The Nebraskan. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1892-1899, February 26, 1897, Image 1
jy r I THE NBBRASKAN. Vol.. V. No. 20 UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA, LINCOLN, FEB. 26. 1807. Prick 5 Cents. LUD OF THE MIDNIGHT SUN p, J. Jewell, a Former Studont, tolls 0f His Experiences, Prospecting. THERMOMETER SIXTY BELOW TMWlitiK '" ,no Norln Country on Foot oinl by Sledge Fund Started for Miintnlnlng a School Cus toms of tho Pooplo, Kxini'i" from i loiter wrltlun by P. j jcWri 1 student of tho university from fUo'M. ,unv nl Circle City, Yukon rlvor, AUcltn We arrived nl Circle City, Sunday even in?, Sopi- tuber 23, '04. For nonrly ft ml!o I . j tin rlvor Imnk, enhlua wore spring Ins P 11,0 magic, 80 thnt '" town on)' four months olil, lmtl more than 2.V) lnhnb Hunt.". Wo Immediately began erecting i cabin and Inside of two weeks, wcro inuRly ensconced In n wnrm twelve by fourteen foot cabin. Soon after In eompimy wllh seventeen other men. 1 went to Ft. Yukon, eighty mllci. for additional supplies. The fort U InsiKb the Arctic clrelo, nnd on both wghU ibli'li we onenmped thore. tho dis plays of the Aurora Horenlls were superb. The trip up the rlvor wns anything but pleasant. Snow fell nonrly every night, cold winds were blowing, forming Ice nearly all ihe time and wo were constant ly wt from handling the tow lines. It as necessary to tow the boats all tho nay, to contend with sweepers (trees over hancltiR the water), high cut banks, sldo channels nnd swift currents. Sowrnl times w- had to double up to pull a boat over the rllllos, nnd In one Instnnco It took ten or twelvo of us to pull a slnglo boat over. We covered Iho eighty miles In fix days. Two days Inter the Ice be gan running In tho river. If thnt had caught us. we should have been obliged to sled our effects to 4ho city. On Febru ary 20. when the temperature was 38 do grccs below zoro, my partner nnd 1 start ed for in. mines, llfty miles nwny, arriv ing there March 7. We fnlKhtcd our entlro outfit out; thoro were flv. loads vnoh, necessitating our golnB ovir the trail nlno tlmos. mnklng the equualmt to a straight pull of 450 miles, iiddi'd to this we pulled tho sleds another loo inllvs onch, to got wood, lum ber, etc . to the claim wo opened. We took a claim to prospect on Dond nooJ for iivo-thlrds Intorost, and all we could take out tire first season. It didn't ray us ver well, averaging only about ten dollars a day. Some claims abovo us were Rood, yielding as high as $100 per day. Oik- yung man cleared J6.000 for his summer's work. Mastodon ercok, the largest ami richest creek known In this district, produced a large amount, $40,000 being tak. n out of Discovery clnlm alone, and It Is .siinuited that 250,000 was pro duced In this district the past summer. The original creeks discovered wore; Squuw, Mastodon, Millor, Mammouth, In dependence, Dendwood and Switch. Last fill and summer several other? were dl-ruvored; Green Horn, Boulder, Bonanza K.igle. and Harrison; but too late for ..n thing but hurriedly prospect ing, but -eral of thorn bid fair to rival the firs, mentioned creoks. Tho discover er of Or. . n Horn creek, while digging a drain loo i. it long for the purpose of pros pectlng iln ground, panned nnd picked out over tioo Jn dust and nuggets, one of which i.is worth llfty-sovon dollars. in company with two other men I own the third Halm ubove 'this rich ground, tot whii d we paid $1,000; but whether or not then is any gold In our ground, time alone cut) tell. I am building no air castles, simply let ting i-v.nis HiiiitHi their own course. 8hould m.nnmon see tit to smllo upon mo next summer, I shall spand the "Winter nt home, ind if possible, should he vory mueh pl.used to meet you then, 1 could Pln some great yarns for you. Towurd the latter part of last Soptom ter, 'fc, i came to town for ordering my outfit. After a weok of sight seeing. I took a seventy-pound pack of provisions a3 blankets on my back and started to the mines, reaching my claim at tho end of tho third day. I remained thore hunt- iS and cutting wood until tho last of Oot- j Mr, when I liamo In with two sleds and about 2oo pounds' load. The sixth of De cember, with two othors, I started out to d ome prospecting on Green Horn, and returned the 2Cth. On 'tho way out -we had to break trail fifteen miles and were "x days and a half in covering that dis tance The days were bo short, scarcely 'our hours of light, nnd that wa3 neces Bary 'to select u good trail, so we made low progress. TVe camped out every night without stove or tent, and did our cooking anil sleeping by rousing camp lire mailo of dry pine logs. Wo did but little prospecting. Deuoinber 22, with u temperature of 35 degrees below, wk started on our return to the ully. Soon after going Into camp that evening, the ihorinomotor registered 40 degrees and growing colder .ill Iho time. Wo out an Immense pile of wood for the night. Hour nflor hour we hovered around the tire droadlng to turn In. Kin ally, about midnight nnd after eating ft second supper, wo crawled Into our blank ets. I froze oui In about two hours, al though 1 had u double 10 oz. oanvas, a boar skin and four blankots under mo, and double canvas and eleven blankots over me The next morning It was only t7i degrees below zero. It was so Intensely cold that although I had been sitting within three feet of tho camp lire (and not an Indian tiro either) most of the night, Ico that formed on my beard tho preceding day, had not all molted off by morning. On tho 23rd, wo had nbout twelvo miles to go, to reach tho Junction houso, put up, and especially to accom modate men traveling on tho trail. It was 5 o'clock, fully throe hours after dark when wo reached it, stiff, cold, hun gry and almost exhausted. Tho ther mometer was down to 47 degrees And tho next morning, tho 24th, It was down to SI degrees below. Willi but ono excep tion, all tho men who woro stopping at tho Junction, decided to stay over for tno day; but on Christmas morning It was only 40 degrees below, nnd at 7 o'clock wo started on tho trail for tho next house twenty-two miles away, which wo in tended to reach that night and at 3:30 wo woro 'there. The entlro distance was mado without food or drink nnd I took the dray rope from my shoulder but once, al though tho day was bitterly cold, so that quicksilver was frozen solid all day. I frosted my nose, all my fingers and left car which had already peeled four times this winter, began freezing more thnn u dozen times. Tho proprietors of the twolve mile house which wo reached Christmas evening, charged us $2:50 each for suppor, breakfast and lodging; but I did not feel that It was exorbitant for with the cold and exertion, we wore rav enously hungry. The next day we reached town, fourteen miles In fivo and n half hours, and since that time 1 have done little else but rending, writing nnd loaf ing. The tomporature continued to fall until Sunday morning Jnnuary fi. It was 64 de grees below, when It began to modorate. It Is almost impossible for ono to concolvo whnt C4 degrees below Is, until he hns the experience. To lnhnlo such air through the mouth strangles ono; and tho breath exhaled through tho mouth roars like steam escaping from an engine, and hot water thrown Into tho nlr, hisses and roars, giving off a perfect cloud of steam. The nlr Is so full of pnrtiolos of frost, that everything seems enveloped in a light fog. and at short intervals, low heavy re ports aro heard from the ice cracking in the river. Last spring 1 killed two caribou and so had all the fresh meat I craved for; and, at last, 1 can report the killing of a bear. In September I got on the trail of a bear. I tracked him to his don and shot him, putting two bullets through his head, about nn inch apart. As this was the first wild hear 1 had ever seen, I did not know Ills size until I had dragged hlrr. out of his den; and as my primers failed on the first trlul. enolt time,. I think without wishing to appear egotistic that I did protty well. Bruin proved to be a small black boar, meusurlng five feet, six Inches from the end of his tall to tip of nose, six feet sprond of fore arms, dressed about 150 pounds, and was vory fat, in some places one nnd three-fourth Inches thick. His fur is Jet blnok, and I intend to keep the pelt. The flesh of a young bear, fat tened on berries, Is simply dollclous, the best substitute for fresh pork I ever saw. No doubt you would be interested to know that I have beon so fortunate as to get a glimpse of the midnight sun. Theoretically it cannot be r-een unless one Is on or near the Arotic circle; but al though the mines are sixty miles south of this circle. I was of tho opinion that the elevation of a high mountain near our cahln. would more than make up for the distance south, so I left my cabin on tho evening of June 21, armed with a rlflo, hunting knife, a pencil, note book, com pass and watch for the summit of the mountain, throe miles away. Following up tho crest of a spur the timber line was .soon readied, and at 10:35 I was on the summit. Boblns, the great northern fly catcher, and several other varieties or birds were singing merrily as I Jeft the TO' ABOLISH FRATERNITIES A Bill Introduced Into tho Legislature with that Intent. MR. HYATT, OF PLATTE COUNTY Tho Clcntlcn in from the West Who Is the Author oi the Measure, Tells a No- brasknn Hoiwrtor his Motive Text of tho Hill. One of the latest additions to the Im mense number of Mils Introduced Into the house, Is a incisure to prevent stu dents of the state university from becom ing members of Greek letter fraternities. The bill, house roll number 521, Is for an act to amend seetUn 16 of chapter SG, of the compiled statutes of Nebraska, nnd to repeal It as It now stands. This section refers only to tho question of who shall bo nllowed to enjoy the privileges of the uni versity, and the amendment Is simply an addition to It, without cutting out any of Iho original section. The bill was Introduced by Hyatt of Platte county. To tho orlglnnl section ho proposes to add tho following: "No person ahnll be allowed any of thu privileges of this Institution who shall 1o or become a member of any secret Greek lotter fraternity or society." Tho bill hns been read tho tirst time and ordered to second tending. Mr. Hyatt, tho author of tho incisure had this to say when asked by a Nebraskan reporter as to his motive for tho action. "By thetr close organization, the members of frat ernities gain a conildcrnble power over tho students who do not wish to belong to such societies, or aro not able to pay the necessary expenses. In public meet ings of the students, the fraternity peo ple who are so closely organized can gen erally run things to suit themselves and have an unfair advantage over those who aro not organized. If such fraternities woro done away with, all tho students would have nn equal Jjaow, and be placed on a level footing." It was thought from the gentleman's rcmaiks that perhaps he might have a son in the university, hut such Is not the enso. He satii tnnt no nao nan no uireui connection with tho university. Mr. Hushnoll snld that the pooplo of South America worn often looked down upon and despised by tho pooplo of the United States. There Is no reason for this as they are a naturally bright and lutelllgont people. Although not up to our standard of civilization, they are pro gressing rapidly In this direction nnd es pecially since the Columbian exposition which brought them Into closes eontaut with tho most civilized and modern meth ods of living and administrative government. RESULT Ob' SUGAR EXPERIMENT. The result of the sugar experiment which was given In chapel about two weeks ago, was announced on last Tues day morning The experiment It will bo remembered, wiu' for tho purpose of de tei mining tho difference It there Is any, between cane and beet sugar. Samples of each kind were given to the students and members of the faculty who were asked to distinguish between the two and If possible, tell which was tho sweeter. In announcing tho result, Professor Nicholson said tho experiment Involved a question of morals as well as chemistry. In this connection the faculty was put In rather an unfavorable light, for out of the packages of sugar distributed to them, tnly S3 percent were returned, while tho students returned 94 percent of the num oer given to them. Seventy-eight percent of the faculty wore of the opinion that the cane sugar was the sweeter, while 22 percent could detect no difference. The students were more loyal to the Nebras ka product, and 55 percent declared beet sugar tho sweeter, while only -44 percent decided In favor of cane sugar. In regard to the correctness of the an swers given, the members of the racuity showed thnt their Judgment or rather their ability to guess correctly, was no better thnn their morals, while the stu dents showed that they were far ahead of the faculty in this respect. Ono hundred percent of the nnswers given by the fac ulty were incorrect. Of the replies re ceived from the students. 43 percent were Incorrect, 46 percent were correct, while 11 percent made no decision. TALKS TO THE ELECTRICIANS. THE ORATORICAL CONTEST Tho Dato Has Been Set and Judges Selected. WILL BE SIX COMPETITORS The Manuscripts llavo licoti Handed in and They nio Ready for tho Hattlo to be Held In Chapel on Noxt Friday evening. Tho annual contest of the local orator ical association will be held Friday March fi. In the university chapel. Un usual Interest lsmnnlfcsted by tho numbor of contestants. Six orators representing some of the best talent In tho university will compete for the first prize of fifty dollars. The place of oratory in our uni versity which according to tho version of some has been on the decline, Is certainly assuming Its due place among tho stu dent Interests. Tho contest promises to be ono of tho most closely competed for in the history of the university. For this reason tho as sociation bespeaks from the students the mosi liberal patronage. Every student should attend to cheer the winning ora tor, and encourage him for the coming light In tho state contest which will be held March 26. The Judges chosen on manuscript are: Dr. H. K. Wolfe. W. O. Jones, and Dr. Johnson: on delivery arc; V. J. Bryan, Judge Field, and Senator Wm. Doerlng. The contestants are: C. O. Brown and J. D. Denlson from the Dellan society, G. K. Hagcr from the Union, R. C. Roper from the Palladlans, nnd A. L. Deal. JOURNALISM IN SOUTH AMERICA. (Continued on fourth page.) Tho class hi Journalism on Inst Tuesday morning had the pleasure of hearing a lecture by I. M. Bushnell, a formor editor of tho Call, on tho subject of Journalism In South America. Mr. Bushnell, as a newspaper man, made quite a study of South American newspapers while travel ing in thnt country a few years ago. He said that one of the most noticeable diffor orences between tho newspapers of South America, and tho newspapers here, is the amount of local news which Is printed. South American papers care vory llttlo for local news and a reporter Is almost an unknown quantity. The principal news given by them Is European. They espec ially keep closo watch on European mar kets as the greator part of their trade was with Europe. Mr. Bushnell here took occasion to say that these countries had been neglected by the United States, for what reason, he could not say as they would certainly afford a very valuable market to American shippers. South Amorlcan newspapers are always but four pages in size and of these at least three are filled with advertisements. The advertising man on a paper which is a warm supporter of the government, has an ensy time to get advertisement;. One roason or this Is that the women partic ularly those of the rich classes, are Invet erate shoppers, and hence pay a great doal of attention to advertisements. An other roason Is that the merchants are In a moasuro forced to advertise. Should a dull season come along, tho merchant doslros to rotrenoh, and generally hogins by stopping his advertising. Of course this makes a hardship on the newspuper and if bettor times do not speedily re turn, the editor complains to the govern ment that Ids paper is not being properly supported. The government then sends a man to the delinquent merchants, who suggests to them that it would be advls ablo for them to continue advertising. Tho hint is generally sufficient and the desired "ad" is soon orthcomlng. Although the newspapers are thus nldod by the government, they are put under great restrictions as well. The right of free speech, as we know it, would not bo tolerated and the slightest unfavorable comment on the policy of the government Is considered sufllclont cause for suppres sing the paper. For this reason the edi torial page does not amount to much and many papers have none at all, The olectrlc.il engineering society held a special meeting last evening nt which the chancellor gave a short address. Preceding the address, a business meet ing was hold and a vote of thanks extend ed to all professors and others who had asslstec" the society in the recent exhibit, by the use of their rooms and- apparatus. Somewhat later than expected the chan cellor appeared and bolng introduced by the president, excused himself for his tar diness by stating that he had been spend ing some time with the legislature and thought that the university appropriation would bo favorably considered. He brought the good news that Edward Everett Hale was to be commencement orator, and said a few words about this noted man. The resolution drawn up by the regents, thanking tho society for tho interest taken in the promotion of the university by the exhibit, were then read by the chancel lor, who presented a copy to the society. Ho then sioke of the effects of such a demonstration by the students. Before coming to the university he had heard of these exhibitions which had deep ly Impressed him it thoy showed a spirit of free will labor which was always ben ellclal, and this Impression had not been changed since his arrival here. Our university has shown a tendency to pay students for small service and free will offerings of labor will be a powerful factor to remedy this. Educators he said were consecrated peo ple and literary culture is appreciated as much by scientific students as any. After a. few words by Mr. C. C. Griggs, tho president of the society, Professor Owens was ealled upon, who expressed himself as strongly agreulng with the chancellor in the culture value of a tech nical education; and ho thought the pub lie appreciated these exhibits and inter est in eleotrloal matters was certainly awakenod by them. Tho ohancel'ir was then voted In as an honorary member of the soolety and in a few words commended the praotlce of rec ognizing our distinguished guests both in the past and future, by this honorary memhorshlp; and the custom might as well bo folic wed by other institutions. Mr. Browne, our new instructor waff called upon and spoke of the electrical societies at Johns HopklnB and his inter est in this one out west. . UNIVERSITY AGAIN VICTORIOUS. On Tuesdny evening the second game of basket ball between tho university and Y. M. C. A. teams was played in the gym nasium. Play Began, promptly at 815, with rather small but "enthusiastic attendance In the gallery. "Captain Hill of tho Yi M. C. A. team, won tho toss nnd chose the cast goal. After a few minutes piny, Dog ny was left free for a moment and seized the opportunity to throw a goal from tho field, scoring two points for his side. The next goal from tho field was made by Denlson. scoring two polt.ts for the uni versity team score now two all. The first foul was called on Trompen for holding, but no goal was thrown by Steb blns. During the first half four fouls were made by tho Y. M. C. A. team but no goals were thrown. In the same time the university men made the same number of fouls and Lewis threw one goal. In the first half, Dogny managed to score three more goals from the field and Steb blns and Placck each scored one in addi tion to that of Denntson, so that at tho end of the first half the score stood 9 to 6 In favor of the delegation from the Y. M. C. A. At this time It was evident that tho uni versity boys would have to take a brace or get beaten, and brace they did, for as soon as the ball was put In play by the referee. Morrison caught the ball and threw' it to Stebblns who scored a goal before the ball had touched tho floor. But almost immediately Lewis threw one for the Y. M. C. A. chaps, and then another was thrown by Stebblns before a foul was mnde on eltner side. During the second half four more fouls were made by the Y. M. C. A. and three goals thrown by Green. The university boys only made two fouls and Hill threw one goal. In the second half Stebblns threw four goals from the field, Placek two and Morrison one,, for the university, und for the Y. M. C A., Lewis thrw one and Bently one. the lat half ending with the score 23 to 14 in favor of the univer sity. This is the second game which the uni versity team has won from tho Y. M. C. A. Near the end ot the second half, Den lson had his eye slightly Injured and sur rendered his place to Burks. Following are the players and their positions. Lnlversity Position Y. M. C. A. Placek 1. f. ..E. C. Hill Gutleiben ....r. f Trompen Green center A. Bently Denlson 1. g E. Bently AVarfleld r. g ,..Stillson Stebblns 1. c Dogny Morrison r. c Lewis Referee;. , Swearlnger. umpires, F. E. Clements and Dr. John White. Score keeper, E. T. HJU; tirno keeper. C. C Culver. Thd Camilla Urso concert at the Lans ing March 5. is the third in the popular course. Ticket holders may reserve soats at the box office Wednesday March 3. DR. HALE ACCEPTS. Word has been received that Dr. Ed ward Everett Hale has accepted the invi tation of the senior class to deliver the commencement oration,, June 10.