Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About Hesperian student / (Lincoln [Neb.]) 1872-1885 | View Entire Issue (March 1, 1874)
THE HESPERIAN STUDENT.
I'UIll.IHHBI) MONTHLY 1IYTIIB
HESPERIAN STUDENT PUBLISH
NEBIIAS KA UNIVERSITY.
Editou-ix-chikk, G. E. Howaiu).
AS80CIATB, - - Fannie Mktcai.k.
Local, W. L. Swebt.
J. M. Ihwin, Business Manager.
TERMS FOR SUBSCRIPTION.
1 copy pur college year $0.75.
1 " six month? .... 0.150.
Single copy 0.10.
TERMS OP ADVERTISING.
1 column one insertion $4.00.
y squares " " 1.00.
1 " " " .135.
AJ1 articles for publication should be addressed
Editor Hesveuian Student, Stutc University,
Lincoln Nebraska. All subscriptions, with the
address, sliould be sent to the Business Manager.
Subscriptions collected luvnrlnhly in advnnce.
Advertisements collected monthly.
THE TEMPERANCE CRUSADE.
O thou Invisible spirit of wine, If thou hast no
name to be known by, let us call thee devil. Slink.
The persistence and enthusiasm mani
fested by the fair ladies of Lincoln in
their most valiant and implacable crusade
into the dominions of King Alcohol is, to
say the least, worthy of admiration. Their
relentless pcrseverencc is as remarkable
as it was unexpected. The consequence
is that, the incredulous smile of amuse
ment depicted on the countenance of the
public, in the outset of this novel sensa
tion, is giving place to an expression of
thoughtfulness and grave inquiry.
The irreverent bacchanal who in the
beginning laughed loudly at the Utopian
scheme, and boldly invited the ladies to
hold their services in his saloon, jocularly
asserting that they brought increased cus
torn to his bar, now, Vith rather a crest
fallen and perplexed air of anxiety, al
most ludicrous, finds himself facing a
serious and troublesome reality. The sa
loon keepers of Lincoln act a great deal
as if they had caught an extensive band
of fair tartars, or rather that the pretty
Nomads had captured them.
Tliis unique war partakes somewhat of
the wonderful. Fancy u beautiful, but
most intrepid lady, like the raging Pcn
thesilca her troop of amazons at the
ficigo of Troy, leading her fair warriors
into the reeking fortillcations of the one
my, and, metaphorically if not literally,
spilling the liquor from the toper's glass
.and wrenching the toddy-stick from the
' -bur-kceper's hand ! A cool conception of
a verity! That veteran "bummer" who
dropped into the saloon for his customary
dram on the evening of the llrst
memorable assault at Bailey's, and after a
moment of wide-mouthed astonishment
ejaculated " Bill I'm dumed if I evcr'd
a thought such a thing could possibly be,
nohow," rudely expressed the general
wonder at the new enterprise.
Bo it known that we have possessed lit
tie faith in this woman's raid perchance
from lack of thought. Wo have been
prone to say: "Can any good como out
of such a Nazareth t" Not that wo have
over doubted tho motives that prompted
this movement. No, Heaven forbid it!
We liave more faith in Christian woman
than over to doubt her pure motives in
the cause of right. But the conlompla
tions of scenes, grotesque, and strangely,
solemnly ludicrous in their novelty, did
not favorably impress us. A group of
chaste and sweet-breathed virgins, and
stately, staid and buxom matrons ensconc
ed within the unconsecrated proctitis, bor
dered by two unholy billiard tables, the
polluted atmosphere reeking with a dead
ly pestilence, singing the- sweet anthems
of their Redeemer, while surrounded by
a throng of aba'- lotted, besotted, tobacco
stainded and jeering debauchees and
roistering blades, who mingle with the
words of prayer and expostulation horrid
oaths and ribald jests, and at each pause
greet the delicate ear with uproarious ac
clamations and applause the picture we
must admit, in the heart of a casual ob
server, is calculated to Inspire more Of
disgust and pity than of hope for the
good result. We say in the ieart of tlte
casual observer, for upon more sober re
flection, we find arguments that commend
this movement to our serious considera
tion. These thoughts present themselves
to our mind:
Is not this movement another evidence
of a great coining revolution in politics
Is tt not caused by that great ebulition
in public sentiment which, sooner or later,
will clearly define our political issues by
distinct lines of morality and right, not
the least of which will be temperance?
This movement has already created, and
will continue to create a strong public
opinion in the right direction. Public
opinion, when suflleiently defined and de
veloped, will make temperance a political
issue. This is where, it seems to su, this
crusade is effecting a great good. But we
are told that this movement has an op
posite effect that it is weakening public
sentiment in favor of the temperance
cause. We are by no means alarmed at
the dolorous lamentations of those ex
treme law-and-ordcr men temperance
men so called who raise their indignant
protestations, and shed so many sympa
thizing tears over the desecrated rights
and privileges of the rum-seller.
It is astonishing how pathetic your
staid, temperate, moral man is over tho
barbarous treatment the saloon-keeper is
receiving at the hands of these fair out
laws! But this is natural, and just what
wo arc glad to see. When once the time
shall come to act upon the platform of
the " New Temperance Party," and men
are compelled to vote whiskey or anti
whiskey, these men of nice scruples will
vote right. This is what they dread, and
why they are so consciencious in (his
matter they are afraid their moral cour
age will bo put to the proof. When this
occurs the reign of King Alcohol is fin
ished. But, dear sir, why is your sensitiveness
so dreadfully shocked at the boldness and
indelicacy of these ladies in thus imperil
ing their modesty, by witnessing scenes of
questionable character? Now bo candid
and acknowledge that your anxiety in
this respect is a little hypocritical. While
standing in the crowd, witnessing the
same scenes of which you complain, do
you tremblo for your own virtuous char
actcr ? Is tho virtue and modesty of wo
man so much thinner and more unstable
than your own, that it wtll bo shattered by
a few rude shocks or harsh sounds ? Will
it rub off in tho more contn(3'N ll nicl
or element, while trying to reform it?
We have no charity with such arguments.
We have too much confidence in the
dignity of woman's character. Would it
not be more manly for you boldly to take
one side or the other of this question at
once? If you have a brotherly sympa
thy for the advocates of intemperance
and the venders of intoxicating drink,
come out like a man and say, witli jolly
Robbie Burns, of the good Scotch drink:
" Thou nrt tho life o' public haunts.
Hut thee, what were our fairs and rants r
Kv'u godly meetings o' tho snunts,
lly thee Insplr'd
When gaping, they besiege the tents,
Arc doubly llr'tl.
Fortune, If thou'll but gle mu still
Hale brecks an' whiskey gill
An' rowth o1 rhyme to rave at will
Tak a' tho roBt
An' dcal't about as thy blind skill
Directs thee best."
Woman has been driven to this step.
She lias long wept over this terrible evil.
She has appealed to legislators for the
ballot. They were afraid she would dis
grace her delicate self by mingling with
the riff-raff and rabble at the polls. Hope
less of gaining the ballot to right this ev
il, she has been forced to the present al
ternative which, though it may not be
" clean" enough to suit her noble lord, is
the only resort ho has left tier. Of all the
evils that have llowcd from the intoxicat
ing cup, more replete with ills and cal
amities than Pandora's box, woman has
felt the keenest and the bitterest. While
kneeling with streaming eyes in the grime
and lilth of tho bar-room, as wo have
seen her, pleading with tho rum-seller
to forsake his calling for dear humanity's
sake, she has been simply pleading her
own cause. What wonder then this move
ment, fanatic though it may be, novel and
unique though it is has produced won
derful effects in other states! Longfel
lows Victorian, explaining the eloquence
of Preciosu, has beautifully expressed
our idea of woman's power in such a
"How like nn angers speaks the tongue of
When pleudlng In another's cause, her own."
It is claimed, also, that tho prayers, en
treaties and appeals of the ladies under
circumstances so untoward, and amid sur
roundings so grotesque, are calculated to
make the cause of religion a mockery
and to render the hardened and abandon
ed man more calous to religious iniluen
cos. This assertion seems to lack any
tangible proof, while many evidences til
ready observed in our city, and more olse
where, positively refute it. The man
who, in the saloon, turns tho lady roughly
froom his door, listens to her words ap
purontly as unmoved as a brazen image,
or repays her solicitations with insolence
and blasphemy, from a fool-hardy desire
to seem brave and more hardened than ho
really Is, in the presence of his fellows, is
merely acting a guilty and hypocritical
part. Though in her presence, surround,
ed by his comrades, he appears defiant
and shameless, he blushes for his brutali
ty and cowardice, in tho solitude of his
quiet hours, when the voice of conscience
forces a hearing.
The ladies have shown a true heroism
in this work, though undoubtedly guilty
of some indiscretions. We fool that their
labors will not bo in vain, if thoy proceed
cautiously whh unfaltering perseverance
and fortitude. Lot a permanent organi
zatlon, and a strong one, be formed. Let
them remopiber that their enemies can
shield themselves to some extent with the
strong arm of tho law, and consequently
that they must avoid fool-hardy and dar
ing escapades. They must take heed nev
er to conceal the winsome potency of true
womanliness with a virago's brazen of.
frontery. Let them work at homo, in
their own city or village. Your noisy,,
caious-faced, professional reformer from
abroad brings sure ruin to such a cause.
Watch and pray, and especially keep
the men entirely out of the business, and
we will hope for the best.
THE COMMON SCHOOL.
Wo can usually judge of the prosperity
and growth of a state, by a comparison
of its school statistics. The marked
progress, or evident decline in the com
mon school interests will invariably indi
cato the thrift and energy, or the sloth of
tho people in every department of Indus
try. Wo challenge any state to show a rec
ord of more rapid increase and develop,
ment in this respect than Nebraska.
Since the organization of our school s)
tern in 1801), so great a transformation hns
been wrought, that the contrast is almost
incredible. We are still however in our
infancy, but the fact that the Increase in
school population and wealth is greater
each year than the preceding, as we ad
vance, gives great promise for the future.
The following facts are taken from the
ofllclal report of Hon. S. D. Beals, State
Supt. Tor 18(50-70, the reports of Hon. J.
M. McKonzio for 1870-3, and other records
in tho state department:
No. of children.
hchool monev nmvil. 13S.Kl!).l() fti?n.-ini.(i7
No. of school houses 298 1,138
Vol. school property, $178.(50:1.74 $1,107,01:1.87
No. of teachers, SKI 2.222
Paid to $57,738.4:1 $289,852.90
-Male, 20,(150.13 MII.Bll.W
l-emolo, 31,088.) 140.311. u
Percent, of attondanco, 39 00
No. or school districts, 797 1,803
No. of counties, 31 59
Total expenditures, $103,930.84 $915,070.89
From the foregoing statistics it will be
observed that, in four years, the school
population has doubled 1873 alone shows
an increase of nearly 12,000 over 1872.
By carefully comparing these figures with
the census of the total population of Ne
braska, in 1870, wo find that last year alone
our increase was at least 05,000.
During the four years, tho number of
school houses has quadrupled last year
151 were built; also the value of school
property, in the same time, has increased
six-fold, Among the buildings erected
during this period, and not included in
the above, are the State University, and
tho new State Normal Building; and in
cluded is tho High School Building, at
Omaha, tho best in the United States.
The number of teachers has increased
more than four-fold; the amount paid to
teachers more than fivefold, showing an
increase in average salary. While the
per cent, of attendance is yet lamentably
small, tho Increase fromO to do per con
turn is a most encouraging token of ad
vancement. This fact, more than any
other, shows that earnest, effective work
has boon done, and that tho minds of the
people have been quickened and elevated
to a higher pluue.
The amount expended to educato
tho youth of tho State has increased near
ly sixfold since 1870.
Tho above facts give an imperfect idea
of our imperial prosperity, But thero is
another improvement, fully as important,
which cannot be indicated by figures. I
refer to the ciliciency in which our school
system in all its ininutlm in district,
county, and state is now administered.
Tho harmony and perfection attained in
the working of tho wholo educational
Powered by Open ONI