Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, January 26, 1882, Image 1
OMAHA DAILY BEE ELEVENTH TEAR OMAtIA , TJJUJR8DAY MORNING , JANUARY 26 1882. NO , I THE DOG MUST DIE. Verdict of tlio Jury iii tlio Biii- teau Case , It Took Thorn but Six Minutes to Arrive nt the Above Conclusion. Cot elusion of Porter's Arraign ment oi the Cowardly Assassin. 'The Text of the Charge to the Jury by Judge Cox. BatLlttlo Emotion Bfnvlfoited by the Prisoner- National Assoc-i tc < l Press. WASHINOTON , January 25. Al though there was n snow storm the court room was crowded to-day. Guitonu remarked , on reaching the dock , that his sister , Mrs. Scovillo , had boon doing some very silly tnlk- ing in Chicago , but said she wns no lawyer. Judge Porter began by apologizing to the jury for having spent so much time in his argument , but said bo doomed it necessary to carefully review - view the evidence. Ho then pro ceeded to dissect that portion of the testimony by which the defense , to use the counsel's word , tried tp place the responsibility of the crime on Luther W. Guitoau because he trans mitted hie blood to him who is Gar- tiold's murderer. Ho then risked the jury this question : "Wns it deprav ity or was it wickedness , or wns it disease of the bruin that prompted Guiteau to shoot Garfield ? If it waa disease of the brain it came not till the 2d of July. Before that time it was malice. The viper struck back at Blaine nud struck back through Garfield. Ho struck b ick nt Blaine with n menace at Garfield that was unfortunately fulfilled. Ho wont about the world defrauding women nud swindling all he mot. The world owed him a living , ho said. " Porter continued that Guiteau did not pay debts because hosaid Paul did not , nnd ho chose to bo a vagabond because - cause the Son of Man had no whereto to lay his head. This made Guitoau furious , and ho stated that Porter was a liar , and was working for blood money , etc. Porter said Guiteau blasphemed "Him who prayed for men at Gethse- mnne nnd died for them on Cnlvnry , lut ' Christ never chentod a Jew and never tried to trade a spurious watch. Porter ter worked the prisoner to a white heat of rage by his ridicule of the aim 'to a partnership with Jesus Christ & Co. , and his alleged junior partner ? , GtMeau next t\irned on hi ! brother , -John W. , as the lawyer sarcastically reviewed his testimony. One of the most exoiting episodes -of the past tew days occurred when Porter referred to the criticism of English papers on the apparent slack ness of American justice. Reed objected nnd Corkhill arose to respond to Reed , but Judge Porter , who was in the middle of a line sen tence , would not bo interrupted , and continued to speak. Gnitoau shouted , and at one time tlio throe lawyers and Guiteau and the judge were speaking. Finally Porter reached the end of his sentence , nnd Corkhill said that Reed could only take an exception. Reed said that he had n right to object to the reading of what any English pa per said. The court said the matter may bo immaterial , and Reed satdown. Porter , resuming hi ? speech , a con tinual croas-fire between Porter and Guiteau was maintained , and the audience showed evidence of disgust. Porter referred to Luther W. Gui tcau's life. Scuvillo objected to cer tain statements , and demanded the testimony to bo read , Judge Porter objected to reading the testimony , but was over-ruled by the court. Porter then took up the record of some of the exports for the defence. In reviewing the testimony Porter road the expression , "a tbird-claaa shsy tor criminal lawyer , " and said Sco villo might explain that but ho could not. "But some your clients can , " naid Guiteau. Porter ridiculed Reed's comparison of Guiteau with CharloUo Corday. Guiteau continually interrupting , a deputy marshal endeavored to quiet him , but Guiteau ordered him to shut up and threatened to slap hi.n in the face. Hero the assassin became so excited that he rose in his chair , livid with rage , and shrieked that Porter waa "a lying whelp , and would go below - low and be at the bottom of the heat down thoro. " Porter compared Guitoau with Booth , and said that the murderer of Lincoln was no coward , but Guiteau was a cowardly , malignant , calculat ing and coldblooded , sneaking , grov elling murderer and criminal. As ho said this , Porter pointed his finger at Guiteau , emphasizing each epithet with voice and gesture. Further on Guiteau accused Porter of being an absolute , devilish , wicked , venomoua liar. Porter charged that the alleged /I incidents hnd been concocted with a view of indicating the insanity of Guitoau , nnd BO far iu disreputod preservations were concerned , there was no proof except the assassin's own lying assertions. Everything showed that there was no disease of hia brain. \ At 1:30 : p. m recess was taken. After recess Guiteau apologized for interruptions to Porter's speech. Porter ter replied the jury could pick out the faults in his argument and act ac cordingly . Continuing hu address to the jury ho said the prisoner on examination denied that he over had a devilish temptation and thus paraded himself aa the only perfect man in existence , 48 V Porter nlluded sneeringly to GUI'.van's stibptUution of the term "removal" for"issassiimtion " Judge Porter road from' the prisoner's statement ! "I don't care whether it was right or wronit or not. " "lUad the rest of that , " said Sco villa. villa."Iroad "I-road nothing nt your imtanno , " replied Portor. Thou spoke up Guiteau ; "That BottleS vou with that jury. It shows you to be n liar and thief and I hnvo caughl you. " Potter jaid no attention , but went on to'traco the conception of the so- callcdj Inspiration. Ho argued Gul- tc-au will never fix the data of this in ception , nnd declared that no ono else could. In regard to Guitcnu's anaer- tion tlmt ho would accept no position nftor the inspiration seized him , Porter - tor quoted Heed's nsseition that Gui tonu had told him tliroo days before the murder ho would see his name in n few I days mentioned for tlio Pnris consulate. Porter wont through Guitcnu's tottimony , piekinq out hero nud there portions to ohow the crime wns tlio promodintodactof a depraved man. man.Guitcau's interruptions of Portot continued until ho laid down his books of evidence nnd began his cloa ing remarks. The text ot' tlio poror- ation.iWfts ns follows : "Gents , the time has como when wo must close. The t vernmont has presented its case bbforo you. Wo bnvo endeavored to discharge our responsible duties ns well 03 we could , ilis honor has en deavored to discharge his duties as well as ho could. I know you will bo faithful to your oath , and will discharge yours well so discharge it that by your actions at loaat politi cal nsaassintuon shall find no sanction to make it a precedent hereafter. Ho who has prdtinod that 'human life shall bo shielded by human laws from human crime , presides over your de liberation , and the verdict which shrill bo given or withhold to-day , will bo recorded where wo all are to moot. J. trust that verdict will be prompt , that it will represent the majesty of the law , your integrity , and the honor of the country , nnd that this trial which has so deeply interested all the nations of the earth may result in n warning to reach all lauds that political murder shall not be used as n means of promoting meting party ends and revolution. I trust the time may come in consequence quence of the attention which shall be called to that consideration grow ing out of the trial when by interna tional arrangements between the various governments of Christendom , the law shall bo strengthened that political assassins shall find no refuge on the face of the earth. The tissassin who shot O.irtield know that against the law of God ho was breaking with bloody hands. Ho did not know that over his grave if grave he is tp have will bo written by mankind in dark letters 'the grave of a coward , a swindler and an assas sin. ' The verdict ia to be found in thia inscription. Ho did not know what to ' do that even though by a lingpr- t death the president yielded p hi 3ufi } , 'that' tlio hum ! That aimed the pistol at hia lite at the same time would , if I may ba permitted to bor row an illustration from Attorney General Browster on the occasion to which I referred of the dedication of the statue of Alox. Hamilton , in some respects akin in its reminders when the assassin pointed his weapon at the life of the patriot , though he did not know it no wrote the name of J. A. Garfield in characters of liv- inc light in the firmament there to endure ns , radiant as if every letter wore traced in living stars. " During the delivery of the nhovo Guiteau kept very still , but watched Porter closely all the while. As tlio counsel concluded Guiteau said : "That's all very lino. Porter , put me in as a patriot and you are correct. Lea e out all that boah. " Scovillo aroao nnd said ho didn't know that the court had intended to charge. He had sent to the bench an incomplete memorandum of points he would have charged upon , but ho hoped to have a chance for further consultation before the jury should be charuod. Corkhill said the poin ts of law had been argued and the case now should bo with the court and jury. Judge Cox said lie would consult the convenience of the jury in the matter. Foreman Hamlin turned to his tel- low jurors and presently said they would listen to it. At oncu the win dow shades were raised. At . ' 1:15 : p. m. , Judao Cox began. The court began by pointing out the provisions of the constitution in lucli cases , and expressed the belief tlmt not ono of those sacred guaran tees had been violated. If ilio ac cused was guilty of the crime charged no ono deserved the benefits of these provisions less. If innocent , no one hud more need of thorn. Ho referred to thu repeated declarations of the prisoner as to the weight of public opinion being in his favor and he told the jury that ho would not insult them by warning them not to bo in fluenced by the lawless gabble of the prisoner in regard to the opinions of the public or press. To convict of murder , malice aforethought must be proven. To do this it waa not neces- aary to prove ill will. It was hardly necessary to say that there waa noth ing in the caap to make it manslaugh ter. The prisoner was either guilty of murder or innocent The question was narrowed down to ono of in- eanity or ns to whether the ac cused know his deed to bo u wrong OIKI. A man was supposed to bo innocent until proven guilty , but with regard to insanity it was differ ent. The government waa not com pelled to show that the defendant waH aano. It rested with the defcnso to allow that their cliontwas inaano. The crime had three elements- the killing , the malice aforethought , and the responsibility wf the mind , The pris oner Wiis entitled to the bciuficof any reasonable doubt , should grounds be found for the same on uny point. There was little need ol comment on the evidence in the case , except on ono point. Tlmt the prisoner did the shooting , tlmt the ahot produced death ami that there was mnhconforcthought if thn prisoner wns responsible , it could ecarcoly bog. uaaul. That the testimony filled all requirements to prove murder , except for the plea ol insanity , fl" the nccuiod of sound memory and discretion M is technic ally expressed. The defense of in sanity had been abandoned. It wns nocess.irlly regarded with suspicion. The court proceeded to define the different forms of insanity. In thin anne there there was no question of total insanity in which nil exorcise of reason was wanting. A man did not nlwnys booomo irresponsible by beini ? insnno , Ho might be insane on the subject of orinio and insane in aomo other respect. The outgoing of judi cial minds on the subject ot the char acter of insanity has not always boon satisfactory , nor in accordance with the knowledge of medical people. The greatest possible view of n per son's liio was relevant in iU contain ing his eanity. Loiters written spoil tauoously wore good indications of the mental condition and the insanity of ancestors waa to a certain extent. The jury were to satisfy themselves ns to the condition of the prisoner fern n number of years before the not wan thought of , ns to whether his ordinary state was such that ho could not distinguish between right and wrong. If so , ho was a lunatic. They should satisfy themselves ns to whether , if another man had com mitted the crime , the accused would have .appreciated its enormity. It- wns the reliance of the defense that the accused was Inboring under nil in sane delusion which so possessed him that it incapacitated him from distinguishing - tinguishing between right nnd wrong in this particular case. The court oil oa eminent British opinion that ono of the commonest instances of insanity was that the ac cused had boon acting under direct command of God. It was not always insane people who had delusions. Sane people Jiad thorn. All absurdities had their supporters , who became so either through mental disease or per verted moral sentiment. It must be known in this case what was thu con dition of thu prisoner's mind at the time of the act. It makes no differ ence what was hia conoition before or after the act. They had heard a gre : t deal ot evidence respecting the pecu liarities of the prisoner during his life. The only value of such evidence was that it might tend to prove a liability to delusion. He referred to the pris oner's own utter.uices at the time of the shooting , showing ho had made up his mind that the president had conspired with Secretary Blaiue to ruin the party nnd must bo removed. The testimony of Gen. Reynolds showed the prisoner had made similar utter ances at the time of Gou. Reynolds' ' visit to him. The prisoner had road an address to the American poonl * in which ho reiterated the same utter- ancoes. On the following day he wrote another similar address. They were to consider if these utterances correctly represented the prisoner's toelinjj pt.thc time oM.bs ehooting , If it was BO , it did not answer Any judicial decision of insane delusion lie had read. His conclusion that President Garfield had be trayed his party was the re sult of reasoning. A man might believe an act to bo right and yet know of it would be contrary to law. A man might reason to himself : he inexpediency of the patriotic char- ictor of assassination , but to endeavor .o shield himself behind that belief us a defense would bo simply monstrous. If the idea that the president had be- : rayed his party and must bo removed were the whole of his opinion , it fur- nshed only one of these vagaries of opinion for which the law had no .oloration , and which afforded no ex cuse for crime. While the accused > , irty could not make evidence for auiHolf by his declaration subsequent to the crime , ho could make evidence against himself by his admission. Speaking of the conceit of inspira- .ion , the judge suid it was a mere bo- lef founded on reasoning. It was not an insane delusion , The theory of the prosecution was that the crime waa impelled by revenge , and that he made no pro- teiiHo of inspiration until ho learned that his crime was denounced. It was true the inspiration did not ap pear in the papers first written by the defendant nor in any paper before the one ho tvroto on the l/.Hh of July. It Wiia said in one paper that the shoot ing of thn president was "an act of Gjd , " thoiiuh whether ho meant an act of God in thu sense that all events are ordered by God or not , was not clear. It became necessary to ex amine the case on the assumption that the prisoner's testimony w.ia true to ascertain the nature of this inspira tion. Dr. Strong testified that in iuil the prisoner had laughed at the idea of his buing inspired of God. Dr. McDonald testified ho had told him [ lie act was conceived by himself , but 10 had given the Almighty n chance to interfere if ho was wrong | to Dr. Gray ho uaid ; he idea had come to him list and he WIIH afterwards inspired. The question then aroao whether the dea of killini' the president came to inn in the shape of a commnnd or in spiration , aa such deluaioim have boon shown to arise , or whether it was a nere speculation or theory. If tlio attor c.mo was truu , it wns OIIB of Jioso vagaries that the law did not .olorato iiH a defense. Unquestionably a man might bo inannoly convinced that ho was inspired , but ho would lot oflcapo responsibility by baptizing lis own deliberate resolves with the mine of inspiration , If ninan insane- y believed ho had a command from he Almighty to kill , it is difficult to mngino as knowing the act to bo .vrong. . The broad question for tlio jury to determine was whether by liaeiiHo this man was rendered inca pable of judging between right and wrong. It had been urged forcibly 1 defense that there were many things in the conduct of the prisonei which ono would not expect to find in i sane man , Whether these thingi. were trnm lock of knowledge of men or a perversion of moral lunie , waa for thorn lo decide. Indifi'erenco to whnt'wns right was not ignorance , and depravity W.M not insanity. They must bo cnrofitl not to mistake moral porvorsioit for hioutnl disease. It wns important to-vtcw the moral as well as tho'intollootualsido of the aamo , in order to determine his insanity. Two pictures had bfcou drawn by the couu sol , ono roptesciitlng n youth of more than nvorngc intelligence , surrounded by ndvorao circumstances , selfish , depraved - praved ; 4ho ether representing n youth born under .malign influence * , with hinjwlild filled with fanatical be liefs , Inijnched-cn the world , subject to hia own impulses nud the victim of surrounding influences. It was for them to deoido which was correct. No juror should yield his honest con viction for the anlto of unanimity nor for the sake of laving a mis-trial Jurors had nothing to do with the consoquonco-1 of their verdict. The fact of the sanity or insanity of the prisoner before or after the 2d of July was not nn isMio except as it bore upon the qiiqslion collateral. If they find the prisoner \\a under nn insnno delusion nnd Um in consequence he wiU. incapable of aeoiug his act was the wront ? thr.fjt > do , tlum ho was an object of coiiipmion nnd not. jus tice , and ought to bo convicted. On the ether hand ; If ho was not under such dolu8iouwhatever the motive , ho was nuiltyjjvif taurdnr. While tho'jy.'l c wa-s delivering his charge to tht juiy it began to grou dark. There bouig no gas in thu room lamps were brought in for the stone umphcrs nndyijr the judge to lead 'by. ' While Juilge Cox waa apoaking , Guitoau , na tdfd everyone olao in the room , liatonediinhst intently. Three times ho interrupted , but the court paid no attention , lit said , "I claimed inspiration only. " Again , "That's the ca o , your honor , " and thus when thS'ooiirt cited a supposi tion. -I When the jiulgo hid Unshed nil eyes turned to thu jury. The court told them they could retire. They arose to go , .Mr. Scovillo asked that they be instructed as to the form of their verdict. , Jmlgo Cox said that if they found the. licensed not guilty by reason of insanity they could say so in their verdioU The jury nM0 : ! ! p. m. retired for n few momontB.'t Tlioro was consider able bustle in the room. It was too dnrk for , ' thu prisoner's face to bo ecrutinizod , but it appeared to bo very uliehsy. He wns conscious that nil eyes" , wore on him nnd had evidently Tnad.0 up his mind not to seem worried , nnd ho succeeded very well. Very few of the spectators re tired , it beintt'tho general impression the jury would "t bo long out or that the court wquld not adjourn until morning. At a quarter to 5 the pris oner , resting on thu dock , said : "If the court pleoiuyR there nny objection to my going to the nmrnlml'B ollice ? " Judge Cox. saic ho thought not nnd the prisoner WHS Liken to his room up itnirs. Although court was in session order was not strictly enforced while the jury wns out } there was a buzz of voices , n ihrut'tntors . discussed the proWuillvl-a\Jfvhe CitaoJuat'befofe 5 o'clock u recrsa waa taken for half an hour. Juduo Cox and the counsel retired for luncheon. The prisoner sat up stairs nnd be trayed more nervousness than ever before. Addressing the officers of his guard , lie said : "Well , boya , what do you think of it ? Don't you think they'll acquit inof" Ono of the officers replied that he thought that it was nnoven chance and aakod in return what the prisoner thought ot the charuol "Oh , " said he , "they can't help but acquit after that charge. " Quileau refused to e.it a lunch , and sceinod heartily glad when the time of recess had expired. Mean time the few lights in the court room had been augmented by n couple of do/.en sperm c.indles in old- fashioned sticks. Half a dox.en of them were arranged along the judgu'n bench , others stood on the tables of thu reporters and counsel , ornlicd u poor light m thopmonor'a dock. Promptly at half-past 5 the prisoner was returned b ick to his seat. The candle Hum' showed his face to be no paler than all day. His eye was more fixed than it hud sometimes htt ! > nnnd JHB whole manner carried out hia de termination not to break down. Promptly thu judge returned to the bench , Mr. Scovillotook his old seat by the table , and the counsel for the L'ovorimiont wort * also in their iilaccR. When thu jury entered the twelve atolid laci-n that had defied interpretation still betrayed no sign , although their early return was taken aa evidence of their decision. Fore man Haiiilin and thu clerk of the court arosu aa soon as the panel had answered to their names. It was just 5:30 : p. m. when thu clerk licked the usual question ; "Gontlemi-n of the jury , luivu you agroeod on .1 verdict ) " "Wo have , " said Foreman llimlin. "Guilty H.'I indicted ? " jinked thu clerk. "Guilty an indicted. " Some one in the audience started applause ami n cheer was huird in it corner , but it was quickly nuppreeHod. "If the rotn t please , " Haid Soovillo , but he WUH interrupted by the clerk , who proceeded : iOn * . " " " "Gentlemen of the jury : Hoar tin- verdict as rendered by the foreman , who says that you find the defendant , Charles J. Ouiteuu , guilty as indicted. So < tiy ; you all ? " "So way wuall , " replied the jury in in chorus. Gnitcaii sat immovable nnd uttered not a word. Mr i-oovillo desired to have thu jury polltil. "John Hamlin , " culled the clerk , "Guilty , " cumo the response , and on down through the piuiul , each 1111- nvonng without hesitation the fatal word that made many a shudder Among those who did not bhuddui was thu primmer. Ho kept his pil lion intact , and as the twelfth juror answered ho called out in hiu ordi nary voice "Ood'a blood will bo on the head of that jury , That's my an swer to that , " Ho evidently intend ed to say "my blood , " but the mistake waa unheeded by him , Mr. Scovillo said ho desired to file a motion for n tunv trial. The court diiid ho could Iwo four days in which to do so. Mr. Scovillo then naid lie hoped that if there waa any privilege he was entitled to in that time no should nut ho deprived of it Hu did not know thu customs of the court. Judge Cox told him a motion for arroit of judgment could also bo tiled within four dnyn. The court then turned to thank tlio jury but Ouiteau's voice was again hoard : "Ood will nvongo thin outrage , " ho said , nnd that WAS all. There waa no further scone. The prisoner propim-d to go out. The court thanked the jury for their pa tience und attention nnd nasurod thorn limy would take liom with them the endorsement of their own consciences and of the public nnd discharged them. They received the congratu lations of friends. The prisoner was conducted up stairs again and thu couit room was soon cleared. A little later thu prisoner was led to the van amid the jtiora and yells of a larger crowd than uaunl and ho jumped within the door as if lu > was glad to got out of the way. The van waa driven off at n rapid rate. Mounted police guarded it on all sides. The burly form of Deputy Oiirwon guarded the door. Quito n crowd followed down the street anx ious to catch n gt.iuco at the prisoner , who remained in a crouching position in the extreme und of the van. He kept hia petition until ho readied the jail , whij In- was hurried into the outer dflieu. Ho seemed slightly agi tated aa Crocker handed him a chair und told him to warm himself. Ho aat with hia ho.ul cast down and seemed to be deeply absorbed in thought. It was some time before ho spoke and when ho did it was in sub- du d tones. Ho thanked the police o had beun detailed to guard in ilis daily jotirnoyn , anying in the future ho would not trouble them. Speak ing of Cox's charge , ho Biiid ho re garded it au able and with onu excep tion just as ho expected. Cuu'AdO , January 25. "I would bo glad to see Mrs Seuvillu for a mo ment , " suggested u ivp-ulor at the barricaded front door of 5Ii ! West Monroe , the residence of Goo. Sco villo , this evening. "Are you n reporter ! " queried Miss Scovillo , in a tonu of nuivous anger , while her apcetaeles bobbed up nnd down in a manner anything but se rene ; "that is , if you are , that's enough. 1 know you ate a reporter md you can't gut in this house. I mto reporters. 1 know 'em iu far as [ can see "em. " "So Airs. Scovillo bus given up nil lopus , and undotstands that her n ether must , hang/ / " "No , sir , nhe hasn't done any such thing. Shu said at supper thu ver dict would not amount to anything , and there would be a new trial. " "On what ground did she imagine a now trial will bo granted ! " "Oh , them nro plenty of grounds left , and my father will find some way to got n now trial. " 'JAnd what will bo the result of n novf trintJ' "D'uos your mother think Charles Guitenu will go free ? Of eourso your mothorl olioves k wasjn- sane nt the time of thu murder , then ? ' "Certainly. Everybody does. " ' "Just let me in for a moment to sympathize with her , for I am " "You clenr out. " KK'clil.JI | . patch tn Tint 1)KK ) LINCOLN , January 25. The nowaof Guitcnu'a sentence were received by the Grand Army encampment with cheers. Na'.lonal AHflOcmtctl Prim CoLUMiiim , O. , January 25' The announcement of the conviction of Guiteau was made before the immense audience at the Comstock opera to night and elicited prolonged applause. RpRnutn iii Sooret Sosuloii- Sptdal IH-i'it ' It In Tun HXK LINCOLN , January 25Thu board of Hegenls of the university have boon in sect el session nil thu afternoon and evening. Thuro is a change looked for in the faculty. Star Ruuto Trlul. tl'iual AnMiLi'itu'1 ' ' I'TI-HH WAMMNUTON , January 25 , The slur route canes opened this morning liy Mr. Wilson insisting upon proving thu ! ti00 ! huh put in by the prosecu tion llu wni proceeding , when Col. iBS charged that hu was making n schedule tinder the pretext of exam- ing thu witness before whom they were proved. An hour was wasted in counsel on both sides debating the subject. They continued to wrangle tintU the last hour , which was con sumed in I ho judge examing the bids. At thu conclusion , the defense said they would insist thu judyo examine each of the ,200 bids. Ho aaid ho would then hold court from 12 to morrow , and defendant counsel must bo present. "I will put my power of endurance against yours , " said .Judge Snoll addressing Totton. Adjourned - journed nt 2:45 : p , tn. Suit for Heavy Damage * National AttoiUtod Viem. DKTKOIT , January 25. Mrs. Sarah di-ofH , of Grand Rapids , brings suit against the Michigan Central railroad company for $20,000 for in- jurie received by being dropped from n train eighty rods from the depot in the night , and who , in trying to got to the depot full into a culvert , Hurioualy injuring her , Judge Drumiuimu to Retire. Nttlotm ! AHUQC utnil I'ruiH , CIIH Ario , January 25. It ia report ed that the voiiornblo Thomas Drum- mend , United States judge for the district of Illim is , Indiana and Win- cousin , ia about to retire from thu bunch , and that Hon. Milton Hay , ol Springfiuld , ono of the ablest lawyers in the tttute , will succeed him , ludioatioiiH. National AeioclntcJ Ciuxd. WASIIIWITON , January 2(1 ( , For thu lower Missouri valley : Clearing and fair weather , northwest to southwest finds , rising barometer , with atfUion- ary or lower temperature , THE STATE ALLIANCE , Opening rrocooiliugs of tlio Mooting at Hastings , The Secretary's Report Shows tbo Remarkable Growth of the Order. There Doing n Membership in the State of Nearly Twelve Thousand , The Popular Sentiment in Favor of Placing Pull Political , Tickets in the Field. How Soimtor Booth Foil AntiMonopoly - Monopoly Dooumoutn. Etc- Special ll ) | ntcli to Tlio Itco. HASTINGS , Nol > . , January 25. Thu first diiy of the mooting of tlio Stntu Farmers' Alliance \vns marked by great earnestness , s > .iv > l and intelli gence. There \vna nit attendance of nuarly four hundred , but few being outsiders. President - Ingot-noil pro- nldutl. Secretary Narrows presented n report \ port showing tlmt during the year wliicli lias passed since the iiiovuiiiunt was II rat atari od in Nebraska tbero has boon charters issued to ! J2i ! subor- dinntu alliances , nud that tlio total inoiiibersliip wan iiunrly 12,000 , thuro lining alliance organizations : in forty- ono out of tlio sixty-four counties in the Blato. Ho inadu uuvoral sugges tions as to future work , ouo being the drafting of bills for tbo usoof the leg- ialaturo next wintor. Addrcsaosoro inadu by Allou Hoot , 13. S. Gilbert , Win. Starling , H. 0. Ostorhnut , Hdward lloaowaler , of TUB OMAHA llnu , mid U. Vaneo. L. C. Floyd being called uponto aing from the atago a song of his own composition descriptive of the impo sition of railroad and other monopo lies , it wai received with gro.it ap plause , buing a most urodituble eom- poaitiou. j The speakers wlio favored inde pendent political action at the fall elections when wo have 1111 entire state ticket with supreme judge and congressmen and n senatorial election by the legislature wore enthusiasti cally applauded , and it ia evident the alliance directly favors forming a po litical party nt once and making their own nominations hereafter. They rilnim that in the fovr Bounties whore this ivas done last foil their auccoss was beyond all anticipations and that success can bo made general all over the state this fall. Mr. llosowatur opposed political ef forts at present but urged thor ough organization , as lie be lieved thuro would be n gen eral reformatory movement within a short time , when the alliance could count more on success than at pres ent , lie referred to an interview ho had at Washington with Senator Booth , of California , who had boon elected as an anti-monopoly candi date , in which interview ho urged him to support the ollort being made to reduce bridge tolls at Omaha and mileage rates , but Booth said it was a bad thing to light corporations. Mr. Koaowator reported tlmt lie had been lighting them for ten years , and as foe iuoth he would never have been son- utor but for the war ho had made m them in liin own stale , He no ticud , however , that when liooth'd orm was out he was not returned by the people he had deserted. _ 5 ; A largo package of anti-monopoly locunients wore received from Now York for frue distribution , including i large oiigravinu' representing the TOO prosy of America as u light louse , various leading journals of the country composing the atones of which the column was constructed. At the base of the column Jay Gnuld and Oyrus W. Field were represented us removing the stones , thus undur- niiiing it , and Sage , Vamiorbilt ami lluntiiigton were represented as wreckers on the seashore. The con vention is made of men of morn than ordinary ability , and their speeches would do credit to any or ganization. Onu speaker said Ne > rasku has more soldiers in it than my other state in the union , and that they proposed to fiuht the railroads' mpoaitioiiH to the death. A night session was hold , and tin1 convention will prob.ibly not adjourn until to-morrow night. Ponslll ) < > Inauguration of n Mom tor Strike National Associated I'rcsa. January 25. While the dismitisliod und grumbling collier } operatives in the anthracite coal min ing regions appear to luivu accoptet the proposition us presented by the mine owners , and in some intniicci returning to work , the disuontoutei mineru employed in the bituminous coal works still present an aggressive and determined front. Suvorol than sand iiiun are now striking , and as the labor agitators are zealously at work 'sowing the aoodi disunion and diacou content aiuonq the diaaatisfiod col liers in nearly every part of tlio bituminous field , it ia not nt nil improbable - probable that the culmination of the trouble may bo a general strike. The Knighta of Labor , the Minors' union and other powerful labor organiza tions nro the chief instruments in tlio promotion of what threatens to boone ono of the greatest labor Housings tlmt Pennsylvania has yet wit- nossod. It is oatimatod that between 25,000 mid ; I5,000 colliery labors will Like part in the struggle when once fairly organized and inaugurated. i iDled i Dlod of n Broken Hoart. National AiwoclAtnl Prom. Nr.w YouK.lanuary 25. In Mount 'loaaant ' cemetery , Newark , will b buried to-day Miss Mary E. Conloy.i f No. 2l ! Fulton street , Nownrk.n slater of ox-Governor Conloy , ot Georgia , who died , so her relatives say , of a broken heart , caused by the cruel ab sorption of her fortune by the Me chanics' biuik , under Oscnr L. Bald win's shiuno'cfls ' miamanagomont. All her funds wore inveatcd in the stock of the bank. She , seeing that , and being peremptorily ordered by the govern- iiiunt to pay on much more as she lost , was more than the poor cronturo was iblo to bear. Unable to sloop from brooding over her loaa , her health gradually gave nway with the result itated. Kx-Govornor Conloy will bo n attendance at the funeral. Marino Intollignnco. s'.itlnu.il Associated I'ima. NiYOIIK : , Jnnuary 25. Sailed , -ho Parthia for Liverpool , tlio St. jlnrmnino for Havre , the Greece for Umdon , the Wnosland for Antwerp. Piut.AitKi.riuA , January 25. Sail- id , thu Illinois for Liverpool. LONDON , .January 25. - Sailed , on -ho 21th , the Egyptian Monarch for Sow York. Arrived , the Bolivia from ( low York. SOUTHAMPTON , January 25 Ar rived , the Rhein from Now York for lli-omen. Sailed , the General Werder 'rum Hromon for Now York. Extonalvn Embnzzlomotk National AMoclntoJ Preen. SAN FiiANriiu'o , January 25. Fur ther investigation of tlio embezzlement of John 1Best , olork of the light- IIOUHO inspector , reveals an unexpect ed excess of Iraud. Instead of $14- 000 an originally reported , the frauds \lroady discovered aggregate nearly § 10,000. The investigation is not yet completed. Failing to procure the $20,000 bail , Best is still in jail. Additional charges will bo filed ngainst liiiu to increase the bail. Amount of Property In volved- National Asioclatoil I'rnw. GuiUAflo , January 25. It has boon determined that real mid personal property to the value of $32,000,000 is involved by Uio recent decisions of the supreme court annulling the Cook county probate court ; 2,525' es tates have boon administered upon , 484 guardianship cases decided , and 31 letters of connorvnte-rahip granted. " " " " , i i Cracked a Safe. National Auoclated 1'row l > AVKNronr , Iowa. , January 2Cn The safe in the general store of Mc laughlin & Lewis , at Reynolds , 111. , was blown open last night and $2,000 n money and 8150 in postage stamps itolen. The door of the safe waa down eight feet away and every gloss n the building shattered. The Ijur- jlars also stole n horse and buggy by which they oll'octod their escape. Verdict ot the Spujrton Dujnril Jnry. National Associated Pioita. NKW YOIIK , . January 25. The core ner's jury this afternoon in the Spuy- ten Duyvil disaster brought in u ver dict ot guilty of criminal neglect against Melius , Conductor Ilantord and the engineers of both trains ; also that John M. 'i'aucoy , superintendent md others , were guilty of culpable neglect. Juil Delivery in Texan. National Awoclatod 1'roiw. DALLAS , Texas , Jaiiur.iy 25. Five. irinoiiurs encaped from jail last night by digging a hole in the wall with Bowie knives , supposed to have been passed into the cell while the guards wore asleep. The guards awoke in time to stop the fiixtli niiin as ho was about through I ho hole. The escaped prisoners werecoiintorfeitors and train robbers. Plato for Gurfluld's Collect. National Annotlatc ; j l'n : s. CLKVKLAND , Januury 25. Mrs. Garfield - field called at the mayor's oflice yes terday and examined the elegant bron/.u pinto just received from Tif fany , of New York , to bo attached to. the leaf of the bronze casket contain ing the remains of the president. It was attached to the casket to-day. A Valuable Paper. Nation * ! A Hodatud Frew. PiTTNiiuuo , January 25. The in terest of John W. Pittscook , de ceased , in the Fittsburg Leader , waa sold this day at public sale for $45 , . 500 to the surviving partners. This places the value of the paper at 8152- 000. _ Killed by an Elevator , National Atwoctatwl i'remi. ANNA , 111. , January 25. Captain James B. Fulton , an old river man and for many years chief engineer of the Illinois Southern hospital for the insane , was killed by a falling olovntoc yesterday. _ Dry Good * 'Houio Oloiod , National AnDOclutoU I'U'BH. DANVILLK , 111. , January 25. Tlio largo dry goods house of A. Obordor- tur lias beun closed on executions in f.ivor of Solomon & Henry Obordoiv for , of New York. CouHdorutod Bubop. ' Nutloral AK.-toolatuJ 1'jusa. PiTTbiiuitfl , January 25Rev. . Courtland Whitehead was conswratod at Trinity church to-day bidhop of thu Kpiacopal diocese of Pitt jburg iu the. presence of a distinguished blftgo.