Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, December 09, 1881, Image 3

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    KENTUCKY'S CAVERN.
A Twenty Milos' Trip. Through
Subterranean Passages
and Chambers.
Mammoth. C.vre , With a History of
ItiPhonomonn. nnd Wonder
ful Proportion ,
Gormriomlrnt Cincinnati Commcrcltl.
Ono of the greatest natural curiosi
ties in the world lies less than two
hundred miles from Cincinnati , lies-
idents of this city can reach it in ten
bourn of pleasant travel , and yet it is
safe to any that not ono out of every
two hundred of the citizens of the
Qucon City hnvu over BOOH it A
hundred people visited Niagara falls
to every 0110 who visits the wonderful
cavern of Kentucky. There nro va-
rioud reasons for this. First , Niagara
is fortunate in being well advertised ,
\fhilo Mammoth cave , for some ron-
aon , seldom sees it name in print.
Secondly , Niagara falls in nnui.iged for
all the money it is capable of bring
ing to its shrewd ngonts , whereas
Mammoth cave , until very recently ,
was under the control of non-
progresnivo ideas. Third , Niagara lies
uncovorctl beneath the noonday' sun ,
and distant view of its splendor can
always be had ; Mammoth Cave is hid
den iti tlio darksome depths of the
earth , with nothing visible to the out
side world but its cavernous mouth.
Fourthly , Niagara lies almost in the
direct line of travel between the great
centers of eastern nnd western popu
lation , and is of coinpar.iliyely easj
access ; Mammoth C.ivo is shunted in
a wild region of the south , near which
no great tide of travel lhvs , and is
eight milea from the nearest railroad
station. And yet , in unite of all this.
the ; subterranean exposition of natural
wonders is worth more than the time ,
trouble and money it requires to see it.
SOMETHING ABOUT Till : UAVK.
Before attempting to describe any
of the wondrous sights of the c.ivo it
might bo well ta briefly not out a few
historical facts about it. Mammoth
cave ia situated in , or ratiior under
Edraonson county , Ky. , the center of
the wildcat section of the statp. The
noted James brothers , it is eaid , have
several times been in hiding within
cannon shot of the place. There are
over seven thousand square miles oi
limestone formation in this section ,
and all of it is supposed to bo honey
combed by subterronean passages and
cavernous halls. The whole county
of Edmonson is dotted with sink-holca
and nearly four hundred cavern-
mouths have boon discovered , though
most o them give access to but very
small caves. Only one entrance has
boon discovorcd to Mammoth cave ; at
least , but ono has over been made
public. It is believed the guides could
tell of other means of entrance or
exit , but it is their business to keep
this itnoweldge , if there be such , to
themselves.
The cave lies under a high table
land which rises 312 feet above the
waters of Green river.
TUB ENTRANCE TO THK CAVE
is at the end of a ravine back of the
Cave hotel , and 118 feet below the
building. The visitor goes down a
winding path until he arrives at the
place where thu ravine seems to have
run up against a precipitous bluff and
knocked a huge hole in the hillside.
The hole is the mouth of the cave. It
is twenty-four feet in height and
thirty wide. A small stream of clear
water Hews from between 'the rocks
above the opening and falls upon the
rocky bed below with pleasing oliVct.
Afc nearly every season of the year a
constant fog or bank of mist obscures
the entrance , caused by thu meeting
of two atmospheres , ono of which is
colder than the other , and thus con
denses the moisture in thu air where
the meeting takes place. Upon the
day wo entered the cave the tempera
ture inside and outside happened to
bo about trio same , and the fog was
absent , something that rarely occura.
TUB TEMPKUATUHB OK TUB AIIl
the cave never varies. Until reef -
X ccntly it was declared that the constant
temperature inside the cave , winter ,
spring , summer and .autumn , was 50 °
Fahrenheit. But very recent scien
tific testa have shown that this inoas-
uromont was marked five degrees too
high ; the tumperaturo is shown to be
but 50o , and from that it never varies.
Tlio atmosphere ia very pure. Oxy
gen and nitrogen boar the same re
lation to each other in the cave nt-
inosphoro that they do in the air out
side ; but there is much less carbonic
acid gas in the cave than is found in
the air we breathe. In the dryer
parts of the cavern thu proportion is
about l-5000th and near the rivers it
is lass still. Not a trace of ammonia
has ever bean found in the cave prop
er. The humidity of the atmosphere
varies os you dncond to the river and
lake regions. In the upper avenues
and chambers , upon the walls and
floors of which nitrate of lime is de
posited , there is a destitution of moist
ure almost absolute. Ilore animal
matter mummifies instead of decoying
by putrefaction , A dead body lett in
theao passages would turn to a mum
my. In thojo same regions , for the
same reasons , dust never rises. Not
a trace of cizone can be detected. It
is Raid that tlio atmosphere of the
cave ia the most exhilarating on the
face of or in the earth. Fragile , deli
cate women have been known to tr.ivol
on foot over ton , and oven twenty
miles of the rocky , rough passages in
the cave , experiencing little or no
fatigue , whereas they could not walk
one-third the distance in the open air.
The preat purity of the cavo's atmos
phere is not full } realized until the ex
plorer emerges into the "awaot , pure
country air" of the outxido world. The
passages from ono to the other at first
ia like transition from the air of the
streets into a close dormitory , where
a score of sleepers have spent the
night.
GOOD rOH CONBDJIITIVKS.
Tliis extreme pnrity of the atmos
phere of the cave founded the im
pression , some fifteen years ago , that
a residence there would cure , or at
least check , consumption. The test
waa a sorrowful ono. A half do/.en
consumptives , about 181 ! ) , entered
the cave for the distance of a mile or
more , whore they erected hula of
atone and some of wood , in which
they took up their residence. During
the first few days they were greatly
-encouraged by the efloot. Then bo-
gan a reaction. Suvcr.il of thorn soon
died in tlio cave , and all tlio rest expired -
pired soon after tlicir rot urn to tin-
external nir. Let physicians exp am
the cause of this eflect. Short trips
into the cave are advantageous to
people nlllictod with lung troubles , in *
tlanmmtory rheumatism anil dyaen *
trry. The public ought to bo warned ,
however , dolicxto as may bo the sub
ject of the warning , that there are
certain constant pounds in every
laily's Hfo when , under no circuiu-
stances , should fllio enter the cave
Serious results , and oven death , have
frequently followed this violation of
nature's law , when the victim was en
tirely ignorant that she waa defying
death.
HOW Ilt-U'OVKKKD.
It is a matter of legend , if not of
history , that Mammoth Cave was dis
covered by a hunter many years ago
who chised a bear into the mouth
Ho followed and explored it for quiti
n distance. The Indians , however ,
had occupied the main c.ivo years bo
fore. Evidences of their aborigine
habitation were discovered to a dis
tance of a mile and a half back from
the entrance then up to the verge of
the liottnmlcst Pit. This awful sink
hole they could never cross , as it was *
ono hundred and seventy feet deep
and extends entirely across the pas
sigo. Hut white man's ingenuity
long afterward throw a bridge across
the chiiim nnd gave access to miles
upon milt's of the cavern , which extends
tends Btill further into the boweln of
the earth , a distance of aoven and a
half miles.
tun CAM : IIUKATUIIS ,
strange an it may seem. For half n
yu.ir it inhales the outer air ; then it
holds its breath for u few days , after
which it exhales for a nix months'
period. In other words , during summer
months -hon the external
mer , * tem
perature is much wanner than is the
temperature of the cave , a constant
Htmim of air pours out of the mouth ;
and the hotter the weather grows the
stronger grows the bl.ist from the cave.
When the external temperature _ is
about the same a * the c.ivo'sthat is ,
fifty-four degrees a calm exists in
the cavern's mouth and it holds its
breath. Such was the condition when
wo viailed it. Uut in winter , when
tlio thermometer goes down toward
Koro , the cold air of the valley rushes
into the cave as though pursuing an
army of demons into hades. At cer
tain aeaaons of the year the current of
uir in the passages near the mouth is
ao great that lights are blown out.
This current of air becomes neutral
ized , however , as one joes further in ,
and finally is allayed entirely by the
reservoir properties of the onhmring
chambers , which are to bo found after
a distance of half a mile.
S.U.TTETEU
was manufactured in the main cave in
1812 , by Archibald Miller , of I'hilaci
dolphin , who took it to the east and
sold to the American government to
bo used in the manufacture of gun
powder. The cave is still just as rich
a mine of deposit for the mineral as it
waa then , but nobody could now sueni
cessfully compete in manufacturing it
there with the markets of foreign
lands. The East Indies and South
America at this later day supply the
trade. Potash saltpeter is largely
shipped all over the world from .Bom
bay and Calcutta. Whereas boda-
Haltpoter is found in unlimited supply
in the Desert of Atacama , on the west
coast of South Ainerica.Tlun | profitable
arid desert lies partly in Bolivia ,
party in Chili and partly in Peru , and
it is tlio innocent cause of the tierce
war which haa but just boon waged
among these throe governments. It
is hardlylikeiy that anybody will over
go to war over the rights to Mammoth -
moth cave saltpeter beds. The po-
tritied hoof tracks of and ruts of cart
wheels made in 1812 are still 'to bo
seen in the cave nearest the entrance.
The saltpeter pita at.d the bored logs
used as aqueducts to convey water
into the cave for use hi making the
saltpeter , are Btill in existence , and
owing to the purity ot the atmosphere ,
their wood it is.as solid and poifect to
day as when placed there , nearly EOVe
enty years ago.
DAKTK'H INFKUXO.
Neither Dante nor Jules Verne has
ever boon in Mammoth Cavo. It is
not strange , therefore , that neither ,
in their pictures of subtuiranoan horrors
rors and mysteries , has pictuiod any
thing KO awfully sublime , so grandly
imprcsaivo , as this greatest of na
ture's exposition. 'Die mind of man
cannot grasp the magnificence and
glory of nature's work in those cav
erns until his eyes have seen and hia
soul felt the subterranean wonders.
It is not in the power of man to do-
fcribo what is to IJH seen in these un
derground halh and chambers , and it
will not bo attempted hoio. We
shall give BOIUO facts and data concerning -
corning the most wonderful of the
thousand sights that are to be seen
there.
THI : OUIUES. *
There are three regular guides at
tached to the owe undoovoral "nubs. "
The oldest guido is Mat , n colored
man , who luia lived nearly sixty years.
Mat has buon yuido in the cave for
forty-two years. His BOH Henry is
ono of the substitutes , and has been
taking parties in for fifteen years.
The other two regular guides uro Wil
liam and Nicholas , both colored.
William ia a ventriloquist in his way ,
and puts the gift to pleasing use for
the benefit of hinguests. Thr original
Hiiido , whoso daring explorations re
vealed many of the wonders of the
cave to civilization , was Stephen
Bishop. His remains lie buried under
the red clay of tne neighboring
hills. A mistaken idea provailu
that the guide will collect
exorbitant fees horn the tourists he
takes in charge. Tin's idea should be
exploded. Ilo is paid n monthly sal
ary by the manager of the cave , and
is entitled to no Icei unless the vis
itors freely conhibuto n quarter
apicco , which they nearly alwnys do.
to ahow their certain appreciation for
his efforts to please everybody. Each
visitor to the c.ivo pays two or throe
dollars at the hotel oflico for a ticket
admitting him ruspectivclytothoHhott
or long route in the cave , Ho joins
the regular party of the route indio
nted , and a guide sets nut with such i a
party at a statjd hour in the day.
Tourists over the short route start
usually at 7 o'clock in the evening ,
\K \
and after exploring about eight milcf
of underground passages , return to
the earth's surface an hour bofon
midnight. The long-route voyagort
nsually atart nt 10 o'clock in the tiny-
time , and gel back about (5 or 7
o'clock in the m citing , after tr.unpini ;
throniili nearly i.\tocn miles of the
miraculous. They tnko lunch with
them , which the guide carries , nnd eat
it nsually in Washington hall , which
is seven miles from the mouth. Kach
visitor carries an oil lamp. Tlio uuido
carries tno , ami also has with him
i\ bottle of oil , from which ho
relills the lamps while the party is
atnchiiig lunch. In n haversack at
Mis aide no carries a supply of wliito
light powder. This ho uses from t into
to time to illuminate the wonders of
the underground \\orld.
The cave i.i owned by an estate
nhich possesses 1,500 acrfls of the
A-ild lands about and around the eic
trance It ia managed by Finiicis
Ivlett , an intelligent , highly educated
Anstrianwho took charge of the ea-
tate a year ago , and has already
brown much hto into the manage
ment. The great drawback at pres
ent to the cave as a popular resort is
the dilllculty in getting to it. Though
"illy eight miles from the Louisville
and Nashville railroad , no brunch road
accross the country to the cave Jins
over boi'n projected. Mr. Klctt
cny the mill etui company refuse to
build the branch b-causo they want
to buy the cave and are sharp enough
not to add to its attractive qualities.
Ilo declares that the estate will in a
few years have a railroad built across
the country westward to tlio Ohio
rivo'r , whteli is but twenty miles dis
tant. Meanwhile the experience of
, ui old-fimo stauo ride through such a
wild country will give people of thin
luxurious generation a taste of travel
iia our grandfathers found it half a
bundled yeaiH ngo.
MftUtutf n Ralso1
John HIUM. Credit , 1' ( ) . , cays Hint fur
nine immthtt lie cotiM nut i.ilso hi.s liniul to
i < li ul , tlir > null liuiii'iicis in tlio shoul
der but liy the u o of THOMAS' i.nrriuu
OIL ho wan cutlruly cured. dtctH'tullw
FACING DEATH ,
Terrible Stmmjlo in n Rn.llron.il
Oar With a Dospornilo-
Detroit Post , Dec. C.
At 4 o'clock yesterday afternoon a
thrilling upisodo occurred on the
Michigan Central in-bound express
train near K.Uamazoo , and but for the
courage of a woman might Itavo endnl
ed in a terrible tragedy , When the
train neared 1'okagon a man , who hud
been apparently engaged in reading a
newspaper , waa seen to rise suddenly
in his seat , and turning to a person
seemingly his companion , shouted in
loud tones. "You give mo your re
volver and lot mo go or I will brain
you ! " A desperate struggle instantly
ensued between the two men , and the
startled and now thoioughly fright
ened passengers precipitately tied from
the car , with the exception of a plucky
little woman.
The man who uttered the exclama
tion was Henry W. White , alias Bur
ton , a notorious stago-robbor , bandit ,
nnd desperadoen route to the Detroit
house of correction. The individual
ho addressnd was United States Mar
shal P. P. Wilcox , of Denver , Col. ,
who had him in custody. The excla
mation wns instantly followed by the
prisoner bringing down on thoollicer's
head with terrible force a pair of
handculTi , which he had cunningly
picked from his wrists with a tooth
pick. The otlicor was momentarily
stunned by the blow , but made n des
perate i resistance. Blow after blow
was rained on the ollicor'a head by
the prisoner with the hundcuils
and then he made a success
ful effort to get the revolver.
The otlieer shouted for help ,
but 1 none came. The prisoner cocked
the revolver , held it against the ofli-
cor'a breast , and pulled the trigger ,
but it failed to perform the work in
tended for it. A desperate struggle
for the possession of the revolver , a
six-shooter of > 14-calibro , knoivn as n
bulldog , now took place on tlio part
of the ollicer. Now it was in hia
hands and then in that of the prison
er. The most mysterious thing about
the , atrugle is that , although each tried
to fire the revolver , it failed in cacli
case to respond. The muzzle of the
weapon while in the hands of the
prisoi.or waa thrust arainst the left
temple of the ollicer with such force
that the prints of it were p'amly ' dii
cerniblo when ho artivcd in Dotioit.
During the contest the lady , n Mrs.
Smithson , from Denver City , remain
ed in the car and labored heroically
to aid the ollicer. She threw her
arms about the deaperapo's neck and
tried to hold his hand * . She remon
strated with him and tried to calm
his fury. Toward the close of the
struggle , the prisoner seeing ho could
not kill thu ollicer nor got possession
of the keyo to unlock thu alwcklca on
hia foot , placed the mu/.zle of the re
volver against hia heart and again it
refused to respond. Finally the ofli-
cer grabbed the bell-rope and stopped
the train. A brnkcman , attracted by
the struggle , hud come into
the car , but was afraid to
touch the prisoner. The struggle
was fortunately brought to n close
by the opportune appearance of C. F.
Oliapin , of Denver , from the forward
car , who joined forces with the offi
cer. The two guards , whom the offi
cer had brought with him , wore in the
baggage car , smoking during the
struggle. Word finally reached them
of the peril of their chief , and they
came rushing to the rescue. The
prisoner wns _ soon reduced to subjec
tion , and his hands pinioned behind
Ilia back. White did not hesitate to
announce that lie intended to kill the
ollicer , rob the passengers , and make
his escape to the north woods , lie
said ho was virtually n dead man when
once within the walls of thu house of
correction.
Wilcox with hi : ! prisoner arrived in
Detroit o'JO : ! o'clock Saturday evening.
1'hu latter has been lodged in the
house of correction , to which he has
been oontonced for life. White wcigliH
about IfiO pounds , has sandy hair and
mustache , mid keen gray eyes , Ifo is
as lithe as a panther. Jie is quite well
educited , nnd liar nil thu lequisito
talentn for n thief. His courngu is
unquestioned , and hi during unsur
passed , lie was b rn in JUrlon
county , Texas , twenty-eight years
ago. His hands are red with human
oiood ; and hia few ycaro marked with
ither crimes. Thu first man he killed
, vas hJH father , During his brief
nrccr ho has robbed the passengers
vnd mails of nine stage coaches. The
> ulk of hit ) depredations were coin-
' ' v ' '
rado. Ho was sentenced during tlio
adininistralion of President Hayes to
ton years in the Wheeling \\tst \ Va , >
ponitentiaiy for robbing a sla-jo , but
wns subsequently pardoned.
About five months ngn , between 8
and ! ) o'clock at night , ho robbed n
stagO'Coaeh on roulo from Alamosa to
Like City. There were thirteen pas-
Hungers in the coach , and White did
the work unaided. Ho pl\cod a polo
across the road on which ho suspended
gunsacks. When the coach drove tip
IIP halted the driver Possessing
wonderful powers of mimicry ,
he personated the voices of
threeor four men behind
the breastworks ho had t cared. The
passengers wcro thoroughly frightono i
by such imposing display of force , and
permitted to White parade thomjou the
roadside. Ho blind-fold d them , wont
through their pockets , nnd robbed the
mail bags. Ho then made his escape ,
and the p.issongors after ho dup.mod
soon discovered the ruse tlnvt wns
played upon them. White was soon
after captured at Puoblo. While en
loiito to Denver city he jumped oil'
the train and tried to get a horse that
stood ne.xr by. Ho was recatitnrod
and taken to his destination , tried ,
convicted and sentenced for life to
the Lanunio city penitentiary. I'jion it
being runresonted to the jud o of that
district that thu prison at thai point
waa an nwifo place for a man of
White's elmrncter the sentence WAS
changed to the Detroit Mouse of Cor-
rectum.
United Slates Mnrslml Wilco\ in
formed a Post and Tnlnuio reporter
Saturday evening that lu < had dealt
with hco'ren of desperate inen biit hud
never met the equal of White. Ho
s\id ho look every net-wary precau
tion , ho thought , t i Ining him in
safety to Ibis city. He Inul watched
him closely all the way to Detroit.
Hoforo ho left Denver City ho put nil
his private busineso in order in c.iso of
accidents , knowing the character of
the man ho had to deal with. Wilcox
is a powerful and determined-looking
man , with keen , black eyes and of
fearless appearance. S.itmdny evening -
ing ho was sulleriiig quite severely
from the terrible struggle he had passed -
od through , although ho made few
complaint3. His head , face , should
ers and hips wcro badly bruised. The
hearing of his loft can's slightly im
paired. The blow which ho iccoived
on . . the loft side of hia head had made
him partially deaf. Ho is stopping nt
the Kussol House , and leaves for
Washington , D. C. , Monday , ilo is
entitled to great credit for his coolness
and courage.
Bnokun'H jvniion Sn.lvo.
The best salvo in the world for outs ,
bruises , sores , ulcers , salt rheum ,
fever sores , totter , chnpnud handa ,
chillblains , corns and all kinds of
skin eruptions. This salvo is guar
anteed to give perfect satisfaction in
every case or money refunded. Price ,
2f > c per box. For sale by
T n tfc MflMAiioN. Omaha.
Gentle
Women
Who want glossy , luxuriant
and wavy tresses of almndnnt ,
beautiiul H nir mast nso
LYON'S KATHAIRON. This
elegant , cheap article always
mates the Hair crow freely
and i'ast , keeps it from falling
out , arrests and cnres grayness -
ness , removes dandruff and
itching , makes the Hair
Btrong , giving it a curling
tendency and beeping it in
nny desiied position. Beau
tiful , healthy Hair ia the sure
result of using Iiathuiron.
Tills Krua > ' > l > vclliu cure/a that moat
WhotLor ID Its Primary , Secondary
or Tortlnrp Stage.
Hcmno3 all tracc of Mercury from tlio PJS-
torn , Cures Scrofula , OM Here < , llhcuiua-
tinn , K'zcm.i ' , Cainrrh or uuy
lilood Disease.
Cures WHou Hot SprinRf ) Fail !
Mahcrn , Atk. , May 2,1831.
\VohaiocaHoaln our town \ilio lltoilatllot
anil ere finally cured with H. H , S.
MlUAMUUVifeUl'linr
Mtmplils , Mcnn. , Mny 12 , 1S81
Wo lm\o sold 1'iHi Irat les of rf.H. 8. in a yuir.
H lias ulti.li niiiicrinl HitliUctton. tnlr 11111111011
lilijHlclaim nuw icioiiiineiiil It " a poillhci
hjiuclllu , H. JU.SHt'lH.n ( t Co.
Loi'lsullf , Ky , , Mny 13,1831.
S. 8. R. InsKl" ' ' ! I'fltvr call lucllon than any
mcillilna I liaio mer HeM J. A. ! ' [ . .V.NKII.
Donvet , Col. Mays , 1831.
K\cry purcha ir iptaks In the hl hi'iit tcriiu
or H. K. ti. L , MoUjCtur.
IllcliiiioiKl. Va. , May II , 1881 ,
You can rtfi'r nnjhoily to tin In regard to the
merits uf .S. S. ti. Poll. , Miller it Ca
Ha'u inner knouiiH. H. H total ! to euro a case
of Byiliill | , when iirnperly talion ,
n , li. Demure ! . . . . . . . . . . .
„ „
i ,
iilWatrcn : , ; >
Tlia aliotu sl neru arouentleinan of liluh etanil-
A II COI UriT ,
Uoicrnor oKJwjruh.
IP YOU.WIHII W U.TAKi : YOUlt.1i ; O'A
'jo in : i-Aii ) roil WHEN CUIIIID.
Write for particulars anil now of litllu
took ' .Munnwu to thu Uiifrrtuimlu.
81.0UO Rxwnril "HI l > u [ alii to any
ilifinUi who will llnil , on aii'ij l < li > 0 liottli >
H H. 8. , ono mrlitluof Mercury lodUu 1'ottxi
ulumorniiy Jllnpril HU ! '
t ll'l tT HI * CO , Prop' ,
Allaiiia , fla.
1'rleoo' ' regular sUe reduced to 61 T > \ a ot
Ilo Hmall it a , holillii lialf thaiunntlty | , pr.tu ,
Hold hv KIJNNAIII ) t CO , ,
ally.
J.P.ENGLISH ,
ATTORNEY - AT - LAW i
BIO South Thirteenth Street , with
; V-ps W < * ' ' x * >
a x * " - Jfl ' ' ' . ' - * ! * '
Iv * * * * J J * ' . 1
BV r jvin ?
! J - . & '
n : jMrJVJ wAfffCf awis'
ss mm M
\ | lUli.4IIJ.iuKl ! iMM.VWt UIui.allJrit
aaii Ts
No Changing Cars
\Vhoro direct connection nro uimlo with TrWRh
SLKKl'INU CAK LIKKSfor
NKW YOHK , I10STOX ,
rillLAIlKI.l'IIU ,
DALT1MOUK ,
VVA8I1INQTON
AND ALL EASTKUN tlltJJ.
The Short Line via. Peoria
Her INDIANAPOLIS , CINCINNATI , LOUIS-
VII.I.K , ntul all ] > olnu In the
TDK llutr UXl
For ST. LOUIS ,
Whcnullrrct conncctioiid nr\ > made In the Union
Depot with thu Ilirouirh
' ' ' ' Sleeping Cur
Liticaf'or'ALli'l'o'll'NTlJ"
es o UToc1 aca : .
HEW LINE DESMOINES
TIIK KAVOlUTi : KOUTK FOU
Rock Island.
Tim mn' ( ] \r\lcil Iniliircnumt * offered by thll line
to trnolers mid lonrltita nro M follnnn :
Ttio ccleliratc.1 I'ULLMANUO-ulivol ) PAI.AOK
fll.KKPIWl OA11S nin only on thin line C. , II.
4 ( } . 1'ALACiKAWINO : UOOM OAU8 , with
Norton's Kriltnlni ; Llinln. No extro ihtrga lot
wiatu In Kocllnlnir Clmlrs. Thofumoui 0. , n , A
( j. Palftro IMnliii ; Cnts. Oorjjoom SmokltiK Cure
lUUil vlthelcpuit lilffli'lnckntl ml tin revolving
chMrs , for the oiclusUo usual flral-clasn pasaoti *
8tOTlTr cl > wil nipcrlor equipment comblrnt
with their ( Meal through nir ntrun i'inciit , unkn
tliln. alwvc nil other * , the thorite route totne
Kiwi , South ami SouUuvuit ,
Try It , nnil ) o will find tnuollnu n luxury In-
cteiwl o ( n iltacomtort.
Through tlckottlo thin tttlohrntiul line for nalo
t nil otlluoi In the Unltuil State * nnd Uuiiuta.
All Information niout rntiM of ( ire , Bleeping
Our oecmmiiOilixlloiiH , Tlinu Tnlilcs , oto. , will bo
cheerfully given liy spi'ljaa \ to
TKUCKVAL LOWELL ,
GinorM oncer Airoiit , Chicago ,
. J. 1'OTTKU.
On. 'Muniwor Chicago.
Sioux City & Pacitic
THE SIOUX CITY ROUTE
Huns a HelM Train 'Ihrouxh from
Council Bluffs to St. Paul
Without Chance Time , Only 17 Hourt.
IT m
JLOO UILES TUB SHORTEST UOUTE ,
FROM
COUNOIL BLUFFS
TO ST. PAUL , MINNEAPOLIS
DULUT1I OK DISilAUCK ,
mid nil points In Northern Iowa. Mlnnceotn and
Dnl.otv Thb line la oiUlp | > od with the Improved
Wctlnhou9a | ; Autom&ila Alr-brako tnd Millet
rutlorm Couvlor and Duller ; and for
SPEED. SAFETY AND COMFOUT
In unmirpiuctod. Pullman 1'alnco tilucplni ; Car
run throtiKh WITHOUT CHANdK between Kail
sea ( Jit y nn J Ht. Paul , \la Council llluOa nnil
Hloux Ulty.
Trains Itavo Union Paclflo Transler at Coun
cil UliilTH , at I'M p. in. ilally on nrrlval o ( Kanaai
City. Kt. Joseph and Council Illulld train from
the Sou tli. Arriving at Sioux City 11:35 : p. m. ,
Mid at the New Union Depot at St. Paul at 12:30 :
noon.
TUN UOUUS IN ADVANCE OF ANY OTUEH
UOUTE.
OMlcincnihcr In taking the Sloilx City Ilouto
> nuict a'Dirnn h Train. The Bhortvxt Line ,
tlio Qulckuitllniu nnd a t'omfortalito Illdo In the
Through Cars between
COUNCIL iiLurrs AND ST. PAUL.
tSrSci that j our Tlckcti rtailla the "Sioux
C.ty anil I'jiilllc Itallioad. ' *
J. S. WATTI.KS , J. K. I1UCIIANAN
Hiiporintt'iulcnt. Gcn'I I'OHH. Au'cnt.
P. K. HOniNSON , Aus't Ocn'l Ilwi. Ag't ' , ,
MlnHouri Valley , Iowa.
J. II. O'llllYAN , Soiitliwofturn A'ont | ,
Coiincl liliidd , Imsa
! 8SO. SKORTJ.IHE. 1880.
KANSAS CITY ,
St. Joe & Council Bluffs
is THU
Direct Liiie to ST. LOUIS
AND TUB EAST
Prom Omaha and the Weot ,
No change of earn between Omaha anil bi.
and hut ono between OMAHA and
NiW YOHK.
Daily PassengerTrains
EABTEIIN AND WK8TEHN CITIES with LESS
OUAKQCSond IN ADVANCBof ALL {
OTIIEU LINES.
Thl entlro line Is cquipiiod with l'unmn' ! !
I'alftce Weeping C.ire , PaUca lay CoAcIuo , Miller1/ '
S'jfuty riitforni and Coupler , and the colobratoJ
o.
tarBoo that your ticket roads VIA n.AN8Ah
CITi' , HT. JOSl'l'II A. COUHUIL ULUl'fa K&11.
ro.i'1. via Bt. Jo'iuph and Bt. Loulu.
Tickets far tula ft all coujnti itatlons In the
West. J. e. UAIINAKU ,
A O. DAWEH , Ocn. fl'ipt. , St. Jownh , JIo |
Don. i'ttss. anil Ticket Ayt. , Ht. Jouopli , ilo.
I ANDV pQHmit , Ticket Agent ,
n utrccl.
DISEASES
OKTUB-
EYE & EAR
DR.L. B. GRADDY ,
Oculist and Aurist ,
LATE CLINICAL ASSISTANT IN ROYAL
LONDON OPHTHALMIC HOSPITAL.
lloforonccs all lUjputaWo yilclarm of Omaha.
tzrOWce , Corner IGtll and Farnham Bit. ,
Omaha. Neb nuMinotf
I
The Only Kuov/u Real Curo.
W , J. CONNELL ,
ATTORNEY - AT - LAW.
7.n1
THIS NTW AITD CORRECT
i jsyonrt nny Tcasoiinbln I
CHICAGO & NORTH-WESTEW
i > ' I . , ( . . . .
w r ut jdll tutalUt WliPli .t.iU'llll. ; .iiiilltl' riMtrdtili ti'trti'OO/
* Jilcago am' ill < > f thi ! Principal Points In Iho West , North ind Northwest ,
Junciloii > ii HiNwwdI'Hi point ? tim.u'nb f.\lin unl.ft rlo-.ij - " < muoeJoj wlili ihotMlus'of ' U funmml.s a
THE CHICAGO & , NORTH-WESTERN RAILWAY ,
tt Ciprnvt
The Imperial Palace Dining Cars.
II
Vi.iV".1"1' ' ' ' ll ; > l"lv > \ " "uiiiu .ini' . . jiuiiMiiiKi-f. " .irccn niy ; i.ak ( ) Superior i-na - .
Cnnl mCr * uro y Con-ion Ticket AgciiU fii this Uulluil StaUw nuV !
Itciiieiubcr to nils for Tickets via tills ro.id.liosiiro they rend over It.niul Uikononoothnr.
MAIMS miUUnr.Gen'l JliumicrClilcaKO- . II. STBSNETT , Oen'l 1'iiss. Acont , Chicago.
HAIUlY P. DUKL , Ticket AfontjO. A N. W , KnllwAy , Utli And ritintiftm gtrcotn. 1
I ) . K. KIMI1ALL , Aulitent Ticket Airout 0. & N. W. lUIIwuy , Hlh.Mi.l r rnh tn itreitl *
J. I1KI.L. Ticket Aiont 0. ft N. W. KAlbvuy , U. P. It. U. l ) i > o .
RAMKHT (1M11K Oenoml Arnr .
WM. ROGERS'
Manufacturing Company ,
-MAKERS OF THE-
Finest Silver Plated Spoons and Forks.
The only and/j / jtional pinto Unit
original firm of\ \
m is giving for iu-
11 o g o r a Bros. i 'TiS- *
atftiico a single m
All oil * Spoons ,
F o r k a nnd plated Spoon a
Knives plated triplothioknusa
with the greatest
plato only on
of care. Each
the a o o t i o a
lot being hung
on a scale while trhoro expo d
being plated , to to wear , thoniby
insure full deposit
a
making n single
posit of silver on
plated Spoon
them.
them.Wo wear us long asa
Wo would call
a triple plated
especial atten
tion to one.
our sec-
Rival. Orient. Tlpnad.
All Orders In the West should ho Addressed to
A. B. :
. . HUBERMANN
,
Wholesale Jeweler ,
OMAHA , NEB.
LGUTTER !
ELGUTTER'S ' m CLOTHING.
ELCUTTER'S ' Novelties in BoysM OLOTHING.
ELGUTTER'S ' NoveltiBB in Youths' ' CLOTHING.
ELCUTTER'S ' NovolMos in Mon'sii ' CLOTHING.
ELCUTTER'S ' NovoltiGS in Wliito FANCY SHIRTS.
ELCUTTER'S KovoltiQS in Under WEARS.
ELCUTTER'S Novelties in Fancy NECK WEAR.
ELCUTTER'S Novelties in ' '
Fancy SILK H'DK'FS.
ELCUTTER'S Novelties in Holiday GIFTS.
MAMMOTH 'CLOTHING HOUSE ,
1001 Cor. Farnham & 10th St. 1001
105itt ? WOOLLEY & DAVIS W8
Stationers , Paper Dealers aiid Engravers ,
KEEP ON HAND A SELECT STOJK OF.
BLANK , SCRAP , POCKET AND BILL BOOKS ,
FINE PAPER , INKSTANDS , PAPER WEIGHTS *
Latest Novelties in Wedding Goods , Menus ,
Visiting and Advertising Cards , BallJProgrammes , &Ci
Also , Paper Bags , Flat and Wrapping Paper , Envelopes , Bill ,
Tnf" * yip < \ IJntn P'naflq |