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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 16, 1881)
THE OMAHA DAILY BEE V - if
ELEVENTH YEAR. OMAHA , FRIDAY MORNING , DECEMBER 16 , 1881 , NO. 151
OONSUMEES , BE OAREPDL ,
Some dealers txro trying to trying to
take advantage of the demand tor the
DOKK or DURHAM cirRarottos to work
off some hard stock which they bought
Bomo time ago. They have offered
them to m , not knowing who wo wore ,
and roproscnted them as just as good
M the DlIKK OK DUIUIA.M. TllO
striking similarity of name is calculated
to mislead the unwary. To say the
"DUKE" Cigarette or lo say the
' , 'DUHIIASI" Cigarette is not aufliciont ,
as in either case there is a Cigarette
on the market calculated to create
confusion ; but ask for the "DUKE or
DUHIIAM , " and see that it bears the
trade-mark of a DUKE in military
ccstumo and the firm name of W ,
DUKB SONS & Co. , and take no other ,
as this is the gonuinopuro article , aim
you will at all times hud the quality
uniform and unsurpassed by anything
on the markot. Don't lot anyone
persuade you that anything else is as
The DUKB OF DUIUIAM Ciearrottes
and Tobacco are pure. They are
made from the very oest North Carolina
lina tobacco. They contain no drugs ,
and in giving you the above timely
warning we protect ourselves as wall
Some say this is a temporary spurt
which will soon die out , and then
there will be no demand forthoeoods.
Thin would bo the result if the goods
had no merit , for consumers can test
our claims tor 15 cents. Wo should
deem ourselves very stupid
and careless observers not to
have profited by the bitter experience
and misfortunes of such , manufactur
ers as have attempted lo palm oft'a
poor article on an intelligent consum
ing public. Lot such croakers croak ;
the demand for the DUKE OF DURHAM -
HAM is rapidly increasing , und every
body is pleased who has tried it.
For sale by all the loading jobbers
of tobacco and groceries in St. Louis.
The Bill to Fat Grant on the Ro-
National Associated 1'rcsa.
CHICAGO , December 15. A Wash
ington special says the 'democratic
senators have some positive ) views on
the bill to place General Grant on the
retired list. Senator Maxoy , speaking
of it , iid : "It ivill not jiass. Why
should it ? Gen end Grant is not poor ,
nor is ho disabled in'any way , but ho
is strong , healthy and vary rich. He
was a good oflicor and did his country
great service , for which the
American people are not only proud
but thankful , but have not his ser
vices been recognized ? Has ho not
been fully remunerated. ' The people
made him president for two terms
and in every other way that was
proper rewarded him for all ho has
ever done. No , sir. The bill will
never becomoa law and should not.
Said another democratic statesman :
"Tho bill is a snare ; it is a game to
keep Grant out of the race for 1884.
Once on the retired list of the army
ho will bo placed on the retired Hit
of politicians for all timo. "
.National Associated Frees.
NitwYouk , December 15. Sailed
The Gellert for Hamburg , the State
of Nevada for Glasgow , the City of
Montreal and the Scotia for Liver
Arrived The Amsterdam from
Rotterdam , the Alaska from Liver
pool , the Franco from London , the
Ethiopia from Glaigow , thu Arabia
HAMBUIIO , December 15. Arrived
The Silescia from New York.
ANTWEKP , December 15. Sailed -
The Plantyno for Now York.
LONDON , December 15. Sailed -
On the 14th , the California and Eng
land for Rotterdam.
Arrived The Schotton from New
LiVEitPooL , December 15 Arrived
The Nova Scotia from Boston.
The Tlokot Commiuion System.
National AssoeUted 1'iess.
CHICAOO , December 15. About ono
hundred railroads have responded to
the call of Commissioner Dixon for a
meeting at the Grand Pacific hotel to
consider the vital question of how to
counteract and prevent the ruinous
abuses of the commission system. The
mooting was called to order at noon ,
Dixon in the chair. All persons not
delegates wore excluded , The meet
ing is evidently in favor of the pro
posed abolition of the commission sys
tem , and will doubtless accomplish
something. The Pennsylvania is the
only pastern line trunk represented.
Withthis exception the delegates all
represent western roads ,
New National Banks.
\ .tlonal Associated I'rosw.
WAHHINOTON , December 15. The
Garfield National bank , Now York
City , capital $200,000 ; the First Na
tional bank , Wallingford , N. Y. ,
capital $100,000 ; the Lancaster Na
tional bank , Lancaster , N. H. , capital
$125,000 , wore authorized to-day to
National Asuodatod i'rcw.
CINCINNATI , December 15. The
delegation of citizens of Atlanta , Go. ,
who arrived in this city this morning
in company with the Cincinnati dele
gates to the cotton exposition , wore
given a reception by the chamber of
commerce this afternoon.
ONE GUN SPIKED.
The Shrewd Praotioa of Buiteau'i '
Attorney Yesterday ,
The Assassin's "Fix-Wife" Led
Into Admitting Mar
riage With Him.
But Not Having Legal Proof ot
Divorce Her Toptimony
is Objected to.
&nd the Court IB Compelled to
Sustain the Objection
by the Defense.
Snbatnncn of One of Oattcna's Bnp-
HIS WIFE TESTIFIES.
National Aasoc'atcd I'rcju.
BUT K"E IS onJKLTEI > TO HV .SCOVILI.F.
WASIIINOTOM , December Ifi. Gui-
teau opened proceedings by saying :
"I want to make a little speech. It is
very important in the interest of jus
tice that the jury should bo taken
good care of. It would bo a great
misfoi tune to everybody if this thing
should slip up. The jurors are bright ,
conciontious , intelligent men and 1
want good care taken of them. I sug
gest they bo allowed to walk ono
to live miles before breakfast every
morning. Some of them are not ured
to such rich food as they are now
The laughter that followed this last
remark greatly pleased Guiteau , and
ho added : "I have two or'three more
little speeches to make , but will defer
them to future occasions. "
The examination of H , M. M. Coll-
yor , of Now York , was resumed.
Witness said that all his observations
of Guiteau's conduct convinced him
that ho was perfectly sane.
When Scovillo was about to cross-
examine Collyor , Guiteau said : "You
have no sense , Scoville , if you ques
tion this witness. "
The croBs-oxnmination was fruitless.
L. M Justice , a lawyer of Logans-
port , Ind. , being sworn , said ho had
known Guiteau several years ago
when ho was selling lives of Moody.
Guiteau broke in with : "You in
fernal whelp , don't you call me a
book agent. "
\Vitness said ho always regarded
Guiteau as sane but ' 'unprincipled.
The only change in Guiteau was in
the expression of the face which now
showed fear in court.
Uuiteau got furious , and said : " 1
am not afraid. God Almighty will
protect me. I dreamed last night I
was shot through my right eye , but I
woke up and 'found myself all
right.Tho first thing ; you know ,
God Almighty will tai'e that fellow
Corkhill and put him down below.
( Laughter. ) Ho is a low , dirty whelp
and the Lord will get even with him
for stirring up my record and putting
the American people against me by
his infernal witnesses. "
Rev. Air. Shippen testiQc9 he met
Guitemi at his boarding-house last
spring. Ho acted as other people ;
buc was more reticent than of late.
' Yea , " naid Guiteau , "I wa % not
abused then. "
Witness said Guiteau talked about
the Albany deadlock and showed
much interest in Conkliiig. He was
self-possessed and had nothing of
fensive in his manner.
Guiteau said ho went to Bhippeu'.s '
church because the music was good
Mrs. Dunmoro , Guiteau's divorced
wife , was then sworn. The marshal
exhorted , the audience to keep perfectly
WILMH und there was a death-like still
ness when the witness , a quiet looking
woman of modest demeanor ,
took her place on the stand.
Her testimony was cut short
by her inability to produce the record
of divorce. Guiteau turned his face
among his papets , and the crowd
stretched their necks. Mrs. Dunmore
testified she first mot Guiteau in
Chicago in 18G8 , while she was em-
ployed'in the library of the Young
Men's Christian association. Shu
was married to him in July , 1808.
Corkhill asked where they resided
after marriage , and Hcovillo objected
to further testimony of the witness on
the ground that she had admitted that
she was Guiteau's wife , and no proof
had been presented of a divorce. The
objection was sustained by the court.
Corkhill then asked the witness if
she had been divorced.
Objection was made and the court
ruled it was not a proper way to prove
Witness handed Corkhill what she
said was a record of the name.
Scoville examined it and said it was
not loyal proof , The court sustained
him and the witness loft the stand.
The next witness was Dr. Young ,
physician at the jail. The principle
point in the testimony was that Gui-
teau once said if Garfield Hhould die
ho wouId bo confirmed in the belief that
hia act VUB providential , but it Garfield
lived ho would have his doubts. The
doctor asked him why if commanded
by the Diety to do the net ho was
willing to attribute Garfiold's death to
the physicians. Guiteau replied that
things must take a natural course ,
Witness considered the prisoner per
"I wish to ask a question of vital
importance , " said Mrs , Scovillo , aris
ing and addressing thu court ,
"I object to your interference , "
shouted tho.prisonor , excitedly , " ou
are not counsellor and must keen
The court suggested Mrs , Scovillo
should submit hia question to her hus
The prisoner vigorously protested
again and said to Scoville : "You are
about as stupid a man as I know of
this morning. I guess that lecture
last night was too much for you. You
had better repeat it. "
Mrs , -ScoYillo wrote her question )
and they were presented by her hus
band. Ono asked if it was possible to
administer medicine so as to make an
insane person appear more quiet or
subdued. Witness answered that ho
had for so long a time nothing to do
with insane people ho preferred not
to give an opinion on that point.
"That is the best you have said ,
doctor " said Guitoivu " . "
, , "you can go.
The question was not pressed , al
though Mrs. Scovillo was anxious to
olict a dircc * answer. The prisoner
told her to shut up , and the witness
left the stand.
General Reynolds , of Chicago , said
the prisoner in conversation with him
remarked that when people knew just
why ho assassinated Garficld there
would bo a great reaction in his favor.
Witness said the prisoner's next
remark was that in such an event ho
would go abroad for a year or twa ,
"That is erroneous , " exclaimed ( Jin-
teau , and lip continued interrupting
the proceedings in an excited fashion
during the remainder of the testi
mony , calling the witness a sneak and
spy in the employ of the govermoiit ,
and continually reiterated tlio icmark
about the pressure upon him , and that
God would take care of him.
Witness , continuing , said the pris
oner told him the situation in Albany
prompted him to act.
"Yes , that is true. " shouted Gui-
toau ; "that is what I've been thun
dering from the start. "
Reynolds said that in conversation
the prisoner further stated that as the
political tight became more bitter ho
became nioro decided to remove Gar
fiold. It would help Conkling into
the position of secretary of state and
help the disappearance of the iiluino
element. Arthur would surround
himself with such men as Logan ,
Conkling and Storra , and justice
woulu bo done to the Blaine men by
giving them good positions remote
from the president.
"I did not"saidthe , prisoner , "dur
ing this coi.vorsation tell any ono
what my motives were. If I had
done so the detectives would have had
me at once. I did not want any ono
else mixed in this matter. If 1 had
not seen the president doing a great
wrong to the republican party I would
not have assassinated him.
The prisoner shouted at this point ,
"I would not have removed him.
There would have been no inspiration
to do it. "
Witness further read from his notes
of the conversation that the assassin
said the people who wore benefit ted
by his act would not see him pun
ished. They would have the best
reasons for doing this , especially when
they discovered there was no imilico
in the shooting. .
Scovillo objected to this evidence.
" 1 don't , " said Guiteau , "I want it
to so on. "
Scovillo insisted that it was improp
er at this stage inasmuch as thu court
overruled the objection.
Witness , reading again from hie
notes , said Guitoau declared there was
no malice in hia act. It was patriotism
and the sentiment would change in his
favor when Gartiold was dead.
Witness handed the prosecuting
counsel a paper , prepared by the pris
oner , which ho wanted published on
the ground that the government attor
neys wore deceiving him , keeping
back his letters and preventing an
important statement being published
in the newspapers.
Judge Pcrter- road this document in
an impressive tone to the jury. It
was addressed to the Americon pub
lic ; denounced the prosecution in
strong terms , and apologized for the
removal of the president in
the usual manner. It was inspired
by the political situation and
was done solely for the good of the
nation. "I appreciate , " he wrote ,
"the Bontiment ; of horror connected
with the removal of Gnrfield , No
ono can snrp.iss mo in this , but I put
away all personal sentiment and did
my duty to Gcd und the American
people. Not a soul in the universe
know of my purpose to remove the
president. It was my own inception
and execution , and whether right or
wrong I'll ' take the entire responsi
bility. " .
The prisoner exclaimed that this
was a manly document ' , and the court
took a recess ,
When court assembled Guiteau was
pxciUid and broke out with : "There
is quiet a large demand for my auto-
raph and it has been suggested that
. should charge twenty-live cents
apiece for them. I don't want to make
any money out of Una business , but I
wish to say something to ofKccholdors
who have been bencfittcid by my act
und ask them as men of liberality to
send money for the defense. If they
will come out ] will call out their
names in mooting. [ Laughter. ] The
rich men of Now York gave two or
three hundred thousand dollars to
Mrs. Garfield and it was a splendid
thing and I want these ofliceholderH
who hayo been benefitted by my aet
to give me something. My relatives
are poor but good people and they
ought to be assisted in conducting the
defense , Money can bo sent by ex
press to Georg Scovillo , Washington.
These follows who are ashamed to
send it under their own names can do
it on the sly but wo want their money. "
[ Laughter , ]
Witness being further qustionod
about conversations ho had with Gui
toau repeated what he had said beforo.
Col. Corkhill again road the letter
of Guiteau to the American people
and Judge Porter in deep tones called
the attention of the jury to the fact
that this letter was written on the'
lth ( ) of July and contained the first *
declaration over made by Guitoafi that
his conduct was inspired.
Scovillo objected to anyaddress to
the jury by tho'opoosing counsel and
desired the remarks withdrawn.
"I shall withdraw no utterances I
make in this case , " said Judge Porter.
"It is of no consequence whether
you do or not , " shouted Guiteau ,
"you big-mouthed fellow , yon. "
The court calmed Guiteau by say
ing that perhaps Judge Porter's remarks
marks were a little previous , in fact
decidedly so. <
"The Lord and the American people
ple do not agree as to the necessity of
the removal of President , Garliohl.
The mills of the Gods grind slow , but
they grind sure nnd theyirill grind
you yet , Corkhill. " t >
Several lottom wntton to Corkhill
by the prisoner wore identified by
Gen. Reynolds and road tollio jury.
They related to Guitcau'a anxiety for
protection in jail and on the way to
the court room ; to the publication of
his biography , which hothoughtwould
have an immense sale as itvns short
but graphic and romantic , and nude
demands fc > r money from acquaint
Guiteau broke in every now and
then with annoying remarks of denun
ciation of the witness , calling him a
low , dirty scoundrel who elicited state
ments under tliu guise of friendship.
He declared ; "I don't wish to with
draw a sinulo remark that I mndu to
him , but T object to the low way in
which ho obtained his information. "
In cross-examination Reynolds ( aid
that ho visited Guiteau ah. Uio jail at
the leqtiestof the attorney-general and
"For what purpose did you go' "
"To see Guiteau , " said the witness *
"Kor what purpose ? " pressed Sco
"It was a matter of curiosity , to
some extent , " was the answer. "I
wished to ace if ho looked like ho was
when T know him before. "
"V'es " said Guiteau ' 'you '
, , came to
see what you could see. You were on
the look. " [ Laughter. ]
"Do you expect pay for your ser
vices ! " questioned Scoville.
" 1 do not , " responded Reynolds ,
"Neither in this world or the next ? "
asked the counsel.
"Oh , " shouted Guiteau , to the intense -
tense amusement of the audience , "he
will got his reward in the next. "
Witness stated that his conversation
with Guiteau was not confidential , but
admitted ho was alone in the cell with
him at the time.
"You gave mo your word as a ton- ;
tloman , " said the prisoner , "that our
remarks should not go further. "
Witness declared that Guiteau never
appeared insane to him. When ho
was in his ollico ho was gentlemanly
in deportment and dressed well.
"Drop this follow , " said Guitoau ,
"and lot's go home. "
He appeared restless and worried
over this part of the testimony , folded
up his papers anxiously nnd partially
rose from his seat. Scovillo , houovcr ,
paid no attention and witness went on
to Bay that Guitoau was a man of pe
culiarly constituted mind.
The prisoner , noticing " that the
clock was getting toward ! 3 , "ogam de
manded that the proceedings stop ,
and denounced Scovillo for wasting HO
much time on Reynolds. "You want
to take some lessons of mo and make
your quorums sharp and pointed. "
Continuing as to the ability ; of the
prisoner to manage The IntbrOccnii
when ho conceived hia journalistic
enterprise , witness answered that
Guitcuu had a shrewd intellect,1 which ,
with proper training , might 'develop
into something. . . _ ,
Scoville asked ; "Then you think
if he had the ability ho would' have
boon able to conduct The Inter-
Ocean ? '
"Oh , pshaw [ "hurriedly interrupted
the prisoner , "that is like asking if
your aunt was your uncle would such
a thing bo true. Lot's go homo. "
[ Laughter. ]
Court afterwards adjourned and
Guitoanwas taken to jail amid the
usual demonstrations' of the crowd
The present husband of Mrs. Dun-
mire said that the record of' Mrn.
Dunmiro's divorce from Guiteau will
bo forthcoming and her testimony
would be given in a few days ,
ANOTlIElt IMl'OHTAXT WITNKHS.
PiiTsnuwi , December Jo. John A
Poster , of Denver , Pa. , on his way to
Washington to testify in the Guiteau
case , in response to questions , said
that in June Guitcau said to him ;
"I expect to get the Paris consulship
If I don't I will make the biggest MJII-
sation in this countiy that has been
since 18 ( 5 " "Why you wouldn't
shoot anybody , would you ? " asked
v'ostor. "I can't say what 1 would
do if I got excited , " answeted Gui
Sonthorn Pacific Trnlu Robbers.
National AtwoclatoJ 1'runa.
LAW VKOAN , December 15. The
west bound passenger train on the
Southern Pacific fell among phillis-
tinea in the shape of train robbers ,
It had not proceeded far from the sta
tlou when hard looking characters
suddenly appeared in the Wells , Fargo
it Co. 'scar. The first move was to
hit Messenger IS.inruid over the
head with u revolver and render
him ii. sensible , They also took the
precaution to blind and gag the poor
follow befote going through ths safe ,
The bjnditti than took out $ . ' ! 0,000
in hard cash , and other valuables to
the amount of $12,000 , and it is sup
posed as thu train was near Rodger
Station it slowed up for u switch and
a bridge , thus allowing thu robbers to
drop off und leave with their easily
secured booty. It is suppohcd they
cut across the country and sought
rofnge over the border him in old
Nitlontl AtinoUituI Treat ,
WAHIIINOTON , December 10. The
American liar association are otill
considering what is to be done with
the "press of business on the supreme
court docket , Members state to-day
that there is no probability of any
thing being done immediately ; that
( ho entire subject would bo canvassed
and the cominittoo probably be jn ses
sion several days , and that the utmost
cordiality and unity of sentiment ex
ists between the Mipromo judges , thu
committee , and the senate judiciary
committee ; und that all realize the
necessity of early action , and it is
probable that a new court will bo
established with jurisdiction over
cases of such character us may proper
ly Jbo taken from the supreme court ;
that the docket of the supreme court
will then bu overhauled and all cases
properly belonging to the now court
will bo transferred to it ,
THE NATIONAL CAPITAL
Senator Garland's Opinion of the
Prosiilontlal Succession ,
Ho Boliovoa the Socrotnry of
State the Heir After the
Moro Rumors in Connection
With the Poi nmtiou of
the Now Cabiuot.
The luutrnotion Blniuo Sent
Lowell Regarding the Olay-
Miscellaneous Not * From , the Na
National Awodntctl 1'rrra.
IMIOUKIUII.MI.S IN rill ! Ml.NATK.
WASHINGTON , December ID. Mr.
Shormanfroni the tiuanco committee ,
reported his H per cent , buiuln bills ,
and gave uotico hu would call it up
immediately nftor the holidays. The
amendments authorize the exchange
of bonds for ! ) i pur cant , bonds , re-
dueoH the gross uinouiit to 8200,000-
000 , mid piovidos iiottnoro than $25-
000 shall bo on deposit at any time.
Mr. Merrill offered roflolutions di
recting the cominittoo on the District
of Columbia to inquire into the expe
diency of the law protecting the sale
of lottery tickets in said District. Ho
learned this was growing to bo an
evil , seriously affecting oniployea in
the departments , both male and fe-
Mr. Plumb introduced u bill pro
viding fur the issue of silver certifi
cates mid standard silver dollars on
the deposit of silver bullion.
Mr. Millar introduced u bill to in
corporate the Maritime Canal compa
ny ot Nicaragua.
Mr. Ilonr'a resolution for a select
committee on woman suffrage came
up JIB uiilinishcd business nf the morn
ing. At 1 o'clock the resolution wont
over and Mr. Gurhuul addressed _ the
senate on the presidential succession.
Ho argued that itould oppose the
sense of the constitution to take
a ouccessor to the president from any
but the executive departments , and
asked who so proper to succeed the
executive in ease ho wan stricken
down as hm selected confidant , the
secretary of slate , who would , ho
said , administer the ollico in accord
ance with the verdict of the people
until that veruict was reversed.
The president sent to the senate
the nomination of .1. 0. Daucroft Da
vis to be assistant secretary of state ,
and a long'list ' of postmasters.
THE CABINET. ,
WHAT AN IMTIMATK KHIEN1J HAYK.
WASHINGTON , December 15. An
intinmto friend of the president stated
to-day that ho had never heard him.
mention the name of Browdtnr for the
position of attorney general , and that
lie thought a selection would bo made
for that position from Messrs. Howe ,
rioutwoll or Phillips. If it goes went ,
Howe , if east , Houtwoll , if south ,
Phillips-Wiscoimin , Now Hollander
or North Carolina , Howo'a friends
think ho will get it , inasmuch as Sec
retary Kirkwoolc ia now expected to
stay , and Filley seems mire of the
postmaster generalship. It in now
thought also that Secretary Html will
take the place of Dancioft Uavin on
the bench of the court of cl.iiniH , that
the navy portfolio will go to the south ,
.mil that thuH the cabinet businocs
will bo settled. It is staled hero tonight -
night that ex ( Jovornor Duvis , of
Texan , has been telegraphed to comu
to Washington , and it m generally bo-
lievi'd IIIH coating will have NOinethiiig
to do with the navy portfolio , inas
much as it in given to the south und
Secrotury Hunt is to return to the
THE UANAI , QUESTION.
ON TUB ( I.AYTOV-ji'M\ :
WAHUINOTOX , December 1 D. In
answer to the resolution of the senate
offered by Mr. Edmunds , the presi
dent to-day sent to the F.cnato a copy
of the correspondence between this
country and Great Britain in relation
to the modification of the Clayton-
ISulwor treaty. The cnrrchpondcnco
consists of a single letter from Secre
tary Ulaipc to Minintar Lowell , as
DKr.uiTMKM or S'JATC , |
WAMHMITON , November ii ! ' , ' 81 /
JaTu Itumu'l I.o ( j | | , IVq , , London
Silt Iii pursuance of the promises
laid down in my circular note of Juno
2-1 th nf this year , touching the determination
termination of thin government with
respect to the guarantee of neutrality
tor an inter-oceanic c.inal at Panama ,
it becomes my duty , to call your at
tention to the convention of April
11 tlij 850 , between Great Britain arid
the United State * , commonly known as
the Ulay ton-Bui wur treaty. Accord
ing to the articles of that convention
the high controlling powers , in refer
ring to an inter-oceanic road through
Nicaragua , agreed that ono or the
other oh nil neither nor will over obtainer
or maintain for itself exclusive con
trol over said ship canal , and that
neither will over erect or maintain
fortifications commanding the same erin
in the vicinity thereof. In the con
cluding paragraph the high controlling
parties agreed to extend their protec
tion by treaty stipulations to any other
practicable communications , whether
by canal or railway , across the isth
mus , which are now proposed to
ho established by way of Tehaunto-
pee or Panama , Thin convention
was made more than thirty years
ago under very exceptional and
extraordinary conditions , which have
long since censed to exist , conditions
which at best were temporary
in their nature , and which
can never ho reproduced , The
remarkable development of the
United States on the Pacific coast
since that time has created now duties
for the government nnd devolved now
responsibilities upon it , th-i full and
complete discharge of which required ,
in the judgment of the president ,
some CKRcntinl modifications in the
Clayton-Hulwor treaty. The interest *
of her majesty's government involved
in this question in so far an they may
be properly judged by the observa
tion of a friendly power , are incon-
Bidcr.iWp in compmRon with thoio of
the United States , that the president
proposes readjustment of terms may
l > o reached in n apirit of amity
and concord nntt reflect duo to lior
majesty's government demands.
The objections to the perpotuityof the
convention of 1850 , as it now exists ,
should bo stated with direction ami
with entire frankncin [ Hlaine then
points out that the restriction agiiiiiBt
military operation practically gives to
Great Britain with her formidable
navy any isthmus ( anal in a str.igglo
for flint object , and says ; ] If no
American soldier in to be quartered on
the isthutUB to protect the rights of
hia country in an inter-oceanic'ennui ,
surely , by the fair logic of neutrality ,
no war vessel of Great Britain should
bo permitted to appear it. the water
that controls the entraiico to the
coast. [ Ulaino theu dinoussos the
Monroe doctrine with much force ,
asserting the rightful and long estab
lished claim ot the United States to
priority on the American continent.
Pointing to the example of England
in matters relating to India and her
other dependencies , the importance of
isthmus transit to the imstorn and
western extremes of country uro
Htrongly set forth , and the declaration
made that the United States will al
ways insiat upon treating the great
water-way which shall connect the
two oceans as part of her const lino.
Ho points out with clearness the rela
tive changes in the commercial pos
itions assumed by other nations.
When the treaty was negotiated
Great Britain and the United States
wore the nations prominent in the
commerce of Central America ; since
then , Franco and Germany have be
come largely interested. Modifica
tion of the tre.ity sought would enable
the United States to negotiate with
other nations seeking a foothold on
the isthmus. The f blowing is a sum
mary of changes necessaiy to meet
the views of this government : )
First. Every pait of the troity
which forbids the United States fort -
t fj ing the canal in holding political
cuntiol of it in conjunction with the
country in which it is located to bu
Second. Every part of the treaty in
which Great Britain and the United
Status nyroo to make a question of
territory in Central America , to re
main in full force as in the ordinal
proposition. This government would
not admit that Great Britain and the
United Stated should bo put on the
basis oven negatively with respect to
territorial acquisition on the American
continent , nnd would be unwilling to
establish such n precedent without
full oxplanotion , buttho treat contaiim
thai provision with respect io
Central America nnd the Unit
ed Ktatca Hhould Book its
amendment. It would give
rise to erroneous and mischiev
ous apprehensions with n people with
whom the government desire ) ) to bo
on most friendly terms. The United
States has taken special occasion to
nauiro the Spanish-American liepiih-
lics to the south of the 1'niteil Statin
that we do not intend and desire to
cross ihoir borders or in any way dis
turb their territorial integrity , and wo
nhall not willingly incur the rink of
misunderstanding by annulling the
clauses in the Clayton-Buiwcr treaty ,
which forbids hucha htop with Central
America. The acquisition of military
and naval stationti necessary for the
protection of the canal and voluntari
ly ceded to the United States by the
Central American States , is not to he
regarded as a violation of the profit-
sion in the foregoing.
Third. The United States will not
object to maintaining the clause Pok
ing t. ) the establishment of a free port
utcach end of whatever canal may ho
constructed if England desires it to
Fourth The clause in which the
two goyernmpnfa agreed to make
treaty htipulations for the joint pro
tection of whatever railway or c.inal
that might bo constructed at Tchuanto-
pec or Panama , has never boon perfect
ed. No treaty BtiptilarioiiH for the pto <
poHcd end have been suggested by
cither party , although citizens of the
United Stater , long Binco constructed
a railway at Pan.una and are
now engaged in the Hamo work
at Telmiintepce It is a fair presump
tion , in the judgment of the president ,
that this provision should be regarded
an obsolete by non-action and common
consent of the two governments.
Fifth - The clunao defining the dis
tance fiom either end end of the canal
when in time of war captures might
bo made by either belligerent on the
high BORN was left incomplete and the
distance wan never determined , in
the judgment of the president , speak
ing in tliu interest of peaceful com
merce , this distance should he made
as liberal UN possible und mipht , with
advantage , as a question relating to
the high Bean and common to all na
tions , lie a matter of stipulation be
tween the great powers of tliu world ,
[ The lottoi clones as follows : ]
In presenting the views containing
herein to Lord ( Jranvillo , you will
take occasion to nay that the govern
mcnt of tliu United States seeks this
particular time for discussion as most
opportune ) nnd auspicious. At no
period Binco the peace of 17811 have
the relations between the British and
American government been so cordial
.ind friendly as now , und I am euro
her majesty's government will find in
the views now suggested und proposi
tions now submitted additional evi
dence of tliu desire of thin govorn-
mcnt to remove all possible grounds
of controversy between the two
nations which have BO many interests
in common and BO many resona for
honorable and lasting peace. You
will , at the earliest opportunity ac
quaint Lord Granville with the
purpose of the United SlntoH touching
the Clayton-lliilwer treaty nnd in your
own way you will impress him fully
with the views of your own govern-
ment. 1 refrain from directing that
n copy oi this instruction bo loft with
hi.n lordship , bccauno in reviewing the
case I have been compelled in drawing
illustrations from British policy to in
dulge somewhat freely in the nrgu-
montnin homimiui , The course
of reasoning in an instruction to
our own minister is altogether
legitimate and pertinent anil yet
minht Recin discourteous if addressed
liioctlvto the Hritlsh government
You may deem it expedient to refer
this explanation to Lord Gmnvlllo
nnd if , nftorw.ud , ho shall desire a
copy of this insCiuction , yon will of
course furnish it.
I am , sir , your obedient servant ,
( Signed . ) AMKH G. BI.AINR.
National A cocl.ited 1'rrra.
IM1IVATK H.\ly.V.M. .
WAMII.MITON , December 15. Pri
vate D.ilzoll in hern pressing claims for
a position of ROIUU kind.
THY HIM ONCK.
Paddock , of Nebraska , will not ac
cept the place of Assistant Secretary
LOTS OK KUN.
President Arthur and Secretaries
lined and Phillips will keep bachelor's
luill nt the White House for the
A 111' A I ) NKIIUASKAN.
Jonathan Seymour , a stock jobber
from Nebraska , died suddenly en the
street last night. His death was the
result of a protracted spree.
MALE OK MAnSlI LANDS.
Ail order will bo issued by the in
terior department , in the morning for
the sale of 0,000 acres of government
marsh lands , located near Toledo ,
Secretary Blaine will tender his suc
cessor , Secretary Krelinghuysen , n re
ception on Monday evening , on which
occasion the diplomatic corps will 'bo
UONl'lllMlil ) .
The senate in executive session con
firmed the appointment of Goo. H.
Jowett postmaster of Sidney.
CRIME : .
Nttlonnl Avwii lutfil Prrii.
STOCKMAN UOD1IEI ) .
OMH Ado , Docomborl5 , A. .1. Dun-
ewiiy , a drover from Iowa , brought in
several cars of stock this morning.
\fter yarding them , ho started fur a
hotel when ho was set upon by three
men , badly astmilted , and robbed of
all his money.
1'ILLhl ) TJ1K Oil ) MDY WITH BUOKMIIOT.
QriTMAN , ' Ga. , December J5.Mrs. .
Anna Jameson , an old lady living near
hake Butler , Florida , wna shot ami
killed. Her house was set n tire , and
as she stepped out ehowusushot ,
twenty-one buckshot entering ! .tho
body. Before dying she chanted .her
son-in-law , Vernon Sapp , with the
ntlMINAI , XOTFJn-
, Tonii. , Dec. ID. A"
colored man named Woods , one of 'the
must prominent and wealthiest colored
men in that section , was murdered
and robbed in Jiickson county , Ala
bama , yesterday.
roroi | > n
X-.tlf.H3 ! Vtrm.
LONDON , December lo.The land-
' demonstration at Dublin
is fixed for an early dny in .ranuary.
Promote ! u of the movement say the
intention m not to oppoao the exccu-
tinn of the laud act , but to formulate.
the landlords' claim for compensation
fijrlossos sustained by the act. Tlicpo
loifos are on good authority placed at
A balloon believed to be PowoH'n
has bVun HL'on oil' Aldernoy Inland in
thu Biitirh chaiiiu'l ' , near the Nor
mandy const. Fishermen to-day Haw
the balloon drifting over the water oil'
Cherbourg , Franco , only 200 jurds
distant The weather won foggy and
it is believed Powell was lying ex
hausted in the car.
News has just been received 'that a
terrible typhoon visited the country
mound Harfony and Fulloy in China ,
raising the waters of the ten mo'l
driving them inland four miles. One
town was entirely submerged and
.swept away , with all i'n inmates num
VIKNM , December lfi.--Tio ! Offi
cial Froum > onblattinittk , admg article
to-day , threatens a formal rupture of
the present Austrian relations uith
Itouinnnia imlo.'s the latter government -
ment afl'oided diieut satisfaction with
out the meditation of foreign influ
National AmmclatixJ ' 'it' * " .
\Viuiim , KH , , DacemborIfi. .
Okloliomii matters at headquarters in
thin city are booming under advice of
Capt , Payne. His followers are now
scattered throughout lh .Indian terri
tory , but will ull assemble January 1st ,
at the town silo of Oklohomu City ,
where u territorial government will bo
formed and ofllccrs elected for the
government , of the new territory of
Oklohoma. It in estimated four
thousand people wi.l join Payne Jan
uary 1st. No trouble in feared from
thu federal troops.
Kentucky Cook Ffulitw. > <
National AsMOclatcnl 1'riwni i
LOUIHVIU.K , December JR. There
were four cock fights at the tourna
ment in thin city hut night. The first
was between a Kentucky Dominquo
and a Michigan red , The Kentucky
cock was killed ,
The second was between Now York
and Kentucky rode. Tno latter won.
The third was between Now Hamp
shire und Pennsylvania. The latter
The fourth was between KentunUy
and Goorcia , und was won by the
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