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About The Nebraskan. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1892-1899 | View Entire Issue (April 15, 1898)
Vol. VI No. 27.
J. 1). RenUon Carries off First Honors
in Hie Oratorical Contest.
BIO nOW IN THE CONVENTION
nonne Knlcra it l'rotrt ARitliut Dnilnon
Cliilmi'd ll Wiw n rroromlonnl Btu-
itniit nml Not an UntlerKnuliiutc.
elnisku Is the- viol or ngnln. Tlio
linnni- wore won for the University
by J. 1). Denison last Friday night.
The contest was hold at. Croto. The
FiiIm ixil.N of Nebraska was w!l rep
rrxriitnl. More than fifty tickets
were sold to students of the State Uni
ver.sit.. Chanoolor MuoLcau nml Mrs.
Manning wore there to share In the.
nraioi itnl feast. Tlio orators woro: E.
Y. 1'llis. Doano; Martha .lohnson,
(imn.l I-I11111I: W. E. Ilannan, Omaha;
and .1. 1. Denison, University of No-lir:i-K
A Urjro crowd of University stu
dents vent down to Croto. on the. eve
nine 1 lain. A few hiul gone in the
morning. The convention of the state
oratorical association was called in
tho chapel of Doano college at throe
oVlm l in tho afternoon. The dole
rates fioin the I'niversity of N'obrns
Uwnr O. William Meier, F. 0. Havv
liv. I". H. Perry, .1. E. Pearson, A. I..
Ileal, and .1. F. Roomer.
a interesting business meeting was
In-Ill ami a large aiidienee of Doanc
stud, .lis wore .spectator:. The consti
t'Mimi iis amended so that, judges
nml slate otlleors will hereafter he
paid before the orator to the. inter
state eonUM will receive his expenses.
The prize to the winning orator was
aKo reduced from $.10 to $25. The mat
ter of the inter-state contest was then
taken up and discussed. The chair
man of ilie Donne delegation moved to
rejeit Hit- pro(tfft1Sn to liohT flic in-tcr-xt.iic
contest in Nebraska loeause
the vt lie association will have to put.
up a in. ml of .$.".00. Tho Nebraska dcl
effiitioii protested urgently against the
passive of such a measure, llawxby
ami Mi ier made clear cut and earnest
specclics on this projKisition which
von fur them the Crand Island and
Omaha votes. Tho contest, will le licld
in Neiii.isliu next year and it is almost
turo in come to Lincoln.
Tin hairinau of the Doanc delega
tion tiMii offered a protest against .Mr,
Denisun entering the state contest.
The i .invention went into committee
(if tin- whole to consider tho objection
" j tli .1 II. llonmor in the chair. Ralph
lirouii i if Doano college jireferrcd the
eliarp. ihat Mr. Denison was a. gradu
ate ii 1 pjier Iowa University and a
irof ii.mil student in the State Uni
versity . and maintained that he should
there! i ne be disbarred from partici
pating in the contest, A letter was
iutroiluied to show that. Mr. Denison
held Hi . degree of Ph.R. Mr. Denison
was i iiieii on to answer the charges.
$e .i,i e calmly and firmly. He said
Tliat I did not plead for mercy, he
only .. I ed for justice. He showed
that In whk an undergraduate, student
Jtt the l Diversity and that lie is a can
didal. i.,r a bachelor's degree. Per
ry an. I I'eiirson made forcible sjioeches
in Mr Denison's behalf, but the ac
cusers would not listen to logic or
reason Thev wanted to throw Mr.
The i'i invention was irolonged until
kte in ilie night. Finally, chiefly
throuj.-), the dljilomaey of Taylor of
Doane and Deal of the rnlvorsity, a
WKiproniihf was reached. Tlio pro
ttfcU, were withdrawn and an amend
ment t the constitution wuh nikrm1
prohibiting any one hereafter holding
degree, from entering the state Con
MtiK after I) o'clock when the en-te-rtujiniieiit
In tint opera house began.
1'reuidejjt Roper said in Ills opeaing
remarks that there had been a. jnlstalte
made, for tho iuntiHt. had been held in
the afternoiii,. Each college had ap
propriate songs for the occasion. The
"rators were cheered b' enthusiastic
J'lls from their home delegataons.
God imisie was furnished hy Doane
Tae first orauir was K. W. Kills of
"oune eolieir,. niu nMtnti fn "The
spirit of Hrotherhood" -was smoothly J
written and showed onroful reflection.
Ills delivery was In a part quite; me
ohanlenl, yot at times ho spoke with
some earnesness and the audience felt
flint, ho meant what ho said.
W. K. llnniiau wns the seoond speak
er. He represented Omaha University
In tlio contest. His oration was on
"The Nation's Peril." lie thought, that
the greatest danger that threatens our
oountry today Is tho InditToronoo of
our citl.ciiH to nubile iitTalrs The
Idea ho presented was clearly sot. forth
but, his eholee of words was not good.
Ills delivery was Impressive und car
ried conviction but he detracted from
his stage apparaueo by growing too
dramatio at times.
(irand Island was represented by
Miss Martha Johnson. "American
Ideals" was tho title of her oration.
Her thought could not bo easll fol
lowed. The moral influeneo of Ameri
ca upon the elvill.ed world was the
theme of her production. Her deliv
ery won for her the second plaeo She
showed wonderful reserve power and
earnestness. Some of her climaxes
were u little, flighty.
J. 1). Denison was tho hi'd contest
ant. He failed to do himself justice
in his delivery. His voice did not
sound true, lie did not appar to be
himself nor did he throw cuopgh life
into Ills subject. In justice to Mr. Den
ison is should bo said that ho was com
pletely worn out by the long after
noon session. His oration was on "Tlio
Evolution of C!ooriiiuont." He traced
the development of nnblie law from
the crude primitive rule by force to
the highly differentiated forms of
government today. In the golden mean
between absolutism and anarchy he
finds the ideal government. His mas
terly production won him three firsts
oil iniuiuseript and gave him the high
While, the markings of tho judges
woro being summed up Chancellor
Maclean was called on to make, a
sltffit iiiMresiw. ,Hc spoke ofhtv heal
thy rivalry that had grown up lx
tweeu the colleges of the state
through oratorical and debating con
tests, and the true College spirit which
it engenders. He thought that debat
ing and oratory should be combined,
that one should supplement the other.
He concluded his remarks with an elo
quent appeal to the students for hu
manity on the Cuban question.
The markings of the judges were as
. -. a-
K W Ellis 100 100 100
M. .lohnson .. S5 105 105
V E Hannan . 75 H5 103 100
.1 Dennison ., 125 120 110 OS
PltOF. HlirXElt TALKS.
The. board of regents occupied seats
on the platform in chapel Wednesday
morning and Hegent von Forrell led
the exercises. There was more pleas
ure Hum this in store for the students.
Chancellor MacLean said wo wore al
ways glad to welcome the regents and
we had another welcome io extend
this morning. It was to the most mod
est man among us and the one who
had done the most to make the name
of the I'niversity known throughout
two continents. He knew Prof, lim
ner was not a speaker but he thought
he would consent to say a few words.
Prof. Hruner came forward in an
swer to the. welcoming applause. Ho
said he was glad to get back; Hiat he
was not Aerv particular and North
America, was good enough for him. He
went on to say something about the
countries he had seen on his trip. All
of us, the chancellor included, knoT
very little about Argentine. He had
found many lino cities there. One of
750,000 inhabitants, was the most sty
lish and the best built city he had ever
seen. Many people said to him: "You
found it niuv'h warmer there than in
Nebraska?" They forgot that Argen
tine Hepubllc extends from the trop
ics to 55 degrees south of them and
that therefore there is a wide range of
climate. He had suffered much from
cold, as they had no fires there.
Prof. Hruner said he hoped to get
up courage to tell more some time, of
Argentine and the other countries he
had visited and of uIb work there.
OF NEBRASKA, LINCOLN, FRIDAY, APRIL .5, 1898.
RETURNS Ft III
Pror. limner IJaek at His I'laeo In tlio
TELLS WHAT HE! SAW THERE
IntiMrcitliiR Arcmmt of ArucntliionmUlU
WorkAinoiiB H10 UroMlioniHirn-Wi,
MInrIoii lllBhly SurreMfut.
Prof, l.awronco Hruner, who has
boon absent for n year in Argentine
ltcpiiblio returned to tho rnlvorsity
last week. In an interview with a. Ne
brnsknu reporter ho gave tho follow
ing interesting account of his work
and other things of interest which ho
In general the people of this
country are well satisfied with their
condition and care, 'little, about tlio
condition of other countries. Hence
the seeming hick of interest of tho
American people as a nation in the
South American countries. One can
obtain but a foble idea of the magni
tude of and extent of Argentine by a
cursory glance in the geography.
It is an extent of country which
would reach from Manitoba In. llritish
America to tlio City of Mexico. It lies
in Int. 21 degrees south to 55 degrees.
The settled ortions are small, largely
those in and around Hucnos Ay res to
the mirth and cast. Several lines of
railroad reaelt up info this country.
Some parts of the country are entire
ly unknown. The territories or Cha
ca and Formosa are unexplored trop
ical forests populnted with llcrce In
dians and wild animals. A common
expression among the native when
when something is missing is to say,
"It is in the Chaea." The old belief
was that the grasshopper plagues
came from the Omen.
The principal proggces.arc San Ju
an, Tuhemnn, Salfji, .Mjdusjii CorSova
These and the country around Huenos
Ay res arc well settled. The provinces
vary according to their latitude, and
altitude, in their products. Those near
sea shore being devoted to grain and
We commonly regard our plains as
flat, but the plains of the Pampas
country are almost cm a dead level.
One may go from Huenos Ayres north
for 600 miles without seeing a hill ten
feet in height, and the same is true of
the country south of Huenos Ayres for
COO miles. For over 1,000 miles of
this strip there is no hill as large as
that, on our campus. Nearly all of
this country is without streams. Lit
tle lakes and wells collect the min
water. These constitute the wafer
supply during the dry season.
The water however, is not usually
used for drinkiuk purposes. The jeo
ple are large wine and beer drinken,
operating large breweries.
Foreign industry, largely American,
is beginning to open up new provinces.
One of these. Nequen, is very much like
Iowa or Nebraska. It contains some
fine lakes and is well watered. To the
west of Nequen the Country is more
like that of New Mexico, or Arizona.
In Tony are forests of considerable
extent. Too much rain causes these
forests to die out and the annual rain
fall of three to four inches is amply
sufficient to keep them luxuriant. It
is in these forests that the Quenbracha
blanea is found. It is from this that
quinine is obtained. The red quen
bracha is used for dyeing and tanning.
As a civilized country it dates back
further than any part of North Am
erica. A I'niversity flourished at Cor
doba long long before a University iu
North American was even thought of.
About 1800 it was the great seat of
learing in South America. Today it
has scarcely JOO students. Comparativ
ely the Counrty is backward; the peo
ple are of such a nature as to put ev
erything off until "daj after tomor
row." In this they are unlike the
Mexicans who put things off only un
til tomorrow. Tho common expresion
Is "pawada manana," which means day
From the standpoint of the geolo
gist and the holanist the country pre
sents many jieCuliar aspects. Forms
similar to our own are found with
protective coverings of many and pe
culiar varieties. For instance, an ar-
midllla-llko shield covers animals,
which resembles our moles. I'or geo
logical study nothing compares to this
country. Tho Andes from 3i degress
south to 24 degrees south are almonst
destitute of vegetation. Our'lloeklos
n ro as near plains as odnfontlhamth
are as near plains in comparison with
tho grandeur of the Andes.
In nil, Prof. Hruner made 84 distinct
trips by rail and water, covering about
14,000 miles. Of the iM provinces tlnj
professor visited elgldofamthinahmttn
professor visited IS. In his work wtth
the locusts Prof, Hruner was success
ful. In the nine months of his stay
he learned the. laws governing the mi
gration of the locusts, their enemies,
diseases nml habits. Ho was able to
give the people methods of handling
tho iK-st which if followed, in two
years will secure freedom from the lo
custs. If these methods are. continued
year by year the locusts will be held
Prof. Hruner visited Paraguay, I'm
guay, besides Hrnzil, taking notes on
natural history subjects.
The raising of cattle and sheep is
the principal industry. It is common
for a man to own from 00,000 to 100,
00 sheep and from 50,000 to 75,000 cat
tle. One "Estunela," as the ranches
are called, which Prof. Hruner visited,
had 27 square miles of alfalfa. An en
terprising American holds interests in
six or more "estniicias" and is consid
ered an ordinary farmer.
As a side remark the professor men
tion od that the bed bugs of the coun
try have wings and are an inch iu
The laborer receives about the same
rate of wages as is current in this
country, bill the actual money receiv
ed does not amount to so much. The
South American gold dollar is practi
cally equivalent to the American gold
dollar but the paper dolnr is worth
only about one-third of the gold coin
and it is in this curency that the la-
like sixty holidays during the year.
Sunday is never regarded as a holiday.
Iu fact, the pcoplo seem to fake spe
cial jKiins to work on that da.v. Church
services are held but no one is ever
known to attend.
One eculinr feature of tho country
whie Prof. Hi-uncr noticed on his trip
ing across the country from near the
northern jioint of Paraguay to Chile
is a broad belt of palm trees stretch
in a southwesterly direction some 500
miles. No one lias ever attempted to
account for this phenomenon, the
country on lioth sides of the belt be
ing barren. The Indians have a pecu
liar legend concerning these trees.
It runs as follows: "When the Lord
finished making the world he was in
Paraguay and started to walk over to
Chile. He had some palm seeds in his
jookct and likewise, a hole. As he
walked the seeds dropped out on the
Prof. Hruner returned with large
coleclions of insects, birds and some
few mammals. The exjierienee, while
valuable, is one that he would not care
to rojieat, and he is glad to be able to
return to the University.
THE SENIOIt PARTY.
The senior reception of Saturday
night, April 2, proved to be a thorough
success. There were alout 100 mem
bers of the class present. The receiv
ing party consisted of Miss Ellen
Smith, Lieutenant Siotsen1erg, Mrs.
Maclean and mother, and Professor
and Mrs. Itichards.
The armory was very tastefully dee
orated in class colors, light blue and
light yellow and large plants were ar
ranged very prettily all over the build
ing. Various games were indulged in
and delicious ices were served in one
corner of the room.
UMVEHS1TY VS. OMAHA.
The baseball cranks who have lieen
waltliiur impatiently for a first-class
article of ball on the campus this year
are about to realize their hopes. The
University team will play the Omaha
professional western league team Sat
urday afternoon at 3 o'clock. Such a
game will afford the sjectators a
chance of seeing what our lniys can
do against a real good ball team. The
admission fee will bo 25 cents and is
surelj low enough for Mich, a game as
this one promises to be,
Price 5 Cents.
OF REGENTS MEET
A Vnst Amount or Important HiihIiichh
TO HAVE A UOOKINQ SCHOOL
lU'Kcntn Tlilnk University Ulrla Hhonld
Know How to Cook-Other Mat
ters Acted Upon.
The Hoard of llegenls of tho Uni
versity met for their spring session at
tlio University last Tuesday morning.
With the exception of-ltegcnt Ooold,
all members of the board were pron
The registrar's report, to the 3?e
gonts showed a. great increase in. nil
departments of the University. In
all, the number of students iu the Uni
versity has been swelled to 1901, and
subtracting from this the 200 students
In affiliated schools, it still loaves tho
magnificent, nuinlier of 1701 regulnr
Jlvports were submitted by tho
heads of the various departments, all
showing increases over Inst year. Tho
law school shows an increase of 102
students. Dean Edgren reported the
graduate school as showing a greatly
Dean Sherman's lvjMirt mentioned
the increase both in numbers and in
tlio quality of wrrk iu the college of
Dean Hessey of the industrial school
reported an enrollment of 484, u large
increase over previous years.
The report of the school of agricul
ture under Prof. Lyons shows an in
creased enrollment of 54 per cent., nnd
Prof. Itiehanls reported that the en
rollment in the school of mechanic
arts was an increase of 131 per Cent,
over that of last year.
, Prof. Kimball of the school of music
rep"6Hed a fTjtfaTntlnfbTi7of !ry, ail
increase of 74 students over last year.
The school of art under Miss Cora
Parker has a total enrollment of 01
The board then adjourned and met
the following morning. One interest
ing matter was the decision of the
board to establish a cooking school,
otherwise known as the school of do
mestic science. Hereafter there will
be no excuse for University girls be
ing ignorant of how to cook and all
are expected to become exjiert in the
The lxKirtl established a deanship
of women, to which place Mrs. 11. IT.
Wilson was elected.
The folowing promotions were made
by the llcgcnts: Prof. Chandler to
adjunct professor of mechanical draw
ing and machine design; A. Itoss Hill,
to professor of philosophy; O. V. P.
Stout, from associate professor to pro
fessor of civil engineering; C. it. Rich
ards, from associate professor of prac
tical mechanics to professor of me
chanical engineering in charge of the
department of practical mechanics;
Miss Rosa Ronton, from instructor in
chemistry to adjunct professor in
chemistry; Samuel Avery, from in
structor in chemistry to adjunct pro
fessor in the same course; John White
to adjunct professor iu chemistry; A.
L. Candy to adjunct professor in math
ematics and civil engineering; L. T.
Moore to lecturer and demonstrator in
physics; C. F. Ansley from associate
professor to professor of English lan
guage; II. E. Moore to adjunct profes
sor in physics; Guernsey Jones to in
structor iu European history, and Mr.
Franklin to instructor iu American
The iKMtrd showed its good will to
ward athletics by granting permission
for the athletic board to grade- tho
campus and build a cinder. ltn action
however iu failing to make the ex
jiecled $25 appropriation for the ath
letic animal was a keen disappoint
ment. The Regents made the following ap
pointments: Miss Lulu Burroughs iu the library,
vice Miss Hertlia Quaintnnce, trans
ferred; (J. A. Loveland, reappointed at
his request to be instructor in meter
ology without stipend; Miss Flora
Hulloek, assistant instructor in jour-
(Tontiuued on Page Four.)
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