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About The Nebraskan. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1892-1899 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 21, 1896)
Vou IV. No. 10.
UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA LINCOLN, FEBRUARY 21, 1800.
Pmck, 5 Cent
P1NKERT0N IS TflE ORATOR
UBIT IN THE LOCAL CONTEST
Will ltoprosent Unlvoreity In tho Stato
Contost at Donno Collogo Maroh
20th -Marks of tho Hpoakors.
Friday evening, February It", tho an
nual oratorical contest was 'held In tho
university chapel. Enthusiasm Boomed
(o bo lacking this year In oratorical
matters, as it was noticeable 'that tho
crowd was not neatly so Intro ns In
The first arator wan Mr. II. B. Alex
ander. HJs oration was "The World
Uraln." Ho attempted to prove that
reason was tho court before which the
various conceptions of God had ito bo put
on trial. Ho showed to his satisfaction
that a pantheism conception was the
only reasonable one.
Mr. Alexander did not seem at ease
on the stage. His delivery lacked In
"The Dean of American Statesmen"
was the title of the oration of Snowdon
Summers. He thought that Daniel
WVbster was tho man who hold that
position. He was a. little nervous in
his appearance on the stage.
Mr. S. W. Plnkorton, the university
orator for 1896, will speak on "Tho
South and the Race Question" in tho
coming state contest. Mr. Plnkerton
made a good Impression In 'the local
contest, winning first place wlith ease.
His delivery was easy, graceful and
showed careful training and application.
The subject was treated thoughtfully
and In a novel manner. The following
Is a synopsis of tho oration:
"Diseases are Inherited. Tho political
transgressions of our fathers have fal
len upon us. That crime, which to
them was a service of profit, later be
came tho most baneful curse of the re
public; and today Its effect menaces
our entire social and political structure.
For tho race Is 'the vital problem of tho
hour. To deal with the negro so as to
make him , valuable element In our
government; to determine his position
In relation to the civilization of this
country Is the problem 'that is today con
fronting the American people.
"This Is essentually a southern ques
tion. The .north has great Interests
at stake, hut the south by reason of Its
closer contact and more Intimate knowl
edge Is bettor qualified to solve 'It Here
in lies the beauty and excellence of our
complex form of government. Local
questions are left to be determined bv
those most Interested In ithelr correct
solution, and best acquainted with tho
facts of which the questions arise. We
of the north can aid; we can sympa
thize; we can suggest; but we cannot
solve without the hearty co-operation
of the south. The south Is to solve the
question of ithe hour. She Is giving her
best 'thought and highest effort to Its
correct solution, and she stands in need
of all the sympathy and all the en
couragement wo can give her. How
nobly she has conducted herself since
the war! With what patience and for
bearance she has adjusted herself to
the new conditions! What awaited tho
return of the southern soldier? Was
there a beautiful home there to wel
come him? Did thrifty fields and well
filled granaries meet his eye? The story
needs no repetition.
"Hut In recent years the dense Ignor
ance and Illiteracy of the negro has been
urged by the south. Intelligence Is be
coming recognized as the most Im
portant qualification of citizenship.
Gradually the tafs are realizing this.
The Idea i growing. It Is crystallzlug.
What Is ft that our largo cities are to
day demanding? What Is It that our
nation has been needing so long? Citi
zenship, Intelligent and capable.
"Hitherto three-fourths of Ihe colored
voters have not realized ithe Intrinsic
value of the ballot, and I say it Is but
Justice to the negro, iU the state, to the
nation that ho Hhould promptly equip
himself for the discharge of his dutlt-B
us a citizen. Justice is given then both
to the intelligent and Ignorant colored
voter. Hut the Intelligent negro can
not accomplish much whllo so many of
his race am ln poverty and Ignorance
The Individual, however learned, ac
complished, or wealthy, must in a large
measure follow 'the conditions of his
race. What wo need itoday Is to edu
cate them as a moMs; to stimulate in
them a motive to become enlightened; to
make them realize, above all, the high
distinction of. cltllzenshlp. Then and not
till then can wo look for development
"Tho negro takes readily to civiliza
tion. He 'has spent his life on Ameri
can soil and 1b dn close touch with
American ideas of progress and civiliza
tion. Again they say: The igro is
not capable of tho highest development.'
This theory sinks 'Into Insignificance
when confronted by tho throng of
colored men who have attained distinc
tion In tho last (thirty years!
"Tho negro was brought here against
his will; wo knowingly kept him in
poverty and 'ignorance; wo reaped tho
profit of his labor; and where Is the man,
where Is the citizen, where Is the Ameri
can, who at this time would Bhrlnk
from educating and uplifting, these, the
victims of our misconduct? Too long
have they been left, steeped In degrada
tlon and ilgnorance. From beneath the
mists and clouds of their degradation
they today call to us for rescue. Shall
they call In vain?
"Definite action must soon be taken.
The Injustice of the struggle becomes
yearly more apparent. It is bursting
Into lynching and murders; the com
plaining murmur of an (approaching
storm. Tho negro's struggle will soon
become organized and Irresistible. It
Is time 'to become aroused to the real
conditions of the problem. It is time
for the nation to take upon Itself the
task of educating and lifting ithese, her
citizens. When these conditions are
fulfilled, tho negro granted the blessings
and privileges of tho olvlllzatlon which
surrounds him. the north and south first
truly reunited, with what faith and hope
can we look forward to .the future!
What grandeur and sublimity does 'that
future hold! What priceless legacies
yet to bo conferred upon us, as citizens!
Then let us be taught ito. live and work
In 'harmony and unity, itaught to en
large our conceptions to the circle of our
duties, and then ihand Hn hand, shoulder
to shoulder, brother with brother, we
will march on ito tho consummation of
an achievement, on to the grand triumph
of the centuries, whose vastness and
grandeur and majestic fulness can bo
symbolized only by the Inflnltonens of
"Mlrobenu" was ithe subject on which
Mr. E. E. ledger ton spoke. He por
trayed the conditions existing in
France prior to tho revolution. He
then gave an account of the part
played by Mlrabeau in the States Gen
eral of France. Mr. Edgerton held tho
attention of his audience. He has an
excellent composure on the platform.
Next H. W. Qualntance delivered an
oration, "Trial by Jury." He sought
to prove that wo had outgrown the
Jury system. It rather pantook of
the fun of a debate than of an oration.
His .delivery was easy and graceful.
The last oration on this program was
by L. J. Abbott, Jr. The title of his
oration was "Senior Bollvtis." He
thought this hero of South America
should bo classed with Mlrabeau,
Washington and other world heros.
His oration was not well committed
and- greatly affected Ills delivery.
S. W. Plnkerton wus awarded llrst
place, H. W. Qunlntnnoe second, and
Snowdeu Summers a close third. The
markings were ns follows, tho letters
in the left hand column being the
Initials of the speakers:
On Ms. Holmes. TlblKittH.HmUh.TMl.
II. H. A. Oracle.. !. 90 93 271.02
Hank.. 3 2 11
H. H. Oracle.. 91.40 OS 100 2VJ.40
Hank.. A 2 1 . 7
8. W. V. Orudo..J00,00 NO 94 27-1
Hunk.. 1 r. 3 9
!'. 10. K. Oracle.. 9.1. Vt M SO '.1.1.55
Hank.. 3 " ,3
II. W. Q. Oracle.. M.77 ' 22i.77
Hank.. 3 4 5 '
I,. J. A Orado.. KI.2S 100 90 279.25
Hunk.. 5 1 10
Delivery. Hammond. FrostMimger.'rtl.
H. H. A. Orado.. 75 M) '75 ' 230
Rank.. 0 ' " 17
8. 8. Oawlo.. 90 7.'. 90 2.V.
Hank.. 3 . ,0 3 12
8. W. 1. Oracle.. 100 M 2W
Hank.,. 12 4 7
F. K. K. Oracle.. 80 100 100 280
Hank,. "ill 7
H. W. Q. Orado., 95 ' '"' 275
Hank.. 2 4 2 8
L. J. A. Orado.. 85 ; 90 M 255
Honk.. 4 3 5 12
Tho grand total gavo 8. W. Plnkerton
grado 5M, -rank 10J H, W. Qualntanco
grade MI.77, rank 10; Snowdon Bumnorw
grade 544.4, rank 19; F. 14. Edgerton grade
541.55, rank 20; 8. J. Abbott grado 051.23,
rank 22; H. H. Alexander grade 601.02,
Rectors sodaountaln, alwaya ready
for use use It.
HIS INDUCTION INTO OFFICE
THE FORMAL CERMONY OVER
Tho Iianoing was ijaokod to Hoar tho
Chanoollors Inniugural Addroas-
Estabrock'a tVItty Speech.
With all ithe ceroniony and pomp be
fitting such an ocaiolon, George Edwin
Mac-Lean was inducted into the office of
chancellor of 'the
broska lost Friday
great event in the
university of No-
nPternoon. It was a
'history of tho uni
versity and the stite as well.
Before 1 o'clock the people had be
gun to gather In ront of the Lansing
theatre, where the exercises were held,
and by 1:50, the time the doors wore
opened, the crowd, was even dense. Tho
cadet battalion rid; band had been
formed in tho nrm ry at 1:30 and a little
before 2 o'clock co dd be scon marching
down Thirteenth trjeet iro the theatre.
13y 2:20 every avail
Lblo seat in the build
ing had been talen and many were
Scarlet and cretin, the university
colors, were everywhere In evidence.
lum arch tho great
ty was hung. From
Above the prosce
seal of the unlven
it beautiful strca is wore
some of them rea hlng to
When ithe curtail
was a burst of ap
Uio stage were so:;
visitors, ahe large
bora of the faculty
Tho exercises b
went up at 2:35 there
Iause from the audi
once that almost spook the building. On
ted the distinguished
bhoriiH and the meni-
with a selection
by the university orchestra, conducted
by August Hngejiow. Tho Invocation
was then offered ty Rev. O. W. Flfer of
Geneva, a membir of 'the class of '89.
President Morrill,' of the board of re
gents 'then made ia neat little address,
In which he welcomed the audience to
the exercises aboit to take place. In
closing his address Mr. Morrill pre
senteel Chancellor ''MacLean with a
United States flag and a charter of the
university. Ho then declared ithe chnn.
cellor formnlly inducted Into office.
Chancellor MacLean made a brief
reply, speaking with deep feeling. The
flag, with -Its scarlet and cream stream
ers, was unfurled and laid on tho read
The Inaugural hymn, written by
William Reed Dunroy and set to music
by Wlllard Kimball, was 'then sung by
the largo chorus.
Chancellor MacLean was Introduced
and proceeded to deliver the inaugural
nddress. In spile of its great length,
the address was listened to with the
closest attention. The history of ytate
universities, especially during ithe lost
ten years, was admirably developed.
Almont every phase of university edu
cation was given ample consideration.
A great deal of (Information about our
own university was given, and com
parisons made between ithe work clone
by It and other universities. The chan
cellor thought that the Inevitable cul
mination of tho state .system of educa
tion miiKt be the establishment of a
national university at Washington.
Had the Nebrskan sulHcletvt spuco it
would bo glad to publish the address In
Governor Holcomb was Introduced to
give the congratulatory address on be
hulf of the state. He reviewed the ad
vantages of Nebraska nd her achieve
ments in education. Ho thought that
the university hnd done a great work
The common school system was repre
sented by SUite Superintendent Corbett.
He thought ithat Nebraska could be
proud of the intelligence of her oltlzonrf.
No other commonwealth on earth had
suoh a smull per cent of Illiteracy, ho
said. The university was also highly
Hon. H, H. Wilson spoke on behalf
of the alumni and students, He was
glad that the university was endowed
by the common people and that It of
fered a free education -to the poorest of
Nebraska's boys and girls. Mr. Wil
son's address was eloquont.and sensible
and secured -the applause 'It deserved.
Hon, H. D. Estabrook, on behalf of
the regents and faculty, gave an ad
dress which those who heard it will
never forget. Ho held President Mor
fill up to good-natured ridicule In suoh
way as to bring out round after round
of applause. Ho referred to Chancellor
Canfleld as 'that "sawed-oft Hercules
with the static force of dynamite." Ho
ald ithe faculty were "inspired beggar
and wanted the earth." "Why," said
he, 'only a few days ago I got an almost
tearful letter from one of ithem begging
me 'In the name of hoaven and by hook
or crook to ralso a few hundred dollars
to buy a wagonload of miscellaneous
bugs. He said 'they were so cheap no
family could do without ithem." Mr.
Estabrook called tho chancellor 'Mho
best valontlno he could got for the uni
versity." President Cyrus Northrop of the uni
versity of Minnesota, In responding on
behalf of the slater universities, paid a
tribute to the chancellor, who had been
associated with him for eleven years In
Minnesota. In conclusion, President
Northrop took ithe chancellor by the
ha, id, saying; "I welcome you to the
oiy of college presidents. I want you
to be fully equal to your task while en
tering upon It with humility. You will
need great firmness and wisdom. But I
believe In you and your success. 1 pray
God to bless and keep you and make
your years of service years of Joy and
blessing to the great state of Ne
braska." The audience arose and Joined In
singing "America," and the benedic
tion was then pronounced by Chancellor
Dungan of Cotner university.
PROF. ADAMS' VIEW.
As to withdrawing from the oratorical
association Professor Adams thinks
that the oratorical contests have not
been as successful as all concerned
would wish them to be, the fault
restlntr chleflv with the iudces: 'ho docs
not know certainly whether It would be
advantageous to the university of Ne
braska to withdraw from itho Interna
tional state league and form one with
Kansas, Missouri and Iowa; but could
thev do so he deems It extremely neces
sary Ho have a clearly defined program
which would be carefully followed.
To make this venture a success a dif
ferent course must be adopted as some
thing Is lacking in these contests.
Provided) the four states conYbine in a
manner that will call forth the best
powers of the contestants, the new
league would be successful. He thinks
that tho missions of the contests 13
not clearly understood, therefore they
are not what ahey should be.
Prof. Adams thinks t'he fundamental
question In regard to oratorical contests
Is not whether we shall continue to be
long to ithe present association or form
a new one, but what wo shall try to ac
complish by means of an association.
Either the present one or the proposed
one will do us good If, by means of it, we
strive for good things.
Sometimes we have failed to got bene
fit from the old association because our
Judges have been unwisely selected, and
the ioor exercise has been ranked above
the irood one: sometimes because our
speakers have failed to see what Is good
and 'the Judaea have consequently had
only poor material from which to choose.
Either association will benefit 'the uni
versity If the participants shall come to
understand the purpose to be striven
for In an oration, and 'If 'the Judges
shall be carefully chosen and directed
by a wise set of rules.
MR. FRANK M, BUSH TALES
The Pershing rifles gave an exhibi
tion drill Saturdayafternoon at 3 o'clock
In honor of the university's birthday.
A mass of spectators lined the parade
grounds on 'the east and south, and It
was all ithat a dozen guards, with fixed
bayonets, could do to keep the crowd
back. The company was marched upon
tho parade ground, having 'that qulck
sten ithat turns backward the 'thoughts
of every old soldier more than a quarter
of a century. They were given "rignt
front Into lino" and halted Immediately
In front of the chancellor, regents, the
governor and other distinguished
guests. And then with words ithat en
thused even moro patriotism into tho
veins of 'tho young men, whom he called
the post-eniduatea of the military de
partment, Chancellor MacLean, on be
half of Lieutenant Pershing, the father
of the company, presented handsome
mvorda to 'the officers of tho company,
Capt. J. W. Dixon, first lieutenant, C. C.
Pulls and Second Lieutenant C. F.
In the Central Law Journal of Febru
ary 14 apiears an article on "Actions on
Penal Statutes," written by Roscoe
Pound of this city.
Francis brothers, proprietors of tho
Capital Cafe, have purchased a new
coffee urn and aro now prepared to
dfspenso a delicious ovp it any tirr.c of
' night or day.
TO THE POL. ECON. STUDENTS
In Reploto With tho Good Common
Honso of a Praotlcal Buslnoss Man
Subntanco of his Spoooh
On Wednesday evening, Mr. F. M.
Bllsh, Lincoln agent for R. G. Dun &
Co., addressed tho Political Economy
club on "Commercial Agencies and
Credits." This its the first of a aeries of
praotlcal talks by praatlaal business
men to bo given before tho club thin
semester. Mr. Bllsh traced the origin
aiid growth of commercial ngonoles.
From planes of experiment they havo
risen to positions of authority. In their
early stages these agencies battled
against tho prejudices born of tho gen
eral antipathy of the American people
for speculators. When the real work of
tho agencies bcca,inc better known, not
only business men patronized, them,
but the courts early exitended Judicial
sanction. To Benjamin Douglas, a
prominent New York business man, tho
mercantile world Is Indebted for tho
present complex olllce system of the
agency. Tho object of the agency is
to give a true statement of the condi
tion of each man's (business thereby to
establish and sustain confidence where
due, and to protect all patrons against
loss toy fraud and failure. The total
social benefit to the community Is In
calculable. By means of an army of
about forty thousand correspondents,
the agency of Dun & Co. Is enabled to
keep In clo-setouch with over one million
business flrms.The last Reference Book
published contains 1,300,000 houses.
Dally notification blanks inform each
subscriber of the mortgages fllid, fail
ure, or renewals of the day before. In
addition, special reports of any par
ticular business are furnished patrons
on demand. Formerly the employment
of local reporters constituted a weak
ness in the system now avoided by tho
employment of special travelling and
responsible local agents, as well as "by
ithe Improved system of transmitting
Mr. Bllsh then showed the class the
agency Reference Book, the Daily Noti
fication sheet, and read facsimiles of
special reports. The club eagerly ques
tioned Mr. Bllsh on the imlnuto details
of ithe business, all of whloh questions
were very clearly and felicitously an
swered. The club unanimously ex
pressed Its ith'anks to Mr. Bllsh for tho
ilnsbructlve address, 'then adjourned.
Hon. G. M. LanVbertson will address
'tho Political Economy club next
Wednesday evening on some phase ot
the 'treasury question. Mr. Lambertson
Is too well known among university
circles to need recommendation) as
a speaker. Every student interested in
the praotlcal workings of American
llnance should arrange his work so as
to be able to hear one who, from his,,
personal experiences and observations, '
Is familiar with every detail of
tho treasury system.
A Senior, a Junior, a Soph and a Fresh
Were debating one dny on tho merits
The Senior, of eating said beef was the
While tho Junior claimed nothing's bo
tender as calf.
Tho Soph thought that mutton com
pleted the blU,
And the Fresh aaild of pork lie could
ne'er get nis All.
A Professor In passing that way hoard
And he reasoned it out ns he kept on
The bull-headed Senior tried hard to
And the Junior has calf-love affecting
A Soph 'Is too sheep-ish to let his
While the poor little Fresh is always
W. U. Counvnt.
Burlington's personally conducted
excursions to Utah and California. A
Pullman tourist sleeping car will leave
Lincoln every Thursday at 12:15 ip.
m. for Denver, Salt Lake, Ogdon, San
Francisco and Lob Angeles, Only $5
for a double berth Lincoln to Lob An
geleB In ono of these cars. Romembor
there la no change of cara, For full In
formation and tlckota apply at Bur
lington & MlflBourl depot or city ticket
office, corner Tenth and O streets.
G. W. Bonnoll, C. P. & T. A.
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