO , for Electric
Bittora will positively euro Bright'H
diseaBu , or any diseases of thu kidney
or urinary organs. Thuy are especiall ;
adapted to this chiss of diseases , uctint ,
directly on the stomach and liver a
the same time , and will speedily euro
where uvory other remedy has failed
Sold at fifty conta a bottle by loll it
MeMahon. (5) ( )
DrlnklnK-Wutor u a Source of'SfiT
Popular Science tor February.
I cannot go further into thu conaid
erutioii of thesecircumbUncuu ; I only
uito them as uyidonco of the inlluuncu
of moisturein the soil HO far as it is
measurable by the proportion o
ground-water present. Wo are nioro
nearly concerned with the relation o
thu soil to thu water which wo apply
to our UBO , which wo draw from wells
und apringa , to water as a vohiclocon
voying matters out from the aoil
When typhus or cholera rages oni
duinically in any place , two parties
immediately aot up a contention as to
whether thu epidemic inlhiuncu pro
cueda from thu water or thu air , II
must bu admitted henceforth thai
either is pooaiblu , that u flo-callei
sickly soil can impart ita noxious
properties equally to thu water and to
the air it contains , but it may also bu
that only ono pf thuao ways in possi
ble us to certain muttem and lower or
ganism. Observation and experiment
must decide upon tliixt. Moat physi
cians have hitherto considered that
infection was probably most directly
conveyed through the water , and the
so-called drinking-water theory has
been developed from this view , It
has , however , been ascertained that
the best known infectious ngent in
thu soil , the bacillus malaria' , which
Klobs nnd T tnuinssl'Crudolli have
discovered ai > < . I'o' ' in Human fev
er districts , c .it I M ) without air.
These invesn . , u > ra found that the
malarial poison was not communicated
to the water that stood over a richly
malarious mud. Tommassi says , in
his latest work on the Roman malaria
and the ancient drainnge of the Ho-
man hills , that "thu b.tcillus malarint
is pre-eminently an air-liyiug organ
ism. " Among the conditions favora-
bio to its propagation in a malarial
anil which noud ml bo a swamp soil
'IVmiiwn pi > cilicN a temperature
> about UO dog C. ( ttS I'oi ; . Knlir. ) , a
m ulerute drgioo of Mi'udy moisture ,
mul tlin duvet action of the oxygen of
ilio nil1 mi all parts of the mass. Hon
-n fuithor : "Tho luck of one of
1'iH'si ) conditions in enough to eaure a
aujpuiiaiou of the development of thoR
R | > ere ami of MIC increase of the mu-
) i\ri l ferment. " Tf anyone , hinvovur ,
believes thiil thin organism must also
remain inoperative when it passes in
to our' blood because that ia a fluid ,
ho should bo reminded that it makes
a great diUcronco whether we put
Biich organism * , t.ikun from their miry
nests in moist soil , into cold water , or
into warm blood where air is supplied
3 them from the corpuscles.
Wo cannotindeedansworwith the
csults of experiment and microscopical
nvostigationquestions respecting the
nfoctious diseases whith the apecilio
; erms of which we are not acquainted ,
uit wo may bo guided in the matter
jy other facta. Nacgolli says : "Coa
agion fungi can keep up their pocu
iar activity in the water only for a
iliort time. Thu purer it is the less
'ood thuy iiud in it Jthoy are verysoon
removed by exhaustion in clear spring-
vatur ; and , oven in water that contains
'nod for them and where they can
null iply fust , degeneration quickly seta
Inand , they are changed into common
K. A. Scratch , druggist , Uuthvon ,
Out. , writes ; "I have the greatest
ciinfulciicu in your lUntito , 'K JJi.oui
UiTTEiis. In ono case with which I iini
personally acquainted Ihoir success
was almost incredible. Ono lady told
inu that half a bottle did liur nioro
good thnn hundreds of dollars' wortl
of medicine shu hud previously
taken. " Price St.CO , trial R/.O ! 10
16th Street GrocerS ,
-S IIKAI QIUKTKIIS I'Oll
STAPLE & FANOY GROCERIES
Lemons and Oranges ,
Choice Butter and Egg ?
GIVE HIM A CALL.
1106 Farnham Street.
MEALS AND LUNCH
Served at all Hours.
GEORGE HOUGH ,
feb4-i.ii . Prop.
J. L WILKIE ,
P APEE . BOXES
218 and 22O S. 14th St.
Geo. P. Bemis
REAL ESTATE AGENCY ,
IGth n < 1 Dntlgq M * . , Omnhn , Neb
I'ttib K " 'u ) noun nrkiutM > I < r0linriuii iiiulniMa.
n * < nt iriilivtn ami tlicrofcir ImrKUlm
- H | nj
, , . , , . , , . '
f t \ * i.r. > t " ' ii.ti > t )
COUNSELOR - AT - LAW
J. H. McOCJULOOH ,
llo.ni 4 , Crulnhton Iliock , Flltviiith Htrcot.
* BOCG8 &llLL
SEAL ESTATE BROKERS
No. irtOUFnruhum Struct.
John G. Jacobs ,
.Korinuily jl ( Jlaht Jicolja/
DAVIS & SNYDER.
IDOBFwrnlum 81. , . . . Omaho , Nebr
Uaru.ulli tujituixi itiud in fctutorti Nuliroiika fui
lalo. Oruat llnrt'ulrm In linirDti | > < l 'arms , arid
Omaha city provcrty.
0. K . IMVIb WKJOTITI' ' > TI > Kll
InMlCrir'r | ? t >
By JOHN I , CLARKE ,
S , W , oor , Douglas and 14th Sts.
ATTORNEY - AT - LAW ,
610 ( Jouth Thirteenth Street , with
ATTENTION ! BUSINESS N.ME
We have in Stock
0 VER 200,000 EN VELOPES
A Large Invoice of Flat Paper ,
Finest and Most Complete Line of Blank
and Account Books in Omaha. All at Prices
that Cannot be Met in this Market. Give us
OILMAN R. DAVIS & CO. ,
( Successors to Wooloy * D.ivis. )
105 S nith Fifteenth Street Opposite HostoflUe.
TO ALL WHO HAVE
WATCHES AND CLOCKS
TO BIS REPAIRED ,
IB IN" Gr IB .A. "V"11ST Gr
-TO RE DONE OR
While our Work is better , our Prices are Lower
than all others
IF . & _ I IR
I received all of the SIX FIRST PREMIUMS
offered for Competition in our line
Over All Competitors.
For the Best Watch Work ,
For the Best Jewelry , ( own make. )
For the Best Engraving ,
For the Best Diamonds ( own importation )
FOR THE BEST
DISPLAYED , ETC.
Having lately enlarged my workshops und putting In now . .nd improve * , 'o
chinury , I hopu to ntill nioro iniprovo the quality mul finish f our
ork and till ordure with nioro promptness than is usual.
My Motto ban always boon and always will bo : "First to gain superior
tice mid thun advertise the fact not before -110 wilil advertisements
Semi : nnpriiioiplud doalora being in the habit of copying my
iiiMiouncomentB , T would bog you , the ruador of this , to
draw a line botwuoii such copied advertisements
and thimo of Youra very truly ,
A. B. HUBERMANN ,
The Reliable Jeweler , Omaha , Neb. , ,
Sign of. thfi StrikingTovr 7\oc \ *
PILLSBURY'S B EST !
Buy the PATENT PROCESS
It , always gives satisfaction , because it
superior article of Bread , and is the Chear
est Flour in the market. Every sack
warranted to run alike or
money refunded , j
VM. \ , . YATES , Cash Grocer
GUILD & McINNIS
GREAT STOCK TAKING SALE !
DRESS GOODS 1
Notions , and
FURNISHING GOODS ,
AT SWEEPING REDUCTIONS.
It Will Pay You to Call and Compare
603 NOJITH SIXTEENTH STREET.
Practioal Sausage Manufacturer ,
ORDERS OF ALL KINDS FILLED PROMPTLY FOR All
VARIETIES OF SAUSAGES.
Family orders attended to with despatch , and everything -
| thing promised satisfactory. I invite a call at
No. 210 South Tenth Street
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