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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 19, 1881)
THK OMAHA DAILY BEE : WEDNESDAY OCTOBER 19 , 1881
THE COLLAPSE OF OORNWALLIS ,
A Review of the Great Revolu
tionary Events of One Han-
dred Tears Ago.
The Death Blow to British
Tyranny Struck by the Al
Memories Freshened by tbo Aunl-
The sicgo of Yorktown ixml the sur-
roiulor of Lord Cormvallia ami his
army was the ronl culminating ovotit
of the grc.it revolution wliich severed
the American colonies from the Brit
ish empire. One hundred years have
floated down the stream of time since
that event , and from a weak confeder
ation of thirteen colonies hai como ,
in that brief time , ti great nation , re
spected by all the world for its on-
Iiyhteiimunt , and tor the wonderful
progress it has nflvdo in wealth and
power. The contiiry which has passed -
ed has been a gro.it one. Tnnu ,
thought and experience had not
wrought in vain , when a century ago ,
the statesmen of that period under
took the work of founding a nation.
The declaration of indopcndonco
which they made sounded through the
world , and awakened everywhere a
spirit of liberty that has been grow
ing in volume over sinco. The insti
tutions then founded on this conti
nent wore Insod on principles so just
and humane , that when iidminiatered
with duo wisdom end skill , they will
novcr embarrass or restrain the prop
er activities of men at any point. Our
government stands a model , winch
other nations will carefully copy in
duo time , as they can adapt them
selves and change their institutions.
It may not bo a literal copy , but the
spirit breathed into the great declara
tion penned by Thomas Jeffowou is
rapidly becoming a potential influence
in the structure of all civilized gov
In the great revolutionary struggle
of 'a hundred years ago , France , then
ruled by a crowned head , was our
faithful ally. She is now a republic ,
modeled to a great extent after our
own , ahd no country ni the old world
is so prosperous , nor is any people
moro contented. It is a significant
fact that these two allies in a great
struggle liayo remained friendly over
since , in spite of all the complications
which the clashing interests of commerce -
merco have developed , and to-day the
representatives of that government
and the descendants of the noble
Frenchmen who participated at the
siege of Yorktown , are on our soil as
honored guests of the country which
their ancestors helped establish among
the powers of the world.
The British government , against
which we then warred , has now with
us 'moat friendly relations , and is
proud of the honor of having been
our mother country. Slight jealousy
of her aspiring offspring , it is true ,
she liaa occasionally exhibited in the
course of the century which has
elapsed since her forces laid down
their arm * to oTirs , but that spirit ap-
pcara to have been eliminated from
the English statesmen and people of
tho'presontday , and it is not likely
that the friendship of the two coun
tries will ever again bo disturbed by
the clash of arms.
Possessing , then , the highest friend
ship and regard for the natio'n which
WRB our enemy in the revolutionary
struggle , it is not- improper that we
should celebrate the centennial anni
versary of the surrender which closed
the war , and ] it is not inappropriate
that the incidents of the
Yorktown campaign and the
leaders who figured in it prominently
should be briefly noticed.
Lord Cormvallia surrendered the
British army of Virginia
and the south to Gen.
Washington at Yorktown on the 18th
day of October , 1781 ; and , though it
was not until March , 1783 , that the
preliminaries of a peace treaty wore
signed between the colonies and Eng
land , this surrender decided the strug
gle and the British military power
ollm-ed no further effective reaistenco.
Gen Phillips , the English commander
under Cornwallis , and the traitor
Benedict Arnold had been harassing
that part of Virginia all through the
spring and summer of 1781. Baron
Steubon , the noble old Prussian
officer , had done magnificent service
in upholding the cause of the colonists.
His little army of militia was kept on
and about the peninsula , while all the
regulars that could bo spared wcro
sent south into tha Carolina * to rein
force Gen. Green against Cornwallis.
The months of May and Juno brought
Lafayette with 2OOOjFrcuchmon and
Destoucho with a French fleet. In a
naval fight in the Chesapeake between
the French and a British fleet , the
former was driven north. Cornwallis
later in tho' summer was forced to
leave the Carolums and marched his
army north , intrenching himself at
Yorktown. Meanwhile Baron Steubon
had increased his Virginia troops in
numbera and converted thorn from
militia into soldiers , and Gen. Lafny-
etto had also strengthened his com
mand. Gun. Washington then con
ceived the plan to pen Cornwallis ' up
in Yorktown and capture 'tho entire
British army south of the Chesapeake.
It was H complete success , and the
strongest of the British armies in
America , with the best generals , ca
pitulated on the 18th of October fol
lowing. While J3aron Stoubon and
Gon. Lafayette were , next to Wash
ington , most conspicuous on the
American side , Gon. Knox contributed
in no small degree to the glorious re
sult. Ho has been called the hereof
of the Yorktown campaign because of
the great artillery fire that hrfd so
mu H to do with the defeat of the
oaomy. Gen. Knox commanded our
artillery , and was the American rtil
lorist. His services were of the first
order ; and it is believed that his oflec-
tivo artillery fire compelled the enemy
to surrender before tun arrival of Sir
Henry Cliliton with a fleet' and army
to attempt the doliveruiico of Lord
Agreement was made for the our-
render on the 18th , and oil the morn
ing of the 10th Washington sent the
articles of capitulation to Lord Corn-
wullis , accompanied by u note in which
he requested that they bo signed by
11 o'clock , and that the troops surren
der their arms by 2o'clock in the after-
noon. Accordtngto historical descrip
tion the surrender of the arms and
standards waj ono of the most impos
ing and afTecliiu' spectacles over wit
nessed in warfare. It was high nonn
when thoallicstook possession of Yorktown -
town , detachment * from each army
occupying n redoubt on the left of the
v > ik * Thp field chosen for the for
mal surrender of anna and standards is
about a inilo from Yorktown on the
Hampton turnpike. It is a wide
plain , descending in long , Bwcopingun-
dtllations toward the York river. The
way thither was lined by the allied
troops , the French on the loft and tlio
Americans on the right. The former
were gallantly arrayul , their white un
iforms , plumed hats and gilded stand
ards gleaming famously iu tlio tirtlont
aim. The Americana piusentcd n
sombro , though soldierly , appearance.
Their dress was not uniform , nnd was
much worn. Their heads were proud
ly erect and eVery eye boamutl with
gladness. The French and American
coloia were unfurled near the front of
the columns the one the golden Hour
do lya on a white silk ground , and the
other the simple but beautiful stars
and stripes. At thojiead of each army
was its commandor-iil-chief , mounted
upon a magnilicoiH charger. Sur
rounding each were his staff and his
general Ofllccrn. As the positions
wcro being taken the French band dis
coursed its most inspiriting strains of
martial melody. Washington was
magnanimously solicitous that his fall
en foes should not bo insulted , and re
quested his soldiers to refrain from
cheering. Posterity would give thorn
"A vast concourse of people , " says
a historian , "almost equaling in num
ber tlio military , was assembled from
the surrounding country to partici
pate in the joy of the event. Uni
versal silence prevailed as the van
quished troops slowly marched out of
their intrenchmonts nnd passed between -
twoon the combined armies. " They
had on the previous day been given
uniforms , and their long tiles appeared
in oil their scarlet splendor ; but , as
the Abbo Robin 'observes , "all their
finery served only to humble them the
more , iu contrast with the miserable
appo.tranco of the Americans. " Tlio
eye witnesses of the scene dwell'upon
thotlivoly expectation which waa felt
by all thu allies of seeing Lord Corn
wallis , whoso name and qualities had
inspired them with respect and admi
ration. They were keenly disappoint
ed , however , for ho did not come , being -
ing opportunely indisposed. 'Gen. '
O'Hara led his army and bore his
sword. Ho sought out Gen. Rochaui-
beau , at the head of the French line ,
and tendered him the humbled sword.
The French commander simply desig
nated to him Gen. Washington , who
sat upon his white steed immediately
opposite , telling him that the French
army was only auxiliary to the Ameri
can , and the formal honors of the sur
render belonged to the latter. Gon.
O'Hara approached Washington and
was about to draw the sword from its
scabbard to present to him. The lat
ter made a negative sign , and ex
claimed : "Never from so bravo a
hand. " The soldiers exhibited great
vexation in laying down their ' arms ,
and ono officer was soon to bite his
sword in silent rage. The prisoner *
numbered 7.198. One thousand of
these , being sailors , were , together
with the shipping iu the harbor , sur
rendered to the French admiral. Two
hundred and1 seventy-four cannon ,
7,320 muskets and 457 , horses were
taken. The colors of twonty-eight
regiments were delivered. By death ,
wounds and desertion the 'enemy ' had
lost previous to the surrender 552
men ; the French 60 killed and 125
wounded ; the Americans 27 killed
and 73 wounded.
Immediately after the surrender
three aides-do-camp , in the name of
Washington , of Rochambeau and of
Lafayette , presented .themselves at
Cornwallis1 quarters to express a polite -
lito solicitude regarding his health.
On the evening of tho.22d ho was in
vited to dine with thcf Comto do
Rochambeau , but all the delicate
efforts of his hosts could not dispel
his melancholy. Similar attentions
were shown thu other captive officers.
The French particularly were untiring
in their courtesies , and won the
esteem and gratitude of these who
but lately had execrated them.
Thatcher describes the nppearanco
of Yorktown three days after the
signing of the capitulation. "I have
this day , " ho says , "visited the town
of York to witness the destructive
effects of the siege. It contains
about sixty houses , sumo of which are
elegant. Many of thorn are greatly
damaged and some totally ruined ,
being shot through in a thousand
places and honeyed-combed , ready to
fall to pieces. Rich furniture and
books were scattered over the ground ,
and the carcasses of men and horses ,
half covered with earth , exhibited a
scene of ruin and horror beyond de
scription. The earth in many places
is thrown up in mounds by the force
of our shells , and it is difficult to
point to a spot whore a man could
have resorted for safety. "
Washington's general older , issued
on the occasion , contained the follow
ing'just tribute to the allied troops ;
The general congratulates the army
upon the glorious events of yesterday.
Tlio goneroiu proofs which his most
Christian majesty has given of his at
tachment to the cause of America
must force conviction on the minds of
the most deceived among the enemy
relative to the good consequences of
the alliance , ami itispiro every citizen
of these states with sentiments of the
moat unalterable gratitudo. His iloot
the mont numerous and powerful
that over appeared in these seas , com
manded by an admiral whoso fortune
and talents insure great events an
army of the most admirable composi
tion , both iri oflicoro and men , are the
pledges of his friendship to the United
States , and their cooperation has
secured us the present signal success.
The general on this occasion entreats
his excellency , the Count do Itocham-
beau , to accept his most grateful ac
knowledgements for his counsels at all
times ; ho presented his warmest thanks
to the ( Jons. Damn do Viomonil ,
Chevalier Chastellux , Marquis do
Saint-Simon and Count do Yiomonil ,
and to Brig.Gen. . do Choisy , who had
a separata command , for the illustrious
manner in which they have advanced
the interests of the common causo. Ho
requests that Count do Rochambeau
will bo pleased to conununicato to the
army under his command the high
RCIISO ho entertains of their distfn-
gui-heu merits of the ofiicera and HO ] .
iliers of every corps , nnd that he will
present in his name to the regiments
of Agenois and Boux-Ponta the two
pieces of brass ordnance captured by
them as a to-tlmuny of their gallantry
in storming the enemy's redoubt on
the night of the 14th inst. , when olli-
cora and men so universally vied
with each other in the exercise
of every virtuo. The general's
thanks to each individual merit
would comprehend fho whole army ,
but ho thinks himself bound by affec
tion , duty and gratitude to express his
obligations to Maj , Gens. Lincoln ,
Lafayette and Steubon for dispositions
in the trenches , to Gen Doprtnil and
Col. Carnoy or the vigor and knowl
edge which were conspicuous in the
conduct of tlio atfacks , and to Gou.
Knox and Col. d'Abovillo for their
great care , attention and fatigue in
bringing forward the artiljery and
stores and for their judicious nnd
spirited arrangement of thorn in the
parallels. Ho requested the gentle
men above mentioned to communicate
his thanks to the officers and soldiers
of their rctipcctivo commands. Ingratitude -
gratitude which the general hopes
iiovor to bo guilty of , would bo con
spicuous in him should ho omit thank
ing in the w.xrmost terms his excel
lency , Gov. Nelson , for the aid ho has
received from him and from the
militia undev his command , to whoso
activity , emulation and courage much
applause is duo. Tno greatness of the
acquisition will bo an ample compen
sation for the hardships mid hazards
which they encountered with so much
patriotism and firmness. Jn order to
diffuse the general joy through every
breast the general orders that thcso
men belonging to the army who maybe
bo in confinement shall bo pardoned ,
released and join their respective com
mands. Divmo service is to bo per
formed to-morrow in the several
brigades and divisions. The comman-
dor-in-chief recommends that the
troops not on duty should universally
attend with seriousness of deportment
and gratitude of heart which the re
cognition of such reiterated and as <
tonishing interpositions of Providence
demand of us.
It was not until the 24th of October
bor that congress then in session in
Philadelphia , heard of the surrender.
Au aido-do-camp of Washington rode
as fast as horse could carry him from
Yorktown , and entered the city at
full gallop in the night halting before
iho house of Thomas McKcan , then
the president of congress ; ho dis
mounted and knocked long and loud
at the door , meanwhile shouting at
the top of his voice the magic words :
"Cnrnwallis is taken ! Cornwallis is
taken ! " The watchman caught up
tlio cry , and continuing his round
shouted ot every stop , "It's 1 o'clock ,
and Coruwttllis is taken ! " Windows
flow open ; heads came out , and neigh
bors exchanged conjectures , and everyone
ono dressed in haste. Soon the streets
wore thronged by thousands of excited -
cited people , and joyous shouts re
sounded everywhere , torches blazed ,
and the old man who was keeper of
Inaopondonco hall , who had rung the
birth of independence , was aroused
from his bed and sot the bell going as
the cinnon began to belch forth their
thunder inhcnor of the glorious event.
Patriots saw throughgloom which had
so Ioni ? prevailed , the dawn of peace.
It was a famous victory , and will bo
splendidly celebrated. It was the in
tention of President Garfield to have
boon present on the occasion , and , how
grandly ho would have spoken there
had ho boon permitted to live. The
nation has no man whom the remem
brances of the revolution could have
stirred to more eloquent utterances.
His absence will be the great regret.
President Arthur and all the cabinet
will participate , and all who are so
fortunate as to bo present are to bo
envied , for it will bo a timoto stir the
heart of every patriot.
D.in'l Plank , of Brooklyn. Tioga county ,
Pa. , describes it tliun : "I rode thirty
mi es for a bottle of THOMAS' EoLKoiiuo
On. , which effected the wonderful cure of
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proved worth more than gold to me. "
Buoklln's Arnica Snlvo.
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DR. L. B , GRADDY ,
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Referenced all Reputable Physicians of Omaha.
tZTOfftce , Corner 15th and Fornham 81 * . ,
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Dakota. This line Is equipped w 1th the lmpro\
WostlnKhouse Automatic Alr-brako and illllei
Platform Couclcr and Buffer ; and for
SPEED , SAFETY AND COMFORT
Is unsurpassed. Pullman Pa'laca Bleeping Car
run through WITHOUT CUANOK between Kan
BOB City and St. Paul , vU Council Ulufls and
Trains leave Union Paclflo Transfer at Coun
cil pluffs , at 7.35 p. m. dally on arrival of Kansai
City. St. Joseph and Council lUufh train from
the South. Arriving at Sioux City 11:35 p. m.
and at the New Union Depot at St. Paul at 12.30
TEN HOURS IN ADVANCE OF ANT OTHER
larRcmcmbcr In taking the Sioux City Route
you vet a 'through Train. The Shortot Line
the Quickest Time and a Comfortable Hide In the
Through i ars between
COUNCIL BLUFFS AND ST. PAUL.
43TSoothat jour Ticket * read Ua tha "Sioux
City anil Pacific Ilallioail. "
J. 8. HATTLES , J. R. BUCHANAN ,
Superintendent. Ocn'l I'asn. Agent.
P. i : . UODI.NSON , Aun't Ocn'l l'oa < . Ag"t ,
lllmourl Valley , Iowa.
J. H. O'BRYAN , Sputliwtstoni ARcnt ,
Council lilufft * , loua.
Proposals lor Sewer Bouiln-
Senleil propo.snU will bo received until
October 29th , 1881 , nt 12 , noon , by tbo
C3ity Clerk of Omaha , comity of Douglas.
State of Xcbraakiv , nnd will , : it Hint bour ,
bo opened for tlio pinelmso of ? W,000.00
of the ISHUO of 8100.000.00 of Sewer
Bonds , First SoricH , of tlio City of Oinnlm.
Said bonds nro diited Sejitcmbcr l t , 1881 ,
are in Bums ol § 1,000.00 , each , bear intercut
from their date at the r.ito of uix per cen
tum per annum , payable at the ofiico of
Kountzo Lros. , Now York , Bemi-nnnunlly ,
upon coupnna attached ; Baid bondH nro
iHHueJ under the Charter power of naid
city after election duly held authorizing
their isnuo 'or the completion of Sewer *
partly conntructed. and for the construc
tion of additional Sowcra. The $50,000,00
tinw offered are the first Hold ofmud Jloml/t ,
BitlH will bo addreBBed to the undernigncd ,
and must utato tha full name anil addreM
of the liidder , the amount of Bald Boncln
desired , nnd the price ( iropoxod to bo paid.
The right'is re oryc < i to reject any and
all bidH. J. J. L. C , JJSWKTT ,
8cpt29-30t , City Clerk.
Geo. P. Bern is
REAL ESTATE AGENCY ,
16th and Dodge 6U , , Omaha , Net ) ,
This aitticy ; uoes SIRICTLT brokerage Imtlnefu.
Does not upuciilato , 'nl thcroforo any liarK liu
on Ita books arc Insured to IU jiatrons , Instead
of bulnir irobblod uu bv thu went |
HAWKEYB PLAININO HILL 00 ,
Des Moines , Iowa ,
Manufacturer * of 8ASH. ODORS , CLINDO ,
DRACKETO , MOULDINGS , &O.
Great reduction In Hank Countrrn , I'lana lur-
nlslicd.mid word furnlidifxl In all kinds of hurd
or softwood. Countern flnUhcd In oil when oo-
Mred hhelvlngof all klndx furnlnhud anil put
tito bullJIni ; riady for paint ou ahort notice
) 'ir workmen are the hoit mechanic ) that can bo
irocurcnJ , bare money by giving un your coo
Btalri , Newell and Baluster * .
Our foreman In thin department vu ) formerl >
llh Frost Manufacturing Co , tt'hlcago ,
IU , and ha < donu uoniu of thu ( liic.t Stair Aork
n tha Northwcit
OrJcru by mail promptly attended to. * 2D 8m
W. J. CbNNELL , (
ATTORNEY - AT - LAW ,
Ornc * Front liooma ( tin talr ) In HaBiuora'ii
ew brick bulldlnif , N. n , tornir K/tuontli / cd
uccewor to J , H TJilcle ,
Mo. tSO Dou.lar Wr. ' O > wii % Nob. ,
THIS NI7W ANB Ct'ftRECT MAP
\ . l'ro i jcyond ( iny rcaaon.iblo question thftt tlifl
CHICAGO & NORTH-WESTERN BY
l.i by all cxlAs tlio bcsi roft l for jon to take when ttnvcllns In clthcrdltcctlon between
Chicago and all of the Principal Points In the West , North and Northwest.
Oftrcfiilly cTnmlno thb Knp. The rrlnclpdl CltlM of tlio Wr t nr\A \ Norihwr t urn PtMlon.
on thU ro.td. Us through twins iimko close conucctlouvltli HjotruiasoluilrullmuU,1) * *
THE CHICAGO & . NORTH' WESTERN RAILWAY ,
The Imperial Palace Dining Cars.
. V/JV'J1 / ' ? , " sJf ? pl" " ? ? . N"rt , > or KortliwMt ot CUIoiRo.
Trunk IJuos t
Homumbcrto ask for Tickets vln this road.bo sure they rcrut ovcrltnnd takonono other ,
ByiJl llUQUHT.Ucu'l Jlaimircr.CWcaRO. . . . W. 11. STKSNKTT.Ucn'iraw. Apcnt , Chlcnvf.
HARRY P. DUEL. Ticket Aitent 0. A N. W. Rullway , 14th and Fainhara streets.
D. K. KUIIULL , Awdnlant Ticket Agent 0. * N. W. Hallway , Hth and Karnham streets
J. ItKl.L. Ticket Agent U. & N. W. Hallway. U. P. It. K. Herat.
BAUEdT.CLARK General Airenl.
A large and varied stock of Sta
ple and Fancy
AT EIF1EEN PER CENT
THAN DOWN TOWN STORES.
You will Save MONEY by buying ;
your DRY GOODS of
GUILD & McINNIS ,
COS N. 10th Street , 2d door north of Cal E Side.
614-616 So. TENTH STREET.
HEADQUARTERS FOR BARGAINS IN
I Case scarlet Twill Flannels , 26 to 60 cents.
1 Case White Shaker Flannels , 16 2-3 worth ,
Case Grey Mixed Flannels , 16 2-3 to 25 cts ,
Case Shirting Flannels , 22J-2 , worth 35 cts.
Lot Fancy Plaids , 20c , worth 30.
11 " " 25c , worth 46.
" All Wool Shudda Cloths , 46-50c , worth
Lot Black Cashmeres , 60 , 65 , 75 , 85 , 95 cts.
11 Heather Foule Mixtures , 40c , worth 60.
11 All Wool Armres new shades---25 cts ,
Black Satins , 75c , $1.00 , $1.25 , $1.60 ,
Black Gros Grain Silks , $1,00 , $1,25 , $1.35 ,
Look at our $1.00 silks.
Heavy Canton Flannels , 8-12 , 10,11 1-2 , 12 1-2.
Black and White checkered shirtings , 12 1-2 ,
and 16 cents uptown prices 16 2-3 and
,20 , cents.
1 Case Lanies' and Childrens' Hosiery.
17 dozen Men's Heavy Underwear , 60 cents each , '
worth 75 ,
20 dozen Ladies' Merino Underwear 50 cents up to
Our Millinery department is now stocked with aU
the correct styles , Trimmed Hats $1,00 to $15.00 , ,
P. G. IMLAH , Manager , v
Leader of Popular Prices. ;
fj If I * F ' I " * \f
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