Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, January 22, 1877, Image 1

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the Battle
Wk&t the Indopendest * Did to
JLeklere a Yictsrv for Bight and
to Occulon lae Downfall of
Lincoln , Janu o 18. The Com
mercial is qui'-t to-night. In fact
the entire city c. y actcif nomrthlng
had paralyzed itsmotiTe power ,
The voice of rejoicing no longar
heard. Neither do tue wuls of the
defeated rise audibly to the ears so
long ued to the jarcon of many
voices rejoicing or wailing in pros
pective success or defeat. TheB &
M. extra last night , conveyed the
noisy boy to tbeir respective homes
and the regular trains of to-day dis
tributed the remaining men "who
were ealled by business" to the cap
ital , along the various lines of rail
road from Nebraska City to jNorth
andOgallala. The statesmen , too ,
took their departure to-day , and left
tilent the onto thronging hall of
the old capitol building.
The few remaining representa
tives of tha Press and one or two
legislator can survey the recent
seen * of action , with the serenity ol
an unscathed soldier viewing the
battle ground after the retirement
of victor and vanquished. They
can review the movements of the
opposing forces , can note the biun
ders , stratagems and succcessful
maneuvres , which resulted in the
final overthrow of one party , and
achieved the victory for the other.
.Republicans take to themselves
great credit from the fact that the
solid vole of their party was given
to Kaundeis , and tome , the State
Journal of this morning , for in
stance , grant the steadfast and im
movable independents no honor for
the action they took. Now , it
comes with ill grace from a paper
supporting the defunct Jac
tiou , this ignoring of the
parties to whom the people a.e
.largely indebted for the lacitous
"results which are sent < rlh in the
otherwise able review of t'ao contest
The combined force of the inde
pendent members was twelve.
Uirkhiuser , Holt and Howe , Stna'-
ors , and Uilmore , Girdis , Meyers ,
Fge , MX udy , Paricer , .Freincb * ,
Ewan and Mercer representatives.
Howe supposing himsalf leader ,
endeavored to tie the vote to him-
elf , by every means in his power ,
with no other purpose thun trans-
fanug it to Hitchcock , but was foiled
in this attempt , it fating very cleer-
ly perceived that he cared nothing
for the interests of the party or
state , but was attempting to use the
delegation lor his own bate purposes
As to the truth of his accepting
the proposition to carry that vote
( or $8 000 we say nothing , but late
development exhibit the fact be
yond doubt that he became attach
ed to Hitchcock's interest oa and
after the Sunday spent in Omaha ;
and it is even said by Hitchcock
men that BC H Htout furnished him
money to conduct his .Neuiaba
county campaign , with tbe under
standing that he would support
Hitchcock this winter. But be that
as it may , one thing Is morally cer
tain , all he fai ed to accoaplish foi
his masler was the delivery of the
vote , as ho made the most strenu
ous efforts n. connection with
Hitchcock will l.'s friends to more
Birkhaustr , Holt , Gerdis , Meyers
and Page the Richardson County
members. He pr .po ed to the two
senator. to jjo in with the pool and
re elect Lim , urging with his
uiosi persuasive tones the policy
of it , Muce it would unite
the Hiichcrck .Republicans , Dem
ocrats and Independent , and in-j
crease the influence of his party.
When th * > se men ot unapproachable - !
able integrity refused persistently ,
he remarked , 4l\Ve have a sure
thing for Hitchcoeb , and if you
don't take the stand wth us you
will get lelt " 80 much for Howe ,
who saye people could not see why
he shruld ' 'to 'or tbo man
who furnished 'pap' for Bill
Daily and Tom Majors , "
but that he had good reasons
for doing bo , intending all tbe time
to support Sauuders People may
be blind to his idiosyncrasies , but
not so bl'nd as to give him credit ;
for doing what every demagogue
will do , and what he tried to do but
failed in doing in Paddock's civ e ,
nairelyotiuji 'or the winning
man. Church Howe went up stairs *
just before the ruiul ballot expecting
to vote as he had voted in the pre
Cfding ballot , but changed because
he saw that Sauudera would win
when Csrues , Chapman , Colby and
Holt voted for him.
The pressure brnugl t to bear
upon the ii dependents of integrity
is almost beyond conception. From
the day of llieir arrival thpy were
da'ly ' and sometimes hourly , and
on the last ay Birkhauber wan _
called out six times in one hour
impoituned in every conceivable
way to east his vote as the lobbyists
of the icderal brigade should d : - 1
tate. Politi3ians siul personal
friends from his own county n d
town bull-ilozpd and 'ormenteii
him , trying to get him down on '
paper for personal d n'-ideration to ,
the wishes of his bfst frier ds , for '
Hitchcock. H - nd Holt le i five .
member.- , which was u t'
the number required after the trade
wus made with lilden for the seventeen - j
enteen democratic votes , and there
if no doubt anything which these
noble representatives of the people
should have aked at tbe hands of
the party ryins : to take them
would have been at their fommnnd
It was said to them llj oa two can
make tbe Senator , and you can
hav the benifltt oit. . " Even afte
the Richardson delegation tolt
Blancbard to tell Chapman and his
wavering companions that they
would vote for Haunders , Cunning
ham called out one ot the number
and plead on the gronnc
of old acquaintance and upon every
conceivable pretext that they
should yet vo'e according to hi'
dictation. It must be .rememberec :
that daunders is not out any money ,
neither has he promised any thing to
anybody , so this .steadfastness was
maintained with no expectation or
promise of reward. All honor to
this delegation , bit tbe
too , weie not 11 "delivered. "
Freirichs was thought to be easily
ruxnsufll , aa fala experience IB lim
ited. When "Ewan and Mercer
voted Howe.'FreirichB voted like a
man , ti&unders , and when Merect
voted Savage , and Howe ,
Hitchcock He and Ewan showed
independence enough to select the
irau who in their estimation va
worthy of support. Ihe Teutonic
constituency of this man may well
be proud of their representative who
could neither be bought nor intimi
dated to go agamet his honest con
too , showed himself to be H man of
whom it can truly be said , "he is
not a purchasable commodity , nor
is he a pLant tool in the hands of
unscrupuloua demagogues. "
sent two independents , Parker and
McCreedy , who made it their boast
that their votes should kill those ot
j awes and Whitcomb. Parker
voted tcr Castor , a man unknown
and unfit for the office , simply to
give tbe said Castor a limited no to
riety , with the intention o. going
finally to Hitchcock. His partner
McCreedy , thought to help Morri ,
a man equally unknown , for the
same purpose , but turned over after
the first to his original master , and
stuck to him to bin death , against
the expressed will of the citizens 01
his county.
from these fnctsall of them can
be attested ; it will be seen what a
tremendous pressure WHS sustained
niid overcome by Messrs. Birkhau-
ser , Holt , Qerdin , f age and Meyera ,
[ Meyers was unable to be present at
the Snai ballot , but was intending
to Tote for Sauuders ) of Richardson ,
Giluiore ofCassFrfc richs audEwarr
of Nemaba. On their votes hung
the result , and they acquit * ed them
selves of tneir important du.y hand
somely. 1 trust tbe Journal will
correct the statement , and give
honor to whom honoris due.
Thu fupport of the 2/ethodist bis
hops in provoking discussion The
lust General Conference ordered the
necessary amount for episcopal sap
port to be aseened upon each
charge , in such form that each pas
tor must pay pro rata to the bishop
* s he uovr pays pro rata to the pre
define shier. Every charge has
: br e pastors , stationed pastor , dis
trict pastor and general pastor.
Each charge pays much or little on
Ihe voluntary principle ; but what
ever it pays must be divided into
liree parts for the three pastors.
The ohurch may refuse to pay at
til. but it baa no right to resist the
division of whatever it may choose
: o paj And tbe Methodist in
dorses this division. It coita three
and a half cents par member to
maintain the bishop *
When a man in New York has
mce taken a fine house he does'nt
ike to leave it even if his incoms
begins to fail. It males people talk ,
iiit ! his position may be affected.
There dlad not lonj : ago a gentle
man , who , UP to his death , had
befii paying S0,000 ! a. year for hit *
.louse , and could le&ve nothing for
bin family , lie took it when times
% \ere llti-ti and did'nt ttive it up. In
Ljondon , whrre rente are bigher than
anywhere except New York , no one
has j.aid f ucli a rent as this since
bord Palmerston , when Prime Min
ster , paid the fame sum for ( Jam-
bridge Knii ft in Piccadilly He was
chiMleas , eighty , had an income of
0.000 a year in real estate and snl-
ary , and hiH wife had upwards of
20,000 a year more. London men
with 100,000 a year In tbe most
olifl securities are content with
louses rented at 1,000 a year. The
Eioiidon rants of tbe two richest meu
n England did not amount to
7.000. Their property was worth
How often we hear the above re
mark during these extreme changes
of weather. Colds , coughs and
sore throats were never more prev
alent among children than now.
Now we are going to urge you to
: ry a remedy which has exci'ed
comments by ptiyMciaiih all over the
country , who acknowledge their
surprise at th v.vnderfu : aud hap
py r * > nilts from is ! u-f. That renit-
ly is the well known prenaration ,
Hale's Cough Cordial. Your owi
druggiM , Alaitiii fc .txeunard wil
tell you that il i-s the best cough
medicine tbey pver sold ; and will
warrant actn-e r return your mon
ey to you in "j e of t failure after
using one half I- > tllIt Is very
pleasant to the tnsr , making it a
rery desiraoli' retivdy 'or children.
- 21-dw6ra
TiT-ED STATW * t " 'SSW. '
* \ TML vi' ou by m i. it b > o wrrihj to be
jkhe > l in l oilt 3Zis ii vI * .k-u < JS Trrttitit * OnI rje
r ruselyiliimttc-l , jir u , . .Ki Uurne. r iu
3uicnt&uanj < xlKr. , itiuw'J j 1 I n. * - tiubtuffp mi
J OrwidO ii u. lCetebr tfc > B ACtUTS WAHTC
cplt rtaj
Charles Collins , Uhief Engineer
of tne Lake Shore Raiload ,
Commits Suicide.
Despondency Over the
Aslilnbula Accidi-m
the Cause.
Senator Anthony , of Rhode Island ,
Attacked by What Seems to be
a Stroke of Paralysis
Jwow YorlrJaUUary 21. TU r
Tribune says a circular has'been is
sued stating that the convention ol
Union Reform Vuterani Assooia
tion , held in Westmorland Hull
this city , January 17th aud JSti > ;
that all tbe northern Htatea were
represente'i except Rhode Island
and Oregon ; that reports of the
committees showed a memoerahip
of 180,000 exclusively of Union ret
eraus , and a large number were
daily joining iu all parts of the
country , including many ex-soldiers
who had voted for Hayei. Amont'
the members ot the .National Com
mittee are named Gen. James
Hooker , Wm. F Smith. Franz
Siegel and .Martin T McMaban.
The circular saya that the asso
ciation organized in August , at In
diauarxlis. and branched have been
formed at all principal points iii the
northern states Bo'd'ers are invit
ed to join in preserving it from
destruction by the inriduous ? en-
croachmeuts of arbitrary power
of the institutions they offered
to maintain. The chairman of the
national committee on different
states and territories are instructed tn
to daily report to national commit
tee through Gen. John M. Corse , of
Chicago , chairman , and Col John
Tracy , of Westmoreland Hotel ,
New York , regarding this con veil-
Gen. Wm. T. Smith told a Tn-
buue reporter last night that he
was not aware of any convention ol
any kind haviug been i eld , but
knew of the meeting of 16 or 20
persons at the Westmoreland Ho
tel. He wi s entirely ignoianr. of
any business transactions liy the ax
sociation but believed it was carried
on with much vigor in the West.
Had been connected with it since
last October but taken no active
part ; did not not know what wat-
tbe purpose of the daily reports
from branches of the organization
nuledd to "keep the spirit of reform
among its members.
> A cable special dated Poth arriv
ed this morning aud says the land
slide in near Stenbruck. It is now
estimated.that nearly 2,000,000 me
tres of earth have fallen , and the
movement still continues. The
railroad is covered to a d-pth of 50
tt > 200 yards , and will be blockaded
for weeks. The river has overflow
td its banks in consequence of the
stoppage of its waters.
Constantinople , January 21. The
jleuiooteutiariei of yesterday pre
sented to the conference eouuler
iropo < < alB of a conciliatory nature
The European delegates may , it is
be icved , possibly adjourn to cou
( ider.
Cleveland , Jan. 21. Chas. Col-
ins , chief engineer of the Lake
Shors railroad , wus found dead iu
Us bed abo-it 11 o'clock yesterday
morning with a pistol iu his hand.
supposed to have shot himself on
account of the despondency caused
> y hie theoretical responsibilty for
he late accident at Aahtabula.
Springfield , Jan. ' 21.-The 20th
ballot same a * 19th ; 21st ballot
Palmer loses 1 ; Anderson gains one ;
no other change. On the 19th btl
ot 198 votes were cast : Logan 97 ;
Palmer 86 , Anderson 12 , Hnines 2 ,
Parish ] . 22d ballot same as laat
23d ballot same as last.
Washington , January 21. Bena
.or Anthony , of Rhode Jslandwhile
returning from a visit to Baltimore ,
Friday night , was attacked while
on the cars by what seemed to be a
stroke of paralysis. Upon arriving
n Washington he was. conveyed by
iis friends to his lodgings , where he
arrived after midnight. Mediertl
aid < va at once numchoncd aud
proper treatment administered He
soon fell into a comfortable slumber.
At tuN writing he Hhows signs ot
improvement A number of hi ° .
Friends have called to enquire a'ter
his health.
11 f DitrsFC * . " - * h * .ndrtcls of Yftluab'c ' i
tl raarrv ti r inipo * r orte torn rn rf , ll
d' irc.Tiraf oi M U ea c , hilly ernliilan M
, f\ inptomtntl n can tocnre ; it It laeonlv *
1'C \ UOIUNN V , 1 ? Vortb t
Impriinmeiitor Child Seventeen
Mihou , MM * , Jan. 16.A. . most
terrible cnne of parental cruelty , dis
closing the impri-oument and neglect -
glect for seventeen yours of an idi
otic son and ! the passible mui der of
another , baa set this usually quiet
borough Into an intense fe\er
of excitement. As Ihe story
goes , about sevpntoen years
ago a quarrel oo3iirrwl in the fam
ily of Josiah SbieldH. by occupation
a laboier , in wiitcu tns father ,
mother and -eve'r.l oous participat
ed. In 'lie coursj of the tJispu o ,
.Toakb , Jr , hardly of ago , oileudtd
his father by hw continued obdiiut-
cy , and the latter , ai is supposed ,
struck the boy a severe blow , iu-
tlicting upon biui eoine ptrmauent
injury. In order to pro
v\.iit the _ dheovery or tLe
deed the wouuded lud , it li llegp ' ,
was locked in a chamber , 'rheau/-
deti disappearance of tue lad was
accounted for in v roua \ ays by
the people of the neighhorhoott , the
faiuiily giving out that ths boy had
run away. I ast Saturday one of
the sons died and the privacy of the
family was invaded Quo lady gc-
ing to a room , from which uu al
most overpowering : stench emanat
ed , had the curiosity to uuiooK tha
door and peer in.
Her testimony is to the effect that
a fctracge man on all four < < , naked ,
with long hair and beard , ran at
her uttering gutteral sounds , and
being apparently unable to spe k
distinctly. A general alarm fol
lowed. Tbe matter WHS noised
jbout town and the creaiuro wal
lowing in his own filth was readily
associated with tbe Jong- missing
sou , Josiali , Jr. So much excite
ment v\an occasioned that the to
lectmen of the town thought it tbeir
duty to investigate the affair On
Saturday they called in a body , but
were requested to postpone
their investigation uu il Moudsy
On the morning named Colonel
Henry W. Kussell waited on the
family and found a poor naif witted -
ted 'alloy/ , sallow iu complexion
fiom his long confinement with a
nicely shaven face and ciopped
It turnei out upon further inves
tigation that during the interval
between Saturday and Monday the
inhuman parents had their s .n
shaved and put in pres ntablenhape.
His appearance now is of an ordi
nary man , who stoops slightly
and has a very sallow complexion ,
aud , what is teculiar , he IB
quite stout . Of late he has been
seen at tne windows of houses wi.h
blankets wrapped about him , and
this gave rise to the atory of a
"wild man ' roving a jout the
wood0. The frtmily , ass > i no rea
son -'or hav-n5 keptlnm oncesled
all these years and will not allow
aim to bs seen by any one at the
Wh t adds to the terror of th *
foregoing stoiy is the fact that an
other son ban alho been missing for
upwsrd * of s-ixteen years , xndutiho
lime of bis disappearnncs an old
well near the house was suddenly
filled up The wildest excitement
prevails here , and pending the digging -
ging out of the well , tha Fields
family are under surveillance.
It pays every Manufacturer , Merchant.
Vfeenanio , Inren or , Farmer , or Profejjion-
ri man , to ke p inforn.e 1 on all ike iin-
rr TCrsents nnd diroorerits f th age.
It pays ths he of erery fnaily to ie-
rodueointo his houehoU * newspaper that
instructive. OBO that fosters a for
nreetisation , nnd promtcs thought and
encourares diseusaion amaoii the members.
waifb has been pulli'bad weekly for the
a t thirty-one yean , dries this , t an eito t
isyond th'.t of any rther publication ; in
act it i * the only.-weekly paper imblichod in
fa * United St ta. davoied to iianufactnres.
Mechanics , Inrentirs and ne DistoTerics
in the Arts and Sciences.
Etery nrmb r is profusely illustrated an
ts c nten s embrace the l.itret nnd mo5t in
terettiig information pertaininc to the in"
dustrial , ifcehnnioal and biientiflo Pro "
reas of the wor'd : Descriptions with beauli"
'ul engraTinjrs of new inventions , new im"
pleratnts new procesies. and inirrared hi"
dustries of Pll kinds : Useful Dotes. * > :
( * ipt ! . EUKpe < tion nnd advice by practise ;
writers , for worlm n and uuiployers. in aU
he v ritn arts , lormiss a complete mpor-
tory of new indentions nd discoreries ;
f ontaining : u weekly record , not only of the
pro-repi f the Udcstrial arts in eur own
ountry , kutalso of all new dt9orerieeand
nventions in v ry branch > f engineering ,
moebznica. and science abroad.
The Hcitntific Aiixrican hks been the
'oreinott of all industrial publitahons for
the past thirty-one vcarc. It is the oldest ,
arrest , cheapmt , and tbe be < t wetltly illtre
tratett i aper devoted to engineering , n.e-
ehanibs. chemistry , new inventions , sci
ence and industrial progress , published in
the world.
The practical fecises a"ro well worth ten
imos the prcscrintion Nioo. and fcr the
muse and shop will save many times the
oft of subscription.
Merchants , farmers , methanics.enjtineore
nvcntors , manufacturers , chemists , lovcri
of x tccoo , and people of all profassiona.
wi 15nd the S'ientific Am rican _ useful to
hem. It should have a place in evorrfam-
ly library , study , office nnd counting room ;
n every reading room , collcca uod tciool
A new volume commences fanuary 1st.
A year's cumbers contain S3" pages and
teverai hundred engravings. Thousands of
volume * are preserved for binding and ref-
eren o. Terms , 93.2J a year by mail , in
cluding poiUge. Discount tocluba. Special
circulars , giving club rate' . ent free. Sln-
: lc. copies mailed on receipt of IU cents.
Slat be had of ell news dealers.
PATENTS. In connection with the Sci
entific American. Messrs. Munn * L'o. are
solicitor ! of American and foreipn p r.cntj.
and nave the largest establishment in thti
world. More than fifty thocjacd applica-
ions have boon made for patents through
tbeir agency.
I'atantJ rc ohtainfJ tn the best terms.
Mortelcof new invnti > < and sketches ex
amined.and _ advito free. A spefinl notice
is made in tbe ci nlific Am rican of all in
vention * patented through UngaKcnry , with
the amo and residence of the patentee.
Patents are often sold in part or whole to
parsons -ittr cted to the inversion by fnch
notice. A pamphlet , ( .ontaining full dinc-
tion for obUiicinff patents fent free. The
Scientific American Kefer nee Hook , a v -
umo bound in cloth ard pilt. containing tha
Patent Luxe , Censu o' the U . and 142 en-
ernvinrs ol mechanical movements. Price.
Addri'4 ? for the paper , or concerning pat >
ents , JIUW Jt CO. . 3T Park Kow. Non I
York. Branch Cfiice. or. F and 7th ats . i
AVn > Lia t in. 1) . C. I
" > .
- P .liW * * : : :
. c f . > . ! 'je * i ' , .aa " "
Two Negroes Get into a Row
Near Aichinson , Kansas.
An Inquest is Being Held on the
Body of Dr. May r Maix ,
the Denver Suicide.
Six Notorious Crimmlauls Ureali
Jail at SI. jQsepk , Mo.
[ .F0 ( .Jt O > CLOCK P. M. REPORT\ \
D nver , January 20. An inquest
is now being held over tha body of
Dr May r Malx , a prominent pby-
sician of this city , who was indicted
before the grand jury last Thursday
for committing abortion and other
oflenaes. He is supposed to have
committed suicide by poison to
evade exposure.
Th Atchi < son , lopeka & Banta
Fe railway ie blockaded by anoff ,
and a numb r of Pueblo passengers
fiom that road were obliged to come
Tia this city.
Atchison , January 20. Last night
about sundown , two negroes named
Johnson cot inloa drunken quarrel
in tha suburbs of the city , and one
of them prosuring a musket loaded
with buckshot shot the other in
the knee , mashing the bone and
fleh to & Jolly , and producing an
ujrly wound The wounded man
was brought to town for treatment ,
but owing to the loss of blood he
died at an early hour this morning.
The guilty Johnson was arrested by
the shenil , and is now in iail await
ing a preliminary examination.
St. Joseph , Mo. , January 20.
The prisoners broke Jail here thi *
morning , and aix ot the most notorious
rious , including John Lawrence un
der sentsnce ot death for tbe mur
der of his father , and Broughton
the murderer of Constable Sullivan ,
escaped. The work had been going
on for some time , and wai accom
plished by listing the stone in one
ot the ceils and tunnelling through
to the street pavement , a distance
of forty feet , where they emerged
to ths street alontj the jail wall like
so mauy rats. Every arrangement
has baeu rnxde for their capture , and
heavy rewards will bo offered.
York , January 20 Th
January thaw has set in , and under
its influence tha snow is rapidly dis
appearing. Tlit wtfttliei for the
paat three dajs haa been quite
warm. This morning the ther-
mometsr was 37 ° . A dense fog
huugs over the city , seriouily im-
psding navigation on the rivers.
Albert Voget , Bennett's valat ,
started lor Europe Thursday. Halrna
Lessincr with sixteen travelling
turnks aud Kve wine caees marked
J G. ± J. were shipped at the , ame
time. Vogcl it is bslieved aet d as
the eseort of a veiled Indy who ar
rived shortly before the vessel left
the dock , aud who wad believed to
be Bennett's fister.
A tire in in Brooklyn last night
destrycd Wm. Heath's fur
straw hat factory and two adjoining
dwellings , eaueinga loss of $100,000.
Slock and machinery were insured.
CHICAGO , Jan. 20. 3 p. m.
Wheat Easy ; No 2 1 30J ; Feb
ruary , 1 31J ; March , 1 33J.
Rye T2o spot.
Corn riteauv ; February , 44J bid ;
March , 44J b-d ; May , 49J ; No 2 ,
43 .
Oats January , 35Ja35j ; Februa
ry , 35Ja35t ; March , 36J ; April , 37Ja
37 | .
Ls called to the perfect-ntting phirts
and fine underwear manufactured by
'Ihv iimalitt Shirt Jfactoiy , PIl.
Gottheinjer , proprietor. Hnvin/ ;
opened an establishment for the ex
elusive manufacture of tueae goods
he uarantees e-itinractiou in even-
case t oth ate quality and tit , am.
his facilities are such that he is en
abled to t ru out better work at leea
prices than can possibly bs offered
elsewhera. - \ : 'uJl ! : ae of Cents'
fine furnishing good * constantly on
aud. Givehimacnli i26yn
Communicate' ' ,
Ol !
Tt A JKi'for of tA Sit :
Thert i no law more unjust 01
our statute booia than that concern
ing interest OB money. Ik is unjus
in prineiple. It xaa thatacontrac
mud * by parti * * of mature age
loond , without fraud acd upon i
good consideration , shall not be r *
speotsd , because It is morn profit
abla to one of the partie * than the
law thivks it * huld bo. Tbit
is a doctrine that i * applied in no
other tranactiB * among men
The rule is thai if the contract is
mud * bj partiea of rnatur * ytars ,
Buuu mind , and competent to con
tract , Tfithoul fraud or duresa tbat a
court will not inquir * into the protit
or lois of U.e contracting fiatit * .
If tha rule wur * diflarent there
could b * no ku'ety in bubiueis tran-
aetion * . If a mun were compelled
by law to pay , nly what anything
purchattd mig t bs reasonably
worth , or to pay ior ervi b rendet-
cd what the am mijht bo reason. .
* blytrorth , ie.i .ii f or llic gr c-
mont of the partlet , it would
result in hopeless contusion and un
certainty. If one bought merchan
dise , or horses or eattl * , or a houa >
or other property , for which he gave
his note , could say whn that note
cams due , to hi * creditor , you
charged m * and I agrd to pay
mr * for this pr- party than it waa
r * onably worth , or your profit on
on the Hals was greater than it
should be , or My less on Ihe inrest-
nient Tfaa greater than it should
bars ben , and tharefor * 1 will not
pay you but a certain and lens
amount , to what an absuid uncer
tainty would our business hare
come. .No one could rely upon
whn h should get hid duas. or
how much he should get. As the
mind * of men would always airier
towkat a reaaonuble price or
profit wait could only be deter
mined by thu judgment of a court
or jury , as to the actual value of ths
thing sold , or tti reasonable protit
) f ths transaction. Dnlesa this
matter were settled by stat-
uta , determining the val
ues of a'l l nds hou a ,
horses , cattle , merchandise and
produce of a counuy. Evidently it
would be an unreasonable , impract
( cable fend Almost possible thing
to fix by larr at what pnce a mer
chant should sell his Kood * , a far
mer his produca , a real estate deal
er his laudu , a ttoch raiser his cattle ,
a landlord rant his house , a hofel-
keeper entartxiu his guest * , or a liv
ery man hire his hoises. Yet if it
is possible and practicable tn regu-
inte the rats thst shall be charged
for ths use of money. Why is i
anymore reasonable , fair or just to
regulate tbat than to fix a price for
which ft farmer shall sell a pound of
butter or a bushel of rhcat , rr the
3rice a livery man may charge in *
tor the us of hU property , or my
andlord charge me for rent. A
man' * money is his own ; and he
b > a a moral right to contract with
another for its use as well as any
other man has to contract for tha
us * of hi * property ; he h * a right
to get what his contracting partie1-
agree of their own aeeoru , to
p&Y , a * well for the u e
of his money as any otner thingr ,
and when the law sayc he shell not
save the oenefit of a fair contract
as well aa his neighbor who invests
JIB capital in a bouse and rests it ,
the law is unjust and invades his
natural rights become * en oppressor
ser instacd of protsotor. For ex
ample , A. h-a $1,000 , with which he
builds a bouse and rents it at ? 30
per month , payable monthly in ed
, 'auoe , or $369 per annum. B hs
SI.000 , which he loans at 15 per
cent. p r annum , or for S150. A
can wollect all of his rent from his
enaut , but B can collect nothing
for tha use of his money for one
year Even if B loaned his money
o A , with which money A has
built his houaa , yet B can collect
lothing for the monay which made
A $360. la this fair , just , or even
ione t in the law ? It may be taid
that experience haa shown that A
can not atlord to pay 15 pr cent ,
inter-st. I presume that it has alfcn
been shown that a man can hot
otlered to pay 530 a month rent for
a noube costing § 1,000 The law
doM not oven allow B to collect
what the uo of his money is worth
The use ol 51,000 for one year is val-
uible ; certainly worth with us
$1GO , aud B is deprived of the fair
value of the use of bin mon * y , be
cause he has it u tercel into a contract
with the borrower which the bor
rower was willing and anxious to
make , and which in tact may have
saved him from great less or made
nini great profit , greater than the
arbitrary rate fixed by law. This
ia making a quasi crime of some
thing not criminal. It is putting a
penalty on an innocsnt party , for
there can be no crime or moral
wrong in a party making a contract
with another who is perfectly coin
petent to contract and upon whom
he practices no fraud or dureas. Tha
law does not recognize the mating
of such a coutract as either crimi
nal , immoral or vicious in any
other case thau this at least , and
there cannot in good sense or fair
ness be anv distinction made between
twoen a contract for the loan of
money and any other coutract
As we have intimated , it is the
rules of law that any coutraot to do
a thing not mxhun iise mnde by
part'es competent to contract fairly ,
without fraud , misrepresentation
or force , will be sustained and en-
forcsii without regard to the profit
or lo s of either party.
Why reverse this rule in tsfo ,
when a loan of money is iu consid
eration , ami iiy no matter that the
pa lien were competent to contract ,
and did coutract without fear or
fraud , rairly ami i > i good faith ; yet
because the protit id larger than , tup
iron measure of the lav &ayjit
-hotihl be. their contra t shall not
be cnfnrceiJ ? F.vea more , one of
the p.-irties , no more guilty thau tiie
other , shall be visited with a pen
alty , while the other shall be sub
stantially given a reward for viola
ting his contract. We insist that
it is a shame that this should be the
If * contract is to be sustained bf-
caue it is upon a valuable consid
eration , was dist'nctly understood
by tLe parties , was infected with no
fraud , and induced by no force , why
not sustain a contract for the loan
of money , which noove * 11 others
is upon a valuable consideration ;
tor the borrowers receive that which
is the atandaul of value itfelf.
Tli 2 e is no cou tract wherein a par
ty con know better ju t what he
geta. jus' wnat is 5t valiif ami just
when he ii to reray it ; a-id the pre-
cif amount of his dnect l.-s , than
this The theory that any force is
used to induce men to make the
coutract does not applv to this state
wlipfn men areso auxiou * to borrow
In kruih ihia usury law proceeds
u. on the t'icory tbat aa to every
other contract a man is able to br-
yain for himself. He may buy lauds ,
houses , horses , cattle merchan
dise , and every thine else for
which he is to pay mnnoy
aud biscont'jtct will be respected.
.Hut whan he noes to borrow money
he lone * all his sene , judgment and
* 3lf-control. He is taken in hand
as a ward of the court , and as a fool
ish cnild the law m.H'iP. " a contract
for him , and if anybody would
make a contract harder on him
thmn the law prescribes , it fles to
his protection ami visits a penalty
on him who would thus impose up
on the ward of the court.
We repeat that such laws are un
reasonable , dishonest , and arise
from prejudice and from the dis
honesty of the o-ifjinnl law makers ,
who weie wrongly educated , SVe
sre glad that a movement ia being
made in the rhht direction by our
present Legislature on this subject.
1877 NEW YORK , 1877
The different edi'ionsot ' ± HK Snx durinc
; ho year will be the same asdarine the year
that has just passed. The daily edition will
on week days be a sheet of four paj > e. and
on Sundays sheet of eight pages , of 56 broad
columns ; while the weekly edition -will be
a sheet ot eight paged of tbe same dimen
sions and character that are already famil-
; nr to our friendg.
THI SUN Tili continue to be tha strennons
adrooate of reform and retrenchment , and
ot the substitution of statesmanship , wia-
loin , and integrity for hollow pr tense , im
becility and fraud in the administration of
public offnirs. It will contend for the gov
ernment of the people by the people and for
ie people , as opposed to trovernmimt by
frauds in tn ballot box and in the counting
of votei. enforced by military vicUnct , It
rill endearor to scpplj its readerr a body
not tar from a million souls with the most
careful , compute , and trustworthy accounts
of current avent * . and will anyloy for this
purpose a numerous anil carefully selected
ttaff of reporters and correspondents. Its
report * fron Washington , especially.will be
full , xeeurate. and feaMasa ; and it will
loubtless continue to d scrve and enjoy the
latreJ of thoie who thrive hy plnndtring
the Trsejiury or hy nsarpiaB what tke Uw
QLJS not ( dre them , whila it will enduTOr
0 mint the confidence of the pnblie by do-
fendinr the rishta of the people again.t the
encroaohments of nniustined powirs.
Tha price of the daily sun will be 55 < nts
month or M.ftO a ye r. post paid or wifk
ht Sunday edition 87 73 a year.
'Its Sunday edition .alone , eight pages.
F1.20 a year poit paid.
Th weekly bun , irht pages of 56 broad
columns , will be furnished daring 1877 at the
rat * of SI a year , post paid.
Ths benefit of thif largo reduction from
he pre-rioas r t for the weekly can be en-
eyed by individual subscribers without the
i.ectieity of makinir up clubs. At ho same
im * if any of nnr friendg choose to aid in
extending our circulation , wa shall bo rrite-
fnl to them , an every such persen who
nds us ten or more subscribers from one
place will be entitled to one copy of the
parnr for himself without charge. At one
lollar a year. po tac paid , tbe expenses of
paper and printing i > re barely repaid ; and
onsiderin the size of the sheet nnd the
qnalitp of its contents , we ara confident the
people will consider tba waakly Snn the
heapeot newspaper published in tha world ,
ard we trust aisonna of the verv begt.
Addre-i. TU E fHK. New York CitT. N. Y.
1 i J2epottoi u oflustuon. . Meas
ure , and JhAtruction. "
Notitti of t\r Prai.
For it.ictlv household matters acd dress ,
larper't Bazar is nltotaiher the I'eot tninp
ubhihed. To take i. is a matter of
eonomy No "ady cn affoni to
> o wulinut il. lor the istormntkn
t ( rive * v ill save her very uch r. or * money '
] t n the subscription price , besiie : ( tivin
h h useheld an intertJtiiiK literary vis-
tor ChieREO Journal.
Iarp r's llaur is protusely illustrated ,
and contains storict , poeo ? ; eketchcs. and
f ays of a most attract-echpra tcr.
n its literary and nrtistiteatures. . the a-
arii unquoiitionnbly thcibe't journal of its
cind In the country. Saturday
( jsittte.
tiajDSi's Baiar. one year . . . . -Jl CO
6-4 TO ! ccluds rrepayiuent of U. S. postage
> y the publishers.
Subscriptions to llarpcr'd Magazine ,
Yeekly and Bzar. to one address for one
aar , HOW ) ; or , two for itarpar's Period-
dais , to one address for oneyar , J7CO :
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An extra copy of either the Magazine.
Veesly , or Bniar , will be supplied gratis for
Terr club of five. Subf cribers at S CO eaah.
n one rewUtii.oe ; or , sir copis for S2000.
without extra coi > y j ) tago free.
Back Namters ran be supplied at any
The Volumes of .ho Mscniino commence
with the numberi for June and December
each year. Subscriptions may * oz ) men tee
with any nnwber.vbennotimeisspeci -
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trishe ? to becin with the firnarabcrof the
urrent volume , and bark n > * L rs trill be
nt accordingly.
A Complete S't of H irp " . A igiiine.
now compriting 53 Aolu.Mes treat aloth
linding , will b ? eot by t > tre , freight at
xpense of purchaser , J2 J ? o /olume. .
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A Cemplete Index to the first
illy volumes of Elarper's Mi. * no hasJMt
been published , rendarinx avuilablc for ref-
r'nco the va t and varied wealth of information
mation which cGPHtitutes this periodical a
perfect illustrateil literary cycioprdin. 8vo.
Cloth. 53 00 ; Half Call calf $5 25. Sent
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uient wi'hont the express order of IIrper A
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f StS , ? . . AliyilelcicolV'cwrrit = Trt r
* '
. u. U.e
- cs UM < > lunhuod An
rj iiord v , H
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+ Private Hatar ? in b ; i * ze . t1 * !
jiieft&uA. . > , K at * i ifeicuica
ith f nffrarintfs. 1 14 iindi r Mu1 turK cti * .
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